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  • 3801.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Standing at the crossroads: Four ways to the metaphor2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In ethnography there is much focus on fieldwork and the process of writing it down, but less attention have been directed to the techniques of writing it up (Van Maanen, 2006a). In this paper I would like to leave the romantic (?) image of the lonely writer and instead notice the writer as a participant in context. This text is based on the assumption that the best way of working is to engage in presenting and interpreting our social reality based on pluralistic rather than homogeneous ideals. Van Maanen (1995) has been had a leading voice arguing against the homogenization towards an objectivistic approach in social sciences. In the classic book Tales of the Field, Van Maanen (1988) made the reader aware of how reality can be constructed in a variety of ways. The first step was to separate the fieldworker from fieldwork representa¬tions. This means that the researcher moves from being an objective observer of social reality to an active producer of how social reality is represented. The book also gave suggestions on how the writer could make choices in the construction of a text, as well as how the reader could approach a text considering the style. Fine and Martin (1995) demonstrated possibilities of humorous writing in ethnography by displaying how forms like sarcasm, satire and irony was used in Goffman’s texts. Within this style metaphors were used to transform the meaning of what was presented: “Goffman takes the mental hospital and turns it into a university, referring to the “campus” (p. 269) and “campus wheels” (p. 217).” (Fine and Martin, 1995, p. 181-182).

    To this conference I would like to further explore metaphors as a means to build a research text. I will conceptualize four ways to use metaphors: metaphorical creation, metaphorical inspiration, metaphorical reproduction and metaphorical expression. Firstly, metaphorical creation is about highlighting how metaphors appear in theories or how theories are meta¬phors for what they are trying to explain. In this form, the metaphor has gained pseudo-literal status over time. Secondly, metaphorical inspiration is found when the metaphor is consciously used in the creative process to inspire to new insights during the research process. Since one of the basic characteristics of metaphor is that it can change the way we see things, it provides great opportunities to develop ideas and challenge existing beliefs. To talk about metaphorical reproduction is a third way to put focus on how metaphors appear in the empirical setting and how these metaphors can be interpreted and reproduced in a scientific setting. Finally, metaphorical expression, involves the process of writing up research in relation to a reader. Then the metaphor is returned from being a research tool to its original purpose: to be an illustrative device in a text. I end the paper with a summary of the pros and cons of the use of metaphors in social science.

  • 3802.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Sweden’s Senior University: Bildung and fellowship2019In: The university of the third age and active ageing: European and Asian-Pacific perspectives / [ed] M. Formosa, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 131-142Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter provides an overview of the Swedish Senior University movement and explores why individuals choose to participate in the organised learning activities. Currently, there are 34 Senior Universities across the country and they have a total of 25,000 members. They are organised as independent associations but linked to the Swedish Folkuniversitet system, one of ten educational associations that exist in the Swedish Folkbildning organisation (a ‘general level’ education structure for adults). When one asks participants in Senior Universities why they are involved in the association’s activities, two main points are generally raised. First, that they wish to further their education by acquiring new knowledge, and secondly, that they aspire to be part of a social community with other, like-minded and same-aged peers. Senior Universities are self-organised associations, and they mainly attract people with academic backgrounds. Hence, Senior Universities should only be regarded as one of several possibilities for people at a later stage of the life course to engage in learning activities. The Senior University is seen as something positive for those who are active in the movement, but there are several different reasons why people attend.

  • 3803.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Tales from the organization: Stories about quality work2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality in education is a highly topical subject. In this paper, quality is understood as language in use: speech acts with a focus on the role of language in sensemaking. In a study of quality work in adult education, school leaders were asked how they work with quality. In the analysis of their narratives, three stories emerged: (1) The story of democratic participation, (2) The story of the administrative system, and (3) The story of the professional individual.

    As the concept quality comprise all three stories, making sense of different aspects of quality work when managing education, quality is defined as an ‘elastic word’. An elastic word is seemingly distinct but carries different meanings within different contexts. This can become problematic if one idea is put forward as dominant in relation to the others (power) or if different interpretations are taken for granted (conflict). But the elasticity of the concept also has positive effects. Elastic words can give individuals (managers) in an organization a sense of direction, focus and a feeling of unity. Elastic words should thus be regarded as visions, shared images, rather than as rigorous action plans.

