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Exploring boundary objects between product development and production
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Production development.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6736-8625
2023 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The realization of products relies on the integrated outcomes of several functions, such as product development and production. However, problems can occur because not everyone shares the same knowledge, resulting in a need for knowledge integration. This becomes even more complex when there can be dependence on knowledge between functions, meaning that one’s knowledge has an impact on another’s. Because of this, different boundaries can arise that can prove problematic when integrating knowledge between product development and production. One way to integrate knowledge between these functions is through so-called boundary objects. Different engineering tools, such as prototypes and computer-aided designs, are often meant to function as boundary objects, but they may fail to do so because boundary objects are situational, meaning that they may function in one situation but not in another. The purpose of the thesis was therefore to explore how engineering tools can be used as boundary objects to integrate knowledge between product development and production in a product realization context. Based on an interactive research approach, case studies, workshops, and a systematic literature review were conducted to help fulfill the purpose. The result was a set of aspects that affect whether an engineering tool functions as a boundary object. These aspects were divided into two categories based on whether they pertained to the tool, referred to as properties, or to the situation in which it was used. The thesis further analyzed the role of interplay between these identified aspects, showing the interlinkage between aspects. Interplay was seen to play a complementing role, where aspects could play not only a supporting role to each other but also a negative role when the identified aspects were not managed correctly.

Abstract [sv]

Realiseringav produkter är beroende avintegrerade resultat från flera funktioner som produktutveckling och produktion. Utmaningar kan uppstå på grund av att alla inte delar samma kunskap, vilket leder till ett behov av att integrera kunskap. Detta blir ännu mer komplext när man tar hänsyn till att det kan finnas ett kunskapsberoende mellan funktioner, vilket innebär att ens kunskap har en inverkan på en annan. På grund av detta kan olika gränser uppstå som kan visa sig vara problematiska när man integrerar kunskap mellan produktutveckling och produktion. Ett sätt att integrera kunskap mellan dessa funktioner är genom så kallade gränsobjekt. Olika ingenjörsverktyg som prototyper och CAD är ofta menade att fungera som gräns objekt, men kan misslyckas med det på grund av att gränsobjekt är situationsberoende, vilket innebär att de kan fungera i en situation men inte i en annan. Syftet med avhandlingen var därför att utforska hur ingenjörsverktyg kan användas som gränsobjekt för att integrera kunskap mellan produktutveckling och produktion i en produktrealiseringskontext. Baserat på en interaktiv forskningsansats genomfördes fallstudier, workshops och en systematisk litteraturgenomgång för att hjälpa till att uppfylla syftet. Resultatet blev en uppsättning aspekter som påverkar huruvida ett ingenjörsverktyg fungerar som ett gränsobjekt eller inte. Dessa aspekter delades in i två kategorier baserat på om de avsåg verktyget, kallat egenskaper, eller den situation i vilken det användes. Avhandlingen diskuterar vidare rollen av samspel mellan dessa identifierade aspekter, och visar på kopplingen mellan aspekter. Samspelet sågs spela en kompletterande roll, där aspekter kan spela en stödjande roll för varandra, men också en negativ roll när de identifierade aspekterna inte hanterades korrekt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Engineering , 2023. , p. 80
Series
JTH Dissertation Series ; 075
Keywords [en]
Product Realization, knowledge management, boundary objects
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59848ISBN: 978-91-87289-82-8 (print)ISBN: 978-91-87289-83-5 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-59848DiVA, id: diva2:1737434
Presentation
2023-03-21, Gjuterisalen, Tekniska Högskolan, Jönköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-02-16 Created: 2023-02-16 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Knowledge Integration in Industrialized House Building – Current Practice and Challenges
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge Integration in Industrialized House Building – Current Practice and Challenges
2022 (English)In: Towards Sustainable Customization: Bridging Smart Products and Manufacturing Systems: Proceedings of the Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference and the World Mass Customization & Personalization Conference / [ed] A.-L. Andersen, R. Andersen, T. D. Brunoe, M. S. S. Larsen, K. Nielsen, A. Napoleone & S. Kjeldgaard, Cham: Springer, 2022, p. 945-952Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industrialized house builders need to integrate knowledge between product development and production to ensure producibility in the factory as well as at the build site. The traditional manufacturing industry has previously received attention in literature on the topic of knowledge integration. However, industrialized house building remains seemingly unexplored. Therefore, this paper presents a current state on knowledge integration between product and production and highlights the identified challenges. The paper also elaborates on knowledge integration differences and similarities with the traditional manufacturing industry. Identified practices involved the use of stage gate models, cross-functional teams, meetings, and partial/sub-assembly prototypes. Challenges distinguished were related to market/technology uncertainty, product/production complexity and geographical/organizational dispersion. The results are based on a case study that used semi-structured interviews within two industrialized house building companies. The paper contributes to the area of knowledge integration between product and production within industrialized house building and presents potential areas for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2022
Series
Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, ISSN 2195-4356, E-ISSN 2195-4364
Keywords
Integration; Product realization; Construction industry; Knowledge management; Case study
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55038 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-90700-6_108 (DOI)2-s2.0-85119455719 (Scopus ID)978-3-030-90699-3 (ISBN)978-3-030-90702-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-90700-6 (ISBN)
Conference
CARV2021, 8th Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference and the World Mass Customization & Personalization Conference, Aalborg, Denmark, October/November 2021
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Published online 1 November 2021.

Available from: 2021-11-08 Created: 2021-11-08 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved
2. Aspects affecting boundary objects in product realization: A systematic literature review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aspects affecting boundary objects in product realization: A systematic literature review
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59846 (URN)
Available from: 2023-02-16 Created: 2023-02-16 Last updated: 2024-05-07
3. Boundary objects in product realization: The role of properties, situation, and interplay
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boundary objects in product realization: The role of properties, situation, and interplay
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59847 (URN)
Available from: 2023-02-16 Created: 2023-02-16 Last updated: 2024-05-07

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Hussmo, Daniel

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