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  • 1.
    Aakula, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Det där med delaktighet - det är nog lite begränsat det": Professionellas perspektiv på kognitivt funktionshindrades delaktighet vid flytt till egen bostad.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att ur professionellas perspektiv undersöka hur personer med kognitiva funktionshinder är delaktiga i beslut gällande flytt till egen bostad samt hur professionellas handlingsutrymme påverkar besluten. Studien genomfördes som en kvalitativ intervjustudie med hermeneutisk ansats och kvalitativ innehållsanalys som bearbetningsmetod. Intervjuer gjordes med fem anställda, de flesta av dem socionomer inom en offentlig organisation som producerar tjänster för personer med kognitiva funktionshinder. Resultatet visar att personer med kognitivt funktionshinder har begränsad delaktighet och få valmöjligheter i beslut gällande flytt till egen bostad. Delaktigheten påverkas av klientens och socialarbetarens förmåga att kommunicera med varandra men trots det användes inga kommunikationshjälpmedel i utredningen. Anhöriga antar ofta rollen som klientens tolkningsföreträdare och när det gäller beslut om flytt till egen bostad är det anhöriga som tar beslutet oberoende klientens grad av funktionshinder. Socialarbetarna upplever sig styrda av överordnade men det hindrar dem inte från att ibland överskrida det formella handlingsutrymmet för att göra det som de anser vara det bästa för klienten.

  • 2.
    Abbass Nagim, Tony
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Molin, Jonas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Psychopaths in the media: Criminals, madmen or hidden among us?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When society is viewed in a social constructive manner, the social worker is as affected as the general population by the media and the image it portrays. A prejudice or bias social worker will not be as effective in his work as his intentions are.

    The purpose of this thesis was to discover if there are any visible cultural differences in the usage and description of the concept of psychopathy or a psychopath himself in the media, more specifically, daily newspapers. There are three American newspapers and three Swedish newspapers examined in this study.

    The study is based on a quantiative content analysis of articles published between 1st of January 2008 and 1st of July 2012. The collected data is categorized where the articles can fall under one or more of five available categories. Even though no clear results occurred, some interesting indications are visible between American newspapers and Swedish newspapers, but more so between different American newspapers. Psychopaths, people with an Antisocial Personality Disorder, are most frequently mentioned as criminals or maniacs/madmen in both countries with a modestly higher percentage for the United States of America.

  • 3.
    Abraham, Daniella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Moayed Babke, Mariana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Varför stannar hon?: En kvalitativ studie av kvarhållande mekanismer i biografiska skildringar av kvinnors erfarenheter av mäns våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Adair, Brooke
    et al.
    School of Allied Health, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Keen, Deb
    Autism Centre of Excellence, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Qld, Australia.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Imms, Christine
    School of Allied Health, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    The effect of interventions aimed at improving participation outcomes for children with disabilities: a systematic review2015In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 57, no 12, p. 1093-1104Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    Enhancement of participation has been described as the ultimate outcome for health and educational interventions. The goal of this systematic review was to identify and critically appraise studies that aimed to improve the participation outcomes of children with disabilities.

    Method

    Nine databases that index literature from the fields of health, psychology, and education were searched to retrieve information on research conducted with children with disabilities aged between 5 years and 18 years. Articles were included if the author(s) reported that participation was an intended outcome of the intervention. The articles included were limited to those reporting high-level primary research, as defined by Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council evidence hierarchy guidelines. No restrictions were placed on the type of intervention being investigated.

    Results

    Seven randomized controlled or pseudo-randomized studies were included. Only three of these studies identified participation as a primary outcome. Both individualized and group-based approaches to enhancing participation outcomes appeared to be effective. Studies of interventions with a primary focus on body function or activity level outcomes did not demonstrate an effect on participation outcomes.

    Intepretation

    Few intervention studies have focused on participation as a primary outcome measure. Approaches using individually tailored education and mentoring programmes were found to enhance participation outcomes, while exercise programmes, where participation was a secondary outcome, generally demonstrated little effect.

  • 5.
    Adair, Brooke
    et al.
    Centre for Disability and Development Research, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Physiotherapy Department, Mälardalens University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Rosenbaum, Peter
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Keen, Deb
    Autism Centre of Excellence, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Qld, Australia.
    Imms, Christine
    Centre for Disability and Development Research, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.
    Measures used to quantify participation in childhood disability and their alignment with the family of participation-related constructs: a systematic review2018In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 60, no 11, p. 1101-1116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    We aimed to identify measures used to assess the participation of disabled children and to map the measures' content to the family of participation-related constructs (fPRC) to inform future research and practice.