  • 3804.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The Critical Role of Language in Changing Culture: Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions2015In: Lessons in Changing Cultures: Learning from Real World Cases / [ed] D.D. Warrick & Jens Mueller, Oxford: Rossi Smith Academic Publishing, 2015, p. 163-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3805.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The social contract: Between the generations By Bjarne Hastrup2014In: Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, ISSN 1535-0770, E-ISSN 1535-0932, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 81-84Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3806.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The voice of the village2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3807.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Transformative leadership: A Swedish case2017In: Leadership and Change Management: A Cross-Cultural Perspective / [ed] Daphne Halkias, Joseph C. Santora, Nicholas Harkiolakis, Paul W. Thurman, Routledge, 2017, p. 114-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3808.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    When theories become practice—a metaphorical analysis of adult-education school-leaders’ talk2016In: European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, ISSN 2000-7426, E-ISSN 2000-7426, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 191-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketization has changed the education system. If we say that education is a market, this transforms the understanding of education and influences how people act. In this paper, adult-education school-leaders’ talk is analysed and seven metaphors for education are found: education as administration, market, matching, democracy, policy work, integration and learning. Exploring empirical metaphors provides a rich illustration of coinciding meanings. In line with studies on policy texts, economic metaphors are found to dominate. This should be understood not only as representing liberal ideology, as is often discussed in analyses of policy papers, but also as representing economic theory. In other words, contemporary adult education can be understood as driven by economic theories. The difference and relation between ideology and theory should be further examined since they have an impact on our society and on our everyday lives.

  • 3809.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Äldre medarbetares kompetensutveckling2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 177-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3810.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Bergeling, Ingegerd
    Bengtsson Sandberg, Karin
    Hultman, Svante
    Ebbesson, Sven
    Ett aktivt åldrande: pensionärers syn på arbete och lärande2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3811.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bridge jobs2019In: Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging / [ed] D. Gu & M. E. Dupre, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3812.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Boström, Ann-Kristin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Generation, relationer mellan generationer, generationspolicy: Ett mångspråkigt kompendium2017In: Generationen, Generationenbeziehungen, Generationenpolitik: Ein mehrsprachiges Kompendium / [ed] Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Gil Viry & Eric Widmer, Mariano Sánchez, Giovanni Lamura & Marta Renzi, Andrzej Klimczuk, Paulo de Salles Oliveira, Ágnes Neményi, Enikő Veress, Cecilia Bjursell & Ann-Kristin Boström, Gražina Rapolienė & Sarmitė Mikulionienė, Sema Oğlak & Ayşe Canatan, Universität Konstanz , 2017, p. 215-236Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3813.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Brundin, Ethel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Florin Samuelsson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    The Circle of Trust: Management in Acquiring and Acquired Family Businesses2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of mergers and acquisitions is of growing concern in many industries dominated by family ownership. Nevertheless there are few empirical studies of mergers and acquisitions involving family firms. While the few studies performed deal with how family owned companies respond to takeovers, this study will focus on family businesses as the acquiring firm. The empirical findings demonstrate that the family ownership logic of a family firm has concrete consequences for the acquisition process. Compared to traditional literature on mergers and acquisition, which has a focus on control by exchanging management in the acquired organization, the acquirers in this study worked in an alternative way when acquiring family owned businesses. The basis for their approach was trust in the acquired managers´ ability to manage the company for the long run.

    Sharma (2004) made a call for further efforts to explore the linkages between family business studies and other disciplines in order to propel the family business field toward establishing a niche and identity within the research community. The aim of this study is to enhance knowledge on mergers and acquisitions in family firms, at the same time as we are using the M&A literature to reflect on the specifics of the family firm. The purpose of this study is to explore management of acquired family businesses, with special attention to family ownership logic. Suggestions for further research both regarding mergers and acquisitions within the family business field and the theoretical construct family ownership logic will be discussed.

  • 3814.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Brundin, Ethel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Florin Samuelsson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    The Circle of Trust: The Logic and Praxis of Acquisitions in the Family Owned Business2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3815.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Bäckvall, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Family business women in media discourse: Exploring the business role and the mother role2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3816.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Bäckvall, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Family business women in media discourse: the business role and the mother role2011In: Journal of Family Business Management, ISSN 2043-6238, E-ISSN 2043-6246, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 154-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Writings in the media have the potential to influence our standpoint and, thereby, our actions. In this paper, the authors analyze how women in family business are represented in media to understand the frames set by this discourse in terms of women owning and leading family businesses. The aim of the paper is to explore how the counterposed roles of business person and mother are presented in media and what implications this might have for role enactment. Design/methodology/approach - The paper opted for an exploratory study of 308 articles about women in family business over a 15-year period. In the interpretative, qualitative analysis of media texts, the discursive construction of the mother role and the business role are explored. Findings - The paper provides empirical insights into how the mother role is taken for granted while the business role is approached as problematic in portrayals of women in family business. The authors discuss whether the media discourse reinforces traditional roles or stimulates role innovation. Practical implications - Understanding role as something separate from the individual provides a means to critically review expectations of women in business and how these expectations hinder business activities. Originality/value - The study examines data over a 15-year period in the Swedish media setting and describes changes in attitudes about women's roles in family business. Regarding the family business as an arena for performative acts provides a perspective that can highlight the intertwinement of the private and professional arenas in family business.

