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  • 1. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Statistik.
    A Monte Carlo Study of Recent Ridge Parameters2007In: Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation, ISSN 0361-0918, E-ISSN 1532-4141, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 535-547Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Developing Ridge Parameters for SUR Model2008In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 544-564Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3. A. Alkhamisi, Mahdi
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Effect of Fat-Tailed Error Terms on the Properties of the Systemwise RESET Test2008In: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 101-113Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Aagaard, Richard
    et al.
    Hansen, Preben N
    Hartmann, G.C
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting.
    Numerical simulation of mold filling, solidification and feeding og T-plate shrinkage test castings used in ductile iron plan trialsReport (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5. Aagaard, Richard
    et al.
    Hansen, Preben N
    Schönning, R
    Schäfer, R
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Prediction of shrinkage, micro structure and mechanical properties in ductile iron casting1993Report (Other academic)
  • 6. Aagaard, Richard
    et al.
    Hattle, J
    Schafer, W
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Hansen, Preben N
    Simulation vs. reality of an industrial ductile iron casting1996In: Transactions of the American Foundrymen's Society, Vol. 104, p. 659-667Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Aarikka-Stenroos, Leena
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Peltola, Tero
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Rikkiev, Andrei
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Multiple facets of innovation and business ecosystem research: the foci, methods and future agenda2016In: ISPIM Innovation Symposium, Manchester: The International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An ecosystem approach to innovation and business has become increasingly relevant in contemporary research but research knowledge is scattered across divergent disciplines. The aim of this study is thus, on the basis of an extensive, multidisciplinary literature review to integrate the extant knowledge on innovation and business ecosystems and analyze how they are conceptualized, analyzed, captured and depicted. By conducting a systematic multi-phase content analysis of over 230 articles selected from the Web of Science, we will build a comprehensive picture on the research streams of innovation/business ecosystem research, the used methods, foci, illustrations/visualizations of business/innovation ecosystems and build a research agenda for future research. This article contributes by providing a structured analysis on this multi-disciplinary research area, aggregating the current knowledge and generating a research agenda on innovation/business ecosystems - a theme that is emergent, multifaceted, and crucial to innovative companies as well as researchers in the fields of innovation, management, technology and marketing.

  • 8. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Measurement of the mass and width of the Zo particle from multihadron final states produced in e+e--annihilations1989In: Physics Letters, no 231, p. p 539-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 9. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Study of the hadronic decays of the Zo boson1990In: Physics Letters, no 240, p. p 271-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 10. Aarnio,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Study of the leptonic decays of the Zo boson1990In: Physics Letters, no 241, p. p 425-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 11. Aarset, Bernt
    et al.
    Foss, Lene
    Fakultet for biovitenskap, fiskeri og økonomi - UiT - Norges arktiske universitet.
    Norway's cod farming industry: Adaption, imitation or innovation?1996In: Aquaculture development: Social dimensions of an emerging industry / [ed] C. Bailey, S. Jentoft & P. Sinclair, Westview Press, 1996, p. 43-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P. J.
    et al.
    Building Physics and Services, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment. Building Physics and Services, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Diakoumis, Adonia
    Building Physics and Services, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    van Hoof, Joost
    Fontys EGT—Centre for Healthcare and Technology, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Shedding a light on phototherapy studies with people having dementia: A critical review of the methodology from a light perspective2016In: American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementia, ISSN 1533-3175, E-ISSN 1938-2731, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 551-563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light therapy is applied to older people with dementia as a treatment to reset the biological clock, to improve the cognitive functioning, and to reduce behavioral symptoms. Although the methodological quality of light therapy studies is essential, many aspects concerning the description of the lighting applied are missing. This study reviewed light therapy studies concerning the effects on people with dementia as a way to check the methodological quality of the description of light from a light engineering perspective. Twelve studies meeting the inclusion criteria were chosen for further analysis. Each study was scored on a list of aspects relevant to a proper description of lighting aspects. The overview demonstrates that the overall quality of the methodologies is poor. The studies describe the lighting insufficiently and not in the correct metrics. The robustness of light therapy studies can be improved by involving a light engineer or specialist.

