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  • 451.
    Afrem, Rani
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does the European Commission require more independence than investors?: A study of replies made to the Green Paper2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In 2008 a global financial crisis erupted. Even though auditors were not to blame for the financial crisis the public questioned how auditors could issue a clean bill of health despite the serious weaknesses. This made the Commission release the 2010 Green Paper on audit policy: Lessons from the Crisis. The Green Paper is a consultation paper which received around 700 replies from various stakeholders. In 2011, the Commission presented their proposal on reform of the audit market, in which many of the key elements had been discussed in the Green Paper. The 2011 proposal seeks to enhance auditor independence and introduce a more dynamic audit market. The proposed reforms are very strict and if the proposal is passed in its current form it would imply a major change of the audit market. This thesis has studied the replies made by investors to the Green Paper; investors are the primary stakeholders and those who should be most concerned with auditor independence. It is therefore important and interesting to study their viewpoints to the Green Paper.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to understand and explain investors’ standpoints on the proposals mentioned in the Green Paper to enhance auditor independence, and to examine whether the European Commission, as indicted by the 2011 proposal, require more independence than investors as indicted by the replies made to the Green Paper.

    Method

    This study has taken a qualitative approach where the data has been analyzed in-depth. The Green Paper consists of 38 questions; four of these have been studied as they strongly relate to auditor independence. Furthermore this thesis has studied the replies made by investors; investors are the primary stakeholders and those who should be most concerned with auditor independence. It is therefore important and interesting to study their viewpoints to the Green Paper.

    Conclusion

    The majority of the respondents’ are negative to the ideas presented in the Green Paper but that does not imply that the Commission requires more independence than investors. Both the Commission and investors argue that status quo is not an option and that auditor independence must be strengthened. What separates their views is how to strengthen auditor independence. The Commission seeks to impose strict regulations while investors prefer good corporate governance as an alternative approach to strengthen auditor independence.

  • 452.
    Afrouz, Mark
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Wahl, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    ‘Watch Out’ for Wearables: Factors that influence the purchase intention of smartwatches in Germany2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The rapid growth and increased competition in today’s technology industry leads to a growth in consumers’ expectations on new presented products. One of the growing markets within the technology sector are wearable devices – especially smartwatches. Almost all major IT and electronic giants such as Apple, Samsung, Microsoft and Google offer smartwatches – competition is increasingly growing. Consumers benefit from the wide variety of choices while selecting a smartwatch – but what are the factors that influence them to purchase such a device? 

                                      

    Purpose:

    This thesis investigates the intention of German consumers to purchase smartwatches and examines the influencing factors.               

     

    Method:

    In order to meet the purpose of this thesis, the authors conducted a quantitative study. The data was collected by means of an online questionnaire among German consumers and was distributed via the messenger application WhatsApp. To ensure the collection of enough responses the authors chose to apply a non-probability snowball sampling approach. Beside demographical questions and two introductory questions concerning the knowledge and the usage of smartwatches, the questionnaire consisted of eight question blocks that have been developed based on two well-established models to predict human behavior and technology adoption: Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Technology Acceptance Model (TAM).                    

    Conclusion:            

    The results of this study provide empirical evidence that the attitude towards using was the strongest predictor for the intention to purchase smartwatches.

    The outcomes further show that the attitude is influenced by the two hedonic factors perceived enjoyment and design aesthetics as well as by the utilitarian factor perceived usefulness. Out of those three factors perceived enjoyment was found to exert the strongest influence on attitude.

    Contrary to previous research, the results of this study could not reveal a significant influence of subjective norms on purchase intention. However, beside the attitude, perceived behavioral control was also found to influence purchase intention.

    The findings of this research allowed to draw a variety of theoretical and managerial implications as well as to develop possible research opportunities for future studies.

  • 453.
    Afsaridis, Kimon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Investigation of residual stresses generation in aluminum flywheel2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Quality of the castings is affected by several factors which the designer should take into consideration during the product development process. Although residual stress is one of those, it is often not considered in practical computations. Hence residual stresses are one of the forgotten areas in designing of machine parts. This master thesis is focused on the investigation of residual stresses in a high pressure die casted component, with the aim of extending its service life, by taking results from the study as a feedback.

    The investigation of residual stresses was done on a variety of specimens, cast aluminum flywheel, provided by Husqvarna AB. This flywheel is a component in a product of the same company.In evaluating the residual stresses in the part, two tools-simulation and physical measurement were used. Moreover, comparison with these two methods is also done at an area of interest on the flywheel. The simulation was carried out by using MAGMAhpdc-a module for high pressure die casting process, from the commercial software package MAGMAsoft; while for the physical measurements, the hole drilling method was used, a method believed to be less accurate at low stresses areas.

    The findings obtained from this study show that the results from both procedures are close, with small deviations observed, which reveals the reliability of the hole drilling method even when the stress levels are low. It is also found that the compressive residual stresses dominate in the component-a preferred phenomenon with regards to residual stress.

  • 454.
    Afzal, Mansoor
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Graph-Based Visualization of Ontology-Based Competence Profiles for Research Collaboration2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information visualization can be valuable in a wide range of applications, it deals with abstract, non-spatial data and with the representation of data elements in a meaningful form irrespective of the size of the data, because sometimes visualization itself focuses on the certain key aspects of the data in the representation and thus it helps by providing ease for the goal oriented interpretation. Information visualization focuses on providing a spontaneous and deeper level of the understanding of the data.

    Research collaboration enhances sharing knowledge and also enhances an individual’s talent. New ideas are generated when knowledge is shared and transferred among each other. According to (He et al, 2009) Research collaboration has been considered as a phenomenon of growing importance for the researchers, also it should be encouraged and is considered to be a “good thing” among the researchers.

    The main purpose of this thesis work is to prepare a model for the competence profile visualization purpose. For this purpose the study of different visualization techniques that exist in the field of information visualization are discussed in this thesis work. The study and discussion about the visualization techniques motivates in selecting appropriate visualization techniques for the visualization of Ontology-based competence profiles for research collaboration purpose. A proof of concept is developed which shows how these visualization techniques are applied to visualize several components of competence profile.

  • 455.
    Afzal, Muhammad
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Modelling temporal aspects of healthcare processes with Ontologies2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis represents the ontological model for the Time Aspects for a Healthcare Organization. It provides information about activities which take place at different interval of time at Ryhov Hospital. These activities are series of actions which may be happen in predefined sequence and at predefined times or may be happen at any time in a General ward or in Emergency ward of a Ryhov Hospital.

    For achieving above mentioned objective, our supervisor conducts a workshop at the start of thesis. In this workshop, the domain experts explain the main idea of ward activities. From this workshop; the author got a lot of knowledge about activities and time aspects. After this, the author start literature review for achieving valuable knowledge about ward activities, time aspects and also methodology steps which are essentials for ontological model. After developing ontological model for Time Aspects, our supervisor also conducts a second workshop. In this workshop, the author presents the model for evaluation purpose.

  • 456.
    Agahi, Neda
    et al.
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kelfve, Susanne
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lennartsson, Carin
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Alcohol consumption in very old age and its association with survival: a matter of health and physical function2016In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 159, p. 240-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Alcohol consumption in very old age is increasing; yet, little is known about the personal and health-related characteristics associated with different levels of alcohol consumption and the association between alcohol consumption and survival among the oldest old.

