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  • 301.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Utbildningspremie och kompetensförsörjning: Effekter för matchningsproblemen på arbetsmarknaden?2015Report (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Vinster, välfärd och entreprenörskap2015In: Vinster, välfärd och entreprenörskap / [ed] Johan Eklund, Stockholm: Entreprenörskapsforum , 2015, p. 7-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Vinster, välfärd och entreprenörskap2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Hunden, frisbeen och optimala regleringar2013In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 41, no 7, p. 42-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 305.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Innovationer eller regleringar?: Europas konkurrensproblematik under och efter skuldkrisen2013In: Ett konkurrenskraftigt EU till rätt pris / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Lars Oxelheim & Thomas Persson, Santérus Förlag, 2013, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Taxes, tax administrative burdens and new firm formation2014In: Kyklos (Basel), ISSN 0023-5962, E-ISSN 1467-6435, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the tax administrative burden and its effect on new firm formation. It is well recognized that entrepreneurship and new firm formation are critical factors in determining economic growth and development. New firm entry into the marketplace enhances welfare in two distinct ways: 1) by promoting innovation, productivity and economic growth and 2) by increasing competition, which lowers prices and expands output. It is also well documented that barriers to entry reduce the likelihood that new firms will enter various sectors. We argue that the burden imposed by tax codes and tax compliance constitutes a barrier to entry that has been neglected in the previous literature. We use data from the World Bank to measure the administrative burden that the complexity of tax policy imposes on new firms. Additionally, we use a measure of new firm formation – entry density. Our data cover 118 countries over a period of six years. We find that the entry rate is significantly reduced by the tax administrative burden and that this effect is unrelated to general taxes on corporate profits and is robust to the inclusion of several important control variables.

  • 307.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Desai, Sameeksha
    Indiana Univ, Sch Publ & Environm Affairs, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA.
    Ownership and Allocation of Capital: Evidence from 44 Countries2014In: Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, ISSN 0932-4569, E-ISSN 1614-0559, Vol. 170, no 3, p. 427-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an efficient economy, capital should be quickly (re)allocated from declining firms and sectors to more profitable investment opportunities. This process is affected by the concentration of corporate control, which in turn is affected by market institutions. We employ a panel of 11,984 firms across 44 countries to estimate the functional efficiency of capital markets. We adapt a measure for the efficiency of capital allocation using the accelerator principle. Our empirical results show weak property rights and highly concentrated ownership reduce the functional efficiency of capital markets.

  • 308.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Falkenhall, Björn
    Regler – Till vilken nytta och till vilken kostnad?2011In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, no 3, p. 169-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Runt om i världen pågår ett arbete med att minska regelbördan för företag och medborgare. I Sverige har detta arbete huvudsakligen fokuserat på att minska de direkta administrativa kostnaderna för företag. Att betrakta regelbördan som enbart de direkta administrativa kostnaderna ser vi som alltför snävt. I stället bör regelbördan definieras som den totala samhällsekonomiska kostnaden orsakad av en regel. Vidare, i syfte att göra regeltillkomsten samhällsekonomiskt mera effektiv, menar vi att nya regler bör underkastas utförliga konsekvensanalyser. Dessa konsekvensanalyser bör bl.a. innehålla kostnads-nyttokalkyler och kostnads-effektivitets analyser. Slutligen menar vi att det är nödvändigt att dessa konsekvensanalyser granskas av en oberoende myndighet med starkt mandat.

