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  • 4101.
    Björndahl, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Elektroniskt röstningsförfarande - i konflikt med rättssäkerhets- och integritetsaspekter?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today we live in a society that is becoming increasingly modern and the development of various technologies is therefore quicken to advance. Some exemples are the possibility to perform Internet banking and submit declaration. These are sensistive and personal issues; by new techniques it has become possible. The next step of such technology progression may be the potential to vote electronically. This in turn leads to the main purpose of this essay, which is to investigate the possibility of an electronic voting procedure, and if it is in accordance with the regulation about the free, confidential and direct elections as provided in the constitution. Existing legislation contains detailed procedures on how the voting will occur and how the free, confidential and direct elections should be maintained. The most challenging problem is subsequently how the confidential elections can be guaranteed. In order to answer the purpose and investigation of existing law and the various proposals on electronic voting different sources of the law is used in a hierarchical order. Secondly the experience of electronic elections in Norway and Finland is analysed, and lastly the recommendation of a common standard for e-voting by the Council of Europe is being analysed. With this premise, it is appropriate to discuss how future regulatory context should be developed.

    In the current situation electronic elections, internet voting and e-voting in the voting room, is not sufficient and legally secure, as there are too broad queries and demand about how the free and confidential elections should be maintained. Nonetheless, there is a possibility that e-voting in a voting room may be established in the future. It is still unclear whether solidarity, integrity and incorruptibility may become legal values as the secure system we use today.

  • 4102.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Composite Manufacturing: How Improvement Work Might Lead to Renewed Product Validation2012In: Proceedings of the 5th International Swedish Production Symposium / [ed] Mats Björkman, 2012, p. 505-513Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-performance polymer composites are mainly used in applications where the benefits of high strength and low weight justify the high material and manufacturing costs. Many of these applications are found today in the aerospace, space and defense industries. Most of today’s commonly used manufacturing methods within this area are highly labor intensive. Furthermore, the quality requirements from the customers require a high level of process control. The purpose of this paper is to explore how changes that are introduced in order to improve productivity in a manufacturing system are managed, particularly with regard to who takes the decision to implement a change and how a change is validated. The study is based on qualitative interviews performed at several companies that manufacture composite components for the aerospace, space and defense sectors. The findings show that the responsibility for deciding to implement a change and the need for validating it are based on many diverse and interconnected factors. Therefore, it is difficult to construct guidelines for early assessment of the scope and cost of a proposed change. Hence each individual change request must be evaluated on its own. The study also shows that the validation process can be adapted to a level that is based on the type of change. In addition, it highlights that control over process parameters in manufacturing is essential.

  • 4103.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Alexandersson, Dan
    GKN Aerospace Applied Composites AB.
    Three-Dimensional Ultrasonic Cutting of RTM-Preforms – A Part of a High Volume Production System2013In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Composite Materials, 28th July - 2nd August 2013, Montreal, Canada: Composite Materials:The Great Advance / [ed] Suong Van Hoa & Pascal Hubert, Electronic Publishing BytePress.com , 2013, p. 8960-8969Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The process parameters for an automated, three-dimensional ultrasonic cutting process of RTM-preforms are examined in order to find how they affect the cutting quality.

  • 4104.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Thuswaldner, Michael
    RUAG Space AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Automated Composite Manufacturing Using Off-the-shelf Automation Equipment – A Case from the Space Industry2014In: Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Composite Materials, 22nd-26th June 2014, Seville, Spain, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel approach to the manufacturing of composite products using off-the-shelf automation equipment is explored in this article. A manufacturing concept for a specific product is developed and analyzed, from a technical perspective, in order to find areas where off-the-shelf automation equipment can be used. The article also highlights areas where case-specific solutions need to be developed. In this particular case, off-the-shelf automation equipment can be used for most of the tasks that the manufacturing system needs to perform. The most challenging process is identified as the application of adhesive. The manufacturing concept described in the article shows that it is possible to build a system for the manufacturing of composite components using a high degree of off-the-shelf automation equipment.

  • 4105.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Jonsson, Marie
    Swerea Sicomp, Compraser Labs, Bröderna Ugglas Gata hus 208B, 58188 Linköping, Sweden.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Automated material handling in compostie manufacturing using pick-and-place systems - a review2018In: Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, ISSN 0736-5845, E-ISSN 1879-2537, Vol. 51, p. 222-229Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing use of fiber reinforced polymer composites follows a natural pursuit for more rational and effective manufacturing. Robotic pick-and-place systems can be used to automate handling of a multitude of materials used in the manufacturing of composite parts. There are systems developed for automated layup of prepreg, dry fibers and thermoplastic blanks as well as to handle auxiliary materials used in manufacturing. The aim of this paper is to highlight the challenges associated with automated handling of these materials and to analyze the main design principles that have been employed for pick-and-place systems in terms of handling strategy, reconfigurability, gripping technology and distribution of gripping points etc. The review shows that it is hard to find generic solutions for automated material handling due to the great variety in material properties. Few cases of industrial applications in full-scale manufacturing could be identified.

  • 4106.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Jonsson, Marie
    Swerea Sicomp, Compraser Labs.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Automation of Composite Manufacturing Using Off-the-shelf Solutions, Three Cases from the Aerospace Industry2015In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Composite Materials, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increased use of composite materials follows a need for rational, cost-efficient manufacturing processes. This paper explores how off-the-shelf solutions, developed for other purposes than composite manufacturing, can be used to build systems for automated composite manufacturing. Three demonstrators, each of them dealing with a specific type of material and all of them representing different manufacturing technologies for automated composite manufacturing, are presented and analyzed to find aspects that affect the ability to use off-the-shelf solutions. The three demonstrators target low to medium manufacturing volumes of complex products and they have been developed in collaboration with industrial partners within the aerospace industry. The conclusions drawn from the development of the demonstrators are that it is technically feasible to use off-the-shelf solutions in the three cases while adhering to the high quality standards of the industry. Furthermore three groups of aspects, quality aspects, product aspects and system aspects, which affect the ability to use off-the-shelf solutions for automated composite manufacturing, are identified.

  • 4107.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Jonsson, Marie
    Swerea SICOMP.
    Lindbäck, Jan Erik
    Saab Aerostructures.
    Åkermo, Malin
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Robot-Forming of Prepreg Stacks ‐ Development of Equipment and Methods2016In: Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM17), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the aerospace industry the manufacturing of composite components with complex shapes, such as spars, ribs and beams are often manufactured using manual layup and forming of prepreg material. Automated processes for prepreg layup and efficient forming techniques like vacuum forming are sometimes difficult to employ to these type of products due to technical limitations. This paper describes the development of tools and the forming sequence needed to automate sequential forming of a complex shape using an industrial robot. Plane prepreg stacks are formed to the final shape using a dual-arm industrial robot equipped with rolling tools. Tests show that the developed tools and the employed sequence can be used to form stacks to the desired shape with acceptable quality.

  • 4108.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Industriell Produktion.
    Lindbäck, Jan Erik
    Saab Aerostructures.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Automated Removal of Prepreg Backing Paper - A Sticky Problem2013In: Proceedings of the SAE 2013, Aerotech Congress and Exhibition, 24th-26th September 2013, Montreal,Canada, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Automated solutions for manufacturing composite products based on prepreg often imply Automatic Fiber Placement or Automatic Tape Laying. These systems are generally associated with huge investments. For certain manufacturing applications it is interesting to investigate alternatives to find simpler and less costly automation. One example of an automated system could be the use of a standard industrial robot to pick single prepreg plies from an automated cutting machine and stack them to form a plane laminate. This paper is based on a case illustrating a product from the aircraft manufacturing industry. The case will demonstrate a pick and place concept on a general level and illustrate challenges that must be solved. The challenge selected to be the main focus for this paper is an automated process for backing paper removal. A literature review of different gripping technologies reveals several interesting technologies, and the most promising are tested for backing paper removal. The tests show that an automated removal process can be designed by using standard vacuum grippers in combination with mechanical clamping grippers. In order to lift the backing paper with a vacuum gripper an initial separation between the backing paper and prepreg is needed. This separation is most easily mechanically induced by bending the material. The proposed solution for automatic backing paper removal can be integrated in a manufacturing cell for manufacturing of the studied product.

