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  • 801.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Towill, Denis, R.
    Mohammed, Naim
    Smoothing Supply Chain Dynamics1991Inngår i: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 231-248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A three-echelon Forrester production distribution system is used as a supply chain reference model for comparing various methods of improving total dynamic performance. Many authors have exploited the original simulation results for the nominal system, especially when describing problems associated with supply chain behaviour. However, few of these authors have attempted to produce a dynamically superior supply chain as distinct from offering detailed organisational and attitudinal changes needed to achieve any improvement. As the starting point of this paper, the production-distribution system has been transformed into a block diagram representation capable of considerable simplification. A combination of analysis and simulation can then be used to gain a far deeper understanding of the system dynamics than has so far been published. Thus, although the Forrester model is far from optimal, it does provide a well established benchmark against which proposals may be evaluated. For the purpose of illustration, five different approaches are then used to improve the supply chain dynamics. These are

    -“fine tuning” the existing ordering policy parameters;

    -reducing system delays;

    -removal of the distribution echelon;

    -changing the individual echelon decision rules;

    -better use of information flow throughout the supply chain.

    It is shown that by better utilisation of the information flow, significant reductions in the demand amplification can be achieved without substantial expenditure. This is because it is only necessary to separate out the flow of “real” orders from “system” orders as they are passed up the chain. Such collaboration does, however, correspond to the establishment of an integrated supply chain in which the concept of “total system stocks” is accepted.

  • 802.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Wong, Hartanto
    Naim, Mohammed
    Postponement based on the positioning of the differentiation and decoupling points2007Inngår i: Advances in Production Management Systems: International IFIP TC 5, WG 5.7 Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (APMS 2007), September 17–19, Linköping, Sweden / [ed] Jan Olhager, Fredrik Persson, New York: Springer , 2007, s. 143-150Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Structural analysis of supply chains often involves postponement to some degree. The concept has received a lot of attention in the literature but the understanding of how to operationalize the concept still deserves some attention. A framework is introduced that provides an integrative picture of how different aspects of supply chain and operations management interplay in a postponement context. The framework is founded on a process/object perspective where a set of characteristics, properties and concepts are identified for each entity.

  • 803.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Yang, Biao
    School of Business, Management and Economics, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
    Yang, Ying
    Newcastle University Business School, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK .
    Williams, Sharon J.
    College of Human & Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK .
    Decoupling thinking in service operations: a case in healthcare delivery system design2017Inngår i: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 387-397Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of decoupling thinking has been well established in the manufacturing operations and supply chain management literature. This paper explores how this decoupling thinking can be applied in service operations and in particular in health care. It first reviews the relevant literature on decoupling fundamentals, the front- and back-office distinction, and new emerging decoupling thinking in service operations. Subsequently, a flow-based framework including content and process is developed for decoupling thinking in service operations. The framework provides an integrated perspective on customer contact, flow driver and flow differentiation (level of customisation). The framework hence, through flow differentiation, introduces the concept of standardisation versus customisation in a service context. This is followed by a health care case example to illustrate how the framework can be applied. The managerial implications are primarily in terms of a modularised approach to system design and management. The framework offers potential for benchmarking with other service systems as well as with manufacturing systems based on the shared foundation in decoupling thinking. Finally, suggestions are provided for further research opportunities derived from this research. 

  • 804.
    Williamsson, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Karltun, Anette
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Visualizing improvements of care processes - supporting engagement and perceived systems performance in improvement work2014Inngår i: Proceedings of Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management – xi Nordic Ergonomics Society Annual Conference – 46, Copenhagen, August 17-20 / [ed] O. Broberg, N. Fallentin, P. Hasle, P.L. Jensen, A. Kabel, M.E. Larsen, T. Weller, Nordic Ergonomics Society, 2014, s. 203-210Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 805.
    Windahl, Ronja
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Jansson, Erik
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Strategisk leverantörssegmentering vid indirekta tjänsteinköp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 806.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    On Manufacturing Strategies: Competing Through Inter-Organizational Collaboration2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization increases the competition among small and medium sized companies. It is possible for their customers, often large systems integrators, to choose suppliers from all around the world. Swedish suppliers are often not competitive only regarding cost consequently simple work tasks are more and more located in low wage countries. One way for the Swedish suppliers to compete is to collaborate with other suppliers, thus adding extra value for their customers. If companies plan to collaborate they need however to coordinate their activities to enable efficient product realization. The companies have different production systems and manufacturing strategies that should be coordinated. The purpose of this research is to investigate the role of manufacturing strategies and the relations between manufacturing strategies and design of production systems in different organizational settings. Organizational aspects on collaborative manufacturing settings are also studied. The research has been carried out through a number of case studies, thus adding empirical value to existing theory. A production system framework is proposed that links the competitive priorities of the company and the manufacturing strategies to the design of the production system. This framework can be used to highlight the dynamic interaction between companies in inter-organizational collaborative manufacturing settings involving small- and medium sized enterprises. In collaborative settings, there is one main flow of information, i.e. from a dominating partner, normally the systems integrator, to a more subordinate partner, normally the supplier. The concept of asymmetric domination is introduced, showing this asymmetric situation. The asymmetric domination gives input to decisions regarding which competitive priorities the collaborative setting should aim at fulfilling with its production systems. The selforganizing aspect on collaborative settings is introduced as a mean to enable more efficient operations. Mutual work tasks are facilitated through reduction of the formal control. Finally, experiences from a number of studies of manufacturing networks in Sweden are synthesized and an integration framework for handling the complexity in collaborative networks is introduced.