    Methods

    Nationally representative data from the Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD, ages 76-101; n = 863) collected in 2010/2011 were used. Mortality was analyzed until 2014. Alcohol consumption was measured with questions about frequency and amount. Drinks per month were calculated and categorized as abstainer, light-to-moderate drinker (0.5–30 drinks/month) and heavy drinker (>30 drinks/month). Multinomial logistic regressions and Laplace regressions were performed.

    Results

    Compared to light-to-moderate drinkers, abstainers had lower levels of education and more functional health problems, while heavy drinkers were more often men, had higher levels of education, and no serious health or functional problems. In models adjusted only for age and sex, abstainers died earlier than drinkers. Among light-to-moderate drinkers, each additional drink/month was associated with longer survival, while among heavy drinkers, each additional drink/month was associated with shorter survival. However, after adjusting for personal and health-related factors, estimates were lower and no longer statistically significant.

    Conclusions

    The association between alcohol consumption and survival in very old age seems to have an inverse J-shape; abstention and heavy use is associated with shorter survival compared to light-to-moderate drinking. To a large extent, differences in survival are due to differences in baseline health and physical function.

    Graphical abstract

  • 457.
    Agahi, Neda
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lennartsson, Carin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Karolinska Institutet.
    Shaw, Benjamin A.
    School of Public Health, University at Albany, Rensselaer, NY, USA.
    Trajectories of social activities from middle age to old age and late-life disability: a 36-year follow-up2013In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 790-793Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between 34-year trajectories of social activity, from middle age to old age and late-life disability.

    METHODS: data from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (LNU) and the Swedish Panel Study of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD) were used. LNU data from 1968, 1981, 1991 and 2000 were merged with SWEOLD data from 1992, 2002 and 2004 to create a longitudinal data set with five observation periods. Trajectories of social activities covered 1968-2002, and late-life disability was measured in 2004. The sample consisted of 729 individuals aged 33-61 at baseline (1968), who participated in at least four observation periods and who were free from mobility limitations at baseline. Four trajectories of social activity were identified and used as predictors of late-life disability.

    RESULTS: reporting low/medium levels of social activity from mid-life to old age was the most common trajectory group. Persons reporting continuously low/medium or decreasing levels of social activity had higher odds ratios for late-life disability (OR = 2.33 and OR = 2.15, respectively) compared with those having continuously high levels of activity, even when adjusting for age, sex and mobility limitations, and excluding persons with baseline mobility limitations.

    CONCLUSIONS: results suggest that the disability risk associated with social activities is related to recent levels of activity, but also that risk may accumulate over time, as indicated by the higher disability risk associated with the continuously low/medium level social activity trajectory.

  • 458. Agahi, Neda
    et al.
    Shaw, Ben
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Lennartsson, Carin
    Trajectories of social activities and mobility problems from middle to old age2012In: The 21st Nordic Congress of Gerontology, Dilemmas in Ageing Societies, Abstracts and Program, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 10th - 13th, 2012, 2012, p. 207-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To investigate how trajectories of social activities, suchas spending time with family and friends, observed during a34-year period (from middle age to old age) were associated withtrajectories of mobility problems during the same time periodamong men and women.Methods: Nationally representative data from the Swedish Levelof Living Survey (LNU) and the Swedish Panel Study of the OldestOld (SWEOLD) were used. LNU data from 1968, 1981, 1991 and2000 were merged with SWEOLD data from 1992 and 2002 tocreate a longitudinal dataset with four observation periodscovering the period 1968-2002. The sample consisted of thoseaged 40-60 years at baseline who survived through the period,and participated in at least three observation periods (n=698).Trajectories of social activity were identified through clusteranalysis, and then used as predictors of mobility trajectories inmultilevel regression models.Results: Most people had a socially active life as they moved frommiddle age into old age. Five trajectories of social activity wereidentified: continuously very active, continuously active,increasing social activity, decreasing social activity, and continuouslyinactive. Upholding a very active social life was morecommon among women than men.Mobility problems increased significantly over time for bothwomen and men. Among men, decreasing activity levels overtime were associated with a faster increase in mobility problems.Among women, those who were continuously inactive or whodecreased their activity levels had higher levels of mobilityproblems, but the increase in mobility problems with age wassimilar across trajectories of social activity.Conclusions: Most men and women had high levels of socialactivity in midlife, and continued their high activity levels into latelife. Decreasing social activity was related to worse mobility inboth men and women. The nature and direction of theseassociations need to be explored further.

  • 459.
    Agebratt, Sophia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Khoushaba, Ellen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    MNEs management of CSR in subsidiaries: A multiple case study in Business Management2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract -  

    Background: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been a concept related to corporations for decades and is still highly relevant. The concept has been developed throughout the years, resulting in an extensive concept. This thesis, however, defines CSR as a corporation’s willingness, engagement and ability to participate in societal objectives.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this master thesis is to analyse business management of CSR. More specifically, in the context of MNEs subsidiaries implementation and management of CSR in practice relating to services, retailing and manufacturing industries.  

     

    Method: A qualitative multiple case study was conducted in order to carry out the purpose. The empirical data was collected by doing 14 semi-structured interviews from five MNEs in three different industries. 

     

    Findings: Common findings in all five MNEs are, a global management team in all organizations, that the organizational goal is in line with the organizational standard and that all MNEs encounter a local demand. Moreover, all five MNEs were found to measure, track and evaluate their processes by using one or a couple evaluation methods. Lastly, it was clear that all responsibilities within Carroll's pyramid of CSR were valued within the participating MNEs and that CSR is believed to become increasingly more important in the future. 

     

    Conclusion: The final conclusion of this thesis is that the importance of CSR will increase in the future for MNEs and its subsidiaries based on the current market situation. Furthermore, MNEs tend to manage and implement CSR in subsidiaries based on a global framework. The amount of local adaptation differs between industries and MNEs, however, if the CAGE distance is bigger the local adaptation tends to be bigger.  

  • 460.
    Ageev, Ivan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Organisation of Structured Export Financing by Commercial Banks in Russian Federation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tries to define the concept of Export Finance and establish if the Export Financing is cost-effective way to raise capital and how is it organized in the Russian Federation. In order to do so, several methods have been used: the related literature has been studied, numerical analysis of economic-efficience of export financing has been prepared based on the real example and three interviews with experts in Export Finance have been conducted. The findings suggests that Export Financing is an attractive way of financing in a current economic environment and there is no credible alternative to it on the Russian market. Moreover, the analysis show that despite of the number of advantages, that Export Financing have, there are still some gaps in Export Financing, but in general, Export Finance area is developing and becoming more and more popular among russian importers and exporters

  • 461.
    Agerberg Backlund, Filip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Pettersson, Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Swedish Equity Mutual Fund Performance: A comparison between mutual funds provided by banks and their non-bank counterpart2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fund market has increased in popularity over the past two decades. Today the majority of the highest asset funds on the Swedish market are managed and owned by banks. On the other hand, media is frequently publishing ranking lists and newsfeeds presenting the poor mutual fund performance of funds managed by banks. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyse the performance of Swedish equity mutual funds in order to see whether funds managed by non-bank fund companies outperform their bank counterpart. The study uses monthly NAV rates to calculate different performance measurements and finds that the funds managed by other fund companies achieves higher risk-adjusted performance compared to funds managed by banks.

