Change search
Refine search result
1234567 51 - 100 of 413
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Paradigmatik inom arbetsterapi.1998In: Vetenskapens dag 22 september, 1998Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 52.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Recension av: Ett vårdtestamente av Inge Dahn2006In: Arbetsterapeuten, ISSN 0345-0988, no 8, p. 1-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Tematiska diskussioner med fokus på arbetsterapeuters verksamhet.1997In: Program för At-forum 13-14 mars, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. AFR. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Borell, Lena
    Svensson, Tommy
    What Occupational Therapists Consider to be Worth Knowing: An Analysis of Swedish Occupational Therapists' Examination Papers 1984-96.1999In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 127-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine and characterize an aggregation of experienced occupational therapists´ exam papers with regard to the occupational therapists´ research interests, concerning especially ontological and strategical matters, during the time period 1984-1996. The title pages, summaries and results discussions of 84 papers were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively with the starting point in two of the components from Törnebohm´s structure of paradigms: the world view- and the field of action view-component. The occupational therapists´ interest in research subjects related to the field of action view component of paradigms, and applied research on strategical matters, dominates throughout the material. The interest in research subjects related to the world view component of paradigms, and basic research on ontological matters, increases in the last five year period. The increasing interest in more ontological matters seems as a natural and necessary progress for a profession which is deeply involved in knowledge aquired by experience. Only by the development of a “double-edged” knowledge, the profession has the possibility of developing and adapting to future demands.

  • 55.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    On the Context of Elderly Persons' Occupational Performance2003In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, ISSN 0270-3181, E-ISSN 1541-3152, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 49-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the context of elderly persons’ occupational performance in order to expose factors affecting their opportunities to age successfully. The study design is a descriptive pilot study and consists of interviews, based on a standardized questionnaire, with thirteen elderly people in their home settings. The results show that the informants’ occupational performance problems are mostly related to their occupational function and physical environment. The informants seem to be satisfied with their life as elderly individuals, but with adequate support, aiming to increase their occupational performance, their wellbeing may increase to benefit both themselves and the society in which they live.

  • 56.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Technical support for family caregivers2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project was to investigate if support received by family care givers in the form of products, technology and web-based services corresponds to their needs when taking care of a person aged over 65 years at home. Questionnaires related to activity limitations, need for support and received support were distributed nationally and answered by 368 family care givers and 332 occupational therapists, who had met family care givers within their services. Furthermore, 58 family care givers were individually interviewed. The results from the questionnaires demonstrated that family care givers experienced activity limitations with the person they take care of to a higher degree than their expressed need for support in the form of products/technology and web-based services. In addition, they stated their need for support as greater than that they had received. Family care givers experienced activity limitations with the person they took care of to a higher degree than occupational therapists within all nine activity areas in WHO’s classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF). Family care givers expressed a need for products/technology to a larger or to the same extent as occupational therapists. Exceptions were mobility and personal care, where occupational therapists perceived the need for products/technology as greater than the family care givers. When it comes to web-based services, data was not sufficient to enable a comparison between family care givers’ and occupational therapists’ perceptions. The results from the interview studies conducted in two counties indicated that information on what could be offered needs to be improved and that family care givers expressed a desire for improved follow-up of the prescriptions given. Their knowledge of web-based services was limited, but they considered them to be good, especially for others than themselves. Additionally, the family care givers thought that the products and technology they had become aware of needed to be developed to be more user-friendly, but felt that those they had received brought them security, safety and independence. In conclusion, it is important to consider the point of view of the family care giver and their perception of activity limitations with the person they take care of in order to provide relevant information and appropriate support in form of products, technology and web-based services for the person they are caring for.

  • 57.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 58.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inom ramen för regeringens utvecklingsprogram "Teknik för äldre" har Hjälpmedelsinstitutet (HI) tilldelats 6 miljoner kronor/år under en treårsperiod, med början 2007, för uppdraget att utveckla kunskap inom området "Teknik för anhöriga som hjälper och vårdar närstående". I uppdraget ingår att genomföra en behovsstudie via enkäter och intervjuer med anhöriga för att få bättre kunskap om anhörigas situation i fråga om hjälpmedel och annat teknikstöd. HI beviljade i november 2007 medarbetare vid Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, avdelningen för rehabilitering, utvecklingsstöd under en tvåårsperiod för att utföra denna behovsinventering. Syfte: Syftet med projektet är att kartlägga och beskriva de behov av stöd som anhörig-närståendevårdarna har av produkter och/eller teknologi samt webbaserade tjänster, när de vårdare en äldre person över 65 år i hemmet samt att kartlägga i vilken utsträckning erhållet stöd motsvarar behoven. Metod: Datainsamling sker genom ett frågeformulär som har skickas ut till ca 1000 anhörigvårdare/närståendevårdare och 1000 arbetsterapeuter runt om i Sverige. Intervjuer med ett mindre antal anhörigvårdare/närståendevårdare (ca 60) i Jönköpings län kommer också att genomföras. Förväntat resultat: Tydliggörande av behov och erfarenheter av produkter och/eller teknologi samt webbaserade tjänster i hemmet hos olika grupper av anhörig-/närståendevårdare till personer över 65 år. Dessutom avser projektet att belysa i vilken utsträckning de hjälpmedel som förskrivs motsvarar de behov som finns. I sin förlängning kan projektet leda till utveckling av nya produkter och ny teknologi. Konklusion: Projektet är pågående.

