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  • 5951.
    Claesson, Victoria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Svensson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Effektivisering av aktiviteter vid godsmottagningen på ett byggprojekt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5952.
    Clarin, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Hållbar konsumtion av jordbruksvaror: Hur påverkas klimat och miljö av olika matvanor?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka livsmedel man väljer att konsumera har stor betydelse för klimat och miljö. Genom att välja mellan olika livsmedel kan konsumenterna påverka hur mycket växthusgaser och vilken mängd växtnäring som förloras på vägen från jord till bord. Syftet med den här rapporten är att genom hypotetiska konsumtionsscenarier visa hur konsumenters val är avgörande för miljöpåverkan. De analyser av olika livsmedels klimatpåverkan som presenteras i rapporten har utförts av Institutet för Livsmedel och Bioteknik AB (SIK) på uppdrag av Jordbruksverket.

    Om hela Sveriges befolkning helt slutade äta nöt,- lamm-, kyckling- och griskött skulle utsläppen av växthusgaser från invånarnas totala konsumtion minska med tio procent. Det är i synnerhet idisslande djur, det vill säga nötkreatur och får, som har en negativ påverkan på klimatet. Samtidigt finns det ett starkt och viktigt samspel mellan dessa djurslag och andra miljömål. Betande djur är till exempel en förutsättning för att bevara vissa landskapsmiljöer och de växt- och djurarter som lever där. Nötkött orsakar drygt fem procent av befolkningens totala utsläpp.

    Om hela Sveriges befolkning skulle sluta att slänga bort livsmedel och äta lagom mycket skulle den totala konsumtionens växthusgasutsläpp minska med cirka sex procent. Denna minskning beror huvudsakligen på minskad köttkonsumtion men också på minskad konsumtion av läsk, godis och snacks som har förhållandevis stora klimatpåverkande utsläpp. En återhållsam konsumtion av alla livsmedel ger således en potentiell utsläppsminskning som storleksmässigt har samma effekt på klimatet som en kostförändring där alla Sveriges invånare ersätter nötkött med kött av gris och kyckling. Odlingslandskapet och den biologiska mångfalden skulle dock kunna påverkas.

    Att äta frukt och grönt efter svensk odlingssäsong är bättre ur klimatsynpunkt än att äta importerade frukter och grönsaker, men effekten på totala klimatpåverkande utsläpp är jämförelsevis liten. En minskning av växthusgasutsläppen skulle också uppnås om konsumtionen av ris ersattes med potatis eller vetebaserade produkter. Dessa ändrade konsumtionsmönster skulle kunna innebära en tillväxt i svensk frukt- och grönsaksproduktion men också medföra att miljöbelastning, i form av övergödning och spridning av växtskyddsmedel flyttar till Sverige från de länder som idag exporterar dessa produkter till oss.

    Det är inte självklart att det är bättre ur klimatsynpunkt att välja närodlade livsmedel istället för ”fjärrodlade”. Till att börja med måste man definiera vad närodlade livsmedel är. Likaså är det inte alltid självklart att ekologiskt producerade livsmedel är mer klimatvänliga än konventionella. Det finns studier som visar att ekologisk produktion ger mindre eller lika stora klimatpåverkan som konventionell produktion. Däremot gynnar ofta ekologisk produktion biologisk mångfald och bidrar till en giftfri miljö. En produkts totala klimat- och miljöpåverkan beror på alla produktionsled, från jord till bord.

    Trots att varje individs enskilda konsumtion bara har en ytterst liten påverkan på globala konsumtionsmönster är den förändring som görs av en individ ändå en förändring. Om många ändrar sina konsumtionsmönster kan miljökonsekvenserna minska, men om ingen förändrar sin konsumtion kommer miljöpåverkan oundvikligen att växa.

  • 5953.
    Clark, Christopher
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Environmental Management Information Systems: How does IT aid the implementation and processes of EMSs?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organisational impacts on the environment have been a primary topic of

    discussion for several decades, prompting a need for organisations to eva-

    luate and manage their environmental impacts. Environmental management

    systems have since been adopted by companies worldwide for numerous

    reasons and benefits. In more recent years, IT solutions have been designed

    to meet the various needs of environmental management but with little at-

    tention drawn to a standardised approach.

     

    The following thesis aims to determine the use of IT adopted by organisa-

    tions to support their environmental management systems (EMSs). In doing

    so, the importance of EMSs, IT solutions to support EMSs and the benefits

    of IT for such systems are addressed. A small number of informative inter-

    views were conducted with EMS consultants and numerous representatives

    of ISO 14001 certified companies to establish what IT solutions are availa-

    ble to support EMSs and identify the differences between such solutions.

     

    This thesis demonstrates that IT solutions adopted by organisations to sup-

    port their EMSs differ in complexity and depend upon the expected results

    of the EMS itself. Depending on how integral the EMS is to the organisa-

    tion’s business processes, IT can benefit the EMS and ultimately the organi-

    sation in a number of ways. In conclusion, EMSs can be implemented with

    little technical aid. However, IT is a communicative tool adopted to review,

    manage and monitor environmental data and enables easier handling of en-

    vironmental data enhancing the performance of the EMS.

  • 5954.
    Clark, Collin
    et al.
    OCAD University, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Michelle, Jess
    OCAD University, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Shahi, Sepideh
    OCAD University, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Stolarick, Kevin
    OCAD University, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Trevinarus, Jutta
    OCAD University, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Vanderheiden, Gregg
    Raising the Floor International (RtF-I), Geneva, Switzerland.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Information Technology and Information Systems (CenITIS).
    Use Model for a User Centred Design in Multidisciplinary Teams2017In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics: Harnessing the Power of Technology to Improve Lives / [ed] Peter Cudd, Luc de Witte, IOS Press, 2017, Vol. 242, p. 1063-1066Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Use Model identifies user groups who will be using services and products the Prosperity4All infrastructure offers. The Model provides developers a tool to keep in mind the full diversity of users while building and designing the infrastructure. 

  • 5955.
    Clarke, David
    et al.
    Academic Unit of Elderly Care and Rehabilitation, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, Bradford, United Kingdom.
    Jones, Fiona
    Faculty of Health Social Care and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Harris, Ruth
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
    What outcomes are associated with developing and implementing co-produced interventions in acute healthcare settings?: A rapid evidence synthesis2017In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 7, article id e014650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Co-production is defined as the voluntary or involuntary involvement of users in the design, management, delivery and/or evaluation of services. Interest in co-production as an intervention for improving healthcare quality is increasing. In the acute healthcare context, co-production is promoted as harnessing the knowledge of patients, carers and staff to make changes about which they care most. However, little is known regarding the impact of co-production on patient, staff or organisational outcomes in these settings.

