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  • 3901.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Brodin, Jane
    Fälth, Inga-Britt
    Åtgärder, samspel, kommunikation: en modell för tidig familjeorienterad intervention1997Report (Other academic)
  • 3902.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Carlhed, C
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    The impact of early intervention on the family system: perspectives on process and outcome1999In: Proceedings of the 4th European Symposium of EURYLAID: Equal opportunities and quality of life for families with a young disabled child. October 14th - 17th, 1998, Butgenbach, Belgium, 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3903.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Eliasson, A-C
    Folkesson, C
    Holmberg, A-S
    Karlsson, M
    Sanner, G
    Westbom, L
    Svensk fältprövning av WHO:s förslag till Internationell klassifikation av funktionstillstånd och funktionshinder, ICIDH-2: Användbarhet för barn och ungdom2002Report (Other scientific)
  • 3904.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ferm, Ulrika
    Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Conversational Topics Between a Child with Complex Communication Needs and her Caregiver at Mealtime2005In: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC, ISSN 0743-4618, E-ISSN 1477-3848, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 19-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Naturalistic mealtime interactions between a child with complex communication needs and her caregiver (focus dyad) and a child without disabilities and her caregiver (comparison dyad) were investigated. An activity-based communication analysis was used to outline the contextual background factors of the dyads' activities, and the dyads' conversational topics were analyzed. For the child and her caregiver (the focus dyad), the natural mode of communication at mealtime was unaided. Communication mostly concerned immediate mealtime issues. Other, shorter, topics were introduced but were also anchored to immediate issues. In contrast, the child and caregiver who comprised the comparison dyad conversed about a variety of personal topics that extended beyond the present. Topic patterns are exemplified using discourse excerpts and are discussed in relation to aided communication and development.

  • 3905.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, M
    Behavior styles in children with severe and profound disabilities: An observational study1999Report (Other scientific)
  • 3906.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, M
    Reagera och reglera: Beteendestilar hos barn med grava funktionsnedsättningar. En pilotstudie1998Report (Other scientific)
  • 3907.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, M
    Goldbart, J
    Pennington, L
    ICF in AAC2006In: Proceedings from the 12th Isaac research conference: Düsseldorf. August 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3908.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, M
    Seligman-Wine, J
    Assessment as an intervention2002In: 10th Biennial Conference of the Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication: Odense, Denmark, 2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 3909.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Changing perspectives in early intervention for children with disabilities in Sweden1997In: Infants and young children, ISSN 0896-3746, E-ISSN 1550-5081, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 56-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3910.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Creating a Team Around the Child Through Professionals' Continuing Education2003In: Early intervention practices around the world, Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes , 2003, p. 171-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3911.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Early Intervention in Sweden: A Developmental Systems Perspective2004In: The Developmental Systems Approach to Early Intervention, Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company , 2004, p. 571-592Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3912.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Family involvement in assessment and intervention: Preceptions of professionals and parents in Sweden1995In: Exceptional children, ISSN 0014-4029, E-ISSN 2163-5560, Vol. 61, no 6, p. 520-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Describes perceptions of professionals and parents of the current and ideal state of family involvement in the habilitation process for children with disabilities in early intervention in Sweden. Significant discrepancies between current and ideal practices in four dimensions; Professionals' preferences for a higher degree of family involvement.