  • 13.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P. J.
    et al.
    Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Straathof, Jochem
    Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    van Hoof, Joost
    Centre for Healthcare and Technology, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Dynamic lighting systems in psychogeriatric care facilities in the Netherlands: A quantitative and qualitative analysis of stakeholders’ responses and applied technology2015In: Indoor + Built Environment, ISSN 1420-326X, E-ISSN 1423-0070, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 617-630Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term care facilities are currently installing dynamic lighting systems with the aim to improve the well-being and behaviour of residents with dementia. The aim of this study was to investigate the implementation of dynamic lighting systems from the perspective of stakeholders and the performance of the technology. Therefore, a questionnaire survey was conducted with the management and care professionals of six care facilities. Moreover, light measurements were conducted in order to describe the exposure of residents to lighting. The results showed that the main reason for purchasing dynamic lighting systems lied in the assumption that the well-being and day/night rhythmicity of residents could be improved. The majority of care professionals were not aware of the reasons why dynamic lighting systems were installed. Despite positive subjective ratings of the dynamic lighting systems, no data were collected by the organizations to evaluate the effectiveness of the lighting. Although the care professionals stated that they did not see any large positive effects of the dynamic lighting systems on the residents and their own work situation, the majority appreciated the dynamic lighting systems more than the old situation. The light values measured in the care facilities did not exceed the minimum threshold values reported in the literature. Therefore, it seems illogical that the dynamic lighting systems installed in the researched care facilities will have any positive health effects.

  • 14.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P.J.
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    van Duijnhoven, Juliëtte
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam B. C.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Rosemann, Alexander L.P.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Performance of personally worn dosimeters to study non-image forming effects of light: Assessment methods2017In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 117, p. 60-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When determining the effects of light on human beings, it is essential to correctly measure the effects, and to correctly measure the adequate properties of light. Therefore, it is important to know what is being measured and know the quality of the measurement devices. This paper describes simple methods for identifying three quality indices; the directional response index, the linearity index and the temperature index. These indices are also checked for several commonly used portable light measurement devices. The results stresses what was already assumed, the quality and the outcome of these devices under different circumstances were very different. Also, the location were these devices are normally worn has an impact on the results. The deviation range between worn vertically at eye level and the wrist is between 11% (outdoor) to 27% (indoor). The smallest deviation, both in indoor and outdoor, was found when the device was placed on the sides of the eye (7%). 

  • 15. Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Béland, Daniel
    Edmondson, Ricca
    Ginn, Jay
    Komp, Kathrin
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Perek-Bialas, Jolanta
    Sorensen, Penny
    Weicht, Bernard
    Ageing in the light of crises: Economic crisis, demographic change, and the search for meaning2012Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Class as deviance: Constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis this paper aims to explore how ideology works within the discursive construction of class, in the representation of the supporters and opponents of the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. News items from New York Times (US), El País (Uruguay) and Dagens Nyheter (Sweden) constitute the analyzed material. The paper argues that class-markers are important in the representation of government supporters, whom many times are constructed as belonging to the poorer sectors of society. Class is however less explicit in the representation of Chávez-opposition, which in fact is lead by elite groups. It is therefore argued that class in this context becomes a marker of deviance, which in turn works ideologically in legitimizing oppositional groups and disqualifying the support for Chávez’ government.

  • 17.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse2013In: NordMedia Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela2014In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 802-821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

  • 19.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    First hegemony, then democracy: On ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez2012In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

  • 20.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Konstgräs som miljöfråga i svenska nyhetsmedier: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to examine the framing of artificial turf as an environmental question in Swedish news media. This is done with the twofold purpose to (a) expand the knowledge of how the media covers environmental questions tied to microplastics – something that hitherto is unexplored – and (b) contribute with knowledge about how the media portrays the environmental gains with artificial turf (recycling and circular economical practices) vis-à-vis the environmental risks with the materials (the spread of plastics). 15 Swedish news media and a census of 250 articles published between 2014 and 2018 have been analyzed using content analysis. The results show that artificial turf as an environmental question is reported sparingly, although the coverage has increased from 2016 compared to the previous years. From that year, artificial turf is more clearly connected to the spread of plastics and rubber, which also is the most common environmental problem that artificial turf is associated with in the materials. Viewed against the backdrop of the traditional media logic’s tendencies of favoring problems and risks, the linking of artificial turf with the spread of plastics can explain the increased media interest for the topic. Environmental gains with artificial turf are not normally present in the coverage, which means that this aspect is overshadowed by the environmental risks and problems associated with artificial turf. However, about every third article whose main topic centers on artificial turf and the environment does express uncertainty about the environmental impacts of artificial turf. The framing of artificial turf as an environmental question is to some degree shaped by the public debate about plastics, which gives the media frames of interpretation, as well as makes the topic itself newsworthy.

