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  • 351.
    Nöjd, Tove
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Rinaldo, Katarina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetsbalans och stress: En tvärsnittsstudie som beskriver självskattad aktivitetsbalans och stress hos anställda på ett större företag i södra Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 352.
    Ocasio Hansson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Occupational identity in occupational therapy: A concept analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The concept of occupational identity has become an important focus within occupational therapy garnering both recognition and inquiry. Despite the concept’s noted relevance to understanding the occupational nature of human beings, ambiguity regarding the identification and application of occupational identity exists. Aim: This analysis aimed to clarify the concept of occupational identity by examining its current use and application within occupational therapy. Material and methods: Walker and Avant’s method for concept analysis was utilized to clarify the concept of occupational identity. Results: Analysis resulted in three distinct categories of use: occupational identity construction, occupational identity discrepancy and occupational identity disruption described contextually in terms of the self being, the self being and doing, and the self being and doing with others. Conclusions: Findings validated the significant connection between occupation and identity through doing, being and future becoming. Also uncovered were considerable connections to belonging. Significance: Occupational identity encompassed complex connections comprising both individual and collective components. Personally meaningful expression and connection were of particular significance to occupational identity as discrepancies or disruption of meaningful connections had negative implications for occupational engagement. 

  • 353.
    Ohlin, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Hans-Yngve
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lie, Anders
    Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Long-term problems influencing health-related quality of life after road traffic injury – Differences between bicyclists and car occupants2017In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 4, p. 180-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and compare road traffic injuries leading to long-term problems in Health related quality of life (HRQoL), with regards to road user group, injury severity and injured body region, which is important when considering injury preventive strategies. From the Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition (STRADA), a randomized sample of people injured in a road traffic crash and seeking emergency hospital care in connection to the crash between 1st of January 2007 and 31st of December 2009 was drawn (n=4761). HRQoL was investigated using a self-report survey, namely the EQ-5D. Among the responding persons injured in a bicycle crash (n=402) or car crash (n=557) the injury outcome of reporting or not reporting any problem in HRQoL was compared between bicyclists and car occupants depending on injured body region and injury severity. The results showed that 59% of car occupants and 44% of bicyclists reported problems in HRQoL after a road traffic injury. Pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression were the health-related dimensions where people most frequently reported problems. Leg injuries were most often associated with reporting problems in HRQoL, for both bicyclists and car occupants. Another finding was that car occupants consistently reported more problems in HRQoL compared to bicyclists, even when controlled for injury severity and injured body region.

  • 354. Ohlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Gillén, Julia
    Hemtjänstpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö - en pilotstudie: 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to the Swedish Work Environment Authority, research regarding home care staff working environment was important and essential to investigate. There is a great need to review the current situation due to the large increase of elderly who maintain living at home. This increase of elderly puts heavy demands on home care staff members. Aim: To describe the home care personnel's perception of their working environment. Method: A qualitative design was used and participants were interviewed in focus groups. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse data. This study included eight participants; nurses and assistant nurses. Results: Home care staff felt that it was important and significant to have experience to maintain good practice. Technical work equipment was stressful in some situations. It was difficult to use the patient’s assistive devices frequently and correctly and enough time was essential. Conclusion: Home care staff felt that it was a stressful work environment when they could not satisfy residents' needs in relation to the organization's requirements and prerequisites however this finding cannot be generalized.

  • 355.
    Olsson, Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Children with mild intellectual disability and their families – needs for support, service utilisation and experiences of support2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on service utilisation among children with mild ID and their families, their needs for support and their experiences of support.

    Aims

    The overall aim of the thesis was to explore and describe service utilisation patterns among families of children with mild ID from a systems perspective.

    Methods

    A cross-sectional, descriptive and comparative quantitative design was used to describe the extent of service utilisation among 84 children with mild ID and their families (paper I and II). The types and number of services utilised were investigated in relation to the child’s age, gender and school setting. Data concerning the services utilised were collected from the organisational records of social services and paediatric habilitation units. In paper III, a descriptive questionnaire design was used to describe the support needs of families of 38 children with mild ID. A confirmatory design was used to examine the relation between family needs for support and (a) parental self-efficacy and (b) parents’ control over services. A confirmatory design was also used to examine the relation between parents’ experiences of the helpfulness of the support and (a) parental self-efficacy and (b) parents’ control over services. In paper IV a longitudinal, comparative and confirmatory design was used to investigate whether social service utilisation patterns differ over time when children with mild ID in self-contained classes are compared with those integrated into mainstream classes (n=405).

    Results

    In total, 60% of the families utilised paediatric habilitation services, and 40% of the families used disability-related services provided by social services. The most commonly utilised services were services concerned support outside of the home, such as respite care and services to improve children’s participation in society. Approximately 25% of the families utilised social problems-related services provided by social services. The most commonly utilised services concerned those to support parents in their parenting roles and financial assistance. In contrast to older children, younger children were more likely to utilise paediatric habilitation services. Older children utilised a higher number of disability-related service types provided by social services. Few differences were found between males and females. The majority of families did not utilise such services that are provided by social services. It was rare for families to use both disability-related services and those that address social problems during the same year.

    Commonly reported family needs concerned information about what services are available for their child, their child's impairment, how to respond to their child's behaviour and how to teach their child skills. Other common needs included access to parent support networks, to find suitable leisure activities for the child, and more alone time for parents. In contrast to families with mothers who did not participate in paid work, families with mothers who were employed expressed a lower requirement for support such as counselling, contact with other parents of children with impairments, more friends and more alone time for parents. Similar results werefound for families with mothers with higher levels of education. Parents with higher levels of perceived self-efficacy reported a lower need for information, as did also parents with higher levels of control over services. Parents with higher levels of control over services experienced the support as being more helpful.

    Children with mild ID who attended self-contained classes were more likely to utilise paediatric habilitation services than children integrated in mainstream classes. The same pattern was found for utilisation of disability-related services provided by social services. Integrated children who changed school setting to attend self-contained classes were more likely to begin to utilise disability-related services in comparison with those children who continued to be integrated. The former also had a higher likelihood of increasing the number of disability-related service types utilised.

    Conclusions

    In addition to disability-related problems, families of children with mild ID may also be at a higher risk of experiencing social problems when compared with the general population. Furthermore, very few families utilised both disability-related services and services addressing social problems. This implies that collaboration flaws exist between those professionals concerned with child welfare services and those concerned with disability-related services. A strong predictor of service utilisation was the type of school setting: children attending self-contained classes had a higher rate of service utilisation than those attending mainstream classes. This indicates that service systems outside of school are designed to collaborate with groups of pupils in special classes rather than individual children in mainstream classes. The strong need for information by families indicates that an ecological framework should be used to identify those factors that affect information availability and effectiveness. To increase parents’ perceived level of control over services, HSO professionals need to work in a capacity building manner with the explicit goal to enhance parental self-efficacy.

