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  • 6251. Da Fonseca, M.
    et al.
    Nonet, Guénola
    Stratégies de Coopération pour un Développement Durable, Quelles Problématiques de Légitimité2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6252.
    Da Rocha, Telma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Posiol, Karolina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Towards a competitive advantage: a systematic literature review on reshoring and operations capabilities2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6253.
    Da Silva Lernstål, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Kiratsopoulos, Konstantin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Prevent the World's Doom, Consume a Healthy Legume: A Qualitative Study of Attitudes and Purchase Intentions of Health-Conscious Consumers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Agricultural activities occupy a significant part of the world’s land area and the food systems are comprehensively reliant on fossil fuels, resulting in that the sector is responsible for a large percentage of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Changes are needed in order to meet the challenges of developing sustainable food systems. One change strategy would be to replace parts of animal proteins with greener plant substitutes. This thesis is part of a four-year transdisciplinary research project with the aim to, within four years, develop domestically produced products based on Swedish legumes. This paper will focus on exploring significant components affecting health-conscious consumers’ attitudes and purchase intentions regarding legumes-based products. By the thesis, valuable information and insights regarding legumes as a protein substitute will be gathered amongst the growing consumer group of health-conscious consumers. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the attitudes regarding legumes, and underlying key components affecting health-conscious consumers purchase intentions towards legume-based products. Additionally, two research questions have been developed to reach valuable findings for this investigation. 

  • 6254.
    Daag, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hur instruktioner påverkar elevers delaktighet: Matematisk problemlösning i grupp2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Grupparbete är ett arbetssätt som ger elever möjligheter att utveckla både sina ämneskunskaper och sin förmåga att samarbeta (Johnson & Johnson, 1999). Men grupparbete är ett komplicerat arbetssätt som kräver engagemang från samtliga deltagare för att alla elever ska kunna utvecklas. Det är inte ovanligt att en elev i gruppen väljer att inte vara aktiv. Eleven låter då resterande elever i gruppen lösa uppgiften själva (Forslund Frykedal, 2008). Det här är ett scenario som gör att alla elever inte blir delaktiga vid problemlösningen och därmed inte får samma möjligheter att utveckla sin problemlösnings- och samarbetsförmåga. Syftet med studien är att undersöka och utveckla instruktioner till problemuppgifter som ökar alla elevers delaktighet och ansvarstagande vid grupparbete. För att kunna besvara syftet används design research som metod. Genom metoden undersöks och utvecklas pedagogiska insatser.

    Studien visar att strukturerade instruktioner till problemuppgifter påverkar elevernas delaktighet positivt. Användandet av ett problemlösningsschema med flera steg gav ett positivt resultat då gruppmedlemmarna lade stor tid på problemlösningsprocessen. Det gav alla medlemmar tid att ställa frågor, framföra idéer samt bygga vidare på sina egna och andras resonemang under hela processen. I första steget i problemlösningsschemat uppmanades eleverna att se till att alla gruppmedlemmar förstod uppgiften innan problemlösningsprocessen inleddes. Studien visar att fler elever tog ansvar för att alla gruppmedlemmar skulle ha förståelse för problemet när de genom instruktionerna blev uppmuntrade till det.

  • 6255.
    Daag, Madeleine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Andersson, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Elever lär med hjälp av varandra: Matematisk problemlösning i små grupper2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6256.
    Dabetic, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Nilsson, Alexander
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Vad påverkar beslutet av missbruksvård?: Faktorer som kan påverka val av insats2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title:

    What influences the assessment of addiction treatment? - Factors that may affect the

    choice of interventions

    There are few studies on trauma and the importance of religion for the professional handling

    of abuse clients in a Swedish context. It is therefore appropriate to examine the role of such

    factors. This study examines whether experienced trauma in childhood or religious beliefs

    influence the assessment and selection of input in fictitious cases. To examine this created six

    vignettes. Vignettes could assess participants using different set responses. The questionnaire

    consisted of two parts, vignettes and personal details of the participants. It included questions

    about experienced trauma and religious beliefs. The results of the study show that the abuse

    case officers with experienced trauma deems equivalent to the group but have experienced

    trauma. Religious officials, however, differ from the non-religious in assessing the choice of

    effort. The study shows that one third of abuse officers are religious and half have experienced

    a trauma in childhood. Overall, this means that 58 of the 93 participants either experienced

    trauma, religious or both. Future research might examine these variables more carefully

    operationalize and measure religion and traumas impact assessment with greater precision and

    sensitivity.