    METHOD:

    Six databases were searched to identify measures used to assess participation in health, psychology, and education research. Included studies involved children aged 0 to 18 years with a permanent impairment or developmental disability and reported use of a quantitative measure of participation. A second search sought relevant literature about each identified measure (including published manuals) to allow a comprehensive understanding of the measure. Measurement constructs of frequently reported measures were then mapped to the fPRC.

    RESULTS:

    From an initial yield of 32 767 articles, 578 reported one or more of 118 participation measures. Of these, 51 measures were reported in more than one article (our criterion) and were therefore eligible for mapping to the fPRC. Twenty-one measures quantified aspects of participation attendance, 10 quantified aspects of involvement as discrete scales, and four quantified attendance and involvement in a manner that could not be separated.

    INTERPRETATION:

    Improved understanding of participation and its related constructs is developing rapidly; thoughtful selection of measures in research is critical to further our knowledge base.

    WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS:

    The fPRC can support our rapidly evolving and expanding understanding of participation. Instruments selected to measure participation do not always align with emerging concepts. Matching research aims to a chosen measure's content will improve understanding of participation. Opportunities exist to develop validated participation measures, especially self-reported measures of involvement.

  • 6.
    aderlind, rebecca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    weil, rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Vanvård i den sociala barnavården: En narrativ analys av berättelser om vanvård i den svenska barnavården under 1900-talet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, M
    ICF-CY based forms for use in problem-solving for children with disabilities2007In: The 10 years anniversary research conference of Nordic Network on Disability Research (NNDR, Göteborg, Sweden, 10-12th May, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, M
    ICF-CY based forms for use in problem-solving for children with disabilities2007In: 7th International Scientific Conference Research in Education an Rehabilitation Sciences: Zagreb, June 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Is ICF a valid tool for structuring health information?2007In: 5th Scandinavian Conference on Health Informatics and 11th Swedish National Term Conference: Kalmar, October 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identifying Child Functioning from an ICF-CY Perspective: Everyday Life Situations Explored in Measures of Participation2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 13-14, p. 1230-1244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study was part of a larger work to develop an authentic measure consisting of code sets for self- or proxy-report of child participation. The aim was to identify common everyday life situations of children and youth based on measures of participation.

    Method. The study was descriptive in nature and involved several stages: systematic search of literature to find articles presenting measures for children and youth with disabilities, identifying measures in selected articles, linking items in included measures to the ICF-CY, analysing content in measures presented as performance and participation and identifying aggregations of ICF-CY codes across these measures.

    Results. A large number of measures for children and youth with disabilities were identified but only 12 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A slight distinction in content and age appropriateness appeared. Measures presented as performance covered all the ICF-CY Activities and Participation chapters, whereas measures presented as participation covered five of nine chapters. Three common everyday life situations emerged from the measures: Moving around, Engagement in play and Recreation and leisure.

    Conclusion. Only a small number of life situations for children and youth emerged from items in selected measures, thus, other sources are needed to identify more everyday life situations.

  • 11.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, M
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ibragimova, N
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    WHO:s Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in Child- and Youth Habilitation2007In: Presentation at The 5th conference on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Oslo, June 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Ibragimova, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Införande av ICF-CY i habiliteringsverksamhet2008In: Att använda ICF-CY: Västerås,  sept 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13. Alexandersson, Karin
    et al.
    Beijer, Elisabeth
    Staffan, Bengtsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Karlsson, Per-Åke
    Nyman, Marie
    Producing and consuming knowledge in social work practice: research and development activities in a Swedish context2009In: Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, ISSN 1744-2648, E-ISSN 1744-2656, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 127-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents various forms of activities performed by locally based social welfare research and development (R&D) units in Sweden. The authors argue that these units are vital actors in the field of encouraging and strengthening evidence-based social work practice. They are close to social services organisations and have the ability to use flexible methods in order to bridge the gap between research and practice in a local context. The theoretical framework for the article is the organisational excellence model – an archetype for how research can be used in practice.

