Change search
Refine search result
16171819202122 901 - 950 of 29187
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 901.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG.
    Schneider, Thomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Famna.
    Johansson, Cecilia
    Bräcke Diakoni.
    Johansson, Lars-Åke
    Alkit Communication AB.
    Idéburna innovationer – En testbädd för personcentrerad vård och omsorg2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Välfärdens utmaningar måste bemötas med innovativa och förebyggande arbetssätt och en helt ny användning av teknik. Men hur skapar man innovationer i vårdens och omsorgens vardag? Hur kan man se det friska i människan och hur kan medarbetare, patienter/brukare och närstående tillsammans hitta nya arbetssätt som gör vården och omsorgen bättre? Bräcke diakoni driver tillsammans med Famna, Jönköping Academy och Alkit Communication AB Famnas testbädd för en personcentrerad vård och omsorg. I den bygger man ett stöd för idéburna vård- och omsorgsgivare för att utveckla nya idéer till spridningsbara innovationer med fokus på de vi finns till för. I ett första test på Bräcke diakoni skapar man möjligheter att möta den enskildes behov och önskemål. Arbetet utgår från en strukturerad dokumentation och uppföljning som med hjälp av ICF och nya IT-stöd följer den enskildes väg genom vården och omsorgen. Möt Famnas testbädd, Vinnova och Äldreutredningen för att diskutera framtidens vård och omsorg.

  • 902.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Suwono, Beneditta
    Coenen, Michaela
    What are the Swedish Healthcare Quality Registries about? Content comparison using WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and ICF Core Sets2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 903.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Weitkunat, Rolf
    Monitoring behavioral risks – the development of lifestyle risk scale2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 904.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Weitkunat, Rolf
    Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Un iversity of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    Perception and prevalence of behavioral risk factors: the lifestyle risk scale (LRS)2011In: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2162-2477, E-ISSN 2162-2485, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 143-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To develop a lifestyle risk scale (LRS) of health-related behaviors based on risk assessments of study participants.

    Method: By means of pairwise comparisons of assessed risks associated with tobacco, alcohol, obesity, fast-food, physical inactivity, and lack of sleep, each at four levels, 24 behaviors were ranked on a unidimensional risk scale.

    Results: Overall, use of tobacco was assigned the highest risk score (3.7), consumption of fast-food and lack of sleep the lowest (1.7, 1.6). Minor risk factors (lack of sleep and fast-food) were, at their highest levels, assigned similar risk values as major risk factors (tobacco, alcohol, obesity) at their lowest levels. Lifestyles of female participants were less hazardous than those of male participants, as measured with the LRS. In contrast, perception of behavioral health risks was more precise in men.

    Conclusions: The LRS provides a practical quantification to identify and compare groups with different risk behavior patterns as well as clusters of risky health be- haviors in and across populations. It can also support the communication of behavioral health risks.

  • 905.
    Alhager, Eleonor
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Mervärdesskatt vid omstruktureringar2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a study of VAT consequences of restructures of companies. The main areas that are dealt with are intra-Community intra-company transactions, VAT groups, transfers of shares, transfers of assets, the right to deduction of input VAT related to supporting services to restructures, and the adjustment of input VAT. These areas are analysed from a VAT neutrality point of view. The neutrality is divided into external neutrality, which refers to the neutrality between Member States, and internal neutrality, which concerns the neutrality within the VAT chain. If taxable persons are fully relieved from VAT, the VAT will not influence their behaviour or their business strategies.

    The VAT neutrality is not realized in all respects concerning restructures. The external neutrality is not completely accomplished regarding intra-Community acquisitions, VAT groups, cross-border transfers of assets and the adjustment of input VAT. The internal neutrality lacks concerning which entities that may form a VAT group, some transfers of assets, and the right to deduct input VAT for supporting services for transfers of shares.

    Generally the compliance of the Swedish VAT Act (Sw:mervärdesskattelagen) with the EC provisions is satisfying. However, some deficiencies of EC conformity are identified in this thesis. The most serious breach of EC Law is probably the “passing-through-provision” in chapter 8 § 4 paragraph 1 Nr. 5 and paragraph 2 Swedish VAT Act, which is not supported by the Sixth VAT Directive and, moreover, is contrary to the principle of non-discrimination.

    De lege ferenda my opinion is that the lack of external neutrality should be abolished on EC level through further harmonisation on the area of VAT. The lack of internal neutrality may generally be abolished on a national level within the frames of the Sixth VAT Directive. The passing-through provision should, according to my opinion, be removed.

  • 906.
    Al-Hammadany, F. H.
    et al.
    Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Seoul National University, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Department of Food and Resource Economics, Korea University, South Korea, and Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Korea University, South Korea.
    Determinants of internet use in Iraq2011In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1967-1989Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet is considered to be today’s most advanced technology and a key to progress in communications and in the exchange of information, goods, services, and technologies. Since its introduction during the late 1960s, the Internet has been instrumental in creating opportunities and conditions for progress in developed and developing nations alike. Not all nations, though, welcome this particular tool of global interconnectivity. One such nation is Iraq, which faces huge challenges in increasing Internet penetration, capacity building, and changing the traditional methods of communications. This study of Iraq’s efforts during this difficult undertaking explores the many factors that define this transition process. It concludes by explaining the determinants of Internet use in Iraq. The results of the study indicate that while Iraqis are eager to adopt this technology in order to reach out to the world, a number of factors are not allowing it to become a public domain. Factors include lack of adequate resources, insufficient incentives and encouragement from the government, and social inhibitions. ©2011 (Firas H. al-Hammadany, Almas Heshmati).

  • 907.
    Al-Hammadany, Firas H.
    et al.
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs Department of Information Technology Baghdad, Iraq.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Department of Food and Resource Economics College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology Korea University, East Building Room #217 Anam-dong Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, Korea.
    Analysis of the Purpose of Using Internet in Iraq: A Multinomial Logit Model2011In: Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, ISSN 2069-5934, Vol. 1, no 6, p. 1-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet accessibility is positively correlated with infrastructure development and nature of government policies. Though Iraq has shown considerable increase in Internet connectivity, it constitutes only 10 % of its population. In this study, the significant factors determining the use and non-use of Internet have been identified and analyzed. The results revealed that human development, human capital, institutional and legal environment, existing technologies, government policy making and income levels affect the Internet accessibility. The non-Internet users mainly comprised from 12-25 years age group. Similarly, high school and diploma students constituted significant proportion ofnon-Internet users. Lack of awareness and poor access to Internet facility were quoted as the most significant factors that resulted in the poor Internet accessibility which were supported by the used multinomial logit model. Low income level of the people resulted in non-use of Internet. The use of Internet was found to be highest among those with high level of education. Hence, the measures like provision of ICT based training programs, effective government policy for prioritizing Internet in education sector and allowing most advanced Internet technologies in e-governance and increased efforts for enhancing human development and human capital would enhance the rate of Internet accessibility in Iraq.