    Aims

    To identify and appraise reported outcomes of co-production as an intervention to improve quality of services in acute healthcare settings.

    Design

    Rapid evidence synthesis.

    Data sources

    Medline, Cinahl, Web of Science, Embase, HMIC, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, SCIE, Proquest Dissertation and Theses, EThOS, OpenGrey; CoDesign; The Design Journal; Design Issues.

    Study selection

    Studies reporting patient, staff or organisational outcomes associated with using co-production in an acute healthcare setting.

    Findings

    712 titles and abstracts were screened; 24 papers underwent full-text review, and 11 papers were included in the evidence synthesis. One study was a feasibility randomised controlled trial, three were process evaluations and seven used descriptive qualitative approaches. Reported outcomes related to (a) the value of patient and staff involvement in co-production processes; (b) the generation of ideas for changes to processes, practices and clinical environments; and (c) tangible service changes and impacts on patient experiences. Only one study included cost analysis; none reported an economic evaluation. No studies assessed the sustainability of any changes made.

    Conclusions

    Despite increasing interest in and advocacy for co-production, there is a lack of rigorous evaluation in acute healthcare settings. Future studies should evaluate clinical and service outcomes as well as the cost-effectiveness of co-production relative to other forms of quality improvement. Potentially broader impacts on the values and behaviours of participants should also be considered. 

  • 5956.
    Clasen, Rieke
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Involving families and caregivers in the rehabilitation process to enhance occupational engagement and performance of TBI and stroke patients: A systematic review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To examine evidence about involving family and other primary caregivers (F-PCs) in the rehabilitation process of patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) to enhance occupational engagement and occupational performance outcomes.

    Methods: Five electronic databases were searched for the period 2008-2018 and a manual search of references was conducted.  Quality of the methodology and evidence of included studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skill Programme and the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine.

    Results: After removal of duplicates, 304 abstracts were screened of which 40 articles were screened for eligibility. Ten studies were included in the review. Findings revealed that additional exercise training provided by F-PCs showed weak to moderate evidence of improvement in physical functioning. Furthermore, there was weak to moderate evidence of significant associations between F-PCs’ and patients’ characteristics which impact on outcomes in occupational engagement and occupational performance.

    Conclusions: There is evidence that F-PC-mediated interventions and caregiver characteristics are associated with improvements in occupational engagement and occupational performance. However, there is lack of high-quality evidence on this topic. It is suggested that there is a need for occupation-focussed approaches that educate and guide F-PCs to provide additional exercise training focussed on both individual goals and the needs and capacities of F-PCs and patients.

  • 5957.
    Classon, Paula
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Thelander, Tove
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    ”Ja, vad är det jag ska kolla på egentligen då?”: En kvalitativ studie kring föreställningar om bedömning i samband med utvecklingssamtal i utvalda förskolor.2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att fördjupa förståelsen kring bedömningspraktiker i förskolan. Detta görs genom att synliggöra föreställningar om bedömning i sammanhanget utvecklingssamtal. Studien har utgångspunkt i de dokumentationsunderlag som används för utvecklingssamtal i förskolan. Det teoretiska perspektivet i studien är teorin om transformativ bedömning, vilket är lämpligt för studien då teorin ger stöd för tolkning och kritisk analys av förskolans användning av bedömning och dokumentation. I studien har semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer använts för att skapa en flexibilitet under intervjuerna samt möjligheter att upptäcka vad de medverkande anser är viktigt i anknytning till ämnet. I samband med intervjuerna samlades även dokumentationsunderlag in från de olika förskolorna för att analyseras. 

    Slutsatser av resultatet visar att de föreställningar om bedömningar som framkommer är att bedömning inte ska förekomma i förskolans verksamhet. Istället ska fokus vara på positiva områden hos barnet, visa på utveckling och inte på vad barnet kan eller inte kan. En slutsats är att förskollärarna utgår från en norm kring var ett barn ska vara i sin utveckling och att det finns en osäkerhet kring dokumentationsunderlagen då de anses bidra till bedömning av det enskilda barnet. Slutsatser visar att föreställningar om bedömning som framkommer handlar om bedömningar kring hur långt barnet har kommit i sin utveckling gällande motorik, socialt samspel, språk och i rutinsituationer. Vidare framträder bedömning av verksamheten och hur den stödjer barnet i dess utveckling.

  • 5958. Claude, Léa
    et al.
    Malek, Paulina
    Runnvall, Lisa
    Influencers impact on the decision-making among generation Y & Z Swedish females when purchasing fast fashion2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5959.
    Clausen, Thea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hansson, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Konkurrensfaktorers påverkan på en verksamhets försörjningsstrategi: - med avseende på dess leverantörsnätverks geografiska placering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how the

    supply strategy of a manufacturing business can be affected by some competitive

    factors and the suppliers’ geographical location. In order to fulfill the purpose of this

    study the following three questions were formulated:

    1. How do the competitive factors: cost, quality, flexibility, delivery time and

    reliability get affected by the suppliers’ geographical placements?

    2. How do the competitive factors cost, quality, flexibility, delivery time and

    reliability affect the design of an organization’s supply strategy?

    Method – To fulfill the purpose, a literature study were conducted combined with a

    case study. The literature study was focused on how different competitive factors can

    be affected by a company supplier’s geographical location. The impact of how this

    can affect a business supply strategy was also investigated. The empirical study was

    based on document studies along with interviews conducted at the case company. The

    theoretical framework has been analysed against the empirical study.

    Findings – The competitive factors can be affected in different ways, depending on

    where the supplier is located, both in relation to the company but also depending on

    which geographic continent they are based on. Finally, company’s supply strategy is

    affected in a large extent by how they choose to prioritize their competitive factors.

    Implications – Theories and methods that are suggested to achieve an effective

    supply strategy are implementable on companies who use a multiple number of

    suppliers. To implement the result of this study, it is required that the company has a

    clear picture of which competitive factors that has the highest priority. It is required a

    profound knowledge of supply and supply strategies and further studies since the

    conditions can be different for every company.

    Limitations – This study has been conducted with help from a case company, whose

    production is located in Malaysia and head office in Kista, Sweden. Because of the

    long geographical distance, the communications has been limited which hampered the

    conducting of the study.