    Keywords:

    Assessment, misuse, addiction, religion, trauma

  • 6257. Dabrowska, Ustyna
    et al.
    Podmetina, Daria
    Albats, Ekaterina
    Lopez-Vega, Henry
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Teplov, Roman
    Where lies the difference between open innovation adopters and non-adopters?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6258.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier.
    Arvsrätt som historiskt problem2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6259.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Arvsrätt som politiskt problem: laglott, tvångsarv och pliktdel i historisk belysning2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6260.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Bonden från Lösen som blev en av Sveriges mäktigaste män2012In: Blekinge läns tidning, ISSN 1103-9086, Vol. 2012-07-02, p. 22-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6261.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Den agrara revolutionens fortsättning – jordbruk före och efter sekelskiftet 19002017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6262.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Egen jord eller annans? Jordägare och arrendatorer i Ekby 1845-19452014In: Att bruka men inte äga: Arrende och annan nyttjanderätt till mark i svenskt jordbruk från medeltid till idag / [ed] A. Wästfelt, Stockholm: Kungliga Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien , 2014, Vol. s. 123-131, p. 123-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6263.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    En adel ovan Dalälven? Släktgårdsinventeringar i 1930-talets Dalarna2014In: Barn & unga / [ed] E. Arrhén, Falun: Dalarnas fornminnes- och hembygdsförbund i samarbete med Dalarnas museum , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6264.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Familjejordbruk utan familjer? Syskonjordbruk på svensk landsbygd2017In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 35, no 73, p. 29-46Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6265.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Gothenburg University, Department of Historical Studies.
    Feodalismen försvarad. Fideikommissfrågan i Sverige2018In: Allvarligt talat: Berättelser om livet / [ed] M. Sjöberg, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6266.
    Dackling, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Från himlajord till handelsvara  - men sen?: Släkt och jord i Sverige under 1900talet2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6267.
    Dackling, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen för historie-, turism- och medievetenskap.
    Göteborgska kårhus2014In: Frihetens och upproriskhetens bakterier: Studentrörelse vid Göteborgs universitet under 60 år / [ed] M. Dackling, L. Söderström & C. Tigerberg, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2014, 1, p. 126-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6268.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ingvald Toresson och Blekinges lott i den agrara revolutionen2012In: Blekinge läns tidning, ISSN 1103-9086, Vol. 2012-07-09, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6269.
    Dackling, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen för historie-, turism- och medievetenskap.
    Inledning2014In: Frihetens och upproriskhetens bakterier: Studentrörelse vid Göteborgs universitet under 60 år / [ed] M. Dackling, L. Söderström & C. Tigerberg, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2014, 1, p. 7-9Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6270.
    Dackling, Martin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Instead of Marriage? Sibling Farm Partnership in 20th Century Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6271.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier.
    Istället för äktenskap: att driva jordbruk tillsammans med syskon i 1900-talets Sverige2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The 20th century is sometimes said to be the century of the family farm. Although the countryside changed fundamentally, the farming family - consisting of husband, wife and children - is often seen as intact. However, all farms were not driven by families of the traditional type. One alternative was that two or more of the children took over the farm together, continued to live in the same household and remained unmarried. But how common were such sibling farms? How did they work and what were the motives behind the siblings' choice to live together?

