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  • 601.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Government decentralization and disaster impact, an exploratory study2013In: Building Resilience 2013: Individual, institutional and societal coping strategies to address the challenges associated with disaster risk : book of abstracts / [ed] Martin Hall, Salford: University of Salford , 2013, no 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the link between decentralization and the impact of natural disasters through empirical analysis. It addresses the issue of the importance of the role of local government in disaster response through different means of decentralization. By studying data available for 50 countries, it allows to develop the knowledge on the role of national government in setting policy that allows flexibility and decision making at a local level and how this devolution of power influences the outcome of disasters. The study uses Aaron Schneider’s definition and rankings of decentralization, the EM-DAT database to identify the amount of people affected by disasters on average per year as well as World Bank Indicators and the Human Development Index (HDI) to model the role of local decentralization in mitigating disasters. With a multivariate regression it looks at the amount of affected people as explained by fiscal, administrative and political decentralization, government expenses, percentage of urbanization, total population, population density, the HDI and the overall Logistics Performance Indicator (LPI). The main results are that total population, the overall LPI and fiscal decentralization are all significant in relation to the amount of people affected by disasters for the countries and period studied. These findings have implication for government’s policies by indicating that fiscal decentralization by allowing local governments to control a bigger proportion of the countries revenues and expenditures plays a role in reducing the amount of affected people in disasters. This can be explained by the fact that local government understand their own needs better in both disaster prevention and response which helps in taking the proper decisions to mitigate the amount of people affected in a disaster. The reduction in the implication of national government might also play a role in reducing the time of reaction to face a disaster. The main conclusion of this study is that fiscal control by local governments can help reduce the amount of people affected by disasters.

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  • 602.
    Valtersson, Adele
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Abelholt, Philippa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    "Protect our planet from Trump": En studie om miljöorganisationen Sierra Clubs ökade stöd efter presidentskiftet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the evolution of the environmental organisation Sierra Club, in relation to the United States presidential election in 2016, through a theoretical perspective. It examines if the theories of framing and political opportunity structures can explain the organisation’s success. The political context was analysed using McAdam’s four dimensions of political opportunity structures in order to determine its restrictions for social movements. A content analysis was applied to Sierra Club’s Twitter posts from a three week period in 2016 and 2015 respectively for the purpose of comparing the rhetoric during the two different time periods based on the key concepts of Benford and Snow’s framing theory. The results show that the election itself contributed to instability between elite alignments while Sierra Club’s Twitter-posts changed tone to become more aggressive and more specific in focusing the blame. The chosen theories proved suitable for analysing the occurrence but we cannot however disregard the possibility of other results emerging when using a different theoretical approach.

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  • 603. Vasto, Sonya
    et al.
    Colonna-Romano, Giuseppina
    Larbi, Anis
    Wikby, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Caruso, Calogero
    Pawelec, Graham
    Role of persistent CMV infection in configuring T cell immunity in the elderly2007In: Immunity & Ageing, ISSN 1742-4933, no 4, p. no.2-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 604.
    Vestling, Veronika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Forsberg, Viktoria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

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  • 605.
    von Essen, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Svedberg, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Folk i rörelse: medborgerligt engagemang 1992-20142015Report (Other academic)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 606.
    Wallin, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Cross-cultural interview studies using interpreters: systematic literature review.2006In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 55, no 6, p. 723-735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This paper reviews how the interpreter's role is described in empirically based, qualitative cross-cultural interview studies and how trustworthiness is determined. BACKGROUND: Increased immigration during the past decades has created a multiethnic society in many countries. This development poses a challenge to healthcare staff, in that they need to understand how people from different cultures experience health and illness. One way to assess immigrants' experiences is through cross-cultural interview studies, involving an interpreter. Thorough knowledge of the interpreter's role is needed in order to increase the trustworthiness of this kind of nursing research. METHOD: Literature searches were conducted from October to November 2004 using PubMed, CINAHL, Psycinfo, Sociological abstract, Your Journals@ovid, and Eric databases. Qualitative interview studies written in English and performed with an interpreter were included. The Matrix Method was used to review the literature. FINDINGS: In almost all of the 13 relevant papers found, the role of the interpreter(s) in the research process was only sparsely described. In addition, all studies except one employed different techniques to established trustworthiness. The most common techniques were prolonged engagement, member check or triangulation, the latter performed either on the data, investigators or methods. CONCLUSION: Methodological issues with respect to interpreters have received only limited attention in cross-cultural interview studies. Researchers in the field of nursing need to consider (1) the interpreter's role/involvement in the research process; (2) the interpreter's competence and the style of interpreting; (3) the interpreter's impact on the findings. This information is a prerequisite when trying to determine the trustworthiness of a cross-cultural study.

