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  • 351.
    Lundström, Ellinor
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Homelessness in Borås - Individual and structural factors2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 352.
    Lundström, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Stereotyper och bedömningar: En kvantitativ vinjettstudie som undersöker om ADHD-diagnosen påverkar socialsekreterares förhandsbedömningar vid orosanmälningar som gäller unga2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine social workers’ assessments regarding a notification of concern of adolescents are affected by whether the adolescent have an ADHD diagnosis or not. The hypothesis was that social workers’ assessments of need of immediate protection, reason for concern for the adolescent, whether an investigation should be initiated or not and their identification risk and protection factors differ depending on whether the adolescent has an ADHD diagnosis or not. A quantitative vignette survey with associated questionnaire was conducted. Two vignettes were designed with the only difference that in one vignette there was information that the adolescent has an ADHD diagnosis. Altogether, 86 social workers handling investigations of children and/ or young persons, participated in the study, whereof 42 handled the vignette with ADHD and 44 the vignette without ADHD.  The result shows statistically significant differences in social workers’ assessments regarding five areas of concern (behavioral problems in the adolescent, mental illness in the adolescent, physical or mental disability in the adolescent, the adolescent’s ability to cope with herself and physical or mental disability in the mother) and one risk factor (mother's alcohol use), depending on whether the adolescent has ADHD diagnosis or not. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments regarding immediate protection assessment, preliminary assessment or identified protection factors. The results are discussed in relation to whether social workers´ knowledge about ADHD, social representations of ADHD and stereotypes of ADHD may have influenced the results. The results of this study can contribute to the discussion on ADHD in social childcare and can be used to raise awareness among social workers´ about how they handle assessments of adolescents with ADHD diagnosis in order to promote that assessments are made on real grounds. The result could also provide a basis for further research, for example through qualitative studies in the field, in order to gain a deeper understanding and to highlight the causes of the differences between the vignettes.

  • 353.
    Magnusson, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hannela, Ljung
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    “Allt faller tillbaka på oss handläggare”: En kartläggning av riktlinjer och arbetssätt för biståndshandläggare i Jönköpings län gällande äldre personer med alkoholmissbruk.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics shows that guidelines or strategies are missing within several municipalities in Sweden concerning handling cases with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. Research points at an increased need of studies, knowledge and education for social workers and caregivers who’s working with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem in Sweden. In order to illustrate this, a survey was handed out to all the social workers working with elderly people in the 13 municipalities in Jönköping County to examine their experience and possible lack and need of guidelines and support concerning cases with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. Possible differences were also examined regarding how the social workers handle cases concerning elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. This quantitative research is based on responses from 57 social workers, participating in the survey. Data has been analysed through correlation analysis and comparative analysis to examine possible connections and enable to create a map of the survey.The result shows that the majority of the respondents experience that there are no guidelines regarding how the social workers should handle cases concerning elderly people with abuse or addiction problem and that the social workers in general want more education and knowledge about the subject from the municipalities. The result also reveals that the social workers mostly handle this kind of cases in a similar way regardless of background factors.

  • 354.
    Manzoor, Mirfa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    E-services for the social inclusion of people with disabilities: A literature review2017In: Technology and Disability, ISSN 1055-4181, E-ISSN 1878-643X, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 15-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: It is assumed that e-services support persons with disabilities in their everyday life by improving communication and interaction with healthcare organizations and whilst facilitating their social inclusion.

    AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the contribution of e-services in terms of how they diminish barriers and constraints on social inclusion.

    METHOD: A literature review was performed, covering the period between 2010 and 2016 (6 years). Only studies that discussed the social inclusion of people with disabilities or presented prototype solutions to this problem were included.

    RESULTS: The results of this study show that there is a lack of theoretical framework which can be used to measure the effectiveness of the e-services or innovations in the area of e-services in the contexts that were examined. The existing research studies are normally generic and do not discuss whether the requirements that are imposed on a particular e-service differ depending on (i) type of disability, (ii) the ICT-maturity or skill of the end-user, or (iii) context in which the e-service will be used. In general, previous research in this area claims that e-services do assist people with disabilities access to society (defined as the community in which they live), even when no evidence is actually presented about the impact such services have in this area of the end-user's life.

    CONCLUSION: The results of the present study present us with new knowledge about the types of ICT-based innovations and e-services that have been proposed to facilitate the social integration of people with disabilities. 

  • 355.
    Maslic, Alma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lind, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Socialtjänsten och heder: Socialsekreterares syn på hantering av hedersärenden och den upplevda kompetensen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med de senaste årtiondenas migration till Sverige har hedersförtryck kommit att bli ett allt viktigare socialt problem. Socialtjänsten har det yttersta ansvaret för att arbeta med personer som utsätts för hedersrelaterat förtryck. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur socialsekreterare ser på kunskapen kring hedersvåld i Sverige. I studien undersöks också hur socialsekreterarna i Sverige arbetar med hedersrelaterade ärenden. Uppsatsen baseras på en kvalitativ studie som består av intervjuer och diskussion kring ett fiktivt ärende. Studien har genomförts i två svenska kommuner. Resultatet i denna studie visar på att socialsekreterarna har kunskap och kompetens inom detta område även om vissa av socialsekreterarna som vi intervjuade inte alltid höll med om detta. I resultatet beskrivs också de viktigaste faktorerna att tänka på när socialsekreterare arbetar med hedersrelaterade ärenden. 