  • 14.
    Algotsson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Från fall till fall: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares perspektiv på barns delaktighet i utredningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how social workers reason about children's participation in decision-making. The study is qualitative, with, semi-structured interviews being conducted with eleven social workers, in different municipalities, working with children assessments. The study, which has an inductive approach, has been written from a social constructionist perspective. Analysis of the interviews was conducted in the style of a thematic analysis, where three themes were central. The first theme, flexibility, is about how social workers adapt to the child, the purpose of the meeting and the child’s age. This means that they must be flexible in how they inform and be informed. The second theme, relationship, is about how the social workers look at the relationship’s importance to children’s participation. Some social workers believe that the relationship is of great importance, while others haven’t put much emphasis on it. The last theme, influencing factors, is about how children’s opportunity to participate in decision-making has increased over time and factors that may affect. All themes are about social workers perspective on children’s participation and how it differs from case to case in various meetings with children.

  • 15.
    Ali, Ajnur
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sargsyan, Araksya
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Från lindrigt utvecklingsstörd till förälder: En studie om socionmers förhållningssätt i arbete med föräldrar diagnostiserade med lindrig utvecklingsstörning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyse social workers’ approach in working with parents with mild intellectual disability. The study intends to find out if work approach is related to position and type of organisation. The data consists of six semi structured interviews with social workers from three different organisations that in work meet parents with mild intellectual disability. These organisations were Vuxenhabiliteringen, LSS and Individ- and Familjeomsorgen. In addition, an interview with a researcher that has expert knowledge in development for parents with mild intellectual disability was done. In the analysis the experiences of social workers were linked to organizational tasks and importance of cooperation. The study purposed to analyse the result from two theoretical perspectives; street- level bureaucracy and human-service organisations. The result shows that social workers in the organisations have different approaches dependent on what organisation they work in and the role and working tasks they have in work. The study also indicated how the organisations and their tasks affected the parenthood for persons with mild intellectual disabled parents.   

  • 16.
    Alimoradi, Zainab
    et al.
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Bajalan, Zahra
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Ohayon, Maurice M.
    Stanford Sleep Epidemiology Research Center (SSERC), School of Medicine, Stanford University, CA, United States.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Internet addiction and sleep problems: A systematic review and meta-analysis2019In: Sleep Medicine Reviews, ISSN 1087-0792, E-ISSN 1532-2955, Vol. 47, p. 51-61Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pathological use of the internet – conceptualized as ‘internet addiction’ – might be crucial in initiating and increasing sleep disturbances in the community. While inconsistent evidence is reported regarding the association of internet addiction and sleep disturbances, the severity of this association remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to increase our understanding of the relationship between internet addiction and sleep disturbances. A systematic review was conducted through Scopus, PubMed Central, ProQuest, ISI Web of Knowledge, and EMBASE using keywords related to internet addiction and sleep problems. Observational studies (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional studies) focusing on association between internet addiction and sleep disturbances including sleep problems and sleep duration were selected. A meta-analysis using random-effect model was conducted to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for experiencing sleep problems and standardized mean differences (SMDs) for sleep duration. Eligible studies (N = 23) included 35,684 participants. The overall pooled OR of having sleep problems if addicted to the internet was 2.20 (95% CI: 1.77–2.74). Additionally, the overall pooled SMDs for sleep duration for the IA group compared to normal internet users was −0.24 (95% CI: −0.38, −0.10). Results of the meta-analysis revealed a significant OR for sleep problems and a significant reduced sleep duration among individuals addicted to the internet.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-07-04 00:00
  • 17.
    Almquist, Ylva B.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, CHESS.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholms Universitet, CHESS.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD. Statens folkhälsoinstitut, Östersund.
    Peer acceptance in the school class and subjective health complaints: A multilevel approach2013In: Journal of School Health, ISSN 0022-4391, E-ISSN 1746-1561, Vol. 83, no 10, p. 690-696Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND

    Feeling accepted by peers is important for young people's health but few studies have examined the overall degree of acceptance in school and its health consequences. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether health complaints among Swedish students can be attributed to the acceptance climate in their school class even when the health effects of their own (individual) acceptance score have been taken into account.

    METHODS

    The data used were from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study for the years 2001 to 2002, 2005 to 2006, and 2009 to 2010, consisting of 13,902 5th-, 7th-, and 9th-grade Swedish students nested into 742 school classes. The statistical analyses were performed by means of linear regression multilevel analysis.

    RESULTS

    The results indicated that the variation in subjective health complaints could be ascribed partly to the school-class level (boys: 5.0%; girls: 13.5%). Peer acceptance at the individual level demonstrated a clear association with health: the lower the acceptance, the higher the complaint scores. For girls, but not for boys, the overall degree of peer acceptance in the school class demonstrated a contextual effect on health, net of acceptance at the student level. Interaction analyses also revealed an increasingly favorable health among poorly accepted girls as the acceptance climate in the school class declined.

