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  • 301.
    Jonsson, Lovisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Evermyr, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    ”Livet måste gå på räls”: Skolkuratorers förståelse av ungas psykiska ohälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: “Life must run smoothly” – school counsellors understanding of adolescents mental illness

     

    Authors: Malin Evermyr och Lovisa Jonsson

     

    Mentor: Emme-Li Vingare

     

    Keywords: Mental illness, adolescents, counsellors in school, holism, psychosocial work, stress

     

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe and analyze school Counsellor’s understanding of mental illness among adolescents and the Counsellor's explanation of its development.

     

    Methods: This study is qualitative and the empirical material was collected through loose structured focus group interviews. Three focus groups were used where each contained three school counsellors.

     

    Results: After the focus groups were held, four themes regarding causations to mental health among adolescent emerged. The four themes are as follows; various expressions and possible causes of mental illness, a changed society, parent’s responsibility and lastly, school Counsellor's in the school as an organization. Each theme describes possible causes of mental illness through different levels and systems around the adolescent. In the last theme, it is also provided a description of how schools operate with mental illness and what it is like to work as a counsellor in the school environment. 

     

    Analysis: A system theoretical perspective, the cognitive stress theory and previous presented research in the field of adolescent’s mental illness was used when analyzing the result.

     

    Conclusion. From the participants understanding of adolescent’s mental illness, following conclusion can be drawn; counsellors picture mental illness as caused by several intertwined factors. These factors concern both individual and systemic factors which have their starting point in society, families, new technology and the requirements of high-performance in school.

  • 302.
    Josefsson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lind, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Självskadebeteende bland ungdomar - orsaker och skillnader mellan könen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored two central questions at issue. The first assessed whether or not there are any differences between genders when it comes to adolescents who self-harm. The other examines the most common causes as to why adolescents self-harm. The study was conducted in two smaller communities through eight semi-structured interviews directed at counselors at junior high schools and high schools. The result of the study is presented through a thematic analysis where four themes regarding self-harm were discovered; gender differences, methods, causes and social influence being a risk factor for a continuing self-harm behaviour. The themes found that there are differences between the genders, especially when it comes to how individuals talk about feelings and how they express their bad feelings. It also showed the causes that are most common when it comes to developing self-harm behaviours as well as how individuals can be socially influenced by friends and through the internet. The results were analysed through previous research and also through two theories. Considering the questions at issue the gender theory and social constructivism were chosen.

  • 303.
    Jungmalm, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hadarsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lämpligt och olämpligt föräldraskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 304.
    Jurva, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Behandlings- och resultatuppföljning (BRU): att använda beteendeobservationer för att bedöma risk- och skyddsfaktorer samt förändring under vårdtiden på SiS ungdomshem Stigby2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Identifying the problem is crucial in the treatment of adolescents with rule-breaking behavior, but many of the instruments used has not been evaluated. In the case of behavioral observations over an extended treatmentperiod, there seem to be especially short on quality assured instruments. The overall aim of this paper is to investigate the behavioral observations that have been developed in a longitudinal study (Treatment and monitoring performance, BRU) at SiS’ institution Stigby, and if these are suitable for measuring the clients relevant risk and protective factors and how they change during the treatmentperiod. The survey includes 40 boys in Stigby aged 16-20 years. The result consists of two sub-studies, where part one examines the instrument's psychometric properties. The first analysis of behavioral observations show that 21 of 24 areas are suitable for measuring change over time. Part two of the results examines changes over time during treatment at Stigby. In all these areas it is noted that the assessments of problem severity has decreased. This study shows that behavioral observations should form the basis of the outcome measures that is a part of the longitudinal study two and five years after treatment.

  • 305.
    Kalin, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Etableringen av familjecentraler i Jönköpings kommun 1998-2008.: Hur, varför och till vilket pris?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis focuses on the establishment process of family centers in Jönköping municipality, Sweden. The purpose of this case-study is to examine on which terms the establishment of family centers can be understood aiming for the creation of in-depth knowledge about establishment processes in social work. Data has been collected via semi-structured interviews and via open records. The data has been analyzed via ad-hoc analyses inspired by cases study analyses. Theoretical framework used in the study is Kingdon’s agenda setting theory and neo-institutional organization theory. The study presents that family centre policy is highly interpretable and therefore has been a case of policy translation, which has resulted in a decimated part for the social services in the family centers, highly defined by other professions. The establishment of family centers is a result of a critique aimed against and from the child health care services, accompanied with an increased worry for parenthood and demands for more economically efficient function within the public sector. The process is interrupted by studies that indicate insufficient knowledge about the efficiency of the family centers. However this doesn’t result in closure of family centers because the function has reached a high degree of institutionalization, where it is legitimized by presumptions and beliefs rather than results and problem addressing.

  • 306.
    Kalin, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Fritidsvanor hos socialt utsatta barn2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organized leisure time activities, OLTA, is proven to be related to positive life outcomes in life. Meanwhile unstructured leisure time activities are related to negative life outcomes. This study examines the relationship between participation in leisure time activities and child abuse and neglect, conduct problems and externalizing behavior. Data from 1305 children, 676 girls and 629 boys, mean age 14,88, was used from the longitudinal multidisciplinary research program LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence). Data was collected via self-report questionnaires in classroom settings. The data was analyzed via Chi-2, Pearson’s R, and logistic regression. Relative risk ratio, RR, was calculated. The main results show that all five types of abuse and neglect, conduct problems and externalizing behavior, and abuse/neglect combined with externalizing behavior is significant related to low participation in OTLA, and high participation in unstructured leisure time activities. Conduct problems is a single predictor of low participation in OTLA, whereas an employed or studying dad is a single predictor of high participation in OTLA. Sexual abuse, externalizing behavior and conduct problems has the highest RR for high participation in unstructured leisure time activities, whereas conduct problems, emotional neglect and sexual abuse has the highest RR for low participation in OTLA.

  • 307.
    Karlsson, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Petersson, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Att vara ”kompletteringsförälder”: Hur upplever familjehemmen sitt uppdrag?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be a “complementary parent”.

    How does the family home look upon this mission?

    Many children are taken into custody and are forced to grow up outside their own home. The most common way to place children in Sweden is in a foster care home. Our essay illustrates the work of the foster care homes and the thoughts and feelings that the foster parents have before their commission. The question is what kind of support and help the foster care homes get in their assignment to take care of these children. These assignments show a tendency to become more difficult.