  • 807.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    On Manufacturing Strategies: Implementation and utilization at some Swedish manufacturing industries2001Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses the issue of manufacturing strategies. Many articles and books on this matter have been published during the last 30 years, the majority being focused on American or British companies. Research on the formulation and implication

    of manufacturing strategies in Swedish companies, however, is limited. This thesis focuses on findings from two large-scale Swedish companies, Saab Automobile AB and Ericsson Mobile Communications AB, known for their work on manufacturing

    strategies, and from 62 medium sized enterprises. The main objectives of the manufacturing system are to manufacture products that satisfy the customer as well as to give the manufacturer a good return on investment. The studies show that manufacturing strategies play an important role in these efforts and they always form the base for the specification of the manufacturing system. Furthermore, the studies show that SAAB and Ericsson work actively with manufacturing strategies. The most important factors vary, but quality, cost, delivery precision and, concerning consumer products, Time To Market (TTM) are always considered essential to the success of the company. It is also essential that the top management of

    the company recognize this importance of the strategies. Strategies are not directly used in the daily work, but the personnel work towards short-term, easily comprehensible,

    targets that are derived from the manufacturing strategies.

    To get a wider view of the situation in Swedish industry, a survey among a large number of medium sized enterprises was performed. The result showed that also these companies work with strategies, however, not as systematically as Saab and Ericsson and the strategies are not always documented and implemented. The most valued competitive priorities were quality and delivery precision/reliability. It was also shown that a majority of these companies had certified quality management or environmental management systems.

  • 808.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Outsourcing vs. Collaboration in Manufacturing Networks: From a manufacturing strategy perspective2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the Second World Conference on POM and 15th Annual POM Conference, 2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most important components in manufacturing strategy is quality, which in fact has become more or less a matter of course. Purchased material is subject to inspection upon reception. At the same time, the degree of outsourcing is steadily increasing in the manufacturing industry, often motivated by reduction of cost. The dimension of interaction, concerning e.g. product design, is often lost on the way, which can cause problems in manufacturing. The company is thus forced to keep a certain competence in manufacturing in order to be able of discussing with the suppliers. One way of getting the advantages of outsourcing and still keeping a climate of continuous learning between the companies is to cooperate in manufacturing networks. This paper elaborates on different views on manufacturing strategies among Swedish manufacturing companies and the suggestion that collaborating networks can give certain competitive advantages.

  • 809.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Bennett, David
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    International Production Networks in the Automotive Industry: Drivers and Enablers2017Inngår i: Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Production Research, International Conference on Production Research (ICPR) , 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry was one of the earliest to internationalise, with overseas production by US companies already happening in the early 1900s. However, the arrangement for overseas automotive production at that time was quite different from the idea of international production networks in the contemporary sense. There were few linkages between international locations and overseas operations were designed either as largely self-sufficient, vertically integrated, replications of their domestic factories or as CKD/SKD assembly plants with little local technical content. By comparison, our current understanding of international production networks is that they are dispersed, collaborative, high value adding and centrally coordinated. This paper uses global company case analysis to identify the drivers and enablers that shape the international production networks of two automotive companies, BMW and Volvo Cars. The methodology contrasts with previous network studies of the automotive industry that have concentrated their analysis at the country and regional level.      

  • 810.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Application of Manufacturing Strategies: The influence of manufacturing strategies upon the decision process when investing in new assembly equipment2001Inngår i: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 31, s. 6-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results from a series of interviews at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB in Sweden.

    Topics covered are both the overall objectives of the company and the manufacturing strategies formulated to support these objectives. One interesting issue is the status of manufacturing and the influence manufacturing is allowed to have upon the process of designing new phones and developing new technology. The strategies are compared to some theory in the area and similarities and differences are discussed. Finally there is a discussion of manufacturing of cellular phones in the future, closely related to the design of future products.

  • 811.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Björkman, Mats
    LiU, IKP.
    Application of Manufacturing Strategies: The influence of manufacturing strategies upon the decision process when investing in new assembly equipment2000Inngår i: Proceedings from the 33rd CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems, 2000Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results from a series of interviews at Ericsson Mobile Communications AB in Sweden. Topics covered are both the overall objectives of the company and the manufacturing strategies formulated to support these objectives. One interesting issue is the status of manufacturing and the influence manufacturing is allowed to have upon the process of designing new phones and developing new technology. The strategies are compared to some theory in the area and similarities and differences are discussed. Finally there is a discussion of manufacturing of cellular phones in the future, closely related to the design of future products.

  • 812.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Aspects On Manufacturing Strategy: A Case Study At Saab Automobile, Sweden2001Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Production and Operations Management Society: POM-2001, 2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Saab Automobile, Sweden, is a relatively small car manufacturer in the prestige car segment. Saab is fully owned by GM since the beginning of 2000. This article is based on a series of interviews. Questions dealt with are: the process of going from a poor financial result to a successful car manufacturer, experiences so far from being a part of the largest company in the world, and implementation of manufacturing strategies. As a step in this process, Saab has developed its own model of lean manufacturing, called the QLE/H-concept, and is now introducing the Andon sys-tem.