  • 3817.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Bäckvall, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Family business women in the media discourse: The fairytale heiresses and the down-to-earth tomboys2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An alternative way to study a phenomenon is to explore texts in order to learn about discursive constructions within specific areas on a societal level. One example of such as study is Ahl (2002) who examined how the female entrepreneur was constructed in research texts. She found that even though the texts celebrated women’s entrepreneur­ship, they also recreated women’s secondary position in society. In this paper, the area of study is notions of women in family business and we have examined how Swedish media (re)constructs meanings about women in family business. The empirical material in this study is media texts about women in family businesses over a ten year period (1999-2008). This text departs from the general definition of discourse as ‘a particular way of talking about and under­standing the world (or an aspect of the world) ’ (Phillips and Jørgensen, 2006, p. 1). One contradiction found in the media discourse was the difference between the famous heiresses and the everyday woman working hands-on, often in manufacturing industries. Concerning the heiresses, they were sometimes mentioned in the same article as family business women in other countries, thus adding an international flair to the description. The entrepreneurs were instead noted for excelling in business and prizes/positions received as an outcome of their performance. Different ways to portray business women could have implica­tions for other women facing a situation of becoming a family business owner/manager since role modeling can be an important inspiration for choices made by individuals.

  • 3818.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Bäckvall, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Mediebilden av kompetenta arvtagerskor och drivna företagare2012In: Familjeföretagande: Affärer och känslor / [ed] Brundin, Johansson, Johannisson, Melin och Nordqvist, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2012, p. 227-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3819.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Chaib, Christina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Social Representations of Theory and Practice in VET2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3820.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Chaib, Christina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Falkner, Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Ludvigsson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Kvalitetsarbete i vuxenutbildning2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk vuxenutbildning har en anrik tradition och är internationellt erkänd. Det är också ett utbildningsområde som är i ständig förändring för att anpassa sig till samhällets behov. Förändringarna kan handla om konjunkturanpassningar och det har med tiden skett en ökad orientering gentemot arbetsmarknaden. På kommunnivå har denna förändring manifesterat sig i byte av ansvarig nämnd eller organisering i nya nämnder där vuxenutbildning och arbetsmarknad möts.

    Det är kommunen som ansvarar för vuxenutbildningen men samtidigt finns det nationella regler som ska efterlevas. Att bedriva ett systematiskt kvalitetsarbete är en sådan övergripande regel. Det är dock inte självklart vad som ska ingå i detta arbete och hur det ska bedrivas. Målbilden för vuxenutbildning har delvis olika betoning på nationell respektive kommunal nivå och denna spänning ska hanteras i verksamheten på skolnivå.

    Den här studien ger en aktuell inblick i hur verksamhetschefer och rektorer, som representanter för huvudmannen, ser på kvalitet och det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet i sin verksamhet. Den kvalitativa studien återges i en empirinära beskrivning där olika aspekter av kvalitetsarbetet behandlas utifrån de intervjuades perspektiv. Ett framträdande drag är den heterogenitet som präglar vuxenutbildning. Förutom mål så finns en stor variation i termer av utbud, målgrupp, anordnare och det sätt på vilket kommunen har valt att organisera arbetet. Vi har i diskussionsavsnittet lyft fram följande aspekter som vi diskuterar mer utförligt eftersom de har bäring för en precisering av kvalitetsarbetet:

    • Kvalitetsarbete i vuxenutbildningsverksamhet kan innebära att individerna tvingas växla mellan anpassning och motstånd. Anpassning handlar om att det finns många mål och styrdokument för vuxenutbildning och det är de professionellas uppdrag att utföra och följa dessa mål. Samtidigt uppstår situationer som ger en upplevelse av att kvalitetsarbete inte alltid handlar om kvalitet och då uppstår motstånd. Det kan till exempel ske om kvalitetsarbetet bedrivs utifrån alltför generella modeller och system vilket kan bli irrelevant och ibland även skadligt för utbildningen. Att undvika rapportering i ett statistiksystem som ger en missvisande bild kan vara ett uttryck för motstånd.
    • Den centrala/nationella organiseringen av vuxenutbildning har en ”stuprörskaraktär” medan den verksamhetsnära organiseringen i kommunerna uppvisar nämnder där exempelvis arbetsmarknad och vuxenutbildning samsas. I mindre kommuner kan detta också innebära att utöver den formella vuxenutbildningen så har man ett bredare utbud som ska möta vuxnas behov av lärande och utbildning. I storstäderna kan ledningen för vuxenutbildning sitta i egna lokaler som inte behöver finnas i anslutning till utbildningen. I mindre städer kan vuxenutbildning arrangeras med ”allt under ett tak”. Det här påverkar också synen på kvalitetsarbetets roll och innehåll.
    • Den offentliga marknaden har olika karaktär beroende på om den ligger i kommuner med hög befolkningstäthet (storstadsregionerna) eller i kommuner med lägre befolkningstäthet. Olika förutsättningar gör att konkurrens eller kollaboration kan vägleda organiseringen av vuxenutbildning. I storstadsregionernas kommuner går det att konstruera konkurrens inom vuxenutbildning men många små kommuner har liten eller ingen egen vuxenutbildning och måste samarbeta i nätverksliknande konstellationer för att uppfylla sitt uppdrag att erbjuda vuxenutbildning.
    • Kvalitetsarbete, som en form av granskning, kan få både positiva och negativa effekter i verksamheten. Vi har kallat detta ”den onda” och ”den goda” granskningen. Den goda är helt enkelt när granskning får önskade positiva effekter och den onda är när granskning ger oväntade eller negativa effekter. En central del i kvalitetsarbete borde vara att ifrågasätta konstruktionen av kategorier och mått eftersom de får följder för verksamheten. Anledningen är att det inte finns en given utgångspunkt utan vad som avses med kvalitet etableras i samtal och dialog med berörda intressenter.