  • 4109.
    Björnsund, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Grundström, Frida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Impact of Affirmative Action on Employees' attitudes towards equality: To BBBEE or not to BBBEE? A field study in South Africa2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background- South Africa, the most southern country at the African continent as the name depicts, is a country where Apartheid has prevailed the historical and contemporary landscape of the nation.  The era of Apartheid, being a system of discrimination and segregation, produced racial imbalances within the South African society and polices of affirmative action was enforced as an attempt to redress the racial inequalities.

    Purpose- By studying a distinctive type of affirmative action in a historically ethnically distressed context (organizations in South Africa), the purpose of this thesis was to receive insight on what impact affirmative action has on employees’ attitudes towards equality. The purpose was divided into two research questions to get an understanding of the implications that shape employees’ attitudes. The first research area aimed to identify and investigate which key factors are influencing employees’ attitudes towards affirmative action. The second research area considered the underlying cause of affirmative action and thereby investigated what impact affirmative action has on individuals’ as well as groups’ attitudes towards equality.

    Method- In order to fulfill the purpose of this thesis we used a qualitative method approach.  The approach adopted for the qualitative study was a constructivist grounded theory approach and the research has been performed with both an inductive and a deductive approach. The empirical material has been gathered through in-depth semi-structured interviews with eight employees at four different multinational companies operating in South Africa, by informal interviews with individuals in South Africa and through parallel observations. 

    Results and Conclusion- We provide five key factors that influence employees’ attitudes towards affirmative action; organizational culture, top management support, incentive for teams versus individual performance, prior experience of diversity and cultural artifacts. Furthermore, we present a three-step model on how intergroup contact can impact employees’ attitudes towards equality. We found that increased exposure towards diversity, through group interactions, can decrease employees’ negative prejudices, evaluations of other groups and thus enable an understanding that can help create a more positive attitude towards equality.

    Practical Implications- The key influencing factors identified in this study will help increase the knowledge of how to manage affirmative action within organizations. The findings can help managers and business leaders dealing with the implementation and management of affirmative action, both for their own understanding as well as in terms of guiding their employees on their approach toward affirmative action programs.

  • 4110.
    Blaakilde, Anne Leonora
    et al.
    Region Zealand.
    Wilinska, MonikaJönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).Mosberg Iversen, SaraUniversity of Southern Denmark.
    Special issue: Growing old with and via media. MedieKultur: Journal of media and communication research, 33(63)2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4111.
    Black, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Görman, Petra
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Podcasting a new communication strategy: Determining success factors for podcasting and audio-marketing campaigns.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of the information overload in today’s world and the occurred technology-shift, consumers started to pull content they perceive as valuable, and simultaneously getting more reluctant to traditional marketing content. Ideally, content is portable and therefore, time shifting is enabled. With the rise of social media, there are more options for companies to communicate with consumers. One alternative is audio-marketing, more specifically podcasts. Consumers are getting more and more health conscious, and interested in the topic of nutrition. Therefore, the demand for information within that field is increasing. Consequently, consumers increasingly retrieve health and nutrition content via social media tools. Therefore, it can be recommended for companies within that sector to consider podcasts as a communication tool. It can be beneficial for the companies to understand podcast success factors in order to operate with the medium in the right way and tailor audio content to the target audience's needs.

  • 4112.
    Black, Melissa H.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Chen, Nigel T.M.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Iyer, Kartik K.
    School of Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Lipp, Ottmar V.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Bölte, Sven
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Tan, Tele
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Mechanisms of facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: Insights from eye tracking and electroencephalography2017In: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, ISSN 0149-7634, E-ISSN 1873-7528, Vol. 80, p. 488-515Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While behavioural difficulties in facial emotion recognition (FER) have been observed in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), behavioural studies alone are not suited to elucidate the specific nature of FER challenges in ASD. Eye tracking (ET) and electroencephalography (EEG) provide insights in to the attentional and neurological correlates of performance, and may therefore provide insight in to the mechanisms underpinning FER in ASD. Given that these processes develop over the course of the developmental trajectory, there is a need to synthesise findings in regard to the developmental stages to determine how the maturation of these systems may impact FER in ASD. We conducted a systematic review of fifty-four studies investigating ET or EEG meeting inclusion criteria. Findings indicate divergence of visual processing pathways in individuals with ASD. Altered function of the social brain in ASD impacts the processing of facial emotion across the developmental trajectory, resulting in observable differences in ET and EEG outcomes. 

  • 4113.
    Black, Melissa H.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia .
    Mahdi, Soheil
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Centre for Psychiatry Research; Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet & Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Milbourn, Benjamin
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia .
    Thompson, Craig
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia .
    D'Angelo, Axel
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Centre for Psychiatry Research; Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet & Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Ström, Eva
    Swedish Public Employment Service, Unit for Rehabilitation and Work, Hallunda-Norsborg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia .
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Pain and Rehabilitation Centre. Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden .
    Lerner, Matthew
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA..
    Halladay, Alycia
    Autism Science Foundation, New York, USA.
    Gerber, Alan
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA..
    Esposito, Christopher
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA..
    Girdler, Sonya
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia .
    Bölte, Sven
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Curtin Autism Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia; Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Centre for Psychiatry Research; Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet & Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Perspectives of Key Stakeholders on Employment of Autistic Adults across the United States, Australia and Sweden2019In: Autism Research, ISSN 1939-3792, E-ISSN 1939-3806, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite efforts to improve employment outcomes for autistic individuals, internationally their employment rates remain low. There is a need to better understand the factors influencing successful employment for autistic adults in the labor market from the perspectives of multiple keystakeholders. This study represents the second in a series of papers conducted as part of an International Society for Autism Research policy brief aimed at improving employment outcomes for autistic individuals. A community consultation methodology using focus groups, forums, and interviews was applied with autistic individuals (n = 19), family members (n = 18), service providers (n = 21), employers (n = 11), researchers (n = 5), and advocacy group representatives (n = 5) in Australia, Sweden, and the United States, aiming to identify the factors perceived to determine gaining and maintaining employment for autistic individuals. Directed content analysis, guided by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), was conducted to investigate the key factors influencing employment outcomes for autistic individuals. Meaningful verbal concepts, or units of text with common themes, were also derived from the qualitative data and then linked and compared to the ICF Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Core-sets. Across countries, activity and participation and environmental factor categories of the ICF were the most associated with employment outcomes. Results suggest that removal of environmental barriers and enhancing environmental facilitators may assist to remediate ASD-related difficulties in the workplace.

    LAY SUMMARY: This study sought to understand the perspectives of autistic individuals and key stakeholders on factors influencing if autistic adults get and keep jobs. Across Australia, Sweden, and the UnitedStates, focus groups and interviews were conducted to understand international perspectives on what helps and hinders getting and keeping a job for autistic individuals. The environment, including supports, relationships, attitudes, and services, were perceived to be the most important for workplace success. Intervention targeting barriers and facilitators in the workplace environment may support autistic adults to be successful in the labor market.

  • 4114.
    Black, Melissa H.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Tang, Julia S. Y.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Morris, Susan
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Disembedding performance and eye gaze behavior of adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder2019In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 66, article id 101417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Atypical visual perception in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) may contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks. Gaze behavior has provided some insights in to mechanisms underlying this purported superiority in children, however evidence is limited and requires additional investigation.