  • 813.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Manufacturing strategies: A survey among medium sized enterprises in Sweden2001Inngår i: Proceedings of the 34th CIRP International Seminar On Manufacturing Systems, 2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing is the part of many companies that involves most of the investments made in the company. Thus it is extremely important to get a sufficient return on these investments. The manufacturing equipment must be utilized in a competitive way. This paper presents the findings from a survey at 145 medium sized companies in Sweden regarding their work with manufacturing strategies. 62 companies answered the form and 52 companies said that they had a manufacturing strategy. Quality, lead-time, and flexibility were considered very important. Delivery precision appears to be even more important than the actual product cost.

  • 814.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Björkman, Mats
    LiU, IKP.
    Manufacturing strategies: A survey among medium sized enterprises in Sweden2003Inngår i: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 32, nr 3, s. 9-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing is the part of many companies that involves most of the investments made in the company. Thus it is extremely important to get a sufficient return on these investments. The manufacturing equipment must be utilized in a competitive way. This paper presents the findings from a survey at 145 medium sized companies in Sweden regarding their work with manufacturing strategies. 62 companies answered the form and 52 companies said that they had a manufacturing strategy. Quality, lead-time, and flexibility were considered very important. Delivery precision appears to be even more important than the actual product cost.

  • 815.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Björkman, Mats
    LIU, IKP.
    Use of Manufacturing strategies in reality: A company’s overall view of manufacturing and possible obstacles to realization of the strategies2000Inngår i: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Managing Innovative Manufacturing: MIM 2000, 2000, s. 658-667Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of Ericsson regarding manufacturing and its position in the company. At Ericsson manufacturing has a fairly high rank and is also involved in the product development process at an early stage. The responsibilities for developing manufacturing strategies are delegated to the people at the different plants. Some small differences and competition between the plants are accepted, as long as it does not have a bad influence on the result. Any cultural differences could however be a severe obstacle to realizing the strategies. Further studies could cover small and medium enterprises and their adoption of manufacturing strategies.

  • 816.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Boix Miralles, Rafa
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Manufacturing Networks: Identification of Success Factors2002Inngår i: Proceedings of the 35th CIRP International Seminar On Manufacturing Systems: CIRP-ISMS 2002, 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive situation for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, SME’s, has become intensified during the last few years. Large customers, such as within the automotive industry, have increased the outsourcing of their manufacturing capacity and reduced the number of suppliers. At the same time the large systems integrators place demands on their suppliers to actively participate in the product development and to take full responsibility for manufacturing as well as to deliver complete systems or subsystems. Due to the limited capacity of the suppliers, in terms of the scarcity of resources and limited knowledge base, suppliers need to collaborate in networks. The purpose of this study is to identify critical factors to successful network collaborative settings. In this paper we also introduce a four dimensional tentative framework, in terms of surface of integration, the scope of integration, the time horizon of integration, and the intensity of integration. This framework can be used to analyze how well collaborative networks are developed from three aspects of corporate integration, in terms of structural design of the network, the design of the work flow in collaborative settings, and aspect of handling the psychological and social boundaries among people, that management has to handle in order to increase the degrees of network collaboration. This tentative framework is suggested as an analytical tool that can be used in order to understand how different collaborative networks are developed in terms of the network constellation, output of the collaborative process, as well as duration and robustness of the network.

  • 817.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Borges, Luis
    Tech Monterrey, Mexico City.
    How different is Sweden from Mexico?: A continuous improvement survey comparison2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the Second World Conference on POM and 15th Annual POM Conference, 2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Continuous improvement techniques are important tools for enabling companies to improve their operations. The implementation of these techniques is however estimated to be quite different around the world. Continuous improvement is a thermometer that companies can use to feel their health in this hectic market. This paper compares two countries, Mexico and Sweden, which are considered to be quite different in culture and industrial structure, in terms of the use of continuous improvement tools and techniques, such as TQM, Kaizen, Six-Sigma, and Lean Manufacturing.

    The surveys in the two countries are based on the same scale, sample size, and industrial sector. A definition of each of the key-words was included in the questionnaire. The results indicate both similarities and differences in the strengths and weaknesses of the companies. The companies can work on the results to benchmark themselves and they can reinforce their strengths as well as to reduce their weaknesses.

  • 818.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Linking Manufacturing Strategies to Design of Production Systems in Collaborative Manufacturing Settings2003Inngår i: Proceedings of the POM 2003 Conference, 2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Competition has forced companies to collaborate in manufacturing network settings to be capably to deliver complete subsystems. We suggest in this paper an analytical tool to analyze the linkages between manufacturing strategies and design of production systems in collaborative manufacturing network settings. We show how this analytical tool might be used to analyze how companies in such networks synchronize their manufacturing strategies and production systems in terms of competitive priorities and synergies between them. The findings in this paper are based on a series of interviews with people at companies in a collaborative network delivering heavy vehicles.

  • 819.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Manufacturing Strategies: Congruence Of Manufacturing Processes Within A Supply Chain2002Inngår i: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Production and Operations Management Society: POM-2002, 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is extremely important that companies, working together in a system manufacturer/sub supplier relationship, agree on which strategic factors to prioritize. A mismatch could make the cooperation less successful than if they agree on the competitive priorities. A tool for evaluating the congruence between the manufacturing strategies and the existing manufacturing system has been described by Professor John Miltenburg (1995). Säfsten and Winroth (2001) developed this tool further. The purpose of this paper is to show one example of using this tool for a supply chain, i.e. for a system manufacturer and his sub suppliers.

