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  • 401.
    Schön, Per
    et al.
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lagergren, Mårten
    Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rapid decrease in length of stay in institutional care for older people in Sweden between 2006 and 2012: results from a population-based study2016In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 631-638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is limited knowledge about older people’s length of stay (time untildeath) in institutional care and how it has changed over time. The aim ofthis study was to analyse changes in the length of stay for older peoplein institutional care between 2006 and 2012. All persons 65+ living inKungsholmen (an urban area of Stockholm), who moved to an institutionbetween 2006 and 2012, were included (N = 1103). The data source wasthe care system part of a longitudinal database, the Swedish NationalStudy on Aging and Care. The average length of stay was analysed usingLaplace regression for the 10th to the 50th percentile for the years 2006–2012. The regressions showed that in 2006, it took an average of 764 daysbefore 50% of those who had moved into institutional care had died. Thecorresponding figure for 2012 was 595 days, which amounts to a 22.1%decrease over the period studied (P = 0.078). For the lower percentiles,the decrease was even more rapid, for example for the 30th percentile,the length of stay reduced from 335 days in 2006 to 119 days in 2012, adecrease of 64.3% (P < 0.001). The most rapid increase was found in theproportion that moved to an institution and died within a short timeperiod. In 2006, the first 10% had on average died after 85 days, in 2012after only 8 days; a decrease in the length of stay of 90.5% (P = 0.002). Ingeneral, there was a significant decrease in the length of stay ininstitutional care between 2006 and 2012. The most dramatic change overthe period studied was an increase in the proportion of people whomoved into an institution and died shortly afterwards.

  • 402.
    Segerholm, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Stålklint, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Termen särskola: Upplevelser utifrån ett elevperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on empirical data from two completed focus groups that explore how stu-dents with mild intellectual disabilities in special secondary schools perceive the term “sär-skola”. A social constructionist perspective is used with particular specialization in theories of categorization. Study results were analyzed trough thematic content analysis and the result showed all participating students experienced disadvantages of the term “särskola”, which they wanted removed. The term contributed to thoughts and feelings of being inferior and deviant. The disadvantages students raised with the term were that it contributes to limits, bullying and stamping. One focus group felt that the school form as such is positive, while the other focus group felt that it is negative. Both groups highlighted that any other term than the existing would be better, but they preferred no special term at all. Concerns were raised that a changed terminology would not make any long-term difference. The study’s conclusions are that the terminology and society's attitudes should change. Particular attention should be paid to inform the professionals, who have contact with students in special curriculum, of students’ experiences of the term. Furthermore, the term should be studied further, particularly from a student perspective.

  • 403. Seing, Ida
    et al.
    Ståhl, Christian
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Policy and practice of work ability: a negotiation of responsibility in organizing return to work2012In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 553-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In welfare policy and practical work it is unclear what the concept of work ability involves and assessments may be different among involved actors, partly due to a lack of theoretical research in relation to regulations and practice. Based on theoretical and legal aspects of work ability the aim of the study is to analyze stakeholders’ perspectives on work ability in local practice by studying multi-stakeholder meetings.

    Methods: The material comprises nine digitally recorded multi-stakeholder meetings. Apart from the sick-listed individual, representatives from the public Social Insurance Agency, health care, employers, public employment service and the union participated in the meeting. The material was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Three perspectives on work ability were identified: a medical perspective, a workplace perspective and a regulatory perspective. The meetings developed into negotiations of responsibility concerning workplace adjustments, rehabilitation efforts and financial support. Medical assessments served as objective expert statements to legitimize stakeholders’ perspectives on work ability and return to work.

    Conclusions: Although the formal goal of the status meeting was to facilitate stakeholder collaboration, the results demonstrates an unequal distribution of power among cooperating actors where the employers had the “trump card” due to their possibilities to offer workplace adjustments. The employer perspective often determined whether or not persons could return to work and if they had work ability.

  • 404.
    Serbic, Jasmina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sundbring, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Alkoholkonsumtion på äldreboenden: En studie gällande vårdpersonals bemötande av alkoholkonsumtion2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our society we are frequently informed about alcohol and its effects on our population. New research findings regarding alcohol occur at regular intervals, but they rarely involve the elderly. At the same time, the social board to a new generation of older people with changing consumption patterns emerge, who tend to bring their habits into the years of retirement. In our study, we chose to focus on alcohol use among the elderly, and in this work we have chosen to find information through the nursing staff at geriatric care. The aim of the study is to investigate how alcohol consumption among the residents is treated and handled by nursing staff, this combined with that the alcohol consumption that is bordering on abuse is increasing amongst the elderly. In order to properly answer this, we have conducted qualitative interviews. The selection consisted of six nursing staff. The theoretical starting point has been the basis for the design of the interviews and the results we found. Based on statements from the interviews we found four themes related to our purpose and problem formulations: a picture of consumption, self-determination and quality of life, cumbersome situations, and different experiences. With the help of these themes, we analyzed the results that among other things show the low level of education concerning alcohol in elder care, a lot of focus on self-determination, but also abuse of power.

  • 405.
    Sigblad, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Att hitta en nivå där man möts": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialsekreterares tankar och erfarenheter av att skapa goda relationer med föräldrar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens övergripande syfte har varit att belysa erfarna socialsekreterares tankar och erfarenheter av hur en god relation skapas i inledningen av utredningsprocessen när klienten kommit i kontakt med socialtjänsten via en orosanmälan. Vidare har avsikten varit att identifiera vad som kännetecknar en god relation mellan erfarna socialsekreterare och föräldrar och hur socialsekreterarna kommit fram till sina strategier och förhållningssätt. Följande centrala forskningsfrågor har legat till grund för studien: Vilka strategier och förhållningssätt upplever erfarna socialsekreterare bygger en god relation till föräldrar som blivit aktualiserade hos socialtjänsten via en anmälan? Hur har de erfarna socialsekreterarna kommit fram till sina strategier och förhållningssätt?

    Studien har haft en kvalitativ forskningsansats och utgått från åtta semistrukturerade forskningsintervjuer som fokuserat på att lyfta fram socialsekreterares tankar och erfarenheter av vad som bidrar till att skapa en god relation till föräldrar som blivit kommit i kontakt med socialtjänsten via en orosanmälan. Socialsekreterarnas utsagor har speglats och tolkats med hjälp av tidigare forskning på området, socialkonstruktionistisk teori samt teori om sociala interaktionsritualer.