    CONCLUSIONS

    A lower overall degree of peer acceptance in the school class is associated with poorer health among girls. However, girls who themselves feel poorly accepted are not as negatively affected health-wise by a poor acceptance climate, as are well-accepted girls.

  • 18. Almqvist, L
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Participation in school environment of children and youth with disabilities: A person-oriented approach2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 305-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors related to participation in school activities of pupils with different kinds of disabilities. Questionnaires concerning participation were collected from 472 pupils with disabilities and their teachers, parents and special education consultants. A person-oriented approach with the aim to identify patterns of variables related to a high degree of participation of pupils with disabilities was used. Cluster-groups were formed based on scores for individual subjects on factors identified as important for participation. Groups with a high degree of participation were characterized by high scores in autonomy and perceived interaction with peers and teachers and an internal locus of control. Type and degree of disability did not predict cluster group membership. A conclusion is that the outcome participation is better predicted by patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors than by type of disability or any other single factor.

  • 19. Almqvist, L
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pathways of engagement of young children with and without developmental delay2007In: Paper presented at the 2nd ISEI Conference, University of Zagreb, Croatia, June 14-16, 2007., 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för samhälls- och beteendevetenskap..
    Eriksson, Lilly
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för samhälls- och beteendevetenskap.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Delaktighet i skolaktiviteter: ett systemteoretiskt perspektiv2004In: Delaktighetens språk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2004, p. 137-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21. Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Jakobsson, Enar
    Barnens hälsa kräver mer än frånvaro av sjukdom2005In: Psykologtidningen, ISSN 0280-9702, no 8, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22. Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Hellnäs, Petra
    Stefansson, Maria
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    I can play! Young children's perceptions of health2006In: Pediatric Rehabilitation, ISSN 1363-8491, E-ISSN 1464-5270, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 275-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is today viewed as a multi-dimensional concept partly conceptualized independent from not being ill. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge of how young children perceive health. Interviews were conducted with 68 children (4–5 years), within their pre-school setting, with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. A multi-dimensional perspective represented by the health dimensions of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used in a manifest deductive content analysis. The children's statements were categorized and placed under one of the four health dimensions, body, activity, participation and environment. A latent content analysis was applied to identify underlying themes in the manifest categories. The results revealed that young children perceive health as a multi-dimensional construct, largely related to being engaged, i.e. to be able to perform wanted activities and participate in a supportive every-day context. This implies that improvements of child engagement should be emphasized in health promotion and to a greater extent be the central focus of health interventions for young children

  • 23.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Mälardalens högskola.
    Sjöman, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Golsäter, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Children’s behavior difficulties and staff-implemented special support in Swedish preschools: Emotional and behavioral difficultiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Health, Care, and Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Sjöman, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Golsäter, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Futurum Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Department of Special Education, Oslo University, Oslo, Norway.
    Special support for behavior difficulties and engagement in Swedish preschools2018In: Frontiers in Education, ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 3, article id 35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish preschool curriculum stipulates that all children independent of support needs should attend mainstream preschool groups, with equal opportunities for learning and engagement. Preschool teachers are responsible for paying attention to children in need of special support to achieve this. How support is provided for children in need of special support due to behavior difficulties in Swedish preschools varies, however. Some children, often formally identified as in need of special support, are supported by preschool staff supervised by external services. Other children receive support initiated and implemented by preschool staff, without supervision from external services. A further number of children receive no support for behavior difficulties, on top of what is provided to all children. This study investigated associations between support format (i.e. supervised support, staff-initiated support or no additional support), support content (i.e. implementation of support), behavior difficulties, socio-demographics and engagement. A mixed methods approach was used with a sample of 232 preschool children 15 to 71 months with assessed behavior difficulties. Preschool staff reported on the children's engagement, behavior difficulties, socio-demographics and support provision. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the probability of children receiving either support format. Content analysis was used to categorize the support content, reported by preschool staff through open-ended questions. Point-biserial correlations were used to test associations between support content, behavior, socio-demographics and engagement. All children receiving supervised support for behavior difficulties were formally identified by external services as in need of special support. Supervised support was also more common if children disturbed the free play in the preschool group, with the most frequent support being collaboration with external teams. Staff-initiated support was most commonly given to children with high engagement, and for children who are not early second language learners. These children were most frequently supported by staff paying attention to negative behavior. Children who were not perceived as a burden to the group were less likely to receive any form of additional support. Ways of managing the preschool group seem to guide support strategies for children with behavior difficulties, rather than child-focused strategies emphasizing engagement in everyday activities.

