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  • 851.
    Al-Azawy, Mawahib
    et al.
    Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Oterhals, Kjersti
    Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Assmus, Jörg
    Centre for Clinical Research, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Schuster, Peter
    Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Premedication and preoperative information reduces pain intensity and increases satisfaction in patients undergoing ablation for atrial fibrillation: A randomised controlled study2015In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 268-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Pain and discomfort are common during radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for atrial fibrillation.

    Aims

    To compare and evaluate the effect of premedication, standardised preoperative information and preoperative anxiety on pain intensity, drug consumption and patients’ satisfaction.

    Methods

    Preoperative anxiety at baseline, pain intensity during RFA, and patient satisfaction after the procedure were measured in 3 random groups. Group A (n = 20) received standard pain management, group B (n = 20) received premedication and group C (n = 20) received premedication and standardised preoperative information.

    Results

    Patients in groups B and C experienced less pain intensity (p < 0.001) and needed fewer anxiolytics (p = 0.023) and analgesics (p = 0.031) compared to group A. Patient satisfaction was higher in group C (p = 0.005) compared to group A. Increased preoperative anxiety is related to elevated drug demand (p < 0.05).

    Conclusion

    Premedication alone or combined with preoperative information reduces and higher preoperative anxiety increases pain intensity and drug consumption during RFA. Preoperative information improves patient satisfaction.

  • 852.
    Alban, Lucas Carlos
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Wieneck, Michael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Let Them Brand This Town: A Qualitative Study of How Major Cities Manage User-Generated Content in Their Branding Strategies2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ongoing urbanization and increased visits to urban areas make cities around the globe compete with each other. As places increasingly aim to attract visitors, residents, businesses or investments, place branding becomes a new discipline within the field of marketing and city branding arises as a means to differentiate a city in the global marketplace. In order to communicate with their potential audience, the digital space allows brands to address potential customers through two-way-communication. In this context, user-generated content (UGC) becomes an interesting alternative to interact with audiences, offering marketing professionals the opportunity to effectively engage stakeholders in the branding process and co-create the city brand.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to gain a broader understanding of how, within the place branding context, major city brands manage UGC in their social media strategies.

    Method: The study relied on a qualitative methodology and was conducted with an abductive approach. Primary data was gathered through email-based interviews with a sample of eleven representatives from valuable major city brands, as well as with one independent professional in the field of place branding consultancy.

    Conclusion: In the city branding context, UGC was found to be an effective tool to engage with stakeholders and build a strong brand in order to differentiate it among its competitors. Four categories of potential issues connected to the application of UGC were uncovered: Control, Credibility, Motivation as well as Features of UGC. Finally, a model of UGC facilitating the participatory approach to city branding was proposed by the authors.

  • 853.
    Alber Said, Kais
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    HUMAN FINDER ENCLOSURE2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    HumanFinder Enclosure-Radar is the design project consist in this study to achieve  modern specifications and create a realistic product. The purpose of this product is to detect the living human beings buried under the rubble of natural disasters. This project is made in collaboration with a Swedish company called Cinside AB. 

    This artifact has to be a new product in the market and the goal is to make this concept design ready for going to manufacture and start selling the product in around  6 to12 months, that is the time frame for the manufacture.

    These products should be selling through international and local retailers.

    This report has been divided into main parts, this parts are shown in below:

    • Summary, It describes briefly, what the report contains.
    • Introduction, This part includes the Company´s philosophy, it also gives an overview on the project and shows the process how to solve the detected problems.
    • Theoretical background, This section includes a design theory, design thinking, psychological theories, ergonomics, conditions and theories of development.
    • Methods, This part describes the various methods used in the proper project.
    • Approach and implementation, This section describe how the work has been done and descriptors in the design process.
    • Result, This part describes the main solutions achieved as well give idealized visions about the future of HumanFinder, showing as the same time the main features that created through the design process to reach the successful  result.
    • Conclusion and Discussion, This part includes an analysis of the result achieved and how the work continued.
  • 854.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Application patterns for ontology based applications2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Software patterns have been proven as a valuable way to storing a repeatable solution to a commonly occurring problem in software design. A pattern is not a finished design that can be directly formed into program code; instead it is a description how to solve a problem that may occur in many situations.

    In the ontology community very little research have been made in producing high-level patterns where the solution shows how an architecture of an ontology based software might look like.

    In this thesis the results of examining how high-level patterns of this type relates to other types of patterns are given and how these patterns would be described are formulated.

  • 855.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Describing Ontology Applications2007In: Proceedings of the 4th Annual European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2007), 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Semantic Web technologies are finally, after a few years of infancy, truly entering the business world to support the growing needs of computer aided information selection and processing. There are already quite well-defined development processes and methods in the software engineering field to handle the construction of large scale and complex enterprise systems, and to reuse knowledge in different software domains patterns are considered to be common practise. Patterns can be described on different levels of abstraction, but the patterns in the focus of this paper are on the software architecture level. In this paper we present a definition of the notion ”ontology application pattern”, as a special form of software architecture patterns describing an ontology-based system. We also show how such patterns, as well as the description of the pattern instantiations, can be described using a modified architecture description language.

  • 856.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Modelling Network-based Defence: Success and Failure of an Enterprise Modelling Endeavour2010In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: Third IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference / [ed] Patrick Van Bommel, Stijn Hoppenbrouwers, Sietse Overbeek, Erik Proper, Joseph Barjis, Berlin: Springer , 2010, p. 121-129Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research projects have an inherent risk of failure, and learning howto cope with the risk is an important task for everyone involved. In order to doso it is necessary to share the knowledge of the experiences done during andafter the project. This paper investigates a recently completed enterprisemodeling research project and contributes with lessons learned andrecommendations for future enterprise modeling projects.

