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  • 4201.
    Blomdahl, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Fou Växjö.
    Guregård, Suzanne
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    A realist review of art therapy for clients with depression2013In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 322-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a serious disease affecting an individual's entire life-situation, which can lead to great suffering and a reduced level of activity in everyday life. The aim of this study is to explore and describe how art therapy works regarding therapeutic factors, application, and circumstances for clients with depression. A systematic literature search of relevant databases was carried out to find articles concerning art therapy for depression, meeting criteria for reproducibility. This yielded 16 articles published in seven journals. The art therapy methods employed in each selected study were then examined and compared in order to understand the healing mechanism or mechanisms. These healing mechanisms are here termed “therapeutic factors”. The analysis resulted in eight therapeutic factors; self-exploration, self-expression, communication, understanding and explanation, integration, symbolic thinking, creativity, and sensory stimulation. No general conclusions could be drawn regarding circumstances, but the results indicate that art therapy can be performed successfully in a wide variety of clinical situations. The results were discussed in relation to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core sets for depression.

  • 4202.
    Blomgren, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Likhetstecknet – det är väl inte så svårt att lära sig?: En studie om hur elever tolkar likhetstecknet och en möjlig väg till förståelse genom en undervisande intervju om ett spel2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien behandlar det specifika matematiska innehållet likhetstecknet. Syftet är att se om eleverna kan utveckla sin förståelse för likhetstecknets betydelse. Utifrån syftet kommer två frågeställningar där färdigheter, kritiska aspekter samt kunskaper om likhetstecknet efterfrågas.

    I studien sammanfattas en del av den forskning som behandlar likhetstecknets kritiska aspekter. Variationsteorin har varit en hjälp för att analysera elevernas lärande och för att hitta möjliga kritiska aspekter. Några av de kritiska aspekterna är att likhetstecknet innebär ekvivalens och att det går att utföra operationer på båda sidor om tecknet.

    Studien grundar sig på ett spel som har sina rötter i ekvationsspelet av Viggo Kilborn. Spelet är utformat med pärlor och likhetstecken och genom för- och eftertest utreds om eleverna inhämtar någon kunskap. Resultatet visade att intervjun med spelet var relativt framgångsrikt eftersom eleverna hade större lösningsprocent på eftertestet. En slutsats är dock att det inte är metoden som är viktig utan det som påverkar är att det skapas möjligheter till lärande där elever kan urskilja de kritiska aspekterna av likhetstecknet

  • 4203.
    Blomgren, Annie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Larsson, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Internal Mobile Applications: Information integration with ERP systems2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The evolvement of technology within the business world has transformed both organizations and people involved. As the business world is rapidly changing it requires organizations to adapt to new trends to be able to compete and to gain competitive advantage. The widely developed and used mobile business-to-customer applications have generated the realization that the technology can be used by organizations for their mobile employees to gain competitive advantage. Therefore, we have investigated the functionality of information integration between mobile applications and ERP systems for mobile employees, and the benefits and challenges it has.

    The research is an exploratory investigation about how the new trend within mobility is to be seen within the business world. With the use of an inductive and qualitative research approach, we started with no previous theories to get an understanding of the subject.

    In the use of mobile business-to-employee applications, the most important information integration is the one between ERP systems and mobile applications since it is the organizational information that is needed for the mobile workers. The result of the research is that it is more common with a single, oneway integration in terms of either input or output between ERP systems and mobile applications. The more advanced two-way integration exists and is increasing in the area of internal use of mobile applications for organizations. Additionally, there are a lot of benefits to gain from when working with mobile applications for organizations, for example to increase the productivity of mobile employees. There are also challenges that need to be discussed before deciding to invest in enterprise mobility, for example security aspects.

  • 4204.
    Blomkvist, Klas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Cervall, Samuel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Globala försörjningsbeslut i en industriell kontext2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose with this study is to investigate which factors that needs to be considered for sourcing decisions to ensure an optimal long-term decision, and which of these factors that can be quantified in a product costing model. To fulfill this purpose two research questions have been proposed:

    1. Which factors needs to be considered for a sourcing decision?
    2. Which of these factors that needs to be considered can be quantified in a product costing model?

    Method – A case study was conducted to fulfill the purpose of this study. The case study produced empirical data through interviews and document studies. The empirical data was interpreted and analyzed on the basis of the theoretical framework, created through literature studies. This process produced the result of this study.

    Findings – Factors to be considered for a sourcing decision have been identified and categorized in four over-arching categories: unit cost, logistical factors, capability factors and risk factors. These factors have been quantified in a product costing model. A preparatory decision model was created to further integrate some risk factors that could not be quantified.

    Implications – Both the make or buy decision and the manufacturing location decision have been considered in the product costing model presented in this study. The product costing model visualize and take into account hidden costs, rarely considered in sourcing decisions. This further enables optimal long-term sourcing decisions.

    Limitations – Risk factors remain difficult to quantify. This makes it difficult to determine the cost of risk factors, and as a result of that, to include them in a product costing model. Companies with similar conditions suites the model since the case study was conducted at only one company. Whether the product costing model is true for business in other contexts remain uncertain.

  • 4205.
    Blomquist, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Aggerstam, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Multimedia eller inte multimedia, det är frågan.2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is it possible, and suitable, to use multimedia in classic literature studies at Swedish upper secondary school? What alternatives are there?  Is there any foundation in the curriculum for an expanded conception of text as in multimedia?  Will the conception literacy support use of multimedia in classic literature studies, and in what ways? How do we generally look upon the definition text, is it only printed letters, or something more? To get an answer to the questions we decided to examine a number of theories, Gardner’s theory about the different intelligences, the conception literacy and the expanded text concept. In these three theories we took our starting-point for the following work. The main subjects became two interactive sights on Internet and one CD-ROM, all containing classic literature. Our previous knowledge in this subject field was very meager.  This work has given us an opportunity to discover some of the multimedia that is available, and the result we have come to is that multimedia absolutely belongs in studies of classic literature as well as in other subjects. We think it is necessary to pay attention to multimedia in the future education, because of the text flow in the society. Text flow is much more than just printed letters, for example web sites with further more experiences such as pictures/paintings and music, which makes a comprehensive picture. As we see it, this conclusion has support in the theories.

