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  • 51.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of Social Capital in Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö region2008In: Presentated at the 5th Workshop on Social Capital and Development Trends in the Swedish and Japanese Countryside, August 18-19th,  Jönköping, Sweden., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Regional samverkan inom turism: Exempel från Gnosjöregionen2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att studera förutsättningar för regional samverkan inom turism mellan kommunerna Gislaved, Gnosjö, Vaggeryd och Värnamo och komma med förslag på åtgärder som kan främja en konkurrenskraftig destinationsutveckling. Rapporten grundar sig på en analys av ett antal teoretiska utgångspunkter liksom praktiska exempel som stöd för att förstå de resultat som fångats upp. Ett antal intervjuer med kommunala tjänstemän och företrädare för näringen visar att det finns flera frön för framtida samverkan i regionen. Det gemensamma arbetet innebär deltagande i mässor, gemensam marknadsföring, gemensamma kartor med ett direkt värde för turister och med en lägre kostnad för entreprenörer och kommun. Kartläggningen av kommunala och regionala förutsättningar visar att en rad attraktioner har potential för attraktionskraft och vidare utveckling.

    I intervjuer och samtal har vi kunnat urskilja vissa kommunikationsproblem mellan kommunerna. Information når inte alltid fram. Det efterlyses större applicering av gemensamma databaser, som skapar ökad genomskinlighet och jämförbarhet mellan kommuner. Effektivare användning av teknik tillsammans med kompetensutveckling kan förbättra kommunikationen mellan aktörerna i regionen.

    Vi föreslår att funktionen av nätverket kan förbättras genom fördjupad samverkan kring mässor, marknadsföring, en gemensam portal, mellan företag genom fler forum för samverkan såsom träffpunkt Store Mosse.

    Vidare föreslås att gemensam identitet kring samverkan kan fördjupas. En väg är att GGVV och Gnosjöregionen ersätts med ett nytt namn som syftar framåt för fördjupad samverkan. Vi tror att kommunerna kan förlora på att helt överge varumärket `Gnosjöregionen´, som utstrålar starka industritraditioner men samtidigt vinna mycket på att gå framåt med ett namn som vinner större uppslutning.

  • 53.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Attitudes towards Experience industries: A case study of Gnosjö Region in Sweden2009In: : , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Rylander, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Attityder till upplevelseindustri: Vad säger lokala politiker ochföretagsledare i tillverkningsindustrin?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genomgång av intervjumaterialet visar att det finns skillnader mellan politikers och företagsledares attityder. Den första gruppen har generellt sett en positiv attityd till upplevelseindustrin och särskilt till turism och design. Företagsledarna däremot har en mer avvaktande attityd när det gäller dessa näringars roll i regionens framtida utveckling. Politikerna i undersökningen har mer kunskap om upplevelseindustrin än de intervjuade företagsledarna. Båda grupperna betonar dock en ökad betydelse för design i regionens näringsliv. Här finns viss kunskap om att både estetisk och funktionell design är nödvändig för en slutprodukts attraktivitet.

    Nyfikenhet och intresse för att driva sitt företag med inslag av upplevelsenäring finns hos en tredjedel av de tillfrågade företagsledarna. Detta andas möjligheter för korsbefruktningar mellan tillverkningsindustri och upplevelseindustri i framtiden.

    Utmaningen är att via mötesplatser mellan näringarna skapa en miljö som främjar utveckling av nya kombinationer av idéer, vilket kan resultera i kunderbjudanden som genererar nya företag och arbetstillfällen.

    För att utveckla upplevelseindustrin i regionen behövs skräddarsydd kompetensutveckling tillsammans med regional samverkan mellan tillverkningsindustrin, tjänstesektorn, entreprenörer inom områdena kultur, turism och design samt lokala myndigheter.

    De företagsledare inom tillverkningsindustrin som idag är nyfikna på upplevelsenäring skulle kunna dela med sig av kunskaper och erfarenheter och med en öppen attityd finna samarbeten med entreprenörer inom områdena kultur, turism och design.

    Framgångsrika entreprenörer inom upplevelseindustrin som Isaberg och High Chaparral kan fungera som förebilder.

