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• 901. Alfredsson, Lars
Institutet för Miljömedicin, Karolinska Institutet.
Jobstrain och riskfaktorer för hjärtkärlsjukdom2002In: Psykosocial belastning och riskfaktorer för hjärt-kärlsjukdom: minisymposium i WOLF-projektet 8 februari 2001, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2002, p. 1-2Conference paper (Other academic)
• 902. Alfredsson, Lars
Institutet för Miljömedicin, Karolinska Institutet.
Job strain and major risk factors for coronary heart disease among employed males and females in a Swedish study on work, lipids and fibrinogen.2002In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 238-248Article in journal (Refereed)
• 903.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Får jag vara med?: Förskolebarns strategier under pågående lek2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 904.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Enhetscheferna och HR:s samverkan: En kvalitativ studie om förväntningar på HR-funktionen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Syftet med studien var att undersöka enhetschefernas förväntningar på HR-funktionen inom den offentliga sektorn, samt kartlägga om dessa förväntningar även stämmer överens med vad som var möjligt i en viss organisation. Studien som genomfördes var kvalitativ och semistrukturerade intervjuer tillämpades under datainsamlingen. Studien utfördes med ett bekvämlighetsurval vilket resulterade i att åtta enhetschefer inom två kommuner valdes till studien (n=8). Detta medförde att studien riktades mot fyra huvudsakliga HR-funktioner. Data från de semistrukturerade intervjuerna bearbetades med en tematisk analys. I studiens resultat framkom det fyra aspekter angående enhetschefernas förväntningar på HR. Aspekterna som framställdes var samverkan, kommunikation, problematik och HR-funktion. I studiens slutsats framkom det att enhetschefernas förväntningar på HR delvis stämde överens med vad som var möjligt inom de två utvalda organisationer.

• 905.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
Vibration exposure model for human operators working with chainsaw equipment.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 906.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
Riktlinjer för grafiska användargränssnitt för lagersystem2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Syftet med denna rapport är att undersöka och sammanställa riktlinjer för att utveckla ett grafiskt användargränssnitt för ett lagersystem. För att uppnå syftet med rapporten litteraturstudier, intervjuer, observationer och en prototyputveckling utfördes. Utifrån litteraturstudier visade det sig att det inte fanns specifika designriktlinjer för utveckling av lagersystem fast det fanns allmänna riktlinjer som kan användas för design av olika system. Intervjuer med utvecklare och en utvecklingschef på företaget Qsys hjälpte till att hitta befintliga riktlinjer som företaget använder. Det visade sig att de använder allmänna riktlinjer som inte är specifika för lagersystem. För att hitta mer specifika riktlinjer observerade vi några lagerarbetare för att bättre förstå hur de integrerar med det befintliga systemet som de använder. Utifrån analysen av observationerna, upptäcktes det nya riktlinjer. Med hjälp av de allmänna riktlinjer som hittades i litteraturen och riktlinjer som upptäckes efter analysen av observationer, utvecklade vi en prototyp som sedan testades. Resultatet vi fick utifrån analysen av intervjuerna med lagerarbetarna efter prototyptestning, hjälpte med att hitta ytterligare specifika riktlinjer.För att utveckla ett användarvänligt lagersystem, behöver man ett användarvänligt gränssnitt. I denna rapport presenterar vi några riktlinjer som man kan använda sig av för att utveckla ett användarvänligt gränssnitt för lagersystem.

• 907.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
Talent Retention: A case study of two companies' Trainee Programmes2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Talent Management is a topic gaining more attention among businesses and it is one of the most

important challenges faced by companies worldwide; therefore it should be a top priority for

managers. Literature states that many organisations are not aware of the issue of Talent Retention

and that it is the high performers who are the ones end up leaving. Due to that the generation

Millennials are considered to be a generation with talent and the education needed to take over

and become the next generation of leaders, it is important to take advantage of them as

opportunities and factors for success.

One opportunity for companies to both attract talents and thereafter retain them is through

conducting trainee programmes, however, to successfully execute these programmes, resources in

terms of money, time and efforts are required. Therefore, in order to achieve the best possible

return on the resources invested is it crucial to be able to retain the talents after them finishing

the trainee programme. In order to answer our research question and fulfil our purpose we have

done a multiple case study and conducted in-depth interviews to gather qualitative data. Our

sample group consisted of eight representatives, two managers and six trainees, working at the

two companies sampled. Consequently, our findings show that even without having an outlined

retention plan, companies can be successful within Talent Retention. Moreover, this research

acknowledge that good leadership, presence of Psychological Ownership and opportunities for

challenges and development are the most important factors leading to talents wanting to stay

within the company, after participating in the company’s trainee programme.

• 908.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
Från fall till fall: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares perspektiv på barns delaktighet i utredningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how social workers reason about children's participation in decision-making. The study is qualitative, with, semi-structured interviews being conducted with eleven social workers, in different municipalities, working with children assessments. The study, which has an inductive approach, has been written from a social constructionist perspective. Analysis of the interviews was conducted in the style of a thematic analysis, where three themes were central. The first theme, flexibility, is about how social workers adapt to the child, the purpose of the meeting and the child’s age. This means that they must be flexible in how they inform and be informed. The second theme, relationship, is about how the social workers look at the relationship’s importance to children’s participation. Some social workers believe that the relationship is of great importance, while others haven’t put much emphasis on it. The last theme, influencing factors, is about how children’s opportunity to participate in decision-making has increased over time and factors that may affect. All themes are about social workers perspective on children’s participation and how it differs from case to case in various meetings with children.