  • 857.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    The Practice of Competence Modelling2010In: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: Third IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference / [ed] Patrick Van Bommel, Stijn Hoppenbrouwers, Sietse Overbeek, Erik Proper, Joseph Barjis, Berlin: Springer , 2010, p. 106-120Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A clear understanding of the organizational competences of anenterprise and the underlying individual competences and the competencedevelopment needs has become more and more important for many industrialareas as a foundation for competence supply processes and adjustment tochanging market conditions. Competence modelling, i.e. the use of enterprisemodelling techniques for capturing existing and describing desiredorganisational and individual competences in enterprises, offers importantcontributions to this. In the last years, the authors of the paper have performed anumber of competence modelling cases, which revealed different characteristicsand resulted in lessons learned. This paper presents an examination of differentcharacteristics of competence modelling cases, and recommendations andlessons learned from these cases for the practice of competence modelling.

  • 858.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Towards Competence Modeling and Competence Matching for Network-based Defense2007In: Proc. The 3rd International Conference on Military Technology, MilTech3, June 2007, Stockholm, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 859.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Towards Competence Modeling and Competence Matching for Network-Based Defense2008In: Stockholm contributions in Military-Technology 2007 / [ed] M. Norsell, Stockholm: Swedish National Defence College , 2008, p. 9-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 860.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Competence demand modeling: case study2009Report (Other academic)
  • 861.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Competence modeling and matching: frame concept2009Report (Other academic)
  • 862.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Modellering av 312. luftburna kompaniet: KOMO - Projektrapport2009Report (Other academic)
  • 863. Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Björnstig, J
    Bylund, PO
    Björnstig, U
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Injury events among bus and coach occupants: non-crash injuries as important as crash injuries2005In: IATSS research, ISSN 0386-1112, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 79-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 864.
    Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Björnstig, U
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    The balance between accessibility and safety in buses: a complicated ethical question.2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 865. Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Björnstig, U
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    The Haddon matrix, a tool for investigating severe bus and coach crashes2004In: International Journal of Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1503-1438, E-ISSN 1755-4713, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 109-119Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 866. Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Björnstig, U
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Kirk, A
    Mayrhofer, E
    Case study: 128 Injured in rollover coach crashes in Sweden: injury outcome, mechanisms and possible effects of seat belts2004In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 87-109Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 867. Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Björnstig, U
    Petzäll, J
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Näsman, Y
    Utrymningsförsök av passagerare ur buss vid brand och brandtillbud samt antalet bränder och brandtillbud i bussar i Sverige2006In: Akuttjournalen: Tidsskrift for avansert akuttmedisin, ISSN 0805-6129, E-ISSN 1500-7480, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 85-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 868. Albertsson, P
    et al.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    A literature review on bus and coach incidents in Europe2004In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 225-233Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 869.
    Albertzeth, Gustav
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Pujawan, I. Nyoman
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Tjahjono, Benny
    Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Mitigating transportation disruptions in a supply chain: a cost-effective strategy2019In: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation disruptions can be damaging to a supply chain because goods may not arrive on time and this jeopardises the service level to the customers. While supply chain disruptions have gained significant attention from scholars, little has been done to explore these disruptions in the context of transportation. The study described in this paper aims to address disruptions occurring in the transportation of goods from a plant to a distribution centre. We modelled this real case to obtain insights on the effectiveness of different strategies to mitigate transportation disruptions. We evaluated four mitigation strategies and compared the outcomes in terms of service level and total costs: (1) the risk acceptance strategy, (2) the redundant stock strategy, (3) the flexible route strategy, and (4) the redundant-flexibility strategy. The results suggest that the best strategy differs depending on the budget that managers are willing to deploy to improve the service level. The simulation experiments and the use of the Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) would be instrumental in helping decision makers in selecting the best disruption mitigation strategies where the best option would likely be different under varying circumstances. 

  • 870. Albinsson, A
    et al.
    Krantz, Margaretha
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lundvall, A
    Engberg, IB
    Proportion of Swedish school nurses' time devoted to different health care activities1996In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 281-288Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 871.
    Albinsson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lööv, Oskar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Vem får synas i svensk reklam" - vad hände sen?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av reklamannonser i svenska dagstidningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 872.
    albinsson, emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), School-Age Educare Research.
    hagbranth, karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), School-Age Educare Research.
    Samverkan mellan fritidshem och lekterapi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 873.
    Albinsson, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Internal Migration in Östergötland2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 874.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lind, Mikael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Towards a Co-Design Approach for Open Innovation2008In: Designed for Co-designers workshop, Participatory Design Conference 2008 (PDC 2008), School of Informatics, Indiana University, Bloomington, U.S.A, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 875.
    Albinsson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Nu läser vi bara": En studie om lärares användning av litteratur och läsprojekt i grundskolans senare år2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här undersökningen är att ta reda på hur lärare använder sig av läsprojekt och litteratur i sin undervisning i grundskolans senare år. Frågeställningarna som är utgångspunkt för studien är:-Hur argumenterar lärare för användningen av litteratur i grundskolans senare år?-Vilka likheter eller skillnader mellan lärares användning av litteratur och läsprojekt finns i olika skolor?-Vilken effekt har läsprojekten, enligt lärarna, haft på eleverna?