  • 4206.
    Blomquist, Louise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Liljegren, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vill du dricka mjölk eller vatten?: En studie om barns möjlighet till inflytande och delaktighet vid lunchen på en förskola2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4207. Blomquist, Tomas
    et al.
    Lundin, Rolf A.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Projects: real, virtual or what?2010In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, ISSN 1753-8378, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 10-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – At the heart of this paper is the question of how to describe the ongoing changes of project management (PM) and how to cultivate the understating of projects. In line with the theme of this issue, a non-traditional approach of presenting this paper is used with the aim of providing a lived experience view on projects. This helps pave the way for changed perceptions of many of the traditional ideas of projects and PM, implicitly demanding a need for rethinking the field. The purpose of this paper is to offer some of that rethinking and suggest how to research it.

    Design/methodology/approach – The approach is narrative and builds on exploratory storytelling which is common in the social sciences but quite non-traditional in the PM sphere.

    Findings – The paper explores the kind of arguments people might have when defending their perceptions of what a project is and should be.

    Practical implications – Traditional PM might benefit from being open to experiences from non-traditional areas of application, and equally important is that the reverse might apply.

    Originality/value – Rethinking PM and relating to social science areas is very much in the vogue presently. The authors wish to push that issue even further, and this paper illustrates one way to achieve a fruitful dialogue or a discussion in a scientifically based context.

  • 4208.
    Blomqvist, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Svensson, Jonatan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Socialsekreterares intentioner till egen uppsägning: En tvärsnittsstudie av psykisk ohälsa och psykosocial arbetsmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka det eventuella, prediktiva förhållandet mellan de psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorerna krav, kontroll och stöd, psykisk ohälsa och intentioner till egen uppsägning (IEU) bland socialsekreterare anställda i en medelstor kommun i södra Sverige. Studien är av kvantitativ art och har utgått från en tvärsnittsdesign. Genom en webbaserad enkät som skickades till samtliga socialsekreterare i kommunen samlades data in angående de aktuella variablerna. Efter bortfallsanalys uppgick den totala svarsfrekvensen till 37% vilket innebar att 102 respondenters besvarade enkäter inkluderades i studien. Insamlade data analyserades genom en hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys vars resultat visade att krav positivt predicerade IEU medan kontroll, stöd och högre ålder predicerade IEU negativt, samt att psykisk ohälsa inte predicerade IEU. Noterbart var att stödet hade ett avgörande, prediktivt förhållande till IEU. För vidare forskning föreslogs longitudinella studier för att bekräfta den aktuella studiens prediktiva förhållanden.

  • 4209.
    Blomqvist, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Gardhage, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Det som inte har dokumenterats har inte hänt…: En litteraturöversikt från sjuksköterskans perspektiv av omvårdnadsdokumentation.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Each year approximately 100,000 patients in Sweden suffer from healthcare injuries due to the insufficiency of documentation. Lack of communication between healthcare staff is one of the main factors for healthcare injuries. In view of this, this literature review aims at highlighting the nurse's experiences and attitudes towards nursing documentation.

    Aim: The aim was to highlight nurses' experiences of nursing documentation.

    Method: A literature review with qualitative articles and inductive approach.

    Results: Time consuming and difficult to manage computer systems with inadequate training of the new systems and large demand from the community made it difficult to document. Although the nurses felt that it was time-consuming, they understood the importance of a complete documentation because of the patient safety it provides. Nurses on the other hand, consider that the lack of support from the organization made it difficult for them to complete documentation.

    Conclusion: More research focusing on the essentials of increased supports when implementation of a new system or learn the electronic health system from scratch is needed. To allow nurses to receive more personalized assistance with regard to further education, could have a positive impact on a more professionally and accurate documentation.

  • 4210.
    Blomqvist, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Nyman, Louise
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lennartsson, Frida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Consumer Attitudes Towards Online Grocery Shopping: A Research Conducted on Swedish Consumers2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this research is to investigate if positive attitudes influence the intentions to purchase groceries online. In order fulfil the purpose and test the relationship between attitudes and intentions, the Theory of Planned Behaviour is used as the underlying theoretical model.

    Background: The e-commerce market in Sweden is regarded as one of the most developed e-commerce markets in Europe, however the grocery market is still striving for an online breakthrough. One of the largest obstacles for the online grocery market is the lack of consumer adoption. Previous research has emphasized the importance of understanding consumer attitudes and its influence on the consumers’ intention to adopt an e-commerce behaviour. Existing theories recognize a gap within positive attitudes’ and their influence on the intentions to adopt e-commerce.

    Method: An explanatory strategy and a deductive approach were applied in order to test the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Three hypotheses were developed based on the model. The empirical study was based on a quantitative approach and the data collection was made possible through an online survey targeted towards adults in Sweden. Furthermore the analysis of the data was done in SPSS through factor analysis, correlation matrix, descriptive variables and multi linear regression analysis, this provided answers for the hypotheses with a 95% confidence interval.

    Findings and conclusion: The analysed empirical findings presented overall positive attitudes, as well as a strong correlation between positive attitudes and intentions within online grocery shopping. This answers the research question and fulfils the purpose of examining the influence that positive attitudes have on intentions within the field of online grocery shopping. This research successfully tests the Theory of Planned Behaviour and suggestions for further research is to examine the underlying factors in a qualitative study. 

  • 4211.
    Blomqvist, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Eliasson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Kvalitetsförbättring av räcke2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4212.
    Blomqvist Eriksson, Erica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Järkemyr, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Do you give in to your inner shopaholic?: A study of influencers impact on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Influencer marketing has become a significant marketing tool for companies since the profession as an influencer is emerging. Especially on Instagram as it is one of the biggest social media platforms for influencers. This results in a change for followers also being consumers since more products are being marketed through Instagram. Further, the easy access of mobile devices makes it effortless to purchase products endorsed by influencers. Previous research exists about Influencer marketing, m-shopping and impulse buying behavior. However, an opportunity was found to study the relation of these. Thus, this paper focus on investigating factors on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior affected by influencers, in the context of Instagram.

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate influencers impact on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior, analyzing through the social media platform of Instagram.