• 909.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Användning av RiksSvikt – vad gör vi egentligen? Notering från en pågående studie2016Conference paper (Other academic)
• 910.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Creating value for those who need us! Person-centered care provided by foundations, associations and patient organizations in Nordic countries2016Conference paper (Other academic)
• 911.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Erfarenheter av praktiskt arbete med värdegrund, social dokumentation, ICF och kvalitetsarbete2016In: Social dokumentation i handläggning och genomförande: med värdegrund och ICF / [ed] Thomas Carlsson, Ann Nilsson, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2016, p. 89-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
• 912.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Functioning after stroke: An application of the International Classification of Functioning,Disability and Health (ICF)2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)

Objective. The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate the biopsychosocial consequences after stroke and test the validity of the ICF Core Sets for Stroke during one year post-stroke.

Material and Methods. Studies I, II and III were based on data from a prospective cohort study with 120 stroke survivors who were recruited at admission to stroke units in western Sweden and were followed-up at six weeks, three months and one year after stroke event. Repeated assessments were done through face-to-face interviews consisting of a battery of questions based on the Stroke ICF Core Set (59 categories of Body Functions, 59 of Activities and Participation and 37 of Environmental Factors) and several questionnaires (EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D), Stroke Impact Scale (SIS), Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36), Self administered Comorbidity Questionnaire (SCQ), information on health care and social services utilization and spouse support). Study IV was based on data from the multi-center cross-sectional validation study of the Stroke ICF Core Set with 757 stroke survivors from China, Germany, Italy and Sweden.

Results. Study I: A total of 28 of 59 ICF categories of Body Functions and a total of 41 of 59 categories of Activities and Participation were significant problems for stroke survivors at six weeks and three months. These categories showed a good discriminative ability to distinguish between independent (≤ 2 on modified Ranking Scale (mRS)) and dependent (> 2 on mRS) stroke survivors. Study II: Most stroke survivors felt satisfied with their stroke care and rehabilitation during three months post-stroke. Frequently perceived environmental facilitators could be documented with eleven of 37 ICF categories of Environmental Factors. Only physical geography, such as hills, was a common perceived barrier. Study III: Independent factors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) varied over time. Almost all variance in HRQoL was explained by categories within Body Functions and within Activities and Participation during the first three months, while at one year only half of the variance could be explained by categories within either Body Functions or Environmental Factors. Problems with personal and energy functions, as well as limited recreational activities, were recurringly associated with poorer HRQoL. Study IV: It was possible to integrate ICF categories of Body Functions and Structures, Activities and Participation into a cross-cultural measurement with good reliability providing summary scores of the overall functioning of stroke survivors. However, the five-point ICF qualifier scale was not consistently applicable.

Conclusions. The results of the present thesis showed that the ICF,particularly the ICF Core Set for Stroke, was a valid and practical tool for documenting the multi-faceted biopsychosocial problems and consequences after stroke structured with one common terminology throughout the long chain of care and rehabilitation. The opportunity to integrate ICF categories of Body Functions and Structures, Activities and Participation into a measurement provides new possibilities for monitoring, following-up and comparing overall functioning after stroke.

• 913.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Systematiskt förbättringsarbete och innovationer - en viktig del i eHälsa2015Conference paper (Other academic)
• 914.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG.
Värdeskapande inom vård och omsorg genom användning av kvalitetsregister – ett ehälsa-perspektiv2015Conference paper (Refereed)
• 915.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. University of Gothenburg, Faculty of Education, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Region Jönköping County, Futurum, Sweden. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Quality indicators and their regular use in clinical practice – results from a survey among users of two cardiovascular National Registries in Sweden2018In: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677, Vol. 30, no 10, p. 786-792Article in journal (Refereed)

Objective: To examine the regular use of quality indicators from Swedish cardiovascular National Quality Registries (NQRs) by clinical staff; particularly differences in use between the two NQRs and between nurses and physicians.

Design: Cross-sectional online survey study.

Setting: Two Swedish cardiovascular NQRs: a) Swedish Heart Failure Registry and b) Swedeheart.

Participants: Clinicians (n=185; 70% nurses, 26% physicians) via the NQRs’ email networks.

Main outcome measures: Frequency of NQR use for a) producing healthcare activity statistics; b) comparing results between similar departments; c) sharing results with colleagues; d) identifying areas for quality improvement (QI); e) surveilling the impact of QI efforts; f) monitoring effects of implementation of new treatment methods; g) doing research; h) educating and informing healthcare professionals and patients.

Results: Median use of NQRs was ten times a year (25th and 75th percentiles range: 3 – 23 times/year). Quality indicators from the NQRs were used mainly for producing healthcare activity statistics. Median use of Swedeheart was six times greater than SwedeHF (p<0.000). Physicians used the NQRs more than twice as often as nurses (18 vs. 7.5 times/year; p<0.000) and perceived NQR work more often as meaningful. Around twice as many Swedeheart users had the role to participate in data analysis and in QI efforts compared to SwedeHF users.

Conclusions: Most respondents used quality indicators from the two cardiovascular NQRs infrequently (< 3 times/year). The results indicate that linking registration of quality indicators to using them for QI activities increases their routine use and makes them meaningful tools for professionals.

• 916.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Framtid och framgång för kvalitetsregisters möjligheter2015Conference paper (Refereed)
• 917.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
A Multidisciplinary Cross-Cultural Measurement of Functioning After Stroke: Rasch Analysis of the Brief ICF Core Set for Stroke2011In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, ISSN 1074-9357, E-ISSN 1945-5119, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 573-586Article in journal (Refereed)

Purpose: To investigate the possibility of constructing a multiprofessional cross-cultural measure of functioning after stroke across categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method: Data on 757 stroke survivors from China, Germany, Italy, and Sweden, including ratings of 15 categories from the Brief ICF Core Set for stroke, were analyzed using the Rasch model. Unidimensionality, reliability, fit of the ICF categories to the model, ordering of response options of the ICF qualifier, and presence of differential item functioning (DIF) were studied. Results: Of the 15 ICF categories, response options for 7 categories were collapsed, 5 categories were deleted due to misfit, and 4 ICF categories showed DIF for country and were accordingly split into country-specific categories. The proposed final clinical measure consists of 20 ICF categories (6 categories were country-common) with an overall fit statistic of χ2180 = 184.87, P = .386, and a person separation index of r = 0.72, which indicates good reliability. Based on an individual's functioning after stroke, the ratings across the different ICF categories can be summed on an interval scale ranging from 0 to 100. Conclusion: A construction of a cross-cultural clinical measure after stroke based on ICF categories across body functions, structures, and activities and participation was possible. With this kind of clinical measure, stroke survivors' functional levels can be compared even across countries. Despite the promising results, further studies are necessary to develop definitive measures based on ICF categories.