  • 59.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 60.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Teknikstöd för anhörigvårdare: Problem, behov och försörjning av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att ta reda på om erhållet stöd i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster motsvarar de behov som anhörigvårdare har när de vårdar en person över 65 år i hemmet. Enkäter med nationell spridning angående aktivitetsbegränsningar, behov av stöd och erhållet stöd besvarades av 368 anhörigvårdare och 332 arbetsterapeuter, som mött anhörigvårdare inom tjänsten. Dessutom intervjuades 58 anhörigvårdare från två län individuellt. Resultatet av enkätstudierna visar att anhörigvårdare uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den person de vårdar i högre grad än vad de ansåg sig ha behov av stöd i form av produkter/teknologi och webbaserade tjänster. De angav dock behov av stöd i större omfattning än vad de uppgav att de erhållit. Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar i högre grad än arbetsterapeuterna inom samtliga nio aktivitetsområden i WHO:s klassifikation över funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF). Anhörigvårdarna uppfattade behov av produkter/teknologi i något större utsträckning eller i lika stor utsträckning som arbetsterapeuterna. Undantagen var förflyttning och personlig vård, där arbetsterapeuterna uppfattade behoven av produkter/teknologi som större än anhörigvårdarna. När det gäller webbaserade tjänster var underlaget alltför bristfälligt för att möjliggöra jämförelse mellan anhörigvårdarnas och arbetsterapeuternas uppfattningar. Resultatet av intervjustudierna visar att informationen om utbudet behöver förbättras och att man efterfrågade bättre uppföljning av de förskrivningar som skett. Kunskapen om webbaserade tjänster var begränsad men man tyckte att de verkade bra, framförallt för andra än sig själv. Man ansåg vidare att de produkter och den teknologi som man fått ta del av behöver utvecklas så att de blir mer användarvänliga, men att det man erhållit gav säkerhet, trygghet och självständighet. Sammanfattningsvis kan inte nog betonas vikten av att utgå från anhörigvårdarnas egna uppfattningar om aktuella aktivitetsbegränsningar hos den de vårdar för att kunna ge relevant information och rätt stöd för vårdandet i form av produkter, teknologi och webbaserade tjänster.

  • 61.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    A Longitudinal Study on the Transformation of Fifteen Occupational Therapist Students' Paradigms into Occupational Therapists' Paradigms.2006In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 87-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the transformation of 15 occupational therapist students’ paradigms into occupational therapists’ paradigms according to Törnebohm’s theory of paradigms, over a period of six years. This research particularly considers the paradigm components world view and field of action view in Törnbohm’s sense. Qualitative data were collected using essay-questions on three occasions: first week, and last semester, at the Occupational Therapy Programme at the School of Health Sciences, Jönköping, Sweden, and after three years of occupational therapy practice. A content-analysis of the collected materials was performed and the transformation of the informants’ views could be characterized as comprising three different perspectives: a ‘public’ view in 1995, a ‘theoretical’ view in 1998 and an ‘experiential/contextual’ view in 2001.

  • 62.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Begreppet 'Hälsa' som vägvisare för arbetsterapeuter.2005In: Arbetsterapeuten, ISSN 0345-0988, no 9, p. 10-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 63.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Femton arbetsterapeutstudenters paradigmutveckling genom utbildning och yrkespraktik: en sexårsstudie2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studien handlar om paradigmutveckling hos arbetsterapeutstudenter, senare arbetsterapeuter, under en sexårsperiod. Speciellt studeras deras världsbild och verksamhetssyn enligt Törnebohms paradigmteori. Kvalitativ data samlades in genom essäfrågor, första veckan och sista terminen på arbetsterapeutprogrammet vid Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, samt efter tre års yrkespraktik. Genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys framträdde informanternas syn på arbetsterapi vilken kan karaktäriseras som "allmänhetens syn" 1995, "teoretisk syn" 1998 och en "erfarenhetsbaserad/kontextuell syn" 2001.

  • 64.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Health, the Body and Occupational Therapy2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 26-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify and characterise conceptions of health in a group of experienced occupational therapists. Data-collection involved the occupational therapists´ personal accounts of the meaning of health and data analysis was accomplished qualitatively. The material was found to comprise 52 distinguishable articulations of the meaning of health, which were categorized under three main themes: 22 articulations of Health as “feeling fine“; 20 articulations of Health as ability to act; and 10 articulations of Health as an objective state of body and/or mind. The results show a very strong tendency towards holistic health conceptions and also toward a phenomenological view on the body. If this tendency should be taken to reflect current basic views within the profession this would indicate a movement away from biomedical frames of reference on the theoretical level. This would seem to imply consequent movements on the practice level away from organ focused interventions to the benefit of interventions in the person/context dimension of occupational performance. Studies of processes of change seem to be needed and we suggest that a paradigm theory approach probably be most pertinent.

  • 65.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Read, Sanna
    Holistic and biomedical concepts of health: A study of health notions among Swedish occupational therapists and a suggestion for developing an instrument for comparative studies.2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 141-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this study were to inquire into notions of health among a group of 439 Swedish occupational therapists and to test a model derived from a qualitative study by Björklund and Svensson in a representative sample of occupational therapists in Sweden. The data were collected through a questionnaire and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The means and ranking of the health notions showed that the Swedish occupational therapists most frequently hold holistic notions of health, and to a smaller extent biostatistical ones. Most Swedish occupational therapists indicate that being clearly conscious of one’s health notions is important both to themselves and to their profession. The test of the model provides a step towards developing an instrument for measuring notions of health that clearly distinguishes between holistic and biomedical ones and that could possibly be used for comparative studies.

  • 66.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bridge employment - ett fortsatt arbetsliv2018In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 2, p. 44-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 67.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Brushammar, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, The University Library.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Nilsson, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    A scoping review of the incentives for a prolonged work life after pensionable age and the importance of “bridge employment”2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 175-189Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With a growing share of older people in almost every population, discussions are being held worldwide about how to guarantee welfare in the immediate future. Different solutions are suggested, but in this article the focus is on the need to keep older employees active in the labor market for a prolonged time.

    Objective: The aim was to find out and describe the incentives at three system levels for older people 1) wanting, 2) being able, and 3) being allowed to work.

    Material: The literature search embraced articles from the databases Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, AgeLine and Business Source Premier, from May 2004 until May 2016. After the removal of 507 duplicates, the selection and analysis started with the 1331 articles that met the search criteria. Of these, 58 articles corresponded with the research questions.

    Method: The design was a ‘scoping review’ of the research area bridge employment and prolonged work life.

    Results: The results show that most investigations are conducted on individual-level predictors, research on organizational-level predictors is more scattered, and societal-level predictor information is scarce.

    Conclusions: Attitudes and behavior according to a prolonged work life could be summarized as dependent on good health, a financial gain in combination with flexible alternative working conditions.

