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  • 301.
    Carlsson, Lisa J.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Chehimi, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Multimedia and Purchase Intentions: Web Design for Fashion E-Tailers2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, many high-end fashion designers have established their own e-commerce site. However, due to the difficulties of replicating the brick and mortar environment and the increase of competition, it has become more difficult to convert visitors into buyers. In order to attract buyers, some retailers add a lot of multimedia content.

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate attitude towards multimedia and whether it influences one’s online purchasing intentions for high-end fashion.

  • 302.
    Carlström, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karlström, Rikard
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sellgren, Jakob
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Value Vs Growth: A study of portfolio returns on the Stockholm Stock Exchange2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research Questions:

    • Will a portfolio based on value stocks, on a risk-adjusted basis, outperform a portfolio based on growth stocks on the Stockholm Stock Exchange?

    • Is the superior strategy able to generate abnormal risk adjusted returns by beating the OMXS in-dex?

    Purpose:

    The purpose is to investigate if an investor by purchasing a portfolio based on value stocks will outperform a portfolio based on growth stocks. Furthermore the authors aim to examine if the superior portfolio can beat the OMXS index and create abnormal returns on the Stockholm Stock Exchange.

    Method:

    The quantitative research method is used when gathering information. To deter-mine which stocks to include each year between 1993 to 2005 the price-to-book ratio (P/B) is used. Based on this multiple the sample is divided into two extreme groups of low and high P/B companies. These two groups are further divided according to their price-to-earning ratios (P/E). This creates four portfolios, which symbolizes value and growth stocks. Each portfolio’s return is recorded annually during the 12 year period. The returns are risk-adjusted in order to find the superior portfolio. This portfolio is then compared with the OMXS index for the same period to find out whether it has created an abnormal return.

    Conclusion:

    The superior and most extreme value portfolio, consisting of stocks with low P/B and low P/E ratios generated a cumulative risk-adjusted return of 1908% between 1993-2005 and beat the most extreme growth portfolio consisting of high P/Bs and high P/Es which generated a negative cumulative return. The superior portfolio was also able to beat the OMXS index during the years of 1993-2005, generating an abnormal risk-adjusted return of 7.77 times that of the OMXS index.

  • 303.
    Carnes, Christina
    et al.
    University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA.
    Hitt, Michael A.
    Texas A&M University and TCU, USA.
    Sirmon, David
    University of Washington, USA.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wook Huh, Dong
    Frostburg State University, USA.
    The Contingent Effect of Synchronization on Leveraging Resources for Innovation2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leveraging resources to exploit opportunities in external markets is at the heart of innovation. However, research suggests that leveraging resources is complicated and fraught with challenges. Building on work in resource orchestration by integrating behavioral logic relating to search behaviors and use of slack resources, we argue synchronization of internal activities enhances the innovation gains of a firm’s leveraging strategy (resource advantage, market opportunity, and entrepreneurial). We further suggest that this impact of synchronization on leveraging strategy and innovation is dependent on firms’ performance relative to social aspirations, elucidating boundary conditions of resource orchestration. Our findings offer theoretical and practical implications for understanding the influence of synchronization, leveraging strategies, and firm performance on innovation.

  • 304. Carnes, Christina M.
    et al.
    Hitt, Michael A.
    Huh, Dong Wook
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Sirmon, David
    The Influence of Synchronization and Performance on Strategic Choice and Innovation2013In: Academy of Management Proceedings: Vol. 2013, No. 1, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leveraging resources to exploit opportunities in external markets is at the heart of innovation. However, theory suggests that leveraging resources is a complicated affair, fraught with potential challenges. Building on work in resource orchestration, we argue that firms achieve superior innovation when their strategy used to leverage resources is synchronized with several resource orchestration processes – namely structuring and bundling. However, such synchronization is not easily achieved. Using prospect theory, we argue and find that prior performance and accompanying managerial biases influence which strategies are chosen to drive innovation and that these same influences are affected by the level of synchronization. Thus, working to leverage firm resources to achieve innovation requires the synchronization of several processes to produce the greatest outcomes.

  • 305.
    Carnes, Christina Matz
    et al.
    University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Hitt, Michael A.
    Texas A&M University.
    Huh, Dong Wook
    Frostburg State University.
    Pisano, Vincenzo
    University of Catania.
    Resource Orchestration for Innovation: Structuring and Bundling Resources in Growth- and Maturity-Stage Firms2016In: Long range planning, ISSN 0024-6301, E-ISSN 1873-1872, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 472-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is an important outcome for firms across all life-cycle stages, though challenges to this goal vary by a firm's stage of development. In this study, we integrate resource orchestration with contingency theory to theorize how managers differentially orchestrate their firm's resource portfolio and capabilities to develop innovation based on the firm's life-cycle stage. Empirical tests using primary data collected from 189 managers of U.S. and Italian firms based on the policy capturing method provide support for our hypotheses. Overall, this research contributes to our understanding of how firms manage their resources to create innovation over the firm's life-cycle.

  • 306.
    Carnestedt, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ericson, Dennis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jonsson, Niclas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Franchising: Focusing on Franchisees' Perspective in the Swedish Retailing Industry2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Franchising is an important global business phenomenon, yet most research in the field is allocated to the American market. In addition, the majority of conducted research on the topic of franchising is considering the franchisor perspective, even though a franchising establishment is a relationship between two parties; the franchisor and the franchisee. Recent trends in franchising research is to further extend the body of literature by considering the franchisee perspective as well as markets other than the U.S.

    This qualitative thesis considers Sweden, a market with great potential for further franchising development. This potential arises from the fact that Sweden is the country in Europe with the lowest percentage of households having problems making ends meet (6.8%), leaving consumers with large disposable incomes and hence, making it an interesting market to engage in. 

    Despite these obvious opportunities in the Swedish market, research focused on the Swedish franchise industry is limited to a few reports where the majority of research conducted merely considers franchising to a small extent.

    Aiming to be the next step to a greater understanding of franchising in a Swedish context, this thesis considers franchising in the Swedish retailing industry, represented by franchisees from the Swedish sports retailing industry. The thesis comprises in-depth interviews with a multidimensional interviewee-group of five interviewees, both current as well as former franchisees in the Swedish sports retailing industry.

