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  • 6051.
    Zhu, Li
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Xu, Dan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Marketing Strategic Change in Expansionof Disneyland: Cases Study of Disneyland's Overseas Expansion in Shanghai2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: The international theme park industry is growing but is also facing a series of bottleneck problems. Disneyland as one of the most famous theme parks, is trying to expand its kingdom to China. With the success and failure of the three previous oversea Disneyland, marketing strategic changes are becoming crucial and critical in the expansion of theme parks. Recognizing the elements that lead to strategic changes and generate proper strategies are preconditions of any successful expansion of theme parks, especially to Shanghai Disneyland

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to identify the main factors affecting Shanghai Disneyland’s marketing strategic changes. Through the empirical study, we are going to describe the strategic changes made in all oversea Disneyland and try to identify “the main drivers and motivations of strategic change for the future Shanghai Disneyland”.

    Method: In this thesis we have adopted the case study approach. Disneyland is one of the most famous theme parks over the world. The data was collected with the help of open ended interviews from high-level managers to ordinary employees in different Disneyland.

    Results: Disneyland is a successful example in its efforts to expand overseas. However, Paris Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland are not as profitable as expected. In the year 2012, Shanghai Disneyland is going to open. Based on the analysis of strategic changes Disney made in Tokyo, Paris, Hong Kong and Shanghai, authors will get the main drivers and motivations for these strategic changes.

  • 6052.
    Zienau, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    What Determines a Region’s Capacity to Integrate Refugees?: A Study of the Swedish Municipalities’ Characteristics and their Relationship with Integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current refugee crisis has affected many European countries, not least Sweden with the highest number of asylum applications per capita. The crisis has brought an intense discussion on how refugees should be allocated, both across the EU member states and on a sub-national level, and it has undoubtedly put current dispersion policies on trial. Through a study of Sweden’s 290 municipalities, this thesis aims to identify certain characteristics of a host region that facilitates integration, in order to see whether current dispersion policies are optimal, and if not, how they could be altered. Through simple and multiple OLS regressions certain characteristics have shown a clear relationship with integration (positive or negative), while some have been deemed irrelevant. As dispersion policies suggest, a larger population seems to facilitate integration. Also labor market conditions are as expected important, but it seems that the situation for youths is more relevant than the general condition. Finally, it seems as though an ethnically fractionalized population facilitates integration, although the process is aggravated as the refugee influx increases. As surprisingly little research has been conducted on this field, this thesis has only laid the foundation for the topic and further research is necessary. Still, the research has induced some doubts regarding the optimality of current dispersion policies, and this thesis suggests that additional factors should be taken into consideration when dispersion policies are elaborated.

  • 6053.
    Zinn, Marian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Johansson, Helen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Student Recruitment for the Mobile Generation: An Exploratory Study of Mobile Marketing Practices in the International Higher Education Industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In an increasingly market-driven and global higher education industry, characterized by growing international competition and the emergence of disruptive mobile technologies, higher education institutions (HEIs) are challenged to adopt innovative ways of marketing for student recruitment to sustain student enrollment numbers. Within this new landscape the concept of mobile marketing for student recruitment has become an important issue for HEIs. Mobile devices are playing an increasingly significant role in the decision-making process of potential students and this trend has created the need to adopt new forms of marketing through mobile devices to stay relevant with a new mobile generation of students.

    Purpose: Despite the growing significance of mobile marketing for HEIs, little is still known about the phenomenon of mobile marketing for student recruitment within a higher education setting. Hence, the purpose of this thesis was to fill this knowledge gap by exploring how and why mobile marketing can be used during the student recruitment process from the perspective of education-marketing practitioners.

    Method: The research gap addressed in this thesis called for existing mobile marketing concepts to be introduced to the field of higher education marketing. Hence, in alignment with abductive reasoning, the starting point of the research was the creation of a theoretical framework that integrates theory on mobile marketing tools with the student recruitment process. Subsequently, through a collective case study design, exploratory qualitative research was undertaken amongst ten universities and four education-marketing agencies to learn about exemplary cases of mobile marketing practice in HEIs. Empirical data was collected from semi-structured interviews with 16 informants, as well as relevant documents to gain a rich understanding of the phenomenon of mobile marketing for recruiting new students.

    Results & Contribution: This thesis extends the higher education marketing literature by making a first contribution towards conceptualising mobile marketing for student recruitment. The empirical study revealed ten major categories of mobile student recruitment tactics to engage with potential students on mobile devices, and provides new insights on how and for what purpose these tools can be used to recruit new students. Furthermore, a conceptual model of mobile marketing for student recruitment was developed, which helps to understand how mobile marketing can be applied to the student recruitment process. The study is particularly relevant for education marketers, as it provides practitioners with new knowledge about the opportunities presented by mobile marketing channels to communicate with their main target audience. Specifically, the study provides empirical evidence of mobile marketing practices in the industry and a set of specific recommendations. Additionally, the new model may provide a framework for developing a mobile recruitment strategy for HEIs.

  • 6054.
    Zolobova, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Björk, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sysoeva, Anastasia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rise of a Global Start-Up: A Study of the Internationalization Process of a Born Global Firm2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This study explores the internationalization pathway of the Born Global, The Company, when entering the Mexican market.

    Background

    Companies have recently started realizing the importance of “being green” for their customers. Market demand shifts towards more natural and renewable materials that can prevent damage and enhance the well-being of individuals and societies.  Therefore, the market for biodegradable materials is growing and is full of possibilities. Today, many additives suppliers operate globally. Born Global firms stand out with their approach to the internationalization process. It is interesting to find out the uniqueness of the Born Global firm’s internationalization pathway, their motivation and behavior.