    Method: The performance and gaze behavior of 27 adolescents with ASD and 27 matched typically developing (TD) peers were examined during the Figure Ground Subtest of the Test of Visual Perception Skills-third edition (TVPS-3).

    Results: Compared to their TD counterparts, adolescents with ASD were no different in accuracy, however, had a longer response time. Differences in gaze behavior were also observed, characterized by adolescents with ASD spending less time viewing the incorrect and target figures, and spending a greater proportion of time viewing irrelevant areas of the stimuli compared to TD adolescents.

    Conclusions: Results suggest that while altered visual perception was observed, this did not contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks in adolescents with ASD. Future research is required to elucidate conditions under which altered visual perception may contribute to behavioral superiority. 

  • 4115. Blackwell, R. W. N.
    et al.
    Lowton, K.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Grudzen, C.
    Grocott, P.
    Using Experience-based Co-design with older patients, their families and staff to improve palliative care experiences in the Emergency Department: A reflective critique on the process and outcomes2017In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 68, p. 83-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Increasing use of emergency departments among older patients with palliative needs has led to the development of several service-level interventions intended to improve care quality. There is little evidence of patient and family involvement in developmental processes, and little is known about the experiences of − and preferences for – palliative care delivery in this setting. Participatory action research seeking to enable collaborative working between patients and staff should enhance the impact of local quality improvement work but has not been widely implemented in such a complex setting.

    Objectives

    To critique the feasibility of this methodology as a quality improvement intervention in complex healthcare settings, laying a foundation for future work. Setting an Emergency Department in a large teaching hospital in the United Kingdom.

    Methods

    Experience-based Co-design incorporating: 150 h of nonparticipant observation; semi-structured interviews with 15 staff members about their experiences of palliative care delivery; 5 focus groups with 64 staff members to explore challenges in delivering palliative care; 10 filmed semi-structured interviews with palliative care patients or their family members; a co-design event involving staff, patients and family members.

    Findings

    The study successfully identified quality improvement priorities leading to changes in Emergency Department-palliative care processes. Further outputs were the creation of a patient-family-staff experience training DVD to encourage reflective discussion and the identification and application of generic design principles for improving palliative care in the Emergency Department. There were benefits and challenges associated with using Experience-based Co-design in this setting. Benefits included the flexibility of the approach, the high levels of engagement and responsiveness of patients, families and staff, and the impact of using filmed narrative interviews to enhance the ‘voice’ of seldom heard patients and families. Challenges included high levels of staff turnover during the 19 month project, significant time constraints in the Emergency Department and the ability of older patients and their families to fully participate in the co-design process.

    Conclusion

    Experience-based Co-design is a useful approach for encouraging collaborative working between vulnerable patients, family and staff in complex healthcare environments. The flexibility of the approach allows the specific needs of participants to be accounted for, enabling fuller engagement with those who typically may not be invited to contribute to quality improvement work. Recommendations for future studies in this and similar settings include testing the ‘accelerated' form of the approach and experimenting with alternative ways of increasing involvement of patients/families in the co-design phase. 

  • 4116.
    Bladh, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Magnusson, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Layout och flöden på Pan Nordic Logistics framtida terminal2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Pan Nordic Logistics (PNL) är ett logistikföretag som skickar gods inom huvudsakligen Norden men även övriga världen. PNL erbjuder olika

    logistiklösningar för företag och deras kunder.

    En av PNL:s godsterminaler är lokaliserad i Jönköping. Terminalen i Jönköping är inte anpassad efter dagens verksamhet. Godsmängden ökar ständigt och det råder platsbrist på terminalen. Dessa faktorer skapar ett behov av den framtida terminalen.

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att underlätta PNL:s expansion genom ett väl genomtänkt förslag på hur den framtida terminalen kan se ut. Tyngdpunkten i arbetet ligger på hur terminalen på bästa sätt utformas ur layout- och flödessynpunkt.

    Insamling av data har skett genom observationer, intervjuer och mätningar. För att vidare underbygga arbetet har litteraturstudier genomförts. Förslaget på den framtida terminalens utformning har utarbetats genom skalenliga skisser i CAD.

    För att arbeta fram ett förslag är det nödvändigt att samla in relevant data om befintlig terminal. Den befintliga terminalens layout och flöde styrs i hög grad av sorteringsbanan som ligger centralt i lokalen. Sorteringsbanan har en flaskhals som stoppar upp flödet. Sorteringsbanan är tillsammans med portarna och den tidigare nämnda platsbristen, terminalens största svagheter.

    Vid utformning av förslaget av den framtida terminalen har hänsyn tagits till de krav, behov och förutsättningar som PNL ställt upp.

    Förslaget på den framtida terminalen innehåller en mängd förbättringar jämfört med den befintliga. Sorteringsbanan har förändrats för att minimera befintlig flaskhals. Den framtida terminalen har ett betydligt större antal portar med en genomtänkt struktur. Större ytor i den framtida terminalen innebär möjligheter till bredare transportgångar och smidigare godshantering. Vidare har terminalens layout utformats så att huvudgodsflödena kan passera centralt genom terminalen. Resultatet av skalenliga mätningar visar att interntransportsträckor för huvudgodsflödet blir kortare i den framtida terminalen.

  • 4117.
    Bladh, Madeleine
    et al.
    SWEREA SWECAST, Sweden.
    Matsushita, Taishi
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Interfacial reaction between Al-Si melts and pure Al substrate, and surface tension of Al-Si alloy2010In: Proceedings of INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MATERIALS IMPERATIVES IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM (MINM 2010), 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4118.
    Bladh, Madeleine
    et al.
    Swecast.
    Wessén, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting.
    Dahle, Arne Kristian
    The University of Queensland.
    Shear band formation in shaped rheocast aluminium component at various plunger velocities2010In: Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, ISSN 1003-6326, E-ISSN 2210-3384, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 1749-1755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Significant progress has been made in recent years in understanding and modelling the rheology of semi-solid metals. These models show the effects of the microstructure in terms of size and morphology of globules on the material response. More recently it has been shown that semi-solid metals can behave as compacted granular materials such as sand. A particular signature of such deformation is that the deformation becomes concentrated into shear bands which are 10-20 grains wide. Such bands have also been observed in a range of cast products. Recently, it has been clearly shown that shear bands in high pressure die cast (HPDC) products are also the results of Reynolds dilatancy. Shear bands are also known to be a common feature in semi-solid metal products. The segregation banding in semi-solid metal (SSM) material and its dependence of plunger velocity were investigated. Shaped castings were made with the RHEOMETAL™ process with a range of different plunger velocities. The microstructural characteristics were investigated, with a particular emphasis on shear bands. It is shown that ingate velocities influence the location and characteristics of the shear bands.

  • 4119.
    Bladh, Oskar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Henrekson, Hedvig
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Modée, Ida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Impact of Virtual Agents on Customer Loyalty in Major Swedish Banks2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background

    Since the emergence of digital banking, the financial sector has experienced a significant transformation in both how business is conducted and how services are provided to customers. Previous literature has examined how new technologies and the digitalization of banks' customer service affect customer loyalty. Although, since virtual agents acting as service providers in the banking sector is a relatively new phenomenon, there is limited research concerning the implications it will have on the bank-customer relationship. Hence, the novelty and relevance of the topic makes it interesting for further research. 

     

    Purpose

    Through the identified underlying factors affecting customer loyalty, the purpose of this study is to examine how customer loyalty will be affected by the implementation of virtual agents as service providers in major Swedish banks.

     

    Method

    This is a qualitative study, and the empirical data were collected from semi-structured in-depth interviews with bankers at four major Swedish banks, as well as with ten highly-educated customers who are frequent users of bank services.

     

    Findings

    The findings showed that virtual agents must affect customer service to a large extent to have a profound impact on customer loyalty. Virtual agents will be able to replace human bankers regarding simpler inquiries satisfyingly. On the other hand, the demand for personal interactions regarding more complex matters is found to be important. 