  • 68.
    Blane, A.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, H. C.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, M.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Parsons, R.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    The cognitive and socio-demographic influences on driving performance and driving cessation in post-stroke drivers2016In: Advances in Transportation Studies, ISSN 1824-5463, no 38, p. 75-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Driving is a complex activity requiring highly integrated cognitive and perceptual functions that can be negatively affected following a stroke. The decision to continue or cease with driving after a stroke may not be exclusively dependent on deficits in cognitive and motor abilities. Instead, it is possible that social supports, alternative means of transportation, education level, income, self-regulation ability and the awareness of personal health problems may also influence the decision.

    Aim: The aim of this research was to explore the influence of personal and socioeconomic factors, in addition to existing cognitive impairment, on the decision of post-stroke adults to return to driving.

    Method: A case control design was employed to compare driving performance of 48 individuals who had experienced a stroke and 22 volunteer healthy control participants. Half of the post-stroke cohort (N=24) had continued driving and the other half had ceased driving. Socio-demographic and driving-related cognitive performance data were collected to characterise the comparison groups before driving performance was assessed in a driving simulator.

    Results: Overall, the post-stroke groups did not perform as well as the control participants in the cognitive and driving assessments. The perceived ability to drive after a stroke was not significantly correlated with participants'€™ actual driving ability. Post-stroke adults were more likely to continue driving if they reported having a tertiary level education and a greater income.

    Conclusion: The decision to return to driving after a stroke is a complicated, multifactorial process. This study confirms previous research, which found that cognition and driving performance are impaired poststroke. The findings also suggest that post-stroke drivers'€™ decision to return to driving was not linked to their ability to drive, but more to socio-demographic and environmental factors. Further screening tools and assessments to identify those at risk when returning to the road post-stroke are required. 

  • 69.
    Blomdahl, Christina
    et al.
    Institute Care and Health Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta A.
    Institute Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Guregård, Suzanne
    Södra Älvsborg Hospital, Region Västra Götaland, Borås, Sweden.
    Rusner, Marie
    Institute Care and Health Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wijk, Helle
    Institute Care and Health Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Art therapy for patients with depression: expert opinions on its main aspects for clinical practice2016In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 527-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Art therapy is based mainly on clinical experience and is rarely described and evaluated scientifically. There is a need for further exploration of its use in patients with depression.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to explore what experts consider to be the main aspects of art therapy in clinical practice for patients with depression.

    Method: Eighteen occupational therapists experienced and educated in art therapy participated. The experts answered three rounds of Delphi questionnaires and ranked their agreement with 74 assertions. Consensus was defined as 70% or higher.

    Results: The experts agreed more on assertions about theoretical frames of reference than about clinical practice. The main aspects of art therapy were agreed to be the patients’ opportunity to express themselves verbally and through making art. It was equally important that art tasks provided an opportunity to address depressive thoughts, feelings, life experiences, and physical symptoms.

    Conclusions: Experts in the field of art therapy considered that the main aspect of clinical practice in art therapy for patients with depression is that art themes should promote expression related to both to depression and personal history.

  • 70.
    Blomdahl, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Fou Växjö.
    Guregård, Suzanne
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    A realist review of art therapy for clients with depression2013In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 322-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a serious disease affecting an individual's entire life-situation, which can lead to great suffering and a reduced level of activity in everyday life. The aim of this study is to explore and describe how art therapy works regarding therapeutic factors, application, and circumstances for clients with depression. A systematic literature search of relevant databases was carried out to find articles concerning art therapy for depression, meeting criteria for reproducibility. This yielded 16 articles published in seven journals. The art therapy methods employed in each selected study were then examined and compared in order to understand the healing mechanism or mechanisms. These healing mechanisms are here termed “therapeutic factors”. The analysis resulted in eight therapeutic factors; self-exploration, self-expression, communication, understanding and explanation, integration, symbolic thinking, creativity, and sensory stimulation. No general conclusions could be drawn regarding circumstances, but the results indicate that art therapy can be performed successfully in a wide variety of clinical situations. The results were discussed in relation to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core sets for depression.

  • 71.
    Bojan, Steta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sofia, Lundeberg
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av interventioner för individer med hjärntrötthet: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Previous researches indicate that mental fatigue is a complex condition that adversely affects the individual's life situation and can cause imbalance in everyday activities. Aim: To describe occupational therapists' experiences of interventions for individuals with mental fatigue. Method: A qualitative design was chosen to answer the purpose of this study. Target selection was used to elect ten occupational therapists with experience in the field. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews with open interview questions. Content analysis was conducted on the transcribed interviews, resulting in one theme, three categories and seven subcategories. Result: The result was summarized in a theme: Occupational therapist as a coach with focus on the individual. The categories were; Information and counseling: the importance of informing patients and relatives about mental fatigue as well as the benefit of interaction. Strategies: further interventions were enabled through patients identifying and acquiring insight of his or her own situation. Assistive devices: individualized assistive devices could support the patient's everyday life. Conclusions: Results showed that there were no ready-made interventions for patients with mental fatigue and that the interventions had to be individualized for each specific individual. The purpose of the interventions was to teach patients to deal with their mental fatigue and

  • 72.
    Boren, T.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Profound intellectual and multiple disabilities2014In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 371-371Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Borg Sinnerström, Mathilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Johansson, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Att arbeta i en anpassad arbetssituation: -tio individer berättar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    To work in an adapted work situation -ten individuals tell their stories.

    Disability and work, put together, becomes a burning question that requires further knowledge

    for to reach the goal in Sweden; “A working life for everyone”. In this subject it is discussed

    how and what there needs to be done to reduce the gap, the prejudice and the feeling of

    alienation which there may occur.

    In today people with a disability are given an opportunity to work in an adapted work

    situation. To observe the individuals own experience of the question mentioned before the

    authors chose to do a qualitative study with the aim to describe the individual’s experience of

    working in an adapted work situation. The authors used a purposeful sampling and made

    unstructured interviews with ten individuals who expressed their experiences. The result is

    presented within three themes, Treatment, Participation and Changed work situation which

    present the individuals experience of being exposed because of the adapted work situation.

    The experience is described as both positive and negative. The individuals experience the

    adapted work situation as a necessary condition to be able to work. The adaption changes the

    worker roll and is experienced as a feeling of being limited on the labour market. The

    treatment at the working site is described as being either supportive or non-supportive.

