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  • 3801.
    Vieira, Fátima L.
    et al.
    Human Technology Group, Department of Electromechanical Engineering and Centre for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technology, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Vieira, Paulo A.
    Department of Computer Science and Cloud Computing Competence Centre, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Coelho, Denis A.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Human Technology Group, Department of Electromechanical Engineering and Centre for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technology, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    A data-driven approach to development of a taxonomy framework for triple bottom line metrics2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 2717Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a data-driven approach to develop a taxonomy in a data structure on list for triple bottom line (TBL) metrics. The approach is built from the authors reflection on the subject and review of the literature about TBL. The envisaged taxonomy framework grid to be developed through this approach will enable existing metrics to be classified, grouped, and standardized, as well as detect the need for further metrics development in uncovered domains and applications. The approach reported aims at developing a taxonomy structure that can be seen as a bi-dimensional table focusing on feature interrogations and characterizing answers, which will be the basis on which the taxonomy can then be developed. The interrogations column is designed as the stack of the TBL metrics features: What type of metric is it (qualitative, quantitative, or hybrid)? What is the level of complexity of the problems where it is used? What standards does it follow? How is the measurement made, and what are the techniques that it uses? In what kinds of problems, subjects, and domains is the metric used? How is the metric validated? What is the method used in its calculation? The column of characterizing answers results from a categorization of the range of types of answers to the feature interrogations. The approach reported in this paper is based on a screening tool that searches and analyzes information both within abstracts and full-text journal papers. The vision for this future taxonomy is that it will enable locating for any specific context, discern what TBL metrics are used in that context or similar contexts, or whether there is a lack of developed metrics. This meta knowledge will enable a conscious decision to be made between creating a new metric or using one of those that already exists. In this latter case, it would also make it possible to choose, among several metrics, the one that is most appropriate to the context at hand. In addition, this future framework will ease new future literature revisions, when these are viewed as updates of this envisaged taxonomy. This would allow creating a dynamic taxonomy for TBL metrics. This paper presents a computational approach to develop such taxonomy, and reports on the initial steps taken in that direction, by creating a taxonomy framework grid with a computational approach. 

  • 3802.
    Vigren, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Environmental, Social and Governance Aspects Impact on Financial Performance: An event study on ESG improvement2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade, corporate transparency has become a fundamental value and strong signifier in today’s business environment. Today, companies must reveal more Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) information about their operations than ever. This study investigates if asset managers can benefit from ESG information by incorporating it into the investment process. An event study is conducted on companies that improved their ESG performance and the financial results is evaluated post of the improvement. Three different time-perspectives are used, 1-year, 3-years and 5 years to see if the relationship is sensitive to changes in time. In sum, only the mid-term test give a statistical significant result, with indication of a negative impact from ESG improvements on financial performance. There is weak evidence that the financial performance may improve in the ultra-long run, but additional research needs to be done to confirm such hypothesis. I suggest that regardless of how the relationship between ESG and financial performance is, more integrated ESG models will be important for asset managers in the future. 

  • 3803.
    Viljama, Jesse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sepponen, Eetu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How innovation culture affects the performance of Internal Corporate Venturing (ICV)?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3804.
    Villagomez Garcia, Ivan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pecikoza, Senada
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pac Yurrita, Jorge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurial Coping: Entrepreneurial Reactions and Coping Methods Towards Failur2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An entrepreneur is an innovator, someone who transforms innovations and ideas intoeconomically viable entities; independent on whether in the process she creates oroperates a firm (Baumol 1993). When these firms are created however, sometimes theydo not achieve a viable sustainability; they often face problems and are forced to gobankrupt. When Bankruptcy occurs the entrepreneur is logically affected not onlyeconomically but also mentally and emotionally. Different situations have differenteffects on the entrepreneur´s emotions.

    Lazarus´ Cognitive Appraisal Theory states that when faced with a problem or situationpeople "appraise" or perceive it in different ways. The Primary Appraisal happens whenthe entrepreneur first comes into the realization of the problem; she can view itdifferently, either as an event that deserves indifference, an opportunity, or as a harmfulthreat. The Secondary Appraisal happens when the entrepreneur analyses what resourceshe has available and what strategy he will proceed to use in order to tackle the situation.Furthermore, during the course of the situation the entrepreneur may come into therealization of new information that might change his way of perceiving things, this iscalled an Appraisal. The Cognitive Appraisal Theory is closely linked to the CopingTheory which talks about how entrepreneurs "cope" or deal emotionally with theiradversities. Coping can be divided into two types, Problem focused and Emotion focusedCoping. Problem focused coping intents on coming up with viable and practical solutionsto improve the situation, whereas Emotion focused intends on externalizing the blame andreacting with a worsened emotional state that does not help the situation in the long run.

    This report is an exploratory research and bases its empirical data on the case studyapproach of five different cases of entrepreneurs leaving in Sweden who had theexperience of engaging in an enterprise that ended up in bankruptcy. During the course ofthis investigation a qualitative method was used and the empirical findings wheregathered by engaging in interviews that were later analyzed and correlated with thetheoretical framework.

    In the Analysis we take apart the information gathered in the interviews and try tocorrelate the events to the theories while at the same time striving to find similarities ordifferences between the subjects. We also try to find patterns that may help us understandmore about the subject and finally allows us to address the problem and achieve thepurpose of this report which is to understand how an entrepreneur copes when faced witha business failure.

    In our conclusion we came to the realization that people tend to follow specific patterns ofemotional reaction that concretely support the pre established theories. This report servesas a base or foundation of a tool for entrepreneurs. We find that if entrepreneurs hadprevious knowledge of ways to deal with failure they might be more prompt to avoid itentirely and consequently this can be an invaluable tool for them..3

  • 3805. Villagomez Garcia, Ivan
    et al.
    Van der Meulen, Steffan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The evaluation of business models by venture capitalists2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify the role a business model plays for Venture Capitalists (VCs) when analysing a new venture proposal for funding. The primary data for this research was collected through six qualitative interviews conducted during a two month period. Furthermore, the gathered data was evaluated in accordance with the information found in current literature which describes de term "business model" as well as specific criteria for it. The findings from this research demonstrate that the perception of the role of a business model is strongly similar among the VCs whom were interviewed. They all argued that a business model plays a secondary role in the evaluation process and see it as part of the business plan. At the same time, this research could could pinpoint the fact that no specific instrument including explicit evaluation criteria is currently being implemented by the VCs in question in order to evaluate a business model.