  • 356.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Alves, Ines
    Consiglio Nazionale sulla Disabilità (CND), Italy.
    Moretti, Marta
    Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich, Switzerland.
    A Systematic Literature Review of the ICF/ICF-CY in Education: A Useful Tool for Inclusion or a Flight of Fantasy?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) is meant to be a universal language for professionals working with functioning and health in children and adults. So far most applications of ICF have been in the field of health sciences. Is it also applicable to education? This paper aims to present the outcome of a systematic literature review in the fields of education, more specifically education of children with disabilities or special educational needs and the ICF. Devised as a complementary classification of health and functioning by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2001 with a child and youth version (ICF-CY) published in 2007, it introduces a biopsycosocial approach to functioning. This stresses the importance of the environment and participation experience and incorporates components described at the body, individual and societal levels. One of the aims of inclusive education is to enhance the access and participation of children with disabilities (UNESCO, 1994; United Nations, 1989, 2006). From a disability perspective the biopsychosocial model emphasizes that the needs of persons with disabilities being not just medical but more broadly, social, educational and functional in nature (Simeonsson et al., 2003).  Disability is understood as a complex interaction between a health condition and contextual factors and not as an attribute of a person.

    The ICF appears to be mostly used in the medical field with reviews highlighting its use and applications (Bruyère, Van Looy, & Peterson, 2005). However, if there is considerable work done in terms of the use of the ICF/ICF-CY in the medical and rehabilitation fields, this does not appear to be the case when we consider its presence, concepts and model in the field of education: it is unknown how well received or known the ICF is in the educational field. Thus, this literature review intends to situate the current debates in education, such as additional support, eligibility, and goal planning, which relate to the ICF and its concepts and also to report the extent to which it is being used. The main interest of this literature review is to explore how the ICF and its child and youth version (ICF-CY), are currently situated in the field of education with respect to various processes at different levels with an international perspective. This research focus can be broken into three key questions:- Is the ICF/ ICF-CY is used in educational context today? If yes, how is it used?- What critical points arise when using the ICF/ ICF-CY in educational settings, namely what are the possible effects of the use of the ICF/ ICF-CY in the approaches to additional support provision with a view to ensuring inclusion?- Are the ICF/ ICF-CY components present in the reviewed articles, namely how is the environment described, which personal factors are mentioned, and how is the concept of participation used?

     

    Method

    This study uses a systematic review of the literature using database keyword searches. Studies exploring the relationship between education, the ICF and its related concepts: participation, environment, and personal factors were sought. The keywords used to search in the databases were applied after qualitative test searches were carried out to establish the suitability of the terms. The selection of studies was then refined further using inclusion and exclusion protocols. The protocols investigated the paper contents at different levels: abstract, full-text, and full-text quality level. In addition an extraction protocol is also used on the included documents to draw on the points which arise from the research questions and provide the basis for the main discussion.

    Expected Outcomes

    The final search was limited to works which had an ICF and an educational focus and using this strategy 423 studies were found. The primary-step protocol stipulated that abstracts containing at least one ICF-related factor, and at least one education-related factor were included. All of the authors examined the first 100 abstracts and a check for inter-rater reliability was made. Approximately 150 further abstracts were examined by each of the authors ensuring that the majority of the abstracts were reviewed by more than one author. Overall inter-rater reliability was calculated. After the primary stage 70 abstracts met the inclusion criteria for the second stage of review at full-text level. Preliminary results suggest that there is little application of the ICF/ICF-CY at different levels of education systems. When it is used it appears to be linked to SEN, Special Education, Special Needs, disability in general or specific disabilities. Whether the framework itself will be of direct use for different education purposes remains to be resolved. It is the view of the authors, having undertaking this review, that the concepts ICF/ICF-CY introduces – especially those of disability and participation – will have a long-lasting and positive effect on inclusive education.

    References

    Bruyère, S. M., Van Looy, S. A., & Peterson, D. B. (2005). The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: Contemporary Literature Overview. Rehabilitation Psychology 50(2), 113-121. Simeonsson, R. J., Leonardi, M., Lollar, D., Bjorck-Akesson, E., Hollenweger, J., & Martinuzzi, A. (2003). Applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to measure childhood disability. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25(11-12), 602-610. UNESCO (1994). Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education. United Nations. (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations. (2006). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. WHO. (2001). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Geneva: WHO. WHO. (2007). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Version for Children and Youth, ICF-CY. Geneva: WHO.

     

  • 357.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Alves, Ines
    Consiglio Nazionale sulla Disabilità (CND), Italy.
    Moretti, Marta
    Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich, Switzerland.
    The ICF-CY as a tool to enhance communication between education professionals: Applying the ICF coding rules to education documents2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) and its child and youth derivative the ICF-CY is meant to be a universal language for professionals working with functioning and health in children and adults. Use of the ICF-CY's codes in educational documents which refer to individual characteristics – such as individual education plans – could greatly enhance communication between support professionals. To date this has not been attempted. This paper proposes to use and adapt an established health and rehabilitation-based coding methodology (Cieza et al., 2005) to do this.

    This project looks to validate and adapt the use of ICF coding rules on education documents. This project will also validate whether ICF-CY codes give a good description of a child and their learning environment, or whether the ICF-CY could be better used in another way to construct a tool to do this. This study also aims to establish whether the ICF-CY can be directly used to enhanced communication between differing education support professionals and between support professionals and parents.