    Socialsekreterarna i vår studie belyste flera konkreta förhållningssätt och strategier som de anser skapar en god relation till föräldrar som kommit i kontakt med socialtjänsten via en orosanmälan. Socialsekreterarna lyfte fram vikten av att visa respekt för föräldrarnas situation och att skapa förutsättningar för en god kontakt. De beskrev även att flexibilitet och tydlighet under utredningsprocessen underlättar relationsskapandet med föräldrar. Slutligen beskrevs värdet av att föräldrarna upplever att de och socialsekreteraren arbetar mot ett gemensamt mål. Ökad erfarenhet, uppmärksammandet av framgångsfaktorer och personliga egenskaper framställdes av socialsekreterarna som betydande faktorer för hur de kommit fram till sina strategier och förhållningssätt.

  • 406. Sigudardottir, SH
    et al.
    Kåreholt, I
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Who recevies informal- and formal care in Iceland?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 407.
    Sigurdardottir, Sigurveig H.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Needs and care of older people living at home in Iceland2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:The Icelandic old-age care system is universal and the official goal is to support older people live independently for as long as possible. The aim of this study is to analyse living conditions and use of formal and informal care of older people in Iceland.

    Methods:The results are based on the new study ICEOLD, a telephone survey which included questions on social network, health, activities of daily living, and received support from the community and/or from relatives, neighbours, and friends.

    Results: Almost half of the sample (47%) receives some kind of care, with 27% of them receiving only informal care, which is understood to mean that informal care is of great importance and families are the main providers of help. For hypothetical future long-term care, older people wish to be cared for in their homes, but those already in need of assistance prefer to be cared for in institutions.

    Discussion:Caring relatives are the main providers of support to older people in their homes and it is important to provide them with suitable formal support when the care responsibility increases.

    Conclusions:As the care system in Iceland is now under reconstruction, the important contribution of informal carers must be recognised and taken into account when planning the care of older people.

  • 408.
    Sigurđardóttir, Sigurveig H.
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Work, University of Iceland.
    Júlíusdóttir, Sigrún
    Faculty of Social Work, University of Iceland.
    Reciprocity in relationships and support between grandparents and grandchildren: An Icelandic example2013In: Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, ISSN 1535-0770, E-ISSN 1535-0932, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 118-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores and discusses the relationships between grandchildren and grandparents with an emphasis on the reciprocal, practical, emotional and financial support that is provided between generations. Two independent surveys were conducted in Iceland, one of grandparents aged 65 years and older (n=206), and one of grandchildren among college students (n=648). The questions used were the same. The results indicated that there is certain consistency in the pattern of views of the younger towards the older generation and the other way around.  These findings are discussed in relation to family development and the value of intergenerational relationships and support. 

  • 409.
    Siljefors, Kristina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Amanuel, Natnael
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Blixt, Stina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Våldets “verklighet”: en diskurspsykologisk studie om talet om mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer på diskussionsforumet Familjeliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The “reality” of violence: a study of how participants of the internet forum Familjeliv talk about domestic violence against women, with a discourse psychological approach.

    The purpose of this study was to examine how participants in the discussion forum Familjeliv reasoned and constructed the reality of men's violence against women in intimate relationships. The data used in the study comes from 20 discussion-threads on the forum where violence in intimate relationships has been discussed based on the participants' experiences, questions and findings. The data has then been analyzed on the basis of  discourse psychology and feminist theory. The focus of the analysis was to examine the language that the participants used. To do this, two analytical tools were used: positioning and interpretative repertoires. The result showed a variety of reasoning and constructions regarding the definition of violence, the responsibility of the women and men, and whether men's violence against women should be considered a social problem or not. The majority of the data that was  analyzed highlighted the woman's responsibility in the relationship, some of whom also saw it as both the man and the woman's responsibility while some left the entire responsibility to the man. The result also showed that men's violence against women is seen as a societal problem by many who participated in the discussions. At the same time, there were some who considered that men's violence against men was a major problem, and therefore thought that this problem should be given more attention than men's violence against women. In order to develop support efforts for women exposed to violence in intimate relationships, knowledge about the public's perception of the phenomenon is required. As a professional, this knowledge also increases the understanding of how exposed women are treated in everyday meetings with other individuals.

  • 410.
    Simeonsson, Rune J.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Sauer-Lee, Andrea
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Developmental and Health Assessment in Rehabilitation with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth2010In: Rehabilitation and Health Assessment: Applying ICF Guidelines / [ed] Elias Mpofu and Thomas Oakland, New York: Springer , 2010, p. 27-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 411.
    Simonsson, Melinda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Holmgren, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Trygghet i flera led: Enhetschefers uppfattningar om förutsättningar och utmaningar inom hemtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Safety at multiple levels – Unity managers views on pre-conditions and challenges in home care services.

    In this study eight qualitative interviews were conducted with unity managers in home care services. The aim is to study safety in home care services from a leadership-perspective. The hope is to raise understanding for unity managers experiences, knowledge and thoughts regarding pre-conditions for safety within home care services. Focus is also at the challenges that the unity managers encounter regarding strengthening safety. Based on the interviews it appeared that safety in home care services is formed in levels where the unity manager, the staff and the client are links that are connected and that affects each other. Two themes were found: pre-conditions for safety and challenges to strengthen safety. The theme pre-conditions for safety contains what pre-conditions are needed for safety at all levels. One pre-condition is professionalism that is created through competent staff and adaptation to the needs of the clients. Another pre-condition is predictability where predictable services, safe roles for the staff and a present leadership are components for safety. The theme challenges to strengthen safety shows the challenges that the unity managers encounter. The first challenge is the middle-position as a unity manager. The other is to get the right person at the right place, which shows the challenge to recruit staff that are competent and to retain unity managers within home care services. The result is analyzed through earlier research and a leadership theory.

  • 412.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Institutionen för socialt arbete, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Riskbedömningens logiker i arbetet med mäns våld mot kvinnor2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 3/4, p. 201-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades, social workers’ assessment and decision-making skills in client cases have been the subject of increased attention. The profession’s ability to conduct accurate assessments has been questioned. One way to seek to improve assessment work has been to implement various risk assessment tools. This article describes how social workers reason in risk assessment situations involving women exposed to violence by a previous male partner. The assessments studied here have been carried out with the assessment tool FREDA. The analysis reveals three logics in the social workers’ reasoning: the addiction logic, the normalization logic and the safety logic. These logics illustrate how social workers’ deliberations and assessments are not governed in a rectilinear manner by the standardized tool but that risk is negotiated also by drawing on other knowledge sources. Although standardization can be seen as a way for professionals to strive for more secure social work, the participants at the same time acknowledge the uncertainty associated with assessment work in which future violence is to be predicted. This however can have consequences for how the victims of violence are expected to live their lives.