  • 462.
    Agerteg, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Ardell, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Tivelius, Marielle
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    En kvalitativ studie om genrer och varumärkesbyggande inom TV-reklam2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då TV-reklam idag är ett frekvent inslag i de kommersiella TV-kanalerna ville vi ta reda på vilken typ av reklamfilm som uppfattades som mest lämpad vid varumärkesbyggande. För att ta reda på detta valde vi att genomföra kvalitativa djupintervjuer med sex personer, tre kvinnor och tre män, i åldrarna 18 - 65 år. Vi valde att avgränsa oss till de tre genrerna humorreklam, känsloreklam och kändisreklam, och valde ut två reklamfilmer inom varje genre som vi ansåg representativa för respektive genre. Vi valde att använda oss av semiotik och brand equity som teoretisk ansats då vi ansåg att de passade väl in i vår studie.

    Under intervjuerna visade vi reklamfilmerna för intervjupersonerna och ställde därefter frågor utifrån två förutbestämda frågeområden; varumärke och reklamfilmsgenre. Majoriteten av intervjupersonerna ansåg att humor var den genre som var mest lämpad vid varumärkesbyggande, men när det gällde personligt tyckande visade det sig att humor och känsloreklam var lika mycket uppskattade. Flertalet av intervjupersonerna var överens om att val av reklamfilmsgenre var sammanlänkat med den typ av produkt som marknadsfördes. Vi kunde även urskilja att ett antal intervjupersoner ansåg att reklamfilmer till en viss grad bidrar till att intervjupersonerna skulle välja den marknadsförda produkten framför en likartad. En tendens vi fann inom kändisreklam var att om intervjupersonerna själva har en negativ uppfattning om kändisen i reklamfilmen från början så är inte det en faktor som påverkar varumärket och företaget på ett negativt sätt. En övergripande tendens vi kunde urskilja var att varumärket måste utstråla positiva associationer för att skapa värde hos TV-tittaren.

  • 463.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öppna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 341-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Crime victims in Indicatorland – Open comparisons in the social services’ work with victim support

    Since the 90s there have been extensive changes in the public sector, such as rationalization and increasing demands for documentation and review. The changes have also affected the social services’ victim support work that has increasingly been subject to various forms of regulation, such as requirements for monitoring, evaluation and quality assurance. This article aims to examine one of the monitoring systems applied in the victim support work: the instrument of open comparisons. This article is based on an exploratory study of the local organization of crime prevention in two municipalities and analyses how the processes of open comparisons are organized at local, regional and central levels. The empirical data consists of documents such as legal sources and handbooks from e.g. the National Board of Health and Welfare and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions, as well as documents obtained locally in the two municipalities. Furthermore, interviews were conducted with professionals working on different organizational levels. 

    Analytically the study has been inspired by programme theory, which made it possible to concentrate on clarifying the operational idea in which open comparisons are based and capturing the consequences in the two cases. 

    The study shows that open comparisons have been implemented without support from existing research. However, strong normative support for open comparisons exists within governmental agencies and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions. They are included as one of many elements of New Public Management and result in changes in the victim support work. In contrast to present visions, the performance is not affected to any significant extent. In contrast, a comprehensive administration is created, where employees of municipalities are supposed to collect data, register information and analyse the results generated by the open comparisons.

  • 464.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Fighting men`s violence against woman in the age of evidence and NPM2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men's violence against women is a widespread global problem and a serious threat to women's health. This symposium will report from a study in Sweden that studies mechanisms that influence the design of interventions contesting domestic violence in two cities.

    The symposiums three presentations will answer the following questions:

    1. Given the fact that the organizations face many different views and ideologies; how does this affect the ways the problem of domestic violence is represented?

    2. In what way affects ideas from performance measurement and new public management the interventions?

    3. In what way are the social services organizing towards an evidence-based practice in this field?

    Presentation 1 Interpersonal violence-From policy to local practice

    Presentation 2 Open Comparisons in social work

    Presentation 3 Negotiating in risk assessment practices

  • 465. Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: en analys av programidén och implementeringen av Öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet2015In: Presentation på Brottsoffermyndighetens viktimologiska forskarkonferens, 10 november 2015, Stockholm, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén om mål- och resultatstyrningen har fått stort genomslag i offentlig förvaltning. Det brottsofferstödjande arbetet som riktas mot våldsutsatta personer har liksom andra ansvarsområden inom socialtjänstens verksamhetsfält mött ökade krav på att säkra och redovisa kvalitet. Öppna jämförelser är ett instrument som används inom offentlig verksamhet för att mäta, offentliggöra och jämföra kvaliteten av det arbete som bedrivs. År 2012 lanserades för första gången öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet. I studien analyseras Öppna jämförelsers programidé och dess implementering inom brottsofferområdet. Empirin utgörs av för studiens syfte, relevanta styrdokument samt intervjuer med aktörer på central nivå (Socialstyrelsen och SKL), regional nivå (Länsstyrelsen) samt lokal nivå (två fallkommuner i södra Sverige) Fokus riktas mot hur de har arbetat med Öppna jämförelser och vilka erfarenheter de har gjort. 12 I presentationen av studien visar författarna hur Öppna jämförelser avseende stöd till brottsoffer inte fått det genomslag som regeringen förutsatt. Den politiska styrningen är tydlig samtidigt som de olika ”intressenter” som Öppna jämförelser är tänkt att vara till för i praktiken givits en marginaliserad position

  • 466.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis: dual learning's role in audit students' professional development2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 307-324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores whether and in what way “dual learning” can develop understanding of the relationship between structure/judgement and explores audit student’s perceptions of the audit profession. Work Integrated Learning (WIL) module, serving as a tool of enabling dual learning, represents the context for this exploration. The study is based on a focus group and individual interviews conducted with students performing their WIL. Our data and its analysis indicates that when in a WIL context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on the one hand and the importance of discretional judgement on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how dual learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgement.

  • 467.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    ICT-supported peer interaction among learners in bachelor’s and master’s thesis courses2016In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 94, p. 276-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer interaction and collaborative learning through the use of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is used to an increasing extent in higher education. Universities attempt to motivate learners (students) to support their peers to enhance the quality of learning outcomes. This study monitors how an ICTSS (ICT-based Support System) facilitates peer interaction in the Bachelor’s and Master’s thesis process. The aim of the study was to investigate learners’ perception of usefulness of an ICTSS for peer interaction and the influencing factors on the quality of the peer interaction. The ICTSS was developed at the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV), at Stockholm University. The system facilitates peer interaction in three ways: peer reviews, active participation, and final opposition. The study employed a mixed-method approach, which included an online survey followed by in-depth interviews. The target groups were learners at the Bachelor’s and Master’s level in computer science and information systems. The findings showed that learners perceived the peer interaction useful to enhance the quality of the thesis outcomes. However, there are influencing factors affecting the quality of peer interaction, in different phases of the thesis process. Examples of these factors are the quality of thesis manuscripts, supervisors’ control and grading of the process, clear instructions and guidelines, learners’ understanding of the peer interaction and why it takes place, previous training and learners’ motivation to perform peer reviews. Following these factors, the study developed a set of strategic suggestions from both pedagogical and technical aspects to enhance the peer interaction in the thesis process. Considering these suggestions makes the use of the ICTSS more effective to enhance the quality of thesis learning outcomes.