  • 309.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Henrekson, Magnus
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Alla kan bli vinnare i en globaliserad värld2017In: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345, Vol. 14 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 310.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Lappi, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persistence of profits in the EU: how competitive are EU member countries?2018In: Empirica, ISSN 0340-8744, E-ISSN 1573-6911, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Profits that persist above or below the norm for prolonged periods of time reveal a lack of competition and imply a systematic misallocation of resources. Competition, if unimpeded, should restore profits to normal levels within a relatively short time frame. The dynamics of profits can thus reveal a great deal about the competitiveness of an economy. This paper estimates the persistence of profits across the European Union (EU), which adds to our understanding of the competitiveness of 18 EU member states. By using a sample of approximately 4700 firms with 51,000 observations across the time period of 1995–2013, we find differences in the persistence of short-run profits, implying that there are differences in competitiveness across the EU. The Czech Republic and Greece are among the countries with the highest profit persistence, whereas the United Kingdom is among those with the lowest persistence of profits. Furthermore, we provide evidence that there are significant permanent rents present in the EU across countries as well as in the different broad sectors across the EU. 

  • 311.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Lappi, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Persistence of profits in the EU: How competitive are EU member countries?2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Profits that persist above or below the norm for prolonged periods of time revile a lack of competition and imply systematic misallocation of resources. Competition, if unimpeded, should restore profits to normal levels within a relatively short time frame. The dynamics of profits can thus reveal a great deal about the competitiveness of an economy. This paper estimates the persistence of profits across the European Union (EU), which adds to our understanding of the competitiveness of 19 EU-member states. By using a sample of approximately 5,500 firms with 54,000 observations across the time period of 1995 to 2013, we find differences in the persistence of short-run profits, implying that there are differences in competitiveness across the EU. Hungary and Greece are amongst the countries with the highest profit persistence, whereas the United Kingdom exhibits among the lowest persistence of profits. Furthermore, we provide evidence that there are significant permanent rents present in EU.

  • 312.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden and Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
    Lappi, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
    Product regulations and persistence of profits: OECD evidence2018In: Journal of Regulatory Economics, ISSN 0922-680X, E-ISSN 1573-0468, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 147-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In competitive markets, profits deviating from the norm will not persist for extended periods. If unimpeded, entry and exit of firms should restore profits to competitive levels. This dynamic process is influenced by regulations that temporarily or permanently impede competition. We study how product market regulations (PMR)—as measured by the OECD—affect competition by their impact on the profit persistence (Wölfl et al. in Ten years of product market reform in OECD countries-insights from a revised PMR indicator, 2009, Product market regulation: extending the analysis beyond OECD countries, 2010). To examine profit dynamics, we follow the methodology developed by Mueller (Economica 44(176):369–380, 1977), which measures both the short run persistence of profits and the long run permanent rents. The method can be used to measure: (1) short run transitory rents; (2) long run permanent rents. To this end we use firm level data from 30 OECD countries over the period 1998–2013. Results show that PMR increase the permanent rents of firms but we find no significant effect on short run profit persistence. We conclude that PMR negatively influence competition and increase permanent rents, resulting in misallocation of resources.

  • 313.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Inherited Corporate Control and Returns on Investment2013In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 419-431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the literature on management in family firms by investigating how succession in family firms affects returns on investment. The identities of the chief executive officer (CEO) and the chairman of the board (COB) were used to establish whether the management of the firm can be characterized as founder, descendant, or external management. A unique, unbalanced panel data set on listed Swedish firms covering the period from 1990 to 2005 was used in the analysis. The results show that founder management has a positive effect on the returns on investment in family firms, whereas descendant management has a negative impact. An external CEO as a successor in family firms leads to more efficient investment policies with increased firm value as a result. That is, when studying corporate governance in family firms it is important to account for what type of management the firm has. Further studies are required to understand the relationship between ownership, control, management, and firm performance.

  • 314.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Högskola i otakt2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har aldrig haft så många högutbildade i arbetskraften som idag, men arbetsmarknaden fungerar allt sämre. Frågan är vilka ekonomiska utfall högskoleexpansionen har bidragit till.

    Slutsatser är att högre utbildning i Sverige inte främjar ekonomisk utveckling och välfärd. Det som bestämmer studenternas val och lärosätenas utformning av utbildningar anpassas inte efter behoven på arbetsmarknaden.