  • 413.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Strävan efter standardisering i socialtjänstens arbete med våld i nära relationer. Om etablering av riskbedömningspraktiker, deras innehåll och (in)stabilitet2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta föredrag presenteras resultat från ett avslutat forskningsprojekt om framväxten av arbetsmetoder inom området våld i nära relationer i två kommunala kontexter. Syftet med den aktuella studien var att undersöka hur idén att använda riskbedömningsverktyg manifesteras och processas i socialtjänstens arbete med våld i nära relationer. Analysen baseras på intervjuer med olika aktörer (socialarbetare, chefer, politiker, utvecklingsledare) och på dokument. Resultaten visar att en relativt liten grupp av socialarbetare i organisationerna varit framgångsrika i att föra fram sina anspråk och besluta hur riskbedömningsarbetet ska genomföras, utan särskilt mycket inblandning från chefer eller politiker. Resultaten visar också att en alltför stor tilltro till riskbedömningsverktyg paradoxalt nog kan leda till en professionell osäkerhet och instabil praktik där andra kunskapskällor underbetonas. Dessa resultat sätts i relation till, och diskuteras utifrån, tidigare forskning som knyter den tilltagande standardiseringen inom socialtjänst och angränsade fält till en de-professionalisering av välfärdsprofessionella. 

  • 414.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Uppdrag standardisering: införande och användning av manualbaserade utrednings- och bedömningsverktyg i socialtjänsten2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the issue of standardization in social work. Standardization is a necessary and fascinating, though underestimated, phenomenon, which governs, regulates and calibrates social life. In Swedish social services, we have witnessed an increased use of top-down imposed manual-based tools for investigative and assessment work. In human service organisations, such as social services, this raises questions about social workers’ control in terms of how work should be executed as well as the implications of standardization for professional discretion. The aim of this thesis is to investigate and understand standardization as a phenomenon, focusing on its consequences for social work as a profession and a field of practice.The thesis consists of four papers investigating the implementation and execution of manual-based assessment tools (BBIC, FREDA and SARA) in social services. The empirical material is based on interviews with a total of 68 social workers, managers, politicians and officials as well as documents and observations of risk assessment events. Each paper results from the analysis of an exclusive data set, with the concepts used in the analysis coming from theories of professions and organisations.The results show that increased standardization is a way for social workers to seek legitimacy as well as to claim jurisdiction and increase professionalism. The execution of the tools in social work is conditioned by significant key implementation factors in organisational contexts as well as the compatibility between the construction of tools and users’ needs and expectations. Along with previous research and theory, the results from the four papers are used to develop a tentative taxonomy of different discretionary positions that social workers can take with regards to standards in their practice. Those positions illustrate that it is not straightforward how the increased standardization of investigative and assessment work will impact professional discretion. It is argued that a balance between standardization and professional discretion is possible.

  • 415.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The pursuit of standardization in domestic violence social work: A multiple case study of how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in the Swedish social services2017In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This multiple case study examines how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in Swedish social services. Based on the analysis of interviews with different stakeholders and of organizational documents in two social service organizations, we investigate the actors who control local risk assessment practices. The findings illustrate that a relatively small group of social workers in the organizations have been able to forward their claims and decide how risk assessment work should be carried out without much intrusion from local managers or politicians. The findings also validate other studies that found that increased standardization can strengthen social workers’ ability to perform their professional task rather than lead to de-professionalization. This article ends with a discussion of what risk assessment practices might mean for domestic violence victims.

  • 416.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The standardizers: social workers' role when implementing assessment tools in the Swedish social services2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 88-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Standardisation and standards are common in the modern world, including in social work. This article focuses on social workers who implement the assessment tool Children’s needs in focus (Barns behov i centrum BBIC) in Swedish social work with children and families. Inspired by ‘siblings’ in the UK, the National Board of Health and Welfare has developed and supported the implementation of the BBIC. From the start, the implementation strategy was to engage well-educated and experienced social workers as educators. The article studies these educators (standardizers) as mediators between national imperatives and local practice during the implementation of the BBIC in the social services. Based on interviews with 10 BBIC educators, three standardizer roles were identified: the instrumental, the adaptive and the transformative. These roles affect the practice of social work in potentially different ways.

  • 417.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    When research moves in: the diffusion of evidence-based practice in Swedish social work2016In: 6th European Conference for Social Work Research: Reflective social work practices in contemporary societies : dialogues and new pathways between praxis and research : Book of Abstracts & Prgoramme Book / [ed] Francisco Branco, Inês Amaro, Cristina Albuquerque, Maria Isabel Santos, Ana Oliveira, Inês Guerra, 2016, p. 242-243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In Sweden, as elsewhere, the development of evidence-based practice (EBP) in social work has been debated for over a decade now. One of the issues concerns the top-down strategy used by the Swedish government to enhance the knowledge about interventions in social work practice. Critiques argue that this is not a feasible way forward; instead the social work profession needs to take over the leader pin. This of course calls for structures that enable social work practitioners and researchers to engage in practice-based research in order to solve current and urgent issues. Academic primary- -care centers have been established as a possible way forward in implementing an evidence-based medicine in Swedish healthcare. Clinical research is one of the basic tasks in those centers, involving much of the personal. Here, we will reflect upon the possibilities for a similar approach within the social services. This presentation aims to present research about the conditions for new pathways between Swedish social work practice and research and to critically review the idea of academic social services offices. The following questions will be addressed:(i) What characterizes an academic social services office?(ii) What are the opinions of management in charge? (iii) What are the recommendations from research?

    Methods

    A survey was launched twice (2005 and 2015) to the leading association of administrative leaders in the social services in Sweden. Among other things they were asked about their opinions of EBP and of clinical research in social work, also if they were in the need of staff with a PhD-education. Furthermore, a review of relevant literature and expert consultations is being undertaken focusing on significant mechanisms when it comes to establishing structures in order to support the development of academic social services offices and practice-based research.

    Results

    Results from the survey show that leaders are more positive towards EBP today than ten years ago. However they are not keen on hiring staff educated in research and especially management in smaller organizations express severe difficulties to hire staff with appropriate skills and to further develop the competence to do research within their workplace. This calls for collaborations with other organizations as well as with researchers from universities and R & D-units. Results from reviews and expert-interviews will be added.