    Method 

    Qualitative data was collected through two in-depth semi-structured interviews with two top management team members of The Company behind the case study. Before the two main interviews, 4 pre-interviews took place, which helped the authors to become familiar with the environment and operations of the company.  This data was complemented with secondary data obtained though literature reviews.  

    Conclusion

    The authors were able to find several gaps in the Integrative Model of Small Firms Internationalization, by Bell et al. (2003). Firstly, they found that not all Born Global firms have a Home market to return to. Secondly, it was clear that the model was too rigid in its segmentation of types of Born Global firms. According to the research done by the authors, a firm can act as both an innovator and adopter, as a “Knowledge-intensive” and “Knowledge-based” firm, and can target both a niche and a mass market simultaneously.

  • 6055.
    Zolotareva, Evgeniya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Korotina, Anastasija
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Using Online Surveys to Improve Customer Loyalty2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6056.
    Zou, Delong
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Post 80s employees' perceptions of typical Japanese business culture2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6057.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Multiple paths of development: knowledge bases and institutional characteristics of the Swedish food sector2016In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 589-606Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the relation between the critical knowledge base of firms and how firms respond to incentives embedded in the institutional framework surrounding them. The analysis gives us a better understanding of the complex development of the food sector in Southern Sweden in the past decades. Theoretically, the paper combines concepts of path dependency and knowledge bases, and applies this framework to a set of development trajectories of firms in the Scanian food sector. Three development paths are identifiedpath extension, path renewal and new path creation. Findings illustrate that these are rooted in different knowledge base combinations of firms, which make them respond differently to similar place- and sector-specific institutional conditions.

  • 6058.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Multiple paths of development: Knowledge bases and institutional characteristics of the Swedish food sector2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explain the complex development of the food sector in Southern Sweden in the past decades, focusing on the relation between institutions and innovation practices and taking into account the diversity of actors composing the sector. The paper develops a theoretical framework combining concepts of path dependency and knowledge bases, and applies it empirically. The three paths identified in the paper resemble path development via radical change, incremental change and diversification.

  • 6059.
    Zutautaite, Irma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Granlund, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Greenwashing and Codes of Conduct: Actions vs. Claims2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Greenwashing is a constantly growing phenomenon which is known to be an issue created by deceiving marketing strategies. The field of CSR is constantly ex- panding and greenwashing is one of the relatively new and very current issue in today’s society. Therefore the awareness of the issue need to be there for the public to be able to make more informed active decisions.

    Purpose: This thesis aim to shed light on the current day issue that is greenwashing and its connection to some of the most successful and fastest growing multinational compa- nies within the clothing and retail industry.

    Method: The thesis is based on a qualitative research approach with consist multiple case study of six multinational clothing and retail companies. The data has been collect- ed through website observations, news articles, media and through a questionnaire based on greenwashing awareness, which was analysed through a interlaced case com- parison.

    Conclusion: The observation made of six well known clothing brands showed the ex- istence of common trend of companies using a long and complicated way to implement their codes of conduct and therefore making the issue of greenwashing existent. Obvi- ously, this problem has a huge impact on any company’s stakeholders and the actual problem and controversy of this topic is how one could make rational and aware deci- sions if the essential information is difficult to access. Until this issue is highlighted in a public matter, people will stay unaware and inactive to find the information needed to make informed decisions.

  • 6060. Zygaki, Ioanna
    et al.
    Rosskamp, Kevin
    A study of GARCH and EVT approaches in modeling Value-at-Risk of Nordic equity markets2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6061. Álvarez, R
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bellone, F
    Brandt, L
    Castellani, D
    Damijan, J P
    Fariñas, J C
    Fernandes, A
    Fryges, H
    Görg, H
    Greenaway, D
    Wagner, J
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Understanding Cross-Country Differences in Exporter Premia: Comparable Evidence for 14 Countries2008In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 144, no 4, p. 596-635Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6062. Álvarez, Roberto
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bellone, Flora
    Brandt, Loren
    Castellani, Davide
    Damijan, Joze P.
    Fariñas, Jose C.
    Fernandes, Ana M.
    Fryges, Helmut
    Görg, Holger
    Greenaway, David
    Exports and productivity: comparable evidence for 14 countries2007Report (Other academic)
  • 6063.
    Åberg, Tomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lofthammar, Christian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ekonomisk och sportslig styrning i elitidrottsföreningar: En studie av Jönköpings stoltheter2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with the thesis is to describe how elite sport association´s deals with economic and athletic control. From the purpose we are going to analyse how the associations works to reach their objectives. We are also going to investigate which social aspects the as-sociations have in the society.

    We have chosen to define the thesis to sport associations. The associations we have chosen to work with is the ice hockey association HV71, the soccer association Jonkoping’s Södra IF and the handball association IF Hallby HK which athletically and organisational turns out in different levels where HV71 is the largest one and IF Hallby HK is the smallest.

    We used qualitative approach where we interviewed respondents from each association. This since we wanted to have a complete and a good comprehension for the chosen subject field.

    The thesis has shown that the extension of the professionalism in the sport associations are immediate abundant by how large the organisation is and how large the economic turnover the association has. When it comes to the control of the economic the associations has irrespective of the size a follow-up of the economy and budget that in major are equivalent to each other. Further on it has been shown that the further the organisation has been developed the more plain the associations works with pronounced visions and goals in the control of the organisation.

    When it comes to the sport associations and their social aspects we experience that they are well aware of about their important task to fill through their youth activities. In coopera

    tion with the municipality, the industry and the associations there is a lot left to develop. They all got their special interests but since they are active in the same city they also got common interests. If there are successful associations in the city they contribute to the lo-cal development.

  • 6064.
    Åberg, Tomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Lofthammar, Christian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Hållbar och framgångsrik?: samband mellan hållbarhetsprestanda och finansiella aspekter i börsföretag2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies have historically forced their interests through without any thoughts about the future needs of the humans and the society. In the last few years voices have been raised for a change, companies need to take their responsibility regarding sustainable development.