    Utifrån den genomförda studien presenteras även två slutsatser som har betydelse för det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet:

    1. Vi argumenterar för att utbildning har en särart, utöver att vara en produkt eller tjänst, som bör beaktas inför genomförande av kvalitetsarbete och utformning av kvalitetsmätning/kvalitetssystem. Med tanke på att kundbegreppet vunnit mark inom vuxenutbildningsvärlden är det relevant att diskutera skillnaden mellan en kund och en studerande.
    2. Kvalitet i vuxenutbildning utgår från målområden med olika karaktär och för att fånga upp och tydliggöra olika dimensioner i kvalitetsarbetet har vi utarbetat en kvalitetstypologi med tre dimensioner: demokratisk, pedagogisk och administrativ kvalitet. En indelning på de här tre dimensionerna möjliggör att administrativ kvalitet kan fortsätta att mätas men behandlas som ett separat område. Det öppnar upp för att använda sig av andra sätt att bedriva kvalitetsarbete inom de övriga två dimensionerna.
  • 3821.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Chaib, Mohamed
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    ICT supported competence development: What difference does ICT make?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3822.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Dobers, Peter
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    Samverkansskicklighet - en faktor för framstående forskning, för personlig och organisatorisk utveckling2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3823.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Dobers, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Samverkansskicklighet: För personlig och organisatorisk utveckling2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samverkan med det omgivande samhället är en strategiskt viktig fråga för svenska lärosäten. Den här boken avser att förtydliga vad samverkan kan handla om, hur samverkan kan stärkas och hur samverkansskicklighet kan dokumenteras och synliggöras som en merit för forskare och lärare. 


    En gedigen genomgång av styrdokument från nio lärosäten och intervjuer med forskningsledare utgör bas för boken. Fram träder en bild av en diversifierad verksamhet där samverkan redan pågår i många former. Det finns likväl ett behov av att arbeta mer systematiskt med frågan eftersom samverkan tenderar att drivas av enstaka eldsjälar, istället för att vara en naturlig del i verksamheten. Dessutom bör interna belöningssystem granskas eftersom de påverkar forskares och lärares vilja och möjlighet att samverka. I detta sammanhang lyfter författarna frågan om det är dags att inkludera samverkansskicklighet som en förmåga, jämte pedagogisk och vetenskaplig skicklighet.

    

Samverkansskicklighet är framför allt av intresse för personer i ledande position vid ett lärosäte, eller för dem som har med ledningen att göra. Boken kan även vara intressant för rekryteringsgrupper och för dem som söker tjänster och uppdrag vid svenska lärosäten.

  • 3824.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Dobers, Peter
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    University and industry collaboration – Incentives for individual researchers2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3825.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Dobers, Peter
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    University and industry collaboration – Incentives for individual researchers2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although calls are made by governments, university management, and industry to increase university–industry interaction, such calls conflict with the incentives in performance-based research funding systems that encourage publications in the Thomson ISI Web of science. In this paper, we explore interaction between the university and industry from the individual university researchers’ perspective. We find that the current system privileges research publications and, in line with the literature, that the time spent writing competes with the time spent on collaboration and teaching. We also find a difference between disciplines: the competition between these activities appears to be greater in the social sciences than in applied subjects such as technology and health care. A recommendation for improving university–industry interaction is that the value of such interaction be recognized in the university’s incentive system. In addition, including in the incentive system a broader span of research-based publications aimed at different target groups could be a way to support university–industry interaction.

  • 3826.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration2019In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 129-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls are made by governments, university management and industry to increase university–industry (U–I) collaboration to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too complex to be tackled within one sector alone. Researchers are often expected to realise these ideas, but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers to accomplishing this. The paper presents an empirical study of researchers’ view on U–I collaboration. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers to collaboration from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study, which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on U–I collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we discuss hindering forces on the individual, intra- and interorganisational levels. In total, we find 18 key areas to identify possible hinders for collaboration and based on a Lewinian perspective, we suggest that removing hindering forces can benefit U–I collaboration. The paper recognises the need to regard universities as equal partners in U–I collaboration for sustainable knowledge production.