• 918.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG.
Research Unit for Biopsychosocial Health, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, Germany . School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
Content-comparison of patient-reported outcomes in disease specific scales for patients with different types of cardiac diseases - a literature review2014In: EuroHeartCare 2014, April 4-5, 2014, Stavanger, Norway, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
• 919.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany . University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
Factors Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life After Stroke: A 1-Year Prospective Cohort Study2012In: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, ISSN 1545-9683, E-ISSN 1552-6844, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 266-274Article in journal (Refereed)

Background. In line with patient-centered health care, it is necessary to understand patients’ perceptions of health. How stroke survivors perceive their health at different time points after stroke and which factors are associated with these feelings provide important information about relevant rehabilitation targets. Objective. This study aimed to identify the independent factors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) from a biopsychosocial perspective using the methods of multivariate regression at 3 different time points poststroke. Methods. Included in the study were 99 patients from stroke units with diagnosed first-ever stroke. At admission and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year poststroke, HRQoL was assessed using the EuroQoL-5D Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D VAS). Consequences in Body Functions and Activities and Participation, and Environmental Factors were documented using 155 categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for Stroke. Results. For a period of 1 year, problems with recreation and leisure, personality functions, energy and drive functions, and gait pattern functions were repeatedly associated with worse HRQoL. Whereas Body Functions and Activities and Participation explained more than three-fourths of the variances of HRQoL at 6 weeks and 3 months (R 2 = 0.80-0.93), the variation at 1 year was best explained by either Body Functions or Environmental Factors (R 2 = 0.51). Conclusions. The results indicate the importance of Body Functions and Activities and Participation (mainly personality functions and recreation and leisure) on HRQoL within 3 months poststroke, but increased impact of Environmental Factors on HRQoL at 1 year.

• 920.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Från Kvalitetsregister till bättre vård och omsorg – komplexitetens utmaning2013In: Nationella kvalitetsregisterkonferensen 2013, 9-10 oktober, Quality Hotel Friends Arena, Stockholm.: Forum för medicinsk kvalitet & ständigt förbättringsarbete. Kan kvalitetsregister styra vården?, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
• 921.
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap och rehabilitering.
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap och rehabilitering. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Faktorer av betydelse för självupplevd hälsa hos personer med stroke – en prospektiv uppföljningsstudie2008Conference paper (Refereed)
• 922.
Institute for Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IHRS), Unit for Biopsychosocial Health, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Functioning of patients with first-ever stroke six weeks after admission – a report from Sweden applying the International Classification of Functioning (ICF)2007Conference paper (Refereed)
• 923.
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Section of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Section of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Section of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Facilitators and barriers of stroke survivors in the earlypost-stroke phase.2009In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, no 19, p. 1584-1591Article in journal (Refereed)

Purpose. To identify facilitators and barriers among persons with first-ever stroke discharged to the home in the first 3 months post-stroke by means of ICF categories.

Method. Stroke survivors were interviewed using semi-structured questions based on the ICF categories of Environmental factors of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Stroke (extended version) at 6 weeks and at 3 months post-stroke.

Results. The study sample exists of 67 stroke survivors with an average age of 71 years (51% women). Eleven environmental factors from the ICF chapters ‘support and relationship’, ‘products and technology’ and ‘services, systems and policies’ were experienced to be facilitators and only ‘physical geography’ was experienced as a barrier by 50% or more of the participants in the study.

Conclusions. It was possible to document facilitators and barriers among stroke survivors in a structured way using ICF categories. The high number of experienced facilitators gives an idea of how well stroke care functions in Sweden. There is a great need for further studies examining environmental factors in the post-stroke phase.

• 924.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Functioning of stroke survivors - a validation of the ICF core set for stroke in Sweden.2010In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 551-559Article in journal (Refereed)

Purpose. To validate the body functions and activities and participation part of the extended International Classification ofFunctioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) core set for stroke with a Swedish population in the first 3 months post-stroke.

Method. At 6 weeks and at 3 months post-stroke, stroke survivors were evaluated by 59 ICF categories of body functions, 59 categories of activities and participation from the stroke ICF core set (extended version).

Results. The study sample included 99 stroke survivors (54% women) with an average age of 72 years. Statistical significantproblems were identified in 28 ICF categories of body functions and in 41 ICF categories of activities and participation atboth time points, at 6 weeks and at 3 months. About 17 ICF categories were reported as problems in independent (i.e. modified Rankin Scale (mRS)$\leq$2) and about 34 categories in dependent (i.e. mRS42) stroke survivors.

Conclusions. The results suggest a possible reduction of the stroke ICF core set from 59 to 28 categories of body functionsand from 59 to 41 categories of activities and participation. Hence, feasibility of the core set for multiprofessional assessment increases and the core set might find more integration in clinical practice. The number of problems in mobility and self-care mainly distinguished between independent and dependent stroke survivors.

• 925.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Så blir ditt register attraktiv för kliniknära förbättringsarbete: Noteringar från en pågående studie - angreppsätt för att förbättra ANVÄNDANDET av kvalitetsregister2016Conference paper (Other academic)
• 926.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Faculty of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Futurum, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Futurum, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
In-depth comparison of two quality improvement collaboratives from different healthcare areas based on registry data - Possible factors contributing to sustained improvement in outcomes beyond the project time2019In: Implementation Science, ISSN 1748-5908, E-ISSN 1748-5908, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 74Article in journal (Refereed)

Background: Quality improvement collaboratives (QICs) are widely used to improve healthcare, but there are few studies of long-term sustained improved outcomes, and inconsistent evidence about what factors contribute to success. The aim of the study was to open the black box of QICs and compare characteristics and activities in detail of two differing QICs in relation to their changed outcomes from baseline and the following 3 years.