    The purpose of the report is to describe and explain possible relations between sustainabil-ity performance of companies and profitability, valuation, industry and size respectively.

    To be able to judge the sustainability performance of the companies Folksam (2006a) have been used. This is a solid investigation of the companies listed on the A- and O-lists of the Stockholm Stock Exchange by the end of 2005. The sustainability marks have been com-pared with the chosen key values for each hypothesis respectively. With this quantitative data as foundation, a quantitative approach and a deductive method have been used.

    In the first area of the investigation, profitability, the authors found correlation for the main hypothesis between sustainability performance and “Return on Total Assets” through a statistical test. The level of significance was very good and the correlation was lightly positive. The sub hypothesises showed no significance why a conclusion of relationship could not be drawn. Earlier studies in the area have mostly reported about positive relations which consequently are not supported. Regarding company valuation, the p/e-ratio is the most used key value and has therefore been chosen as main hypothesis. This investigation showed the best possible level of significance and a good, negative correlation. Further on the sub hypothesis did not show any significance. As the p/e-ratio is the key value of most importance the authors states a relationship between sustainability performance and valuation. This conclusion is in line with the earlier Swedish report by Hassel et.al. (2005) but contradicts the result from several foreign studies. The third investigation about the re-lationship between sustainability performance and industry showed a significant relation-ship. The industries which had the best sustainability performance were the Forest industry followed by “Vehicles & Mechanical engineering”, “Building” and “Mining & Metal”. Among the worst placed were different service industries like “IT”, “Media & Entertain-ment” and “Services”. This supports the theories which state that those with the highest risk regarding the influence on the environment and human rights also perform the best sustainability work. The last investigation was about the relationship between sustainability performance and the size of companies. The correlation test showed a palpable relation which also corresponds with the theories in the area. The relationship between sustainability performance and company size is positive.

  • 6065.
    Ågren, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lundquist, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Studies Abroad an Investment for the Future?: A Study of What is Valued in the Recruitment Process2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Boarders are shrinking, the world becomes more internationalized and the globalization of society has resulted in increasing demands on universities to adjust their education to the labor market. A growing interest among Swedish students to study abroad and re-ceive an international experience has increased as well. The changes in the environment have affected organizations’ recruitment processes and how they manage their human resources.

    Problem

    Today an ordinary education is not enough, you need to have something unique, some-thing that makes you stand out in the crowd. As a student you are encouraged to study abroad, and many view this as a possibility to broaden their competence. However, it is not known how future employers value and compensate this experience.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine how university studies abroad are valued when recruiting white-collar workers. The ambition is to provide prospective and current stu-dents with an understanding of the employers’ view of the subject.

    Method

    The empirical data have been gathered by using a qualitative approach and face-to-face interviews have been conducted with the human resource manager at eleven medium- and large-sized organizations, located in Norrköping, Linköping, and Jönköping.

    Conclusions

    We have come to the conclusion that it is difficult to determine specific competences that are preferable in the selection of white-collar workers, however the candidate’s unique competences are somehow reflected in the personality. Organizations view the study abroad experience as rewarding for the candidates personal development and ma-turity. The university study abroad experience might not be valued higher in the future, but the more knowledge and information available, the larger are the benefits for both the organizations and the candidates.

  • 6066.
    Ågren, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lundquist, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bengtsson, Åsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Studies Abroad - An Investment for the Future?: A Study of What is Valued in the Recruitment Process2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Boarders are shrinking, the world becomes more internationalized and the globalization of society has resulted in increasing demands on universities to adjust their education to the labor market. A growing interest among Swedish students to study abroad and receive an international experience has increased as well. The changes in the environment have affected organizations’ recruitment processes and how they manage their human resources.

    Problem

    Today an ordinary education is not enough, you need to have something unique, something that makes you stand out in the crowd. As a student you are encouraged to study abroad, and many view this as a possibility to broaden their competence. However, it is not known how future employers value and compensate this experience.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine how university studies abroad are valued when recruiting white-collar workers. The ambition is to provide prospective and current stu-dents with an understanding of the employers’ view of the subject.

    Method

    The empirical data have been gathered by using a qualitative approach and face-to-face interviews have been conducted with the human resource manager at eleven medium- and large-sized organizations, located in Norrköping, Linköping, and Jönköping.

    Conclusions

    We have come to the conclusion that it is difficult to determine specific competences that are preferable in the selection of white-collar workers, however the candidate’s unique competences are somehow reflected in the personality. Organizations view the study abroad experience as rewarding for the candidates personal development and ma-turity. The university study abroad experience might not be valued higher in the future, but the more knowledge and information available, the larger are the benefits for both the organizations and the candidates.

  • 6067.
    Ågren, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Ölund, Martina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Storytelling: A Study of Marketing Communication in the Hospitality Industry2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is an information surplus in the marketplace today and finding marketing resources that are both effective and affordable is difficult. As quantity and price has lost its competitive power and quality and symbolic meaning has become increasingly important, storytelling as a marketing mean can be one concept to apply, especially in the service sector.

    The hospitality industry is one of the largest service sectors, facing fierce competition. Many hotels have a story to share and storytelling is today a buzzword in the industry, but it has not received much attention in the academic world. Therefore, little is known about storytelling from a business administration perspective, more specifically marketing communication, which is our field of interest in this thesis.

    The purpose of this thesis is to study and analyze storytelling and how it is used as marketing communication in the Swedish hospitality industry.

    To fulfill our purpose, a qualitative study with an inductive approach was chosen as suitable. Primary data was gathered through interviews with managers from nine different hotels, which all work actively with storytelling. Theories regarding service marketing, marketing communications, and storytelling helped us to collect appropriate empirical data and also to structure the analysis.

