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  • 51.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Edenius, Mats
    Institutionen för informatik och media, Uppsala universitet.
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Medical Management Center, Karolinska Institutet.
    Open service innovation in health care: What can we learn from open innovation communities?2012In: Managing open innovation technologies / [ed] Eriksson Lundström, J. S. Z., Wiberg, M., Hrastinski, S., Edenius, M. & Ågerfalk, P. J., Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, p. 239-251Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the chapter is to describe and discuss how principles from open innovation, which are primarily derived from commercial product development, could be applied to open service innovation in non-profit health care organisations. To evaluate the drivers, barriers and prerequisites of such innovation, we performed an explorative study consisting of interviews with two rheumatologists, engaged in a Swedish research project on open innovation in health care. According to the interviews, the main driver was considered to be “the empowered patient”, holding a good knowledge of his or her disease. Barriers to open innovation were the lack of meeting places for patients, a strong local variation in how health care services are delivered, and an organisational culture which does not promote learning and innovations. It is necessary for health care organisations to change their current culture of closed innovation, implying that only physicians have valid knowledge about patients’ diseases. Other necessary prerequisites for implementing open innovation principles are support from management and structures of financial control which encourage innovations. This explorative study is, to the best of our knowledge, the first to combine principles of open innovation and health care services.

  • 52.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Gäre, Klas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Edenius, Mats
    Institutionen för informatik och media, Uppsala universitet.
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Karolinska institutet.
    Designing for Complex Innovations in Health Care: Design Theory and Realist Evaluation Combined2009In: Proceedings of DESRIST '09 the 4th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology 2009 in Malvern, PA, USA, ACM , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovations in health care are often characterized by complexity and fuzzy boundaries, involving both the elements of the innovation and the organizational structure required for a full implementation. Evaluation in health care is traditionally based on the collection and dissemination of evidence-based knowledge stating the randomized controlled trial, and the quasi-experimental study design as the most rigorous and ideal approaches. These evaluation approaches capture neither the complexity of innovations in health care, nor the characteristics of the organizational structure of the innovation. As a result, the reasons for innovations in health care not being disseminated are not fully explained. The aim of the paper is to present a design – evaluation framework for complex innovations in health care in order to understand what works for whom under what circumstances by combining design theory and realist evaluation. The framework is based on research findings of a case study of a complex innovation, a health care quality register, in order to understand underlying assumptions behind the design of the innovation, as well as the characteristics of the implementation process. The design - evaluation cycle is hypothesized to improve the design and implementation of complex innovation by using program/kernel theories to develop design propositions, which are evaluated by realistic evaluation, resulting in further refinement of program/kernel theories. The goal of the design – evaluation cycle is to provide support to implementers and practitioners in designing and implementing complex innovations in health care. As a result, the design – evaluation cycle could provide opportunities of improving dissemination of complex innovations in health care.

  • 53.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Gäre, Klas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Edenius, Mats
    Institutionen för informatik och media, Uppsala universitet.
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Media Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet.
    Innovations in health care: Design theory and realist evaluation combined2010Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovations in health care are often characterized by complexity and fuzzy boundaries, involving both the elements of the innovation and the organizational structure required for a full implementation. Evaluation in health care is traditionally based on the collection and dissemination of evidence-based knowledge stating the randomized controlled trial, and the quasi-experimental study design as the most rigorous and ideal approaches. These evaluation approaches capture neither the complexity of innovations in health care, nor the characteristics of the organizational structure of the innovation. As a result, the reasons for innovations in health care not being disseminated are not fully explained. The aim of the paper is to present a design-evaluation framework for complex innovations in health care in order to understand what works for whom under what circumstances combining design theory and realist evaluation. The framework is based on research findings of a case study of a complex innovation, a health care quality register, in order to understand underlying assumptions behind the design of the innovation, as well as the characteristics of the implementation process. The design-evaluation cycle is hypothesized to improve the design and implementation of complex innovation by using program/kernel theories to develop design principles, which are evaluated by realistic evaluation, resulting in further refinement of program/kernel theories. The goal of the design-evaluation cycle is to provide support to implementers and practitioners designing and implementing complex innovations in health care, for improving dissemination of complex innovations.

  • 54.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Haftor, Darek
    Uppsala University.
    Rapp, Birger
    IMIT.
    Sundberg, Klas
    Agil projektledning: Något för alla eller bara för några?2017In: Management of Innovation and Technology, no 4, p. 2p. 5-6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 55.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Do Learning Styles Matter in Online Education?2007In: Principles of Effective Online Teaching: A Handbook for Educators Developing E-Learning, Santa Rosa, California: Informing Science Press , 2007, p. 121-135Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 56.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Learning styles, age and perceptions of online discussions2006In: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on elearning, 2006, p. 200-207Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    The use of e-learning in higher education: Towards a notion of digital literacy of university teachers2008In: Proceedings of Ed-Media 2008, World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermida & Telecommunications, Charlottesville, Va.: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education , 2008, p. 2417-2424Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To make e-learning in higher education truly interactive, it is our assumption that teachers will have to rethink their pedagogical practice and move from the traditional notion of objectivist instructional design to a constructivist pedagogical practice, creating learning communities of inquiry. Drawing on this notion, we define digital literacy of university teachers as “the ability to create online learning communities enabling cognitive and social presence.” This could be accomplished by creating learning communities of inquiry. The article describes the characteristics of learning communities of inquiry and presents findings from a study depicting current pedagogical practice in university online education. The findings of the study show that university teachers seem to lack confidence in their role as creators of learning communities and prefer objectivist instructional design as their prevalent pedagogical practice. Finally, conclusions and implications for practice in order to achieve a higher level of digital literacy among university teachers are suggested.

  • 58.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Institutionen för informatik och media, Uppsala universitet.
    Towards Digitally Literate University Teachers2009In: Tidsskriftet Digital kompetanse, ISSN 0809-6724, E-ISSN 0809-714X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 104-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is challenging for university teachers to adopt constructivist pedagogical practices and to make e-learning interactive. Drawing on this challenge, one possible definition of digital literacy of university teachers could be “the ability to create online learning communities enabling cognitive and social presence”. This particular form of digital literacy could be accomplished by creating learning communities of inquiry. This article describes the characteristics of learning communities of inquiry and presents findings from a study depicting current pedagogical practice in university online education. The findings show that many teachers at the examined universities seemed to lack confidence in their role as creators of learning communities and often adopted objectivist instructional design practices. Finally, conclusions and implications for practice in order to achieve learning communities of inquiry are suggested.

  • 59.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Carlsson, Sven
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Students' acceptance of e-learning environments: A comparative study in Sweden and Lithuania2007In: European Conference on Information Systems, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an ongoing cross-cultural study exploring the implementation of e-learning environments in higher education in Sweden and Lithuania. The aim of the study was to explore factors affecting students’ acceptance and use of e-learning. A questionnaire was developed based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) and the Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT). Data was collected from 67 master students in public health education in Sweden and Lithuania. Lithuanian students were found to experience a substantially higher degree of acceptance of e-learning environments than Nordic students at the Swedish university. Rate of use, time spent on use and confidence in computer use affected acceptance of the e-learning environment positively at the Swedish university. At the Lithuanian university, previous knowledge of computer use affected acceptance in a positive way. Lithuanian male students experienced a lower degree of perceived usefulness of the e-learning environment than Lithuanian female students. The findings of the study suggest that cultural and organisational factors are important to consider in explaining students’ acceptance of e-learning environments as well as being important in implementation strategy and tactics.

  • 60.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Institutionen för informationsvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Lövstål, Eva
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Akademi och praktik möttes kring öppen programvara och agila metoder2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 61.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Framgångsfaktorer för utbildning på nätet2011In: Mer om nätbaserad utbildning: Fördjupning och exempel / [ed] Stefan Hrastinski, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 31-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    E-learning use in higher education: The impact of organisational factors2007In: 6th European Conference on e-Learning, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Casanovas, Ines
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Fernandez, Gladys
    Does national culture matter in e-learning implementation?2008In: Proceedings of Ed-Media 2008, World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermida & Telecommunications, Charlottesville, Va.: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education , 2008, p. 3796-3798Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Not much is known about the impact of national culture on perceptions of e-learning. The aim of the study was to compare perceptions of e-learning implementation among university teachers at a Swedish and an Argentinean university. Hofstede’s (2001) four dimensions of national culture were used to characterise the national cultures of Sweden and Argentina: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism – collectivism, and masculinity – femininity. 159 Swedish and 110 Argentinean university teachers answered a survey questionnaire on purposes of using e-learning in university education, and driving factors and barriers towards e-learning implementation. The responses to the questionnaire were mainly similar. The only difference in responses due to national culture was that Argentinean university teachers stressed lack of incentives and appreciation as a more serious barrier to e-learning implementation than the Swedish respondents. This difference might be due to the more masculine culture of Argentina, stressing recognition and rewards more than the feminine Swedish culture.

  • 64.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Institutionen för informationsvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Casanovas, Inés
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Fernandez, Gladys
    National Technological University of Argentina.
    The impact of national culture on e-learning implementation: A comparative study of an Argentinean and a Swedish University2009In: Educational Media International, ISSN 0952-3987, E-ISSN 1469-5790, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compared attitudes, purposes, driving factors and barriers of using e-learning at an Argentinean and a Swedish university. Data from a questionnaire answered by 269 university teachers was analysed to discern similarities and differences in responses from Argentinean and Swedish teachers. The main conclusion of the study was that the responses from Swedish and Argentinean teachers were similar. However, some differences were discerned. Argentinean teachers stated communication with students and active student participation as more important driving factors than Swedish teachers. Lack of incentives and appreciation were stated as more important barriers among the Argentinean teachers. University teachers from both countries used e-learning tools for administrative rather than pedagogical purposes. One explanation of this finding might be that the transition towards actually teaching and learning with technology was experienced as too challenging. Based on the findings of the study, it could be concluded that there is a vital need of university teachers to receive support from implementers and colleagues in order to overcome the barriers of lack of time and knowledge of the pedagogical implications of e-learning.

  • 65.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Stevenson, Katherine
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Participation in blended learning: Settings and intersections of a master programme in healthcare2012In: International Journal of Web Based Communities, ISSN 1477-8394, E-ISSN 1741-8216, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 504-520Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines educational settings, intersections and participation in a master programme in healthcare given as blended learning. Regarding communication between learners and teachers dialogical intersections were found between campus and home as well as between campus and work. Furthermore, not only learners but also teachers worked from other physical locations than campus. In communication between learners, dialogical intersections were found between home and campus, work and campus, and between home settings. Discussion and assignment tools were used in other settings than campus and were found to enhance learning and reflection by learners. Communication patterns in synchronous and asynchronous online seminars were characterised by a high share of communication between learners. However, the share of teachers’ postings increased in online seminars devoted to support on course content from expert teachers. The article is concluded with implications of the findings for planning and structuring of blended learning.

  • 66.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Wass, Sofie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Zetterlind, Madelene
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ghassemali, Ehsan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Teacher roles in a blended learning materials engineering master program: "It's not a new role, it's a new way!"2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engineering education are characterized by laboratories, mathematical foundations and design tools. These pillars of engineering education do not seem to be ideal for online education as the field lags behind other fields in adopting online education. Laboratories are for instance hard to implement online due to the need of direct operation of instruments. Likewise, course materials requiring use of mathematics have traditionally not been as easy to implement as topics that require only text-based instructions (Bourne et al., 2005). Real laboratory sessions have also shown to be more motivated for engineering students than virtual simulations (Stefanovic, 2013). In spite of this, there are increasing evidence of use of blended and online learning in engineering education. For example, online self-study environment to supplement the classroom instruction in engineering courses in graphical communication (Sun et al., 2014), virtual laboratories and simulation environments (Balamuraithara & Woods, 2007; Bourne et al., 2005) and online platforms for developing learning networks for global engineering (Meikleham et al. 2015). The School of Engineering at Jönköping University, the Swedish foundry association, the research institute Swerea/SWECAST and twelve foundry industries cooperate to develop a blended learning one-year master program in product development in materials and manufacturing. As previously performed courses have been given on campus, teachers needed to take on new roles as blended learning teachers. In this paper, we present the initial results from a study that aims to investigate the perceived roles of university teachers in a blended learning materials engineering master program.

  • 67.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Zetterlind, Madelene
    Jönköping University, The University Library.
    Interaktiv Antiplagieringsguide2012In: NU 2012: Gränslöst lärande, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den vanligaste orsaken till att studenter vid svenska lärosäten blir föremål för disciplinåtgärder under de senaste åren är plagiering. Under 2009 hände detta 303 studenter, varav 244 avstängdes (Högskoleverket, 2010). Internationella studier tyder på att det mest effektiva medlet för att undvika plagiering är att anta en helhetssyn på problemet genom att förmedla goda akademiska värdegrunder och vetenskaplig hederlighet hellre än att fokusera på disciplinära åtgärder (Macdonald & Carroll, 2006). Studenterna behöver också, under hela sin utbildning, ha tillgång till information om vad som är tillåtet när det gäller referenser till och citering av andras texter.

    Under 2009 inleddes ett pedagogiskt projekt vid Högskolan i Jönköping med syfte att utveckla en så kallad interaktiv anti-plagieringsguide för skolans studenter. I utvecklingen medverkade personal från Resurscentrum för flexibelt lärande, högskolebiblioteket, sektionen för rättsvetenskap, sektionen för media och kommunikation samt representanter för studentkåren. Guiden är utvecklad på svenska och engelska som en kurs i sex olika moduler. Varje modul består av filmer, länkar, övningar och ett självrättande interaktivt test. Kursens moduler har följande innehåll:

    1. Introduktion till akademiska värdegrunder
    2. Vad är plagiering?
    3. Hur upptäcks plagiering?
    4. Hur undviker jag plagiering?
    5. Vad händer om jag plagierar?
    6. Fler akademiska uppförandekoder

    Från och med vårterminen 2012 har samtliga studenter vid Högskolan i Jönköping under hela sin studietid tillgång till den interaktiva anti-plagieringsguiden genom lärplattformen Pingpong. Guiden är också tillgänglig för andra via högskolans öppna sidor i Pingpong.

    För att stödja implementering anordnas workshops för lärare där goda exempel på användning och uppföljning i kurser sprids. Målet med workshoparna är att anti-plagiatguiden skall ingå som en naturlig del i undervisning och handledning under metod- och uppsatskurser. Studenter kan också, med hjälp av guiden, repetera kunskaper om referenshantering och om hur plagiering undviks när de behöver det. Genom guiden förflyttas fokus i arbetet mot plagiering från kontroll och bestraffning till en naturlig del av undervisning och handledning i de kurser där studenter övar och tillämpar akademiskt skrivande.

    Referenser

    Högskoleverket. (2010). Disciplinärenden 2009 vid svenska lärosäten. Rapport 2010:11 R. Stockholm: Högskoleverket.

    Macdonald, R. & Carroll, J. (2006). Plagiarism – a complex issue requiring an holistic approach. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 31(2), 233-245.

  • 68.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Casanovas, Ines
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Fernandez, Gladys
    The impact of national culture on e-learning implementation: A comparative study of an Argentinean and a Swedish university2008In: Proceedings of IADIS International Conference Information Systems 2008, 2008, p. 351-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, little is known if and how national culture shapes e-learning. In this study, attitudes, purposes, driving factors and barriers of e-learning use at an Argentinean and a Swedish university was compared. A survey questionnaire was distributed among teachers at both universities. Data was analysed to discern similarities and differences in responses from Argentinean and Swedish teachers from the four cultural dimensions developed by Hofstede; power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism – collectivism, and masculinity – femininity. The main conclusion of the study was that the similarities of responses from Swedish and Argentinean teachers were more common than differences. However, some differences emanating from national culture could be discerned. Argentinean teachers stated communication with students and active student participation as more important driving factors than Swedish teachers. Lack of incentives and appreciation was stated as more important barriers among the Argentinean teachers. These findings are hypothesised to be due to the more collectivist and masculine culture of Argentina.

  • 69.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    E-learning use at Jönköping University: Driving factors, barriers and strategies2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Universities world-wide develop e-learning courses, but do  not always have a clear understanding what is needed to develop such courses. Before a university implements e-learning courses, the driving and limiting factors should be explored. To this end we conducted a survey at Jönköping University in Sweden. Every staff member at the university who had devoted at least 10% or her/his time to teaching during the last year was asked to complete the questionnaire. The questionnaire was answered by 159 teachers. The driving factors of using e-learning were found to be primarliy administrative gains, and not so much improvement of the pedagogical value of courses. The two major barriers to e-learning were lack of time (65%) and lack of knowledge about technology (53%). The teachers experienced limited support from the university management in their ambitions to develop e-learning.

  • 70.
    Lindh, Jörgen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    E-learning use in higher education:: Driving factors, barriers and strategies2007In: Proceedings of ECEL 2007 The 6th European Conference on e-Learning, 2007, p. 359-368Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Manzoor, Mirfa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Jansson, Owe
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Wass, Sofie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    From prototype to societal inclusion: Identified challenges for sustainable implementation of e-services for individuals with disabilities2018In: Technology and Disability, ISSN 1055-4181, E-ISSN 1878-643X, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 97-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In recent years, the interest of performing research about and providing e-services for individuals with disabilities has grown significantly. However, there is a knowledge gap in the existing literature on how to stimulate the pre-requisites needed for a sustainable implementation of e-services.

    AIM AND METHOD: The study aims to contribute to this knowledge gap by performing semi-structured email interviews with twelve project coordinators from the EU programmes of FP6-IST and FP7-ICT.

    RESULTS: The findings showed that knowledge-based and financially based resources, the complexity of the project context, ethical issues and the structural responsibility of the implementation process were key issues in creating a sustainable implementation. Furthermore, users often were not able to perceive added value from the e-services as they seldom were developed beyond prototypes within the research project.

    CONCLUSION: The implementation of e-services and/or ICT based applications for individuals with disabilities face similar challenges to the challenges that have been identified when implementing IT-based innovations. Further studies should focus on how users can be involved in the choice and development of e-services they understand as effective, and how to ensure that the implementation strategy will contribute to long-term social inclusion, that is, sustainability.

  • 72.
    Melin, Ulf
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Wedlund, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Modeller för lärandemål - välreflekterad bedömning: Slutrapport för projekt NSHU 71-13-07/822010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure for the present project was the Degree Ordinance (SFS 2006:1053). Keywords as knowledge, understanding, ability, skills, assessment, and perspectives are focused. When applying learning outcomes the need for assessment of student achievements vs. learning outcomes is highlighted. The work with learning outcomes has a great potential - but challenges are present as described in the project. In order to be able to perform reflected assessment of student achievements we have developed a set of frameworks. The frameworks are related to learning outcomes from different perspectives, such as employability, student learning outcomes, university characteristics, subject oriented, and "local" profiles. The project is grounded in didactic practice and pedagogical research. It is based in the information system subject area at four universities, but is also relevant to other subject areas with a professional orientation.

  • 73.
    Molka-Danielsen, Judith
    et al.
    Molde University College.
    Christina, KellerJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.Wiberg, MikaelUmeå Universitet.
    IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Nistor, Nicolae
    et al.
    Ludwig-Maximiliams-Universitat, München, Germany.
    Weinberger, Armin
    Saarland University, Germany.
    Stark, Robin
    Saarland University, Germany.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Iglesias-Pradas, Santiago
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Hernandez-Garcia, Angel
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Pascual-Miguel, Felix
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Duenas-Rugnon, Oscar Lorenzo
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.
    Cross-cultural aspects of learning technology acceptance2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Education in a global networked society implies the wide use of educational technology, which in turn requires learners’ technology acceptance. The previous educational research has given little attention to the acceptance and use of learning technology in international or intercultural context. In this symposium, we present three empirical studies of technology acceptance by adult learners. All three are based on an acknowledged acceptance theory (i.e. the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, UTAUT, Venkatesh et al., 2003), and aim at applying it in contexts where different cultures are involved. The first deals with the introduction of a virtual learning environment at a Swedish, a Norwegian, and a Lithuanian university. The second examines the use of a learning management system at a Spanish university, distinguishing technological from non-technological culture as context of the technology use. The third is a large survey of general attitudes and use of computers for learning in Germany and Romania, considering both ethnical and professional culture. In each of them, the findings widely correspond with the previous acceptance theories, i.e. learners’ expectations and the social influence determine their attitudes, which further determine the technology usage. Additionally, the cultural diversity highlights influences such as, e.g., individualism, uncertainty avoidance or computer anxiety, which can change both the values of the acceptance variables, and the relationships between them. Based on these evidences, the three studies provide a deeper insight into the interconnections between culture – in the national/ethnical, as well as in the professional sense – and learning technology acceptance.

  • 75.
    Nyström, M. E.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden and Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Karltun, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Andersson Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Collaborative and partnership research for improvement of health and social services: researcher’s experiences from 20 projects2018In: Health Research Policy and Systems, ISSN 1478-4505, E-ISSN 1478-4505, Vol. 16, article id 46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Getting research into policy and practice in healthcare is a recognised, world-wide concern. As an attempt to bridge the gap between research and practice, research funders are requesting more interdisciplinary and collaborative research, while actual experiences of such processes have been less studied. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to gain more knowledge on the interdisciplinary, collaborative and partnership research process by investigating researchers’ experiences of and approaches to the process, based on their participation in an inventive national research programme. The programme aimed to boost collaborative and partnership research and build learning structures, while improving ways to lead, manage and develop practices in Swedish health and social services.

    Methods

    Interviews conducted with project leaders and/or lead researchers and documentation from 20 projects were analysed using directed and conventional content analysis.

    Results

    Collaborative approaches were achieved by design, e.g. action research, or by involving practitioners from several levels of the healthcare system in various parts of the research process. The use of dual roles as researcher/clinician or practitioner/PhD student or the use of education designed especially for practitioners or ‘student researchers’ were other approaches. The collaborative process constituted the area for the main lessons learned as well as the main problems. Difficulties concerned handling complexity and conflicts between different expectations and demands in the practitioner’s and researcher’s contexts, and dealing with human resource issues and group interactions when forming collaborative and interdisciplinary research teams. The handling of such challenges required time, resources, knowledge, interactive learning and skilled project management.

    Conclusions

    Collaborative approaches are important in the study of complex phenomena. Results from this study show that allocated time, arenas for interactions and skills in project management and communication are needed during research collaboration to ensure support and build trust and understanding with involved practitioners at several levels in the healthcare system. For researchers, dealing with this complexity takes time and energy from the scientific process. For practitioners, this puts demands on understanding a research process and how it fits with on-going organisational agendas and activities and allocating time. Some of the identified factors may be overlooked by funders and involved stakeholders when designing, performing and evaluating interdisciplinary, collaborative and partnership research.

  • 76.
    Ovretveit, John
    et al.
    Medical Management Centre (MMC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Hvitfeldt Forsberg, Helena
    Medical Management Centre (MMC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Essén, Anna
    Medical Management Centre (MMC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Medical Management Centre (MMC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brommels, Mats
    Medical Management Centre (MMC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Continuous innovation: developing and using a clinical database with new technology for patient-centred care - the case of the Swedish quality register for arthritis2013In: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 118-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. We describe and explain the development of a clinical quality database and its use for different clinical, management and patient empowerment purposes.

    Design. A longitudinal case study covering 1993–2009.

    Setting. Rheumatology departments in Swedish hospitals.

    Participants. Those involved in developing the clinical database and its applications and a limited number of users.

    Intervention(s). Different methods for inputting and storing clinical and patient data and for analysing and presenting the data to providers and patients.

    Main outcome measure(s). Participants’ perceptions of the value of different applications and of influences, which helped and hindered the development of the system.

    Results. Different innovations were introduced at different times continually to increase the ultility of the clinical data and the clinic- and patient coverage of the clinical data system. Limited interview data show postive patient and provider perceptions of the latest application to collect and present data as time trend visual display in the clinical consultation.

    Conclusions. A longitudinal perspective revealed how a clinical quality register was developed and how new technologies not imagined in the early 1990s continue to increase the ultility and value of the clinical database. This historical perspective provided limited evidence of impact, but does provide lessons for current strategies for innovation for quality in health care and of the need to consider innovolution processes, rather than discrete innovations, given the rapid pace of change in new technologies. More evidence is needed of the impact of such registers, and of enhancements, on providers and patients and on costs.

  • 77.
    Revenäs, Åsa
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Martin, Cathrine
    Uppsala universitet.
    Opava, Christina
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Brusewitz, Maria
    Swedish Rheumatic Association.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    A mobile internet service for self-management of physical activity in people with reumathoid arthritis: Challenges in advancing the co-design process during the requirements specification phase2015In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: User involvement in the development of health care services is important for the viability, usability, and effectiveness of services. This study reports on the second step of the co-design process.

    Objective: The aim was to explore the significant challenges in advancing the co-design process during the requirements specification phase of a mobile Internet service for the self-management of physical activity (PA) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    Methods: A participatory action research design was used to involve lead users and stakeholders as co-designers. Lead users (n=5), a clinical physiotherapist (n=1), researchers (n=2) with knowledge in PA in RA and behavioral learning theories, an eHealth strategist (n=1), and an officer from the patient organization (n=1) collaborated in 4 workshops. Data-collection methods included video recordings and naturalistic observations.

    Results: The inductive qualitative video-based analysis resulted in 1 overarching theme, merging perspectives, and 2 subthemes reflecting different aspects of merging: (1) finding a common starting point and (2) deciding on design solutions. Seven categories illustrated the specific challenges: reaching shared understanding of goals, clarifying and handling the complexity of participants’ roles, clarifying terminology related to system development, establishing the rationale for features, negotiating features, transforming ideas into concrete features, and participants’ alignment with the agreed goal and task.

    Conclusions: Co-designing the system requirements of a mobile Internet service including multiple stakeholders was a complex and extensive collaborative decision-making process. Considering, valuing, counterbalancing, and integrating different perspectives into agreements and solutions (ie, the merging of participants’ perspectives) were crucial for moving the process forward and were considered the core challenges of co-design. Further research is needed to replicate the results and to increase knowledge on key factors for a successful co-design of health care services.

  • 78.
    Revenäs, Åsa
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Opava, Christina
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Martin, Cathrin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Demmelmaier, Ingrid
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Åsenlof, Pernilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Development of a web-based and mobile app to support physical activity in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis: Results from the second step of a co-design process2015In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, ISSN 1438-8871, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Long-term adherence to physical activity recommendations remains challenging for most individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite evidence for its health benefits.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to provide basic data on system requirement specifications for a Web-based and mobile app to self-manage physical activity. More specifically, we explored the target user group, features of the future app, and correlations between the system requirements and the established behavior change techniques (BCTs).

    Methods: We used a participatory action research design. Qualitative data were collected using multiple methods in four workshops. Participants were 5 individuals with RA, a clinical physiotherapist, an officer from the Swedish Rheumatism Association, a Web designer, and 2 physiotherapy researchers. A taxonomy was used to determine the degree of correlation between the system requirements and established BCTs.

    Results: Participants agreed that the future Web-based and mobile app should be based on two major components important for maintaining physical activity: (1) a calendar feature for goal setting, planning, and recording of physical activity performance and progress, and (2) a small community feature for positive feedback and support from peers. All system requirements correlated with established BCTs, which were coded as 24 different BCTs.

    Conclusions: To our knowledge, this study is the first to involve individuals with RA as co-designers, in collaboration with clinicians, researchers, and Web designers, to produce basic data to generate system requirement specifications for an eHealth service. The system requirements correlated to the BCTs, making specifications of content and future evaluation of effectiveness possible.

  • 79.
    Santhanam, Anand
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    The role of data centers in advancing green IT: A literature review2018In: Journal of Soft Computing and Decision Support Systems, E-ISSN 2289-8603, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 9-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The explosion in data consumption and data generation has led to expansion of data centers, which are significant stakeholders in obtaining sustainability. This paper investigates what role data centers can play in advancing sustainability and green IT by performing a literature review. The purpose of the review was to provide a holistic framework that can help to position current and new research on the factors influencing the implementation of green IT in the data center. The review was limited to peer-reviewed journal articles and conference papers. The reviewed papers were analyzed by inductive content analysis, which created the five categories of 1) power savings, 2) cost savings, 3) sustainability and green energy, 4) information technology for greening data centers, and 5) aligning business requirements with resource utilization. Based on these categories, a framework describing how data center can contribute to green IT was created. Power savings and cost savings were found to influence as well as contribute to choices and development of information technology for greening data centers. Also, the categories of sustainability and green energy and alignment of business requirements of business utilization have a bi-directional relationship with information technology used in data centers. The findings further indicate that there is a need to study the alignment of business requirements with resource utilization due to a lack of publications in this area.

  • 80.
    Santhanam, Anand
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping International Business School.
    Using Design Science Research Methodology for Making Data Centers Environmentally Sustainable2018In: DESRIST Conf. Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research-in-progress paper aims to develop a design science research methodology (DSRM) for sustainability and direct and indirect environmental impact from the activates that are performed in data centers. The design science research methodology is founded in the DSRM developed by Peffers et al. in 2007 and builds further on the work by vom Brocke and Seidel (2012) on direct and indirect effects on environmental sustainability of design artifacts. The paper aims to articulate specific considerations and practice rules within the vom Brocke and Seidel framework for data centers. In this framework both direct objectives, such as performance metrics and energy consumption, and indirect objectives, such as data center security measures and alignment between business processes and resource utilization are included. The framework will subsequently be tested in an empirical study at a major Scandinavian data center. 

  • 81.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Zetterlind, Madelene
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
    Development of an online learning master program with specialization in cast metals engineering: Challenges and opportunities2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Skarstedt, Marita
    et al.
    Klinisk mikrobiologi, Medicinsk diagnostik, Landstinget i Jönköpings län.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Henriks, Göran
    Qulturum, Landstinget i Jönköpings län.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Klinisk mikrobiologi, Medicinsk diagnostik, Landstinget i Jönköpings län.
    Matussek, Andreas
    Klinisk mikrobiologi, Medicinsk diagnostik, Landstinget i Jönköpings län.
    Minskad TAT för blododling: Erfarenheter från en förbättringsprocess2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kundnöjdhet är en viktig faktor för kliniska laboratorier. En betydelsefull värdemätare är turnaround tid för prover. I ett samarbetsprojekt mellan klinisk mikrobiologi och kemi ändrades rutinerna för omhändertagandet av blododlingar under kvällar och nätter. Ny teknik för bakterietypning och snabb resistensbestämning infördes. Medeltid från provtagning till resistensbestämning för cefotaximresistenta enterobacteriaceae minskades från 55 till 43 timmar. För att undersöka personalen upplevelser genomfördes intervjuer vilka visade att personalen kan hantera förändringar väl.

  • 83.
    Sprague, Ralph
    et al.
    University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Moody, Daniel
    University of Twente, Netherlands.
    Sammon, David
    University College Cork, Ireland.
    Adam, Frederic
    University College Cork, Ireland.
    Carlsson, Sven A
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Shanks, Graeme
    University of Melbourne, Australia.
    IS Phd Research in the 21st Century: A Tale of Candidates and Supervisors2009In: Proceedings of ECIS 2009: The 14th European Conference on Information Systems, Verona, Italy, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Stevenson, Katherine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gäre, Klas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Thor, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Professionals learning to lead improvement efforts in health and social care: A realist evaluation of an interprofessional practice-based masters program2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    The many faces of implementation2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research problem on how to implement changes and innovations in organizations has attracted attention from researchers since the 1970s. But in spite of extensive research, implementation projects in organizations world-wide still fail to a large extent.

    The purpose of this report is to present an overview of the pre-requisites for successful implementation of IT-based innovations in complex organizations and its consequent policies. The knowledge produced can be of importance for decision makers, managers and individuals that need to plan how to move from pilot to real world applications and develop strategies that facilitate adoption of the innovation in the whole organization.

    To fulfill the purpose of the report, the following research questions were posed:

    • Where are implementation studies performed?

    • What is the focus of implementation, i.e. what is implemented?

    • Which theories, models, frameworks and methods of data collection are used in implementation studies?

    • Which are the success factors and barriers to implementation?

    A literature review was performed on implementation research during 2009-2014 within the areas of e-health, education, military defense and transport. A majority of the reviewed implementation studies were performed by researchers from USA and Europe. The focus of implementation were policies and information technology-based innovations. Half (approximately 50%) of the reviewed implementation studies were performed inductively, without any guiding theory, model or framework. When theories, models and frameworks were used, they were derived academic disciplines such as economics, sociology, political science organization science, management and information systems and used to explain adoption of policies or information technology. Implementation studies performed in the area of education were guided by theories, models and frameworks to a greater extent than research studies in ehealth, military defense and transport. A majority of the reviewed research studies applied case studies as research approach and semi-structured interviews as the predominant method of data collection.

    Common success factors of implementation mentioned in the reviewed studies were to create common understanding of the implementation process among stakeholders, to apply professional project and resource management in the implementation process, to have a strong guiding coalition and change champions and offer end-users of the implementation of the change or the innovation added value. Common barriers were lack of funding and governance, lack of stakeholder management, failed technologies and end-users not perceiving any added value from the change or innovation implemented.

  • 86.
    Zetterlind, Madelene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Vetenskaplig metod på nätet: Att dela digitala lärobjekt inom en högskola2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och mål med projektet: Syftet med projektet var att skapa en modell för gemensam utveckling och användning av ämnesövergripande nätbaserade kurser vid Högskolan i Jönköping. Digitala lärobjekt för helt eller delvis nätbaserad undervisning i kurser om vetenskaplig metod prioriterades som ett viktigt område för högskolan.

    Metod eller tillvägagångssätt: Projektet inleddes i början av 2008 och bedrivs som ett samarbetsprojekt mellan fackhögskolorna vid Högskolan i Jönköping. I projektet medverkar representanter för Resurscentrum för flexibelt lärande, Högskolebiblioteket, Hälsohögskolan, Tekniska Högskolan, Internationella Handelshögskolan och Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation. Ett trettiotal lärare har bidragit till att utforma innehållet tillsammans med bibliotekarier, TV-pedagoger och översättare. Kursresursen innehåller en introducerande del samt följande kursmoduler:

    1. Vetenskapsteoretisk och vetenskapshistorisk orientering
    2. Informationssökning
    3. Att skriva vetenskapliga rapporter
    4. Forskningsprocessen
    5. Forskningsmetoder och tekniker för datainsamling
    6. Metoder för dataanalys

    De digitala lärobjekten som har skapats i projektet består av inspelade föreläsningar, intervjuer och rundabordssamtal, powerpoint-presentationer och annat textbaserat material. Lärobjekten har samlats i två kurser i högskolans lärplattform. En svensk och en engelskspråkig version av kursresursen har utarbetats. Kursresursen innehåller också en utvärderingsdel med student- respektive lärarutvärdering.

    Resultat: Från november 2008 till juni 2009 har kursresursen använts i tio kurser och under hösten 2009 och vårterminen har hittills 19 kurser fått tillgång den. Kursresursen har använts av samtliga fackhögskolor, mestadels på kandidatnivå men även på masterutbildningar. Sex av kurserna har använt den engelskspråkiga kursresursen. Kursresursen har hittills mest använts i campuskurser men under hösten 2009 används den även i ren distansutbildning. Skälen för att använda kursresursen har bl. a. varit att möjliggöra att minska antalet föreläsningstimmar till förmån för seminarier, att erbjuda variation, fördjupning och breddade perspektiv, att använda som stöd vid uppsatsskrivning och ge ökad möjlighet till flexibilitet i tid och rum för studenterna.

    Från de lärar- och studentutvärderingar som har gjorts framkommer både för och nackdelar. De digitala lärobjekten, som är avsedda för användning inom många ämnesdiscipliner, upplevs ibland av studenterna som för löst kopplade till den aktuella kursen. Av samma skäl har lärare ibland svårt att anpassa användandet av lärobjekten till kursens nivå – grund eller avancerad. För att komma tillrätta med det här krävs det att lärare arbetar aktivt med att foga ihop lärobjekten till en sammanhängande kurs med en klar struktur och nivåinriktning. Studenter uppger att de största fördelarna är att de inspelade föreläsningarna kan stoppas, spolas tillbaka och tas om samt flexibiliteten i tid och rum ökar.

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