  • 74.
    Borgestig, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ahlsten, Gunnar
    Folke Bernadotte Regional Habilitation Centre and Department of Women´s and Children´s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gaze-based assistive technology in daily activities in children with severe physical impairments–An intervention study2017In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 129-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To establish the impact of a gaze-based assistive technology (AT) intervention on activity repertoire, autonomous use, and goal attainment in children with severe physical impairments, and to examine parents’ satisfaction with the gaze-based AT and with services related to the gaze-based AT intervention.

    Methods: Non-experimental multiple case study with before, after, and follow-up design. Ten children with severe physical impairments without speaking ability (aged 1–15 years) participated in gaze-based AT intervention for 9–10 months, during which period the gaze-based AT was implemented in daily activities.

    Results: Repertoire of computer activities increased for seven children. All children had sustained usage of gaze-based AT in daily activities at follow-up, all had attained goals, and parents’ satisfaction with the AT and with services was high.

    Discussion: The gaze-based AT intervention was effective in guiding parents and teachers to continue supporting the children to perform activities with the AT after the intervention program. 

  • 75.
    Borgestig, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Parsons, Richard
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Eye gaze performance for children with severe physical impairments using gaze-based assistive technology - A longitudinal study2016In: Assistive technology, ISSN 1040-0435, E-ISSN 1949-3614, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 93-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gaze-based assistive technology (gaze-based AT) has the potential to provide children affected by severe physical impairments with opportunities for communication and activities. This study aimed to examine changes in eye gaze performance over time (time on task and accuracy) in children with severe physical impairments, without speaking ability, using gaze-based AT. A longitudinal study with a before and after design was conducted on 10 children (aged 1-15 years) with severe physical impairments, who were beginners to gaze-based AT at baseline. Thereafter, all children used the gaze-based AT in daily activities over the course of the study. Compass computer software was used to measure time on task and accuracy with eye selection of targets on screen, and tests were performed with the children at baseline, after 5 months, 9-11 months, and after 15-20 months. Findings showed that the children improved in time on task after 5 months and became more accurate in selecting targets after 15-20 months. This study indicates that these children with severe physical impairments, who were unable to speak, could improve in eye gaze performance. However, the children needed time to practice on a long-term basis to acquire skills needed to develop fast and accurate eye gaze performance.

  • 76.
    Borgh, Madeleine
    et al.
    Iris Hadar Limited company, Malmö, Sweden.
    Eek, Frida
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Organisational factors and occupational balance in working parents in Sweden2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 409-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden.

    Methods:

    Data were collected by a survey including questions about occupational balance, organisational factors and age, sex, employment rate, work position, monthly household income, number of children at home, separation/divorce last five years and overtime. The total number of parents included in this study was 718 (490 mothers and 228 fathers). Logistic regression models were applied to examine the odds ratios for occupational balance in relation to organisational factors.

    Results:

    Parents who experienced positive attitudes towards parenthood and parental leave among colleagues and managers were more likely to experience high occupational balance than parents who experienced negative or neutral attitudes. Having a clear structure for handover when absent from work was also strongly associated with high occupational balance.

    Conclusions:

    The result of the present study indicates that some organisational factors could be important for the occupational balance of parents with small children.

  • 77.
    Brandt, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ljungvall, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Grön rehabilitering för personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa: En scoping review med fokus på miljöns inverkan.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa är ett växande problem hos den svenska befolkningen och sjukskrivningarna för personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa har ökat under de senaste åren. Forskning har visat på att personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa som genomgått grön rehabilitering har haft goda resultat. De har fått minskade symptom som ångest, depression och utbrändhet. Grön rehabilitering bygger på delarna miljöpsykologi, landskapsarkitektur och arbetsterapi. Syftet med studien var att kartlägga tidigare forskning om miljöns betydelse för personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa som genomgår/genomgått grön rehabilitering. Examensarbetet var en scoping review där 19 artiklar inkluderades. Inklusionskriterierna var att studien innehöll personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa som genomgår/genomgått grön rehabilitering, arbetsterapeut som medverkat i studien, arbetsterapeutiska interventioner eller författande arbetsterapeut, deltagare som var över 18 år, samt att de blivit publicerade mellan 2008–2019 och skrivna på svenska eller engelska. Exklusionskriterier var personer som tidigare haft psykiatriska diagnoser som inte ingår i ICD10-SE klassifikationen för stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa och personer med alkohol- och drogproblematik. Resultatet visade att personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa kan ha stor nytta av att genomgå grön rehabilitering och deltagarna upplevde att den stödjande miljön var en bidragande faktor till minskade stressnivåer, återgång i arbete och att få struktur på vardagslivet.

  • 78.
    Bredfell, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Eliasson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    “Fikarummet var min värsta mardröm”: En kvalitativ studie om hur personer med social ångest upplever att begränsad delaktighet i sociala aktiviteter påverkar dem i vardagen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social anxiety manifest in a person as fear and avoidance for a situation where there is a risk to feel judged by others. People living with social anxiety often experience impaired quality of life due to limited participation in activity. Purpose: To describe how people with social anxiety experience that limited participation in social activities affects them in everyday life. Method: The thesis was conducted as a qualitative interview by a group discussion through Facebook. Convenience sample was applied through Facebook groups aimed at people with social anxiety. A total of eleven participants attended the discussion group. The interview questions were published as post and the participants share their experiences in the comment section, where the authors also asked follow-up questions. Data was analysed by a qualitative content analysis. Result: The participants experienced that limitations in social activity participation affected them within three main categories; insufficient participation in everyday activities, discomfort of crowds and social exclusion. The participants experienced severe difficulties in interacting with other people, which affected their participation in social activities in a negative way. Conclusion: The participants experienced that limitations in social activities caused lack of participation in everyday activities, limited ability to be around strangers, places with a lot of people, new environments and could lead to social exclusion.