    Conclusions

    Administrative leaders support the idea of a knowledge-based social work and to use interventions whose effects are demonstrated by evaluations. However they lack strategies, competence and role-models to create a research-based organization. This paper-presentation contributes to the building of bridges between practice and research through presenting analysis of the views of management as well as innovative ways of research-production within the social services.

  • 418.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kullberg, Christian
    Swedish social workers understandings of the significance of position, context and relationship for young men’s victimization of violence: Resisting gender stereotypes?2015In: Presentation at European Conference on Domestic Violence, Queen’s University Belfast, Ireland, 6th-9th September, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 419.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Balancing on the continuum between perpetrator and victim: Social workers understandings of men as victims of violence2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 420.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Department of Social Work, Linneaus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Oscarsson, Lars
    Department of Social Sciences, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Applying standardisation tools in social work practice from the perspectives of social workers, managers, and politicians: a Swedish case study2018In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports findings from a case study of the practical application of a standardisation tool in everyday social work practice. The example tool used herein is the Swedish version of the UK-based Integrated Children's System, which in Sweden is known as Children's Needs in Focus (Barns Behov i Centrum; BBIC). The study analyses group and individual interviews with social workers, managers and politicians using concepts from implementation research and the micro-sociological concept of accounts. The findings demonstrate how participants describe and explain their deviations from the BBIC manual and from the more informal intentions of the tool. Such deviations are conditioned by the fact that professionals often employ their own discretion in their work, which is necessarily inherent in human service occupations such as social work. Although the BBIC was initially well received, the professionals describe how that reception eventually turned to scepticism and a more critical stance toward the manual. This can be attributed to both absence of significant necessary implementation conditions and key organisational factors as well as a lack of compatibility between the tool's construction and users' needs and expectations. This article also discusses the general socio-technical and organisational implications of these findings.

  • 421.
    Sollenby, Richard
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sohlberg, Jens
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Vem är mannen som slår?: En totalundersökning av alla fällande domar när det gäller grov kvinnofridskränkning under 2016.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim in the following essay is to describe the characteristics of the man behind verdicts regarding interpersonal violence (IPV). Which explanations does he have for the violence he has used and how does his life circumstances look like? Furthermore, is there gender bias in the justice system: do the gender of the professionals in court affect the verdict or the size of the damages? 

    The essay is a quantitative study written with positivistic elements and from a perspective of gender order and legal sociology. To answer the essay´s questions an exhaustive survey was completed regarding convictions in Swedish courts classified as IPV during the year 2016. The population consisted of 163 convictions this year, and the loss was one conviction that was not located. 

    Results found in this essay shows that a man who does not use an explanation for his behaviour is liable to pay damages, but lesser amounts than a man who explains his behaviour. Other results show that in cases where the offender was under the influence of alcohol, at least under one of the charges, was convicted to a shorter prison sentence and was liable to less damages. Descriptive data generated from the study shows that more than half of the men was living together with children in their households. Furthermore; solely in half of the convictions was the occupation of the man described. Of these 81 convictions that mentioned occupation were only 29 % of the men in labour and 14,8 % either unemployed or on sick leave at the time of the proceedings.

  • 422.
    Staffan, Bengtsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    The two-sided coin – disability, normalcy and social categorization in the New Testament2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 269-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the issue of disability, normalcy and social categorization in relation to the New Testament. It discusses how disabilities ended up in elusive and contradictory categories where a number of various mechanisms and roles coincided and where different systems of logic converged. The scrutiny suggests that people with disabilities simultaneously were considered to be both a threat and an opportunity. The analysis illustrates how the interpretation of disability is a malleable phenomenon continually affected by changes within the cultural context.

  • 423.
    Staffan, Bengtsson
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Svensson, Lars A.
    Erkännandets pedagogik - exemplet lärcenterbaserad utbildning2013In: Gemenskaper: Socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Lisbeth Eriksson, Gunilla Nilsson & Lars A. Svensson, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, p. 181-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 424.
    Stenström, Nils
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Patterns of service utilization in a syringe exchange program.: Poster2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 425.
    Strand, Anne-Sofie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Skolk ur elevernas och skolans perspektiv: En intervju- och dokumentstudie2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research was carried out at two secondary schools (13-16 ages), built on ninety truant students in a municipality of about 30.000 in the south of Sweden. The dissertation uses a systems theoretical frame where the school is an open social system affected by internal and external forces. The aim of this dissertation is to find what system forces are gravitating the truant students to participation in school work and what system forces are repelling the students away from school. In the analysis school system is viewed from a salutogenes (health promoting ) point of view where social relationships are the basis for psycho social health and well-being. Through a school document study, an interview study of students themselves and one of school staff the different system forces are identified and analyzed.

    When too many system forces draw the students in the direction away from school, the school system becomes inbalanced. The synergetic effect of several system forces, which draw the students in the same direction away from school are: unclear documentations, staff´s attitude, few relationships to adults, indistinct instructions for the students, lack of challenges and expectations and even the school climate. In addition, system forces coming from the outside of the school system such as friends also draw students away from school.

    The results showed that the school documentation was neither systematic nor followed up, the students had no connections to their school except the three students called “The Winners” who after adult support returned to their school. Nobody but one of fifteen students had good relations to teachers and other students. School, especially the lessons, were boreing for the group “The Unchallanged”. For the group “The Losers” was noted a lot of different kinds of support the last school years, but not all of the supports were perceived positively. The students in this group had learning difficulties. Not all of the students had an Individual Educational Plan (IEP). Though many of the students failed the national test in at least one subject, some had no support. The attitude to truant youth expressed by school staff contained negative attributes although some school staff expressed positive attributes and did a good work to help the student in the classroom. The school staff predominantly considered the young people’s difficulties as pertaining to them individually.

    Based on the results of the studies follow a discussion about truancy as a social problem and how this social problem could be treated through a change on system level aimed at coordinating systems forces pulling students towards school based on the synergetic effect of the school climate/school ethos focusing on salutogenesis and well-being.

    Since we say that school is a reflection of society, the results may have relevance also to other systems outside the school system, where the boundaries of exclusion may be crucial for the people who are included.

