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  • 401.
    Svärdh, Samantha
    et al.
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Löfqvist, Charlotte
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Schmidt, Steven
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Iwarsson, Susanne
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Attitudes, acceptance and use of everyday technologies – a generational perspective2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology is a fixed feature in today’s world, from smart phones to the everyday technology in our homes. Research is limited regarding perceptions of and attitudes to technology among people of different generations as related to the technological developments they have experienced during their lifetime, as well as their health. It is imperative that researchers focus on this topic in order to better meet the needs of older persons in their utilization of technology. This study is the first step in an ongoing research project concerning healthy ageing and technology from a broader sense, which takes a unique generational perspective. The study aims to develop new knowledge regarding perceptions, acceptance and usage amongst people of different generations as related to the technological developments they have experienced during their lifetimes. Data was collected through several focus group interviews with participants from three age groups (30-39, 50-59 and 70-79 year olds). This exploratory method was used to capture attitudes regarding technology through group discussions and dynamics. Interviews were analysed according to qualitative content analysis and then compared using NVivo software. Preliminary findings indicate that participants do not view non-digitalized items like kitchen appliances as technology. They problematize digital technology and its development, particularly concerning issues with privacy and integrity, as well as its effect on human relationships. However, most continue to use digital technology and even name their smartphone or computer as the most in their everyday life. Explicit desires for parallel pathways and individualized solutions nonetheless pervade. The 70-79ers had less trust in digital technology while the 30-39ers voiced issues regarding social pressures and inclusions; the 50-59ers had to consciously work to keep abreast of new technology. Digital technology engages and has a high usage among different generations; however, the human perspective needs to be further involved to fill basic needs of coming generations.

  • 402.
    Söderlund, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Johansson, Sofie
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Deltagande, meningsfullhet och delaktighetinskränkning i fritidsaktiviteter, hoselever med lindrig intellektuell funktionsnedsättning: En kvantitativ studie om delaktighet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föräldrar till barn med lindriga intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar uppfattar i stor utsträckning att deras barn har färre aktiviteter, färre vänner och lägre delaktighet än sina jämnåriga. Barnen har ofta inte samma uppfattning om det här som sina föräldrar. Syftet var att beskriva vilka fritidsaktiviteter elever med lindriga intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar själva uppger att de deltar i och värdesätter. Examensarbetet är en kvantitativ studie med målgruppen elever med lindriga intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar. Data samlades in med en strukturerad intervjuochData analyserades i SPSS. Aktiviteter som utfördes ofta var att vara med föräldrar, delta i samtal, använda telefonochlyssna på musik. De aktiviteter som ansågs viktiga var att vara med föräldrar, mor-/farföräldrar, använda telefon ochdelta i samtal. De aktiviteter eleverna ansåg sig behöva hjälp med var att gå på restaurang, bibliotek ochbio ochvara ute i naturen.Skillnader sågs mellan kön och åldersgrupper och stora delatighetsinskränkningar sågs i aktiviteterna att delta i idrott på fritiden och att ha en hobby. Slutsatsen i examensarbetet var att de aktiviteter som ansågs viktiga fanns inom sociala domäner och de aktiviteter eleverna ville ha hjälp med fanns inom ICF:s domän Samhällsgemenskap, socialt och medborgerligt liv. Flickor utförde och värdesatte fler aktiviteter än pojkarna.

  • 403.
    Tammimies, Kristiina
    et al.
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Li, Danyang
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Rabkina, Ielyzaveta
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Stamouli, Sofia
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Becker, Martin
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Nicolaou, Veronika
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Berggren, Steve
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Coco, Christina
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    Jonsson, Ulf
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Choque-Olsson, Nora
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Bölte, Sven
    Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden, and Curtin Autism Research Group, School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia.
    Association between copy number variation and response to social skills training in Autism Spectrum Disorder2019Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, nr 1, artikel-id 9810Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenges in social communication and interaction are core features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for which social skills group training (SSGT) is a commonly used intervention. SSGT has shown modest and heterogeneous effects. One of the major genetic risk factors in ASD is rare copy number variation (CNV). However, limited information exists whether CNV profiles could be used to aid intervention decisions. Here, we analyzed the rare genic CNV carrier status for 207 children, of which 105 received SSGT and 102 standard care as part of a randomized clinical trial for SSGT. We found that being a carrier of rare genic CNV did not have an impact on the SSGT outcome measured by the parent-report Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). However, when stratifying by pathogenicity and size of the CNVs, we identified that carriers of clinically significant and large genic CNVs (>500 kb) showed inferior SRS outcomes at post-intervention (P = 0.047 and P = 0.036, respectively) and follow-up (P = 0.008 and P = 0.072, respectively) when adjusting for standard care effects. Our study provides preliminary evidence that carriers of clinically significant and large genic CNVs might not benefit as much from SSGT as non-carriers. Our results indicate that genetic information might help guide the modifications of interventions in ASD. 

  • 404.
    Tanriver, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Hamzic, Alem
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Nyttan av kompensatoriska åtgärder för ungdomar med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar - en kvalitativ intervjustudie2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 405.
    Taylor, Susan
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    McCutcheon, Sara
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    McLean, Belinda
    School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Jacoby, Peter
    Population Sciences, Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, Australia.
    Carey, Leeanne
    School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Elliott, Catherine
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Haptic exploratory procedures of children and youth with and without cerebral palsy2019Ingår i: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 39, nr 3, s. 337-351Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Compare haptic exploratory procedures (EPs) and exploratory movements (EMs) of children. This study also tested the interrater reliability of a novel digital recording method.

    Methods: Participants were 31 children with typical development (TD) (aged 6 years 1 month to 15 years 9 months; 14 male) and 23 children with spastic unilateral cerebral palsy (CP) (aged 6 years to 15 years 5 months; 13 males; right hemiplegia, n = 12).

    Results: There were no statistically significant differences between groups for expected EP (p =.15), additional EPs (p =.78), or EMs (p =.69) but there was for mean duration of exploration (p <.001) and accuracy (p <.001). This suggests that although children with CP performed similar haptic EPs for each object as children with TD, they took more time and were less accurate in their identification. There was substantial agreement between the two raters' observations of expected EP, κ =.64, p <.0005.

    Conclusion: Children with CP performed similar haptic EPs as their TD peers. However, despite similarities, the results indicate that for children with CP manual ability was not the primary determinant of accuracy or speed of identification. This study provides evidence for a reliable method of recording haptic EPs. 

