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  • 51.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Spatial dependence and the representation of space in empirical models2009In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 159-180Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bruttoregionalprodukt i Jönköpings län: sektorers bidrag till BRP och BRPs tillväxt i Jönköpings län2003Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Heterogeneous Distributions of Firms Sustained by Innovation Dynamics — A Model with Empirical Illustrations and Analysis2012In: Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, ISSN 1566-1679, E-ISSN 1573-7012, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 239-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops a framework of innovation dynamics to appreciate observed heterogeneity of firm size distributions, in which dynamics refer to exit and entry of product varieties and variety markets of individual firms. The analysis is based on a model of variety-triplets where every such triplet in the economy is identified by a unique combination of a variety, destination and firm. New variety triplets are introduced by innovating firms in a quasi-temporal setting of monopolistic competition. Ideas for variety-triplets arrive to firms according to a firm-specific and state dependent Poisson process, whereas variety triplets exit according to a destination-specific Poisson process. The empirical analysis employs a detailed firm-level data base which provides information about all variety triplets. Firm size is measured by a firm’s number of variety triplets. The empirical results are compatible with the model predictions of (i) a persistent distribution of firm sizes, (ii) frequent events of exit and entry, and (iii) state dependent entry, where a state may be given by each firm’s composition of triplets and/or other firm attributes.

  • 54.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Innovation Ideas and Regional Characteristics: product innovations and export entrepreneurship by firms in Swedish regions2008In: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 193-224Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Regional policy as change management: theoretical discussion and empirical illustration2012In: Innovation governance in an open economy: shaping regional nodes in a globalized world / [ed] Annika Rickne, Staffan Laestadius and Henry Etzkowitz, New York: Routledge, 2012, p. 136-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lööf, Hans
    Multinationals in the Knowledge Economy - a Case Study of AstraZeneca in Sweden2010In: Repositioning Europe and America for Growth: The role of governments and private actors in key policy areas / [ed] Enerhard Bohne and Charlie Karlsson, Berlin: LIT Verlag , 2010, p. 233-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Scale and Scope: human capital and the structure of regional export flows2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 58.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH.
    Firm performance and international trade: Evidence from a small open economy2012In: The Regional Economics Of Knowledge And Talent / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson and Roger R. Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 320-342Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing interest in firm-level analyses of international trade from both theorists and empiricists, papers providing thorough analyses of firms' trading activities and their relation to firm performance are rare. The literature is dominated by stylized facts from the USA, a large country with a significant share of the world market. This chapter resolves this imbalance and presents a comprehensive analysis of Swedish firms' trade. Sweden is a small open economy with a limited domestic market. Its neighbour countries have similar traits (language, culture, formal and informal institutions) and Swedish firms presumably face low entry costs not only to the rest of Scandinavia but also the Baltic countries. Sweden thus constitutes an interesting case. The chapter makes a twofold contribution: (1) based on detailed data on Swedish firms over a sequence of periods, we present stylized facts about their engagement in international trade and contrast them to findings from other countries, the USA in particular. Our data cover information on both export and import activities across products and markets for each and every firm, such that we can provide a complete picture of the firms' international trading activities and their variation across products and markets; (2) we extend previous analyses by examining the elasticity of productivity with respect to both export and import activities, respectively. Moreover, we perform static panel estimations (ordinary fixed effects) and dynamic estimations using the Arellano-Bond estimation procedure. We find evidence of both 'learning by exporting' and 'learning by importing', the former being stronger than the latter. Our findings on 'learning by importing' are consistent with previous research pointing to trade in intermediate capital goods being a significant vehicle for international technology diffusion.