  • 908.
    Al-Hammadany, Firas H.
    et al.
    Seoul National University.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Seoul National University.
    Determinants of Internet Use in Iraq2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet is considered to be today's most advanced technology and a key to progress of communication and exchange of information, goods, services and technologies. Since its introduction during the late 1960s, the Internet has led to the creation of opportunities and conditions of development both for the developed and developing nations around the globe. Not all nations though welcome this particular tool of world connection. Iraq is facing huge challenges in increasing Internet penetration and usage and changing the traditional way of communication. However, this is a difficult task as there are many factors that define this transition process. This issue and more shall be better presented in this study. Through the use of a suitable approach, this study aims to explain the determinants of Internet use in Iraq. The results indicate that while the people of Iraq are eager to adopt this technology in order to reach out to the world, a number of factors like lack of adequate resources, insufficient incentives and encouragement from the government and some social inhibitions are not allowing this technology to become a public domain.

  • 909.
    Alhosaini, Mohamad Rami
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Abduldaiem, Abdulwareih
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Effects of External Funding on the Work Environment of Self-Funded Firms2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work environment in organizations has been associated with a number of factors that contribute to both their success and sustainability. Many researchers have identified the role, influence or the connection between the work environment and these factors such as productivity and creativity. However, it seems that business owners do not take their organization’s work environment into consideration when making major business decisions such as acquiring external funding. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of acquiring external funding on the different social factors influencing the work environment for self-funded firms. We have conducted a multiple case study in which we collected data through conducting interviews with eight employees from five different organizations located in the Middle East region. We analyzed the gathered data based on a theoretical model that connects eleven work environment dimensions with three aspects that are accompanied by acquiring external funding, which are: the changes in management and goals, financial resources and new networks and contacts. As a result, we concluded that the changes in management and goals have the most complex effect on work environment when compared to the other two aspects. In addition, we explored how would these aspects affect the work environment, either directly or indirectly, and found that the individual level changes in the work environment are mostly affected indirectly since the employees do not tend to attribute such changes to external funding directly. Finally, according to our results, it doesn’t seem that having the same funding type would trigger similar changes in the work environment. On the other hand, having a similar funding objective by the financing party would trigger more similarities especially when it comes to the changes in management and goals.

  • 910.
    Alhult, Markus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Axelsson, Jacob
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lagerhantering i framtiden på Aero Materiel AB2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, increasing emphasis has been placed on streamlining the supply chain. Keeping inventory and warehouses is considered to be a waste of resources. It is however difficult to completely eliminate the need for inventory and warehouses in a supply chain. The purpose of warehousing is to provide a service for the customer. By keeping what the customer demands in inventory it is possible to make a quick delivery when a need arises. Warehousing can thus be an important competitive tool.

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyse possible changes of the warehousing at Aero Materiel in order to increase the capacity of Aero Materiel’s warehousing. Aero Materiel is a wholesale company with an annual turnover that exceeds fifty million SEK. The company sells accessories for hatches and panels, such as hinges, quick access fasteners, bars and cage nuts. Aero Materiel aims to double their turnover and therefore look at ways to increase the capacity of the warehousing in order to meet future needs.

    To achieve the purpose of this thesis, the following questions have been answered.

    • How is warehousing executed today at Aero Materiel and which methods are used at Aero Materiel?
    • Which other methods for warehousing exist that could be suitable for Aero Materiel?
    • In which way could these other methods improve the warehousing at Aero Materiel?

    Interviews and observations have been carried out at Aero Materiel in order to describe the company and its operations, and in order to describe how the warehousing is conducted. Literature on the subject of warehousing has been studied in order to help answer the thesis questions. A time study has been conducted. Two similar companies have been visited with the purpose of identifying other methods for warehousing.

    Aero Materiel handles between 10 and 70 order lines per day. The warehousing personnel perform the following warehousing activities: Receiving, putaway, order picking, packaging and shipping. The warehousing personnel spend more than 50% of their time on order picking and packaging.

    Several areas with potential for improvement at Aero Materiel were identified during the mapping of the warehousing at Aero Materiel and the visits at the two other companies: the variation of order lines from day to day, the time required for packaging, counting of items, transportation during order picking and the weighing of items.

    The variation of order lines from day to day can be reduced by applying different principles of levelling. By lowering the demands for quality it is possible to reduce the time needed for packaging. Order picking can be made easier by investing in some form of automated storage system. The need for weighing articles can be reduced by keeping information of the item’s weight in the ERP-system.

  • 911.
    Ali, Abid
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Ontology-Based Model For The "Ward-round" Process in Healthcare (OMWRP)2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In the current arena, rapid changes are required to address dynamic patient’s treatment process needs according to the patient’s demand in the healthcare sector. This research work addresses existing problems about information flow in ward-round, what is the optimal information need for an individual with his/her competences according to their role during ward-round in healthcare area. This work also mentions what are the certain activities which are required during the patient treatment.

     

    This research work contributes in the field of Information logistics and ontology development in healthcare. So the main purpose of this thesis is to design an ontology based model that can fix information flow problems in the ward-round process of hospital unit. The ontology based model can be used to provide relevant information to the domain users according to their needs and demands. The ontology based model projects domain users profiling and describes their roles, information demands with competencies: skills, qualifications and experiences. The ontology based model will be implemented in OWL language that can be used in an application to support ward-round activities for achieving effective patient’s treatment process.  

     

    For ontology development is concerned, different ontology development methodologies have been reviewed from literature review by the author to analyze the existing problems in the ward-round. This thesis incorporates Hybrid Methodology (HM) that helps to develop ontology based model that addresses information flow problems in ward-round. The proposed ontology based model is developed in web Ontology Language (OWL) supported tool protégé 4.0.2 that can be considered as foundation to develop a software product with the help of IT practitioners and developers to fulfill medical practitioner’s demands in ward-round’s context.

  • 912.
    Ali, Ajnur
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sargsyan, Araksya
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Från lindrigt utvecklingsstörd till förälder: En studie om socionmers förhållningssätt i arbete med föräldrar diagnostiserade med lindrig utvecklingsstörning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyse social workers’ approach in working with parents with mild intellectual disability. The study intends to find out if work approach is related to position and type of organisation. The data consists of six semi structured interviews with social workers from three different organisations that in work meet parents with mild intellectual disability. These organisations were Vuxenhabiliteringen, LSS and Individ- and Familjeomsorgen. In addition, an interview with a researcher that has expert knowledge in development for parents with mild intellectual disability was done. In the analysis the experiences of social workers were linked to organizational tasks and importance of cooperation. The study purposed to analyse the result from two theoretical perspectives; street- level bureaucracy and human-service organisations. The result shows that social workers in the organisations have different approaches dependent on what organisation they work in and the role and working tasks they have in work. The study also indicated how the organisations and their tasks affected the parenthood for persons with mild intellectual disabled parents.   