Methods: Final reports of two QICs - one on heart failure care with five teams, and one on osteoarthritis care with seven teams, including detailed descriptions of improvement projects from each QIC's team, were analysed and coded by 18 QIC characteristics and four team characteristics. Goal variables from each team routinely collected within the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF) and the Better Management of Patients with OsteoArthritis Registry (BOA) at year 2013 (baseline), 2014, 2015 and 2016 were analysed with univariate statistics.

Results: The two QICs differed greatly in design. The SwedeHF-QIC involved eight experts and ran for 12 months, whereas the BOA-QIC engaged three experts and ran for 6 months. There were about twice as many activities in the SwedeHF-QIC as in the BOA-QIC and they ranged from standardisation of team coordination to better information and structured follow-ups. The outcome results were heterogeneous within teams and across teams and QICs. Both QICs were highly appreciated by the participants and contributed to their learning, e.g. of improvement methods; however, several teams had already reached goal values when the QICs were launched in 2013.

Conclusions: Even though many QI activities were carried out, it was difficult to see sustained improvements on outcomes. Outcomes as specific measurable aspects of care in need of improvement should be chosen carefully. Activities focusing on adherence to standard care programmes and on increased follow-up of patients seemed to lead to more long-lasting improvements. Although earlier studies showed that data follow-up and measurement skills as well as well-functioning data warehouses contribute to sustained improvements, the present registries' functionality and QICs at this time did not support those aspects sufficiently. Further studies on QICs and their impact on improvement beyond the project time should investigate the effect of those elements in particular.

• 927.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Famna. Bräcke Diakoni. Alkit Communication AB.
Idéburna innovationer – En testbädd för personcentrerad vård och omsorg2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))

Välfärdens utmaningar måste bemötas med innovativa och förebyggande arbetssätt och en helt ny användning av teknik. Men hur skapar man innovationer i vårdens och omsorgens vardag? Hur kan man se det friska i människan och hur kan medarbetare, patienter/brukare och närstående tillsammans hitta nya arbetssätt som gör vården och omsorgen bättre? Bräcke diakoni driver tillsammans med Famna, Jönköping Academy och Alkit Communication AB Famnas testbädd för en personcentrerad vård och omsorg. I den bygger man ett stöd för idéburna vård- och omsorgsgivare för att utveckla nya idéer till spridningsbara innovationer med fokus på de vi finns till för. I ett första test på Bräcke diakoni skapar man möjligheter att möta den enskildes behov och önskemål. Arbetet utgår från en strukturerad dokumentation och uppföljning som med hjälp av ICF och nya IT-stöd följer den enskildes väg genom vården och omsorgen. Möt Famnas testbädd, Vinnova och Äldreutredningen för att diskutera framtidens vård och omsorg.

• 928.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
What are the Swedish Healthcare Quality Registries about? Content comparison using WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and ICF Core Sets2016Conference paper (Other academic)
• 929.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Monitoring behavioral risks – the development of lifestyle risk scale2009Conference paper (Refereed)
• 930.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Un iversity of Munich, Munich, Germany.
Perception and prevalence of behavioral risk factors: the lifestyle risk scale (LRS)2011In: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2162-2477, E-ISSN 2162-2485, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 143-153Article in journal (Refereed)

Objective: To develop a lifestyle risk scale (LRS) of health-related behaviors based on risk assessments of study participants.

Method: By means of pairwise comparisons of assessed risks associated with tobacco, alcohol, obesity, fast-food, physical inactivity, and lack of sleep, each at four levels, 24 behaviors were ranked on a unidimensional risk scale.

Results: Overall, use of tobacco was assigned the highest risk score (3.7), consumption of fast-food and lack of sleep the lowest (1.7, 1.6). Minor risk factors (lack of sleep and fast-food) were, at their highest levels, assigned similar risk values as major risk factors (tobacco, alcohol, obesity) at their lowest levels. Lifestyles of female participants were less hazardous than those of male participants, as measured with the LRS. In contrast, perception of behavioral health risks was more precise in men.

Conclusions: The LRS provides a practical quantification to identify and compare groups with different risk behavior patterns as well as clusters of risky health be- haviors in and across populations. It can also support the communication of behavioral health risks.

• 931.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
Mervärdesskatt vid omstruktureringar2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)

This dissertation is a study of VAT consequences of restructures of companies. The main areas that are dealt with are intra-Community intra-company transactions, VAT groups, transfers of shares, transfers of assets, the right to deduction of input VAT related to supporting services to restructures, and the adjustment of input VAT. These areas are analysed from a VAT neutrality point of view. The neutrality is divided into external neutrality, which refers to the neutrality between Member States, and internal neutrality, which concerns the neutrality within the VAT chain. If taxable persons are fully relieved from VAT, the VAT will not influence their behaviour or their business strategies.

The VAT neutrality is not realized in all respects concerning restructures. The external neutrality is not completely accomplished regarding intra-Community acquisitions, VAT groups, cross-border transfers of assets and the adjustment of input VAT. The internal neutrality lacks concerning which entities that may form a VAT group, some transfers of assets, and the right to deduct input VAT for supporting services for transfers of shares.

Generally the compliance of the Swedish VAT Act (Sw:mervärdesskattelagen) with the EC provisions is satisfying. However, some deficiencies of EC conformity are identified in this thesis. The most serious breach of EC Law is probably the “passing-through-provision” in chapter 8 § 4 paragraph 1 Nr. 5 and paragraph 2 Swedish VAT Act, which is not supported by the Sixth VAT Directive and, moreover, is contrary to the principle of non-discrimination.

