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  • 3701. Berntson, L.
    et al.
    Damgård, M.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Herlin, T.
    Nielsen, S.
    Nordal, E.
    Rygg, M.
    Zak, M.
    Fasth, A.
    HLA-B27 predicts a more extended disease with increasing age at onset in boys with juvenile idiopathic arthritis2008In: British Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0263-7103, E-ISSN 1460-2172, Vol. 35, no 10, p. 2055-2061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a heterogeneous condition with very few clinical and laboratory signs that can help predict the course and severity of the disease in the individual patient. The cell-surface antigen HLA-B27 is well known to be associated with spondyloarthropathies, reactive arthritis, and enthesitis. HLA-B27 plays an important role in the classification of JIA, since evidence of sacroiliitis most often evolves after years of arthritis in other joints. We investigated the associations of HLA-B27 and the clinical manifestations of JIA using a method as close to a population-based study as possible.

    METHODS: We studied an incidence-based cohort of 305 patients collected prospectively in 3 Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark). Clinical and serological data of the first 3 years of the disease were collected.

    RESULTS: HLA-B27 was found to be positive in 25.5% of the patients, and we found a higher proportion of HLA-B27-positive boys with older age at disease onset (p=0.034). Regression analysis showed a correlation of 0.7 in the HLA-B27-positive boys, pointing to a higher risk of more joint involvement with older age at disease onset. By Fisher's exact test, involvement of small joints in the lower extremities was associated with HLA-B27 in boys (p=0.011), but not in girls (p=0.687). HLA-B27 was associated with inflammatory back pain in both sexes (p=0.041 in boys, p=0.042 in girls), but with enthesitis only in boys (p<0.001 in boys, p=0.708 in girls).

    CONCLUSION: HLA-B27 is of increasing importance with older age at disease onset in boys with JIA, predicting more active joints within the first 3 years of disease, and also involving small joints in the lower extremity to a greater degree than in HLA-B27-negative boys. During the first 3 years of disease the occurrence of HLA-B27 is associated with inflammatory back pain in both sexes, but with enthesitis only in boys. Our data present new challenges for the ILAR classification of JIA.

  • 3702. Berntson, L.
    et al.
    Fasth, A.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Herlin, T.
    Kristinsson, J.
    Lahdenne, P.
    Marhaug, G.
    Nielsen, S.
    Pelkonen, P.
    Rygg, M.
    The influence of heredity for psoriasis on the ILAR classification of juvenile idiopathic arthritis2002In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 29, no 11, p. 2454-2458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how heredity for psoriasis influences classification according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR). Heredity for psoriasis is currently both an exclusion and an inclusion criterion for different types of childhood arthritis according to ILAR classification criteria. METHODS: Twenty physicians in 5 Nordic countries prospectively collected data from the incident cases in their catchment areas over an 18 month period beginning July 1, 1997. Clinical and serological data from the first year of disease were collected. RESULTS: Of the 321 patients included who could be classified according to ILAR criteria for childhood arthritis, 50 (15.6%) patients were excluded from 55 classification events and fulfilled criteria for "other arthritis 1" i.e., did not fulfill criteria for any of the other classification categories, primarily because of heredity for psoriasis. If psoriasis in second degree relatives was disregarded as an exclusion criterion, only 8.7% of the patients remained in the "other arthritis 1" subgroup. For 20.6% of the whole group, heredity for psoriasis in a first or second degree relative (or both) and its distribution among arthritis subgroups did not differ except for juvenile psoriatic arthritis. CONCLUSION: We suggest that second degree heredity for psoriasis be withdrawn as an exclusion criterion from the ILAR criteria.

  • 3703. Berntson, L.
    et al.
    Fasth, A.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Kristinsson, J.
    Lahdenne, P.
    Marhaug, G.
    Nielsen, S.
    Pelkonen, P.
    Svensson, E.
    Construct validity of ILAR and EULAR criteria in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a population based incidence study from the Nordic countries. International League of Associations for Rheumatology. European League Against Rheumatism2001In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 28, no 12, p. 2737-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: New classification criteria (ILAR) have been proposed for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). They are more descriptive than those formerly used [American College of Rheumatology (ACR), European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)], but require validation against classifications already in use. We validated the ILAR criteria in relation to the EULAR criteria in a prospective, incidence, and population based setting, and analyzed their feasibility. METHODS: Construct validity of ILAR and EULAR classification criteria refers to how closely the 2 instruments are related and how each of them operates in classifying subgroups/categories. Twenty doctors in 5 Nordic countries collected data from the incidence cases within their catchment areas during an 18 month period beginning July 1, 1997. Clinical and serological data from the first year of disease were collected. RESULTS: A total of 322 patients were included. Classification according to the ILAR criteria was possible in 321 patients; 290 patients had a disease duration > or = 3 months and were classified according to the EULAR criteria. One child could only be classified according to the EULAR criteria. Thus, 31/322 (9.6%) children were classified according to the ILAR criteria only. Forty-eight of 321 (15%) patients did not fit into any category and 6% (20/321) fulfilled criteria for2 categories. In the ILAR classification 5 out of 7 categories/subgroups have 2 to 5 specified exclusion criteria that highly discriminate the definition of each patient. In our study the exclusion criteria were fulfilled to only a small extent. CONCLUSION: The EULAR and ILAR criteria differ concerning the operational definitions of the subvariables involved, which complicates their comparison. By using ILAR rather than EULAR criteria the number of cases with juvenile arthritis increased by 10%, considering the first half-year after onset. The validity of the ILAR criteria is low since they often exclude patients from subgroup classification and the possibility of having more than one diagnosis is not negligible. The specified exclusion criteria for some of the subgroups are difficult to fulfill in clinical work and variables involved could be questioned with regard to their consistency.