    Storytelling in the hospitality industry is an identity or an image, and the purpose of using storytelling is to be remembered and to mediate a feeling. As a concept, it requires attributes and a certain level of truth is important to remain trustworthy. Furthermore, storytelling facilitates the communication process between the hotels and their customers and it often strengthens customers’ attitudes towards the hotel. Both private and business customers are attracted by stories, but it is easier to communicate the story to large groups during a conference. It is however difficult to mediate the whole concept through marketing communication tools as it is too compound. Storytelling facilitates an integrated marketing communication as it becomes an image and word of mouth is increased due to that people talk about the unexpected.

  • 6068.
    Åhlström, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Unger, Anton Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Arkrot, William
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Crowdfunding from a Marketing Perspective2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Raising funds through crowdfunding has experienced an accelerated growth for start-up companies. Moreover, recent literature suggests that crowdfunding has developed from being just a fundraising tool to a versatile marketing tool (Brown et al., 2016). Even though the marketing aspect of crowdfunding has been researched, there are no clear distinctions of explicitly what marketing values a crowdfunding campaign may entail. This study investigates the two dominating crowdfunding approaches for commercialized ventures, namely, reward- and equity-based crowdfunding. A gap in literature has been identified regarding differentiating reward- and equity-based crowdfunding, in terms of what marketing values they encompass from an entrepreneur’s point of view. The authors’ theoretical position comprehends a connection between crowdfunding and marketing values, which the authors aim to investigate through an exploratory approach. The empirical findings are based upon eleven face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with entrepreneurs who has launched a successful crowdfunding campaign and can thereby be considered experts in the field. Through the empirical findings, the authors were able to identify how each approach creates value for the company. The empirical findings suggest that there are convergences and divergences, differentiating reward- from equity-based crowdfunding. This study aims to support and guide entrepreneurs who want to start a crowdfunding campaign by giving the entrepreneurs directions depending on what marketing values they may seek.

  • 6069.
    Åhström, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Traffic Safety in Economic Development: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transportation system is a growing concern as economic development progresses. It has become one of the major causes of air pollution as well as deaths world-wide. Hence, the transportation system is not a sustainable path in the world today. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a fast developing economy with poor traffic safety. Hence, the purpose of the thesis is to examine the relationship between economic development and traffic safety in the UAE. This is achieved with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis, which indicates a positive relationship between economic development and road traffic fatalities initially. However, it will come to change into a negative relationship as the economy develops further. In addition, Institutional Theory states that institutions and organizations contribute to a successful economic development. In order to identify the development of traffic safety in the UAE, the characteristics concerning the issue in the country must be defined. Hence, a comprehensive analysis of the traffic safety in the UAE is carried out with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis and Institutional Theory. A regression analysis confirms that there is a relationship between traffic fatalities and economic development. Until today, traffic fatalities have increased with national GDP in the UAE. Yet there is no reason to believe that this relationship has changed for the better. However, according to Institutional Theory, an improvement may be achieved through active work. It is important for the public authorities in the UAE to set explicit goals, so that institutions and organizations are able to integrate and coordinate their struggle for a safer traffic.

  • 6070.
    Åkerlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bäckvall, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Drivkrafter och hinder för samverkan: En studie inom bil- och komponenttestverksamheten i Norrbotten2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This report has as purpose to identify driving forces and obstacles for collaboration within and in between industry- society- university in the car- and component test industry in the County of Norrbotten. The aim of the study is reached by describing the different initiatives for collaboration that exist today. Theoretical framework as trippel-helix, network, embeddedness, and challenges in regional collaboration are used to analyse secondary data and the qualitative interviews are made with key actors in the differ-ent collaboration areas.

    The different actors have different main goals with their businesses, but have created common initiatives to collaborate in different levels with the goal to develop the test industry and the region. The main driving forces have been identified as the local inhabi-tants’ and the entrepreneurs’ desire to live in a thinly settled region, which puts demand on developing the industry into a yearly basis. To be able to realize that, collaboration with higher education and society is of critical importance. The obstacles lay in the geo-graphical distances, low levels of trust among the actors, the different organization cultures and communication difficulties.

    In this report it is stated that prerequisites for reaching a higher level of triple helix within the car- and component test industry in the County of Norrbotten do exist, but the particular character of the industry makes the extent of social embeddedness and the establishment of shared security and owner contracts critical factors for the success.

    Thanks to

    The authors wish to thank their tutors Caroline Wigren and Jens Hultman for their guidance. Credit is also given to Visanu for the scholarship, which financed the collec-tion of the empirical primary data. Finally, the most important group for creating the report validity is our informants within the car- and component test-industry, for shar-ing your inspiring stories with us. Our families and friends who supported us in the creation of the report, thanks. Finally we thank each other.

  • 6071.
    Åkerlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Mattsson, Sofie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    What Value Can Trade Fairs Bring to Companies?: A Study of Elmia Subcontractors2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background Trade fairs have existed for a very long time but it is still one of the most popular marketing activities performed by companies. One big problem that has faced exhibiting companies for a long time is that it is hard to evaluate what value the trade fairs can bring to the exhibiting company. In rough economical times it is easy for the top management in a company to cut in the trade fair budget since commonly they do not have any numbers providing the benefits of exhibiting. Jönköping is a region where many subcontracting companies are located and it is also seen as a central place in Sweden by many companies since it is ‘close’ to everything. The subcontracting companies do not have any own products but instead make them in close collaboration with their customers. Therefore the meeting with customers is of great importance and the fair is an important medium for meeting with the industry.

    Purpose The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what value the trade fairs bring to the exhibiting subcontracting companies in the Jönköping region.