  • 426.
    Strand, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Department of Social Work, Linköping University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Social support for adolescents with a high level of truancy in Swedish compulsory schooling2015In: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, ISSN 1082-4669, E-ISSN 1532-7671, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 293-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore whether 15 students with a high level of truancy have experienced social support at school. The analysis is based on systems theory with a focus on the social context at school. The study is based on data collected in an earlier school document study (Strand & Granlund, 2013) and on 2 earlier interview studies with the school staff (Strand & Cedersund, 2013) and the students themselves (Strand, 2012). Data triangulation was conducted using person-based content analysis. The students were divided in three groups of the school system. For the winners, we found that engaged adults close to them made a positive difference that restored their relationship with school. The unchallenged and the losers of the school system had poor social relationships with the school staff, especially within the classroom. A dearth of relationships with classmates was observed for all 3 groups. There was a low level of agreement between the information taken from the school documents, what the school staff members said, and what the students themselves said for all of the groups. What the students perceived as support was not the same as the school had noted as provided and received support.

  • 427.
    Strand, Rebecca
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Rösberg, Frida
    Jönköping University.
    Internaliserade problem hos ungdomar i årskurs nio.: En studie med tvärsnittsdesign som tittar på internaliserade problem relaterat till mobbning och föräldraskap.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är ett aktuellt ämne inom socialt arbete, men har visat sig vara ett komplext ämne, där orsakerna till psykisk ohälsa är svår att förklara. Psykisk ohälsa grundas i både internaliserade och externaliserade problem. Föreliggande studie kommer fokusera på internaliserade problem vid tal om psykisk ohälsa. Internaliserade problem kan bland annat vara ångestproblematik och nedstämdhet. Forskning inom området har i ett antal studier fokuserat på relation mellan barn och förälder som en eventuell orsak till ungdomens psykiska ohälsa. Däremot finns det bristfällig forskning kring utsättning av mobbning och utveckling av psykisk ohälsa. Syftet till vår studie är att belysa olika samband kring ungdomens psykiska ohälsa i relation till mobbning och föräldraskap, samt att knyta ihop det med en teoretisk utgångspunkt, där tre olika behov, autonomi/självbestämmande, kompetens och samhörighet, ligger i fokus som är centrala aspekter för att en psykisk ohälsa inte ska utvecklas. Aktuell studie har samlat in material från Longitudional Research on Development in Adolescence (LoRDIA). Studien kommer använda sig utav kvantitativ data från 1 357 ungdomar i årskurs nio. För att ta reda på vilka samband som existerar mellan ungdomars psykiska ohälsa, mobbning och föräldraskap har studiens data analyserats med hjälp av Pearson’s korrelationsanalys, oberoende t-test och Hierarkisk multivariat regressionsanalys. Resultatet visar att psykisk ohälsa existerar låg grad hos både flickor och pojkar. Resultatet visar på att mobbningen och föräldraskap har påverkan på ungdomars psykiska ohälsa både hos flickor och pojkar. Studiens centrala fynd är att de ungdomar som utsätts för mobbning uttrycker psykisk ohälsa samtidigt som att om ungdomar upplever sig kontrollerade så uttrycker de psykisk ohälsa, speciellt när det kommer till pojkar. Öppen kommunikationen mellan ungdomarna och föräldrarna påverkar den psykiska ohälsan på ett gynnande sätt, där kommunikation kan anses som en skyddsfaktor för att psykisk ohälsa inte ska utvecklas hos både flickor och pojkar. Resultatet diskuteras i diskussionen kopplat till tidigare forskning där mobbning och föräldraskap visar sig ha liknande resultat och kan där med relateras till varandra. 

  • 428.
    Sundbäck, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Karlsson, Sari
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Vem är expert på vad?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterarnas bemötande av klienten.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Who is the expert and on what? A qualitative study of the social workers response of the client.

    The purpose with this study is to obtain an insight in how the social workers reason around the interaction with the client and how they see the client as an expert on herself. The study is qualitative and is based on semi-structured interviews with nine informants from different parts of the social Service from municipalities. The qualitative study has an inductive and a deductive approach and a perspective that is constructivism.  These interviews were thematized and three themes emerged. The first theme was about the response of the client and how the social workers looks at their role as professional in relation to the clients they encounter. Another key part of the same theme was the meeting with the client. The second theme has the client as the expert as the central part. The key here was the profession's view of the client's own knowledge about themselves and how social workers handle the client's knowledge. The third and last theme was all about how the profession meets and treats the client on the basis of guidelines and manuals. Central to this theme was this how the social worker looks at the use of guidelines and manuals during the meeting with the client, which some see them as a help and some see that sometimes these become a hindrance. These three themes are on social workers perspective on the treatment of the client from different angles.

  • 429.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Alla dessa skandaler som kom och gick - inte visste jag att det var omsorg2016In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 1, p. 72-75Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 430.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Omsorg oss emellan: omsorg i informella relationer förr, nu och i framtiden1980Book (Other academic)
  • 431.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Reflexiones sobre los cuidados de larga duración en Suecia [Reflections on Long-term care in Sweden]2015In: Encrucijadas: Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales, ISSN 2174-7148, E-ISSN 2174-6753, Vol. 10, p. 1-7, article id r1001Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [es]

    La provisión de cuidados de larga duración que se ofrecen en Suecia y en el conjunto de los países nórdicos provienen de un recorrido histórico basado en la construcción territorial a través de parroquias y en las redes de solidaridad creadas a partir de la relación entre familias y amigos, por un lado, y estos con el Estado, por otro.

  • 432.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Äventyret att bli gammal2016In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 2, p. 58-59Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 433.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Abellán, Antonio
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Ayala, Alba
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Pérez, Julio
    Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Pujol, Rogelio
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, Spain.
    Souto, Javier
    Unión Democrática de Pensionistas, Madrid, Spain.
    Men and older persons also care, but how much? Assessing amounts of caregiving in Spain and Sweden2018In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 75-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate how much caregiving men and women respectively do, and how much of the caregiving is done by older (65+) and younger persons, inside their household and for other households, in Spain and in Sweden. To assess this, we use self-reported hours of caregiving from two national surveys about caregiving, performed in 2014 (Spain, N = 2003; Sweden, N = 1193). Spain and Sweden have dissimilar household structures, and different social services for older (65+) persons. Caregivers, on average, provide many more hours of care in Spain than in Sweden. Women provide about 58% of all hours of caregiving, in Spain in all age groups, in Sweden only among younger caregivers. The reason is the dominance of partner caregivers among older Swedes, with older men and women providing equal hours of care. Family caregiving inside the household is more extensive in the more complex Spanish households than in Swedish households. Family care between households prevails in Sweden, where the large majority of older persons live with a partner only, or alone. This is increasingly common in Spain, although it remains at a lower level. We estimate that older persons provide between 22% and 33% of all hours of caregiving in Spain, and between 41% and 49% in Sweden. Patterns of caregiving appear to be determined mainly by demography and household structure.