  • 3704.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Brynolf Gerlaksson - politikern2005In: Hielp Maria. En bok om biskop Brynolf Gerlaksson / [ed] Johnny Hagberg, Skara: Skara stiftshistoriska sällskap , 2005, p. 43-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3705.
    Berntson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Det förlorade bibeldramat. Teater och kyrka i Sverige under tidigmodern tid. En fallstudie2012In: Kyrka, kultur, historia. En festskrift till Johnny Hagberg / [ed] Markus Hagberg, Lena Maria Olsson, Sven-Erik Pernler, Skara: Skara stiftshistoriska sällskap , 2012, p. 57-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3706.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Gabrielle Spiegel och den postmoderna utmaningen2002In: Kors och tvärs i teorierna. Ett undervisningsexperiment vid Göteborgs och Karlstads universitet / [ed] Hans Abelius, Thomas Småberg, Sune Åkerman, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet , 2002, p. 106-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3707.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Klostren och reformationen. : Upplösningen av kloster och konvent i Sverige 1523-15962003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 3708.
    Berntson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Kyrkohistoria som en del av religionskunskapsämnets identitet - Reflektioner över läroplan och tillämpning2014In: 14 röster kring samhällsstudier och didaktik / [ed] Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Samhällsstudier & Didaktik , 2014, p. 15-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3709.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Magnus Haraldsson och ’Västgötaherrarnas uppror’2009In: Magnus Haraldsson och hans samtid / [ed] Johnny Hagberg, Skara: Skara stiftshistoriska sällskap , 2009, p. 111-132Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3710.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Mässan och armborstet. Uppror och reformation i Sverige 1525-1544 2010Book (Other academic)
  • 3711.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Ortodoxa, österländska och katolska kyrkor i Sverige. Samarbete, traditionsförmedling, integration2009In: Det mångreligiösa Sverige. Ett landskap i förändring / [ed] Daniel Andersson & Åke Sander, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 2, p. 401-461Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3712.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Reformation and counter-culture in Maribo abbey2010In: Saint Birgitta, Syon and Vadstena. Papers from a Symposium in Stockholm 4-6 October 2007 / [ed] Claes Gejrot, Sara Risberg & Mia Åkestam, Stockholm, 2010, p. 216-226Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3713.
    Berntson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Reformationsmotstånd och en kyrkosyn i förändring2012In: Auktoritet i förvandling. Omförhandling av fromhet, lojalitet och makt i reformationstidens Sverige / [ed] Eva-Marie Letzter, Uppsala: Historiska instiutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2012, p. 33-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3714.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Reformationstida bilder av kristnandet i Sverige2008In: ”Vi skall alla vara välkomna”. Nordiska studier tillägnade Kristinn Jóhannesson / [ed] Auður G. Magnúsdóttir, Henrik Janson, Karl G. Johansson, Mats Malm & Lena Rogström, Göteborg: Meijerbergs arkiv för svensk ordforskning , 2008, p. 385-401Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3715.
    Berntson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Skara stift och vägen mot konfessionalisering2014In: Vägen mot bekännelsen: Perspektiv på organisation, bekännelsebildning och fromhetsliv i Skara stift ca 1540-1595 / [ed] Martin Berntson, Skara: Skara stiftshistoriska sällskap , 2014, p. 19-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3716.
    Berntson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Striden om herr Ambjörn: En ingång till liturgisk förändring i Skara stift under 1540-talet2014In: Vägen mot bekännelsen: Perspektiv på organisation, bekännelsebildning och fromhetsliv i Skara stift ca 1540-1595 / [ed] Martin Berntson, Skara: Skara stiftshistoriska sällskap , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3717.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    The Dissolution of the Hospitaller houses in Scandinavia2006In: The Military Orders and the Reformation. Choices, State Building and the Weight of Tradition / [ed] Helen Nicholson, Klaus Militzer & Hans Mol, Hilversum: Verloren , 2006, p. 59-77Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3718.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Vreta kloster och reformationen2010In: Fokus Vreta kloster. 17 nya rön om Sveriges äldsta kloster. / [ed] Elisabet Regner & Göran Tagesson, Stockholm: Statens historiska museum , 2010, p. 369-383Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3719.
    Berntson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Vägen mot bekännelsen: Perspektiv på organisation, bekännelsebildning och fromhetsliv i Skara stift ca 1540-15952014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under den senare delen av 1500-talet förändrades kyrko- och fromhetslivet i stora delar av Europa i takt med den nya tidens reformatoriska anda. Bekännelser formulerades, kyrkobyggnader omdanades, gudstjänstlivet reformerades och den folkliga moralen blev föremål för en disciplineringsprocess. Så var även fallet i Skara stift.

    Under denna tid hade stiftet fyra stiftschefer som hette Erik. De fyra Erikarnas samlade ämbetstid (1545-1570) inföll mellan två ofta omtalade perioder: efter den tidiga reformationsfasen då kyrkan i Sverige underordnades den världsliga makten och före den katolicerande kyrkopolitiska utvecklingen under Johan III:s regim.

  • 3720.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    ’Västgötaherrarnas uppror’. Ett försök till nytolkning2000In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 100, p. 97-116Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3721.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Église, État et pluralisme religieux en Scandinavie2006In: Laïcité et sécularisation dans l'Union européenne / [ed] Alain Dierkens & Jean-Philippe Schreiber, Bruxelles: Université de Bruxelles , 2006, p. 107-118Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3722.
    Berntson, Martin
    Institutionen för religionsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Ökenfadern i Angered. Reflektioner om öst och väst hos abouna Antonious El-Baramousy2009In: Innanför och utanför. Arv, identitet och nyorientering hos armenier och kopter i Sverige / [ed] Sven Halvardson, Stockholm: Tro & Liv , 2009, p. 33-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3723.
    Berntson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Nilsson, Bertil
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wejryd, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Kyrka i Sverige – introduktion till svensk kyrkohistoria2012Book (Other academic)
  • 3724.
    Berntsson, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    CPM - strategi: Planering, utveckling och implementering utav en övergripande Business intelligence strategi2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta fram en Corporate Performance Management strategi som man kan nyttja för att ändra organisationsstrukturen till att uppnå en mer holistisk struktur med hjälp utav Business intelligence verktyg. Helt enkelt hur man skapar en helhet inom organisationen med en Business intelligence strategi. Den forskningsfråga som författaren har fokuserat mest på involverar hur man utvecklar och implementerar en CPM-strategi. De andra frågorna utreder vilka fördelar som finns med att införskaffa en CPM strategi och vilka Business intelligence verktyg som används i en CPM-strategi. I denna uppsats utförs en studie om begreppet Corporate Performance Management och kunskapsbidraget är en strategi för hur man utvecklar och implementerar CPM. Manuella sökningar efter litteratur ifrån olika bibliotek har granskats och både böcker och artiklar har hittats. Internet har självklart använts till att söka efter datorbaserad information och författaren har hittat relevanta artiklar. Forskningsfrågorna har också besvarats genom att utföra intervjuer med leverantörer och en forskare inom CPM. En kognitiv forskningsprocess har bedrivits där en inledande diskussion har inspirerat fram forskningsfrågor som har lett vidare till att en förstudie har genomförts. Informationen ifrån denna har i sin tur lett fram till en problemdiskussion, nya forskningsfrågor och ett nytt syfte.