  • 913.
    Ali, Arshad
    et al.
    East China Normal University.
    Molau, Ulf
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Bai, Yang
    Chinese Academy of Sciences.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Alatalo, Juha M.
    Qatar University.
    Diversity-productivity dependent resistance of an alpine plant community to different climate change scenarios2016In: Ecological research, ISSN 0912-3814, E-ISSN 1440-1703, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 935-945Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we report from a experiment imposing different warming scenarios [control with ambient temperature, constant level of moderate warming for 3 years, stepwise increase in warming for 3 years, and one season of high level warming (pulse) simulating an extreme summer event] on an alpine ecosystem to study the impact on species diversity–biomass relationship, and community resistance in terms of biomass production.

    Multiple linear mixed models indicate that experimental years had stronger influence on biomass than warming scenarios and species diversity. Species diversity and biomass had almost humpback relationships under different warming scenarios over different experimental years. There was generally a negative diversity–biomass relationship, implying that a positive diversity–biomass relationship was not the case.

    The application of different warming scenarios did not change this tendency. The change in community resistance to all warming scenarios was generally negatively correlated with increasing species diversity, the strength of the correlation varying both between treatments and between years within treatments. The strong effect of experimental years was consistent with the notion that niche complementarity effects increase over time, and hence, higher biomass productivity over experimental years. The strongest negative relationship was found in the first year of the pulse treatment, indicating that the community had weak resistance to an extreme event of one season of abnormally warm climate.

    Biomass production started recovering during the two subsequent years. Contrasting biomass-related resistance emerged in the different treatments, indicating that micro sites within the same plant community may differ in their resistance to different warming scenarios.

  • 914.
    Ali Fareedi, Abid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Modelling of the Ward Round Process in a Healthcare Unit2011In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 4th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2011 Oslo, Norway, November 2-3, 2011 Proceedings / [ed] Paul Johannesson, John Krogstie and Andreas L. Opdahl, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, Vol. 92, p. 223-237Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information systems (IS) are nowadays extensively used to support all kinds of activities in healthcare organisations. Enterprise modelling can help to make the use of IS in healthcare more effective by providing process and domain models reflecting a particular healthcare unit. This paper proposes a model of the ward round process in a healthcare unit. The proposed model identifies the roles of medical professionals, tasks that can be performed according to the personnel’s competences, and activities that are carried out as part of the tasks to achieve goals of the ward round process. A formal approach has been used to implement the modelling results in the form of an ontology. Such formal ontologies can support improvement and development of IS in healthcare. We learned that modelling workshops are important for development of models that can be formalized in a machine-readable form.

  • 915.
    Ali, Majid
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Significant Attributes and Challenges Related to Cross-Functional Team Communications2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the research work is to investigate the importance of the communication in the cross-functional teams and in what which communicational tools provide better convenience of communication in cross-functional team members.

    Methodology

    An empirical study including the data collection from the interviews conducted from the participants working in cross-functional teams. Qualitative approach has been adopted to understand the communicational attributes in the cross-functional teams. For the analysis both deductive and abductive approach has been used. With the help of theoretical framework and empirical data, conclusions drown for better understanding of the concept.

    Findings

    The author has divided the search in two main segments, communicational effects on cross-functional team performance and effectiveness of particular communicational tools used by team members and team leaders. Empirical findings shows that without proper communication, cross-functional team are less tend to perform well to achieve set goals as well as face to face communications are more effective than other communicational tools. 

    Research limitations

    The research work is limited to Scandinavian countries. Organizational communicational structures are not studied due to time factor. Other limitation of this research work is effect of cultural differences on communication.

    Implications

    The research work provides deep understanding of the different communicational effects on cross-functional team performance. The choice of communicational tool and proportional importance for the team members will help managers while selecting the tools of communication with the team members.

    Originality / value

    During the literature studies, author determined that there is potential of research for the communicational tools used in cross-functional team communications. The social media is taking over the traditional communicational tools which provide value for findings. 

  • 916.
    Ali, Rebaz
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Alshami, Ahmed
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Sättningar i torvmaterialet: En fallstudie om användning av förstärkningsmetoden "förbelastning i form av överlast" på jordmaterial av torv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this degree project is to control the set-up for a longer period by means of the workplace at the use of the total station for then comparing calculated outcomes with real outcomes.

    Method: A combination of both quantitative and qualitative studies have been used in this degree project, consisting of literature studies and a case study including interviews, document analyzes, site visits and measurements. The case study is based on an ongoing project in the municipality of Nassjo, where a skate park is constructed and whose soil consists of peat. Preload in the form of overload has been applied.

    Findings: The result indicates the occurrence of a difference between calculated outcome and actual outcome regarding set rate and time course when using preload in the form of overload. The deviation is about 20 cm. Preload in the form of overload is a good method for peat land, but it is unlikely to be remarkably improved by vertical drainage.

    Implications: In view of the measurements produced by the authors, this shows that the method of loading in the form of overload on peat field works, however, gives the calculation model which has been used to be uncertain. The result described in more detail regarding vertical drainage on peat fields will not accelerate the process because the peat is already well drained. This means that it will cost extra without benefiting from the method.

    Limitations: The work has limited to two reinforcement methods on peat fields. A case study has been limited to only one area. There was preload in the form of overload, whose soil material consists of peat.

    Keywords: Peat, Permeability, Preloading in the form of overload, settlements, total station, vertical drainage, water quota.

  • 917.
    Ali Rostam, Erivan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Hallberg, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Gyllensten, Sofie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Med skilda perspektiv: Sverigedemokraternas profil, identitet och image2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study will investigate how the Sweden Democrats' use the planned communication tools: profile, identity and image in their election campaign film. We have during the study used three different perspectives: structured interviews with three members of the Sweden Democrats, a semiotic film analysis of the party's election campaign film and performed a survey of 100 voting students at Erik Dahlbergsgymnasiet.

     

    The results of the study have demonstrated that the Sweden Democrats' profile is consistent with the campaign film's identity. The Sweden Democrats believes that the image of the party is not consistent with the party's profile. The problem that the Sweden Democrats claim to be medias fault.