    The study resulted in indications on franchisee satisfaction in Sweden in terms of control methods (i.e. behavior or outcome control) as well as propensity to central decision rights (i.e. allocation towards centralized or decentralized). Potential underlying factors to the abovementioned indications are also analyzed and explained. In addition, the study proposes numerous indications as to what further research is to focus on in order to extend the knowledge of the Swedish franchising industry to a more holistic view.

  • 307.
    Casasola, Kitzia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Olsson, Linn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Solberg, Marie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    "Add as Friend": A Case Study on Facebook and its Effects on Social Capital in the Workplace2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to, through a case study on a consumer electronics retailer in Jönköping, provide an empirical analysis of the link between the use of Facebook and social capital within the workplace.

    Background: The existing research on how employees’ Facebook usage affects social capital in the work place is far from extensive. Moreover, previous research focuses on large international organizations with their own internal social network site, and how this usage affects the organization’s social capital as an entity. Therefore, the authors of this thesis identified a need to examine only a single unit’s social capital within an organization and its link to the employees’ Facebook usage.

    Method: In order to answer the purpose of this thesis, a case study was performed on a consumer electronics retailer in Jönköping, Sweden. A mixed method, sequential explanatory design was applied in this thesis by; quantitative data collection in the form of questionnaires and then qualitative data collection in the form of semi-structured interviews. The questionnaires provided an overall insight to the situation at Electronicum, but also a guideline on where to focus when collecting the qualitative data. Eight employees were interviewed.

    Conclusion: The results indicate that Facebook affected the social capital mainly through its ability to quickly spread information and attitudes, but also to a large extent by its ability to extend social interaction, both offline and online. Trust was affected through Facebook’s ability to create bridging and bonding activities between employees. Moreover, the social capital components of shared norms and citizenship were influenced by Facebook. However, the most distinct link was between Facebook and knowledge sharing. There was a link between the use of Facebook and the increase in off-work activities which indirectly influenced the social capital at the work premises.

  • 308.
    Cestino, Joaquín
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Business model innovation dynamics in legacy newspapers: Strategizing at critical junctures2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relevance of the research

    A doomed atmosphere has dominated the traditional newspapers environment in the last years. However, legacy newspapers’ economics have experienced similar situations in the past (Conboy, 2010; Nerone, 2013), having succeeded before in managing significant changes in their business models (BMs). Paradoxically, legacy newspapers are perceived today as locked-in in an obsolete dominant BM.

    Business literature has described the questions posed by the Internet technology revolution to current newspapers’ economics but has failed to provide relevant cues for the development of new BMs. In this paper I analyze previous BM changes in the industry to (1) better understand the current situation that newspaper companies are in and (2) suggest potential lines of action to manage their business challenges today.

    Theoretical grounding and rationale for selection

    In an ever changing environment, companies which manage to create value over extended periods of time successfully adapt and renew their BMs (Achtenhagen, Melin, & Naldi, 2013). A BM describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value (Osterwalder & Pigneur, 2010). The paper defines BM innovation as a modification in the logic of profit generation (Magretta, 2002) and is operationalized as changes in the variables taking part in the profit formula (Johnson, Christensen & Kagermann, 2008).

    Path dependency has been referred as a plausible theoretical explanation to the currently locked-in dominant BM in legacy newspapers (Koch, 2008, 2011; Ryfe & Kemmelmeier, 2011; Djerf-Pierre & Weibull, 2011; Rothman & Koch, 2013; Rothman, Wenzel & Wagner, 2014). Often, organizations and inter-organizational networks and industries are immersed in “dynamics that seem to run by and large beyond the control of agents”, usually in a change resistant manner resulting of a self-reinforcing process. A path dependence perspective helps to explain how this process takes place and eventually consolidates and locks organizations and markets into a path of quasi-deterministic character. Path dependent processes have been described in relation to technology, cognitive, normative or resource-based constraints (Sydow, Schreyögg & Koch, 2009).

    Newspapers’ practices interact with cognitive and cultural processes on multiple levels, resulting in complexly embedded practices, attitudes and assumptions (Ohlsson, 2012). Zukin and DiMaggio (1990) identify four kinds of embeddedness of economic action: cognitive, cultural, structural, and political embeddedness. The notion of embeddedness may offer the right lenses to understand how path dependent dynamics could result in normative practices and affect business strategies in legacy newspapers.

    Research design, Method and Data

    The selected case study, for a longitudinal history, is the Cumbria News Group Ltd. The firm traces its origins to 1815 and holds an extensive archive. During its existence, the firm has gone through various periods when existing BMs have been challenged. The study includes the context of changes at different levels of analysis. The case particularly focuses on supposedly historical critical junctures in the history of newspapers; (1)1830s: origins of the penny press and the modern conception of news, (2) 1960s: big pipes and normatization of objective-investigative-enterprise journalism; and (3) the current period of digital news and defimiliarization of journalism.

    The available sources in their archives are brought into dialogue trying to reverse the stages by which the series of narratives have accumulated. In-depth interviews are also used in the analysis of the current period of digital news.

    The case provides a thick and careful description at the different levels of contexts, appearances and defining practices as a combination of discourse and materiality, and attempts to unearth the underlying logics in the process of change (Pettigrew, 1992).

    Summary of main results

    Whatever their public claims, legacy newspapers have seldom experienced in the past radical and fast transformations in their BMs. Incremental change is a better description of their business historic evolution, mainly as a result of a gradual incorporation of new technologies, new revenue streams and new business practices in an interwoven fashion.

    Contributions to the field’s knowledge base

    The paper contributes with a better understanding of:

    - The role of cognitive and cultural embeddedness in business strategies of newspapers,

    - The contributions and limitations of path dependence as a theoretical framework to interpret BM dynamics in legacy newspapers,

    - How -in a BM analytical mode- legacy newspapers have effectively developed and evolved in different contexts in the past.