    Method The method that has been used in this thesis is qualitative with deep interviews with eight companies exhibiting at Elmia Subcontractors. This was done in order to gather data from many companies with different views and perspectives of what value is and what value that trade fairs can bring to their companies. The study is of descriptive character since this is corresponding to the qualitative method used.

    Result The value that the companies receive from the trade fair participation can be summed up in the word quality in the sense of the qualitative meeting, the message, the experience, the image of being economically stable and trust-worthy, to strengthen contacts, to strengthen the brand, internal and financial value, the value in seeing new possibilities, to present new brands and to meet new target groups. In order to ease an evaluation of the fair, the exhibitors should set more short term goals that are easier to measure and that are easier to connect only to the fair.

  • 6072.
    Åsforsen, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Oldengård, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nilsson, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leader – Employee Exchange: A review of trust and relationships at IVT2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6073.
    Öberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Björmsjö, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Koll på SOX: En fallstudie av implementeringen av SAP GRC Version 10  inom delar av ABB-koncernen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master Thesis in Business Administration within the Civilekonomprogram at Jönköping International Business School

    Title                                   Keeping track of SOX – A case study of the implementation of SAP GRC Version 10 in parts of the ABB Group

    Authors                              Lars Björmsjö, Jacob Öberg

    Tutor                                                        Gunnar Rimmel

    Subject terms            GRC, internal control, SAP, Sarbanes-Oxley Act

    Abstract

    Background (and problem): In the reflections of the accountings scandals that occurred in the beginning of this millennium, legislations have tightened to prevent this kind of event to reoccur. Legislations like SOX provide clear directives on how companies should strengthen their internal controls. Compliance with SOX is a costly affair when, they place heavy demands on internal controls and systems to manage the increased controls. Problem discussion to this thesis is based on the requirements to comply with SOX and how an international company can use a tool like SAP GRC to meet the stricter requirements 

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to conduct a case study on how the process behind the implementation of SAP GRC version 10 looks in a multi-national company such as ABB and the role played by SOX in the implementation process.

    Delimitations: The authors have chosen to delimitate thesis merely to look at the implementation of SAP GRC, and do not look at other players at the market, nor their GRC solutions. Furthermore, the authors have chosen to only look at the implementation of SAP GRC at ABB in the United Kingdom.

    Method: The study has only a qualitative approach. The study is a case study which means that personal contact in the form of telephone interviews has been the only method to gather data for empirical choose of the authors.

    Results and Conclusions: The authors' conclusion of the study acknowledges that SOX has a very important role in the implementation of SAP GRC, and is the main reason for the implementation. Furthermore, it has emerged that the implementation is a very comprehensive work, which is very costly in both monetary and time measures. However the authors have concluded that implementing SAP GRC is the most efficient and cost effective way to comply with SOX from an ABB perspective.

    Discussion: According to the authors opinion there are a few areas for improvement in the use of GRC at ABB, in order to get the most out of the tool and to streamline the management of risks. Due to the lack of current research within the field, the authors would find it very interesting if a scientifically based definition of GRC would be investigated.

     

  • 6074.
    Öbrink, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kian, Leila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Flows and Bottlenecks: Study of the physical flow of goods to and from the Region of Jönköping County and the possible bottlenecks2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A considerable amount of research has concentrated on the modes of transportation. Research has tended to focus on the growth and trends of the different modes of transportation on the national scale. Very little research has been undertaken into each region, and even less on those factors that prevent or act as barriers for transportation of goods in each region. Furthermore, very little research has been undertaken that examines the bottlenecks of the transportation flows in Jönköping.

    By interviewing the main actors in the region, this thesis identifies the main product flow in the Jönköping County. The study also examines the perceived bottlenecks to transportation of goods that logistics companies face. In conducting the study, the main impediments to transportation flows were identified, analysed and ranked. The findings indicate that there are many common bottlenecks between firms in Jönköping. The study also, to an extent, supports findings that have been made in studies carried out previously by other researchers.

  • 6075.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Experience in Shopping Centers: An Accessibility Analysis of Swedish Shopping Centers2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how market size impacts the level of economic success, diversity, entertainment, arts, and experience of shopping centers in Sweden. More specifically the paper uses regression analyses to test the relation between different forms of shopping center performance and market size. The results show that the municipality market size plays an important role in all analyzed cases. The results also showed that local labor market size does not have a significant impact on the dependent variables.

     

  • 6076.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Location and Co-location in Retail: A Probabilistic Approach Using Geo-coded Data for Swedish Metropolitan Retail Markets2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper offers a unique empirical approach to detect co-location patterns in the retail sector. We analyse the co-location of retail service establishments in Sweden by using geo-coded data. We pinpoint each establishment in Sweden down to a 250 by 250 metre square. Our analysis captures a general pattern for the co-location of different types of retailing activities, also taking into account several spatial attributes of location. We study the three major retail markets in Sweden (Stockholm, Malmö, and Gothenburg). We position the paper within a framework in which the presence of an economic activity in space is explained by the spatial attributes of the place as well as the nature of the economic activity. Our empirical design follows a probabilistic approach, whereby the probability of finding a particular type of retailing activity in a square is explained by the presence of similar and different kinds of retailing activities in the respective square, as well as by the characteristics of their location. We select three major and distinct types of retailing stores: clothing, household appliances, and specialized stores. Our findings are well in line with the propositions of bid rent theory and central place theory for retail markets. We further document negative location tendencies between shops that sell frequently purchased products and shops that sell durables. Moreover, our results highlight the importance of demand in the close surroundings, which is particularly strong for small-scale establishments.