    Our semiotic film analysis shows that the Sweden Democrats' message is clear in the election campaign by showing how immigration is expensive, while pensioners are affected. Our results also show that more than half of the students at Erik Dahlbergsgymnasiet had a bias against the Sweden Democrats and 70 percent felt that the individuals in the election campaign film were represented wrong.

  • 918.
    Ali, Shadan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den muslimskt feministiska utmaningen: En analys av kvinnors framställning i koranen ur ett muslimskt feministiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the depiction of women in Quran from an Islamic feminist perspective. The questions that my study is based on are: How is the woman accounted in the Quran according to Islamic feminists? How do Muslim feminists argue and what do they base their reasoning on? My study is based on analyzes of the feminists’ works and statements. The results were analyzed with the help of different theories including Miriam Cookes “multiple critique”, Jan Hjärpes “The Islamic basket”, Jonathan Potters “methodological relativism” and Luckman & Bergers “social construction of reality”. The main result of this study is that it highlights how different Islamic feminists interpret the Quran in relation to the present and how their interpretations have created debates internationally. I also discuss the importance of new interpretations and the globalization for Muslim women.

  • 919.
    Ali, Shadan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Newly arrived students in English education: A study of difficulties encountered by students learning English as an L32019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the difficulties newly arrived students encounter when they learn English, both from the perspective of students and of teachers, and how these difficulties materialise in the classroom. The study was carried out through interviews with teachers and newly arrived immigrant students on the language introductory program at an upper secondary school. Interviews were used to investigate teachers' and students' experiences and attitudes. The results show that the most significant difficulties the students encounter occur in connection with listening comprehension, and these appear when the students are tested in hearing comprehension. Important factors that influence students’ listening skills are, among other things, that the students learn two languages simultaneously, and also that they have not developed strategies for listening comprehension. It also emerged that both teachers and students use tools such as pictures in order to facilitate learning. Students also use Google to translate, to some extent. When examining both teachers' and students' responses, it was revealed that they have a negative attitude to learning Swedish and English simultaneously.  This is explained by the fact that they lose focus, and everything becomes confusing. In conclusion, the result shows that there are no advantages to having newly arrived students learn two languages at the same time. According to the participating teachers, the students must be well-grounded in the Swedish language before they start with English. 

  • 920.
    Ali, Shahid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Zaheer, Ehtisham
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    E-Learning in Higher Education in Pakistan: Influencing Factors, Strategies and Recommendations2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    E-learning has been increasingly adopted by Higher Education Institutes (HEI) in various countries all over the world. A number of research studies have indicated the effectiveness of E-learning in terms of its innovativeness. However, there are only few studies dealing with the contribution of E-learning in developing countries like Pakistan. Hence, this study aims to investigate the role of E-learning in improving the performance of Pakistan’s educational system. The present study investigates the current level of ICT penetration in Pakistani Higher Education with specific reference to E-learning. In addition, the study investigated teacher’s perceptive regarding the awareness level and various factors that affect E-learning implementation in Pakistan. The study employed a mixed methodology using semi-structured interview (n=10) and a survey (n=51) among teachers in Pakistan. The study results indicated that flexibility, low cost, easy accessibility and ease of teaching are the major advantages of e-learning. In addition, the major challenges in implementing e-learning in Pakistan’s educational system are in-effective user learning, inadequate power supply, technical support, lack of user participation and English language. From the study, it is clearly evident that teachers possess a positive attitude towards E-learning implementation in education system of Pakistan. Finally, the study concludes by providing strategies and recommendations to improve the adoption rate of ICT in Pakistan’s higher educational system.

  • 921.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Science and Technology Division, Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, United States.
    Bogdanoff, Toni
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Jonson, Bo
    School of Engineering, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology, Linnæus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index of oxynitride glasses prepared from woody biofuel ashes2017In: European Journal of Glass Science and Techology. Part B. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, ISSN 1753-3562, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 231-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index values of the oxynitride glasses prepared from woody biofuel ashes. The glasses were prepared in nitrogen atmosphere at 1350-1500°C with addition of Ca metal as a precursor to the extra addition of this modifier. The glasses were homogenous, but appeared translucent grey to black. They contained up to 23 eq% of Ca and 5 eq% of N. The glass densities vary slightly between 2·76 to 2·92 g/cm3. The molar volume and compactness values vary between 8·01 cm3/mol to 8·31 cm3/mol and 0·446 to 0·462 respectively. Mechanical properties like hardness and reduced elastic modulus show values, up to 10 and 105 GPa, respectively. These properties are strongly correlated with the amount of N in the glass. The refractive index (1·54-1·75) increases with increasing N and Ca contents.

  • 922.
    Alibegovic, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Hawkins, Andrew
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Parmar, Mitesh
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Empowerment, Contextual Performance & Job Satisfaction -      A Case Study of the Scandic Hotels in Jönköping -2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job satisfaction among hotel employees as well as the relationship between employee empowerment and contextual performance behaviours.

    Background: Most managers and scholars emphasize that an organization’s most important tool for gaining a competitive advantage is its people and; in order for the firm to attain success employees must be involved and active. It has been argued that success within the hotel industry lies with customer satisfaction, of which is the result of overall job satisfaction of the employee. Most hotels strive to empower their employees in order to deliver better quality service. In addition, contextual performance behaviours are also common practice in such places where employees have a broad range of duties and tasks. Both empowerment and contextual performance behaviours are thus seen to provide overall job satisfaction.

    Method: The research approach used was that of a single case study, using a survey instrument to collect data on facets empowerment and contextual performance behaviours. The Scandic Hotels of Jonkoping were used for this purpose. The data collected were then analysed by way of factor analysis and multiple regression methods to validate the hypotheses formed in the theoretical framework.

    Findings and

    Conclusions: Based on the results of the analysis, the majority of the hypotheses were supported.  Training and rewards showed a significant relationship with overall job satisfaction. Job dedication behaviours also showed similar results. In addition, information sharing and trust and training and rewards proved to have interrelationships as facets of empowerment.  Interpersonal facilitation and job dedication behaviours were also proved to be distinct behaviours within contextual performance.