  • 356.
    Ottenvall Hammar, Isabelle
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    The importance for daily occupations of perceiving good health: Perceptions among women with rheumatic diseases2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 82-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this phenomenographic study was to identify and characterise what women with the diagnoses Rheumatoid Arthritis and Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis consider important in the occupational performance of daily occupations to experience health regardless of their disease. Nine women, 42-65 years old participated in the study. By using a phenomenographic method with semi-structured questions the main category “Being able to be as active as possible in daily occupations” emerged. It was important for the participants to perform personally meaningful occupations to experience health. The participants found it especially important to be able to perform self-care and homemaking. The participants could experience health despite suffering from a chronic disease by using assistive devices, adjusting their daily occupations according to their level of physical function and strength and getting support from other individuals. By having access to a variety of treatments the participants could maintain or increase their level och performance of daily occupations. Though being deficient in physical function, the participants were able to achieve maximum of occupational performance by adjusting the occupation component and the environment component.

  • 357.
    Paakkanen, Eva
    Jönköping University.
    Chronic pain and occupational balance among working age adults: current research2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic pain has been described as a vast global problem causing human suffering as well as costs to society. Understanding more precisely how chronic pain affects occupational balance of people in working age, might provide perspectives for occupational therapists on how to support these patients. Aim: The aim of this review was to define what is known about the connection between the chronic pain and aspects of occupational balance in adults of working age. Methods: A scoping review was conducted. Searches in 4 different databases and in additional sources resulted in an inclusion of 20 studies. Results: The perspective of occupational balance varied within the articles, as well as the aspects of occupational balance explored in the studies. Connection between chronic pain and aspects of occupational balance was found. Conclusions: There is a lack of research within this topic to cover the whole concept of occupational balance. According to recent literature, there is likely a connection between chronic pain and at least some aspects of occupational balance, but this connection is not simple or straightforward. More systematic research about this complex connection is needed. Meanwhile, paying more attention to occupational balance in pain rehabilitation interventions can be recommended.

  • 358.
    Palmén, Mirjam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Fransson, Jennie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktiviteter inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsterapeuters upplevelser om behov2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that psychiatric inpatients often experience a lack of activities. To have access to activities is important since it enhances well-being and creates conditions for participation in the society. Purpose: To describe occupational therapists experiences about the need to use activities in psychiatric inpatient care, and if needed; which type of activities? Method: A qualitative, phenomenological approach was used. The sample was conducted in several ways - purposive and maximal variety, together with snowballing. The transcribed collected data was analyzed, and a qualitative content analysis was performed, which resulted in three main categories and ten sub categories. Results: Ten informants participated in the study and the results culminated in the main categories “The meaning of activities”, “Activity usage” and “Resources”. It was considered there is a need of activities in psychiatric inpatient care. Activities were perceived to reduce psychiatric symptoms and to shorten the rehabilitation process. It is however important that the activities are meaningful for the patients. The experience often is that there is a lack of time in their professional role which has affected the possibilities to use activities in treatment purposes. Conclusions: To have access to activities is important in psychiatric inpatient care, since activities has a meaningful role in the rehabilitation process.

  • 359.
    Paloniemi, Katri
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Impacts of goal setting on engagement and rehabilitation outcomes following aquired brain injury: A systematic review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To appraise and synthesize the available evidence from previous systematic reviews concerning the impacts of goal setting on engagement in the rehabilitation process and on outcomes of participation and occupational performance for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). Material and method: Systematic review of systematic reviews. From a total of 175 hits in the search which was conducted in two parts, 16 full text articles were assessed for eligibility, from which four were selected to be included in the review. Results: Four systematic reviews of moderate quality consisting of variety of methodologies were included. The empirical evidence was limited but supportive that goal directed interventions may contribute to better engagement in rehabilitation and better outcomes of occupational performance. Limited evidence suggested that goal setting improved adherence to the treatment regimens and that patient’s active participation in goal setting had positive impact on patients and their engagement in the process. Findings suggested that goal-directed interventions, particularly in outpatient rehabilitation, may improve patients’ occupational performance. Findings related to participation outcomes were minimal. Conclusion: Goal setting is a complex and multidimensional process. Goal setting may contribute to improved engagement in rehabilitation and occupational performance outcomes for patients with ABI.

  • 360.
    Parsons, Dave
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Cordier, Reinie
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    A randomised controlled trial of an information communication technology delivered intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder living in regional Australia2019In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 569-581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This exploratory randomised controlled trial tested the effectiveness of a tablet-based information communication technology early intervention application to augment existing therapy with the aim of improving visual motor, imitation, language and social skills in young children with ASD who reside in regional areas. Fifty-nine participants were recruited and randomised to either a therapy-as-usual group or intervention group. With the exception of the expressive language subscale on the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, no significant between-group differences were recorded for visual motor, imitation, receptive language and social skills of participants between baseline and post-intervention. When all participants were pooled and measured over time, improvements were shown in receptive and pragmatic language and social skills; these gains were maintained, thus suggesting skill acquisition. 

  • 361.
    Parsons, Dave
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Cordier, Reinie
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Stress, coping, and quality of life in families with a child with ASD living regionally2019In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The present study aimed to explore whether regionality is associated with differing stress levels, coping, QOL and daily routines for parents and families of a child with ASD (aged 2–18 years) in Western Australia using validated outcome measures and compare the stress levels and QOL of this group to population norms.

    Methods: A sample of 278 families living in Western Australia who have a child or adolescent (2–18 years old) with a clinical diagnosis of ASD participated in a cross-sectional survey. Multivariate logistic regression modelling was conducted to determine key factors associated between regionality and demographic variables, quality of life, coping styles, time use, and stress levels.

    Results: Parents living in low densely populated areas were more likely to adopt avoidant coping mechanisms, compared to those living in densely populated areas. Fathers with children on the autism spectrum were less likely to be educated above diploma level in regional and remote areas. Stress, QOL or daily routines did not differ by regionality; however, the total sample (i.e., parents from both LDP and DP areas) experienced significantly higher levels of stress and lower QOL when compared to the general population.

    Conclusions: The findings suggest that despite having higher levels of stress and lower QOL compared to the general population, residing in a geographically LDP area in Western Australia has a small association on preferred coping style preference and has no association on stress levels, QOL or daily routines for parents who have a child with ASD.

  • 362.
    Pekkanen, Meri
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Engagement in meaningful activities and its relation to social support in the Finnish working-aged population2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title. Engagement in Meaningful Activities and its relation to social support in Finnish working-aged population. Background. Meaningful activities are beneficial for health and well-being. The Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey (EMAS) is a self-assessment instrument that measures a person’s subjective experience of the meaningfulness of everyday activities. To inform occupational therapy of diverse client experience, the EMAS was translated and tested. Aim. The aim was to describe engagement in meaningful activities and its relation to social support in the Finnish working-aged population. Material and methods. Data was collected with an online survey that included the EMAS, two social support items and demographic questions, and was analysed using statistical methods. Results. In a sample of 491 Finnish speaking 18-65 year old adults engagement in meaningful activities was rated as average. Social support was significantly associated with engagement in meaningful activities and social support moderately predicted the EMAS. Conclusions and significance. Engagement in meaningful activities in the Finnish working-aged population is in line with results of previous studies. The positive relationship between social support and meaningful activities adds to the understanding of meaningfulness. Measuring individual experience can be used in developing occupational categorisation to represent a more inclusive outlook on human occupation. Screening for social support could be useful in showing health benefits of occupational therapy.