  • 21.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    News for global sustainability?: Reifying and othering social inequality in news2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses news journalism about inequality from a critical point of view, with the aim of contributing to the critical theorization of the relationship between journalism and sustainability. Sustainability and journalism on social inequality are perceived as intersecting in at least two ways. On one level, journalism can serve sustainable development by providing high-quality content that can help citizens to better understand the causes behind social inequality and how it can be overcome. On another level, journalism would itself gain much from sustainable development on a global level, since that would provide a good ground for a high-quality journalism characterized by its professional and democratic ethics rather than one that is strained by market-logics. The paper focuses on reification and problematizes the ways in which social inequality is reified in news journalism. Basing the argumentation on examples from international journalism, it is argued that although the existence of social inequality in a specific country can be acknowledged in the reporting – for example by the reference to rich and poor people and rich and poor geographic spaces – the social, political and historical causes of this inequality remain abstracted. In this sense, reification provides a rather objectivist account on inequality, which in turn limits the critique of the mechanisms that lie behind it. On the long run such constructions serve the legitimation of social inequality, which indeed ought to be seen as a sustainability problem. The paper also argues that for a more sustainable journalism to take place, a shift in the attitude towards social inequality and sustainable development must take place in the broader sociocultural context that surrounds journalism.

  • 22.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    News Journalism for Global Sustainablility?: On the Problems with Reification and Othering when Reporting on Social Inequality2017In: What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism / [ed] Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 135-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rifts in the hegemony: Swedish news journalism on cannabis legalization2019In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 20, no 11, p. 1617-1634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the journalistic construction of the ongoing international renegotiation of cannabis, with the aim of contributing to the theorization of how journalism mediates between hegemonic and counter-hegemonic positions at times of crisis of hegemonic values. The study perceives the many ongoing attempts of legalizing and decriminalizing cannabis for recreational use as providing a disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of the substance as a dangerous narcotic that is rightly banned, and as intensifying a hegemonic struggle over the meaning of cannabis. Swedish print news journalism about cannabis legalization in different countries and contexts is studied, using critical discourse analysis. The analysis shows that journalism allows for debate between positive and skeptic discourses about the effects of recreational cannabis consumption and its medical benefits, and that voices that argue for cannabis legalization to combat organized crime are given important framing power. This means that a measure of legitimacy is given to discourses that counter the prohibitionist hegemony in Sweden, which means that mainstream journalism in this specific case serves as an arena for challenging hegemonic values that are in crisis.

  • 24.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Struck by the Potentials of Cannabusiness: Exploring the Relationship Between Neoliberal Ideology and Journalism in the Reporting on Legal Cannabis2019In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 86-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the reporting on legal cannabis in order to explore the operation of neoliberal ideology in journalistic discourse. Cannabis legalisation is here understood as a way for capitalism to create new market opportunities, besides being a turn away from the so-called ‘war on drugs’. The study understands neoliberalism as operating via market-based logics that are interrelated with other social logics, such as those pertaining to journalism (Phelan 2014). Critical discourse analysis is used for studying Swedish newspaper reporting on legal cannabis between 2013 and 2018. The study shows that a struggle between market-based logics and journalistic practices is visible, where journalism has difficulties in challenging core tenets of neoliberal ideology. The article concludes with a discussion of how the current conditions of journalism limit its ability to challenge neoliberal perspectives.