  • 923.
    Alimoradi, Zainab
    et al.
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Bajalan, Zahra
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Ohayon, Maurice M.
    Stanford Sleep Epidemiology Research Center (SSERC), School of Medicine, Stanford University, CA, United States.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
    Internet addiction and sleep problems: A systematic review and meta-analysis2019In: Sleep Medicine Reviews, ISSN 1087-0792, E-ISSN 1532-2955, Vol. 47, p. 51-61Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pathological use of the internet – conceptualized as ‘internet addiction’ – might be crucial in initiating and increasing sleep disturbances in the community. While inconsistent evidence is reported regarding the association of internet addiction and sleep disturbances, the severity of this association remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to increase our understanding of the relationship between internet addiction and sleep disturbances. A systematic review was conducted through Scopus, PubMed Central, ProQuest, ISI Web of Knowledge, and EMBASE using keywords related to internet addiction and sleep problems. Observational studies (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional studies) focusing on association between internet addiction and sleep disturbances including sleep problems and sleep duration were selected. A meta-analysis using random-effect model was conducted to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for experiencing sleep problems and standardized mean differences (SMDs) for sleep duration. Eligible studies (N = 23) included 35,684 participants. The overall pooled OR of having sleep problems if addicted to the internet was 2.20 (95% CI: 1.77–2.74). Additionally, the overall pooled SMDs for sleep duration for the IA group compared to normal internet users was −0.24 (95% CI: −0.38, −0.10). Results of the meta-analysis revealed a significant OR for sleep problems and a significant reduced sleep duration among individuals addicted to the internet.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-07-04 00:00
  • 924.
    Alimoradi, Zainab
    et al.
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Imani, Vida
    Pediatric Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
    Griffiths, Mark D
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Social media addiction and sexual dysfunction among Iranian women: The mediating role of intimacy and social support.2019In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 318-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Social media use has become increasingly popular among Internet users. Given the widespread use of social media on smartphones, there is an increasing need for research examining the impact of the use of such technologies on sexual relationships and their constructs such as intimacy, satisfaction, and sexual function. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism why social media addiction impacts on sexual distress. This study investigated whether two constructs (intimacy and perceived social support) were mediators in the association of social media addiction and sexual distress among married women.

    METHODS: A prospective study was conducted where all participants (N = 938; mean age = 36.5 years) completed the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale to assess social media addiction, the Female Sexual Distress Scale - Revised to assess sexual distress, the Unidimensional Relationship Closeness Scale to assess intimacy, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support to assess perceived social support.

    RESULTS: The results showed that social media addiction had direct and indirect (via intimacy and perceived social support) effects on sexual function and sexual distress.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study facilitate a better understanding of how problematic engaging to social media can affect couples' intimacy, perceived social support, and constructs of sexual function. Consequently, sexual counseling should be considered an essential element for assessing individual behaviors in the context of social media use.

  • 925.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Hammar, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Blomqvist, Eva
    SICS - East Swedish ICT.
    SmartEnv as a Network of Ontology Patterns2018In: Semantic Web, ISSN 1570-0844, E-ISSN 2210-4968, Vol. 9, no 6, p. 903-918Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we outline the details of an ontology, called SmartEnv, proposed as a representational model to assist the development process of smart (i.e., sensorized) environments. The SmartEnv ontology is described in terms of its modules representing different aspects including physical and conceptual aspects of a smart environment. We propose the use of the Ontology Design Pattern (ODP) paradigm in order to modularize our proposed solution, while at the same time avoiding strong dependencies between the modules in order to manage the representational complexity of the ontology. The ODP paradigm and related methodologies enable incremental construction of ontologies by first creating and then linking small modules. Most modules (patterns) of the SmartEnv ontology are inspired by, and aligned with, the Semantic Sensor Network (SSN) ontology, however with extra interlinks to provide further precision and cover more representational aspects. The result is a network of 8 ontology patterns together forming a generic representation for a smart environment. The patterns have been submitted to the ODP portal and are available on-line at stable URIs.

  • 926.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hammar, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL). RISE SICS East AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Nyström, Mikael
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Ivanova, Valentina
    Linköpings Universitet.
    SmartEnv Ontology in E-care@home2018In: SSN 2018 - Semantic Sensor Networks Workshop: Proceedings of the 9th International Semantic Sensor Networks Workshopco-located with 17th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2018) / [ed] Maxime Lefrançois, Raúl Garcia Castro, Amélie Gyrard, Kerry Taylor, CEUR-WS , 2018, Vol. 2213, p. 72-79Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this position paper we briefly introduce SmartEnv ontology which relies on SEmantic Sensor Network (SSN) ontology and is used to represent different aspects of smart and sensorized environments. We will also talk about E-carehome project aiming at providing an IoT-based health-care system for elderly people at their homes. Furthermore, we refer to the role of SmartEnv in Ecarehome and how it needs to be further extended to achieve semantic interoperability as one of the challenges in development of autonomous health care systems at home.

  • 927.
    Alisani, Valjeta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Robayo, Helen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lek och lärande går hand i hand: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares beskrivningar av sitt deltagande i lek i relation till undervisning.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 928.
    Aliskovic, Edis
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Formativ bedömning för lärande: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare i idrott och hälsa arbetar formativt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med kunskap om idrott och hälsa lärares upplevelse av att arbeta med formativ bedömning. Studien utgår ifrån följade frågeställningar:

    • Hur beskriver lärarna begreppet formativ bedömning?
    • Hur tillämpar lärarna formativ bedömning i sin undervisning? 

    För att få svar på frågeställningarna genomfördes kvalitativa intervjuer med sju stycken idrott och hälsa lärare för årskurs 7-9.  

    Resultatet visar att lärarna tolkar formativ bedömning som en process där man arbetar stegvis för att vägleda eleven vidare i sin kunskapsutveckling. Tillämpningen sker med återkoppling och feedback. Resultatet visar också att lärarna upplever att tidsbrist hindrar tillämpning av formativ bedömning samtidigt som samtliga lärare i studien är att de anser att eleverna lär sig mer med hjälp av formativ bedömning.

  • 929.
    Alizada, Zekria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Clarin, Oscar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Impact of Loss Aversion Bias on Herding Behavior of Young Swedish Retail Investors: A Behavioral Perspective on Young Swedish Retail Investors' Decision Making in the Stock Market2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Kahneman and Tversky (1974, 1979 & 1992) argue that individuals are bound to numerous behavioral biases that may lead to the emergence of different irrational behaviors. This is often observed with even a higher degree among participants of financial and stock markets as agents such as investors are frequently exposed to significant level of risk and uncertainty (Kahneman, 2013; Kahneman, Knetsch & Thaler, 1991; Kahneman & Tversky, 1974, 1979, 1992). Also, empirical studies indicate that a significant level of herding exists among investors when they are exposed to a high degree of risk and uncertainty such as those in financial crises (Galariotis, Rong & Spyrou, 2014; Litimi, 2017; Hott, 2009).

    Purpose: the main purpose of this thesis is to explore if the loss aversion bias has a significant causal impact on forming herding behavior among young Swedish retail investors.

    Method: an online analytical questionnaire including eight questions has been conducted to collect primary data, with 77 Swedish retail investors under the age of 35 participating in the study. Furthermore, a multiple regression analysis has been implemented to analyze and interpret the data.