  • 25.
    Alterot, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Toivainen, Mattias
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Alkoholbruk hos ungdomar i årskurs 8 och 9: Påverkan genom influenser från föräldrar och vänner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Alcohol Use amongst Adolescents in Grade 8 and 9 - Influences from family and peers

    Adolescents alcohol use is globally a major issue in social work. Research in the field is constantly evolving and has changed from historically having considered a single focus on the relationship between parents and adolescents to an overall perspective where youth is seen as an individual with active choices, and that they are influenced by the context in which the adolescent act. The purpose of this study was to illustrate through a Swedish context the relationship between a youth's alcohol use, parents approach to this and peers use of alcohol. This with a perspective on the influences the youth derives from their different relationships, as well as how young peoples’ alcohol use is affected when the influences are in accord with or in conflict with each other. The current study has received its material from the research program Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence (LoRDIA), which has been funded by FORTE, Vetenskapsrådet, VINNOVA, Formas, Stiftelsen Säfstaholm, Stiftelsen Sunnerdahls Handikappfond and Forum region Jönköping. Quantitative data collected by LoRDIA from 1 324 adolescents in grade 8 and 9 have been analyzed. To investigate how adolescents alcohol use is influenced by parents and peers, the data has been analyzed with Pearson's correlation analysis, T-test, Welch's ANOVA test, and Dunnet's T3 Post-hoc test. The results showed that there is positive association between young people's own alcohol use and influences on this from parents and friends. This is in line with previous research. The current study’s main findings were that different influences have variably strong effects on young people's own alcohol use, depending on the nature of the other group’s influences. This indicates an additional complexity. Current study adds a wider overall picture of how young people are affected in their own alcohol use by surrounding influences.

  • 26.
    Anastassaki, Alkisti
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Öster, Anders
    Helkimo, Martti
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Globus pharyngeus: Litteraturöversikt och jämförande studie av två patientgrupper1996In: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, Vol. 88, no 7, p. 404-409Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 27. Anbäcken, Ove
    et al.
    Hultberg, John
    Jarhag, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Självbestämmande, Medbestämmande, Inflytande: En studie om ett förändringsprojekt inom omsorgerna1988Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Att komma för tidigt: förebyggande ungdomsarbete2005In: Möten i mellanrummet: socialt förebyggande arbete med ungdomar, Stockholm: Gothia , 2005, p. 13-23Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    “I drink with my girlfriends and then it's different because you can talk and relax”2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Implementering av en lokal uppföljningsmodell, LOKE - en utvärdering2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Komplement alternativ eller avantgarde: kvinnojourerna och civilsamhället2012In: Slutrapport - Framtidsverkstad som resurs för volontärarbete vid Kvinnojouren i Jönköping / [ed] Björn Jonsson, Jönköping: Hälsohögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping , 2012, p. 61-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Shift in arenas of underage adolescent binge drinking in Swedish small towns2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    The importance of different arenas and networks for youth binge drinking and the use of illicit drugs.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    The meanings of arenas and social networks for adolescents use of illicit drugs and binge drinking: meanings of the place for binge drinking at parties among underage girls and boys in small towns in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Ungdomars berusningsdrickande – Vem, var och med vilka?2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to investigate adolescent drinking to drunkenness and connected contextual factors. The thesis is based on four studies, addressing different aspects: The first explores arenas of adolescent drunkenness, and the meaning the adolescents attribute to them. The second investigates Swedish adolescents discourse on alcohol and parties, as well as positive and negative effects of alcohol consumption. The third reports on early onset, i.e. before the age of 14, in substance use, including alcohol drinking and drunkenness, and predicts this from various psychological and social factors. The forth examines contexts of drunkenness, i.e. where and with whom 15-year olds in Sweden get drunk. Furthermore, the importance of the place and social context for drunkenness in adolescence, and what importance and strategies young people themselves associate with their alcohol consumption are examined.

    The studies derive from two data samples. Articles I and II utilise qualitative methods and explore Swedish changing arenas for adolescent drunkenness and adolescent discourse on drunkenness and the importance of place and space. Article I stems from a qualitative interview-material with an ethnographic approach. Twenty-three adolescents (7 females and 16 males) from three small communities in the south of Sweden in the ages of 16 to18 were interviewed. The material also included contacts with outreach social workers on local, regional and national level as well participating observations. The data for Article II stems from the interviews with twenty-three adolescents. Article I was analysed through text-analysis and Article II through thematic analysis.