    Fördelarna med en CPM-strategi är att man kan organisera, automatisera och analysera processer och system, detta förenar organisationens olika enheter för att kunna fatta beslut som är det bästa för organisationen som helhet och gör så att användaren kan effektivisera sin arbetsdag och få mer tid för andra viktiga arbetsuppgifter med mera. En CPM-strategi består först utav att man gör en första övergripande analys av verksamheten för att kunna ta fram en strategi. Man jobbar effektivt med taktiska och operativa frågor. Därefter utvecklas en kravspecifikation vilken inkluderar en omfattande kravanalys. Viktiga moment är intervjuer med anställda samt öppna diskussioner med personalen. Nästa moment är att CPM-strategin designas genom att verksamheten modelleras upp och arkitekturen bestäms. I nästa steg utvecklar man systemet, det finns olika lösningar att ta till sig. En lösning är att använda sig utav en lokal leverantör som erbjuder en färdig standardlösning, en annan lösning är att utveckla systemet inhouse eller outsourca till ett låglöneland. Därefter så sker själva implementationen och testningen utav strategin och då finns det ett antal steg som man följer, implementationen bygger dock mycket på erfarenheter ifrån tidigare projekt och det finns inga riktiga mallar för hur detta ska ske. Personalen utbildas därefter på nya lösningar som har utarbetats, utan denna kunskap så kommer de kanske inte att kunna använda den. Då den egna verksamheten och omvärlden förändras hela tiden så måste man hela tiden ha en grupp som stödjer underhållet utav CPM-strategin. Det mest kända Business intelligence verktyget inom CPM är Excel och det vanligaste användandet är olika rapporter.

  • 3725.
    Berntsson, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Hallberg, David
    Användning av elektroniska lexikon: Framtidens lexikon?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats granskar vi och vill förmedla kunskap om vilka fördelar och nackdelar som det finns med att använda elektroniska lexikon. Vi tittar även på vad man ska tänka på vid utvecklandet av elektroniska lexikon och vad det finns för demografiska, etiska och juridiska aspekter att ta hänsyn till. Vi tittar även på vilka problem som kan uppstå vid översättning av ord och vilka översättningsproblem som kan uppstå.

    I den här uppsatsen granskas ett fysiskt lexikon och fem elektroniska gratislexikon. Den här uppsatsen är menad som vägledning för dem som idag använder lexikon och de som funderar på att börja använda lexikon i sin dator eller mobiltelefon. Den kan även lämpa sig för de aktörer som finns på marknaden idag för att få se utveckling och användning av lexikon ur ett användarperspektiv. Den här studien utförs ur ett humanvetenskapligt perspektiv och är framställd utifrån användarens perspektiv. Det har genomförts en re-spondentintervju med en professor inom lexikologi och en informantintervju med en förläggare på ett bokförlag.

    Att ett lexikon är gratis kan ses som både en fördel och nackdel. En fördel är att det le-der till att lexikonet når ut till fler personer. Det kan även vara en nackdel eftersom det blir svårare för de fysiska lexikonen att konkurrera på lika villkor, och även för de aktö-rerna som har ett ekonomiskt intresse. Under intervjuerna framkom det också att en nackdel med att lexikonen är gratis är att kvalitén kan bli lidande eftersom de större ak-törerna som satsar mycket pengar på att utveckla lexikonen inte har möjlighet att satsa lika mycket pengar på utveckling om de inte kan finansiera utvecklingen.

    En fördel med elektroniska lexikon ur användarsynpunkt är att det är enkelt att växla mellan olika lexikon utefter behovet. En nackdel om man jämför med fysiska lexikon är att det kan vara svårt att få till ett användarvänligt gränssnitt. Detta beror på att skärmen är mindre. För mobiltelefon får man anpassa mycket på grund av skärmens storlek, men även på en skärm till en dator kan det vara svårt att få sidan lättöverskådlig, funktionell och tilltalande på samma gång.

    Ett av de viktigaste kunskapsbidragen i uppsatsen anser vi vara att man bör vara vaksam med kvalitén på översättningarna när det gäller elektroniska lexikon och därmed även kontrollera källan mer noggrant. Under testerna framkom det även att översättningarna mellan lexikonen i många fall är väldigt lika varandra och i andra fall är det väldigt stor skillnad. Man bör därför inte enbart förlita sig till ett lexikon, utan testa några stycken el-ler växla mellan några beroende på användningen.