De lege ferenda my opinion is that the lack of external neutrality should be abolished on EC level through further harmonisation on the area of VAT. The lack of internal neutrality may generally be abolished on a national level within the frames of the Sixth VAT Directive. The passing-through provision should, according to my opinion, be removed.

• 932.
Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Seoul National University, South Korea.
Department of Food and Resource Economics, Korea University, South Korea, and Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Korea University, South Korea.
Determinants of internet use in Iraq2011In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1967-1989Article in journal (Refereed)

The Internet is considered to be today’s most advanced technology and a key to progress in communications and in the exchange of information, goods, services, and technologies. Since its introduction during the late 1960s, the Internet has been instrumental in creating opportunities and conditions for progress in developed and developing nations alike. Not all nations, though, welcome this particular tool of global interconnectivity. One such nation is Iraq, which faces huge challenges in increasing Internet penetration, capacity building, and changing the traditional methods of communications. This study of Iraq’s efforts during this difficult undertaking explores the many factors that define this transition process. It concludes by explaining the determinants of Internet use in Iraq. The results of the study indicate that while Iraqis are eager to adopt this technology in order to reach out to the world, a number of factors are not allowing it to become a public domain. Factors include lack of adequate resources, insufficient incentives and encouragement from the government, and social inhibitions. ©2011 (Firas H. al-Hammadany, Almas Heshmati).

• 933.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Department of Information Technology Baghdad, Iraq.
Department of Food and Resource Economics College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology Korea University, East Building Room #217 Anam-dong Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, Korea.
Analysis of the Purpose of Using Internet in Iraq: A Multinomial Logit Model2011In: Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, ISSN 2069-5934, Vol. 1, no 6, p. 1-39Article in journal (Refereed)

Internet accessibility is positively correlated with infrastructure development and nature of government policies. Though Iraq has shown considerable increase in Internet connectivity, it constitutes only 10 % of its population. In this study, the significant factors determining the use and non-use of Internet have been identified and analyzed. The results revealed that human development, human capital, institutional and legal environment, existing technologies, government policy making and income levels affect the Internet accessibility. The non-Internet users mainly comprised from 12-25 years age group. Similarly, high school and diploma students constituted significant proportion ofnon-Internet users. Lack of awareness and poor access to Internet facility were quoted as the most significant factors that resulted in the poor Internet accessibility which were supported by the used multinomial logit model. Low income level of the people resulted in non-use of Internet. The use of Internet was found to be highest among those with high level of education. Hence, the measures like provision of ICT based training programs, effective government policy for prioritizing Internet in education sector and allowing most advanced Internet technologies in e-governance and increased efforts for enhancing human development and human capital would enhance the rate of Internet accessibility in Iraq.

• 934.
Seoul National University.
Seoul National University.
Determinants of Internet Use in Iraq2009Report (Other academic)

The Internet is considered to be today's most advanced technology and a key to progress of communication and exchange of information, goods, services and technologies. Since its introduction during the late 1960s, the Internet has led to the creation of opportunities and conditions of development both for the developed and developing nations around the globe. Not all nations though welcome this particular tool of world connection. Iraq is facing huge challenges in increasing Internet penetration and usage and changing the traditional way of communication. However, this is a difficult task as there are many factors that define this transition process. This issue and more shall be better presented in this study. Through the use of a suitable approach, this study aims to explain the determinants of Internet use in Iraq. The results indicate that while the people of Iraq are eager to adopt this technology in order to reach out to the world, a number of factors like lack of adequate resources, insufficient incentives and encouragement from the government and some social inhibitions are not allowing this technology to become a public domain.

• 935.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
Effects of External Funding on the Work Environment of Self-Funded Firms2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis

The work environment in organizations has been associated with a number of factors that contribute to both their success and sustainability. Many researchers have identified the role, influence or the connection between the work environment and these factors such as productivity and creativity. However, it seems that business owners do not take their organization’s work environment into consideration when making major business decisions such as acquiring external funding. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of acquiring external funding on the different social factors influencing the work environment for self-funded firms. We have conducted a multiple case study in which we collected data through conducting interviews with eight employees from five different organizations located in the Middle East region. We analyzed the gathered data based on a theoretical model that connects eleven work environment dimensions with three aspects that are accompanied by acquiring external funding, which are: the changes in management and goals, financial resources and new networks and contacts. As a result, we concluded that the changes in management and goals have the most complex effect on work environment when compared to the other two aspects. In addition, we explored how would these aspects affect the work environment, either directly or indirectly, and found that the individual level changes in the work environment are mostly affected indirectly since the employees do not tend to attribute such changes to external funding directly. Finally, according to our results, it doesn’t seem that having the same funding type would trigger similar changes in the work environment. On the other hand, having a similar funding objective by the financing party would trigger more similarities especially when it comes to the changes in management and goals.

• 936.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
Lagerhantering i framtiden på Aero Materiel AB2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

In recent years, increasing emphasis has been placed on streamlining the supply chain. Keeping inventory and warehouses is considered to be a waste of resources. It is however difficult to completely eliminate the need for inventory and warehouses in a supply chain. The purpose of warehousing is to provide a service for the customer. By keeping what the customer demands in inventory it is possible to make a quick delivery when a need arises. Warehousing can thus be an important competitive tool.

The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyse possible changes of the warehousing at Aero Materiel in order to increase the capacity of Aero Materiel’s warehousing. Aero Materiel is a wholesale company with an annual turnover that exceeds fifty million SEK. The company sells accessories for hatches and panels, such as hinges, quick access fasteners, bars and cage nuts. Aero Materiel aims to double their turnover and therefore look at ways to increase the capacity of the warehousing in order to meet future needs.

To achieve the purpose of this thesis, the following questions have been answered.

• How is warehousing executed today at Aero Materiel and which methods are used at Aero Materiel?
• Which other methods for warehousing exist that could be suitable for Aero Materiel?
• In which way could these other methods improve the warehousing at Aero Materiel?