  • 79.
    Brunberg Hammarstedt, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsplatsers behov av företagshälsovård ur ett chefsperspektiv: – Kan arbetsterapeuter möta behoven?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim was to describe how managers perceive their workplaces need of occupational health services, and try to answer whether occupational therapists can meet these needs. Methods: A qualitative inductive approach was adopted with open interview form. Five managers were recruited through a typical purposive sampling through contacts from an occupational health service in Jönköping. Interviews were analyzed by a qualitative content analysis. Results: Overall theme: "Work and private life demands - to bring together the puzzle of life". Five main categories: "Working life conditions in change", “Risk groups among employees", “The balance between employers and employees responsibilities for health", "Health measures done today" and "Hopes for the future cooperation with the occupational health services" and 14 subcategories were identified. Conclusions: From a manager's perspective, occupational health services are an important, needed actor and an expert resource for workplaces and employees' health. Working life conditions are changing, which puts new demands on employers, employees as well as occupational health services to meet the needs. Occupational therapists have resources to meet the identified needs. Hopefully this study can serve as guidance in practice so that work-related ill health can be prevented and reduced.

  • 80.
    Brändström, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Skoog, Erik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Ensamboende äldres uppfattning om aktivitetsbalans: En intervjustudie.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The process of aging means several changes in a person's life. Decreased physical capacity and retirement can affect what kind of activities that are performed and the capacity to perform them. The purpose of this paper was to describe how people in the age-category of 75-84 experiences their occupational balance. The method chosen was a qualitative inductive approach. Nine participants were recruited through a snowball selection in southern Sweden. The data was collected through structured interviews. The interviews were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The result found three main categories: views of different categories of activitychanges that affect performance of activity and factors that affect the activity pattern. These main categories were comprised of nine sub-categories. The result showed that most of the participants were satisfied with their occupational balance but had to adapt certain activities because of decreased physical capacity. It also emerged that social activities were the most valued and that the participants to a large degree accepted that ageing meant changes in performance of activity. The conclusion the authors came to was that social activities was the most important activity for maintaining a satisfying occupational balance.

  • 81.
    Bångsbo, Angela
    et al.
    FoU Sjuhärad Välfärd, University of Borås.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Professional Views on Patient Education in Osteoporosis2010In: Archives of Osteoporosis, ISSN 1862-3514, Vol. 5, no 1-2, p. 101-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    The aim of this study was to investigate patient education in osteoporosis, with a consensus-building Delphi survey. The results showed that the purposes of osteoporosis schools are to reduce the risk of falling, facilitate empowerment, increase levels of function and activity and teach participants to master or reduce pain.

    Introduction

    According to the World Health Organization, osteoporosis is a major health problem. The morbidity is caused by fractures associated with pain and decreased physical function, social function and well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate and reach consensus about how so-called osteoporosis schools are run by professionals in Sweden with a focus on intervention and evaluation.

    Method

    The study design was a consensus-building, three-round Delphi survey. Questionnaires were sent by web and post to an expert panel comprising 15 nurses, occupational therapists and physiotherapists. In round 1, they were asked to write descriptions within the frame of eight domains related to intervention and evaluation. In the second and third rounds, the Delphi panel was asked to mark on a Likert scale the importance of 40 statements within these domains.

    Results

    The answers showed that the purposes of osteoporosis schools are to reduce the risk of falling, facilitate empowerment, increase levels of function and activity and teach participants to master or reduce pain. The schools comprise theoretical elements as well as practical exercises. Patients with fractures related to osteoporosis are offered participation. There is a lack of a theoretical basis, as well as of evidence, for present treatment models. Evaluation ought to be done systematically, and for this purpose, different questionnaires are used. Experts assert that evaluations show that patients gain increased activity levels, function, knowledge about osteoporosis, empowerment and pain reduction.

    Conclusions

    Consensus was reached in 29 of 40 items.

  • 82.
    Carlsson, Sascha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Bernung, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    ME/CFS - livskvalitet, aktivitetskompetens och värdering av aktivitet: En enkätstudie om myalgisk encefalomyelit/kroniskt trötthetssyndrom (ME/CFS)2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose: ME/CFS widely affects occupational competence, with many various physical symptoms. Even small efforts can cause severe deterioration. To achieve a functioning everyday life, planning and prioritization is crucial, and the individual must know what effort is needed for each activity and what matters most. This thesis examines how people with ME/CFS experience their ability to perform everyday activities, the value of activities, if activities are avoided for health reasons, and how health-related quality of life is assessed.

    Method: The survey was answered by 32 ME/CFS-diagnosed respondents (16-76 years). Occupational competence and the value of occupations were assessed by Occupational Self Assessment (OSA), and health-related quality of life by SF-36. It was also asked if respondents refrained from activity for health reasons. The respondents were able to specify worst and best case to reflect fluctuations.

    Results: Occupational competence is assessed low (28-35 out of 100) and the value of activities is assessed considerably higher (61). Health-related quality of life is reported for eight subscales, where physical ability to exercise roles is particularly low (2 out of 100). Vitality (10), Physical Functioning (24) and General Health (25) are also scored low.

    Conclusion: People with ME / CFS can experience very high limitations in everyday activities, which can lead to low degree of activity and participation. They value activity high and the disease therefore leads to involuntary isolation that must be counteracted by proficient healthcare professionals with expertise in energy-saving technologies.

  • 83.
    Carlström, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Fjäll, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    “Väldigt viktigt att den sexuella delen i livet inte glöms bort!”: En kvantitativ enkätstudie som beskriver i vilken utsträckning arbetsterapeuter inom ungdoms- och vuxenhabilitering i Sverige arbetar med sexuell hälsa samt deras uppfattning om ämnet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies indicate that sexual health is seen as a relevant work area within occupational therapy but it’s currently several occupational therapists that excludes the topic in their daily work, also within habilitation. Purpose: The purpose with this study was to describe the extent to which occupational therapists within youth and adult habilitation in Sweden work with sexual health and what opinion they have about the topic. Method: A quantitative survey where the participants were recruited through a non-probability convenience sampling. The survey consisted of 71 occupational therapists who works within youth and adult habilitation in Sweden. Data was analyzed in the statistical program IBM SPSS Statistics. Results: 53 participants had never implemented any intervention related to sexual health. 35 had addressed the topic with a patient some/a few times per year. 38 stated that their patients never had addressed the topic with them. 37 partly concurred that they were comfortable with addressing questions regarding the topic. 55 considered that they did not have enough knowledge in order to work with the topic 42 considered sexual health as a part of their work area. Conclusion: Occupational therapists within habilitation need more knowledge and tools to be able to work with the topic professionally and safely. Occupational therapists have competence to work with the topic which can give patients the ability to have a good sexual health. By implementing guidelines, more training in basic education and education in the workplace, the work with sexual health can improve for the patients.