    Based on household analyzes, government reports and interviews, historian Martin Dackling in Instead of marriage sketches the history of the sibling farms. He shows that they were neither unusual nor remains of an older peasant society. From the beginning of the 19th century, it became increasingly common for brothers and sisters to take over the farm together and in the 1930s and 1940s sibling farms were a common feature of Swedish countryside. However, after 1950 they became increasingly unusual. The book discusses why the sibling farms arose and Dackling points to cultural, social and economic explanations. An important circumstance was also that most of the siblings remained unmarried. Love relations were not missing, but marriage was difficult to combine with siblings living in the same household. Love relations and sibling relations were in a complicated correlation with each other, and on many farms, living with siblings became an alternative to marriage.

  • 6272.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Martin Larsson i Tranemåla och släktgårdarna i Blekinge2012In: Blekinge läns tidning, ISSN 1103-9086, Vol. 2012-07-23, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6273.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Mathilda Svensdotters öde och emigrationen från Blekinge2012In: Blekinge läns tidning, ISSN 1103-9086, Vol. 2012-07-16, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6274.
    Dackling, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Ogifta syskon på svensk landsbygd2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6275.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för historiska studier.
    Recension av Ingar Kaldal, Minner som prosesser – i sosial- og kulturhistorie (Oslo, Cappelen Damm Akademisk 2016) och Paul Knutsen, Å forstå historie: Vitenskapsteori og forskningspraksis (Kristiansand: Portal förlag 2016)2017In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 137, no 4, p. 710-713Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6276.
    Dackling, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen för historie-, turism- och medievetenskap.
    Släktgården som myt och verklighet2015In: Släktforskarnas årsbok 2015 / [ed] E. Johansson, Solna: Sveriges Släktforskarförbund , 2015, p. 25-38Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6277.
    Dackling, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier.
    Släktjordsfrågan i Sverige och och Norge 1810-18602017In: Reformer og ressourcer / Reforms and Resources : Rapporter til det 29. Nordiske Historikermøde / Proceedings of the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians / [ed] M. Dackling, P. Duedahl, B. Poulsen, Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2017, p. 43-72Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6278.
    Dackling, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Syskonen som blev kvar2019In: Jönköpings-Posten, Vol. 2 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6279.
    Dackling, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    The land-family bond in parliamentary debates in Norway and Sweden, 1810-18602019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6280.
    Dackling, Martin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Alexandersson, Henrik
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Kvinnan med ostronen eller utan en tråd genom historien2011In: Bildligt talat: kvinnligt, manligt i 3,2 miljoner år / [ed] M. Sjöberg, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2011, Vol. s. 207-224, p. 207-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6281.
    Dackling, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Bengtsson, Erik
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Mats
    Lunds universitet.
    Bondeståndet och bördsrättens fall2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6282.
    Dackling, Martin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier.
    Duedahl, Poul
    Poulsen, Bo
    Inledning2017In: Reformer og ressourcer / Reforms and Resources : Rapporter til det 29. Nordiske Historikermøde / Proceedings of the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians, Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2017, p. 5-9Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6283.
    Dackling, Martin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för historiska studier.
    Duedahl, PoulPoulsen, Bo
    Reformer og ressourcer / Reforms and Resources: Rapporter til det 29. Nordiske Historikermøde / Proceedings of the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians. Nordisk historikermøde - AAU, Aalborg, Danmark 15 -18 august 20172017Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6284.
    Dackling, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen för historie-, turism- och medievetenskap.
    Söderström, LinaGöteborgs universitet.Tigerberg, CarolineGöteborgs universitet.
    Frihetens och upproriskhetens bakterier: Studentrörelse vid Göteborgs universitet under 60 år2014Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    För första gången har Göteborgs studentkårer fått sin historia på pränt. Frihetens och upproriskhetens bakterier är titeln på en ny bok om studentrörelsen i Göteborg de senaste 60 åren.