    A study with mixed method research design was conducted to carry out the purpose of this thesis. The qualitative data was collected through semi-structured interviews with the aim to discover in what way Instagram influencers affect consumers mobile impulse buying behavior. The themes and codes acquired from the findings of the qualitative study were tested with a questionnaire through a quantitative study, this to identify which factors impact the consumer’s mobile impulse buying behavior the from Instagram influencers.

    The empirical evidence suggests that the Relation to influencers content, Perception of influencer, Conscious spontaneous purchase and Cause of purchase are factors that have an impact on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior by influencers on Instagram. The empirical evidence further implies an influential process between the different factors. Tough, it was not tested how they were related as the study did not aim to compare the interrelation between the factors. 

  • 4213.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Case-based Reasoning for Ontology Engineering2008In: Tenth Scandinavian Conference on Artificial Intelligence - SCAI 2008, Amsterdam: IOS Press , 2008, p. 36-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When developing semantic applications, constructing the underlying ontologies is a crucial part. Construction of both Semantic Web and enterprise ontologies need to be semi-automatic in order to reduce the effort required and the need for expert ontology engineers. Another important issue is to introduce knowledge reuse in the ontology construction process. By basing our semi-automatic method on the principles of case-based reasoning (CBR) we envision a novel semi-automatic ontology construction approach and also a novel application of case-based reasoning. The development of OntoCase is still ongoing work, in this paper we report mainly on the motivation for using CBR and the possible benefits of this.

  • 4214.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Fully Automatic Construction of Enterprise Ontologies Using Design Patterns: Initial Method and First Experiences2005In: Proceedings of OTM 2005 Conferences, Ontologies, DataBases, and Applications of Semantics (ODBASE), Agia Napa, Cyprus, Oct 31- Nov 4, 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main contribution of this paper is an initial method for automatically exploiting ontology design patterns with the aim of further automating the creation of enterprise ontologies in small-scale application contexts. The focus is so far on developing a fully automated construction method, thereby somewhat reducing the requirements on ontology customization and level of detail. In this paper we present an approach how to use knowledge (patterns) from other areas, like data modeling, knowledge reuse, software analysis and software design, to create ontology patterns. These design patterns are then used within our method for automatically matching and pruning them, in accordance with information extracted from existing knowledge sources within the company in question. Though the method still needs some fine-tuning, it has already been used when creating an enterprise ontology for a suppliercompany within the automotive industry.

  • 4215.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    OntoCase - A Pattern-based Ontology Construction Approach2007In: Proccedings of OTM 2007: ODBASE - The 6th International Conference on Ontologies, DataBases, and Applications of Semantics, Vilamoura, Algarve, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4216.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Pattern Ranking for Semi-automatic Ontology Construction2008In: Proceedings of the 2008 ACM symposium on Applied computing: Track on Semantic Web and Applications (SWA), 2008, p. 2248-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When developing semantic applications, the construction

    of ontologies is a crucial part. We are developing a semiautomatic

    ontology construction approach, OntoCase, relying

    on ontology patterns as additional resources. A crucial

    part of this approach is how to select the appropriate patterns

    based on the input representation extracted from a

    text corpus. In this paper, we suggest a pattern ranking

    and selection approach with the ability to partially bridge

    the gap between abstract patterns and specific terms, as well

    as being specifically tuned to the characteristics of ontology

    patterns. Compared to existing ontology ranking schemes

    our approach adds indirect matching of terms as well as relation

    matching. An initial experiment indicates that Onto-

    Case ranking performs better, especially when ranking small

    and abstract patterns, than existing ranking approaches.

  • 4217.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Semi-automatic Ontology Engineering using Patterns2007In: Proceedings of ISWC07 Doctoral Consortium, Busan, Korea, November 11-15, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4218.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    State of the Art: Patterns in Ontology Engineering2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report brings together three different areas, Ontology Learning, ontology reuse and patterns in Computer Science in general. These three areas may not seem to have much in common but the report aims to illustrate the potential of bringing them together and to outline research possibilities in the field. Patterns have been successfully applied as a means for facilitating reuse and managing complexity in many areas. So far not many pattern approaches have emerged in Ontology Engineering especially when considering patterns for use with Ontology Learning systems or patterns to facilitate reuse of ontologies. This report is concluded by a discussion about future research possibilities in the field. Among other things more exchange between Ontology Engineering and Software Engineering is suggested. Researchers should draw from already existing knowledge when creating ontology patterns. The most interesting applications of ontology patterns in the future are to further facilitate Ontology Learning, by for example using the patterns as construction templates, and to facilitate reuse of ontologies by using the patterns to search and sort ontology libraries.

  • 4219.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science; STLab, ISTC-CNR.
    Gangemi, AldoSTLab, ISTC-CNR.Hammar, KarlJönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).Suárez-Figueroa, Mari CarmenOntology Engineering Group, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.
    WOP 2012: Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Ontology Patterns2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 4220.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hammar, Karl
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Science and Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Presutti, Valentina
    ISTC-CNR, Rome, Italy.
    Engineering Ontologies with Patterns - The eXtreme Design Methodology2016In: Ontology Engineering with Ontology Design Patterns / [ed] Pascal Hitzler, Aldo Gangemi, Krzysztof Janowicz, Adila Krisnadhi, Valentina Presutti, IOS Press, 2016, p. 23-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When using Ontology Design Patterns (ODPs) for modelling new parts of an ontology, i.e., new ontology modules, or even an entire ontology from scratch, ODPs can be used both as inspiration for different modelling solutions, as well as concrete templates or even “building blocks” reused directly in the new solution. This chapter discusses how ODPs, and in particular Content ODPs, can be used in ontology engineering. In particular, a specific ontology engineering methodology is presented, which was originally developed for supporting ODP use. However, this methodology, the eXtreme Design (XD), also has some characteristics that set it apart from most other ontology engineering methodologies, and which may be interesting to consider regardless of how much emphasis is put on the ODP usage. Towards the end of the chapter some XD use cases are also reported and discussed, as well as lessons learned from applying XD. The chapter is concluded through a summary and discussion about future work.