  • 3827.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Barriers to managing knowledge and learning in university: Industry cooperation2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls are made by governments, university management, and industry to increase university–industry cooperation to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too large and complex to be tackled within one sector alone. These actors want to stimulate knowledge development and learning in university – industry cooperation to achieve innovation and growth. Researchers are often expected to take charge for realizing these ideas but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers for doing this. In this paper, we present an empirical study of researchers’ view on university – industry cooperation. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers for cooperation from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on cooperation and collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we also find other hindering forces related to person-task fit, identity, career and resources. These barriers are found on the individual and societal level, in addition to the previous two categories that are on the organizational level.

  • 3828.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Mentorship programs - a way to inclusion and diversity at the workplace2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3829.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Mentorship programs for workplace inclusion and learning2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3830.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry2018In: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, E-ISSN 2046-9020, Vol. 42, no 7/8, p. 455-469Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to present a literature review of studies of mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry so as to lay a theoretical basis for learning at work.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A literature review with focus on mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry was used. A search for relevant peer-reviewed articles, in four databases, rendered 315 hits, but only one article dealt with mentorship programs in an industry similar to the manufacturing industry. Thus, it is concluded that there is a lack of research on this area. The selection criteria were broadened so as to include 16 articles on mentorship programs for learning at work.

    Findings

    Three dominant areas emerged from this review: definitions of mentorship, characteristics of a good mentor and mentorship program structures. The establishment of a mentorship program requires a clear purpose; contextual knowledge; and adaption to the profession, the organization and to individual needs. In addition to their findings, the authors discuss relationships in mentoring programs, what can be understood by “reading between the lines” and the ongoing digitalization of mentorship programs.

    Originality/value

    Mentorship has proven itself to be a superior way to learn on the job. This paper provides practical information about establishing mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry, with a particular focus on the moulding industry.

  • 3831.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Strategiskt mentorskap: Mentorskapsprogram för arbetsplatsförlagt lärande2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mentorskap erbjuder ett överlägset sätt att lära sig yrkeskunskap och för attsocialiseras in på arbetsplatsen enligt flera studier som vi har tagit del av. Den här rapporten presenterar en modell för ett strategiskt mentorskap som utvecklades i ett ESF-projekt och jämför den med forskningslitteratur om mentorskapsmodeller för arbetsplatslärande.

    SMILE-modellen utvecklades baserat på tidigare kunskaper och erfarenheter från Ingjuta-projektet. SMILE är en akronym för strategiskt mentorskap för inklude- ring, lärande och jämlikhet. Modellen består av följande fyra delar:

    • Ledningens stöd. På vilket sätt är mentorskap en strategisk fråga i organi- sationen och hur stödjer ledningen detta med konkreta insatser?

    • Inkludering. Hur samverkar företaget med andra aktörer så att individens livssituation som helhet fungerar?

    • Lärande. Vilka verktyg och metoder har de anställda tillgång till för att stödja sitt eget och andras lärande?

    • Jämlikhet. Hur uppmuntras och tillvaratas variation och olikheter på ett jämlikt sätt och till företagets bästa?

    Ledningens stöd är avgörande för att de övriga tre ska fungera.

    I litteraturstudien återkom följande områden:

    • Innebörden av mentorskap. Det finns flera sätt att definiera mentorskap men i grunden handlar det om överföring av kunskap från en erfaren person till en annan person med mindre erfarenhet. För att betona vikten av att både mentor och adept fortsätter utvecklas har vi i den här rapporten definierat mentorskap som en lärandesituation då två individer möts för att ge varandra inspiration och vägledning för att vidareutvecklas, ofta i relation till ett yrke.

    • Mentorns egenskaper. Mentorskapsprogram är inte starkare än de mentorer som ingår och i rapporten går vi igenom en rad egenskaper och förmågor som en effektiv mentor ska ha. Centralt är att fungera som en förebild och att kunna ge både positiv och negativ återkoppling för att stödja denyrkesmässiga och den psykosociala utvecklingen. En viktig bit är att arbeta med utveckling av en mentor eftersom mentorskap är något annat än yrkes- kunskap. Med andra ord, en erfaren och kunnig medarbetare är inte samma sak som en erfaren och kunnig mentor.

    • Mentorskapsprogram. Utbildning och träning som sker på arbetsplatsen har flera fördelar: det är ofta kostnadseffektivt, det kan anpassas till individens och organisationens kompetensbehov och det kan vara ett sätt att ta tillvara medarbetarnas kompetens. De programstrukturer som beskrivs i den här rapporten poängterar en bredare ansats där yrkeskunskaper sätts i relation till andra kompetenser. Ledningens stöd uttrycks genom att erbjuda organisatoriska förutsättningar som främjar lärande och förändring.