  • 3913.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    ICF och delaktighet2004In: Delaktighetens språk, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, p. 29-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3914.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Reagera och reglera: Beteendestilar hos barn med grava funktionsnedsättningar1997In: Forskare om utvecklingsstörning: perspektiv - kunskaper - utmaningar: en vänbok till Lars Kebbon, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet , 1997, p. 52-76Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3915.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Små barns hälsa och välbefinnande2015In: Att bli förskollärare: Mångfacetterad komplexitet / [ed] Ingrid Engdahl, Eva Ärlemalm-Hagsér, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1, p. 73-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3916.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Transatlantic Consortium on Early Childhood Intervention2003In: Mental Health and Mental Retardation: A lifespan Multidisciplinary Approach: Abstract Book from the 4th European Congress,  17 – 20th September 2003. Italy, Rome., 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3917.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    ICF-CY as a common language in early childhood intervention : Work shop2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The workshop covers ICF-CY as a framework in collaborative problem solving together with families and in preschool. A short introduction to ICF-CY will be presented. The workshop will be based on case studies where the participants will use ICF-CY as a tool in assessment and intervention. The model for collaborative problem solving developed by the CHILD group includes problem formulations, problem explanations, goal setting, design of methods, implementation and follow-up. The tool uses checklists based on ICF-CY for formulation of difficulties and problems in terms of activity and participation, problem explanations in terms of body structures and functions and environmental factors. An individual intervention plan for a child with disability based on functioning in everyday life is developed based on the assessment. The utility and feasibility of ICF-CY as a tool and a common language in early childhood intervention will be discussed.

  • 3918.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ibragimova, N
    Svensk fältprövning av WHO:s Internationell klassifikation av funktionstillstånd och funktionshinder, version för barn och ungdom (ICF-CY)2006Report (Other academic)
  • 3919.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Light, J
    McNaughton, D
    Goal setting and problem solving with AAC users and families2000In: Proceedings from the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, August 2nd-6th, 2000, Washington DC, USA., 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3920.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Olsson, C
    Collaborative problemsolving in communication intervention1996In: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: European Perspectives / [ed] Stephen von Tetzchner and Mogens Hygum Jensen, London: Whurr Publishers , 1996, p. 324-341Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3921.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Assessment philosophies and practices in Sweden2000In: Interdisciplinary clinical assessment of young children with developmental disabilities, Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes , 2000, p. 391-412Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3922.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    ICF och ICF-CY - Historik och utveckling2011In: Handbok i att använda ICF och ICF-CY / [ed] Mia Pless & Mats Granlund, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1:1, p. 71-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3923.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Special education: a systems theory perspective2005In: Mångsidigt samspel: en vänbok till Siv Fischbein, Stockholm: Hls Förlag , 2005, p. 41-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3924.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune J.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Early Childhood Intervention2006In: Encyclopedia of Disability, London: Sage Publications , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3925.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Åman, K
    Early Intervention and the Family System: Process and Outcome2000In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research Volume 44 Issue 3-4: New millennium research to practice : congress abstracts. 11th World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities (IASSID): August 1-6 2000, Seattle, Washington, USA., Oxford: Blackwell Science , 2000, p. 209-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3926.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Kyriazopoulou, MaryEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.Giné, ClimentUniversitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.Bartolo, PaulEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Inclusive Early Childhood Education Environment Self-Reflection Tool2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From Introduction:

    This Self-Reflection Tool was developed as part of the Inclusive Early Childhood Education (IECE) project, conducted by the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education from 2015 to 2017 (www.european-agency.org/agency-projects/inclusive-earlychildhood-education). The project’s overall goal was to identify, analyse and subsequently promote the main characteristics of quality IECE for all children. To that end, a need was detected for a tool that all professionals and staff could use to reflect on their setting’s inclusiveness, focusing on the social, learning and physical environment. This tool is intended to help improve settings’ inclusiveness.