    Hur var det att vara student på 1950-talet? Hur växte kårerna fram? Och hur har det egentligen varit med bostäder för studenter under de senaste 60 åren? I boken, vars fulla namn är Frihetens och upproriskhetens bakterier – Studentrörelse vid Göteborgs universitet under 60 år, skriver tjugo före detta studenter, kåraktiva och anställda vid Göteborgs universitetet om hur det har varit förr och vad det lett fram till idag.

    År 1954 fördes Göteborgs högskola och Medicinska högskolan samman och bildade tillsammans Göteborgs universitet. Följaktligen finns det i år anledning att fira och se tillbaka på 60 år som universitet. Historiska framställningar som skildrar universitetets framväxt och utveckling finns emellertid redan. Mindre känt är dock hur de senaste sextio åren tett sig för de som faktiskt utgjort den största och viktigaste delen av universitetet – dess studenter – och för deras organisationer – studentkårerna. Hur har studentvardagen förändrats? På vilka sätt har studentkårernas uppdrag och roll förändrats? Vilka studentrelaterade frågor har varit aktuella över tid?

    Med utgångspunkt i sådana frågor har Göteborgs universitets studentkårer tagit fram en jubileumsbok. I Frihetens och upproriskhetens bakterier – Studentrörelse vid Göteborgs universitet under 60 år tecknas en bred bild av studenternas och studentkårernas historia under de gångna decennierna. Boken innehåller tjugo artiklar som tillsammans berör ett stort antal teman, däribland studentbostäder, hur det var att vara student under 1950-talet, studentkårernas organisatoriska framväxt, idén om studentstaden Göteborg, studentspexen, studentlivet under 1960-talet, olika studentgruppers förändringar och kår- husens historia. Skribenterna utgörs av före detta studenter, kåraktiva och lärare vid universitetet. Artiklarna kompletteras av ett tiotal personporträtt.

  • 6285. Dada, S
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Alant, E
    A discussion of individual variability, in activity-based interventions, using the niche concept2007In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 424-431Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6286.
    Dadmehr, Navid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Meuller, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Förändringsarbete i offentlig verksamhet: En kvalitativ studie av medarbetares upplevelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate employees experiences of the process during the implementation of a newly introduced personnel- and salary system. The authors of this study have chosen a qualitative method in order to explore the empirics and connect this to previous research. The data collection method used was interviews with six salary consultants. This study is based on four themes that were chosen based on prevoius research which are communication, resistance, stress and participation. In the results the information from the respondents are presented, based on the four themes. It was shown that the change caused a lot of stress and a high workload. Lack of time, lack of communication and lack of knowledge were three other main factors that were shown. The results also demonstrate that the change process is affected by the law that controls the organization. Lastly a conclusion is made based on the results and the discussion. The managers should find strategies to communicate change to the employees. The managers shouls also see the change as a possibility instead of a demand in order to promote employees learning and motivation.

  • 6287.
    Dadpouri, Mohammad
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Nunna, Kiran
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    A Literature Review on Risk Analysis of Production Location Decisions2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a master thesis with a focus on risk analysis of production location decisions. The project is a part of “PROLOC-manufacturing footprint during the product’s life cycle”. The main aim of this thesis is to point out how current applicable risk analysis techniques evaluate the risks involved in production location decisions and then underline the most important risks involved in production location decisions and elicit strengths and weaknesses of these methods.A systematic review of literature with a focus on journal papers of risk analysis and production fields is conducted by using the content analysis and coding technique. The current risk analysis techniques identified are failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), life cycle cost (LCC) analysis, and system based techniques like multiobjective analysis, decision tree analysis, and analytic hierarchy process (AHP). In addition two identified frameworks of foreign direct investment (FDI) and international production are the research fields that have contributed extensively in identifying various risks of production location decisions.Having reviewed the literature, it is realized that majority of companies take a short sighted vision in choosing production location and consider just cost based issues like cheaper raw material and low labour cost in some countries and simply ignore uncertainties that can be sources of political, economic, social, competitive, and seismic risks. Low cost countries are usually situated in politically instable areas that can cause long production halts or expropriation. Political risk is mainly identified in FDI literature and is usually triggered by a political turmoil, coup d’état, or revolution. On the other hand cheap labour does not necessarily mean decrease in costs and might bring about quality issues and damage company prestige among customers which results in time and monetary loss. Currency exchange and inflation in costs often causes the initial forecast and cost analysis go wrong. Supply risks are because of disruption of ties with raw material or part suppliers in home country and might result in risk of misuse by new suppliers or partners. Also the seismic risk is introduced as a separate category of risks of production location decisions which can be considered a matter of more investigation and requires further research.The study also presents a review of strengths and weaknesses of existing risk analysis techniques of production location decisions. The lack of consistency, vagueness of information, unfamiliarity with design to cost concept are among the major weaknesses of risk analysis techniques of production location decisions. The study concludes with the fact that just considering the cost oriented factors like cheap labour and raw material by production companies exposed them to various risk and might make the whole investment in vain. Suggestions for further study on techniques and risks of production location decisions are also proposed.