    We describe earlier research which show shortcomings concerning support, guidance, further education for the foster care homes, the lack of treatment plans and that follow-up visits did not have the continuity prescribed by law.

    We have used a qualitative method of research. To get a glimpse of the every day life of foster care homes and how the foster parents have experienced the support and help that the community offers them, we have chosen to interview four foster parents. In order to take part of the work that is made for the foster care homes, we have interviewed two social welfare workers and one consultant who work with foster care homes.

    Our results show that most foster care homes are content and think that they get the support that they need. We can see though, that the foster care homes that have a long experience, tend to be more pleased with the support that they are offered and that they say that compared to how it was when they started.

    Key words: foster care homes, foster parents, foster children, guidance, support and help

  • 308.
    Karlsson, Ellenore
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sundberg, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Samhällets syn på fattigdom: En jämförelse av begreppen "nödtorftig vård" och "skälig levnadsnivå"2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor's thesis in social work has been to examine whether society's perception of poverty and poor people has changed over the more than 160 years have passed since the first national Poor regulation was enacted in Sweden. With a social constructionist approach and inspired by the critical discourse analysis we have conducted two studies to find answers to what differences and similarities between the concepts of scanty care (1847) and standards of living (2002). A study based on previous research was conducted to examine how society's perception of poverty has changed and designed in a historical perspective. We also conducted a textual analysis of relevant legal texts and legislative history to show how these texts reflect the society's official view of poverty based interventions targeted to poor people.

    The two sub-studies show that the concepts at different times in history has been crucial for the community support poor people were entitled to. Our overall conclusion is that despite today's advanced social policy there are many obvious similarities between the concepts of scanty care and standards of living. For example, there are similarities in the conjecture-driven individuals for warranted to support and which counterclaims society put on the individuals who are in need of society's ultimate financial safety net.

  • 309.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Arvidson, Kerstin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Vardagskommunikation och sexuella riskbeteenden: En kvantitativ studie från forskningsprojektet LoRDIA2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality is a natural part of life which every individual explores and must learn how relate to. The sexual exploration may also cause a risk both to physical but also to the mental health. The risks may, for example, be unfavourable searching for confirmation, proximity or status, but may also be to share intimate images or exchange sexual favours for economical compensations. Sexuality can become a tool to dominate, oppress and/or offend other people. The socialization process, that is, the social interaction that takes place between the child and their family is described as the base for how the child develops his/her own characteristic and how they integrate with their surroundings. This study examines at how communication between parents and child looks and is experienced, whether there is any connection with how the child exposes themselves and/or others to sexual risk behaviours and if there is any difference between the sexes. The study is a quantitative analysis in which the sample consists of young people who are in 9th grade (N=1357). The data is collected by the ongoing longitudinal program LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence). This study indicates that there is a statistically significant relationship between youths who communicate with their parents and shows less sexual risk behaviours. The results also demonstrate that girls show a higher frequency of sexual risk behaviour. There is also a significant difference between how girls and boys experience the communication to custodians and that girls have a higher tendency to be affected by the custodians' rules and control than what boys do.

  • 310.
    Karlsson, Sylvia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Björk, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos barn på glesbygden: En kvantitativ enkätstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose. The study investigates how individual and structural factors affect children's mental illness in rural municipalities, and how schooling acts as a protective factor against mental illness. The report is based on reports from Barnombudsmannen (2018) and Bris (2018), which says that increased mental illness increases for children and schools have an unequal education where the children in rural municipalities have poorer school results than the national average. The theoretical reference frame of the study is Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory.

    Method. One quantitative method is the basis for the study, which is based on surveys where respondents are children in rural municipalities. The data is collected by LoRDIA research projects and a stratification of the material is made to reach the appropriate population. Selected factors are hyperactivity, behavioural problems, relationships to peers, emotional symptoms, experiences of trauma and prosocial behaviour, school conditions, well-being in the residential area, the child's experience of family finances.

    Results. The study shows significant relationship between all of the above-mentioned factors and mental health. The mental illness of children can be understood as 43% of the studies examined factors. The results of the study can be seen to help increase understanding of the relationship between mental illness and risk and protection-factors for children living in rural municipalities.

    Conclusion. The results show that mental illness in the child is not only found as the child's individual characteristics but is linked to living conditions and the environment's ability to provide a safe home environment, good school and prosocial conditions. The significance of school and social authorities offering individualized efforts to prevent the increasing mental illness of children in rural municipalities is apparent from the results of the study.

    Keywords. Children, mental illness, rural, school, individual and structural factors, segregation

  • 311.
    Kayima, Viviene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Johansson, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Språket är nyckeln till integration": En studie av integrationsarbete med ensamkommande pojkar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore the approach of the personal in residential care homes, legal guardians and Refugee secretaries consider as effective in their efforts to care for and guide unaccompanied boys in the Swedish society. With the help of qualitative method and semi-structured interviews, we have taken note of eleven informants’ perspective on what approach they believe to be essential in the work of integration process with unaccompanied boys. We used Empowerment and the Swedish Integration Board´s proposal on indicators of integration as a theoretical base. The results show among other things, that our informants believe the keys to integration in Sweden for the unaccompanied youth are the Swedish language, education and a stable social network. The view of the approach varied but all informants were founded in empowerment and cooperation between social workers and the boys who were facing the integration process. 

  • 312.
    Kindberg, Charlott
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lithman, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Jag prioriterar hårt och jag jobbar smart: En studie av stödet till enhetschefer inom funktionshinderområdet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The position as unit manager includes a number of demands from users, relatives and political decision makers as well as the demands of the assignment itself. The work situations that managers deal with may require resources and support in order to make the work manageable. The change in legislation of disability care during recent year has changed the conditions for unit manager (The national board of health and welfare, 2018). The aim of this study is to highlight the support the unit managers need and the strategies that they may use in order to function in a changeable and stressful work situation. The data collection of the study was conducted through open-ended interviews with eight respondents. The interviews were then transcribed and analyzed by a qualitative content analysis. The result shows that the interviewed unit managers experience a high level of administrative support from the IT and HR departments. Deficiencies in the unit managers' work environment arise when no substitute managers are engaged. Our interviews indicate that the burden of the unit manager’s assignment is too large in proportion to the time and resource that are allocated for the work. There is also a lack of understanding from politicians and management to design efforts that is needed to meet the needs of the end users and the unit manager. Physical closeness and personal relationships to senior colleagues are an important aspect of unit managers’ support system, but this can also be a burden. Current study contributes to an understanding of shortcomings in the unit manager's work environment, which is a starting point for creating sustainable work conditions and activities with good quality. 