  • 607.
    Wallin, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Löfvander, Monica
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Diabetes: a cross-cultural interview study of immigrants from Somalia.2007In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 11C, p. 305-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe how diabetic immigrants from Somalia experience everyday life in Sweden and how they manage diabetes-related problems, with inclusion of a gender perspective. Background: To treat and care for minority populations successfully, healthcare staff in Sweden must thoroughly understand the illness experiences of different ethnic groups. However, no studies have so far been reported that focus on immigrants from Somalia with diabetes. Design: Descriptive, qualitative interview study with 19 diabetic adults born in Somalia and now living in Sweden. Method: Cross-cultural interviews with the aid of an interpreter. The transcribed interviews were subjected to qualitative latent content analysis, resulting in sub-themes and themes. Results: Four themes emerged: experience of distress in everyday life; everyday life continues as before; comprehensibility gives a feeling of control; and being compliant. A major finding was the variation in how the participants managed the fasting month of Ramadan. Several participants fasted and did not see the diabetes as an obstacle, others did see it as an obstacle or indicated that fasting was not compulsory for a sick person. Conclusions: This study provides healthcare staff with information about how a minority group experience and manage diabetes. The results indicate the importance of considering cultural background, as well as religious traditions such as Ramadan, in diabetes care. They also indicate that men and women differ in their reaction to diabetes and that care should be adapted to this. Relevance for clinical practice: It is important to develop evidence-based guidelines for diabetes care in ethnic groups that are fasting during Ramadan to prevent complications and promote relevant self-care. Further, the prescribed dietary advice must be culturally appropriate.

  • 608. Wennström, Karin
    Vem tolkar evigheten?: Manliga normer, kvinnliga attityder eller mänskliga metaforer?1993In: Tro mot tradition: om den frikyrkliga identiteten / [ed] Erik Amnå och Lena Johannesson, Stockholm: Carlssons , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 609.
    Westerdahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Jonsson, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hemlöshet bland äldre: -Ett komplext fenomen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to develop a thorough understanding of the representation of homeless older people and an insight into contributing factors as to why they remain homeless. To meet the purpose of the study, qualitative interviews have been conducted with organizations that come into contact with older people in homeless situations. Themes have been identified based on the experiences that describe the current situation of the elderly in homeless situations including the contributing factors and the amount of time spent in homelessness. The themes detail how the elderly are excluded from various relief efforts and how the backbreaking life can be, and also suggestions for homelessness preventive measures. These themes were interpreted on an individual basis and a structural approach and standards, normalization, and categorization. The study's conclusion highlights the importance of further study in this area, specifically in relation to the biological age significance in relation to the social support system categorizations. Another important factor is to study the differences between long and short-term homelessness in older people.

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  • 610.
    Wikby, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ferguson, Frederick
    Forsey, Rosalyn
    Thompson, Julie
    Strindhall, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Nilsson, Bengt-Olof
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Pawelec, Graham
    Johansson, Boo
    An immune risk phenotype, cognitive impairment, and survival in very late life: impact of allostatic load in Swedish octogenarian and nonagenarian humans.2005In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535X, Vol. 60, no 5, p. 556-565Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 611.
    Wikby, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nilsson, Bengt-Olof
    Forsey, Rosalyn
    Thompson, Julie
    Strindhall, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Pawelec, Graham
    Ferguson, Frederick
    Johansson, Boo
    The immune risk phenotype is associated with IL-6 in the terminal decline stage: findings from the Swedish NONA immune longitudinal study of very late life functioning.2006In: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, ISSN 0047-6374, E-ISSN 1872-6216, Vol. 127, no 8, p. 695-704Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 612.
    Wikby, Kerstin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Avd. för omvårdnad, Linköpings universitet.
    Christensson, Lennart
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Implementation of a nutritional programme in elderly people admitted to resident homes2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 421-430Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 613.
    Wikby, Kerstin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Christensson, Lennart
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nutritional status in elderly people admitted to community residential homes: Comparisons between two cohorts.2006In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 232-238Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 614.
    Wikby, Kerstin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Fägerskiöld, Astrid
    The willingness to eat: An investigation of appetite among elderly people.2004In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 120-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 615.
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, School of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom.
    Proud to be a woman: Womanhood, old age, and emotions2016In: Journal of Women & Aging, ISSN 0895-2841, E-ISSN 1540-7322, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 334-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes its starting point in the discussions regarding intersecting discourses of gender and age and the lived experience of older women. The main objective is to discuss the experience of womanhood among older women and to demonstrate their active role in creating spaces for themselves and their friends and affecting each other. The study is based on narrative interviews with female members of the University of the Third Age (U3A). The main findings describe older women who actively engage with discourses of gender to embark on positive constructions of womanhood. They create their own spaces for women’s activism that are filled with positive emotions mobilized to support each other. This article discusses such findings and their relevance to the study of old age and gender. As a result, it serves as an invitation to think and feel differently about older women and their experience of womanhood.