  • 363.
    Persson, Nickolas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Applikation för mobila trygghetslarm som stöd för äldre personers aktivitet utanför bostaden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Welfare technology aids can enable frail elderly people to age in place and are therefore important to develop. Applications for mobile security alarms are an example to create security in activities, especially outside the home, which contributes to engagement in the society. However, it is unclear how frail elderly people look at these aids. Objective: The purpose of the study was to describe activities of frail elderly people outside their own homes and their attitudes related to the potential future use of mobile security alarms in these activities. Method: A survey was conducted in a geriatric department (n=47). Analyses, including group comparisons, were conducted by Chi-Test (χ2) and Mann Whitney U-Test. Result: The number of activities outside the home a regular week was low (                          = 3) and the participants abstained from these activities because they were insecure (n=21), alone when they went out (n=30) or felt unease (n=27). Lonely living and women engaged significant lower in activities outside their home compared with cohabitants’ and men. Conclusion: Several participants considered that the application would increase their activities outside their own home and the participants generally had a positive attitude related to the future use of mobile security alarm applications.

  • 364.
    Persson, Nickolas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lundqvist, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Sexuell Hälsa i Nationella Kvalitetsregister2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to identify whether, and if so how, aspects of sexual health (reproductive health and cohabitation) are compiled in the National Quality Register and identify reasons for this. A quantitative method has been applied to go through the registers annual reports. In the first part of the thesis, the registers annual reports was mapped with the help of a checklist designed through World Health Organizations (WHO) definition of sexual health. In the second part, a questionnaire was sent to those responsible for each register to find reasons to why and how sexual health is included in the National Quality Registers. The result shows that sexual health is not usually included in the register data, although the survey showed that most registers brought up aspects that could affect the current target group's sexual health. Many meaningful activities are included in the area of sexual health, therefore making it an arena in which occupational therapists should be active.

  • 365.
    Petersson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björell, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att arbeta med lekfullhet inom barnhabiliteringen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att ett barn ska kunna leka behöver barnet vara lekfull. Arbetsterapeuter kan använda lekfullheten i sitt arbete med barnet men också arbeta med att förbättra lekfullhet. Arbetsterapi kopplat till lekfullhet är ett område där det finns främst internationell litteratur därför fann författarna ett intresse att genomföra en studie om arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att arbeta med lekfullhet i Sverige. Syftet med studien var att beskriva arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att arbeta med lekfullhet inom barnhabiliteringen. Metoden var en kvalitativ design med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Ett avsiktligt urval samt snöbollsurval användes och det var tio deltagare från fem olika regioner i södra Sverige som deltog i examensarbetet. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes vid databearbetningen. Resultatet delades in i fyra kategorier: arbetsterapeuters uppfattningar av lekfullhet, att få barnet lekfullt under arbetsterapin, bedömning kopplat till lekfullhet och interventioner för att främja lekfullhet samt att de blev indelade i 14 underkategorier. Det resulterade i det övergripande temat “arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av lekfullhet”. Slutsatsen var att deltagarnas erfarenheter av att arbeta med lekfullhet varierade. Deltagarna arbetade främst med lekfullhet som redskap och försökte göra arbetsterapin lekfull genom olika strategier. Lekfullheten var främst specialpedagogens ansvarsområde, vilket kan ha påverkat deltagarnas arbetssätt.

  • 366. Pettersson, Ingvor
    et al.
    Appelros, Peter
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Lifeworld perspectives utilizing assistive devices: individuals, lived experience following a stroke.2007In: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy / Revue Canadienne d`Ergotèrapie, ISSN 0008-4174, Vol. 74, no 1, p. 15-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In lifeworld research, the individual's experience of meaning is of primary importance. PURPOSE: This paper explores how individuals post stroke who have a disability, described their personal meaning and lived experiences associated with the use of assistive devices. METHODS: A hermeneutic-phenomenological research approach was used. A conversational interview was conducted with 22 post-stroke individuals regarding their daily experiences utilizing assistive devices. RESULTS: The results showed a dual experience regarding the use of assistive devices, which is often complex and contradictory. The devices were viewed as a prerequisite for well-being and independence but at the same time, the devices gave rise to negative feelings because of the restrictions implied by their use. These dual experiences were explored in relation to the lived body, space, relations to others, and time. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study will facilitate occupational therapists understanding of an individual's experiences utilizing assistive devices and their need for support with this process.

  • 367.
    Pettersson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Adolfsson, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Kvinnliga lärares psykosociala arbetsmiljö: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie om den självupplevda psykosociala arbetsmiljön, ur ett salutogent perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female teachers experiencing their work meaningful at the same time the work expose them for time pressure, which can have a negative impact on the health. The aim of this study was to describe self-perceived psychosocial work environment for female teachers in a salutogenic approach. A cross-sectional study with a quantitative design with 43 female teachers on three different schools was preformed, using the instrument Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS). Additional questions about age and years of work experience added to explore any relationship. The result show that there was no statistic significant relationship between age or years of work experience in how the participants experiencing their psychosocial work environment. To describe female teachers psychosocial work environment in a salutogenic approach has uppermost the model “Sense of coherence” (SOC) been used. The participants have a strong SOC regarding meaningfulness, but weaker SOC regarding manageability and comprehensibility. The conclusion of this study show that female teachers experience their work meaningful, which affect the psychosocial work environment positive, at the same time they are exposed for time pressure, which affect the psychosocial work environment negative.

  • 368.
    Pilipovic, Tanja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Licina, Milos
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Äldre kvinnor från forna Jugoslavien och deras aktiviteter i dagligt liv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being an older immigrant in a new country can affect the experience and commitment in people's everyday activities. There are several different factors that influence participation in activities of daily life. Changes in everyday life can lead to activities, structure, purpose and motivation to change or even disappear. The study aims to describe the activities of daily life in elderly women immigrants from the former Yugoslavia, but also to describe what motivates them to perform the activities that they do.The study was elected a quantitative design with qualitative elements because it was based on a structured interview form, with two additional questions. The study results exposed that several participants have changed their daily activities and missing for the social community has resulted in a more inactive lifestyle, which in turn has meant that the activities of daily life have been adapted since the move to a new country has led to a higher activity level. For some participants, the changes also contributed with pleasure. The result also exposed how the changes have been dealt with by locating new motivations in everyday life. The majority of participants have shown perseverance but also that they have regained control of everyday life in connection with the change.