  • 820.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Björkvik, Lars
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Öberg, Christina
    LiU, EKI.
    Manufacturing Strategies: Implications during transition towards collaborative manufacturing2003Inngår i: Proceedings of “One World? One view of OM?: The Challenges of Integrating Research and Practice”, 2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on findings from collaboration between a medium sized manufacturing company, traditionally manufacturing components to system integrators, and an inventor company. The companies are striving to develop, manufacture, and market a new product on a new market. Our research question is to identify barriers to product and market diversification. The study has been performed as a number of interviews and work-shops, where barriers and possibilities have been identified. In this paper we suggest an expeditionary approach to managing diversification as an alternative to traditional approaches, technology push and market pull. The expeditionary approach stresses that, in the context of SME:s, a network of companies needs to collaborate intensively with each other as well as with customers from the very early initiation of business idea, identifying the customer needs and functional requirements of the product, while simultaneously working on product specifications, manufacturing process design and marketing in a collaborative network of partners.

  • 821.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Boix Miralles, Rafa
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.
    Manufacturing Networks: Critical Factors to Successful Collaboration2004Inngår i: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 33, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive situation for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, SME’s, has become intensified during the last few years. Large customers, such as within the automotive industry, have increased the outsourcing of their manufacturing capacity and reduced the number of suppliers. At the same time the large systems integrators place demands on their suppliers to actively participate in the product development and to take full responsibility for manufacturing as well as to deliver complete systems or subsystems. Due to the limited capacity of the suppliers, in terms of the scarcity of resources and limited knowledge base, suppliers need to collaborate in networks. The purpose of this study is to identify critical factors to successful network collaborative settings. In this paper we also introduce a four dimensional tentative framework, in terms of surface of integration, the scope of integration, the time horizon of integration, and the intensity of integration. This framework can be used to analyze how well collaborative networks are developed from three aspects of corporate integration, in terms of structural design of the network, the design of the work flow in collaborative settings, and aspect of handling the psychological and social boundaries among people, that management has to handle in order to increase the degrees of network collaboration. This tentative framework is suggested as an analytical tool that can be used in order to understand how different collaborative networks are developed in terms of the network constellation, output of the collaborative process, as well as duration and robustness of the network.

  • 822.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Danilovic, Mike
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entreprenörskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Fernández Aguilar, Alfonso
    Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Flaquer Borràs, Oriol
    Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Dynamics of sourcing A. & , O., 2007, , ,: Strategic implications of outsourcing and insourcing2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 14th International Annual EurOMA Conference- Managing Operations in an Expanding Europe, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From a strategic manufacturing perspective, companies are facing challenges in finding a balance in what they do on their own and what their suppliers do. This balance requires some times that companies are outsourcing and sometimes insourcing activities. One conclusion is that outsourcing should be considered as a strategic decision that is not easily made by purchasing or operations departments. Many companies tend to outsource more and more of their manufacturing to specialists, which however does not mean that companies can afford to loose their competence in manufacturing. It is still essential that the companies, even though another company performs parts of the actual manufacturing, understand the special conditions for manufacturing. Otherwise they are not in a position where they can discuss product development, specification of the different tasks that they want the contractors to do, and they can certainly not make the right decisions when buying components and parts from suppliers. Outsourcing decisions also need to be strategically justifiable; outsourcing only for cost reasons is rarely successful. Outsourcing should provide other advantages in terms of improvement of competitive priorities. For different reasons, it may also end up in a situation where the company needs to insource previously outsourced activities.

  • 823.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion. Produktionssystem.
    Jackson, Mats
    PPD, MdH.
    Manufacturing competition through the Factory-in-a-Box concept2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th Annual POM Conference, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business environment is dominated by change and uncertainty, and global competition is diminishing defined markets. Manufacturing success and survival are becoming more difficult to sustain and it is recognized that low cost and high quality alone are not enough to sustain firm’s competitive position in market place. Market uncertainty and frequent introductions of new products has created a growing need for responsive manufacturing systems. Thus, there is a growing demand for well-formulated and implemented manufacturing strategies which provide necessary support for developing and sustaining relevant order-winners and qualifiers, which enable rapid product realization as well as flexibility and reconfigurability within operations. The objective of this paper is to analyze and investigate flexible and reconfigurable production systems from a manufacturing strategy point of view. An ongoing research project in Sweden called Factory-in-a-Box will be presented which is one initiative in this area.

  • 824.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Jackson, Mats
    PPD, MdH.
    Manufacturing competition through the Factory-in-a-Box concept2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th Annual POM Conference, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business environment is dominated by change and uncertainty, and global competition is diminishing defined markets. Manufacturing success and survival are becoming more difficult to sustain and it is recognized that low cost and high quality alone are not enough to sustain firm’s competitive position in market place. Market uncertainty and frequent introductions of new products has created a growing need for responsive manufacturing systems. Thus, there is a growing demand for well-formulated and implemented manufacturing strategies which provide necessary support for developing and sustaining relevant order-winners and qualifiers, which enable rapid product realization as well as flexibility and reconfigurability within operations. The objective of this paper is to analyze and investigate flexible and reconfigurable production systems from a manufacturing strategy point of view. An ongoing research project in Sweden called Factory-in-a-Box will be presented which is one initiative in this area.