  • 59.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Knowledge Accessibility and Regional Economic Growth2005Report (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Imports and renewal of regional exports2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Growth dynamics in a municipal market- Accessibility hierarchy2006In: The emerging digital economy: Entrepreneurship, clusters and policy / [ed] Börje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson & Roger Stough, Berlin: Springer , 2006, p. 187-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Market-Size and Employment: Separating Scale and Diversity Effects2013In: Metropolitan Regions / [ed] Johan Klaesson, Börje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson, Springer, 2013, p. 261-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Regional Interaction and Economic Diversity: exploring the role of geographically overlapping markets for a municipality's diversity in retail and durables2008In: Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition / [ed] Johansson, B., Karlsson, C. & Stough, R.R., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Socio-cultural contexts of small innovative and enterprising regions: An empirical analysis using the Gnosjö region in Sweden as a benchmark2014In: The social dynamics of innovation networks / [ed] Roel Rutten, Paul Benneworth, Dessy Irawati, Frans Boekema, Routledge, 2014, p. 81-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The sources of the urban wage premium by worker skills: Spatial sorting or agglomeration economies?2014In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, no 4, p. 727-747Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the respective importance of spatial sorting and agglomeration economies in explaining the urban wage premium for workers with different sets of skills. Sorting is the main source of the wage premium. Agglomeration economies are in general small, but are larger for workers with skills associated with non-routine job tasks. They also appear to involve human capital accumulation, as evidenced by the change in the wage of workers moving away from denser regions. For workers with routine jobs, agglomeration economies are virtually non-existent. Our results provide further evidence of spatial density bringing about productivity advantages primarily in contexts when problem-solving and interaction with others are important.

  • 66.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Local entrepreneurship clusters in cities2016In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 39-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that entrepreneurs are co-located within cities. One plausible source of such spatial clustering is local social interactions, where individuals' decisions to become entrepreneurs are influenced by entrepreneurial neighbors. Using geo-coded matched employer-employee data for Sweden, we find that sharing residential neighborhood with established entrepreneurs has a statistically significant and robust influence on the probability that an individual leaves employment for entrepreneurship. An otherwise average neighborhood with a 5% point higher entrepreneurial intensity, all else equal, produces between six and seven additional entrepreneurs per square kilometer, each year. Our estimates suggest a local feedback-effect in which the presence of established entrepreneurs in a neighborhood influences the emergence of new local entrepreneurs. Our analysis supports the conjecture that social interaction effects constitute a mechanism by which local entrepreneurship clusters in cities develop and persist over time.

  • 67.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge tekniska högskola.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Näringslivsdynamik, städer och agglomerationsekonomier – forskningsöversikt och agenda2017Report (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet.
    Närhet och nätverk: Urbaniseringens roll utanför storstäderna2017Report (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Social capital and the economies of cities2016In: Handbook of social capital and regional development / [ed] H. Westlund & J. P. Larsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 166-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 70.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lööf, Hans
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Productivity and International Trade: Firm Level Evidence from a Small Open Economy2008In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 144, no 4, p. 774-801Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Noseleit, Florian
    Start-Ups and Employment Growth: Evidence from Sweden2008Report (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Andersson, Martin O.
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet, Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds Universitet, Centre for Innovation, Lund, Sweden.
    Urban preferences, amenities and age: Exploring the spatial distribution of age in Stockholm from 1991 to 20112018In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 367-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities exhibit a rich and complex heterogeneity in people and activities. This poses a sizable challenge for planners when planning new neighbourhoods or the reconstruction of old ones as well as when considering the allocation of supply of and demand for amenities, e.g. kindergartens or health facilities. However, individual preferences may also exhibit common denominators that may provide structure to this heterogeneity. One such denominator is age. In this paper we introduce the concept of neighbourhood age, defined as the mean age of people living in exogenously defined squares of 1km2 in a city. We use highly disaggregated geocoded data to map how the spatial distribution of neighbourhood age changes over a 20-year period from 1991 to 2011 in the city of Stockholm, Sweden. We then test the correlation between neighbourhood age and two categories of urban amenities: supply of local consumption amenities and distance to the city's central business district (CBD). The paper presents three main findings: First, neighbourhood age changes and polarizes significantly over the observed period, suggesting that different age groups are concentrating in different parts of the city. Second, there is a rejuvenation in the central parts of the city but also in more distant clusters of amenities. Third, over a long-term perspective, the results suggest that local clusters of consumption amenities outside the inner city may become increasingly attractive to younger people. Our conclusion is that neighbourhood age and age-related patterns over time provides a tool for planners to better understand the spatial distribution of age-related demand. 

  • 73.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    External Trade and Internal Geography: Local Export Spillovers by Industry Characteristics and Firm Size2012In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 421-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exporting firms in a region may reduce export entry costs for other local firms either through market or non-market interactions. This paper tests this proposition by analyzing whether the probability of exporting among Swedish firms is positively associated with the local presence of exporters in their region and industry. Our results support this conjecture, while also providing some support for such export spillovers being more important in contract-intensive industries and small firms. The results for different industries and size-classes of firms are also sensitive to whether we focus on firms' export status or restrict the sample to export starters.