  • 3927.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Lindsay, P
    Communication ...naturally. Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Research in Augmentative and Alternative Communication: Proceedings of the Fourth ISAAC Research Symposium in Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Vancouver, Canada, August 11-12, 19961997Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3928.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Rydeman, B
    Zachrisson, G
    Fælles problemløsning: En metode til implementering af kommunikationshjaelpemidler2004Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3929.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Rydeman, B
    Zachrisson, G
    Who is in charge?2002In: 10th Biennial Conference of the Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication. Odense, Denmark, 2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 3930.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The International Consortium for Early Childhood Intervention2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3931.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The Transatlantic consortium for Early Childhood Intervention2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3932.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Varför behövs en barnversion av ICF?2003In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 6, p. 510-514Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3933.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Simeonsson, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Klang, Nina
    Lillvist, Anne
    The international classification of functioning, disability and health and the version for children and youth as a tool in child habilitation/early childhood intervention: feasibility and usefulness as a common language and frame of reference for practice2010In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 32, no S1, p. 125-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early childhood intervention and habilitation services for children with disabilities operate on an interdisciplinary basis. It requires a common language between professionals, and a shared framework for intervention goals and intervention implementation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the version for children and youth (ICF-CY) may serve as this common framework and language. This overview of studies implemented by our research group is based on three research questions: Do the ICF-CY conceptual model have a valid content and is it logically coherent when investigated empirically? Is the ICF-CY classification useful for documenting child characteristics in services? What difficulties and benefits are related to using ICF-CY model as a basis for intervention when it is implemented in services? A series of studies, undertaken by the CHILD researchers are analysed. The analysis is based on data sets from published studies or master theses. Results and conclusion show that the ICF-CY has a useful content and is logically coherent on model level. Professionals find it useful for documenting children's body functions and activities. Guidelines for separating activity and participation are needed. ICF-CY is a complex classification, implementing it in services is a long-term project.

  • 3934.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Åkesson, H
    Excellence in Early Childhood Intervention: Proceedings for the International symposium Excellence in Early Childhood Intervention. Mälardalen University, October 11th-12th, 19992001Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3935. Björhag, Albin
    et al.
    Skärin, Filip
    Statliga incitament inom reshoringbeslut2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose- The study aims at investigating which governmental incentives affect or which could affect Swedish companies' reshoring decisions in the future. To fulfill the purpose, two research questions have been formulated: 

    1. Which government incentives affect Swedish companies' reshoring decisions? 
    2. Which government incentives may affect Swedish companies' reshoring decisions in the future? 

    Method- To fulfill the purpose of the study, a case study was conducted including 19 respondents from 14 organizations. Primary data acquisition technique was semi structured interviews. 

     

    Findings- The study identified a total of ten governmental incentives that affect Swedish companies' reshoring decisions. Of these incentives, five have been identified in theory, and five was previously not described in the literature. The literature also contains five incentives that were not found in the Swedish context. The new governmental incentives have been identified in a Swedish context but are considered general for countries with similar incentive policies and role in the world market. The study also identifies incentives that could affect Swedish companies' reshoring decisions in the future. Most of these are linked to taxes or other forms of economic incentives, but the main point is to maintain stability in the Swedish incentive policy and not make any major changes, as companies believe that long-term strategic advantages is the main incentive for reshoring. 

     

    Implications- The study contributes with new knowledge about how government incentives affect Swedish companies' reshoring decisions but it also contributes to new knowledge about how government incentives affect reshoring decisions in general. This is an area that has not been studied further in the existing literature. Knowledge can be used by politicians to gain a better understanding of how to encourage manufacturing companies to return with their production or how to make Sweden an attractive country for manufacturing. For practitioners, the study helps to show which government incentives should be investigated more closely in this type of decision. 

     

    Limitations- One limitation for the study is that only 14 organizations are included and only one or two representatives per organization was interviewed. If more respondents would be involved, further incentives may be identified. Through the above, generalizability could also be improved. Studies in other contexts are necessary to validate the results. 

     

    Keywords- Governmental incentives, reshoring, location decisions

  • 3936.
    Björhag, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Skärin, Filip
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Statliga incitaments påverkan på svenska företags reshoringbeslut2018In: Proceedings of the Plan Research Conference, Jönköping, 23-24 oktober, 2018, Plan , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3937.
    Björk, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Morja, Nathalie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Förebyggande arbete mot främlingsfientlighet och rasism: Kvalitativ studie av grundskolans tidigare år2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen handlar om att förstå pedagogers och rektorers argument för de strategier som de väljer i det förebyggande arbetet mot främlingsfientlighet och rasism i grundskolans tidigare år. Syftet är att bättre förstå argumenten och hur skolans arbete därmed kan utvecklas och förbättras.