  • 3726.
    Berntsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Lager, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Energieffektiviseringsstödet till kommuner: Utfall & framtidsutsikter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Environmental and climate issues are constantly on the agenda. At the climatechange conference in Paris, it was decided that the global average temperature shouldnot increase more than 2°C. This means that the energy consumption must be reduced.With the EU's 2020 targets as a basis, national goals have been set, which means thatSweden will achieve a 20 %increase of the energy efficiency by 2020. The public sectorshould act as a role model, therefore the Swedish Energy Agency was handing out asubsidy between 2010 and 2014 as a contribution to local governments for improvingenergy efficiency in its own organization. The goal of this study is to analyze how theenergy efficiency subsidy has helped municipalities in their work to reduce the energyuse in its real estate, and what remains to do to reach the 2020 target.Method: To reach the goal both a qualitative and quantitative study has been made.The data collection methods was interviews, a document analysis and a literaturereview. A case study has been made together with Herrljunga municipality.Findings: The energy efficiency subsidy has several positive effects. The energy usehas been reduced by 8% between 2009 and 2014 for the whole country and the casestudy object has been reduced by 12%. This can be refer to that the municipality hasprioritized the issue of energy higher. Other positive effects include improved indoorclimate and user behavior and that they have better control over energy consumption.The energy work is proceeding in many municipalities after the subsidy, the work willbe financed with own funds. To achieve the goal they should continue the work thatthey began but also complete it with other actions. This may be, for example: replaceheating- and ventilation systems, train the user group and renovate energy smart.Implications: The study shows that the subsidy has provided a push to energy issuesin the municipalities, the subsidy has resulted in a decreased energy use. After thesubsidy stopped many municipalities continued to work when they have seen thebenefits. The study also shows that it is possible for Sweden's municipalities to achievea reduction of energy use by 20% by 2020 in their real estates. To reach this Swedishmunicipalities needs to continue to work actively with energy issues and make newenergy efficiency measures.Limitations: This study has been limited to the municipality's own real estates. Theresult of the study is not valid for all the municipalities that received the subsidy asindependent but it provides an overview of the outcome of the municipalities together. Every municipality can learn from this report.

  • 3727.
    Berntsson, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Yngesjö, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    När information kan vara svår att förstå: Vad som upplevs påverka egenvården hos individer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning och diabetes: en litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is more common amongst individuals with an intellectual disability compared to the rest of the population. Intellectual disability is a cognitive impairment which results in difficulties with processing information and applying and building knowledge. Self-management is a term used to describe the activities that the individual perform in order to cure disease and promote health.

    Objective: To describe experiences of what affects self-management amongst individuals with an intellectual disability and diabetes.

    Method: Literature review, with an inductive approach, with a review of relevant qualitative articles found in CINAHL and PsychINFO. The snowballing method is also used for collecting data. The result is compiled using an integrated analysis.  

    Result: Difficulties with reciving and using information is experienced to impede the ability to self-manage diabetes amongst individuals with intellectual disability and diabetes. The understanding of diabetes and intellectual disability amongst health care professionals and contextual support is also experienced to affect self-management.

    Conclusion: Within the context of the nursing program it would be useful with more dedicated education about intellectual disability. More research about these individuals’ ability to self-manage would be useful as well. Within the health care system actions should be taken to meet the need for information that is suited for individuals with intellectual disability.

  • 3728.
    Berntsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ill-health in Sweden: A regional Perspective2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the regional development of ill-health and the purpose is to analyse factors that tend to influence the Swedish ill-health. Theory of household choice between work and leisure is used when analysing the results of the empirical study. The background for this thesis is derived from the development of ill-health that has increased with 5.1 days between the years 2000 and 2004. The empirical findings show that unemployment has a positive relationship with ill-health and that women tend to be more ill than men. Furthermore, the results confirm that income has a negative relationship with ill-health and this is also true for large companies. Consequently, small companies have positive influence on ill-health and an analysis of the municipalities in the northern part of Sweden points out a higher number of ill-health than the other municipalities. Moreover, the individuals’ age is also a factor that can explain the development of ill-health. These findings confirm that unemployment, gender, income, size of company, age, and the municipalities in the north-ern part are factors that can explain the development of ill-health. However, other factors are important in the process as well.

  • 3729.
    Berntsson, Linus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Schmidt, Jakob
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Virtualiseringsproblematik i företagsmiljö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to identify and analyse the implications of client virtualisation in company environments. The study chose to focus on the aspects of the current hardware, license management, application management, maintenance work and the implications virtualization would have on these. The work in the study was chosen to limit itself to a Windows environment.The background to the study was due to a growing need to be more flexible and mobile in company environments and in collaboration with the University of Jönköping a problem description and the framing of questions was defined. The essay tooka qualitative initiative to comprehend the complexity of the problem at hand. The empirical data was collected from interviews, literature studies and laboratory work testing applications. The analytical part was worked out to be thedata from the literature studiesand interview weight against the laboratory work. This was donetogetconfirmation from more than one source.The results where sorted out to the corresponding frame of question which showedthat the hardware available on today’s market would suffice well to run a fully operational virtualization environment with the less demanding applications while the results of the more demanding applications where not as promising. The hardware available for the heavy application had no GPU available and this made the results a bit misleading but gave some interesting analytical material to the essay. The laboratory work with the application virtualization did not give a conclusive result dueto failed attempts to reproduce the environment more than one by reasons unknown.The maintenance work will be able to gothrough some changes with the work towards templates in comparison with the older tools but the older tools are not discarded in the system. The license management will as it is not change in any remarkable way but in some cases it will have to be more cautious about the choices of models. The application management will have the option to change more to a centralized point and work more with templates and packet publishing The discussion shows a positive impression of the technology on most aspects that it provides a lot of new tools and doesn’t exclude the old. The discussion also draws the conclusions that the hardware would be able to handle a large amount of clients and possibly even heavier applications if the server where given access to a GPU but this is purely speculative.

  • 3730.
    Berntsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Operating with Options: A Study of Volatility2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag haft intentionen att försöka förklara vikten av att ha en uppfattning av volatilitet när man handlar med Optioner. Syftet har varit att analysera ifall man kan lära sig från volatilitetens historia, och ifall historisk volatilitet är bättre på att indikera framtida volatilitet än marknadens volatilitet, även kallad den implicita volatiliteten. Syftet har även varit att undersöka ifall det går att göra vinst på Optioner om man har en annan uppfatt-ning om den framtida volailiteten.

    I uppsatsen har jag använt mig av Black, Scholes and Mertons epokavgörande teori om hur man prissätter Optioner, den så kallade Black-Scholes ekvationen. Från den ekvationen har jag erhålligt volailiteten i OMX index Optioner, den implicita volatiliteten. Black-Scholes ekvationen har likaså använts för att härleda denna faktiska och historiska volaliteten. För att kunna utnyttja en annan uppfattning om den framtida volaliteten än marknadens så har jag presenterat ett antal olika Options strategier.