    Utbildning är kostnadsfri för studerande och finansieras via skatteuttag, samtidigt som utbildningspremien och den privatekonomiska avkastningen, tillhör världens lägsta.

    Detta bidrar inte till att lösa matchningsproblem på arbetsmarknaden. Istället finns en risk att utbildning ses som konsumtion snarare än investering i kunskap.

    Resultatet riskerar bli en högskola som går i otakt med det omgivande samhället och framförallt näringslivet.

  • 315.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Poulsen, Thomas
    Copenhagen Business School.
    One share–one vote: Evidence from Europe2014In: Applied Financial Economics, ISSN 0960-3107, E-ISSN 1466-4305, Vol. 24, no 7, p. 453-464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many European companies use some type of control-enhancing mechanism, such as dual class shares or a pyramid ownership structure. Such mechanisms cause deviations from the one share-one vote principle, allocating more voting rights than cash flow rights to some shares and, in turn, providing the owners of such shares with more influence than what would be warranted by their investment. However, disproportionate influence may also arise in firms without such mechanisms. In this article, we present a method for disentangling disproportionality, which allows us to more precisely test the effects of deviations from the one share-one vote principle. We argue that previous studies suffer from a measurement problem caused by the use of a simplistic notion of disproportionality, and then we show that the effect of control-enhancing mechanisms on firm value has been overestimated in previous studies.

  • 316.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology och Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Flytt- eller stannfågel?: Högre utbildning, dynamik och matchning på Örebro arbetsmarknad2015Report (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Profit dynamics and new firms: Regional entry and exit of firms and the persistence of profits2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 318.
    Eklöf, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Siberg, Marcus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The empirical performance of the Phillips curve before and after the recent financial crisis: A comparative study for Sweden, Norway, Finland and the United Kingdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The global financial crisis had a major effect on the global economy causing recessions and loss of jobs on a national scale. The purpose of this study is to investigate if the relationship between inflation and unemployment is different before and after the recent financial and economic crisis in Sweden, Norway, Finland and the United Kingdom. The Phillips curve is used in order to explain the relationship between inflation and unemployment. The paper defines the crisis as the period between 2007-2010 and will study a time period of five years before and after the crisis, using quarterly data on the unemployment rate and the inflation rate. Ordinary least squares regression was used to estimate the regression output. The findings of this paper conclude that a change in the inverse relationship of the Phillips curve has occurred when comparing pre- and post crisis periods.

  • 319.
    elf, andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Gonzalez Riffo, Eduardo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Risk-adjusted return performance on a screened index: An empirical investigation of a Shariah screened index and a non-screened index2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates whether an Islamic screened benchmark index shows a different risk adjusted performance in comparison to a non-screened benchmark index. In contrast to other papers this study analyzes daily observations in the years from 2007 to 2012, a period heavily affected by the financial crisis. The Capital Asset Pricing Model and the Jensen measure of abnormal returns are used to estimate and compare the indexes mean risk-adjusted returns. The results show that the Islamic index does not reveal any different level of daily mean risk-adjusted returns compared to the conventional non-screened index. Hence, Muslims who align their investments according to the teachings of Islam are not worse off than non-restricted investors following the screened Islamic index.

  • 320.
    Elgquist, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Linkages between universities and patent applications: An empirical study conducted on patent application data2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Numbers of persons with a higher education have inclined fast during the last dec-ades, as the University sector in Sweden has increased. This due to that the Swedish government has had a very encouraging attitude towards the Universities position for economic regional growth. The aim of this thesis is to see if there are any relationships between students at a University in a region and the number of patents that have been applied for in the same region using data taken from European patent of-fice and Statistics Sweden. Patent is one way to measure innovations, and knowledge is one of the core foundations for new innovations. Different models have been used to determine if any significant relationship between patent applications and number of people with higher education is present. The empirical findings came up with the results that numbers of people with higher education have positive relationship with University regions. The two variables, people with higher technical education and research and development at Universities also showed positive significant results, which gives support for the chosen theories in the thesis. It is hard to say that the decen-tralization of the Swedish universities have been a total success, because in the thesis results were found which shoed that the Malmö region was outstanding in terms of patent applications. In this region many different Universities and private R&D de-partments are located, together with students etc. Further research in this field has to be conducted to be able to give the policy maker better foundation for decisions.