    Notwithstanding this study cannot be generalized since the pool of applicants included only six Investment Manages working in Venture Capital Funds in Sweden and Mexico. At the same, even though the geographical differences exist, the evaluation process resulted quite similar amongst them. Evidence from this study has demostrated that the current ambiguity of the meaning of the term "business model" is the most frequent perceived challenge to the evaluation of these. Therefore, our interest to shed more light into the topic was encouraged.

  • 3806.
    Villanueva, Jaume
    et al.
    Universitat Ramon Lull.
    Markowska, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Universitat Ramon Lull.
    Storytelling in the development of entrepreneurial identities2013In: 5th Conference on Rhetoric and Narratives, ESADE, Barcelona, 25-27 March, 2013., 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion that the development of an entrepreneurial identity in individuals has important consequences for their subsequent entrepreneurial intentions and behaviors has gained increased attention in the entrepreneurship literature (Fauchart & Gruber, 2011). Most of this emerging literature has hitherto focused on the relationship between an individual’s entrepreneurial identity, i.e. between people’s self-concepts based on some form of entrepreneurial role identity (Cardon et al., 2009), or an entrepreneurial social identity (Fauchart & Gruber, 2011), and a broad set of entrepreneurial processes and outcomes. The main idea is thus that if a person’s self- concept is aligned with what could be construed as an entrepreneurial identity, a set of predictions could be made regarding this person’s entrepreneurial motivations, intentions and behaviors, all of which has important consequences for the study of entrepreneurship.

    But how does an entrepreneurial role or social identity develop in an individual? The literature has so far been rather silent not only on the antecedents of entrepreneurial identities, but also on the processes by which such identities develop over time. Theories of narrative identity and the psychology of life stories (McAdams, 2001), which posit that a person’s identity is an internalized narrative of the self that evolves over time, provide relevant insights for understanding where entrepreneurial self-concepts may come from and how they may develop. People construe stories to imbue their life experiences with meaning, and to integrate what could be disparate life episodes and events into a coherent life trajectory that can be understood by themselves and by others.

    Hence, the development of an entrepreneurial identity could be conceptualized as a specific type of evolving self-narrative with a specific kind of meaning. This self-narrative should not only include the basic elements that would make it “entrepreneurial” in meaning, but it should also include the main elements that would make it a “story.” In this paper, we draw on narrative theories to make a number of propositions regarding what constitutes an entrepreneurial identity in terms of narrative structure, drawing on McAdams’ (2001) conceptualization of a life story as a narrative complete with setting, scenes, characters, plot and themes. We also draw on theories of entrepreneurship and develop propositions regarding what constitutes an identity with entrepreneurial meaning. Furthermore, we explain a number of mechanisms by which these elements may change over time, explaining why some individuals may develop entrepreneurial identities over the span of their life courses.

    According to McAdams’ life story model of identity (2001), a person’s identity can be conceptualized as an internalized and evolving self-story that provides meaning to one’s experience. In other words, an individual’s identity can be thought of as a psychosocial construction (a construction that is coauthored by the person and its cultural context) that takes the structural form of a story. But what constitutes a story? And, more specifically, what constitutes a life story in terms of narrative structure? Drawing on McAdams’ (2001) model, we conceptualize a life story as a canonical type of narrative structure that includes the following components: (1) a set of identifiable themes that weave together (2) a plot line that is projected on (3) a character (or focal actor) that is embedded in (4) a social and cultural setting

    Stories differ in their constitutive elements (i.e. themes, plot, characters and setting), so what is that makes a story an “entrepreneurial story? In terms of themes identified in the literature, a common thematic thread that weaves entrepreneurial stories is the creation and engagement with a new economic (and social) activity (Davidsson, 2004). This theme usually implies the arrangement of activities and motivations around identifying new means-ends frameworks and organizing and managing resources required for their execution (Chandler & Hanks, 1994). An entrepreneurial story can have many alternative plot lines. The plot line allows the storyteller to convey the significance of some events and not others, to elaborate on some events while omitting others, to draw connections between events that may not seem related, or to omit making connections between events that appear related. In short, the plot allows the storyteller to imbue meaning into a sequence of events and allows the audience to understand the significance of these specific events or, in other words, to make sense of the story. A narrative structure in the form of a story will thus contain “poetic tropes,” which are mechanisms aimed at linking the events of a story and to imbue them with meaning. Examples of these mechanisms are: attributions of causal connections, attributions of agency, attributions of responsibility, attributions of motives or attributions of emotion (Gabriel, 2004). A common plot line in an entrepreneurial story consists of the identification of a problem and the creation of a solution, resulting in a satisfactory outcome for both the entrepreneur and society (Bhave, 1994). This plot line represents a canonical type of cause-effect relationship expressed in the problem-solution dichotomy. The character of a life story consists obviously of the focal person in question and, in the case of an entrepreneurial story, the focal actor is the entrepreneur. Finally, an entrepreneurial story is embedded in a social and cultural setting that helps imbue it with meaning. An entrepreneurial story often invokes an individual’s human and social capital – the acquired knowledge and experience as well as social group membership (Stryker, 1980; Tajfel & Turner, 1985), as well as cultural norms that are proper and acceptable given a set of socially constructed system of norms, values, beliefs and definitions (Suchman, 1995).

    In short, in this paper we develop a series of propositions linking the key constitutive components of a life story to entrepreneurship constructs, thus offering a theoretical explanation of how an entrepreneurial identity, conceptualized as a specific type of story, comes into being. Furthermore, we theorize about how these elements may change over time and its impact on the emergence and development of an entrepreneurial identity over the life course.

  • 3807.
    Vilsson, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Geldard, Matthew
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Internationalizing to the UK: a resource based perspective2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A significant problem in the construction industry is the losses sustained as a result of the theft of tools and equipment from construction sites. The case study company, referred to as PSS, have successfully developed and commercialized a technological solution to prevent such theft within Sweden. The next step in the commercialization of PSS is to seek growth and leverage their investment and innovation.

    Our purpose is to undertake a UK market analysis, in order to investigate if PSS's business model has opportunities in the UK, and recommend how PSS might approach internationalization, using a resource based perspective.

    PSS’s existing business model has been developed to fit the Swedish market conditions, and has been demonstrated to perform. We find market conditions in the UK are similar, albeit in greater proportions. The nature of the problem, the industry structures, and the competitive environment is similar to the domestic conditions, and the competitive position of PSS is replicable, with a high level of strategic fit.