  • 5960.
    Claussen, Tor
    et al.
    Avdeling for økonomi, språk og samfunnsfag - Høgskolen i Østfold.
    Foss, Lene
    Handelshøgskolen ved UiT - UiT Norges arktiske universitet.
    Johnsen, Hans Christian Garmann
    Agderforskning - NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS.
    Kvadsheim, Henrik
    Institutt for medie- og samfunnsfag - Universitetet i Stavanger.
    Levin, Morten
    Institutt for industriell økonomi og teknologiledelse - Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet.
    Løvland, Jarle
    Entreprenørskap, innovasjon og regional utvikling - Nordlandsforskning.
    Ravn, Johan Elvemo
    Institutt for industriell økonomi og teknologiledelse - Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet.
    Epilogue. Research on enterprise development: Lessons learned2002In: Researching enterprise development: Action research on the cooperation between management and labour in Norway / [ed] M. Levin, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2002, p. 239-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5961.
    Clausén, Josefin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Claesson, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Vi har ju inga färdiga leksaker men vi har ju saker att leka med som kan förvandlas till precis vad som helst": En studie om spillmaterialets betydelse och inverkan på barns meningsskapande i förskolans verksamhet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka spillmaterialets betydelse och inverkan på barns meningsskapande. Studiens frågeställningar berör arbetssätt med spillmaterial i relation till barns meningsskapande och hur verksamma inom förskolan beskriver spillmaterialets betydelse och inverkan på barns meningsskapande i förskolans verksamhet. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt berör både det konstruktionistiska perspektivet där barnen ses som medkonstruktörer av kunskap och kultur och det posthumanistiska perspektivet där miljön och de materiella tingen i vår omgivning ses som verksamma faktorer för barns lek, lärande och utveckling. En kvalitativ forskningsmetod har använts där insamlingen av data har skett genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med förskollärare och en förskolechef. En observation har även genomförts för att få en vidare blick över vad som händer med materialet i verksamheten och för att berika empirin.

    En slutsats är att arbetet med spillmaterial gynnar barns meningsskapande då det kan möjliggöra utveckling och utmaning av barns språk, kreativitet och fantasi då materialet visar sig vara oförutsägbart och föränderligt där barns egna tankar, idéer och teorier kan få utrymme. En slutsats är också att arbetet med spillmaterial gynnas av ett utforskande arbetssätt och de tre pedagogerna (barn, pedagog och miljö) för tillsammans verksamheten framåt vilket bidrar till barns meningsskapande. I relation till posthumanismens teori om att allt ses som relationellt och sammanflätat kan vi förstå att de tre pedagogerna blir betydelsefulla för barns meningsskapade.

    Vår önskan med studien är att bidra med kunskap om spillmaterialet och dess betydelse och inverkan på barns meningsskapande.

  • 5962.
    Clemborn, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Mathematics Education Research.
    ”Allt ligger ju på läraren hur en lektion blir”: En kvalitativ studie om lärares planeringsförmåga av matematikundervisning i grundskolans årskurs F-32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta som lärare kräver att du erhåller vissa kunskaper. Du ska ha tillräckliga ämneskunskaper och pedagogiska kunskaper. Du ska även ha kunskaper om hur planering, utförande och utvärdering av undervisningen sker. Att skapa en lektionsplanering och integrera alla nödvändiga delar av en undervisning är komplext. Därför utvecklade Shulman (1987) sex processdelar undervisningen följer.

    Frågan är om dagens lärare använder dessa kunskaper. Syftet är därför att bidra med förståelse om vilka kunskaper lärare besitter samt hur planering av undervisning sker. Detta genom att låta lärarna planera en undervisning inom ämnet volym. Studien genomfördes genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fem stycken lärare. Resultatet av studien visar att alla lärarna följde processdelarna. Det var emellertid mycket som skiljde sig mellan lärarna. Forskning säger att erfarenhet, utbildning och fortbildning har betydelse för lärares planeringsförmåga. Resultatet av studien visar att detta i viss utsträckning har betydelse och att lärares förmågor är olika. Dock visar egen analys att det mer beror på att alla lärare är olika individer.

  • 5963.
    Clement, Jill
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Support strategies that promote parenting skills for parents with intellectual disabilities: A systematic literature review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5964.
    Clemente, Isabel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Barriers and facilitators to participation in physical activity for children with disabilities.: A systematic literature review2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children with disabilities need physical activity in order to correctly develop, however, finding an adequate type of physical activity for children with disabilities can be a very complicated issue. Furthermore, trying to include them in an ordinary physical education class is even more difficult. We come across several barriers that impede their proper inclusion in physical activity. In order to enhance children with disabilities´ participation, it is important to know the barriers and facilitators that exist and take them into account. Therefore, the aim of the study is to explore what facilitators and barriers children with all kinds of disabilities can come across in order to get involved in physical activity. By doing a systematic review of articles that explain perceived barriers and facilitators, this paper is addressed to find out the barriers and facilitators children with all kind of disabilities can have. The results show that each kind of disability has different barriers and facilitators. While some disabilities focus more on physical facilitators and barriers, others find more important the logistical ones or the psychological aspects. Answers given from professionals, children and parents are very different and therefore shows a lack of communication between them as well as a need for cooperation and working.

  • 5965.
    Clemente, Isabel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Children's involvement in Physical Education lessons: Differences between children with high grades and children with disabilities2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children with disabilities need physical activity in order to promote development and health, and this can be fulfilled in their physical education lessons. However, adapting lessons for children with disabilities can be a very complicated task as there are many factors that affect, both positively and negatively, the child´s general self-efficacy, their self-efficacy in their physical education lesson and their aptitude to participate. In a previous descriptive quantitative study teachers self-rated teacher skill were positively correlated to self-efficacy for students with high grades but negatively correlated to self-efficacy for students with disabilities. Therefore, the aim of the study is to test two hypothesis concerning the relations between teacher´s teaching skills, environmental prerequisites and climate and the student´s general self-efficacy, self-efficacy in physical education and aptitude to participate for with high grades and with disabilities respectively. With the help of a quantitative study with questionnaire data the hypotheses were tested for children with disabilities and children with high grades within PE lessons in regular Swedish mainstream schools. The results show that teaching skills are negatively correlated to general self-efficacy, self-efficacy in physical education and aptitude to participate for children with disabilities. For children with high grades the same relations were positive. Regarding prerequisites for physical education and climate in class both were positively related to general selfefficacy, self-efficacy in physical education and aptitude to participate for both children with high grades and children with disabilities. The importance of having an individually adapted lesson planning and grading criteria are discussed.