    Politiskt finns mycket att vinna med att GGVV-kommunerna tillsammans arbetar fram en gemensam vision och strategi för upplevelseindustrins utveckling i regionen. I denna kan upplevelseindustrins infrastruktur i form av motorer, mötesplatser, leverantörsnätverk, paketkombinationer, kompetensutvecklingscentra och samarbetsorganisationer tydliggöras. Detta skulle kunna bli den karta aktörerna behöver för att identifiera och skapa synergier.

    Samarbeten med större branschorganisationer som Smålands Turism och Stiftelsen Svensk Industridesign liksom med Högskolan i Jönköping och Linnéuniversitetet kan främja en gemensam kraftsamling i Småland. Samarbetet inom Entreprenörsregionen är ännu av liten betydelse men potentialen inför framtiden ska inte underskattas.

  • 55.
    Abbass Nagim, Tony
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Molin, Jonas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Psychopaths in the media: Criminals, madmen or hidden among us?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When society is viewed in a social constructive manner, the social worker is as affected as the general population by the media and the image it portrays. A prejudice or bias social worker will not be as effective in his work as his intentions are.

    The purpose of this thesis was to discover if there are any visible cultural differences in the usage and description of the concept of psychopathy or a psychopath himself in the media, more specifically, daily newspapers. There are three American newspapers and three Swedish newspapers examined in this study.

    The study is based on a quantiative content analysis of articles published between 1st of January 2008 and 1st of July 2012. The collected data is categorized where the articles can fall under one or more of five available categories. Even though no clear results occurred, some interesting indications are visible between American newspapers and Swedish newspapers, but more so between different American newspapers. Psychopaths, people with an Antisocial Personality Disorder, are most frequently mentioned as criminals or maniacs/madmen in both countries with a modestly higher percentage for the United States of America.

  • 56.
    Abdallah, Mohammed A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Biellmann, J. - F.
    Nordström, B.
    Brändén, C. I.
    The Conformation of Adenosine Diphosphoribose and 8-Bromoadenosine Diphosphoribose when Bound to Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase1975In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 475-481Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Abdallaoui Berrada, Chakir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Ciro, aida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Bottlenecks in the Freight Forwarding sector in West - coast Africa2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem – The expansion of global trade and supply chain integration has put great emphasison logistics, particularly in the intermediary sector, freight forwarders. Whilst in developedcountries freight forwarders benefit from competitive markets and trade facilitatingpolicies, this sector in West coast Africa exhibits low logistics performance levels. Inorder to address such issues, one needs to analyse the problem and identify the causes; thisthesis focuses on identifying the bottlenecks in the freight-forwarding sector in west coastAfrica.Purpose – The main purpose of this study is to identify the bottleneck/s within thefreight-forwarding industry in west coast Africa, namely: Angola, Cameroon, DR of Congo,Gabon, and Nigeria.Method – This thesis employs a pre-study and case study method, to ensure sufficient collectionof relevant material, taking into account the lack of research in this subject. We usedthe material obtained from the interviews and the secondary source, to structure our purpose,research questions, and to define the case of our study.Results – The study concludes with a series of interesting findings; First, the activity of aFreight Forwarder depends on a series of factors that do not depend on the Freight Forwarderper se. And second, Freight Forwarders in order to accomplish their tasks, have accessto services that are shared by all providers, and that are beyond their control. To conclude,the study identifies infrastructure as a major bottleneck in the Freight Forwarding sector.

  • 58.
    Abd-El-Samie, Jasmen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Asbaha, Winta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tarar, Shah Alam Riaz
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Use of Online Reviews for Pure Player Products2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic commerce is the selected field to investigate for this thesis, particularly pure player apparel brands. This has been of interest as consumers struggle when shopping online for apparel since they cannot test the product before purchasing with pure players, therefore, there is information asymmetry. Moreover, when consumers lack trust, they may be more hesitant to purchase online due to the perceived risk, therefore, companies should attempt to relieve their doubts. It has been recognized in previous research that electronic word of mouth (e-WOM) could provide guidance and develop confidence during the purchasing process. The aim of this study was to develop an understanding on how consumers perceive online reviews to assure that they will be satisfied with the order. Moreover, there were several factors identified in previous research that could influence the use of online reviews, therefore, those factors were recognized and analyzed in the context of pure players for this study. In addition, the study revealed two factors that influenced the use of online reviews. A qualitative method was utilized, to gain a deeper understanding on consumers’ opinions on the topic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to provide the opportunity for individuals to further develop their responses. The results suggested that pure player apparel brands should include online reviews. They could improve the mechanism by considering the factors that were identified in this study.