  • 468.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh M.
    et al.
    Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Choosing open source software: Strategies behind and reasons for municipalities’ use of Open Office2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore the strategies and reasons for Swedish municipalities to migrate from proprietary office applications, such as Microsoft Office, to the use of the open source software OpenOffice. We performed a comparative case study of three Swedish municipalities in the region of Västra Götaland currently implementing or planning to implement OpenOffice; Alingsås, Falköping and Kungälv. The methods of data collection used in the study were semi-structured interviews with IT managers, such as IT strategists and Chief Information Officers (CIOs), in each municipality, and document analysis.

    The findings of the study indicated that one of the municipalities had an IT strategy including strategies for use of open source software. The second municipality planned implementation of OpenOffice but were “between IT strategies”, as the current IT strategy hadn’t been updated for some years. The third municipality had abolished IT strategies, as the difficulties of anchoring strategies on all levels of the organisations were too large. Instead, operative guidelines concerning i.e. the use of open source software were used in IT management. The main driver of implementing OpenOffice was to lower IT costs. The IT managers were well aware of the fact that open source software is not entirely free of cost, but estimated the total cost of ownership of OpenOffice to be less than for Microsoft Office. Perceived barriers of implementation and use of OpenOffice were lack of standardisation with current administrative and enterprise systems used in the municipalities as well as a general lack of knowledge and familiarity with open source software among staff. There were also a genuine concern over the possibility of the community of OpenOffice developers leaving the program and its users to embark on new open source software project. The traditional relationship between systems suppliers and customers was perceived to disappear and be replaced with a much more uncertain business relationship. Further research in a larger number of Swedish municipalities is needed in order to increase the understanding of the circumstances of migration to open source software in municipalities.

  • 469.
    Aghaunor, Lavin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Fotoh, Xavieria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Factors Affecting ecommerce adoption in Nigerian Banks2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 470.
    Agic, Elif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Normkollision mellan skatteavtal och intern rätt: - särskilt om interna motverkansåtgärder2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the ruling of RÅ 1996 ref. 84, it appears that in addition to the rules of interpretation arising under the Vienna Convention, it should also be given importance to the OECD Model Convention and its Commentary in the interpretation of tax treaties. The 2003 revision of the Commentary on Article 1 of the OECD Model Convention highlights the relationship between domestic anti-avoidance rules and tax treaties. The Commentary states that the domestic anti-avoidance rules should be given preference if there is clear evidence of a tax treaty abuse. In the ruling of 2010 ref. 112 HFD pronounced that national law may take precedence over a tax treaty if the legislature gave clear expression to the objective of the new law that it shall apply irrespective of the tax treaty.

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze whether domestic anti-avoidance rules is a legitimate reason to deny or limit the tax benefits of a tax treaty, and to analyze how HFD ruled in the area of ​​rule competition, between tax treaties and domestic law.

    The conclusions presented in this thesis is that a transaction that violates domestic anti-avoidance rules not always violate tax treaties, which means that there may be situations where they conflict with each other. If it is a legitimate reason to give preference to domestic anti-avoidance rules depends on what position you have to the measures. One aspect is that a state would violate its obligations under international law if it would give preference to anti-avoidance rules before older tax treaties. The other aspect is that it is to be considered a legitimate reason since this would prevent tax payers attempt to evade tax which is not prevented by the tax treaty.

  • 471.
    Agic, Haris
    et al.
    Tema teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Föräldrastödsprogram för utrikesfödda föräldrar: Vad händer när manualbaserade föräldrastödsprogram översätts och implementeras i svensk kontext?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 5, p. 545-552Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare år har ett antal program som t.ex. Community Parent Education Program (COPE) initierats för att främja barns hälsa och psykosociala utveckling. COPE är ett manualbaserat program som ofta används som del i de föräldrautbildningar som ges i invandrartäta områden. COPE utvecklades i Kanada och vid användningen i Sverige översätts materialet. Program erbjuds på språk som t.ex. arabiska och somaliska och när dessa kurser ges översätts materialet ytterligare. I artikeln undersöks vad som händer när ett manualbaserat program översätts och implementeras i svensk kontext. Studien visar att de samtalsledare som leder programmen strävar efter manualtrogenhet, men att översättningar och kulturella anpassningar sker för att de utrikesfödda deltagarna ska förstå programmet. Många föräldrar är dock nöjda med och känner sig stärkta i sitt föräldraskap efter att ha genomgått COPE programmen.

  • 472.
    Agid, Nyroz
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Sjöqvist, Evelina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Prevalence of hookworm infection evaluated with Willis flotation and Formal Ethyl Acetate concentration: A field study in Da Nang, Vietnam2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hookworm infection can cause nausea, stomach pain and anemia, with the most harmful effect being found among women of reproductive age and children. The infection rates is high in poor parts of the world with a high number of infected in Asia. The infection is many times neglected since it rarely causes mortality, however the morbidity can be destructive. In Vietnam the prevalence of hookworm is largely unknown, but there is believed to be a 29-80 % infection rate in the country. Through a field study in Da Nang, Vietnam, the prevalence of hookworm was identified using two methods, Willis flotation and formal ethyl acetate concentration. Any correlation between hookworm infection and individuals’ gender, age and geographic area was evaluated. A total of 101 consecutive selected samples from hospitals and communities in rural and urban parts of the city were obtained from both gender ranging between 1-72 years in age. No quantitative differences were found between the two methods nor any correlation between genders (p-value 0,143). The overall prevalence was 16,8%. The rural part of the city showed a higher infection rate in contrast to the urban districts (p-value 0,001). Individuals in the age group 25-48 showed a higher infection rate in contrast to the other age groups (p-value 0,035). 

  • 473. Agndal, H
    et al.
    Axelsson, B
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Understanding Strategic Change2005In: Developing Sourcing Capabilities: creating strategic change in purchasing and supply management, Chichester: John Wiley , 2005Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 474.
    Agndal, Henrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Internationalisation as a process of strategy and change: A study of 16 Swedish industrial SMEs2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis reports a study of the internationalisation processes of 16 industrial SMEs located in the county of Jönköping (Sweden). More specifically, it identifies changes in international strategies, identifies reasons why changes are undertaken and discusses how these changes can be understood when placed in the context of the internationalisation process.

    The findings show that industrial SME managers tend to stress the importance of foreign sales but are often much more reluctant to buy products abroad. This means that while changes in foreign sales market strategy occur frequently in many firms, the process of foreign sourcing market expansion unfolds more slowly, involving fewer markets. The findings also indicate preferences for a low degree of complexity in foreign sales and purchasing. Therefore, industrial SMEs typically become involved in more complex ventures like foreign subsidiaries only when this is perceived as necessary, for example when there is risk of losing a foreign market.

    Mostly, changes in industrial SMEs’ international strategies are undertaken as responses to external opportunities, such as unsolicited orders. Changes much less frequently find their origin in internal initiatives. This pattern appears to pervade throughout the internationalisation process, even if a more critical attitude towards potential changes arises with increasing experience.