  • 74.
    Andersson, Peter
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Deregulation of railways: An analysis of the procurement auctions in Jönköpings Län2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Railways have played an important role for the Swedish economy throughout the 20th into the 21st century since it provides good connections between urban and rural regions and also within them. However, it has been very costly for the state to run this activity and a significant effort to reduce costs and to increase the efficiency for this sector was to introduce procurement auctions where also private firms are invited to lay bids.

    Four auctions have taken place in Jönköpings Län since its introduction in 1990. It has been a turbulent time economically for the winning bidders and the phenomena winner’s curse is evident where the bidder with highest over-estimate wins and therefore faces high costs or low returns.

    This study points at flaws in the auction design as the reason for the economical difficulties for the winning firms. If second-price sealed bid auctions or first-price sealed bid auctions were used instead of a combination of first-price sealed auction and English auction, the winner’s curse phenomena could be reduced or even eliminated.

  • 75.
    Andersson, Åke
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David E.
    Globalisation in Stages2005In: Economics of Globalisation, Aldershot: Ashgate , 2005, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 76.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David E.Nottingham University Business School, China.
    Gateways to the global economy2000Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the post-industrial network economy, international gateway regions are becoming increasingly important. These gateway regions are the nodes (defined as a city or a city region) that act as saddle points between a region and the global economy. While gateway regions have existed ever since inter-regional trade was first practised, new non-trade networks, and the wider global economy, have made these regions more complex. The book includes discussions of infrastructure networks such as the internet and air transport, as well as networking activities such as long-distance scientific cooperation, financial networks and direct investments. The contributors have expertise in fields such as regional economics, economic geography, institutional economics and business administration.

  • 77.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    Nottingham University Business School China.
    Creative cities and the new global hierarchy2015In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, ISSN 1874-463X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 181-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world experienced three major urbanization processes between the eleventh and the twentieth century. All three periods of city growth were associated with revolutionary improvements in the logistical systems. In large parts of the world the third logistical revolution (the Industrial Revolution) has not yet come to an end. In industrializing countries and regions urbanization is thus very rapid. Concurrently, a new and fourth logistical revolution is changing the economic, social and regional structure of the post-industrial parts of the world, leading to the creation of a new Creative Society. A key aspect of this development is the increasing role of creative and innovative city regions with global linkages. These regions now form a new supranational rank-size distribution, which is centred on a few conurbations in Europe, North America and East Asia. Most post-industrial economic development is taking place in a small number of highly ranked creative regions, while other regions are suffering from the “creative destruction” of their traditional industries. One consequence of this restructuring is increasing regional income inequalities in the post-industrial nations.

  • 78.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    International Business School Suzhou, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China.
    Harsman, Björn
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Complexity, scientific creativity and clustering2015In: The rise of the city: Spatial dynamics in the urban century / [ed] Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 15-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Inside and outside the black box: organization of interdependencies2018In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 501-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Production theory has remained substantially unchanged since the publication of the theory of production by Frisch (Theory of production, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1928; Nord613 Tidskr Tek Økon 1:12–27, 1935). The theory is based on the idea of a firm deciding on the possible input and output combinations of a single unit of production. His theory was substantially copied in contributions by Carlson (A study on the pure theory of production, University of Chicago, Chicago, 1939) and Schneider (Einführung in die Wirtschaftstheorie. 4 Bände, Mohr, Tübingen, 1947), and later by practically all textbooks in microeconomics. The idea is to model the firm as a “black box” in which a finite number of externally purchased inputs are transformed into a finite number of outputs to be sold in the market(s). Most of the time, the prices are externally determined. Often, the production process is summarized by some simplified production function as, for example, in the form of a CES function. Another and conceptually richer approach is the formulation of an activity analysis model. In the latter case, simple internal interdependencies can be included. In this paper, we indicate how internal interdependencies can also be modeled within a special CES framework. In recent decades, there has been a remarkable growth in the number of production units of firms such as IKEA, Walmart and Apple to name a few such global networking firms. Most of the analysis of these network firms has been modeled by logistics and other operations-research analysts (Simchi-Levi et al. 2008) and to a limited extent by researchers in business administration schools. Very little has been done in economics. We propose a modeling approach consistent with the microeconomic theory. 