  • 59.
    Abdi, Joseph
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Moms på elektroniska tjänster2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2002 the member states of EU took a decision regarding whether to introduce a special tax base on digital supplies or not. This tax base was later on implemented to the member states domestic laws. Question may sometimes arise as to where or by whom VAT should be paid regarding electronically supplies. The administrative court and the Swedish government have made different judgments regarding two Swedish companies whose services already have been subject to VAT in other member states. While the administrative court sentenced company A to pay VAT the government exempted company B.

    This bachelor thesis will examine how tax claims regarding the same electronically supply can occur in different member states and if the providers are selling to or from a permanent establishment or if they are to be considered as distributors.

    The answer to the first question can partly be due to the difference between Swedish law and EU-law regarding the different use of word for designating a taxable person. The words used for designating a taxable person have different meanings which can constitute confusion. It can furthermore be due to the vague and broad definition for the term electronically supplies and the differences that occur, regarding what can be covered by the definition of electronically supplies.

    Providers of digital supplies shall pay VAT in the country where the buyer has his place of business or where the fixed establishment is located to which the supplies are provided. Regarding revenue or acquisition it is the one who acts like the real seller or the customer who acquires and consumes the provided service who determines where the supply is situated. The main elements for the services provided have to be examined.

    Providers of digital supplies are not to be regarded as distributors because they do not meet the criteria’s that are set out for the term. 

  • 60.
    Abdi, Tara Mahsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Behandling av företagsandelar vid bodelning i anledning av äktenskapsskillnad: Särskilt om lagvalsfrågan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Familjejurister ställs idag ofta inför komplicerade fall som leder till än mer komplicerade bedömningar när det gäller äktenskapsmål av internationell karaktär. Globaliseringen tar för var dag mer fart och många väljer att flytta över nationsgränserna där det händer att relationer och äktenskap ingås. Förekomsten av dubbelt medborgarskap blir även vanligare. För att kunna behärska internationella familjefrågor måste kunskap om svensk och utländsk internationell privat- och processrätt finnas. Det är sällan säkert vilket lands lag som är bäst och som går att åberopa. Beroende på vilket lands lag som tillämpas innebär det i vissa fall stora skillnader på resultat, bland annat i fall där företagsandelar finns inblandade. Förbises eventuella konsekvenser som de olika lagarna kan medföra leder det till svårigheter i fråga om gränsöverskridande äktenskap inte minst när det finns tillgångar av betydande värde, exv. företagsandelar. Området som reglerar juridiska frågor av internationell karaktär är den internationella privat- och processrätten. Den ger oss bland annat kunskap om jurisdiktion och lagval, dvs. huruvida domsrätt föreligger samt vilket lands lag som ska tillämpas av domstolar. Varje nation har sina egna internationella privaträttsliga regler varav många länders lagar inom området har ursprung i internationella konventioner eller EU-förordningar. Det internationella samarbetet är i vissa fall begränsat till regioner, exv. inomnordiska förhållanden eller länder inom EU. Olika länders lagar ser olika ut vad gäller äktenskapsförord samt bodelning, även inom EU är det stora skillnader. När en av två makar, som ingått äktenskap i Sverige men som senare tagit hemvist i England, sedan tröttnar på det nya hemvist landet och flyttar tillbaka till Sverige blir det överraskande att den ena parten kan hävda att annan lag än svensk lag ska tillämpas vid en bodelning. Viktigt att veta är att resultatet av en bodelning får olika effekter beroende på vilket lands lag det är som tillämpas på förmögenhetsförhållandet. I fall där företagsandelar finns inblandade uppstår känsliga konflikter som inte bara påverkar individen själv utan ibland även företaget och övriga aktieägare. Konsekvenserna av att inte vara juridiskt förberedd genom äktenskapsförord eller bolagsordning med aktieägaravtal kan innebära ekonomiskt bakslag för aktieägaren eller företaget.