  • 434.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Johansson, Lennarth
    Äldrecentrum Stockholm .
    Hur mycket hemtjänst som helst?2016In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 2, p. 34-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 435.
    Svensson, Isabell
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Remäng, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Skolkuratorer - En akutverksamhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är öka förståelsen för skolkuratorers yrkesroll och arbetssätt samt hur de beskriver det förebyggande arbetet med psykisk ohälsa bland högstadieelever. För att undersöka detta har vi genomfört semi-strukturerade intervjuer med tio skolkuratorer i Jönköpings län. Baserat på en tematisk analys behandlas följande fyra teman. Socionom på pedagogernas arena, Begränsningar, Förebyggande arbete och Acceptans. Analysen beskriver skolkuratorers syn på sitt yrke och de utmaningar som kommer med det. Genom studien har teorin om gräsrotsbyråkrati används. Vi utgår därför ifrån att skolkuratorer konstruerat sin egen yrkesroll utifrån vilket handlingsutrymme och handlingsfrihet de har. Eftersom alla har olika erfarenheter, handlingsmöjligheter och tolkningar av verkligheten så visar också resultatet att skolkuratorers yrkesroll kan se väldigt olika ut från skola till skola. De utmaningar som beskrivs är att få tiden att räcka till, samarbetet att fungera, samt hur de hanterar sitt handlingsutrymme och att nå ut till alla elever.

  • 436.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Leaving Care with "Cultural Baggage": The Development of an Identity within a Transnational Space2014In: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 39-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from care is a critical phase for care leavers in general, and even more complex for those who have arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors and belong to an ethnic minority group. The aim of this article is to examine unaccompanied minors' experiences of leaving care, and to explore the experience in relation to perceptions about ethnicity and culture within a transnational space. Interviews were completed with 11 care leavers who had been received in Sweden as unaccompanied minors. The results show that these young people have to deal with multiple adjustments. Conquering obstacles as care leavers involves not only resolving general issues such as reintegration into society, but also adjustment to perceived and created views of how to become Swedish. From the young people's point of view, this seems to be necessary to make a successful transition from care into adulthood.

  • 437.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    The (re)construction of home: Unaccompanied children’s and youth’s transition out of care2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focuses on how perceptions of ethnicity and culture become meaningful in relation to the transition from care into independent living, studied from unaccompanied youths’, professionals’, and a methodological perspective. The findings from interviews with unaccompanied youth with experience of leaving care showed that thoughts about their ethnic minority background are constantly present in the young men’s lives. Their stories about preparing to leave care show a continuous attempt to make adjustments in order to fit into the Swedish society (Study I). The results based on interviews with professionals and observations at two residential care units indicated that ‘home’ is sometimes used as a metaphor when describing the residential care units. The home metaphor affected the staff in ways that it sometimes became difficult to separate private and professional matters. The clash between the residential care unit and the desire to create a home environment highlights the issue that programs executed in Sweden for unaccompanied young people were originally not made for them (Study II). Study III emphasised how transnational relationships form the unaccompanied youths view of past, present, and future time. This study highlighted the importance of how the professionals need to understand the unaccompanied children and youth and their situation as flexible (Study III). Finally, methodological reflections about research concerning ethnicity indicated the importance of reflecting on one’s own perceptions, the role as a researcher, and the benefits and limitations these different roles may have in the research process (Study IV).

    The research was conducted using qualitative methods. The data collection methods entailed interviews with the youth (Study I), individual interviews, focus-groups, and observations with professionals (Study II and III), and discussions based on the data collected for study I-III (Study IV). Altogether, 11 youths (18-22 years) and about 20 professionals at the residential care units participated in the studies.

    Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the individual interviews and the focus-groups. All interviews were transcribed verbatim for analysis. The empirical data from observations consisted of notes taken during everyday situations, as well as from short conversations with the professionals. The notes were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The combined results of study I-III were used as empirical data for the analysis in study IV.

    This dissertation shows that (re)constructing a home is a central part of the care-leaving process for a migrant about to resettle in a new country. The greatest challenge the unaccompanied youth have to conquer during the transition from care to independent living is to fight against exclusion. The main purpose in (re)constructing a home appears to be the same for the youth and the professionals, namely, to reach a sense of safety and belonging. However, different conditions and points of departure may make it hard to agree on details such as what the meaning of belonging actually is, and if it is possible to develop a tailor-made solution. Researching issues of ethnicity comes with the responsibility to avoid reinforcing an ‘us’ versus ‘them’ and, in so doing, reinforce stereotypes.

  • 438.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    "In Sweden work is more important than the culture, actually!": The care leaving process for unaccompanied youths from the perspective of social workers2015In: Transnational Social Review, ISSN 2193-1674, E-ISSN 2196-145X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 241-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 about 7000 unaccompanied minors applied for asylum in Sweden and a great part got to stay. Thus Sweden is one of the countries receiving the highest number in Europe. Previous research have shown that individuals with out-of-home care experiences belong to a vulnerable group. Besides that, young people with a migrant background sometimes experienced exclusion and discrimination. This study aim to explore social workers’ understanding of the unaccompanied youth’s minority backgrounds in relation to the process of leaving-care. With a qualitative approach data have been collected through focus-groups at two residential care units. Within this kind of Human service organizations the staff struggle with meeting the perceived needs of the youths based on their minority background. Alongside they are trying to teach what they considered as being good Swedish practices claimed being necessary when facing life outside care. A transnational perspective prevents an understanding of the unaccompanied youth’s context as static, but promotes rather a way of relating to both the youths past and present time in order to be prepared for the future.

  • 439.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    "För att du vet hur det är här" – metodologiska implikationer vid forskning om ensamkommande barn2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 440.
    Söderqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Stockholms universitet.
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Home sweet home? Professionals' understanding of 'home' within residential care for unaccompanied youths in Sweden2016In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 591-599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of unaccompanied minors arriving in Sweden continues to rise. The majority are placed in residential care units. This qualitative study aims to increase the understanding given by the professionals to the concept of ‘home’ within the framework of residential care for unaccompanied young people. Data are based on participatory observations at two residential care units, followed up by individual interviews with staff. The findings confirm that the concept of home has a complex meaning involving both objective aspects such as physical buildings, and more subjective components that can be seen as state of mind. The staff's desire to offer an ‘ordinary home’ fails because of the surveillance, their dominant positions and especially due to the legal restrictions that were not initially meant for this target group. Unaccompanied young people have to be considered based on their own specific needs in order to make it possible for society to offer the most suitable care.