  • 4120.
    Blane, A.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, H. C.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, M.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Parsons, R.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    The cognitive and socio-demographic influences on driving performance and driving cessation in post-stroke drivers2016In: Advances in Transportation Studies, ISSN 1824-5463, no 38, p. 75-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Driving is a complex activity requiring highly integrated cognitive and perceptual functions that can be negatively affected following a stroke. The decision to continue or cease with driving after a stroke may not be exclusively dependent on deficits in cognitive and motor abilities. Instead, it is possible that social supports, alternative means of transportation, education level, income, self-regulation ability and the awareness of personal health problems may also influence the decision.

    Aim: The aim of this research was to explore the influence of personal and socioeconomic factors, in addition to existing cognitive impairment, on the decision of post-stroke adults to return to driving.

    Method: A case control design was employed to compare driving performance of 48 individuals who had experienced a stroke and 22 volunteer healthy control participants. Half of the post-stroke cohort (N=24) had continued driving and the other half had ceased driving. Socio-demographic and driving-related cognitive performance data were collected to characterise the comparison groups before driving performance was assessed in a driving simulator.

    Results: Overall, the post-stroke groups did not perform as well as the control participants in the cognitive and driving assessments. The perceived ability to drive after a stroke was not significantly correlated with participants'€™ actual driving ability. Post-stroke adults were more likely to continue driving if they reported having a tertiary level education and a greater income.

    Conclusion: The decision to return to driving after a stroke is a complicated, multifactorial process. This study confirms previous research, which found that cognition and driving performance are impaired poststroke. The findings also suggest that post-stroke drivers'€™ decision to return to driving was not linked to their ability to drive, but more to socio-demographic and environmental factors. Further screening tools and assessments to identify those at risk when returning to the road post-stroke are required. 

  • 4121.
    Blane, Alison
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe C.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Willstrand, Tania D.
    Human Factors, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Göteborg, Sweden.
    Investigating cognitive ability and self-reported driving performance of post-stroke adults in a driving simulator2018In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, ISSN 1074-9357, E-ISSN 1945-5119, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 44-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Safe driving is a complex activity that requires calibration. This means the driver can accurately assess the level of task demand required for task completion and can accurately evaluate their driving capability. There is much debate on the calibration ability of post-stroke drivers.

    Objectives

    The aim of this study was to assess the cognition, self-rated performance, and estimation of task demand in a driving simulator with post-stroke drivers and controls.

    Methods

    A between-groups study design was employed, which included a post-stroke driver group and a group of similarly aged older control drivers. Both groups were observed driving in two simulator-based driving scenarios and asked to complete the NASA Task Load Index (TLX) to assess their perceived task demand and self-rate their driving performance. Participants also completed a battery of psychometric tasks to assess attention and executive function, which was used to determine whether post-stroke cognitive impairment impacted on calibration.

    Results

    There was no difference in the amount of perceived task demand required to complete the driving task. Despite impairments in cognition, the post-stroke drivers were not more likely to over-estimate their driving abilities than controls. On average, the post-stroke drivers self-rated themselves more poorly than the controls and this rating was related to cognitive ability.

    Conclusion

    This study suggests that post-stroke drivers may be aware of their deficits and adjust their driving behavior. Furthermore, using self-performance measures alongside a driving simulator and cognitive assessments may provide complementary fitness-to-drive assessments, as well as rehabilitation tools during post-stroke recovery.

  • 4122.
    Blane, Alison
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe C.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Willstrand, Tania Dukic
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Human Factors, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Assessing Cognitive Ability and Simulator-Based Driving Performance in Poststroke Adults2017In: Behavioural Neurology, ISSN 0953-4180, E-ISSN 1875-8584, article id 1378308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Driving is an important activity of daily living, which is increasingly relied upon as the population ages. It has been well-established that cognitive processes decline following a stroke and these processes may influence driving performance. There is much debate on the use of off-road neurological assessments and driving simulators as tools to predict driving performance; however, the majority of research uses unlicensed poststroke drivers, making the comparability of poststroke adults to that of a control group difficult. It stands to reason that in order to determine whether simulators and cognitive assessments can accurately assess driving performance, the baseline should be set by licenced drivers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences in cognitive ability and driving simulator performance in licensed community-dwelling poststroke drivers and controls. Two groups of licensed drivers (37 poststroke and 43 controls) were assessed using several cognitive tasks and using a driving simulator. The poststroke adults exhibited poorer cognitive ability; however, there were no differences in simulator performance between groups except that the poststroke drivers demonstrated less variability in driver headway. The application of these results as a prescreening toolbox for poststroke drivers is discussed.

  • 4123.
    Blane, Alison
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Dukic Willstrand, Tania
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Human Factors, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Cognitive ability as a predictor of task demand and self-rated driving performance in post-stroke drivers – Implications for self-regulation2018In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 9, p. 169-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Driving is a highly complex task requiring multiple cognitive processes that can be adversely affected post-stroke. It is unclear how much ability post-stroke adults have to self-evaluate their driving performance. Furthermore, the impact of cognitive decline on this evaluation has not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceived level of task demand involved in driving tasks, and to examine differences between perceived and observed driving performance in post-stroke drivers in comparison to a control group. A further aim of the research was to investigate the influence of cognition on self-rated driving performance. A total of 78 participants (35 post-stroke and 43 controls) were assessed using a series of cognitive tasks and were observed whilst driving. Participants were asked to rate their own driving performance and the task demand involved while driving using the NASA Task Load Index. Between group analyses were conducted to determine differences in the level of self-rated performance and task demand. Further analyses were conducted to investigate whether cognition accounted for differences in task demand or self-rated performance. Overall, the results suggested that the post-stroke drivers exhibited deficits in cognition, but they did not report increased levels of task demand when driving. Post-stroke adults also rated themselves more conservatively than the controls for on-road performance, which was associated with their reduced propensity for risk. The study suggests that cognitive deficits may influence post-stroke drivers to amend their driving behaviour, in order to bring the task demand within a manageable level. Understanding the mechanisms involved in self-rated performance and estimations of task demand can help promote accurate self-regulation practices in post-stroke drivers. Furthermore, measuring calibration may assist practitioners with assessing fitness-to-drive, as well as with tailoring driving rehabilitation.

  • 4124.
    Blank, Rainer
    et al.
    Clinic for Child Neurology and Social Pediatrics, Child Centre Maulbronn, Maulbronn, Germany.
    Barnett, Anna L.
    Department of Psychology, Health & Professional Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Cairney, John
    Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Green, Dido
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Kirby, Amanda
    Dyscovery Centre, University of South Wales, Newport, United Kingdom.
    Polatajko, Helene
    Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Rosenblum, Sara
    Laboratory of Complex Human Activity and Participation, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
    Smits-Engelsman, Bouwien
    Department of Health and Rehabilitation Services, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Sugden, David
    School of Special Needs Education, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Wilson, Peter
    School of Psychology and Centre for Disability and Development Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Vinçon, Sabine
    Clinic for Child Neurology and Social Pediatrics, Child Centre Maulbronn, Maulbronn, Germany.
    International clinical practice recommendations on the definition, diagnosis, assessment, intervention, and psychosocial aspects of developmental coordination disorder2019In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 242-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: These international clinical practice recommendations (CPR) for developmental coordination disorder (DCD), initiated by the European Academy of Childhood Disability (EACD), aim to address key questions on the definition, diagnosis, assessment, intervention, and psychosocial aspects of DCD relevant for clinical practice.

    METHOD: Key questions in five areas were considered through literature reviews and formal expert consensus. For recommendations based on evidence, literature searches on 'mechanisms', 'assessment', and 'intervention' were updated since the last recommendations in 2012. New searches were conducted for 'psychosocial issues' and 'adolescents/adults'. Evidence was rated according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (level of evidence [LOE] 1-4) and transferred into recommendations. For recommendations based on formal consensus, two meetings of an international, multidisciplinary expert panel were conducted with a further five Delphi rounds to develop good clinical practice (GCP) recommendations.

    RESULTS: Thirty-five recommendations were made. Eight were based on the evidence from literature reviews (three on 'assessment', five on 'intervention'). Twenty-two were updated from the 2012 recommendations. New recommendations relate to diagnosis and assessment (two GCPs) and psychosocial issues (three GCPs). Additionally, one new recommendation (LOE) reflects active video games as adjuncts to more traditional activity-oriented and participation-oriented interventions, and two new recommendations (one GCP, one LOE) were made for adolescents and adults with DCD.

    INTERPRETATION: The CPR-DCD is a comprehensive overview of DCD and current understanding based on research evidence and expert consensus. It reflects the state of the art for clinicians and scientists of varied disciplines. The international CPR-DCD may serve as a basis for national guidelines.

    WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS:

    • Updated international clinical practice guidelines on developmental coordination disorder (DCD).
    • Refined and extended recommendations on clinical assessment and intervention for DCD.
    • A critical synopsis of current research on mechanisms of DCD.
    • A critical synopsis of psychosocial issues in DCD, with implications for clinical practice.
    • The first international recommendations to consider adolescents and adults with DCD.
  • 4125.
    Blasiak, Catherine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Samplingars intrång i ett upphovsrättsligt skyddat musikverk2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4126.
    Blazevic, Josip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Christensen, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Eriksson, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Empowerment as a tool for increasing followers contribution and dedication: - A qualitative study about what motivates followers2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Empowerment is a leadership style where the leader gives away power and therefore provides freedom to the follower to successfully do what they want to do instead of what the leader want them to do (Whetten & Cameron, 2014). It is said that leader often fail when they have the incapability to motivate and manage their followers.

     

    Purpose: This thesis tend to examine what motives followers in order to locate if empowerment is a potential leadership style that can increase follower’s dedication and contribution within their workplace.

    .

    Method: This research contains of a qualitative study with direct questions with an influence of open ended questions in order to capture the respondent’s personal opinions. The authors uses an abductive reasoning with an interpretivism philosophy as well with an exploratory approach.

     

    Conclusion: The author’s conclusion is that the respondents of the research were not aware of the leadership style empowerment. However, all respondents had a positive attitude to the description of empowerment. This could show an indication that there is always a search for new leadership styles and empowerment is a style that could help followers to improve their contribution and dedication at their workplace.  

  • 4127.
    Bleher, Saskia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mobile phones as an educational tool in sub-Saharan Africa: A comparison between Tanzanian and Zambian perceptions on mobile phone usage within secondary school education2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4128.
    Blekic, Demir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Fritz, Adam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Förslag på generell arbetsprocess för utredningar av befintliga dagvattendammar ur ett funktionellt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: At present are new stormwater ponds constructed to store stormwater which overloads stormwater pipe systems while existing stormwater ponds remains without overhaul. Since climate changes contributes to five-year rain in a higher frequency, which increases the flow of stormwater and causing more stormwater ponds to be undersized. In order to preserve social functions, are a general work process investigated of how municipalities can investigate and preserve their existing stormwater ponds. Method: The methods that are used are interviews, case study and literature study. The interviews contribute to solutions and proposals of investigation methods and proposals for action. The case study were performed in three stormwater ponds and examines the investigation methods that can be used. Collecting empirical data in a practical case, should increase the investigation’s credibility. The methods used in the case study are calculations, sediment sampling and document analysis of the basis of existing stormwater. Using literature study are the empirical data of the investigation analyzed with other sources to check the reliability of the empirical data. Findings: Several methods of investigations and action proposals were analyzed. Three investigation methods which fit a general work process were: flow proportional sampling, sediment sampling and stormwater calculations through the stormwater model Stormtac. The proposals for action which suited a general work process were: construction of a trench around the pond to expand the storage area, planting plants that take up nutrients and heavy metals tied up in stormwater, exploit the stormwater ponds shape where the hydraulic efficiency are exploited flat out by placing the inlet and outlet on opposite ends, and building trenches with a gravel embankment with aquatic plants. Implications: Flow proportional sampling were a reliable investigation method according to interview and literature study. Sediment sampling of sediment in bottom of in- and outlet can be used in a general work process, but certain contamination levels can be misleading depending on how detailed sediment samplings are done. Stormwater model Stormtac and its calculations can be used in a general workprocess because publication Svenskt Vatten P110 (2016) are confirming the models calculations. The proposals for action were not tested in real cases, but the effect was confirmed in the interview and literature study. Limitations: The case study was limited by investigating two methods, one of which is stormwater model Stormtac and sediment sampling. Selected contaminants such as heavy metals, oil, nitrogen and phosphorus are analysed. The study is delimitated by analyzing how recipients are affected by the studied existing stormwater ponds.

  • 4129.
    Blick, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Mårtenson, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    FDI Impact on Gross Profit, Wages and Labour Productivity: A Study of Swedish Firms in the Industrial Goods and Services Sector2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses what effects foreign direct investments (FDI) has on a firm’s gross profit, wages and labour productivity. Focus is on the Swedish industrial goods and service sector which has shown on a rapid growth of offshore production. We use a theoretical framework with FDI and productivity theories. As a result of cost efficient alternatives to domestic production, a firm’s productivity should fall in the case of increased foreign production. Although, the increase in gross profit should rule out the negative affect that a decrease in productivity cause.

    There is a positive relationship between offshore production and gross profits, and expanded foreign production leads to a decreased wage rate. However, increased foreign employment showed a boost the labour productivity, which is wrong from a theoretical point of view.

  • 4130.
    Blid, Mats
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Socially excluding housing support to homeless misusers: Two Swedish case-studies of category houses2006In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 162-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses special category housing for homeless addicts, based on case studies of two different housing programmes and using both qualitative and quantitative data. The staff and residents were interviewed about their experiences of the programmes. Longitudinal data were collected on various indicators of substance misuse and the frequency of contact with the social services at different levels. Our findings show that special category housing has positive direct effects on the housing stability of the residents and their feelings regarding their quality of life, but not on their substance misuse. However, the increased housing stability seems to be more a direct effect of their staying on the programme, rather than a long-term effect. Furthermore, although their quality of life improves, the residents still experience a lack of belonging and feel that their lives lack meaningful content. The choice of special category housing as an intervention model thus seems to perpetuate rather than prevent social exclusion and can possibly be described as an expression of ‘institutionalised resignation’.

  • 4131.
    Blid, Mats
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Prediction of homelsessness and housing provisions in Swedish municipalities2008In: European Journal of Housing Policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 399-421Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores key predictors of homelessness rates in different Swedish municipalities, the accommodation provided and the coverage of accommodation to homelessness. In order to create realistic models, seven sets of factors represent various structural levels in stepwise regressions. These sets are urbanisation, economy, demographic composition, housing market, aggregated individual problems, political majority and policies and organizational features of the social services. The findings show that urbanisation is central to understanding variations in homelessness and has also impact on housing provisions. In addition, higher rent levels as well as aggregated psychiatric problems seem to increase the level of problems. Overall supply of apartments and the proportion of public housing are important factors in providing accommodation, and a demographic factor, such as the proportion of single-parent households, seems to enhance such a provision. Political majority as well as the functional organization of the social services seems independently to impact coverage rates. Despite the importance of urbanisation, findings indicate that a number of factors with impact on the problem and on the possibilities to handle them are manageable by the municipalities.