    Undersökningen innefattar 3 stycken intervjuer gjorda med fyra lärare och en bibliotekarie på skolor i Jönköpings kommun. Lärarna har svarat på frågor rörande arbetsmetoder, målbeskrivning, litteraturval och effekter rörande de läsprojekt de arbetat med. Alla lärare arbetar på liknande sätt med litteraturen i sina läsprojekt och har mål som liknar varandra. Det som mest skiljer sig åt mellan lärarna är bakgrunden till att de startat läsprojekt. Det finns olika faktorer som påverkat lärarna till att starta projekten. En av lärarna hade startat sitt projekt på grund av att hennes elever hade dåligt självförtroende och dåliga resultat i svenskan. En annan för att hon tyckte det skulle vara kul att samarbeta med någon med ett litteraturintresse. En skola hade sedan en längre tid haft läsprojektet som ett stående moment i undervisningen. Studien visar att effekterna av läsprojekten var något lärarna inte reflekterat närmare över. En av lärarna hade dock sett en skillnad i elevernas beteende och självförtroende i klassrummet. Effekterna av ett läsprojekt är dock något som kan vara svårt att mäta.

  • 876.
    Albinsson, Sanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Lindahl, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Åberg, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Med tillstånd att vara rolig: En innehållsanalys av modern komedifilm2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Film is a medium that influences the construction of identities and the perception of norms and reality. One of the most popular movie genres is comedy. Therefore, it is of interest to study the construction of the film characters to see what standards are prevailing today.

    The study's aim is to - from a social constructionist perspective - examine different characters in a contemporary comedy film to research how gender is constructed, the humorous function different characters are assigned, and the differences between a comedy film with mainly male actors and a comedy film with mainly female actors.

    The results of the content analysis showed that a comedy film with mainly male actors confirms traditional gender norms and social norms as a comedy film with mainly female actors shows new trends regarding masculine and feminine characters. Masculine characteristics were shown, however, to be more desirable. The study also found that the humorous function of the characters lies in the breaking of social norms, stereotyping and exaggeration.

  • 877.
    Al-Botani, Nidaa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Informationssäkerhet i organisationer - Utvärdering av Folktandvårdens informationssäkerhet inom Region Jönköpings län2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information today is a valuable resource for organizations which become more and more dependent on their information systems. Information subject to various threats and the need to be protected in order that organizations can effectively run their business. A systematic information security helps organizations to achieve and maintain a sufficient level of information security.

    The study aims to investigate how information is managed within organizations in general. A case study has been performed in Folktandvården (the Public Dental Service), Region Jönköping County to investigate how the organization handle information security. In addition, the study aims to evaluate awareness of information security among employees at the business and to present proposals on how to improve handling of personal data.

    Mixed techniques have been used to gather information. Literature studies in the field of information security has been implemented. The empirical data collected through a questionnaire, interviews and written questions sent by e-mail to managers in Folktandvården. This study uses the standards SS-ISO / IEC 27001:2014 and SS-ISO / IEC 27002:2014 to evaluate the information in Folktandvården, Region Jönköping County and to get a picture of how information is managed within organizations.

    Organizations can maintain the security of their information by implementing an information security management system (ISMS) that preserves the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information. Information security and ISMS application differs between organizations, which could be affected by the organization's needs and goals, size and structure.

    Case study results show that Folktandvården, Region Jönköping County implements an active management of information. The organization manages most of the specifications in the standards. However this study proposes to organize more training programs for information security awareness. These programs should be updated regularly in order to continue to be in line with organizational policies and procedures. It is recommended that the organization performs information classification fully in accordance with the model it has. Additionally, it is recommended to develop the planning of continuity for information. The results from the questionnaire show that the employees are aware of how they handle information security incidents and they think that the systems are available for authorized access. Several of the proposals presented by this study have been heeded and will lead to further work in Folktandvården.

    Organizations' personal information should be protected by applying the rules in accordance with applicable regulations. A responsible person in the organization should provide guidance to employees about their responsibility for the handling of personal data.

  • 878.
    Al-Botani, Nidaa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Dawood, Maryam
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Digitala verktyg i modersmålsundervisningen: En kvalitativ studie om användning av digitala verktyg i ämnet modersmål ur lärarnas synvinkel2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 879.
    Albrecht, Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Play interventions supporting the social and emotional development of preschool children with externalizing emotional and behavioral difficulties: A systematic literature review from 2000 to 20172017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of preschool children displaying externalizing emotional and behavioral difficulties is constantly increasing. At the same time, these children often lack social and emotional skills as well. Even though more and more children display this noticeable behavior and preschool teachers are constantly reporting being overwhelmed with these children’s behavior in preschool, a high number of children do not receive any support or intervention. Play provides appropriate means to support children’s social and emotional development as play has a significant importance in young children’s development. The aim of this systematic literature review is to get a better understanding through previous research on which play interventions have been found to facilitate the social-emotional development in preschool children with externalizing emotional and behavioral difficulties. Six studies with six different play-oriented interventions have been identified through this review. The results show that all interventions had either positive outcomes on the social-emotional development or show a decrease in emotional or behavioral difficulties. The factors which have been found as facilitating to these outcomes were use of play, intervention setting, awareness of others, involvement of licensed professionals, a safe environment and culturally and ethnically representative toys. This review provides a comprehensive overview on effective play-based interventions in preschool setting. However, further research is needed to examine individual environmental, familial and participation factors as well as specific training for preschool teachers.