    • Effekter av mentorskap. Effekter avser den förändring som sker efter en viss insats men eftersom forskning kan ha olika karaktär och ansatser valde vi en bredare definition. Med effekter menar vi de slutsatser som visar på effekter eller som kan förväntas få effekter när de tillämpas i en konkret situation. Utifrån artiklarnas slutsatser framträder programstrukturer, mentorns egenskaper och förmågor, e-mentorskap, IT-system och kvinnors karriär som centrala områden.

    Rapporten avslutas med ett avsnitt där vi presenterar några konkreta rekommendationer för den som ska starta ett mentorskapsprogram i sin organisation.för den som ska starta ett mentorskapsprogram i sin organisation.

  • 3832.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hultman, Svante
    Leva hela livet2012Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3833.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Larsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Bridging Types and Frames in the Organizational (Inter)Act: Type Casting of Female Researchers in Academia2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we bridge the concepts type (Schutz) and frame (Goffman) to conceptualize misfits in the social intercourse of the academic everyday experiences. We see the combination of type and frame as a way to further elaborate the role concept. This was done by developing an interactional model that illustrates a combination of type and frame in relation to an organizational setting where the (inter)act takes place. The concept (inter)act is used to stress that although people may participate in the same act; this is not necessarily the same thing as role agreement during interaction. Rather, the lack of agreement is the starting point for this paper; we work with the empirical question “Why were we, and our fellow colleagues, treated as women when we were acting as researchers?”

    The problem we address is how some people in an academic organization confused the idea of woman as a type with the female body, and what consequences this had for everyday social practices. This paper is based on an at-home ethnography (Alvesson, forthcoming), which in our version include both introspection and dialogue around emerging ideas and involves a strong component of re-interpretation.  We suggest that individuals may embrace or reject role-types, connected to a role-frame of expected behavior, in the organizational socialization process. Research as an activity is characterized by both masculine and feminine attributes, but in line with previous writings we see the research organization as gendered; the researcher-type is a man. We have called this type-role the wizard-man, a type that engage in intellectual activity. An alternative type-role is the mother-woman, whose role-frame is in line with key words such as body and caring. In the academic organization studied, there was a blurring between people as abstract (ideal) types and as individuals. In the organizational context, gendering by type casting seemed to be an important aspect of the socialization process. A negative consequence came when doctoral students were equaled to the mother-woman role, since these doctoral students were assumed to take on a role that was not in line with their professional development.

  • 3834.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Larsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    The yin and yang of organization: Applying Jung's terminology to take a closer look at management of shadows2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In management and organization research the positive, upward-seeking, producing side (yang) is often described as some kind of best practice that we can get inspired by but as an individual within an organization you also encounter another side that is passive, dark and negative (yin).

    “The yang face of managing, the drama of MSF and the corresponding style of its leader, would seem more representative of how management is practiced today. [ ] The drama, not the daily routine, is what attracts and sells. But most managing is about the daily routine—about trying to establish and sustain excellence. In that respect, we need to pay more attention to the mysteries of yin. If there really are two faces of managing, then we have been neglecting one of them.” (Mintzberg 2001, page 312)

    In this working paper we would like to explore the yin and yang of organization using Jung’s terminology as a metaphor for different aspects of organization. In a modern world where the yang is related to constructs of masculinity and the yin to constructs of femininity, how can Jungs terminology of the subconscious inhabited by shadows and Anima be included in a notion of management – as managing shadows of the organisations? In 1943 Jung e.g. wrote:

    “As a consequence of his identification with the collective psyche he will try to force the demands of his subconscious onto others, because the identification with the collective psyche is followed by a sense of universality (godlikeness) which totally ignores all differences in the personal psyches of fellowmen.” (Jung 1967:42)

    Can the dualism in either yang or yin be rephrased as the collective projection of both yang and of yin on others, creating positive yang at the expense of the negative yin? Is positive yang only the rejection of yin and in that case where does yin go? Of particular interest is a situation where the divide between conscious/subconscious is exceptionally large or grandiose fronts take over the managerial role. What would happen if these collective projections are challenged? What kind of implications can this have for the organization and the people within them? What would it take for yang and yin to meet – possibly in consciousness? Empirical examples in the text are based on a field study of a merger together with the authors’ experience of working in an academic organization.

    Mintzberg, H. (2001): The Yin and the Yang of Managing, Organizational Dynamics, 29(4): 306-312.

    Jung, C. G. (1967): Jaget och det omedvetna (The self and the subconscious), Wahlström & Widstrand, Stockholm.

  • 3835.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Ethnography and co-interpretation: qualitative methods in family business research2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3836.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Förebilder för kvinnor i familjeföretag: var finns de?2011In: Kvinnors företagande: mål eller medel? / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Gun Hedlund och Martin Wottle, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3837.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Kvinnors berättelser om företagaridentitet2012In: Familjeföretagande: Affärer och känslor / [ed] Brundin, E., Johansson, A.W., Johannisson, B., Melin, L. och Nordqvist, M., SNS förlag, 2012, p. 213-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3838.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Merging Two Family Businesses by Creating a New Ownership Logic2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    After the merger between two family owned companies, it soon became apparent that the managers had to deal with different family ownership logics (FOL). One reason for this was that the old FOLs were connected to different business models, which created problems for integration based on way of working.

