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  • 301.
    Kjellerstedt, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Munteanu Kulborg, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Det är så mycket större än bara i skolans korridorer”: Föreställningar av mobbning bland skolpersonal i elevhälsoteam2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 302.
    Klang Ibragimova, Nina
    et al.
    School of Education, Culture and Communication, Mälardalen university.
    Pless, Mia
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Using content analysis to link texts on assessment and intervention to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - version for Children and Youth (ICF-CY)2011In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 728-733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore how content analysis can be used together with linking rules to link texts on assessment and intervention to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health – version for children and youth (ICF-CY).

    Methods: Individual habilitation plans containing texts on assessment and intervention for children with disabilities and their families were linked to the ICF-CY using content analysis. Texts were first divided into meaning units in order to extract meaningful concepts. Meaningful concepts that were difficult to link to ICF-CY codes were grouped, and coding schemes with critical attributes were developed. Meaningful concepts that could not be linked to the ICF-CY were assigned to the categories “not-definable” and “not-covered”, using coding schemes with mutually exclusive categories.

    Results: The size of the meaning units selected resulted in different numbers and contents of meaningful concepts. Coding schemes with critical attributes of ICF-CY codes facilitated the linking of meaningful concepts to the most appropriate ICF-CY codes. Coding schemes with mutually exclusive categories facilitated the classification of meaningful concepts that could or could not be linked to the ICF-CY.

    Conclusion: Content analysis techniques can be applied togetherwith linking rules in order to link texts on assessmentand intervention to the ICF-CY.

  • 303. Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Herz, Marcus
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Wallroth, Veronica
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Ljunggren, Mia (Editor)
    Genus i socialt arbete2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken belyser på ett systematiskt sätt hur genusdimensionen formar socialt arbete. Boken ger perspektiv på genusfrågan utifrån fyra delar av det sociala arbetet: det sociala arbetets problem- och verksamhetsområde, det sociala arbetets organisering, professionaliseringen av socialt arbete,samt det direkta arbetet med brukarna. Författarna diskuterar de utmaningar som det sociala arbetet står inför när det gäller att skapa utrymme för kritisk reflektion kring den egna praktiken och att praktiskt genomföra ett genusmedvetet socialt arbete.Boken kan läsas av både dem som är nybörjare på området och dem som är mer bevandrade i genusteori. Även om boken i första hand vänder sig till verksamma inom socialt arbete är innehållet relevant också för andra professioner som till exempel läkare, psykologer och sjuksköterskor.

  • 304. Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Betydelsen av position, sammanhang och relation för svenska socialarbetares förståelse för unga män som utsatts för våld.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien fokuserar socialarbetares föreställningar om mäns viktimisering när de har utsatts för våld. Att undersöka socialarbetare förståelse och bedömning av män som utsatts för våldsbrott är en viktig uppgift för att utveckla professionellt socialt arbete. Detta eftersom kunskaper från sådan forskning kan bidra till en bättre förståelse av sådana tankemodeller som vägleder professionella hjälpare i deras arbete.

    Syftet med studien är att fördjupa förståelsen för hur mäns position i könsordningen, kontextuella faktorer och relationen mellan offret och gärningspersonen influerar socialarbetare förståelse och bedömningar av unga mäns viktimisering.

    Tidigare forskning om betydelsen av mäns position i genusordningen, det sammanhang som våldet förekommer i samt relationen mellan offret och gärningspersonen är utgångspunkt för studien. Dessutom används attributionsteori samt genus- och maskulinitetsteori som teoretiskt ramverk.

    Studien genomförds med hjälp av fokusgruppsintervjuer med socialarbetare i vilka två olika fall diskuteras, en där en ung man som misshandlade av en okänd gärningsman i offentlig miljö och en annan där en ung man misshandlas av en partner av det motsatta könet i hemmet. Det empiriska materialet består av fokusgruppsintervjuer med sexton svenska socialarbetare som arbetar med att stödja unga brottsoffer inom fem specialiserade enheter (

    Stödcentrum för Unga Brottsoffer). Två olika vinjetter används som stimulusmaterial i intervjuerna. I en version har offret utsatts för våld av en okänd man på en offentlig plats. I det andra har offret attackerats av en kvinnlig partner i hemmet. Innehållsanalys användes för att analysera deltagarnas diskussioner.

    Resultaten visar att socialarbetarna diskussioner rör sig kring följande teman med anknytning till de tre dimensionerna, position, sammanhang och relation:

    Manlighet och mäns självbild; Mäns hjälpbehov och hjälpsökande beteende; Stöd som finns och hur socialarbetare bästa arbetar med att ge råd och stöd; Manlighet, våld, hämnd och viktimisering; Egna handlingars betydelse för våldet och viktimiseringen; Alkoholens betydelse för våldet och viktimiseringen samt betydelsen av att offret har en nära relation till gärningspersonen alternativt att denna är okänd för offret.

    Inom de aktuella temana framträder en bild av att socialarbetarnas i vissa avseenden har relativt genustraditionella förväntningar på viktimiserade män och manlighet. Emellertid uppvisar de professionella också en medvetenhet om att de unga männens hjälpbehov inte alltid matchas av samhällets hjälpapparat och välfärdsinstitutionerna som helhet och att den hjälp som ges både kan producerar och reproducerar en mer begränsad (restricted) maskulinitet snarare än en att bidra till mer inkluderande (inclusive) former

  • 305.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Reluctant Help-Seekers and Agentic Victims: Swedish Social Workers’ Talk about Young Men Victimised by Violence2017In: Practice, ISSN 0950-3153, E-ISSN 1742-4909, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 259-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to investigate how Swedish social workers who work with supporting young crime victims construct young men’s violent victimisation and their need for help. The data consist of three qualitative focus group interviews with trained social workers working with young crime victims. Based on data from focus group interviews, the analysis shows that the social workers do not portray young men as passive victims; instead, they are viewed as victims playing an active role in triggering the assault and trying to handle their victimisation on their own. Social workers also describe young men as reluctant to seek help and as emotionally withdrawn. The discussion addresses how male victims of violence are constructed and how clients’ as well as professionals’ traditional gender role expectations might affect the possibility for young men in distress to receive help.