  • 4132.
    Blidby, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lundberg, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Samhällstrender och förändringsarbeten: En fallstudie i ett charktillverkningsföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to understand how a cured meat manufacturing company can succeed with an internal change project when the reason is external triggers from society. With this purpose in mind two research questions have been formulated.  

     They are formulated as followed: 

    1. Which triggers are the reason for change projects to take place in a cured meat manufacturing company? 

    1. Which factors are crucial for a successful change project in a cured meat manufacturing company?  

    Method – A case study has been conducted at a cured meat manufacturing company, that previously has been through the work of a change project. 13 semi structured interviews were conducted. The interviewees ranged from top management to workers in the production unit. In addition, all employees received a survey about the change process. On top of this, a document study was conducted. The data that was collected was then analyzed in relation to the theoretical framework and then generated the study’s results.  

    Findings and discussion – the study’s findings show that there is a connection between trends in society and the effect they have on change project through triggers. These connections in this study has a relation to the Leavitt-Ry-theory (Bakka & Fivelsdal, 2006) and Hughes’ triggers theory (Hughes, 2010). The most visible triggers are politics, environment and socio-culture. Trends in society have a direct connection to the outcome of change projects vision and mission, factors which lead the way in the work of a change project. This shows a connection between trends in society and change projects, because of the four identified key factors of a change project. These four factors are vision & mission, targets & sub-targets, communication & dedication and lastly time.  

    Limitations – In this study the focus was on one single case. A company that previously had been through the work of a change project. Interviews were held with collective employees that had taken part in the previous change project, although many of the previous participants had quit their job. Therefore, their impressions/experiences were lost. On top of that the documentation from the previous change project were inadequate. These factors together with the fact that the study only had one case in focus made the generalizability a question for discussion.  

    Keywords – change projects, project, trends, society, vision, communication, cured meat manufacturing company, triggers.  

  • 4133.
    Blidovic, Dora
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Olsson, Josefine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    A licence to drive, is not a licence to drive like James Bond: En kvalitativ textanalys av två bilscener från filmen Spectre, ur ett machokultursperspektiv.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on how the popular culture maintains the so called macho culture through the action character James Bond. The macho culture imposes an unhealthy demand for men to be masculine, which affects their mental health. The two longest car scenes are examined in the latest Bond movie Spectre (2015). The aim of the study is to contribute with knowledge of how macho culture is presented in the film world.

    The theoretical framework of this study is based on the narrative, which according to Selby and Cowdery (1995), is a story that in many cases is so basic and natural that the viewer overlooks it. According to Selby and Cowdery (1995), the narrative has the power to transform information and manipulate the viewer not to react to the events they see. The narrative analysis is based on semiotics, which means that the study's method is based on the semiotics connotation, denotation, and myth. The study uses an analysis model to make it easier to analyze James Bond, the model is divided into three categories, appearance, emotions, and driving.

    The analysis showed that the demands and attributes of the macho culture were depicted in the scenes where we studied James Bond's appearance and feelings, and his driving. Mental illness and car crashes is examples of consecvenses that macho culture could lead to. Therefore, it ́s problematic for populare culture to continue depict James Bond in a stereotypical way.

  • 4134.
    Blixt Gustavsson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Arvet efter Lewi Pethrus: Om nådegåvornas ställning i svensk Pingströrelse 20172016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syfte är att undersöka för sju pingstpastorers förhållningssätt till nådegåvorna och tungotal, vilka likheter och skillnader går att utläsa och hur dessa förhåller sig till Lewi Pethrus förkunnelse.

    För att besvara uppsatsens frågeställningar används en komparativ intervjustudie där sju olika pingstpastorer från olika församlingar från olika delar av Sverige intervjuas. Utgångspunkten i jämförelsen ligger sedan i Pethrus trosgrund. Uppsatsen syftar även till att undersöka om det skett en förändring i förhållningssätt utifrån denna teoretiska grund.

    Resultatet visar att både nådegåvor och tungotal har en central roll inom den pentekostala teologin. Det undervisas om och uppmuntras till att aktivt söka de andliga gåvorna inom församlingarna. Resultatet visar också på en tudelad uppfattning kring nådegåvorna som identitetsbärande för pingströrelsen men resultatet visar på att pingströrelsen fortfarande vilar på en gemensam trosgrund och likheterna är fler än det som skiljer dem åt.

  • 4135.
    Blixt Gustavsson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University.
    Florence Nightingale: Administratör, sjuksköterska och politiker2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks hur Florence Nightingale framställs i biografier. Tre biografier har valts om Florence skrivna av olika författare, dessa är utgivna 1952, 1990 och 2007. För att besvara syftet och frågeställningarna valdes en kvalitativ innehållsanalys och en tematisering gjordes. Temana var administratör, sjuksköterska och politiker. Syftet var att undersöka hur Florence framställts utifrån dessa teman samt se hur framställningen har förändrats över tid.

    Resultatet visar på att Florence framställts som en ung kvinna som inte passar in i tillvaron och kämpar mot både sig själv, sin familj och sina omständigheter för rätten att själv välja sin väg. Biden av henne förändras och man möter kvinnan som tjänstgör på fältsjukhusen på Skutari och här presenteras bilden av en stark kvinna med skin på näsan som vet vad hon vill. Den sista bilden av Florence är den efter hemkomsten när hon ägnar resten av sitt liv med att reformera och förändra samhället och det är en ytterst målmedveten kvinna läsaren möter.

    Framställningen av Florence Nightingale har förändrats vad gäller innehåll och vilket utrymme dessa ges. Förändringen ligger även i att senare författare utgår mer från olika teman för att närma sig Florence. Det finns en tydligare agenda bakom senare författare som att Moberg gärna vill lyfta fram Florence som en av tidens föregångare i kvinnokampen.

  • 4136.
    Blixt Gustavsson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Lilith: En litteraturstudie om Lilith och hennes olika gestalter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about Lilith, a demonic character from Mesopotamian mythology. She was originally described as a wind demon that caused desolation and destruction everywhere she went. According to some Jewish folklore Lilith was Adam’s first wife, though she refused to submit to him and fled to the desert. Throughout history Lilith has been given a lot of different forms and this study aims to map some of her various forms in modern time.

    The purpose of this study is to look into how Lilith has been used in modern litterateur. The study will examine which forms that appear and if some are more prominent than others. In order to fulfill the purpose, a qualitative content analysis has been implemented — based on the concept of archetypes that also make up the study’s theoretical foundation.

    The results show three authors’ books that focus on the usage of Lilith. The material consist of three occult and esoteric books and the result shows that Lilith has been used and presented in various ways. The main theme that all books supports is that Lilith is a mean to reclaim the female sexuality. It’s about interpretative prerogative, especially concerning strong female characters.

  • 4137.
    Blockgren, Håkan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Illustrationsplaneförslag för Trönningebjär, Varberg2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When the purpose is to create an illustration plan for a new neighbourhood there arelots of things to think about. In this report follows a description of the three differentplan modells SCAFT/TRÅD, garden city and ekological planning. SCAFT is aplanning model that were used in the 1970s. It contains proposals how to make thetraffic enviorment safer. TRÅD replaced SCAFT in 1982 and it contains also adviceshow to make the traffic enviorment safer. Garden city was an expression witch wasinvented in the late 1900th century by a man named Howard Ebenezer. This way toplan a city is about creating buildings in a reasonable size where every house has itsown garden. There is beyound this several other qualitys specific for garden citys.When it comes to ecological planning the lack of obvious choises of inspirationmodels is overwhelming. Many citys applys part of the ecological thinking but fewuses the whole concept.The territory that this report is about is geographicly oriented in the northeast ofVarberg in the outskirts of a village called Trönninge. The territory has earlier beanused for agriculture purposes. During the process of making the illustration planmodels over this property the topografic condition has been payed attention to. Allthree of the illustration planpreposals has been gone througt seperatly to acive thecaracter of its inspiration model. The area of a nursury school with a landrecomondation of 5000 m² exists in all three proposals.During the planning accordig to SCAFT/TRÅD adaptation of its traffic planningsolution has been used as far as it is possible. The final proposal contains a relativelyseparated plan where the different areas has its own caracter concerning buildingtypes. The illutsration plan proposal with inspiration collected from the garden citycontains a much more mixt building planning but it contains a more pronouncedquarter fealing than the other proposals. In the proposal inspierd by ecologicalplanning the point of the compass determined the location of the buildings. The bestlocation to receive the most sun as possible is east-west whith one of the buildigslongest sides facing the south.To be abel to understand the illusration plan proposals better they nead to bereachable when the description is overviewd. The area has a couple of geographicdeviation in form of two cliffs wich create intresting conditions and has been keeptintact in all three of the illustation plan proposals.

