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  • 5951.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Orfali, Birgitta
    Social Representations and Communicative Processes2000Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5952.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Orfali, Birgitta
    Sociala representationer: Om vardagsvetandets sociala fundament1996Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5953.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Petersson, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Learning at Work: A Conceptual Framework for Workplace Related Competence Development2007In: The 5th ESREA (European Society for Research on the Education of Adults) Conference, Sevilla, Spain, European Society for Research on the Education of Adults, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5954.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Svensson, Ann-KatrinJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    ICT in Teacher Education: Challenging prospects2005Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Table of contents

    ICT AND TEACHER EDUCATION: A Lifelong Learning Perspective by Mohamed Chaib & Ann-Katrin Svensson

    ICT AND SCHOOLS IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY: New Positions for Teachers by Birgitte Holm Sørensen

    THREE WAVES OF TEACHER EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT: Paradigm Shift in Applying ICT by Yin Cheong Cheng

    THE CHALLENGE OF ICT INTEGRATION IN HONG KONG TEACHER EDUCATION (AND ELSEWHERE): SWOT as a Strategic Approach to Dialogue, Interpretation and Encouraging Refl ective Practice by Cameron Richards

    LET’S THINK ABOUT IT: Considering the strengths ofweb-based collaboration by Tor Ahlbäck & Linda Reneland

    PRONETT: Networking Education and Teacher Training by Ton Koenraad & John Parnell

    FRAMEWORKS: BUILDING PURPOSEFUL SOCIO-TECHNICAL LEARNING NETWORKSIN TEACHER EDUCATION by Margaret Lloyd & Michael Ryan

    SHARING THE DISTANCE OR A DISTANCE SHARED: Social and Individual Aspects of Participation in ICT-Supported Distance-Based Teacher Education by Jimmy Jaldemark, Ola J Lindberg, Anders D Olofsson

    THE ARTEACH PROJECT: One Strategy for Integrating ICT Skills and Curriculum Design During Pre-Service Teacher Training by Wesley Imms & Elizabeth Lloyd

    COLLABORATIVE ICT LEARNING: Teachers’ Experiences by Christina Chaib

    SOCIAL STUDIES TEACHERS’ ICT USAGE IN TURKEY: State, Barriers, and Future Recommendations by Ismail Guven & Yasemin Gulbahar

    TRANSFORMING THE “CONTEXT” OF TEACHING AND LEARNING: Issues and Directions for Planning and Implementation by Sui Ping Chan & Pui Man Jennie Wong

    ICT IN THE LEARNING PROCESS: As Part of a Dialogue When Teachers Encourage Pupils’ Learning by Stefan Svedberg & Jörgen Lindh

  • 5955.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Svensson, Ann-Katrin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Teacher’s Responsiveness Towards IT-based Learning1997Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses some basic aspects of computer-based education in Sweden. Reporting the results of three ongoing studies conducted at the University of Jšnkšping, the central roles played by the teachers in computer-based education is thoroughly analysed. The studies reported in this paper were all conducted at the comprehensive school level. In the first one, studentsÕ communicative interactions in front of the computer were compared to the interaction occurring in other forms of activities. The second study is concerned with the analysis of how students communicate between themselves when working with different types of software. Finally the third study is related to the analysis of teachersÕ Social representations of information technology in educational settings. In all three studies, we found evidence for the central roles teachers are playing in the process of monitoring communicative interactions in front of the computer. Our discussion will particularly address this aspect of IT-based learning. We furthermore find evidence for teachers ambivalence and confused representations of the computer as a technological teaching device. From these empirical evidence we discuss, in this paper, some possible outcomes for computer based learning in the future. We will particularly pay attention to the necessity of a better understanding and enhancing of teachersÕ preparedness for the roles they are expected to play in this important educational issue.

  • 5956.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Widgren, Jonas
    Invandrarbarnen och skolan: En nyckelfråga för Europa1976Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5957.
    Chakraborty, Bidita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hansson, Victoria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Valuation of Unlisted Equity2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5958.
    Chamberlain, Elise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Edin, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Crisis Preparation Communication in Universities: A case study of Jönköping University2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With an increase in schools and universities being targets for malevolent attacks in many countries, the need for crisis preparation is high. To prepare their stakeholders, these institutions need to know how they can effectively communicate with them. This qualitative exploratory study investigates crisis communication at Swedish universities during the pre-crisis phase, and how universities can prepare their stakeholders, the students. The authors adopted a primarily deductive approach, through the use of a case study. Four group interviews of students were conducted to address the research question: How do students at Jönköping University want to be prepared for a potential malevolent crisis? The results of the research showed that students had not received malevolent crisis preparation information beforehand but desired it, and thought it was the university's responsibility to prepare them. Students preferred two-way communication and combining communication channels. A majority desired these channels to have mandatory participation. Finally, the authors believe to have found a potential link between excessive crisis preparation and fear built into the mutual relationship between crisis and threats. It is recommended that this link receives attention in future research as well as how the perception of a crisis is dependent on the student’s culture.