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  • 616.
    Wilson, Isabel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. Globala studier.
    Andersson, Clara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication. Globala studier.
    Arktiskt självstyre eller arktiskt självintresse?: Begränsad frigörelse för den arktiska ursprungsbefolkningen inom nationalstater2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This multiple case study has the purpose of examining how the Arctic indigenous population is given regional influence in issues that directly or indirectly are affecting their traditional livelihoods in the Arctic areas belonging to Russia, the United States, Canada, Denmark (Greenland) and Norway. The study applies the method of Ethnographic Content Analysis and uses the international relation theories of liberalism and realism to analyze the nations’ Arctic policies and institutional processes that affects their Arctic indigenous population. The matter of influence within the states institutional processes is of vital significance for the continued survival of the Arctic indigenous population, and since the Arctic is believed to become a new global area of development, it is important to identify the dangers that bad strategies, policies, legal framework and cooperation could create in relation to the well-being of the Arctic indigenous people. The result of the study show that the Arctic is important both as a geostrategic and an economic perspective for the countries, which limits or obstruct the influence given to the indigenous peoples in issues affecting both parties. The majority of the countries recognize the Arctic indigenous peoples’ human rights, but the countries differ in both how the rights are implemented and to what extent the indigenous population are part of the implementation. The difference lies especially in how power is distributed between the state and the indigenous people, where some countries showcase a strong centralized power within the government and other states devote a greater space for self-determination and autonomy. Generally, the states’ role for decision-making is therefore of great importance, influenced by both realistic and liberal values. When acting upon liberal values, the states actively work towards cooperation with the indigenous people and recognizing the indigenous people’s right to influence, to generate a representative depiction of the society. However, the nation state’s central role in decision-making display that realistic values still are paramount in the structure of society and in the formation of national interests and policies.

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  • 617. Wärnsten, Oscar
    et al.
    Malmkvist, Philip
    Hiphop, horor och heteronorm?: Genuskonstruktion och sexualitet i svenska hiphoptexter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 618.
    Xhelili, Doris
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Organizational culture and leadership: A qualitative study assessing the impact of leaders on organizational culture2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 619. Zarit, Steven
    et al.
    Johansson, Boo
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Functional impairment and co-disability in the oldest-old: A multidimensional approach1993In: Journal of Aging and Health, ISSN 0898-2643, E-ISSN 1552-6887, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 291-305Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 620.
    Ågren, Axel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen Åldrande och social förändring.
    Reducing loneliness among older people – who is responsible?2018In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish news-press, loneliness among older people is presented as a severe problem that needs to be solved. The issue of who is responsible for reducing loneliness and how this responsibility is designated is, however, rarely discussed. In this study, we have analysed how responsibility is designated and constructed in articles from the Swedish news-press. Focus has been on identifying responsibility in discourses proceeding from the concept of subject positions. This concept has enabled analysis on how responsibility is negotiated and who is positioned as a responsible actor with the ability to perform actions that reduce loneliness. Three dominating discourses were found. In the discourse of responsibility within politics and the welfare state, the responsibility is both self-taken and designated to other institutions held responsible for not initiating sufficient measures to reduce loneliness. In the discourse of responsibility within societal and evolutionary perspectives on loneliness, developments beyond the individual's control are considered to contribute to loneliness. At the same time ‘we’ in ‘society’ are considered capable of reducing loneliness, thereby constructing individuals as responsible actors. Within the discourses of responsibility within senior organisations, both senior organisations and people who participate in activities are constructed as responsible actors. In conclusion, the responsibility for reducing loneliness is, apart from the discourse on senior organisations, designated to those working with older people.

  • 621.
    Øvretveit, John
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Andreen-Sachs, Magna
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Carlsson, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Gustafsson, Helena
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Hansson, Johan I.
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Löfgren, Susanne
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Mazzocato, Pamela
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Tolf, Sara
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Brommels, Mats
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Implementing organization and management innovations in Swedish healthcare: Lessons from a comparison of 12 cases2012In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 237-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to compare the implementation of twelve different "organization and management innovations" (OMIs) in Swedish healthcare, to discover the generic and specific factors important for successful healthcare improvement change in a public health system.

    Design/methodology/approach: Longitudinal cross-case comparison of twelve case studies was employed, where each case study used a common framework for collecting data about the process of change, the content of change, the context and the intermediate and final outcomes.

    Findings: Clinical leaders played a more important part in the development of these successful service innovations than managers. Strategies for and patterns of change implementation were found to differ according to the type of innovation. Internal organisational context factors played a significant role in the development of nearly all, but external factors did not. "Developmental evolution" better described the change process than "implementation".

    Research limitations/implications: The 12 cases were all of relatively successful change processes: some unsuccessful examples would have provided additional testing of of the hypotheses about what would predict successful innovation which were used in the case comparison. The cross-case comparative hypothesis testing method allows systematic comparison if the case data are collected using similar frameworks, but this approach to management research requires considerable resources and coordination.

    Practical implications: Management innovations that improve patient care can be carried out successfully by senior clinicians, under certain circumstances. A systematic approach is important both for developing and adapting an innovation to a changing situation. A significant amount of time was required for all involved, which could be reduced by "fast-tracking" approval for some type of change.

    Originality/value: This is the first empirical report comparing longitudinal and contextualised findings from a number of case studies of different organisational and management healthcare innovations. The findings made possible explanations for success factors and useful practical recommendations for conditions needed to nurture such innovation in public healthcare.

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