  • 6077.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    RETAIL CITY: Does accessibility to shops explain place attractiveness?2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the role of retail as an amenity and how it contributes to place attractiveness. In this investigation the impact of accessibility to shops on average house prices is investigated using a fixed effect estimation. The analysis use data for Swedish municipalities through the years 2002-2008. The empirical design is constructed using the across-cities spatial equilibrium framework of Roback (1982), and house prices are assumed to reflect the attractiveness of municipalities. In order to capture the precise impact from retail access, mean wages, population density, unemployment, leisure service concentration, and municipal tax levels are controlled for. Results indicate a strong relationship between retail access and place attractiveness, where a retail-premium on house prices is found to be present for Swedish municipalities.

  • 6078.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops2017In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 72-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Retail city: the relationship between place attractiveness and accessibility to shops. Spatial Economic Analysis. This paper explores the role of retailers as an urban amenity. Using data for Swedish rural and city municipalities for 2002–08, ‘accessibility-to-shops’ measures are constructed for the shops in the municipalities and the hosting regions separately to examine the relationship between consumption possibilities and place attractiveness in a spatial continuum. Place attractiveness is proxied by a Q ratio for Swedish housing investment based on Tobin’s Q. Access to stores within municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant for the place attractiveness of city municipalities, whereas no such relationship is evident for rural municipalities.

  • 6079.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Retail Location2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis in hand presents four individual chapters, all of which explore the spatial aspects of the retail sector. The theoretical framework used in all four papers is vastly rooted in the urban and regional economics literature. Using novel data from Sweden for the application of various econometric methods, the thesis investigates (i) the distance sensitivity of demand and market reach for various types of retail activities, (ii) the spatial composition of retail markets and co-location patterns between the various branches of the sector, (iii) the spatial determinants of independent retailers’ productivity, and (iv) the relationship between the retail sector and place attractiveness.

    The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) establishes a methodological framework for estimating distance decay and market accessibility for various types of retail activities given a lack of consumer data. The paper addresses the heterogeneous nature of the sector and provides a solid categorization for various types of retail activities. The second paper (coauthored with Johan P. Larsson) employs a unique empirical approach to characterize the location and co-location of retailers in the metropolitan markets. The analysis captures the co-location tendencies between various types of retailers at a highly disaggregated  geographical level, where the importance of access to demand in the pertinent urban landscape is also accentuated.

    In the third paper, I investigate the spatial determinants of retail productivity. The focus of the paper is on the influence of market size and regional hierarchy on the productivity of independent retailers. The results show a higher productivity premium from the immediate market potential for stores located in central markets compared to stores located in non-central markets. On the other hand, regional market potential is found to play an equally important role for the productivity of stores located both in central and non-central markets. In the fourth paper, I address the role of retail as an urban amenity. In the empirical analysis, to capture the relevance of consumption possibilities for place attractiveness, “access to stores” measures are constructed for both the municipal and regional levels. Although consumption possibilities in the region are found to be positively associated with the place attractiveness of both rural and city municipalities, store access in municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant only for the place attractiveness of city municipalities.

  • 6080.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy2018In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 711-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non-central markets.

  • 6081.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    RETURNS TO LOCATION IN RETAIL: Investigating the relevance of market size and regional hierarchy2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates returns to location in the retail sector and further analyzes the systematic variations across central and peripheral retail markets, as well as across different types of retailing activities. The empirical design utilizes individual level data, where the earnings of individuals working in the retail sector are used as a proxy for retail performance, which allows for a comparison across different types of retailing activities, although the sector as a whole is highly heterogeneous. In order to capture the urban-periphery interaction in retail markets, an accessible market potential measure is used, which allows for capturing the impact from potential demand in close proximity, in the region and from outside of the region separately. In the analysis, the impacts of spatial, store, and individual characteristics are analyzed for four types of retailing activities: food retailing, clothing, household retailing and specialized stores. The results are in line with previous theoretical arguments that rely on traditional location theories. There is a distinct variation between urban and peripheral retail markets, as well as between different types of retailing activities. Market size in close proximity is found to play an important role for stores selling goods for frequent purchase, whereas the relevant market extends beyond municipal borders for retailers selling goods for less frequent purchase. The competition effect is evident for non-central markets, driven from close proximity to large central markets.

  • 6082.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Does ethnic enclaves foster immigrant entrepreneurship? The Swedish experience2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6083.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Location of leisure: the New Economic Geography of leisure services2017In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding more about the geographic location of leisure services is an important quest for research. For a long time now in developed economies, almost all employment growth is occurring within the service sector. In this sector, leisure services are fast growers. This means that the location of these services is important for economic growth and for employment opportunities of local market areas. Regional policy-makers time and again highlight these sectors as future engines of growth. This paper investigates the role of local demand in determining the availability and the scale of various types of leisure services. The analysis is motivated by observed regularities that indicate large and persistent interregional differences in the location and growth of leisure services. Based on a New Economic Geography framework, we investigate the role of local and regional demand for the size of leisure services in geographically separate markets in Sweden. We use data for 290 Swedish municipalities for the period 2002–2013 and run year-municipality fixed-effects regressions. Our main findings suggest a strong dependency on local demand, and less on the demand originating from other regions.

  • 6084.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Which retail services are co-located?2014In: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 281-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Which retail services are co-located in space? Is it possible to categorize retail stores of different kinds with respect to their location pattern? Acknowledging the spatial dependency between different and similar kinds of retailing activities, the aim of this paper is to find if and to what extent co-location is present in a retail market and what kind of retailing activities are co-located.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors analyse the co-location of different types of retail stores in Sweden by using geo-coded data. The data they use allows them to pinpoint each establishment in Sweden down to a 250 by 250m square in space. First, they identify a measure of co-location for each retail service by utilizing pairwise correlations between the different retail service establishments with respect to the squares in which they are present. Later, by using the finest level of industrial categorization for all physical retailing activities (and limiting their geographical unit to the Stockholm metropolitan market), they perform factor analysis to nest these retailing activities under relevant categories based on their co-location pattern.