  • 880.
    Albrecht, Matthew A.
    et al.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Foster, Jonathan K.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Joosten, Annette
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Tang, Julia
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Leung, Denise
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Ordqvist, Anna
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Visual search strategies during facial recognition in children with ASD2014In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 559-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Facial recognition is a complex skill necessary for successful human interpersonal and social interactions. Given that the most prevalent disorder of social interaction is autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a number of studies have investigated and found impaired facial recognition abilities in people with ASD. Further, this impairment may be critically involved in mediating the deficits in interpersonal and social interactions in people with ASD. We sought to address the question of whether face processing is impaired in children with ASD in the current study. While there were a number of differences in visual search behaviours between the 19 children with ASD and the 15 controls, this did not manifest in deficits in facial recognition accuracy. In addition, there were notable differences with respect to eye fixation behaviours and recognition accuracy in this study compared to the findings in a previous similar study conducted in adults with ASD. These differences suggest a performance enhancing developmental trajectory in facial processing in controls that may not be present in individuals with ASD.

  • 881.
    Albrecht, Matthew A.
    et al.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Stuart, Geoffrey W.
    Olga Tennison Autism Research Centre, School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ordqvist, Anna
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences (IMH), Rehabilitation Medicine, Linköping University and Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, UHL, County Council, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Leung, Denise
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Foster, Jonathan K.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Brief Report: Visual Acuity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders2014In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 2369-2374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, there has been heightened interest in suggestions of enhanced visual acuity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) which was sparked by evidence that was later accepted to be methodologically flawed. However, a recent study that claimed children with ASD have enhanced visual acuity (Brosnan et al. in J Autism Dev Disord 42:2491–2497, 2012) repeated a critical methodological flaw by using an inappropriate viewing distance for a computerised acuity test, placing the findings in doubt. We examined visual acuity in 31 children with ASD and 33 controls using the 2 m 2000 Series Revised Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart placed at twice the conventional distance to better evaluate possible enhanced acuity. Children with ASD did not demonstrate superior acuity. The current findings strengthen the argument that reports of enhanced acuity in ASD are due to methodological flaws and challenges the reported association between visual acuity and systemising type behaviours.

  • 882.
    Alcaraz, Jose M.
    et al.
    Munich Business School, Munich, Germany.
    Shandler, Keary
    Murdoch University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
    Edwards, Mark G.
    Western Australia University, Perth, Australia.
    Connectivity and cross-scale dynamics: MBA learning - experiences across three regions2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can non-experts and, particularly, business professionals and students grasp key issues around industry, connectivity and cross-scale dynamics? Here we will present the findings of our pedagogical work, undertaken during more than two years across three regions (Perth in Western Australia, a mining-dependent state, and the two fast-developing regions of Singapore and Dubai). Our key assumption is that it is precisely the business community the one that needs to understand and address important connectivity issues, as industry is the main driver of the Anthropocene. We engaged our MBA [Master in Business Administration] students in an amateur, documentary-style film-making project centered on the linkages between industry, the Anthropocene and the planetary boundaries framework (Rockstrom et al, 2009; Steffen et al, 2015). Here we will present the multiple insights and outcomes (at cognitive, skills and emotional spheres) resulting from their experiential-learning project, and how similar pedagogical experiences may help learners identify key industry dynamics, interactions and teleconnections - experiencing those at the local level ("in their own skin" or "backyard"), at regional and planetary levels. We argue that these are key issues for organizational leaders, to foster deeper and more informed approaches to justice and responsibility and, ultimately, to reconnect with the biosphere.

  • 883.
    Aldamiri, May
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Singarajah, Pirija Dharicenie
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    ÖKA BIM-ANVÄNDNINGEN -UR BESTÄLLARPERSPEKTIV2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to map the level of knowledge and demand that the clients in today's construction industry have of the BIM aid. This will be achievedby identifying the possibilities and obstacles they believe that BIM causes the project.The aim is to develop a proposal on how to increase the use of BIM in the Swedish construction industry.

    Method: This thesis covers an analysis of the current situation regarding the client’s knowledge of a specific topic, qualitative interviews were chosen to enable the respondents’ answers to be developed after their personal experiences. Both interviews and literature studies were conducted to identify the pros and cons of BIM since a comparison could be made between the client's assumptions against the theory. In order to develop a proposal on how to increase the usage of BIM, all the previously collected data was combined to develop a foundation that is then built up with the collected empirical and theoretical data for the specific question.

    Findings: BIM is a foreign term for most of the clients in today’s industry, which makes the demand for correct BIM-models minimal or non-existing. Although the benefits of BIM creates more efficient, productive and quality-proof projects, the lack of knowledge, competence and proven projects in the Swedish construction industry creates a fear that makes the actors wait to make an investment. Therefore, the clients usually choose the visual short-term profits over the long-term profits.In order to streamline the usage of BIM an increased understanding of the potentials that BIM holds is needed. Competence development, training, a show of BIM completed projects in the Swedish construction industry, an appointed BIM coordinator in the early stages of the design processes and a standardization of a fileformat.

    Implications: BIM has a great potential in the construction industry. The use would mean a simpler and clearer process for the involved actors, which would benefit the engineers’ work, since safer and more effective calculations would be presented. This could result in lower overall costs, reduction and prevention of errors. However, the competence and knowledge of many of the clients are lacking at present and the use of BIM is considered unrealistic as one needs to readjust the entire market and perform an intensive learning process during the boom.