    We recommend PSS pursue its desire to internationalize to the UK based on similarity of the fit with the local market (which has been demonstrated to result in acceptable performance). We would recommend entry through a sales subsidiary to facilitate the establishment of customer relationships. In addition a possible license agreement with a partner may help to facilitate speedy access to UK distribution industry networks.

  • 3808.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Department of Computer and Information Science/Human-Centered Systems, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Kuziemsky, Craig
    University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
    Nøhr, Christian
    Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Nykänen, Pirkko
    University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Nikula, Nicolas
    Post-Nord, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brokers as catalysts for the e-health market2017In: Intelligent Information Management, ISSN 2160-5912, E-ISSN 2160-5920, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 177-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we use the experiences from the service industry and explore pre-requisites of the e-health market which will need to achieve to stimulate both sides of the market (vendors, healthcare organizations, government, institutions, corporations and services organizations) to interact with each other and develop demand driven services and social innovations. The results presented in this paper may be of interest for decision makers, industries (e.g. software or technology designers), small and medium enterprises (SME) and entrepreneurs with an interest in becoming a part of the e-health market, and for consumers (e.g. healthcare personnel and patients) that are willing to influence the market through their choices. The outcomes of the study shown that the role of virtual brokers is essential to the further development of a sustainable e-health market globally because its role as catalyst for interaction between the two-sides of the markets, its effects on the reduction of competitive constrains, its effects on the accessibility to broader network of actors and its effects on the support of public-private exchanges of knowledge and experience.

  • 3809.
    Virensjö, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rolfson, Julia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The implications of diversification and flexibility for SME's in Sweden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3810.
    Virkkunen, Paula
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Norhio, Elsi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Becoming a Social Media Influencer: Describing the journey of becoming a successful social media influencer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3811.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Ambidextrous tensions in media content development 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3812.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Complexities and tensions of transformative boundary-crossing: Case study on ambidextrous HRM in a creative organizationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to inform theory and practice on the features of ambidextrous HRM that are required to transform creativity into content innovation within the rapidly changing context of creative media organizations. An empirical, qualitative case study is utilized to examine ambidextrous HRM as a response to dual tensions that are characteristic of media content development work, especially in relation to exploration and exploitation. The analysis focuses on issues that hamper the establishment of an ambidextrous HRM system in a traditional and established media organization, thus shedding light on the development of an ambidextrous HRM system more generally in knowledge-intensive industries facing disruptive change. The findings suggest that creative content development work, which is deeply dependent on individual creative talent, requires an ambidextrous approach to HRM for the successful management of innovation initiatives (i.e. exploration) alongside on-going production processes (i.e. exploitation), including that the lack of ambidextrous HRM may severely harm development initiatives. The results of the analysis indicate that bridging conventional and ambidextrous HRM principles is essential for sustainable co-existence of production and innovation in organizational contexts characterized by tensions. The qualitative case study offers new understanding regarding managing development work and organizational creativity for innovation in a traditional company in turbulent change, and elaborates especially on the constraints, conflicts, tensions and complications of the necessary boundary-crossing for integrating exploration and exploitation.

  • 3813.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Constraints and complications of innovation in content development: Case Yle in Finland2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current turbulent environment, media organisations are expected to be on the leading edge of innovation to survive – and especially to thrive. However, the established practices and preferred work patterns of traditional organizations impose systemic constraints on the realization of media innovations (Ess 2014). Research into creativity leading to innovation in media organizations has been scarce, and similarly case studies about creative work practices (Mierzejewska 2011, Hesmondhalgh & Baker 2011, Küng 2008). Addressing these topics in media management research is an urgent need.

    This paper explores theoretical assumptions regarding the realization of innovation in creative media work. The literature and previous research on creativity (as the prerequisite for innovation), especially organizational creativity in the workplace and operationalizing innovation (as the outcome of creativity), as well as studies on management of both interdependent aspects, are utilized. Special emphasis is placed on the constraints (see e.g. Rosso 2014), conflicts and complications of crossing boundaries and borders in a creative media organisation striving for innovation.

    Achieving innovation in media content requires management expertise in development work. This work differs from routine production because it requires experimentation and involves higher risk of failures. Further, content development work presupposes creative organization capabilities, rather than the traditional emphasis on efficiency and uniformity via standardisation (see Mintzberg 1989 for innovative organization). Theories on creativity and innovation suggest that new things come from differences ‘colliding’ (e.g. Amabile et al. 2005), i.e. result from variation in e.g. makers, genres or media. Sustaining innovation creates a complex and paradoxical situation because managers must on the one hand ‘back off’ and allow for failures and individual proclivities that are characteristic in development work, which depends on creativity, while at the same time they must create and enforce procedures to ensure the work meets stipulated objectives and achieves a useful outcome. This often leads to conflict because organisations have political systems with varying interests and understandings. This fuels power struggles and creates complications as a routine fact of organizational dynamics (Morgan 2006, see also Mintzberg et al. 2005).

    Media production requires diverse specialists and a creative organisation spans levels from the individual to teams and all of this contextualized in an organisational work culture that is often actually a range of work cultures. An organization features a dynamic that is simultaneously interdependent and controversial. Focusing on one aspect is not sufficient for understanding the totality. However, creativity and innovation have been sparsely studied using multi-level perspectives and this approach is vital for understanding creativity leading to innovations in media management theory and in the practice of media organizations. Because development work is a complex task, a systems perspective on creativity (see e.g. Csikzentmihalyi 2006, McIntyre 2013, Tan 1998) is a useful theoretical frame for analysing creativity and innovation management in media organizations (and beyond).

    After sketching the theoretical basis, the paper analyses an empirical case: the programme development initiative that Yleisradio (Yle), the PSB of Finland, accomplished in the early to mid 2000s. The analysis emphasizes the conflict-sensitive nature of relationships that depend on interaction between innovation teams and their projects and the ongoing operations that can be understood as “the Performance Engine” (Govindarajan & Trimble 2010). The paper looks at the organizational and work setting (see e.g. Mumford 2012) in retrospect, and specifically analyzes the reasons for the initiative’s failure and dissolution despite being a good concept and a productive practice in the task of media content development.