  • 4138.
    Blom, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Pettersson, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Wasling, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Content - From Selling to Helping: A case study of how ICA's content marketing efforts can assist the consumers' consumption practices2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to the increase in selective attention and to the changing marketing landscape, a marketing trend has emerged whereby marketers have acknowledged the importance of moving from selling to helping the consumer. This trend is called content marketing, and although it is growing in importance, there is a lack of research within the field as existing literature merely aims to explain what it is, and thus, does not create an in-depth understanding of the phenomenon in relation to the consumer.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the consumption of content is intertwined with the consumers’ consumption practices. The study is of a qualitative nature, whereby a single case study of the Swedish grocery retailer ICA was performed, and primary data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Further, the study explored the phenomenon through the application of the Uses and Gratifications theory and the Practice Theory, in order to analyse how various content forms are used and whether these assist in the consumers’ consumption practices.

    The findings revealed that the consumers’ obtain three gratifications through ICA’s content marketing efforts, and that the choice of content is affected by mediating factors. Further, three main components derived from the Practice Theory are identified as important parts of the consumers’ consumption practices within this study. It was also identified that these components are intertwined with the gratifications sought and obtained. Thus, the study arrived at the conclusion that this intertwining is what determines how ICA’s content marketing efforts assist in the consumer’s consumption practices. 

  • 4139.
    Blom, Jennie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Jonsson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Utvärdering av amningsstrategi: - Vårdprofessionernas perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research show evidence for benefits of breastfeeding and that infant-feeding-plans are supportive. Family-centered care is the theoretical framework. Family support is crucial for successful breastfeeding. It is important that society creates opportunities for mothers to breastfeed and contribute information and support by healthcare professionals. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the midwives and child healthcare nurses found that the newest breastfeeding strategy influenced their breastfeeding- and rearing support in the County of Jönköping. The method was a questionnaire with mainly quantitative and partly qualitative approach. The questionnaire consisted of fifteen questions and was distributed to 272 people, response rate was 58 %. The result showed that the professionals were updated with current breastfeeding-strategy and they were using infant-feeding-plans, which were considered positive for the chain of care. Most respondents reckoned that they since 2011 had increased the time allocated, and individual customization of information and support. Breastfeeding-delegate-nurses were familiar, supportive and positive for the chain of care. The document Breastfeeding Plan should not be changed now, but should eventually improve the inclusion of non-Swedish speaking persons, fathers and the mothers who won’t breastfeed. Experience and education were positive factors. The strategy was supported by the healthcare professions.

  • 4140.
    Blom, Liane
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Swedish problems with English prepositions2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English prepositions cause problems for learners of English. The way prepositions are taught has impact on how students learn. Using corpora in teaching makes it possible for teachers and pupils to explore language together and is a good alternative to filling in missing prepositions on worksheets. Sometimes linguistic errors are caused by mother tongue interference. Little research has been made earlier with a Swedish contrastive approach to prepositions but a great deal of literature concern language transfer and mother tongue interference. This essay is written on the assumption that Swedish as a first language interferes with English and causes prepositional mistakes.

    Two classes of ninth graders participated in my investigation. I wanted to find out if students performed better when they had given answers to choose from or when they had to produce the preposition themselves. My study proved that pupils had a better knowledge of prepositions perceptively than productively. It also proved that learners resorted to Swedish when they did not know the correct answer. Many learners fail to recognise prepositions as parts of multiword expressions. By teaching students how to notice grammatical collocations and lexical chunks we can help them to achieve acceptable levels of language proficiency and accuracy.

  • 4141.
    Blom, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Lenfors, Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Attribution of Profits to Permanent Establishments: How Should Swedish Legislation Conform to the OECD December 2006 Report?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to establish whether the domestic legislation of Sweden is in tune with the OECD December 2006 report on the attribution of profits to permanent es-tablishments (December 2006 report) and if not how Sweden ought to conform. How to attribute business profits to a permanent establishment (PE) is laid down in Article 7 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital. In December 2006 the OECD released a report on how profits (losses) are to be attributed to PEs. The report lays down the current approach on how Contracting States should interpret Article 7 and is referred to as the authorised OECD approach. The purpose of the December 2006 Report is to re-vise Article 7 in order ensure a common interpretation on the Article. The aim is to apply the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TP Guidelines), otherwise applicable on transac-tions between a parent company and a subsidiary, by analogy to PE situations.

    The profits attributable to a PE are to be decided by using a two-step analysis. Under the first step a PE is to be hypothesised as a distinct and separate enterprise. The functions performed, assets used and risks assumed are to be determined and attributed to the rele-vant parts of the enterprise. In order to do this the economic ownership of assets is to be regarded. According to the OECD the functions performed by the people working within a PE, the significant people functions (SPF), are decisive when attributing assets and risks. To support the use of assets and the assumption of risks a PE is to be provided with a proper amount of “free” capital. Under the second step of the analysis a fair share of the entire enterprise’s profit is to be attributed to the PE. The actual amount of profit is to be established by performing a comparability analysis and by thereafter applying different transaction methods, using the method that best expresses an arm’s length price to the dealing at hand. To calculate a proper profit a PE shall be allowed to deduct interest.

    Sweden does not have much legislation concerning transfer pricing and there is hardly any legislation concerning PEs. There are no specific provisions in Swedish law on how to at-tribute profits between a head office and a PE. Furthermore, there are only a few judge-ments and no official guidelines regarding the attribution of profits to PEs. According to the domestic legislation of Sweden the amount of attributed profit shall be determined on the basis of separate accounts. The existing guidance in Swedish case law is not in tune with the authorised OECD approach. Swedish courts have ruled contrary to the authorised OECD approach when it comes to attributing “free” capital to a PE, allowing for deduc-tions of internal royalty payments and for recognising internal interest dealings. Further-more, a transfer of assets from a Swedish head office to a foreign PE has under certain cir-cumstances not been considered a taxable event. Since Sweden has not officially imple-mented any new legislation and the courts have not Stated any new principles regarding the attribution of profits to PEs it is unlikely that new concepts as the authorised OECD ap-proach will be adhered to at present time. In order to comply with the authorised OECD approach Sweden would need to introduce some new legislation.

    We suggest that Sweden implement a Section in its domestic legislation based on the authorised OECD approach. If Sweden adopts our proposed Section it would provide for a more unitary and consistent international approach and a needed certainty for enterprises on the treatment of PEs for tax purposes.

  • 4142.
    Blom, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Landstedt, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Granskning av 3D-printingens möjligheter vid utformning av byggnader2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is today limitations of what is possible to design and in fact produce.

    In industrial construction the focus is on standardization which impedes an individual

    design form, which can be considered an architectural quality. The potential of 3Dprinting

    is growing, which is benefitting design freedom.

    The goal was to evaluate how 3D-printing in Sweden today could increase architects

    possibilities at the design process and be production adapted.