    Limitations: The thesis has been carried out in the Småland region and is limited to the client's perspective and a few entrepreneurs' perspective of BIM.

    Keywords: BIM, Clients, Developers, BIM streamlining.

  • 884. Aldasoki, Hanin
    et al.
    Jasseh, Awa
    Nyutexaminerade tandhygienisters upplevelse av introduktionsprogram2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 885.
    Aldenbrand, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law.
    Idrottsagentens arvode: Hur sker beskattning enligt svensk rätt?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrotten är idag inte endast en möjlighet för att förbättra folkhälsan, utan även en betydande ekonomisk sektor. Transaktioner som genomförs inom idrotten involverar stora summor pengar och en aktör som blivit ett allt vanligare inslag är idrottsagenten. Agenten är primärt en mellanhand mellan idrottens parter och erbjuder en mängd olika tjänster. Det finns dock tveksamheter kring hur ersättningen till agenten, dvs. agentarvodet, ska beskattas enligt svensk rätt. Kammarrätten har avgjort ett antal mål som rör utbetalda agentarvoden, men Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen (HFD) har ännu inte tagit ställning i frågan.  

     

    I uppsatsen undersöks vilka beskattningskonsekvenser som kan uppkomma för respektive part, dvs. idrottsutövaren och klubben, vid utbetalning av ett agentarvode. Vidare utreds när idrottsutövaren blir förmånsbeskattad och om det finns en möjlighet för idrottsutövaren att göra avdrag för arvodet i inkomstslaget tjänst. I uppsatsen undersöks även hur utbetalning av arvodet kan påverka en klubbs möjlighet att göra avdrag för ingående moms samt dess skyldighet att betala arbetsgivaravgifter, lämna kontrolluppgift och göra skatteavdrag.

     

    I uppsatsen utreds dessutom vad som är avgörande för vem arvodet ska tillhöra, och därmed vilka beskattningskonsekvenser som är aktuella i det enskilda fallet. Slutligen analyseras även hur de omständigheter som är karaktäristiska för idrottsagentens verksamhet kan påverka vem arvodet ska tillhöra.

  • 886.
    Aldenbrand, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Kvalificerade underprisöverlåtelser: Kan arbetsinsats utgöra underlag för beräkning av ersättning?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En överlåtelse kan ske till underpris för att omstrukturera en verksamhet. För att inte de olika parterna i överlåtelsen ska uttags-, utdelnings- samt tjänstebeskattas förutsätts att överlåtelsen är en kvalificerad underprisöverlåtelse. Definitionen i svensk rätt av en kvalificerad underprisöverlåtelse är att ett antal villkor ska vara uppfyllda samt att överlåtelsen ska ske utan ersättning eller till en ersättning som understiger marknadsvärdet. Det är klart i svensk rätt att den öppna ersättning som betalas vid en överlåtelse ska beaktas. Mer debatterat är om dolda ersättningar såsom en arbetsinsats kan utgöra underlag för beräkning av ersättning vid kvalificerade underprisöverlåtelser. Om arbetsprestationen kan utgöra underlag för beräkning av ersättning vid kvalificerade underprisöverlåtelser riskerar den totala ersättningen att hamna på eller över marknadsvärdet vilket leder till att de berörda parterna i överlåtelsen uttags-, utdelnings- eller tjänstebeskattas. Frågan är således om en arbetsinsats kan utgöra underlag för beräkning av ersättning vid kvalificerade underprisöverlåtelse.

  • 887.
    Alderin Harling, Frida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Traditionsprincipen i närståendetransaktioner: En skräddarsydd lösning?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 888.
    Aldrin, Viktor
    et al.
    PIL-enheten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Kursguider, kursinstruktion och kursbeskrivning: Ett rundabordssamtal om kursguidepraktiker i högre utbildning2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad ska en kursguide eller kurs-PM innehålla? Hur bör ett sådant dokument struktureras? Kursguider har som instruktionsdokument kommit att bli allt mer viktiga som dokument i undervisning på universitet och högskolor och utvecklats till att bli ett semiofficiellt dokument mellan kursplanernas formella nivå och undervisningens mer informella nivå (jfr Robinson 2011, Rowan & Correnti 2009). Ett exempel på detta är att betygskriterier tenderar att flyttas från kursplaner till kursguider. Som område ligger kursguidepraktiker nära den utveckling som sker inom kursplaneområdet och har i likhet med denna ett tydligt fokus på Constructive Alignment eftersom mål i kursplanen förklaras och konkretiseras i studieguiden (Martone & Sireci 2009). Utvecklingen av kursguider måste därför ha ett tydligt kvalitetsperspektiv med goda möjligheter till transparens och granskning (Porter 2002). En annan central aspekt av kursguidepraktiker är de sätt på vilket IKT kommit att påverka utvecklingen av kursguider. På vilka sätt kan lärplattformar och digitala medier användas? Digitala tekniker ger idag möjlighet att gå bortom ett papperstänk vad gäller instruktioner med ett enkelriktat budskap till att istället utgöra grund för interaktivitet och medskapande mellan lärare och student. Kursens gång kan därmed påverka utformningen av kursguiden som alltså blir både kommunikation, instruktion och dokumentation kring kursens mål och genomförande. Kursguider som forskningsområde är ett område med omfattande forskning vad gäller kursplanekonstruktion och instruktionsdesign (för en forskningsöversikt, se Roher & Pashler 2010), men med i stort sett obefintlig forskning om dess praktiker.