  • 825.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Implications from introducing sustainability in manufacturing strategies2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 19th Annual POM Conference, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing focus on sustainability in society forces industrial companies to consider environmental impacts resulting from their activities. Unfortunately, research within the “environmental” domain has to a high degree evolved separately from the “manufacturing” domain, leading to poor understanding regarding how to manage environmental issues in a manufacturing context. To reduce this flaw, this paper takes the starting point in a manufacturing strategy perspective and analyses implications occurring from the inclusion of environmental issues in industrial companies. The paper suggests that concern for environmental issues influence more or less all of the manufacturing strategy decision criteria. Environmental concern may e.g. affect the decision on manufacturing process choice (e.g. new product technology may require new types of manufacturing processes) or on process technology (e.g. new manufacturing equipment are needed). Therefore, the paper concludes that it is paramount to consider environmental issues when formulating and effectuating the manufacturing strategy.

  • 826.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Solding, Petter
    Swecast, Produktionssystem.
    Effektiv produktion på låda med Factory-in-a-Box2005Inngår i: Gjuteriet, ISSN 0017-0682, nr 2, s. 14-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 827.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stahre, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Dynamiska Automationsnivåer2008Inngår i: Gjuteriet, ISSN 0017-0682, nr 1, s. 24-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Man måste veta varför man automatiserar och hur det kan bidra till konkurrensförmågan. Alltför låg automation ger till exempel låg prestanda och höga kostnader. En för hög automation leder bland annat till höga investeringskostnader och svårhanterliga produktionssystem. Ett lämpligt val av automationsnivå leder däremot till strategiska fördelar och konkurrenskraft.

  • 828.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Automation Strategies: Implications on strategy process from refinement of manufacturing strategy content2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 19th Annual POM Conference, 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Automation decisions are often based on vague ideas that it is always good to automate and thus reducing manpower. These decisions need however to be linked to company manufacturing strategies. If we study the manufacturing strategy field, we can see that these decisions give large consequences in many decision categories. Articles on manufacturing strategy content have been written by e.g. Skinner (1969), Wheelwright & Hayes (1985), Ward et al (1996), Hill (1995), and Swink & Way (1995). Hayes and Wheelwright (1984) developed the content, in terms of decision criteria, as they provided examples of decisions characteristics. This article reviews existing theory on manufacturing strategy content and highlights the implications for manufacturing strategy process when adding more decision characteristics from automation.

  • 829.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Development Of A Manufacturing Strategy Tool Useful To SME – An Interactive Approach2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Production Research, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper report results from a project that deals with manufacturing strategy in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The project followed an interactive research approach in an iterative manner through four main phases. With these four phases as a foundation, four case studies were carried out. As the project evolved, it became clear that the chosen research approach played a crucial role for the achieved results, which is also what this paper focuses upon. The paper argues that through an interactive research approach, working intensively together with the companies, we have been able to develop an easy-to-use tool that the companies can use and update as needed. The companies have all increased their knowledge on manufacturing strategy as a way of improving competiveness, The research team has increased the knowledge on how manufacturing strategy can be made available and useful for SMEs, and gathered this into an easy-to-use tool, the STRATEGO-tool.

  • 830.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Lindström, Veronica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Frohm, Jörgen
    PPU, CTH.
    Stahre, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Automation Strategies: Refinement of Manufacturing Strategy Content2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Automated manufacturing systems are regarded as highly productive, which improves company’s competitiveness. Many companies consider automation as either fully automated or entirely manual. This is never true since there is always a combination of automated and manual tasks. The delicate issue is to choose the level of automation, LoA, which is best for the purpose. When planning and implementing automated manufacturing systems, a large number of issues need to be considered. Traditional manufacturing strategy theory however treats automation as one subset of process technology decision category. In our research we have come to the conclusion that automation decisions affect much more of the company’s operation activities. Thus, there is a need for developing the manufacturing strategy field in order to embrace relevant aspects/decisions in all of the decision categories. This paper aims at bridging the gap in traditional manufacturing strategy theory and highlights the additional decisions that are necessary in order to cover automation.

    The authors suggest a decision support tool that highlights the different actions that are needed when changing the level of automation in manufacturing systems.

  • 831.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stahre, Johan
    Automation strategies: Existing theory or ad hoc solutions?2005Inngår i: POM 2005 : 16th Annual Conference Proceedings of POMS: "OM frontiers: winds of change" : Chicago, April 29 - May 2, 2005 : proceedings - full length papers., 2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern manufacturing systems are often semi-automated, i.e. integrating both manual and automated operations. How, and even if, automation should be realized are often ad hoc decisions and not based on structured decision making. This paper examines three approaches to automation decisions: top-down, bottom-up, and contingency. Top management initiates a top-down approach to automation of production. On the contrary, when the decision about automation stems from e.g. the operators, a bottom-up approach is applied. We propose a third way, the contingency approach, which links decisions regarding automation to manufacturing strategies and competitive priorities of the company. Making automation decisions is one of several decision areas that emerge as a consequence of choosing a certain type of production system. The paper discusses important factors for the success of different approaches. Different approaches are illustrated with examples from Swedish manufacturing industry.

