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  • 51.
    Stillström, Carin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Effects on Supply Chain Relations in Mobile Manufacturing2007In: Swedish Production Symposium, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Co-creation of knowledge: Key aspects for relevance in collaborative research projects2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can relevance for both industry and academia be achieved in collaborative research project? Despite the vast amount of literature on collaborative research, there is still a lack of empirically grounded studies on their practical use. We have investigated how the co-creation of knowledge was carried out in six collaborative projects, what was considered to be relevant results and what aspects that were found critical during the different phases of a collaborative research project. We found that joint activities during the initial phases, together with joint implementation of development initiates, was found most critical for relevance.

  • 53.
    Tiedemann, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Carlsson, Björn
    Parker Hannifin.
    The sign of lead time2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate how the level of customization of constituent items affects cost and lead time. This is done by using one empirical illustrations, from the hydraulic pump manufacturer Parker, of when an item was offered customizable without considering the effect it had on the strategic lead times. It is concluded that the CDP-method that simultaneously regards strategic lead times, level of customization and the process driver of an item, increases the possibility to make informed decision and thereby lower the total cost by not sub-optimizing.

  • 54.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Aligning operations strategy and purchasing strategy2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The possible advantages gained by outsourcing non-core competences and utilizing theglobalization of the market will be diminished if inter-firm relationships are notdesigned and managed properly. Hence, extended support for purchasing decisionsbased on market requirements in terms of order winners and delivery lead times isneeded. We provide a framework that combines the strategic implications from a wellknownpurchasing framework (Kraljic, 1983) with a decoupling based framework thatemphasizes the balance between efficiency and responsiveness, and the level ofcontrollability in the supply chain.

  • 55.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Decoupling points and product uniqueness impact on supplier relations2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Grad av kundorderstyrning2009In: PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2009: effektiva och lönsamma försörjningskedjor : artiklar från konferensen på Växjö universitet 19-20 augusti 2009, Stockholm: PLAN , 2009, p. 161-172Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Grad av kundorderstyrning är ett begrepp som används i många sammanhang men kanske inte alltid vilar på en så tydlig definition om vad som avses. Den vanligaste utgångspunkten är nog att utgå ifrån när en produkt blir knuten till en kundorder. Det här innebär att delar av materialflödet uppströms är prognosdrivna och de senare delarna, vars ledtid ligger inom leveransledtiden, är kundorderdrivna. Dessa två flöden sitter ihop i en lagerpunkt som fungerar som en buffert mellan flödena och den benämns ofta kundorderpunkt. Om man dessutom beaktar att man kan ha en stigande grad av säkerhet om kundordern längs flödet så kan flödet delas in i tre segment: spekulation, förväntan och åtagande, där den senare ligger efter kundorderpunkten. En annan aspekt är hur varianter skapas längs flödet. Detta är nära förknippat med utformningen av produktstrukturen och kan associeras med var i strukturen som dessa varianter skapas, d.v.s. variantspridningspunkten. Produktstrukturer kan inom ramen för detta ha olika uppbyggnad som t.ex. en specialprodukt som görs helt kundunik, eller en standardprodukt som ser likadan ut för alla kunder. Däremellan återfinns modulariserade strukturer som har inslag av standardmoduler,baserat på vilka man kan sätta samman kundunika lösningar. Sammanfattningsvis finns det tre olika grader av säkerhet om kundorder och några olika modeller för att hantera variantspridning. Detta innebär ett antal möjliga kombinationer, men enbart en delmängd av dessa är att betrakta som konkurrenskraftiga strategier. Syftet med den här artikeln är att belysa hur grad av kundorderstyrning kan definieras som ett koncept baserat på positionering av kundorderpunkt respektive positionering av variantspridningspunkt.

  • 57.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Strategiska frikopplingspunkter och samverkan i försörjningskedjor2010In: Bättre Produktivitet, ISSN 1402-1145, Vol. 8, no 8, p. 12-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Strategiska frikopplingspunkter och samverkan i försörjningskedjor2010In: PLANs Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2010: Efterfrågedrivna försörjningskedjor / [ed] Sandor Ujvari, Stockholm: Logistikföreningen PLAN , 2010, p. 111-122Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledning och styrning av försörjningskedjor kräver en god överblick över kedjornas grundläggande strukturella egenskaper och över hur samverkan mellan olika aktörer i kedjorna formeras. Fundamentala egenskaper ur detta perspektiv är hur verksamhetens processer är strukturerade och ur vilken utgångspunkt de är definierade. För att säkerställa att processer genomförs endast då ett behov är identifierat är det viktigt att fokusera på centrala processdrivare i flödet. Förutom att avgöra vad som initierar en process är det också viktigt hur, och av vilken aktör, processen planeras och styrs. Om en aktör har full kontroll över processen kan processen betecknas som styrbar ur den aktörens perspektiv men om den ligger utanför aktörens kontroll så kan den på motsvarande sätt beteckna som ostyrbar. Beroende på vilken aktör som styr en process och om samma eller en annan aktör genomför processen så skapas olika förutsättningar för utformning av hur dessa aktörer samverkar. Traditionellt har den typen av frågor, kopplat till leverantörssamverkan, behandlats inom inköpsstrategin. För att illustrera hur produktions- och inköpsstrategi kan knytas närmare varandra exemplifieras detta med hur den välkända Kraljic-modellen kan integreras i ett processbaserade ramverket med hjälp av fokus på ordervinnare.

  • 59.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Triadic perspective on customization and supplier interaction in customer-driven manufacturing2018In: Production & Manufacturing Research, ISSN 2169-3277, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 3-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Customization and customer-driven manufacturing are both explicitly based on the focal actor’s interaction with the customer actor. The impact of these aspects on the internal operations of the focal actor is relatively well known compared to the limited number of studies performed on the impact on the focal actor’s supplier. The purpose here is therefore to investigate how the concept of customization complements the concept of customer-driven and how customer requirements affect interaction between a supplier and the supplier’s supplier in a triad. Frameworks for different perspectives are developed where match and mismatch between the actors on the perception of flow driver and flow differentiation is highlighted. The frameworks are then applied on a case company to illustrate application.

  • 60.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Customer-differentiated triadic interaction based on decoupling points2017In: Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, ISSN 2398-5364, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 185-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The integration of supply chains together with the disintegration of individual actors in the supply chain shifts the focus from actors to challenges in the interaction between actors. This paper sets out to identify risk strategies for different supplier interactions in triadic configurations, in order to outline supply strategies.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Companies participating in a research project recounted the challenges they faced regarding the integration of customer order-based management and supply from a triad perspective. Six triad configurations were identified, based on the literature, resulting in three risk strategies, which were empirically illustrated in practice by the participating companies.

    Findings

    A key finding is that a triad perspective for a customer-differentiated approach to supplier interaction results in a material classification that highlights the circumstances in which to apply ‘balance efficiency’, ‘postpone’, ‘balance responsiveness’ and ‘speculate’ supply strategies.

    Research limitations/implications

    The research has focused on process drivers and controllability and the results may require careful interpretation when there is a mix of standardized and customized products since further interaction differentiation then may be required.

    Practical implications

    The strategies developed herein provide guidelines for differentiated supplier interaction with explicit focus on triads where customer actors directly influence supplier actors. This approach highlights how outsourcing must be carefully executed when supplier actors are involved in delivery to customer orders.

    Originality/value

    The paper sheds new light on how customer requirements impact supplier interaction in terms of decoupling points related to both delivery strategy and control strategy. The study also presents a novel application of the Kraljic matrix in in terms of risk strategies in different triad configurations.

  • 61.
    Wikner, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Tiedemann, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Johansson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Leagility in a triad with multiple decoupling points2015In: Advances in production management systems: Innovative production management towards sustainable growth / [ed] S. Umeda, M. Nakano, H. Mizuyama, N. Hibino, D. Kiritsis, G. von Cieminski, Berlin: Springer, 2015, Vol. 459, p. 113-120Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leagility is a strategic concept that represents a combination of lean and agile. Lean is assumed to be a cost-based strategy that is appropriate in a forecast-driven context upstream of the customer order decoupling point (CODP). Agile is the corresponding flexibility-based strategy in a customer-order-driven context downstream of the CODP. Competitive advantage is based on that the position of the CODP is aligned with the market requirements. In a dyad setting this alignment can be realized with relative ease but in a triad setting it becomes more complicated if both supply actors pursue a leagile strategy. If lean based purchasing faces an agile based delivery strategy or the opposite, where agile based purchasing faces a lean based delivery strategy, the interface is misaligned. In this paper, four interface configurations are identified and empirical examples of each are given based on a case study.

12 51 - 61 of 61
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