  • 475.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Pereseina, Veronika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Cui, Lianguang
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Market innovation in the transport and heavy vehicle market2015In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual NOFOMA-Conference, Molde, 3-5 June, 2015., 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to generate a greater understanding of the interrelatedness of new business models in the truck market and developments in the road transport sector.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Based on a three year research project in cooperation with a European heavy vehicle manufacturer, we present short case descriptions showing some of the main developments in the European trucking and transport markets. 

    Findings

    New business models emerge both in the heavy vehicle and transportation markets, in complex ways involving multiple actors.  The impetus for the models can come from several direction but the final impact must be negotiated and cannot be planned by a single actor.

    Research limitations/implications

    The research looks at a selection of cases and business models to demonstrate changes and the relations between the markets, and does not claim to be exhaustive in terms of the different business models in the European market. 

    Practical implications

    There is a distinct trend to greater specialization and the need for innovation to survive given the strong pressures in the commoditized transport market. Our findings show conflicting trends in terms of social implications, with improved ecological impact but the risk of worse conditions for driver. 

    Original/value

    The paper considers the development of new business models and implications on the market from the point of view of the firms actually using the business models.  This shows how different business models can co-exist and involve different types of rationalities.

  • 476.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Pereseina, Veronika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    From product through service and solution to performance: Value propositions, interaction patterns and capabilities2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper explores differences in inter- and intra-organizational interaction patterns depending on the nature of customer value propositions. It also discusses capabilities related to these value propositions.

    Design/Methodology/Approach – We perform a case study of the evolving value propositions of a Swedish truck manufacturer. Interviews are conducted with key representatives of the manufacturer, dealers, customers, and customers’ customers. We draw on literature in the business marketing and purchasing area.

    Findings – The manufacturer makes four types of value propositions (cf. Anderson et al., 2006) associated with different interaction patterns. (1) A first type involves a basic product, i.e. a vehicle along with basic services, such as a warranty. The sales process represents a short dealer-customer negotiation to determine truck customization and price and is a general solution to a general problem. Interaction remains simple throughout the truck’s operating cycle; feedback to the product development and manufacturing function comes mainly from the manufacturer’s service organization. (2) A second type of value proposition involves optional add-on services that support the use of the product, such as repairs and maintenance, tire replacement, financing, and insurance. Although each service component is standardized, the package of services is selected by the buyer based on its needs. Interaction in regard to purchase and use is therefore more complex and ongoing. (3) In a third type, the customer buys truck(s) and services as an integrated solution to its specific sourcing problem. This requires a deeper understanding of how the customer uses trucks. Such an analysis relies on interaction between the manufacturer’s sales representatives and various functions at the customer. As the truck is used, interaction between manufacturer and customer is continuous. E.g., driving patterns can be analyzed and driving training be tailored to the needs of the customer; service needs are monitored, etc. (4) A fourth type involves not only a solution to a sourcing problem, but a co-created solution to support the customer’s value-creation. The customer buys solution performance that supports its revenue generation, not just its efforts to reduce costs. A deep understanding of the customer’s business is required with a focus on how the customer uses trucks to support its customers’ value creation. As payment is based on uptime (or other form of utilization), knowledge of truck usage is also needed by the manufacturer to determine price per km and to set service level agreement. Interaction is continuous and complex, with the manufacturer’s service organization taking over part of fleet management from the customer. These value propositions exist simultaneously and place very different demands on capabilities, which increase in number and particularity with more complex value propositions.

    Originality/value – We empirically identify four distinct value propositions that rely on different inter- and intra-organizational interaction patterns and require different capabilities.

  • 477.
    Agnesson, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Önder, Necip Yener
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Customer Maturity Analysis Tool: A case study in designing a Customer MaturityAnalysis Tool2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The IT consultancy industry is characterized by knowledge intensive implementationprojects related to varying levels of standardized information system software. When faced with a large implementation project at a previously unknown customer various assessmentsis usually conducted to identify the level of fit between the software and organizationin order to plan and structure the implementation process. However, there are several aspects of the customer organization that potentially can affect the end result as well as the implementation process that is unrelated to the fit between the software and the implementation organization as well as the potency of the implementation method. By conducting measurements of these maturity factors within the customer organization the implementing procedure can be modified based on the customer maturity level in order to become more aligned with the capabilities present in the customer organization.

    Research question: Which aspects need to be covered by a Customer Maturity Analysis Tool (CMAT) in order to evaluate the pre implementation maturity for potential customersof our case company and how should these aspects be organized and measured? The first task of the research process was to create an underlying model of maturity perspectives and aspects to structure the literature review as well as the empirical data collection. It was decided to adhere to a deductive approach where the theoretical model would be validated and if necessary modified in accordance to feedback from potential users of the CMAT within the case company. This procedure was repeated in the creation of measurements and maturity levels for the aspects to be used in the tool. The research process would therefore transition from a general model based on literature review, through a iterative feedback loop to a final model tailored to the specific requirementsof the case company. The final CMAT ended up containing four main perspectives of customer maturity; ITi nfrastructure, Culture, Process and Business Governance. These four perspectives were in turn divided into subgroups in order to be able to aggregate and compare differentaspects of the perspectives with each other.

  • 478.
    Agnesson, Stina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Bagger-Sjöbäck, Josefina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    PREFABRICERADE SMÅHUS PLANLÖSNINGAR: En jämförelse mellan tillverkare och kund2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att analysera utformningen av planlösningarna i prefabricerade småhus. Resultatet ska kunna utnyttjas som underlag vid planlösningsutformning och möjliggöra planlösningar med färre kundändringar.  

    Metoder som används är litteraturstudier, intervjuer och en fallstudie. Fallstudien är gjord med material från företaget Anebyhus som tillverkar prefabricerade småhus. Ur en av deras kataloger valdes tre olika hus med snarlika förutsättningar. Det som analyseras är tillverkares och kunders prioriteringar samt de vanligaste kundändringarna. Problemet är att om kunden ska bli nöjd med den slutliga planlösningen måste kunden och tillverkaren ha liknande kvalitetsprioriteringar. Ändringar som återkommer frekvent är ett tecken på en svaghet i ursprungsplanlösningen.

    Resultaten visar att tillverkare av prefabricerade småhus möter kundernas behov och önskemål genom prioriteringar av livslångtboende och flexibilitet i planlösningen. Kunderna visar prioritering av mer bänkytor i köket, vardagsrummet storlek och samband till köket och att alla i familjen ska få varsitt sovrum. De kundändringar som förekommer mest frekvent är minskning av antalet klädkammare, sammanslagning av teknik och klädvård samt att ändra till en U-formad köksuppställning. 

  • 479. Agrell, Per J.
    et al.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    A Coherent Methodology for Productivity Analysis Employing Integrated Partial Efficiency1996In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 46-47, p. 401-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An activity decomposition methodology with theoretical foundation in the principles of activity control and stated focus of interest in the enterprise value-chain is presented. Characteristics of inputs and outputs are discussed, where a set of non-transformable inputs are defined and motivated. An integrated partial efficiency measure is formulated, compensating for some weaknesses of the Debreu-Farrell technical efficiency concept. Providing a coherent basis for productivity analysis, the IPE approach poses an alternative to e.g. DEA especially in the case of multi-level systems and sparse data. The method is easily communicable in terms of measurement and analysis, and may be extended to complement economic performance assessments and benchmarks.