    Articles III and IV conduct quantitative analyses, and stems from the multidisciplinary research programme, Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence (LoRDIA) which follows adolescents from the age of 12 and 13 until they are 18 years old, focusing on substance use and misuse, health and ill-health, peer relations and school functioning through self-reported questionnaires. Different data collection waves were used, and combined them two and two, for cross-sectional analyses. Article III combined the first two waves and by doing so, covered 91 percent of the study population of 1896 students aged 13-14. Article IV combined all 1355 grade 9 students from waves 3 and 3b. Article III investigated early onset in substance use and was analysed with bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models. Article IV investigated frequency of drunkenness and different outcomes from drunkenness in different contexts, as well as with whom adolescents got drunk together with and the negative consequences of getting drunk.

    The result indicates a change from drinking to drunkenness at outdoor places. The outdoor places, both public and hidden, that has been used for adolescents socializing and drinking to drunkenness were empty. Homes, without present adults are the most common places for parties. The parties stand for mainly positive experiences and a break in everyday life. Being in a home arena allows for increased control, both over own drunkenness but also over who is allowed at the party and who is not. The dissertation also investigates early onset in use of alcohol and drunkenness and shows that delinquency, perceived parental permissions and availability of substances are the strongest factors predicting onset among 13-14-year-olds. The dissertation shows that most drunkenness experiences are reported in homes without adults present, not in outdoor and hidden places. Drinking in homes did not lower the association with high frequency of drunkenness, negative consequences or peer problems.

    The conclusion shows the importance of place and space in understanding adolescent drunkenness and partying.

  • 36.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    'It is ok to be drunk, but not too drunk': party socialising, drinking ideals, and learning trajectories in Swedish adolescent discourse on alcohol use2017In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 20, no 7, p. 841-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores adolescent reasoning behind the use of alcohol at different types of parties, often house parties, and about the strategies to achieve maturity and prevent losing control. The data consist of semi-structured interviews with 23 adolescents aged 16–18 years (16 males and seven females). The interview transcripts were analysed using an inductive, thematic approach. All informants had personal experience with drinking at parties in different social settings. Our results suggest that the process of learning how to drink, often through failure in terms of being intoxicated, is important for adolescents’ who strive to control their alcohol intake resulted in a good time and a break from everyday life. Furthermore, the results indicate that different social settings and party types engender different drinking patterns. Maturity and controlled conduct come across as desired ideals that provide a person with symbolic capital and thus, social status.

  • 37.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Högskolan i Kristianstad.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Changing arenas of underage adolescent binge drinking in Swedish small towns2015In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 427-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM – The study explores arenas of adolescent binge drinking in small Swedish towns and the meanings these have for young persons. The focus is thus on space and place, and on the geography of underage drinking.

    DESIGN – An ethnographic approach was used, including direct observations, document studies and contacts with youth workers on local and national levels, and interviews with 28 underage binge-drinking adolescents chosen as informants.

    FINDINGS – Adolescent binge drinkers seem to have moved away from street and other outdoor drinking arenas to home environments, where they feel they have more control over their party location and participants.

    CONCLUSIONS – One consequence of outdoor drinking moving indoors is that professional youth workers and police cannot enter party arenas and the only adults who can do so are the parents. This has implications for preventive alcohol strategies and outreach social work. Measures should be directed to parents to make them fully aware of the importance of the party location in their homes.