    Practical implications

    Managers in the newspaper industry can use the past as a valid reference to interpret and manage the business challenges in the industry today. Key learnings include:

    - Since BMs of legacy newspapers have been revised through incremental processes in which new practices do not immediately replace old ones, managers should challenge the current BM without jeopardizing current capabilities,

    - Since new practices spread from successful innovative newspapers to other players in the industry by a replication process, managers should scan the industry for success stories of new practices,

    - Managers would benefit from understanding that some normative practices in legacy newspapers are relatively accidental and new to the industry (e.g. quality journalism, readership maximization…)

  • 309.
    Cestino, Joaquín
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    From Servitization To A Service Dominant Logic?: A Marketing Perspective On The Innovation Efforts In Newspapers2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 310.
    Cestino, Joaquín
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Gordon Institute of Business Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
    Institutional limits to service dominant logic and servitisation in innovation efforts in newspapers2017In: Journal of Media Business Studies, ISSN 1652-2354, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 188-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the implementation of service-orientated strategies within newspapers using SDL and servitisation as theoretical departure points. This perspective helps to interpret the advancements and barriers in the current marketing innovation activities in the industry. Based on the exemplary case of the award-winning Svenska Dagbladet, we show that use is made of servitisation and SDL to the extent allowed by some strategic determinants of institutional nature. While some components of SDL have been implemented successfully others–customisation, resource development and coordination, and dialogue-based marketing communication–present managerial opportunities to increase value co-creation. But for this to happen the industry may need to consider changes in some of the institutional components of qualitative news that today act as institutional limits to innovation.

  • 311.
    Cetin, Hülya
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Zachee, Valerie
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Value Creation Process in the Retail Grocery Chain2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The retail market in the 21st century will be determined on how quickly and efficiently the retailer can respond to shifts in consumer demands. Due to the physical environment of the store (store value) and the interaction with the consumer (shopping trip value), the local retail store has the advantage of generating this tangible and intangible information. It is then of importance that this information will be transferred towards the retailer, who has the opportunity to use this information and generate it into outputs that can be used as negoitables; this value creation process is an unique success indicator for creating a value network within retail supply chain.

    Purpose: The aim of this research is to present an understanding on the value creation process in the grocery retail chain.

    Methodology: Having an inductive nature, this thesis tried to bring a new understanding on value creation in grocery retail business, by using hermeneutics as a methodology approach. For empirical study, the qualitative approach was used. Data was collected through open-ended interviews with representatives in grocery retail chains.

    Conclusion: The main players in the value network were determined in a grocery retail chain as retailer, local retail store and other stores in the chain; and the suppliers. An intensive value exchange between the retail store and the retailer was found and following that, it was concluded that the retailer converts the value input from the local retail store into tangible and intangible value outputs towards suppliers. Combining the conclusions, the research defines that a value network is existing, but on a very low level. But more to the point, the study shows the importance of value creation by the retail chain, and that creating the possibility to share information about products, in-store experience, consumer knowledge, and consumer requirements is one of the biggest advantage the grocery retail chain has to develop this value network further.

     

  • 312.
    Chakraborty, Bidita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hansson, Victoria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Valuation of Unlisted Equity2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 313.
    Chamberlain, Elise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Edin, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Crisis Preparation Communication in Universities: A case study of Jönköping University2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With an increase in schools and universities being targets for malevolent attacks in many countries, the need for crisis preparation is high. To prepare their stakeholders, these institutions need to know how they can effectively communicate with them. This qualitative exploratory study investigates crisis communication at Swedish universities during the pre-crisis phase, and how universities can prepare their stakeholders, the students. The authors adopted a primarily deductive approach, through the use of a case study. Four group interviews of students were conducted to address the research question: How do students at Jönköping University want to be prepared for a potential malevolent crisis? The results of the research showed that students had not received malevolent crisis preparation information beforehand but desired it, and thought it was the university's responsibility to prepare them. Students preferred two-way communication and combining communication channels. A majority desired these channels to have mandatory participation. Finally, the authors believe to have found a potential link between excessive crisis preparation and fear built into the mutual relationship between crisis and threats. It is recommended that this link receives attention in future research as well as how the perception of a crisis is dependent on the student’s culture.

  • 314. Chandler, G. N.
    et al.
    Honig, Benson
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ont., Canada.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Entrepreneurship and Business Creation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Antecedents, moderators, and performance consequences of membership change in new venture teams2005In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 705-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on initial team size and membership change of new venture teams in two studies: (1) a panel study of 408 emerging ventures, and (2) a cross-sectional study of 124 new ventures. The findings suggest that larger initial team size provides an advantage for new organizations, and that the benefits of adding and dropping team members are contingent on the stage of development of the organization and the dynamism of the environment. Both external environment and team composition factors are associated with turnover in venture teams.

  • 315. Chandler, Gaylen
    et al.
    McKelvie, Alexander
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Asset specificity and behavioral uncertainty as moderators of the sales growth: employment growth relationship in emerging ventures2009In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 373-387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 316.
    Chantarang, Agkarapol
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Logistics in the Royal Thai Air Force Case Study: Preventing Problems in Logistics Support for the 4.5 Generation Fighter Aircraft2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Chatzidakis, Nikolaos
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Grande, Dolf
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Making ERP Work: A Logistics Approach to Causes and Effects of ERP Post-Implementation Use2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem – Companies are taking into consideration not whether an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system is required, but rather how to establish an effective ERP system. Research on ERP implementation is vast, however fairly little is known about ERP management and post-implementation use. Investigating how ERP systems are managed andused by different users in various companies and sectors adds value to understanding what practices are beneficial and, or detrimental.

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to explain how ERP system use in the post implementation phase affects logistics operations in various enterprises.

    Method – The research has been conducted through the method of hermeneutics, enabling the researchers to constructively interpret data from in-depth interviews and documentary secondary data in order to explain what generally goes unnoticed in ERP system use.

    Conclusion – Training and business process configuration (also referred to as Business Process Reengineering in ERP implementation) are fundamental drivers to „ERP use‟ that embodies a wide range of dimensions (i.e. ERP access, understanding of ERP use etc.). All these dimensions, realized in ERP use affect operations either beneficially or detrimentally, externally or internally on a individual, team and, or organizational level.

  • 318.
    Chen, Chunyan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Zhang, Ziyi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Linkage between FinTech and Traditional Financial Sector in U.S.: Comparative Study during and after Global Financial Crisis2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In 2008, the financial crisis led to the deterioration of the global economy. The financial industry suffered severe setbacks. On the one hand, regulators strengthened their supervision over financial institutions and raised capital requirements. On the other hand, publics’ confidence in financial institutions declined. At the same time, the fintech industry has rapidly developed during this decade, they use technology to make financial innovation and pose a threat to the traditional financial industry.