  • 4221.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Levashova, Tatiana
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Smirnov, Alexander
    Formation of Enterprise Networks for Collaborative Engineering2005In: Post-conference proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on Collaborative Engineering, Sopron (Hungary), 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4222.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Levashova, Tatiana
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Smirnov, Alexander
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics, JTH, Jönköping AI Lab (JAIL).
    Configuration of Dynamic SME Supply Chains Based on Ontologies2005In: Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing: Second International Conference on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 22-24, 2005. Proceedings / [ed] V. Marik, R. W. Brennan & M. Pechoucek, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2005, p. 246-256Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing implementation of agile and networked manufacturing, supply chain has entered a new phase, virtual supply chain. The phase is characterized by the integration of activities, operations, and functions carried out at different and geographically distributed supply chain stages. The paper proposes an approach to the configuration of a network of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) being integrated into a supply chain. The SME supply chain configuration is based on a shared domain ontology for supply chain management, offering the configuration task as a function of supply chain management. Principles of the development of the shared ontology and possible ways of matching between enterprise and domain ontologies are considered.

  • 4223.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Patterns in Ontology Engineering – Classification of Ontology Patterns2005In: ICEIS 2005: proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Miami, USA, May 25-28, 2005, 2005, p. 4-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Software Engineering, patterns are an accepted way to facilitate and support reuse. This paper focuses on patterns in the field of Ontology Engineering and proposes a classification scheme for ontology patterns. The scheme divides ontology patterns into five levels: Application Patterns, Architecture Patterns, Design Patterns, Semantic Patterns, and Syntactic Patterns. Semantic and Syntactic Patterns are quite well-researched but the higher levels of pattern abstraction are so far almost unexplored. To illustrate the possibilities of patterns on

    these levels some examples are discussed, together with ideas of future work.

  • 4224.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, KurtJönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.Scharffe, FrancoisSvatek, Vojtek
    Proceedings of the Workshop on Ontology Patterns (WOP 2009): at 8th International Semantic Web Conference, Washington D.C., October 25-29, 20092009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    High-quality and reusable ontologies are considered as key element of the Semantic Web and for successful semantic applications. Ontology Design Patterns (ODPs) are addressing these quality and reusability issues by providing different types of patterns supporting ontology designers. ODPs are collected in various repositories, such as the catalogue maintained by the University of Manchester and the ODP portal at small and do not cover all types of patterns and all domains. Semantic Web applications could also benefit from additional types of patterns, such as enterprise model patterns and specialized software patterns for semantic applications.

    Patterns are an approach to knowledge reuse that proved feasible and very beneficial in various areas, such as software engineering and data modeling. Reuse has been an important research subject in ontology engineering and the semantic web community for many years. Patterns need to be shared by a community in order to provide a common language and stimulate pattern usage and development. Hence, the aim of this workshop was twofold

    - providing an arena for proposing and discussing good practices, patterns, pattern-based ontologies, systems etc

    - broadening the pattern community that will develop its own “language” for discussing and describing relevant problems and their solutions.

    The workshop included a track for research papers addressing various aspects of ontology patterns and investigating application areas, and a pattern track focusing on presentation and discussion of actual ontology patterns.

  • 4225.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Constructing an Enterprise Ontology for an Automotive Supplier2006In: Proceedings of 12th IFAC Symposium on Information Control Problems in Manufacturing, Saint-Etienne, France, May 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents experiences and conclusions from ontology engineering applied in the automotive suppliers domain. The work focuses on construction of enterprise ontologies to support structuring of enterprise information and knowledge management. Two methods for ontology construction, developed by previous research activities, were used in parallel when developing an ontology for a company in automotive supplier industries. One method is automatic and the other method is a manual approach. A conclusion was that the developed ontologies complemented each other well and therefore the decision was made to combine them for use in the project. The resulting ontology will now be used in the coming development of a pilot application.

  • 4226.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Constructing an enterprise ontology for an automotive supplier2008In: Engineering applications of artificial intelligence, ISSN 0952-1976, E-ISSN 1873-6769, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 386-397Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents experiences and conclusions from ontology engineering applied in the automotive suppliers domain. The work focuses on construction of enterprise ontologies to support structuring of enterprise information and knowledge management. Two methods for ontology construction, developed by previous research activities, were used in parallel when developing an ontology for a company in automotive supplier industries. One method is automatic and the other method is a manual approach. A conclusion was that the developed ontologies complemented each other well and therefore the decision was made to merge them for use in the project. The resulting ontology will now be used in several pilot applications.

  • 4227.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Comparing and Evaluating Ontology Construction in an Enterprise Context2008In: Enterprise Information Systems: 8th International Conference, ICEIS 2006, Paphos, Cyprus, May 23-27, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer , 2008, Vol. 3, p. 221-240Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Structuring enterprise information and supporting knowledge management is a growing application field for enterprise ontologies. Research work presented in this paper focuses on construction of enterprise ontologies. In an experiment, two methods were used in parallel when developing an ontology for a company in automotive supplier industries. One method is based on automatic ontology construction, the other method is a manual approach based on cookbook-like instructions. The paper compares and evaluates the methods and their results. For ontology evaluation, selected approaches were combined including both evaluation by ontology engineers and evaluation by domain experts. The main conclusion is that the compared methods have different strengths and an integration of both developed ontologies and used methods should be investigated.

  • 4228.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Ontology Construction in an Enterprise context: Comparing and Evaluating two Approaches2006In: Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Paphos, Cyprus, May 2006, 2006, p. 8-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Structuring enterprise information and supporting knowledge management is a growing application field for enterprise ontologies. Research work presented in this paper focuses on construction of enterprise ontologies. In an experiment, two methods were used in parallel when developing an ontology for a company in automotive supplier industries. One method is based on automatic ontology construction, the other method is a manual approach based on cookbook-like instructions. The paper compares and evaluates the methods and their results. For ontology evaluation, selected approaches were combined including both evaluation by ontology engineers and evaluation by domain experts. The main conclusion is that the compared methods have different strengths and an integration of both developed ontologies and used methods should be investigated.