    The case usefully illustrates the paradoxes discussed in this abstract by assessing a creative organization tasked with innovation inside a traditional media company. The results demonstrate a constant need to work across boundaries and borders both within and outside the firm, keyed to complexities of many types in relationships, e.g. in ways of thinking, unit priorities and systems, media, cultures, specializations, etc. The paper explores the difficulties, conflicts and complications that are characteristic of development work, being both different from Yle’s routine operations and, at the same time, a constituent part of them. The author has access to all of the data (e.g. strategy and operational documents, personal notes, evaluations, development procedures, negotiations, etc.) for the entire period that chronicles the experiment from 2002 to 2005. The case opens valuable possibilities for learning about managing organizational creativity for innovation in a media company, and especially for understanding constraints, conflicts and complications that are typical.

  • 3814.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Enabling Transformative Boundary-Crossing With Ambidextrous HRM: a Longitudinal Case Study2017In: Academy of Management Proceedings, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to inform theory and practice on the features of HRM that facilitate and hamper the transformation of creativity into innovation in the rapidly changing context of media organizations. The study takes an illustrative case approach to examine how conventional HRM and ambidextrous HRM create productive or counterproductive responses to the dual tensions that are characteristic of media content development work, i.e., exploration and exploitation. The analysis sheds light on what constitutes an ambidextrous HRM system generally, and, specifically, the features of an ambidextrous HRM in the context of creative media industries. The findings demonstrate that media content development work requires ambidextrous HRM for the successful management of innovation initiatives alongside on-going production processes, including that the lack of ambidextrous HRM may severely harm development initiatives. The results indicate that bridging conventional and ambidextrous HRM principles and practices is vital to ensure sustainable and harmonious co-existence of production and innovation in organizational contexts characterized by tensions. The longitudinal qualitative case study offers new understanding regarding managing development work and organizational creativity for innovation in a traditional media company, and the constraints, conflicts, tensions and complications they present for ambidextrous HRM development.

  • 3815. Virta, Sari
    From Ideation to Realisation – Content Development in PSB 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3816.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Managing tensions in creative content development work: Cases from the media industry2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores organisational tensions and their management in creative content development work in the context of creative industries, particularly media. The study focuses on the dynamic relationship and complexities between current business (exploitation) and future business (exploration), where tensions become managerial issues. It builds on dualities as the overarching analytical concept. The combination of theorisations on ambidexterity, value networks and hybrid organisations is used to examine organisational tensions as dynamic interrelationships between the elements of dualities.

    This compilation dissertation builds on three qualitative case studies, which are investigated in six individual, empirical papers. The case organisations include a company from both public and private media, as well as a collaborative arrangement in a creative industry cluster. The longitudinal empirical data comprises diary writings, interviews, documentation and participant observations.

    The study extends the understanding about how and why organisational tensions pose a demanding managerial challenge to established companies. It suggests that these tensions cannot be solved as such; instead, they need to be managed “with” rather than “against”. The study contributes to previous literature by combining theoretical perspectives to create links between existing approaches on ambidexterity. Regarding clusters, the study offers new knowledge by shifting the focus from mere spatial co-location to shared value creation through collaborative relationships.

    As implications for practice, the study suggests that managerial effort is required to anticipate, identify, evaluate, and navigate tensions in creative work. The results emphasise the key importance of embracing interrelated, coexisting, enduring, and complex tensions as a multifaceted package.

  • 3817.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Managing tensions of collaboration in a hybrid organisation: A case study of the Mediapolis cluster in FinlandManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-sector collaboration combining public (noncommercial) and private (commercial) organisational orientations is expected to provide support for the flexible and dynamic responses required in the disruptive operational environments, which challenge the performance and survival of creative industry organisations. However, such collaboration features complexity and tensions. This article explores inherent tensions of cross-sector collaboration by utilising theorisations on hybrid organisations. A qualitative case study of a hybrid organisation, which was created to manage a creative industry cluster, is used as means to explore and analyse the tensions. The focus is on tensions because their successful management increases the value-creation potential of cross-sector collaborations. The results contribute to emergent scholarly discussions on hybrid organisations and hybrid organising, focusing on the central role of tensions as a management challenge. In addition to the theoretical contributions, the results have implications for managers aiming to cope with collaborative tensions in practice.

  • 3818.
    Virta, Sari
    YLE Program Development, Finland.
    Programmes, programming and development : YLEdge in Finnish PSB2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main task and focus of work of any Public Service Broadcasting Company, in this case the Finnish Broadcasting Company YLE, is to make programmes. Each company has a certain production culture according to which the programmes are produced and done in practice. The competition in the electronic media field is hard, and will remain fierce in the future. So the crucial question is how to develop programs in a traditional PSB Company? And that requires a correlated understanding (and undertaking) because developing programmes also requires developing the company in various aspects.

    When developing programmes for public service broadcasting the question is how to adapt rather than adopt the commercial and also often foreign influences for Finnish programme development in YLE. The notion of a programme is complicated. As traditionally understood in broadcasting, a programme is a product with many dimensions: e.g., format and structure, content, genre, technology and production. Moreover, discrete and also related programmes are the ingredients for programming, understood as a sequence of individual programmes forming the overall content of a schedule. The software industry has a very different concept, however. There a programme implies something quite different and includes elements such as coding, structure and architecture, usability and interface. At the same time, a programme is some broader process: e.g. a programme of research and development.  This discussion informs the substance of the paper. The case that illustrates is YLEdge.

    YLEdge – YLE Programme Development – was created to help YLE to develop its programmes and programming. YLEdge is a development program to benefit YLE as a whole. The author will discuss the creation of the unit, its blueprint idea and the work in practice. There was no tradition of a domestic, systematic process for programme development, nor organizational mandate and structure. It has already been discovered during the first half a year of the operation that some of the original aims were too much ahead of the issues that the YLE work culture was ready to accept and there were conflicts over the mandate and division of YLEdge capacity among the different players inside the company.