  • 832.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stahre, Johan
    Automation strategies: Existing theory or ad hoc solutions?2007Inngår i: International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management (IJMTM), ISSN 1368-2148, E-ISSN 1741-5195, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 98-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Automating manufacturing systems potentially improves competitiveness. Empirical studies show that the most successful result is achieved when decisions concerning automation are linked to the manufacturing strategies and competitive priorities of the company. It is suggested that automation is regarded as a separate decision group, within the manufacturing strategy content field.

  • 833.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stahre, Johan
    Automation Strategies: Requirements on the Strategy Process2006Inngår i: The morphology of innovative manufacturing systems: 9th CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems / [ed] P Butala; G Hlebanja, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Automation is a way to improve competitiveness. Previous studies have shown that best results of automa-tion decisions are reached if decisions are integrated in the company’s manufacturing strategy. Automation decisions comprise much more than just the very choice to automate and many aspects need to be taken into account. In this article, we describe new demands that are raised on the strategy process when automa-tion is integrated in the manufacturing strategy. Furthermore, the implementation of automation strategies calls for a number of issues to take into consideration.

  • 834.
    Winroth, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Stahre, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Granell, Veronica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Frohm, Jörgen
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Strategic automation: Refinement of classical manufacturing strategy2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Automated manufacturing systems are regarded as highly productive, thus improving company competitiveness. Many companies consider automation as either fully automated or entirely manual. Automation is however always a combination of automated and manual tasks. The problem is to choose the most appropriate level of automation at every occasion. Traditional manufacturing strategy theory treats automation as one subset of process technology decision category and thus the whole area has to be further developed. The authors suggest a new approach to automation that links strategy formulation to the different actions involved when changing the level of automation in manufacturing systems.

  • 835.
    Wixenius, Emmy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Olsson, Sara
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kalkyl för logistikkostnader; från leverantör till förbrukningsplats2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The globalization that has occurred during the last few years has made it more important for companies to have a well-functioning logistics system. Customers demand more options, which lead to an increased flow that creates greater demand regarding packaging and transports. Diverse logistics costs are nowadays a substantial cost for many companies. Therefore, more effort is aimed at optimizing transportation to lower these costs.

    The purpose of this project is to create a user-friendly calculation of logistics costs that illustrates how the costs vary, depending on how the flow is structured. This is done by examining which aspects that affect the total logistics costs and by mapping which aspects that should be included in a calculation of the logistics costs.

    Literature studies have been carried out parallel with empirical studies at Scania's production unit, MC, in Oskarshamn. A calculation of logistics costs is created for them with the purpose of making the materials supply system more efficient. Purchasing agreements are negotiated by Scania’s headquarters in Södertälje, whereas Scania Oskarshamn would like to evaluate the supplier suggestions from a logistics perspective. The company has declared that they are in need of a user-friendly calculation of logistics costs that can be used by many different employees.

    An analysis of the current situation is carried out in order to create a broad foundation of knowledge, regarding what aspects are most important to include in the calculation before creating it. The situation analysis is done through interviews and observations at the company. It shows that there are many different flows, both concerning internal material handling as well as transportation flows from suppliers to Scania Oskarshamn. As a consequence of this, a lot of effort is put into finding ways of simplifying the flows without decreasing the quality of the calculation, meaning its validity.

    The calculation includes five options: weight, volume, packaging, number of boxes on a EUR-pallet, and number of articles in a package. Further, it contains two different parts; one of them is a calculation of transportation costs and the other is a calculation of internal handling. The transportation calculation is founded on data from invoices, gathered and compiled during one year. The calculation of internal handling is founded on handling costs that occur depending on what packages the articles are delivered in, from the supplier. Many of the costs that occur cannot be ascribed to a certain category of packages. Therefore, the allocation of costs is done through allocation keys, according to Activity-Based Costing. The allocations of costs vary in the different areas, because it has not been possible to identify allocation keys to all of them.

    Finally a discussion takes place, concerning the aspects included in the current calculation against those mentioned in the literature. It is also discussed how other companies can make use of the result of this project, to create a calculation of logistics costs for their own business.

  • 836.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Integration in global development projects: A study of new product development and production relocation projects2016Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s constantly changing environment globalization offers opportunities as well as threats to manufacturing companies. One trend in industry is that to meet customer demands and global competition, manufacturing companies need to frequently introduce new products to the market at the right time and cost. Another trend is that manufacturing companies relocate their production sites abroad. Therefore, in this thesis the context is global development projects, which includes both new product development and production relocation projects. The global dimension implies that team members are located in different countries. Integration between team members, which in this thesis refers to interaction processes involving information exchange on the one hand and collaboration or cooperation on the other, is therefore a challenge.

    Even if much research exists with regard to integration, integration across national borders in global development projects has not been addressed to a greater extent. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to expand the analysis of integration in global development projects in order to gain insights regarding the use of different integration mechanisms. The thesis specifically addresses the influence of national cultural and linguistic differences on integration as well as the use of various integration mechanisms. The results originate from one longitudinal case study of a global new product development project and two retrospective case studies including global new product development and production relocation projects.

    In general, it is concluded that in global development projects national cultural and linguistic differences amplify integration difficulties among project team members who belong to different functions. The comparison of the three global development projects indicated that some of the integration mechanisms worked and were used to integrate team members from different functions, while others did not work as intended. Therefore, this thesis argues that there is a need for a diverse set of integration mechanisms that depend on the context of a global development project and specifically on national cultural and linguistic differences.

  • 837.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Supplier involvement in product development: Critical issues from a supplier perspective2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 22nd EurOMA International Annual Conference, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 26 June–1 July, 2015, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) typically outsource the industrialization of components to suppliers. Hence, the OEMs are dependent on the suppliers’ capabilities to perform industrialization projects. However, suppliers often experience various difficulties when involved in the OEMs’ product development projects. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to explore challenges that suppliers face during industrialization projects, their causes and the effects. Actions to mitigate these challenges are further explored. Based on an in-depth single case study at a Swedish supplier from the metal components industry, the study resulted in seven challenging issues during industrialization projects from a supplier perspective.

  • 838.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Bridging Geographically Distant R&D and Manufacturing2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the R&D Management Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, 3–6 June 2014., 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Although important research has been carried out, knowledge on bridges between the R&D and manufacturing occupational communities in a cross - national context is lacking. Much of the research has emphasized on the different bridges - tools, object, practices, brokers designed by the company to bridge the occupational communities. To lesser extent scholars have observed the emergence of individuals who can assist in bridging occupational communities divided by the boundaries of language and national culture.

    Drawing on qualitative interviews with persons belonging to a Swedish large manufacturing company, this paper describes and examines the emergent role of an engineer from an R&D center in China as a mediator of the two occupational communities. Based on community of practice theory, this study regards R&D in Sweden and the manufacturing site in China as members of two interdependent occupational communities that struggle to communicate due to barriers created by geographical distance – i.e. language and cultural distance. The findings suggest that the mediator from the R&D center in China may serve as an appropriate organizational solution in situation where geographical distance exist. The mediator role provides not only technical support, but also helps to crate shared meanings and facilitates the communication between R&D in Sweden and the manufacturing site in China. This study contributes to the R&D management theory by addressing an effective way to facilitate cross-cultural communication between engineers that are geographically distant during new product development.

  • 839.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Management of international manufacturing relocation projects of new and existing products2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 21st EurOMA International Annual Conference, Palermo, Italy, 20 - 25 June, 2014, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Scandinavian companies choose to invest in new manufacturing facilities in Central European or Asian countries. This complicates the production start-up of both existing and new products. This paper compares production start-ups of new and existing products in a new and off-shore manufacturing facility in Poland. Consequently, the aim is to enhance the understanding of factors critical to achieve the desired production start-up targets. The factors identified in the study are in line with the previous literature. Nonetheless, this study emphasizes on the factors related to people which turned to be of the most importance for the timely production start-up.

  • 840. Wong, Hartanto
    et al.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Naim, Mohammed
    Analysis of form postponement based on optimal positioning of the differentiation point and stocking decisions2009Inngår i: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 47, nr 5, s. 1201-1224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyse the use of form postponement based on the positioning of the differentiation point and stocking policy. Six classes of manufacturing configurations are identified based on the choice of whether or not form postponement is employed and the decision regarding the stocking policy for the final product configurations as well as for the generic component. Analytical evaluation methods based on queuing models are used to assess operational measures for each class of configuration and solution algorithms are developed todetermine the optimal positioning of the differentiation point and the optimalstocking levels. This allows us to compare the relative merits of all manufacturingconfigurations based on their respective best performances. The results of anumerical experiment show how different operational parameters may influencethe choice of optimal configuration, the preference of early or late postponement,and the relative cost savings obtained from employing form postponement.

  • 841.
    Wong, Hartanto
    et al.
    Cardiff University.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Naim, Mohammed
    Cardiff University.
    Evaluation of postponement in manufacturing systems with non-negligible changeover times2010Inngår i: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 258-273Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to examine the cost or benefit implications of employing postponement in the manufacturingenvironments characterised by non-negligible changeover times incurred when switching production from oneproduct to another. Four manufacturing configurations are distinguished based on the choice of manufacturingtechnology and on whether or not postponement is employed. Analytical evaluation methods based on queuingmodels are used to assess operational measures for each configuration and solution algorithms are developedto determine the optimal decisions that may include stocking level, batch size and differentiation point.A numerical experiment is carried out to identify how the system performance is affected by different parameters.

  • 842.
    Wziatek, Ilona
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Ericsson, Sofia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Utmaningar i en utskrivningsprocess från slutenvården till boende - för att skapa en trygg och effektiv process2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 843.
    Wäfler, Toni
    et al.
    University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland.
    Von der Weth, Rüdiger
    University of Applied Sciences Dresden.
    Karltun, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Starker, Ulrike
    University av Bamberg.
    Gärtner, Kathrin
    University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland.
    Gasser, Roland
    University of Toronto.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Human Control Capabilities2011Inngår i: Behavioral Operations in Planning and Scheduling / [ed] Jan C. Fransoo, Toni Wäfler, John Wilson, Springer, 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter has been triggered by the experience that the implementation of new information technology (IT) supporting planning, scheduling, and control – although being more sophisticated than earlier systems – does not necessarily result in better control. Also, the experience was made that the implementation of the same IT leads to different results in similar organisations. Against this background, we introduce a process model of control (Sect. 10.2). The model proposes a set of interrelated factors determining control. At its core it assumes that control results as a fit of control requirements and control behaviour. The former is determined by operational uncertainties the latter by control opportunities, control skills and control motivation. Since the implementation of a new IT can have an impact on all these factors it can lead to a misfit of control behaviour and control requirements and hence to low control – even if the new IT itself is more powerful than the old IT. Furthermore, we also discuss motivational influences these changes may have on human behaviour (Sect. 10.3). Finally we derive some practical dos and don’ts when implementing new IT (Sect. 10.4).

  • 844.
    Yuan, Wenjing
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Improvement of Work Process in a Global Verification Team: A case study at VSM2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing demands from customers, companies face the challenges of shortening the new product development (NPD) period, reducing development cost and increasing development efficiency. High quality and efficiency of NPD can increase the chance for companies to be competitive on the market. Forming up cross-functional teams becomes a popular way of maximizing the knowledge then increase the development quality and efficiency. However, it is challenging to integrate the resources from different functions and even more challenging when the resources are from different countries. To overcome the integration challenges can increase the efficiency of NPD projects therefore finally win global market shares. This study’s purpose is to identify and analyze integration challenges experienced by a verification team involved in global NPD and to suggest how those challenges can be managed by answering two research questions: 1) What are the integration challenges with the current work process encountered by the global verification team? 2) How can the integration challenges be met in the improved work process? The case study is used as the research method in order to get deep insight of the challenges that a global verification team faces. VSM Group AB, an international leading sewing company is selected as the case company.  The case team, a global verification team locates both in Sweden and China, plays the role of verification work within NPD process. The case team verifies the design and new products in the process.  Through interviews, observation and literature reviews, the challenges in this global verification team are identified. It is found that the case team needs to overcome language barriers, culture difference, task planning and formalization and standardization on work performance during integration. Based on the investigations, a set of solutions are proposed in the end to meet the challenges. These solutions are an improved work process, work performance system, training program and uniformed documentation. These proposals are inspired by the integration mechanisms such as formalization and standardization, special reports etc and then fit them into the case team context. By simulation and evaluation the solutions within the global verification team, the feedback on the proposals helped for improvement. This case study at VSM is an empirical example of implementation of integration mechanisms into a real life context.

  • 845.
    Yurtkulu Akgun, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Supply chain related decisions in product development projects: Insights from the industry2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference, Neuchatel, June 26th-July 1st, 2015, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purposeof this study is to investigate supply chain related decisions that are considered in product development projects, product development related decisionsconsideredin product development projectsthathave an impact onsupply chain performance, andsupply chain related decisions that are missing in product development projects.Identified decisions consist of strategic level decisions and tactical level decisions. The findings indicate that the supply chain functions havesignificantdesire to get their decisionsinvolvedin product development projects. On the other hand, product development functions feel less pressureregardinghow product development decisions affectsupply chain performance.

  • 846.
    Yurtkulu, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Extended service use and new product possibilities in Swedish trucking2014Inngår i: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 80-98Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how extended services from vehicle manufacturers can enhance value and reduce risk for transportation companies. The research shows that some transportation companies found extended services useful in order to enhance value and to decrease risks, while some of the companies mentioned advantages of not using extended services. Increased customer service and increased up time are some of the value factors. Decreased number of delays and decreased likelihood of breakdowns are some of the risk factors mentioned by the case companies. This study contributes the knowledge by examining the transporters' experiences of using extended services. The study also identifies feedback loop to develop further physical products based on case study and user service package experiences - one key component in the further development is to use simultaneously financial and overall service packages.

  • 847.
    Yurtkulu, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Value and risk of extended services within Swedish road freight sector2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th International Annual EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine, how extended services from vehicle manufacturers can enhance value and reduce risk for transportation companies. The research shows that some transportation companies found extended services useful in order to enhance value and to decrease risks, while some of the companies mentioned advantages of not using extended services. Increased customer service, increased up-time are some of the value factors. Decreased number of delays, decreased likelihood of breakdowns are some of the risk factors mentioned by the case companies. This study contributes the knowledge by examining the transporters’ experiences of using extended services.

  • 848.
    Yurtkulu, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Foundation of the integration of supply chain decisions in new product development2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 21th International Annual EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify and classify supply chain decisions, which havecritical roles in new product development. Supply chain management completes themissing part of the new product development puzzle and provides a holistic view onvarious operational aspects such as on-time product launch, capacity utilization,inventory management, and accurate order processing. Findings of this study arepresented in a conceptual framework. Identified supply chain decisions are classified ina generic new product development model based on the main logistics drivers such assupply, manufacturing planning and control and transportation, to increase theunderstanding about role of different logistics drivers in different phases of new productdevelopment.

  • 849.
    Zettergren, Marcus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Bergsten, Sebastian
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Terminallokalisering med tyngdpunktsberäkning och kostnadsanalys2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 850.
    Zhou, Chao
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Informationsteknik.
    Zhang, Dong
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Adoption of COBIT5 and ITIL in Small and Medium Size Enterprises in China2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the adoption of COBIT5 and ITIL used as the frameworks for IT governance (ITG) in Chinese Small and Medium Size Enterprises(SMEs). With the implementation of IT governance, the IT will be fully used to promote the core business of the enterprise and the risk and investments of IT will be balanced.

    To achieve the purpose of this thesis, questionnaire and mail survey are used as the method for research. We received 140 responds from the Chinese SMEs and these data are used to analysis and the results are used to answer the research questions.

    As a result shows that , ITIL is more adopted by Chinese SMEs since its solution gets from the best practice and easier to apply than COBIT. In addition, the author generate suggestion for Chinese SMEs and hope these suggestions will improve the IT governance work in those companies.

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