    Mickelson and Worley (2003) made a call for additional research on family businesses involved in international mergers and acquisitions. This study contributes to the under¬standing of the unique features of the family system at work during the integration process in combination with different ways of working depending on family ownership logic.

  • 3839.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Proactive and reactive plots: Narratives in entrepreneurial identity construction2011In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 218-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer a new perspective on entrepreneurial identity as a narrative construction, emerging in stories about entering the family business.

    Design/methodology/approach – The qualitative methodological approach involves an interpretative analysis of transcribed interviews conducted in narrative style with 12 women from Swedish family businesses.

    Findings – By presenting entrepreneurial identity as a combination of two distinct narratives, the “passive” entrance into the family business is highlighted. The “Pippi Longstocking” narrative illustrates conscious choices, drive and motivation based on an entrepreneurial identification: the proactive plot. The “Alice in Wonderland” narrative on the other hand, illustrates women who happen to become entrepreneurs or business persons because the family business was there: the reactive plot. The contrasting and complementing narratives illustrate ambiguities in the identity process.

    Practical implications – The authors identified the following opportunities for women in family business: the family business can offer easy access to a career and on-the-job learning opportunities; education in other areas can be useful when learning how to manage and develop the family business; and the family business offers a generous arena for pursuing a career at different life stages. Implications for education as well as for policy makers are also presented.

    Originality/value – The narratives presented are given metaphorical names with the intention to evoke the reader's reflection and reasoning by analogy, which can lead to new insights. The use of metaphors illustrates multiple layers and ambiguities in identity construction. Metaphors can also create awareness of the researcher as a co-creator of knowledge.

  • 3840.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    To be or not to be in the family business?: Development of an entrepreneurial identity2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3841.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Two-Fold Succession in a Family Business Matriarchy: A Swedish Case2011In: Father-Daughter Succession in Family Business: A Cross-Cultural Perspective / [ed] Halkias, D., Thurman, P., Swiercz, P. Smith, C., & Nason, R. S., London: Gower Publishers , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3842.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Unwinding organizational culture: A study of a post-merger integration process between two family businesses2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the scarce volume of studies of mergers involving family businesses. In the merger described, managers used the culture concept to name problematic aspects of the integration process. In the analysis, we have used the three-circle model to understand the contradictions that emerged in the managers description of organizational culture. To consider the subsystems in the three-circle model: ownership, business and family, means a broadening of the idea that the founder (family) shapes the organizational culture. This could be especially relevant for larger and/or growing family businesses.

  • 3843.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nordvall, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet.
    Inledning2016In: Folkbildningens frihet och värde: Metaperspektiv på folkhögskolor och studieförbund, Stockholm: Folkbildningsrådet , 2016, p. 7-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3844.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Sternäng, Ola
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change (SCOHOS).
    Education level explains participation in work and education later in life2017In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 511-521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens? organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65?75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

  • 3845.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Raudberget, Dag
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Organisering för kunskap och lärande: En balansgång mellan motsättningar2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 59-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3846.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Raudberget, Dag
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Organising for knowledge and learning – a balancing act between divergent forces2018In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2018, p. 42-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research and development is a knowledge-intense activity where HR departments must balance many internal tensions, such as that between development versus project management, or research versus product standardisation. The first issue may ensure long-term survival and the second, short-term profitability. Another contrasting pair of issues is technical knowledge vs. administrative knowledge. Forging a career path in a manufacturing business often entails abandoning the technical work for the benefit of completing administrative or management work. The chapter discusses how HR departments can handle knowledge management and provide new ways to benefit both the individual and the company.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-04-10 00:00
  • 3847.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Sjödahl, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ikommuners styrdokument2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten återger resultatet från en studie av hur nationella styrdokument översätts till den lokala arenan inom utbildningsområdet. Skollagen anger att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Trots försök från olika myndigheter på den nationella arenan att förtydliga vad detta innebär är det fortfarande otydligt vad det innebär i konkret handling. Huvudmannen kan i sin tur arbeta vidare med att stödja utbildningsverksamheten genom sina egna styrdokument. Arbetet med att utforma styrdokumenten leds vanligtvis av en skolchef. För att öka förståelsen för hur idéer om vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet kommer till uttryck i kommuners styrdokument har vi genomfört en kvalitativ studie. Ett urval av 65 skolchefer från kommuner av olika storlek och geografisk placering fick frågan att skicka in styrdokument där de på något sätt hade behandlat vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. 16 kommuner skickade in 53 dokument. Av dessa var det 16 styrdokument från 9 kommuner som uttryckligen hade med begreppen. Dokumenten består bland annat av verksamhetsidé, måldokument, strategiska dokument, verksamhetsplaner och handlingsplaner. En induktiv analys visar på sex kategorier för hur huvudman förhåller sig till begreppen vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet:

    1. Begreppsförekomst: vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet nämns men innebörden diskuteras inte.

    2. Karriärsatsning: vetenskaplig grund och beprövaderfarenhet handlar om professionell kompetens, vilket sätter fokus på kompetensutveckling och karriärvägar.