  • 369. Pooremamali, Parvin
    et al.
    Morville, Anne-Le
    Metropolitan University College, Denmark.
    Eklund, Mona
    Barriers to continuity in the pathway toward occupational engagement among ethnic minorities with mental illness2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 259-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnic minorities have particular needs and difficulties in terms of support for meaningful occupations, lack of access to and use of occupation-based rehabilitation services. They are not established in the labour market and are seldom in paid employment. This study aimed to investigate how mentally ill ethnic minority clients experience, feel and think about participation in occupation-based rehabilitation, and potential barriers they might encounter. Nine participants experiencing mental illness and receiving occupation-based rehabilitation were interviewed. Grounded theory methods were used in order to collect and analyze data. One core category, "barriers for a continuous path towards enriched and meaningful occupation" described the participants' experiences of a variety of barriers related to personal, occupational and system factors that hindered participation in occupation-based rehabilitation and influenced their need for occupational development and growth. The core category was composed of; personal-related barriers, occupational-related barriers, and system-related barriers as well as six related sub-categories. These barriers interacted continually across time and space in ways that increased the participants' sense of occupational deprivation and alienation. The findings also suggested that the issues of paid employment for ethnic minorities with mental illness should feature on the agenda of local, regional and state politicians and professionals involved in occupational rehabilitation.

  • 370.
    Ram, Molly
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Sjögren, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Användning, erfarenheter och betydelser av internet hos män och kvinnor över 65 år: - ur ett aktivitets- och delaktighetsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att beskriva användning, erfarenheter och betydelser av internet hos män och kvinnor över 65 år, ur ett aktivitets- och delaktighetsperspektiv. Metoden som användes var en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie och urvalet bestod av ett bekvämlighetsurval samt ett snöbollsurval. Enkäten utformades av författarna till examensarbetet med stöd av begrepp från Model Of Human Occupation. Totalt 50 enkäter delades ut och 38 enkäter besvarades. Datamaterialet bearbetades deskriptivt och analytiskt. Resultatet visade att 17 av 19 respondenter i åldersgruppen 67-76 år använde internet jämfört med 10 av 18 respondenter i åldersgruppen 77-94 år. Tre fjärdedelar i målgruppen var användare av internet och de flesta använde dessutom internet varje dag. Vad internet användes till överensstämde inte alltid med vad respondenterna upplevde som betydelsefullt. Alla respondenter förutom två, som var internetanvändare, kände sig delaktiga i samhället. Majoriteten av respondenterna upplevde tillfredsställelse med sina vardagsaktiviteter. Slutsatsen är att både användare och icke-användare av internet kände sig delaktiga i samhället och upplevde tillfredsställelse med sina vardagsaktiviteter. Internetanvändning behöver inte betyda känsla av delaktighet. Att söka efter information var den internettjänst som användes mest bland respondenterna. Vad internet användes till överensstämde inte alltid med vad respondenterna upplevde som betydelsefullt.

  • 371.
    Randberg, Jesper
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Carlsson, Therese
    Jönköping University.
    Individers upplevelser av hur ett alkohol- och/eller drogmissbruk påverkar deras vardagsliv – en kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Fyra procent av männen och tre procent av kvinnorna i Sveriges befolkning är beroende av alkohol och/eller droger och det finns ett okänt mörkertal. Ett missbruk påverkar både den psykiska och fysiska hälsan men har även en inverkan på individernas familjeliv och sociala liv. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur individer upplever att ett alkohol- och/eller drogmissbruk påverkar deras vardagsliv samt utforska om arbetsterapi behövs inom missbruksvården. Metod: Studien genomfördes utifrån en kvalitativ metod med intervjuer baserat på en öppen fråga och olika frågeområden. Tio individer intervjuades om deras upplevelser kring hur ett alkohol- och/eller drogmissbruk har påverkat deras vardag. Intervjuerna transkriberades och datamaterialet analyserades utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Genom analysen av det insamlade materialet identifierades fyra huvudkategorier: förluster på grund av missbruk, upplevelse av skam och skuld, prioriteringar vid missbruk och motivation. Varje huvudkategori resulterade i tre underkategorier som beskriver deltagarnas olika upplevelser av huvudkategorin.

    Slutsats: En individs vardagsliv påverkas starkt av alkohol och droger, den prioriteras högre än allting annat och kan slå ut både familj, jobb och fritidsintressen.   

  • 372.
    Rantamäki Olsson, Mona
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Hypermobilitetssyndrom och rehabilitering: en scoping review för arbetsterapeuter.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypermobility Syndrome [JHS] is common, however, there is lack of knowledge among health professionals regarding assessment and treatment. Aim/objectives: Describe scientific knowledge within JHS, restrictions in daily activities and interventions within the scope of rehabilitation and occupational therapy [OT] role. Material and methods: A scoping review with extensive literature search in scientific databases, magazines and the internet resulted included 22 scientific references. Charting data followed by quantitative analysis and an approach to qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: Problems were identified, pain dominated and following consequences in daily activities and participation within person, home life, school, work, leisure and social participation. Interventions include treatment of symptoms, education, training, activity modification, lifestyle changes and environmental interventions. Preventive and multidisciplinary treatment of individuals with JHS is stated. OT’s have a small representation of the included literature and lack of knowledge was identified. Conclusion and significance: OT interventions treat and prevent problems affecting individual's daily activities at JHS, thus may contribute to increased activity levels, health and wellbeing. Research is needed on OT-intervention efficacy and efficiency from the individual’s and economic perspective.

  • 373.
    Rezae, Mortaza
    et al.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism, Brisbane, Australia.
    McMeekin, David
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism, Brisbane, Australia.
    Tan, Tele
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism, Brisbane, Australia.
    Krishna, Aneesh
    School of Electrical Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism, Brisbane, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism, Brisbane, Australia.
    Public transport planning tool for users on the autism spectrum: from concept to prototype2019In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This research explored the challenges of public transport use for individuals on the autism spectrum. It, subsequently, proposed a mobile application solution, coproduced by individuals on the autism spectrum, to facilitate public transport use.

    Methods: We, first, conducted a review of the literature to highlight the challenges people on the autism spectrum face when utilizing public transport. We, then, designed a list of mobile application functionalities that address the identified problems. To validate these functionalities, 27 young autistic adults and 19 families of autistic individuals were employed. Finally, based on the findings, we designed a mobile application that helps facilitate public transport use for those on the autism spectrum.

    Results: We found that the most prevalent concerns, in public transport use, amongst autistic individuals and their families are safety and spatial awareness. Specific problems include finding one’s way to the bus stop, boarding the correct service and disembarking at the correct stop. Interestingly, anxiety about unexpected events was also a barrier. Sensory sensitivity, similarly, was found to be an obstacle.

    Conclusions: This study defined the challenges of public transport use for autistic individuals and proposed a technological solution. The findings can also inform innovators, public transport providers and policymakers to improve public transport accessibility.