Interviews and observations have been carried out at Aero Materiel in order to describe the company and its operations, and in order to describe how the warehousing is conducted. Literature on the subject of warehousing has been studied in order to help answer the thesis questions. A time study has been conducted. Two similar companies have been visited with the purpose of identifying other methods for warehousing.

Aero Materiel handles between 10 and 70 order lines per day. The warehousing personnel perform the following warehousing activities: Receiving, putaway, order picking, packaging and shipping. The warehousing personnel spend more than 50% of their time on order picking and packaging.

Several areas with potential for improvement at Aero Materiel were identified during the mapping of the warehousing at Aero Materiel and the visits at the two other companies: the variation of order lines from day to day, the time required for packaging, counting of items, transportation during order picking and the weighing of items.

The variation of order lines from day to day can be reduced by applying different principles of levelling. By lowering the demands for quality it is possible to reduce the time needed for packaging. Order picking can be made easier by investing in some form of automated storage system. The need for weighing articles can be reduced by keeping information of the item’s weight in the ERP-system.

• 937.
Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
A wavelet-based variance ratio unit root test for a system of equations2019In: Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics, ISSN 1081-1826, E-ISSN 1558-3708, article id 20180005Article in journal (Refereed)

In this paper, we suggest a unit root test for a system of equations using a spectral variance decomposition method based on the Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Transform. We obtain the limiting distribution of the test statistic and study its small sample properties using Monte Carlo simulations. We find that, for multiple time series of small lengths, the wavelet-based method is robust to size distortions in the presence of cross-sectional dependence. The wavelet-based test is also more powerful than the Cross-sectionally Augmented Im et al. unit root test (Pesaran, M. H. 2007. "A Simple Panel Unit Root Test in the Presence of Cross-section Dependence." Journal of Applied Econometrics 22 (2): 265-312.) for time series with between 20 and 100 observations, using systems of 5 and 10 equations. We demonstrate the usefulness of the test through an application on evaluating the Purchasing Power Parity theory for the Group of 7 countries and find support for the theory, whereas the test by Pesaran (Pesaran, M. H. 2007. "A Simple Panel Unit Root Test in the Presence of Cross-section Dependence." Journal of Applied Econometrics 22 (2): 265-312.) finds no such support.

• 938.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
Ontology-Based Model For The "Ward-round" Process in Healthcare (OMWRP)2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis

Abstract

In the current arena, rapid changes are required to address dynamic patient’s treatment process needs according to the patient’s demand in the healthcare sector. This research work addresses existing problems about information flow in ward-round, what is the optimal information need for an individual with his/her competences according to their role during ward-round in healthcare area. This work also mentions what are the certain activities which are required during the patient treatment.

This research work contributes in the field of Information logistics and ontology development in healthcare. So the main purpose of this thesis is to design an ontology based model that can fix information flow problems in the ward-round process of hospital unit. The ontology based model can be used to provide relevant information to the domain users according to their needs and demands. The ontology based model projects domain users profiling and describes their roles, information demands with competencies: skills, qualifications and experiences. The ontology based model will be implemented in OWL language that can be used in an application to support ward-round activities for achieving effective patient’s treatment process.

For ontology development is concerned, different ontology development methodologies have been reviewed from literature review by the author to analyze the existing problems in the ward-round. This thesis incorporates Hybrid Methodology (HM) that helps to develop ontology based model that addresses information flow problems in ward-round. The proposed ontology based model is developed in web Ontology Language (OWL) supported tool protégé 4.0.2 that can be considered as foundation to develop a software product with the help of IT practitioners and developers to fulfill medical practitioner’s demands in ward-round’s context.

• 939.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
Från lindrigt utvecklingsstörd till förälder: En studie om socionmers förhållningssätt i arbete med föräldrar diagnostiserade med lindrig utvecklingsstörning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

The aim of this study was to describe and analyse social workers’ approach in working with parents with mild intellectual disability. The study intends to find out if work approach is related to position and type of organisation. The data consists of six semi structured interviews with social workers from three different organisations that in work meet parents with mild intellectual disability. These organisations were Vuxenhabiliteringen, LSS and Individ- and Familjeomsorgen. In addition, an interview with a researcher that has expert knowledge in development for parents with mild intellectual disability was done. In the analysis the experiences of social workers were linked to organizational tasks and importance of cooperation. The study purposed to analyse the result from two theoretical perspectives; street- level bureaucracy and human-service organisations. The result shows that social workers in the organisations have different approaches dependent on what organisation they work in and the role and working tasks they have in work. The study also indicated how the organisations and their tasks affected the parenthood for persons with mild intellectual disabled parents.

• 940.
East China Normal University.
Göteborgs Universitet. Chinese Academy of Sciences. Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ. Qatar University.
Diversity-productivity dependent resistance of an alpine plant community to different climate change scenarios2016In: Ecological research, ISSN 0912-3814, E-ISSN 1440-1703, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 935-945Article in journal (Refereed)

Here we report from a experiment imposing different warming scenarios [control with ambient temperature, constant level of moderate warming for 3 years, stepwise increase in warming for 3 years, and one season of high level warming (pulse) simulating an extreme summer event] on an alpine ecosystem to study the impact on species diversity–biomass relationship, and community resistance in terms of biomass production.

Multiple linear mixed models indicate that experimental years had stronger influence on biomass than warming scenarios and species diversity. Species diversity and biomass had almost humpback relationships under different warming scenarios over different experimental years. There was generally a negative diversity–biomass relationship, implying that a positive diversity–biomass relationship was not the case.

The application of different warming scenarios did not change this tendency. The change in community resistance to all warming scenarios was generally negatively correlated with increasing species diversity, the strength of the correlation varying both between treatments and between years within treatments. The strong effect of experimental years was consistent with the notion that niche complementarity effects increase over time, and hence, higher biomass productivity over experimental years. The strongest negative relationship was found in the first year of the pulse treatment, indicating that the community had weak resistance to an extreme event of one season of abnormally warm climate.