    Method: In a case study at Tengbom in Jönköping, interviews were included with three

    architects. In addition, a literature review, a telephone interview and a focus group

    interview formed the basis of the collected material. As an initial phase, a focus group

    interview was conducted, which resulted in the actors’ opinions about 3D-printing. The

    architect interviews contributed with high credibility regarding architectural qualities,

    which together with the other collection methods gave answers to the studies questions.

    Findings: The study shows that it is possible to print building components in Sweden.

    However it is not possible, with 3D-printing, to produce entire buildings. It can be

    shown that there are obstacles for the introduction of the technology, such as economy,

    Swedish laws and lack of knowledge. These should be reviewed to allow 3D-printing

    as a manufacturing method. With Rapid Ornament Production larger architectural

    qualities will conduce to, where 3D-printing allows unique solutions. Solutions no other

    technology can achieve.

    Implications: Customized and varied buildings can be achieved thanks to 3D-printing.

    Building components such as light weight walls, ornaments and details can be produced

    in Sweden today. One advantage of 3D-printing as a technology, is that it provides

    greater freedom between design and production. For further development of 3Dprinting

    a greater knowledge is recommended for industry stakeholders, regarding the

    drawing tools as well as the 3D-printing technology.

    Limitations: The result is applicable to architects, working at architectural offices

    similar to Tengbom in Jönköping. There have not been deeper studies regarding of

    printing technologies, finances, materials, time or law. A case study as research strategy

    entails an interpretation of the opinions, which limits the generalization of the results.

    Keywords: 3D-printing, design, production, architectural qualities, possibilities,

    limitations, industrial construction.

  • 4143.
    Blomberg, Camilla
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Commercial and Consumer Credit in Russia: A case study and comparative analysis of five international companies2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer credit has become increasingly popular in Russia over the past few years. With the rapid growth of lending to individuals and companies, the need for accumulation of credit histories and information, collection services of bad debts, and credit insurance and financing also become of increased importance.

    It was found in this thesis that the larger credit limit given to corporate clients, the greater will the loss be if there is a default and the money cannot be collected. Giving credit to a small number of customers also increases the concentration of the risk.

    The opportunity to diversify in consumer credit is, however, limited because of the geo-graphic concentration of the customers, and the macro economic risk cannot be elimi-nated. Credit periods in consumer credit are in general longer, leading to higher uncertainty of payment and hence higher exposure to risk. Personal relationships are not established with customers in consumer credit, which are argued to act as “insurances” in corporate credit.

    Consumer credit is more common among international companies, leading to better offers and more flexibility in the service. Insurers of corporate credit have a restrictive policy with higher premiums and more administrative work, which is less attractive for companies to take on. Creditors also have to share the risk with insurance companies, often having to pay more than 15 percent of a default.

    With respect to what was mentioned above, it was concluded in this thesis that the risk of giving credit to individuals does not necessary have to be higher than that of corporate cli-ents, but that the terms of the contract is more favourable for the creditor in consumer credit.

  • 4144. Blomberg, Fanny
    et al.
    Jerrhage, Linn
    MOMSHAMING: En kvalitativ kritisk diskursanalys om hur nätkritik mot kvinnor utspelar sig på Isabella Löwengrips blogg.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For mothers to share their family life on social media has become a trend in the Swedish society. Isabella Löwengrip is one mother who does this. Isabella is a well known person in Sweden and has over 1,5 million followers on her blog. Isabella blogs about her everyday life and how it’s to live alone with two kids. A recurring pattern on the comments posted to Isabella’s blog are comments that criticize her way of taking care of her kids. This type of criticism is called ”momshaming”.

     

    This qualitative study analyzes how momshaming takes place on Isabella Löwengrip’s blog. The theoretical framework of the study is CDA and norms theory from a feminist perspective. The data analyzed are the comments posted to five selected posts from Isabella’s blog and we analyze them using the method CDA and seven analytical tools. The analytical tools helped us see what the readers reacted on and how momshaming are showed in comments.

     

    The study identifies four different themes in the momshaming comments; irony, time, ”they are just kids” and comparative with himself (the ones posting the comments). The study shows that momshaming takes place when the reader thinks that Isabella is going against the norm for a ”good” mother. Momshaming shows in the blog as negative comments about how Isabella raises her children. The most common theme is that Isabella doesn't spend much time with her kids and that she doesn’t treat them like they are kids.

  • 4145.
    Blomberg, Git
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Att möta barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4146.
    Blomberg, Git
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Children in need of special support in preschool2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4147.
    Blomberg, Karin
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Wengström, Yvonne
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden / Department NVS, Section for Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sundberg, Kay
    Department NVS, Section for Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Browall, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Isaksson, Ann-Kristin
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Nyman, Maria Hälleberg
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Langius-Eklöf, Ann
    Department NVS, Section for Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Symptoms and self-care strategies during and six months after radiotherapy for prostate cancer - Scoping the perspectives of patients, professionals and literature2016In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 21, p. 139-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Under-diagnosed and uncontrolled symptoms in patients with prostate cancer during radiotherapy can have a negative impact on the individual's quality of life. An opportunity for patients to report their symptoms systematically, communicate these symptoms to cancer nurses and to receive self-care advice via an application in an Information and Communication Technology-platform could overcome this risk. The content in the application must precisely capture symptoms that are significant to both patients and health care professionals. Therefore, the aim of the study was to map and describe symptoms and self-care strategies identified by patients with prostate cancer undergoing radiotherapy, by health care professionals caring for these patients, and in the literature.

    METHODS: The study combines data from interviews with patients (n = 8) and health care professionals (n = 10) and a scoping review of the literature (n = 26) focusing on the period during and up to 6 months after radiotherapy.

    RESULTS: There was a concordance between the patients, health care professionals, and the literature on symptoms during and after radiotherapy. Urinary symptoms, bowel problems, pain, sexual problems, fatigue, anxiety, depression, cognitive impairment and irregular symptoms were commonly described during the initial treatment period. Self-care strategies were rarely described in all three of the sources.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results show which symptoms to regularly assess using an Information and Communication Technology-platform for patients with newly-diagnosed prostate cancer during radiotherapy. The next step is to evaluate the efficacy of using the platform and the accuracy of the selected symptoms and self-care advice included in a smartphone application.

  • 4148.
    Blombäck, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Brand meaning and impact in subcontractor contexts2009In: Business-to-business brand management: theory, research and executive case study exercises / [ed] Mark S. Glynn, Arch G. Woodside, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2009, p. 223-261Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brand management in industrial markets is an important subject. The relative youth of this interest implies gaps in the understanding of the phenomenon, though. With regards to the emphasis on brands in today’s competitive markets, improving the understanding of brand meaning and impact in diverse industrial situations and organizations is valuable to both management and theory. This paper adds to the expansion of such insights by applying the notion of brands to subcontractors; their market offer and situation. An overview of the brand concept and brand research in industrial markets directs the discussion. The chapter reports on a qualitative study with the aim to support better comprehension of the meaning and impact of brands in a subcontractor context. The study focuses on buyers’ decision making processes. Customers, although they ultimately focus on product price and quality, rely on corporate brand image for making decisions at several stages of purchasing. Buyers normally face a situation where they must choose among a number of potential suppliers, where they perceive uncertainty and limits regarding time and information. In the process of finding and selecting suitable suppliers, subcontractor corporate brands therefore revolve around proxies for expertise and reliability. A focus on subcontractor brand management can render benefits to individual suppliers concerning the amount of potential clients and signed contracts. Also, paying more attention to corporate brand meaning and content can improve the efficiency of matching buyers with supplier.

  • 4149.
    Blombäck, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Branding released as a general marketing issue.2003In: The 17th Nordic Conference on Business Studies, Reykjavik., 2003Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 4150.
    Blombäck, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Caught in the middle - how retailers interpret and perform corporate responsibility related to consumers, supply chains, and employees.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
80818283848586 4101 - 4150 of 29654
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