  • 441.
    Söderström, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Albertsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Socialsekreterares upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemet. Yrkesgrupper som socialsekreterare anses vara mest utsatta för stress grundat på socialtjänstens höga arbetsbelastning. Arbetsrelaterad stress påverkar både organisationen och arbetets kvalité men leder främst till psykisk ohälsa bland de anställda.

    Syfte. Denna studie undersöker hur yrkesverksamma socialsekreterare inom socialtjänsten upplever arbetsrelaterad stress, samt om det finns något samband med känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), verksamma år och kön. Studiens teoretiska bakgrund är baserad på KASAM utifrån det salutogena perspektivet.

    Metod. Studien utgörs av en kvantitativ forskningsstrategi i form av en tvärsnittsstudie. En enkät med frågor om bakgrund, arbetsrelaterad stress och KASAM har sammanställts och skickats ut via mejl till yrkesverksamma socialsekreterare södra delen av Sverige.

    Resultat. Svaren som enkäten genererade visar att de främsta stressfaktorerna på arbetet anses vara ökad arbetsbelastning, höga egna krav samt svårigheten över att sätta gränser och att ta ett större ansvar än vad hen bör göra. Resultatet visar ett signifikant samband med ett negativt värde mellan arbetsrelaterad stress och graden av KASAM samt ett signifikant samband mellan yrkesverksamma år och KASAM.

    Slutsats. Utifrån respondenternas svar är det möjligt att utläsa ett samband mellan socialsekreterares egna höga krav och engagemang i arbetet med KASAM:s tre komponenter, begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet. Detta tyder på att ett stort engagemang inte alltid är positivt. Vidare finns ett samband mellan socialsekreterares yrkeserfarenhet och grad av KASAM, personliga stresshantering och hälsa.

    Nyckelord: enkätstudie, arbetsrelaterad stress, KASAM, socialsekreterare

  • 442.
    Tallvid, John
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lampret, Emil
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Nätmobbning:   En studie om ansvar, utveckling och könsskillnader2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien handlar om högstadiekurators subjektiva uppfattning när det kommer till ansvarsfördelning, utvecklingen av nätmobbning samt eventuella könsskillnader kopplat till nätmobbning.

    Studien har en ansats i tematisk analys och den utgjordes av temana utveckling, ansvar och könskillnader. Det blev även tydligt att högstadiekuratorerna oberoende av kön, ålder och erfarenhet hade likande uppfattning om fenomenet nätmobbning.

    Teorierna som används i denna studie är The online disinhibition effect och Social konstruktionism kopplat till genus och identitet.

  • 443.
    Tarberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Wedenhjelm, Annica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykosomatiska symtom. En studie om barns upplevda tillit till föräldrar i förhållande till psykosomatiska symtom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Psychosomatic symptoms have doubled among children and adolescents in Sweden since the mid-1980s. Mental illness can have consequences early in life, such as poorer school results, and serious consequences later in life. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether there are differences between children, depending on the degree of perceived confidence in their parents in relation to psychosomatic symptoms. The study checks background variables such as boy or girl, Swedish as a second language or mother tongue, and whether the child's/youth's parents live together or not. Starting points are the following hypotheses: 1. Children who feel that they do not have a trusting relationship with their parents show a higher degree of psychosomatic symptoms than children who feel they have a trusting relationship with their parents. 2. Some psychosomatic symptoms occur to a greater extent than other psychosomatic symptoms in children who feel that they do not have a trusting relationship with their parent. 3. Girls experience psychosomatic symptoms to a greater extent than boys, related to degree of perceived confidence in their parents. The study is carried out by examining data obtained from anonymized survey responses from LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence) Wave 1, which consists of 1515 pupils who are 12–13 years old. Differences are analyzed by first performing repeated Mann-Whitney U- Test. We continue the analysis with Anova test and finally we perform an in-depth analysis of the groups that show significant differences in the Anova test. The result shows that there is a significant difference between children who experience low confidence in their parents compared to children who experience a high confidence in their parents related to the degree of psychosomatic symptoms. There is a significant difference between girls and boys regarding the degree of psychosomatic symptoms. And a significant difference both in terms of perceived confidence and degree of psychosomatic symptoms when the child's parents do not live together. The study's results are in line with previous research.

  • 444.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Berndtsson, Ina
    Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Norm-critical potential in undergraduate nursing education curricula: A document analysis2019In: Advances in Nursing Science, ISSN 0161-9268, E-ISSN 1550-5014, Vol. 42, no 2, p. E24-E37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The documents and literature that regulate nursing education are based on certain values and knowledge, and the underlying power in the curriculum raises the question of how health care professionals are molded during the course of their education. Norm criticism is a concept with its roots in critical pedagogy and gender and queer studies, emphasizing the origins as well as the consequences of marginalization, power, and knowledge of what is generally accepted as "normal" and "true." Norm criticism is used in this article to analyze the documents and literature underlying a nursing program in Sweden, which are shown to include a sometimes politically correct rhetoric, but one lacking a firm basis in social justice values.

  • 445.
    Thompson, Melanie
    et al.
    Curtin University.
    Elliott, Catherine
    Curtin University.
    Willis, Claire
    University of Western Australia.
    Ward, Roslyn
    University of Western Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University.
    Gubbay, Anna
    University of Western Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University.
    Can, Want and Try: Parents’ Viewpoints Regarding the Participation of Their Child with an Acquired Brain Injury2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, article id e0157951Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a leading cause of permanent disability, currently affecting 20,000 Australian children. Community participation is essential for childhood development and enjoyment, yet children with ABI can often experience barriers to participation. The factors which act as barriers and facilitators to community participation for children with an ABI are not well understood. 

    Aim

    To identify the viewpoints of parents of children with an ABI, regarding the barriers and facilitators most pertinent to community participation for their child. 

    Methods 

    Using Q-method, 41 parents of children with moderate/severe ABI sorted 37 statements regarding barriers and facilitators to community participation. Factor analysis identified three viewpoints. 

    Results 

    This study identified three distinct viewpoints, with the perceived ability to participate decreasing with a stepwise trend from parents who felt their child and family "can" participate in viewpoint one, to "want" in viewpoint two and "try" in viewpoint three. 