  • 5959.
    Chamoun, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Pour Mehran, Reihane
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: En litteraturstudie om insatser, svårigheter och brister i arbetet mot hederskulturen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify interventions, difficulties and shortcomings in the work against honor related violence and oppression. A literature review has been conducted to answer the questions for the purpose of the study. The studies that were used have consisted, among other things, of reports and scientific articles. Honor related violence and oppression is a comprehensive concept that is difficult to define, partly because it can be seen from different perspectives and because it is expressed in many different forms such as control, intimidation, violence and in the most extreme cases, murder. Honor related violence and oppression has received a lot of attention since the assassination of Fadime took place in 2002. As a result, the Government introduced major efforts to combat honor violence and oppression. 

    The analysis showed that social services and some other actors involved in the work against honor related violence and oppression show an uncertainty in dealing with honor cases where there is a lack of knowledge in the field. This, in turn, is proving to affect cooperation in the work regarding honor matters between the actors. If a common approach to honor related violence had improved the cooperation between the actors and helped capture the victims more easily was discussed in this study. However, it is a difficult question to answer since it has its advantages and disadvantages. But a common consensus would have a lot of benefits in the work as it could reduce the uncertainty in relation to the phenomenon. However, this can be difficult to achieve when some explanations and approaches to honor related violence have interpretation precedence, while others have fallen into the shadows. Despite major efforts, there is scant research and a lack of scientific research in the field.

  • 5960.
    Chamoun, Maykel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Altun, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Swedish Mutual Funds: Does the portfolio turnover rate affect the excess return of mutual funds?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5961.
    Chamoun, Sandi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Patientens upplevelse i samband med dialysbehandling: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Dialysis treatment is a lifelong treatment and requires the patient to follow up on the treatment rhythm in order to achieve the highest possible quality of life. Different life changes occur in connection with the onset of renal insufficiency and initiated dialysis treatment. Life with dialysis often means a completely new life for patients. Aim:To describe the experiences of dialysis treatment in adult patients with renal insufficiency. Method:A literature review has been used as method for answering the purpose of this work. Thirteen scientific articles have been analyzed using five different steps developed by Friberg’s analysis method.

    Results:Patients experienced a lack of information, a need of own control, loss of activities and social relations. Sometimes patients experienced the treatment as stressful and had difficulty adjusting life after that. Fear was also experienced by most patients, but on the other hand, safety and security could be experienced when patients received their treatment by healthcare professionals who had enough knowledge and experience and also when they had family and friends around them.Conclusion: The patients had both positive and negative experiences in connection to the dialysis treatment. The healthcare staff and the family had an important role in the patients' lives and their existence made an impact on how the patients experienced their dialysis treatment.

  • 5962.
    Chamoun, Stephanie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Medina, Sarajlic
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Genotypning av HFE c.845G>A, HFE c.187C>G och HFE c.193A>T för hemokromatos med hjälp av Realtids-Polymerase Chain Reaction: En kvalitetsutvecklande studie i Jönköpings län2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a common multi-genetic defect that results in abnormally elevated iron uptake mainly in Caucasian populations. The disease has recently been found to be caused by mutation c.845G>A, in addition to the unusual variants c.187C>G and c.193A>T, all of which are detected in the gene HFE. HFE is located adjacent to the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-gene on chromosome six’s short arm and encodes for a HFE-protein, responsible for the body's iron metabolism regulation in interaction with the hormone hepcidin. As HH decreases the protein's iron-regulatory function, the iron accumulation increases. Today HH is diagnosed primarily through genotyping where variants in the HFE-gene are detected. Depending on the variant, individuals are put at varying high risk of disease development. The aim of this study was to verify the commercial LightMix® in-vitro diagnostics kit HFE H63D S65C C282Y for qualitative diagnosis of HFE-genotypes through Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and melting-curve analysis for possible introduction in routine diagnostics. In the study, all samples (n=49) from patients with suspicious hemochromatosis were genotyped for the gene variants in HFE-gene. Based on all accepted results with non-frequent differences in imprecision test and 100 % consistency against the reference methods at external laboratories conclusions could be drawn that the method is applicable for routine diagnostics at the County Hospital Ryhov in Region Jönköping.

  • 5963. Chandler, G. N.
    et al.
    Honig, Benson
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ont., Canada.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Entrepreneurship and Business Creation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Antecedents, moderators, and performance consequences of membership change in new venture teams2005In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 705-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on initial team size and membership change of new venture teams in two studies: (1) a panel study of 408 emerging ventures, and (2) a cross-sectional study of 124 new ventures. The findings suggest that larger initial team size provides an advantage for new organizations, and that the benefits of adding and dropping team members are contingent on the stage of development of the organization and the dynamism of the environment. Both external environment and team composition factors are associated with turnover in venture teams.

  • 5964. Chandler, Gaylen
    et al.
    McKelvie, Alexander
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Asset specificity and behavioral uncertainty as moderators of the sales growth: employment growth relationship in emerging ventures2009In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 373-387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5965. Chandler, G.N.
    et al.
    Dahlqvist, Jonas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Opportunity recognition processes: A taxonomy and outcome implications2002In: Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2002: Proceedings of the twenty-second annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Babson Park, Mass.: Babson College , 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5966. Chandler, G.N.
    et al.
    Honig, B.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Antecedents, moderators and performance consequences of membership changes in new venture teams2005In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 705-725Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5967.
    Chandra Larsson, Ronita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Reinevik, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    ”Det är inte så stor skillnad mellan 6- och 7-åringar”: En studie kring hur leken värderas inom förskoleklass och årskurs 12009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this study is to describe how playing is estimated by some pre-school teachers and primary school teachers within a pre-school class and a primary school form 1. The issues which this study is based on are as follows: What is important in playing? How can games and playing be used as a resource in situations of teaching and learning in a pre-school class and a primary school form 1? and What is the possibility of changes in playing between pre-school compared to primary school form 1?

    The study has been effected with a qualitatively high effort according to a phenomenographic way of analysis. In this study six pedagogues (teachers) have been interviewed, chosen from three different schools, one pre-school teacher and one primary school teacher from each school. They were also chosen by the duration of their  professional experience which is at least 10 years. From collected facts eight categories have been worked out.

    The result shows that the two activities, pre-school class and primary school form 1 estimate playing almost in the same way. The important thing in playing is above all to develop social ability. Pre-school teachers think that all learning can be contained in playing, while primary school teachers think that learning takes place only through educational games, and that free playing serves only as a break for children to relax and recover. Although both professional categories are aware of the fact that free playing is supposed to be part of the activity in primary school form 1, it won't  normally be possible for these children to practice it.

  • 5968.
    Chandrashekar, Sharath
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Sawalekar, Vishal
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Forecast and Context Driven Sales & Operations Planning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5969.
    Chang, Julius
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Going Digital: How Swedish financial institutions are facing and transforming themselves in the new digital age2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:           We are undergoing a new digitalization journey, that was initiated ten years ago through the launch of the smartphone, iPhone. It revolutionized the way we communicate and access to information. New emerging technologies and changing customers’ behavior, has given the opportunity for new type of companies to rise and disrupt the industry.

     

    Purpose:                  To understand why the disruption is happening now, how financial institutions in Sweden are facing and adapting to the digital transformation, and to what extent this might affect and reshape the future Swedish financial services landscape.

     

    Method:                  In order to fulfill the purpose of this research in a proper way, the abductive approach was chosen, because of its flexibility and evolving process capabilities. Henceforth, after gathering the theoretical framework, six semi-structured interviews were conducted, on-site with traditional incumbents, niche bank and Fintech companies.

     

    Conclusion:             Digital transformation is bringing many different and new aspects for financial institutions. The industry is facing a higher pace of change, as it is exposed to new technologies and innovation, and as customer expectations change. New regulations and new types of players, are challenging existing business models, which is creating hindrances for existing players. The landscape as we know it today will transform and contain more niched players, and a variety of different types of constellations. We will experience “Ubered” business models, where financial services will become invisible and as plug-and-play, behind seamless, transparent and beautiful user interfaces.

  • 5970.
    Chang, Milan
    et al.
    Faculty of Health Promotion, Sports and Leisure Studies, School of Education, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Geirsdottir, Olof G.
    The Icelandic Gerontological Research Institute, National University Hospital of Iceland & Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Sigurdarsdottir, Sigurveig H.
    School of Social Science, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ramel, Alfons
    The Icelandic Gerontological Research Institute, National University Hospital of Iceland & Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 885-891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Older adults in Iceland have good access to social services that support them in maintaining an independent life, although receiving informal care is common for community living older adults in Iceland. The aim of this study was to examine whether the need for care as well as receiving formal and informal care is associated with education among older adults in Iceland.

    METHODS: Among a national sample of 782 Icelandic community dwelling old adults (mean age 76.9 ± 7.4 years, 55% women), a telephone survey was conducted. The survey included questions on: socioeconomic status, social network, health status, activities of daily living and formal/informal care.

    RESULTS: A full data set was available for 720 subjects and among these, 349 (48.5%) had no need for care, 197 (27.4%) received informal care only, 31 (4.3%) received formal care only, and 143 (19.9%) received both type of care. Participants with higher education were significantly less likely to need care (OR 0.67, 95% CI, 0.47-0.97, p = 0.031) when compared with those who had primary education. Categorisation by age showed that this difference was only significant in participants younger than 80 years. Education was not related to formal care, but adults with higher education were less likely to receive informal care compared with older adults who had primary education (OR: 0.65, 95%CI: 0.46, 0.93, p = 0.018).

    CONCLUSIONS: People with higher education were significantly less likely to need care and this association was mainly present among those aged below 80 years. Further, in participants that needed care, the likelihood of receiving informal care was lower in highly educated participants, but no differences in formal care were observed between educational levels.

  • 5971.
    Chantarang, Agkarapol
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Logistics in the Royal Thai Air Force Case Study: Preventing Problems in Logistics Support for the 4.5 Generation Fighter Aircraft2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5972.
    Chao, Yang
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Zhang, Peng
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    One General Approach For Analysing Compositional Structure Of Terms In Biomedical Field2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The root is the primary lexical unit of Ontological terms, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into small constituents. It is the key of ontological term structure. After the identification of root, we can easily get the meaning of terms. According to the meaning, it’s helpful to identify the other parts of terms, such as the relation, definition and so on. We have generated a general classification model to identify the roots of terms in this master thesis. There are four features defined in our classification model: the Token, the POS, the Length and the Position. Implementation is followed using Java and algorithm is followed using Naïve Bayes. We implemented and evaluated the classification model using Gene Ontology (GO). The evaluation results showed that our framework and model were effective.

  • 5973.
    Chaplin, John
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wartenberg, Constanze
    Qual Registry Ctr West Gotaland, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Petersson, Christina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Danielsson, Aina
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Initial validation of Swedish PROMIS (R)-25 in an orthopaedic population of children with acute severe knee injury2018In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 27, no Suppl. 1, p. S122-S122, article id 2107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The quality control of pediatric orthopaedic treatment options requires patient reported outcome measures that offer comparison to referenced populations. This study aimed to contribute to the validation of the Swedish translation of the norm-referenced PROMIS profile-25.

    Methods: Three questionnaires were administered one year after an acute knee injury via the Swedish paediatric orthopaedic registry (SPOQ). The questionnaires were: (1) The PROMIS Pediatric Profile-25, including the short-forms Mobility, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Peer Relationships, Pain Interference and the single-item Pain Intensity, translated following the FACIT translation method, (2) the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome scales for children (KOOS-Child, previously validated in Swedish) with the scales Pain, Symptoms, ADL, Sport/play and QoL (39 questions), and (3) a single VAS item, Overall Health Scale. Convergent validity was assessed by interscale correlations and a one-way ANOVA was used to identify differences between three injury categories.

    Results: Of 218 eligible patients, 104 (53 girls, 9-14 years, mean 13 years, 42 with patella luxation, 34 with anterior cruciate ligament rupture and 28 with other knee injuries), returned questionnaires. PROMIS and KOOS-Child had 1% incomplete answers. There was high positive correlation between all KOOS-Child scales, and KOOS-Child-Pain explained a large amount of variance in Symptoms (R2 = .610), ADL (R2 = .648), Sport/play (R2 = .462) and QoL (R2 = .423). An expected high correlation between KOOS-Child-pain and PROMIS-Pain-Interference was found (r = .581, p = \.001). The expected relationship between the PROMIS-Mobility scale and KOOS-Child-QoL (r = .815, p = \.001) was found, confirming that at this age QoL is associated with physical functioning. There were statistically significant differences between the three diagnosis categories for two PROMIS scales: PROMIS-mobility (F(2, 101) = 6.901, p = .002) and PROMIS-depression (F(2, 101) = 3.116, p = .049). The PROMIS subscales showed high Cronbach’s alpha (between 0.730 and 0.864).

    Conclusions: This study is the first in Sweden to investigate the psychometric properties of the PROMIS profile-25 and highlights its relationship to the criterion measure of KOOS-Child. PROMIS-25 uses self-report, ultra-brief measurement for screening, providing additional information that was not available using previous questionnaires. PROMIS-25 can contribute to quality control and lead to improved treatment decisions. Data collection is ongoing through the orthopaedic registry, which will provide further evidence of how PROMIS-25 performs in other paediatric orthopaedic conditions.

  • 5974.
    Chappell, Stacie
    et al.
    Western New England University, College of Business, USA.
    Edwards, Mark G.
    The University of Western Australia.
    Webb, Dave
    The University of Western Australia.
    Sustaining voices: Applying giving voice to values to sustainability issues2013In: Journal of Business Ethics Education, ISSN 1649-5195, E-ISSN 2044-4559, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 211-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We apply an action-oriented approach to business ethics education, Giving Voice to Values (GVV), to the topic of sustainability. The increasingly problematic impact of unsustainable economic activity is demanding actionable responses from business. However, traditional business ethics education has focussed on awareness and decision-making and neglected action-oriented methods. The GVV curriculum offers an applied and process-driven ethics approach that complements more analytical ethics pedagogies. Because of its focus on action and expressing personal values, GVV can be thought of as largely applicable to the micro-level of interpersonal interactions. This paper illustrates GVV's potential for much broader application by presenting two caselettes spanning the micro-level of workplace refurbishment to the global-level of the mass dumping of electronic waste. Ways of crafting conversations around these sustainability issues are presented and implications of the GVV approach for both the teaching and practice of sustainability ethics are discussed.

  • 5975. Chappell, Stacie
    et al.
    Webb, Dave
    University of Western Australia, Australia.
    Edwards, Mark G.
    University of Western Australia, Australia.
    A required GVV ethics course: Conscripting ethical conversations2011In: Journal of Business Ethics Education, ISSN 1649-5195, E-ISSN 2044-4559, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 308-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business schools around the globe are seeking effective ways of incorporating business ethics into their programs (Melé 2008, Swanson 2004). Indications from both the market and accrediting bodies suggest best-practice programs will include ethics education. However, the debate continues as to whether meaningful learning is best achieved through stand-alone ethics experiences or via an integrated theme across the program of study (Tesfayohannes & Driscoll 2010, Wilhelm 2005). While many examples of required ethics-experiences can be found, to date, there is only one business school that we are aware of that has implemented a required full-term post-graduate ethics course based on the Giving Voice To Values (GVV) (Gentile 2008) philosophy and content. The purpose of this article is to share the tacit knowledge gained in the authors' experience of implementing such a course at the University of Western Australia's Business School.

  • 5976. Chappelle, George
    et al.
    Crippin, Gary
    Lundgren, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    World Citizenship Education and Teacher Training in a Global Context2011Book (Other academic)
  • 5977. Charitonovas, Lukas
    What does the customer think? A study on the value of business incubator support from incubatees' perspective2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5978.
    Chataika, Boris Tafadzwa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Prajnatara, Prajnatara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How Marketer Generated Content influences Social e-WOM generation – A Multiple Case Study from Indonesian Food and Beverage Industry2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the advent of the internet and web 2.0 on handheld devices, there has been a surge in the use of the internet itself and most of this is being done on the different social media platforms. In the study that we conducted, we went and gathered information on the type of social media site that people are frequently use and it turned out to be Instagram, followed by Facebook and then other sites like Twitter as well as blogs or websites. This is mainly because the new generation which is between 18-34 years currently engage in each other on sites that are trending at the moment and Facebook is seen to be a thing of the past as compared to Instagram. Accordingly, the most preferable channels over many other social media platforms in Indonesia is Instagram. The digital marketers have since noticed this trend and have started utilizing Instagram as the main social account to interact with the users while other social media sites have been used as supplementary sites just to be able to reach all users of all ages. 

  • 5979.
    Chatha, Karandeep Singh
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish Manufacturing SMEs Context2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose- Industry 4.0 as a concept has created a wave of innovation in the manufacturing sector. In Sweden, the goal for the Swedish manufacturing SMEs is to be leaders in digitalization and stay competitive. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to understand the impacts of Industry 4.0 on Swedish manufacturing SMEs.

    Method- The method used in this research is a multiple case study consisting of three manufacturing SMEs in Sweden. A literature review was conducted in a systematic way to give a background of Industry 4.0 and its technologies. The literature review provided the theoretical base and knowledge about the phenomena which led to preparation of interview guide used for data collection. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews. Thereafter, the findings were analyzed within case, cross-case and compared with literature.

    Findings- To analyze the impacts of Industry 4.0 on the manufacturing SMEs, the author developed a framework which included the ten main Industry 4.0 technologies, Porter ́s generic value chain model and industrial performance indicators. During the analysis, it was found that all the companies were users of Industry 4.0; however, they were using mostly robots as the main technologies besides one company using cloud-platform technology. All the companies had impacts on their value chains operation activity. All five performance indicators flexibility, costs, productivity, quality and lead times were found to impact on Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The findings support the same indicators as found in literature. Furthermore, all three case companies confirmed that they have higher profits which shows that the implementation of Industry 4.0 not only improves industrial performance indicators but also can lead to increase in financial performance.

    Implications- This thesis contributed to both theory and provides suggestions to managers with primary contribution being the framework which itself is a contribution to the theory. The framework can be used both by researchers and managers. Furthermore, the theory provided in the literature review of impacts of different technologies on the value chain can guide the managers to understand which of the technologies are useful in corresponding activities of value chain. The suggestions provided by industry peers are also a major advantage for the managers to prepare their companies for Industry 4.0.

    Limitations- The research focused only on manufacturing SMEs in Sweden and from industry perspective, only SMEs manufacturing goods were included and not services. Within the case companies, all ten identified Industry 4.0 technologies were not found to be implemented in SMEs, therefore; the analysis and answers to research questions were based on the technologies found. Moreover, there was a constraint of time and resources which led to a small sample of three manufacturing industries.

    Keywords: Industry 4.0, The fourth Industrial Revolution, Industrie 4.0, Digitization, Value chain, Supply Chain, Manufacturing, SME, Impacts, Barriers

  • 5980.
    Chatzidakis, Nikolaos
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Grande, Dolf
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Making ERP Work: A Logistics Approach to Causes and Effects of ERP Post-Implementation Use2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem – Companies are taking into consideration not whether an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system is required, but rather how to establish an effective ERP system. Research on ERP implementation is vast, however fairly little is known about ERP management and post-implementation use. Investigating how ERP systems are managed andused by different users in various companies and sectors adds value to understanding what practices are beneficial and, or detrimental.

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to explain how ERP system use in the post implementation phase affects logistics operations in various enterprises.

    Method – The research has been conducted through the method of hermeneutics, enabling the researchers to constructively interpret data from in-depth interviews and documentary secondary data in order to explain what generally goes unnoticed in ERP system use.

    Conclusion – Training and business process configuration (also referred to as Business Process Reengineering in ERP implementation) are fundamental drivers to „ERP use‟ that embodies a wide range of dimensions (i.e. ERP access, understanding of ERP use etc.). All these dimensions, realized in ERP use affect operations either beneficially or detrimentally, externally or internally on a individual, team and, or organizational level.

  • 5981.
    Chau, Kim-Hoa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kudevičiūtė, Neringa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Beauty Made in China: Country of Origin Effect on Consumers’ Attitudes towards Chinese Cosmetics2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The emergence of global markets has created new hurdles for managers of international companies, yet provided with opportunities to take advantage of country of origin and transmit product information via “Made in” label. For many years China has been perceived negatively for a number of reason, though Chinese cosmetics is a new venture for the emerging economy. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to widen the current knowledge of country of origin in the cosmetics industry. The aim was to explore the underlying reasons in the attitude formation of female European millennials towards country of origin of China with regard to cosmetics industry. 

    Method: Focus group discussions have been chosen as the most appropriate research method to fulfil the purpose of the study. Three focus groups consisted of female European millennials were conducted during which the visual aids were shown in order to contribute to answering research questions. A deductive content analysis was used to analyse the data obtained. 

    Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that the attitudes held by female European millennials towards cosmetics made in China are more negatively due to a weak product-countryimage,withsomeexceptions. Thisisconsistentwithprevious studies that China’s country of origin is still perceived as unfavourable. However, new insights have been discovered that respondents do not perceive any country as having a superior expertise in cosmetics, except of France. 

  • 5982.
    Chaudhary, Amit
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Supplementing consumer insights at Electrolux by mining social media: An exploratory case study2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this thesis is to explore the possibility of text mining social media, for consumer insights from an organizational perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach – An exploratory, single case embedded case study with inductive approach and partially mixed, concurrent, dominant status mixed method research design. The case study contains three different studies to try to triangulate the research findings and support research objective of using social media for consumer insights for new products, new ideas and helping research and development process of any organization.

    Findings – Text mining is a useful, novel, flexible and an unobtrusive method to harness the hidden information in social media. By text-mining social media, an organization can find consumer insights from a large data set and this initiative requires an understanding of social media and its building blocks. In addition, a consumer focused product development approach not only drives social media mining but also enriched by using consumer insights from social media.

    Research limitations/implications – Text mining is a relatively new subject and focus on developing better analytical tool kits would promote the use of this novel method. The researchers in the field of consumer driven new product development can use social media as additional evidence in their research.

    Practical implications – The consumer insights gained from the text mining of social media within a workable ethical policy are positive implications for any organization. Unlike conventional marketing research methods text mining is social media is cost and time effective.

    Originality/value –This thesis attempts to use innovatively text-mining tools, which appear, in the field of computer sciences to mine social media for gaining better understanding of consumers thereby enriching the field of marketing research, a cross-industry effort. The ability of consumers to spread the electronic word of mouth (eWOM) using social media is no secret and organizations should now consider social media as a source to supplement if not replace the insights captured using conventional marketing research methods.

    Keywords – Social media, Web 2.0, Consumer generated content, Text mining, Mixed methods design, Consumer insights, Marketing research, Case study, Analytic coding, Hermeneutics, Asynchronous, Emergent strategy

    Paper type Master Thesis

  • 5983.
    Chavda, Poonam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ingvarsson, Agneta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Händelser av betydelse för övergång till palliativ vård för patienter med hjärtsvikt: En intervjustudie med Critical Incident Technique2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: In Sweden, approximately 200,000 people have heart failure. Heart failure can be chronic, complex and involves lifelong treatment. It is a serious disease in which about 50% with severe heart failure die within a year. There are no clear guidelines when transition to palliative care for patients with heart failure occurs.

    Objective: The purpose was to identify experiences that nurses considered to be important for initiating palliative care for patients with heart failure, and what actions thereafter were taken.

    Methods: A qualitative design with inductive approach was chosen for this study. A total of 15 unstructured interviews were conducted and analyzed on the basis of the Critical Incident Technique.

    Results: The result was divided into two parts. It was found that a generally deteriorated health were experiences that the nurse considered to be of importance for transition to palliative care. In the results it emerged that measures that was taken led to more oriented palliative care for the patients.

    Conclusion: To identify patients with heart failure who were in need of palliative care was important but difficult and required knowledge. There is a need to develop aids and tools to facilitate identification for palliative care, as it causes care to be more person-centered and the treatment strategy changes.

  • 5984.
    Chavdarova, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Wang, Haoxuan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    How risk assessment can be done in a quantitative way in a Chinese SME: A case study in China2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5985.
    Chedid, Michel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Wearable Computing in Harsh Environments2004In: SSoCC´04, Båstad 13-14/4 2004., 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5986.
    Chedid, Michel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Wearable Systems in Harsh Environments – Evaluating New Architectural Concepts: LiU-TEK-LIC-2006:712006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 5987.
    Chedid, Michel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Wearable Systems in Harsh Environments - Realizing New Architectural Concepts2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 5988.
    Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Belov, Ilja
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Electromagnetic Coupling to a Wearable Application Based on Coaxial Cable Architecture2006In: Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), ISSN 1559-9450, Vol. 56, p. 109-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5989. Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Belov, Ilja
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Experimental Analysis and Modelling of Textile Transmission Line for Wearable Applications2007In: International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, ISSN 0955-6222, E-ISSN 1758-5953, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 59-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The paper seeks, by means of measurement and modelling, to evaluate frequency dependent per-unit-length parameters of conductive textile transmission line (CTTL) for wearable applications and to study deterioration of these parameters when CTTL is subjected to washing.

    Design/methodology/approach – The studied transmission line is made of Nickel/Copper (Ni/Cu) plated polyester ripstop fabric and is subjected to standard 60°C cycle in a commercial off-the-shelf washing machine. The per-unit-length parameters (resistance and inductance) and characteristic impedance of the line are extracted from measurements before and after washing. Using the measurement data an equivalent circuit is created to model the degradation of the line. The circuit is then integrated in a three-dimensional transmission line matrix (TLM) model of the transmission line.

    Findings – Both an electrical equivalent circuit and a TLM model are developed describing the degradation of the conductive textile when washed. A severe deterioration of the electrical parameters of the line is noticed. Experimental and modelling results are in good agreement in the addressed frequency band.

    Research limitations/implications – Analysis is performed for frequencies up to 10?MHz. The developed TLM model can be used to conduct parametric studies of the CTTL. To counteract the degradation of the line, protective coating is to be considered in further studies.

    Originality/value – This paper extends knowledge of the subject by experimental and simulation-based characterization of the CTTL when subjected to washing cycles.

  • 5990.
    Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Belov, Ilja
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Low Power High bandwidth Power-Line Communication Network for Wearable Applications2010In: BodyNets 2010 – Fifth International Conference on Body Area networks, Greece, 10-12 Sep. 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5991. Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Belov, Ilja
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Modelling and Characterization of Electrostatic Current Noise Induced Mechanically in Wired Wearable Applications2010In: Journal of Electrostatics, ISSN 0304-3886, E-ISSN 1873-5738, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 21-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By means of statistical modelling and measurement, the triboelectric current noise spectral density is evaluated for shielded cables in body-borne wired network subjected to mechanical stresses. Assuming a shot noise model, an expression for the current spectral density of the noise is derived. The efficiency of the methodology is demonstrated by measuring the triboelectric current noise in two shielded cables subjected to bending. Thereafter the parameters of the noise pulses' waiting time and amplitude probability density functions are extracted from measurement, thus enabling the computation of the current spectral density of the noise induced mechanically in body-borne wired networks.

  • 5992.
    Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Roadmap: Wearable Computers2005In: IMAPS Nordic 2005: Tönsberg, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5993.
    Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Saab Training Systems AB, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hans
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Saab Training Systems AB, Sweden.
    Johansson, Alf
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Welinder, Jan
    Department of Electronics, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SE-50115 Borås, Sweden.
    Realisation of an Active Inductance for a Low Power High Bandwidth DC Power Line Communication Network Transceiver2010In: AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, ISSN 1434-8411, E-ISSN 1618-0399, Vol. 64, no 10, p. 947-952Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An active inductor based on an improved gyrator circuit is proposed. The active inductor is developed to be implemented in a high impedance transceiver for a wearable DC power line communication network where requirements such as low power consumption, high bandwidth and numerous nodes support are prioritized. A load isolation step is introduced to ensure the stability of the active inductance's size on different load currents. The proposed gyrator circuit is analyzed and optimized by means of theoretical calculations. The theoretical results are then verified by simulations and experiments in the frequency range up to 10 MHz.

  • 5994.
    Chedid, Michel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Tomicic, Daniel
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing - Surface technology. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Evaluation of Conductive Textile for Wearable Computer Applications2006In: The IMAPS Nordic Annual Conference, 2006, p. 220-227Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wearable systems put high demands on wearability and robustness. Conductive fabrics are very likely to be used in wearable systems due to their textile-like characteristics. However conductive fabrics must be able to resist environmental stresses (wearing, laundering, etc.) in the same way as clothing in order to fully comply with the requirements.

    A demonstrator, TxWear, was constructed to exploit conductive fabrics in building a conductive textile transmission line for intermodular communication and power transmission (DC power line communication bus), thus eliminating the need for cables between the modules. The hardware modules are connected to the conductive line through connectors from textile industry, i.e., snap fasteners. Different types of conductive fabrics (Ni/Cu plated polyester fabrics and stainless-steel based elastic ribbon) were evaluated and compared according to their conductivity, flexibility and robustness characteristics. The effect of washing on the electrical properties (per-unit-length parameters) of the textile transmission line was studied. Different coating processes, i.e., parylene and silicone coating, were studied and evaluated in order to isolate and enhance the robustness of the conductive textile. Ni/Cu plated polyester ripstop fabric was found to be not appropriate for wearable applications, while conductive elastic ribbon showed good robustness to laundry induced stresses.

  • 5995.
    Chee, Derserri Yan-Ting
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Lee, Hoe Chung-yeung
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Barnett, Tania
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Falkmer, Olov
    Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University & Pain.
    Siljehav, Jessica
    Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University & Pain.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Viewpoints on driving of individuals with and without autism spectrum disorder2015In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 26-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Understanding the viewpoints of drivers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is crucial in the development of mobility support and driver training that is responsive to their needs. Methods: Fifty young adults with ASD and fifty seven typically developed adults participated in the study to form a contrasting group. Q-methodology was used to understand viewpoints on driving as a main mode of transportation. Data were analysed using a PQ by-person varimax rotation factor analysis. Results: Although some ASD participants perceived themselves as confident and independent drivers, others preferred other modes of transportation such as public transport and walking. Anxiety was also found to be a barrier to driving. The contrast group revealed consistent viewpoints on their driving ability. They preferred driving as their main mode of transportation and believed that they were competent, safe and independent drivers. Conclusion: These results are important in the planning of transport policies and driver training for individuals with ASD. Driver training manuals can be developed to address anxiety issues, hazard perception and navigation problems in the ASD population. Their use of public transport could be further facilitated through more inclusive transport policies.

  • 5996.
    Chee, Derserri Yan-Ting
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Lee, Hoe Chung-Yeung
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Patomella, Ann-Helen
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Driving Behaviour Profile of Drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)2017In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, no 9, p. 2658-2670Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The symptomatology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can make driving risky, but little is known about the on-road driving behaviour of individuals with ASD. This study assessed and compared the on-road driving performance of drivers with and without ASD, and explored how the symptomatology of ASD hinders or facilitates on-road driving performance. Sixteen drivers with ASD and 21 typically-developed drivers participated in the study. Drivers with ASD underperformed in vehicle manoeuvring, especially at left-turns, right-turns and pedestrian crossings. However, drivers with ASD outperformed the TD group in aspects related to rule-following such as using the indicator at roundabouts and checking for cross-traffic when approaching intersections. Drivers with ASD in the current study presented with a range of capabilities and weaknesses during driving.