  • 6288.
    Dag, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Warsame, Ambiah
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hur sjuksköterskans bemötande upplevs av personer med diabetes mellitus typ 22019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is a chronic disease that can cause various complications. People living with the disease often have regular contact with the healthcare, they receive support and advice on lifestyle changes and self-management of the disease. Aim:To describehow the nurse’s approach is experienced by people with diabetes mellitus type 2. 

    Method: A literature review based on eleven scientific articles with a qualitative design. The results of the articles were interpreted with an inductive approach. 

    Results: The main categories Being a part of a team with the nurse and Feeling left outdescribes experiences of a good relationship where the care was planned jointly and people experienced participation in the meeting, as well as experiences of not being seen as individuals, to be ignored and to feel condemned. 

    Conclusion: The nurse’s approach has a significant impact on people with diabetes type 2. When a good relationship is created, where people experience support, they are more likely to adapt to treatments and has better means for undergoing lifestyle changes. A good relationship is related to people’s experiences of security, trust and serenity. A failing approach can instead lead to negative experiences of the healthcare and reduce motivation for self-management. Lack of support led to experiences of disappointment, loneliness and being misunderstood.

  • 6289.
    Dagdemir, Canan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Sauer, Julia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Use of Card Payment Instruments: A Panel Data Approach2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid growth in the use of non-cash payment instruments, specifically debit and credit cards, has become a prominent feature of modern economies. With an interest in the explanation of this phenomenon and differences in use across countries, we apply a model of payment instrument use to model the relationship between the dependent variables (total volume of card transactions, debit card transactions, and credit card transactions) and the five independent variables based on income, infrastructure, substitution, and institutional influences. We estimate the model and perform a regression analysis on a panel of 22 countries over the period 2009 to 2013. We find that crime, bank concentration, and income have positive relationship with the use of card instruments, while cash is found to be both a complement and substitute to card payments. The variable based on infrascture yields insignificant results. With the results, our purpose is to give greater insight into to the use of the card payments and the explanations for differences in use across countries. 