  • 4229.
    Blomqvist, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Edgar, Elin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    How do rewards motivate and attract employees?: A case study of a total rewards package within Willis Towers Watson2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4230.
    Blomqvist, Maja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Erickson, Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Barns delaktighet och inflytande i förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka barns delaktighet och inflytande över den fysiska inomhusmiljön i förskolan. Det som undersöks i studien är vilket utrymme barnen ges för delaktighet och inflytande i planering, beslutstagande och utformande av förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö, samt hur förskollärarna själva uppfattar barns delaktighet och inflytande i förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö. Studien bygger på en fenomenografisk kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer där utgångspunkten är det interaktionistiska och fenomenologiska perspektivet.Resultatet i studien visar på att grundläggande begrepp för att möjliggöra barns delaktighet och inflytande i förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö ärnärvarande och lyhördhet, föränderlig verksamhet, samt tillåtande och tillgänglighet. Resultatet visar också på att förskollärarna upplever en rädsla över att ge barnen för lite delaktighet och inflytande över förskolans fysiska inomhusmiljö.

  • 4231.
    Blomqvist, Mattias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Odin, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Barns och föräldrars upplevelser av barnsjuksköterskans bemötande inom barnonkologisk omvårdnad: 12 månader efter diagnostillfälle2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Around 250-300 children under the age of 15 years are diagnosed with cancer every year in Sweden. Childhood cancer was earlier seen as terminal, but with the progress in medicine today more and more children survive their cancer.  This has changed the perspective within the healthcare system radically. When a child is diagnosed with cancer the whole family is affected and in this chaotic situation a good caring approach by the pediatric nurce is of great importance. To be able to give the child and family a good caring approach and care the pediatric nurse is required to have competence and good comunication skills. A good teamwork between the pediatric nurse and the family is also important. The aim of this study was to describe children, two to five years of age, and their parents experiences of pediatric nurses caring approach within pediatric oncology, 12 months after diagnosis. The study is qualitative with a deductive apporach, where the interviews have been analyzed with a content analysis with help from Swanson’s caring theory. 12 children at the age of two to five years were included. The parentes participated as a complement to their children. The result indicates that the pediatric nurse caring approach is of great importance to the parents and childrens experience of well-beeing. Participation, availability and continuity, information and to have a child perspective were the most important aspects of a good caring approach. To create the best conditions for a good caring approach the pediatric nurse is required to make the whole family participate, to see the child as an individual and to have the right knowledge and qualification. More reaserch of children’s and family’s experiences of pediatric nurses caring approach is needed, not just in pediatric oncology but in pediatric care in general. 

  • 4232.
    Blomqvist Zampi, Martina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Avbrott i elöverföringen: en analys av rättsförhållandet mellan elhandelsbolaget och konsumenten mot bakgrund av bestämmelserna avseende konsumentens avtalsbrott2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Electricity supply is one of society's most vital functions and electricity is daily consumed by consumers. To be supplied with electricity the consumer must enter into a contract agreement with the electricity trading company. The contract imposes the consumer to pay for the consumed electricity. If the consumer neglects to pay the electricity trading compa-ny may be, in accordance with chapter 11 The Electricy Act and the contract, entitled to discontinue the electricity transmission. Before the company terminates the electricity transmission certain conditions must be met. These conditions are part of the consumer protection on the electricity market and consequently the electricity trading company is hindered from taking unfound disconnection. This protection consists of a set of condi-tions and for the disconnection to be justified all of those conditions must be met. An ex-ample of a condition that hinders the electricity company from pursuing disconnection is if the Social Welfare Board agrees to take on the liability for the electricity debt. In reality on-ly some economically vulnerable consumers are going to be affected by the provisions re-garding disconnection of transmission of electricity. In such cases the Social Welfare Boards’ commitment to pay is crucial for the consumers’ right to continuing consuming electricity. The Social Welfare Board grants the financial assistance as a last possible resort. Therefore only some of the most financially vulnerable consumers will be able to retain electricity, while others are deprived of this right.

    The Electricity Trading Company’s right to disconnect the transmission of electricity is en-sured already by law which means that the contract is superfluous. The Contracts’ basic function is to ensure that the consumer pays. Therefore the consumers’ obligation to pay should in an explicit manner be legislated.

  • 4233.
    Blomqvist Zampi, Martina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law.
    Bör regeln om anvisad leverantör revideras eller rent av avskaffas?: - Om avtalsslutet, kravet på garanterad elleverans och den s.k. supplier centric-modellen på elmarknaden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4234.
    Blomsterberg, Mathilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Zäther, Ebba
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Jag talar mycket allvarligt om att det bara är geniala människor som har ångest.”: En kritisk diskursanalys av psykisk ohälsa i livsstilspodcasten Fredagspodden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4235.
    Blomstrand, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Ekedahl, Susanne
    Rosenlund Primary Care Unit, Jönköping, 551 85, Sweden.
    Schmekel, Birgitta
    Division of Clinical Physiology, Department of Medicine and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University; and Department of Clinical Physiology, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bronchial responsiveness to dry air hyperventilation in smokers may predict decline in airway status using indirect methods2013In: Lung, ISSN 0341-2040, E-ISSN 1432-1750, Vol. 191, no 2, p. 183-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Disabling respiratory symptoms and rapid decline of lung function may occur in susceptible tobacco smokers. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) elicited by direct challenge methods predicts worse lung function outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether BHR to isocapnic hyperventilation of dry air (IHDA) was associated with rapid deterioration in airway status and respiratory symptoms.

    Methods

    One hundred twenty-eight smokers and 26 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals with no history of smoking were investigated. All subjects completed a questionnaire. Spirometry and impulse oscillometry (IOS) measurements were recorded before and after 4 min of IHDA. The tests were repeated after 3 years in 102 smokers and 11 controls.

    Results

    Eighty-five smokers (66 %) responded to the challenge with a ≥2.4-Hz increase in resonant frequency (F res), the cutoff limit defining BHR, as recorded by IOS. They had higher F res at baseline compared to nonresponding smokers [12.8 ± 3.2 vs. 11.5 ± 3.4 Hz (p < 0.05)] and lower FEV1 [83 ± 13 vs. 89 ± 13 % predicted (p < 0.05)]. Multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated that wheezing (odds ratio = 3.7, p < 0.01) and coughing (odds ratio = 8.1, p < 0.05) were significantly associated with hyperresponsiveness. An increase in F res was recorded after 3 years in responding smokers but not in nonresponders or controls. The difference remained when subjects with COPD were excluded.

    Conclusions

    The proportion of hyperresponsive smokers was unexpectedly high and there was a close association between wheezing and coughing and BHR. Only BHR could discriminate smokers with rapid deterioration of airway status from others.

  • 4236.
    Blomstrand, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. City Hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Engvall, Martin
    Linköping University.
    Festin, Karin
    Linköping University.
    Lindstrom, Torbjorn
    Linköping University.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköping University.
    Maret, Eva
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm.
    Nyström, Fredrik H.
    Linköping University.
    Maret-Ouda, John
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm.
    Östgren, Carl Johan
    Linköping University.
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköping University.
    Left ventricular diastolic function, assessed by echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging, is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events, superior to global left ventricular longitudinal strain, in patients with type 2 diabetes2015In: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, ISSN 2047-2404, E-ISSN 2047-2412, Vol. 16, no 9, p. 1000-1007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of the study was to determine whether left ventricular systolic function, in terms of global left ventricular longitudinal strain (GLS), and diastolic function, expressed as the ratio between early diastolic transmitral flow and mitral annular motion velocities (E/e'), can predict cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.

    Methods and results: We prospectively investigated 406 consecutive patients, aged 55-65 years, with diabetes mellitus, who participated in the CARDIPP study. Echocardiography, pulse pressure (pp), and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) were analysed. Twelve cases of myocardial infarction and seven cases of stroke were identified during the follow-up period of 67 +/- 17 months. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that E/e' was a strong predictor of cardiovascular events (hazards ratio 1.12; 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.18, P < 0.001). E/e' was prospectively associated with cardiovascular events independent of age, sex, GLS, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), pp, and HbA1c in multivariate analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that E/e' and HbA1c were the strongest predictors for cardiovascular events, both having an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.71 followed by LVEF with an AUC of 0.65 and GLS of 0.61. In a Kaplan-Meyer analysis, the cumulative probability of an event during the follow-up period was 8.6% for patients with an E/e' ratio >15 compared with 2.6% for patients with E/e' <= 15, P = 0.011.

    Conclusion: In middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes, E/e' is a strong predictor of myocardial infarction and stroke, comparable with HbA1c and superior to GLS and LVEF.

  • 4237.
    Blomstrand, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform. County Hospital Ryhov, Department of Clinical Physiology, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wijkman, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Internal Medicine and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Engvall, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nyström, Fredrik H.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Östgren, Carl Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Overweight and obesity impair left ventricular systolic function as measured by left ventricular ejection fraction and global longitudinal strain2018In: Cardiovascular Diabetology, ISSN 1475-2840, E-ISSN 1475-2840, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    Obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and heart failure but it is unclear to which extent it is related to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The aim of the study was to explore the effects of overweight and obesity on left ventricular systolic function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and a control group of non-diabetic persons.

    Methods

    We prospectively investigated 384 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 184 controls who participated in the CARDIPP and CAREFUL studies. The participants were grouped according to body mass index (normal weight < 25 kg/m2, overweight 25–29 kg/m2, and obesity ≥ 30 kg/m2). Echocardiography was performed at the beginning of the study and after 4-years in the patient group.

    Results

    Univariable and multivariable regression analysis revealed that variations in left ventricular ejection fraction, global longitudinal strain, left ventricular mass and diastolic function expressed as E/é (the ratio between early diastolic mitral flow and annular motion velocities) all are related to body mass index. The mean and standard deviation of left ventricular ejection fraction and global longitudinal strain values were 57% (8%) vs. − 18.6% (2.3%) for normal weight patients, 53% (8%) vs. − 17.5% (2.3%) for overweight, and 49% (9%) vs. − 16.2% (3.0%) for obese (p < 0.05 vs. p < 0.05). Corresponding results in the control group were 58% (6%) vs. − 22.3% (3.0%), 55% (7%) vs. − 20.8% (3.1%) and 54% (8%) − 19.6% (4.0%) (p < 0.05 vs. p < 0.05). Patients who gained weight from baseline to follow-up changed left ventricular ejection fraction (median and interquartile range) by − 1.0 (9.0) % (n = 187) and patients who lost weight changed left ventricular ejection fraction by 1.0 (10.0) % (n = 179) (p < 0.05).

    Conclusion

    Overweight and obesity impair left ventricular ejection fraction and global longitudinal strain in both patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-diabetic persons.

  • 4238.
    Blomström, Richard
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Lind, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Persson, Frida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Triggering Factors for Word-of-Mouth: A case ctudy of Tipp-Ex's viral marketing campaign2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this Bachelor Thesis is to explore what makes an interactive viral marketing campaign effective in terms of Word-of-Mouth.

    Background: With the growth of Internet, a new force of marketing has developed where the consumer is more involved in the marketing process. This thesis studies the underlying emotions and motivations of consumer incentives to engage in positive Word-of-Mouth, regarding an interactive viral marketing campaign.

    Method: In order to fulfil the purpose of this study a case study is performed. An inductive approach is followed and qualitative research in the form of a netnography and interviews are used to collect the empirical material that is required in order to answer the given research questions. The netnography was performed on Facebook and ten respondents from the netnographical study were invited to participate in interviews.

    Conclusion: Based on the frame of reference, a strong relationship was expected between certain emotions and the willingness to share or discuss Tipp-ex’s campaign. However, the results indicate that other variables such as Comprehension and Personalisation might have a greater effect on Word-of-Mouth incentives. Regarding motivations, Message- involvement was found to be the motivation that triggers a consumer to engage in Word-of-Mouth. 

  • 4239.
    Blomén, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    ”Språket är ju liksom hela vi på något sätt”: En kvalitativ studie om lärares uppfattningar av multimodalt lärande och estetiska lärprocesser i läsförståelseundervisningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the current curriculum, the students should be given the opportunity to process text through varied aesthetic expressions. Likewise, previous research demonstrates the significance of offering students different forms of expression to show comprehension. The aim of this qualitative interview study is therefore to clarify how active teachers in preschool class and grade 1-3 relate to multimodal and aesthetic text work as a tool in teaching reading comprehension. Data in the form of seven teacher interviews were analyzed with sociocultural theory as the starting point. The result of the study shows that the concept of multimodal learning and aesthetic learning processes are perceived as utilizing different modes of expressions that is seen either as a complement to or a further development of a content. The teachers perceive multimodal learning and aesthetic learning processes as a tool in teaching reading comprehension in various ways, including as a tool for bodily expression and development of imaginative ability. Aesthetic and multimodal text work is not given the same amount of space in in the teachers' teaching of reading comprehension, ranging from a continuous feature to sporadic occurrences. Still, the verbal and written language holds a superior role. The teachers identify different challenges when integrating aesthetic and multimodal text work, such as stress and lack of time.