  • 3819.
    Virta, Sari
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. University of Tampere, Finland.
    Value Networks for Renewal and Innovation: Managerial Challenges for PSB2016In: Mediated (dis)continuities: contesting pasts, presents and futures, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public service media organisations face increasing demands for renewal in their output, production processes and management practices due to the rapidlytransforming environment. The traditional in-house, channel-based production approach and structures for innovation development and managementdo not suffice in the current realities. Instead, PSB organisations need to develop co-operative arrangements with various partners in the media industriesand beyond, to be able to cope with the rapidly growing demands for renewal, efficiency and relevance. In the situation described above, the concept andtheories of value networks become useful. Value is no longer created internal to a single organisation, but in complex co-opetitive (competitive and co-operativeat the same time) relationships between various actors. Accordingly, managerial arrangements and practices need renewal. However, managementof value networks is a complex endeavour due to the various tensions between different aims, arrangements or approaches of the value network members.Skilful management of boundary-crossing relationships and dependencies is crucial for building, maintaining and developing value networks that potentiallyenable innovative co-operation between PSM and private media organisations for renewal and innovation. This qualitative paper explores managerialchallenges of value networks, aiming at creating new understanding for media management research, especially. A new media cluster, Mediapolis (http://mediapolis.fi/en/), is being created in Tampere, Finland. Mediapolis aims at becoming a network for content production and digital industries with a vision”Mediapolis is a centre for storytelling and digital industries, where interdisciplinary innovations are born”. The Mediapolis campus was launched in the autumn2014. In January 2016, the key partners of Mediapolis, including Yle, founded an official co-operative organisation as the Mediapolis “organisational”structure. The next challenge is to develop the operational structures and practical management procedures for the Mediapolis value network. The paperlooks at value networks as a managerial challenge especially for the traditional public service company in Finland. The focus is on management practicesand processes in a value network between media organisations. The qualitative, empirical case study utilizes semi-structured interviews from differentstages of Mediapolis development as well as and documentation of the project. The author has followed the development of Mediapolis over several years,from the real-estate development stage of the project to the current development aims towards a network of media organisations for co-productions,innovation and shared value creation. The Mediapolis case opens useful possibilities for analysing of co-operative arrangements and practices betweena traditional PSB company and private media organisations. The managerial challenges in creating and developing the Mediapolis operational model havebeen significant, which is still the case to the date. The paper provides a timely opportunity to explore the forming stage of a collaborative value network inthe media industry, involving a PSB company as a major player and contributor.

  • 3820.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Lowe, Gregory F.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Creative organisation theory and creative network development: Launching Finland’s Mediapolis cluster2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the first findings ofƒ project to create ƒmedia clusterin Finland, called‘Mediapolis’. Yleisradio [Yle], the Finnish public service broadcasting corporation, hasƒsignificant role and is the focus of our particular interest. Yle’s current corporate strategy emphasises the importance of ‘openness’ with the wider industry, and indeed with Finnish society, and recognises that as an essential aspect in creative organisation development. Here we apply some key lessons from creative organisation theory to networked co-operation with ƒfocus on content innovation. The partners involved in the Mediapolis project intend for this to become ƒmedia cluster and have international ambitions. We investigate the ideas and intensions of the partners (which include especially Technopolis and the Tampere University of Applied Sciences, as well as the municipal and regional authorities). According to our respondents, Mediapolis is understood at least from three different dimensions: ƒvision, ƒco-operative network and an economic stimulus. Significant challenges for Mediapolis development can be summarised as ƒquestion of attractiveness in varied aspects: of the premises, of the area - and of Mediapolis as ƒcluster.

  • 3821.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Lowe, Gregory F.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Crossing boundaries for innovation: Content development for PSM2014In: RIPE@2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the turbulent environment of media convergence, public service broadcasting [PSB] organisations are expected not only to produce quality content but also to take risks and lead in the pursuit of innovation.

    This poses a significant challenge in the continuing transition to public service media [PSM]1, which is largely what convergence means in practice for the public sector. Convergence is about cross-boundaries, blurring them and perhaps even erasing. This is about administrative and production practices, but also importantly about learning new ways of thinking.

    That is not simple or easy for organisations that are typically big, old and traditional. There is a heritage of doing things differently than the commercial sector, but reluctance to do things differently than the internally developed heritage.

    This creates enormous challenges for bridging the various elements that must be bridged to secure innovation. This paper is about those challenges. The focus is on crossing boundaries to achieve innovation within and for PSM content development.

  • 3822.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Lowe, Gregory F.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Grenzüberschreitungen für Innovationen2014In: TEXTE – öffentlich-rechtliche Qualität im Diskurs II, Wien: Österreichischer Rundfunk, ORF , 2014, p. 22-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3823.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Lowe, Gregory F.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Launching Finland’s Mediapolis: Building a Creative Network or Developing a Real Estate Project? 2014In: Proceedings - 11th World Media Economics & Management Conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3824.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. University of Tampere, Finland.
    Lowe, Gregory Ferrell
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Crossing Boundaries for Innovation: Content Development for PSM at Yle2016In: Crossing borders and boundaries in public service media / [ed] Gregory Ferrell Lowe & Nobuto Yamamoto, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2016, p. 229-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors explain the crucial importance of crossing boundaries to achieve innovation in PSM content development. The reasons are explained with reference to creative organisation and innovation theories, and demonstrated in practice via analysis of an empirical case from Yle, the Finnish Broadcasting Corporation. The chapter focuses on characteristic challenges and practices in boundary crossing at three levels: organisational, group (or team) and individual. Key findings include lessons about the complexity of building and maintaining a creative media organisation in practice, especially in relation to designing structures, organisational arrangements and tools to make it happen, i.e. the move from ideation to realisation. Internal politics, organisational resistance, and managerial complications are confounding factors. The chapter demonstrates how and why nurturing collaboration across boundaries is a complex task that requires a particular and special skills set for media managers.

  • 3825.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Malmelin, Nando
    Aalto University School of Business, Finland.
    Ambidextrous Tensions: Dynamics of Creative Work in the Media Innovation Process2017In: Journal of Media Innovations, ISSN 1812-7592, E-ISSN 1894-5562, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 44-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses creative work in one of Europe’s largest media organizations, in which a newly formed development team was tasked with creating a new multi-platform media product. The objective of this article is to explore the dynamics of team creativity in the process of developing and managing media content innovation. To do this, this study utilizes the concept of ambidexterity for understanding multi-level tensions between the on-going media production work and innovation processes typically co-existing in media operations. The results of the analysis indicate that, due to pressures created by the routine media production, media innovations require specific focus and prioritization to succeed. This requires recognizing, balancing and managing the ambidextrous tensions between exploration and exploitation in creative media work. In addition to practical implications for management of media innovations, this study contributes to research on media innovations, particularly from the perspectives of creative work and organizational creativity.

  • 3826.
    Virta, Sari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Malmelin, Nando
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Dynamics of organisational creativity in media innovation processes2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3827.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Assessing the effect of different dimensions of top management team diversity on the growth of university-based spin-off firms2015In: New technology-based firms in the new millennium / [ed] Aard Groen, Gary Cook, Peter Van Der Sijde, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 173-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we aim at examining the influence of early top management teams (TMTs) on the growth performance of university-based spin-off firms, presenting an empirical research on spin-off companies in Italy. The chapter proceeds along the following lines. First we describe the context of analysis, briefly reviewing the literature on TMT and performance. In the second section we outline the hypotheses of our research. The third section describes the sample and the method for the empirical analysis. The fourth section presents and discusses the results. In the last section we highlight the main implications and limitations of our results and suggest further lines of research.