  • 6290.
    Dagrell, Sofie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetsbalans hos personer med schizofreni och betydelsen av arbetsterapi: En litteraturöversikt.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6291.
    Dahir, Ahmed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Collazos, Kenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Erfarenhetsåterföring: Erfarenheterna som bör återföras till projekteringsskedet av installationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6292.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Body mass index, cognitive ability, and dementia: prospective associations and methodological issues in late life2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the association between overweight and cognitive ability and dementia, and to evaluate the usefulness of self-reported body mass index (BMI) in late life and various data sources commonly used in epidemiological studies to identify persons with dementia. Data were drawn from three population-based studies: the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA), Aging in Women and Men: A Longitudinal Study of Gender Differences in Health Behaviour and Health among Elderly (the Gender Study), and the Finnish Lieto Study. In Study I, the agreement between self-reported and measured BMI over time was evaluated among 774 men and women, ages 40 to 88 years at baseline (mean age 63.9) participating in both the questionnaire phase and in-person testing of SATSA. Latent growth curve (LGC) modeling showed a small but significant increase between self-reported and measured BMI (0.02 kg/m2/y) over time, which would probably not affect the results if self-reported BMI were used as a continuous variable in longitudinal research. In Study II, the agreement between dementia diagnoses from various sources and dementia diagnoses set at a consensus conference was evaluated. Among the 498 elderly people ages 70 to 81 at baseline (mean age 74.5) enrolled in the Gender Study, 87 were diagnosed with dementia during an eight-year period. Review of medical records and nurse evaluations yielded the highest sensitivity (0.83 and 0.80, respectively) and a high specificity (0.98 and 0.96), indicating that these sources might be good proxies of dementia, while data extraction from the Swedish Inpatient Discharge Registry underestimated the prevalence of dementia (sensitivity 0.26). In Study III, the association between being overweight in midlife and cognitive ability in late life was examined in SATSA. The 781 participants ages 25 to 63 at baseline (mean age 41.6) in 1963 or 1973 self-reported their height and weight. From 1986 until 2002, they were assessed five times using a cognitive test battery. LGC models showed that people with higher midlife BMI scores had significantly lower cognitive ability and a significantly steeper decline than their thinner counterparts, an association that persisted when those who developed dementia during the study period were excluded from the analysis. This finding indicates that being overweight might affect cognitive ability independently of dementia. In Study IV, the association between BMI and dementia risk in older persons was described among 605 persons without dementia and ages 65 to 92 at baseline (mean age 70.8) in the Lieto Study. Among these, 86 persons were diagnosed with dementia during eight years of follow-up. Cox regression analyses indicated that for each unit increase in BMI score, the risk of dementia decreased 8% (hazard ratio = 0.92, 95% confidence interval = 0.87–0.97) and the association remained significant when individuals who developed dementia during the first four years of follow-up were excluded from the analyses. This result suggests that low BMI scores are present almost a decade before clinical dementia onset.

  • 6293.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Kan man undvika demens genom en sund och aktiv livsstil?2008In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 3, p. 22-26Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En vanlig föreställning om åldrandet är att de flesta äldre för eller senare blir glömska. Även om hög ålder är en av de största riskfaktorerna för sämre minnesfunktioner, så har merparten av den åldrande befolkningen väl fungerande minne och andra intellektuella funktioner. Faktum kvarstår dock att det finns stora individuella skillnader, en del äldre har mycket gott minne, medan andra inte minns namnen på sina barn eller ens att de har barn. Hur kommer det sig? Beror det på gener, livsstil, eller är det slumpen som avgör vem som drabbas av glömska på ålderns höst?

  • 6294.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Psykologiskt åldrande.2011In: Äldre och åldrande.: Grundbok i gerontologi. / [ed] Marie Ernsth Bravell, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB , 2011, p. 168-189Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6295.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Response letter to Dr. Hazzard2009In: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 57, no 7, p. 1316-1317Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6296.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Does Swedish health care recognize and clinically evaluate cognitive impairments?2007In: Advances in health care science research, Stockholm, 7-8 nov, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6297.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nilsson, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Health factors and cognitive functioning in old age2006In: 18. Nordiska Kongressen i Gerontologi, Jyväskylä, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6298.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nilsson, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Identification of dementia in epidemiological research: A study on the usefulness of various data sources2007In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 381-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: Prevalence and incidence ratios of dementia in epidemiological studies vary according to the data source used. Medical records, cognitive tests, and registry information are sources frequently used to differentiate dementia from normal aging. The aim of the present study was to compare the identification of dementia from these different sources with that from consensus diagnosis. 

    Methods: 498 elderly people (age range 70–81 at baseline) enrolled in a Swedish population-based longitudinal twin study (Gender) were evaluated on physical and mental health and interviewed for their socio-demographic background three times during an eight-year period. Reviews of medical records and the Swedish Discharge Registry (DR) were conducted. The 10th percentile was used to differentiate between dementia and non-dementia in all cognitive tests. Scores of 24 or below on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (range 1–30) indicated dementia. A consensus conference diagnosed dementia on the basis of total information. The consensus diagnosis was used as the gold standard. 