    Initially devised in 2002 (Cieza et al., 2002) with an update in 2005 (Cieza et al., 2005) there currently exists coding rules or guidelines for coding textual information to ICF values. This has so far only been applied in the health and rehabilitation field. We propose to use these in education by coding information specific to individuals (such as that found in individual education plans).

  • 358.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    How are conditions for participation expressed in education policy documents?: A review of documents in Scotland and Sweden2011In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 251-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study approaches inclusive schools by looking at how conditions for participation are expressed for pupils with additional support needs in education policy documents in Sweden and Scotland. By using five dimensions of the environment – availability, accessibility, affordability, accommodability, and acceptability – expressions of conditions for participation are explored in 41 documents. This is done in a vertical manner by analysing national laws, regional policy documents, and local-level documents which directly influence classroom practices. A deductive content analysis approach using a protocol based on the five environmental dimensions is used to extract information and identify meaning units. In the meaning units meaningful concepts are identified and linked to ICF-CY categories. These are used as reference points. It is suggested, from the documents analysed, that conditions for participation are easy to express as available, accessible opportunities, or affordability issues, but not as involvement experiences linked to accommodations made and acceptability issues within a context. Documents in Scotland and Sweden also have different foci in terms of conditions for participation.

  • 359.
    Melkersson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Torevi, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Samverkan under ett gemensamt tak: En intervjustudie om professionellas upplevelser av att samverka i ett Barnahus2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att undersöka upplevelsen av hur samverkan fungerar i ett Barnahus och vilka faktorer som påverkar samverkan. Studien eftersträvar också att utforska upplevelsen av hur samverkan påverkar målet att uppnå bättre arbetsmetoder kring barn som misstänks vara utsatta för allvarliga brott. En kvalitativ intervjustudie med samtliga involverade professioner i ett utvalt Barnahus har genomförts. En tematisk analys resulterade i åtta stycken teman. De teman som kunde urskiljas är: öppet klimat på kort tid, natt och dag, spindlarna i nätet, ringar på vattnet, en fråga om inställning, Barnahus är allas hus, tydlighet är husets väggar och något bra på spåren. Resultatet har vidare tolkats och diskuterats utifrån bakgrund och tidigare forskning samt den valda teoretiska utgångspunkten sociologisk nyinstitutionell teori, Med hjälp av den teoretiska utgångspunkten har framförallt det personliga bidragets inverkan visat sig mer betydelsefullt i samverkan i Barnahus än vad som tidigare framkommit. Studien visar också på att upplevelsen av en god samverkan uppstår till följd av faktorer på såväl individ-, grupp- som samhällsnivå.

  • 360.
    Modin, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa i media: En kritisk diskursanalys av medias framställning av unga med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness among young people is a constantly increasing problem that affects the media debate regarding the subject. Media has a strong position of power in the society today, which makes it important to critically explore its production of the expanding health problem. The aim of the study is to investigate how Swedish newspapers portraits mental illness among young people during a one-year period. The critical discourse analysis is used to explore the relationship between the use of language and the maintenance of the unequal distribution of power in the society. Furthermore, it is used to analyse if it is experts or young people who gives a voice in the matter. The result is divided in three main categories; the welfare-discourse, the postmodern discourse and the individualistic discourse. The welfare-discourse revealed how the Swedish welfare state fails regarding its obligations to cover all citizens needs regarding mental health issues. The postmodern discourse featured a society where young people are highly exposed to structural stressors as higher demands in the education and labour market and the stress enchanted by social media. The individualistic discourse presented how social causes are to be solved by individualistic interventions. The result in general showed a lack of preventive approach regarding solutions to the problem. Within all discourses, experts and professionals were the ones who mainly got a voice in the matter, which mirrors the young people’s lack of power in relation to experts. This reflect and reflects cultural trends which further leads to influence political interventions and therefore social work practices.

  • 361.
    Monwell, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    En dyster parentes – opiatregeln i svensk LARO-behandling 2010–20162019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Opioids are well documented to arouse euphoria, relieve pain, and to have a high dependency potential. Opioid dependence is a serious chronic condition with a high risk of extensive worsened health, relapse and premature death.

    Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is well researched and has strong scientific support. In Sweden, OMT over time was subjected to polarised and infected political debate and has been strictly regulated by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW). During 2010–2016 NBHW redefined the diagnostic concept of “opiate dependence” in the regulation SOSFS 2009:27. Dependence to only three opioids: heroin, opium or morphine, could give eligibility to OMT (here called the “opiate rule”). The purpose stated was to prevent those dependent to other opioides, e.g. buprenorphine,from receiving OMT. Applicants with severe opioid dependence were thereby divided into two subgroups: those with “opiate” dependence related to heroin, morphine or opium, and those with opioid dependence who lacked documentation in relation to the three opiates. The question is whether there were differences between these groups concerning problem severity or substance-related diagnostics that could justify differences in access to OMT?

    A population (n = 127) actualised for OMT during 2005-2011 in Jönköping County is studied regarding severity of problems, diagnostics and trajectories in and out of treatment. In order to provide precise drug use data, a cognitive tool for taking anamnestic information, called the Drug List, was developed.

    In Study I, using the Addiction Severity Index, the two groups were found to be quite similar in severity of health problems, social situation and drug problems, including overdoses and injections.

    In Study II, the Drug List was found to be superior to a traditional way of taking anamnestic data, more sensitive and giving more precise data, without taking more time. Validity was shown in relation to faked drugs.