    De slutsatser som jag har kunnat dra från år 2001 OMX index Optioner är att den implicita volaliteten verkar vara bättre på att förutspå den faktiska volaliteten än den historiska vola-tiliteten. Ingen av dem är en perfekt indikator på den faktiska volatiliteten men i genomsnitt så skiljer sig den implicita mindre från den faktiska än den historiska.

    För att sammanfatta volalitetens historia så kan man påstå att volatiliteten som reflekteras i Optionspriset sällan stämmer överens med den faktiska volatiliteten. Ingen sitter på Op-tionsmarknaden med en kristallkula och kan förutspå volatiliteten perfekt hela tiden. Sam-tidigt är det just skillnader i volatilitetstro mellan de olika aktörerna i en Optionsaffär som skapar handel och som gör Optioner till ett så användbart och intressant instrument.

  • 3731.
    Berntzen, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Literacy Research.
    Läsförståelse: En kvalitativ studie om sex lärares beskrivningar av läsförståelseundervisningen i årskurs 1 och 22018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningar från PISA visar att läsförståelsen i Sverige har varit dalande i flera år. Densenaste undersökningen från 2015 visar dock motsatt resultat. Syftet med dennakvalitativa studie är att ta reda på hur lärare arbetar medläsförståelseundervisning. Forskningsfrågorna i studien är Vad beskriverlärare utifrån sina egna erfarenheter är betydelsefulla inslag i undervisningenför elevers läsförståelseutveckling? Hur utmanar och stöttar lärarna enskildaelever i läsförståelseutvecklingen?  Studien grundar sig på den sociokulturellateorin och beskriver att elevers läsförståelseutveckling sker i ettsocialt samspel, när lärare vägleder, stöttar och utmanar eleverna. Resultatetvisar att högläsning, grupparbete och att motivera eleven är betydelsefullainslag i undervisningen. Elever stöttas med hjälp av olika redskap såsomdigitala enheter eller läshjälp från läraren.

  • 3732.
    Bernéus, Petter
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Den svenska kupongbeskattningen av utländska fondbolag och dess förenlighet med EU-rätten: Bör det svenska regelverket förändras2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this thesis has been to investigate if the Swedish legislation concerning taxation of dividends to foreign investment funds is in violation to EU law. Furthermore, the thesis will analyze if the Fondskatteutredningens suggestions to changes in the current legislation is appropriate to the purpose it tries to obtain.

    Today there is a difference in the taxation of dividends paid to Swedish investment funds and foreign investment funds. Dividends paid to foreign investment funds is being taxed in accordance with the Coupon Tax Act (1970:624), in which no deduction of the tax is possible. Swedish investment funds on the other hand have the possibility to deduct as much of the received dividends that they have given in dividends to its shareholders.

    The difference in the taxation between investment funds because of origin has been reviewed by both Swedish court and by the European Court of Justice. It has in these cases been up to the courts to review if a difference in taxation of dividends could constitute a violation of the free movement. Even if a national legislation would be considered to be in violation of the free movement there are however developed justifying obstacles to the free movement. These obstacles are being analyzed in the thesis to see if the difference in the Swedish taxation can be justified.

    Within the EU the UCITS-directive regulates investment funds. Since the directive is being changed and will come in to force during 2011 the Fondskatteutredningen was presented in 2009 which presents suggestions to changes in the Swedish legislation concerning taxation of dividends to investment funds. These new changes may constitute that the Swedish legislation no longer will be in violation of EU law.

  • 3733.
    Berrio Rueda, Diana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Echeverria Monsalve, Angelica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hoyos Jaramillo, Andres
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Managerial practices and perception of how music affects customers’ shopping behaviour: an insight from clothing retailers:  2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Several researchers have studied atmospheric factors like crowding, col-ours, music and olfactory cues and tested their effect on shopping behav-iour. In the particular case of the influence of music in consumers‟ be-haviour, several notable observations have been made.

    Yet, the majority of the studies have focused on the phenomena of the music and the influences of its different factors towards consumers‟ be-haviour but little research has focused on managerial awareness of such effects on its consumers. Thus, there are still a lot of doubts about man-ager‟s practices and perception regarding the use and effects of atmos-pheric music.

    In line with the approaches mentioned above, this thesis intends to fill this gap in the literature through the attainment of two objectives: the first one is to study what exactly clothing retailers are doing in terms of atmospheric music and the second objective is to examine their implicit theories about the impact of the music on consumers‟ shopping behav-iour.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to study managerial practices and percep-tions of how music affects customers‟ shopping behaviour in clothing retailers in Sweden.

    Method

    This study employs a qualitative method. The Data was obtained through semi-structured face to face interviews with managers and staff of clothing retailers in Jönköping. These interviews were conducted in clothing stores located in the two main commercial areas of the city where the majority of the stores were located.

    Conclusions

    Our research found that in the big retailers the atmospheric music is used in a more systematically way than in the small ones. This level of sys-tematization is directly related to the level of centralization in decision-making and to the size of the store.

    On the other hand, with regards to our second objective we found thatnot only managers but also the salespersons working in the clothing stores have a high degree of knowledge about how music affects their customer´s shopping behavior. Some of their implicit theories coincided with what previous researchers have found while others didn´t.

  • 3734. Bersisa, Mekkonen
    et al.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Multidimensional Measure of Poverty in Ethiopia: Factor and Stochastic Dominance Analysis2016In: Poverty and Well-Being in East Africa: A Multi-faceted Economic Approach / [ed] Almas Heshmati, Springer, 2016, , p. 281p. 215-238Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study did an in-depth analysis of multidimensional poverty in rural and small towns in Ethiopia. As social well-being or poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, using a multidimensional measure of poverty helps circumvent problems surrounding the conventional measures of poverty and helps show clearly the realities of households. In this line, our analysis used six dimensions with 14 indicators to construct a multidimensional index of poverty using first rounds of Ethiopian Rural Households’ Socioeconomic Survey data set. The study also employed a factor analysis for determining relative weights in computing a multidimensional index and did an in-depth analysis of stochastic dominancy of poverty for different segments of society. Besides, a comparison of the extent of poverty using the conventional measure of poverty and the multidimensional approach was also done. The results reveal that intensity, severity, and depth of poverty vary considerably across the two measures. Moreover, demographic, regional, and household heads’ characteristics are major factors in determining poverty.