    Purpose: This paper aims to study the linkage between U.S. fintech and the traditional financial sector, trying to figure out which industry's stock price changes will affect the stock price changes in another industry. In particular, it also considers whether the global financial crisis will affect this relationship.

    Method: We first perform the Granger causality test under the VAR framework for several selected indices sequences, and then use the Toda Yamamoto version of Granger causality approach to verify the reliability of the above tests. Testing is divided into different time intervals in order to detect the impact of financial crisis on the relationship between time series.

    Conclusion: The empirical analysis results show that the correlation between the index in the long-term and short-term is inconsistent, and also shows that the correlation between the index will be affected by the financial crisis, or say, it will change as time varying.

  • 319.
    Chen, Lingxin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Xu, Jiahong
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Optimization of soft beverage inventory managementin practice for SMEs: A case study of JN Ltd. In China2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Nowadays beverage companies must focus on maintaining healthy finishedgoods inventory stocks in order to be able to decrease inventory costs, meet customerrequirements and to obtain competitive advantage. However many beverage SMEdon’t have an accurate planning and forecasting to manufacturing inventories. Thereforethey often face the problem of optimization in inventory management due to several differentreasons. As a result, company loses its competitiveness. Thus, there is a need tocoordinate Inventory activities of beverage SMEs to improve inventories’ planning. The purpose of this study is to analyze how inventory management is organized in a small Chinese beverage company.

    Frame of reference: This research is based on the theoretical framework relates with InventoryManagement (IM) and Retailer-managed inventory (RMI), vendor-managed inventory(VMI) and Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR).Empirical Data were collected through personal interviews and organization documents.

    Methodology: The research strategy for this paper is a single case study. This strategy allows investigating topic in its real life context. The inductive approach is used for this research based on qualitative data. The major source of data collection was semi-structured interviews and the company's documents. For analyzing data categorization approach was applied.

    Conclusion: The study found that inventory management theories presented in scientificliteratures are used in practice. To achieve better inventory management for beverageSMEs, the authors summarize four importance parameters based on literatures and findings.The authors also provide some suggestions based on the importance parameters inthe conclusion to optimize the case company’s inventory management.

  • 320.
    Cheng, Yan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karlsson, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sinset Imele, Michele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Implementing CSR: A case study of Ekenäs Mekaniska AB2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is not a new issue however it has recently started to get more attention. Mostly research has been conducted within the larger companies in many different aspects such as benefits with CSR, its financial impact and the implementation process. Since this is a matter that becomes more and more important in the society of today we wanted to focus our study on small and medium sized enterprises to see how they can take part in the CSR implementation too. Firstly we wanted to examine the small and medium sized companies (SMEs) within the Jönköping region however due to the special conditions of the companies in this region we decided to conduct a case study instead. The case study is conducted with the managing director of Ekenäs Mekaniska AB, the primary information were collected through two face to face interviews. The material was then compiled and analysed. We provide some practical solution to the problems existing within Ekenäs Mekaniska AB and suggest a model for Ekenäs Mekaniska AB as well as for other companies. The purpose of conducting this case study is to make it easier for Ekenäs Mekaniska to implement more CSR in the future as well as it is to serve as an example for other small sized firms that it is possible to still conduct CSR even though you are limited in resources. We also aim at providing a step by step guide on how to implement CSR efficiently that can be used for both small, medium sized companies and large companies however each step needs to be undertaken with the size of the company in mind. The final conclusion of this case study is that the most important stakeholder of Ekenäs Mekaniska AB when implementing CSR is the employees. A clear goal, vision and mission from the top managers are crucial for Ekenäs Mekaniska AB to implement CSR efficiently. The communication with the important internal and external stakeholders and the feedback collected from them are also very important to ensure that everyone in the organization is doing the right things. The employees need to be guided through a systematic guide book to ensure that the current or potential CSR activities satisfy their needs. The strategy of Ekenäs Mekaniska AB should well combine with their CSR agenda by us-ing the model introduced in the thesis. Due to limited financial resource, it is hard for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) to implement the whole CSR activities within the organization, therefore, the local government should provide appropriate fund or tax reduction programs to help SMEs implement CSR efficiently.

  • 321. Chilcott, Mandy
    et al.
    Barry, Daved
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Nova School of Business and Economics, Portugal.
    Narrating creativity: Developing an emic, first person approach to creativity research2016In: The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work, ISSN 1446-5019, no 3, p. 57-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the complexity of workplace creativity, laboratory or survey-based quantitative research conducted in the positivist tradition supports a trend towards prescriptive 'recipied' lists for stimulating creativity. In contrast, by recognising creativity as a complex multi-level system, we were inspired by ideas from narrative therapy to develop a new narrative inquiry methodology that uses personal storytelling to collaboratively investigate, promote intelligent reflection on, and enhance the creativity process. Our aim was to explore how taking a pragmatic constructivist approach might unfold a new way of eliciting richly descriptive realworld information that exploits local situated knowledge (what we call 'emic creativity') about the individual and group creative processes within a workplace. Using a developmental application of the methodology as a single-level case study on gaming designers in Denmark, we found that the new emic creativity methodology can contribute valuable information about creativity within a particular system.

  • 322.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    The creation, sharing and transfer of knowledge in family business2008In: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0827-6331, E-ISSN 2169-2610, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 413-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This present research aims at investigating how "knowledge-related human capital" can be accumulated, i.e. created, shared and transferred, in family business over time. "Knowledge-related human capital" is viewed as pure knowledge and skill which family members have gained and developed through education and experience within and outside the organization. Two wine-producing family firms from Switzerland and a liqueur family firm from Italy are part of this research. A tentative knowledge model is presented at the end of the study. It analyses factors responsible for the accumulation process of knowledge in family business across generations.