  • 84.
    Causey, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björn, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    'Help the patient turn back to happy': A qualitative study with mental health professionals in Vietnam: A Bachelor of Science Thesis in Occupational Therapy about how mental health staff support their patients back into society, conducted as a Minor Field Studies project2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify in what way health care staff at a psychiatric facility in Vietnam support patients with mental illness to participate in society. This research is based on a qualitative interview study with inductive reasoning and semi-structured interviews. The participants were mental health professionals at the applicable facility. The respondents consisted of a total of ten health care professionals and the participants were recruited using snowball sampling. Content analysis according to Lundman & Graneheim-Hällgren (2017) was used to examine the data. The results eventuated in individual-based interventions that consist of the different ways the staff supports the individual patient such as validating, advising, coaching and encouraging. The findings also resulted in several strategies for group-based interventions such as rehabilitation efforts and creative activities. There were also interventions regarding cooperation with the family and the community where the staff work together with the community to have the patient return to a varied social life. The staff at the psychiatric facility have several ways of working with supporting the patients to participate in society; by individual-based interventions, group-based interventions and cooperation with the family and the community. 

  • 85.
    Cederfeldt, Marie
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Widell, Yvonne
    Occupational Therapy Department, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Elgmark Andersson, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gosman-Hedström, Gunilla
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Concurrent validity of the executive function performance test in people with mild stroke2011In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 74, no 9, p. 443-449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Studies have shown that executive dysfunction is common in adults after stroke. Occupational therapists working in acute care assess the performance of activities of daily living; most instruments focus on personal care. However, the assessment of instrumental activities of daily living has been shown to discriminate executive dysfunction more effectively. An instrument for assessing executive dysfunction in more complex activities that is easy to handle in acute care is consequently required for clinical use. The Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT) was recently introduced into Sweden. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concurrent validity of the EFPT in acute care for patients with mild stroke.

    Method: Twenty-three patients from an acute stroke unit were assessed with both the EFPT and the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS).

    Results: The correlation between the EFPT and the AMPS assessments was highly significant (p = 0.003) and the concurrent validity was rho = 0.61.

    Conclusion: Since there is a risk that adult patients with mild stroke are discharged without rehabilitation, and there is a lack of a relevant instrument for occupational therapists that discriminates executive dysfunction in acute stroke care, the EFPT may be a suitable instrument to use with these patients.

  • 86.
    Christensson, Lennart
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Henriksson, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Joakimsson, Daga
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Attitudes of Different Professionals Toward the Well-being of Older Adults Living at Home2010In: Journal of Allied Health, ISSN 0090-7421, E-ISSN 1945-404X, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 293-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Negative attitudes in society toward working in eldercare constitute a challenge to educators and care providers. The purpose of this study was to explore, describe, and compare the attitudes of different professional groups toward factors that are important for the well-being of older adults.

    Methods: A randomized sample of 210 respondents that included registered nurses (RNs), registered occupational therapists (OTRs), personal benefit advisors (PBAs), and home help assistants (HHAs) was collected from social service agencies in 10 Swedish municipalities. A scale was developed in a six-step process to measure attitudes toward factors influencing elder wellbeing, and the final 22-item Likert-type scale was called the “Staff Attitudes toward the Well-being of Older Adults” scale.

    Results: Thirty-three percent of staff responded with positive attitudes <toward working with elders>, and the remaining were uncertain or negative. The attitudes of RNs, OTRs, and PBAs were significantly more positive than those of HHAs.

    Discussion: The scale is practical for use in different professional groups with the aim of exploring existing attitudes, identifying areas with a low degree of prevailing positive attitudes and differences between groups, and evaluating whether attitudes change after staff training.

  • 87.
    Christensson, Matilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Suddergaard, Linn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Upplevd aktivitetsbalans hos föräldrar till barn med ADHD: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parenting children with ADHD can be challenging and involve coping with surrounding attitudes. They often experience a lack of support and difficulties that have negative impact on health and daily life. The purpose of this study was to describe experienced occupational balance in parents of children with ADHD. A qualitative method with semi-structured interviews and convenience sampling was used. Data was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The result showed that everyday life of parents to children with ADHD involves a lot of time supporting their children. Treatment and support from the children’s school influenced the parents’ well-being and daily life. A flexible work schedule and understanding employers and co-workers were necessary for being accessible to their children. Structure and prioritizing were needed in everyday life since neither amount of time nor energy was sufficient. Lack of time resulted in absence of rest and time for themselves, which affected their life satisfaction. The conclusion was that parents of children with ADHD have everyday lives that focus on the children’s needs. The deficits that are described regarding everyday activities could be interpreted as a lack of occupational balance. This study is an opportunity to start discussion and increase attention to the needs of the target group. However, more research is required.

  • 88.
    Clasen, Rieke
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Involving families and caregivers in the rehabilitation process to enhance occupational engagement and performance of TBI and stroke patients: A systematic review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To examine evidence about involving family and other primary caregivers (F-PCs) in the rehabilitation process of patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) to enhance occupational engagement and occupational performance outcomes.

    Methods: Five electronic databases were searched for the period 2008-2018 and a manual search of references was conducted.  Quality of the methodology and evidence of included studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skill Programme and the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine.

    Results: After removal of duplicates, 304 abstracts were screened of which 40 articles were screened for eligibility. Ten studies were included in the review. Findings revealed that additional exercise training provided by F-PCs showed weak to moderate evidence of improvement in physical functioning. Furthermore, there was weak to moderate evidence of significant associations between F-PCs’ and patients’ characteristics which impact on outcomes in occupational engagement and occupational performance.

    Conclusions: There is evidence that F-PC-mediated interventions and caregiver characteristics are associated with improvements in occupational engagement and occupational performance. However, there is lack of high-quality evidence on this topic. It is suggested that there is a need for occupation-focussed approaches that educate and guide F-PCs to provide additional exercise training focussed on both individual goals and the needs and capacities of F-PCs and patients.