    3. Litteraturgenomgång: presentation av litteraturgenomgångar som ett sätt att koppla till vetenskaplig forskning.

    4. Metodfrågor: användning av forskningsbaserade metoder och ansatser för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    5. Samverkan: samverkan med ett lärosäte för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    6. Systematiskt kvalitetsarbete: det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet kopplas ihop med vetenskaplig grund ochbeprövad erfarenhet.

    Utifrån dessa sex kategorier för vi en diskussion om hur dominanta idéer färdas i organisationer. Här återges en kort summering av slutsatserna:

    • Det pågår översättning av nationella dominanta idéer till den lokala praktiken.

    • Samverkan med ett lärosäte verkar vara av vikt för att utveckla ett arbetssätt som stöder att utbildningen vilar på vetenskaplig grund.

    • Interaktiv praktiknära forskning anges som en lämplig ansats för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    • Litteraturhänvisningar i styrdokumenten handlar i hög grad om referenser till texter från Skolverket och andra myndigheter samt intresseorganisationer, inte direkta forskningsreferenser.

    Resultatet visar att de begrepp och definitioner som dominerar nationellt översätts till en mångfald av olika operativa insatser. Mångfalden kan bero på att kommuner har olika förutsättningar att stödja en utbildning på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Det kan också vara ett uttryck för att kommuner vill uppnå ett visst syfte i en viss kontext.Trots nationella definitioner av skollagens begrepp krävs en översättningsprocess när kravet på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ska efterlevas i den lokala kontexten. Anledningen är att tjänstemän, skolledare och lärare ska kunna hitta sätt att arbeta med detta som är anpassat efter deras specifika behov. Översättningsprocessen kräver kunskap om på vilket sätt forskningen kan bidra till utveckling av verksamheten. I den här processen är det också viktigt att ta hänsyn till praktik och etik. Det här sker inom en ram där utbildning även bygger på ett normativt samhällsuppdrag, det vill säga det att eleverna ska bli kompetenta demokratiska medborgare. Utifrån att vi har tagit skolchefens perspektiv i denna rapport vill vi slutligen påpeka att det saknas vägledning i styrdokumenten för hur eventuella förändringar i arbetssätt påverkar ledarskapet i organisationen. Ett styrdokument är kanske inte den främsta arenan för ledarskapsarbetet men det antyder förändringar som i sin tur ger förändrade förutsättningar och kunskapskrav för ledarskapet. Insikter om skolchefens förändrade ledarskap är en viktig kunskapslucka att fylla i framtida arbeten.

  • 3848.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Sjödahl, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    From national policy to local policy: Evidence based practice as a dominant idea2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3849.
    Bjursten, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Classon, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Steen, Ida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Investigating Technology Acceptance towards E-commerce within the Work Wear Sector: A study within business-to-business about business clients’ technology acceptance towards e-commerce2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to study business clients’ technology acceptance of e-commerce within business-to-business in the work wear sector. In specific, develop and test a framework in order to analyze the antecedents of perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use behind business clients’ behavioral intention to the usage of e-commerce.

    Problem: There is not sufficient research regarding industries and companies that are categorized as laggards (Del Aguila-Obra & Padilla-Melendez, 2006), and furthermore regarding clients’ technology acceptance in a business-to-business context (Doherty & Ellis-Chadwick, 2010). Actors within the work wear sector conduct their businesses in the most traditional way, with physical stores (Ekberg, Fraenkel, Gustavsson, Hamsten & Hedin, 2014). The question is whether this traditional way remain due to skepticism among the business clients’ and their level of technology acceptance.

    Method: A proposed framework is developed by the authors, adapted from Technology Acceptance Model (Venkatesh & Davis, 2000) and Diffusion of Innovation Theory (Rogers, 1983). This framework is tested through quantitative research, and more specific a questionnaire. Subsequently, the empirical data gathering is assembled, analyzed and concluded into a final proposed framework. 

    Findings: The final proposed framework incorporates antecedents from the proposed framework, but also new influences that are identified in the empirical findings as relevant. These influences are Age, Gender, Experience and Compliance. Further, the antecedents presented in the final proposed framework are the following: Subjective norm/Opinion leaders, Job relevance/Compatibility, Output quality, Result demonstrability/Observability and Trialability. 

  • 3850.
    Bjällmark, Anna
    KTH, Medicinsk bildteknik.
    Hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar - idag och i morgon2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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