    Findings – In this analysis the authors obtain four major factors for the squares with retail stores, in which several kinds of retail activities are nested. These factors reveal a certain degree of location commonality for the markets in question.

    Originality/value – The authors' empirical design is based on a highly disaggregated spatial information and the methodology is novel in a sense that it has not been used to address a similar question. Rather than sampling, the authors use the total population, where they take all physical retailing activities into account to be able to draw a general picture for the co-location phenomena in the entire retail market.

  • 6085.
    Örn, Marcus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Zaar, Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Dahl, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kassaflödesvärdering: En studie i hur antagandena påverkar företagsvärdet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Antalet svenskar som sparar i aktier har på 20 år mer än fördubblats. Värderingsmetoderna har genom tiderna förändrats. Kassaflödesvärdering dominerar för tillfället tillvägagångssätten att värdera företag/aktier. Det debatteras huruvida kassaflödesvärdering är en pålitlig metod eller ej. Det finns flera kassaflödesmodeller att välja bland. Modellerna bygger på många komplexa antaganden som kan påverka resultatet av värderingen.

    Syfte

    Syftet med undersökningen är att: undersöka och analysera hur kassaflödesmodeller används vid aktievärdering samt hur vridbarheten påverkar användbarheten. Vidare ska vi presentera vilka viktiga antaganden som behövs göras för kassaflödesmodeller och uppvisa hur de inverkar på kassaflödesvärderingen.

    Metod

    Utifrån syftet valdes att använda en kvalitativ metod med personliga och telefonintervjuer som verktyg. Valet av metodansats och verktyg baserades på att djupgående information behövdes för att uppnå syftet

    Slutsats

    Det finns ett flertal kassaflödesmodeller att välja bland; Dividend-Discount modellen, Fritt KassaFlöde till Aktieägare modellen, och Fritt KassaFlöde till Företaget modellen. Undersökningen visade att det är Fritt KassaFlöde till Företaget modellen som nästan uteslutande används mest. Det finns tre olika varianter av dessa kassaflödesmodeller; en med en konstant fas av tillväxt, en med två faser av tillväxt och en med tre olika faser av tillväxt. Det är varianten som behandlar tre olika faser av tillväxt som uteslutande används mest. Anledningen till detta är at den är närmast tillväxtförfarandet i verkligheten. Kassa-flödesmodellerna bygger på komplexa antaganden som i hög grad påverkar värdet, de är alltså vridbara. De antaganden som påverkar värdet mest är: tillväxten, diskonteringsfaktorn och räntan. En ökning i tillväxtantagandet ökar värdet. Ökar diskonteringsfaktorn kommer värdet att minska. Räntan påverkar inte värdet i så stor utsträckning men förändringar i räntan påverkar andra antagandena. Kassaflödesmodellernas vridbarhet har bevisats begränsa användbarheten. Kassaflödesvärdering bör användas som ett komplement till andra värderingsmetoder.

  • 6086.
    Östberg, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Syk, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Budget and Employment Effects of a Change in the Payroll tax: For the manufacturing sector2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is examining the effects of a decrease in the payroll tax and the responding effect on the state budget. The emphasis is on the change in the number of employments for the manufacturing sector as a result of a decrease in the payroll tax. In order to analyze the effect a decrease in payroll tax has on employment, the elasticity of labor demand has been calculated. The result of this regression is significant, and therefore it can be concluded that a change in the payroll tax will have an effect on employment in the manufacturing sector. Since elasticity of labor demand is inelastic, the change in payroll tax will have a small impact on employment. The results of various surveys conducted in other countries are consistent with the findings of this thesis.

  • 6087.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Hartmann, Benjamin Julien
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    The Return of the Living Dead: An Exploration of Brands in Liminal Market Space2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6088.
    Österberg, Emmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lundell, Emil
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lindahl, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How Micro Retailers Remain Competitive and Successful: A Case Study of Våran Kåk2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive environment in today’s retail industry, with large corporations as well as increased competition from e-commerce, has resulted in the share of sales of micro retailers declining and their competitive position weakened in relation to the larger organisations. However, there are still micro retailers that have been able to stay successful.

    This thesis has implemented an in-depth case study of Våran Kåk, a micro retailer within the apparel sector in Jönköping. Våran Kåk has been able to remain successful despite the increased competition within their industry. The empirical investigation consists of interviews conducted with a manager as well as an employee at Våran Kåk, mystery shops and observations in order to gain an understanding of what makes them successful.

    The research resulted in a model for successful micro retailers, describing how micro retailers can remain successful and competitive in the tough market climate by giving good perceived service, building profitable relationships and having their customers remain loyal.

  • 6089.
    Österlund, Urban
    University of Borås.
    Inconsistency and ambiguity in the research on capital structure2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6090.
    Österlund, Urban
    University of Borås.
    Inconsistency and ambiguity in the research on capital structure2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6091.
    Österlund, Urban
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Effects of capital structure, composition of managament team and performance among Swedish SME companies2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6092.
    Österlund, Urban
    et al.
    University of Borås.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Quasi-markets and abnormal growth: The case of the Swedish personal assistant industry2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6093.
    Östlund, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Kierkegaard, Kristian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Uranium Mining Industry: -A valuation of uranium mining companies2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Over the last three years uranium prices have soard from US $14 per pound (lb) to the current price of US $120/lb and this rapid incline of the commodity have created a boom within the uranium prospecting and min-ing industry. There are currently 435 nuclear reactors all over the world and these reactors demand 180 millions of pounds of uranium each year to run at full production. Currently the uranium mining industry only sup-plies 110 million pounds of the demanded quantity. The remaining 70 mil-lion pounds are coming from secondary sources such as decommissioned nuclear warheads and other sources. Market estimations say that the sec-ondary sources will only cover the shortage up until around 2012 then primary sources have to supply almost the whole quantity demanded. These factors imply that some sort of analysis model for uranium mining companies would be needed.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this report is to valuate three companies within the ura-nium industry and to establish if the current market value is coherent with the fundamental value of these companies. The authors will propose a valuation model that could be used when valuating companies within the uranium industry.