    - Vilka strategier väljer pedagoger och rektorer i det förebyggande arbetet mot främlingsfientlighet och rasism?

    - Vilka argument har pedagoger och rektorer för att styrka sitt val av strategi i det förebyggande arbetet mot främlingsfientlighet och rasism?

    För att få svar på dessa frågor genomfördes en kvalitativ undersökning bland fyra rektorer och fyra pedagoger för att få fram deras val av strategier och argumenten för dem.

    Enligt lag ska skolor arbeta förebyggande mot främlingsfientlighet och rasism. Trots det finns det ingen kursplan eller riktad handlingsplan som skolor har att följa. Skolor får själva utforma sin handlingsplan, vilket leder till olika kvalité på olika skolor. Hur väljer skolor att arbeta förebyggande? Vad anser de vara framgångsrika strategier?

    Respondenterna har i undersökningen presenterat strategier som de anser vara framgångsrika samt argument för dem. Strategierna baseras på erfarenhet, skolans praxis, vetenskapliga modeller samt värderingar. Detta tyder på att de har goda argument för val av strategi.

  • 3938. Björk, Annie
    et al.
    Gemhed, Lisa
    Upplevelsen av egenvård vid diabetes typ I: En empirisk studie: analys av bloggar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3939.
    Björk, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Mattsson, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Siljehög, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Elevers attityder till och förväntningar på det engelska språket: En undersökning i grundskolans år 1, 3 och 52007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få en förståelse för hur några elever i grundskolan uppfattar det engelska språket och engelskundervisningen. För att kunna besvara dessa frågor har vi valt att använda en kvalitativ metod, och intervjuat fem stycken elever i vardera av grundskolans år 1, 3 och 5. Frågeställningarna vi utgått ifrån är följande;

    Hur ser några elevers attityder ut till det engelska språket i grundskolan, förändras de och i sådana fall hur?

    Hur ser några elevers förväntningar ut, finns det skillnader och eller likheter mellan grundskolans år 1, 3 och 5?

    Vi har kommit fram till att 14 av de 15 intervjuade eleverna ställer sig positiva till ämnet engelska och dess användningsområden. De anser att det är viktigt att kunna engelska om man ska arbeta och eller åka utomlands men också för att kunna kommunicera med människor med ett annat modersmål. Eleverna i år 1 ser fram emot engelskundervisningen, men tror att den kommer att bli svår. Engelskundervisningen i klassrummet är de flesta nöjda med i år 3 och år 5, men de intervjuade eleverna i år 5 tycker att engelskundervisningen har blivit svårare men den är fortfarande rolig.

  • 3940.
    Björk, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Fast, Kim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Effektivisering av energianvändningen i en förskola2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This rapport contains an examination of the energy consumption of a kindergarten, which areas that have the largest impact on the energy consumption and what can be done to reduce those areas in ways that are relatively easy and profitable. It is also analyzed if it is possible to reduce the energy consumption from today’s consumption to a consumption that fulfils the demands placed on low energy houses by FEBY.

    The focus has been on reducing the energy consumption of the areas ventilation, heating system and hot water system, since those seemed to be the easiest ones to affect and since the building is quite recently built.

    There are different kinds of ventilation systems, at the moment the building have a CAV-system, which means that the ventilation is too high during large parts of the day. There are different ways to manage the ventilation system, for example presence detection, humidity sensors, CO2 sensors, temperature sensors and season adjustment. Many of those are in the end dependent on CO2 sensors to guarantee a good indoor climate, therefore the focus have been placed on this system.  