  • 406.
    Taylor, Susan
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Department of Paediatric Rehabilitation, Perth Children's Hospital, Australia.
    McLean, Belinda
    School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Department of Paediatric Rehabilitation, Perth Children's Hospital, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Australia.
    Carey, Leeanne M.
    School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Population Sciences, Telethon Kids Institute, Australia.
    Elliott, Catherine
    Department of Paediatric Rehabilitation, Perth Children's Hospital, Australia.
    Blair, Eve
    Population Sciences, Telethon Kids Institute, Australia.
    Assessing body sensations in children: Intra-rater reliability of assessment and effects of age2019Ingår i: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 82, nr 3, s. 179-185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This article examines the effect of age and gender on somatosensory capacity for children and adolescents, and provides preliminary normative data and reliability for the SenScreen © Kids, a new standardised measure of touch, wrist position sense and haptic object recognition.

    Method: A cross-sectional study of 88 typically developing children aged 6–15 years (mean 10.3 years; SD 2.6 years) was used to determine the developmental effects of age and gender on somatosensory capacity. Intra-rater reliability was assessed in 22 of the 88 participants at two time points (mean 8.8 years; SD 2.6 years).

    Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between age groups for tactile discrimination, wrist position sense and haptic object recognition, but not for touch registration for which all except one participant achieved a maximum score. There was no effect of gender. Three of four SenScreen Kids subtests demonstrated good intra-rater agreement between time points.

    Conclusions: Somatosensory capacity increased with age for typically developing children aged 6–15 years. Three subtests of the SenScreen Kids demonstrated good intra-rater reliability with typically developing children. Further investigation of reliability is required, and all subtests require psychometric testing with clinical populations.

  • 407.
    Tellman, Tellman
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Riutta, Johanna
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Samband mellan självskattad aktivitetsbalans och hälsa hos studenter på Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping: En enkätstudie2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete var att beskriva den självskattade aktivitetsbalansen hos studenter på Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping samt undersöka om det fanns ett samband mellan aktivitetsbalans och självskattad hälsa. En tvärsnittsstudie med ett bekvämlighetsurval genomfördes. 208 socionom- och sjuksköterskestudenter deltog och besvarade ett enkätmaterial bestående av Occupational Balance Questionnaire [OBQ] och fyra bakgrundsfrågor. Examensarbetet undersökte samband och skillnader i självskattad aktivitetsbalans i relation till självskattad hälsa, hemmaboende barn och arbete. I resultatet framkom det att det fanns ett positivt samband mellan aktivitetsbalans och hälsa. I urvalsgruppen som undersöktes var det vanligare med en högt skattad aktivitetsbalans än låg. En signifikant skillnad i skattad aktivitetsbalans fanns mellan de studenter som hade hemmaboende barn och de som inte hade det. De som hade hemmaboende barn hade en lägre skattning av aktivitetsbalans. Det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad i skattad aktivitetsbalans beroende på om studenterna arbetade mer eller mindre än 20 timmar per månad. Resultatet bör generaliseras med försiktighet till andra studenter och fler studier kring studenters aktivitetsbalans och hälsa bör göras.

  • 408.
    Thompson, Melanie
    et al.
    Curtin University.
    Elliott, Catherine
    Curtin University.
    Willis, Claire
    University of Western Australia.
    Ward, Roslyn
    University of Western Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University.
    Gubbay, Anna
    University of Western Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University.
    Can, Want and Try: Parents’ Viewpoints Regarding the Participation of Their Child with an Acquired Brain Injury2016Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, nr 7, artikel-id e0157951Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a leading cause of permanent disability, currently affecting 20,000 Australian children. Community participation is essential for childhood development and enjoyment, yet children with ABI can often experience barriers to participation. The factors which act as barriers and facilitators to community participation for children with an ABI are not well understood. 

    Aim

    To identify the viewpoints of parents of children with an ABI, regarding the barriers and facilitators most pertinent to community participation for their child. 

    Methods 

    Using Q-method, 41 parents of children with moderate/severe ABI sorted 37 statements regarding barriers and facilitators to community participation. Factor analysis identified three viewpoints. 

    Results 

    This study identified three distinct viewpoints, with the perceived ability to participate decreasing with a stepwise trend from parents who felt their child and family "can" participate in viewpoint one, to "want" in viewpoint two and "try" in viewpoint three. 

    Conclusions 

    Findings indicated good participation outcomes for most children and families, however some families who were motivated to participate experienced significant barriers. The most significant facilitators included child motivation, supportive relationships from immediate family and friends, and supportive community attitudes. The lack of supportive relationships and attitudes was perceived as a fundamental barrier to community participation. 

    Significance 

    This research begins to address the paucity of information regarding those factors that impact upon the participation of children with an ABI in Australia. Findings have implications for therapists, service providers and community organisations.

  • 409.
    Thuresson, Elin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Gustavsson, Hanna
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Konstvisningsaktiviteter anpassade för personer med demens: - En scoping review2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 410.
    Timmer, Amanda J.
    et al.
    School of Health Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Unsworth, Carolyn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. School of Health Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Browne, Matthew
    School of Health Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Occupational therapy and activity pacing with hospital-associated deconditioned older adults: a randomised controlled trial2019Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To examine the efficacy of an occupational therapy activity pacing intervention with deconditioned older adults in rehabilitation.

    METHOD: Randomised, single-blind controlled trial of deconditioned older adults admitted for rehabilitation following treatment of an acute medical condition, allocated to intervention [n = 51, males = 14, mean age = 80(8)] or control [n = 49, males = 12, mean age = 81(7)] group. The intervention group received individual and group activity pacing education with practice and application of techniques to daily activities and the home environment, while the control group received a typical occupational therapy program, which included brief activity pacing education. Outcomes included participation in daily living skills, health status (including pain and fatigue symptoms), self-efficacy in daily activities and activity pacing techniques using the Australian Therapy Outcome Measures-Occupational Therapy (AusTOMs-OT), Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), Self-Efficacy Gauge and Activity Pacing Assessment.

    RESULTS: No differences in groups at admission. Comparison at discharge and three months post discharge using 2 × 2 mixed ANOVA demonstrated small differences in only one scale of the activity limitation domain of the AusTOMs-OT. No significant differences were found in other scales or domains of the AusTOMs-OT, nor secondary outcome measures.