    Conclusion: it can be concluded that there is not a significant correlation between the degree of loss aversion and the degree of herding behavior within the sample group of young Swedish retail investors. Hence, loss aversion bias cannot be considered as one of the major contributors of herding within the target population.

  • 930.
    Alizadehsalehi, Sepehr
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Civil Engineering Department, Eastern Mediterranean University, Turkey.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Civil Engineering Department, Eastern Mediterranean University, Turkey.
    Celik, Tolga
    Civil Engineering Department, Eastern Mediterranean University, Turkey.
    Arditi, David A.
    Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology, United States.
    The effectiveness of an integrated BIM/UAV model in managing safety on construction sites2018In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. A variety of approaches exist to achieve better construction safety performance, but only a few consider a combination of building information modeling (BIM) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

    Method. This article presents a four-dimensional (4D) BIM/UAV-enabled safety management model based on IDEF0 language. In the first step, potential hazards are identified with the help of safety specialists’ experiences and BIM software used in the design of the structure. Then, a UAV monitors the location of the potential hazards. The third step involves the integration of the 4D BIM-based model and the information obtained from the UAV. Finally, the combined data are analyzed and interpreted, and site safety staff are notified about measures to be put in place to prevent accidents.

    Results. This model shows a strong relationship between the design and construction phases by using BIM in the design phase and UAVs in the construction phase. The proposed safety model was evaluated by construction safety specialists in a two-pronged approach.

    Conclusion. The number of fatal, non-fatal and property damage-causing accidents may be significantly lower when the proposed system was used.

    Practical application. This model allows safety specialists to identify hazards and develop suitable mitigation strategies. 

  • 931.
    Aljafari, Asma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bagyo, Rares
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Insider Trading: the Case of Family Business and Capitalization Levels Event study on earning announcements.: Master’s thesis within Business Administration2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is the stock market reacting differently when it comes to family businesses than non-family businesses? It is known that family firms have a special effect on investors especially when it comes to news and decision making. This study is focused on the insider trading issue on the Swedish financial market. We apply the event study methodology on 1280 observations of interim and annual financial report announcements, taken from family and non-family companies. We found family businesses more secure when it comes to insider trading. The market is more susceptible to reaction when the financial news are released by non-family firms. The difference between the two categories is up to 10%. The study contains an insider trading analysis by taking into account the capitalization level, the interim versus annual report and the family status. We also discuss and contrast the Swedish law with insider trading efficiency and ethical aspects.

  • 932. Alkamisi, M. A.
    et al.
    Khalaf, G.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Some Modifications for Choosing Ridge Parameters2006In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 35, no 11, p. 2005-2020Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 933. Alkamisi, M. A.
    et al.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bayesian Analysis of a Linear Mixed Model with AR(p) errors Via MCMC2005In: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 741-755Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 934.
    Alkemark, Catarina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sandberg, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Tidig mobilisering av intensivvårdspatienten2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients treated in intensive care units are severely ill and treatment has focused on caring for and saving the internal organs. Patients have often been seen as too sick for physical activity and mobilization. Patients who survive the severe disease have increased over the years. As a result of this, an awareness of complications related to immobilization and intensive care and an impaired quality of life has appeared. Mobilization is a nursing intervention that a specialist nurse shall promote and encourage. This is to prevent physical and mental inactivity and complications. The high-technological environment of the intensive care unit makes the nursing intervention complicated and to give priority to mobilization can therefore be challenging. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the effect of early mobilization of intensive care patients. Method: A literature review based on thirteen quantitative articles was performed to get an overview of research results in selected subject. Results: The result showed that early mobilization may have a positive effect on hospital stay in the intensive care unit and total hospital stay in general. There was also a positive effect on mechanical ventilation, the patient's physical and mental status after the disease, number of days with sedation and complications related to the severe disease and intensive care treatment. Conclusion: The positive effects of early mobilization indicated that patient may sooner recover from the severe disease. With the nursing intervention early mobilization, the specialist nurse can influence the recovery of the patient. Therefore, early mobilization of the intensive care patient should be a priority.

     

  • 935.
    Alkemark, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bozic, Dejan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ny förbättrad layout vid Stena Stål AB: Kartläggning av plock- och tillverkningsprocesser samt personalens arbetssituation i dagsläget.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With today`s business world, it is very important to deliver the right product with right quality and quantity at the right time. By ensuring that the staff are happy and have the opportunity to work in a workplace with good structure, the company will be able to reach these parameters and at the same time maximize the efficiency.

    The project has been carried out at Stena Stål AB in Värnamo. The company's main task is to cut, store and deliver production steel and tool steel to processing companies in the surrounding region. Stena Stål AB in Värnamo is one of total 21 companies in the company group Stena Stål. Stena Stål is a part of the Stena corporate group which owns a total of eight different company groups that are spread in about 250 different locations in 14 countries.

    The purpose of this report is to give Stena Stål AB in Värnamo suggestions on how to design a new facility for tool steel. The demands that the company have on the new facility is that it should be able to deliver within 24 hours, it should be characterized by good order and clarity and that the work situation for the employees should be improved. In order to find the best way to reach the purpose and meet the company’s requirements, the following questions were developed:

    1. What is the value added and the necessary non-value added work in the value stream?

    2. How can the layout of the new department be designed according to the requirements above?

    3. How can work and pallet places be designed from the perspective of good order, efficiency and ergonomics?

    By studying how the current situation looks like using timestudies, observations and interviews, the authors have developed spaghetti diagrams and tables. These show that the major problem at the section is that necessary non-value-adding work takes too much time, the staff goes longer distances than than necessary and that the section is largely lacking of orderliness. Through interviews and obsevations it has also emerged that staff often work with ergonomically unsound lifting.

    By trying to eliminate the major problems of today, the authors have come up with a layout suggestion with associated 5S work. By focusing on 5S work as well as remove heavy lifting from production the authors meet the requirements from the company. The result of the final suggestion improves staff's ergonomic situation considerably by using a traverse for all lifting over 16.5 kg. By placing machines and materials in optimal positions and introduce a customized 5S work for the section is the time for an order reduced by 50-78%, and walking distances for the same order have decreased by 28-60%.

    The conclusion is that Stena Stål AB in Värnamo can reach the goals that they have on the new facility if they are willing to use the layout which has been worked out, and assimilate the methods that are described in this report.