Biomass production started recovering during the two subsequent years. Contrasting biomass-related resistance emerged in the different treatments, indicating that micro sites within the same plant community may differ in their resistance to different warming scenarios.

• 941.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
Modelling of the Ward Round Process in a Healthcare Unit2011In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 4th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2011 Oslo, Norway, November 2-3, 2011 Proceedings / [ed] Paul Johannesson, John Krogstie and Andreas L. Opdahl, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, Vol. 92, p. 223-237Conference paper (Refereed)

Information systems (IS) are nowadays extensively used to support all kinds of activities in healthcare organisations. Enterprise modelling can help to make the use of IS in healthcare more effective by providing process and domain models reflecting a particular healthcare unit. This paper proposes a model of the ward round process in a healthcare unit. The proposed model identifies the roles of medical professionals, tasks that can be performed according to the personnel’s competences, and activities that are carried out as part of the tasks to achieve goals of the ward round process. A formal approach has been used to implement the modelling results in the form of an ontology. Such formal ontologies can support improvement and development of IS in healthcare. We learned that modelling workshops are important for development of models that can be formalized in a machine-readable form.

• 942.
Significant Attributes and Challenges Related to Cross-Functional Team Communications2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Purpose

The purpose of the research work is to investigate the importance of the communication in the cross-functional teams and in what which communicational tools provide better convenience of communication in cross-functional team members.

Methodology

An empirical study including the data collection from the interviews conducted from the participants working in cross-functional teams. Qualitative approach has been adopted to understand the communicational attributes in the cross-functional teams. For the analysis both deductive and abductive approach has been used. With the help of theoretical framework and empirical data, conclusions drown for better understanding of the concept.

Findings

The author has divided the search in two main segments, communicational effects on cross-functional team performance and effectiveness of particular communicational tools used by team members and team leaders. Empirical findings shows that without proper communication, cross-functional team are less tend to perform well to achieve set goals as well as face to face communications are more effective than other communicational tools.

Research limitations

The research work is limited to Scandinavian countries. Organizational communicational structures are not studied due to time factor. Other limitation of this research work is effect of cultural differences on communication.

Implications

The research work provides deep understanding of the different communicational effects on cross-functional team performance. The choice of communicational tool and proportional importance for the team members will help managers while selecting the tools of communication with the team members.

Originality / value

During the literature studies, author determined that there is potential of research for the communicational tools used in cross-functional team communications. The social media is taking over the traditional communicational tools which provide value for findings.

• 943.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
Sättningar i torvmaterialet: En fallstudie om användning av förstärkningsmetoden "förbelastning i form av överlast" på jordmaterial av torv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Purpose: The aim of this degree project is to control the set-up for a longer period by means of the workplace at the use of the total station for then comparing calculated outcomes with real outcomes.

Method: A combination of both quantitative and qualitative studies have been used in this degree project, consisting of literature studies and a case study including interviews, document analyzes, site visits and measurements. The case study is based on an ongoing project in the municipality of Nassjo, where a skate park is constructed and whose soil consists of peat. Preload in the form of overload has been applied.

Findings: The result indicates the occurrence of a difference between calculated outcome and actual outcome regarding set rate and time course when using preload in the form of overload. The deviation is about 20 cm. Preload in the form of overload is a good method for peat land, but it is unlikely to be remarkably improved by vertical drainage.

Implications: In view of the measurements produced by the authors, this shows that the method of loading in the form of overload on peat field works, however, gives the calculation model which has been used to be uncertain. The result described in more detail regarding vertical drainage on peat fields will not accelerate the process because the peat is already well drained. This means that it will cost extra without benefiting from the method.

Limitations: The work has limited to two reinforcement methods on peat fields. A case study has been limited to only one area. There was preload in the form of overload, whose soil material consists of peat.

• 944.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
Med skilda perspektiv: Sverigedemokraternas profil, identitet och image2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis

This study will investigate how the Sweden Democrats' use the planned communication tools: profile, identity and image in their election campaign film. We have during the study used three different perspectives: structured interviews with three members of the Sweden Democrats, a semiotic film analysis of the party's election campaign film and performed a survey of 100 voting students at Erik Dahlbergsgymnasiet.

The results of the study have demonstrated that the Sweden Democrats' profile is consistent with the campaign film's identity. The Sweden Democrats believes that the image of the party is not consistent with the party's profile. The problem that the Sweden Democrats claim to be medias fault.

Our semiotic film analysis shows that the Sweden Democrats' message is clear in the election campaign by showing how immigration is expensive, while pensioners are affected. Our results also show that more than half of the students at Erik Dahlbergsgymnasiet had a bias against the Sweden Democrats and 70 percent felt that the individuals in the election campaign film were represented wrong.

• 945.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Den muslimskt feministiska utmaningen: En analys av kvinnors framställning i koranen ur ett muslimskt feministiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the depiction of women in Quran from an Islamic feminist perspective. The questions that my study is based on are: How is the woman accounted in the Quran according to Islamic feminists? How do Muslim feminists argue and what do they base their reasoning on? My study is based on analyzes of the feminists’ works and statements. The results were analyzed with the help of different theories including Miriam Cookes “multiple critique”, Jan Hjärpes “The Islamic basket”, Jonathan Potters “methodological relativism” and Luckman & Bergers “social construction of reality”. The main result of this study is that it highlights how different Islamic feminists interpret the Quran in relation to the present and how their interpretations have created debates internationally. I also discuss the importance of new interpretations and the globalization for Muslim women.