  • 61.
    Abdiu, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Strandberg, Mikael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stridsberg, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The impact of a real-time IT-Logistics solution: Implementation effects and consequences2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business market is highly competitive, therefore companies need to be constantly updated and change the way they operate their business, in order to survive and remain competitive. The situation on today’s market requires that companies have the ability to quickly respond to market changes and new customer demands within short product lifecycles. In order to deal with this new market situation, companies need to improve the integration with other companies within their business. This integration facilitates the companies’ ability to quickly adapt to new market situations and survive on a fast changing market. One of the main underlying concepts of this collaborative commerce is Supply Chain Management (SCM) which integrates and coordinates a company’s processes both internally and externally. Information Technology (IT) could improve the effectiveness of SCM. IT-solutions make the business processes more effective and improves the integration with other actors within the supply chain. The purpose with this thesis is to describe and explain the effects for businesses and the consequences for its processes when implementing a real-time IT-Logistics solution together with identifying the critical success factors. The thesis has been conducted by studying theory regarding supply chain management, business renewal and implementation effects. Further, a case study has been conducted where three actors have been interviewed; a manufacturer (Volvo Powertrain), a subcontractor (Metallfabriken Ljunghäll AB) and a system developer (PipeChain). The analysis of the theoretical framework and the empirical research has contributed with an identification of major effects and consequences when implementing a real-time IT-Logistics solution. Some of the effects are: inventory reduction, higher delivery accuracy, improved relations and increased flexibility. Examples of consequences these effects have caused are: more accurate planning and production, effective production processes as well as an improved delivery process. Additionally, success factors for an implementation have been identified such as mutual trust, understanding of change and evaluation.

  • 62.
    Abdollahifakhr, Hamon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design.
    Sengul, Ceyhun
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design.
    AUTOMATIC DESIGN OF WIRING PATTERN FOR CAR SEAT HEATERS2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This projects aims to develop design automation in product development. Design automation causes increase in producibility and decrease in product cost and manufacturing lead time.

    The study at hand is proposed to provide a new method and to introduce procedure to the design of wiring pattern for a car seat heater for Kongsberg Automotive, KA. KA is a Norwegian company and a global provider of engineering, design, and manufacture for seat comfort, driver and motion control systems, fluid assemblies, and industrial driver interface products. The method that currently is used in the company to create a wiring pattern is neither sufficient enough nor automated.

    In order to design the wiring pattern, at first procedure is handled by the designer. Secondly, car seat heater 2D layout is imported and then, the dimensions of the elements are defined as constraints. Then VBA codes are opened and the program is run. The result will be a wiring pattern in different 2D layouts. To make the design process easier, we have modeled five different layouts; wiring pattern of one element, two elements, three elements, five elements (with two back sides) and one element trapezoidal 2D layout.

    The algorithm written in VBA (Visual basic for application) creates the pattern according to the dimensions of the elements which are used as inputs to define constrained parameters. The created macros are simple to use and easy to modify, independent from the programming knowledge. The user is only responsible with parameter input and running the program. The solution gives wiring pattern for a car seat heater.

  • 63.
    Abdula, Shada
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Individens rätt till en rättvis rättegång inom skälig tid: Artikel 6.1 Europakonventionen om mänskliga fri och rättigheter ur ett svenskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Individens rätt till rättvis rättegång inom skälig tid har sedan 1951 funnits i Europakonventionens mänskliga fri- och rättigheter, EMRK, för att försäkra individen om den grundläggande rätten. Rättsläget ser ut som sådant att Sverige inte alltid lyckas uppfylla konventionens innehåll, då flera mål varje år förenas med oskäligt långa väntetider mellan förundersökning till slutdom.

    Uppsatsens syfte är att utreda hur svenska domstolar beaktar artikel 6.1 EMRK, varför rätten till rättvis rättegång inte har fått grundlagsstatus hittills i Sverige samt i vilken utsträckning de rättigheter i artikel 6.1 EMRK återfinns i svensk rätt. Syftet är även att besvara varför grundlagsreformeringen kan ha en positiv inverkan på rättsläget.