    In Study III, using a structured diagnostic interview, ADDIS, with the Drug List, showed that both two groups qualified for severe opioid dependence, that opiates and other opioids had contributed equally to the development of opioid dependency, and that the two groups also had similar additional substance dependence problems.

    Study IV investigated how “the opiate rule” affected practice by interviewing representatives of OMT clinics as well as a representative of a users’ association. The regulation created dilemmas for clinics as well as for users. Users developed a strategy of getting "negative merits" for being eligible to OMT. Clinicians developed strategies to find ways “around” the regulation in order to admit patients in OMT.

    Study V followed those who had applied for OMT and found four trajectory subgroups – those denied OMT, those discharged, those readmitted, and those who remained in treatment. The study provides evidence for a more positive development being related to more involvment in OMT concerning health, social situation as well as substance use problems. Being denied or discharged is related to increased risks of a negative development.

    The thesis conclude that there was no support for dividing applicants according to “the opiate rule”. The purpose of top-down control using regulations, is to guarantee uniform and knowledge-based care. In this case the regulation had negative effects in these respects, increasing risks for the applicants, and lost credibility from the profession. The opiate rule in SOSFS 2009:27 is therefore a dismal parenthesis in the history of OMT in Sweden, and could be studied to prevent similar mistakes in the future.

  • 362.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Blix, Olof
    Beroendemottagningen, Psykiatriska kliniken, Länssjukhuset Ryhov.
    Bülow, Per
    Psykiatriska kliniken, Länssjukhuset Ryhov.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Ämneslista som kognitivt stöd gav utförligare uppgifter om droganvändning: Jämförelse av två metoder för utredning av opioidberoende2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 48, p. 2178-2180Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 363.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Opioid maintenance treatment: trajectories in and out of treatment2019In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 24-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Although efficacy studies of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) have shown evidence of treatment benefits, there is still need for studies on its effectiveness in natural clinical processes. This study investigates the development in health, substance use and social conditions of those who applied for OMT, including those denied access or discharged.

    Method: First, persons assessed for admittance in 2005–2011 (n = 127) were categorized into four trajectory groups based on whether they were admitted or denied (n = 19), discharged (n = 31), readmitted (n = 21) or had been undergoing OMT without interruption (n = 56). Second, 99 of these, the analytical sample, were interviewed at follow-up using (a) the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) for seven problem-areas and housing, and (b) self-rated change in 11 problem areas. The ASI was compared to baseline interviews after 55 months (mean). Third, outcomes within groups was studied in relation to alternative interventions.

    Results: Within the analytical sample, those denied OMT showed no improvements at group level, those discharged had some improvements, more if readmitted than if not and those with uninterrupted OMT showed the most comprehensive improvements. Those outside OMT, denied and discharged, had considerable mortality risks related to ongoing drug use, especially in lack of well-planned alternative interventions.

    Conclusion: Improvements strongly relate to access to OMT. This study underscores that access to OMT improves the situation in all areas investigated and decreases the risk for drug-related death. It underscores the importance of two major risk situations, i.e. being denied OMT and being discharged.

  • 364.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Type of opioid dependence: Are there differences in background and severity of problems? 2017In: Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, ISSN 1592-1638Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 365.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Johnson, B.
    Opiatregeln i konflikt med vetenskap,yrkesetik och klinisk erfarenhet: Hur en föreskrift för LARO hanterades ipraktikenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 366.
    Muratagic, Mia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Smiljanic, Jesika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggarens salutogena förhållningssätt i möten med utrikesfödda äldre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly people with a different cultural background than swedish is now a targeted group that is becoming more relevant in elderly care. The swedish elderly care has also focused much of the work to be carried out according to a salutogenic approach and several development projects in this perspective has been practiced in many parts of the country's municipalities. The purpose of this study was to create a greater understanding of the care managers work with foreign-born elderly people from a salutogenic approach. For us to be able to answer the purpose of the study we collected empirical material through semi-structured interviews from five care managers from two different municipalities in central Sweden. The results are presented and analyzed based on the collected empirical data that we then tied together with the key concepts and previous research. The results showed that the challenges that the care managers encounter in their salutogenic approach is the language deficiencies and demands for action because they differ from the Swedish culture. In the discussion we write our thought about the future development concidering the care managers work with foreign-born elderly.

  • 367.
    Murray, Nina
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Hatfield, Megan
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Evaluation of career planning tools for use with individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review2016In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 23, p. 188-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This systematic review aimed to identify tools published in peer reviewed journals that could be utilised in career planning for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to describe their clinical utility and psychometric properties. Due to limited results for ASD-specific tools, the search was broadened to career planning tools for individuals with a cognitive or developmental disability, which could be used by individuals with ASD. Six databases were electronically searched. Main search terms used were 'disability', 'young adult', 'assessment' and 'employment'. Boolean operators expanded the search strategy. Two independent reviewers undertook data extraction and quality assessment. Electronic searches located 2348 literature items; 14 articles met inclusion criteria covering 10 career planning tools. Identified tools were of a predictive nature; however, none of the studies assessed all the psychometric properties necessary for evaluating a sound predictive tool. Only one addressed all three components of clinical utility. None of the identified tools had strong reliability or validity and their clinical utility remains unexplored. 