  • 3735.
    Bertan, Franciele Olivo
    et al.
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Ferreira, Ana Cristina
    Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil.
    Pimenta, Marcio Lopes
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Análise da Integração Interfuncional nos Pontos de Contato de Processos de Desenvolvimento de Sementes2016In: Proceedings of the 36th Encontro Nacional de Engenharia de Produção, João Pessoa, 3-6 October, 2016., 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    O desenvolvimento de produtos (DP) abrange muitas atividades que devem ser executadas por profissionais de diferentes áreas, cada uma vendo o produto de uma perspectiva diferente, mas de forma complementar (ROZENFELD et al., 2006). Há uma vvertente pouco explorada na literatura sobre esse tema que estuda os pontos de contato, ou seja, as atividades que requerem integração para serem realizadas. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste artigo é caracterizar a integração interfuncional em pontos de contato presentes no DP no setor agroindustrial. Foram entrevistados 10 funcionários de duas empresas multinacionais produtoras de sementes que participavam de diversas fases dos processos de DP, sendo que foi possível obter opiniões sobre as características das fases: inicial, intermediária e final. Através da interpretação dos resultados foi possível criar um modelo próprio para explicar as fases do DP, e quais funções atuam em cada uma das fases. Observou-se que dependendo da área que a pessoa trabalha, ela participa somente de determinadas fases, diminuindo seu conhecimento sobre as fases posteriores e vice versa. Não tendo visão multidimensional, que envolve integração interfuncional, as fases do DP e os objetivos das atividades de DP, podem ocorrer conflitos que prejudicam o desenvolvimento como um todo. Isso ocorre, porque muitas vezes dentro de cada fase tem uma equipe formada de diferentes funções integradas, que possuem uma alta integração, porém na passagem de fases, muda-se a equipe e há uma baixa integração, entre as funções da equipe anterior e a equipe subsequente.

  • 3736.
    Bertan, Franciele Olivo
    et al.
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia.
    Ferreira, Ana Cristina
    Universidade Federal de Viçosa.
    Pimenta, Márcio Lopes
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Análise da Integração Interfuncional nos Pontos de Contato de Processos de Desenvolvimento de Sementes2016In: Organizações Rurais & Agroindustriais, ISSN 1517-3879, Vol. 18, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development (PD) includes many activities that must be performed by professionals from different areas, with a pluralist and complimentary perspective. The existing literature presents an important subject that is poorly explored: the points of contact, that is, activities that require cross-functional integration to be carried out. Thus, the purpose of this study is to characterize the cross-functional integration in the points of contact points of seed development processes, in the agricultural industry. We interviewed 10 employees representing different stages of the PD process, of two multinational seed companies. Based on this it was possible to obtain opinions on the characteristics of the stages: initial, intermediate and final. Through the interpretation of the results, it was possible to create a framework with the following dimensions: cross-functional integration, PD phases, and PD objectives. Depending on the area where the employee works, he/she participated only in a particular phase, decreasing his/her knowledge of the subsequent phases and vice versa. Thus, they do not have a multidimensional view of the PD process, which can be a source of conflicts in the PD process as a whole. There are also cases where, within a given phase, there is a high integration level between functions, however, when the process reaches the next phase, there is a low integration level between the functions of previous and subsequent stages.

  • 3737.
    Bertfelt, Emil
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Svenska ränteavdragsbegränsningsreglers förenlighet med EU-rätten2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3738.
    Bertfelt, Emil
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law.
    Uttagsbeskattningens förenlighet med etableringsfriheten: Borde man valt en annan väg?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3739. Berth, H
    et al.
    Baigi, A
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Växjö universitet.
    Marklund, B
    Life events, social support and sense of coherence among frequent attenders in primary health care2006In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 120, no 3, p. 229-236Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3740.
    Berthou, Lina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Studie av internt materialflöde vid Volvo Pentas fabrik i Vara2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within today’s organizations there is continual development work to increase efficiency and the power to compete at the market. Production development with focus on continual improvements constitutes an important part of the daily work within a lot of organizations today.

    The purpose of this study is to contribute to a part of the development process that Volvo Penta factory in Vara has in mind. A description of the current situation was compiled by mapping the internal runnings and material flow throughout the factory. A new suggestion for a layout and a comparison with the current situation will assist with creating a factual basis for the development of a new goods reception.

    A study was made where the volumes and the quantity of the daily arrival goods were settled. Another study mapped the fork lift - and the moped traffic of the factory. The quantity and the volume of the material that was transported were also settled. The layout that was proposed was used during the comparison.

    The compilation of the description of the current situation showed that the fork lift truck constitute 40 % of the total number of runnings. Empty box running and empty running constitute 15 % and 45% of the transportations respectively. The material-, empty box- and empty runnings of the moped are divided 40 %, 19 % and 41 %.

    The result of the comparison of the existing with the planned goods reception showed that the new solution would decrease the use of fork lift truck transportations by as much as 16 %. The equivalent rate for the moped runnings would be 3 %.

    The conclusion of the studies is that a new goods reception, placed close to the start point of the process, would make a contribution to a streamlining of the internal runnings in the factory. It was also established, by the layout flowchart, that the material- and the process flow would be more efficient.

    The aim of the project was achieved through the extensive studies that were made. All of the transport stretches can now be studied in depth according to which factors are seen to be most important. The study contains separate information from each driver. A closer review by each driver is therefore suggested during the continued work. The development of new transport stretches where coordinated runnings may decrease and empty runnings may decrease is possible in order to reach even greater efficiency.

  • 3741.
    Bertills, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Different is cool! Self-efficacy and participation of students with and without disabilities in school-based Physical Education2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-efficacy predicts school achievement. Participation is important for life outcomes. Functioning affects to what degree you can participate in everyday life situations. Participation-related constructs such as self-efficacy and functioning work both as a means of participation and as an end outcome. Learning takes place in this interrelationship. How relationships between participation and these constructs vary, depending on whether impacted by disability or not, how they develop over time and outcomes of these processes need to be explored.