  • 936.
    Alklid, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Finnander, Jakob
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Arbetsmiljömodell för byggarbetsmiljösamordnare på små byggföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 937.
    Alkureishi, Esam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Implementation and Evaluation of Communication Tables and Link Scheduling for WirelessHART Devices 2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 938.
    Allahyari, Hiva
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    User-oriented Assessment of Classification Model Understandability2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews methods for evaluating and analyzing the understandability of classification models in the context of data mining. The motivation for this study is the fact that the majority of previous work has focused on increasing the accuracy of models, ignoring user-oriented properties such as comprehensibility and understandability. Approaches for analyzing the understandability of data mining models have been discussed on two different levels: one is regarding the type of the models’ presentation and the other is considering the structure of the models. In this study, we present a summary of existing assumptions regarding both approaches followed by an empirical work to examine the understandability from the user’s point of view through a survey. The results indicate that decision tree models are more understandable than rule-based models. Using the survey results regarding understandability of a number of models in conjunction with quantitative measurements of the complexity of the models, we are able to establish correlation between complexity and understandability of the models.

  • 939.
    Allard, Karin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap.
    Pousette, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa.
    Härenstam, Annika
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap.
    Dellve, Lotta
    A gender perspective in the relationship between work demands, boundary setting strategies and organizational flexibility in work-family conflict among managers in the public sector2014In: Threats and possibilities facing Nordic working life: Book of abstracts and programme / [ed] Tommy Isidorsson, 2014, p. 169-169Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is common to view work-family dilemmas like work-family conflict as the individual’s problem despite the fact that these kinds of dilemmas often have contextual sources. The aim of the present study is to explore the experience of work-family conflict among governmental employed managers by examining work demands, boundary setting strategies and organizational flexibility at the individual and at a contextual level where both the organizational belongingness and the gender composition is examined.

    Our results show that organizational and contextual research on work-family issues contributes with knowledge about organizational aspects and processes that managers in organizations have to be aware of instead of understanding work-family dilemmas as individuals’ problems. We also conclude that a gender perspective both at the individual and at the organizational level is needed in the field of work-family research.

  • 940.
    Allard, Marcus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Gentlemen - en degenerationsroman?: Dekadensen i Klas Östergrens Gentlemen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the importance of decadence in the generational novel Gentlemen (1980) by Klas Östergren. The aim is partly to draw attention to a neglected authorship, partly to apply a theory that can illuminate Gentlemen. That is why I ask how decadence is reflected in the novel's main characters, community atmosphere and form.

    My definition of decadence is based on Paul Bourget's Theorie de la decadence (1883), in which he portrays society, individuals and the language's decline. With these thoughts in mind, I assume a broad definition of decadence that focuses on man's ambivalence towards life in a world that is fallen in sense of values. The theory of decadence is thus the starting point of this analysis through close reading, where I discern prominent aspects of decadence.

    Especially significant is the so-called Makten (The Force), and its claims for loyalty, as a cause of apocalyptic atmosphere. In order to deal with this dark, contemporary period, art becomes a refuge in similar ways as the artificial paradises of the Decadent era. Henry, like a dandy turns himself and his comforting everyday rituals into art; Leo, faithful to his disloyalty, tries to uncover the truth about the lies of Makten in his poetry; and Klas the narrator tells the truth about Henry and Leo by writing Gentlemen. By a homodiegetic narrator the characters are dissolved into their actions and the plot into details. Thus, both the book's aesthetics and themes can be traced to decadence.

  • 941.
    Alldén, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Holgersson, Stina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Komplementära metoder för att lindra smärta hos barn i Vietnam: En empirisk studie med kvantitativ ansats.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: complementary pain relief methods has shown to be effective within the health care system for pain management in children. It is therefore important for nurses to have knowledge of these methods.

    Purpose: to describe Vietnamese nurses’ knowledge about and use of complementary pain relief methods when caring for children in pain.

    Method: the data was collected during the fall of 2012 using a questionnaire in a children and women’s hospital in Da Nang, Vietnam. This study analyzed data on nurses’ knowledge of pain management in children and the correlation between knowledge and use.

    Main Results and Conclusions: knowledge of complementary pain relief methods was found to be high, averaging 4.45.  The use of complementary pain relief methods was found to vary. There was no correlation between knowledge of, and use of complementary pain relief methods.

  • 942.
    Allen, Ann Marie
    et al.
    INSEAD Humanitarian Research Group.
    Kovács, Gyöngyi
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Masini, Andrea
    Operations Management & Information Technology, HEC Paris.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Van Wassenhove, Luk
    INSEAD Humanitarian Research Group.
    Exploring the link between the humanitarian logistician and training needs2013In: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 129-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to evaluate job profiles in humanitarian logistics, and assess current task priorities in light of further training and educational needs.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents findings from a survey among humanitarian logistics practitioners and compares these to other studies in this area. It uses econometric models to evaluate the impact of managerial responsibilities in training needs, usage of time and previous training.

    Findings – The results show that the skills required in humanitarian logistics seem to follow the T-shaped skills model from Mangan and Christopher when looking at training wanted and time usage.

    Research limitations/implications – Survey respondents being members of the Humanitarian Logistics Association (HLA) may be more interested in developing the humanitarian logistics profession than other populations.

    Originality/value – This paper offers an insight in the specific skill requirements of humanitarian logisticians from members of the HLA and allows to understand which type of skills are linked to managerial responsibilities. The paper also establishes a link between logistics skill models and career progressions overall.

  • 943.
    Allerby, Katarina
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Goulding, Anneli
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ali, Lilas
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gremyr, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Waern, Margda
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Person-Centered Psychosis Care (PCPC) In An Inpatient Setting: Ward Level Data And Staff Workload2019In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, ISSN 0586-7614, E-ISSN 1745-1701, Vol. 45, no Supplement 2, p. S304-S304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The person-centered care approach has been little tested in inpatient settings for persons with schizophrenia. An intervention, PersonCentered Psychosis Care (PCPC), was created to increase person-centered care through an educational intervention for staff. The education had a participatory approach where participants were involved in shaping the education and creating projects aimed at care development. The PCPC intervention focused on the patient’s narrative, the creation of a partnership between the patient and staff, and on coming to an agreement between the patient and staff concerning the care. The present study aims to compare staff experienced workload and ward level data before and after implementation of the intervention.

    Methods: The study was carried out on 4 hospital wards (43 beds) at the Psychosis Clinic, Gothenburg, Sweden. Data was collected during a 6-month pre-intervention period, followed by an implementation period of 3  years, and finally a post intervention data collection period (9 months). During both data collection periods, one nurse per ward filled out a measure of daily subjective workload (a VAS scale with 0 indicating no burden at all and 10 indicating the highest imaginable burden). Additional ward level data (length of hospital stay, involuntary interventions, rehospitalization rates) were collected via the clinic’s electronic monitoring system.

    Results: The pre-intervention ratings (n=505) showed a mean subjective workload of 5.48 (SD=1.94). The post intervention workload (n=465) showed a mean of 4.51 (SD=2.08) which represents a significant reduction of experienced workload (t (968) = p <.0005). Analyses regarding length of hospital stay, involuntary interventions, and rehospitalization rates are underway and will be presented.

    Discussion: The findings indicate an improvement in the work environment for hospital staff and provide a quantitative result in line with staff experiences previously reported in our focus group study. The before and after design has its limitations, but the positive findings motivate further testing with a more rigorous design such as a cluster randomized study.

  • 944.
    Allgoth, Philip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    U.S. Diplomatic relations: How has it been used in Iran and North Korea?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how the United States has used different diplomatic strategies towards Iran and North Korea. The concept of coercive diplomacy is defined and explained, in or-der to see if it has been used by the United States, and if so, to what extent. After giving a brief historical background between the U.S and the two countries, the study will put a fo-cus on what and why the Bush administration has acted the way they have in their diplo-matic relation with Iran and North Korea. The study presents cases where you can see par-allels between strategies used, but also some significant differences. The latter part of the study will examine the reasoning behind the different strategies used. Conclusion drawn from this study was that, in the case of Iran, the United States has been forced to act in a certain way due to the other conflicts they are involved with in the region, i.e. the war in Iraq and the situation in Afghanistan. Due to the fear for North Koreas al-ready existing nuclear arsenal, the U.S. has shown a more restricted diplomatic policy to-wards the country, not wanting to push them towards starting a nuclear war.

  • 945.
    Allgulin, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Nunez Lillo, Pamela
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Formgivning av möbler i SWISSPEARL Carat2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 946.
    Allgurin, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Patterns of Innovation among Urban and Rural Firms: The Effects of Broadband2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the patterns of innovation among firms by using unique survey data on more than 2000 Swedish firms. The purpose of the study is to examine if broadband availability has an impact on firm-level innovation and explore differences between firms in urban and rural municipalities. A probability likelihood method is used estimating the probability of a firm being innovative or not. Using two types of explanatory variables, firm characteristics and location characteristics, the analysis show that firm characteristics are the main determinants of firm innovation. A firm that wants to increase their chances to be innovative should choose an urban location. The availability of broadband increases the probability of innovation. Firms with a good broadband connection can reach other types of knowledge and information. Organisations should therefore strive to have a good broadband connection with a high-speed internet to access external knowledge and increase the innovative activity. 

  • 947.
    Allgurén, Klara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    What liability do freight forwarders have for trademark infringement in forwarded goods?: Focussed specifically on Swedish national rules in multimodal transport2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In September 2008, a consignment of pirated batteries, which were marked with Panasonic’s trademark, were retained by Swedish Customs. Panasonic sent a warning letter to the freight forwarding company, Tavatur, demanding it to destroy the batteries through the simplified procedure in (EC) No 1383/2003. However, since Sweden has not implemented the simplified procedure, Tavatur was unable to destroy the batteries without a court order from Sweden. Panasonic therefore sued Tavatur, the legal dispute being what liability freight forwarders have for pirated goods.

    Due to technical developments within different modes of transport, freight forwarders’ role has changed over the last few decades, from simple duties where the freight forwarder held an intermediary position, to a more independent role in which they now have to be legally classified as either a carrier or an agent. Unfortunately, legal development within multimodal transport has failed to keep pace with the speed of technical development. Bills of Lading, for example, have historically been working as receipts, but due to modern packing techniques, they have lost the normal evidence function they once had. Although there are some international regulations concerning freight forwarding services, they do not extend beyond the countries in which such conditions are used. When a dispute occurs between transport operators, which follow different regulations, the liability of the freight forwarders is unclear. Therefore, freight forwarders are in the need of harmonised legislation, especially concerning their liability for trademark infringements. Nonetheless, there are ways in which freight forwarder can avoid these disputes with right-holders, namely; by protecting themselves with legal cost insurance and via establish their liability through the use of contracts. However, Sweden and other Member States, which have not implemented the simplified procedure, should reconsider an implementation of it.

  • 948.
    Allison, Philip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Eriksson, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Inverkan av Kiselhalten på Värmeutvidgningskoefficienten hos Aluminiumlegeringar2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report is to document the experiments carried out, methods used and results gained during research into how the silicon content of an aluminium alloy affects the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE).

    The goal of this paper is to better understand and to find a relation between silicon content and the coefficient of thermal expansion.

    Experiments were carried out using carefully prepared samples of Al Si alloys (0, 7, 10 and 20% Si content). Using these alloys, the CTE could be measured using a dilatometer.Comparative analysis carried out could map the effects of silicon content on the coefficient of thermal expansion and an equation was created. Using simple graphs and the rule of mixture method, the authors were able to build a simple tool for calculating the CTE of specific aluminum silicon alloys.

  • 949.
    Allison, Philip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Pye, Michael
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Eicher 2020+2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Investigating the Indian society, culture and truck market to develop a list of criteria (design brief) for an optimal truck for these markets. These criteria will be used as a starting point for the design process of designing the truck.

    Investigations in Sweden (at Volvo) and in India (at Eicher).

    Research conducted through design methods and interviews with stakeholders.

     

    It is the goal of this thesis to create two examples of what a domestically built truck for the Indian market could be.

  • 950.
    Allstrin, Ester
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ericsson, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    En livsomvälvande händelse: Hur stroke påverkar hälsa och välbefinnande - En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att insjukna i stroke innebär en förändrad livssituation både för den som drabbats av stroke men också dess anhöriga. Fysiskt, psykiskt, socialt och existentiellt välbefinnande är faktorer som påverkar situationen och sjuksköterskan har en väsentlig roll i att stötta patienten under rehabiliteringen. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur patienter upplevde hälsa och välbefinnande efter stroke. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ design där 12 olika kvalitativa artiklar har analyserats. Resultat: Fyra olika kategorier presenterades utifrån begreppet hälsa: fysiskt, psykiskt, socialt och existentiellt välbefinnande vilka var faktorer som påverkades efter att en patient insjuknat i stroke. Faktorer som påverkade patientens hälsa och välbefinnande negativt var nedsatt mobilitet, ätsvårigheter, fatigue, isolering, minskade sociala relationer och oförmåga att kunna arbeta medan faktorer som påverkade patienten positivt var stöd från familjen, betydelsefulla aktiviteter och förbättrade hälsovanor. Slutsats: Litteraturöversikten bidrar med kunskap om patienters upplevelser efter att ha insjuknat i stroke, vilket ger vårdpersonal och andra människor i patienternas omgivning förutsättningar för att de lättare ska kunna bemöta patienter som insjuknat i stroke.

16171819202122 901 - 950 of 29187
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf