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  • 51.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Brundin, Ethel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Hartel, C.
    Prodigies of Beliefs: Compassion and Positive organization2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Accepting and implementing change in family firms within and across generations2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Harvest and after: Entrepreneurial recycling in family firm portfolios2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial exit is an integral component of the entrepreneurial process. Yet entrepreneurs often fail to realize the gains from their harvesting activities (Dehlen et al., 2012). This study extends our understanding of entrepreneurial recycling which allows a firm to re-allocate and re-invest the harvested resources (Mason & Harrison, 2006). Although entrepreneurial recycling is viewed as an important element of the post exit process (DeTienne & Chirico, 2013), with few exceptions there is little research present on this phenomenon. This is especially interesting in the case of a special breed of entrepreneurs called portfolio entrepreneurs (DeTienne, 2010; Rosa, 1998) who own multiple businesses simultaneously and undertake multiple exits as compare to entrepreneurs who start and harvest a single venture only (MacMillan, 1986). Theoretical and empirical research suggests that the context of family firms has a profound impact on portfolio entrepreneurship as well as on entrepreneurial recycling strategies (Carter & Ram, 2003).

  • 54.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    If we cannot have it then no one should: Business exit and re-entry2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Entrepreneurial exit strategies in family firm portfolios2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Exit strategies in family firm portfolios2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sieger, P.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Transgenerational growth in family business portfolios: Strategies and the rural and urban context2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sieger, Philipp
    University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    If we cannot have it then no one should: Shutting down versus selling in family business portfolios2015In: Academy of Management Proceedings, January 2015 (Meeting Abstract Supplement) 15764, 2015 / [ed] John Humphreys, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates exit patterns in family business portfolios in times of declining performance. Drawing on social identity theory and a sample of six family business portfolios from Pakistan, we reveal that business families often prefer shutting down satellite portfolio firms rather than selling them. This is found to be mainly driven by the identity fit of the family and the satellite business and the desire to restart it at a later point in time. This study contributes to literature on portfolio entrepreneurship, business exit, and long-term success and endurance of family firms.

  • 59.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ning, Ernestine
    Resourcefulness and Informal Economy:: From Pluriactivity to Portfolio Entrepreneurship2018In: The Family Business Group Phenomenon: Emergence and Complexities / [ed] Marita Rautiainen, Peter Rosa, Timo Pihkala, Maria José Parada, Allan Discua Cruz, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 145--174Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Entrepreneurial exit in family firm portfolios2014In: The Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, January 2014 (Meeting Abstract Supplement), 15060, Academy of Management , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the process of entrepreneurial exit in a sample of five family firm portfolios from Pakistan. Our aim is to understand how entrepreneurial exit occurs in family firm portfolios and why family firm owners exit from some satellites and not from others. The emergent insights of this study through observing total number of 25 exits, portrays that due to emotional depth family firm owners manifest a strong attachment toward their core business and refrain from exiting from it. This tendency persists across generations. By doing so, family firm owners tend to exit from satellites, regardless to the fact that they are successful or not, to save the core business. Furthermore, they are more likely to exit from satellites ventured with external parties, not directly managed by the family and/or founded by distant relatives.

  • 61.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Strategies and Markets Department, ESSCA School of Management, Angers, France.
    Sieger, Philipp
    Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). EGADE Business School, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico.
    If we can't have it, then no one should: Shutting down versus selling in family business portfolios2016In: Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, ISSN 1932-4391, E-ISSN 1932-443X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 371-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does a business family manage its business portfolio in times of declining performance to sustain the portfolio's long-term endurance? Drawing on social identity theory and six family business portfolios from Pakistan, we find that business families may prefer to shut down a satellite business rather than sell it, which is primarily driven by identity considerations. In addition, the family's goal to recycle the assets, the aim to restart the business later, and the increasing decline in performance are important contingency factors. This study contributes to the literature on portfolio entrepreneurship, business exit, and the enduring entrepreneurship of family firms.

  • 62.
    Akhter, Naveed
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Xavier, Lesage
    ESSCA School of Management, France.
    Should I Stay or Should I Leave: Founders Emotional Hangover and Exit Delay2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Linköpings universitet, Affärsrätt.
    Aktiebolagsrätt i domstol: En rättsfallsstudie2018In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, E-ISSN 2002-3545, Vol. 2017/18, no 4, p. 785-801Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln presenteras en rättsfallskartläggning över bolagsrättsliga domar vid Högsta domstolen eller hovrätterna i under 2013-2017. Studien visar bland annat att oaktat var du bor i Sverige är det lika stor sannolikhet för en aktiebolagsrättslig tvist, att talan i drygt hälften av målen riktas mot styrelseledamöter och att så mycket som en tredjedel av rättsfallen handlar om bolagsledningens personliga betalningsansvar. Studien ger också anledning att diskutera förekomsten och nyttan av empiriskt material inom rättsvetenskapen.

  • 64.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law.
    Bolagsorganens reglering och dess ändamålsenlighet: En aktiebolagsrättslig studie om ägarledda bolag2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation discusses the regulation of organisation in limited companies from a closely held company perspective. The overall aim of the study is to evaluate whether the goals of the Swedish Companies Act are fulfilled by the current regulation on company organisation and decision taking organs when applied to closely held owner managed companies. The study is carried out in the field of Company Law, but the analysis also includes contributions from Regulation Theory and Law and Economics.

    To fulfil the overall aim, the study sets up two main research tasks. The first research task is to identify the goals of the Swedish Companies Act and what regulative tools that are available to achieve these goals. The second research task is to investigate the current regulation of organization and decision taking organs of a company. Focus is placed on how owner managed companies can be flexible in their decision taking activity, both within the company organs and in other arenas outside the firm such an owners meeting or family council. When these two main research tasks have been performed, the overall aim of this study can be fulfilled. The evaluation of the Companies Act reveals that the legislator’s prioritisation of legislative goal can be challenged. It may be argued that the goal to lower the transaction costs of the parties can be enhanced without diminishing any other goals. In accordance with this conclusion, the final research task of this study is to give recommendations de lege ferenda on how the regulation can be developed in order to achieve a higher degree of reaching the goals of the Companies Act.

    The conclusions argued for in this study are related to future regulation of the organisation of companies limited by shares. Therefore, the conclusions are aimed towards policy makers. However, the analysis within the second research task is of relevance for owner managers and their advisors on the subject of how they can be flexible in their decision taking activity, both within the company organs and in other arenas such as an owner’s meeting or a family council.

  • 65.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Linköpings universitet, Affärsrätt.
    Mot en djupare förståelse av aktiebolagsrättens utformning2016In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Selskabsret, ISSN 1399-140X, no 2-3, p. 108-122Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel presenterar hon en del av det regleringsteoretiska angreppssätt som används i studien och argumenterar för hur ökad kunskap om regleringstekniska verktyg kan leda till en djupare förståelse av aktiebolagsrättens utformning.

  • 66.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Linköpings universitet, Affärsrätt.
    När dispositiva lagregler blir tvingande: om behov av kreativitet i det aktiebolagsrättsliga lagstiftningsarbetet2017In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 1, p. 9-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom dispositiv lagstiftning erbjuds en flexibilitet för parter som finner att lagens utgångspunkt inte passar deras kontrakt. Forskning visar dock att dispositiviteten många gånger inte utnyttjas. I denna artikel diskuteras ekonomiska och psykologiska skäl till varför aktieägare avstår från att avtala bort bolagsrättsliga regler, trots att andra lösningar hade passat deras företag bättre. Det sagda får till följd att dispositiva aktiebolagsrättsliga lagregler likväl blir tvingande och sättet för lagstiftaren att bemöta detta är genom att överväga en annan regleringsteknik.

  • 67.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Linköpings universitet, Affärsrätt.
    Om flexibelt beslutsfattande i aktiebolag2014In: Ny Juridik, ISSN 1400-3007, no 4, p. 63-79Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bolagsstämma per capsulam är bara början: med samtliga aktieägares samtycke är utrymmet för företagsspecifika lösningar större än vad lagtexten ger uttryck för. I denna artikel skriver Hanna Almlöf, jur.dr, universitetsadjunkt vid Linköpings universitet och forskare vid Ratio och CeFEO, om aktiebolagsrättens osynliga dispositivitet och möjligheter till flexibelt beslutsfattande i aktiebolag.

  • 68.
    Almlöf, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Haag, Kajsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Divorce and death in the family firm: A business law perspective2010In: European Business Law Review, ISSN 0959-6941, E-ISSN 1875-841X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 101-118Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Royal Inst Technol KTH, Ctr Excellence Sci & Innovat Studies CESIS, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden .
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Nordregio, Nord Ctr Spatial Dev, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lööf, Hans
    Royal Inst Technol KTH, Ctr Excellence Sci & Innovat Studies CESIS, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden .
    R&D strategies and entrepreneurial spawning2012In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 54-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. When examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies, three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments and a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firms with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (RIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same sector, indicating the importance of inherited knowledge. These findings suggest that R&D intensive firms are less likely to generate employee start-ups, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 70.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Lööf, Hans
    Royal Inst Technol, CESIS, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Small business innovation: firm level evidence from Sweden2012In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 732-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines innovation among very small firms and provides new insights into both internal and external determinants of patenting. Applying a non-linear panel data approach to about 160,000 observations on manufacturing firms in Sweden for the period 2000-2006, the following facts emerge: (i) in contrast to larger firms, innovation in micro firms with 1-10 employees is not sensitive to variation in internal financial resources, (ii) skilled labour is even more important for innovation among micro firms compared to other firms, (iii) affiliation to a domestically owned multinational enterprise group increases the innovation capacity of small businesses, (iv) small firms' innovation is closely linked to participation in international trade and exports to the G7-countries, and (v) there is no statistically significant evidence that proximity to metropolitan areas, or presence in a specialized cluster, increases the innovativeness of the smallest firm.

  • 71.
    Anisimova, Tatiana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Creating competitive brand advantage via connecting and disconnecting historical epochs through heritage brands2018In: 2018 Global Marketing Conference at Tokyo Proceedings, 2018, p. 1258-1260Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Arregle, Jean-Luc
    et al.
    University of Luxemburg.
    Mari, Isabelle
    EDHEC.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Board Creation and Composition in Family Firms: A Conflict-resolution Perspective2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Arregle, Jean-Luc
    et al.
    EM Lyon Business School, Ecully, France.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Hitt, Michael A.
    Mays Business School, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.
    Internationalization of Family-Controlled Firms: A Study of the Effects of External Involvement in Governance2012In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 1115-1143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research focuses on family-controlled firms as an important type of family firms, and demonstrates how external parties in the governance (ownership and board of directors) can serve as a catalyst for their internationalization. Our framework also embraces the moderating effects of the competitive environmental heterogeneity and past performance on the relationship between external, nonfamily involvement in governance, and internationalization (scale and scope). The hypotheses are tested on a sample of 351 Swedish family-controlled firms. Our findings extend previous research on family firms and their internationalization, especially addressing some of the prior mixed findings, and offers implications for both theory and practice.

  • 74.
    Aygören, Huriye
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Bridging the gap between resistance and power through agency: An empirical analysis of struggle by immigrant women entrepreneurs2017In: Critical Perspectives on Entrepreneurship: Challenging Dominant Discourses / [ed] Caroline Essers, Pascal Dey, Deirdre Tedmanson, Karen Verduyn, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 206-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Aygören, Huriye
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Entrepreneurial capital development processes within gender, ethnicity and class relations: A practice-based perspective2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I discuss the ways in which a diverse body of entrepreneurs, especially those who are historically disadvantaged and have scarce legitimate resources, strategize and negotiate being the ‘right sort of entrepreneur’ as a party in culturally constituted social class relations. To that end, I approach cultural and symbolic capital acquisition and conversion processes as inherent elements of entrepreneurs’ everyday coping practices, as experienced by seventeen immigrant women entrepreneurs in Sweden. I offer a class analysis by paying attention to the intersectionality of ethnicity and gender in relational terms to better articulate the interdependence between the material and cultural and symbolic configurations of power relations and the ways entrepreneurs rework them.

  • 76.
    Aygören, Huriye
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Entrepreneurial identity formation-in-practice: Immigrant women entrepreneurs' lived practices and experiences within gender, ethnicity and class relations2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation, comprising four appended papers, examines what entrepreneurs actually do in order to manage the intrinsic social complexity pertaining to relations of power and culture involved in entrepreneurial undertakings. The studies share the common interest in probing into the ways inwhich fundamental social divisions and conflicts, namely gender, ethnicity and class are inscribed into the entrepreneurs through the organization of difference (Ashcraft, 2012) and how these shape and are shaped by the identity construction processes of individual entrepreneurs. The thesis provides an empirical account of entrepreneurial identity formation and its implications on shaping differential degree and the forms of entrepreneurial agency exerted by entrepreneurs by drawing on two sets of empirical materials generated through life story narratives of seventeen immigrant women entrepreneurs and some particular family business members with Turkish origin, in their involvement with entrepreneurial practices in Sweden. In overall, the thesis approximates to the notion of the individual entrepreneur in identity terms. Three major theoretical approaches, including practice theory, identity work and the feminist intersectionality framework, lay the groundwork for thinking about the relational and contextual foundation of the individual and associated identity construction processes intraversing the contexts at different temporal and spatial scales, namely individual, organizational, familial and societal.

    The thesis responds to the call for relational analysis examining the entanglement of material and symbolic resources and practices to draw a more rounded picture of entrepreneurship (Tatli, Vassilopoulou, Özbilgin, Forson, & Slutskaya, 2014). It adds to this debate by highlighting the identification processes of entrepreneurs, especially of those who have been historically and relatively marginalized in their societies. This thesis connects with studies emphasizing the socio-culturally constructed, relational and contextual nature of entrepreneurship and contributes to bridging the gap between two bifurcated streams of research in entrepreneurship-constructionist approaches, e.g., discursive/ narrative accounts with practice based perspectives. I emphasize the importance of considering both complex identification processes for the benefit of practice-based analysis and material practices and resources to the greater advantage of constructionist accounts. Throughout my thesis, I suggest that the discursive and material aspects of agency and structures are inseparable. In entrepreneurship, it is imperative to transcend symbolic and material boundaries. This way, the thesis provides complementary insights to cultural studies of entrepreneurship which emphasize access either to material or cultural representations.

    My first contribution concerns the generation of rich empirical accounts ofimmigrant women entrepreneurs in the particular context of migration encompassing the two cultural scenes of Turkey, where the immigrants came from, and Sweden, where they live and enterprise. The studies in the thesis demonstrate that immigrant women entrepreneurs and immigrant family members have used creative agency to sustain their struggles of entrepreneurial identity formation and capital accumulation and have effected social change indifferent terms. By combining two streams of inquiries, which have usually been undertaken separately, studying cultural representations and what an entrepreneur would do with these representations with a focus on identity formations, the thesis contributes to the reflexive entrepreneurship scholarship by examining the entrepreneurs’ own responses to hegemonic discourses where a complex set of negotiations and diverse forms of entrepreneurship could be drawn. This forms my second contribution. Finally, the analysis also leads to a discussion of processual issues, which amount to the relative advantage (privilege) and disadvantage (marginalization) in the field of entrepreneurship. My studies suggest that inequalities do not have a static and spatial position but are a dynamic and accumulated process that defines access, mobility and investment across different fields of activities made possible by the diverse histories and practices of entrepreneurs and relevant constituents.

  • 77.
    Aygören, Huriye
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Phan, Phil
    John Hopkins University.
    Trevinyo-Rodríguez, Rosa Nelly
    Tec de Monterrey.
    Entrepreneurship and Social Responsibility: A Review and a Research Agenda2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 78.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Essays on the market valuation implications of mandatory corporate reporting2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to enrich understanding on the market valuation implications of mandatory financial and non-financial reporting beyond and in relation to traditional accounting information. It is comprised of four individual essays each of which examines a different, and to some extent internationally unique, jurisdiction that can best serve the particular purpose of the essay as well as the overarching purpose of the dissertation.

    The starting point of this empirical inquiry is the value relevance of purchased goodwill under IFRS and the moderating role that different levels of compliance with IFRS mandatory disclosures play on its market valuation. Similar to the first essay, the second essay focuses on traditional accounting information (specifically book value of equity and earnings) and examines potential differences on its market valuation before and after the mandatory introduction of an integrated reporting approach. The third essay focuses on mandatory carbon emissions reporting and compares its valuation relevance when such reporting is mandated by regulation vis-à-vis when it is voluntary. Finally, the fourth essay examines the market valuation interplay between mandatory financial and non-financial disclosures.

    This dissertation intends to be of particular relevance first; to the accounting academic community which acknowledges that mandatory disclosures are not well understood and it calls for further research on how users of annual reports view mandatory disclosures and second; to accounting regulators. Empirical research on the value relevance of corporate reporting can provide useful insights into questions of interest to regulators because its research questions are often motivated by broader questions raised by these non-academic constituents. The dissertation in hand has similar motivations.

  • 79.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Essex Business School, University of Essex, United Kingdom.
    Market valuation of greenhouse gas emissions under a mandatory reporting regime: evidence from the UK2017In: Accounting Forum, ISSN 0155-9982, E-ISSN 1467-6303, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 221-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study provides evidence on the potential benefits of mandatory environmental reporting for listed firms market valuation. It takes advantage of recent regulation that requires all listed firms in the UK to report their annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in their annual reports and shows that the magnitude of the negative association between GHG emissions and the market value of listed firms decreased after the introduction of the reporting regulation. This decline is attributed to regulation forestalling shareholders negative reflexive reaction towards firms carbon disclosures, as proposed by the theoretical work of Unerman and ODwyer (2007). 

  • 80.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Essex Business School, University of Essex, United Kingdom.
    The valuation relevance of environmental performance revisited: The moderating role of environmental provisions2018In: The British Accounting Review, ISSN 0890-8389, E-ISSN 1095-8347, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 32-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study attempts to broaden our understanding of the value relevance of environmental performance by providing empirical evidence on the moderating role of financial environmental reporting. Previous studies find that firms' environmental performance can be both positively and negatively associated with market value. Such contradictory findings can be attributed to the fact that environmental performance is associated with future economic benefits and costs. This study suggests that firms with recognized environmental provisions on their balance sheets enable investors to disentangle these opposite effects either by signaling strong future financial performance or by enhancing the reliability of environmental performance information. Regardless of the mechanism by which this moderation effect is invoked, it is hypothesized that capital market participants place a positive and significantly higher value on the environmental performance ratings of firms with recognized environmental provisions than on the ratings of firms without environmental provisions. Utilizing a sample of 692 firm-year observations of French listed firms and employing a linear price-level model that associates the market value of a firm's equity with its environmental performance, I provide empirical evidence to corroborate this thesis. In addition to contributing to the academic debate on the market valuation implications of environmental performance, this study intends to provide useful insights from a country that can be considered a pioneer of environmental reporting legislation; hence, it provides valuable lessons for other jurisdictions that are in the process of developing their sustainability reporting regulations. Finally, the findings of this study support the calls for more integrated reporting showing that the interaction of financial and non-financial information has market valuation implications.

  • 81.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). University of Essex, Essex Business School, Colchester, United Kingdom.
    Akhter, Naveed
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). ESSCA School of Management, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
    Financial performance of family versus non-family firms in the context of an economy in turmoil: A market from 'developed' to 'emerging'2017In: Contextualizing Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies and Developing Countries / [ed] Marcela Ramírez Pasillas, Ethel Brundin and Magdalena Markowska, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 288-303Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Den positiva redovisningsteorin2016In: Redovisningsteorier: Viktiga begrepp och teoretiska perspektiv inom redovisning / [ed] Gunnar Rimmel, Kristina Jonäll, Stockholm: Sanoma Utbildning , 2016, p. 63-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law. Gothenburg Research Institute, Sweden.
    Goodwill under IFRS: Relevance and disclosures in an unfavorable environment2014In: Accounting Forum, ISSN 0155-9982, E-ISSN 1467-6303, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The accounting treatment of purchased goodwill under IFRS has been severely criticizeddue to the extensive use of fair value accounting. The purpose of this study is to enrich theongoing debate upon this issue by drawing attention to the market valuation implications ofgoodwill in a country outside the Anglo-Saxon accounting paradigm, where the applicationof fair value accounting has been seen as more problematic. The results indicate that, in thecase of purchased goodwill, fair value accounting generates relevant accounting numbersbut only in companies that comply highly with IFRS disclosure requirements.

  • 84.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Positiv redovisningsteori2014Report (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Value relevance of accounting information under an integrated reporting approach: A research note2016In: Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, ISSN 0278-4254, E-ISSN 1873-2070, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 437-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research note aims to enrich our understanding regarding the market valuation implications of financial reporting under an Integrated Reporting (IR) approach. In order to do so, we focus on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) and we examine whether the value relevance of summary accounting information (i.e., book value of equity and earnings) of firms listed on the JSE has enhanced after the mandatory adoption of an IR approach under the King III Report. Our study can be seen as a response to the recent calls for a closer investigation of the usefulness of the new reporting trend for investors. More specifically, our study can be seen as a response to the stance taken by the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) Framework that the adoption of an IR approach improves the usefulness of financial reporting for investors. For our empirical tests we utilize a sample of 954. firm-year observations and employ a linear price-level model which associates a firm's market value of equity with its book value of equity and earnings. In line with the IIRC Framework's expectations, we find strong evidence of a sharp increase of the earnings' valuation coefficient. However, contrary to the Framework's stance, our results indicate a decline in the value relevance of net assets. Such a decline may be imputed to risks and/or unbooked liabilities that are revealed or measured more reliably after the introduction of an IR approach on the JSE. It should be noted, however, that despite its cause, the decline in the value relevance of net assets can be seen as a further argument in favor of the IIRC stance to assign equal importance to a wide range of "capitals," such as human, social and natural capital. We believe that our findings are of particular interest to a wide range of regulators, standards setters, practitioners, and academics but first and foremost to the JSE and IIRC.

  • 86.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Rimmel, Gunnar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jonäll, Kristina
    Integrating Financial and Non-Financial Information: The Impact of South Africa's King III Report on The Value Relevance of Accounting Numbers2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Barasinska, Nataliya
    et al.
    Deutsche Bundesbank.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). DIW Berlin.
    Is the Willingness to Take Financial Risk a Sex-Linked Trait?: Evidence from National Surveys of Household Finance2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate whether the willingness to take investment risk is a sex-linked trait and link the results to the country’s gender equality regime. Our empirical analysis involves household data on financial asset holdings as well as on self-reported risk tolerance for Austria, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain. Of those countries, Italy is by far the country with the greatest degree of gender inequality according to the 2009 Global Gender Gap Report. Two stages of building a portfolio of financial assets are analyzed. For the first-stage decision of whether to invest in risky assets in the first place, gender is found to have no effect in Austria, the Netherlands and Spain but does have an impact in Italy. However, even for Italy, it seems to be irrelevant in the second-stage decision about the share of wealth invested in the risky assets. We infer from these findings that, for countries with a high degree of gender equality, it is inappropriate to base financial advice primarily on gender.

  • 88.
    Barasinska, Nataliya
    et al.
    DIW Berlin and Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Individual risk attitudes and the composition of financial portfolios: Evidence from German household portfolios2012In: Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1062-9769, E-ISSN 1878-4259, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between the self-declared risk aversion of private investors and theirpropensity to hold incomplete portfolios of financial assets. The analysis is based on household surveydata from the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) that provides a reliable measure of individual attitudestoward financial risk. Our findings suggest that more risk averse households tend to hold incompleteportfolios consisting mainly of a few risk-free assets. We also find that the propensity to acquire additionalassets is highly dependent on whether liquidity and safety needs are met.

  • 89. Barry, D.
    et al.
    Resmini, Andrea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Caccamo, Marta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Past digital, post-digital2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Barry, Daved
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Caccamo, Marta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Markowska, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Alterities and Innovation: Conjectures from Haute Cuisine2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Bau, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Block, Joern H.
    Univ Trier, Dept Management, Trier, Germany.
    Cruz, Allan Discua
    Univ Lancaster, Sch Management, Dept Entrepreneurship Strategy & Innovat, Lancaster, England.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Locality and internationalization of family firms2017In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 29, no 5-6, p. 570-574Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Baum, Christoffer
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill MA 02135 USA.
    Karpava, Margarita
    MediaCom London.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Credit rating agency downgrades and the Eurozone sovereign debt crises2014Report (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College.
    Karpava, Margarita
    MediaCom London.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Credit rating agency announcements and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the impact of credit rating agency (CRA) announcements on the value of the Euro and the yields of French, Italian, German and Spanish long-term sovereign bonds during the culmination of the Eurozone debt crisis in 2011-2012. The employed GARCH models show that CRA downgrade announcements negatively affected the value of the Euro currency and also increased its volatility. Downgrading increased the yields of French, Italian and Spanish bonds but lowered the German bond's yields, although Germany's rating status was never touched by CRA. There is no evidence for Granger causality from bond yields to rating announcements. We infer from these findings that CRA announcements significantly influenced crisis-time capital allocation in the Eurozone. Their downgradings caused investors to rebalance their portfolios across member countries, out of ailing states' debt into more stable borrowers' securities.

  • 94.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College.
    Karpava, Margarita
    MediaCom London.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. DIW Berlin.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). DIW Berlin.
    Credit Rating Agency Downgrades and the Eurozone Sovereign Debt Crises2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the impact of credit rating agency (CRA) announcements on the value of the Euro and the yields of French, Italian, German and Spanish long-term sovereign bonds during the culmination of the Eurozone debt crisis in 2011–2012. The employed GARCH models show that CRA downgrade announcements negatively affected the value of the Euro currency and also increased its volatility. Downgrading increased the yields of French, Italian and Spanish bonds but lowered the German bond’s yields, although Germany’s rating status was never touched by CRA. There is no evidence for Granger causality from bond yields to rating announcements. We infer from these findings that CRA announcements significantly influenced crisis-time capital allocation in the Eurozone. Their downgradings caused investors to rebalance their portfolios across member countries, out of ailing states’ debt into more stable borrowers’ securities.

  • 95.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College and DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Perez, Luis
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Offshoring and Innovation Capabilities: Evidence from Swedish Manufacturing2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the impact of global value chains on firms’ innovation capabilities. Using the United Nations Broad Economic Categories (BEC) system to identify offshoring-related intermediate imports, we study contracting out production over the period 2001–2014 from about 7,000 mainly small Swedish manufacturing firms to six different destinations and test hypotheses on improvements and outcomes of innovation capabilities. Our empirical findings show that the strategy to participate in global value chains increases firms’ innovative capability regardless of firms’ technology intensity. The results are robust to a wide set of controls and in line with predictions in recent models of directed technical change.

  • 96.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College and DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Viklund-Ros, Ingrid
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Outside Board Directors and Start-Up Firms’ Innovation2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We exploit increased access to detailed employer-employee data to assess whether outside board members affect innovation performance among start-up firms. Using data for all new limited companies in Sweden born during 1999–2013 which have no more then 10 employees when formed, we provide structural equation estimates that deal with the endogenous selection of board directors. Our empirical findings show that an increase in the board’s expertise, measured by the relative productivity of the firms where outsiders are employed, has a significant and positive impact on the new firm’s propensity to apply for both patents and trademarks.

  • 97.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College and Department of Macroeconomics, DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Lööf, Hans
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    A new approach to estimation of the R&D–innovation–productivity relationship2017In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 26, no 1-2, p. 121-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We apply a generalized structural equation model approach to the estimation of the relationship between R&D, innovation and productivity that focuses on the potentially crucial heterogeneity across sectors. The model accounts for selectivity and handles the endogeneity of this relationship in a recursive framework which allows for feedback effects from productivity to future R&D investment. Our approach enables the estimation of the different equations as one system, allowing the coefficients to differ across sectors, and also permits us to take cross-equation correlation of the errors into account. Employing a panel of Swedish manufacturing and service firms observed in three consecutive Community Innovation Surveys in the period 2008–2012, our full-information maximum likelihood estimates show that many key channels of influence among the model's components vary meaningfully in their statistical significance and magnitude across six different sectors based on the OECD classification on technological and knowledge intensity. These results cast doubt on earlier research which does not allow for sectoral heterogeneity.

  • 98.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College and Department of Macroeconomics, DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    A New Approach to Estimation of the R&D-Innovation-Productivity Relationship2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate a Generalized Structural Equation Model (GSEM) approach to the estimation of the relationship between R&D, innovation and productivity that focuses on the potentially crucial heterogeneity across technology and knowledge levels. The model accounts for selectivity and handles the endogeneity of this relationship in a recursive framework. Employing a panel of Swedish firms observed in three consecutive Community Innovation Surveys, our maximum likelihood estimates show that many key channels of influence among the model's components differ meaningfully in their statistical significance and magnitude across sectors defined by different technology levels.

  • 99.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College, USA.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Credit rating agency downgrades and the Eurozone sovereign debt crises2016In: Journal of Financial Stability, ISSN 1572-3089, E-ISSN 1878-0962, Vol. 24, p. 117-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the reaction of the Euro's value againstmajor currencies to sovereign rating announcements from Moody's, S&P and Fitch CRAs during the Eurozone debt crisis in 2010--2012 based on eventstudy methodology combined with GARCH models. We also analyze how theyields of French, Italian, German and Spanish government long-term bondswere affected by CRA announcements. Our results reveal that CRA downgrades, watchlist and outlook announcements had no impact on the value of the Euro currency but increased exchange rate volatility. At the same time, downgrades as well as negative outlook announcements increased the yields of French, Italian, and Spanish bonds and evenaffected the German bond's yields. This shows that the monetary union hasled to a breakdown of the consequences of the rating shocks between currency value and sovereign bond yields. The reason is that part of the rating shock is absorbed by an internal repricing of sovereign bonds.

  • 100.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Baboukardos, Diogenis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Voluntary Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards and the Role of Family Ownership2014In: Co-operation Within and Amongst Family Businesses: Conference Proceedings: IFERA 2014 Annual Conference June 24-27, 2014, Lappeenranta, Finland, The International Family Enterprise Research Academy (IFERA) , 2014, p. 79-79Conference paper (Refereed)
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