  • 80.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Internal and external knowledge and development in regions2018In: Transportation, knowledge and space in urban and regional economics / [ed] K. Matsushima, & W. P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 319-348Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Andreev, Andrey
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Highway Infrastructure and Economic Growth2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 82.
    Andreé Back, Joakim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Information efficiency of Swedish warrants-: Empirical tests of warrants quoted on the Swedish plain vanilla market2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the sharpen regulation of the Swedish plain vanilla warrant in 2006 and the recent increase in trade among private investors, this thesis examined the informa-tion efficiency of Swedish plain vanilla warrants. This was done in three different ways. First the theoretical Black & Scholes (B&S) price was tested against the ac-tual market price. Secondly likelihood ratio test statistics was used to see whether information regarding past returns added any information to that already captured by the implied volatility (IV) generated from observed warrant market prices via the B&S model. The third method used was a comparison of the IV´s among com-parable warrants. As the regulation of the Swedish plain vanilla warrant market states that only certified issuer are allowed short calls and puts, the self adjusting price mechanism found in the option market doesn’t exist on this market. As a con-sequence of this, investors on this market is reliant of accurate ask and bid prices from the issuers. Further, the information efficiency of a capital market is of es-sence for capital allocation, price discovery and risk management. The results from all three tests rejected the information efficiency hypothesis of the sample. Thus concluding that the included warrants in this thesis are none ideally for activities such as capital allocation, price discovery and risk management.

  • 83.
    Antanelyte, Ugne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Timmerbäck, Nimisha
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Immigration on Regional Unemployment: A cross-sectional study on Sweden’s municipalities year 20172019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of immigrants in Sweden has been increasing over the years and the share of foreign-born individuals has been unequally distributed across municipalities in Sweden. One of the reasons for this are the laws concerning refugee settlement that have been implemented in Sweden over the years. For instance, between 1987 and 1989 refugees were assigned to certain municipalities instead of letting them choose where they would like to be located, whereas in 2006-2010 refugees who could not find their own housing were placed in municipalities where there was available housing, that being mostly outside bigger cities. Decisions concerning where a foreign-born individual is placed can impact their ability to find employment in that region. Therefore, we assume that these people make a strategic choice regarding which municipality they prefer to be living in. Regional differences such as housing and labour market integration programs may also impact the attractiveness of certain regions and, in turn, their labour markets. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether there is a relationship between immigration and unemployment across municipalities in Sweden and the research is based on Sweden’s 290 municipalities using a cross-sectional approach. In addition we account for other types of immigrants besides refugees such as students, labour-immigrants, relatives of the refugees and other foreign-born individuals.  The results obtained show that there is a relationship between immigration and unemployment across municipalities in Sweden year 2017. We end with discussing the results in connection to previous studies, as well as with limitations of this study.  

  • 84.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden .
    Hussain, Shakir
    Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK .
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The demand of part-time in European companies: a multilevel modelling approach2012In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 44, no 8, p. 1057-1066Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Part-time work is one of the most well-known « atypical » working time arrangements. In contrast to previous studies focusing on the supply side, the originality of our research is to investigate the demand-side of part-time work and to examine how and why companies use part-time work. Based on a large and unique sample of European firms operating in 21 member states, we use a multilevel multinomial modeling in a Bayesian environment. Our results suggest that the variations in the extent of part-time workers at the establishment level is determined more by country-specific features than by industry specific factors.

  • 85.
    Aoun, D.
    et al.
    Techno-Economics and Policy Program, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    University of Kurdistan HawlerHawler, Kurdistan, Iraq.
    International diversification, capital structure and cost of capital: Evidence from ICT firms listed at NASDAQ2008In: Applied Financial Economics, ISSN 0960-3107, E-ISSN 1466-4305, Vol. 18, no 12, p. 1021-1032Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we intend to examine the information and communication technology (ICT) firms from a financial perspective. The relationship between capital structure and cost of capital (COC) is investigated in a simultaneous equation framework. On the one hand, we relate international diversification to the firm’s capital structure, and on the other, we test their individual and collective inferences on the combined debt and equity COC. We expect a negative correlation between international diversification and higher total and long-term debt ratios, and a reduction in the overall COC.