  • 4240.
    Blomén, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Anderberg, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Läsförståelse och estetiska uttrycksformer: En litteraturstudie om sambandet mellan läsförståelse och multimodalt eller estetiskt textarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många elever uppvisar svårigheter i utvecklingen av sin läsförståelse, vilket är oroande då denna förmåga kan ses som avgörande för det fortsatta lärandet och ett fungerande samhällsliv. Både styrdokument och tidigare forskning belyser vikten av att erbjuda elever en variation av uttrycksformer att visa sin förståelse på, inklusive estetiska uttrycksformer såsom bild, drama och musik. Utifrån detta är syftet med denna studie att kartlägga eventuella samband mellan multimodala gestaltningar eller estetiska uttrycksformer och läsförståelse, genom att presentera och analysera tidigare forskning inom det didaktiska området. Följande frågeställning har formulerats för att uppnå syftet: 

      

    • Hur kan multimodalt eller estetiskt textarbete relateras till läsförståelse enligt didaktisk forskning? 

    • Hur ges multimodalt eller estetiskt textarbete utrymme i läsförståelseundervisningen? 

     

    Litteraturstudien utgår från nationell och internationell forskning bestående av vetenskapliga artiklar, bokkapitel och en doktorsavhandling. Resultatet visar att multimodalt eller estetiskt textarbete kan utveckla elevers läsförståelse genom att bland annat främja ökat engagemang, inkluderande undervisning samt elevers meningsskapande och föreställningsförmåga. Det framgår också att lärare ser fördelar med estetiska uttrycksformer i undervisningen, men att de trots det har en underordnad roll i jämförelse med skriften. Detta tycks bero på att de estetiska uttrycksformerna upplevs som svårbedömda, vilket leder till en osäkerhet bland lärarna och ett minskat utrymme för estetiska uttrycksformer i undervisningen. 

  • 4241. Blum, U.
    et al.
    Haynes, K
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Regional and Urban Effects of High Speed Trains: Introduction to the Special Issue1997In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4242.
    Blumenkehl, Roberth
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Magnfält, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Törnblom, Marcus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Strategic thinking of Swedish TV production companies: How do they cope with change?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish TV production  is  facing great challenges  today and actors on  the market have  to  strategize  to cope with  these changes. This  thesis explores what  strategies are used,  how  they  are  formed,  and what  parameters  are  focused  on when  analyzing  the market  and  industry,  from  a  company  perspective. Consequently,  the  purpose  of  this thesis  is  to  investigate  how  Swedish  TV  production  companies  think  strategically  to cope with emerging market changes. The method used to collect data was semi-structured interviews. In order to retrieve ac-curate and reliable information we conducted four interviews. Three of these interviews were  done with  actors within  the market. To  ensure  an  accurate market  picture, with high  trustworthiness, we  interviewed one  large,  one medium  and one  small  company. Finally, we  interviewed an  independent market consultant, who provided an additional perspective. After having analyzed  the material  from each  interview we  later on com-pared the findings in a cross case analysis, in order to draw general conclusions. Our research and findings indicate that Swedish TV production companies mainly keep track of social trends, industry demand, the factors of the SWOT analysis, and the bar-gaining  power  of  buyers  in  order  to  plan  and  form  their  strategies. Additionally,  our findings  indicate  that Swedish TV production companies mainly use: a differentiation strategy and international strategic alliances. Moreover, we have also found that if Swe-dish TV production companies belong to an international conglomerate, they use this to their advantage.

  • 4243.
    Blunck, Erskin
    et al.
    Nürtingen-Geislingen University, Germany.
    Gillpatrick, Tom
    Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA.
    Weigert, Verena
    Nürtingen-Geislingen University, Germany.
    Pantelic, Darko
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    A comparison between future German and U.S. decision makers attitudes toward sustainability2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4244.
    Bluyssen, Philomena M.
    et al.
    TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Delft, Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Delft, Netherlands.
    van Dommelen, Paula
    TNO Quality of life, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Comfort of workers in office buildings: The European HOPE project2011In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 280-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that building, social and personal factors can influence one's perceived health and comfort. The aim of the underlying study was to get a better understanding of the relationships between these factors and perceived comfort. Self-administered questionnaires from 5732 respondents in 59 office buildings and building-specific data from the European Health Optimisation Protocol for Energy-efficient buildings (HOPE) study were used. Principal Component Analysis (PCA), reliability analyses, and linear regression analysis were performed. The outcome showed that perceived comfort is strongly influenced by several personal, social and building factors and that their relationships are complex. Results showed that perceived comfort is much more than the average of perceived indoor air quality, noise, lighting and thermal comfort responses. Perceived comfort is a phenomenon that deserves more research.

  • 4245.
    Blyhagen Lindroos, Angelika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ätsvårigheter hos patienter med demenssjukdom: En empirisk undersökning baserad på sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Undernourishment is a widespread problem in patients with cognitive failure and dementia at the retirement homes. Most elderly people who live in special homes are fed up with some energy-generating nutrients and thus risk the development of malnutrition.

    Aim: To describe nurses' experience of giving nursing care to dementia patients with eating disorders at the retirement homes.

    Method: Qualitative interviews with ten nurses in a large city in central Sweden, informants were selected through a strategic selection. The interviews have been processed with qualitative content analysis based on Graneheim and Lundman (2004; 2008).

    Result: Nurses felt that they first needed to chart the patients' problems and needs. By providing extra nutritional food and tailoring food, nurses can influence the nutritional intake of patients. It was important that the meals were seen as a nice moment and that it was something the patients could look forward to.

    Conclusion: Nurses could influence patients' food intake by participating in the food intake situation. Raising nutrition in an organization that lifting the meal's importance as an activity could contribute to a general improvement in patient malnutrition and/or eating disorders.