    The building is heated through district heating which is relatively easy to connect to a couple of sun panels to contribute to the heating system and hot water system. There are different ways of connecting district heating with solar panels and those are described, as well as the cost and the repayment time. A comparison with a building with an electric heating system has been made as well.

    It is important to get solutions that are profitable, that the repayment time isn’t too long. Solar cells and wind turbines are examined as well, but the repayment time for solar cells are too long at the moment. The repayment time for solar cells varies between 42 - 75 years, while the expected lifetime is 25 years. Concerning ventilation, a reduced ventilation of 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 % have been examined. With only reduced ventilation the demands on low energy houses could not be matched, but it was possible in two cases with the use of solar panels. The usage of a wind turbine meant that the ventilation had to be reduced even less to match the demands on low energy houses. The repayment times for the solar panels and the wind turbine are both around 14 years. 

  • 3941.
    Björk, Jan
    et al.
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
    Åkerbrant, Helena
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
    Iselius, Lennart
    Department of Surgery, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
    Bergman, Annika
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Engwall, Yvonne
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Jan
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Martinsson, Tommy
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nordling, Margareta
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hultcrantz, Rolf
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
    Periampullary adenomas and adenocarcinomas in familial adenomatous polyposis: Cumulative risks and APC gene Mutations2001In: Gastroenterology, ISSN 0016-5085, E-ISSN 1528-0012, Vol. 121, no 5, p. 1127-1135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & Aims: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) have a high prevalence of duodenal adenomas, and the region of the ampulla of rater is the predilection site for duodenal adenocarcinomas. This study assessed the risk of stage IV periampullary adenomas according to the Spigelman classification and periampullary adenocarcinomas in Swedish FAP patients screened by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). The genotype of patients with stage IV periampullary adenomas and periampullary adenocarcinomas was also investigated. Methods: A retrospective study of 180 patients screened by EGD in 1982-1999 was undertaken. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to evaluate cumulative risk. Mutation analysis was carried out in patients with periampullary adenocarcinomas diagnosed outside the screening program, in addition to patients in the screening group with stage IV periampullary adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Results: Periampullary adenoma stage IV was diagnosed in 14 patients (7.8%), with a cumulative risk of 20% at age 60 years. Periampullary adenocarcinoma was diagnosed in 5 patients (2.8%), with a cumulative risk of 10% at age 60. Three of the adenocarcinomas occurred in patients with stage IV periampullary adenomas compared with 2 in patients with less severe periampullary adenomatosis at screening (odds ratio, 31; 95% confidence interval, 4.6-215). Fifteen (88%) of the APC gene mutations were detected; 12 of these were located downstream from codon 1051 in exon 15. Conclusions: The life time risk of severe periampullary lesions in FAP patients is high, and an association between stage IV periampullary adenomas and a malignant course of the periampullary adenomatosis is strongly suggestive. Mutations downstream from codon 1051 seem to be associated with severe periampullary lesions.

  • 3942.
    Björk, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kränkningar i fritidshemmet: Lärares förståelse av kränkningar och arbetet med att motverka dessa2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här undersökningen är att bringa kunskap om vad lärare i fritidshem anser vara kränkningar och kunskap om hur de arbetar för att motverka dessa i fritidshemmet.

    • Vad har lärare i fritidshem för förståelse av begreppet kränkningar?
    • Hur beskriver lärare i fritidshem att de arbetar för att motverka kränkningar i fritidshemmet?

    Studien är kvalitativ och för insamling av empirin har semistrukturerade intervjuer använts.

    Fem lärare i fritidshem har intervjuats och efter bearbetning och analys av empirin, har studien fått ett resultat. Studiens resultat presenteras under olika teman. I resultatet framkom att lärarna anser att en kränkning är när en elev känner sig kränkt, oavsett om det är en fysisk, verbal, psykosocial eller kränkning via digitala verktyg. Fritidshemmen där lärarna är anställda har arbetssätt och rutiner för att motverka kränkningar.