  • 86.
    Arango-Kure, Maria
    et al.
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Garz, Marcel
    Media Marketing Department, Hamburg Media School, Hamburg, Germany.
    Rott, Armin
    Institute of Media Economics, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Bad News Sells: The Demand for News Magazines and the Tone of Their Covers2014In: Journal of Media Economics, ISSN 0899-7764, E-ISSN 1532-7736, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 199-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    News media are often believed to focus on negative events as a means to increase their audience and profits. This study evaluates whether this conjecture applies in the case of the 3 German news magazines Der Spiegel, Stern, and Focus in the period from 1997 to 2009. Based on detailed content analyses of issues with political and economic cover stories, the results indicate significant, positive correlations between explicitly negative cover pages and the magazines' sales, after controlling for a comprehensive set of other success drivers and influences.

  • 87.
    Arkhipov, Ivan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Boltenko, Marina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Investment Under Uncertainty: Risk Assessment in Emerging Market Countries2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of the paper is to see how crediting institutions assess risks in emerging market countries. The paper describes prevalent economic and social conditions for each of the selected emerging market countries (Brazil, China, Kazakhstan, India, Russia and Ukraine) as examples of recent attractive investment locations in quest of higher returns.  Second, recognizing the importance of ratings for risk management in credit institutions, the authors show what determines country ratings made by main rating agencies by running a linear regression on several macroeconomic indicators and the country ratings. It is also explained what the most widely-used ratings mean and described the correlation between the ratings as well as between the macroeconomic indicators and the ratings. The authors also describe the characteristic approach of a Scandinavian bank towards dealing with risk factors in emerging market countries. Concluding comments: risks happen to be inbound in the bank interest rates; there is no common pattern for banks to apply to all the emerging market countries and each market should be analyzed separately. Nordic banks have a relatively safe and careful strategy concerning lending in the emerging markets.

     

  • 88.
    Arnautovic, Aida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Erixon, Elin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: Swedish Flows of FDI into Eastern and Western Europe2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the determinants of Swedish foreign direct investments to 24 European countries during the period 1998 to 2008 with 2000 and 2008 as sample years. The thesis emphasizes five factors that affect the Swedish FDI flows to these countries, which are grouped into OECD countries and CEE countries (Central and Eastern European Countries). The explanatory variables studied are economic growth, property rights, labor cost and two dummy variables with one targeting whether the country is culturally affiliated with Sweden and the other is dealing with whether that country is an OECD country or not. We use multiple regressions to find out to what extent each of these variables can explain the variance of FDI during the years 2000 and 2008.

    The coefficient estimates show the expected sign in the relationship between FDI and the various explanatory variables, with the exception of labor cost but only OECD membership shows a significant relationship to FDI (and only when using 2000 data).

  • 89.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Coenen, Lars
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Methods and applications of regional innovation systems analysis2015In: Handbook of research methods and applications in economic geography / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie; Andersson, Martin and Norman, Therese, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 272-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Coenen, Lars
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Vang, Jan
    Copenhagen Institute of Technology, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Constructing knowledge-based regional advantage: Implications for regional innovation policy2007In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 7, no 2-5, p. 140-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus on constructing regional advantage requires an 'unpacking' of what makes territorial agglomerations important for innovation and competitiveness by disclosing and revealing the contingencies, particularities and specificities of the various contexts and environments where knowledge creation, innovation and entrepreneurship take place. In order to achieve more effective regional innovation policy, this paper presents and discusses three dimensions along which such unpacking can take place. These dimensions refer to (1) specific industrial knowledge bases, (2) globally distributed knowledge networks and (3) different territorial competence bases.

  • 91.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Tödtling, Franz
    Institute for Regional Development and Environment, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria.
    Constructing regional advantage: Towards state-of-the-art regional innovation system policies in Europe?2011In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 1133-1139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core arguments of the constructed regional advantage (CRA) approach stem from the work that started in Brussels in an expert group appointed by DG Research of the EU Commission. In 2006, DG Research launched the final report on "Constructing Regional Advantage" as the new way of taking on and combating new challenges and problems of globalization for European regions (Asheim et al., 2006). CRA means turning comparative advantage into competitive advantage through an explicit policy push promoting a Chamberlinian monopolistic competition based on product differentiation creating unique products, an assumption which was fundamental for Porter's cluster approach also. While building on the lessons from the dynamic principle of the theory of competitive advantage (Porter, 1990, 1998) as well as of the innovation system approach (Lundvall, 2008) emphasizing that competitiveness can be influenced by innovation policies and supporting regulatory and institutional frameworks, the constructed advantage approach recognizes the important interplay between industrial and institutional dynamics as well as calls for greater attention to multi-level governance. What is especially highlighted is the role of a proactive public-private partnership and impact of the public sector and public policy support by acknowledging to a greater extent the importance of institutional complementarities in knowledge economies. This approach represents an improved understanding of key regional development challenges as well as a better anticipation and response to the problems by addressing system failures of lack of connectivity in regional innovation systems (RIS).