  • 3828.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, DanielJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Fast Growing Firms in a Slow Growth Economy: Institutional Conditions for Innovation2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe needs more innovative companies that grow quickly and end up big. This book examines SME growth, innovation and success, to suggest that fast growing firms could offer a major contribution to the recovery of a European economy. The contributors examine 11 case studies from Italian firms, breaking the book up into three parts: context, actors and strategy. The topics discussed include entrepreneurship and technological clusters, innovative start-ups and growth factors, and family firms as the incubators of new ventures.

  • 3829.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Italy.
    Founding team composition and early performance of university-based spin-off companies2014In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 31-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The start-up of business ventures (university spin-offs-USOs) is an important channel that universities can use to transfer the results of public research to the economic system. Several empirical investigations however show that the majority of public-research spin-offs perform rather poorly (see for example Mustar et al., 2008. Science and Public Policy 35(2), 67-80). Therefore, identifying and analysing the obstacles that limit the success of this type of high-tech start-ups appears extremely important to better understand and, where possible, leverage their potential contributions in terms of innovation and growth. The existing literature on the performance of USOs studies these companies as any other high-tech start up, overlooking the peculiarities related to the presence of academic personnel in the entrepreneurial/management team. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap by analysing the relationship between founding teams and USO performance through a multi-level approach to the team demography. In particular, we try to account for some of the peculiar features which may shape the functioning of USO founding teams and arise mostly from the need to properly balance the scientific and commercial orientation with one another. The empirical analysis, carried out on a sample of 103 Italian USOs, shows that founding teams with a composition that promotes simultaneously differentiation and integration of academic and non-academic profiles, exhibit superior levels of performance in terms of growth.

  • 3830.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Organizational culture, entrepreneurial orientation and growth in family firms: A case study from a mature industry2011In: International Journal of Management Cases, ISSN 1741-6264, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 43-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a case study to describe how organizational culture influences the growth processes of the family firm through its impact on entrepreneurial orientation and family firm's goals. The case shows that growth processes of family business may occur not through an holistic strategy aimed at the maximization of the overall value of the activities, but focusing on those activities that can have a positive impact on the family firm's identity, even through the pursuit of non economic goals.

  • 3831.
    Visintin, Francesca
    et al.
    University of Udine, Italy.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Minichilli, Allessandro
    Bocconi Universitt, Italy.
    Financial performance and non‐family CEO turnover in private family firms under different conditions of ownership and governance2017In: Corporate governance: An International Review, ISSN 0964-8410, E-ISSN 1467-8683, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 312-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manuscript Type: Empirical 

    Research Question/Issue

    Family firms, as insider-controlled companies, should be less likely to exhibit CEO turnover after poor performance and may thus promote enhanced focus on long-term goals. However, when a non-family CEO is in charge, the relatively limited empirical evidence is contrasting. Some studies find that only family CEOs are immune from the threat of dismissal following poor financial performance, while other studies show that family firms discipline their CEOs for poor financial performance regardless of their family status. In this work, we try to reconcile these contrasting findings and investigate what ownership and governance conditions influence the owners’ pressure on the CEO to achieve short-term financial results.

    Research findings/insights

    Drawing on a longitudinal dataset that covers the entire population of Italian medium and large family companies, we find that when family ownership is concentrated in the hands of few family shareholders or there is a low number of family members involved in the board of directors, non-family CEOs are less likely to be dismissed after poor performance.

    Theoretical/Academic Implications

    Our study, adopting the behavioral agency theory as the guiding framework, highlights the importance for governance decisions of the potential goal divergence among principals in closely held ownership structures. Our results also add to the still scant literature on the relationship between family owners and non-family CEOs.

    Practitioner/Policy Implications

    Our research suggests that, in the decision to hire a non-family CEO, family business owners should not only assess their gaps in managerial skills but also carefully consider the ownership structure and family involvement conditions. On the side of professional non-family managers, our results offer insights on ways to address the employment relationship with the controlling family.

  • 3832.
    Visser, Arold
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Lu, Daniella
    Jönköping University.
    Incumbent leaders and their effect on the successor generation in family business SME's2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3833.
    von Briel, Frederik
    et al.
    School of Management, QUT Business School, QUT, Brisbane, Australia.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research, QUT Business School, QUT, Brisbane, Australia.
    Recker, Jan
    Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, University of Cologne, Germany.
    Digital Technologies as External Enablers of New Venture Creation in the IT Hardware Sector2018In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 47-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop theory about how and when digital technologies enable new venture creation processes. We identify two fundamental properties of digital technologies-specificity and relationality-and develop propositions that link these properties to six enabling mechanisms: compression, conservation, expansion, substitution, combination, and generation. We use the linked properties and mechanisms to determine how and when in the venture creation process-from prospecting to developing to exploiting-digital technologies have enabled start-ups in the IT hardware sector and develop stage-dependent propositions about their sector-level effects. We conclude our theorizing by discussing its implications beyond digital technologies and the IT hardware sector.

  • 3834.
    von Briel, Frederik
    et al.
    QUT Business School, Australia.
    Recker, Jan
    Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research, QUT Business School, Australia.
    Not all digital venture ideas are created equal: Implications for venture creation processes2018In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 278-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital ventures are formed around ideas that have digital artifacts at their core. We develop theory that explains how the composition of digital artifacts influences venture creation processes. First, we develop propositions that link differences in the embodiment and coupling of digital artifact components to tensions in venture creation process inputs, behaviors, and outputs. Second, we link compositional differences in digital artifacts to differences in venture creation process initiation, duration, and outcome. Our theorizing establishes a foundation for future research on digital artifacts within and beyond entrepreneurship contexts, and for future research on entrepreneurship within and beyond digital artifact contexts. 

  • 3835. Von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Inst. for Intl. Mgmt. Development, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    A perspective on knowledge, competence and strategy1995In: Personnel review, ISSN 0048-3486, E-ISSN 1758-6933, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 56-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the idea that competencies are underlying sustainable competitive advantages is central, there has been no thorough investigation into the very nature of competencies in the strategic management literature. Theories on the sociology of knowledge are used to advance the resource-based perspective of the firm into a coherent perspective of competencies. The implications on sustainable competitive advantages are discussed, by focusing on the processes of imitation of competencies in different social contexts. It is proposed that the emergent competence-based perspective of the firm has several important implications for management research and theory building.