  • 480. Agrell, Per, J.
    et al.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    An MCDM Framework for Dynamic Systems1996In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 45, no 1-3, p. 279-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A multi-criteria formulation for continuous and discrete-time dynamic systems is presented. The fundamental problem in the design of dynamic systems is the trade-off between response speed (e.g., the time to reach final value and the raise time) and response smoothness (e.g., the overshoot, the undershoot, and the transient dampening). Separate optimisation of criteria is impossible, thus the problem is inherently multiobjective. In a general dynamic system, this is accomplished by adjusting a number of technical parameters in accordance with some ad hoc practice. Previous multi-criteria approaches have been modelled as weighted sums of criteria, with shortcomings in terms of sensitivity analysis and preference articulation. The proposed framework enables the decision maker to design a most preferred system, with full knowledge of local trade-off ratios in terms of chosen criteria. Combining analytical techniques with simulation, the formulation makes the optimisation process transparent to the decision maker, working entirely in decision space. The framework is demonstrated on a dynamic production-inventory model.

  • 481.
    Agren, Susanna
    et al.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, 221 85 Lund, Sweden and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery/THAI, Sk˚ane University Hospital and Medical Services, 221 85 Lund, Sweden.
    Rönning, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    The Unsteady Mainstay of the Family: Now Adult Children's Retrospective View on Social Support in Relation to Their Parent's Heart Transplantation.2014In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The needs for support among children with a seriously ill parent, who is waiting for heart transplantation, are unknown today. The aim was to describe now adult children's experiences of social support in relation to a parent's heart transplant during childhood. Nine females and four males were interviewed. The median age for the children was 18 at the transplantation and their parents had been ill before for 18 months (median) and on waiting list for 161 days (mean). Three categories emerged: health care professionals' approaches, family and friends' approaches, and society approaches. Our results show that there was lack of support for children of heart transplantation patients. Support in the shape of information was in most cases provided by the sick or healthy parent. It is of great clinical importance to develop psychosocial support programs for children with a seriously ill parent waiting for heart transplantation (before, during, and after surgery).

  • 482.
    Agriam, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Socialt hållbart boende2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We need more research about what gives man good conditions for quality of life in a home environment. Social sustainability is a topic that is cherished more than ever in the world of architectures. The goal is to develop a knowledge base based on the experiences of users, architects and clients that can be used for the design of residential areas with apartment buildings.

    To achieve the goal there are questions to be answered as: "How is socially sustainable housing valued, according to architects and clients, when residential areas with apartment buildings are designed?" and "How are the values of social sustainability perceived, in residential areas with newly constructed apartment buildings, of the residents?" The questions are answered by means of an survey and several of interviews which together constitute a qualitative research.

    The results show that social sustainability can be seen from different angles. It is common to observe social sustainability from a community perspective and from an urban perspective according to scientific references. As an overall summary it is the beautiful shape and appearance of a building and its functionality weighed in with a reasonable cost that creates a socially sustainable housing according to interviews with architects and clients. It is about balance between beauty, functionality and economy, which together create a housing that lasts over time and confirms the human social dignity. According to those living in the area of Nysäter in Mölnlycke as the studied phenomenon, socially sustainable housing stands for comfort, security, privacy and community. Access to nature and outdoor activities, fresh air and good neighbourship are other factors that are highly valued. Socially sustainable housing has therefore connections to both physical parameters as well as non-physical qualities that needs to be linked with each other.

    The summarized results highlight the essential aspects that should be included in the planning of a new residential complex for it to be socially sustainable for residents. The knowledge base has a logical order from analyzing an unspoilt area with its qualities to analyze how the private residence must meet human needs for well-being.

    The Report is wide in its choice of subject tough it is limited to man's relationship to the dwelling and residential area in social contexts, how individuals perceive their environment both in and outside their home. With additional constraints had a deeper research been able to implement on a specific theme.

  • 483.
    Agu, Onyekachi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Hertzberg, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    A Theoretical Investigation into the Pricing of Credit Default Swaps: The Role of Reflexivity and the Impact of Asymmetry2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mathematical and quantitative sophistication provide financial institutions with scientific methods to price (over the counter) derivative products by the use of historical data and inputs. These inputs attempt to reflect the underlying reality within a company or economy quantitatively. This paper attempts to show how human perceptions based on input metrics that are used to help determine reality do not always offer reliable reflections of the underlying true picture. As a result of these misconceptions within derivative modelling we argue that risk managers must be able to overcome aspects of hidden risk in order to reduce large asymmetric losses within financial institutions.

  • 484.
    Aguero, Katherine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The Shining Path: An Analysis of a Terrorist Organization's Power2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 485.
    Aguilar, Huri Eunice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Huri Eunice Aguilar

    Fyra PR-konsulters syn på hur man förändrar ett personligt varumärke. - En kvalitativ undersökning om processen av att förändra ett personligt varumärke.

    Antal sidor: 38

    Uppsatsen behandlar processen av att förändra ett befintligt personligt varumärke. Syftet är att beskriva och skapa förståelse för processen av att förändra ett personligt varumärke. Frågeställningarna är hur ompositioneras eller revitaliseras ett befintligt personligt varumärke? Finns det gemensamma komponenter som leder till framgång när man förändrar det personliga varumärke? Vilka risker finns vid en ompositionering eller revitalisering utav ett befintligt  personligt varumärke? Kan de varumärkesstrategierna som finns om hur man förändrar ett företags eller produktvarumärke anpassas till personliga varumärken?

    Metoden är kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra PR-konsulter som har erfarenhet av att förändra varumärken eller personliga varumärken.

    Processen av att förändra ett personligt varumärke är att identifiera det personliga varumärkets identitet. Det andra steget är att fastställa hur det personliga varumärket ska uppfattas, och vilka egenskaper i ens identitet som därmed måste belysas. De sista steget är att ta reda på hur det personliga varumärket uppfattas, och minska gapet mellan hur man vill att det personliga varumärket ska uppfattas, och den faktiska uppfattningen.

    Gemensamma komponenter som leder till framgång när man förändrar ett personligt varumärke är att förändringen anses vara genuin, naturlig, och att förändringen endast belyser andra redan existerande egenskaper i ett personligt varumärkes identitet.

    De risker som finns i att förändra ett personligt varumärke är att tappa sin målgrupp eller trovärdighet samt att man eliminerar de element som differentierar det personliga varumärket. Uppsatsens slutsats är att vissa av de varumärkesstrategier som finns, kan appliceras på personliga varumärken. Skillnaden är att varumärkesstrategierna för produkt och företags varumärkena är mer omfattande. Varumärkesstrategierna som inte tycks vara applicerbara, är de som tar upp en förändring av själva produkten vid en förändring av varumärket. Uppsatsen kommer fram till att ett personligt varumärke kan revitaliseras dock inte ompositioneras. En ompositionering involverar en förändring på själva produkten, medan en revitalisering är ett mer korrekt begrepp att använda , då begreppet syftar till att ändra ett varumärkes associationer.