    CONCLUSION: Activity pacing in addition to typical occupational therapy during inpatient rehabilitation did not demonstrate benefits to participants in the management of their daily activities on returning home post hospitalisation. Implications for rehabilitation Activity pacing has been identified as one of the commonly used occupational therapy interventions utilised with deconditioned older adults in rehabilitation. An activity pacing intervention in conjunction with typical occupational therapy demonstrated no benefits for deconditioned older adults over typical occupational therapy which included basic education on this topic. Continuation of the activity pacing intervention into the outpatient setting may be of benefit to older adults and requires further investigation.

  • 411.
    Timonen, Minna
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. 270681-0880.
    Spiraled Out of Control”: The Occupational Identity of Mothers with Postpartum Depression - A Scoping Review2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

     

    Becoming a mother can be one of the turning points in a woman's life, although the life changes experienced postpartum can also lead to varying levels of depression. A scoping review was performed with the aim to identify how postpartum depression (PPD) might affect a mother’s occupational identity. The results show that mothers had overwhelming expectations of motherhood, which lead to a period of occupational disruption and occupational imbalance. Symptoms of PPD combined with the new life situation and variations of environmental support caused loss of control, changed self-images, habits and roles, which all disrupted the mothers’ everyday lives.

  • 412.
    Timén, Eva
    et al.
    Region Jönköpings Län.
    Johansson, Ann
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Utveckling av kulturaktiviteter för och med äldre - är det en uppgift för arbetsterapeuter?2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 413.
    Ting Chee, Derserri Y.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Yeung Lee, HoeChung
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Patomella, Ann-Helen
    Department of Neurobiology, Care science and Society, Division of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    The visual search patterns of drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorders in complex driving scenarios2019Ingår i: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 14, artikel-id 100597Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Driving is a highly demanding task which presents itself with various unpredictable and potentially hazardous situations. The failure to visually scan the driving environment and strategically search for potential road hazards, can be considered as unsafe driving practices. Little is known about how licensed drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) visually scan the roads while driving. The present study assessed the visual scanning and fixation patterns of drivers with and without ASD during a simulated drive.

    Methods: Twenty-eight licensed drivers between the age of 18–40 years old, including 14 drivers with ASD (male = 13) driving at least 2 h per week participated in a simulated drive with 14 matched controls. Psychometric profiles and visual scanning patterns on various objects of interest were analysed between groups.

    Results: Drivers with ASD were found to fixate and spend significantly more time focusing on the central visual field and less time scanning where hazards potentially emerge. They also tended to allocate less visual attention on social stimuli (i.e., involving a person), and failed to stop in time at the red lights. Psychometric profiles confirmed poorer visual scanning and motor processing speed but less risk-taking behaviour in drivers with ASD.

    Conclusion: Licensed drivers with ASD were found to allocate visual attention differently compared to licensed drivers without ASD. Poor scanning patterns with an over-focus on the road ahead and less scanning of the road side and periphery may possibly result in unsafe driving. However, risk-taking behaviour was not prevalent in these drivers. Effective visual scanning strategies could be incorporated in the driver training of individuals with ASD. 

  • 414. Toorell, Elisabet
    et al.
    Elgmark Andersson, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    Life satisfaction after stroke in the middle of lifeManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 415.
    Townsend, K.
    et al.
    Austin Health.
    Unsworth, Carolyn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Central Queensland University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    The inter-rater reliability of the Powered Mobility Device Assessment Training Tool2019Ingår i: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 66, nr 3, s. 393-400Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    The prescription of powered mobility devices for clients is an important role for occupational therapists. However, the skill of may powered mobility device users to drive their devices remains unknown and clients are provided with only brief education on their use. Few assessments exist to guide mobility device use assessment, and none of these incorporate the training clients need. The aim of this paper was to investigate the inter-rater reliability of a new assessment and training tool called the Powered Mobility Device Assessment Training Tool (PoMoDATT).

    Method:

    The PoMoDATT comprises an initial interview and then Part A- cognitive skills, Part B physical and psychosocial skills and Part C driving skills and behaviours. The assessment outcome is a profile of the client's physical, cognitive and psychosocial skills related to powered mobility device use. The driving assessments of 24 powered mobility device users were video-recorded, and four experienced occupational therapists scored the clients on the 26 items of Part C of the PoMoDATT.

    Results:

    Following clarification of three items which included re-scoring and data re-analysis, the inter-rater reliability for the PoMoDATT Part C items ranged from ICC (2, 1) 0.641 to 0.938 suggesting moderate to excellent agreement.

    Conclusions:

    The PoMoDATT Part C has demonstrated adequate inter-rater reliability to support its use by occupational therapists to assess powered mobility device user's capacities and abilities and to highlight ongoing training needs.

  • 416.
    Tuomi, Paula
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. 1967.
    Scoping review of facilitative aspects of occupational, personal and environmental factors of caregivers occupational performance when caring for a person with major neurocognitive disorder (NCD)2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    People with neurocognitive disorders (NCD) condition called dementia are mainly taken care by family members. The number of people suffering from neurocognitive disorders is estimated to increase. Providing care for the person with NCD can be stressful and demanding which is why effective interventions to support caregivers are needed. Occupational therapy practitioners have unique knowledge of the person, environment and occupation and how those factors influence on individuals occupational performance. Occupational therapy ́s interventions to support caregivers with NCD have mainly concentrated on problems in the behaviour of person with NCD. The aim of this scoping review was to identify why some caregivers are managing better as a caregiver before any interventions have been done. What are those aspects of Person (P), Occupation (O) and Environment (E) that facilitate occupational performance (OP) when taking care for a person with NCD. PEO-model by Law et. al (Law et al., 1996) was utilized to formulate research question, in search words and in summarizing the results. The search from Ageline, Cinahl, Psycinfo and PubMed databases was done in January 2018 and went back 10 years. Results found 23 relevant articles for inclusion in the scoping review. Facilitating factors emphasized the supports of relationship seen as an overlap of caregivers and individuals with NCD on occupational performance. Facilitating personal factors of resilience, finding gains in caregiving, self -efficacy and religiosity were found to have an impact on care that the caregiver provides. Facilitative aspects of occupations highlighted importance of daily occupations as a source of well-being for both caregiver and person with NCD. In conclusion, facilitating aspects of relationships, personal factors and engagement in activities and hobbies supported occupational performance of both the caregiver and a person with NCD. Taking these factors into consideration could help target interventions more precisely to meet caregivers needs.

  • 417.
    Uhrmann, Lisa
    et al.
    Department of Applied Social Sciences, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Munich, Germany.
    Hovengen, Ida
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, Faculty of Health Sciences, OsloMet–Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bonsaksen, Tore
    Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, Sandnes, Norway.
    The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N)–development and pilot study2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, nr 7, s. 546-551Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The concept occupational balance has been linked with health and well-being, and it is therefore viewed as an important concept for occupational therapy practice, theory and research. To operationalize and measure occupational balance, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed in Sweden. To date, no Norwegian translations of the OBQ exists.

    Aim: To describe the process of developing a Norwegian version of the 11-items Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) and to evaluate its feasibility and face validity.

    Methods: The development process followed a predetermined series of steps, including forward and back translation and cognitive interviews with a pilot sample.

    Results: The pilot study sample (n = 8) varied with respect to age, gender and education level. There was high level of agreement between the participants with regard to their understanding of the content of the items. Three of the items were slightly modified in terms of words and phrasing.

    Conclusion: The OBQ11-N was developed according to established translation guidelines and appears to be feasible and have good face validity.

    Significance: The OBQ11-N may prove useful for assessing occupational balance and associated factors in Norwegian population groups. However, more research is needed to establish the Norwegian version of the questionnaire as psychometrically valid. 

  • 418.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Jönköping University, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, CHILD.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Academy Health, Social Care and Welfare, Mälardalens University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Krumlinde-Sundholm, Lena
    Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A strength-based intervention to increase participation in leisure activities in children with neuropsychiatric disabilities: A pilot study2020Ingår i: Occupational Therapy International, ISSN 0966-7903, E-ISSN 1557-0703, artikel-id 1358707Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to evaluate the feasibility of an intervention model with a client-centered goal-directed approach with the aim to enhance the child’s participation in leisure activities, self-efficacy, and activity performance. A pilot intervention using a client-centered goal-directed approach and a single-subject design was performed. Two Swedish boys with neuropsychiatric diagnosis aged 12 and 14 years old were included, and 3 leisure activity goals were identified. The intervention was carried out over 8 weeks and took place in the adolescent’s everyday environment and at the pediatric rehabilitation center. The goal attainment of participation goals (GAS), the perceived performance ability according to the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), the self-efficacy, and the participants’ satisfaction were used to study the effect. The participants succeeded in attaining their leisure goals as specified by the GAS by achieving +2 on one goal and +1 on the other two goals. They estimated higher performance ability and self-efficacy in their goal performance. Participants, parents, and therapists were overall satisfied and found the intervention to be applicable and helpful in optimizing leisure participation. The intervention model with a client-centered goal-directed approach in which participants define their own leisure activity goals appears to be effective in increasing participation in leisure activities.

  • 419.
    Unsworth, Carolyn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Australia.
    Analysing and interpreting outcomes data to support evidence-based practice using the example of AusTOMs-OT2017Ingår i: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Vol. 80, nr 10, s. 631-637Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Statement of context: Occupational therapists working with clients who have neurological impairments routinely collect outcomes data. However, data cannot inform practice unless it is routinely reviewed. The aim of this paper was to show how outcomes data collected on the Australian Therapy Outcome Measures – Occupational Therapy scale were analysed and interpreted. Although the example pertains to clients with neurological problems, the approach can be applied to all areas of practice.

    Critical reflection on practice: When outcomes data are routinely analysed and findings reviewed, occupational therapists have an increased understanding of practice strengths and limitations.

    Implications for practice: Incorporating analysis and interpretation of outcomes data for clients with neurological problems into practice contributes evidence to support therapy and ensures clinicians retain control of their data. 

  • 420.
    Unsworth, Carolyn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, CQ University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia .
    Review papers: Getting the best occupational therapy evidence into practice2017Ingår i: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 80, nr 3, s. 143-144Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 421.
    Unsworth, Carolyn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. School of Health Medical and Applied Science, Central Queensland University, Bundaberg, Australia.
    Baker, Anne
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Lannin, Natasha
    College of Science Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia.
    Harries, Priscilla
    School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University London, London, UK.
    Strahan, Janene
    Sunshine Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
    Browne, Matthew
    School of Health Medical and Applied Science, Central Queensland University, Bundaberg, Australia.
    Predicting fitness-to-drive following stroke using the Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery2019Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 41, nr 15, s. 1797-1802Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: It is difficult to determine if, or when, individuals with stroke are ready to undergo on-road fitness-to-drive assessment. The Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery was developed to determine client suitability to resume driving. The predictive validity of the Battery needs to be verified for people with stroke.

    AIM: Examine the predictive validity of the Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery for on-road performance among people with stroke.

    METHOD: Off-road data were collected from 148 people post stroke on the Battery and the outcome of their on-road assessment was recorded as: fit-to-drive or not fit-to-drive.

    RESULTS: The majority of participants (76%) were able to resume driving. A classification and regression tree (CART) analysis using four subtests (three cognitive and one physical) from the Battery demonstrated an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.8311. Using a threshold of 0.5, the model correctly predicted 98/112 fit-to-drive (87.5%) and 26/36 people not fit-to-drive (72.2%).

    CONCLUSION: The three cognitive subtests from the Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery and potentially one of the physical tests have good predictive validity for client fitness-to-drive. These tests can be used to screen client suitability for proceeding to an on-road test following stroke. Implications for Rehabilitation: Following stroke, drivers should be counseled (including consideration of local legislation) concerning return to driving. The Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery can be used in the clinic to screen people for suitability to undertake on road assessment. Scores on four of the Occupational Therapy - Driver Off Road Assessment Battery subtests are predictive of resumption of driving following stroke.

  • 422.
    von Post, Helen
    et al.
    Advanced Palliative Home Care, Region Skåne, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    What is important to patients in palliative care? A scoping review of the patient’s perspective2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 1-8Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The research conducted in palliative care is often medically oriented. There are few studies clarifying the patient's preferences, priorities and desires in palliative care. The occupational therapy research conducted mostly concerns occupational therapy interventions based on the profession's experiences. Further knowledge is needed regarding what patients in palliative care want to prioritize.

    Aim:

    The aim was to describe what patients in palliative care describe as important at the end of life.

    Methods:

    A scoping review was conducted using the inclusion criteria: articles published in 2004-August 2015; written in English; participants>18 years with life-threatening illness without possible cure; focusing on the patient?s experience.

    Results:

    Seventeen articles were included in the review and they were based on interviews. The theme 'Continuing occupational participation is important for people at the end of life' was identified. This included five sub-themes: maintaining previous occupational patterns; feeling needed; being involved in the social environment; leaving a legacy; and living as long as you live.

    Conclusions:

    The results show that continued occupational participation is important for people in palliative care. Occupational therapists can contribute to this by taking a highly person-centered approach and gaining information about what matters most for their clients.

  • 423.
    Vukalić, Alen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Challenges of being employed and having a bipolar disorder: A scoping review2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Work is an important part of working individuals’ life and is an occupation to some people. A number of issues may need to be considered to support people with bipolar disorder in their workplace.

    Objectives: Purpose of this study was to explore experiences people with bipolar disorder have at work and challenges they face.

    Methods: A scoping review was undertaken across multiple databases to capture a broad range of literature.

    Results: Results revealed the role work has in identity and recovery of people with BD.  Importance of balance and flexible working hours, potential effect of BD symptoms on work output and the lack of work continuity were identified. Various helpful strategies were reported by many individuals with BD. Potential disclosure is a challenge individuals with BD may face at work.

    Conclusion

    Potential disclosure and the consequences, particularly for work, were identified as important to BD individuals. Individual Placement and Support model may present a useful intervention model methods are consistent with strategies reported by BD individuals. This area is important to occupational therapists considering that one of their competencies is enabling participation in occupation. Limitations and potential bias are acknowledged.

    Keywords: bipolar disorder, work, occupational therapy.

  • 424.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Arbetsterapins bidrag till ekologisk hållbarhet2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tema: Hälsofrämjande perspektiv

    Stadier i livet: Annat

    Projekttyp: Forskningsarbete

    Bakgrund: De pågående klimatförändringarna som är relaterade till människors aktiviteter i vardagen, innebär en mycket allvarlig hälsorisk. Arbetsterapins och aktivitetsvetenskapens expertområde är vardagliga aktiviteter, aktivitetsmönster och aktivitetsförändringar. Den kunskap som detta aktivitetsfokus har genererat kan också bidra till den viktiga frågan om ekologisk hållbarhet ur ett aktivitetsperspektiv.

    Syfte: Att utforska och beskriva vad arbetsterapeuter skrivit om att bidra till ekologisk hållbarhet och förhindra ytterligare klimatförändring.

    Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt. Publikationer åren 2008-2013 användes som data. Sökningar skedde på fyra olika sätt: i databaser, referenslistor, citeringar samt manuellt i tretton tidsskrifter.

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Fjorton publikationer inkluderades i litteraturöversikten: nio artiklar, en bok och fyra bokkapitel. I resultatet identifierades fyra olika sätt att bidra till ekologisk hållbarhet – genom att anpassa aktiviteter, samarbeta med andra på olika nivåer, utforska människors aktiviteter samt genom att varna för konsekvenser av klimatförändringarna ur ett aktivitetsperspektiv.

    Slutsats: De identifierade sätten att bidra till ekologisk hållbarhet kan användas som en utgångspunkt för vidare studier och interventioner.

  • 425.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    How to contribute occupationally to ecological sustainability: A literature review2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 161-165Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Climate change is of great concern today, and is an important health issue. The changes are related to human occupations and, therefore, an occupational perspective can make important contributions to ecological sustainability. The aim of this scoping literature review was to explore and describe what has recently been written about how occupational therapy/therapists/science can contribute to ecological sustainability and the prevention of more severe climate change.

    Methods: Publications were used as data. Searches were conducted in databases, journals, reference lists, and citations. Fourteen items, with content related to the contribution of occupational therapy/therapists/science to climate change and ecological sustainability; written in English; having an occupational therapist among the authors; and published between 2008 and 2013; were included.

    Results: The results revealed four different ways that occupational therapists/scientists can contribute: by adapting to prevent climate change and to existing changes; by cooperating with others; by exploring people's occupational choices and the relationship between occupation and ecology; and by warning of the consequences of the changes.

    Conclusion: These ways of contributing can be used as a point of departure for further research on this important topic.

  • 426.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Occupational balance – of importance for occupational therapists2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 427.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    The model of human occupation's usefulness in relation to sustainable development2014Ingår i: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 77, nr 3, s. 165-167Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is general agreement that global climate changes are one of the greatest threats to humanity. Therefore, occupational therapists should use their knowledge about occupations to contribute to the ecological aspect of sustainable development. Similarly, when working with clients, therapists' occupational perspective can expand to include an ecological dimension. A conceptual framework would be valuable and, while empirical research is required, it would appear that the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is useful in this context.

  • 428.
    Wagman, Petra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    What have occupational therapists written about global climate change? 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 429.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Björk, M.
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Håkansson, C.
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance and its association with life satisfaction in men and women with rheumatoid arthritis2020Ingår i: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    Despite improved treatments and reduced disability, people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience difficulties in daily life, which may negatively affect their balance of everyday life activities (occupational balance). The aim of this study was to describe occupational balance and its association with self-rated life satisfaction in men and women with RA.

    Methods:

    A survey, including demographic and health-related questions, was sent to 1,277 people who met the following criteria: with RA >4 years, aged 18–80 years, included in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register (SRQ), and had at least one registered visit to the participating rheumatology units in the year before inclusion. The 682 who answered all items in the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) were included in the study. Their answers were analysed with descriptive statistics, and logistic regression analyses were conducted on men and women separately.

    Results:

    Significantly higher occupational balance was identified in those participants who were >65 years, had no children at home, had a lower disease activity score, were not continuously stressed and reported low pain intensity. The results of the logistic regression analyses of both genders showed that higher occupational balance was significantly associated with a higher probability for rating themselves as being satisfied with life as a whole.

    Conclusion:

    Occupational balance was identified as related to satisfaction with life as a whole, which is valuable information for health professionals. Enhanced occupational balance may be achieved in people with RA by working towards reducing their stress and pain.

  • 430.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Carita, Håkansson
    Lunds universitet.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Björklund, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    What is considered important for life balance? Similarities and differences among working adults in Sweden2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 431.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Q metodologi i arbetsterapi - ett nytt sätt att identifiera subjektiva synsätt2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 432.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hedin, Katarina
    Futurum, Region Jönköping County and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gunnarsson, A. Birgitta
    Department of Research and Development, Kronoberg County Council, Växjö, Sweden.
    Factors associated with higher occupational balance in people with anxiety and/or depression who require occupational therapy treatment2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders are associated with problems with everyday occupations, including difficulties achieving occupational balance. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe occupational balance in people suffering from anxiety and/or depression and the factors that are associated with better self-rated occupational balance.

    Material: One hundred and eighteen participants were recruited from outpatient mental health care and primary health care. The participants were 18-65 years, had a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression, and had problems in everyday occupations. They answered questionnaires on occupational balance, psychological symptoms, quality of life and everyday occupations.

    Results: A generally low rating of occupational balance was found; however, the scores differed depending on the participants' degree of anxiety and depression, their quality of life, their occupational performance and satisfaction with their occupational performance. Logistic regression analyses revealed that high quality of life, high satisfaction with occupational performance and low level of depression were associated to occupational balance.

    Conclusion: The results indicate that enhanced satisfaction with life and with performance of everyday occupations are relevant factors for achieving occupational balance in clients diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression.

    Significance: The results will be valuable for professionals working to support their clients in enhancing their occupational balance.

  • 433.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds Universitet.
    Exploring occupational balance in adults in Sweden2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 415-420Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between occupational balance (measured by the occupational balance questionnaire [OBQ]) and self-rated health and life satisfaction. A secondary aim was to explore differences in occupational balance among adults in Sweden. Methods: The 153 participants (63% women), recruited using convenience sampling, answered a questionnaire comprising demographic questions, the OBQ, one item about self-rated health, and one about life satisfaction. The OBQ was analysed for correlation with subjective health and life satisfaction. The OBQ and its individual items were also analysed for correlations with age and for differences between men and women and participants living with children younger than 18 years versus not. Results: The OBQ was significantly positively correlated to self-rated health and life satisfaction, supporting the relationship between occupational balance and health. No significant correlation between age and the total OBQ was identified but some differences in occupational balance, related to whether the participant was living with or without children at home, were revealed. Conclusions: The results should be interpreted with caution due to the nature of the sample and data but they can serve as a point of departure for further studies and hypotheses regarding occupational balance in different populations.

  • 434.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund , Sweden.
    Introducing the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ)2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 227-231Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The concept of occupational balance is frequently used in occupational therapy but the fact that it has been defined and measured differently is a limitation. This article introduces the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), which focuses on satisfaction with the amount and variation of occupations. It consists of 13 items measured on six-step ordinal scales. It has shown good content validity in a sample of 21 occupational therapists but other psychometric properties have not been investigated. The aim was to investigate the OBQ regarding internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and floor/ceiling effects. Methods: The OBQ was administered twice to a sample selected through convenience sampling. Internal consistency was investigated by Cronbach's alpha and test–retest reliability analysed with Spearman's Rho correlation for the total score and weighted kappa on each item. Potential floor/ceiling effects were explored by checking for the percentage of participants who scored lowest and highest. Results: The results demonstrated that the OBQ has good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.936) and sufficient test–retest reliability (Spearman's Rho for the total score was 0.926) and, thus, seems stable over time. No floor or ceiling effect was detected. Conclusions: The OBQ therefore showed promising reliability, although further instrument development studies to examine its construct validity are required.

  • 435.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance from the interpersonal perspective: A scoping review2019Ingår i: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 537-545Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Occupational balance is an important concept in occupational science but it has mostly been studied from an individual rather than an interpersonal perspective, i.e. the extent to which one individual’s occupational balance affects and is affected by others. The aim of this review was to describe the extent to which occupational balance has been recently considered from an interpersonal perspective.

    Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. Articles published between 2014 and 2017 that met the following inclusion criteria were included: full articles reporting primary research; published in English; using “occupational balance”, “balance in everyday life”, or “life balance” in the abstract, key words, or title; having an occupational focus on balance; and providing relevant information in relation to the interpersonal perspective.

    Results: Nine articles were included. The interpersonal perspective was mostly seen in relation to partners or families, showing the positive impact of support and the negative impact of meeting other’s needs in mothers. One article addressed aspects related to organizations and attitudes at the workplace in parents with young children.

    Conclusion: The findings reveal the importance of considering the occupational balance of both the individual and those around him or her while also showing some of the complexity of occupational balance. The limited number of articles identified indicates that there is still a lack of research using an interpersonal perspective, suggesting that further examination of the interpersonal influence on occupational balance may be a fruitful avenue to pursue. 

  • 436.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds universitet.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Landstinget i Östergötland, Linköping.
    Gunnarsson, A. Birgitta
    Landstinget Kronoberg, Växjö, Göteborgs universitet.
    Självskattad aktivitetsbalans hos vuxna med gemensam diagnos och vuxna från en generell population2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tema: Hälsofrämjande perspektiv

    Stadier i livet: Vuxna

    Projekttyp: Forskningsarbete

    Bakgrund: Aktivitetsbalans är ett viktigt hälsorelaterat begrepp inom arbetsterapi. Det finns behov av studier där aktivitetsbalans mäts på samma sätt i olika populationer för att generera fördjupad kunskap om hur aktivitetsbalansen ser ut vid olika diagnoser och hur den skiljer sig från personer i generell befolkning. I studien används Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), baserad på definitionen att aktivitetsbalans är en persons upplevelse av att ha rätt mängd aktivitet och rätt variation mellan olika aktiviteter i sin vardag.

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva aktivitetsbalans hos personer i yrkesverksam ålder med gemensamma diagnoser (reumatoid artrit och ångest/depression) och hos personer från en generell population. Eventuella skillnader mellan män och kvinnor undersöks också. Ett ytterligare syfte är att kontrollera OBQs psykometriska egenskaper i grupperna med gemensam diagnos.

    Metod: Studien är pågående och data samlas in via frågeformulär. Deltagare är 50 personer med ångest eller depression (resultat från fler planeras till presentationen), 383 personer med reumatoid artrit och 217 personer från en generell population. Samtliga deltagare var i åldern 20-65 år. Aktivitetsbalans mättes OBQ vilket består av 13 påståenden som skattas på ordinalskala. Svaren summeras till en totalskala (0-65) och analyseras också avseende varje påstående. OBQ har visat god innehållsvaliditet. Det har också haft god intern konsistens och test-retestreliabilitet bland deltagare från generell population. Icke-parametrisk statistik används vid analys.

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Det preliminära resultatet visade att deltagarna med ångest/depression skattar lägre aktivitetsbalans (median 24) än de med reumatoid artrit (median 43) och deltagarna från en generell population (median 42). Samma resultat sågs i de enskilda påståendena. OBQ visade också god intern konsistens i samtliga grupper (Cronbachs alpha 0,874-0,947).

    Slutsats: Studien bidrar med kunskap om aktivitetsbalans i olika grupper.

  • 437.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Björk, Mathilda
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta
    Occupational balance in different populations and an evaluation of the psychometric properties of a newly developed instrument 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 438.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Björklund, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    A proposed definition of occupational balance2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 439.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds universitet.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Björklund, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Likheter och skillnader i synen på vad som är viktigt för att uppleva livsbalans2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tema: Vardagsaktiviteter

    Stadier i livet: Vuxna

    Projekttyp: Forskningsarbete

    Bakgrund: Forskning har visat livsbalans som ett subjektivt, mångdimensionellt och hälsorelaterat begrepp. Ingen studie har dock undersökt vad människor ser som mer eller mindre viktigt för att uppleva balans i sitt liv eller om detta skiljer sig åt mellan människor.

    Syfte: Syftet är att utforska vad som anses viktigt för livsbalans och om detta skiljer sig åt mellan människor.

    Metod: Q metodologi användes och deltagarna var sexton män och sexton kvinnor. Samtliga var yrkesverksamma och i åldern 21-67 år. Varje deltagare sorterade 42 påståenden om livsbalans på en mall i enlighet med sin uppfattning om hur viktigt påståendet var för deras balans i livet. Deltagarnas mallar analyserades statistiskt, med faktoranalys och varimaxrotation, för att generera olika synsätt/faktorer.

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Både likheter och skillnader mellan deltagarna identifierades. Fyra olika synsätt framkom, dvs. liknande mönster av uppfattningar mellan några deltagare. I samtliga sågs dock goda relationer till de närmaste som mycket viktigt. Andra likheter identifierades också mellan vissa av synsätten och deltagarna i tre av dem ansåg det, till exempel viktigt att känna sig frisk och kry. Därutöver hade varje synsätt sitt unika perspektiv på vad som ansågs viktigt för livsbalans och de namngavs efter respektive perspektiv: ”aktivitetsbalans”, ”självförverkligande”, ”medvetenhet om egna behov” och ”ömsesidiga relationer”.

    Slutsats: Resultatet stöder att livsbalans är subjektivt, mångdimensionellt och hälsorelaterat även om det inte kan generaliseras. Det visar också på betydelsen av klientcentrering då det kan finnas skillnader mellan vad klienter ser som mer eller mindre betydelsefullt för sin livsbalans.

  • 440.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jonsson, Hans
    Aktivitetsbalans - ett viktigt begrepp i arbetsterapi2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 441.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds Universitet.
    Jonsson, Hans
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Occupational balance: A scoping review of current research and identified knowledge gaps2015Ingår i: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 160-169Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports a comprehensive review of the research conducted regarding occupational balance. A scoping study method was used to explore and describe current research about occupational balance and to identify research gaps. Twenty-two articles published between 2009 and 2014 met the inclusion criteria. The articles reported studies conducted in eight countries on four continents, but the majority were conducted in Europe and North America. The articles contributed to knowledge about the concept itself, its importance, levels of occupational balance, and the relationship between occupational balance and health and well-being. They also described what is important for occupational balance or how to enhance/create/recreate it and differences between people. Several research gaps were identified which include the need for studies about perceptions of occupational balance among people beyond western societies. Furthermore, systematic research is warranted with regards to levels of occupational balance, and how to enhance it.

  • 442.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Matuska, Kathleen
    Björklund, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    The five dimensions in the Life Balance Model are empirically supported by Swedish participants2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The Life Balance Model by Matuska and Christiansen (2008) proposes that satisfaction of five needs (dimensions) is necessary for people to perceive life balance: basic instrumental needs; rewarding relationships; engagement and challenges; meaningfulness and positive identity; satisfactorily organization of time and energy.

    Aim: To validate the model dimensions by relating them to the perceptions of life balance from women recovering from stress related disorders and working men and women without recent long term sick leave.

    Methods: Secondary qualitative analyses of the two data sets (n 19 each) were conducted. Matrix analyses were used for comparing data with dimensions.

    Results: The results showed support for the five dimensions in the model as they were included in the perceptions of life balance from the two populations: women with stress related disorders and; working men and women.

    Conclusion: The dimensions in Life balance model were supported empirically by two different Swedish populations.

  • 443.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Johansson, Ann
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Occupation and health abroad as described by EU citizens begging in Sweden2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 444.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Johansson, Ann
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad.

    Aim: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden.

    Material: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish. These were analysed using conventional content analysis. Participants were 20 EU citizens aged 19?64 years with experience of begging in Sweden.

    Results: The identified main category, "A hard time abroad to improve one's life", contained four categories - "Endurance is required to make a living"; "Exposed to others' attitudes and kindness"; "Handling being away"; and "A better life is the driving force".

    Conclusions and significance: EU citizens who beg face occupational injustice, spending many hours in non-preferred activity of begging and with few leisure activities, although no generalizations can be drawn based on this study. The importance of a friendly attitude and environmental support when abroad was also shown. Since occupational justice is within the scope of occupational therapy, occupational therapists have the skills to contribute in collaboration with others.

  • 445.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Johansson, Ann
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Inger
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lygnegård, Frida
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    Edström, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Morville, Anne-Le
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Making sustainability in occupational therapy visible by relating to the Agenda 2030 goals – A case description of a Swedish university2020Ingår i: World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, ISSN 1447-3828Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Occupational therapy has a lot to contribute to sustainable development considering the discipline?s occupational focus and knowledge. This has been recognised by researchers and professional associations, but there is still a scarcity of research explicitly mentioning sustainability. Relevant contributions may be identified by relating education and research to the Agenda 2030 sustainable development goals. The aim of this article was to describe explicit and implicit inclusion of sustainable development and Agenda 2030 goals in occupational therapy education and research at one Swedish university. Current course syllabi and study guides, as well as research over the past five-year period, were examined and related to sustainability. The results showed that although only a few courses and articles were explicitly related to sustainable development, more course and research content became relevant when this content was compared with the sustainable development goals. It can be concluded that sustainability was more extensively addressed than first visible, but further studies including more universities are warranted.

  • 446.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för naturvetenskap och biomedicin. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Rolander, Bo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance in health professionals in Sweden2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 18-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care employees are often women, a group that has high degrees of sick leave and perhaps problems attaining occupational balance. However, people think differently about their everyday activities and it is therefore important to take their perceptions into account but occupational balance has not yet been measured in health professionals. The aim was to describe occupational balance in three different samples of health professionals in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate whether occupational therapists (OTs) rate their occupational balance differently from other health professionals.

    Material and method: Four hundred and eighty-two health professionals, employees in public dentistry, mental health care and OTs, aged 21–70 years participated. The participants’ occupational balance was measured using the occupational balance questionnaire (OBQ).Results: The ratings of occupational balance were similar to earlier studies and did not differ significantly between the samples. The OTs’ occupational balance was also similar to that of the other health professionals.

    Conclusion: The similarities in occupational balance indicate the same difficulties in attaining it.

    Significance: The result highlights the possibility that working people face similar difficulties in achieving occupational balance. Further research is warranted about how to attain it.

  • 447.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nordin, Maria
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Center of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westerholm, Peter J. M.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för naturvetenskap och biomedicin. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Domestic work division and satisfaction in cohabiting adults: Associations with life satisfaction and self-rated health2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 24-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The amount and perception of domestic work may affect satisfaction with everyday life, but further knowledge is needed about the relationship between domestic work division and health and well-being.

    Aim: To describe the division of, and satisfaction with, domestic work and responsibility for home/family in adults living with a partner. A further aim was to investigate the associations between these aspects and self-rated life satisfaction and health.

    Method: Data from the Work, Lipids and Fibrinogen survey collected 2009 were used, comprising 4924 participants living with a partner. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.

    Results: The majority shared domestic work and responsibility for home/family equally with their partner. However, more women conducted the majority of the domestic work and were less satisfied with its division. When both division and satisfaction with division was included in the analysis, solely satisfaction with the division and the responsibility were associated with higher odds for good life satisfaction. Regarding health, higher odds for good self-rated health were seen in those who were satisfied with their division of responsibility.

    Conclusion and significance: The results highlight the importance of taking into account not solely the actual division of domestic work but also the satisfaction with it.

  • 448.
    Wan, Anson H.
    et al.
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Wong, Duo W.
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Ma, Christina Zong-Hao
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Zhang, Ming
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Lee, Winson C.
    Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Wearable vibrotactile biofeedback device allowing identification of different floor conditions for lower-limb amputees2016Ingår i: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0003-9993, E-ISSN 1532-821X, Vol. 97, nr 7, s. 1210-1213Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate a newly developed biofeedback device enabling lower-limb amputees to identify various floor conditions.

    Design: Self-control with repeated measures (with and without the biofeedback device) within the amputee group, and group control comparing between amputee and nonamputee groups.

    Setting: University locomotion laboratory.

    Participants: Five lower-limb amputees and 8 nonamputees (N=13).

    Interventions: A wearable biofeedback device, which identified different floor conditions by analyzing the force patterns under the prosthetic feet and provided vibration cues in response to different floor conditions, was provided to the amputees.

    Main Outcome Measures: The subjects stepped on a foam platform concealing a small object or no object at 1 of the 4 locations of the foot sole. Subjects were asked whether there was a small object under their feet and the location of the object if it existed. The test was repeated with 4 different object types and 4 object locations. The success rate of floor identification was evaluated.

    Results: Without the biofeedback device, nonamputee subjects (76.56%) identified floor conditions better than amputees (22.5%) significantly (P<.001). On using the biofeedback device, the amputees significantly improved (P<.01) their success rate showing no significant difference (P=.746) compared with the nonamputees. No significant differences were found among object types (P=.689).

    Conclusions: Amputees performed significantly worse than nonamputees in recognizing the different floor conditions used in this experiment. With the biofeedback device, amputees significantly improved their abilities in identifying different floor conditions. Future attempts could configure the device to allow it to provide warning signals in response to fall-inducing conditions.

  • 449.
    Wedin, Linnéa
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Wisberg, Linnéa
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Äldres upplevelser av möjligheter och hinder till meningsfulla aktiviteter: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Meningsfulla aktiviteter ingår i arbetsterapeutens kompetens och något som arbetsterapeuter bör grunda sina interventioner i. Syftet med examensarbetet var att beskriva upplevelse av möjlighet och hinder till meningsfulla aktiviteter hos äldre med hemtjänst i ordinärt boende. Examensarbetet hade en kvalitativ design med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Tio deltagare intervjuades. En kvalitativ innehålls-analys resulterade i faktorer som både möjliggjorde och hindrade meningsfulla aktiviteter. Tre kategorier identifierades; ”Den fysiska miljöns betydelse”, miljön kring den äldre påverkade utförandet beroende på om den var anpassad eller inte, om man hade närhet till aktivitet, om man hade möjlighet till transport samt att den varma årstiden möjliggjorde. ”Hindrande Personfaktorer”, kroppsliga begränsningar och mentala begränsningar påverkade möjlighet till utförande av meningsfulla aktiviteter. ”Organiserade sociala aktiviteter”, kyrkan möjliggjorde aktivitet, hemtjänsten stöttar till viss del och organiserade aktiviteter har lagts ned. Temat ”Det handlar inte om hur gammal man är, utan hur man är gammal” framkom. Samhällets syn på äldre samt äldres internaliserade syn på sig själva påverkar möjlighet till utförande av meningsfulla aktiviteter. Slutsatsen var att möjlighet till meningsfulla aktiviteter påverkas av omgivningsfaktorer och personfaktorer. Denna kunskap bidrar till att arbetsterapeuter kan arbeta för att äldre ska kunna utföra meningsfulla aktiviteter genom att uppmärksamma de hinder och möjligheter som den äldre upplever.

  • 450.
    Westlin, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
    Björklund, Anita
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    A Delphi study of occurring information in housing adaptation certificates2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 357-365Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since 1993, the Housing Adaptation Act has provided disabled people the opportunity to receive grants for adapting their homes. A housing adaptation certificate certifying the necessity of adaptations must accompany any application and if information in housing adaptation certificates is not sufficient, the applicant is risking not having necessary housing adaptations.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and describe what information is missing, unnecessary or vague, in the housing adaptation certificates; to determine how often this occur, and how problematic this can be for the decision process.

    Material and methods: 105 housing adaptation grant managers took part in a three-round Delphi survey.

    Results: At least 65% consensus was reached regarding the following six statements: missing information about disability duration, possession of relevant assistive devices, consequences of the disability in housing, prognosis of consequences, who the informant is, or contains preferences for specific solutions. Missing, unnecessary or vague information pose serious or less serious problems and 38–72% of the participants reported that this often or always occur.

    Conclusion: Housing adaptation certificates need to be improved.

    Significance: The results of this study are used to design a checklist for use by housing adaptation certificate writers.

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