  • 323.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Baù, Massimo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Karlsson, M.
    Pittino, Daniel
    No Firm is an Island: Local Embeddedness and Rural-Urban Contexts for Business Growth in Family versus non-Family Firms.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Baù, Massimo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Financial Distress in Family and Non-Family-Controlled Firms2016In: Academy of Management Proceedings, January 2016 (Meeting Abstract Supplement) 12016 / [ed] John Humphreys, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we heed the call from a growing number of scholars to extend our understanding of performance differences between family and non-family firms. Drawing on the mixed gamble logic of the behavioral agency model and the socioemotional wealth prospective, we provide a more fine-grained understanding of the unique role and diverse logic of dominant owners in relation to performance outcomes. Our findings suggest that family firms are the worst among the best (i.e. among firms that do not experience financial distress, they perform worse) and the best among the worst (i.e. among firms that experience financial distress, they perform better), which we attribute to the fact that family owners have more firm specific current wealth to lose (including not only financial wealth but also SEW), and as such respond differently to financial distress.

  • 325.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Baù, Massimo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Is the Family an Asset or Liability? The Role of Environmental Dynamism on Family Firm Performance2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 326.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Carnes, Christina M.
    Wook Huh, Dong
    Hitt, Michael A.
    Pisano, Vincenzo
    Structuring and bundling resources for innovation in different firm life cycle stages2014In: Academy of Management Proceedings: Vol. 2014, No. 1, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study based on a sample of US and Italian private firms confirms that resource orchestration is crucial in the creation of innovation. Structuring and bundling resources are important processes for all firms, especially for the development of innovation. Adopting a resource-based logic, we employed the technique of policy capturing to examine the relationship between resource orchestration and the creation of innovation by firms at different stages of their life-cycle. Our results show that early-stage (start-up and growth) firms attempt to acquire and accumulate resources and to enrich existing capabilities and pioneer new ones to develop novel innovations. This emphasis shifts to divesting resources and stabilizing existing capabilities during later (maturity and revitalization) stages to achieve more incremental innovations. This research contributes to our knowledge of innovation, resource orchestration and the firm life-cycle stages.

  • 327.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    DeTienne, Dawn
    Colorado State University, USA.
    Clinton, Eric
    Dublin City University, Ireland.
    Sciascia, Salvatore
    IULM University-Milan, Italy.
    Resource structuring: linking resource acquisition, accumulation, and divestment in family firms2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While much has been written about the idiosyncratic nature of family firms, the processes of managing the resource base in family firms has received limited attention. We examine resource structuring in family firms, inclusive of resource acquisition, accumulation and divestment. Specifically, we theorize that family firms that engage in resource acquisition and accumulation achieve higher levels of resource divestment. While the family generation in control positively moderate these relationships, the presence of a family CEO negatively moderate them. Additionally, we predict that family CEOs in later generations also engage less in resource divestment. Our theory is tested on a sample of 241 Irish family firms.

  • 328.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Baù, Massimo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Socioemotional Wealth and Innovation in Family Firms: When the Environment Gets Tough, the Family Gets Going!2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pathak, Seemantini
    University of Missouri, St. Louis, USA.
    Baù, Massimo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Hoskisson, Robert
    Rice University, USA.
    Family versus Non-Family Firm Mergers: Likes Attract Likes, Outperform Opposites2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using social identity theory, we examine how the identity of the target firm in a family firm-led merger impacts the merged entity’s subsequent performance. We compare family firms’ target preferences and postmerger performance to those of non-family firms, and find that not only are family firms more likely to prefer other family firms as merger partners, but also achieve better post-merger outcomes with them. We test our hypotheses using a large sample of Swedish private firms, which largely controls for national cultural differences. After controlling for endogeneity and self-selection bias, our results support all our hypotheses.

  • 330.
    Choi, Ga Eun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nordström, Christoffer
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Llorach, Carlos
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Organizational Life Cycle Stages and Effectiveness: A Study of Swedish Gazelle Companies2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the life cycle stages of the chosen gazelles in Sweden and identify their effectiveness related to the stages. Furthermore, we study whether the given characteristic of the gazelle companies correspond to the suggested characteristics of the given theoretical framework.

    Gazelles, as the outstanding performers of both financial profits and job creators of our society, they are always struggling to sustain growth and satisfy market needs in order to maintain their prestigious status. Therefore, it is critical for them to access their abilities as well as constraints of the current organizational structures and we seek the solutions to these problems through the organizational life cycle theory perspective.

    Our study focuses on the Dagens Industri’s gazelle award winners that are carefully evaluated by the strict criteria it provides. Also, we revisit the various previous studies in the field of the organizational life cycle and effectiveness in order to provide the foundation for our analysis. In order to serve our purpose, we study 26 gazelles from Sweden in dept by reviewing their annual reports and official websites and provide the reader with quantities data research that are self-administrated concerning the different attributes of the life cycle stages and effectiveness.

    In conclusion, we find that the majority of the Swedish gazelle companies we have studied correspond to the second stage of the life cycle model which focuses on human relations model as an effectiveness area. However, these firms demonstrate unique effectiveness that genuine SMEs do not have, such as high focus on R&D and harmony between flexibility and control in their organizational structure.

  • 331.
    Chroscik, Angela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lake, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Disclosure of CEO bonus plans: A study of twenty leading EU banking companies2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The CEO bonus of banking companies has become a hot media topic around the world accelerated by the recent financial crisis of 2007-2008 where the excessive pay and risk-taking in the banking sector were recognized. This has raised public concerns around executive remuneration and the transparency of the companies. According to the regulations, the bonus of the CEO is indexed to the firm´s performance. However, the compensation of many CEO’s has been paid out during the financial crisis although the firms have lost money. This has consequently led to rigorous regulations of the financial institutions with the attempt to ensure long-term focus and consider outstanding risk through variable remuneration payments.

     

    Although the remuneration, and specifically annual bonus, has caught a lot of attention by the public and the media, it has been mostly overlooked by regulatory authorities and academics up until today. This research represents the first attempt to examine the disclosure and transparency of CEO annual bonus plans of twenty leading EU banks through the employment of in-depth and descriptive approach.. The purpose of this study is to explore the issue of CEO annual bonus plan with respect to the disclosure of the information provided in the banking companies’ financial reports of 2011. The level of transparency of the companies are scrutinized and measured accordingly to five bonus features, which may contribute to the transparency of annual bonus plans. The bonus plan is regarded as transparent if the majority of the following bonus criteria are fulfilled by the companies; (1) the application of simple targets through a single performance condition; (2) the application of published targets accessible to shareholders; (3) the disclosure of methods applied in order for shareholders and other stakeholders to determine whether the given performance target(s) has been fulfilled; (4) bonus payments in form of cash; (5) the disclosure of annual bonus cap.