    Method: In this three-year longitudinal study developmental processes of student self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate and functioning were explored. The context is school-based Physical Education (PE) in mainstream inclusive secondary school in Sweden. Data was collected from student and teacher questionnaires and observations of PE lessons. Students self-rated their perceived self-efficacy, aptitude to participate and functioning in school years seven and nine. Teachers self-rated their teaching skills. Student engagement, teaching behaviors, interactions and activities in Swedish school-based PE were observed in year eight. Relationships between the constructs and how they develop over time were studied in a total sample of 450 students (aged 12,5-15,5). Specifically focusing on three student groups, students with diagnosed disabilities (n=30), students with low grades in PE (n=36), and students with high grades (n=53) in PE.

    Results: Adapted instruments to measure self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate in PE, and functional skills (physical and socio-cognitive were developed and validated. PE specific self-efficacy is closely related to the aptitude to participate and has effects on student engagement and general self-efficacy. Over time PE specific self-efficacy increase in adolescents, but students with disabilities initially responded negatively if their PE teachers rated their teaching skills high. They were also more sensitive to the social environment, which was associated with PE grades over time. During this time the relationship between perceived physical functional skills and PE specific self-efficacy accelerated for students with disabilities. They were observed to be equally highly engaged in PE lessons as their peers. However, students with disabilities were observed to be closer to their teacher and tended to be less social and alone than their peers. Observed teaching skills as measured by level of alignment with syllabus, and affective tone when giving instructions showed differences in complexity and efficiency. Students in the study sample were more engaged in high-level teaching and were more frequently in communicative proximity to their teacher. In conditions of high-level teaching, teachers gave more instructions and used more materials for teaching purposes. Lessons were more often structured into whole group activities and lessons were more focused.

    Conclusion: PE specific self-efficacy measures students’ perceived knowledge and skills in PE and is related to students’ aptitude to participate, general self-efficacy and functioning. The overall findings imply that the developmental processes of perceived self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate and functioning differ between the student groups. PE specific self-efficacy and socio-cognitive functioning improve over time in all groups. Stronger associations of PE specific self-efficacy with aptitude to participate and functional skills, and weaker with general self-efficacy were found in students with disabilities compared to their typically functioning peers. Individual factors are vital to learning, but students with disabilities seem to be more sensitive to environmental factors than their peers. The aptitude to participate declines in students with disabilities, probably due to their experience of having physical restrictions. However, while participating in PE, they were similarly relatively highly engaged as their typically functioning peers. Instructions in PE indicate differences in complexity and efficiency of PE teaching. More complex lesson content requires more  instructions and more purposeful materials. Time was used more efficiently in high-level teaching conditions. Lessons were more focused and had more flow, leaving students with less time to socialize. Space was also used more efficiently, and teachers were closer to their students. Indicating that more individual support, feed-back and feedforward was provided. Students with disabilities were more frequently close to their teacher than their typically functioning peers. The use of more whole group formats indicate that teaching is more differentiated in high-level teaching. When activating students physically, teachers may choose simpler self-sustaining activities, i.e. sports games. Small group formats may be used for individual development of motor skills or drills.

  • 3742.
    Bertills, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Implementering av utomhuspedagogik: En studie om att införa ett nytt arbetssätt i skolan2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att undersöka lärarnas erfarenheter av implementeringen av utomhuspedagogik avseende förutsättningar, genomförande samt påverkan på undervisningen och elevers lärande. Studien avser att vara ett bidrag till forskning om implementeringsarbete i skolan, mer specifikt avseende implementering av utomhuspedagogik fyra timmar per vecka vid en F-6 skola i en mellanstor svensk stad.

    Metod: Datainsamling har utförts med hjälp av två fokusgruppsintervjuer och fyra enskilda intervjuer. Databearbetning har genomförts genom kvalitativa innehållsanalyser av intervjuerna i fyra arbetslag, där två representeras av arbetslag för ÅR F-3 och två av arbetslag för ÅR 4-6. Analys av data sammanfattas i en fallstudie över olika förutsättningar och utmaningar, men också gemensamma drag med att implementera utomhuspedagogik.

    Resultat: Resultat visar överlag att implementeringen av utomhuspedagogik inte motsvarade förväntningarna. Faktorer som framhålls haft negativ inverkan på implementeringen handlar främst om dess förutsättningar. Bestående positiva effekter märks framför allt i matematik där undervisningens innehåll uppfattas som mer meningsfull och i att enskilda lärare har utvecklat ämnesområden lämpliga för utomhuspedagogik.

    Slutsats: Större framgång med implementeringen av utomhuspedagogik skulle kunna ha nåtts om syftet tydligt förklarats och fördelarna klarlagts. Koppling mellan teori och praktik saknas. Lärarens intresse är avgörande för om undervisning sker utomhus. Resurser skulle ha avsatts för att stötta personalen i planering, genomförande och reflektion, samt för dokumentation, utvärdering och återkoppling.

  • 3743.
    Bertills, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Student engagement and high-quality teaching in PE2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3744.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Inclusive teaching skills and student engagement in physical education2019In: Frontiers in Education, ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 4, no 74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Including students with disabilities in school-based Physical Education (PE) is common practice. However, little is known about students’ engagement and interaction in this environment and how it is related to PE teaching skills. Student engagement and interaction patterns were therefore observed. A multiple time-sampling method was used to perform observations of individual, contextual and environmental aspects of student engagement in school-based PE lessons. Three groups of students, aged 14 (n = 94), with: (1) Disabilities (n = 23), (2) Low grades (n = 27), and (3) High grades (n = 44) were compared. Students, independent of group, showed relatively high engagement in PE. The observed frequency of linking lesson content to PE syllabus in combination with using a vibrant affective tone when instructing was used as an indicator of high-/low-level teaching skills. Higher student engagement was observed in environments with high-level PE teaching skills, which included more whole group teaching, a higher frequency of student-teacher communicative proximity and more instructions. Students with disabilities and with low grades were more often observed in whole group activities, students with high grades in small group activities. The primary type of support provided to students with disabilities in PE seemed to consist of communicative proximity to the teacher. They were more often observed to be close to the teacher. Our results suggest that proximity to the teacher may serve as an indicator of inclusive teaching. In high-level teaching environments, teachers were more frequently in communicative proximity to all students, which facilitates learning. Lessons were also more focused (physically and academically) and technical devices and music were used for teaching purposes. More complex lesson content requires more instructions and our results show that, despite more instructions, all student groups were more on-task. Implied from our observations is that lesson complexity, the structuring of whole/small group formats, teacher proximity, and student engagement are aspects to consider when studying school-based PE. More instructions, closer communicative proximity and higher student engagement in high-level teaching provide students with more learning opportunities and facilitate feed-back and feed-forward, and individual support to students with disabilities.