    Results: MMSE scores (sensitivity 64%, specificity 96%, kappa 0.65) and the review of medical records (sensitivity 57%, specificity 99%, kappa 0.65) were good sources for dementia identification. The precision of medical records increased when recordings of cognitive impairment were included (sensitivity 83%, specificity 98%, kappa 0.84). The discharge registry had low sensitivity (26%) and kappa coefficient (0.31). 

    Conclusions: The present study shows that both review of medical records and MMSE scores are good although not perfect identifiers of dementia. The discharge registry is an uncertain source of dementia identification.

  • 6299.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Fauth, Elizabeth
    Department of Family, Consumer, and Human Development, Utah State University, Logan, Utah.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Hassing, Linda
    University of Gothenburg.
    Ram, Nilam
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennysylvania.
    Gerstorf, Denis
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    Body Mass Index, Change in Body Mass Index, and Survival in Old and Very Old Persons2013In: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 512-518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO) are that individuals should seek to maintain a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5-25 kg/m2, independent of age. However, there is an ongoing discussion whether the WHO recommendations apply to old (70 ≥ 80 years) and very old persons (80+ years). In the present study we examine how BMI status and change in BMI are associated with mortality among old and very old individuals.

    Design: Pooled data from three multidisciplinary prospective population-based studies OCTO-twin, GENDER, and NONA.

    Setting: Sweden.

    Participants: 882 individuals aged 70 to 95 years.

    Measurements: Body Mass Index was calculated from measured height and weight as kg/m2. Information about survival status and time of death was obtained from Swedish Civil Registration System

    Results: Mortality hazard was 20% lower for the overweight group relative to the normal/underweight group (RR = 0.80, p < .05), and the mortality hazard for the obese group did not differ significantly from the normal/underweight group (RR = 0.93, > .10), independent of age, education, and multimorbidity. Furthermore, mortality hazard was 141% higher for the BMI loss group relative to the BMI stable group (RR = 1.65, p < .05); and 178% higher for the BMI gain group relative to BMI stable group (RR = 1.53, p < .05).  However, the BMI change differences were moderated by age, i.e. the higher mortality risks associated with both loss in BMI and BMI gain were less severe in very old age.

    Conclusion: Old persons who were overweight had a decreased mortality risk compared to old persons having a BMI below 25, even after controlling for weight change and multimorbidity. Compared to persons who had a stable BMI those who increased or decreased in BMI had a higher mortality risk, particularly among people aged 70 to 80. This study lends further support for the opinion that the WHO guidelines are overly restrictive in old age.

  • 6300.
    Dahl, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Hassing, Linda
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Obesity and cognitive aging2013In: Epidemiologic reviews, ISSN 0193-936X, E-ISSN 1478-6729, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 22-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Obesity is a health problem that has reached epidemic proportions. Given the high prevalence of obesity, even a small adverse impact of obesity on cognitive aging might have a serious effect on public health. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relation between obesity and cognitive function in late life among persons not diagnosed with dementia and to evaluate the evidence for a causal association. Medline was used to search for the following terms: obesity, overweight, cognition, cognitive, age, and aged. To be included, studies must have had a population-based, dementia-free sample and a 5-year minimum interval between measurement of the predictor and the outcome. Only 11 studies met the criteria. Of these, 7 studies assessed obesity in midlife and cognitive function in later life, and 4 studies assessed obesity and cognitive function in late life. The reviewed studies showed clear evidence that midlife obesity was associated with cognitive aging, whereas this association was weaker in late life; thus, no firm conclusions could be drawn. The findings of this review suggest that, although there is evidence for an association between midlife obesity and low cognitive abilities in late life, the direction of the association and the causality remain to be clarified.

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