  • 89.
    Cohen-Holzer, Marilyn
    et al.
    Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Katz-Leurer, Michal
    Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Meyer, Shirley
    Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Green, Dido
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Center for Rehabilitation, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Parush, Shula
    School of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine of Hadassah and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.
    The effect of bimanual training with or without constraint on hand functions in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: A non-randomized clinical trial2017In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 516-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    To compare the effect of bimanual training with or without constraint on manual functions in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP).

    Methods:

    Seventeen children aged 6–11 years with UCP participated in one of two intensive therapeutic camps: bimanual (n = 9) incorporating one hour of constraint (“Hybrid”) or Bimanual (n = 8). Each camp met for 2 weeks, 5 days per week for 6 hours each day. The Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) and the Jebsen Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) examined bimanual and unimanual functions pre, post- and 3-months post-intervention.

    Results:

    A significant improvement was noted in AHA scores for both groups between the pre-, post- and three months post-intervention [Hybrid (F2; 16 = 85.5, p < 0.01); Bimanual (F2; 16 = 15.4, p < 0.01)] with no significant differences between groups over time (F2; 30 = 0.74, p = 0.48). For the JTTHF, a significant improvement was noted in the affected hand following the Hybrid program (F2; 30 = 7.45, p = 0.01), while following the Bimanual program a significant difference was noted only in the less-affected hand (F2; 16 = 6.02, p < 0.01].

    Conclusion:

    Both interventions Hybrid and Bimanual were similarly effective for improving use of the affected hand in bimanual tasks. The unique contribution of each intervention, the Hybrid program on the affected and the Bimanual on the less-affected side, warrants further examination.

  • 90.
    Cordier, Reinie
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Brown, Nicole
    Discipline of Occupational Therapy, James Cook University, Townsville City, QLD, Australia.
    Chen, Yu-Wei
    Discipline of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Wilkes-Gillan, Sarah
    Discipline of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjorn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Piloting the use of experience sampling method to investigate the everyday social experiences of children with Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism.2016In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 103-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This pilot study explored the nature and quality of social experiences of children with Asperger Syndrome/High Functioning Autism (AS/HFA) through experience sampling method (ESM) while participating in everyday activities.

    METHODS: ESM was used to identify the contexts and content of daily life experiences. Six children with AS/HFA (aged 8-12) wore an iPod Touch on seven consecutive days, while being signalled to complete a short survey.

    RESULTS: Participants were in the company of others 88.3% of their waking time, spent 69.0% of their time with family and 3.8% with friends, but only conversed with others 26.8% of the time. Participants had more positive experiences and emotions when they were with friends compared with other company. Participating in leisure activities was associated with enjoyment, interest in the occasion, and having positive emotions.

    CONCLUSIONS: ESM was found to be helpful in identifying the nature and quality of social experiences of children with AS/HFA from their perspective.

  • 91.
    Dagrell, Sofie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetsbalans hos personer med schizofreni och betydelsen av arbetsterapi: En litteraturöversikt.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 92.
    Deramore Denver, Belinda
    et al.
    Australian Catholic University, Australia.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Froude, Elspeth
    Australian Catholic University, Australia.
    Rosenbaum, Peter
    McMaster University, Canada.
    Imms, Christine
    Australian Catholic University, Australia.
    Methods for conceptualising ‘visual ability’ as a measurable construct in children with cerebral palsy2017In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, ISSN 1471-2288, E-ISSN 1471-2288, Vol. 17, no 46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Vision influences functioning and disability of children with cerebral palsy, so there is a growing need for psychometrically robust tools to advance assessment of children’s vision abilities in clinical practice and research. Vision is a complex construct, and in the absence of clarity about this construct it is challenging to know whether valid, reliable measures exist. This study reports a method for conceptualising ‘visual ability’ as a measurable construct. Methods: Using the items from 19 assessment tools previously identified in a systematic review, this study used a two-phase process: first, deductive content analysis linked items to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY), and second, vision-specific ‘Activity’-level items were explored using inductive thematic analysis. Results: The linking and content analysis identified that existing assessment tools are measuring vision across the ICF-CY domains of Body Functions, Activities and Participation, and Environmental and Personal Factors. Items specifically coded to vision at the Activity level were defined as measuring ‘how vision is used’, and these items form the basis of the conceptualisation that ‘visual ability’ is measurable as a single construct. The thematic analysis led to the identification of 3 categories containing 13 themes that reflect a child’s observable visual behaviours. Seven abilities reflect how a child uses vision: responds or reacts, initiates, maintains or sustains looking, changes or shifts looking, searches, locates or finds, and follows. Four interactions reflect the contexts in which a child uses their vision to purposefully interact: watches and visually interacts with people and faces, objects, over distance, and with hands. Finally, two themes reflect a child’s overall use of vision in daily activities: frequency of use, and efficiency of use. Conclusions: This study demonstrates an approach to exploring and explaining a complex topic utilising World Health Organization language and building on existing research. Despite the complexity of vision, the concept of ‘how vision is used’ can be clearly defined as a measurable construct at the Activity level of the ICF-CY. This study has identified observable visual behaviours that may be developed into items assessing how vision is used in daily activities.

  • 93.
    Earl, Robyn
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia and Linköping University & Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, Linköping, Sweden.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Morris, Susan L.
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Viewpoints of pedestrians with and without cognitive impairment on shared zones and zebra crossings2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 9, article id e0203765Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Shared zones are characterised by an absence of traditional markers that segregate the road and footpath. Negotiation of a shared zone relies on an individual’s ability to perceive, assess and respond to environmental cues. This ability may be impacted by impairments in cognitive processing, which may lead to individuals experiencing increased anxiety when negotiating a shared zone.

    Method

    Q method was used in order to identify and explore the viewpoints of pedestrians, with and without cognitive impairments as they pertain to shared zones.

    Results

    Two viewpoints were revealed. Viewpoint one was defined by “confident users” while viewpoint two was defined by users who “know what [they] are doing but drivers might not”.

    Discussion

    Overall, participants in the study would not avoid shared zones. Pedestrians with intellectual disability were, however, not well represented by either viewpoint, suggesting that shared zones may pose a potential barrier to participation for this group.