  • 25.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The construction of a ‘democratic transition’: The coup against Chávez in Swedish media2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: The construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013In: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a post-political gaze: On the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Through an imperialistic gaze?: Journalism, ideology and the notion of democracy2015In: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination: Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, p. 929-930Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite that the notion of democracy has a central place in the Western self-image, and also in media studies, research that focuses on how democracy is ideologically loaded in journalistic content is still in its infancy. In recent times, democracy has been used with great enthusiasm by Western political leaders, while the meaning of democracy perhaps is more fuzzy than ever. In times of economic and political crisis, and of a weak Left in most European countries, it is important to examine how journalism constructs notions of democracy, and how such notions reflect specific political positions and interests. This study, which is theoretically rooted in ideology critique, and methodologically inspired by critical discourse analysis, examines how news journalism in the coverage of Venezuela and the Ukraine conflict constructs notions of democracy. The study is specially interested in exploring and discussing the ideological interconnections between imperialism and geopolitical interests, and the journalistic construction of democracy.

  • 30.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela’s poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

  • 31.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Towards sustainable journalism? On the need for a new common sense on inequality.2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Weeds in the Hegemony: Understanding Journalism on the Renegotiation of Cannabis2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are witnessing the renegotiation of cannabis substances in many parts of the world. After being classified as narcotics and subjected to a worldwide ban for several decades, cannabis has now been legalized in Uruguay and in several US states, and decriminalized in some other countries. This paper aims to study how the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, which involves the legalization of the substance in different parts of the world, is constructed in Swedish print news journalism. This is done with the purpose of understanding how news journalism in a context of a traditionally strong drug prohibition (de)legitimizes different positions and perspectives in the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, and to what extent journalism in such a context offers challenges to the reigning prohibitionist hegemony. Although cannabis and the media has been researched extensively, very few studies have been conducted by media and communication or journalism scholars, and contributions have been placed mainly in areas as for example drug policy, drug use and misuse, and public health. The current study, in contrast, wishes to contribute to the critical study of drug journalism. The paper draws on critical theory, understanding the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis as bringing disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of cannabis as dangerous drug that needs to be banned. Journalism is perceived as playing a key role in this context, since journalism is an arena where different discourses on cannabis struggle for prominence. Journalism can in this sense serve the strengthening of counter-hegemonic discourses on cannabis or the reinforcement of the prohibitionist hegemony. The study uses critical discourse analysis as a method to study 49 print newspaper items. The results show that the studied media invites opposed discourses regarding the health risks and the medical benefits of cannabis to be part of the news pages, which creates a somewhat pluralistic view on cannabis. The study also finds that the construction of cannabis legalization as a means to combat organized crime is given significant framing power. These results suggest that the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis in different parts of the world invites Swedish journalism to broaden the debate on the substance and to provide certain legitimacy to positive discourses on cannabis that are otherwise considered deviant in the Swedish drug debate. This serves as an example of how changes in distant political contexts affect the ways in which journalism ascribes legitimacy to specific discourses on drugs.

  • 33.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Digitalisering och social exklusion: Om medborgares användning av och attityder till Arbetsförmedlingens digitala tjänster2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report focuses on the users of e-government in a social science perspective. Our aim is to study how different social groups, registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service, relate to the internet, the agency and the services offered on its website (www.ams.se).

    The field of e-government research is dominated by studies that centre attention on the supply side (videlicet research investigating the entrance of IT in organizations and the implications that new technology have to these), while usercentred research (demand side) is still scarce. Our study, focusing on how citizens relate to the internet in general and e-government in particular, therefore helps to bridge a knowledge gap within the field.

    Our survey is based on a questionnaire sent to 2 000 randomly selected persons, all registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service. Of these, 762 job seekers responded, which gives us a frequency rate of 40 percent. The questions asked were related to the job seekers’ usage of and attitudes towards the internet in general and the agency’s webpage in particular, but also to their attitudes to the Swedish Public Employment Service.

    The main results show that social factors, particularly education, play a major role for the job seekers’ ability to use the web based services offered by the agency. People with a lower educational level are less inclined to use the agency’s website, and at the same time they experience the site as more complicated to use. We also found a strong link between the relations to the internet (access, usage, experience and attitudes) and the relations to the agency’s website. Those with advantaged internet relations – mostly well educated people, white collars and people living in bigger cities – also use the agency’s website more diligently and tend to have more positive attitudes towards it (and vice versa). Thus, its necessary to talk in terms of digitally well equipped and less well equipped groups.