    EMRK inkorporerades i svensk rätt 1995, då uppkom en diskussion om den nya lagens rättsliga status, men det avgjordes snabbt att lagen inte skulle få grundlagskydd. Ett starkt argument bakom beslutet var att det i sådana fall skulle innebära dubbelreglering på ett antal rättigheter som redan stadgades i regeringsformen. Författaren tror att rätten till rättegång inom skälig tid föll bort som en följd av regeringens argument, vilket idag orsakar ett antal konventionsbrott i Sverige. Staten är skyldig att gottgöra för konventionsbrotten enligt artikel 13 EMRK, genom att vidta åtgärder som en följd av brottet. Genom tiden har ett antal åtgärder uppkommit genom praxis, som ett komplement till lag för att gottgöra för de brott som begås på området. Utöver de kompensationsalternativ som diskuteras i uppsatsen finns lagen om förtursförklaring i domstol, där tanken är att mål som har dröjt oskäligt länge ska kunna förtursförklaras av domstol, detta för att gottgöra för förseningen innan det är för sent. Tillämpning av det alternativet skulle då leda till att ingen kompensation behöver utgå, då det i slutändan inte blir tal om ett konventionsbrott.

    Propositionen ”En reformerad grundlag” är planerad att träda ikraft 2011, ifall förslaget röstas igenom för en andra gång. Däri stadgas bland mycket annat rätten till rättvis rättegång inom skälig tid. En reformering är enligt författaren en långsiktig lösning på problemet. Reformeringen kan resultera i minskning av antalet brott, vilket skulle innebära färre skadeståndsanspråk mot staten. Den planerade reformeringen är därmed enligt författaren nödvändig för att värna om medborgarnas grundläggande fri- och rättigheter, vilket borde vara en självklarhet för en demokratisk rättsstat som Sverige.

  • 64.
    Abdulameer, Hasanain
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Chamoun, Kristian
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    BIM i små och medelstora anläggningsföretag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to improve the usage of BIM in facility projects.

    Method: The methods used for this bachelor thesis are qualitative interviews and literature studies.

    Findings: Free programs will be available for usage where models can be opened, viewed, examined and studied. The small and medium-sized facility companies will not be forced to use resources to cope with the requirements of Trafikverket.

    Implications: Consequences are that the small and medium-sized civil engineering companies understand and follow the requirements.

    • Using more 3D models to gain more experience and skills in the subject.

    • Attend the Trafikverkets industry days when opportunities arise, the authors believe that it was very instructive.

    • Engage in more BIM projects.

    • Older projects where the drawings are in 2D is converted into 3D.

     

    Limitations: How BIM is used during the management process will not be covered.

    Keywords: Productivity, resource, competence, experience, BIM.

  • 65.
    Abdulhamid, Lawan
    et al.
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Venkat, Hamsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Primary mathematics teachers’ responses to students’ offers: An ‘elaboration’ framework2018In: Journal of Mathematical Behavior, ISSN 0732-3123, E-ISSN 1873-8028, Vol. 51, p. 80-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responding constructively ‘in-the moment’ to student offers is described as a critical, and yet difficult, aspect of skilful and responsive teaching. South African evidence points to limited evaluation of student offers in schools serving poor communities. In this paper, we present and discuss an ‘elaboration’ framework emerging from a grounded analysis of data drawn from video recordings of 18 mathematics lessons prepared and conducted by four in-service primary school teachers in South Africa. This analysis led to a categorization of the situations in which teacher responses to student offers occurred, and the nature and range of these responses. Three response situations are identified within the framework: breakdown, sophistication, and individuation/collectivization, with a range of response (and non-response) categories in each situation. Literature on responsive feedback is drawn in to explore hierarchies and relationships between the emergent categories within situations of elaboration. The elaboration framework provides a tool for lesson observation, and a model for thinking about developments in responsive teaching.

  • 66.
    Abdullah, Asim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Study on Compositionality of Terms in Biomedical Events Ontologies2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An ontology is an explicit specification of conceptualization which intended to capture and formalize the domain knowledge. The ontologies that formalize knowledge about life sciences are biomedical ontologies. The biomedical ontologies are consisted of concepts (are central units of description) which are used for unambiguous and consistent naming of biomedical data and events. The events refer the tasks, providing descriptions of actions among one or more entities in biomedical domain.