  • 92.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Career trajectories of immigrants in Sweden2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Exchange rate volatility: How the Swedish export is influenced2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the exchange rate volatility has an impact on Swedish exports. This relationship has been tested in several studies but no consistent result has been found. It is therefore an interesting subject to investigate further and it has not been thoroughly tested for Sweden using aggregated data. Since the exchange rate vola-tility may have an effect on exports, and therefore on the whole economy, the effect can support a certain exchange rate regime. All the data used in this thesis is based on the ag-gregated data for Sweden and the Euro zone between the years 1993 and 2006. The method chosen is a statistical analysis using regressions. Three variables other than ex-change rate volatility were included when conducting the regressions explaining Swedish exports and these are: the real effective exchange rate index, the industrial production in Sweden (“push” factor) and the import from the Euro Zone (“pull” factor). The overall conclusion found was that the industrial production in Sweden, the real effective exchange rate index, the time and lagged values of the export influence the export. There was no evi-dence found that the exchange rate volatility influences the exports for Sweden.

  • 94.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Human capital in firms and regions: Impact on firm productivity2014In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, no 3, p. 557-575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the importance of human capital for firm productivity and makes a clear distinction between the role of human capital inside and outside of the firm. A multilevel model is used for the business service sector in Sweden controlling for heterogeneity across the industry and municipal level. Human capital in firms in terms of education, experience, and cognitive skills and the firm's overall access to human capital has a positive impact on firm productivity. In addition, firm attributes explain the largest proportion of firm productivity variance.

  • 95.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nyföretagande och närheten till finansiellt kapital: Policysammanfattning från Entreprenörskapsforum2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför är finansiellt kapital (banker) viktigt?Anledningen till att banker och närheten till banker är så viktigt för nyföretagande och därmed entreprenörskap är att finansiellt kapital är nödvändigt för att ett nytt företag ska kunna etableras. Det finansiella kapitalet kan härstamma från entre-prenörens eget kapital och/eller från vänner och familj, det vill säga informellt kapital. Om det informella kapitalet inte täcker de initiala kostnaderna och investe-ringarna måste entreprenören söka externt kapital genom riskkapital och banker. Riskkapital finansierar endast ett litet antal nya företag och är främst koncentrerat till Stockholm och Göteborg. Detta innebär att banker står för den största ande-len av externt finansiellt kapital. I Sverige har ungefär hälften av alla små företag banklån (Berggren med flera, 2001). Berggren och Silver (2010) bekräftar detta mönster och finner att cirka tre fjärdedelar av alla svenska företag har banklån. De finner även att företag som ligger på landsbygden är mer beroende av denna typ av finansiellt kapital, vilket beror på att det finns färre alternativ till att låna externt kapital. Eftersom banker står för den största delen av utlåningen, samtidigt som de finns representerade i alla Sveriges kommuner, fyller banker en viktig funktion i samhället för nyföretagande och entreprenörskap.

  • 96.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Regional variation of returns to education2013Report (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Returns to Education across the urban-rural hierarchy2014In: The Review of Regional Studies, ISSN 0048-749X, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 33-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Returns to education are mainly influenced by the characteristics of the individual. However, returns also depend on location characteristics; suggesting location premia can exist for educational attainment. This paper analyzes regional variations to returns from education using Swedish municipalities. The political geography of Sweden assists the analysis since it can be divided into four categories based on size and commuting patterns. Based on the obtained results, the often-assumed hypothesis of equal returns to education for all regions in a country can be rejected. The highest returns to education are found in municipalities at the top of the urban-rural hierarchy (dense and large municipalities), and the lowest are in the most peripheral municipalities.

  • 98.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spatial capital mobility: An empirical study2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: spatial dispersed production and network governance : papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Department of Economics and IT, University West , 2008, p. 129-152Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Who says life is over after 55? Entrepreneurship and an aging population2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 100.
    backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Regional variations in returns to education2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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