    Conclusions 

    Findings indicated good participation outcomes for most children and families, however some families who were motivated to participate experienced significant barriers. The most significant facilitators included child motivation, supportive relationships from immediate family and friends, and supportive community attitudes. The lack of supportive relationships and attitudes was perceived as a fundamental barrier to community participation. 

    Significance 

    This research begins to address the paucity of information regarding those factors that impact upon the participation of children with an ABI in Australia. Findings have implications for therapists, service providers and community organisations.

  • 446.
    Thorssell Kjellin, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Wremer, Gustav
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Empatisk nog för socionomexamen, eller?: En studie om socionomstudenters empatiska förmåga och dess utveckling under utbildningstiden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative study, with qualitative elements, intended to investigate the empathic ability among students and its change during social work education in Sweden. The study used a self-assessment form in the form of a questionnaire sent out to 8 of the 15 universities around the country. Respondents who participated in the survey studied in semester 1 & 2 and semester 6 & 7. The instrument which were used, measure the empathy level of the respondents and was a Swedish translation of the instrument, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) which is a proven self-assessment form. IRI consists of 28 questions divided into 4 areas (subscales), which together provide a score, where a higher score corresponds to a greater capacity for empathy. At the end of the survey respondents were given the opportunity to specify which training elements that they consider has affected their empathic ability. The quantitative empirical data showed a marginal rise in the empathic ability of the latter term group but this is not statistically secured and the difference is so small that in practice it would not mean any difference. Because of the non-significant associations, no conclusions could be drawn on whether the training has any effect on students' empathy on the basis of the study's quantitative empiricism. The quantitative empirical data indicated a significant relationship between empathy and age, as well as empathy and gender. The younger respondents tend to have a higher empathy than the older. Women received a higher score concerning empathy than men. The qualitative empirical data indicated that the students themselves believe they have increased their empathic ability during education. The study involved 168 respondents.

  • 447.
    Tidebrink, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Handläggning av tvångsvård: Socialsekreterares erfarenheter och upplevelser av att handlägga LVM ärenden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a social secretary has to investigate a client due to the Law on Care of Addicts in certain cases (LVM) he or she need to do so with consideration to many different perspectives. The purpose of this study is to provide knowledge about how social workers perceive handling LVM cases and also to find out what their experiences are when it comes to managing cases of this kind. The study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with six social secretaries who have all worked with LVM management. To interpret and analyze the material a theory about street-level bureaucrats, power, ethics in social work and “handlingsutrymme” were used as theoretical framework.

    The results seem to indicate that there are, according to the social secretaries, advantages as well as disadvantages to this approach. They experience the process of LVM as a bit of a dilemma. The social secretaries believe that the law is necessary for them so that they can act if needs be, in serious situations when clients are in danger and even risks death because of the addiction.

    They also believe that the law and the application of the same include quite a large restriction for the integrity of the client and that there is a risk for the client to be violated if the social worker does not show careful consideration on his/hers side. The result also show that the social secretaries wants to, as far as possible, show that they respect their clients’ autonomy. Although, this must be disregarded in a matter of life and death.

  • 448.
    Tran, Thinh
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Borodastova, Polina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Socionomstudenters studiemotivation: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om motivationsskillnader i relation till Herzbergs motivationsteori och altruism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During their education students are motivated by different factors at different times. The purpose of the study is thus to investigate the motivational differences that exist among social education students at Högskolan in Jönköping in different semesters concerning to Herzberg motivational theory and altruism. The study examines differences in sex, age, civil status, previous experience or contact with social workers, what semester the student is in and study motivation in relation to altruism, motivator and hygiene factor. This cross-sectional quantitative survey study is conducted under the supervision of Mats Granlund, professor of disability sciences and psychology, and with the assistance of 110 social work students at Jönköping University as a participant. The results reveal differences in how appealing hygiene factors, motivators and altruism are as motivating factors in relation to gender and the semester the student is in. However we found no differences in students’ self-appreciation of their overall study motivation concerning to their gender, age, civil status, past experience or contact with social workers and what semester the student is in. One conclusion is that the importance given to social experiences of hygiene factor, motivator and altruism are probably varied dependent on semester.

  • 449.
    Triantafyllou, Marouso
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    School-based Interventions or Prevention Programs regarding Alcohol, Smoking and Drug Use among Adolescents with Disabilities or Physical Impairments: A Systematic Literature Review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Substance use in adolescents with disabilities is rising, containing the prevalence of substance-related disorders (SRD) such as addiction, mental or health disorders, cancer, accidents and mortality. Yet little is known about the existing substance use prevention programs among adolescents with dosabilities or physical impairments. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of school-based interventions or prevention programs directed at the reduction of alcohol, tobacco and drug use in young adolescents with disabilities or physical impairments. Method Five scientific databases were explored mainly for school-based randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prevention programs examining the effects of substance use interventions and prevention programs on adolescents with disabilities or physical impairments. Guided by the NICE guidelines, eligible articles were detected from which data were collected. A systematic literature review was performed for many diverse outcomes such as, substance use knowledge, substance use, modelling social environment, intention to quit smoking, peer pressure, etc. Results The primary literature search resulted in 821 articles. Five studies were incuded in the systematic literature review. Most of the collected studies were about adolescents with intellectual disabilities (MBID or MMID). The review's sample group ranged from 12-to 18-year-old adolescents. Included studies had a total sample of 981 out of which 13 were teachers. Studies measured both primary and secondary outcomes like modelling smoking, substance use and frequency of alcohol use. Conclusion This review summarized evidence about interventions and prevention programs aimed at decreasing or preventing substance use in adolescents with various types of disabilities or physical impairments. Substance use education increases knowledge about alcohol, tobacco and drug use and the health-related harms in teenagers with disabilities. Additional research is required especially among teenagers with intellectual disabilities and other types of disabilities. 

  • 450.
    Trygged, Sven
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedlund, Ebba
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Department of Social Work , Stockholm University , Stockholm , Sweden.
    Beaten and Poor? A study of the long-term economic situation of women victims of severe violence2014In: Social Work in Public Health, ISSN 1937-1918, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 100-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This 10-year follow up study based on Swedish national registers compares the economic situation of women victims of violence leading to hospitalization (n=6,085) to non-exposed women (n=55,016) in 1992-2005. Women exposed to severe violence had a poorer financial situation already before the assault. Violence seems to heavily reinforce this pattern, indicating a continued need of support from the social work profession. Assaulted women had a worse income development, lower odds for being in employment, and higher odds for having low incomes and means tested social assistance during the 10-year follow up, independent of having children or not.

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