    The unequal relations to the internet in general and the agency’s website in particular not only indicate that e-government is more suitable for the digitally well equipped, but that it in fact exclude those with less digital resources. This new kind of exclusion has great implications for the job seekers’ possibilities to enter the labour market, and to act their role as citizens. If e government also means a reformation of the citizen role – in the sense of increased individual responsibility towards the government - not bridging the digital divide will carry even more exclusion to those that’s already excluded.

  • 34.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förenaren och utestängaren: om mediesportkonsumtion och sportpreferenser2004Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olika publiker, olika livsstilar: Om idrott, kultur och regional utveckling2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande rapport studeras vilka sociala värden som elitidrotten och kulturen genererar för invånarna i landsortspräglade län som Blekinge, Halland, Kalmar och Kronoberg. Studien syftar till att lämna ett bidrag till den samhällsvetenskapliga idrottsforskningen, och ge ökad kunskap om idrottens och kulturens betydelse för den regionala utvecklingen.

    Studiens material vilar på en postenkät skickad till 1500 slumpmässigt utvalda personer i respektive län. Det sammanlagda antalet besvarade enkäter uppgick till 3181 stycken, vilket ger en nettosvarsfrekvens på 54 procent.

    Rapporten visar bland annat att både idrott och kultur värderas relativt högt och konsumeras i relativt stor utsträckning. Beträffande idrott konsumeras främst breddidrottsliga evenemang, och vad gäller kultur besöks bibliotek och biografer oftare än exempelvis teatrar.

    Studien visar också att de kultur- respektive idrottsintresserade skiljer sig åt vad gäller demografi, men även vad gäller livsstil. De idrottsintresserade har en mer folklig och lantlig prägel, medan de kulturintresserade är att betrakta som en välutbildad kosmopolitisk grupp. Med tanke på de sistnämndas ökade rörlighet är satsningar på kultur ej att förringa. Denna typ av satsningar kan få denna resursstarka grupp att dels stanna kvar i landsorten, dels flytta in till densamma.

  • 36.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering? Arbetslösas användning av arbets­förmedlingens webbplats2010In: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren - om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, p. 69-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: A study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Abassian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons for the Gnosjö Region2010In: Social capital and development trends in rural areas: Vol. 5 / [ed] Hans Westlund, Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Jönköping: RUREG , 2010, p. 41-53Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39. Abayhan, Yasemin
    et al.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    Hacettepe University.
    Gülüm, İsmail Volkan
    “Bir standardizasyon çalışması: İntihara yönelik tutumlar ölçeği’nin Türk kültürüne uyarlanması” (The Application of Suicide Opinion Questionnaire to Turkish Culture), Istanbul/Turkey, September, 3-5 20082008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Segregation: The rising costs for America – Edited by James H. Carr and Nandinee K. Kutty2009In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 245-246Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Bildt, Carina
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    Empowerment through Entrepreneurship: A tool for integration among immigrant women?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigates whether entrepreneurship among immigrant women in Sweden may be a way to achieve integration in working life and thereby increase their empowerment. Sixteen female entrepreneurs were interviewed. They started their businesses for a number of reasons: unemployment, lack of suitable jobs and career possibilities, discrimination and forced privatization, desire for personal development, independence and freedom, or work within one’s own field of interest. We conclude that entrepreneurship can be a tool for increasing empowerment among educated immigrant women.

     

  • 42.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    HairJr, Joseph Franklin
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Yolal, Medet
    Isaberg on the edge to future by controlling the lack of snow2009In: Presented at The international Symposium on Entrepreneurship in Tourism, Rovaniemi, Finland, March 17-21, 2009., 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a descriptive examination and assessment of a ski resort in southern Sweden – Isaberg. The paper describes an emerging threat most ski resorts are faced with today and in the future – the lack of snow. In many countries financial institutions are much less willing to offer funding for investments in ski resorts under certain heights. This is the result of two trends:  the cut off point for the height of the ski resorts is increasing every year, and at the same time some resorts have fewer skiers.  The likelihood of snow and the ability to offer snow-related products are critical to the success of all ski resorts.  Isaberg, which is significantly below any proposed height cut off points, has strong traditions, a promising market with skiers coming from the domestic Swedish market, as well as Norway, Denmark, Germany and Holland, and very modern facilities – but in recent years the resort has been suffering because of the lack of snow. Isaberg is therefore considering building an inside skiing facility to attract customers and support other local products. Our paper examines the potential of this facility and offers practical and theoretical implications for ski resort management.