  • 5997.
    Chee, Derserri Yan-Ting
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Lee, Hoe Chung-Yeung
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI), Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia , Australia.
    Patomella, Ann-Helen
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University, Australia, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Investigating the driving performance of drivers with and without autism spectrum disorders under complex driving conditions2019In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the driving performance of drivers with autism spectrum disorders under complex driving conditions.

    Method: Seventeen drivers with autism spectrum disorders and 18 typically developed drivers participated in a driving simulator trial. Prior to the assessment, participants completed the Driving Behaviour Questionnaire and measurements of cognitive and visual-motor ability. The driving simulation involved driving in an urban area with dense traffic and unpredictable events.

    Results: In comparison with the typically developed group, drivers with autism spectrum disorders reported significantly more lapses in driving, committed more mistakes on the driving simulator, and were slower to react in challenging situations, such as driving through intersections with abrupt changes in traffic lights. However, they were also less likely to tailgate other vehicles, as measured by time-to-collision between vehicles, on the driving simulator.

    Conclusions: The performances of licensed drivers with autism spectrum disorders appeared to be safer in respect to car-following distance but were poorer in their response to challenging traffic situations. Driver education for individuals with autism spectrum disorders should focus on quick identification of hazards, prompt execution of responses, and effective allocation of attention to reduce lapses in driving. 

  • 5998.
    Chemnitz, Chris
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Borg, Carl
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Elgquist, Oscar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    VMI: A study of benefits with a VMI system2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Today, the market is getting tougher and tougher and organisations need to concentrate more on the organisations core competence, to become successful and gain competitive advantage. One way to get this competitive advantage for an organisation is to start using Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) system. A VMI system, with the help of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), manages the informational and material flow between the distributor and the supplier by automation. This means that the supplier receives accurate information from the distributor, and can thereby plan deliveries of products when needed and at the right amount. These deliveries are done by automation and are based on the distributor’s shared information such as inventory- and sales figures. We have as a goal for this thesis to examine if the positive benefits described by literature do reflect those benefits with the benefits experienced by organisations.

    The following question will be discussed and answered during this thesis:

    • Do the benefits of a VMI system described in theories, match the benefits experienced by an organisation?

    To answer our question, we have interviewed two managers about their companies’ way to use VMI. One interview was performed at a store working in the retail market and the other interview was performed at a grocery store. The interviews were performed to receive a deeper understanding of what the managers think about VMI, and also to understand how these benefits have been beneficial for their company. After the interviews, we started to compare and analyse the benefits gathered from literature with the benefits experienced by the managers for the companies. The analysis and comparison proved that there is a similarity between the benefits gathered from literature and the benefits experienced by the interviewees. We decided to categorise the benefits into three different categories: costs, service and inventory. Believing that this categorization was a good way to get you as a reader to have a lucid overview of which the benefits are, and which area of business they are beneficial in. Many of the gathered benefits could affect more than one area of business, and many cases benefits are created through chain reactions, benefits breeds new benefits.

    The similarity of the benefits collected from the empirical findings compared with the benefits from theories, are striking, and we can thereby concluded that the experienced benefits by an organization using a VMI system highly represents the benefits described in the theories from literature.

  • 5999. Chen, Bi
    et al.
    Tan, He
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems.
    Structure-Based Filtering for Ontology Alignment2006In: Proceedings of the 15th IEEE WETICE Workshop on Semantic Technologies in Collaborative Applications, 2006, p. 364-369Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies are an important technology for the Semantic Web and many ontologies have already been developed. Many ontologies also contain overlapping information and to be able to use them together effectively, we need to align them. Some of the current alignment techniques use information about the structure of the ontologies, but they have not produced good results in evaluations. We propose an approach where, in contrast to the other approaches, structural information is used as a filtering method in the alignment process. We evaluate the approach in terms of quality and performance.

  • 6000.
    Chen, Bo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Zeng, Zili
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    ERP Usage in Practice: Understanding End-Users ‘Acceptance of ERP Systems in Chinese large companies by applying UTAUT model2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The Enterprise  Resource  Planning system is  an  emerging  technology  that belongs to the scientific discipline of information systems. In simple words the ERP system integrates an organization’s resources and also involves business processes and organiza-tional changes. With the ubiquitous growth of IS investment, ERP systems implementation grows strongly. More and more companies introduced ERP systems. However many ERP implementation success stays at technical perspective. Users’ acceptance of ERP system is the key to the ERP implementation.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate and research factors that have affected the  end-users’ acceptance of the ERP  system  during  post-implementation  phase  of  the ERP implantation lifecycle.

    Method: In  order  to  understand the ERP  system  acceptance  in practices,  this  study  will collect data from two Chinese companies. Employees from two Chinese companies will be selected as  target  group  for  user  acceptance research.  With the  analysis  of  collected  data, user acceptance of the ERP system in those two Chinese companies will be studied. Inter-views and questionnaire are used in this study. This study will interview with ERP export and  generate  the  factors that could  have possible affected users’ acceptance. Hypotheses will  be  deduced by  those  factors. Based  on  the  primary  data  of questionnaires regression analysis is used to test those hypotheses to identify those factors.

     Results: Research results show the factors that influence end-user acceptance of the ERP system. The factors are: Business process adoption, ERP system performance, ERP com-munication, ERP  functionality, Computer nervousness, Technological  innovation, Social impact and support, ERP support. Organizations need to pay attention to those important factors in order to improve the ERP system acceptance among end-users.

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