  • 313.
    Kjellerstedt, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Munteanu Kulborg, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Det är så mycket större än bara i skolans korridorer”: Föreställningar av mobbning bland skolpersonal i elevhälsoteam2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 314.
    Klang Ibragimova, Nina
    et al.
    School of Education, Culture and Communication, Mälardalen university.
    Pless, Mia
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Using content analysis to link texts on assessment and intervention to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - version for Children and Youth (ICF-CY)2011In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 728-733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore how content analysis can be used together with linking rules to link texts on assessment and intervention to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health – version for children and youth (ICF-CY).

    Methods: Individual habilitation plans containing texts on assessment and intervention for children with disabilities and their families were linked to the ICF-CY using content analysis. Texts were first divided into meaning units in order to extract meaningful concepts. Meaningful concepts that were difficult to link to ICF-CY codes were grouped, and coding schemes with critical attributes were developed. Meaningful concepts that could not be linked to the ICF-CY were assigned to the categories “not-definable” and “not-covered”, using coding schemes with mutually exclusive categories.

    Results: The size of the meaning units selected resulted in different numbers and contents of meaningful concepts. Coding schemes with critical attributes of ICF-CY codes facilitated the linking of meaningful concepts to the most appropriate ICF-CY codes. Coding schemes with mutually exclusive categories facilitated the classification of meaningful concepts that could or could not be linked to the ICF-CY.

    Conclusion: Content analysis techniques can be applied togetherwith linking rules in order to link texts on assessmentand intervention to the ICF-CY.

  • 315. Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Herz, Marcus
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Wallroth, Veronica
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Ljunggren, Mia (Editor)
    Genus i socialt arbete2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken belyser på ett systematiskt sätt hur genusdimensionen formar socialt arbete. Boken ger perspektiv på genusfrågan utifrån fyra delar av det sociala arbetet: det sociala arbetets problem- och verksamhetsområde, det sociala arbetets organisering, professionaliseringen av socialt arbete,samt det direkta arbetet med brukarna. Författarna diskuterar de utmaningar som det sociala arbetet står inför när det gäller att skapa utrymme för kritisk reflektion kring den egna praktiken och att praktiskt genomföra ett genusmedvetet socialt arbete.Boken kan läsas av både dem som är nybörjare på området och dem som är mer bevandrade i genusteori. Även om boken i första hand vänder sig till verksamma inom socialt arbete är innehållet relevant också för andra professioner som till exempel läkare, psykologer och sjuksköterskor.

  • 316. Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Betydelsen av position, sammanhang och relation för svenska socialarbetares förståelse för unga män som utsatts för våld.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien fokuserar socialarbetares föreställningar om mäns viktimisering när de har utsatts för våld. Att undersöka socialarbetare förståelse och bedömning av män som utsatts för våldsbrott är en viktig uppgift för att utveckla professionellt socialt arbete. Detta eftersom kunskaper från sådan forskning kan bidra till en bättre förståelse av sådana tankemodeller som vägleder professionella hjälpare i deras arbete.

    Syftet med studien är att fördjupa förståelsen för hur mäns position i könsordningen, kontextuella faktorer och relationen mellan offret och gärningspersonen influerar socialarbetare förståelse och bedömningar av unga mäns viktimisering.

    Tidigare forskning om betydelsen av mäns position i genusordningen, det sammanhang som våldet förekommer i samt relationen mellan offret och gärningspersonen är utgångspunkt för studien. Dessutom används attributionsteori samt genus- och maskulinitetsteori som teoretiskt ramverk.

    Studien genomförds med hjälp av fokusgruppsintervjuer med socialarbetare i vilka två olika fall diskuteras, en där en ung man som misshandlade av en okänd gärningsman i offentlig miljö och en annan där en ung man misshandlas av en partner av det motsatta könet i hemmet. Det empiriska materialet består av fokusgruppsintervjuer med sexton svenska socialarbetare som arbetar med att stödja unga brottsoffer inom fem specialiserade enheter (

    Stödcentrum för Unga Brottsoffer). Två olika vinjetter används som stimulusmaterial i intervjuerna. I en version har offret utsatts för våld av en okänd man på en offentlig plats. I det andra har offret attackerats av en kvinnlig partner i hemmet. Innehållsanalys användes för att analysera deltagarnas diskussioner.

    Resultaten visar att socialarbetarna diskussioner rör sig kring följande teman med anknytning till de tre dimensionerna, position, sammanhang och relation:

    Manlighet och mäns självbild; Mäns hjälpbehov och hjälpsökande beteende; Stöd som finns och hur socialarbetare bästa arbetar med att ge råd och stöd; Manlighet, våld, hämnd och viktimisering; Egna handlingars betydelse för våldet och viktimiseringen; Alkoholens betydelse för våldet och viktimiseringen samt betydelsen av att offret har en nära relation till gärningspersonen alternativt att denna är okänd för offret.

    Inom de aktuella temana framträder en bild av att socialarbetarnas i vissa avseenden har relativt genustraditionella förväntningar på viktimiserade män och manlighet. Emellertid uppvisar de professionella också en medvetenhet om att de unga männens hjälpbehov inte alltid matchas av samhällets hjälpapparat och välfärdsinstitutionerna som helhet och att den hjälp som ges både kan producerar och reproducerar en mer begränsad (restricted) maskulinitet snarare än en att bidra till mer inkluderande (inclusive) former

  • 317.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Reluctant Help-Seekers and Agentic Victims: Swedish Social Workers’ Talk about Young Men Victimised by Violence2017In: Practice, ISSN 0950-3153, E-ISSN 1742-4909, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 259-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to investigate how Swedish social workers who work with supporting young crime victims construct young men’s violent victimisation and their need for help. The data consist of three qualitative focus group interviews with trained social workers working with young crime victims. Based on data from focus group interviews, the analysis shows that the social workers do not portray young men as passive victims; instead, they are viewed as victims playing an active role in triggering the assault and trying to handle their victimisation on their own. Social workers also describe young men as reluctant to seek help and as emotionally withdrawn. The discussion addresses how male victims of violence are constructed and how clients’ as well as professionals’ traditional gender role expectations might affect the possibility for young men in distress to receive help.