     

    The purpose of study is to understand how the terms are composed in biomedical event ontologies. What are the term patterns exist between biomedical terms? How to represent these term patterns? How to categorize according to part-of-speech? The most important is the identification of primary and secondary events in biomedical event ontology terms and their location in biomedical terms patters.

     

    The proposed method produces Finite State Machine explained in the results chapter 4. The FSM identify the primary event e.g. last token of biomedical term and secondary event is immediately followed by preposition in biomedical term. The FSM is a computation model which is used to design for computer programs. FSM is an abstract machine which can be easily programmed and thus is a step towards automatic event extraction which will further lead us to develop the domain specific application, e.g. semantic search, event database curation support, event extraction and event annotations.

     

    For our study, we selected Gene Ontology (GO). The GO provides ontologies of gene products in three separate domains (i) Cellular components (ii) Molecular functions (iii) Biomedical process for our thesis we have selected biomedical process. For the compositional and structural analysis, a biomedical term is broken down into words, and each word is called as “token”. This process is called tokenization of terms. The tokens are categorized according to natural language grammar such as noun, adjectives, preposition, relational adjectives, etc.

    After categorization of tokens on the basis of POS tagging, and the conversion into abbreviation form the resulting form is called as a biomedical term pattern. After collecting the sample of biomedical term patterns we generalized these term patterns and built Finite State Machines.

     

    The research proposed Finite State Machine which provide abstract and concise view of the structure and composition of biomedical terms in biomedical event ontologies. Finite State Machine helps in identification of biomedical events (primary and secondary) in biomedical terms and their possible locations. These Finite State Machines can be used to build computer programs. The computer program will help in building domain specific application e.g. biomedical event corpus, annotation for biomedical event terms, etc.

     

    The results (and evaluation of results) represent that FSMs are the generalized solution to explain the structure of biomedical terms, can identify the events and their locations in biomedical event ontologies.

  • 67.
    Abdullayev, Muzaffar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Decline in distance effect in international trade2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 68.
    Abeditary, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pamukci, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    IFRS 2: Effekten på optionsprogram i svenska bolag2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan den 1 januari 2005 skall alla börsbolag inom EU upprätta sina koncernredovisningar

    enligt standarder utgivna av International Accounting Standard Board (IASB).

    Syftet med standarderna är att kapitalmarknaden effektiveras genom att jämförbarheten

    av redovisningshandlingar på den inre marknaden förbättras. IFRS 2 är den andra standarden

    som IASB gett ut och heter Aktiebaserade betalningar. IFRS 2 omfattar optionsprogram

    vilka är ett sätt för arbetsgivaren att rekrytera, behålla och motivera medarbetare.

    Tidigare studier visar att det kan finnas en tendens att bolag överger optionsprogram på

    grund av IFRS 2. Detta då IFRS 2 lett till en mer dealjerad redovisning av optionsprogram

    och då detta medfört negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser för bolagen på grund av

    kostnadsföringen av dessa program. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva och förklara

    hur svenska bolag förhåller sig till IFRS 2 och om detta haft en inverkan på svenska bolags

    val att ha kvar optionsprogram. Detta skall ställas mot storleken på bolaget. För att

    uppnå studiens syfte har författarna valt att genomföra en kvantitativ studie i form av en

    webb enkät. Studien innefattar samtliga bolag i Large –och Small Cap som idag har optionsprogram

    och eller som haft optionsprogram utgivna efter 7 november 2002 men

    som valt att slopa dessa.

    Vidare har en omfattande litteraturinsamling gjorts för att ge en förståelse kring IFRS 2

    och den problematik som finns med standarden. Enligt IFRS 2 skall optionsprogram

    kostnadsföras enligt verkligt värde. Problematiken uppstår enligt många med de optionsvärderingsmodellerna

    som finns för att beräkna det verkliga värdet, exempelvis

    Black & Sholes då de inte ger en tillförlitlig värdering. Andra problem som IFRS 2 lett

    till är exemplvis att kostnadsföringen av optionsprogram blir för omfattande för de

    mindre bolagen då de inte har samma resurser som de större bolagen.

