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  • 551.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Personal assistance for patients living with a severe neurological disorder.2006In: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, ISSN 0888-0395, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 183-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with neurological diseases increasingly are being cared for at home. The purpose of this study was to describe stressful everyday experiences in connection with neurological disorders, to learn how people cope with such experiences, and gain knowledge about coping resources. Twenty-seven persons receiving personal assistance were interviewed twice at home. The 54 interviews were subjected to inductive content analysis. The persons encountered many problems in everyday life and usually handled them by means of acceptance, avoidance, practical problem solving, and reappraisal. Dependence on personal assistance gave rise to a sense of helplessness, but it was also the major coping resource. Nurses can improve home care by giving instruction and guidance to persons working as personal assistants.

  • 552.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Project neuromuscular diseases in Sweden.1989In: EAMDA-kongress., 1989Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 553.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Research Outcomes about Coping in Swedish populations: the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ)2009In: / [ed] Mehdi Ghazinour, Department of social work, Umeå University, Umeå University, 2009, p. 1-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The lecture will present an overview of the development and results from the Swedish version of the WCQ. The process of translation of the original questionnaire into Swedish is described as well as the results of the first Swedish study about coping with illness-related problems in persons with chronic diseases compared with a group healthy subjects. The first findings indicated the importance of further testing of the psychometric properties of the WCQ. Further psychometric evaluation of the WCQ included 510 subjects (patients, their next of kin and students). The result indicated modest support for the 8-factor model and deviation from equality of factor structures among the sub-samples. The 8-factor model was more adequate in describing clinical than non-clinical samples. A modification of the WCQ with a version of 45 items was made based on the results, which is now current in several studies.

  • 554.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Triangulering och multimetod - i teori och forskningspraktik.1995In: Kongressrapport från Hälso- och Sjukvårdsstämman, 1995Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 555.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Anshelm, Margareta
    Bedömning av livskvalitet vid svåra sjukdomstillstånd - vem har tolkningsföreträde.2001In: Kongressrapport, Nationella forskarskolan i vård och omsorg, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 556.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Anshelm, Margareta
    Förluster och kronisk sorg vid neurologiska sjukdomstillstånd.2001In: Kongressrapport, Nationella forskarskolan i vård och omsorg, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 557.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Anshelm, Margareta
    Göra det bästa av det sämsta: rörelsehindrades syn på sin livssituation2000Report (Other academic)
  • 558.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Anshelm, Margareta
    Livskvalitet vid svåra kroniska sjukdomar och skador. Sett ur den funktionshindrades, anhöriges och personliga assistentens synvinkel.2001In: Kongressrapport från Hälso- och Sjukvårdsstämman, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 559.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Carlsson, Catrin
    Att visa upp sin värld: hur personer med stora varaktiga funktionshinder uppfattar sin livssituation relaterat till de etiska principerna i LSS2002Report (Other academic)
  • 560.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Casco, Marie
    Vara synlig men ändå osynlig: personliga assistenters vardag2000Report (Other academic)
  • 561.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Davidsson, Solveig
    Tre kärnfulla berättelser: Anhörigas uppfattningar om vad assistans innebär för den funktionshindrade och hur de etiska värdegrunderna i LSS tillämpas.2000Report (Other academic)
  • 562.
    Ahlström, Gerd, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    The Development of Nursing in Modern Society2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 563.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Disability and quality of life in individuals with muscular dystrophy.1996In: Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 0036-5505, E-ISSN 1940-2228, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 147-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the county of Orebro, Sweden, 32 individuals with myotonic disorders and 25 with other types of muscular dystrophy were examined. Disability was assessed with functional tests and standardized observations of muscle function (mainly based on those proposed by Dr. Brooke), a new self-administered questionnaire regarding the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and the ADL staircase (based on Katz ADL index). The results of the different tests of disability were highly correlated. The Sickness Impact Profile and the Kaasa test were used for assessing the quality of life, and no significant differences were found between the groups of muscular dystrophy. In an explanatory factor analysis three main factors of disability were found. The factors "walk and move" and "finger function" were fair to good associated with the quality of life. This study offers an approach for research on the consequences of muscular dystrophy using established as well as new methods.

  • 564.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Intervenering för bättre livskvalitet.1997In: Rapport från forskningskonferensen Människa, handikapp, livsvillkor: Örebro den 9 och 10 april 1997, Örebro: Psykiatri och habilitering, Örebro läns landsting , 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 565.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Rehabilitering för bättre livskvalitet hos vuxna med muskeldystrofi1997Report (Other academic)
  • 566.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Kihlgren, Annika
    Arvill, Anders
    Sjödén, Per-Olow
    Respiratory function, electrocardiography and quality of life in individuals with muscular dystrophy.1994In: EAMDA, 1994Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 567.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Kihlgren, Annika
    Arvill, Anders
    Sjödén, Per-Olow
    Respiratory function, electrocardiography and quality of life in individuals with muscular dystrophy.1994In: Chest, ISSN 0012-3692, E-ISSN 1931-3543, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 173-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All individuals in a Swedish county afflicted with any type of hereditary muscular dystrophy (MD) were identified and 57 (85 percent) of eligible individuals in the age range 16 to 64 were included in the study. Respiratory disturbances were estimated by means of spirometry and analysis of arterial blood gases, and 58 percent yielded abnormal results on at least one of these examinations. Elevated PCO2 was found more commonly than reduced forced vital capacity (FVC) and there was a moderate association between these parameters. Respiratory symptoms, most commonly breathlessness, were encountered in 79 percent. Pathologic ECG recordings were found in 21 individuals (37 percent). Conduction disturbances and affection of the myocard were most frequent in myotonic dystrophy. Quality of life was assessed by means of the Sickness Impact Profile instrument and the Kaasa test. The results showed that quality of life was significantly related to FVC and to the symptom of abnormal fatigue. Respiratory and cardiac parameters showed a greater number of significant correlations with measures of functional ability than with subjective well-being.

  • 568.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Leissner, Per
    Sjödén, Per-Olow
    Epidemiology of neuromuscular diseases, including the postpolio sequelae, in a Swedish county.1993In: Neuroepidemiology, ISSN 0251-5350, E-ISSN 1423-0208, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 262-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The epidemiology of neuromuscular diseases was studied in the county of Orebro, Sweden (study population 270,000). Several different sources of data were utilized, compared and validated. On the prevalence of day (January 1, 1988) 474 patients were identified. The rate per 100,000 population was 92 for the postpolio sequelae (PPS) and 84 for the other neuromuscular diseases (motor neuron disease 9, hereditary neuropathies 9, myoneural disorders 16, myotonic disorders 19, muscular dystrophies 20 and myositis 11). Of the patients with the PPS, 80% reported late-onset symptoms. On the basis of an expanded survey including all medical records in one health care district, the prevalence of the PPS was estimated to be 186/100,000 population.

  • 569.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Hansson, Birgitta
    A model for supporting the patient's coping with chronic illness.2000In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 34-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 570.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Karlsson, Ulf
    Disability and quality of life in individuals with postpolio syndrome.2000In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 416-422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to investigate disability and quality of life in individuals with the characteristic symptoms of postpolio syndrome. METHOD: Disability is assessed by means of the self-report activities of daily living instrument, and quality of life by means of Kaasa's questionnaire and the quality of life profile. RESULTS: The 39 subjects have on average lived with polio sequelae for 52 years. Their main difficulties are with moving, lifting and carrying. This means restricted mobility, sedentary activities and a need to prioritize. Half of them feel that polio has lessened their possibilities in life, and a quarter have still not accepted the limitations polio has involved. Nevertheless the majority report a high level of psychosocial well-being, and almost a quarter say that living with polio has meant personal development and strength. We found a significant correlation between on the one hand disability with regard to ambulation, arm strength and finger strength on the self-report ADL, and on the other hand the number of negative problems on the quality of life profile (0.33-0.45). CONCLUSION: The latter instrument needs further testing before its validity can be determined with certainty.

  • 571.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Klinkert, Pia
    Den svåra balansgången: personliga assistenters möjligheter att tillämpa de etiska värdegrunderna i LSS2001Report (Other academic)
  • 572.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Lindvall, Björn
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    A comprehensive rehabilitation programme tailored to the needs of adults with muscular dystrophy.2006In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 132-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To assess if activities of daily living (ADL), coping and quality of life could be improved in adults with muscular dystrophy through a comprehensive rehabilitation programme. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, controlled clinical study comparing patients with similar age and disease aspects. SETTING: Two different counties in Sweden, being either study or control setting. SUBJECTS: The study group comprised 37 adults (21 women, 16 men; mean age 50 years), while the control group comprised 39 people (25 women, 14 men; mean age 46 years). INTERVENTIONS: Four rehabilitation sessions tailored to different medical, physical and psychosocial needs of the patients, comprising a total of 10 days over a period of 18 months. MAIN MEASURES: ADL, the Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale measuring coping strategies, the Sickness Impact Profile measuring health-related quality of life, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Psychosocial Well-being Questionnaire. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between groups with regard to the outcome measures. There was increased dependence on others in ADL after 18 months in both groups, but it was more pronounced in the control group. Furthermore, a clear trend was observed in the data with regard to coping patterns, the control group using more coping strategies such as 'Helplessness/hopelessness' (P= 0.057), 'Anxious preoccupation' (P = 0.085) and 'Fatalistic' (P= 0.073) when being compared to the study group. CONCLUSIONS: No apparent effects on ADL were found from the rehabilitation programme, although there was a tendency of reduction of maladaptive coping patterns in the study group. This initial study may provide the rationale and basis for a randomized controlled trial.

  • 573.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Sjöden, Per-Olow
    Coping with illness-related problems and quality of life in adult individuals with muscular dystrophy.1996In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 365-376Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Illness-related problems and coping were examined in 60 individuals with muscular dystrophy (MD) identified in a population survey of the county of Orebro, Sweden. In addition, the extent to which coping is related to quality of life (QoL) was investigated as was the impact of impairment and disability on the relation between coping and QoL. Emotion/appraisal-focused coping was utilized by respondents more than twice as often as problem-focused coping. High QoL was significantly correlated to "Stoic acceptance" and "Tried alternative treatment." Low QoL was associated with "Helpless/hopeless," "Anxious preoccupation," "Minimization," "Social comparison," "Establishment of control over everyday life," "Performs the task with the aid of an appliance" and "Accepts help or leaves it to others." When measures of impairment and disability were included in the analysis, the impact of these measures explained the association between coping and physical QoL by 16% to 43%.

  • 574.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Sjödén, Per-Olow
    Assessment of coping with muscular dystrophy: a methodological evaluation.1994In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 314-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no published research on coping with muscular dystrophy among adults. In the present study, two questionnaires, the Reaction to the Diagnosis of Cancer Questionnaire (RDCQ) and the Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale (MAC), were modified in order to measure coping with muscular dystrophy (MD). A total of 60 people (16-64 years) with diagnosed MD answered the questionnaires in two interviews including semi-structured questions. The replies to these questions were analysed by two independent judges on the basis of the RDCQ and MAC categories for coping. The purpose was twofold: to investigate if cancer-coping categories could be used for the classification of interview answers concerning coping with MD, and to gain knowledge about specific coping with MD. Analysis indicated that 82% of replies to semi-structured questions concerned with emotion/appraisal-focused coping with MD can be described by means of RDCQ and MAC categories. Eight new categories were developed to classify the remaining 18%: Anticipation, Creation of new life values, Minimization, Establishment of control over everyday life, Secretiveness, Fear, Social comparison and Coping with heredity. In addition, 997 replies were classified to represent problem-focused coping. The judges reached good agreement with respect to the proportions of replies in the respective coping categories. However, kappa (kappa) values were within the range of fair to good agreement.

  • 575.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Sjödén, Per-Olow
    Coping with Muscular Dystrophy: manual for analysis and categorizing of coping from interview data.1993Other (Other scientific)
  • 576.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Sundmark, Gunvor
    Wetterstrand, Johanna
    Upplevelser av att arbeta som personlig assistent.2001Report (Other academic)
  • 577.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Tang, Ping Fen
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Johansson, Camilla
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Workplace Distress and Ethical Dilemmas in Neuroscience Nursing: A qualitative study of Chinese nurses’ experience.2007In: 8th Quadrennial Congress of The European Association of Neuroscience Nurses (EANN), 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 578.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala University.
    Encounters in close care relations from the perspective of personal assistants working with persons with severe disablility.2010In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 180-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract In Sweden adults with major and sustainable disabilities can be granted publicly financed support in the form of personal assistance after assessment and decision-making in accordance with government rules. The purpose of the present study was to explore more deeply the encounters in close care relations between personal assistants and disabled persons of working age, as well as the prerequisites for and obstacles to the success of such encounters, this from the perspective of the personal assistants. Thirty-two personal assistants (22- to 55-year old) who worked for 32 persons with serious neurological diseases living at home were interviewed. The transcribed unstructured interviews were qualitatively analysed using latent content analysis. The analyses resulted in five main themes: Perceptive awareness, Entering into the other's role, Mutuality, Handling the relationship and Personal difficulties facing the assistant. These themes illustrated that a prerequisite for the encounter's being meaningful is that the assistant should be able to observe and understand the unique needs of the disabled person. The assistant must furthermore be able to put herself/himself into the other person's position. It is also important that the personal chemistry between the assistant and the disabled person should be good. Being able to share feelings and interests with the functionally impaired person provides the assistant with positive emotional confirmation of a good relationship. A distressing dilemma the assistant faces is that of distinguishing between the working relationship and the personal friendship. In this borderline area are found experiences, feelings and events that the assistant may view as negative or even unacceptable. This study contributes to the understanding of the complexity underlying the daily community care of disabled persons with an extensive need for care and assistance.

  • 579.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Coping with illness-related problems in persons with progressive muscular diseases: the Swedish version of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire.2002In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 368-375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most widely used self-assessment inventories of coping is the Ways of Coping Questionnaire. The aims of the study were to describe coping with illness-related problems in persons with muscular diseases and to investigate the influence of demographic variables. Also, the reliability of the Swedish version of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire was to be evaluated. Forty-four persons with muscular dystrophy and 32 persons with postpolio syndrome, along with a comparison group of 214 students, completed the questionnaire. The findings of this study show that there are some different coping patterns in students as compared with persons with chronic disease. The coping strategy Distancing was used more and the strategy Accepting Responsibility used less frequently in the chronic disease groups and may be an expression of the inevitable physical limitations caused by the progressiveness of muscular dystrophy and postpolio syndrome. Furthermore, persons with muscular dystrophy also used less problem-focused coping in the form of Confrontive Coping and Planful Problem Solving when compared with the postpolio and student groups. In addition, women in the three groups employed the strategy of Seeking Social Support more often than did men. Regarding the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire, internal consistency was acceptable for the total score, but lower and not acceptable for several of the subscales. In the student group, but not in the chronic disease groups, there were low correlations between subscales, which indicate discriminative ability. More research is necessary to further investigate the reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire before this instrument can be used routinely to assess coping patterns in patients with chronic disease.

  • 580.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Komplementära hälsometoder för patienter med kronisk sjukdom.2001In: Kongressrapport, Nationella forskarskolan i vård och omsorg, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 581.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wideheim, Ann-Kristin
    Leva med hjärntumör i ett familjeperspektiv.2001In: Kongressrapport, Nationella forskarskolan i vård och omsorg, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 582.
    Ahmadkhaniha, Donya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Linkopings universitet, Department of Physics, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. RISE Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Effect of SiC particle size and heat-treatment on microhardness and corrosion resistance of NiP electrodeposited coatings2018In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN 0925-8388, E-ISSN 1873-4669, Vol. 769, p. 1080-1087Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrodeposition of NiP composite coatings with nano and sub-micron sized SiC has been carried out to investigate the possibility of replacing hard chromium coatings. The composition and structure of the coatings were evaluated by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, respectively. Microhardness was measured by Vickers indentation and polarization measurements were carried out to study the corrosion behavior of the coatings. The results showed that submicron particles can be codeposited with a higher content as compared to nano sized ones. However, even if a smaller amount of the nano-sized SiC particles are incorporated in the coating, the contribution to an increasing microhardness was comparable with the submicron sized particles, which can be related to the higher density of codeposited particles. SiC particles did not change the anodic polarization behavior of NiP coatings in a 3.5% NaCl solution. Finally, the effect of heat-treatment on the coatings properties at 400 °C for 1 h was studied to investigate the contribution of particles and heat-treatment on hardness and corrosion properties. It was found that the heat-treatment doubled the microhardness and changed the anodic polarization behavior of the coatings from passive to active with respect to the as-plated conditions.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-08-04 00:00
  • 583.
    Ahmadkhaniha, Donya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Huang, Y.
    University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
    Jaskari, M.
    University of Oulu, Nivala, Finland.
    Järvenpää, A.
    University of Oulu, Nivala, Finland.
    Heydarzadeh Sohi, M.
    University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Karjalainen, L.P.
    University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Langdon, T.G.
    University of Southampton, Southampton, UK..
    Effect of high-pressure torsion on microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of cast pure Mg2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-pressure torsion (HPT) processing was applied to cast pure Mg pieces and its effects on microstructure, hardness and tensile properties as well as corrosion resistance were evaluated. The microstructure of the processed samples was examined by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and the mechanical properties were determined by microhardness and tensile tests. Corrosion resistance of the samples was studied via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 3.5% NaCl solution. The results showed that HPT refined the grain size of Mg very effectively from millimeters in the cast structure to a few micrometers homogeneously through the thickness and created a basal texture on the surface. One or five turns of HPT produced no significant difference in the grain size of the processed Mg but the hardness was a maximum after one turn. The yield strength of the cast Mg was increased by seven times whereas the corrosion resistance was not affected by the HPT processing.

  • 584.
    Ahmadkhaniha, Donya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Huang, Yi
    Materials Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.
    Jaskari, Matias
    Kerttu Saalasti Institute, University of Oulu, Nivala, Finland.
    Järvenpää, Antti
    Kerttu Saalasti Institute, University of Oulu, Nivala, Finland.
    Sohi, Mahmoud Heydarzadeh
    School of Metallurgy and Materials, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Karjalainen, L. Pentti
    Centre for Advanced Steels Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Langdon, Terence G.
    Materials Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.
    Effect of high-pressure torsion on microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of cast pure Mg2018In: Journal of Materials Science, ISSN 0022-2461, E-ISSN 1573-4803, Vol. 53, no 24, p. 16585-16597Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-pressure torsion (HPT) processing was applied to cast pure magnesium, and the effects of the deformation on the microstructure, hardness, tensile properties and corrosion resistance were evaluated. The microstructures of the processed samples were examined by electron backscatter diffraction, and the mechanical properties were determined by Vickers hardness and tensile testing. The corrosion resistance was studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in a 3.5% NaCl solution. The results show that HPT processing effectively refines the grain size of Mg from millimeters in the cast structure to a few micrometers after processing and also creates a basal texture on the surface. It was found that one or five turns of HPT produced no significant difference in the grain size of the processed Mg and the hardness was a maximum after one turn due to recovery in some grains. Measurements showed that the yield strength of the cast Mg increased by about seven times whereas the corrosion resistance was not significantly affected by the HPT processing. 

  • 585.
    Ahmadkhaniha, Donya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Pinate, Santiago
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing. RISE Research Institute of Sweden, Borås.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Electrodeposition of Ni high P composite coatings containing nano and submicro ceramic particles2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, electrodeposition of Ni-P composite coatings has been carried out to investigate the possibility of replacing hard chromium coatings. Therefore, electrodeposition of Ni-P based composite coating with different SiC particle size (50 nm, 100 nm and 500 nm) or B4C (500 nm) was performed. The coating’s composition was evaluated by energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), microhardness of the coatings was measured by Vickers indentor and polarization measurements were carried out to study the corrosion behavior of the coatings. The results showed that B4C particles can codeposit in higher percent respect to SiC ones. Ceramic particles increased microhardness of Ni-P coatings to 700HV0.01. The polarization behavior of all the coatings in 3.5% NaCl was similar in as plated state proving that particles did not hindered the passive behaviour. Finally, the effect of heat-treatment (at 400 ºC for 1 hour) on the coating’s properties was studied to compare the contribution of particles and heat-treatment on mechanical and corrosion properties of the coatings. Heat-treatment increased the coating’s microhardness and changed the anodic polarization behavior of the coatings respect to the as plated conditions.

  • 586.
    Ahmadkhaniha, Donya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    The effects of additives, particles load and current density on codeposition of SiC particles in NiP nanocomposite coatings2019In: Coatings, ISSN 2079-6412, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, electrodeposition of NiP composite coatings with the addition of SiC 100 nm was carried out on low carbon steel studying the effect of additives (sodium dodecyl sulfate, saccharin), particles load (10 or 20 g/L) and current density (1, 2 and 4 A/dm2). As a benchmark, coatings from an additive-free bath were also deposited, despite additives being essential for a good quality of the coatings. The coating's morphology and composition were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). It was shown that by addition of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), pure NiP coating with a higher P content was achieved, and their morphology changed to nodular. SDS also reduced the codeposited fraction of SiC particles, while saccharin increased it. SiC loading and current density had less impact respect to the additives on codeposition of SiC particles. Finally, the microhardness of NiP coatings did not increase linearly by codeposition of SiC particles. 

  • 587.
    Aho, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Psychiatric Clinic, Ryhov, Region Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Campus Norrköping, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Experiences of being parents of young adults living with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy from a salutogenic perspective2017In: Neuromuscular Disorders, ISSN 0960-8966, E-ISSN 1873-2364, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 585-595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD2) involve progressive muscle weakness. Parental support is important for young adults living with LGMD2, but no study has been identified focusing on the parents' experiences. The salutogenic perspective concentrates on how daily life is comprehended, managed and found meaningful, i.e. the person's sense of coherence. The aim of this study was to describe, from a salutogenic perspective, experiences of being parents of young adults living with LGMD2. Nineteen participants were included. Data were collected by semi-structured interviews and the self-administrated 13-item sense of coherence questionnaire. Interview data were analysed with content analysis and related to self-rated sense of coherence. The result shows experiences of being influenced, not only by thoughts and emotions connected to the disease but also by caregiving duties and the young adults' well-being. Simultaneously, difficulty in fully grasping the disease was expressed and uncertainty about progression created worries about future management. Trying their best to support their young adults to experience well-being and to live fulfilled lives, the importance of having a social network, support from concerned professionals and eventually access to personal assistance was emphasized. The need to have meaningful pursuits of one's own was also described. The median sense of coherence score was 68 (range 53–86). Those who scored high (≥68) described satisfaction with social network, external support provided, work and leisure activities to a greater extent than those who scored low (<68). The result shows that the young adults' disease has a major impact on the parents' lives. Assessment of how the parents comprehend, manage and find meaning in everyday life may highlight support needed to promote their health. 

  • 588.
    Ahonen, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Kvarnvik, Christine
    Folktandvården Region Jönköpings län.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Avdelningen för Klinisk Neurofysiologi, Linköpings Universitetssjukhus, Linköping.
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Inspektionen för Socialförsäkringen, Göteborg.
    Nygårdh, Annette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Stensson, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Oral hälsa och obstruktiv sömnapné- protokoll för en longitudinell studie2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 589.
    Ahonen, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Kvarnvik, Christine
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Nygårdh, Annette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Stensson, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Norderyd, Ola
    Ulander, Martin
    Sunnergren, Ola
    Jansson, Henrik
    Sayardoust, Shariel
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    “No one seems to know”: Studieprotokoll för utvärdering av ett teoretiskt ramverk för oral hälsa avseende reliabilitet och validitet i en obstruktiv sömnapné population2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 590.
    Ahorsu, Daniel K.
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Imani, Vida
    Pediatric Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
    Su, Jian-An
    Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan.
    Latner, Janet D.
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
    Marshall, Rachel D.
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    A prospective study on the link between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating: Role of food addiction and psychological distress2020In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, ISSN 0276-3478, E-ISSN 1098-108XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: This prospective study investigated the link between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating by (a) examining the temporal association between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating; (b) investigating the mediating role of food addiction in the association between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating; and (c) examining the mediating role of psychological distress in the association between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating.

    METHOD: Participants comprised 1,497 adolescents (mean = 15.1 years; SD = 6.0). Body mass index and weight bias were assessed at baseline; psychological distress (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress) assessed and food addiction at 3 months; and binge eating at 6 months. The mediation model was analyzed using Model 4 in the PROCESS macro for SPSS with 10,000 bootstrapping resamples.

    RESULTS: There was no significant direct association between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating. However, food addiction and psychological distress significantly mediated the association between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating.

    DISCUSSION: These findings highlight the indirect association between weight-related self-stigma and binge eating via food addiction and psychological distress. Consequently, intervention programs targeting food addiction and psychological distress among adolescents may have significant positive effects on outcomes for weight-related self-stigma and binge eating. The findings will be beneficial to researchers and healthcare professionals working with adolescents during this critical developmental period.

  • 591. Aid Kalle Dunkel, Laura Viktorya Chrsitina Matthias Wißotzki
    et al.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    State of research in reuse of enterprise models: Systematic literature analysis of CAISE, EMMSAD, ICIS and INCOM2012In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on Information Systems, 2012, p. 82-90Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of managing organizational knowledge of enterprises has been recognized for decades. The systematic development and reuse of organizational knowledge is expected to improve the competitiveness of the enterprise. While the practice of “reuse” is common in general computer science there is still a lack of surveys in regard to reuse in enterprise modeling. This document reviews four different papers presented at information systems conferences over the last seven years: CAISE, EMMSAD, ICIS, and INCOM. Our analysis indicates that the majority of research is realized by case studies, theoretical frameworks and mostly on business process modeling aspects of enterprise models.

  • 592.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Challenges for heart failure patients’ self-care systems – analysis of patients’ needs2014In: Procedia Technology - Elsevier, ISSN 2212-0173, E-ISSN 2212-0173, Vol. 16, p. 1256-1264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-care is important for heart failure patients. However, what are the views of patients on their situation when it comes to realizing self-care? The aim of the paper is to investigate the self-care needs of HF patients, by understanding the issues they embrace in their self-care processes. In this paper we make a review of 17 interviews and make a classification of what the needs are for possible information technology support systems. Based on the analysis of these interviews, we identify the diversity of needs in support of activities related to different background conditions and the dynamics of change of learning and changes in the heart failure condition. The contribution of the paper is a framework for understanding the diversity of needs and the specific situations of this group of patients.

  • 593.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnaeus University.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Understanding heart failure care as a patient learning process2013In: Procedia Technology, ISSN 2212-0173, Vol. 9, p. 930-939Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper deals with the planning of eHealth systems in the area of chronic care from a patient-centred perspective. The particular area is heart failure (HF) and systems that support patients’ possibilities to be active learners during the care processes. A better understanding of this process is hoped to create a basis for the development of appropriate information systems or information technology (IS/IT) support of learning processes. The objective of this paper is the development of a better understanding of the challenges of chronic illness with special focus on HF. The results are presented as a planning framework that guides the choice and design of ICT-based support systems.

  • 594.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnaeus University.
    Nygårdh, Annette
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    User involvement in the co-design of self-care support systems for heart failure patients2015In: Procedia Computer Science, ISSN 1877-0509, E-ISSN 1877-0509, Vol. 64, p. 118-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the nature of user involvement in a co-design process will be explored. The outlines of a research project aiming at developing support systems for self-care inpatients suffering from chronic heart failure will be presented. The project is planned to perform a co-design effort where users (patients and healthcare professionals) will be given the opportunity to influence the development of support systems. We will discuss a number of possibilities and challenges that lie in the design of this kind of project and also some findings from its early stages. This report presents the experiences of users’ input, which are discussed in the context of previous research on benefits of user contributions in systems development.

  • 595. Aidis, R.
    et al.
    Welter, Friederike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Smallbone, D.
    Isakova, N.
    Female Entrepreneurship in Transi­tion Economies: The Case of Lithuania and Ukraine2007In: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 157-183Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 596. Aidis, Ruta
    et al.
    Welter, FriederikeJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Successful Start-ups and Businesses in Emerging Economies2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 597. Aidis, Ruta
    et al.
    Welter, FriederikeJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    The Cutting Edge: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in New Europe2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 598.
    Akhter, Naveed
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Exit in the context of portfolio firms2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 599.
    Akhter, Naveed
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Family business portfolios: Enduring entrepreneurship and exit strategies2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines how family business portfolios endure across time and investigates the entrepreneurial strategies that they engage in. The goal of this dissertation is addressed through five appended papers in which I have argued for the importance of business families owning multiple firms, that is, portfolio entrepreneurship. Portfolio entrepreneurship plays a central role in economic development as it is a prevalent phenomenon in developed and emerging economies. However, despite its importance, there is currently very little research on portfolio entrepreneurship, especially in the context of family firms.

    In so doing, I study nine business families owning multiple businesses in Pakistan. I conducted in-depth interviews with family owners and employees; the interviews were supplemented with other sources of data such as observations and archival material. When studying questions such as how a portfolio is built-up across generations, how and why business families exit and, when they exit, which businesses they choose to exit from, I draw on insights from the literature on portfolio entrepreneurship, business exit, family firms, socioemotional wealth, sensemaking, compassion and social identity theory in the five papers.

    The dissertation addresses the calls for studies on portfolio entrepreneurship in the context of family firms by examining the process through which a portfolio is constructed by studying performance and exit related issues. In other words, it examines both the growth and the contraction of portfolios. The study offers several contributions. First, it contributes to studies on enduring entrepreneurship by investigating how business families last across time despite encountering difficult situations and declining business. Second, the study contributes to the portfolio entrepreneurship literature by elucidating how portfolios are built across generations and the roles of both growth and contractions while addressing processual and contextual issues.

    Third, the study contributes to the business exit literature by looking at the exit process in a family business context and exploring multiple exits. This isunique, as it is, to the best of my knowledge, the first study on business exits looking at multiple exit in the context of family firms. Fourth, the study also contributes to the literature on family firms by exploring how and why business families refrain from exiting from their core legacy business and how their emotions influence the exit process.

    Finally, the study contributes to context-related issues. The study adds to the literature on contextualization and addresses the call for more context-specific studies in entrepreneurship scholarship. This dissertation is focused on context-based factors considering the spatial and social context, where the former has been undertaken by taking an emerging economy and country context as the setting, while the latter refers to the relational and emotional ties within family firms. In addition to its theoretical contributions, this dissertation has important implications for practice. The dissertation brings to the fore some promising and unique ways in which entrepreneurship endures across time and context through the transgenerational transmission of entrepreneurship and insights into how business families behave in a declining business situation. Additionally, this study offers insights for family owners and managers on how to address the dilemma of continued entrepreneurship, that is, how to encourage and foster enduring entrepreneurship in organizations, in particular in the context of family firms.

  • 600.
    Akhter, Naveed
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Firm growth and entrepreneurs: Role of kinship ties2011Conference paper (Other academic)
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