  • 4246.
    Blåberg, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Niemi, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Det är lätt att lära om man sjunger på något vis": En studie om hur sex förskollärare beskriver musik som ett pedagogiskt redskap2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur sex förskollärare beskriver musik som ett pedagogisk redskap i deras verksamhet. De frågeställningar som tas upp är:

    - Hur beskriver förskollärare att de utövar musik i förskolan?

    - Hur beskriver förskollärare musikens betydelse för barns utveckling?

    Vi har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie med intervjuer som metod för att förstå förskollärarnas egna erfarenheter och åsikter i ämnet.

    Resultatet visar att musik är en viktig del i förskolans verksamhet. Barnen använder musik i sin lek och spontansången är ett vanligt inslag som används vid exempelvis blöjbyten och påklädning. Musiken kan användas för att göra tråkiga stunder roliga, men också som ett hjälpmedel att fånga barns intresse och koncentration för att lära sig nya saker. Musik förbättrar barnens motorik, kroppsuppfattning och koordination. Musik har också stor betydelse för barnens språkutveckling, då den tycks ha en satsmelodi som är lättare att förstå och härma. Den glädje, gemenskap och rytm som uppstår i musikutövandet tillsammans är en orsak till att språket främjas. Musik kan också ge barnen möjlighet att bli delaktiga i aktiviteter och förskollärarna framhäver att barn tycker om musik, de blir glada av den och vill ha musik i sin vardag.

  • 4247.
    Blåbäck, Ludvig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Khalil, Gilbert
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling av CBC Strap Cutter: Genom att möjliggöra en viss materialseparation tillsammans med en förenklad tömningsprocess2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - In this thesis a further development of Cyklop Teknik AB's existing product, CBC Strap Cutter, has been developed. The product is a machine that cuts packaging tape to reduce the amount space the waste takes up, especially during waste transports. Some problem areas had been revealed after the market introduction of the product. One of these problems was that several unnecessary steps had to be performed before the waste bin could be emptied. One of these step was lifting the machine from the waste bin who also acted as a rack of sorts. A material sorting function, for plastics and ferromagnetic metals, was also requested by Cyklop Teknik AB.

    Method – The work has been performed by completing a concept study. First a requirement specification [appendix 1] and a Gantt chart [appendix 3] was developed to provide a benchmark for what should be done and when. The work that followed thereafter was a competitive analysis supplemented by a pre-study. The purpose of these studies was to observe how the competitors and related industries had solved these and related problems. Results from the studies that was performed made it clear that no competitor had a similar product that could sort the materials. Brainstorming was thereafter performed to develop new ideas as a help to solve the aforementioned problems and to generate new concepts. Furthermore, the most appropriate concepts was selected through direct feedback from Cyklop Teknik AB among others and a method called "Concept Scoring Matrix". Finally one concept remained and was further developed in a CAD environment, specifically in SolidWorks.

    Results - The final result was a concept that had been divided into different sub-components. These were cutting machine, separation module, rack and waste bin. The cutting machine was the part cut up the input material. This in turn was kept as close to the original machine as possible and only acquired minor adjustments. In doing so Cyklop Teknik AB's manufacturing processes could remain similar as they have been. A module was developed for the separation, it in turn was constructed with a spinning magnetic tube. The reason for this was that it would give the company possibility of selling the concept with or without the sorting module and its function. At the same time the module could be adapted and sold for other areas where fast sorting of said material would need to be performed. A rack has also been developed to simplify the vacating of the waste bin that was a critical part of the work. In doing so there would be no unnecessary moments that had to be performed. A waste bin was also designed with both wheels and forklift slots to facilitate emptying and offer great opportunities for the user. A single emptying process was developed and made it possible to empty the waste bin when it would be hoisted by a forklift.

    Restrictions - This project has only developed a prototype in CAD that in turn could be developed further. The reason for this was the short time frame that was allocated for the thesis. No simulations or computations were either performed to validate and optimize the concept in each area. Likewise, it was because of the short time frame. No customer study has been conducted, the work has instead been based on the information received from the Cyklop Teknik AB.

  • 4248.
    BO, PINGJING
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    MOTIVATIONS FOR LEVERAGED BUYOUTS: SYNERGY, AGENCY AND HUBRIS2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4249.
    Bo, Pingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Disclosure-based price discrimination by information exchange platforms2017In: Information Economics and Policy, ISSN 0167-6245, E-ISSN 1873-5975, Vol. 41, p. 54-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers often face a trade off when considering whether to share more information with firms - for example, by letting an app access their list of contacts, location or browsing history. More precise information can help the sellers to make more targeted offers, and can yield multiple relevant offers and lower prices. However, information disclosure can entail costs via identity theft, fraud, extortion etc. In this paper, we explore this trade-off in a model in which a monopoly platform can gather personal customer information, and offer it to other sellers. The consumers differ relatively to their aversion to information disclosure, and the platform can offer them menus with different disclosure levels. In equilibrium, options featuring greater disclosure levels command a premium, and information about the consumers choosing them is sold to the sellers at a lower price. If we compare scenarios with alternative menus, a greater number of options corresponds to a greater average disclosure level and a greater surplus. If the potential surplus from the induced exchanges is relatively large, equilibrium with a binary menu features levels of the platform’s profit and the surplus close to those achieved with a continuum of offers.

  • 4250.
    Bo, Pingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Informative transactions, disclosure and privacy2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates a model in which a monopolist obtains information about her customers’ preferences by delivering her product, and can disclose the same information to other sellers, at a price. More refined information is a more effective facilitator of further exchanges, and boosts competition among the sellers using it, but entails a greater nuisance for the consumers. The actual nuisance implied by any given disclosure level differs across consumers. The monopolist makes two alternative offers. In equilibrium, the prices can induce too many consumers to choose the low disclosure-offer, the disclosure levels can be inconsistent with surplus maximization, and the average disclosure level is lower than the surplus-maximizing one. A lower proportional participation of the monopolist in the profits from the induced exchanges typically entails more differentiated disclosure levels; the response of the average level is non-monotonic. The high disclosure-offer can feature a higher price, due to the higher probability of further trade and to the more intense competition among the sellers.

82838485868788 4201 - 4250 of 29623
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