  • 3745.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Augustine, Lilly
    School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad university, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Measuring self-efficacy, aptitude to participate and functioning in students with and without impairments2018In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 572-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Including vulnerable groups of students such as students with learning disabilities in mainstream school research, require ethical considerations and questionnaire adaptation. These students are often excluded, due to low understanding or methodologies generating inadequate data. Students with disability need be studied as a separate group and provided accessible questionnaires. This pilot study aims at developing and evaluating student self-reported measures, rating aspects of student experiences of school-based Physical Education (PE). Instrument design, reliability and validity were examined in Swedish secondary school students (n = 47) including students, aged 13, with intellectual disability (n = 5) and without impairment and test–retested on 28 of these students. Psychometric results from the small pilot-study sample were confirmed in analyses based on replies from the first wave of data collection in the main study (n = 450). Results show adequate internal consistency, factor structure and relations between measures. In conclusion, reliability and validity were satisfactory in scales to measure self-efficacy in general, in PE, and aptitude to participate. Adapting proxy ratings for functioning into self-reports indicated problems. Adequacy of adjustments made were confirmed and a dichotomous scale for typical/atypical function is suggested for further analyses.

  • 3746.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad.
    Quality teaching and student perceived self-efficacy, function and aptitude to participate in PE2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Students with disability show a trajectory of higher incidence of school failure. High quality teaching and proper support may foster high self-efficacy, as protective factors for successful school outcomes. Physical Education (PE) can provide students with a context in which self-efficacy is promoted. At transition into high school with higher cognitive stakes, developmental changes and individual social identification coinciding, a disability may add to the challenge of success. Investigating self-efficacy as a predictor of achievement operationalized as grade points, student perceived self-efficacy, function and aptitude to participate in PE, and teacher rated teaching quality are examined.

    Method: Three groups were studied, students with 1. Diagnosed disability, 2. Low grades and 3. High grades in PE in year 6. Questionnaires were completed by students in 26 classes including classmates (n=450, 228 boys) and their PE-teachers (n=25). Correlations were analyzed, differentiating groups of students.

    Results: Students with disabilities experience lower general self-efficacy and in PE, and are less apt to participate in PE. Their PE self-efficacy is higher if the classroom climate is good. PE-teachers systematic work with grading has positive effects on academic and movement self-efficacy for students with low grades and on health self-efficacy for students with high grades. Highest effect of perceived socio-cognitive function is displayed in students with low grades, the correlation is stronger in general self-efficacy than in self-efficacy in PE. Students with high grades have higher self-efficacy in general and in PE.

    Conclusions: Student perceived socio-cognitive function is of major importance to students experience of self-efficacy. Most impact is seen on subscales measuring academic and movement self-efficacy.

  • 3747.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Student engagement and high quality teaching in PE2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3748.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Dahlström, Örjan
    SIDR, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad.
    Quality teaching and student perceived self-efficacy, function and aptitude to participate in Physical Education2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3749.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Relationships between physical education (PE) teaching and student self-efficacy, aptitude to participate in PE and functional skills: with a special focus on students with disabilities2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 387-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Students with disability show an increasing incidence of school failure. Quality teaching and appropriate support may foster high self-efficacy, a predictive factor for successful school outcomes. Physical Education (PE) can provide students with a context in which self-efficacy and participation are promoted leading to improved academic achievement. The transition into secondary school can be challenging for many students with increased educational demands, developmental changes and individual social identification coinciding. A disability may add to the challenge of success.

    Methods: Three groups of students, aged 13 years and enrolled in Swedish mainstream schools were targeted (n = 439). Groups included students with 1. A diagnosed disability, 2. Low grades in PE (D–F) and 3. High grades (A–C) in PE. Questionnaires were collected and analyzed from 30/439 students with a diagnosed disability (physical, neuro-developmental and intellectual) from 26 classes, their classmates and their PE-teachers (n = 25). Relationships between student self-reports and PE-teachers’ self-ratings were investigated. Also examined was the potential to which students’ functional skills could predict elevated general school self-efficacy, PE specific self-efficacy and aptitude to participate in PE. Results were compared with the total sample and between the three target groups (n = 121).

    Results: For students with disabilities, better self-rated teaching skills were related to lower student perceived general school self-efficacy, PE specific self-efficacy and aptitude to participate in PE. The impact of classroom climate in PE was more obvious among students with disabilities. Perceived functional skills were associated with elevated general school self-efficacy, PE specific self-efficacy and aptitude to participate in PE. Better socio-cognitive functional skills had an overall positive effect on all outcomes. Students with disabilities reported results similar to the total sample, the D–F group scored lower and the A–C group higher than the total sample and the disability group. Elevated self-efficacy in PE is six times less probable in students with disabilities, compared to the A–C group.

    Conclusions: Our findings that better teacher planning and grading skills, are detrimental to students disadvantaged by disability is contradictive. Improving the establishment and communication of adapted learning standards at the transition to secondary school is a crucial and a predictive factor for promoting positive school experiences for students with disability. Students with disabilities need to be assured that the intended learning outcomes can be reached by doing activities differently than their typically functioning peers. Consideration of class composition is suggested as a means of promoting a positive learning climate, which would particularly benefit students with disabilities. Allocation of resources to support student socio-cognitive skills would improve experiences for the D–F group and likely promote a positive learning environment.

  • 3750.
    Bertilsson, Elina
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Gillberg, Emma
    Jönköping University.
    The Communicated Beauty Ideal on Social Media: Perceptions of young women in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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