     

    The findings of this study show that a significant part of the banks can be considered as non-transparent due to the failure of fulfilling the given bonus plan features, meaning that the issue of disclosure and transparency of annual bonus plans should raise concern for shareholders and regulators, both on the EU-level and nationally. This study evidently shows that the level of information disclosed as to bonus plans of CEO various tremendously between the countries and sometimes also between the companies in the same country, which indicate the issue of disclosure and transparency of annual bonus plans need to be enhanced through regulations.

  • 332.
    Cimendag, Ismail
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Yalcin, Erkan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Global marketing advertising with cultural differences: How can global companies better address cultural differences in marketing advertising in the Middle East?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The authors realized the importance of being flexible in cultural values in the current environment of today’s economy. This environment is called ‘globalization’ that has become an interesting topic in the academic world. Beyond the different challenges, the most important challenge regarding to the thesis topic is the cultural challenge. The authors have combined these elements and  wanted to investigate how these factors influence marketing advertising in the Middle East.

    Hence, the purpose of this thesis is to reach an understanding about how cultural differences in global marketing advertising can be handled by global companies in the Middle East. 

    The findings of the thesis reflect upon the question of "how global companies can better address cultural differences in marketing advertising in the Middle East" by first understanding and respecting the culture and religion of the region, following the regulations and guidelines for advertising in every specific country, cooperating with local agencies and adapting the marketing advertising strategy with a glocal ‘think global, act local’ approach.

  • 333.
    Cisamolo, Marco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Villarreal Muraira, Alain
    Human Resource Practices, Absorptive Capacity and Human Costs in SMEs: A Theoretical Model about the Implementation of HRP, its Benefits and Costs2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Absorptive capacity is fundamental for small-middle enterprises to increase their innovativeness and competitiveness in the market place. Human resources, being the most important asset in SMEs, might help firms to obtain adequate levels of absorptive capacity through a planned set of human resource practices. The hu-man costs of implementing such practices, however, cannot be neglected, and this paper studies the relationship between these different variables.

  • 334.
    Claar, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nilsson, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Collaboration within a CSR Project: A Case Study of “Bra Bostäder för Småhushåll till Rimligt Pris”2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore and analyze how collaboration within a CSR project develops and evolves over time. By analyzing a CSR project that in-volves actors from multiple sectors, the aim is to acquire an increased understand-ing of the collaborative process.

    Background: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as a concept has been growing in im-portance and is becoming an important part of corporations’ strategy, but there are still issues of how to engage in an efficient and effective way. As consumers are be-coming increasingly aware of CSR it can influences their buying behaviors. It is im-portant for corporations to engage in CSR that can result in both social and finan-cial value. CSR collaboration with external actors can provide and leverage unique combinations of resources and knowledge which could otherwise be hard for the corporation to obtain. The challenge for corporations is to find the right collabora-tive partnerships with the capabilities to meet the needs of society. Different types of actors can have different motivations behind their involvement, raising the issue of how they can collaborate without conflict.

    Method: To answer the purpose, a case study was conducted. The case study is based on a project called “Bra bostäder för småhushåll till rimligt pris” which is aimed at alle-viate the shortage of affordable housing in Sweden. The project intends to show that it is possible to build more affordable homes where the price for the end con-sumer is considered from the beginning. Primary data was collected through semi-structured interviewees with important actors involved in the case.

    Conclusion: The ability to develop a CSR project is critically dependent on the collabora-tion between the involved actors. The collaborative process and inclusion of differ-ent actors are based on the competencies, knowledge, and experience. Social as-pects have been the foundation for a shared purpose, but the focus has been on is-sues regarding sustainable financial viability. The collaborative nature has allowed for a unique combinations that would otherwise not been possible and have in-creased the value of the project.

  • 335.
    Claesson, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wengbrand, Frida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Valuation of Family Businesses: A case study2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The vast majority of all Swedish companies are family businesses. Research within the field of family businesses has not until recent years been developed. Moreover, the research regarding valuation of family businesses is close to non-existing. Family businesses differ in many ways from non-family businesses, for example when it comes to culture, ownership and management. Hence, there is a possibility that family businesses are valuated differently from non-family businesses.

    Purpose of this thesis

    The purpose with this thesis is to describe how valuation of family businesses is done from the perspective of an acquiring company.

    Method

    For this thesis a qualitative, hermeneutic approach was applied in order to understand the whole picture of the valuation of the family business phenomenon. A case study approach was carried out by carefully studying three acquisitions of small private family businesses in the service sector made by Company X.

    Conclusions

    The crucial skills to possess are experience, industry knowledge, intuition and most of all family business knowledge and experience when determining a fair value of a family business. The intangible assets of a family business, for instance reputation, culture and knowledge, together with different valuation methods contribute to the estimation of the value of a family business.

  • 336.
    Claesson, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Blomberg, Erika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Vertical Integration: A Case Study of the Issues Regarding the Internal Trading in a Swedish Engineering Group2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The success of vertical integration is highly dependent on units’ ability to collaborate towards common goals. Deficiencies in coordinating and controlling the internal trading activities could imply that the benefits and the purpose of vertical integration are unutilised. Commonly owned companies that individually satisfy a certain stage in a production chain (i.e. vertical integration) aims efficiently produce full solution products. The goods are transferred through the production chain by trading internally, which stresses the importance of having efficient procedures for the internal trading, as well as properly determined transfer prices for the traded goods and services. Incorrect procedures and lack of management control could, among other factors, foster a behaviour that allows the subsidiaries to act as if independent and unaffiliated. Consequently, such organisational culture is hurtful to a group that is vertically integrated.

    In this case study a Swedish engineering group, consisting by five subsidiaries, is examined with the intent of mapping and describe the issues that cause suboptimisations and inefficient internal trading, as well as highlight the most critical factors that needs adjustment or attention in order to improve the internal trading situation. The empirical findings of this case study have been compared to a theoretical framework, founded on underlying and related theories regarding vertical integration. The qualitative data was based on interviews with four Chief Financial Officers and two Chief Executive Officers of companies in the same group. The names of persons and companies will be held confidential.