  • 43.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Att överbrygga mellan traditionell industri och upplevelseindustri2010In: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Johannisson Bengt & Rylander David, Jönköping: EIDI , 2010, p. 111-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya näringar utvecklas alltid i ett sammanhang som skapats av befintligt närings- och samhällsliv. I detta kapitel fokuserar vi på hinder och möjligheter inför en omvandling av näringslivet i Gnosjöregionen. Regionen karakteriseras mer än de flesta andra i Sverige av en småskalig tillverkningsindustri. Sysselsättningsgraden totalt sett är en av de högsta i landet, såväl bland män och kvinnor som nya svenskar, invandrarna. I takt med utflyttning av verksamhet och automatisering av tillverkningsprocesser minskar behovet av arbetskraft inom traditionell industri vilket ökar kravet på att utveckla nya kompletterande näringar. Omvandling från tillverkningsintensiv produktion till serviceinriktad upplevelseindustri med turism är för många regioner en viktig utmaning. Upplevelseindustrin förväntas bidra till tillväxt och en mer mångsidig arbetsmarknadsstruktur, särskilt attraktiv för unga människor. Omvandlingen mot en mer diversifierad näringsstruktur försvåras av den kulturella fixeringen vid den tidigare så framgångsrika tillverkningsindustrin. Många anonyma ”röster” menar att jobb och företag inom turism och annan upplevelse-industri inte räknas som ”riktiga” jobb och företag. En omorientering av regionens näringsliv måste drivas inifrån/underifrån för att bli beständig, något som tidigare förändringsförsök vittnar om. Samtidigt behövs inspiration utifrån. Kapitlet avslutas med en exemplifiering av Isaberg, som en väletablerad anläggning för friluftsliv, ett etablisse-mang inom upplevelseindustri, som vill vända snöbrist till en möjlighet att överbrygga säsongsvariationer. Ambitionerna för utvecklingen av Isaberg visar potentialen inom turism och annan upplevelseindustri i strävan efter en alternativ näringslivsstruktur.

  • 44.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö Region2008In: Presented at the 17th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research. Conference hosted by Lillehammer University College in Norway, September 25-28th, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of Social Capital in Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö region2008In: Presentated at the 5th Workshop on Social Capital and Development Trends in the Swedish and Japanese Countryside, August 18-19th,  Jönköping, Sweden., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Regional samverkan inom turism: Exempel från Gnosjöregionen2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att studera förutsättningar för regional samverkan inom turism mellan kommunerna Gislaved, Gnosjö, Vaggeryd och Värnamo och komma med förslag på åtgärder som kan främja en konkurrenskraftig destinationsutveckling. Rapporten grundar sig på en analys av ett antal teoretiska utgångspunkter liksom praktiska exempel som stöd för att förstå de resultat som fångats upp. Ett antal intervjuer med kommunala tjänstemän och företrädare för näringen visar att det finns flera frön för framtida samverkan i regionen. Det gemensamma arbetet innebär deltagande i mässor, gemensam marknadsföring, gemensamma kartor med ett direkt värde för turister och med en lägre kostnad för entreprenörer och kommun. Kartläggningen av kommunala och regionala förutsättningar visar att en rad attraktioner har potential för attraktionskraft och vidare utveckling.

    I intervjuer och samtal har vi kunnat urskilja vissa kommunikationsproblem mellan kommunerna. Information når inte alltid fram. Det efterlyses större applicering av gemensamma databaser, som skapar ökad genomskinlighet och jämförbarhet mellan kommuner. Effektivare användning av teknik tillsammans med kompetensutveckling kan förbättra kommunikationen mellan aktörerna i regionen.

    Vi föreslår att funktionen av nätverket kan förbättras genom fördjupad samverkan kring mässor, marknadsföring, en gemensam portal, mellan företag genom fler forum för samverkan såsom träffpunkt Store Mosse.

    Vidare föreslås att gemensam identitet kring samverkan kan fördjupas. En väg är att GGVV och Gnosjöregionen ersätts med ett nytt namn som syftar framåt för fördjupad samverkan. Vi tror att kommunerna kan förlora på att helt överge varumärket `Gnosjöregionen´, som utstrålar starka industritraditioner men samtidigt vinna mycket på att gå framåt med ett namn som vinner större uppslutning.