  • 3943.
    Björk, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Eriksson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bemötande som brister: Upplevelser från personer med fibromyalgi.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3944.
    Björk, Ludvig
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Is it Smart to Use Smartphones in School?: A Quantitative study on Using Smartphones as English-Teaching & Learning Tools in Lower & Upper Secondary School2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is it Smart to Use Smartphones in School?

    A Quantitative Research on Using Smartphones as English-Teaching & Learning Tools in Lower & Upper Secondary School.

    By: Ludvig Björk

    This study aims to examine how the smartphone, when used as a tool in the Swedish EFL classroom, is viewed and used by educators in both upper and lower secondary schools. Through a survey, 23 teachers were asked questions regarding how they view the smartphone as a teaching & learning (T&L) tool. This survey was sent to four different schools. The survey consists of ten questions.

    The results show that most teachers are positive towards the use of smartphones as teaching & learning tools, with some reservations. They find it hazardous to use the device too often. Through this, the smartphone is not used as much as some teachers would like. The device is also used twice as much in lower secondary school compared to upper secondary school. The results of the present study corroborate with previous findings that indicate that the smartphone is used as a supplement rather than an active tool in the classroom. Even though teachers may find the tool risky to use, they also consider it an effective tool since it can be used in several ways.

  • 3945. Björk, Maria
    et al.
    Håkansson, Josefin
    Hur påverkar framtidens kontor välbefinnandet?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om välbefinnandet på aktivitetsbaserade arbetsplatser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med examensarbetet är att beskriva hur anställda på en aktivitetsbaserad arbetsplats upplever sitt välbefinnande på arbetsplatsen. Metod: Examensarbetet är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med induktiv ansats som utgår från semistrukturerade öppna frågor. Två företag rekryterades med fem informanter vardera. Ett avsiktligt urval gjordes med en spridning gällande ålder, kön och hur länge de arbetat på den aktivitetsbaserade arbetsplatsen. Intervjuerna spelades in för att sedan transkriberas och analyseras utefter en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Resultatet sammanställdes i fem huvudkategorier: ”De anställdas inställning till arbetssättet”, ”Arbetssättet påverkar omtanken mellan kollegor”, ”Positiva upplevelser med arbetssättet”, ”Arbetssättet påverkar arbetet positivt” och ”Arbetssättet påverkar arbetet negativt”. Dessa bestod av totalt 16 underkategorier. Slutsatser: Omtanken mellan kollegor, närmare bestämt gemenskapen, upplevdes både som förbättrad och försämrad med det nya arbetssättet. Arbetssättet påverkade arbetet positivt genom att tillgodose behov och ge valmöjlighet, men det påverkade även negativt genom att distrahera, ineffektivisera och försvåra arbetet. En stor del av de anställda upplevde välbefinnande, men det aktivitetsbaserade arbetssättet passar inte alla individer och arbetsuppgifter.

  • 3946.
    Björk, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Division of Nursing, Department of Health and Learning, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Sundler, Annelie J.
    Division of Nursing, Department of Health and Learning, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Hallström, Inger
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Division of Nursing, Department of Health and Learning, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket – Parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer2016In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 25, p. 40-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The aim of this study was to illuminate parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer.

    Method Interviews and a narrative about parents' experiences of losing a child to cancer were gathered from six parents of children whom had participated in a longitudinal study across the child's illness trajectory. The analysis of the data was inspired by van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach.

    Results One essential theme emerged: Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket, as well as six related themes: Feeling conflicting emotions, Preparing for the moment of death, Continuing parenting after death, Recollecting and sharing memories, Working through the sorrow and New perspectives in life.

    Conclusion There is a need for good palliative care. If not, there is a risk that the parent will perseverate and blame themselves for not being a good parent during the suffering child's last time in life. Meetings with the parents six months and two years after the child's death might facilitate healing through the grief process.