    Implications for rehabilitation:

    • People on the autism spectrum heavily rely on other individuals, namely family and friends, for their transportation needs. This dependence results in immobility for the autistic individuals and significant time and economical sacrifice for the person responsible for the transportation.
    • Public transport, a cheap and widely available form of transportation, has not yet been clearly studied with individuals on the autism spectrum.
    • We clearly define the challenges of using public transport and put forward a trip planner mobile application, coproduced by autistic individuals, that facilitate it.
    • In the long term, this enhanced travel independence can lead to greater education and employment opportunities and an overall improved quality of life. 
  • 374.
    Ringvall, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters uppfattningar av samverkan med avdelningspersonal inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En fenomenografisk studie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To be able to offer rehabilitation to inpatients in psychiatric wards some clinics access services from occupational therapists employed in psychiatric outpatient care. The occupational therapist spends relatively little time in the ward. Offering rehabilitation in this form can depend on a well-functioning collaboration with the other staff in the ward. This form of collaboration can be a challenge. Objective: The aim of the study was to describe occupational therapists' perceptions of collaboration with staff in psychiatric wards. Material and Methods: In this phenomenographical study, data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews (n=9) with occupational therapists collaborating with staff in psychiatric wards. Results: The analysis resulted in two main categories, “Meaning of collaboration” and “How collaboration works” with associated description- and subcategories. What is reflected in the outcome space linked to "The meaning of collaboration" are perceptions of what is meant by collaboration. Perceptions found in “How collaboration works” deal with perceptions that are important for the outcome of collaboration. Conclusion: Collaboration between the occupational therapist and staff in the psyciatric wards can enable patients to receive rehabilitation. The perceptions that emerged in this thesis can help guide occupational therapists, staff in the wards and their managers to better understand the challenges of this collaboration and create the conditions to make it work.

  • 375.
    Rogerson, Jessica M.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
    Cuomo, Belinda M.
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
    Whitehouse, Andrew Jo
    Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia.
    Granich, Joanna
    Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
    Parental experiences using the Therapy Outcomes by You (TOBY) application to deliver early intervention to their child with autism2019In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 219-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSEAs computer-based interventions become commonplace for parents of children with neurodevelopmental disorders, this study sought to understand the experience of using a parent-delivered supplementary early intervention therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder grounded in a variety of behavioral, sensory, developmental, and relationship-based approaches and delivered via a tablet device.

    METHODSParental experiences using the 'Therapy Outcomes by You' (TOBY) application were collected through semi-structured interviews with 17 parents.

    RESULTSParents reported TOBY facilitated parent-child engagement, provided ideas for therapeutic activities, created feelings of empowerment, and positively impacted their child's development. Barriers to use included preparation time, execution of the intervention, and individual strengths and weaknesses of their child.

    CONCLUSIONThe overall parental experience of TOBY was positive when use of the application aligned with parental proficiency, opportunities for use, and importantly, the needs of the child.

  • 376.
    Roos, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Factors influencing return to work after motorbike accidents in Vietnam2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rehabilitation is a way to enable people with disabilities to live independently and to be a part of the community. The majority of people who are injured by traffic accidents in Vietnam are mainly motorcycle users. The purpose of the thesis was to describe factors influencing return-to-work experienced by people injured by motorbike accidents in Vietnam. A qualitative method with semi structured interviews was used to collect the data. The thesis included eleven participants, both men and women, who had been in a motorbike accident during the last five years. For data analysis a qualitative content analysis was used. Results showed supportive and obstructive factors that influenced return to work. Those factors that mainly was experienced as supportive when returning to work was supportive employers, professionals and family. The employer could support with time for rehabilitation and rest. The professionals could increase the health condition and be encouraging and supportive during the rehabilitation period. Support from family consisted of help with activities in daily living and driving their relative to hospital and to work. Factors that was obstructive when returning to work was lack of environmental adjustments and decreased health condition. The conclusion of this thesis was that the employer, professionals and families are seen as the main resource in the social environment when returning to work.

  • 377.
    Roos, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Beskrivning av insatser för att öka möjligheten till att få och behålla ett arbete - för människor med en autismspektrumstörning: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may involve difficulties in planning, organizing and perceiving time as well as understanding social interaction. People with ASD risk, because of these difficulties labor market exclusion, which can result in ill health and financial vulnerability. Purpose: To describe actions that support individuals with ASD to get and maintain a job. Method: Literature study where the result was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis. Results: Eleven articles were found with efforts in the areas of "personal support and IT support in daily work", "personal support for job training", "social skills training as preparation for working life", "education and mapping combined with internship". Conclusion: The most successful actions were models with collective efforts to the individual, while at the same time matching the individual's strengths with the employer's need to find a job. More research is required on actions for people with ASD in the workplace, where occupational therapists figure out as a profession.

  • 378.
    Rosén, Cajsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Mulahmetovic, Arnela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Smarttelefonen - ett multifunktionellt stöd i vardagen: En kvantitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify the use of smartphones in everyday life for students at Jönköping University. The paper is based on a quantitative observation study where data have been collected through a web-based questionnaire, which was sent out to students by specific Facebook groups and by course coordinators via Jönköping University's platform PingPong. The survey is based on 186 fully completed survey responses. Results show that all participants are using a smartphone, the majority use it for more than three hours daily and a large percentage stated that they would be affected much if they forgot their smartphone at home for a day. The conclusion is that the smartphone is a useful tool in everyday life and a support for everyone. 

  • 379. Rubenson, Camilla
    et al.
    Svensson, Eva
    Linddahl, Iréne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Experiences of returning to work after acquired brain injury2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 205-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of returning to work after rehabilitation, from the viewpoint of people with acquired brain injury. A purposive sampling of eight informants was made, and data was collected through personal interviews with open questions. The data was then analyzed through qualitative content analyses in five steps, resulting in four main categories of experiences: “A new person”, “Stimulants and fellowship”, “Understanding and support” and “To reach insight” with appurtenant sub-categories. The overarching theme was “Returning to work after acquired brain injury is a long process”. The conclusion of our study is that returning to work after acquired brain injury requires motivated individuals, flexible work, accommodating labour management and prolonged environmental support. This study also shows that the informants need support for a long period of time to reach balance and to obtain a functional working role. In order to achieve this, one requires client-centred rehabilitation, professional teamwork, and longer follow-up periods than those of today.

  • 380.
    Rydhage, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Axelsson, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Ungdomars sömnvanor relaterat till aktivitet i skolan: En kvantitativ studie om hur sömn påverkar ungdomars prestationer i skolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many adolescents are sleeping less than eight hours each night, which can affect their engagement in everyday activities. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis was to describe whether and how adolescents (age of 15 years) sleep habits affect their school performance. Method: A quantitative non-randomized selection of convenience sampling approach was used. A survey was conducted at an independent school in the south of Sweden. It consisted of 19 questions and was divided into five different categories; gender, sleep, motivation, habits, and school. In total, 106 respondents answered the questionnaire. The IBM SPSS [Statistical Package for the Social Sciences] was used to analyze the material. Result: The main result showed that most of the respondents, slept between four to six hours or seven to eight hours each night, and were evenly distributed between the genders. Boys play computer/watch TV to a greater extent than girls do, and girls are more stressed than boys. Those who slept less than eight hours had not regular habits and were less motivated to school. Conclusion: The adolescents who were not pleased with their amount of sleep were, to a lesser extent satisfied with their school performance.

  • 381.
    Ryll, Ulrike C.
    et al.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eliasson, Ann-Christin
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bastiaenen, Carolien H. G.
    Caphri Research Institute, Program Functioning and Rehabilitation, Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Green, Dido
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Centre for Rehabilitation, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    To Explore the Validity of Change Scores of the Children's Hand-use Experience Questionnaire (CHEQ) in Children with Unilateral Cerebral Palsy2019In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 168-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: To explore the validity of change scores of the Children's Hand-use Experience Questionnaire (CHEQ).

    METHODS: Analysis of the CHEQ included 44 children (15 girls) between 6-16 years (median 9.0; IQR 8-11) with unilateral cerebral palsy, with baseline and post- (two-week intensive) intervention assessments using the Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) as external anchor for change. Hypotheses on the magnitude of expected change were formulated and correlation coefficients and effect sizes calculated. Receiver operating curve analysis was performed and the area under the curve (AUC) calculated to investigate the ability of CHEQ to discriminate between improvement and non-improvement according to GAS.

    RESULTS: All hypotheses about the magnitude of change were confirmed supporting longitudinal validity of CHEQ scales to measure change in the perception of bimanual performance. AUCs for the Grasp efficacy and the Time utilization were slightly below, and for the Feeling bothered slightly above the threshold. The latter one accurately discriminating between children that improved and did not improve according to the GAS.

    CONCLUSIONS: Evidence was found that CHEQ scales capture change in bimanual performance but with limited accuracy for two out of three scales. The validity of CHEQ change scores needs to be further explored in a wider population.

  • 382.
    Salmiranta, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Children with long-term illness plan their own health improvement projects2020Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 383. Sandqvist, Jan L
    et al.
    Björk, Mathilda A
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Gullberg, Mats T
    Henriksson, Chris M
    Gerdle, Björn U C
    Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 211-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP 1.1) can be used to assess an individual's skills during work performance - how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work task. The instrument is currently used by over 300 assessors working in a variety of work rehabilitation settings in Sweden, and it has been used with over 10,000 clients. In this study, the construct validity of the AWP 1.1 was tested with 364 assessments of clients with a variety of various work-related problems assessed by six occupational therapists in a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. Principal Component Analysis shows construct validity of the AWP 1.1. Further, the findings indicate that the instrument is sensitive and discriminates between clients, and no gender related patterns were identified.

  • 384.
    Sansonetti, Danielle
    et al.
    Acquired Brain Injury Rehabilitation Centre, Caulfield Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Nicks, Rebecca J.
    Occupational Therapy Department, Alfred Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Unsworth, Carolyn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Health, Medical and Applied Science, Central Queensland University, QLD, Australia.
    Barriers and enablers to aligning rehabilitation goals to patient life roles following acquired brain injury2018In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 65, no 6, p. 512-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/aim: Life roles are integral to occupational therapy practice. Goal setting is a method of establishing priorities to measure outcomes. While acquired brain injury can impact a person's ability to fulfil meaningful life roles, the alignment of goals set in rehabilitation to life roles, is unclear. This study aimed to (i) explore the alignment of goals with life roles for people with an acquired brain injury participating in inpatient rehabilitation; and (ii) identify barriers and enablers to life role discussions within a patient-directed goal setting framework.

    Method: A mixed-methods study was conducted on an inpatient rehabilitation unit in Victoria, Australia. Quantitative data were obtained from a retrospective file audit of randomly selected medical records. Qualitative data were collected through: a) interviews with patients and their families; and b) A focus group with occupational therapists. Thematic analysis of both audit data and narrative data was undertaken.

    Results: Thirty files were examined and demonstrated 33% alignment between goals and life roles. Four interviews were completed with patients, with a family member participating in two of these. Themes identified were: readiness, role concept, recovery concept and goal review. Five therapists attended the focus group. Themes identified were: Patient factors, goal review, expectations, role change and environment. Interview and focus group data identified that barriers to life role discussions included: lack of patient and family readiness, patients’ difficulty understanding role concept, focus on impairments and lack of family/ significant others support. Enablers included: having early conversations involving family, regular goal review and use of standardised tools.

    Conclusion: Goal setting in alignment with life roles is important in acquired brain injury rehabilitation, but may be limited. This process can be enhanced by including patients and their significant others in early goal setting conversations, along with regular goal review across the rehabilitation process. 

  • 385.
    Schultz, Emilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Karlsson, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Finns det skillnader mellan mätresultat med två olika mätinstrument?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 386.
    Scott, Melissa
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjorn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Viewpoints on Factors for Successful Employment for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 10, article id e0139281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the key factors for successful employment from the viewpoints of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and employers. Two groups of individuals participated in this study, 40 adults with ASD and 35 employers. Q method was used to understand and contrast the viewpoints of the two groups. Data were analysed using by-person varimax rotation factor analysis. Results showed that although both groups appear committed to the employment process, the difference in their understanding regarding the type of workplace support required, job expectations and productivity requirements continues to hinder successful employment. These results highlight the need to facilitate communication between employees and employers to ensure a clear understanding of the needs of both groups are met. The use of an ASD-specific workplace tool may assist in facilitating the necessary communication between these two groups.

  • 387.
    Scott, Melissa
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Jacob, Andrew
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Hendrie, Delia
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Benefits and costs of employing an adult with Autism Spectrum Disorder2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 388.
    Scott, Melissa
    et al.
    Curtin University, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Perth, Australia.
    Milbourn, Benjamin T.
    Curtin University, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Curtin University, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Perth, Australia.
    Black, Melissa H.
    Curtin University, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Perth, Australia.
    Bölte, Sven
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Halladay, Alycia K.
    Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, United States.
    Lerner, Matthew D.
    Stony Brook University, Department of Psychology, Stony Brook, United States.
    Taylor, Julie Lounds
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, United States.
    Girdler, Sonya J.
    Curtin University, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Perth, Australia.
    Factors impacting employment for people with autism spectrum disorder: A scoping review2019In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 869-901Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to holistically synthesise the extent and range of literature relating to the employment of individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Database searches of Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus, ERIC, Web of Science and EMBASE were conducted. Studies describing adults with autism spectrum disorder employed in competitive, supported or sheltered employment were included. Content analysis was used to identify the strengths and abilities in the workplace of employees with autism spectrum disorder. Finally, meaningful concepts relating to employment interventions were extracted and linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Sets for autism spectrum disorder. The search identified 134 studies for inclusion with methodological quality ranging from limited to strong. Of these studies, only 36 evaluated employment interventions that were coded and linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, primarily focusing on modifying autism spectrum disorder characteristics for improved job performance, with little consideration of the impact of contextual factors on work participation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Sets for autism spectrum disorder are a useful tool in holistically examining the employment literature for individuals with autism spectrum disorder. This review highlighted the key role that environmental factors play as barriers and facilitators in the employment of people with autism spectrum disorder and the critical need for interventions which target contextual factors if employment outcomes are to be improved. 

  • 389.
    Sim, Angela
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Cordier, Reinie
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    “We are in this together”: Experiences of relationship satisfaction in couples raising a child with autism spectrum disorder2019In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 58, p. 39-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Couple relationships play an integral role in family adjustment when a child has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet, it is unclear what factors contribute to the maintenance of relationship satisfaction in these couples.

    Method: Using phenomenology, data from eleven couple interviews were analysed to gain an understanding of the lived experiences of relationship satisfaction when raising a child with ASD.

    Results: The overall essence of “We are in this together” reflected the attitude that a strong partnership was beneficial in maintaining relationship satisfaction. This essence was captured in three main themes: 1) Shared beliefs, 2) Teamwork and 3) Shared experiences which closely paralleled the Walsh family resilience framework.

    Conclusions: Couples can be supported in these key areas to strengthen their relationship to serve as a source of resilience for families with a child with ASD. 

  • 390.
    Sim, Angela
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Cordier, Reinie
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Kuzminski, Rebecca
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Viewpoints on what is important to maintain relationship satisfaction in couples raising a child with autism spectrum disorder2019In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 65, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Despite the challenges associated with raising a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), many couples maintain satisfying relationships. However, it is not clear which factors couples prioritise as most important to this positive adaptation. Methods This study used Q-methodology to explore the viewpoints on factors most important to maintaining relationship satisfaction from the perspective of those experiencing it. Data from 43 caregivers raising a child with ASD were analysed using by-person varimax rotation factor analysis. Results Two key viewpoints were identified: 1) Building effective communication through openness, honesty and conflict resolution, and 2) Building a strong partnership by sharing parenting responsibilities. Conclusion Couples should be supported to strengthen communication processes and work in partnership to raise their child with ASD through family-centred interventions aimed at promoting relationship satisfaction.

  • 391.
    Sjöberg, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Relationer mellan aktivitetsbalans och stress bland gymnasieungdomar på en skola i södra Sverige: En tvärsnittstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 392.
    Sjöqvist Corbeil, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Zeka, Rezana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    självupplevd aktivitetsbalans i vardag och i arbete: Enkätundersökning gjord på sjuksköterskor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to investigate and map the relationship between self-perceived work stress and self-rated activity balance in everyday life among young female nurses. The quantitative survey is made on 30 young female nurses aged 22-35, working in hospitals in south- and central Sweden. The questionnaire consists of estimation questions about the activity balance in everyday life and the experience of stress at work. The questionnaire consists of Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) and the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale (KEDS) and seven demographic questions that are presented in tables and charts. The results show a positive correlation between OBQ and KEDS. As an occupational therapist has good knowledge about how to influence the activity balance in everyday life, preventive measures can be applied.

  • 393.
    Sjöqvist, Madelene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Fälth, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Granskning av hur funktionsnedsättning och aktivitetsbegränsning dokumenteras i primärvården för långtidssjukskrivna2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Långtidssjukskrivna individer är en stor grupp som ökar i samhället i Sverige vilket medför negativa konsekvenser för individ och samhälle. Sjukskrivningsprocessen behöver utvecklas då det finns brister i exempelvis utformning av hur funktionsnedsättning och aktivitetsbegränsningar dokumenteras i primärvården. Försäkringsmedicinska utredningar är en ny disciplin som kan hjälpa till med riktlinjer för detta. Ett samarbete mellan olika professioner skulle kunna förbättras. Syfte: Syftet var att granska hur funktionsnedsättning och aktivitetsbegränsning dokumenteras inom primärvården för individer som är långtidssjukskrivna. Metod: En kvalitativ design med kompletterande kvantitativ data användes. Journal och läkarintygs data från 116 undersökningspersoner med olika kön, ålder, diagnos och yrke. Resultat: Resultatet delades upp efter dokumentation av funktionsnedsättning och aktivitetsbegränsning samt upprättande av sjukskrivnings- och rehabiliteringsplan. Innehållsanalys av funktionsnedsättning och aktivitetsbegränsning delades upp i 3 kategorier: Bristfällig information, saknar röd tråd och språk samt 6 underkategorier: information saknas, identisk text under funktion och aktivitet, felplacerad information, osammanhängande beskrivning av aktivitetsbegränsning, otydligt med fackspråk i läkarintyg samt felformulering av information. Slutsats: Inom primärvården förekommer det brister med att beskriva aktivitetsbegränsning för de långtidssjukskrivna individerna som är i behov av godkända läkarintyg. Funktionsnedsättning beskrivs oftare tydligt. I resultatet framkommer att sjukskrivnings- och rehabiliteringsplan inte alltid upprättas.

  • 394. Sollander, Anna
    et al.
    Svensson, Frida
    Med vårdhunden som intervention.: Arbetsterapeutens perspektiv.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vårdhund är en utbildad hund som tillsammans med en vårdutbildad hundförare arbetar med olika klientgrupper. Att använda vårdhund har blivit vanligare inom vård och omsorg. Vårdhunden har visat sig ha positiva effekter på människan. Syfte: Beskriva hur och varför arbetsterapeuten arbetar med vårdhund som intervention. Metod: Kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjufrågor. Nio deltagare valdes med bekvämlighetsurval samt avsiktligt urval. Ett antal inklusionskriterier valdes för urvalsgruppen; (1) legitimerade arbetsterapeuter. (2) arbetar med, alternativ ha erfarenhet av att arbeta med vårdhund som intervention. Studien analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Resultatet av analysen gav tre huvudkategorier som innefattar relationsbyggande, meningsfullhet och motivation. Sammanställningen visar att arbetsterapeuterna använder vårdhund som intervention för att bygga relationer, motivera till aktivitet och delaktighet samt för att öka meningsfullheten för klienten i aktivitet. Slutsats: Arbetsterapeuten involverar vårdhunden i behandlingssituationen med klienten, låter hunden ta eget initiativ och kontakt. Arbetsterapeuten gör klienten delaktig i hundens skötsel. Vårdhunden används som intervention för att motivera klienten till delaktighet i aktivitet. Hunden öppnar upp för kommunikation och underlättar i relationsbyggandet mellan arbetsterapeut och klient. Vårdhunden kan minska ångest och oro samt gör behandlingssituationen roligare och mer avslappnad.

  • 395.
    Stadin, Magdalena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nordin, Maria
    Umeå University, Department of Psychology, Umeå, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda L.
    Stockholm University, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Information and communication technology stress at work and development of suboptimal self-rated health2016In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 73, no Suppl. 1, p. A150-A151, article id P091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives Information and communication technology (ICT) stress is a new type of work-related stress, which is common in modern working life. The prospective association between ICT stress and health have not previously been examined, to the best of our knowledge. The aim of this study was to examine the prospective association between exposure of ICT stress and development of suboptimal self-rated health, including potential differences in this association due to sex or socioeconomic status (SES).

    Methods A prospective design was applied, utilising data from three waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The analytical sample comprised 4468 gainfully employed people (1941 men, 2527 women, mean age 47.3 years) with good self-rated health at baseline. ICT stress was measured at two points of time, two years apart, and self-rated health was measured at follow-up two years later. Logistic regression analyses were used to derive odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

    Results In the total study sample, exposure of ICT stress at two points of time was associated with suboptimal self-rated health at follow-up (OR 1.34 [CI: 1.06–1.70], adjusted for age, sex, SES, lifestyle, BMI, job strain and social support). This association was stronger in men (OR 1.53 [CI: 1.09–2.16]) than in women (OR 1.17 [CI: 0.85–1.62]). Regarding SES, ICT stress exposure at two point of time was more prevalent in participants with high SES, but in the multivariable adjusted analyses, the strongest association between ICT stress and suboptimal self-rated health was observed among participants with low SES (OR 1.67 [CI: 1.04–2.66]), adjusted for age, sex, SES, lifestyle, BMI, job strain and social support).

    Conclusion Exposure of ICT stress at two point of time was associated with increased risk of developing suboptimal self-rated health during follow-up, especially among men and in low SES groups.

  • 396.
    Stefanac, Sinisa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wheelchair users’ satisfaction with the prescribed wheelchairs and wheelchair services in Croatia2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To determine the wheelchair users’ satisfaction with prescribed wheelchairs and wheelchair services in Croatia. 

    Methods: An online survey was distributed among members of the Croatian Paraplegic and Tetraplegic Alliance. One hundred-four participants were included in the analyses using non-parametric statistics.

    Results: Most participants were satisfied with wheelchair dimensions (n=84;80.7%), functionality (n=80;76.9%), easiness to use (n=81;77.8%), comfort (n=69;66.3%) and wheelchair parts adjustment (n=64;61.5%). They were also more engaged in the activities of everyday living (ADL) than the participants who were not satisfied with wheelchair characteristics. Significant activity participation was found in the following activities: bathing/showering (χ2=7.02;df=1;p=0.017), transfers (χ2=8.49;df=1;p=0.010), bladder/bowel management (χ2=17.77;df=1;p<0.001), food preparation (χ2=8.34;df=1;p=0.004), eating (χ2=9.33;df=1;p=0.014) and doing household chores (χ2=13.28;df=1;p<0.001). Fifty-seven participants (54.8%) received wheelchair assessment and were also predominantly satisfied with the assessment (n=51;89.5%), selection process (n=49;79%), equipment trial (n=24;80%), education/skills training (n=40;88.9%) and the fitting process (n=38;86.4%). Participants who received wheelchair assessment and skills training felt safer when using wheelchairs (χ2=6.13;df=1;p=0.013). Majority of the participants were unsure where to ask for second opinions regarding wheelchair assessment (n=80;76.9%) and where to seek wheelchair support groups (n=78;75%).

    Conclusions: Satisfaction with wheelchairs and wheelchair services leads to more involvement in ADLs and increases feelings of safety.

    Key words: activities of everyday living; occupational therapy; wheelchair prescription; wheelchair satisfaction; wheelchair services; wheelchair skills training

  • 397.
    Sträng, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Durakovic, Senka
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Att ha rätt att ha ont: Den sociala omgivningens påverkan på arbetsförmåga2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Smärta är ett av de största hälsoproblemen i dagens samhälle. Det är en huvudor-sak till funktionshinder och arbetsoförmåga. Människor med smärta söker ofta förståelse hos omgivningen. Det är viktigt för dem att andra förstår deras svårigheter och de vill dela med sig av sina erfarenheter. Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur personer med långvarig smärta upplever omgivningens påverkan på arbetsförmåga. Metoden är kvalitativ och informanterna i studien intervjuades enskilt. Studien inkluderade nio kvinnor i arbetsför ålder med långvarig smärta och erfarenhet av arbete. För dataanalys användes en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resul-tatet visade att omgivningen, främst den nära familjen, stödjer arbetsförmåga genom att för-ändra informanternas aktivitetsbalans. Kollegor och överordnade stödjer arbetsförmåga på informanternas arbetsplatser och i arbetsuppgifter. Omgivningen kan hindra arbetsförmåga genom den brist på förståelse många visar för informanter med långvarig smärta, vilket blir till hinder för glädje och motivation. Den sociala omgivningen hindrar arbetsförmåga även då de misstror informanterna med smärta eftersom smärtan och aktivitetsoförmågan inte syns utanpå, detta stjäl också ork och kraft. Slutsatsen som framkom visade att omgivningen kan stödja men också hindra arbetsförmågan hos informanterna med långvarig smärta genom fy-sisk och psykisk påverkan. Omgivningen består bland annat av familj, kollegor, överordnade, släkt och vänner.

  • 398.
    Ströberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter i arbetet med personer med Autismspektrumtillstånd2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 399.
    Svensson, Tommy
    et al.
    Institutionen för lärande och beteendevetenskap, Linköpings universitet.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Focus on Health, Motivation, and Pride: A discussion of three theoretical perspectives on the rehabilitation of sick-listed people2010In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815 (Print) 1875-9270 (Online), Vol. 36, no 3, p. 273-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades sickness absence from work has become a great societal problem. Questions of how rehabilitation processes should become successful and how peoples’ ability to work can be improved have become of great public interest. In this paper we discuss three well-known theoretical perspectives regarding their usefulness when it comes to research on rehabilitation for return to work. The three perspectives are: Antonovsky’s salutogenic model of health, Kielhofner’s model of human occupation and Scheff’s sociological theory of “shame and pride”. Each of these can be applied to increase understanding and knowledge concerning sickness absence and return to work. We discuss points of affinity among the three perspectives, as well as significant differences, and we propose that a very essential common denominator is the importance of self-experience.

  • 400.
    Svärdh, Samantha
    et al.
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Löfqvist, Charlotte
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Schmidt, Steven
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Iwarsson, Susanne
    Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, Active and Healthy Ageing Research Group, Lund, Sweden.
    Attitudes, acceptance and use of everyday technologies – a generational perspective2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology is a fixed feature in today’s world, from smart phones to the everyday technology in our homes. Research is limited regarding perceptions of and attitudes to technology among people of different generations as related to the technological developments they have experienced during their lifetime, as well as their health. It is imperative that researchers focus on this topic in order to better meet the needs of older persons in their utilization of technology. This study is the first step in an ongoing research project concerning healthy ageing and technology from a broader sense, which takes a unique generational perspective. The study aims to develop new knowledge regarding perceptions, acceptance and usage amongst people of different generations as related to the technological developments they have experienced during their lifetimes. Data was collected through several focus group interviews with participants from three age groups (30-39, 50-59 and 70-79 year olds). This exploratory method was used to capture attitudes regarding technology through group discussions and dynamics. Interviews were analysed according to qualitative content analysis and then compared using NVivo software. Preliminary findings indicate that participants do not view non-digitalized items like kitchen appliances as technology. They problematize digital technology and its development, particularly concerning issues with privacy and integrity, as well as its effect on human relationships. However, most continue to use digital technology and even name their smartphone or computer as the most in their everyday life. Explicit desires for parallel pathways and individualized solutions nonetheless pervade. The 70-79ers had less trust in digital technology while the 30-39ers voiced issues regarding social pressures and inclusions; the 50-59ers had to consciously work to keep abreast of new technology. Digital technology engages and has a high usage among different generations; however, the human perspective needs to be further involved to fill basic needs of coming generations.

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