    Rundabordssamtalet kommer att ske i form av ett samtal mellan högskolepedagoger från västsvenska högre lärosäten. Målgruppen för rundabordssamtalet är dels pedagogiska ledare och dels undervisande lärare. Rundabordssamtalet är ett led i projektet Bättre Studieguider på Enheten för pedagogisk utveckling och interaktivt lärande (PIL) vid Göteborg universitet och det utbyte som påbörjats mellan västsvenska universitet och högskolor kring erfarenheter och idéer om kursguidepraktiker.

  • 889. Aledal, Maria
    et al.
    Azari, Sadjad
    Barns delaktighet och inflytande vid förskolans måltider: En kvalitativ studie kring förskollärarens uppfattningar om barns delaktighet och inflytande vid måltider.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med förskollärare. Syftet med studien var att studera förskollärares uppfattningar kring barns delaktighet och inflytande i samband med förskolans måltidssituationer. De forskningsfrågor studien utgått ifrån är: Hur beskriver förskollärarna barns delaktighet och inflytande i samband med måltider? Vilka faktorer påverkar barns delaktighet och inflytande i samband med måltider? Genom intervjuer med sex förskollärare har vi fått fram vårt datamaterial. De begrepp som användes i analysarbetet var samspelande atmosfär, instabil atmosfär och kontrollerande atmosfär.  För att få fram olika teman gjordes en tematisk analys som sedan blev rubriker som presenteras i resultatdelen. Rubrikerna är ”Delaktighet och inflytande kring måltidssituationen”, ”Miljö och organisation kring måltider” och ”Samtal och förhållningssätt vid matbordet ”. Resultatet i studien visar att barns delaktighet och inflytande anses vara en viktig del i förskolans verksamhet och vid måltider. Det framgår dock att rutiner, organisation och pedagogens förhållningssätt är faktorer som kan påverka.

  • 890.
    Aleem, Majid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Islam, Md. Shariful
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Successful Succession in Family Businesses: Individual Level Factors and Succession Planning Models.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individual level factors related to the successor have a central role to play in the succession process of the business. When these factors are viewed in relation to succession planning models, these factors have a direct relation to the succession models in terms of success or failure of the succession process. The major contributing factor to the success or failure of the succession process is that of the leadership provided to the organization by the predecessor. These leadership qualities change from one form to another during different phases of the succession planning models.

  • 891. Alerby, Eva
    et al.
    Kansanen, PerttiKroksmark, TomasJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School Based Research and Professional Development.
    Lära om lärande2000Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 892.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sektionen för försäkringsmedicin.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    von Knorring, Mia
    Karolinska Institutet, Sektionen för försäkringsmedicin.
    Paul, Ann-Sofi
    Karolinska Institutet, Sektionen för försäkringsmedicin.
    Ledning och styrning av hälso- och sjukvårdens arbete med patienters sjukskrivning: Resultat från 2013 och jämförelse med 20072013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälso- och sjukvården är en av flera aktörer som är involverade i patienters sjukskrivning. År 2006 infördes den så kallade sjukskrivningsmiljarden för att stimulera landstingen i att förbättra kvaliteten i sjukskrivningshanteringen och att ge den ökad prioritet. Olika områden har betonats i sjukskrivningsmiljarderna, såsom kompetens, samverkan och jämställd sjukskrivning – samtliga har haft ett starkt fokus på att utveckla ledning och styrning av sjukskrivningsfrågan. 

    Syftet med den här studien var att få ökad kunskap om hur chefer på olika nivåer inom hälso- och sjukvården leder och styr arbetet med patienters sjukskrivning och om detta förändrats sedan 2007, då en motsvarande studie gjordes. 

    Metod: Kvalitativ och kvantitativ innehållsanalys har genomförts av semistrukturerade intervjuer med 72 chefer på tre nivåer inom hälso- och sjukvården; landstings- och regiondirektörer (nivå 1), chefer direkt underställda dessa och med övergripande ansvar för sjukhusvård respektive primärvård (nivå 2), samt strategiskt valda verksamhetschefer inom primärvård och sjukhusvård (nivå 3). Resultaten har jämförts med dem från 2007. 

    Resultat: Cheferna på samtliga tre nivåer såg nu ledning och styrning av sjukskrivningshantering som ett ansvar för cheferna i linjeorganisationen, vilket var en stor skillnad mot 2007. Det var stora variationer i hur ansvaret utövas, men analysen pekar på att frågan i högre utsträckning nu ägs och hanteras av cheferna, ofta med stöd av resurser utanför linjen. Frågan fanns också på agendan i högre utsträckning än tidigare på samtliga chefsnivåer – särskilt stor var förändringen på verksamhetsnivå. Många chefer beskrev att de nu leder och styr sjukskrivningsområdet på samma sätt som andra områden och att sjukskrivningsfrågan är införlivad med verksamhetens ordinarie ledningssystem. Chefernas kompetens i att leda och styra sjukskrivningsfrågan bedöms ha ökat sedan 2007. 

    Samverkan med Försäkringskassan har utvecklats. Etablerade former för samverkan finns på flera strukturella nivåer, och omfattar främst kompetensutveckling och hantering av specifika patientärenden och ibland projekt. Samverkan beskrevs generellt som positiv och ansågs ha lett till ökad förståelse för varandras uppdrag och roller. Samverkan med Arbetsförmedlingen och kommuner nämndes ibland; däremot nämndes samverkan med arbetsgivare eller företagshälsovård ytterst sällan. 