  • 306.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The significance of position for Swedish social workers’ understanding of young men’s victimization of violence2017In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 54-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women and men is a widespread and serious social problem, often with severe consequences for the victims. Even though young men are among those most at risk of exposure to physical violence, men’s victimization is only recognized to a limited extent. The aim of this study is to deepen our understanding of how social workers’ interpretation of the position of males in the gender order affects their understanding of male victimization. The study was designed as a multiple case study with a qualitative comparative approach. Focus group interviews supported by vignettes were used to collect data. Interviews were carried out with professional Swedish social workers working with victimized men and women at centres for young crime victims in Sweden. The results show that even though the social workers express traditional gender beliefs about young men’s experiences of victimization and their inability to identify themselves as victims of violence, they also to some extent resist taken-forgranted notions of male victimization. The results also show that the social workers to some extent offer supportive measures that reinforce traditional expectations of masculinity. On the basis of the results it is suggested that one important way of developing social work with young male victims of violence would be to give greater attention to variations between different men and masculinities and how these different forms of masculinity are differently connected to crime and violence, and to adapt supportive measures to reflect these differences.

  • 307.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nord, Carina
    Socialt arbete.
    Pers, Anna
    Socialt arbete.
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Förståelse, bedömningar och hjälpinsatser: Socialarbetares arbete med män som våldsoffer2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines the background to, and presents the results from the Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority funded project "Social Workers' understanding of men as victims of crime". The project aimed at describing and analyzing how social workers understand and work with male victims of violence. More precisely, the research has focused on how social workers describe men's vulnerability and how they understand men's needs for assistance, what assistance that is provided and the way the constellations of perpetrators and victims of different gender and contexts in which the violence occurs in affect the understanding of male victims of violence. The study has also been devoted to the question of whether the Support Centers for young crime victims in Sweden provide different types of and different amount of help to young men and women afflicted of violence. The project was conducted in three substudies.

    The results from substudy 1 show that more young men than women seek support from the Support centers studied. Men predominate in number of cases and in the different categories of crime. The results also show that young men on average receive less assistance over a shorter average duration than young women. This applies irrespective of the category of offense that the vulnerability applies to. Furthermore, the young men, compared to the women, proportionally receive fewer interventions characterized as support and a greater proportion of interventions in the form of information. The results also show that the young men are referred on for further action to a lesser extent than is the case for women.

    The results from substudy 2 show that social workers tend to focus on whether, and to what extent, young men who are victims of violence themselves have behaved provocatively before the violence incident and if they have put themselves in a social situation that could be interpreted as having contributed to an escalation of the violence they have been subjected to. The results from substudy 2 also show that social workers talk about the men as active in the violent situations they have been involved in and dwell on the extent to which the young men's own actions have contributed to the violence. The results also show that young men who are victims of violence are described as "reluctant" victims who are trying to cope with their situation on their own without the involvement of professional or other helper. The young men are also described as reluctant to talk about their feelings.

    The results of substudy 3 show that social workers believe that young men, when they become victims of violence, risks losing their sense of autonomy, initiative and decisiveness, that is, attributes that are often linked to the dominating cultural image of masculinity. Furthermore, the results show that social workers estimate that men's practicing of their masculinity, but also the response that men who are traumatized get from society, creates difficulties for them to get help. The results from substudy 3 also shows that attributes and actions that can be connected to the masculinity of young men's, as well as a lack of such attributes and actions are considered to be adequate explanations for the violence the men has suffered. When it comes to violence in public places it is the masculinity that explains the violence and its escalation. When it comes to domestic violence it is the lack of expected male attributes and actions that are used as explanations for the violence that have occurred.

    The discussion is devoted to the question of how the results should be understood based on the concepts of self-performance, interpretation, negotiation and categorizations, and the consequences the results obtained should have for gender sensitive social work given to abused men.

  • 308.
    Kurjenkallio, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Friman Linder, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Förskolepersonals förtroende för socialtjänsten: Vikten av återkoppling vid en orosanmälan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 309.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Client participation in the interprofessional context of the clinical microsystem.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Collaboration in Health and Social Care: Service User Participation and Teamwork in Interprofessional Clinical Microsystems2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the relationship between citizens and the welfare state with a focus on the collaboration between service users and professionals in Swedish health and social care services. The overall aim of the thesis was to explore how professionals and service users experience collaboration in health and social care.

    Descriptive and interpretative study designs were employed in the four studies that comprise this thesis. A total of 87 persons participated in the four studies, including 22 service users and 65 front-line professionals. The research methods included focused group interviews, individual interviews and interactive participant reflection dialogues.

    The first study describes the discursive patterns in the front-line professionals’ constructions of ‘we the team’ which positions the service user as both a member and a non-member of the interprofessional team. The second study surfaces the difficulties of interprofessional teamwork as perceived by professionals. The third and the fourth studies explore how service users and professionals construct and perceive the concept of service user participation. The findings show that collaboration in terms of service user participation cannot only be understood as contract relationships between consumers and service providers. Service users and professionals perceive that there are several other ways to act as a citizen and for people to exercise human agency in relation to the welfare state. This thesis shows that the various conceptions of service user participation in interprofessional practice encompass dimensions that include themes of togetherness, understanding and interaction within the clinical microsystem.

    The findings of the four studies are discussed and used to create models that aim to conceptualise collaboration. These models can contribute to learning and improvement processes which facilitate the development of innovative service user-centered clinical microsystems in health and social care.

  • 311.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Difficulties in collaboration: A critical incident study of interprofessional healthcare teamwork2008In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 191-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenge for members of interprofessional teams is to manage the team processes that occur in all teamwork while simultaneously managing their individual professional identities. The aim of this study was to identify and describe difficulties perceived by health professionals in interprofessional teamwork. Utterances on verbal actions and resolutions were also explored to enable a discussion of the implications for interprofessional learning. Individual interviews using a Critical Incident Technique were performed with 18 Swedish professionals working in healthcare teams, and examined with qualitative content analysis. The main findings show difficulties related to the team dynamic that arose when team members acted towards one another as representatives of their professions, difficulties that occurred when the members’ various knowledge contributions interacted in the team, and difficulties related to the influence of the surrounding organization. The perceived consequences of the difficulties, beyond individual consequences, were restrictions on the use of collaborative resources to arrive at a holistic view of the patient’s problem, and barriers to providing patient care and service in the desired manner. This paper also discusses how experiences of managing difficulties entailed various forms of interprofessional learning situations.

  • 312.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Samarbeid og laering i det tverrprofesjonelle teamet2009In: Tverrprofesjonelt samarbeid: i praksis og utdanning / [ed] Elisabeth Willumsen, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget , 2009, p. 88-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Cedersund, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hedberg, Berith
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Andersson Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Multiparty team talk: Constructions of user participation in an interprofessional team context2009In: Communication, Medicine & Ethics: COMET Conference 2009 / [ed] Srikant Sarangi, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Today health and social care delivery are largely team based but the question remains whether the voice of the user is perceived as a team member or merely as the recipient of the care. There have however been few efforts to understand or change the smallest interprofessional frontline units who generate the actual service, i.e. the microsystems.

    Purpose. This paper presents preliminary findings regarding descriptions of constructions of user participation in a multiparty negotiation context.