  • 486.
    Agyemang, Frank
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Asante Ofori, Kingsley
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Ofori, Sunday Jonathan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Promise and Performance of ERP (perspective of implementers)2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 487.
    Ahacic, Kozma
    et al.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kennison, Robert F.
    Department of Psychology, California State University, Los Angeles, California.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Alcohol abstinence, non-hazardous use and hazardous use a decade after alcohol-related hospitalization: registry data linked to population-based representative postal surveys2014In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, no 874, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Although there is evident association between alcohol-related hospitalization and alcohol use, the relationship has not been well examined. This study analyzed the extent of alcohol abstinence, non-hazardous use and hazardous use among people who had experienced alcohol-related hospitalization during the preceding decade.

    METHOD:

    Registry data concerning alcohol-related hospitalizations between 1996 and 2007 were linked to two representative surveys, in 2006 and 2007, of residents of Stockholm County. Relevant contrasts were modeled, using logistic regression, in the pooled sample (n = 54 955). Ages were 23-84 years at follow-up.

    RESULTS:

    Among persons previously hospitalized (n = 576), half reported non-hazardous use. Non-hazardous use was less prevalent than in the general population--and the extent of non-hazardous use did not change over time following hospitalization. There were no significant age differences, but non-hazardous use was less frequent among people with repeated episodes of care. One in six was abstinent. Abstinence was more common among the old, while hazardous use (exceeding 14 drinks per week for men, and 9 drinks per week for women) decreased with age. Abstinence also increased over time; among persons hospitalized ten years ago, the abstinence rate was twice that of the general population. Associations with hazardous use over time were less conclusive. Hazardous use among those previously hospitalized decreased over time in one sample but not in the other. After pooling the data, there were indications of a decrease over time following hospitalization, but more prevalent hazardous use than in the general population.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Following alcohol-related hospitalization, abstinence increased, and there was no evidence of regression towards the mean, i.e., towards non-hazardous use. Abstinence was also more widespread among previously hospitalized persons of older ages. With advancing age, changing hazardous alcohol habits among previously hospitalized appears to yield a trend towards promotion of abstinence.

  • 488. Ahacic, Kozma
    et al.
    Kennison, Robert F.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Changes in sobriety in the Swedish population over three decades: age, period or cohort effects?2012In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 107, no 4, p. 748-755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: This study aimed to examine age, cohort and period trends in alcohol abstinence.

    Design: Two surveys, the Level of Living Survey collected in 1968, 1974, 1981, 1990 and 2000, and the Swedish Panel Study of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD) collected in 1992 and 2002, were studied with graphical depictions of cross-sectional and longitudinal data presented over time and over age. Cross-sectional 10-year age group differences, time-lag differences between waves and within-cohort differences between waves for 10-year birth cohorts were examined. Logistic regression models were applied to confirm the observed patterns.

    Setting: The samples were representative of the Swedish population.

    Participants: Participants ranged in age from 18 to 75 (n = 5000 per wave), and 77+ at later waves (n = 500).

    Measurements: Alcohol abstinence was determined by asking 'Do you ever drink wine, beer, or spirits?', where a 'no' response indicated abstinence.

    Findings: Decreases in abstinence rates were observed from 1968 to 2000/02. While cross-sectional analysis indicated increased abstinence with advancing age, the longitudinal analysis suggested otherwise. Inspection of cohort differences revealed little change within cohorts and large differences between cohorts; abstinence rates declined in later-born cohorts up to the 1940s birth cohorts; stability was observed in cohorts born since the 1940s. Logistic regression models indicated that neither age nor period were significant (P > 0.05) predictors of abstinence when cohort (P < 0.001) was included.

    Conclusion: Decreasing proportions of total alcohol abstainers in Sweden from 1968 to 2000 appear to be attributable primarily to decreases in successive cohorts rather than drinkers becoming abstainers.

  • 489.
    Ahacic, Kozma
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Helgason, Asgeir R
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Allebeck, Peter
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Non-response bias and hazardous alcohol use in relation to previous alcohol-related hospitalization: comparing survey responses with population data2013In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 8, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study examines whether alcohol-related hospitalization predicts survey non-response, and evaluates whether this missing data result in biased estimates of the prevalence of hazardous alcohol use and abstinence.

    Methods: Registry data on alcohol-related hospitalizations during the preceding ten years were linked to two representative surveys. Population data corresponding to the surveys were derived from the Stockholm County registry. The alcohol-related hospitalization rates for survey responders were compared with the population data, and corresponding rates for non-responders were based on the differences between the two estimates. The proportions with hazardous alcohol use and abstinence were calculated separately for previously hospitalized and non-hospitalized responders, and non-responders were assumed to be similar to responders in this respect.

    Results: Persons with previous alcohol-related admissions were more likely currently to abstain from alcohol (RR=1.58, p<.001) or to have hazardous alcohol use (RR=2.06, p<.001). Alternatively, they were more than twice as likely to have become non-responders. Adjusting for this skewed non-response, i.e., the underrepresentation of hazardous users and abstainers among the hospitalized, made little difference to the estimated rates of hazardous use and abstinence in total. During the ten-year period 1.7% of the population were hospitalized.

    Conclusions: Few people receive alcohol-related hospital care and it remains unclear whether this group’s underrepresentation in surveys is generalizable to other groups, such as hazardous users. While people with severe alcohol problems – i.e. a history of alcohol-related hospitalizations – are less likely to respond to population surveys, this particular bias is not likely to alter prevalence estimates of hazardous use.

  • 490. Ahacic, Kozma
    et al.
    Trygged, Sven
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Income and education as predictors of stroke mortality after the survival of a first stroke2012In: Stroke Research and Treatment, ISSN 2090-8105, E-ISSN 2042-0056Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is well known that socioeconomic indicators, such as income and education, predict both stroke incidence and stroke mortality. This means that persons in lower socioeconomic positions are less likely to survive their stroke, and there will be a selective survival in the group discharged from hospital after their first stroke.

    Question: Does socioeconomic position continue to predict mortality, stroke specific, or from other causes, among patients surviving their first stroke in spite of this selective survival?

    Methods: All persons in Sweden aged 40–59 years who were discharged after a first hospitalization for stroke in 1996–2000 were included (n = 10,487), then followed up until the end of the fourth calendar year after discharge. Data were analysed with Cox regressions controlling for age, sex, and stroke type.

    Results: Persons with high socioeconomic position, measured by education and income, have lower mortality than those of low position. Education was not significant when adjusted for income, however. The risk of dying was similar for stroke-specific mortality and all-cause mortality, for those with cerebral infarction as well as for all patients.

    Conclusions: Socioeconomic position predicted stroke-specific mortality also in the selective group of persons who survived their first stroke.