    Method:

    A qualitative method has been used in order to value three companies within the uranium mining business that are fairly large players on the market. The valuation of these companies is based upon a discounted cash flow analysis, a relative PV valuation and relative valuation. The compa-nies included in the report are corporations that are quoted at Toronto Stock Exchange and they have started mining uranium. Data have been collected through annual reports and the companies Internet pages. Other secondary information such as valuation theories has been collected from academic search engines and books on the subjects.

    Conclusions:

    The current market values of uranium mining companies are not coherent with the actual fundamental values according to the authors. Both funda-mental and a comparative approach could be used when valuing these companies and the most important part in the valuation is to try and fore-cast the commodity price and then to estimate the companies possible mining reserve/extractable resources.

  • 6094.
    Östman, Beata
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Trade with emission allowances: the impact on the Swedish paper and pulp industry´s competitiveness2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2005 a trading scheme with emission allowances, including carbon dioxide (CO2), was introduced in Europe. This has influenced the electricity price as well as the price of CO2 emitting production. The paper and pulp industry uses a high share of electricity and emits CO2 and is therefore chosen. This industry is investigated to see if the competitiveness for the industry has been influenced by the emission trading scheme. Since the trial period is too short to give any clear results, USA has been investigated to make comparisons with Sweden. Different theories about the subject together with electricity price and production price data from Statistiska Centralbyrån. A competitiveness model is calculated with help from production prices and show that Sweden has become relatively more competitive compared to the USA since 1995. A reason for this can be the introduction of an emission trading scheme in the USA in 1995. If this is the case, the Swedish paper and pulp industry can face a decrease in competitiveness in the near future.

  • 6095.
    Östman, Beata
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Jonsson, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Taxes on fossil fuels: an incentive for FDI within the biofuel industry2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for biofuels has increased over the last 30 years and at the same time period the price of oil has risen. In this thesis we have investigated the impact that taxes on fossil fuels had on the demand for biofuels between 1970 and 2003. We have looked at five different fossil fuels; the chosen fuels are the most frequently used. A large impact would lead to an increase in the biofuel market in Sweden and therefore make Sweden a more attractive alternative for foreign investors. The result might indicate trends towards the conclusion that high taxes gets more effective the larger the biofuel market becomes, this since adequate substitutes for fossil fuels are required. Unfortunately, most of our results show insignificant results and therefore no strong conclusions can be drawn.

  • 6096.
    Överli, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wiklund, Anton
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    IPOs on the Swedish Market: An investigation of underpricing and long-term underperformance on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6097. Özturkcan, Selcen
    Cultural Recognition in One-to-One Internet Advertising2002Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the world is interconnected through a complex web of transnational networks and the freer flow of trade, the challenges of making local adjustments in marketing activities are more acute now then ever before. Internet is helping to eliminate the distance between nations and between consumers. However, it appears that the emphasis is still on treating customers worldwide as part of one homogenous segment. For example, English is still taken as the net Latin by many firms and predominates most of net communications. Marketers need to take the Internet seriously to reconsider the potential as well as the limitation it possesses in realizing the impact of cultural differences. Apart from language, which is an important element in culture, knowledge of traditions and customs of a specific culture and integration of this knowledge with advertising activities on the internet would differentiate the marketing activity from the similar ones that are being run as well as resulting in higher attention and better interpretation levels. This paper focuses on the use of the Internet for reaching micro segments that recognize cultural differences in the global market place. Doing so, it emphasizes the importance of realizing the differences in language, religion, and specific tastes in advertising activities on the Internet. The varying contributions of these elements to interpretations of messages are determined and policies to be implemented for higher attention rates are suggested. In addition, the challenges exist there of on the Internet, such as presence of inhomogeneous infrastructure facilities and specific consumer concerns are explored throughout the paper. The differences in consumer concerns are sough and the changing availability of Internet, telephony, computer, and legal issues are studied. Finally, the types of firms and industries that can utilize the provided policies for capturing cultural differences are examined. Internet is a very important tool both in terms of communicating messages to micro segments and also for targeting specifically these segments. However, strategies to be implemented in Internet advertisement should be given special emphasis in order to tailor them according to the varieties in cultures. Global Internet advertising mainly promises a potential for services businesses. Both the businesses themselves and the advertisement activities are open to adjustments. Cultural differences can easily be recognized in the activities of services marketing on the Internet due to their flexible natures.

  • 6098.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Game Prosumption2018In: Encyclopedia of Computer Graphics and Games / [ed] Newton, Lee, Cham: Springer, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6099.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Istanbul Technical University, Turkey.
    Identification in Hyper-Loyalty Brand Communities2007In: The Making of Cult Brands / [ed] Swapna Gopalan, Icfai University Press, 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6100.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Ozyegin University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Identification in Hyper-Loyalty Brand Communities2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades, marketers sought "the strategy" for building brand loyalty. When they succeeded in achieving extreme brand loyalty with customers, marketers simply followed the same template for other products and brands without bothering to examine the deeper, phenomenological processes involved with such loyal consumer behavior. Extreme brand loyalty can be thought of as consumer communities (Muniz & O'Guinn, 2001) created around and directed by particular brands--hyperloyalty as defined by McAlexander and Schouten (1998), and Ebstein, Betou, Storakers and Torner (1999). It is critical to comprehend the underlying motives that exist in the marketplace for longterm sustained competitive advantage. Hunt (2002) states that effectiveness and efficiency are the keys for advantageous resources, but are these two criteria sufficient for a full and complete understanding of consumer hyper-loyalty?

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