  • 5966.
    Clemén, Robin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Lundgren, Marcus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Bostadens förändringar: De boendes egna idéer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5967.
    Clewåker, Ottilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Johansson, Paulina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rundqvist, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Firm founders adopted traits in their enterprises, and its effect on enterprise success in the different stages: A qualitative study that explores what traits are of significant value to adopt in birth, growth and maturity stages in an enterprise in Sweden 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of enterprises has grown throughout the past decades, where previous research emphasizes that the difficulties of succeeding as a self-employer is a fact. Today’s society is evolving towards a competitive market of self-employment, where traits play a bigger role through the whole process. In this context, the distinct traits adopted by firm founders in birth, growth and maturity stages of an enterprise in Sweden, has not been thoroughly examined. Therefore, the authors aim to provide insight in what traits firm founders have adopted in the different stages through a retrospective perspective, and to what extent their traits have affected the success in each stage of the firm. This study collects qualitative data and adopts a comparative case study to identify what traits unite the firm founders. By conducting four semi-structured in-depth interviews, the authors identified a common trait in each stage of the enterprises amongst all participants, which were dedication (birth), energy (growth) and straight forward (maturity)Evidence showed that the common traits are specific managerial trait in birth stage, whereas leadership traits in growth stage and maturity stage. The study then elaborates on to what extent the adopted traits affect enterprise success in each stage, in which it is proven by the literature provided, that the specific traits do not lead to a particular success in the given stage.

  • 5968.
    Clysén, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ammunet, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Revisorns oberoende: objektivitet och självständighet i mindre revisionsbyråer2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are a large amount of demands on an auditor. An auditor should besides auditing have a high level of competences in areas such as environmental accounting, taxes and laws, financing and budgeting. The auditor should also be absolute independent and avoid all threats that can influence his way of acting objective and independent.

    The aim of auditing is to increase the reliability of the information about a company’s financial situation, not only for people involved but also for the public. One condition for a reliable annual fi-nancial report is that the auditor has been acted independent in his work. Several studies and articles have been done, treating auditor independence from different perspectives. A number of these have come to the conclusion that smaller accounting firms have a harder time being independent. We do believe there is a lack of studies, were the independence have been investigated from the view of the small accounting firms. There are two kinds of independence, called independence in fact, when the auditor is capable to accomplish the task objective and independence in appearance, when the auditor operates in a way that makes sure that people around him can assume he acts objective. As a tool to help auditors to achieve independence the analysis model was implemented in the audit law in January 2002.

    The aim with this study is to obtain a better knowledge about how auditors working in small accounting firms reason and argue about the independence.

    To fulfill the aim with the thesis five qualitative and unstructured interviews were performed. The respondents were five authorized auditors practicing in small accounting firms. The definition of a small accounting firm in this thesis is when there are one or two auditors acting at the same firm.

    The study showed that all auditors participated in our study had the same thoughts about the auditor independence. To sustain trustworthy from the interested parties perspective they know the importance of acting independent.

  • 5969.
    Cociu, Sergiu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Trade openess and exchange rate volatility2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis tries to argue the importance of non monetary factors in explaining real exchange rate volatility. The main interest is on the effect of trade openness on real effec-tive exchange rate (REER) volatility. Based on theoretical studies I test the existence of a negative relationship between total trade share of an economy and the volatility of REER. Empirical evidence on a panel of 11 CEE and Baltic Countries for the 1995-2006 period confirms the relationship. The conclusion is that for these specific countries a large part of variation of the real exchange rate can be explained by openness of the respective economy to trade.

  • 5970.
    Cociu, Sergiu
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Gustavsson, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Determinants of Swedish and German FDI: The case of Baltic and CEE Countries2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis tries to determine some of the driving force behind Swedish foreign direct in-vestments into the Baltic counties. The analysis is performed in three steps, first we analyze global FDI into transitional economies, and afterwards we look at Swedish FDI and com-pare it with German FDI. The determinants examined are index of economic freedom, R&D intensity, trade balance, wage level and proximity. The analyzed period is form 1995 to 2005. The analysis use data on the following transition countries Latvia, Lithuania, Esto-nia, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria. The results show that the determinants vary across the countries. The motives of Swedish and German investors differ. Thus, for Swedish investors R&D, economical free-dom and trade balance are the influencing factors, but for Germany only trade balance and wage level are important. The conclusion is that different determinants triggers foreign di-rect investment in transitional economies in different ways.

  • 5971.
    Coelho, Denis A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Convento de Santo António, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Mecânicas e Aeroespaciais, Convento de Santo António, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Silva, Pedro D.
    Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Convento de Santo António, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Mecânicas e Aeroespaciais, Convento de Santo António, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Season influence on rapid thermal sensation assessment by young adults2019In: engineering reports, E-ISSN 2577-8196, article id e12029Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal comfort is one of the most important ergonomic aspects of building occupancy. In this research, laboratory experiments are performed in a climatic chamber and described in detail. Experiments are carried out under two scenarios: with two different college students cohorts and with five different but comparable experimental conditions in each cohort. Three hundred twenty‐two individual assessments under specific controlled thermal environment conditions are collected. The actual thermal sensation assessments obtained in the experiments are compared to the results obtained by a predicted mean vote (PMV) model. The correlation analysis shows that statistically significant differences are meaningful between the spring‐summer and the autumn‐winter experiments but not between genders. This paper discusses the plausible factors contributing to the different correlations experienced in the autumn‐winter and spring‐summer experiments. A correction factor between PMV according to Fanger's comfort equation and the actual thermal sensation values reported by the participants is also sought with a focus on the seasonal effects. The predicted results are in good agreement with the experimental results. This allows for further considerations about the influence of the season on the initial thermal sensations experienced by young adults.

  • 5972.
    Coenen, Lars
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Ljungh, Bertil
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Vinnväxt i Skåne2007In: Regional växtkraft i en global ekonomi: det svenska Vinnväxtprogrammet / [ed] Staffan Laestadius, Cali Nuur & Håkan Ylinenpää, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2007, Vol. s. 219-236, p. 219-236Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5973.
    Coenen, Lars
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Putting constructed regional advantage into Swedish practice2009In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 587-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of the pre-history and evolution of a regional innovation system initiative supporting activities at the intersection of traditional food production and modern biotechnology. Drawing on established ideas on the triple helix of industry, university and government and its impact on innovative capacity (as they are formulated in the regional innovation systems approach) and more recently introduced ideas on differentiated industrial knowledge bases, the study illustrates how regional innovation system support initiatives are formulated and implemented in close dialogue with the actors and activities constituting the systems under support. The initiative analysed in this paper is a good example of pro-active and fine-tuned regional innovation policy, referred to as constructed regional advantage. By focusing on an initiative targeting the renewal of a mature industry in a declining phase of its life cycle, the paper fills a gap in the literature which so far has dealt mostly with emerging industries at the start of their life cycle. Two innovation trajectories that contributed to the formulation of the initiative, and now benefits from it, are used to illustrate the arguments.