  • 318.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The significance of position for Swedish social workers’ understanding of young men’s victimization of violence2017In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 54-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women and men is a widespread and serious social problem, often with severe consequences for the victims. Even though young men are among those most at risk of exposure to physical violence, men’s victimization is only recognized to a limited extent. The aim of this study is to deepen our understanding of how social workers’ interpretation of the position of males in the gender order affects their understanding of male victimization. The study was designed as a multiple case study with a qualitative comparative approach. Focus group interviews supported by vignettes were used to collect data. Interviews were carried out with professional Swedish social workers working with victimized men and women at centres for young crime victims in Sweden. The results show that even though the social workers express traditional gender beliefs about young men’s experiences of victimization and their inability to identify themselves as victims of violence, they also to some extent resist taken-forgranted notions of male victimization. The results also show that the social workers to some extent offer supportive measures that reinforce traditional expectations of masculinity. On the basis of the results it is suggested that one important way of developing social work with young male victims of violence would be to give greater attention to variations between different men and masculinities and how these different forms of masculinity are differently connected to crime and violence, and to adapt supportive measures to reflect these differences.

  • 319.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nord, Carina
    Socialt arbete.
    Pers, Anna
    Socialt arbete.
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Förståelse, bedömningar och hjälpinsatser: Socialarbetares arbete med män som våldsoffer2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines the background to, and presents the results from the Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority funded project "Social Workers' understanding of men as victims of crime". The project aimed at describing and analyzing how social workers understand and work with male victims of violence. More precisely, the research has focused on how social workers describe men's vulnerability and how they understand men's needs for assistance, what assistance that is provided and the way the constellations of perpetrators and victims of different gender and contexts in which the violence occurs in affect the understanding of male victims of violence. The study has also been devoted to the question of whether the Support Centers for young crime victims in Sweden provide different types of and different amount of help to young men and women afflicted of violence. The project was conducted in three substudies.

    The results from substudy 1 show that more young men than women seek support from the Support centers studied. Men predominate in number of cases and in the different categories of crime. The results also show that young men on average receive less assistance over a shorter average duration than young women. This applies irrespective of the category of offense that the vulnerability applies to. Furthermore, the young men, compared to the women, proportionally receive fewer interventions characterized as support and a greater proportion of interventions in the form of information. The results also show that the young men are referred on for further action to a lesser extent than is the case for women.

    The results from substudy 2 show that social workers tend to focus on whether, and to what extent, young men who are victims of violence themselves have behaved provocatively before the violence incident and if they have put themselves in a social situation that could be interpreted as having contributed to an escalation of the violence they have been subjected to. The results from substudy 2 also show that social workers talk about the men as active in the violent situations they have been involved in and dwell on the extent to which the young men's own actions have contributed to the violence. The results also show that young men who are victims of violence are described as "reluctant" victims who are trying to cope with their situation on their own without the involvement of professional or other helper. The young men are also described as reluctant to talk about their feelings.

    The results of substudy 3 show that social workers believe that young men, when they become victims of violence, risks losing their sense of autonomy, initiative and decisiveness, that is, attributes that are often linked to the dominating cultural image of masculinity. Furthermore, the results show that social workers estimate that men's practicing of their masculinity, but also the response that men who are traumatized get from society, creates difficulties for them to get help. The results from substudy 3 also shows that attributes and actions that can be connected to the masculinity of young men's, as well as a lack of such attributes and actions are considered to be adequate explanations for the violence the men has suffered. When it comes to violence in public places it is the masculinity that explains the violence and its escalation. When it comes to domestic violence it is the lack of expected male attributes and actions that are used as explanations for the violence that have occurred.

    The discussion is devoted to the question of how the results should be understood based on the concepts of self-performance, interpretation, negotiation and categorizations, and the consequences the results obtained should have for gender sensitive social work given to abused men.

  • 320.
    Kurjenkallio, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Friman Linder, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Förskolepersonals förtroende för socialtjänsten: Vikten av återkoppling vid en orosanmälan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 321.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Client participation in the interprofessional context of the clinical microsystem.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 322.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Collaboration in Health and Social Care: Service User Participation and Teamwork in Interprofessional Clinical Microsystems2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the relationship between citizens and the welfare state with a focus on the collaboration between service users and professionals in Swedish health and social care services. The overall aim of the thesis was to explore how professionals and service users experience collaboration in health and social care.

    Descriptive and interpretative study designs were employed in the four studies that comprise this thesis. A total of 87 persons participated in the four studies, including 22 service users and 65 front-line professionals. The research methods included focused group interviews, individual interviews and interactive participant reflection dialogues.

    The first study describes the discursive patterns in the front-line professionals’ constructions of ‘we the team’ which positions the service user as both a member and a non-member of the interprofessional team. The second study surfaces the difficulties of interprofessional teamwork as perceived by professionals. The third and the fourth studies explore how service users and professionals construct and perceive the concept of service user participation. The findings show that collaboration in terms of service user participation cannot only be understood as contract relationships between consumers and service providers. Service users and professionals perceive that there are several other ways to act as a citizen and for people to exercise human agency in relation to the welfare state. This thesis shows that the various conceptions of service user participation in interprofessional practice encompass dimensions that include themes of togetherness, understanding and interaction within the clinical microsystem.

    The findings of the four studies are discussed and used to create models that aim to conceptualise collaboration. These models can contribute to learning and improvement processes which facilitate the development of innovative service user-centered clinical microsystems in health and social care.

  • 323.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Difficulties in collaboration: A critical incident study of interprofessional healthcare teamwork2008In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 191-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenge for members of interprofessional teams is to manage the team processes that occur in all teamwork while simultaneously managing their individual professional identities. The aim of this study was to identify and describe difficulties perceived by health professionals in interprofessional teamwork. Utterances on verbal actions and resolutions were also explored to enable a discussion of the implications for interprofessional learning. Individual interviews using a Critical Incident Technique were performed with 18 Swedish professionals working in healthcare teams, and examined with qualitative content analysis. The main findings show difficulties related to the team dynamic that arose when team members acted towards one another as representatives of their professions, difficulties that occurred when the members’ various knowledge contributions interacted in the team, and difficulties related to the influence of the surrounding organization. The perceived consequences of the difficulties, beyond individual consequences, were restrictions on the use of collaborative resources to arrive at a holistic view of the patient’s problem, and barriers to providing patient care and service in the desired manner. This paper also discusses how experiences of managing difficulties entailed various forms of interprofessional learning situations.

  • 324.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Samarbeid og laering i det tverrprofesjonelle teamet2009In: Tverrprofesjonelt samarbeid: i praksis og utdanning / [ed] Elisabeth Willumsen, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget , 2009, p. 88-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Cedersund, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hedberg, Berith
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Andersson Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Multiparty team talk: Constructions of user participation in an interprofessional team context2009In: Communication, Medicine & Ethics: COMET Conference 2009 / [ed] Srikant Sarangi, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Today health and social care delivery are largely team based but the question remains whether the voice of the user is perceived as a team member or merely as the recipient of the care. There have however been few efforts to understand or change the smallest interprofessional frontline units who generate the actual service, i.e. the microsystems.

    Purpose. This paper presents preliminary findings regarding descriptions of constructions of user participation in a multiparty negotiation context.

    Materials and methods. The material consisted of ethnographic field notes and audiotapes from observations (n=8) of interprofessional team meetings in one clinical healthcare microsystem. The teams included the user and health professionals, e.g. medical social worker, physician and psychologist. The users who participated in the observed team meetings had all long-term mainly physical conditions.

    Findings and discussion. Preliminary inductive analyses of observations of interprofessional team situations involving users indicates identity constructions in multiparty talk where the user is beheld primarily as a loyal and active member of the team. Discussions will relate to how user participation is learned and constructed by users and health professionals in collaborative care at the microsystem level.

  • 326.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Meinow, B
    Darin Mattsson, A
    Are work conditions more than 20 year earlier associated to complex and severe health problems after retirement age?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Lager Millton, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lärande och social interaktion: Familjehemsföräldrars upplevelser av Letterbox Club2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Learning and social interaction, - Foster parents experiences of the Letterbox Club This paper focuses on education and learning for children in foster care, more specifically on the intervention Letterbox Club. The overall purpose of the study is to investigate how foster parents experience and describe how Letterbox Club influences the children’s learning, and the interaction between the children and the foster parents. This focus differs from previous studies of Letterbox Club.

    The data consist of eight qualitative interviews of foster home mothers who had a total of nine placed children. All study participants had been part of the Letterbox Club intervention during the fall of 2017. The interviews were analyzed using content analysis and three themes emerged: The family home as a learning environment, Letterbox Club as a learning tool and Letterbox Club as a tool for relationship

    The study concludes that the conditions for foster homes as a learning environment vary widely, depending on family constellations, habits, interests, backgrounds, etc. This can make different opportunities for using and utilizing the Letterbox Club packages. Additionally, most foster parents described how they benefited from Letterbox Club, and used it both as a learning tool and a relational tool, but there are also examples that certain content does not work for all foster parents, children and situations.

  • 328.
    Lagerkvist, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Andersson, Maja
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Känsla eller symtom?: En kritisk diskursanalys av ångest- och depressionsrelaterade tillstånd på 1177.se2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using a critical discourse analysis, this study investigates how the Swedish organization 1177 Vårdguiden writes about anxiety- and depression related conditions. The purpose of this study is to illustrate, analyze and problematize if, and in that case how, mental suffering through the use of language is constructed and reproduced as something ill and undesirable, based on the thesis that institutions and the social culture are characterized by a pathological view of mental suffering. This has been carried out from a social constructionist perspective using Fairclough’s three-dimensional model, supplemented with theories about medicalization. The analysis resulted in two identified discourses named “Part of life” and “You need health care”. Although the discourses in some regards showed common features, they show clear differences to the extent that they normalize and pathologize the different conditions. Furthermore, the study’s results show that 1177 may be regarded as a hegemonic discourse when it comes to mental illness and its classification by the lack of intertextuality and recurrent high modality.

  • 329.
    Lagerqvist, Adam
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Den mångkulturella kyrkan: En jämförelse mellan Katolska kyrkans och Equmeniakyrkans integrationssyn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Avsikten med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur den katolska kyrkan och Equmeniakyrkan i Jönköping ser på integrationsarbete. Studien görs på två kyrkor i Jönköping, dels på den lokala katolska församlingen, dels på Andreasförsamlingen, som tillhör Equmeniakyrkan. Därför kommer dessa två församlingarna att jämföras. För att uppnå detta så ställs följande frågeställning:

    1. Hur ser katolska kyrkan och Andreasförsamlingen i Jönköping på frågor om integration och migration?
    2. Vilka är likheterna och skillnaderna mellan katolska kyrkan och andra kyrkor inom Sveriges Kristna Råd i synen på integration och migration?

    Metod – Studien kommer att få svar på frågorna i frågeställningen genom en serie semi-strukturerade intervjuer med diakoner, pastorer och representanter från två församlingar i Jönköping och två organisationer som är relaterade till församlingen (en via mejl och en via telefon). De fyra intervjuade i studien var:

    • Sankt Franciskus Katolska Församling i Jönköping, med diakonen Göran Fäldt.
    • Equmeniakyrkans församling Andreasförsamlingen i Fjällstugan, Jönköping, där pastor Lennart Johansson är verksam.
    • Sveriges Kristna Råd (SKR), där Björn Cedersjö är direktor för Ekumenisk diakoni/kyrka-samhälle.
    • Caritas Sverige, där George Joseph är ansvarig för migrations- och flyktingfrågor.

    Från början skulle både SKR och Caritas intervjuas via mejl men på grund av omständigheter så kunde Caritas representant bara intervjuas via telefon. Dessa intervjuer kommer att jämföras för att få svar på frågorna som ställdes i uppsatsen.

    Diskussion och slutsatser – Katolska kyrkan via Caritas och Andreasförsamlingen hjälper migranterna med arbetssökandet, såsom att kontakta arbetsgivare och företag, samt hjälper dem att skriva sina CV:n. En annan likhet mellan Anderasförsamlingen och Sankt Franciskus Katolska Församling är att de hjälper migranterna att kontakta myndigheter, dock med några skillnader. Enligt resultatet anordnar samtliga intervjuade aktörer språkcaféer och språkhjälp till migranterna i sina samfund.

    För samtliga som var med i studien var språket och delaktigheten i samhället viktiga för integration av migranter. 

    Begränsningar – Denna studie är begränsad till två församlingar i Jönköping och två organisationer i Sverige: Caritas och Sveriges Kristna råd.

  • 330.
    Lagerqvist, Linn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Uppfostringsanstalt i relation till lagen: En komparativ studie av ideal och praktik kring uppfostringsanstalter 1900-1946.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Lantz, Alma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Kjörk, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    "Vi är med och skriver det sista kapitlet i en människas liv": Professionellas hantering av brukares självbestämmande och användning av det salutogena perspektivet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 332. Laragy, Carmel
    et al.
    Fisher, Karen
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Campbell-McLean, Carolyn
    Support as a complement, intrusion and right: Evidence from ageing and disability support service users in Sweden and Australia2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 745-753Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How service users conceptualise their personal support services is under researched, even though this understanding is important for responsive policy development and service implementation. This paper tests the proposition that service users understand formal support in three ways: support is a complement to their other arrangements, an intrusion into their personal life and a right. These three concepts were identified using discourse analysis in a Swedish study of older people wanting in-home support services. To test generalisability of these concepts, they were applied to data from an Australian study of people using disability personal support. The analysis found that the three concepts were core to people’s views of their support, although the construction of the concepts differed in the two countries. Service users in Sweden asserted their right to services more forcefully than those in Australia, and they had higher expectations that their support needs would be met. These differences reflect the impact of each country’s social policy environment on service users’ expectations. The analysis suggests that service users and their families want to control their formal support arrangements to complement their informal care and their life preferences and to minimise the intrusive aspects of formal support. The findings imply that the three concepts have utility for theorising service users’ perspectives, informing policy and developing implementation strategies which enhance peoples’ quality of life.

  • 333.
    Larsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Parent-Child Relations as Protective and Promotive Factors for Ethnic Minority Children Living in Relative Poverty: A systematic literature review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnic minority children living in relative poverty are a high-risk group for poor outcomes in all aspects of wellbeing. The relationship and interactions between child and parent are a key part of child development and a platform for providing positive experiences which can benefit a child’s wellbeing. There is therefore a need to identify what facilitates wellbeing for ethnic minority children in low-socioeconomic status families. By focusing on protective and promotive factors encompassing the parent-child relationship, factors can be identified which can use family strengths as a basis for interventions and practice within healthcare, social work and education, which is what this systematic literature review set out to do. Through a diligent search of the literature, 12 articles were identified for review according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, containing research on African American, Roma, Native American and Hispanic/Latino youth. The results inform how child wellbeing can be facilitated through several parental factors, including parental involvement and support, maternal attachment, paternal warmth and ethnic identity and ethnic socialization. The findings also indicate a need for further studies on paternal influence on wellbeing in especially Native American and Roma youth, as well as the impact of ethnic socialization on youth wellbeing. Parents have an important role to play in child wellbeing and are vital partners alongside the child when planning interventions. Considerations naturally need to be shown for each ethnic minority, the child’s setting and its individual characteristics. 

  • 334.
    Liljedahl, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lönn, Gabriella
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Att bevilja eller inte bevilja, det är frågan: En studie om socialsekreterares erfarenheter och upplevelser av insatsen kontaktperson för ungdomar 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish social services work with youths one of the most common ways to help is to grant the youth a sort of grownup mentor, a contact person. Despite of this, there is very little research about this kind of mentoring and its effects. In this study, we wanted to increase our understanding of the use of contact person for youths and also how the social workers discretion affects the use of contact person. To be able to do that a qualitative interview study was made where social workers from different social service offices shared their knowledge and experiences about contact person. Based on the information that was given during the interviews we were able to identify different themes that describe reasons to use contact person, which effects the social workers can see and also the differences and similarities between the different social workers way to use it. The result shows that social workers can provide youths with a contact person for a variety of reasons, and that the experienced effects differ between the social service offices. The result also makes it clear how the social workers in a free way are allowed to form the setup and implement of the contact person, which makes it possible to question the client’s rights to receive the same help no matter where you live or who you meet with.

  • 335.
    Lindekrantz, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Aler, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Från den stora världen till den lilla familjen: En kvalitativ studie om rekrytering, utredning och utbildning av familjehem för ensamkommande barn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how professionals in the field of foster care works with recruitments, assessment and education of family homes for unaccompanied children. The intention is to find out in case there are specific needs that justify specific approach to ensure that the child's best interests are indicative and satisfied. The survey was conducted based on a qualitative method and empirical data gathered through semi-structured interviews with employees in the social services. The result shows that there is a need for more and specific education for families receiving unaccompanied children. It is motivated by the needs and conditions that are often common for this group. Remarkable in this study is the situation that emerge around unaccompanied children placed in the network, which are described here as network families. Despite finding that they do not take part of the education for the second family is obligatory. The front will also need more and clearer guidelines about the investigation process in relation to network families, as the respondents believes that neither the law, assessment procedure or basic demands tailored to this group.

  • 336.
    Lindhero, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Stuchly, Agnes
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Barn vill om barn kan: Konsekvenser för individen när samhälleliga strukturer brister2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how professionals from different organisations experience collaboration and division of responsibilities when it comes to pupils with a neuropsychiatric disability who have a problematic school absence. Furthermore, the purpose is to examine what causes school absence and how the professionals describe their preventive work towards pupils with the above described difficulties. Sweden has 5500 children absent from school not fulfilling the educational knowledge requirements. A problematic school absence can cause mental illness during the school years but also marginalise the individual in the future. The empirical material has been collected via semi-structured interviews with professionals within school and psychiatric care for children and youth. The result has been analysed using systems theory. The result indicates the importance of collaboration between professions. To enable the preventive work of schools’ and the psychiatric care for children and youth, the need for a clear division of responsibilities is crucial. The result shows that pupils are more likely to be present in school if they feel safe and are given the opportunity to influence. Structure in the school environment and relations are also described as important. The conclusion indicates structural shortcomings in the responsibilities shared between schools, healthcare and parents regarding children with a neuropsychiatric disability who have a problematic school absence. It also shows the importance of creating a surrounding the pupil can trust.

  • 337.
    Lindholm, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Seemann, Sarah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Grannskapets potentiella roll för integration: En studie om ensamkommande barn och deras grannskapsrelationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a part of a wider multiple case study conducted in Jönköping county. It is examining a residential HVB-home for unaccompanied refugee children in Jönköping city. The purpose of this qualitative case study is to examine the neighborhood’s potential role in integration of unaccompanied refugee children. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with neighbors (n=11) and with representatives for the HVB-home (n=3). Furthermore, the study examines what information strategies have been used in the establishment process of HVB-home, along with what this has meant for the reception of the home in the neighborhood. The study finds that the neighborhood perceives the examined HVB-home as anonymous and there is a noticeable lack of information and knowledge about the home amongst the neighbors. The neighbors requests more information about the HVB-home and generally have indifferent or positive attitudes towards the location and existence of the HVB-home and the unaccompanied refugee children. The degree of acceptance of the home could be explained by the information strategy the HVB-home initially chose for the establishment of the home or the lack of knowledge about the home amongst the neighbors, although further explanations could be given. The lack of contact between the HVB-home and the neighborhood could partially be explained by the HVB-home’s choice to keep a low profile in the neighborhood. In addition, the study can distinguish an unexplored potential for the neighborhood to possible play an important role in the integration of the unaccompanied refugee children.

  • 338.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sexuella rättigheter - Unga med normbrytande sexuella erfarenheter2015In: Fokus 15: Unga sexuella och reproduktiva rättigheter: En tematisk kartläggning, Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, p. 155-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 339.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Socialt utsatta unga och sexuell hälsa2015In: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, no 12, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 340.
    Lindroth, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Transpersoner och sexuell hälsa2015In: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, no 12, p. 23-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 341.
    Ljungberg, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Folkesson, Patricia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Kvinnor som varit utsatta för människohandel för sexuella ändamål: Hälsofrämjande omständigheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have attempted to create an understanding of which circumstances help women who are victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation to go ahead and build a new life. To achieve this understanding a qualitative interview study was made where people who help these women shared their experience and knowledge. Based on their statements five themes, that describe the helping circumstances, have been identified in the analysis. These themes describe for example how women get away from their traffickers through others, how they are described as strong survivors, how they need time, encouragement and to get order in practical issues and how relationships and a hope for the future can give them strength. These circumstances, which emerged help women to build a new life, were then interpreted based on the salutogenic model with focus on general resistance resources and a sense of coherence. With these theories as a starting point, it became clear how some general resistance resources can be seen in the helping circumstances and how the women seem to be able to find a sense of coherence. Taken together, this could explain why these circumstances help women build a new life.

  • 342.
    Lochner, Christine
    et al.
    Dept of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbrosh, South Africa.
    Seedat, S
    Allgulander, Christer
    The Karolinska Institute, Dpt of Psychiatry.
    Kidd, M
    Stein, D
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Childhood trauma in adults with social anxiety disorder and panic disorder: A cross-national study2010In: African Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 1994-8220, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 376-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    The influence of childhood trauma as a specific environmental factor on the development of adult psychopathology is far from being elucidated. As part of a collaborative project between research groups from South Africa (SA) and Sweden focusing on genetic and environmental factors contributing to anxiety disorders, this study specifically investigated rates of childhood trauma in South African and Swedish patients respectively, and whether, in the sample as a whole, different traumatic experiences in childhood are predictive of social anxiety (SAD) or panic disorder (PD) in adulthood.

    METHOD:

    Participants with SAD or PD (85 from SA, 135 from Sweden) completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Logistic regression was performed with data from the two countries separately, and from the sample as a whole, with primary diagnoses as dependent variables, gender, age, and country as covariates, and the CTQ subscale totals as independent variables. The study also investigated the internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) of the CTQ subscales.

    RESULTS:

    SA patients showed higher levels of childhood trauma than Swedish patients. When data from both countries were combined, SAD patients reported higher rates of childhood emotional abuse compared to those with PD. Moreover, emotional abuse in childhood was found to play a predictive role in SAD/PD in adulthood in the Swedish and the combined samples, and the same trend was found in the SA sample. The psychometric qualities of the CTQ subscales were adequate, with the exception of the physical neglect subscale.

    CONCLUSION:

    Our findings suggest that anxiety disorder patients may differ across countries in terms of childhood trauma. Certain forms of childhood abuse may contribute specific vulnerability to different types of psychopathology. Longitudinal studies should focus on the potential sequential development of SAD/PD among individuals with childhood emotional abuse.

  • 343. Lorentsson, Emelie
    Att vara äldre: En diskursanalytisk studie av Aftonbladets bilder av äldre människor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Being older - A discourse analytical study of the portrayal of older people in a Swedish evening newspaper.

    Objective: The present study aims to provide answers to which images of elderly people that appear in the news media Aftonbladet, how they emerge, and how these images can affect elderly people's lives and the perception of old age.

    Theory and Method: The study is anchored in a social constructionist theory perspective and analysis have been inspired by discourse analytical concepts. The empirical sample was first restricted to relevant articles that used the term "äldre" during the year 2013. To limit the number of items a random, unbound selection was used.

    Analysis: The analysis has been shaped by an inductive approach. The analysis was designed without hypotheses and the empiricism has been influencing the choice of method. The analysis has been shaped by a reflexive approach to make the analysis as subjective as possible. The content of the empirical data has been related to previous research with the concepts of basic figure, contrasting picture, resource perspective and misery perspective.

    Conclusions: During the specified time period, Aftonbladet has primarily shaped the image of The problematic ageing process. This is done through clear links between elderly people and problematic attributes, by highlighting, and dramatic descriptions. A picture called The good ageing process also appears but it’s represented by far fewer articles and emerges through more vague descriptions. The analysis shows that Aftonbladet assigns elderly people a limited editorial space, there are few rich descriptions of elderly people life situations and elderly are largely associated with different forms of problematic contexts. The image of The problematic ageing process supports the basic figure that describes elderly people out of the misery perspective. As counterpart the image of The good ageing process is showing that there are people who enjoy the good aging, but they appear mostly as exceptions.

  • 344.
    Luiza, Aphakidze- Garshag
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Surrogatmödraskap- den okända vägen: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas syn på surrogatmödraskap i Georgien2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My aim with this research has been to see how surrogate mothers' situation in Georgia looks like, and how different aspects affect the understanding of the process itself and create different prerequisites for surrogate mothers. I interviewed staffs who meet surrogate mothers in their work. I conducted five interviews. The theories I have chosen to use in the study is Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Goffman's labeling theory. I concluded that surrogacy is a controversial subject that is interesting to analyze, based on these theories. After I had interviewed people, it turned out that there are some hierarchical differences between surrogate mothers and biological mothers. The study shows those surrogate mothers' motives and perception is different in society, leading to stigma and categorized ring of the phenomenon. In the future it will be interesting to formulate, visualize, debate and discuss how surrogacy affects society and the professionals' assessments of the phenomenon. I hope that the study raises future interest in others and brings new perspectives which professionals can benefit from.

  • 345.
    Lundahl, Christer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Behrens, Lasse
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Föräldrar har aldrig varit så pålästa...men heller aldrig så osäkra"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: ”Parents have never been so knowledgeable…but at the same time, so doubtful”

    To become a parent is for the most parents a wonderful experience in life. Happy times follows by challenges that puts the parenthood on its peak. Sweden has a widely-spread parent support through the government. One way of giving parents support is through a family centre. The purpose is to give help and support to parents. Despite the widely-spread parents support, research show that the mental illness for youth are increasing within the ages of 13 and 15 years old. According to research data the increase of mental illness among youth has double in the last 30 years. The aim of this research is to examine how professionals working at the familycenters perceive how they can support families to prevent mental illness among youth. The aim is divided into two different questions where perceived shortcomings and well functional factors examines. The factors to be analyzed is to find out in which way these factors possibly can affect mental illness among youth. The method used was a qualitative interview design with professionals working at the familycentres. Three focusgroupinterviews were conducted with ten professionals working at familycentres including nurses, teachers from kindergarden and curators. The interviews were held in two provinces in southern Sweden. Data was audio-recorded and transcribed, and further subjected to qualitative content analysis. The result of the study indicates that from the categories; a parent resources perspective, availability as a resource and cooperation as a resource, affect the child at different levels through functional factors and shortcoming factors. The conclusion is that parental support is a complex theme and the identified functioning and shortcoming factors exist at different levels in society that interact and influence each other. The way they interact and influence each other becomes crucial for how the support reaches the child.

  • 346.
    Lundberg, Evelyn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    In the tension between the local and the global: A field study about organizational and cultural challenges faced by NGO:s working with orphans and vulnerable children in Gaborone; Botswana2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The HIV and AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa calls a great national and global response in order to face the challenges associated with the illness for the individual, households, community and future of nations. The disease has led to an increased number of orphans and other vulnerable children in Botswana where the non-governmental organizations stand for social service delivery to these children. However, this is not without challenges and pressure for adaption from other organizations. The NGO staff members carry out their work within this organizational context between a variety of influences and relations that are reflected in terms of challenges they define. A wide range of strategies are used by the actors and organizations to deal with these barriers. Therefore, it is of importance to explore the NGO staff member’s experiences of their work in relation to an institutional perspective, which this study intends to do. The focus of the analysis was on separating the material into categories that answer the research aim by using influences from the coding process of grounded theory. The results demonstrated that the NGOs work within local and global tensions in their organizational fields including the ability to preserve traditional practices and adapt to international changes. This for the organizations to be able to gain legitimacy, receive funds and continue to provide their services to orphans and other vulnerable children in the country.

  • 347.
    Lundgren, Kata
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundquist, L-O
    Örebro Universitet.
    Childhood Abuse and Neglect in Severely Dependent Female Addicts: Homogeneity and reliability of a Swedish Version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire2002In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 219-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the psychometric characteristics of childhood experiences (‘Barndomsupplevelser’), using a Swedish translation of the 53–item version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Fifty–five female addicts, treated in a compulsory–care setting, completed the questionnaire. Homogeneity and reliability were studied using principal component analyses (PCA) and Cronbach’s alpha. The test was submitted to content analysis. Nearly all (94.5%) had experienced childhood abuse or neglect. The internal consistency is high. The 4–factor solution corresponded to the subscales of emotional and physical abuse (combined), of sexual abuse and of emotional neglect, while the items in the physical neglect subscale were distributed to several factors. In the 5–factor solution, this subscale was divided into two factors. Content analyses of these factors point to other meanings than physical neglect. The CTQ (Swedish translation) was found to have high consistency and homogeneity in four of the five subscales (emotional, physical and sexual abuse, and emotional neglect), while the subscale on physical neglect may need revision. The new 28–item brief version seems to be an improvement, with regard to these problems.

  • 348.
    Lundström, Ellinor
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Homelessness in Borås - Individual and structural factors2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 349.
    Lundström, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Stereotyper och bedömningar: En kvantitativ vinjettstudie som undersöker om ADHD-diagnosen påverkar socialsekreterares förhandsbedömningar vid orosanmälningar som gäller unga2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine social workers’ assessments regarding a notification of concern of adolescents are affected by whether the adolescent have an ADHD diagnosis or not. The hypothesis was that social workers’ assessments of need of immediate protection, reason for concern for the adolescent, whether an investigation should be initiated or not and their identification risk and protection factors differ depending on whether the adolescent has an ADHD diagnosis or not. A quantitative vignette survey with associated questionnaire was conducted. Two vignettes were designed with the only difference that in one vignette there was information that the adolescent has an ADHD diagnosis. Altogether, 86 social workers handling investigations of children and/ or young persons, participated in the study, whereof 42 handled the vignette with ADHD and 44 the vignette without ADHD.  The result shows statistically significant differences in social workers’ assessments regarding five areas of concern (behavioral problems in the adolescent, mental illness in the adolescent, physical or mental disability in the adolescent, the adolescent’s ability to cope with herself and physical or mental disability in the mother) and one risk factor (mother's alcohol use), depending on whether the adolescent has ADHD diagnosis or not. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments regarding immediate protection assessment, preliminary assessment or identified protection factors. The results are discussed in relation to whether social workers´ knowledge about ADHD, social representations of ADHD and stereotypes of ADHD may have influenced the results. The results of this study can contribute to the discussion on ADHD in social childcare and can be used to raise awareness among social workers´ about how they handle assessments of adolescents with ADHD diagnosis in order to promote that assessments are made on real grounds. The result could also provide a basis for further research, for example through qualitative studies in the field, in order to gain a deeper understanding and to highlight the causes of the differences between the vignettes.

  • 350.
    Magnusson, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hannela, Ljung
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    “Allt faller tillbaka på oss handläggare”: En kartläggning av riktlinjer och arbetssätt för biståndshandläggare i Jönköpings län gällande äldre personer med alkoholmissbruk.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics shows that guidelines or strategies are missing within several municipalities in Sweden concerning handling cases with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. Research points at an increased need of studies, knowledge and education for social workers and caregivers who’s working with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem in Sweden. In order to illustrate this, a survey was handed out to all the social workers working with elderly people in the 13 municipalities in Jönköping County to examine their experience and possible lack and need of guidelines and support concerning cases with elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. Possible differences were also examined regarding how the social workers handle cases concerning elderly people with abuse or addiction problem. This quantitative research is based on responses from 57 social workers, participating in the survey. Data has been analysed through correlation analysis and comparative analysis to examine possible connections and enable to create a map of the survey.The result shows that the majority of the respondents experience that there are no guidelines regarding how the social workers should handle cases concerning elderly people with abuse or addiction problem and that the social workers in general want more education and knowledge about the subject from the municipalities. The result also reveals that the social workers mostly handle this kind of cases in a similar way regardless of background factors.

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