    Materials and methods. The material consisted of ethnographic field notes and audiotapes from observations (n=8) of interprofessional team meetings in one clinical healthcare microsystem. The teams included the user and health professionals, e.g. medical social worker, physician and psychologist. The users who participated in the observed team meetings had all long-term mainly physical conditions.

    Findings and discussion. Preliminary inductive analyses of observations of interprofessional team situations involving users indicates identity constructions in multiparty talk where the user is beheld primarily as a loyal and active member of the team. Discussions will relate to how user participation is learned and constructed by users and health professionals in collaborative care at the microsystem level.

  • 314.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Meinow, B
    Darin Mattsson, A
    Are work conditions more than 20 year earlier associated to complex and severe health problems after retirement age?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Lagerkvist, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Andersson, Maja
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Känsla eller symtom?: En kritisk diskursanalys av ångest- och depressionsrelaterade tillstånd på 1177.se2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using a critical discourse analysis, this study investigates how the Swedish organization 1177 Vårdguiden writes about anxiety- and depression related conditions. The purpose of this study is to illustrate, analyze and problematize if, and in that case how, mental suffering through the use of language is constructed and reproduced as something ill and undesirable, based on the thesis that institutions and the social culture are characterized by a pathological view of mental suffering. This has been carried out from a social constructionist perspective using Fairclough’s three-dimensional model, supplemented with theories about medicalization. The analysis resulted in two identified discourses named “Part of life” and “You need health care”. Although the discourses in some regards showed common features, they show clear differences to the extent that they normalize and pathologize the different conditions. Furthermore, the study’s results show that 1177 may be regarded as a hegemonic discourse when it comes to mental illness and its classification by the lack of intertextuality and recurrent high modality.

  • 316.
    Lagerqvist, Adam
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Den mångkulturella kyrkan: En jämförelse mellan Katolska kyrkans och Equmeniakyrkans integrationssyn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Avsikten med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur den katolska kyrkan och Equmeniakyrkan i Jönköping ser på integrationsarbete. Studien görs på två kyrkor i Jönköping, dels på den lokala katolska församlingen, dels på Andreasförsamlingen, som tillhör Equmeniakyrkan. Därför kommer dessa två församlingarna att jämföras. För att uppnå detta så ställs följande frågeställning:

    1. Hur ser katolska kyrkan och Andreasförsamlingen i Jönköping på frågor om integration och migration?
    2. Vilka är likheterna och skillnaderna mellan katolska kyrkan och andra kyrkor inom Sveriges Kristna Råd i synen på integration och migration?

    Metod – Studien kommer att få svar på frågorna i frågeställningen genom en serie semi-strukturerade intervjuer med diakoner, pastorer och representanter från två församlingar i Jönköping och två organisationer som är relaterade till församlingen (en via mejl och en via telefon). De fyra intervjuade i studien var:

    • Sankt Franciskus Katolska Församling i Jönköping, med diakonen Göran Fäldt.
    • Equmeniakyrkans församling Andreasförsamlingen i Fjällstugan, Jönköping, där pastor Lennart Johansson är verksam.
    • Sveriges Kristna Råd (SKR), där Björn Cedersjö är direktor för Ekumenisk diakoni/kyrka-samhälle.
    • Caritas Sverige, där George Joseph är ansvarig för migrations- och flyktingfrågor.

    Från början skulle både SKR och Caritas intervjuas via mejl men på grund av omständigheter så kunde Caritas representant bara intervjuas via telefon. Dessa intervjuer kommer att jämföras för att få svar på frågorna som ställdes i uppsatsen.

    Diskussion och slutsatser – Katolska kyrkan via Caritas och Andreasförsamlingen hjälper migranterna med arbetssökandet, såsom att kontakta arbetsgivare och företag, samt hjälper dem att skriva sina CV:n. En annan likhet mellan Anderasförsamlingen och Sankt Franciskus Katolska Församling är att de hjälper migranterna att kontakta myndigheter, dock med några skillnader. Enligt resultatet anordnar samtliga intervjuade aktörer språkcaféer och språkhjälp till migranterna i sina samfund.

    För samtliga som var med i studien var språket och delaktigheten i samhället viktiga för integration av migranter. 

    Begränsningar – Denna studie är begränsad till två församlingar i Jönköping och två organisationer i Sverige: Caritas och Sveriges Kristna råd.

  • 317.
    Lagerqvist, Linn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Uppfostringsanstalt i relation till lagen: En komparativ studie av ideal och praktik kring uppfostringsanstalter 1900-1946.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Lantz, Alma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Kjörk, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    "Vi är med och skriver det sista kapitlet i en människas liv": Professionellas hantering av brukares självbestämmande och användning av det salutogena perspektivet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 319. Laragy, Carmel
    et al.
    Fisher, Karen
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Campbell-McLean, Carolyn
    Support as a complement, intrusion and right: Evidence from ageing and disability support service users in Sweden and Australia2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 745-753Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How service users conceptualise their personal support services is under researched, even though this understanding is important for responsive policy development and service implementation. This paper tests the proposition that service users understand formal support in three ways: support is a complement to their other arrangements, an intrusion into their personal life and a right. These three concepts were identified using discourse analysis in a Swedish study of older people wanting in-home support services. To test generalisability of these concepts, they were applied to data from an Australian study of people using disability personal support. The analysis found that the three concepts were core to people’s views of their support, although the construction of the concepts differed in the two countries. Service users in Sweden asserted their right to services more forcefully than those in Australia, and they had higher expectations that their support needs would be met. These differences reflect the impact of each country’s social policy environment on service users’ expectations. The analysis suggests that service users and their families want to control their formal support arrangements to complement their informal care and their life preferences and to minimise the intrusive aspects of formal support. The findings imply that the three concepts have utility for theorising service users’ perspectives, informing policy and developing implementation strategies which enhance peoples’ quality of life.

  • 320.
    Liljedahl, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lönn, Gabriella
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Att bevilja eller inte bevilja, det är frågan: En studie om socialsekreterares erfarenheter och upplevelser av insatsen kontaktperson för ungdomar 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish social services work with youths one of the most common ways to help is to grant the youth a sort of grownup mentor, a contact person. Despite of this, there is very little research about this kind of mentoring and its effects. In this study, we wanted to increase our understanding of the use of contact person for youths and also how the social workers discretion affects the use of contact person. To be able to do that a qualitative interview study was made where social workers from different social service offices shared their knowledge and experiences about contact person. Based on the information that was given during the interviews we were able to identify different themes that describe reasons to use contact person, which effects the social workers can see and also the differences and similarities between the different social workers way to use it. The result shows that social workers can provide youths with a contact person for a variety of reasons, and that the experienced effects differ between the social service offices. The result also makes it clear how the social workers in a free way are allowed to form the setup and implement of the contact person, which makes it possible to question the client’s rights to receive the same help no matter where you live or who you meet with.

  • 321.
    Lindekrantz, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Aler, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Från den stora världen till den lilla familjen: En kvalitativ studie om rekrytering, utredning och utbildning av familjehem för ensamkommande barn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how professionals in the field of foster care works with recruitments, assessment and education of family homes for unaccompanied children. The intention is to find out in case there are specific needs that justify specific approach to ensure that the child's best interests are indicative and satisfied. The survey was conducted based on a qualitative method and empirical data gathered through semi-structured interviews with employees in the social services. The result shows that there is a need for more and specific education for families receiving unaccompanied children. It is motivated by the needs and conditions that are often common for this group. Remarkable in this study is the situation that emerge around unaccompanied children placed in the network, which are described here as network families. Despite finding that they do not take part of the education for the second family is obligatory. The front will also need more and clearer guidelines about the investigation process in relation to network families, as the respondents believes that neither the law, assessment procedure or basic demands tailored to this group.

  • 322.
    Lindhero, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Stuchly, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Barn vill om barn kan: Konsekvenser för individen när samhälleliga strukturer brister2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how professionals from different organisations experience collaboration and division of responsibilities when it comes to pupils with a neuropsychiatric disability who have a problematic school absence. Furthermore, the purpose is to examine what causes school absence and how the professionals describe their preventive work towards pupils with the above described difficulties. Sweden has 5500 children absent from school not fulfilling the educational knowledge requirements. A problematic school absence can cause mental illness during the school years but also marginalise the individual in the future. The empirical material has been collected via semi-structured interviews with professionals within school and psychiatric care for children and youth. The result has been analysed using systems theory. The result indicates the importance of collaboration between professions. To enable the preventive work of schools’ and the psychiatric care for children and youth, the need for a clear division of responsibilities is crucial. The result shows that pupils are more likely to be present in school if they feel safe and are given the opportunity to influence. Structure in the school environment and relations are also described as important. The conclusion indicates structural shortcomings in the responsibilities shared between schools, healthcare and parents regarding children with a neuropsychiatric disability who have a problematic school absence. It also shows the importance of creating a surrounding the pupil can trust.

  • 323.
    Lindholm, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Seemann, Sarah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Grannskapets potentiella roll för integration: En studie om ensamkommande barn och deras grannskapsrelationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a part of a wider multiple case study conducted in Jönköping county. It is examining a residential HVB-home for unaccompanied refugee children in Jönköping city. The purpose of this qualitative case study is to examine the neighborhood’s potential role in integration of unaccompanied refugee children. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with neighbors (n=11) and with representatives for the HVB-home (n=3). Furthermore, the study examines what information strategies have been used in the establishment process of HVB-home, along with what this has meant for the reception of the home in the neighborhood. The study finds that the neighborhood perceives the examined HVB-home as anonymous and there is a noticeable lack of information and knowledge about the home amongst the neighbors. The neighbors requests more information about the HVB-home and generally have indifferent or positive attitudes towards the location and existence of the HVB-home and the unaccompanied refugee children. The degree of acceptance of the home could be explained by the information strategy the HVB-home initially chose for the establishment of the home or the lack of knowledge about the home amongst the neighbors, although further explanations could be given. The lack of contact between the HVB-home and the neighborhood could partially be explained by the HVB-home’s choice to keep a low profile in the neighborhood. In addition, the study can distinguish an unexplored potential for the neighborhood to possible play an important role in the integration of the unaccompanied refugee children.

  • 324.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sexuella rättigheter - Unga med normbrytande sexuella erfarenheter2015In: Fokus 15: Unga sexuella och reproduktiva rättigheter: En tematisk kartläggning, Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, p. 155-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Socialt utsatta unga och sexuell hälsa2015In: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, no 12, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 326.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Transpersoner och sexuell hälsa2015In: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, no 12, p. 23-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 327.
    Ljungberg, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Folkesson, Patricia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Kvinnor som varit utsatta för människohandel för sexuella ändamål: Hälsofrämjande omständigheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have attempted to create an understanding of which circumstances help women who are victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation to go ahead and build a new life. To achieve this understanding a qualitative interview study was made where people who help these women shared their experience and knowledge. Based on their statements five themes, that describe the helping circumstances, have been identified in the analysis. These themes describe for example how women get away from their traffickers through others, how they are described as strong survivors, how they need time, encouragement and to get order in practical issues and how relationships and a hope for the future can give them strength. These circumstances, which emerged help women to build a new life, were then interpreted based on the salutogenic model with focus on general resistance resources and a sense of coherence. With these theories as a starting point, it became clear how some general resistance resources can be seen in the helping circumstances and how the women seem to be able to find a sense of coherence. Taken together, this could explain why these circumstances help women build a new life.

  • 328.
    Lochner, Christine
    et al.
    Dept of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbrosh, South Africa.
    Seedat, S
    Allgulander, Christer
    The Karolinska Institute, Dpt of Psychiatry.
    Kidd, M
    Stein, D
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Childhood trauma in adults with social anxiety disorder and panic disorder: A cross-national study2010In: African Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 1994-8220, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 376-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    The influence of childhood trauma as a specific environmental factor on the development of adult psychopathology is far from being elucidated. As part of a collaborative project between research groups from South Africa (SA) and Sweden focusing on genetic and environmental factors contributing to anxiety disorders, this study specifically investigated rates of childhood trauma in South African and Swedish patients respectively, and whether, in the sample as a whole, different traumatic experiences in childhood are predictive of social anxiety (SAD) or panic disorder (PD) in adulthood.

    METHOD:

    Participants with SAD or PD (85 from SA, 135 from Sweden) completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Logistic regression was performed with data from the two countries separately, and from the sample as a whole, with primary diagnoses as dependent variables, gender, age, and country as covariates, and the CTQ subscale totals as independent variables. The study also investigated the internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) of the CTQ subscales.

    RESULTS:

    SA patients showed higher levels of childhood trauma than Swedish patients. When data from both countries were combined, SAD patients reported higher rates of childhood emotional abuse compared to those with PD. Moreover, emotional abuse in childhood was found to play a predictive role in SAD/PD in adulthood in the Swedish and the combined samples, and the same trend was found in the SA sample. The psychometric qualities of the CTQ subscales were adequate, with the exception of the physical neglect subscale.

    CONCLUSION:

    Our findings suggest that anxiety disorder patients may differ across countries in terms of childhood trauma. Certain forms of childhood abuse may contribute specific vulnerability to different types of psychopathology. Longitudinal studies should focus on the potential sequential development of SAD/PD among individuals with childhood emotional abuse.

  • 329. Lorentsson, Emelie
    Att vara äldre: En diskursanalytisk studie av Aftonbladets bilder av äldre människor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Being older - A discourse analytical study of the portrayal of older people in a Swedish evening newspaper.

    Objective: The present study aims to provide answers to which images of elderly people that appear in the news media Aftonbladet, how they emerge, and how these images can affect elderly people's lives and the perception of old age.

    Theory and Method: The study is anchored in a social constructionist theory perspective and analysis have been inspired by discourse analytical concepts. The empirical sample was first restricted to relevant articles that used the term "äldre" during the year 2013. To limit the number of items a random, unbound selection was used.

    Analysis: The analysis has been shaped by an inductive approach. The analysis was designed without hypotheses and the empiricism has been influencing the choice of method. The analysis has been shaped by a reflexive approach to make the analysis as subjective as possible. The content of the empirical data has been related to previous research with the concepts of basic figure, contrasting picture, resource perspective and misery perspective.

    Conclusions: During the specified time period, Aftonbladet has primarily shaped the image of The problematic ageing process. This is done through clear links between elderly people and problematic attributes, by highlighting, and dramatic descriptions. A picture called The good ageing process also appears but it’s represented by far fewer articles and emerges through more vague descriptions. The analysis shows that Aftonbladet assigns elderly people a limited editorial space, there are few rich descriptions of elderly people life situations and elderly are largely associated with different forms of problematic contexts. The image of The problematic ageing process supports the basic figure that describes elderly people out of the misery perspective. As counterpart the image of The good ageing process is showing that there are people who enjoy the good aging, but they appear mostly as exceptions.

  • 330.
    Luiza, Aphakidze- Garshag
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Surrogatmödraskap- den okända vägen: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas syn på surrogatmödraskap i Georgien2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My aim with this research has been to see how surrogate mothers' situation in Georgia looks like, and how different aspects affect the understanding of the process itself and create different prerequisites for surrogate mothers. I interviewed staffs who meet surrogate mothers in their work. I conducted five interviews. The theories I have chosen to use in the study is Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Goffman's labeling theory. I concluded that surrogacy is a controversial subject that is interesting to analyze, based on these theories. After I had interviewed people, it turned out that there are some hierarchical differences between surrogate mothers and biological mothers. The study shows those surrogate mothers' motives and perception is different in society, leading to stigma and categorized ring of the phenomenon. In the future it will be interesting to formulate, visualize, debate and discuss how surrogacy affects society and the professionals' assessments of the phenomenon. I hope that the study raises future interest in others and brings new perspectives which professionals can benefit from.

  • 331.
    Lundahl, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Behrens, Lasse
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Föräldrar har aldrig varit så pålästa...men heller aldrig så osäkra"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: ”Parents have never been so knowledgeable…but at the same time, so doubtful”

    To become a parent is for the most parents a wonderful experience in life. Happy times follows by challenges that puts the parenthood on its peak. Sweden has a widely-spread parent support through the government. One way of giving parents support is through a family centre. The purpose is to give help and support to parents. Despite the widely-spread parents support, research show that the mental illness for youth are increasing within the ages of 13 and 15 years old. According to research data the increase of mental illness among youth has double in the last 30 years. The aim of this research is to examine how professionals working at the familycenters perceive how they can support families to prevent mental illness among youth. The aim is divided into two different questions where perceived shortcomings and well functional factors examines. The factors to be analyzed is to find out in which way these factors possibly can affect mental illness among youth. The method used was a qualitative interview design with professionals working at the familycentres. Three focusgroupinterviews were conducted with ten professionals working at familycentres including nurses, teachers from kindergarden and curators. The interviews were held in two provinces in southern Sweden. Data was audio-recorded and transcribed, and further subjected to qualitative content analysis. The result of the study indicates that from the categories; a parent resources perspective, availability as a resource and cooperation as a resource, affect the child at different levels through functional factors and shortcoming factors. The conclusion is that parental support is a complex theme and the identified functioning and shortcoming factors exist at different levels in society that interact and influence each other. The way they interact and influence each other becomes crucial for how the support reaches the child.

  • 332.
    Lundberg, Evelyn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    In the tension between the local and the global: A field study about organizational and cultural challenges faced by NGO:s working with orphans and vulnerable children in Gaborone; Botswana2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The HIV and AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa calls a great national and global response in order to face the challenges associated with the illness for the individual, households, community and future of nations. The disease has led to an increased number of orphans and other vulnerable children in Botswana where the non-governmental organizations stand for social service delivery to these children. However, this is not without challenges and pressure for adaption from other organizations. The NGO staff members carry out their work within this organizational context between a variety of influences and relations that are reflected in terms of challenges they define. A wide range of strategies are used by the actors and organizations to deal with these barriers. Therefore, it is of importance to explore the NGO staff member’s experiences of their work in relation to an institutional perspective, which this study intends to do. The focus of the analysis was on separating the material into categories that answer the research aim by using influences from the coding process of grounded theory. The results demonstrated that the NGOs work within local and global tensions in their organizational fields including the ability to preserve traditional practices and adapt to international changes. This for the organizations to be able to gain legitimacy, receive funds and continue to provide their services to orphans and other vulnerable children in the country.

  • 333.
    Lundgren, Kata
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundquist, L-O
    Örebro Universitet.
    Childhood Abuse and Neglect in Severely Dependent Female Addicts: Homogeneity and reliability of a Swedish Version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire2002In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 219-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the psychometric characteristics of childhood experiences (‘Barndomsupplevelser’), using a Swedish translation of the 53–item version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Fifty–five female addicts, treated in a compulsory–care setting, completed the questionnaire. Homogeneity and reliability were studied using principal component analyses (PCA) and Cronbach’s alpha. The test was submitted to content analysis. Nearly all (94.5%) had experienced childhood abuse or neglect. The internal consistency is high. The 4–factor solution corresponded to the subscales of emotional and physical abuse (combined), of sexual abuse and of emotional neglect, while the items in the physical neglect subscale were distributed to several factors. In the 5–factor solution, this subscale was divided into two factors. Content analyses of these factors point to other meanings than physical neglect. The CTQ (Swedish translation) was found to have high consistency and homogeneity in four of the five subscales (emotional, physical and sexual abuse, and emotional neglect), while the subscale on physical neglect may need revision. The new 28–item brief version seems to be an improvement, with regard to these problems.

  • 334.
    Lundström, Ellinor
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Homelessness in Borås - Individual and structural factors2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Magnusson, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hannela, Ljung
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    “Allt faller tillbaka på oss handläggare”: En kartläggning av riktlinjer och arbetssätt för biståndshandläggare i Jönköpings län gällande äldre personer med alkoholmissbruk.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics shows that guidelines or strategies are missing within several municipalities in Sweden concerning handling cases with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. Research points at an increased need of studies, knowledge and education for social workers and caregivers who’s working with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem in Sweden. In order to illustrate this, a survey was handed out to all the social workers working with elderly people in the 13 municipalities in Jönköping County to examine their experience and possible lack and need of guidelines and support concerning cases with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. Possible differences were also examined regarding how the social workers handle cases concerning elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. This quantitative research is based on responses from 57 social workers, participating in the survey. Data has been analysed through correlation analysis and comparative analysis to examine possible connections and enable to create a map of the survey.The result shows that the majority of the respondents experience that there are no guidelines regarding how the social workers should handle cases concerning elderly people with abuse or addiction problem and that the social workers in general want more education and knowledge about the subject from the municipalities. The result also reveals that the social workers mostly handle this kind of cases in a similar way regardless of background factors.

  • 336.
    Manzoor, Mirfa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    E-services for the social inclusion of people with disabilities: A literature review2017In: Technology and Disability, ISSN 1055-4181, E-ISSN 1878-643X, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 15-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: It is assumed that e-services support persons with disabilities in their everyday life by improving communication and interaction with healthcare organizations and whilst facilitating their social inclusion.

    AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the contribution of e-services in terms of how they diminish barriers and constraints on social inclusion.

    METHOD: A literature review was performed, covering the period between 2010 and 2016 (6 years). Only studies that discussed the social inclusion of people with disabilities or presented prototype solutions to this problem were included.

    RESULTS: The results of this study show that there is a lack of theoretical framework which can be used to measure the effectiveness of the e-services or innovations in the area of e-services in the contexts that were examined. The existing research studies are normally generic and do not discuss whether the requirements that are imposed on a particular e-service differ depending on (i) type of disability, (ii) the ICT-maturity or skill of the end-user, or (iii) context in which the e-service will be used. In general, previous research in this area claims that e-services do assist people with disabilities access to society (defined as the community in which they live), even when no evidence is actually presented about the impact such services have in this area of the end-user's life.

    CONCLUSION: The results of the present study present us with new knowledge about the types of ICT-based innovations and e-services that have been proposed to facilitate the social integration of people with disabilities. 

  • 337.
    Maslic, Alma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lind, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Socialtjänsten och heder: Socialsekreterares syn på hantering av hedersärenden och den upplevda kompetensen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med de senaste årtiondenas migration till Sverige har hedersförtryck kommit att bli ett allt viktigare socialt problem. Socialtjänsten har det yttersta ansvaret för att arbeta med personer som utsätts för hedersrelaterat förtryck. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur socialsekreterare ser på kunskapen kring hedersvåld i Sverige. I studien undersöks också hur socialsekreterarna i Sverige arbetar med hedersrelaterade ärenden. Uppsatsen baseras på en kvalitativ studie som består av intervjuer och diskussion kring ett fiktivt ärende. Studien har genomförts i två svenska kommuner. Resultatet i denna studie visar på att socialsekreterarna har kunskap och kompetens inom detta område även om vissa av socialsekreterarna som vi intervjuade inte alltid höll med om detta. I resultatet beskrivs också de viktigaste faktorerna att tänka på när socialsekreterare arbetar med hedersrelaterade ärenden. 

  • 338.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Alves, Ines
    Consiglio Nazionale sulla Disabilità (CND), Italy.
    Moretti, Marta
    Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich, Switzerland.
    A Systematic Literature Review of the ICF/ICF-CY in Education: A Useful Tool for Inclusion or a Flight of Fantasy?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) is meant to be a universal language for professionals working with functioning and health in children and adults. So far most applications of ICF have been in the field of health sciences. Is it also applicable to education? This paper aims to present the outcome of a systematic literature review in the fields of education, more specifically education of children with disabilities or special educational needs and the ICF. Devised as a complementary classification of health and functioning by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2001 with a child and youth version (ICF-CY) published in 2007, it introduces a biopsycosocial approach to functioning. This stresses the importance of the environment and participation experience and incorporates components described at the body, individual and societal levels. One of the aims of inclusive education is to enhance the access and participation of children with disabilities (UNESCO, 1994; United Nations, 1989, 2006). From a disability perspective the biopsychosocial model emphasizes that the needs of persons with disabilities being not just medical but more broadly, social, educational and functional in nature (Simeonsson et al., 2003).  Disability is understood as a complex interaction between a health condition and contextual factors and not as an attribute of a person.

    The ICF appears to be mostly used in the medical field with reviews highlighting its use and applications (Bruyère, Van Looy, & Peterson, 2005). However, if there is considerable work done in terms of the use of the ICF/ICF-CY in the medical and rehabilitation fields, this does not appear to be the case when we consider its presence, concepts and model in the field of education: it is unknown how well received or known the ICF is in the educational field. Thus, this literature review intends to situate the current debates in education, such as additional support, eligibility, and goal planning, which relate to the ICF and its concepts and also to report the extent to which it is being used. The main interest of this literature review is to explore how the ICF and its child and youth version (ICF-CY), are currently situated in the field of education with respect to various processes at different levels with an international perspective. This research focus can be broken into three key questions:- Is the ICF/ ICF-CY is used in educational context today? If yes, how is it used?- What critical points arise when using the ICF/ ICF-CY in educational settings, namely what are the possible effects of the use of the ICF/ ICF-CY in the approaches to additional support provision with a view to ensuring inclusion?- Are the ICF/ ICF-CY components present in the reviewed articles, namely how is the environment described, which personal factors are mentioned, and how is the concept of participation used?

     

    Method

    This study uses a systematic review of the literature using database keyword searches. Studies exploring the relationship between education, the ICF and its related concepts: participation, environment, and personal factors were sought. The keywords used to search in the databases were applied after qualitative test searches were carried out to establish the suitability of the terms. The selection of studies was then refined further using inclusion and exclusion protocols. The protocols investigated the paper contents at different levels: abstract, full-text, and full-text quality level. In addition an extraction protocol is also used on the included documents to draw on the points which arise from the research questions and provide the basis for the main discussion.

    Expected Outcomes

    The final search was limited to works which had an ICF and an educational focus and using this strategy 423 studies were found. The primary-step protocol stipulated that abstracts containing at least one ICF-related factor, and at least one education-related factor were included. All of the authors examined the first 100 abstracts and a check for inter-rater reliability was made. Approximately 150 further abstracts were examined by each of the authors ensuring that the majority of the abstracts were reviewed by more than one author. Overall inter-rater reliability was calculated. After the primary stage 70 abstracts met the inclusion criteria for the second stage of review at full-text level. Preliminary results suggest that there is little application of the ICF/ICF-CY at different levels of education systems. When it is used it appears to be linked to SEN, Special Education, Special Needs, disability in general or specific disabilities. Whether the framework itself will be of direct use for different education purposes remains to be resolved. It is the view of the authors, having undertaking this review, that the concepts ICF/ICF-CY introduces – especially those of disability and participation – will have a long-lasting and positive effect on inclusive education.

    References

    Bruyère, S. M., Van Looy, S. A., & Peterson, D. B. (2005). The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: Contemporary Literature Overview. Rehabilitation Psychology 50(2), 113-121. Simeonsson, R. J., Leonardi, M., Lollar, D., Bjorck-Akesson, E., Hollenweger, J., & Martinuzzi, A. (2003). Applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to measure childhood disability. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25(11-12), 602-610. UNESCO (1994). Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education. United Nations. (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations. (2006). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. WHO. (2001). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Geneva: WHO. WHO. (2007). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Version for Children and Youth, ICF-CY. Geneva: WHO.

     

  • 339.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Alves, Ines
    Consiglio Nazionale sulla Disabilità (CND), Italy.
    Moretti, Marta
    Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich, Switzerland.
    The ICF-CY as a tool to enhance communication between education professionals: Applying the ICF coding rules to education documents2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) and its child and youth derivative the ICF-CY is meant to be a universal language for professionals working with functioning and health in children and adults. Use of the ICF-CY's codes in educational documents which refer to individual characteristics – such as individual education plans – could greatly enhance communication between support professionals. To date this has not been attempted. This paper proposes to use and adapt an established health and rehabilitation-based coding methodology (Cieza et al., 2005) to do this.

    This project looks to validate and adapt the use of ICF coding rules on education documents. This project will also validate whether ICF-CY codes give a good description of a child and their learning environment, or whether the ICF-CY could be better used in another way to construct a tool to do this. This study also aims to establish whether the ICF-CY can be directly used to enhanced communication between differing education support professionals and between support professionals and parents.

    Initially devised in 2002 (Cieza et al., 2002) with an update in 2005 (Cieza et al., 2005) there currently exists coding rules or guidelines for coding textual information to ICF values. This has so far only been applied in the health and rehabilitation field. We propose to use these in education by coding information specific to individuals (such as that found in individual education plans).

  • 340.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    How are conditions for participation expressed in education policy documents?: A review of documents in Scotland and Sweden2011In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 251-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study approaches inclusive schools by looking at how conditions for participation are expressed for pupils with additional support needs in education policy documents in Sweden and Scotland. By using five dimensions of the environment – availability, accessibility, affordability, accommodability, and acceptability – expressions of conditions for participation are explored in 41 documents. This is done in a vertical manner by analysing national laws, regional policy documents, and local-level documents which directly influence classroom practices. A deductive content analysis approach using a protocol based on the five environmental dimensions is used to extract information and identify meaning units. In the meaning units meaningful concepts are identified and linked to ICF-CY categories. These are used as reference points. It is suggested, from the documents analysed, that conditions for participation are easy to express as available, accessible opportunities, or affordability issues, but not as involvement experiences linked to accommodations made and acceptability issues within a context. Documents in Scotland and Sweden also have different foci in terms of conditions for participation.

  • 341.
    Melkersson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Torevi, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Samverkan under ett gemensamt tak: En intervjustudie om professionellas upplevelser av att samverka i ett Barnahus2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att undersöka upplevelsen av hur samverkan fungerar i ett Barnahus och vilka faktorer som påverkar samverkan. Studien eftersträvar också att utforska upplevelsen av hur samverkan påverkar målet att uppnå bättre arbetsmetoder kring barn som misstänks vara utsatta för allvarliga brott. En kvalitativ intervjustudie med samtliga involverade professioner i ett utvalt Barnahus har genomförts. En tematisk analys resulterade i åtta stycken teman. De teman som kunde urskiljas är: öppet klimat på kort tid, natt och dag, spindlarna i nätet, ringar på vattnet, en fråga om inställning, Barnahus är allas hus, tydlighet är husets väggar och något bra på spåren. Resultatet har vidare tolkats och diskuterats utifrån bakgrund och tidigare forskning samt den valda teoretiska utgångspunkten sociologisk nyinstitutionell teori, Med hjälp av den teoretiska utgångspunkten har framförallt det personliga bidragets inverkan visat sig mer betydelsefullt i samverkan i Barnahus än vad som tidigare framkommit. Studien visar också på att upplevelsen av en god samverkan uppstår till följd av faktorer på såväl individ-, grupp- som samhällsnivå.

  • 342.
    Modin, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa i media: En kritisk diskursanalys av medias framställning av unga med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness among young people is a constantly increasing problem that affects the media debate regarding the subject. Media has a strong position of power in the society today, which makes it important to critically explore its production of the expanding health problem. The aim of the study is to investigate how Swedish newspapers portraits mental illness among young people during a one-year period. The critical discourse analysis is used to explore the relationship between the use of language and the maintenance of the unequal distribution of power in the society. Furthermore, it is used to analyse if it is experts or young people who gives a voice in the matter. The result is divided in three main categories; the welfare-discourse, the postmodern discourse and the individualistic discourse. The welfare-discourse revealed how the Swedish welfare state fails regarding its obligations to cover all citizens needs regarding mental health issues. The postmodern discourse featured a society where young people are highly exposed to structural stressors as higher demands in the education and labour market and the stress enchanted by social media. The individualistic discourse presented how social causes are to be solved by individualistic interventions. The result in general showed a lack of preventive approach regarding solutions to the problem. Within all discourses, experts and professionals were the ones who mainly got a voice in the matter, which mirrors the young people’s lack of power in relation to experts. This reflect and reflects cultural trends which further leads to influence political interventions and therefore social work practices.

  • 343.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Blix, Olof
    Beroendemottagningen, Psykiatriska kliniken, Länssjukhuset Ryhov.
    Bülow, Per
    Psykiatriska kliniken, Länssjukhuset Ryhov.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Ämneslista som kognitivt stöd gav utförligare uppgifter om droganvändning: Jämförelse av två metoder för utredning av opioidberoende2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 48, p. 2178-2180Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Type of opioid dependence: Are there differences in background and severity of problems? 2017In: Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, ISSN 1592-1638Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Monwell, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    En dyster parentes – opiatregeln i svensk LARO-behandling 2010–20162019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Opioids are well documented to arouse euphoria, relieve pain, and to have a high dependency potential. Opioid dependence is a serious chronic condition with a high risk of extensive worsened health, relapse and premature death.

    Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is well researched and has strong scientific support. In Sweden, OMT over time was subjected to polarised and infected political debate and has been strictly regulated by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW). During 2010–2016 NBHW redefined the diagnostic concept of “opiate dependence” in the regulation SOSFS 2009:27. Dependence to only three opioids: heroin, opium or morphine, could give eligibility to OMT (here called the “opiate rule”). The purpose stated was to prevent those dependent to other opioides, e.g. buprenorphine,from receiving OMT. Applicants with severe opioid dependence were thereby divided into two subgroups: those with “opiate” dependence related to heroin, morphine or opium, and those with opioid dependence who lacked documentation in relation to the three opiates. The question is whether there were differences between these groups concerning problem severity or substance-related diagnostics that could justify differences in access to OMT?

    A population (n = 127) actualised for OMT during 2005-2011 in Jönköping County is studied regarding severity of problems, diagnostics and trajectories in and out of treatment. In order to provide precise drug use data, a cognitive tool for taking anamnestic information, called the Drug List, was developed.

    In Study I, using the Addiction Severity Index, the two groups were found to be quite similar in severity of health problems, social situation and drug problems, including overdoses and injections.

    In Study II, the Drug List was found to be superior to a traditional way of taking anamnestic data, more sensitive and giving more precise data, without taking more time. Validity was shown in relation to faked drugs.

    In Study III, using a structured diagnostic interview, ADDIS, with the Drug List, showed that both two groups qualified for severe opioid dependence, that opiates and other opioids had contributed equally to the development of opioid dependency, and that the two groups also had similar additional substance dependence problems.

    Study IV investigated how “the opiate rule” affected practice by interviewing representatives of OMT clinics as well as a representative of a users’ association. The regulation created dilemmas for clinics as well as for users. Users developed a strategy of getting "negative merits" for being eligible to OMT. Clinicians developed strategies to find ways “around” the regulation in order to admit patients in OMT.

    Study V followed those who had applied for OMT and found four trajectory subgroups – those denied OMT, those discharged, those readmitted, and those who remained in treatment. The study provides evidence for a more positive development being related to more involvment in OMT concerning health, social situation as well as substance use problems. Being denied or discharged is related to increased risks of a negative development.

    The thesis conclude that there was no support for dividing applicants according to “the opiate rule”. The purpose of top-down control using regulations, is to guarantee uniform and knowledge-based care. In this case the regulation had negative effects in these respects, increasing risks for the applicants, and lost credibility from the profession. The opiate rule in SOSFS 2009:27 is therefore a dismal parenthesis in the history of OMT in Sweden, and could be studied to prevent similar mistakes in the future.

  • 346.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Opioid maintenance treatment: trajectories in and out of treatment2019In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Although efficacy studies of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) have shown evidence of treatment benefits, there is still need for studies on its effectiveness in natural clinical processes. This study investigates the development in health, substance use and social conditions of those who applied for OMT, including those denied access or discharged.

    Method: First, persons assessed for admittance in 2005–2011 (n = 127) were categorized into four trajectory groups based on whether they were admitted or denied (n = 19), discharged (n = 31), readmitted (n = 21) or had been undergoing OMT without interruption (n = 56). Second, 99 of these, the analytical sample, were interviewed at follow-up using (a) the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) for seven problem-areas and housing, and (b) self-rated change in 11 problem areas. The ASI was compared to baseline interviews after 55 months (mean). Third, outcomes within groups was studied in relation to alternative interventions.

    Results: Within the analytical sample, those denied OMT showed no improvements at group level, those discharged had some improvements, more if readmitted than if not and those with uninterrupted OMT showed the most comprehensive improvements. Those outside OMT, denied and discharged, had considerable mortality risks related to ongoing drug use, especially in lack of well-planned alternative interventions.

    Conclusion: Improvements strongly relate to access to OMT. This study underscores that access to OMT improves the situation in all areas investigated and decreases the risk for drug-related death. It underscores the importance of two major risk situations, i.e. being denied OMT and being discharged.

  • 347.
    Monwell, Bodil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Johnson, B.
    Opiatregeln i konflikt med vetenskap,yrkesetik och klinisk erfarenhet: Hur en föreskrift för LARO hanterades ipraktikenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Muratagic, Mia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Smiljanic, Jesika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggarens salutogena förhållningssätt i möten med utrikesfödda äldre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly people with a different cultural background than swedish is now a targeted group that is becoming more relevant in elderly care. The swedish elderly care has also focused much of the work to be carried out according to a salutogenic approach and several development projects in this perspective has been practiced in many parts of the country's municipalities. The purpose of this study was to create a greater understanding of the care managers work with foreign-born elderly people from a salutogenic approach. For us to be able to answer the purpose of the study we collected empirical material through semi-structured interviews from five care managers from two different municipalities in central Sweden. The results are presented and analyzed based on the collected empirical data that we then tied together with the key concepts and previous research. The results showed that the challenges that the care managers encounter in their salutogenic approach is the language deficiencies and demands for action because they differ from the Swedish culture. In the discussion we write our thought about the future development concidering the care managers work with foreign-born elderly.

  • 349.
    Murray, Nina
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Hatfield, Megan
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Evaluation of career planning tools for use with individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review2016In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 23, p. 188-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This systematic review aimed to identify tools published in peer reviewed journals that could be utilised in career planning for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to describe their clinical utility and psychometric properties. Due to limited results for ASD-specific tools, the search was broadened to career planning tools for individuals with a cognitive or developmental disability, which could be used by individuals with ASD. Six databases were electronically searched. Main search terms used were 'disability', 'young adult', 'assessment' and 'employment'. Boolean operators expanded the search strategy. Two independent reviewers undertook data extraction and quality assessment. Electronic searches located 2348 literature items; 14 articles met inclusion criteria covering 10 career planning tools. Identified tools were of a predictive nature; however, none of the studies assessed all the psychometric properties necessary for evaluating a sound predictive tool. Only one addressed all three components of clinical utility. None of the identified tools had strong reliability or validity and their clinical utility remains unexplored. 

  • 350.
    Mårtensson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Wide, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Mer än bara bortgifte: En studie om professionellas perspektiv på barn och unga i Sverige som blir bortgifta mot sin vilja2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the professional perspective to the life situation of children and youth in Sweden that is being forced into marriage. The study also focuses on identifying eventual difficulties in the professionals work and how the professionals describe the problem with children and youth being forced into marriage. In order to examine this, we have conducted qualitative interviews with school counsellors and social workers that have worked with these individuals. In our analysis we have discussed the occurrence of control, coercion, violence and free will that we have found in the interviews with the professionals. The study also emphasizes what a hard-defined concept forced marriage is and that it should be understood in its context. In addition, we have also explained the difficulties the children and youth may experience that have been placed in shelters because of the risk of being forced into marriage. The result has been interpreted from theories of patriarchal structures and honor cultures because we find these theories relevant for our study and because the professionals have talked about them during the interviews.

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