  • 47.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Attitudes towards Experience industries: A case study of Gnosjö Region in Sweden2009In: : , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Attityder till upplevelseindustri: Vad säger lokala politiker ochföretagsledare i tillverkningsindustrin?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genomgång av intervjumaterialet visar att det finns skillnader mellan politikers och företagsledares attityder. Den första gruppen har generellt sett en positiv attityd till upplevelseindustrin och särskilt till turism och design. Företagsledarna däremot har en mer avvaktande attityd när det gäller dessa näringars roll i regionens framtida utveckling. Politikerna i undersökningen har mer kunskap om upplevelseindustrin än de intervjuade företagsledarna. Båda grupperna betonar dock en ökad betydelse för design i regionens näringsliv. Här finns viss kunskap om att både estetisk och funktionell design är nödvändig för en slutprodukts attraktivitet.

    Nyfikenhet och intresse för att driva sitt företag med inslag av upplevelsenäring finns hos en tredjedel av de tillfrågade företagsledarna. Detta andas möjligheter för korsbefruktningar mellan tillverkningsindustri och upplevelseindustri i framtiden.

    Utmaningen är att via mötesplatser mellan näringarna skapa en miljö som främjar utveckling av nya kombinationer av idéer, vilket kan resultera i kunderbjudanden som genererar nya företag och arbetstillfällen.

    För att utveckla upplevelseindustrin i regionen behövs skräddarsydd kompetensutveckling tillsammans med regional samverkan mellan tillverkningsindustrin, tjänstesektorn, entreprenörer inom områdena kultur, turism och design samt lokala myndigheter.

    De företagsledare inom tillverkningsindustrin som idag är nyfikna på upplevelsenäring skulle kunna dela med sig av kunskaper och erfarenheter och med en öppen attityd finna samarbeten med entreprenörer inom områdena kultur, turism och design.

    Framgångsrika entreprenörer inom upplevelseindustrin som Isaberg och High Chaparral kan fungera som förebilder.

    Politiskt finns mycket att vinna med att GGVV-kommunerna tillsammans arbetar fram en gemensam vision och strategi för upplevelseindustrins utveckling i regionen. I denna kan upplevelseindustrins infrastruktur i form av motorer, mötesplatser, leverantörsnätverk, paketkombinationer, kompetensutvecklingscentra och samarbetsorganisationer tydliggöras. Detta skulle kunna bli den karta aktörerna behöver för att identifiera och skapa synergier.

    Samarbeten med större branschorganisationer som Smålands Turism och Stiftelsen Svensk Industridesign liksom med Högskolan i Jönköping och Linnéuniversitetet kan främja en gemensam kraftsamling i Småland. Samarbetet inom Entreprenörsregionen är ännu av liten betydelse men potentialen inför framtiden ska inte underskattas.

  • 49.
    Abdallah, Mohammed A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Biellmann, J. - F.
    Nordström, B.
    Brändén, C. I.
    The Conformation of Adenosine Diphosphoribose and 8-Bromoadenosine Diphosphoribose when Bound to Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase1975In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 475-481Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Abdulhamid, Lawan
    et al.
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Primary mathematics teachers’ responses to students’ offers: An ‘elaboration’ framework2018In: Journal of Mathematical Behavior, ISSN 0732-3123, E-ISSN 1873-8028, Vol. 51, p. 80-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responding constructively ‘in-the moment’ to student offers is described as a critical, and yet difficult, aspect of skilful and responsive teaching. South African evidence points to limited evaluation of student offers in schools serving poor communities. In this paper, we present and discuss an ‘elaboration’ framework emerging from a grounded analysis of data drawn from video recordings of 18 mathematics lessons prepared and conducted by four in-service primary school teachers in South Africa. This analysis led to a categorization of the situations in which teacher responses to student offers occurred, and the nature and range of these responses. Three response situations are identified within the framework: breakdown, sophistication, and individuation/collectivization, with a range of response (and non-response) categories in each situation. Literature on responsive feedback is drawn in to explore hierarchies and relationships between the emergent categories within situations of elaboration. The elaboration framework provides a tool for lesson observation, and a model for thinking about developments in responsive teaching.

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