    The findings showed that the companies within this corporate group have highly decentralised relations to each other and are highly autonomous. Only one company is more controlled by top-management. Even though the companies have been united to exist in a vertical integrated group, the trading is still conducted as if the companies are independent of each other and with a lot of self-interest. There is a lack of standardised procedures, incentives, and expressed policies and guidelines from the top-management to encourage collaboration towards the aggregated goals and the group’s profit maximisation. The horizontal management style leaves too undefined frames for conducting internal trades with the focus on maximising the group’s profit. Hence, the internal trading is not optimal and sub-optimisation is likely to occur. The findings of the explorative and descriptive study call for the top-management’s attention and intervention. Two tools for controlling and improve the internal trade is by implementing either a Shared Service Centre or a transfer pricing method, together with motivating incentives.

  • 337.
    Clysén, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ammunet, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Revisorns oberoende: objektivitet och självständighet i mindre revisionsbyråer2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are a large amount of demands on an auditor. An auditor should besides auditing have a high level of competences in areas such as environmental accounting, taxes and laws, financing and budgeting. The auditor should also be absolute independent and avoid all threats that can influence his way of acting objective and independent.

    The aim of auditing is to increase the reliability of the information about a company’s financial situation, not only for people involved but also for the public. One condition for a reliable annual fi-nancial report is that the auditor has been acted independent in his work. Several studies and articles have been done, treating auditor independence from different perspectives. A number of these have come to the conclusion that smaller accounting firms have a harder time being independent. We do believe there is a lack of studies, were the independence have been investigated from the view of the small accounting firms. There are two kinds of independence, called independence in fact, when the auditor is capable to accomplish the task objective and independence in appearance, when the auditor operates in a way that makes sure that people around him can assume he acts objective. As a tool to help auditors to achieve independence the analysis model was implemented in the audit law in January 2002.

    The aim with this study is to obtain a better knowledge about how auditors working in small accounting firms reason and argue about the independence.

    To fulfill the aim with the thesis five qualitative and unstructured interviews were performed. The respondents were five authorized auditors practicing in small accounting firms. The definition of a small accounting firm in this thesis is when there are one or two auditors acting at the same firm.

    The study showed that all auditors participated in our study had the same thoughts about the auditor independence. To sustain trustworthy from the interested parties perspective they know the importance of acting independent.

  • 338.
    Coeurderoy, Régis
    et al.
    ESCP-Europe et Université catholique de Louvain, France.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Queensland University of Technology.
    Lwango, Albert B.R.
    Groupe ESC Troyes en Champagne, France.
    Murray, Gordon
    School of Business and Economics, University of Exeter, Exeter, England.
    Tywoniak, Stéphane
    Graduate School of Business, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    L’internationalisation des jeunes entreprises de hautes technologies : Le rôle des compétences internationales des fondateurs: [The internationalization of new technology based Firms: the Role of the international Skills of founding Teams]2013In: Finance Contrôle Stratégie, ISSN 2261-5512, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extending recent research on the importance of specific resources and skills for the internationalization of start-ups, this article tests a negative binomial model on a sample of 520 recently created high technology firms from the UK and Germany. The results show that previous international experience of entrepreneurs facilitates the rapid penetration of foreign markets, especially when the company features a clear and deliberate strategic intent of internationalization from the outset. This research provides one of the first empirical studies linking the influence of entrepreneurial teams to a high probability of success in the internationalization of high-technology ventures.

  • 339.
    COZER, CAMILA
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    CONSUMER'S PERCEPTION AND PURCHASE INTENTIONS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON SECOND-HAND CLOTHING STORES2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 340.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Founding conditions and the survival of new firms: An imprinting perspective on founders, organizational members and external environments2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New firms are important sources of new employment, economic growth and innovation. Yet, a large portion of them do not manage to survive their first years of existence. This is often linked to their initial lack of capabilities, resources, routines and legitimacy. Certain favorable conditions at founding may allow new firms to partially overcome these initial shortcomings, and help them survive. For instance, organizational members’ prior experience may provide knowledge and skills to the new firm. However, it may also act as a constraint. It can lead new firms to follow a prescribed way of doing things which may ultimately threaten their survival. Similarly, certain unfavorable conditions of the external environment at founding may paradoxically offer a fertile ground for new firms to nurture their survival. Thus, whether some founding conditions are good or bad for new firms is still an unanswered question.

    Building on imprinting theory, this dissertation investigates how different founding conditions affect the survival of new firms. At the organizational level, I study founders’ prior working experience in an incumbent family firm, organizational members’ prior shared international experience and prior industry experience, and focus respectively on three types of new firms: entrepreneurial spawns, international new ventures and high/mid-high tech new firms. I use a matched employer-employee dataset to test the effect of different types of prior experience on new firm survival. At the environment level, I propose how population density of similar organizational forms and the mortality of generalist organizations at founding may affect the survival of new family firms.

  • 341.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Organisational ecology and the family business2015In: Theoretical perspectives on family businesses / [ed] Mattias Nordqvist, Leif Melin, Matthias Waldkirch and Gershon Kumeto, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 18-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisational ecology has long studied the survival of organisations. However, few studies have focused on how such perspective can be applied to investigate similar topics in distinct organisational forms, such as family businesses. This book chapter thus attempts to apply an organisational ecology perspective to the study of family businesses. More specifically, it explores how such perspective can inform research on the survival of family businesses. Special attention is given to environmental determinants conceptualised at the industry level

  • 342.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Prior shared international experience and the survival of international new venturesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows how organizational members’ prior shared experience in international firms affects the survival of the international new ventures (INVs) to which they belong. I propose that as the length of prior shared international experience (PSIE) increases, these ventures are more likely to draw greater survival-enhancing benefits from the pre-existing routines and capabilities that their members previously developed while working together in the same international firm. However, for high PSIE length, INVs may find it difficult and costly to revise existing routines and capabilities and to develop new ones to achieve survival. Using a unique sample of Swedish INVs, I find that PSIE has an inverted U-shaped relationship with survival. Further, I theorize and show that contextual familiarity between the contexts in which PSIE was acquired and those in which it is applied through the INV is an important contingency of the PSIE-survival relationship. This study has valuable implications for research on international entrepreneurship and shared experience.

  • 343.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    The survival of new family firmsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by both the scarcity of studies on the survival of new family firms and the call to better understand how external environments may affect family firms, I apply organizational ecology to outline the potential effects of environmental conditions on the survival of new family firms. This study extends organizational ecology in the context of new family firms, proposes three testable propositions and opens new avenues for research on the ecology of (new) family firms.

  • 344.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Larrañeta, Barbara
    Pablo de Olavide University.
    Naldi, Lucia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Zahra, Shaker A.
    University of Minnesota.
    Industry knowledge, prior industry experience and new venture survivalManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research suggests that new ventures can overcome threats to their survival by gaining access to technological knowledge from other firms in their industry even without directly transacting with them or joining their networks. This access can be obtained through vicarious learning that allows new ventures to benefit from spillovers of industry knowledge made public through patents. However, absorbing industry knowledge can be difficult for new ventures. On the one hand, new ventures have different absorptive capacities as a result of their organizational members’ prior experience within the current industry and across different industries. On the other hand, industries differ in the characteristics of their public technological knowledge (i.e., intensity and breadth). We propose that the intensity and breadth of an industry’s public technological knowledge interact with organizational members’ prior industry experience to determine the ability of new ventures to learn vicariously, affecting the likelihood of venture survival. Our results show that having prior experience in the same industry is beneficial for new venture survival when the technological knowledge within an industry is high in intensity and breadth, while prior experience across different industries is beneficial when this knowledge is low in intensity and breadth. This study contributes to the literature on prior industry experience, organizational learning, absorptive capacity and new venture survival.

  • 345.
    Criaco, Giuseppe
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    The survival of family-firm spawns2017In: 2017 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2017, Academy of Management , 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze whether entrepreneurial spawns from family firms are more likely to survive than spawns from non-family firms. Using a matched employer employee panel data set, we find that entrepreneurial spawns from family firms survive longer than spawns from non-family firms. To mitigate endogeneity concerns, we used a two-stage model for self-selection into spawning and implemented coarsened exact matching to compare more closely aligned treatment (family parent) and control (non-family parent) samples. We further show that entrepreneurial spawns from family firms survive longer when located closer to the parent firm and when the founder had longer tenure at the parent firm.

  • 346.
    Criaco, Guiseppe
    et al.
    RSM Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.
    Sieger, Philipp
    Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Department of Management and Organization, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Minola, Tommaso
    Università degli studi di Bergamo, Italy.
    Parents' performance in entrepreneurship as a "double-edged sword" for the intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship2017In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 841-864Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how perceived parents’ performance in entrepreneurship (PPE) affects the entrepreneurial career intentions of offspring. We argue that while perceived PPE enhances offspring’s perceived entrepreneurial desirability and feasibility because of exposure mechanisms, it weakens the translation of both desirability and feasibility into entrepreneurial career intentions due to upward social comparison mechanisms. Thus, perceived PPE acts as a double-edged sword for the intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship. Our predictions are tested and confirmed on a sample of 21,895 individuals from 33 countries. This study advances the literature on intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship by providing a foundation for understanding the social psychological conditions necessary for such transmission to occur.

  • 347.
    Crona, Therése
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The decision making process in the choice of school: A Study about the process when Swedish pupils make their high school choice2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 348.
    Cronstam, Oliver
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Grönberg, Jacob
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Influencing Factors in the Implementation of Green Management Practices: A Qualitative Study regarding Swedish SMEs in Logistics2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of green management is today relatively unexplored in existing literature, especially regarding SMEs in logistics. To bridge this gap this study aims to find what factors influence the implementation of green management for SMEs in logistics. Furthermore, this study aims to address the influential weight of these factors to create an even greater understanding within the topic.

    The chosen research method of this paper is qualitative, and the empirical data is collected through semi-structured interviews with Swedish logistic companies who have acquired the environmental management system ISO 14001. Furthermore, the research approach of this study is deductive.

    When implementing green management, this paper has found 4 factors that influence a company in various ways. What also has been found is what factors that have more influential weight and are essential to make such implementation effective.

    The study provides both theoretical and practical implications. Theoretically it fills a gap current literature and further explains SMEs in logistics use of green management. Practically companies can draw from this study to see if they work effectively with green management or better prepare for a transition. The researchers of this study suggest that the factors of influence that are presented in the empirical findings should be tested in a quantitative study with a larger sample size to better measure the effect of each one in a practical context. 

  • 349.
    Cvach, Marek
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kahsay, Menal Sanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Shamoun, Micaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Privacy online: Exploring consumers’ evaluation of privacy issues in relation to personalised advertisement when buying online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The development of the Internet has changed the direction of advertising. Personalised advertising has emerged as the most effective and most profitable form of advertisement. Although personalised advertisement has been praised by many, privacy related concerns have been raised since it can be perceived as a violation of the consumer's privacy. Online shopping is another activity growing on the Internet, which also raises concerns about privacy. Therefore, we find it interesting to look on how personalised advertisement in relation to privacy issues can affect the consumer when buying online.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how online shoppers respond to privacy issues and personalised advertising. The research will focus on the shoppers’ perspective of privacy issues with personalised advertising online. It will also provide companies with useful insights into customer behaviour when shopping online, with the intention of evaluating various forms of personalised advertisement and their effectiveness in order to strengthen companies’ online personalised marketing campaigns.

    Method

    As multiple explanations to one and the same research question are sought, the research will be conducted from an interpretivist standpoint. A qualitative research method has been chosen in the form of twelve semi-structured interviews with individuals who have been residents of Sweden for more than six months, with a wide range of ages and an equal representation of the male and female gender. The empirical findings will be analysed based on the grounded theory where common themes based on similarities will be presented.

    Conclusion

    It was concluded that the attitudes towards personalised advertisement, privacy issues and its effect on buying behaviour depends on where the advertisement comes from as well as from where the individual is shopping. Furthermore, it was also found that although privacy concerns were raised it did not prevent individuals from continuing to purchase online, only from what sites the purchasing was conducted.

  • 350.
    Cyron, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Goal formation and everyday governance in family firms2017Conference paper (Refereed)
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