  • 94. Edlund, Katarina, Göransson, Sofia
    Upplevelser av aktivitetsbalans hos idrottsgymnasieelever2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 95.
    Ehlin, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rundquist, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stress och aktivitetsbalans bland lärare: En enkätundersökning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness increases in the society and those who works in contact professions have a high risk be exposed to stress. Three in ten preschool teachers, recreation instructors and compulsory school teachers have troubles related to the work, stress is a common cause. A person’s occupational balance influences health and well-being. The purpose was to describe self-rated stress and occupational balance among teachers and recreation instructors. A quantitative cross-sectional study which included demographic questions, questions about stress and the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ). There was 57 participants. The participants self-rated higher stress at work than outside work. The participants had a low occupational balanced. It was a negative correlation between stress and occupational balanced. It was no significant difference between those living with or without children, on the variables stress at work, outside work or occupational balanced. Occupational therapists can provide health promotional and prevention measures to teachers and recreation instructors to decrease their stress, maintain and improve their occupational balance. The results can not be generalize because of a low number of participants, but it can be used for future studies.

  • 96.
    Ekholm, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lantz, Evelina
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Tillgänglighet för äldre bidrar till gemenskap: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om En buss för alla2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to perform meaningful activities and feel community with others when you are older, you need to be able to transport yourself; this is of importance to maintain good health and experience good quality of life. Due to different disabilities that come with increasing age, many older people find it difficult to travel with regular buses. The purpose of this study was to describe what meaning A bus for everyone has for older peoples’ participation in society. The design of the study was qualitative, targeted sampling was done, and the study group was selected from predetermined criteria. The study group consisted of six women and five men; all aged over 55 years and all had traveled with A bus for everyone. An unstructured interview with open questions was used for data collection; the result showed that a combination of bus design, environment, and the people surrounding them was of importance. These factors contributed to everyone being able to participate, which results in older people feeling less disabled and feeling a sense of belonging in a community. The conclusion was that A bus for everyone provides increased accessibility and belonging for older people, contributing to participation in society.

  • 97.
    Eklund, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Wadsten, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av arbete i skolan för elever med ADHD och/eller autism: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies shows that pupils with disabilities state that they experience a low level of wellbeing in school. Pupils with disabilities often experience higher demands and more stress from school tasks than other pupils. Occupational therapy within school environment is targeted at enabling a supportive environment for the individual. The purpose with this study was to investigate and describe occupational therapist´s experiences of work in school for pupils with ADHD and/or autism. The method that was used by the authors was a qualitative interview study. Participants were recruited by using purposive and snowball sampling. The study consisted of 8 occupational therapists who were working in school and habilitation in Sweden. The material was analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. The results are based on the occupational therapist´s point of view and are presented in three main categories, Challenges in the school environment, Interventions and School as a new arena. The occupational therapists describes challenges in school environment for the pupils, which interventions they were using in their work and their perceptions about occupational therapy in school. The conclusion is that there is a lack of knowledge about ADHD and autism in the surroundings at school. There is a need for occupational therapy in schools for pupils with ADHD and/or autism. An occupational therapist can work with their holistic perspective to promote activity and participation in the school.

     

  • 98.
    Eklund, Mona
    et al.
    Institutionen för Hälsa, vård och samhälle, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi och gerontologi, Lunds universitet.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta
    Institutionen för Hälsa, vård och samhälle, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi och gerontologi, Lunds universitet.
    Satisfaction with Daily Occupations: Construct validity and test-retest reliability of a screening tool for people with mental disorders2007In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 59-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aim: In occupational therapy research and in clinical practice there is a need for valid, reliable and easily administered measures. For research and screening purposes, the Satisfaction with Daily Occupations (SDO) instrument was developed. It addresses work, leisure, domestic tasks and self-care and generates a satisfaction and an activity level score. This study investigated its construct validity, internal consistency and test–retest reliability in 55 clients visiting occupational therapists in outpatient mental health care.

    Methods: The SDO was administered on two occasions with a 1-week interval, and data on the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), psychosocial functioning and self-rated health were collected on the first of these occasions.

    Results: In contrast to what was expected, the relationships between the SDO scores and the COPM scores were low. The strongest relationship between the SDO satisfaction score and any other variable was to psychosocial functioning. These variables shared 23% of the variance. Internal consistency for the satisfaction score was acceptable, alpha = 0.75 on the second occasion, and the test–retest reliability was good; rs = 0.84 for the satisfaction score and rs = 0.92 for the activity level.

    Conclusions: The results indicated that the SDO has satisfactory reliability. The instrument targets a specific construct, as compared to the COPM and the measurements of self-rated health and psychosocial functioning. Thus, the SDO and the COPM satisfaction scale seem to assess different phenomena, probably because the SDO has predefined items, not specifically targeting a certain client's problematic occupations, whereas the COPM is based on self-defined problems. The instruments may therefore supplement each other.

  • 99. Eklund, Mona
    et al.
    Morville, Anne-Le
    Metropolitan University College, Denmark.
    Psychometric evaluation of the Danish version of Satisfaction with Daily Occupations (SDO)2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 166-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: The Satisfaction with Daily Occupations (SDO) scale assesses satisfaction within the domains of work, leisure, domestic tasks, and self-care. The aim was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Danish version of the SDO when used with asylum seekers.

    METHODS: The participants were 93 Danes without known ill health and 43 asylum seekers. They completed the SDO and rated their perceived health, activity level, and general satisfaction with daily occupations. Translation into Danish and back-translation into Swedish was made by professional interpreters.

    RESULTS: Internal consistency was α = 0.75 for the Danish sample and α = 0.79 for the asylum seekers. The SDO distinguished between asylum seekers and the Danish sample, suggesting criterion validity. Concurrent validity, analysed against general satisfaction with daily occupations, was indicated for both samples. Discriminant validity was indicated against self-rated health for both samples and against activity level for the Danish sample. There was, however, a correlation of 0.65 between the SDO satisfaction score and activity level for the asylum seekers.

    CONCLUSION: The SDO exhibited satisfactory internal consistency and criterion and concurrent validity. The findings regarding discriminant validity were somewhat inconclusive. The Danish SDO may be regarded as psychometrically sound but further psychometric testing is needed.

  • 100.
    Elgmark Andersson, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Mild head injury; incidences, symptoms, 3 weeks, 3 and 12 months post injury.2000Conference paper (Refereed)
1234567 51 - 100 of 413
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf