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  • 401.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Omsorg oss emellan: omsorg i informella relationer förr, nu och i framtiden1980Book (Other academic)
  • 402.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Reflexiones sobre los cuidados de larga duración en Suecia [Reflections on Long-term care in Sweden]2015In: Encrucijadas: Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales, ISSN 2174-7148, E-ISSN 2174-6753, Vol. 10, p. 1-7, article id r1001Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [es]

    La provisión de cuidados de larga duración que se ofrecen en Suecia y en el conjunto de los países nórdicos provienen de un recorrido histórico basado en la construcción territorial a través de parroquias y en las redes de solidaridad creadas a partir de la relación entre familias y amigos, por un lado, y estos con el Estado, por otro.

  • 403.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Äventyret att bli gammal2016In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 2, p. 58-59Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 404.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Abellán, Antonio
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Ayala, Alba
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Pérez, Julio
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Pujol, Rogelio
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, Spain.
    Souto, Javier
    Unión Democrática de Pensionistas, Madrid, Spain.
    Men and older persons also care, but how much? Assessing amounts of caregiving in Spain and Sweden2018In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 75-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate how much caregiving men and women respectively do, and how much of the caregiving is done by older (65+) and younger persons, inside their household and for other households, in Spain and in Sweden. To assess this, we use self-reported hours of caregiving from two national surveys about caregiving, performed in 2014 (Spain, N = 2003; Sweden, N = 1193). Spain and Sweden have dissimilar household structures, and different social services for older (65+) persons. Caregivers, on average, provide many more hours of care in Spain than in Sweden. Women provide about 58% of all hours of caregiving, in Spain in all age groups, in Sweden only among younger caregivers. The reason is the dominance of partner caregivers among older Swedes, with older men and women providing equal hours of care. Family caregiving inside the household is more extensive in the more complex Spanish households than in Swedish households. Family care between households prevails in Sweden, where the large majority of older persons live with a partner only, or alone. This is increasingly common in Spain, although it remains at a lower level. We estimate that older persons provide between 22% and 33% of all hours of caregiving in Spain, and between 41% and 49% in Sweden. Patterns of caregiving appear to be determined mainly by demography and household structure.

  • 405.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Johansson, Lennarth
    Äldrecentrum Stockholm .
    Hur mycket hemtjänst som helst?2016In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 2, p. 34-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 406.
    Svensson, Isabell
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Remäng, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Skolkuratorer - En akutverksamhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är öka förståelsen för skolkuratorers yrkesroll och arbetssätt samt hur de beskriver det förebyggande arbetet med psykisk ohälsa bland högstadieelever. För att undersöka detta har vi genomfört semi-strukturerade intervjuer med tio skolkuratorer i Jönköpings län. Baserat på en tematisk analys behandlas följande fyra teman. Socionom på pedagogernas arena, Begränsningar, Förebyggande arbete och Acceptans. Analysen beskriver skolkuratorers syn på sitt yrke och de utmaningar som kommer med det. Genom studien har teorin om gräsrotsbyråkrati används. Vi utgår därför ifrån att skolkuratorer konstruerat sin egen yrkesroll utifrån vilket handlingsutrymme och handlingsfrihet de har. Eftersom alla har olika erfarenheter, handlingsmöjligheter och tolkningar av verkligheten så visar också resultatet att skolkuratorers yrkesroll kan se väldigt olika ut från skola till skola. De utmaningar som beskrivs är att få tiden att räcka till, samarbetet att fungera, samt hur de hanterar sitt handlingsutrymme och att nå ut till alla elever.

  • 407.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Leaving Care with "Cultural Baggage": The Development of an Identity within a Transnational Space2014In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 39-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from care is a critical phase for care leavers in general, and even more complex for those who have arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors and belong to an ethnic minority group. The aim of this article is to examine unaccompanied minors' experiences of leaving care, and to explore the experience in relation to perceptions about ethnicity and culture within a transnational space. Interviews were completed with 11 care leavers who had been received in Sweden as unaccompanied minors. The results show that these young people have to deal with multiple adjustments. Conquering obstacles as care leavers involves not only resolving general issues such as reintegration into society, but also adjustment to perceived and created views of how to become Swedish. From the young people's point of view, this seems to be necessary to make a successful transition from care into adulthood.

  • 408.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    The (re)construction of home: Unaccompanied children’s and youth’s transition out of care2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focuses on how perceptions of ethnicity and culture become meaningful in relation to the transition from care into independent living, studied from unaccompanied youths’, professionals’, and a methodological perspective. The findings from interviews with unaccompanied youth with experience of leaving care showed that thoughts about their ethnic minority background are constantly present in the young men’s lives. Their stories about preparing to leave care show a continuous attempt to make adjustments in order to fit into the Swedish society (Study I). The results based on interviews with professionals and observations at two residential care units indicated that ‘home’ is sometimes used as a metaphor when describing the residential care units. The home metaphor affected the staff in ways that it sometimes became difficult to separate private and professional matters. The clash between the residential care unit and the desire to create a home environment highlights the issue that programs executed in Sweden for unaccompanied young people were originally not made for them (Study II). Study III emphasised how transnational relationships form the unaccompanied youths view of past, present, and future time. This study highlighted the importance of how the professionals need to understand the unaccompanied children and youth and their situation as flexible (Study III). Finally, methodological reflections about research concerning ethnicity indicated the importance of reflecting on one’s own perceptions, the role as a researcher, and the benefits and limitations these different roles may have in the research process (Study IV).

    The research was conducted using qualitative methods. The data collection methods entailed interviews with the youth (Study I), individual interviews, focus-groups, and observations with professionals (Study II and III), and discussions based on the data collected for study I-III (Study IV). Altogether, 11 youths (18-22 years) and about 20 professionals at the residential care units participated in the studies.

    Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the individual interviews and the focus-groups. All interviews were transcribed verbatim for analysis. The empirical data from observations consisted of notes taken during everyday situations, as well as from short conversations with the professionals. The notes were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The combined results of study I-III were used as empirical data for the analysis in study IV.

    This dissertation shows that (re)constructing a home is a central part of the care-leaving process for a migrant about to resettle in a new country. The greatest challenge the unaccompanied youth have to conquer during the transition from care to independent living is to fight against exclusion. The main purpose in (re)constructing a home appears to be the same for the youth and the professionals, namely, to reach a sense of safety and belonging. However, different conditions and points of departure may make it hard to agree on details such as what the meaning of belonging actually is, and if it is possible to develop a tailor-made solution. Researching issues of ethnicity comes with the responsibility to avoid reinforcing an ‘us’ versus ‘them’ and, in so doing, reinforce stereotypes.

  • 409.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    "In Sweden work is more important than the culture, actually!": The care leaving process for unaccompanied youths from the perspective of social workers2015In: Transnational Social Review, ISSN 2193-1674, E-ISSN 2196-145X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 241-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 about 7000 unaccompanied minors applied for asylum in Sweden and a great part got to stay. Thus Sweden is one of the countries receiving the highest number in Europe. Previous research have shown that individuals with out-of-home care experiences belong to a vulnerable group. Besides that, young people with a migrant background sometimes experienced exclusion and discrimination. This study aim to explore social workers’ understanding of the unaccompanied youth’s minority backgrounds in relation to the process of leaving-care. With a qualitative approach data have been collected through focus-groups at two residential care units. Within this kind of Human service organizations the staff struggle with meeting the perceived needs of the youths based on their minority background. Alongside they are trying to teach what they considered as being good Swedish practices claimed being necessary when facing life outside care. A transnational perspective prevents an understanding of the unaccompanied youth’s context as static, but promotes rather a way of relating to both the youths past and present time in order to be prepared for the future.

  • 410.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    "För att du vet hur det är här" – metodologiska implikationer vid forskning om ensamkommande barn2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 411.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Stockholms universitet.
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Home sweet home? Professionals' understanding of 'home' within residential care for unaccompanied youths in Sweden2016In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 591-599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of unaccompanied minors arriving in Sweden continues to rise. The majority are placed in residential care units. This qualitative study aims to increase the understanding given by the professionals to the concept of ‘home’ within the framework of residential care for unaccompanied young people. Data are based on participatory observations at two residential care units, followed up by individual interviews with staff. The findings confirm that the concept of home has a complex meaning involving both objective aspects such as physical buildings, and more subjective components that can be seen as state of mind. The staff's desire to offer an ‘ordinary home’ fails because of the surveillance, their dominant positions and especially due to the legal restrictions that were not initially meant for this target group. Unaccompanied young people have to be considered based on their own specific needs in order to make it possible for society to offer the most suitable care.

  • 412.
    Söderström, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Albertsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Socialsekreterares upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemet. Yrkesgrupper som socialsekreterare anses vara mest utsatta för stress grundat på socialtjänstens höga arbetsbelastning. Arbetsrelaterad stress påverkar både organisationen och arbetets kvalité men leder främst till psykisk ohälsa bland de anställda.

    Syfte. Denna studie undersöker hur yrkesverksamma socialsekreterare inom socialtjänsten upplever arbetsrelaterad stress, samt om det finns något samband med känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), verksamma år och kön. Studiens teoretiska bakgrund är baserad på KASAM utifrån det salutogena perspektivet.

    Metod. Studien utgörs av en kvantitativ forskningsstrategi i form av en tvärsnittsstudie. En enkät med frågor om bakgrund, arbetsrelaterad stress och KASAM har sammanställts och skickats ut via mejl till yrkesverksamma socialsekreterare södra delen av Sverige.

    Resultat. Svaren som enkäten genererade visar att de främsta stressfaktorerna på arbetet anses vara ökad arbetsbelastning, höga egna krav samt svårigheten över att sätta gränser och att ta ett större ansvar än vad hen bör göra. Resultatet visar ett signifikant samband med ett negativt värde mellan arbetsrelaterad stress och graden av KASAM samt ett signifikant samband mellan yrkesverksamma år och KASAM.

    Slutsats. Utifrån respondenternas svar är det möjligt att utläsa ett samband mellan socialsekreterares egna höga krav och engagemang i arbetet med KASAM:s tre komponenter, begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet. Detta tyder på att ett stort engagemang inte alltid är positivt. Vidare finns ett samband mellan socialsekreterares yrkeserfarenhet och grad av KASAM, personliga stresshantering och hälsa.

    Nyckelord: enkätstudie, arbetsrelaterad stress, KASAM, socialsekreterare

  • 413.
    Tallvid, John
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lampret, Emil
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Nätmobbning:   En studie om ansvar, utveckling och könsskillnader2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien handlar om högstadiekurators subjektiva uppfattning när det kommer till ansvarsfördelning, utvecklingen av nätmobbning samt eventuella könsskillnader kopplat till nätmobbning.

    Studien har en ansats i tematisk analys och den utgjordes av temana utveckling, ansvar och könskillnader. Det blev även tydligt att högstadiekuratorerna oberoende av kön, ålder och erfarenhet hade likande uppfattning om fenomenet nätmobbning.

    Teorierna som används i denna studie är The online disinhibition effect och Social konstruktionism kopplat till genus och identitet.

  • 414.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Berndtsson, Ina
    Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Norm-Critical Potential in Undergraduate Nursing Education Curricula: A Document Analysis.2018In: Advances in Nursing Science, ISSN 0161-9268, E-ISSN 1550-5014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The documents and literature that regulate nursing education are based on certain values and knowledge, and the underlying power in the curriculum raises the question of how health care professionals are molded during the course of their education. Norm criticism is a concept with its roots in critical pedagogy and gender and queer studies, emphasizing the origins as well as the consequences of marginalization, power, and knowledge of what is generally accepted as "normal" and "true." Norm criticism is used in this article to analyze the documents and literature underlying a nursing program in Sweden, which are shown to include a sometimes politically correct rhetoric, but one lacking a firm basis in social justice values.

  • 415.
    Thompson, Melanie
    et al.
    Curtin University.
    Elliott, Catherine
    Curtin University.
    Willis, Claire
    University of Western Australia.
    Ward, Roslyn
    University of Western Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University.
    Gubbay, Anna
    University of Western Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University.
    Can, Want and Try: Parents’ Viewpoints Regarding the Participation of Their Child with an Acquired Brain Injury2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, article id e0157951Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a leading cause of permanent disability, currently affecting 20,000 Australian children. Community participation is essential for childhood development and enjoyment, yet children with ABI can often experience barriers to participation. The factors which act as barriers and facilitators to community participation for children with an ABI are not well understood. 

    Aim

    To identify the viewpoints of parents of children with an ABI, regarding the barriers and facilitators most pertinent to community participation for their child. 

    Methods 

    Using Q-method, 41 parents of children with moderate/severe ABI sorted 37 statements regarding barriers and facilitators to community participation. Factor analysis identified three viewpoints. 

    Results 

    This study identified three distinct viewpoints, with the perceived ability to participate decreasing with a stepwise trend from parents who felt their child and family "can" participate in viewpoint one, to "want" in viewpoint two and "try" in viewpoint three. 

    Conclusions 

    Findings indicated good participation outcomes for most children and families, however some families who were motivated to participate experienced significant barriers. The most significant facilitators included child motivation, supportive relationships from immediate family and friends, and supportive community attitudes. The lack of supportive relationships and attitudes was perceived as a fundamental barrier to community participation. 

    Significance 

    This research begins to address the paucity of information regarding those factors that impact upon the participation of children with an ABI in Australia. Findings have implications for therapists, service providers and community organisations.

  • 416.
    Thorssell Kjellin, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Wremer, Gustav
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Empatisk nog för socionomexamen, eller?: En studie om socionomstudenters empatiska förmåga och dess utveckling under utbildningstiden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative study, with qualitative elements, intended to investigate the empathic ability among students and its change during social work education in Sweden. The study used a self-assessment form in the form of a questionnaire sent out to 8 of the 15 universities around the country. Respondents who participated in the survey studied in semester 1 & 2 and semester 6 & 7. The instrument which were used, measure the empathy level of the respondents and was a Swedish translation of the instrument, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) which is a proven self-assessment form. IRI consists of 28 questions divided into 4 areas (subscales), which together provide a score, where a higher score corresponds to a greater capacity for empathy. At the end of the survey respondents were given the opportunity to specify which training elements that they consider has affected their empathic ability. The quantitative empirical data showed a marginal rise in the empathic ability of the latter term group but this is not statistically secured and the difference is so small that in practice it would not mean any difference. Because of the non-significant associations, no conclusions could be drawn on whether the training has any effect on students' empathy on the basis of the study's quantitative empiricism. The quantitative empirical data indicated a significant relationship between empathy and age, as well as empathy and gender. The younger respondents tend to have a higher empathy than the older. Women received a higher score concerning empathy than men. The qualitative empirical data indicated that the students themselves believe they have increased their empathic ability during education. The study involved 168 respondents.

  • 417.
    Tidebrink, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Handläggning av tvångsvård: Socialsekreterares erfarenheter och upplevelser av att handlägga LVM ärenden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a social secretary has to investigate a client due to the Law on Care of Addicts in certain cases (LVM) he or she need to do so with consideration to many different perspectives. The purpose of this study is to provide knowledge about how social workers perceive handling LVM cases and also to find out what their experiences are when it comes to managing cases of this kind. The study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with six social secretaries who have all worked with LVM management. To interpret and analyze the material a theory about street-level bureaucrats, power, ethics in social work and “handlingsutrymme” were used as theoretical framework.

    The results seem to indicate that there are, according to the social secretaries, advantages as well as disadvantages to this approach. They experience the process of LVM as a bit of a dilemma. The social secretaries believe that the law is necessary for them so that they can act if needs be, in serious situations when clients are in danger and even risks death because of the addiction.

    They also believe that the law and the application of the same include quite a large restriction for the integrity of the client and that there is a risk for the client to be violated if the social worker does not show careful consideration on his/hers side. The result also show that the social secretaries wants to, as far as possible, show that they respect their clients’ autonomy. Although, this must be disregarded in a matter of life and death.

  • 418.
    Tran, Thinh
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Borodastova, Polina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Socionomstudenters studiemotivation: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om motivationsskillnader i relation till Herzbergs motivationsteori och altruism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During their education students are motivated by different factors at different times. The purpose of the study is thus to investigate the motivational differences that exist among social education students at Högskolan in Jönköping in different semesters concerning to Herzberg motivational theory and altruism. The study examines differences in sex, age, civil status, previous experience or contact with social workers, what semester the student is in and study motivation in relation to altruism, motivator and hygiene factor. This cross-sectional quantitative survey study is conducted under the supervision of Mats Granlund, professor of disability sciences and psychology, and with the assistance of 110 social work students at Jönköping University as a participant. The results reveal differences in how appealing hygiene factors, motivators and altruism are as motivating factors in relation to gender and the semester the student is in. However we found no differences in students’ self-appreciation of their overall study motivation concerning to their gender, age, civil status, past experience or contact with social workers and what semester the student is in. One conclusion is that the importance given to social experiences of hygiene factor, motivator and altruism are probably varied dependent on semester.

  • 419.
    Trygged, Sven
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedlund, Ebba
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Department of Social Work , Stockholm University , Stockholm , Sweden.
    Beaten and Poor? A study of the long-term economic situation of women victims of severe violence2014In: Social Work in Public Health, ISSN 1937-1918, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 100-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This 10-year follow up study based on Swedish national registers compares the economic situation of women victims of violence leading to hospitalization (n=6,085) to non-exposed women (n=55,016) in 1992-2005. Women exposed to severe violence had a poorer financial situation already before the assault. Violence seems to heavily reinforce this pattern, indicating a continued need of support from the social work profession. Assaulted women had a worse income development, lower odds for being in employment, and higher odds for having low incomes and means tested social assistance during the 10-year follow up, independent of having children or not.

  • 420.
    Trygged, Sven
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedlund, Ebba
    The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare and Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Living in Danger: Previous violence, socioeconomic position, and mortality risk among women over a 10-year period2014In: Social Work in Public Health, ISSN 1937-1918, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 114-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women has many negative consequences. In this short report we investigate patterns of mortality among women experiencing violence leading to in-patient care in 1992-2005. Issues: Have women who are victims of severe violence an increased mortality risk a) in general? b) by violence? c) by suicide? Does socioeconomic position have any bearing on the mortality risk? Methodology: The study was based on Swedish national registers, where 6,085 women exposed to violence resulting in inpatient care were compared with a non-exposed population sample of 55,016 women. Results: Women of all social strata previously exposed to severe violence and treated in hospital had a highly increased risk of premature death from all-cause mortality, violence or suicide. Conclusions: Women previously exposed to severe violence continue to live a life in danger. There is need for a societal response to support and protect these women against further violence after discharge from hospital.

  • 421. Trygged, Sven
    et al.
    Hedlund, Ebba
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Sociala konsekvenser av sjukdom - exemplet stroke2013In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 90, no 4, p. 613-629Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allvarliga sjukdomar kan medföra stora sociala konsekvenser för de drabbade. Konsekvenserna varierar beroende på sjukdom och påverkas av de drabbades socioekonomiska position före insjuknandet. Tre registerstudier om situationen efter en stroke visar att 1)personer med högre utbildning och högre inkomst har större sannolikhet att återkomma i arbete, 2)personer med högre utbildning separerar i lägre utsträckning än personer med lägre utbildning och 3)personer med låga inkomster har en förhöjd risk att avlida i förtid efter en stroke. En fjärde studie, byggd på intervjuer, visar att personer som återgått i arbete efter en stroke har fortsatta besvär med trötthet och sårbarhet. Eftersom sociala orättvisor även skapar ojämlikheter på hälsans område så krävs att insatserna mot stroke sätts in i ett brett socialpolitiskt perspektiv.

  • 422. Trygged, Sven
    et al.
    Hedlund, Ebba
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Women experiencing severe violence in all social groups suffer long-term negative economic consequences2013In: Journal of Povertry and Social Justice, ISSN 1759-8273, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined long-term socio-economic patterns among women aged 18–64 who suffered violence leading to inpatient care. Using data from Swedish national registers for 1992–2005, 6,085 such cases were compared to a random population sample of 55,016 women. Women exposed to violence had less paid work, lower income and a higher risk of claiming means-tested income support. Exposure to violence resulted in long-term negative economic consequences for women with all levels of education. Violence against women is thus related to low income and social exclusion – both as a cause and consequence.

  • 423. Tryggred, Sven
    et al.
    Hedlund, Ebba
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Våldutsatta kvinnor drabbas av långsiktiga negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser2013In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 90, no 4, p. 604-612Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utsatthet för våld kan medföra långvariga konsekvenser. Studien tar upp långsiktiga ekonomiska konsekvenser för våldsdrabbade kvinnor med fokus på behovet av försörjningsstöd. Den sammanfattar två registerstudier som undersökt den ekonomiska utvecklingen för 6085 kvinnor 18-64 år som utsatts för våld som krävt sjukhusvård. Gruppen jämförs med 55 016 kvinnor i befolkningen. Analyser görs med logistiska regressioner. Utsatthet för våld ökar risken för långvariga negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser både för kvinnor med och utan barn. Lågutbildade kvinnor löper störst risk att råka ut för våld men alla som drabbas löper en väsentligt förhöjd risk att behöva försörjningsstöd. Den förhöjda risken kvarstår upp till tio år efter vårdtillfället.

  • 424.
    Ulwar, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Samuelsson, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Syntetiska cannabinoider: en kvantitativ enkätstudie om användningen i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine why people choose to use synthetic cannabinoids. Furthermore, the study intended to investigate whether people who use synthetic cannabinoids also using other drugs. Meanwhile the study has the objective to find out to what extent the drug affects the legality of the choice to use the drug. The study is quantitative. The survey was conducted through an online survey and was answered by a total of 356 respondents. Of these, 171 people used synthetic cannabinoids. The result showed that the reason for using the drug are several, but the main proved were legality, curiosity, availability, intoxication and that it is not revealed by urine testing. People using synthetic cannabinoids have a tendency to also use several other drugs. The legacy of the drug was found to have a relatively large impact on the decision to use it. It was also found that men in greater occurrence use synthetic cannabinoids compared to women.

  • 425.
    Umoren Olande, Gladys
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Syn på arbetsförmåga hos personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar: Välfärdsaktörernas tolkning av arbetslinjen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genomförda studien har avsett att undersöka hur arbetslinjens intentioner tolkats av välfärdssektorerna avseende synen på arbetsförmåga hos personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Aktörerna som har studerats är Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassa. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar har inspelade intervjuer genomförts med representanter från Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassa. Analys av genomförda intervjuer har visat at det sker en viss förändring kring synen på arbetsförmåga hos personer med psykiska funktionhinder. Det har uppmärksammats ett visst fokusskifte från diagnosstyrd bedömning av arbetsförmåga till en mer social. Detta kännetecknar den institutionaliseringsprocessen som arbetslinjen har initierat inom Arbetsförmedlingen och Försäkringskassa.. Institutionaliseringsprocessen likställs i studien med en förändringsprocess och har sin utgångspunkt i Arbetsförmedlingens attitydförändrande arbete som riktas mot arbetsgivare. Dock har det visat sig att institutionaliseringsprocess är på ett tidigt stadie och resursbrist hos flera rehabiliteringsaktörer bidrar att arbetslinjens intentioner blir svåra att förverkliga. Målgruppen är väldigt bred och har en sammansatt problematik. Dock har det kommit fram under intervjuerna att den enskildes svårigheter tenderar att generaliseras vilket leder att stödåtgärder inte blir individanpassade.

  • 426.
    Valtersson, Emmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lönnberg, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Suicidprevention: En innehållsanalys av kommunala handlingsplaner2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 427.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Cordier, Reinie
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Ciccarelli, Marina
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    McAuliffe, Tomomi
    James Cook University, Townsville, Qld, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Should schools expect poor physical and mental health, social adjustment, and participation outcomes in students with disability?2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 1-23, article id e0126630Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on whether students with disabilities have worse physical and mental health, social adjustment, and participation outcomes when compared to their peers without disabilities is largely inconclusive. While the majority of case control studies showed significantly worse outcomes for students with disabilities; the proportion of variance accounted for is rarely reported. The current study used a population cross-sectional approach to determine the classification ability of commonly used screening and outcome measures in determining the disability status. Furthermore, the study aimed to identify the variables, if any, that best predicted the presence of disability. Results of univariate discriminant function analyses suggest that across the board, the sensitivity of the outcome/screening tools to correctly identify students with a disability was 31.9% higher than the related Positive Predictive Value (PPV). The lower PPV and Positive Likelihood Ratio (LR+) scores suggest that the included measures had limited discriminant ability (17.6% to 40.3%) in accurately identifying students at-risk for further assessment. Results of multivariate analyses suggested that poor health and hyperactivity increased the odds of having a disability about two to three times, while poor close perceived friendship and academic competences predicted disability with roughly the same magnitude. Overall, the findings of the current study highlight the need for researchers and clinicians to familiarize themselves with the psychometric properties of measures, and be cautious in matching the function of the measures with their research and clinical needs.

  • 428.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Ciccarelli, Marina
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Passmore, Anne
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Tan, Tele
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    The personal and contextual contributors to school belongingness among primary school students2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School belongingness has gained currency among educators and school health professionals as an important determinant of adolescent health. The current cross-sectional study presents the 15 most significant personal and contextual factors that collectively explain 66.4% (two-thirds) of the variability in 12-year old students' perceptions of belongingness in primary school. The study is part of a larger longitudinal study investigating the factors associated with student adjustment in the transition from primary to secondary school. The study found that girls and students with disabilities had higher school belongingness scores than boys, and their typically developing counterparts respectively; and explained 2.5% of the variability in school belongingness. The majority (47.1% out of 66.4%) of the variability in school belongingness was explained by student personal factors, such as social acceptance, physical appearance competence, coping skills, and social affiliation motivation; followed by parental expectations (3% out of 66.4%), and school-based factors (13.9% out of 66.4%) such as, classroom involvement, task-goal structure, autonomy provision, cultural pluralism, and absence of bullying. Each of the identified contributors of primary school belongingness can be shaped through interventions, system changes, or policy reforms.

  • 429.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Wilson, Nathan
    University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Sim, Angela
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Scott, Melissa
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Cordier, Reinie
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjorn
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Factors associated with primary school teachers' attitudes towards the inclusion of students with disabilities2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1-12, article id e0137002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    Teachers' attitudes toward inclusion are often based on the practical implementation of inclusive education rather than a specific ideology and understanding of inclusiveness. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with primary school teachers' attitudes towards inclusion of students with all disabilities in regular schools.

    Method

    Seventy four primary school teachers participated in a cross-sectional survey conducted in Western Australia. Teachers' attitudes and efficacy toward integration of students with disabilities were measured using the Opinions Relative to Integration of Students with Disabilities scale and Bandura's Teacher Efficacy scale respectively.

    Results

    Four teacher attributes-age, gender, teaching self-efficacy and training collectively explained 42% of the variability in teachers' attitude toward including students with disabilities.

    Conclusion

    The current study further contributes to the accumulation of knowledge that can unpack the complex pattern of factors that should be considered to promote positive attitudes towards inclusive schools.

  • 430.
    Vogel, Maria A.
    et al.
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Enell, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Staten och kapitalet: Om Statens institutionsstyrelses roll på barnavårdsmarknaden2018In: Socialtjänstmarknaden: om marknadsorientering och konkurrensutsättning av individ- och familjeomsorgen / [ed] Marie Sallnäs & Stefan Wiklund, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 83-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 431.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    The struggle for dignity by people with severe functional disabilities2009In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 453-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what strategies people with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes use in their daily life to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were carried out and subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The main finding was expressed in terms of six subthemes: trying to keep a private sphere; striving to communicate; searching for possibilities; taking the initiative; striving to gain insight; and using one's temperament. These generated the overall theme: maintaining dignity in close relationships. This study contributes an understanding of the strategies used by people who are dependent on personal assistance. Future efforts in nursing must focus on supporting personal assistants with ethical knowledge and guidance in order that people with severe functional disabilities are empowered to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation in their daily lives.

  • 432.
    Weber, Alva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Tangen, Eline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Vårdnära servicetjänster- En möjlighet till förändring?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly care is a sector facing major challenges due to the increased number of elderly people in combination with difficulties regarding recruitment and providing competence. In order to cope with this challenge, a larger municipality in southern Sweden has examined alternative competencies in the area and found that the competence of the assistance nurse can be released by redistributing the duties regarding service. Due to the fact that service duties instead are transferred to a new profession, called Care Services, this may solve a part of providing competence. The current labor market, which is characterized by recruitment difficulties, coincides with the fact that there are people far from the labor market. In our qualitative interview study, we have conducted two individual interviews with individuals who are well aware of the subject and we have also conducted a focus group interview in order to examine how professionals, who work on a daily basis to support people find their place in the labor market, perceive the new profession.

    In order to analyze our empirical material we have used three theoretical starting points, which are the Human Relations perspective, the concept of competence as well as objectivity pluralism. In general, the results show that the new profession may be relevant to those persons who for various reasons have not yet found their place in the labor market. There have also been other clear profits combined with certain challenges that need to be taken into account in the future work with the new profession. In the municipality where the study was conducted, the new profession is not yet active and therefore it is challenging to discuss its future function and the implementation.

    English title: Care Services- An opportunity for change?

    Keywords: elderly care, Care Services, competence, recruitment, Human Relations perspective, The objectivity pluralism.

  • 433.
    Wessman Einemo, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Arvidsson, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Jag ser det bara som en superkraft": En kritisk diskursanalys över hur media framställer ADHD som en superkrafft2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har haft till syfte att beskriva och analysera hur svensk media framställer ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) som en superkraft. Att tala om ADHD som en superkraft är ett relativt nytt fenomen varav det blir intressant att studera vilka innebörder om ADHD som skapas i diskursen, hur diskursen har fått fäste i svensk media, hur den förändrats över tid och hur detta kan förstås. Med hjälp av kritisk diskursanalys visar resultatet hur språket konstruerar flera tänkbara sanningar om diagnosen samt hur det i diskussionen skapas en ADHD-identitet som något utöver det vanliga. Inom superkraftsdiskursen framträdde ytterligare två diskurser, motdiskursen och den nyanserade diskursen som bidrar till förståelsen över hur den ursprungliga superkraftsdiskursen ändrat skepnad och retorik. Resultatet visar även att det inom diskursen om ADHD läggs ett stort fokus på individens ansvar att själva hitta strategier för att omvandla svårigheter till styrkor vilket kopplas till det samhällsklimat som vi lever i. Att lyfta hur ADHD framställs som en superkraft fyller en funktion för det sociala arbetets praktik som behöver vara uppmärksamma på hur språket påverkar synen på individer som lever med ADHD.

  • 434.
    Westin, Felicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Alnefjord, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    En vinjettstudie som undersöker hur etnicitet påverkar socialsekreterares bedömningar i barnärenden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At the current time Sweden is, like many other countries, characterized by a variation of different cultural and ethnical groups. Previous research has concluded that there are some difficulties among social workers who work with child protection cases to identify whether something is child abuse or whether it is the upbringing influenced by the culture within the ethnical group. How child protection cases with families of a foreign ethnicity is treated in relation to child protection cases with families of a Swedish ethnicity is therefor of interest – as well as this study’s primary inquiry. To find answers to this, two different vignettes were created where the only significant difference were the families’ names. In the first vignette the name of the family was of Swedish ethnicity, and in the second the name of the family was of foreign ethnicity. The vignettes were sent in the form of web surveys to social workers who work with child protection cases. The surveys were answered by 17 respectively 22 social workers. The result was then presented in the form of descriptive statistics and a thematic analysis. It showed more similarities than differences in the social workers assessments. The few differences that could be identified were found mainly in the way the social workers categorized their concern for the child.

  • 435.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Spaces of (non)ageing: A discoursive study of inequalities we live by2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines processes and practices that make certain social categories real in people’s lives. One of these categories is old age and old people. In contemporary societies that are inundated by images of youth, old age is under attack. Old age does not fit into the contemporary framework of idealised lifestyle and images of perfect people. Thus, the main question addressed in this dissertation concerns spaces of ageing, which are societal arenas in which people are expected and/or allowed to become old.

    This study investigates discourses of old age within the context of welfare. It describes actions, statements and attitudes related to old age within the context of the welfare state. This study is based on multiple data that include 121 opinion weekly news magazines articles, social policy observations, and two case studies of a non-governmental and a user-organisation. The method of analysis comprises two approaches to discourse: discourse analysis and analysis of discourses. The study adopts a perspective that highlights the contextual, emotional and unstable character of welfare states that undergo constant processes of change. It notes the process of people production based on instilling in them norms and principles that should govern their lives.

    The findings of the study illustrate the lack of spaces of ageing in the welfare state context. People are expected not to grow old, and old age remains a misunderstood phenomenon. Therefore, spaces of (non)ageing are invoked to elaborate on these processes. Spaces of (non)ageing  occur in various societal domains and show what is required to avoid becoming old. Spaces of (non)ageing frame the idea of old age as something terrifying and, in many cases, immoral.

    The findings of this study are discussed in relation to the processes and practices of inequality (re)production. The complexity and multiperspectivity of understanding such phenomena are taken into consideration. The study invites a perspective of ‘us’ from which to examine social inequalities, and ‘we’ who think and feel at the same time.  

    This dissertation is written from a perspective of knowledge, which is always plural, changing and fluid. Therefore, the results are discussed in terms of the production of some knowledges about the researched phenomenon but not as an exhaustive study. The final sections of the dissertation are devoted to a cross-study discussion of new ways of interpreting and describing the research material presented in four sub-studies. This discussion does not aim at obtaining better or more correct results; instead, it aims at presenting a different aspect of these results. It acknowledges different spatial and temporal locations and the ways in which these locations affect the production of knowledge.

  • 436.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Stirling University, Scotland, UK.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    The right feeling – emotions in the work rehabilitation process2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper engages with the role of emotions in the work rehabilitation process within the context of status meetings in Sweden. The interactional analysis applied in this paper allows us to trace the process of constructing and negotiating emotions that emerge as the key to a successful meeting. Thanks to the use of video-recordings, we illustrate this process as involving talk and bodily actions. Our paper critically discusses the salient transition of the core concept of work rehabilitation- workability into a form of emotion-ability, which affects both professionals and clients and the way in which they may and wish to interact. We reveal the ways in which the idea of participation translated to everyday institutional practice becomes a drive to assure that meetings' participants ‘feel good' rather than fully engaging with the agenda at hand.

  • 437.
    Wilińska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    "Classic ageism" or "brutal economy"?- Old age and older people in the Polish media2010In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 335-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores media discourse of ageing, taking the example of Poland and relating it to a broader discussion of ageing policy. The discourse in news magazines appears both to reflect and create attitudes towards older people, which in turn has implications for ageing policy. To reveal the nature of these attitudes, we use a method of attitudinal positioning. The study analyzes articles that appeared in the four largest Polish weekly opinion news magazines, in the 2004–2007 period. Various domains in the discourse of ageing are identified, yet only the family and market domains seem to be described in exclusively positive terms: the authors discuss the implications of this for ageing policy.

  • 438.
    Wilterhag, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Forsell, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    För barnets skull: En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring dagbarnvårdares förhållningssätt till anmälningsplikt och orosanmälningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study ten qualitative interviews were conducted with professional home daycare providers in a Swedish municipality. The aim of the study is to explore home daycare providers approach and attitudes towards their mandatory reporting and to find out if there are any factors that affects their decision of reporting to the child protective service. With a thematic analysis four main themes were found; Where is the limit, The support from the organization, Private and professional and Black on white. Where is the limit implies that there is a difficulty of making a decision when to report child maltreatment to the child protective service and how to discover child maltreatment. The support of the organization includes support from the manager and colleagues in the process of reporting. Privat and professional includes the experienced dilemma of being private and professional at the same time. Black on white intend to discuss the need of getting more knowledge and education regarding mandatory reporting as well as signs of maltreatment. The result has been analyzed with previous research and the theory of action and discretion.

  • 439.
    Yousif, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Krasniqi, Rafet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Förutsättningar och hinder för asylsökandes språklärande och integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Problem From 2013 to April 2016, Sweden has received 309,669 asylum seekers. The great waves of asylum seekers who have come underscores the need to provide the optimal conditions to adapt and integrate into society. How fast and to what degree they manage to socialize and integrate into society is related to the basic conditions such as language training and civic orientation. This study examines the opportunities and obstacles for asylum seekers to learn Swedish and increase their chances to integrate.

    Method The study used a mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) approach. Through qualitative interviews with staff and volunteer teachers, has seven such activities as (ABF, NBV, Library, Adult education” Vuxenskola”, BILDA, Folkuniversitet and Red Cross) investigated. Through a questionnaire with structured questionnaires, examined 183 asylum seekers in terms of factors that affect the availability to the teaching and motivation for study and linguistic practices. The questionnaires were distributed in Jönköping, Nässjö, Bodafors, Viebäck, Vetlanda, Sävsjö, Värnamo, Vaggeryd, Tokeryd and Skillingaryd.

    Result

    Qualitative part: Those interviewed said that it is important to offer Swedish tuition for asylum seekers from the first day they come to Sweden. Teachers raise the issue that there are several shortcomings that make difficulties for businesses so that they can provide quality and adequate education.

    Quantitative part: The motivation for language learning is influenced by several factors: among them, the time since arrival the motivation for and participation in language teaching. Despite similarities in education and language skills between the sexes, still significant gender differences in the practical application and integration.

    Conclusion Asylum seekers strive to become a part of Swedish society. There are gender differences in the practical application and integration. The conditions for learning the Swedish language is not good enough, because lack of information or delay of information for offered Swedish teaching, too few offered teaching hours, location outside of society, economic barriers and the lack of childcare, which also affects the ability to learn Swedish and integrate into society.

  • 440.
    Zandén, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Thörewik, Marika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Det är ett givande och tagande: Samverkan mellan socialtjänst och skola2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this essay is “Collaboration between social services and schools”. Research shows that many children and youth who are badly treated are not noticed and do not receive the help that they need. This could be due to the lack of collaboration between different authorities and professionals. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how the social services and schools are collaborating in terms of children and youth who are badly treated or is at risk of being badly treated and to identify what factors make collaboration possible and hinder it. This study applies a qualitative research perspective. We gathered our data through interviews with two social welfare secretaries, one teacher and one school counselor. The data is analyzed with the theories and concepts which are found in our background and previous research. The result of this study shows that there are different forms of collaboration which occur on different levels. Collaboration between social services and schools mostly takes place on the first level, for example in the exchange of information. There are a number of different possibilities and obstacles that appear in our data as well as in the research. This study has shown that there is a need in both social services and schools to use each others competence and resources. We can also see that factors such as confidentiality, communication and resources make collaboration possible, but that they also can hinder it.

  • 441.
    Zubic, Mirela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Stanic, Matea
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Eftervård för ungdomar på särskilda ungdomhem: En kvalitativ studie av vad som utmärker socialsekreterares eftervårdsarbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the aim is to create an understanding of what characterizes social workers measures in leaving care for young people in secure units. The study uses semi-structured interviews as a qualitative data collection method where social workers shared their experiences of working with leaving care for young people in secure units. Based on the interviews, our analysis found three themes that describe what characterize social workers’ work. The themes are: Maintain young people’s achievements, Resistance in leaving care and Expectations for young people’s future. What kind of measures the social workers provided along with what they experienced benefited or hindered their work has been analyzed on the basis of resilience and street-level bureaucracy. With the support of these theoretical perspectives housing, employment, treatment and social network was found to be a part of the social workers’ measures to promote young people’s chances for an independent living. It was also found that social workers experiences resistance from young people and how they worked with these setbacks. The study also highlights how the social workers’ strived to integrate young people back into society.

  • 442.
    Ärleskog, Caroline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Brukarinflytandets komplexitet: En kvalitativ studie om brukarinflytande i förbättringsarbete inom kommunal omsorg2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen var att undersöka och utifrån ett maktteoretiskt perspektiv analysera Esthercoachers beskrivningar av och resonemang kring brukarinflytande och dess premisser i förbättringsarbete inom kommunal omsorg. För att besvara forskningsfrågorna genomfördes tolv kvalitativa intervjuer med Esthercoacher som är verksamma i sex kommuner i Jönköpings län och vars uppgift bland annat är att bedriva förbättringsarbete.

    Studien visar att förbättringsarbete inom kommunal omsorg primärt genomförs av professionella aktörer i samtliga faser. När brukare involveras sker detta generellt på professionellas villkor och i olika former av mer symbolisk tokenism i planerings- och studerandefasen. Vidare visar studien att premisserna för att tillämpa brukarinflytande i förbättringsarbete varierar mellan kontexter och påverkas av ett flertal faktorer. En sådan faktor är hur professionella och brukare förhåller sig till den hindrande diskurs som verkar inom kommunal omsorg, vilken främjar en hierarkisk relation mellan parterna. En annan central aspekt är professionellas bedömning, tolkning och kategorisering av brukarens resurser vilken påverkar möjligheterna till inflytande och ofta resulterar i att professionella agerar ombud för att möjliggöra brukarinflytande. Likaså påverkas, enligt informanterna, tillämpningen av coachens tillgång till organisatoriska resurser, vilket ofta försvårar eller helt förhindrar brukarinflytande. Sammantaget understryker studien att brukarinflytande i förbättringsarbete är ett komplext fenomen vars premisser avgörs i ett samspel mellan diskurser, resurser och kontexter.

  • 443.
    Åberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Grönberg, Annika
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Persson, Christina
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Psykosociala behandlingsinslag i svenska metadonprogram: värdering ur patientperspektiv2001In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 18, no 5-6, p. 444-460Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 444.
    Ågren, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Alfredsson, Marie
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Westling, Hanna
    Jönköpings kommun.
    Rambeslut2016In: 10 förbättringar från DIALOGEN: En långsiktig strategi för att utveckla en innovativ, sammanhållen och hållbar socialtjänst / [ed] Stefan Österström, Jönköping: Jönköpings kommun, socialtjänsten , 2016, p. 41-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samverkan mellan Jönköpings kommun och Institutet för gerontologi, Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, genomfördes en intervjustudie parallellt med införandet av rambeslut under hösten 2015. Att respektera individens rätt till självbestämmande och inflytande är grundläggande värden och förhåll-ningssätt i svensk äldreomsorg. Rambeslut i hemtjänsten är ett salutogent arbetssätt som syftar till att i högre utsträckning stärka individens möjlighet till självbestämmande och att utöva inflytande över insatsernas utformning avseende hur och när de ska utföras. Den här studien gav viktig kunskap kring äldre personers uppfattning av begrepp som inflytande och självbestämmande och vad hemtjänsten bör fokusera på för att de äldre ska ha ett reellt inflytande och självbestämmande. Resultaten används till att utveckla äldre personers möjlighet till inflytande och självbestämmande.

  • 445.
    Åkesson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Storck, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vi har gjort en egen variant: En kvalitativ studie om hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme vid utredning av blivande familjehem. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med olika familjehemssekreterare har genomförts och analyserats. Analysen av resultatet visade att familjehemssekreterarna upplever sitt handlingsutrymme som stort men att olika faktorer upplevdes begränsande. Exempelvis uppfattades tid och resurser som en begräsning. Familjehemssekreterarna kunde se vissa utmaningar i utredningsarbetet till exempel att det inte finns fler lämpliga utredningsmetoder. Det visas också i studiens resultat att familjehemssekreterarna är ambivalenta i sitt förhållningssätt till ökad eller minskad styrning. De kan både se nyttan i ett stort handlingsutrymme men även vissa risker i att bedömningarna kan bli för färgade av deras värderingar och erfarenheter.

  • 446.
    Öierstedt-Christiansen, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Rundlöf, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sitt still och var tyst!: Fördelar och nackdelar med diagnostisering av ADHD enligt nio lärare2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    __________________________________________________________________________

    Eva Öierstedt-Christiansen & Louise Rundlöf

    Sitt still och var tyst!

    Fördelar och nackdelar med diagnostisering av ADHD enligt nio lärare

    Sit still and be quiet!

    Advantages and disadvantages of the diagnosis of ADHD according to nine teachers

     

    Antal sidor: 27 __________________________________________________________________________

    Vårt syfte med studien är att undersöka vad nio lärare inom förskola/förskoleklass och grundskolans tidigare år anser om att barn/elever diagnostiseras med ADHD.

    Vår undersökning kommer att utgå från följande frågeställningar:

    • Vilka fördelar respektive nackdelar ser lärarna med att barn/elever diagnostiseras med ADHD?
    • Vilka är det enligt lärarna som gynnas av en ställd diagnos, barnet/eleven, lärarna eller föräldrarna?
    • På vilket sätt skiljer sig åsikterna mellan lärare i förskolan, förskoleklassen och grundskolans tidigare år gällande diagnostisering?

    Vi har genomfört intervjuer med nio lärare som är verksamma inom olika åldrar. Resultatet av vår studie visar att lärarna överlag är kritiska till en diagnos, däremot menar de att om barnet/eleven visar starka symptom är en diagnos nödvändig för att barnet/eleven ska få rätt hjälp och stöd. Frågan om när en diagnos bör ställas skiljer sig mellan lärarna i förskolan/ förskoleklassen och grundskollärarna. Lärarna i förskolan/förskoleklassen menar att en diagnos inte bör ställas förrän i skolan medan lärarna i grundskolans tidigare år hävdar att en diagnos bör ställas så tidigt som möjligt. Resultatet pekar på att det finns både fördelar och nackdelar med en diagnos utifrån ett barnperspektiv, föräldraperspektiv och pedagogiskt perspektiv.

  • 447.
    Öijerstedt, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Den fallna madonnan: En undersökning av ungdomars tankar, åsikter och syn på våldtäkt i Nässjö stad 20072009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats är att studera hur skolelever i Nässjö stad uppfattar innebörden av våldtäkt samt hur detta förhåller sig till tidigare forskning.

    Undersökningen som genomfördes bland niondeklassarna på två högstadieskolor i Nässjö stad 2007 var både kvantitativ i form av en enkätundersökning och kvalitativ i form av kompletterande intervjuer. Den tidigare forskning som användes under huvuddelen av studien var Stina Jeffners avhandling Liksom våldtäkt, typ – om ungdomars förståelse av våldtäkt som publicerades 1998. Jeffner hade i sin avhandling kommit fram till en rad olika förhandlingsutrymmen som var förmildrande omständigheter kring ungdomarnas syn på vad som är en våldtäkt.

    Huvudresultatet visade att i förhållande till tidigare forskning finns det delar av denna studie som stämmer överens med tidigare forskning gällande ungdomarnas attityder till ämnet våldtäkt. de som deltog i denna studie stödde vissa av dessa förhandlingsutrymmen.

    Det fanns även delar av denna studie som inte stämde överens med tidigare forskning. En förklaring till att det skiljer sig mellan Jeffners undersökning och min kan vara tiden. När denna undersökning genomfördes, 2007, var det nästintill tio år sedan Jeffner genomförde sin, 1998. Även om det kan tyckas att tiderna inte har förändrats i någon större utsträckning så kan denna undersökning tyda på att de har gjort det. Elever som var födda på 1980-talet ingick i Jeffners undersökning medan min undersökning innehöll elever som var födda på 1990-talet. En annan förklaring till att undersökningarna skiljer sig kan vara att min undersökning är gjord i mindre omfattning än Jeffners. Det jag har suttit och skrivit är en C-uppsats med 174 elever, som svarande på enkäterna, och åtta intervjuade elever och det hon skrev var en avhandling med 331 ungdomar, som svarande på enkäterna, och 16 intervjuade ungdomar. Jeffners undersökning är nästintill dubbelt så stor, både när det gäller de som deltog i enkätundersökningen och de som deltog i intervjuundersökningen, vilket kan ha inverkan på resultatet.

  • 448.
    Östermark, Ragnar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Boendestöd för missbrukare och psykiskt funktionshindrade: En undersökning av skälen till att insatserna skiljer sig åt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Daily life support is a key success factor in efforts to support vulnerable groups in managing their own living and this is certainly true for addicts. This is a comparative study based on interviews with six daily supporters who work with addicts and six daily supporters who are working with mentally disabled clients. The purpose is to examine their experiences and their perceptions of what the work contains. What justifies the separation of the two groups and what are the consequences for the clients and for the professionals who work with daily life support for the two groups? The result is analyzed with earlier research in the area of daily life support, research concerning the development of professions and theories of social constructivism. The result shows that the categorization may has to do with the focus of the work with living support and that the daily living support for addicts often is directed towards the addicts ability to manage their own accommodation without risking the tenants to be evicted. In addition, the categorization implicates for addicts in terms of the existence of an indirect constraint embedded in the work of daily life support for addicts which is not found in the work of the mentally ill clients. Finally, it is possible to point to a significant difference in terms of consequences for the addicts in relation to the mentally ill group even if the base for the decision of categorization may be uncertain.

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