    Intern samverkan mellan kliniska verksamheter i sjukskrivningshanteringen har utvecklats men behöver förbättras ytterligare. I många verksamheter ingår flerprofessionellt samarbete i det patientnära arbetet med sjukskrivningar, som en del av överenskomna rutiner. Chefer beskriver att intern och extern samverkan underlättas av koordinatorer som organiserar och stöttar hanteringen av sjukskrivning och rehabilitering. 

    Kompetens och kompetensutveckling inom försäkringsmedicin framstod nu som ett relativt prioriterat område för cheferna, på samtliga nivåer och i betydligt högre utsträckning än 2007. Utbildningsinsatser har gjorts i samtliga landsting, dels som begränsad fortbildning,främst för läkare, dels som utbildning av expertresurser. Man lyfte behovet av kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling. Utbildningsinsatser uppfattas som nödvändiga men tidskrävande och att det är en utmaning att leda och styra detta då frågan sällan har hög prioritet bland läkare.

    Jämfört med 2007 har en tydlig förändring skett vad avser chefernas förhållningssätt till sjukskrivningsfrågan som blivit mer positiv. Sjukskrivning beskrevs nu som en del av vård och behandling. 

    Jämställd sjukskrivning är ett prioriterat område i sjukskrivningsmiljarden och finns nu på agendan i högre grad än 2007; få har dock vidtagit konkreta åtgärder. Ibland nämndes planer på åtgärder, och många hade tagit fram - eller planerade att ta fram - könsuppdelad sjukskrivningsstatistik. Området upplevdes som svårt och komplicerat att leda och styra, bland annat på grund av bristande kunskap inom området. 

    År 2007 framkom att kvalitetssäkring av arbetet med sjukskrivningar i princip inte förekom. Här har en utveckling skett. Uttalanden om kvalitet i och kvalitetssäkring av arbetet med sjukskrivningar handlade framför allt om uppföljning. Uppföljning begränsades i flera uttalanden till mätning av villkor som anges i sjukskrivningsmiljarden, så som andel läkarintyg som godkänts av Försäkringskassan. Mer sällan inbegrep uppföljning förbättringsarbete baserat på återkoppling eller analys av sjukskrivningsprocessen eller andra kvalitetsindikatorer. 

    Chefens ansvar för att skapa goda administrativa förutsättningar för arbetet med sjukskrivningar framhölls nu på samtliga tre nivåer; detta diskuterades endast i begränsad omfattning 2007. Administrativa förutsättningar som nämndes var riktlinjer och rutiner, tid för såväl patientarbete som för kompetensutveckling, tillgång till kompetensstöd från experter, lättillgänglig och korrekt information samt olika ”verktyg”. Resultatet pekar på att man i hög grad har infört rutiner för olika aspekter av sjukskrivningsarbetet, men det fanns fortsatt behov av effektivisering och kvalitetsförbättring, inte minst vad gäller IT- stöd. 

    Sjukskrivningsmiljarden bedöms ha haft mycket stor betydelse för att fokus har satts på sjukskrivningsfrågorna i landstingen. Många ansåg att sjukskrivningsmiljarden behövs ytterligare några år, även om det framkom en ambivalens till denna form av statlig styrning. Kortsiktigheten i överenskommelserna, att de kommer sent och att det nu finns fler miljardsatsningar ansågs göra verksamheten svårare att styra. 

    Slutsatser: Ledning och styrning av sjukskrivningshantering har i större utsträckning blivit en del av den ordinarie verksamheten inom sjukvården, och chefens roll i relation till sjukskrivningshanteringen har blivit tydligare jämfört med 2007. Sjukskrivningsmiljarden tycks ha haft en stor betydelse för att sätta sjukskrivningsfrågan på agendan på samtliga nivåer i hälso- och sjukvården. Sjukskrivning ses nu i stor utsträckning som en del av vård och behandling som skall ledas och styras på motsvarande sätt som annan verksamhet, till exempel vad gäller riktlinjer, rutiner och kvalitetssäkring. Sjukskrivningsfrågan är dock en fråga bland många andra, och det finns behov av särskilt stöd till linjen i att hantera den. Vi fann en stor förändring i chefernas syn på det egna ansvaret i sjukskrivningsfrågan, särskilt på verksamhetschefsnivå. Hälso- och sjukvården har med andra ord kommit en bra bit på väg i sjukskrivningsfrågan. 

    Mycket återstår dock att göra för att säkra ledningssystem, rutiner, och tillräckliga administrativa förutsättningar för ett optimalt arbete med hantering av patienters sjukskrivning. Särskilt gäller detta kvalitetssäkring, jämställd sjukskrivning, administrativa förutsättningar och den interna samverkan mellan olika kliniker.

  • 893.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Försäkringsmedicin.
    von Knorring, Mia
    Karolinska Institutet, Försäkringsmedicin.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Impact of a nationwide government program in Sweden on how healthcare managers, in their organisations, manage the work with sickness certification of patients2014In: The European journal of public health, Vol. 24, Supplement 2, 2014, p. 90-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 894.
    Alexandersson, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Gynne, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Ekonomisk utvärdering av betonggjutformar2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report will try to evaluate the use of rented concrete casting moulds, which are used to build walls and system of joists. The evaluation is only examining the economical aspects.

    The cost of using concrete casting moulds is a big part of the total production expenses. Therefore it is important that the calculated price not exceeds the final costs of the casting moulds. The calculated price is the price used in the process of making an offer.