    Resultatet visar att de bolag som valt att ha kvar optionsprogram har gjort detta på

    grund av att det är ett sätt för dem att locka till sig kvalificerad personal. Att IFRS 2

    medfört att resultatet påverkas negativt har ingen betydelse för att nyttan överstiger

    kostnaden. De bolag som valt att slopa optionsprogram har gjort detta på grund av

    andra faktorer än de redovisningsmässiga och IFRS 2 har inte något med detta val att

    göra. Exempelvis anser dessa bolag inte att nyttan överstigit kostnaden och att optionsprogram

    inte varit ett bra sätt att motivera personalen på. Att mindre bolag skall ha en

    högre tendens till att överge optionsprogram i jämförelse med större bolagen, eller vice

    versa, till följd av IFRS 2 är inget som denna studie kunnat utpeka.

  • 69.
    Abellan, Antonio
    et al.
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Perez, Julio
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Pujol, Rogelio
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Partner care, gender equality, and ageing in Spain and Sweden2017In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 69-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used national surveys to study how older persons’ changing household patterns influence the gender balance of caregiving in two countries with distinct household structures and cultures, Spain and Sweden. In both countries, men and women provide care equally often for their partner in couple-only households. This has become the most common household type among older persons in Spain and prevails altogether in Sweden. This challenges the traditional dominance of young or middle-aged women as primary caregivers in Spain. In Sweden, many caregivers are old themselves. We focus attention to partners as caregivers and the consequences of changing household structures for caregiving, which may be on the way to gender equality in both countries, with implications for families and for the public services.

  • 70. Abellán, Antonio
    et al.
    Ayala, Alba
    Pérez, Julio
    Pujol, Rogelio
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Ramos, María
    The new carers2018In: Ageing and care: How will we live and care for ourselves when we get old?, Palma: Observatorio Sociale de "la caxia" , 2018, p. 25-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Usually it is women who take care of family members in the home, but with age, gender differences become less pronounced and, from 80 years onwards, there are more men caring for a family member – generally their partner – than women. Social and demographic changes are presenting new challenges for public services. In particular, in two-person households with elderly inhabitants, one of whom is dependent, it is necessary to tackle not only the needs of the dependent partner but also those of the carer partner. For this reason, carer support programmes are needed.

  • 71.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    2 minuters träning per arbetspass2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Anxiety caused by simulated prehospital emergency care2019In: Clinical Simulation in Nursing, ISSN 1876-1399, E-ISSN 1876-1402, Vol. 29, p. 24-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the simulation, participants experience different degrees of stress and anxiety. It could be described as “Anxiety is like perpetually hearing the enemy music but never seeing the threat”. This study aimed to describe the Emergency Medical Services personnel's feelings of anxiety during simulation. The study had a qualitative design with interviews of 28 participants. The data were analyzed using content analysis. The result shows how the simulation could be perceived as a stage performance in the form of a theatre. The perceived acting was unpleasant and embarrassing due to unfamiliarity to perform. To be scrutinized meant having spectators reviewing ones' performance. It was considered more natural to care for actors than manikins. The interaction and connection with a human, even unconscious, were more natural. To care for a human did not require the imagination to empathize in the simulation.

  • 73.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att ansvara för en annan människas liv2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 74.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att bedöma patienter utsatta för trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att vara doktorand2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 77.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Being responsible for the life of another human being2017In: Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal, ISSN 2451–4691, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 164-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A common feature of prehospital emergency care are short and fragmentary patient encounters with in­creased demands for efficient and rapid treatment. Crucial decisions are often made, based on the premise of the ambulance staff`s ability to capture the situation instantaneously. The assessment is, therefore, a pre-requisite for decisions about appropriate actions. However, a low exposure to severe trauma cases leads to vulnerability for the ambulance staff, which makes the assessment more difficult. Assessment of severe trauma patients at the scene of accident is difficult and complicated. No trauma scenarios are alike and practical skills, training, and feedback are therefore necessary.