  • 5974.
    Coenen, Lars
    et al.
    Dept. of Social/Economic Geography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Dept. of Social/Economic Geography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    Dept. of Social/Economic Geography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nodes, networks and proximities: On the knowledge dynamics of the Medicon Valley biotech cluster2004In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 12, no 7, p. 1003-1018Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical research on the knowledge dynamics of biotechnology demonstrates a dual local-global knowledge flow pattern. The sector is characterised by strong spatial concentration around nodes of excellence that are interconnected through a global network. This requires a specification of the notion of proximity as a facilitator of learning processes which emphasises its multifaceted configuration. This study highlights the significance of relational proximity within epistemic communities shaping innovation processes across multi-spatial scales. These arguments are illustrated with a database-survey on collaboration in scientific publication by 109 biotechnology firms in the Danish-Swedish life-science cluster Medicon Valley.

  • 5975.
    Coenen, Lars
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Martin, Hanna
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Path renewal in old industrial regions: Possibilities and limitations for regional innovation policy2015In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 49, no 5, p. 850-865Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the potential, barriers and limitations for regional innovation policy to facilitate industrial renewal in old industrial regions. It draws on a case analysis of the policy programme ‘Biorefinery of the Future’ geared to promote renewal of the forest industry in Northern Sweden. It is shown that infusion of radical emergent technology is necessary for new regional path development, but not sufficient. To avoid a singular focus on technology-push, policy should pay more attention to complementary experimentation processes in relation to demand-side characteristics, firm strategies and business models as well as regulatory aspects. Moreover, coordination between regional innovation policy and adjacent domains and levels of policy-making is needed as some of the most pressing obstacles for renewal are not specific to the region but instead to the industry at large.

  • 5976.
    Coenen, Lars
    et al.
    Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU), Oslo, Norway.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Martin, Hanna
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Renewal of mature industry in an old industrial region: regional innovation policy and the co-evolution of institutions and technology2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to further insights on the potentials and barriers for industrial renewal in locked-in regions and industries. To do so, the paper analyzes the Swedish policy program ‘Biorefinery of the Future’ (BioF). This initiative is geared to develop a strong regional innovation environment for forestry-based biorefinery development in the area of Örnköldsvik and Umeå in Northern Sweden. Theoretically, the paper draws on concepts from evolutionary economic geography regarding path-dependence, related variety and lockin, and combines these with institutional approaches found in science and technology studies to explain disruptive shifts or transitions in socio-technical systems.

  • 5977.
    Coenen, Lars
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Ryan, Camille
    Faculty of Communication and Culture, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Phillips, Peter
    Department of Political Studies, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
    Comparing a pharmaceutical and an agro-food bioregion: On the importance of knowledge bases for socio-spatial patterns of innovation2006In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 393-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to compare the socio-spatial patterns of innovation and knowledge linkages of a biopharmaceutical and an agro-food biotech cluster. Dissimilarities can be expected based on differences in terms of historical technological regimes and sectoral innovation system dynamics between the agro-food and pharmaceutical industries in general and particularly the distinctive analytical (science-based) knowledge base of biopharmaceuticals in contrast with the more synthetic (engineering-based) knowledge base of agro-food biotechnology. Drawing on bibliometric data and case material the study compares two representative bioregions: a biopharmaceutical cluster in Scania, Sweden and an agro-food biotech cluster in Saskatoon, Canada. The empirical study supports the theoretical expectations and shows that knowledge dynamics in the agro-food cluster are more localized than in the biopharmaceuticals cluster. It is important, however, to acknowledge that these differences are relative. Both sectors display local and non-local patterns of collaboration following the general pattern for biotechnology.

  • 5978.
    Coeurderoy, Régis
    et al.
    ESCP-Europe et Université catholique de Louvain, France.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Queensland University of Technology.
    Lwango, Albert B.R.
    Groupe ESC Troyes en Champagne, France.
    Murray, Gordon
    School of Business and Economics, University of Exeter, Exeter, England.
    Tywoniak, Stéphane
    Graduate School of Business, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    L’internationalisation des jeunes entreprises de hautes technologies : Le rôle des compétences internationales des fondateurs: [The internationalization of new technology based Firms: the Role of the international Skills of founding Teams]2013In: Finance Contrôle Stratégie, ISSN 2261-5512, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extending recent research on the importance of specific resources and skills for the internationalization of start-ups, this article tests a negative binomial model on a sample of 520 recently created high technology firms from the UK and Germany. The results show that previous international experience of entrepreneurs facilitates the rapid penetration of foreign markets, especially when the company features a clear and deliberate strategic intent of internationalization from the outset. This research provides one of the first empirical studies linking the influence of entrepreneurial teams to a high probability of success in the internationalization of high-technology ventures.

  • 5979.
    Cohen, Barbara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    LGBT imagery and brand perception: An exploration of the Swedish generation Y students2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This thesis aims to investigate the under-researched domain of the response of the Swedish generation Y students towards advertisements targeting the LGBT community or using the LGBT imagery in their advertising.

    Methodology –A qualitative research method, using 17 in-depth semi-structured were conducted. This methodology permits to obtain deeper thoughts, views and perceptions of the topic under research. To ensure reliability and validity of the research method and the quality of the data, pilot test interviews were conducted before the realisation of 17 interviews. 

    Results and findings – The response of the consumers is based on their perception and feelings related to the exposure to advertisements using LGBT imagery from European and American companies, that are well-known by and familiar to the Swedish Generation Y. The majority of the interviewees were familiar with the brands presented, however over some brands the knowledge was limited. Moreover, the LGBT theme was not always identified by the participants. In particular, when exposed to implicit LGBT imagery such as the              symbolism, the advertisements were not recognized as LGBT themed by some informants.

    No significant change was found in the informants’ attitude towards the presented brands. The attitude remained mainly the same as before the exposure to the LGBT themed advertisement of the brands without significant influence of the attitude towards the advertisements. The creativity question permitted to highlight that the interviewed Swedish generation Y students mainly tend to promote rather diversity in the choice of the actors and in the sexual orientations represented, than to promote only one sexuality.  

    Conclusion – This study demonstrates that advertising to the LGBT community or using the LGBT imagery is perceived as neutral to positive by the Swedish Generation Y students. The negative impact of this advertising is not impacting the brand but the positive one tends to improve its perception. It can be inferred that the link between the story line, the message and the brand has to be clear, otherwise it creates confusion. It implies furthermore showing that the companies are not only surfing on the gay vague to increase their sales and profits, but deliver a message to more acceptancy and diversity.

    Originality/value – This thesis brings insights into the impact of implicit and explicit LGBT themed advertising on brand perception of the Swedish generation Y students. The originality of this thesis relies on the consideration of the whole LGBT community, the analysis of both feelings and perceptions and on the population selected.

    Key words – advertising, LGBT imagery, brand perception, generation Y

  • 5980.
    Cohen-Holzer, Marilyn
    et al.
    Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Katz-Leurer, Michal
    Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Meyer, Shirley
    Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Green, Dido
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Center for Rehabilitation, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Parush, Shula
    School of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine of Hadassah and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.
    The effect of bimanual training with or without constraint on hand functions in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: A non-randomized clinical trial2017In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 516-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    To compare the effect of bimanual training with or without constraint on manual functions in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP).

    Methods:

    Seventeen children aged 6–11 years with UCP participated in one of two intensive therapeutic camps: bimanual (n = 9) incorporating one hour of constraint (“Hybrid”) or Bimanual (n = 8). Each camp met for 2 weeks, 5 days per week for 6 hours each day. The Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) and the Jebsen Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) examined bimanual and unimanual functions pre, post- and 3-months post-intervention.

    Results:

    A significant improvement was noted in AHA scores for both groups between the pre-, post- and three months post-intervention [Hybrid (F2; 16 = 85.5, p < 0.01); Bimanual (F2; 16 = 15.4, p < 0.01)] with no significant differences between groups over time (F2; 30 = 0.74, p = 0.48). For the JTTHF, a significant improvement was noted in the affected hand following the Hybrid program (F2; 30 = 7.45, p = 0.01), while following the Bimanual program a significant difference was noted only in the less-affected hand (F2; 16 = 6.02, p < 0.01].

    Conclusion:

    Both interventions Hybrid and Bimanual were similarly effective for improving use of the affected hand in bimanual tasks. The unique contribution of each intervention, the Hybrid program on the affected and the Bimanual on the less-affected side, warrants further examination.

  • 5981.
    Cojocea, Alexandra
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    The effect of social media on the decision-making process: A qualitative study in the confinements of the mobile game industry2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5982.
    Cojocea, Maximilian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lundin, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Application and Implementation of Integrative Sustainability within Swedish SMEs - a Practical Perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In light of a stronger recognition of the need for sustainable business practices as “business as usual” no longer presents itself as a viable option, this study aims to cast light on the current work of Swedish SMEs with integrative sustainability. Within the academic field of sustainability in business, the latest years have seen the emergence of multiple frameworks that promote a holistic sustainability approach to conducting business. The single firm becomes a connecting member of an extensive stakeholder network and by operating in an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable manner, the business seeks to create value for a variety of stakeholder groups, rather than focusing on monetary objectives set by shareholders. These new integrative frameworks shift the understanding of a firm from a profit-maximiser to that of a value-creator that acts sustainably to cater to the needs of all its stakeholders. However, as the models have only recently featured across academia, their real-life applicability and viability are contested, and in some ways, remains under-researched, particularly in the context of SMEs. With Sweden as a leading example in sustainability implementation, this study attempts to provide insight into how SMEs work with the elements of these frameworks and which opportunities and challenges they encounter during implementation. Through conducting detailed, qualitative and personal semi-structured interviews with the CEOs of six sustainability-minded Swedish SMEs of different industrial backgrounds, this research gauges the current organisational efforts being made in terms of sustainability and relates them to the integrative value-creating frameworks to identify congruences, divergences and room for improvement in line with latest theories. The main conclusions drawn as part of this process include the continued, at least partial, unfamiliarity of businesses with the frameworks, despite a large degree of compatibility of current practical efforts and existing academic theory. Value creation is moving closer to being included in the core of the business model, yet while absolute profit maximisation receives less attention, hesitation towards implementing sustainability more integratively is driven by concerns of losing grounds for profitability. The establishment of clusters and strong relationships leading to mutual synergies is found as a potential way to provide firms with the structural support to shift fully towards value-creation as envisioned by the investigated frameworks.

  • 5983.
    Cole, Michael
    et al.
    University of California, San Diego.
    Lecusay, Robert
    University of California, San Diego.
    Rosero, Ivan
    University of California, San Diego.
    Creating hybrid after-school enrichment activities2012In: LEARNing Landscapes, ISSN 1913-5688, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 35-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this commentary we propose a collaborative strategy for the creation of informal learning activities in after-school settings that are also shared sites of learning, re-search, and development. We briefly trace the history of a research program—“UC-Links”—whose defining feature is a form of collaboration between institutions of higher learning and local community institutions responsible for youth in the after-school hours. These collaborations thrive only to the degree that “mutual appropria-tion” can be negotiated between partners, and it is within mutual appropriation that new possibilities for creative cross-generational and cross-cultural informal learning activities are materialized.

  • 5984.
    Cole, Michael
    et al.
    Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, University of California, San Diego.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research. Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, University of California, San Diego.
    Rosero, Ivan
    Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, University of California, San Diego.
    Social Imaginaries about digital technologies and education in the afterschool hours: The reality is more interesting than the dream2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a great deal of research and government money has been spent promoting the development of a digital infrastructure to support educational activities of grade school children attending after-school programs in a variety of “informal learning” environments. Based upon several years of ethnographic observations in a digitally-enriched afterschool setting in a poor, mostly African American, subsidized housing center, we have found such activities to be rich sites for understanding the way that youth media practices interact with, and enter into, activities specifically designed to enhance children’s learning through the use of powerful and attractive digital tools. The digital tools in this case included carefully designed simulations and stop motion animation. The activities included learning about parallel circuits as part of a physics curriculum and learning about the ocean and inhabitants as part of a curriculum unit on marine science. This research shows in rather stark manner the ways in which activities emanating from the school and the local cultural norms of the child participants in the after-school setting interact, often in conflictual ways that work against the best laid plans of the elders, while revealing educational potentials from hybridization in the circumstances of the local, after-school idioculture. Fostering participatory culture practices: Practical video production in an after-school program.

  • 5985. Coleman, S.
    et al.
    Henry, C.
    Orser, B.
    Foss, Lene
    School of Business & Economics, UiT—The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Welter, Friederike
    University of Siegen, Germany.
    Policy Support for Women Entrepreneurs’ Access to Financial Capital: Evidence from Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States2018In: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This cross-country study documents policies and practices designed to increase women entrepreneurs’ access to financial capital in Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States. Drawing on feminist theory, we examine assumptions of policy alongside the eligibility criteria, rules and regulations of practices. Our findings reveal that four of the five country policies examined were predicated on a neo-liberal perspective that positions women entrepreneurs as economic assets. We offer insights into opportunities for modernizing policies and practices in ways that will enhance the legitimacy of a more diverse array of women entrepreneurs and increase their access to financial capital. 

  • 5986. Coleman, S.
    et al.
    Henry, C.
    Orser, B.
    Foss, Lene
    Welter, Friederike
    Women’s Enterprise Financial Policies and Programs: A Comparative Analysis of Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway and the U.S2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5987. Coli, Pierluigi
    et al.
    Jontell, Mats
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    The effect of a dentifrice in the prevention of recurrent aphthous stomatitis.2004In: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 133-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5988.
    Collin, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Kuikka, Susanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Post - migrationens effekter: En kvalitativ studie om somaliska kvinnors position inom familj och samhälle i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Migrationen i världen ökar och så även i Sverige. Mötet med den nya kulturen påverkar individers positioner inom familj och samhälle, och kvinnor är ofta dem som genomgår störst förändring. Hur kvinnor hanterar förändringen av att flytta från ett partiarkalt samhälle till ett högst jämställt, är ett ämnesområde som inte fått nog uppmärksamhet inom svensk forskning. Syftet i denna studie är att belysa hur migrationens eventuella påverkan yttrar sig i individens positioner, och studien genomförs genom intervjuer med elva somaliska kvinnor som talar om sina upplevelser i Sverige och tidigare liv i Somalia. Studiens kvalitativa karaktär används för att på djupet kunna undersöka kvinnornas perception. Resultatet visar att kontext och bakgrund spelar stor roll kring hur livet i Sverige utvecklats. Kvinnor med en mer traditionell bakgrund har i högre grad behållit traditionella positioner i hemmet, och de med mer sekulära influenser från tidigare liv i Somalia har anpassats bättre till det svenska samhället. Vidare visar studien att arbetsbördan ökat för kvinnor, på grund av minskat kontaktnät i Sverige och mannens ovilja att anpassa sig till nya positioner inom hemmet. Resultatet diskuteras utifrån individualiserings- och moderniserings teorier från Ulrich Beck och Anthony Giddens. Studiens resultat ställs i jämförelse med tidigare forskning på området och belyser skillnader och likheter med tidigare forskningsresultat.

  • 5989.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Smith, Elin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Mechanisms of corporate governance going international: outlining a theory of and an initial test of the performance effects2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation includes international product markets and capital, but also involves internationalisation of corporate governance mechanisms. We propose that internationalisation of governance mechanisms is related to improved performance of the corporation. For example, listing at several stock markets implies pressure to improve information flow and stronger adherence to international standards, which will reduce possibility for slack. Recruiting top managers and board members from an international arena will, among other things, enlarge the market for managerial labour and the market for board members, presumably putting more pressure on present managers and board members, and increase the probability of finding an adequate new manager or new board members. An integrated EU would support the internationalisation of the mechanisms through reducing the transaction costs of Europeanization. An initial test on a sample of listed Swedish corporations indicates that the proposition could be rejected. Two main reasons can be found as an interpretation of the results 1.) that mechanisms with governance functions, such as capital structure and the board have several functions, and that the governance function is not always the most important one, and 2.) that governance mechanisms cannot be analysed in isolation, since they are included in a coherent corporate governance strategy.

  • 5990.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Smith, Elin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköping University.
    Mechanisms of corporate governance going international: testing its performance effects in the Swedish economy, 20042013In: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 79-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how internationalisation of corporate governance mechanisms influences firm performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on the data collected from annual reports of the year 2004, from all 239 Swedish corporations listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, on which a quantitative analysis was performed.

    Findings – The findings suggest that internationalisation of corporate governance does not have a straightforward influence on firm performance, which can be due to: the fact that mechanisms with governance functions have several functions, of which governance is but one; and the fact that governance mechanisms cannot be analyzed in isolation, since they are included in a coherent corporate governance strategy.

    Originality/value – The paper is the first to investigate the corporate governance mechanisms' internationalisation issue.

  • 5991.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    School of Business and Engineering, Halmstad University.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Turnover and heterogeneity in top management networks: a demographic analysis of two Swedish business groups2008In: International Journal of Business Science and Applied Management, ISSN 1753-0296, E-ISSN 1753-0296, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 31-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A theory based on the demography of top management teams is used to explain membership turnover in two Swedish business groups, network analysis being used to define group membership. The results suggest these business groups possess a combination of financial and industrial experience as a group resource and the socialising strategy of control as a force counteracting the conflict-producing force of heterogeneity. An organisational demographic perspective focusing on opposing forces of heterogeneity and homogeneity is developed. It is shown that the perspective can be applied both to formal organisations and to informal ones such as networks.

  • 5992.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Högskolor tvingas godkänna examensarbeten2017In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 24 januariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5993.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Revisorn behöver mer ekonomi, inte mindre2017In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 16 oktoberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är inte en bra väg att försämra revisorernas kunskaper i ekonomi. Kvaliteten i revisionen får inte bli lidande, skriver Sven-Olof Yrjö Collin och Timurs Umans i en replik.

  • 5994.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Smith, Elin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköping University.
    Producing academic theses: the Kristianstad model2016In: Scientific works / [ed] Ekaterina Astahova, Kharkov, Ukraine: Peoples Ukrainian Academy University Press , 2016, p. 441-462Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    We present a model of supervising bachelor and master theses that we have developed at Kristianstad University in Sweden. It emphasizes 1.) engagement, in that the research engaged supervisor becomes engaged in both the subject of the thesis and the students writing it; 2.) the Humboldt principle, in that teachers and students collaborate for mutual benefit; 3.) the Socratic method, in that the supervisor drives students´ learning through posing questions. The model implies intense and frequent supervision, seminars with students as opponents and respondents, and finally, popular presentation, where the results are presented for an educated public. The examination of the theses have the double function of securing high standard examination and to develop the staff in their supervisory and examinatory skills. The direction of the supervisory team is mainly made through common norms, such as a thesis have to be driven by theory, methodological pragmatism implying that the problem, not the authors preferences, determine which analytical method to use and empirical orientation that theories needs to be tested or evaluated. The model described has shown good results, both in national evaluations and through number of scientific publications.

  • 5995.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Free University of Scania, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Umans, Timurs
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Faculty of Business, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden, and School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Lindqvist, Kristian
    School of Business and Engineering, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Tjörnebrant, Kristian
    School of Business and Engineering, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Explaining the functional orientation of the budget: a survey of Swedish organisations2019In: International Journal of Accounting and Finance, ISSN 1752-8224, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 28-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents a congruence model where factors belonging to the environment, to the corporation, and to the management control system of the corporation are expected to influence the functional emphasis put on the budget, i.e., the function of coordination, responsibility and evaluation. Through a test performed on 111 Swedish corporations, we find indications that the budget is very much alive; it appears to focus more on dealing with external situations than with internal characteristics; and it appears to be part of the formalisation of the organisation. We draw these conclusions based on our findings that suggest that the budget is being used mainly as a coordinative device, and less as an instrument for evaluating actions.

  • 5996.
    Collin, Victor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Viktor, Eriksson
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    SABOs kombohus som senioranpassat boende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Många av SABOs typhus, kombohusen, har en majoritet av hyresgäster över 65 år. Detta var inte planerat vid utformning av bostadshusen utan tanken var att bygga ett flerbostadshus till ett lågt pris. Därför kan kombohusen sakna produkter och utformning som äldre hyresgäster behöver. Ett kombohus kan se olika ut men det de har gemensamt är att de är upphandlade av SABO och kan avropas av deras medlemsföretag. Kombohusen har även vissa likheter i form av produktval och utformning av lägenheterna. Bostäderna uppfyller SIS-standard men det betyder inte att allt är anpassat för en äldre hyresgäst. Eftersom andelen seniorer i Sverige ökar så kommer det behövas fler tillgängliga bostäder. Målet i denna undersökning handlar därför om att utvärdera SABOs kombohus och identifiera faktorer som kan förbättras för att åstadkomma ett bättre anpassat boende för seniorer.

    Metod: I studien har fem olika kombohus undersökts utifrån ett tillgänglighetsperspektiv där den huvudsakliga metod som använts är intervjuer. De intervjuade är hyresgäster som brukar en lägenhet i kombohusen samt bostadsföretagen som har låtit uppföra byggnaden. Studien består även av en fallstudie där en inventering av miljöhinder (tillgänglighetsgranskning) har utförts med hjälp av Housing Enabler Screening Tool. Verktyget behandlar punkter inom olika områden: inomhus, entréer och utomhusmiljöer. Om byggnaden inte uppfyller någon punkt får den en anmärkning inom det specifika området.

    Resultat: Undersökningen har visat att de flesta anmärkningarna hos kombohuset har varit inomhus. Även att det kombohus som klarade sig bäst var i Ronneby som är ett kombohus anpassat till trygghetsboende vilket bland annat innebär förhöjd tillgänglighet i badrum. I studien har författarna kommit fram med förslag för att förbättra framtidens kombohus för att kunna åstadkomma ett bättre anpassat boende för seniorer med hänsyn till tillgänglighet.

    Konsekvenser: Slutsatser som har tagits är att konceptet med kombohuset har stora möjligheter att i framtiden ge fler tillgängliga bostäder på marknader där det verkligen behövs. Dessutom att några av de kontrollerade punkterna är lite svagare och bör åtgärdas även i det befintliga beståndet. Exempel en sådan punkt är utrymme för rollator i lättillgängligt förråd eller förvaringsmöjligheter i trapphus som inte utgör en brandfara eller blockerar utrymningsvägar då många hyresgäster i kombohusen använder sig av rollator. En slutsats som författarna har kommit fram till är att många av de intervjuade anser att det görs för lite uppföljning av hur hyresgästerna upplever boendet. Fler uppföljningar tillsammans med hyresgäster med hänsyn till tillexempel arkitektur och utformning är en stark rekommendation.

    Begränsningar: Studien baseras på empiri från fem kombohus men detta anses vara tillräckligt då kombohusen är typhus och många är utformade på samma sätt. Studiens resultat skulle därför troligtvis vara samma även om andra kombohus hade valts.

  • 5997. Colombo, Gianluca
    et al.
    Koiranen, Matti
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. University of Lugano.
    Le imprese familiari: Sistemi di generazione di valore attraverso le generazioni2008In: AIDEA, Mulino Editore , 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5998.
    Colombo, Gianluca
    et al.
    Università della Svizzera italiana.
    Koiranen, Matti
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Chirico, Francesco
    University of Lugano.
    Understanding family businesses as value creation systems through system dynamics2006In: Family firms as arenas for trans-generational value creation: a qualitative and computational approach, University of Jyvaskyla Press. , 2006Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5999.
    Comeau Hellsing, Emily
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hjort, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den nyanserade bilden av barnet: -En studie av samtalsmallar inför utvecklingssamtal på förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to understand how and what is described and assessed in the templates used for parent-teacher conferences in pre-school. This study is qualitative in nature and the chosen method of examination was content analysis of documents through coding schemes inspired by those described in Bergström and Boréus (2008). Discourse analysis inspired us when analyzing our data. The documents upon which the study is based consist of eight templates for parent-teacher conferences from different pre-schools in a municipality of Sweden.

    The study shows that templates for parent-teacher conferences consist of several different ways of describing and making assessments of the children. In our analysis we found five distinguishing themes as described in our result; The learning child, where the child is looked upon and described as under development, within different subjects. The child as a person, as the child’s personality was to be assessed and described thru the templates. The child of flaws, based on the conversational topics in the templates focused on flaws and problems. The child in the context of pre-school, due to the focus on describing and assessing the pre-school in the templates and finally The positively described child, based on the directives in some of the templates about describing the child thru positive outlook.

    The study also shows a variety of teachers’ perspectives on children based on the ways in which the children are to be described and assessed in the templates. Additionally, the study reveals a lack of and somewhat contradicting directives in the regulatory documents for pre-schools, considering the purpose and content of parent-teacher conferences.

  • 6000.
    Comito, Luca
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Enduring the entrepreneurial path after failure: Insights from the Career Construction Theory2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical paper aims to cast light on the relatively unexplored field of study of the effects of failure on entrepreneurs. In fact, in the last years different scholars published relevant analyses on the financial, social, and psychological outcomes of this occurrence, but there is still a certain lack of research on the long-term effects of failure on the career choices of failed entrepreneurs.

    Thus, we consider relevant existing research on entrepreneurship, failure, and career choices, and come to the conclusion that the Career Construction Theory provides a useful framework to interpret the decision on whether to re-entry or not self-employment following failure.

    Combining the existing relevant body of knowledge, through a deductive process, we present hypotheses and empirically test them on a Swedish sample.

    The results confirm that portfolio entrepreneurs are more likely to continue, hint that marital roles might affect positively the probability of re-entry, reject the importance of balance between the main roles of the individual at the time of failure for his or her financial performance upon re-entry, and reject that, by including other colleagues in the re-entry, entrepreneurs achieve better financial performances.

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