  • 3836. Von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Intl. Inst. for Mgmt. Development, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    A tale of the unfinished1996In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 17, no 9, p. 729-737Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the work of Prahalad and Bettis (1986, 1995), the objective of this article is to generate dialogue for further understanding of the concept of dominant logic. Our focus is on the level of basic assumptions. First, we demonstrate the conceptual plasticity of 'dominant logic. ' Then, we retrofit two relatively unknown concepts - self-reference and scale-with the concept of dominant logic, with its 1995 meaning. Finally, we discuss three implications of our venture.

  • 3837. Von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    IMD, International Institute for Management Development, Switzerland.
    Conversation management1995In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 390-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies communicate internally through their own phrases and concepts - their own language. The local meaning of that language is very difficult to transpose into another company's language and culture. Georg von Krogh and Johan Roos point out that many businesses are careless in their use of language and internal conversations - yet nothing is of more importance to the company's strategy. These authors urge managers to develop their own internal company lexicon of language since language and knowledge development are interdependent. Most companies have mastery of operational conversations, but not of strategic conversations. This article sets out guidelines for managing and developing strategic conversations which are directed towards the future of the company. © 1995.

  • 3838. von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Norwegian School of Management.
    "Knowledge in organizations, knowledge transfer and cooperative strategies" A word from the guest editors1994In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 331-335Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3839. von Krogh, G
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Norwegian School of Management.
    Slocum, K
    An essay on corporate epistemology1994In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 15, p. 53-71Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this essay is to contribute to a new perspective of strategic management by developing a new theory of organizational knowledge. The article focuses on how managers can understand and guide knowledge development processes in organizations. Our epistemology broadens strategic management to also include the advancement activities of the organization. In addition to discussing development of organizational knowledge, the essay also emphasises fundamental consequences for research methodology.

  • 3840.
    von Lüttichau, Max
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Villmann, Chris
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Governance in Small Family Firms: Laying the Groundwork in a Swedish Study2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The governance field is well studied. However, small family firms do not receive their fair amount of coverage, despite their importance. In this work the field of governance in small family firms is qualitatively explored, using a sample of eight Swedish firms with a total of ten interview partners. Using a Constructivist Grounded Theory, informed by previous literature, we find nine key themes characterizing governance in small family firms: (1) Ownership & Board, (2) Holding Company, (3) Advisor & External Help, (4) Responsibility, (5) Formality, (6) Informality, (7) Conflict, (8) Succession and (9) Discussion & Conversation. Our findings suggest that all small family businesses employ some form of governance, however, this is not always recognized as such in previous literature, showing that corporate governance is too narrowly defined. We also investigate why governance structures are (not) implemented and how this is done. In connection to this, we visualize the factors influencing whether or not a small family firm implements formal governance structures. Additionally, we discuss what actually makes a family firm small. We contribute by investigating governance concepts in another context, namely the one of small family businesses, and seeing to what extent they hold up. The work allows us to conclude that some findings confirm existing theory, while others question it or cannot be found therein at all. 

  • 3841.
    Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hellberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Melander, Joanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Why Do Consumers Avoid Certain Brands?: A Study of Brand Avoidance Within the Swedish Cosmetics Industry2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background - As of today, the positive forms of consumer-brand relationships have been intensively researched, whereas its counterpart has attained far less attention. Whilst current literature is focused on increasing positive brand equity, the knowledge of negative brand equity is sparse. When the brand-consumer relationship is negatively affected and the brand equity is unfavourable, rejection of a specific brand, namely brand avoidance might occur. This may affect companies negatively if not managed properly. Therefore, brand avoidance is a phenomenon demanding further research.

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate, and gain a deeper understanding of the underlying reasons of why consumers engage in brand avoidance within the Swedish cosmetics industry for women. 

    Method – In this cross-sectional study with an underlying qualitative and abductive research approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted utilising a convenience sampling approach that also incorporated characteristics of snowball sampling. The participants, 18 Swedish female cosmetics consumers, were interviewed face-to-face or over Skype.

    Findings - This study has validated the main drivers of brand avoidance: Experience-, Identity-, Moral-, Deficit-Value- and Advertising. Furthermore, it confirmed that the reasons for engaging in brand avoidance could be intertwined and are highly individual, making it nearly impossible to generalise. Moreover, four new factors behind brand avoidance were found: Product Attributes, Employee-Brand Relationship, Ethical Concerns and Negative WoM. Lastly, the motive Food Favoritism was found to apply not only to food products, but also to cosmetic products. Finally, the findings resulted in a modified framework of factors behind brand avoidance.

  • 3842.
    Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stax, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Uncovering the Motivations for Creating Brand-Related UGC on Instagram: A Study within the Apparel Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The emergence of the Web 2.0 has enabled users to create and distribute content on social media platforms. As consumers depend increasingly on each other when gathering and evaluating information, they are becoming influential on brand activities by producing UGC and eWoM. As this represents a cost-efficient marketing practice for brands, they are seeking ways to leverage the creation of positive brand-related UGC.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore motivations for brand-related UGC creation on Instagram in the apparel industry.

    Method

    The study is explorative with a grounded theory inspired research strategy, and an abductive approach. A total of 20 participants were included in semi-structured interviews using IM. The participants, who all had posted brand-related pictures on Instagram, were selected purposely through Instagram itself, and were German or Swedish. Inspired by a grounded theory strategy, data collection and analysis proceeded simultaneously with the aid of a deductively developed preliminary model and a qualitative content analysis method. New insights were found inductively through the interviews, leading to the development and revision of the preliminary model.

    Findings and Conclusion

    The findings demonstrate that motivations for UGC creation are rooted in three dimensions, namely personal, social, and brand-related dimensions, all comprising of several categories of motivations with their respective sub-categories. Remarkably, the brand itself appears to be a greater motivation for UGC creation than previously expected. The results further indicate a strong interconnectivity between the three dimensions.

    Contributions

    This research provides a conceptual framework of motivations for UGC creation. It contributes with knowledge for marketing practitioners, as the model can be used to generate more effective marketing strategies on social media, suggesting them to incorporate the three dimensions of personal, social and brand-related motivations to trigger high levels of consumer engagement in relation with the brand.