  • 78.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Bringing your simulation into an attractive scientific program - Without the need for research data2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Den specialistutbildade ambulanssjuksköterskans uppfattning av att bedöma patienter utsatta för svårt trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Developing ethical competence among students in nurse specialist programs2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Dom ser döda ut allihop: Att våga fatta svåra beslut2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    First response emergency care - experiences described by firefighters2018In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to describe firefighters’ experiences of First Response Emergency Care.

    Design/methodology/approach – An explorative descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Data was collected through group interviews of 35 firefighters and subjected to qualitative content analysis.

    Findings – The results showed that the firefighters’ professional role and their uniform serve as protection against mentally strenuous situations. It is important to protect the dignity of the injured or dead, as well as to protect and safeguard colleagues from the experience of the tragedy of an accident. Having a solid and sterling medical education gives a sense of security when providing emergency care, as well as when caring for the relatives. Debriefing brings thoughts and feelings to the surface for processing and closure. The sense of sadness lingers for those they were unable to save, or the ones that had been dead on arrival or were forgotten.

    Originality/value – A firefighter’s work situation is exposed and stressful. The firefighter’s uniform as a mental barrier, colleagues, time to mentally prepare and being allowed to show feelings are factors all needed to cope. It is therefore important to encourage, promote and strengthen the protective role of camaraderie for the firefighter, which can likely be emphasized for other uniform-wearing professions such as police, military and ambulance personell. Being acknowledged for their contribution to other peoples’ lives and wellbeing can confirm the firefighters’ importance.

  • 83.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Full scale pre-hospital care scenario: Prehsopital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kan man se blod i mörkret?2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 85.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Learning through simulation2017In: Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal, ISSN 2451–4691, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 125-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With simulation, caregivers are given the opportunity to improve their knowledge and skills. With simulation, both theoretical and practical knowledge is taught. With the experiences that simulation creates, critical thinking and better care are developed. Learning through simulation complements the learning that takes place in everyday work and can have a positive effect of the advances of the care profession. The purpose of simulation may vary and different learning theories are used, both based on learning objectives and the purpose of the simulation. The experience gained from simulation prepares caregivers on how similar complex situations can be handled in the future.

  • 86.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Medical tattoos impact on CPR decisions2017In: Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal, ISSN 2451-4691, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 140-141Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Nästa gång du hör sirener vill jag att du skall tänka på mig2014In: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Prehospital simulation differs from others: Prehospital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Prehospital simulering2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Simulering i ambulanssjukvården2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Simulering som lärande inom prehospital akutsjukvård2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the research was to deepen the understanding of learning through simulation in prehospital emergency care.

    Method: In this research, qualitative and quantitative methods are used as well as integrative literature studies (I, II). Qualitative data from the interview studies (III, V) were analyzed by phenomenographic methodology. Quantitative data from the intervention study (IV) were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

    Results: Research on simulation and learning within the prehospital trauma care context is relatively rare (I). Simulation of realistic scenarios where the caregivers are exposed to stress contributes to strengthen caregiver knowledge, skills and experience (II). Caregivers request simulation opportunities regarding critical and emergency situations (III). They describe that learning through regular simulation provides in-depth knowledge and skills in the care of a patient exposed to high-energy trauma (V). Interventions with repeated simulation opportunities related to the care of the patient exposed to high-energy trauma give some improvement in care provided at the site of the accident (IV).

    Conclusion: Through simulation, the caregivers develop knowledge and skills and receive enhanced confidence in the care of an injured and sick patient. The research suggests several areas with potential for improvement with regard to the care of patients exposed to high-energy trauma. A model has been developed for systematic trauma simulation.

     

  • 93.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 94.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Så räddar du liv2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 95.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    The case of the women with the broken heart2018In: Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal, ISSN 2451-4691, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 67-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Takotsubo can be detected as a kindred disease, predominantly affecting post-menopausal women. By correctly identifying these patients as having an acute heart failure syndrome, the outcome can be favorable.

  • 96.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    The simulation used in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    To optimize prehospital CPR- performed by fire fighters2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Vad gör man när man jobbar på ett universitet och forskar om ambulansen?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 99.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    What do we need to train the ambulance staff in and how can we train them?2014In: Workshop vid Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine, Pre-Hospital Special Interest Group Pre-Conference Course., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Öppet samtal mellan Sveriges prehospitala doktorander och representanter för nationell prehospital forskning2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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