  • 368.
    Mårtensson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Wide, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Mer än bara bortgifte: En studie om professionellas perspektiv på barn och unga i Sverige som blir bortgifta mot sin vilja2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the professional perspective to the life situation of children and youth in Sweden that is being forced into marriage. The study also focuses on identifying eventual difficulties in the professionals work and how the professionals describe the problem with children and youth being forced into marriage. In order to examine this, we have conducted qualitative interviews with school counsellors and social workers that have worked with these individuals. In our analysis we have discussed the occurrence of control, coercion, violence and free will that we have found in the interviews with the professionals. The study also emphasizes what a hard-defined concept forced marriage is and that it should be understood in its context. In addition, we have also explained the difficulties the children and youth may experience that have been placed in shelters because of the risk of being forced into marriage. The result has been interpreted from theories of patriarchal structures and honor cultures because we find these theories relevant for our study and because the professionals have talked about them during the interviews.

  • 369.
    Narbutaite Aflaki, Inga
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Schneider, Thomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Utmaningar och framgångsfaktorer för att initiera, genomföra och anpassa ett idéburet-offentligt partnerskap: Ett kunskapsunderlag från följeforskning av IOP ensamkommande i Göteborg 2016-20172017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet ensamkommande barn som kom till Sverige för att söka asyl ökade kraftigt under en period mellan 2014 och 2016, och speciellt många kom under hösten 2015. Flyktingvågen ställde nya krav på kommunerna men öppnade samtidigt möjligheter för innovativa angreppssätt. För att ta ett helhetsgrepp om mottagandet av ensamkommande barn och ungdomar inleddes en relativt ny form av samverkan, ett idéburet–offentligt partnerskap (IOP), mellan Göteborgs kommun (Social resursförvaltning) och sju (senare nio) idéburna verksamheter. Ett IOP utgör ett nytt sätt att tänka kring samverkan mellan staten och det civila samhället och kan ses som ett alternativ till upphandlingskontrakt och sedvanliga föreningsbidrag, framförallt inom sociala och integrationsfrågor. Det finns ännu begränsad kunskap kring implementeringen av IOP och implikationerna för båda sektorerna. Syftet med denna rapport är att ta fram kunskap om samverkansmodellen idéburet–offentligt partnerskap till nytta för framtida liknande arrangemang. Genom att samla in kunskap om IOP-samarbete i form av framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar ges bättre förutsättningar för tillämpningen av IOP-avtal inom andra välfärdsområden och inom andra kommuner och offentliga verksamheter. Projektet har genomförts i form av följeforskning på IOP Ensamkommande i Göteborg. Sammanfattningsvis, baserat på innehållet i detta kunskapsunderlag om IOP lyfter vi fram fyra rekommendationer för att öka användningen av IOP som samarbetsform: (1) Det behövs en ökad vilja och ett mod bland politiker och ledande tjänstemän inom den offentliga sektorn att våga initiera IOP-avtal trots juridiska oklarheter. Initierandet av IOP-samarbeten behöver stödjas av policyentreprenörer inom bägge sek-torerna och ha som utgångspunkt att olika organisationers identitet ska bevaras, och att klimatet ska vara präglat av tillit, öppna dialoger och en gemensam värdegrund. (2) För att framgångsrikt kunna genomföra ett IOP är det nödvändigt med en partnergemensam styrning, ledning och en aktiv samordning som bygger på vilja, tillit, ömsesidigt inflytande och kommunikation över organisationsgränserna. Något annat som är viktigt för att lyckas med ett IOP är att de idéburna aktörerna hittar sina unika roller i partnerskapet och förmedlar komplementära tjänster/insatser och därmed mervärden. (3) För att partnerskapet ska bli hållbart över tid och kunna anpassas efter nya förutsättningar krävs en fortsatt gemensam vilja, tillit och utvecklade relationer så att man hela tiden kan balansera mellan konflikt och konsensus, och mellan kontinuitet och förändring. (4) Det behövs en djupare och bredare kunskap om IOP generellt inom båda sektorerna, och i synnerhet om när och hur man kan initiera och driva ett IOP. Detta kan erhållas genom olika former av kunskapsutveckling och kunskapsspridning som utgår från flera praktiska exempel på IOP-samverkan.

  • 370.
    Nelander Ekehage, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Leicht, Alma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    ...Alltså, Det är inte kravlöst. Att få försörjningsstöd: En intervjustudie av ekonomihandläggares arbete med personer med missbruksproblem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har gjort en kvalitativ studie kring ekonomihandläggarens arbete med personer med missbruksproblematik. Anledningen till att vi valde att studera detta var att vi i litteraturen inte hittade någon tydlig arbetsrutin för den här gruppen av försörjningsstödstagare.

    Våra frågeställningar är:

    • Vad fokuserar respondenterna på i sin bedömning av rätten till försörjningsstöd för en person med missbruksproblem?
    • Vilket eller vilka arbetsmönster kan vi identifiera i respondenternas arbete med personer med missbruksproblem?

    Vi har utgått från tidigare forskning kring ekonomiskt bistånd och även forskning kring missbruk och missbruksvård. Teoretiska utgångspunkter är Prochaskas och DiClementes teori om förändringsprocessen samt Lipskys teori om gräsrotsbyråkraten.

    Vi har intervjuat nio olika handläggare för ekonomiskt bistånd från tre kommuner. Intervjuerna har kretsat kring en vinjett som beskriver en man med missbruksproblem som ansöker om försörjningsstöd.

    De slutsatser vi kan dra av studien är att respondenterna i sina bedömningar fokuserar på vad mannen gör för att förändra sin situation, några respondenter ställer krav på att mannen skall vara i kontakt med missbrukshandläggare eller delta i missbruksbehandling, några respondenter fokuserar på mannens motivation till att förändras. Respondenterna är oense i huruvida det skulle leda till ett avslag eller ej om mannen inte deltar i behandling enligt plan. Det arbetsmönster som vi kan identifiera är att respondenterna utgår från att klienten står till arbetsmarknadens förfogande för att sedan revidiera planen om det visar sig att klienten har något arbetshinder. Om klienten visar sig ha missbruksproblem utgår ekonomihandläggaren från det och förmedlar kontakt med missbrukshandläggare. Vidare ser vi att respondenterna har en kontinuerlig kontakt med missbruksenheten gällande gemensamma klienter. 

  • 371. Nilsen, Charlotta
    et al.
    Darin Mattsson, Alexander
    Fors, Stefan
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Work-related stress, midlife socioeconomic position, complex and severe health problems in old age2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 372.
    Nilsson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Carlqvist, Ann-Britt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Våld i HBT-relationer ur ett socialarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares upplevelser av att arbeta med våld i HBT-relationer2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study at hand is to analyze and study which educational and organizational conditions the social workers believe exist in order for them to meet the need for support for those who have experienced violence in an LGBT-relationship. Furthermore, the purpose is to investigate and analyze the social workers' descriptions and notions of the terms "power", "norms" and "values" in conjunction with the practical work with violence in LGBT-relationships. The study has a phenomenographical approach and is based on interviews with social workers who work with violence in close relationships. In the study, we have used the perspective of power as a theoretical frame of reference. The result shows that personal as well as the society's norms and values have a great influence on how the clients are treated in the practical work carried out. The social workers accentuate the importance of revised policies and action plans, since they make a good support in the daily work. The fact that LGBT-persons are a neglected group, the socialworkers agree upon, since only one of our informants have experience of meeting people who have been subjected to violence in LGBT-relationships. The social workers stress the importance of being gender-neutral in their approach, at the same time as it is crucial to keep a scrutinizing discussion within the organization, in order to make this group visible. To sum up, the result in our study shows that power is present in both individual, organisational and community levels, when it comes to social work regarding violence in LGBT-relationships.

  • 373.
    Nilsson, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Frihet, regler och läkarintyg: en uppföljning av Samverkansmodellen mellan Försäkringskassan och Landstinget i Jönköpings län2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 374.
    Nilsson, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Which social values can the use of horticulture as therapy add to the social care of the elderly?2012In: Social work social development 2012 : action and impact, 8-12 July 2012, Stockholm, Sweden: Abstract book, 2012, p. 191-192Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 375.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Conceptualizing and contextualizing mindfulness: New and critical perspectives2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation aims at analyzing mindfulness as a concept and a multidimensional phenomenon in its historic and primordial but also contemporary contexts. In the course of examining this more general question, this dissertation targets four specific objectives: 1) classifying existing definitions of mindfulness, 2) critically analyzing and interpreting the Buddhist and Western interpretations and practices of mindfulness, 3) elaborating on the social and existential dimensions of mindfulness, and 4) applying these dimensions in advancing the notion of mindful sustainable aging in the context of successful aging. Paper I examines and assesses the numerous definitions of mindfulness that have been presented over the years by a wide range of scholars from a variety of disciplines. Paper II traces the roots of modern mindfulness in Buddhism. It continues by exploring the utility and practices of mindfulness in the context of social work. The definitions provided in Paper I and the Buddhist underpinnings discussed in Paper II call attention to the fact that in addition to the more commonly considered physical and mental dimensions, mindfulness contains a social and an existential dimension as well – dimensions that remain under-researched and not well understood. To redress this imbalance, Paper III elaborates on these two latter dimensions, emphasizing their potential to enhance health, wellbeing and meaning in life. Paper III further argues that a more nuanced understanding of physical, mental, social and existential mindfulness can be obtained by examining the interconnectedness of all four fields. Paper IV continues the discussion of the social and the existential dimensions of mindfulness with specific emphasis on their utility for successful aging, and advances the notion of mindful sustainable aging. Paper IV highlights the potential of mindfulness for living a meaningful life and boosting the elderly’s capacity to find deeper meaning in their final stage of life.

  • 376.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Existential social work and the quest for existential meaning and well-being: A conceptual framework2018In: Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Social Work, ISSN 1542-6432, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 64-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to conceptualize “existential social work.” A greater understanding of what existential social work means may enable social workers and those studying social work to see how its practice can reveal “the truth” about human existence and how they, as professionals, can enhance existential meaning and existential well-being among their clients. In such work, existential social workers have at their disposal tools such as the Frankl therapeutic approach to existential analysis (i.e., logotherapy) as well as spiritual-sensitive modalities (prayer and mindfulness). To interpret and understand apparent phenomena in the therapy is the ultimate goal with existential social work practices, thus providing clients with the opportunity to discover the meaning that exists in themselves. In addition, these practices pave the way for existential well-being. 

  • 377.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    From Buddhist sati to Western mindfulness practice: A contextual analysis2016In: Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work, ISSN 1542-6432 (Print), 1542-6440 (Online), Vol. 35, no 1-2, p. 7-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last three decades the practice of mindfulness has grown to become one of the most widespread health promoting applications in the West—so much that terms like yoga and meditation have now become standard household words. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the meaning of mindfulness within both its Buddhist and its Western context. In the former case, the aim will be to shed light on mindfulness as a concept and practice that is rooted in Buddhist understandings (i.e., the Buddhist perspective); and in the latter case, the meaning of mindfulness will be more broadly explored in terms of its relevance to society, social work and everyday life (i.e., the social (work) perspective).