  • 3843.
    Voorbij, Priscilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Handbaek, Filip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Better Together: Co-leadership Dynamics in Start-ups2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although leadership is a topic which has been extensively researched, there is limited literature concerning co-leadership, especially in connection to start-ups. Moreover, as those who are co-leaders in start-ups often also are co-founders and co-owners, it is vital that their co-leadership dynamic is functional as a way of staying in business. Co-leadership is described as a leadership form which has become more commonly used, which further adds urgency of exploring the topic of co-leadership dynamics, and how to make it functional. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore how a functional co-leadership dynamic can be created between leaders who are simultaneously founders and owners of a start-up. Method: This is a qualitative study, for which is used semi-structured interviews to collect data from 11 co-leaders in 10 companies. The transcribed interviews have been used together with secondary data to point out specific elements that have shown to be important for a functional co-leadership dynamic. Both the themes of co-leadership dynamics and the context of entrepreneurship, foundership and ownership were used to find and highlight these elements. The elements have been discussed in the Analysis and are thereafter presented in a model. Conclusion: Six elements have been pointed out as important for a functional co-leadership dynamic: Collaborative Attitude, Shared Values & Vision, Open & Continuous Communication, Synergy, Learning & Personal Growth, and Trust. These elements are interrelated, and Collaborative Attitude, Shared Values & Vision, Synergy and Trust are also connected to the contextual factors.

  • 3844.
    Vrablova, Adriana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kalinic, Stjepan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Technology acceptance of IKEA mobile application2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past few years, rapid development of mobile technologies has been changing the way people approach purchasing. Using Technology Acceptance Model (Davis, 1986), the authors believe that IKEA’s furniture mobile application creates a certain value to its users. The study aims at examining the importance of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and compatibility dimensions of IKEA’s app and their impact on consumers’ behavioral intentions to see whether or not they lead to actual purchase.

     

    The thesis findings reveal that IKEA mobile application is not widely used. The results should have been applicable for similar companies as IKEA especially those which promote in-store app usage. However, it is not possible since the thesis contradicts the assumption of broad usage of such mobile application.

     

    The analysis of the surveys releaved gender having a role in IKEA mobile app perception as well as occupation. The analysis is also contributing by a realization that mobile technologies lead to faster decision-making, more information availability, and therefore, can create better marketing communication strategies.

  • 3845.
    Vreeburg, Frank
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hesshaus, Daniela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leadership in Born Globals: The Global Leader and their Influence on Individuals2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Globalisation has led to the perception of a “flat” world, meaning that it is fairly easy to cross geographical boundaries and do business in different countries. With globalisation, a new phenomenon arose, termed Born Globals. Born Globals seek international operations from or near their inception. These companies become more and more economically important, and their appearance has increased significantly over the last decades due to economic and technological developments. In this context, global leadership has gained importance, especially competencies such as the global mindset, cultural intelligence, and deutero learning.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse global leadership, specifically cultural intelligence, the global mindset, deutero learning and the development of global leaders, and how it influences the entrepreneurial attitude of individual employees in Born Global Companies. To do so, we have analysed Prezi, a Born Global company, specifically from the employee’s perspective, complementing self-perception leadership research.  

    Method

    We have suggested four propositions, namely that the leader in Born Global Companies has high cultural intelligence, a global mindset, that these characteristics influence the entrepreneurial attitude of the individual, and that human resource management is highly involved in the development of global leaders. These have been tested in a case study strategy with both qualitative and qualitative methods.

    Conclusion

    We confirmed the propositions concerning the cultural intelligence and the global mindset, however we had to reject the propositions concerning the entrepreneurial attitude of the individual, since we could not establish a relationship between the individual entrepreneurial attitude and global leadership characteristics. Our research suggests that a relationship with the global culture in the company is more likely. Finally, the last proposition had to be rejected, because human resource management was not highly involved in developing the global leadership characteristics, but the diversity and culture within the company served as an “informal” intercultural training.

  • 3846.
    Wachauf-Tautermann, Sebastian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Weichert, Stefanie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Impact of External Situational Factors on the Agility of Humanitarian Supply Chains: A Case Study of Haiti Earthquake 20102015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Developing, emerging and developed countries are vulnerable to disasters and might require external assistance to cope with their aftermaths. It is forecasted that disasters will increase five-fold over the next 50 years. In an environment, which is characterized by many uncertainties, humanitarian supply chains are created to provide disaster relief in a highly complex and dynamic setting. This environment is unique for every disaster, where infrastructure, government, physical, socio-economic and security situational factors can either facilitate or restrict humanitarian operations. Agile supply chain principles enable humanitarian organizations to quickly respond to disasters.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore and analyze the impact of external situational factors on the agility of humanitarian supply chains and humanitarian organizations’ actions taken to address those external situational factors during the immediate response phase of an emergency event.

    Methodology

    For the purpose of this study a combination of an inductive and deductive research approach was applied. The study was of exploratory and qualitative nature with a single case study in its focus. Empirical data was collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with nine respondents involved in the disaster relief operations of Haiti Earthquake 2010. Empirical findings were analyzed by using the template analysis.

    Conclusion

    External situational factors have a strong impact on capabilities enabling humanitarian supply chains to be agile during the immediate response phase. Humanitarian organizations are able to reduce the negative impact of external situational factors while in other cases the negative impact of external situational factors is further intensified by actions taken by humanitarian organizations. Furthermore, humanitarian organizations are able to utilize and enhance some of the positive impacts of external situational factors. However, the initially positive impact of some external situational factors may be reduced by inappropriate actions taken by humanitarian organizations. Therefore, understanding the context of the disaster’s broader environment is a prerequisite to an effective emergency response. 

  • 3847.
    Wadbring, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagerström, Ann
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Särskilt yttrande2013In: SOU 2013:66 Översyn av det statliga stödet till dagspressen: Slutbetänkande av Presstödskommittén, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2013, p. 451-454Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3848.
    Wahlbeck, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sandberg, Carl
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bernéus , Hannes
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Investors´ Rationality: Behavioral Finance2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine if professional investors areindicating tendencies of irrational behavior when exposed to certainpsychological dilemmas related to the financial world.

  • 3849.
    Wahlbin, Clas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Lunds universitet, Malmö högskola.
    Att utbilda för förändring och nytänkande: En studie av sex nationella högskoleutbildningar2008Report (Other academic)
  • 3850.
    Wahlsten, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Hindocha, Anish
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Non-executive directors: a case study of four UK banks from 2005-20092011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
74757677787980 3801 - 3850 of 4149
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