  • 491.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Hill, Anders
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Malmgren, Lise-lott
    Malmö Högskola.
    Nilhollm, Claes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Wingård, Britta
    Specialpedagogik inom lärarutbildningen: En kartläggning utifrån kursplanerna inom de svenska lärarutbildningarna2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 492.
    Ahl, Gullan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Språkets betydelse för kvalitetssäkring i vård och rehabiliteringsinsatser: en validitetsstudie av terminologin i ADL-verktyget Rainbow2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The importance of language for the quality in care and rehabilitation actions

    a validity testing of the terminology in ADL tool Rainbow

    Summary 

    INTRODUCTION Healthcare planning require an unambiguous and varied language to identify patient´s ability and effort needs regarding activities of daily living (ADL). The study's starting point is KASAM, the human need for coherence, comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness in their daily lives. AIM To highlight and validate ADL terminology of medical care and rehabilitation. METHODOLOGY The thesis is a combined, descriptive study with a deductive approach. ADL Rainbow tool was used as a template. The material was collected through questionnaires and focus group interviews. Care managers and occupational therapists were interviewed. The study also describes how a group of seniors, without relation to or experience of care or care planning, interpreted the terminology and synonyms. The interviews covered the following themes: ADL terminology, synonyms, views and categorization based on a hierarchical order. RESULTS Current terminology and approach could mean that the patients and their relatives could feel insecure regarding the team's planned interventions. The study results show that the medical team and patients can share and use a common language. CONCLUSION Language is the key to understanding the context. KASAM as a guiding-star in language, creates a value base for what has been agreed and ensures quality assures patient´s care and rehabilitation efforts.

     

    Keywords: ADL terminology, validation, team, language, perceptions, deductive approach.

  • 493.
    Ahl, Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Gränsöverskridande förlustutjämning: Är Sveriges nya förhållningssätt förenligt med EG-rätten?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Magisteruppsatsen belyser de svenska reglerna avseende gränsöverskridande för-lustutjämningstransaktioner från ett gemenskapsrättsligt perspektiv. Fokus ligger på utjämningsmöjligheter då förlusten i ett utländskt dotterbolag är slutlig. Det är osäkert vilka grunder som rättfärdigar avdrag. I uppsatsen analyseras därför fyra Regeringsrättsmål i ljuset av den Europeiska gemenskapens domstols domar i Marks & Spencer-fallet och i Oy AA-fallet. Finansdepartementet lämnade förslag på ändrade regler för avdragsrätt vid förlustutjämningstransaktioner mellan kon-cernbolag den 22 september 2009. Förslaget jämförs med det tidigare lagförslaget om likvidationsavdrag, Regeringsrättsmålen och gemenskapsrätten. Syftet med uppsatsen är att utreda om Sveriges nya förhållningssätt är förenligt med gemen-skapsrätten.I det svenska regelverket regleras koncernbidrag i inkomstskattelagen kapitel 35 och fusioner i inkomstskattelagen kapitel 37. För att ett bolag ska beviljas av-dragsrätt för ett koncernbidrag ska bidraget vara skattepliktigt hos mottagaren och mottagaren ska vara skattskyldig i Sverige. För att en fusion ska vara kvalificerad ska det fusionerade bolaget direkt innan fusionen vara skattskyldig i Sverige. Des-sa förutsättningar är inte uppfyllda när det mottagande eller fusionerade bolaget har sin hemvist i en annan medlemsstat i gemenskapen.I fallet Marks & Spencer bedömer Europeiska gemenskapens domstol att kon-cernavdrag kan beviljas mellan moderbolag och dotterbolag i särskilda fall. För-lusten i dotterbolaget ska vara slutlig, vilket innebär att den omöjligen ska kunna utnyttjas av vare sig dotterbolaget självt eller någon utomstående person. Domen i Oy AA-målet innebär att regler som förhindrar avdrag för koncernbidrag kan vara proportionerliga om de vägrar avdrag för koncernbidrag till ett moderbolag och förlusten kan utnyttjas i framtiden. Lidl Belgium-fallet behandlar situationen när en förlust uppstår i en filial som är en del av huvudbolaget.Bestämmelser som inskränker den fria etableringsrätten kan rättfärdigas utifrån tvingande hänsyn till allmänintresset. Motiv för att tillämpa bestämmelser som in-skränker den fria etableringsrätten kan vara territorialitetsprincipen, bevarandet av skattesystemets inre sammanhang, neutralitetsprincipen, undvikande av risken för dubbelt beaktande av förluster och risk för skatteflykt. En kombination av flera motiv kan leda till att inskränkande bestämmelser kan rättfärdigas. Bestämmelser-na ska även vara legitima och proportionerliga för att de syften som eftersträvas uppnås.I fyra av de totalt tio rättsfallen som Regeringsrätten meddelade dom i avseende gränsöverskridande koncernbidrag har Skatterättsnämnden ansett förlusten vara slutlig, vilket berättigar till avdrag för koncernbidrag. Skatteverket, Skatterätts-nämnden och Regeringsrätten lägger olika innebörd i begreppet slutlig förlust. Oklarheterna utreds därför i ljuset av gemenskapsrätten. Regeringsrätten bedömer att en likvidation av det förlustbetingade dotterbolaget innebär att förlusten är slut-lig. Skatterättsnämnden anser att en förlust kan vara slutlig även då det förlustbe-tingade dotterbolaget upphör att bedriva verksamhet genom att det fusioneras med ett annat koncernbolag och om det finns regler i mottagarstaten som begränsar att en förlust rullas framåt. Skatteverket menar att en förlust är definitiv när dotterbo-laget självt eller en utomstående person annan än dotterbolaget inte kan utnyttja förlusten.Inom Europeiska Unionen har ett arbete med en gemensam skattebas påbörjats. En sådan skattebas skulle troligtvis undanröja en del av de problemen som gräns-överskridande förlustutjämningstransaktioner innebär. I avvaktan på att arbetet med den gemensamma skattebasen blir färdigställd kan gränsöverskridande för-lustutjämningstransaktioner underlättas genom att medlemsstaterna enas om defi-nitionen av olika skatterättsliga begrepp.För att det svenska förhållningssättet ska vara förenligt med gemenskapsrätten måste, enligt min mening, ett förtydligande ske på tre punkter. Jag anser, för det första, att det ska vara möjligt att ge koncernbidrag mellan systerbolag om deras gemensamma mo-derbolag har sin hemvist i Sverige. För det andra menar jag att det ska vara möjligt att ge koncernbidrag till ett indirekt helägt dotterbolag med slutliga förluster om det totala ägandet är mer än 90 procent. Jag anser också att slutlig förlust, det vill säga att alla möjligheter att utnyttja förlusten i dotterbolagets hemstat har uttömts, ska innefatta för-luster på grund av likvidation, konkurs och fusion då all verksamhet i dotterbolagets hemstat upphör.

  • 494.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A Foucauldian framework for discourse analysis2007In: Handbook of qualitative research methods in entrepreneurship, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2007, p. 216-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 495.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A narrative analysis of gender in entrepreneurship stories2004In: Paper presented at the The Greiff Symposium, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 496.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A rhetorical analysis of research articles on women's entrepreneurship: The 'whys', the 'hows' and the 'whats'2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 497.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Can women join the new elites?2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 498.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Comparing entrepreneurship policy in different welfare state regimes: lessons from a gender perspective2012In: The joint ACERE-DIANA International Entrepreneurship Conference, 21 jan - 3 feb 2012: Program handbook / [ed] Per Davidsson, Alicia Castilla Holley, John Watson, 2012, p. 11-11Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 499.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Constructing the female entrepreneur2002In: Presented at European Academy of Management, Stockholm, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 500.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Constructing the female entrepreneur as the other2000Conference paper (Refereed)
78910111213 451 - 500 of 28729
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