  • 38.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Andersson, MalinJordevik, KajsaLeisti, Annukka
    Möten i mellanrummet: socialt förebyggande arbete med ungdomar2005Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bergnéhr, Disa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Where and with whom – contexts of 15-year-olds’ drunkennessManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bergnéhr, Disa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Onset of substance use in early adolescence2018In: Journal of Social Work Practice in The Addictions, ISSN 1533-256XArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Framtidsverkstad som resurs för volontärarbete vid kvinnojour2011In: Brukarens roll i välfärdsforskning och utvecklingsarbete / [ed] Lars Rönnmark, Borås: Högskolan i Borås , 2011, 1, p. 103-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Andersson, Gunnel
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Bülow, PerJönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Psykiatriska kliniken, Länssjukhuset Ryhov, Jönköping.Denhov, AnneInstitutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.Topor, AlainInstitutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Från patient till person: Om allvarliga psykiska problem - vardag, vård och stöd2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Andersson, Gunnel
    et al.
    FoU-Södertörn, R&D, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bülow, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Department of Psychiatry, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Aloneness and loneliness – persons with severe mental illness and experiences of being alone2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 353-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with severe mental illness (SMI) are often described as lonely and socially incapable – an inability resulting from the mental illness. The aim of this article is to explore experiences of being alone among persons with SMI. The article is based on interviews with 19 persons diagnosed with psychosis who were interviewed between four and nine times over a period of three years. The findings show that experiences of being alone can be identified by two concepts: aloneness and loneliness. The persons in the study appeared as socially able and active in relation to their social lives. However, a social agent does not operate in a void but in interaction with specific living conditions; the experiences of aloneness and loneliness may be viewed as the result of the interplay between the individual and the social and material environment.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Gunnel
    et al.
    Research and Development Center, FoU Södertörn, Haninge, Sweden.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Division Technology and Social Change, Department of Thematic Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bülow, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Denhov, Anne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vrotsou, Katerina
    Department of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Stefansson, Claes-Göran
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A longitudinal study of men and women diagnosed with psychosis: trajectories revealing interventions in a time-geographic framework2019In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The living conditions for persons with severe mental illness have undergone substantial change in Sweden as well as in the rest of the Western world due to the downsizing of inpatient care and the development of community-based interventions. However, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the “trajectories of interventions” in this new, fragmented, institutional landscape. The aim of the study was to explore types of interventions and when they occur in a 10-year follow-up of 437 women and men diagnosed with psychosis for the first time. Based on registers and using a timegeographic visualization method, the results showed a great diversity of trajectories and differences between sexes. The aggregate picture revealed that over the 10-year period there were considerable periods with no interventions for both men and women. Furthermore, institutional interventions more commonly occurred among women but appeared for longer periods among men. Community-based interventions declined among women and increased among men during the period.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Berggren, Erica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    "Det är en enormt stor utmaning": Biståndshandläggares erfarenheter av att möta äldre med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Andersson, Kristin
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Anstaltsgruppens betydelse för motverkandet av återfall i brott för den enskilde intagne: Hur anstaltsgruppen kan möjliggöra ett liv fritt från kriminalitet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a person is sentenced to serve a penalty the person is placed in a prison and placed in a group with other convicted inmates. The Swedish prison and Probation Service’s vision is for the inmate to be better prepared for a life free from drugs and crime after the sentence is served. However research shows that the detainee group affects the individual in different ways, and not rarely negatively. The aftermath of this, is that the treatment of the individual detainee is put in the dark due to the negative group processes.

    Donald Clemmer (1958) and Erwing Goffman (1973) are two prominent theorists that have conducted research regarding these kinds of problems. The first of these two proposes that more or less every detainee goes through an imprisonment process, that leads to the detainee adjusting to the current prison culture which is antisocial and pro crime. The culture also shows a distinct distance between the detainees and the staff, which creates two groups the detainees and the prison officers. For the individual, it is very important to acknowledge this.

    This qualitative study consists of seven interviews with individuals who have previously served sentences at a prison with a high security class and have lived with a criminal lifestyle investigates; how the group of inmates can affect the individual with leaving their criminal lifestyle whilst still in prison. Grounded theory is used as a analysis method and the result notes how prisonization and the gap between staff and inmates makes the rehabilitation process difficult from a treatment point of view. However it is perceived to be marginally better on a treatment ward or in a prison with alignment towards treatment. On a treatment ward it is considered easier for the individual to open show his motivation to be drug free and work with his criminal lifestyle, which has perceived to be a big problem on a normal ward. The feeling of belonging to the group of detainees is very strong for the individual during incarceration, and the norms and approach to the treatment is dependent on the situation within the group the inmate is attached to, which has throughout these analysis of the interviews shown to have both a positive and negative effect.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sas, Nona
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Könsnormer inom socialtjänsten: Hur klientens kön påverkar beviljandet av insatser från socialtjänstens barn- och ungdomsavdelning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is some research that indicates that there is a difference being made between men and women in many different contexts in Swedish society, including in social services. The differences being made can be anything from how social workers think about men and women to the adaptation of the language according to the client’s gender, and what kind of help the clients are being granted, based on their gender. There is however limited research in regard to how social services treat women and men according to their gender, and there are reasons to believe that there is room for more research in this field. A lack of gender awareness and reflection can cause harm for the individual, hence he or she does not receive adequate help. More research in this field could contribute to increased understanding of the problem and hopefully a disclosure of the gender awareness.

     

    The intention of this vignette study has been to examine whether these differences are being made within the social services for children and youth, and how these differences are being expressed in the work field. The choice fell on examining social workers within the field from all cities with a population of between 100,000 and 150,000 citizens, thus a total sample of the chosen population. The number of the cities that are corresponding with the intended selection is eleven. However, the results in this study cannot be generalized to the entire selected population, due to the great lack of participation. Four cities participated in this study and 57 social workers answered the questionnaire. Regarding the question whether the youth should be granted any service, the results point at no significant difference between genders of the clients. On the other hand, there is a significant difference regarding which type of service would be granted for the youth social workers considered being in need of service. More respondents granted family treatment for the boy than for the girl. Regarding other types of services being granted there were no significant differences. Regardless of these findings, tendencies can be distinguished that more boys than girls are granted services. The possible explanation is that this has to do with clients’ gender, inclination of the vignette or loss of participants.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Albertsson, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Introduktionsersättning - ökad möjlighet till självbestämmande?: En studie utifrån socialarbetarperspektiv2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore and analyze whether a special Swedish law for refugees, called lag om introduktionsersättning (a subsidy for refugees during their introduction), gives opportunities for an increased self-determination and whether it is thereby, a way of empow-ering refugees. The study applies a social workers’ point of view. The study starts with a de-scription of the government bill that led forward to the law. We also provide a definition of the term refugee and a short description of the Swedish immigration policy. The main theory in the study is the theory of empowerment, narrowed down to self-determination and paternal-ism as the opposite to empowerment concept. The results are based on interviews made with professionals in three different municipalities. These results are being analyzed in terms of empowerment, paternalism and self-determination. The study indicates that booth empower-ment and self-determination are hard to use in a context of social work that is based on regula-tions. One of the results is that the municipalities in the study have seen a connection between the new system and increased self-determination among refugees. The self-determination is however, limited by what the professionals assess as realistic and reasonable. This assessment associates strongly with what the law stipulates.

  • 49.
    Andersson, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Edorsson, Filip
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Hur allvarligt anses partnervåld vara mot en man jämfört med mot en kvinna?: En vinjettstudie om bedömningar och insatser för kvinnor och män utsatta för partnervåld2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic partner violence is violence in a partner relationship. Earlier research on domestic partner violence mainly focus on the violence against women, with male perpetrators. Male victims exposed to partner violence are rarely discussed, and research of the subject is limited. The purpose of this study is to investigate attitudes and assessments made by social workers who in their work encounter domestic partner violence, and if the social workers are affected depending on whether the person exposed to partner violence is a man or a woman. A quantitative vignette method with accompanying survey questions were used to investigate differences. Two separate groups of respondents answered survey questions based on vignettes divided into two parts. The respondents are each introduced in the vignettes to a heterosexual couple with a problem of partner violence. These vignettes are identical except for the characters’ genders which have been swapped. The result reveals that violence towards the victimized man is considered less serious, that there is less risk of continued violence in the relationship and that the victimized man is in less need of individual interventions. Respondents also considered to a lesser extent that the female perpetrator needed individual interventions compared to the male perpetrator. Social constructivism and gender theory are the theories used to interpret these results. The study can add perspectives about the subject of male victims and highlight that assessments of people exposed to partner violence may differ depending on the victim’s gender.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Minette
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Samuelsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    "Om båda spåren gör sitt så blir det bra": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetares erfarenheter kring ärenden som rör äldre personer med missbruksproblematik2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, ten semi-structured interviews were conducted with social workers from the eldercare and addiction care. These social workers are working in four different municipalities in Sweden. This study aims to explore the social workers’ experiences of cases that involves older people with addiction and to highlight factors that the social workers consider supportive in order to give the clients with an addiction the right help. This study also aims to explore the practical application of collaboration between the eldercare and the addiction care in these cases. The collected data was analyzed with a thematic analysis and thus three main themes were identified. These three themes are ChallengesFactors for the independent work and Factors for collaboration. The results in this study show that the majority of the social workers believe that cases that involves older people who have an addiction tend to differ from many other cases and that these brings challenges in the work of the social worker. The social workers highlight different factors which can contribute to the target group getting the right support and services. These are partly factors that the social worker can work independently from, but also factors that demands that the organizations work together. The study also illustrates that a majority of the social workers have positive experiences from working together in these cases but there is a need to develop this collaboration further. The result has been linked to previous research in the field and to Michael Lipsky´s theory “Street-level bureaucracy.”

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