  • 3947.
    Björk, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Testdriven utveckling – En utvärdering av Jordbruksverkets metod för systemutveckling2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3948.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Aspects of disability in early rheumatoid arthritis: a five-year follow-up in the Swedish TIRA project2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive disease, often leading to disability. Because the disease course develops rapidly during the first years after diagnosis, more knowledge is needed about the early disease course to minimize later disability. This thesis describes the course of disability in early RA such as hand function, pain intensity, activity limitation and sick leave. In addition, this thesis compares disability between women and men and compares disability between RA patients and referents.

     

    This thesis is primarily based on data from the 320 patients that were included in the multi-centre project in Sweden called ‘Early interventions in rheumatoid arthritis’ (TIRA). A wide range of outcome variables was registered between 1996 and 2006 during regular follow-ups from time for diagnosis through the eight-year follow-up. Outcome regarding disease activity and disability of RA patients still remaining in TIRA at the three and five year follow-up respectively are used in this thesis. Data concerning sick leave were obtained for the patients during six years (1993-2001) – three years before and three years after diagnosis. Referents were included in two of the studies. Data regarding disability in referents were obtained according to hand function and activity limitation using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Data for sick leave were obtained for six years in referents, for the same period as the RA patients.

    For most variables, disability in RA was most pronounced at time of diagnosis but before intervention started. Disability was then reduced already at the 3-month follow-up and thereafter affected but stable during the following five years. The exception was participation, reflected by sick leave, a variable that was stable from inclusion to three years from diagnosis. Activity limitation, pain intensity and sick leave in RA that represents different aspects of disability were explained by other aspects of disability and contextual factors rather than by disease activity. RA affects women and men differently in some aspects. Women had more severe course of activity limitations than men according to HAQ. Men were more affected than women in range of motion, although the differences were small in a clinical perspective. However, pain intensity and frequency of sick leave did not differ between women and men. Patients with RA have pronounced disability in relation to referents although several variables improve soon after diagnosis. This discrepancy refers to hand function as well as activity limitations and sick leave. The frequency of sick leave increased during the year before diagnosis in relation to referents and was thereafter high compared to sick leave in referents.

  • 3949.
    Björk, Mathilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Hälsouniversitetet i Linköping.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Hälsouniversitetet i Linköping.
    Peolsson, Michael
    Hälsouniversitetet i Linköping.
    Multivariate relationships between pain intensity and other aspects health in rheumatoid arthritis: Cross sectional and five year longitudinal analyses (the Swedish TIRA project).2008In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 30, no 19, p. 1429-1438Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3950.
    Björk, Mathilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Liedberg, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet.
    Hening, Gunnel
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Occupational therapists' perceptions of gender – a focus group study2010In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 331-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/aim: Women and men are shaped over the courses of their lives by culture, society and human interaction according to the gender system. Cultural influences on individuals’ social roles and environment are described in occupational therapy literature, but not specifically from a gender perspective. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how a sample of occupational therapists perceives the ‘gender’ concept.

    Method: Four focus group interviews with 17 occupational therapists were conducted. The opening question was: ‘How do you reflect on the encounter with a client depending on whether it is a man or a woman?’ The transcribed interviews were analysed and two main themes emerged: ‘the concept of gender is tacit in occupational therapy’ and ‘client encounters’.

    Results: The occupational therapists expressed limited theoretical knowledge of ‘gender’. Furthermore, the occupational therapists seemed to be ‘doing gender’ in their encounters with the clients. For example, in their assessment of the client, they focussed their questions on different spheres: with female clients, on the household and family; with male clients, on their paid work.

    Conclusions: This study demonstrated that occupational therapists were unaware of the possibility that they were ‘doing gender’ in their encounters with clients. There is a need to increase occupational therapists’ awareness of their own behaviour of ‘doing gender’. Furthermore, there is a need to investigate whether gendered perceptions will shorten or lengthen a rehabilitation period and affect the chosen interventions, and in the end, the outcome for the clients.

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