    The evaluation consists of a comparison of the calculated price and the final costs for three building projects. It also evaluates the exploitation of the concrete casting moulds for each project.

    The report is made by Sven Gynne and Anders Alexandersson at School of Engineering, Jonkoping University, in cooperation with PEAB Jonkoping. The evaluation is strictly based on the calculated price and final cost of rented concrete casting moulds, only the moulds themselves, not the labour costs.

    Educational visits have been made to the three projects gathering facts. The conclusions we have drawn are that the difference between the calculated price and the final costs are considerable, especially one project have a greater difference than the others. The reasons for that are among other things tight building ground and a complicated building construction.

  • 895. Alexandersson, Karin
    et al.
    Beijer, Elisabeth
    Staffan, Bengtsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Karlsson, Per-Åke
    Nyman, Marie
    Producing and consuming knowledge in social work practice: research and development activities in a Swedish context2009In: Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, ISSN 1744-2648, E-ISSN 1744-2656, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 127-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents various forms of activities performed by locally based social welfare research and development (R&D) units in Sweden. The authors argue that these units are vital actors in the field of encouraging and strengthening evidence-based social work practice. They are close to social services organisations and have the ability to use flexible methods in order to bridge the gap between research and practice in a local context. The theoretical framework for the article is the organisational excellence model – an archetype for how research can be used in practice.

  • 896.
    Alexandersson, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Hinas, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Kravfylld design.: En studie i hur Requirements Engineering, sociala relationer och kommunikation kan samverka för en förbättrad hantering av kundkrav inom grafisk kommunikation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – There is no standardized approach for how to managing Customer Requirements, while there are significant challenges in managing them. Thus, the aim of this study is:

    To define a framework for the managing of Customer Requirements in Graphic Communication.

    In order to find the purpose of the study, a research question was developed and used as basis for the study.

    How can Requirements Engineering, Social Relationships and Communication improve the managing of Customer Requirements in Graphic Communication?

    Method – The study worked is based on one data collection method, semi-structured interviews, in order to answer the research question. The interviews were conducted to obtain the primary data. The method were selected to ensure a qualitative approach in the study. The study has also literature studies conducted as an important element in order to provide a background on existing theories, methods and tools.

    Findings – The study is of an interdisciplinary nature and its results concern areas such as: Requirements Engineering, Graphic Communication, Social Relationships and Communication. These areas have been studied to see how they can interact and ensure a higher and uniformed level of project results, as advertising agencies, consultants in communication and advertising industry delivers. The study resulted in a framework for managing Customer Requirements in Graphic Communications. A framework consisting of two different categories that can affect both practical processes and a social communicative dimension linked to the handling of requirements. The study’s result describes the elements that should be in an iterative design process and how the framework can be used in conjunction with such development.

    Implications – The study is considered to contribute to the research world, since its results have opened up new doors for additional areas for applying the Requirements Engineering. For business and everyday-work in the advertising and communication industry, the result demonstrated that the framework for managing Customer Requirements in Graphic Communications should help to support operations work process, and ensuring a more consistent level of quality. Development processes and its final result would have greater opportunity to be successful, while the use of project resources with high probability could be improved and more efficient through the structure framework brings.

  • 897. Alexandersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Kroksmark, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School Based Research and Professional Development.
    Utvärdering och skolutveckling: en hjälpreda1984Book (Other academic)
  • 898.
    Alexandersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Runesson, Ulla
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The tyranny of the temporal dimension: learning about fundamental values through the Internet2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 411-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we report on one of four schools involved in a research project aiming to develop knowledge about the way in which teaching knowledge is conveyed with the help of information and communication technology. A particular interest was issues of fundamental values. Two classes in Grade 9 of Swedish compulsory school were studied, by observations and interviews, when seeking information about international conflicts on the Internet. The results show that most students searched for and collected information with a focus on mainly one dimension: the temporal dimension of the conflict in question. How this focus on chronologically ordered historical events affected the students' ability to develop the capacity for individual standpoints on questions concerning ethics, morals, equality, and democracy by way of studying conflicts is discussed.

  • 899.
    Alexandersson, Sofie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Den europeiska exekutionstiteln: En studie av förordning (EG) nr. 805/20042005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Increased trade and exchange within the European Community has brought with it the need for less restricted circulation of judgments. The situation has improved greatly due to the enactment of Regulation (EC) No. 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (the Brussels I Regulation).

    Despite recent improvements the proceedings are still time-consuming and difficult. Many creditors refrain from having judgments recognized and enforced as the proceedings cost too much time and are too time-consuming. On January the 21st 2005 a new Regulation entered into force, Regulation (EC) No. 805/2004 creating a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims (The Enforcement Order Regulation). The purpose of the Regulation is to permit free circulation of judgments.

    A judgment can be certified as a European Enforcement Order and is thereby directly enforceable throughout the European Community. Intermediate proceedings declaring the judgment enforceable are abolished. An issued European Enforcement Order furthermore prevents the parties from opposing enforcement. The exequatur is abolished and the judgment is examined only by the Member State of origin before being certified as a European Enforcement Order.

    The Regulation applies from October the 21st 2005. Until then only speculations can be made about its impact on the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments. This study of the Enforcement Order Regulation and its scope shows some weak points. The Enforcement Order Regulation does however in general seem to be well suited to obtain the stated purpose: permitting free circulation of judgments.

  • 900.
    Alexandra Markovic, Markovic
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Arvid, Edforss
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    An evaluation of current calculations for safety stock levels2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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