• 946.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Newly arrived students in English education: A study of difficulties encountered by students learning English as an L32019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

The purpose of this study is to investigate the difficulties newly arrived students encounter when they learn English, both from the perspective of students and of teachers, and how these difficulties materialise in the classroom. The study was carried out through interviews with teachers and newly arrived immigrant students on the language introductory program at an upper secondary school. Interviews were used to investigate teachers' and students' experiences and attitudes. The results show that the most significant difficulties the students encounter occur in connection with listening comprehension, and these appear when the students are tested in hearing comprehension. Important factors that influence students’ listening skills are, among other things, that the students learn two languages simultaneously, and also that they have not developed strategies for listening comprehension. It also emerged that both teachers and students use tools such as pictures in order to facilitate learning. Students also use Google to translate, to some extent. When examining both teachers' and students' responses, it was revealed that they have a negative attitude to learning Swedish and English simultaneously.  This is explained by the fact that they lose focus, and everything becomes confusing. In conclusion, the result shows that there are no advantages to having newly arrived students learn two languages at the same time. According to the participating teachers, the students must be well-grounded in the Swedish language before they start with English.

• 947.
E-Learning in Higher Education in Pakistan: Influencing Factors, Strategies and Recommendations2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis

E-learning has been increasingly adopted by Higher Education Institutes (HEI) in various countries all over the world. A number of research studies have indicated the effectiveness of E-learning in terms of its innovativeness. However, there are only few studies dealing with the contribution of E-learning in developing countries like Pakistan. Hence, this study aims to investigate the role of E-learning in improving the performance of Pakistan’s educational system. The present study investigates the current level of ICT penetration in Pakistani Higher Education with specific reference to E-learning. In addition, the study investigated teacher’s perceptive regarding the awareness level and various factors that affect E-learning implementation in Pakistan. The study employed a mixed methodology using semi-structured interview (n=10) and a survey (n=51) among teachers in Pakistan. The study results indicated that flexibility, low cost, easy accessibility and ease of teaching are the major advantages of e-learning. In addition, the major challenges in implementing e-learning in Pakistan’s educational system are in-effective user learning, inadequate power supply, technical support, lack of user participation and English language. From the study, it is clearly evident that teachers possess a positive attitude towards E-learning implementation in education system of Pakistan. Finally, the study concludes by providing strategies and recommendations to improve the adoption rate of ICT in Pakistan’s higher educational system.

• 948.
Science and Technology Division, Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, United States.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting. School of Engineering, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology, Linnæus University, Växjö, Sweden.
Hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index of oxynitride glasses prepared from woody biofuel ashes2017In: European Journal of Glass Science and Techology. Part B. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, ISSN 1753-3562, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 231-236Article in journal (Refereed)

This paper reports the hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index values of the oxynitride glasses prepared from woody biofuel ashes. The glasses were prepared in nitrogen atmosphere at 1350-1500°C with addition of Ca metal as a precursor to the extra addition of this modifier. The glasses were homogenous, but appeared translucent grey to black. They contained up to 23 eq% of Ca and 5 eq% of N. The glass densities vary slightly between 2·76 to 2·92 g/cm3. The molar volume and compactness values vary between 8·01 cm3/mol to 8·31 cm3/mol and 0·446 to 0·462 respectively. Mechanical properties like hardness and reduced elastic modulus show values, up to 10 and 105 GPa, respectively. These properties are strongly correlated with the amount of N in the glass. The refractive index (1·54-1·75) increases with increasing N and Ca contents.

• 949.
Empowerment, Contextual Performance & Job Satisfaction -      A Case Study of the Scandic Hotels in Jönköping -2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job satisfaction among hotel employees as well as the relationship between employee empowerment and contextual performance behaviours.

Background: Most managers and scholars emphasize that an organization’s most important tool for gaining a competitive advantage is its people and; in order for the firm to attain success employees must be involved and active. It has been argued that success within the hotel industry lies with customer satisfaction, of which is the result of overall job satisfaction of the employee. Most hotels strive to empower their employees in order to deliver better quality service. In addition, contextual performance behaviours are also common practice in such places where employees have a broad range of duties and tasks. Both empowerment and contextual performance behaviours are thus seen to provide overall job satisfaction.

Method: The research approach used was that of a single case study, using a survey instrument to collect data on facets empowerment and contextual performance behaviours. The Scandic Hotels of Jonkoping were used for this purpose. The data collected were then analysed by way of factor analysis and multiple regression methods to validate the hypotheses formed in the theoretical framework.

Findings and

Conclusions: Based on the results of the analysis, the majority of the hypotheses were supported.  Training and rewards showed a significant relationship with overall job satisfaction. Job dedication behaviours also showed similar results. In addition, information sharing and trust and training and rewards proved to have interrelationships as facets of empowerment.  Interpersonal facilitation and job dedication behaviours were also proved to be distinct behaviours within contextual performance.

• 950.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran. International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Weight-related stigma and psychological distress: A systematic review and meta-analysis2019In: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983Article in journal (Refereed)

Background & aims:

Individuals who are overweight or who have obesity are likely to perceive or experience unfriendly treatment (i.e., weight-related perceived stigma) from different sources such as work colleagues because of the stigma towards excess weight. People who are overweight may accept such stigma and devalue themselves (i.e., weight-related self-stigma).

Methods:

A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between weight stigma (including weight-related self-stigma and weight-related perceived stigma) and psychological distress (including depression and anxiety) using random-effects meta-analyses. Utilizing five academic databases (PubMed, Scopus, WOS, Embase and ProQuest) and keywords related to weight stigma and psychological distress, empirical studies focusing on the association between weight stigma and psychological distress were selected. The timeline for the searched papers was from the inception of each database to the end of August 2019.

Results:

Eligible studies (N = 30; 25 on weight-related self-stigma and eight on weight-related perceived stigma) were analyzed with a total of 9345 participants experiencing weight-related self-stigma, and 15,496 experiencing weight-related perceived stigma. The pooled associations were moderate between weight-related self-stigma and psychological distress (corrected Fisher's Z = 0.40 for depression; 0.36 for anxiety) and between perceived stigma and depression (Fisher's Z = 0.44).

Conclusions:

Results of the meta-analysis demonstrated that weight stigma is associated with psychological distress. The comprehensive search of the literature and rigorous methodology employed are the two major strengths in the present study. Because self-stigma and perceived stigma are different concepts, their associations with psychological distress should not be merged together.

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