  • 378. Nilsson, Magnus
    A celebration to those that built society.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 379.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Ageing and masculinity in the rural2011In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 51, no Suppl_2, p. 339-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rural context has consequences for the ways that gender structures the lives of people throughout the life course, both materially and socially. Norms of masculinity remains strong in rural areas and there is less room for deviations than in urban areas. This is not least connected to the scarcity of meeting places, and above all to that of alternative spaces. Men in rural areas who have remained unmarried throughout their lives and live without a partner tend to live in the areas where they were born. The identity and ways of living of unmarried men is often tied to the places where they live, but it is also connected to notions of heterosexuality and couplehood. In this paper I will explore the ways that unmarried and childless older men talk about relationships and childlessness in relation to norms of masculinity and heterosexuality, notions of ageing, growing old and approaching death.

  • 380.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Ageing Single Men in Rural Areas2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 381.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Ageism as ideology? A discussion of the relevance of ideology as a concept for the understanding of ageism2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 382.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    I don’t wanna live forever… but apparently I am!2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 383.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    On the Moral Economy of Ageing and the Nation as Context and  Battleground2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 384. Nilsson, Magnus
    On the notion of “freedom of choice” as a legitimator of profiled nursing homes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 385.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Our elderly and the social construction of older people in the public sphere2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 386.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Pensioner and "elderly" as political identities2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 387.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Single older men in rural Sweden: Norms of masculinity2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we focus on older men in rural areas who have remained unmarried and childless throughout their lives. The rural context has consequences for the ways that gender structures the lives of people throughout the life course, both materially and socially. Norms of masculinity remain strong in rural areas and there is less room for deviations than in urban areas. This is not least connected to the scarcity of meeting places, and above all to that of alternative spaces. Despite this, studies of rural masculinity have to a little extent explored the importance of age and ageing for the ways that masculinity is lived and articulated in rural areas. In this study, we explore the ways that unmarried and childless older men talk about relationships and childlessness in relation to norms of masculinity and heterosexuality, notions of ageing, growing old and approaching death

  • 388.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    The Discourse of Ageism within Anti-ageist Policy2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 389. Nilsson, Magnus
    The importance of Ideology and temporality in the articulation of the relation between older people and society2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 390.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Who and what counts as old?2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 391. Nilsson, Magnus
    Ældre mennesker og aldring i medier2018In: Gerontologi: Perspektiver på ældre mennesker / [ed] Frode F. Jacobsen & Stinne Glasdam, Köpenhamn: Gads , 2018Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 392.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jönson, Håkan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Carlstedt, Elisabeth
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Harnett, Tove
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Nursing homes with lifestyle profiles - part of the marketisation of Swedish eldercare2018In: International Journal of Care and Caring, ISSN 2397-8821, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 49-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish nursing home residents are very frail, but a new trend is for nursing homes to adopt a lifestyle profile. Based on interviews with 16 representatives of care organisations, this study investigates the reasons for adopting profiles in this way. The analysis shows that the existence of lifestyle profiles is strongly linked to a market discourse centred on freedom of choice. It is concluded that lifestyle profiles are used as a differentiation strategy in order to justify marketisation, exposing the Swedish eldercare system – which does not permit competition on the basis of price or standards of care – to market forces.

  • 393.
    Norderyd, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. National Oral Disability Centre for Rare Disorders, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Klingberg, Gunilla
    Departement of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Faulks, Denise
    CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Service d'Odontologie, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Specialised dental care for children with complex disabilities focusing on child's functioning and need for general anaesthesia2017In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 39, no 24, p. 2484-2491Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning.

    METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed. Performance qualifiers from the ICF-CY component Activities and participation were used to calculate functional factors.

    RESULTS: Median referral age was 1.5 years and the majority were referred by their paediatrician. Almost all visited a dental hygienist regularly. Dental treatment under GA was common and was combined in 78% of sessions with medical treatment. Children with limitations in their interpersonal interactions and relationships were most likely to have dental GA.

    CONCLUSION: Children without caries experience had been referred for specialist dental care at an earlier age than children with caries experience. GA was a common treatment modality and dental and medical treatments were coordinated under the same GA for a majority of children. By using the ICF-CY, it was possible to identify functional limitations characterising children with disabilities that require dental treatment under GA. Implications for Rehabilitation Early referral to a specialist in paediatric dentistry is valuable for oral disease prevention in children with disabilities. Availability of dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) is also important. Combining dental and medical interventions during the same GA session optimises resources both for the individual and for the health organisation. Children with limitations in interpersonal interactions and relationships are more likely to need dental treatment under GA than other children.

  • 394.
    Nygren, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Svensson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lika bedömningar i missbruks- och beroendeärenden?: En vinjettstudie om handläggares och nämndledamöters bedömningar av likartade missbruks- och beroendeärenden.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The latest study touching differences between the assessment made by the officials and the politicians in the area of abuse and addiction problems was made 1981, which motivates new studies in this field.  This study investigates the similarities and differences between these two groups assessments in similar scenarios, whether the assessments differ between the personal assessment and from the point of view of the municipality, whether there is major consensus between the assessments in between the groups separately and which factors was crucial for their choice. To examine the questions, eight vignettes were created. The survey was answered by twenty politicians and sixteen officials. According to the results the politicians are more willing to chose non-voluntary actions while the officials more often have chosen voluntary actions, often in combinations. The assessments made of the groups were very similar to the choice of assessed outcomes for the municipality  The consistency of the choices do not differ between the groups. Concerning the last question it has, despite a limited number of vignettes, emerged significant explanatory models for many of the actions. This study is a pilot study which could be repeated with a higher number of vignettes and applicants.

  • 395. Olofsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Karlsson, Johanna
    Individer med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar i LSS-verksamheter: En scoping review om missförhållanden, dess orsaker och verksamhetsledares hantering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 396.
    Olsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Blixt, Filippa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Det är ju vår verktygslåda, alla metoder och teorier": Om familjebehandlares upplevelse av kunskap, teorier och metoder i behandling av mammor som använder våld mot sina barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate family therapists understanding of knowledge, theories and methods in the treatment of mothers who use violence against their children. The study is made on the basis that the operation is not based on clear evidence-based knowledge and examines how family therapists understand and combines existing methods and theories in social work. Methodically the study is based on qualitative interviews with five family therapists in different municipalities in the south of Sweden. A compilation of the interviews gave rise to two main themes: Mothers and violence respective Treatment. The result shows that there are not always explicit methods and theories available in the treatment of violent mothers. Despite this, the family therapists shows a large degree of consensus regarding methods and theories. In the discussion it is suggested that this may be due to some theories and methods are so integrated in the environments that the family therapists are active in that they do not specifically reflect on them. They have, in short, become routine.

  • 397.
    Opsal, Anne
    et al.
    Sørlandet Hospital, Addiction Unit, Norway.
    Kristensen, Øistein
    Sørlandet Hospital, Addiction Unit, Norway.
    Larsen, Tor Ketil
    Stavanger University Hospital, regional Centre for Clinical Research in Psychosis.
    Syversen, Gro
    Oslo University Hospital, Adult Addiction Treatment Unit, Centre for Addiction.
    Rudshaug, Elise Bakke Aasen
    Sørlandet Hospital, Addiction Unit, Norway.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Clausen, Thomas
    University of Oslo, Norwegen Centre for Addiction Research (SERAF); Sørlandet Hospital, Addiction Unit, Norway.
    Factors associated with involuntary admissions among patients with substance use disorders and comorbidity: a cross-sectional study2013In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 13, no 57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To investigate factors associated with involuntary admissions to hospital pursuant to a social services act of patients with substance use disorder by comparing the socio-demographic characteristics, substance use, and psychiatric comorbidities with voluntarily admitted patients.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study compared two groups admitted to combined substance use disorder and psychiatry wards. Sixty-five patients were involuntarily admitted pursuant to the Social Services Act and 137 were voluntarily admitted. The International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems was used for diagnostic purposes regarding substance use disorders, type and severity of psychiatric problems, and level of functioning. Socio-demographic variables were measured using the European Addiction Severity Index, and the Symptom Checklist-90-R instruments were used to evaluate the range of psychological problems and psychopathological symptoms. Logistic regression was performed to investigate the relationship between involuntary admissions and patients characteristics.

    Results: Patients who had been involuntarily admitted were more likely to be females, had utilized public welfare services more often, presented more severe substance use patterns, and had a history of more frequent visits to physicians for somatic complaints in the last 6 months, they also had fewer comorbid mental disorders. Still, considerable burdens of comorbid substance use disorders and mental disorders were observed both among involuntary and voluntary admitted patients.

    Conclusions: More attention is required for involuntarily admitted patients in order to meet the needs associated with complex and mixed disorders. In addition, treatment centers should offer diagnostic options and therapy regarding substance use, psychiatric and somatic disorders.

  • 398.
    Ottosson, Andrea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Evenholm, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Emberg, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    They are not born to be victims or prostitutes – they are becoming: A qualitative study of how one organization in Moldova is working preventively with human trafficking2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to find out how one organisation in Moldova is working with the issue of human trafficking. It will therefore be explained how the professionals in that organisation describe how the human trafficking situation has developed in Moldova according to them and how they work and prevent the issue according to that developed situation. This study is a qualitative study and has been carried out utilizing 14 semi-structured interviews. The information given from the interviews has been categorized, and then analysed in relation to previous research and Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory. This theory is applied to explain how an individual's development is affected by factors on several levels; micro-, meso-, exo-, macro- and chronosystems. The causes for human trafficking explained by the professionals included the culture, religion, economics and the history of the country, and these in turn can have affected the family and the view of one’s self. The conclusions based on this study are that because the factors that could be causes for human trafficking are found on all the levels, it is important that social workers and the society has this in mind and as an approach when dealing with human trafficking.

  • 399.
    Ovens, Noel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Abbass Nagim, Mazin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Att Vilja men inte kunna hjälpa: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser i arbete med arbetslösa ungdomar som uppbär försörjningsstöd.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 400.
    Pan, Peng
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    School situation and social conditions of children with ASD in mainland China: A Systematic Literature Review from 2011-20172018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the situation and social conditions in school for primary and secondary school students with ASD in mainstream schools in Mainland China. Based on the current situation in China, although compulsory education has been popularized at an early stage, under the system of examination-oriented education, the distribution of educational resources is very uneven. Searches for published journals and articles with relevant program for children with ASD have been carried through several databases, and six articles are included as results. Few relevant studies concerning the current situation in mainland China exist. The social condition and school situation of children with ASD is complex and vary between environments. Thus it is hard to determine what education mode that is the most appropriate for children with ASD as well as the support they need. Limitation of the study and future research is also discussed in the thesis

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