  • 321.
    Eliasson, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ström, Michael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Commuting patterns in Sweden: A study of commuting, education and functional regions2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Eurosclerosis is gripping Europe; one suggested remedy is higher mobility of people. That is what this thesis aims to address: Inter-municipality commuting mobility in Sweden.

    This essay is investigating the Swedish commuting as of 2005. The hypothesis is duly formed as such: High education is significant for the outcome of the commuting decision. The regional pattern of commuting is also considered to a degree. Aggregated data on Swedish commuting between municipalities is used.

    The theory used to investigate this is basic agglomeration theory including the simplest form of gravity model. Theories on utility, human capital and distance friction complement the analysis.

    Concluding comments include: higher education is significant for the commuting decision, and living in more densely populated areas like “big” cities increases chances of people commuting.

  • 322. Eliasson, Johannes
    Inter-industry differences in local banks' effect on new firm formation: A regional study of entrepreneurship in Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Formation of new firms is important, since new firms create jobs and economic growth. When entrepreneurs lack the financial resources which are needed to start a firm, they often turn to banks to borrow money. Previous research has shown that relationships between banks and new business borrowers most often are local and that the dependence on banks differs across industries. In light of this, the purpose of this paper is to investigate if local access to banks has a stronger relationship with the rate of new firm formation in some industries than in others. Based on cross-sectional data on all Swedish municipalities in 2009, a series of OLS regressions are estimated to test if variables used to describe the bank market in a municipality are related with the new firm formation rate, both in total and in different industry categories. The results show that the number of bank branches per capita is positively related with the total new firm formation rate. In regards to the inter-industry differences, the findings indicate that local access to banks is more important for new firm formation in some industries than in others. 

  • 323.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Fölster, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Does social capital contribute to regional economic growth?: Swedish experiences2013In: Social Capital and Rural Development in the Knowledge Society / [ed] Westlund, H. and Kobayashi, K., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 113-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 324.
    El-Rhinaoui, R.
    et al.
    Ministry of Industry, Commerce and New Technologies, Morocco.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Seoul National University, South Korea.
    Mobile operators in MENA region: Impact of foreign ownership and market share on financial performance and traffic2011In: Information and Communication Technologies Policies and Practices / [ed] Almas Heshmati and Sun Peng, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, p. 167-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the process of telecommunication liberalization and increased competitionevolves, the situation of market competition and the structure of mobile operators differsconsiderably across the Middle East and North African (MENA) countries. This studyattempts to analyze the effects of foreign ownership and the market share on the trafficand financial performance of mobile operators in MENA region. To achieve theseobjectives, we use panel data estimation methods to assess MENA mobile industryperformances using an unbalanced panel data of 13 mobile operators observed over theperiod 2002-2007. The empirical analysis results, using fixed and random effect models,showed that both foreign ownership and a higher market share have a significant positiveimpact on traffic, revenues, returns on sales and returns on investment of mobileoperators in the MENA region. ©2010 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 325.
    Engstrom, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Forsell, Eskil
    Uppsala University.
    Hagen, Johannes
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stefánsson, Arnaldur
    Uppsala University.
    Increasing the Take-Up of the Housing Allowance Among Swedish Pensioners: A Field Experiment2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a randomized field experiment in the Swedish pension system, we investigate whether receiving an information letter affects the take-up rate of the housing allowance for pensioners. We also investigate whether the framing of the information letter affects take-up. The results show that simple information letters had a dramatic effect on the application rate and subsequent take-up rate: the baseline application rate in the targeted control population was only 1.4 percent while the corresponding rates in the different treatment groups were between 9.9 and 12.1 percent. The letter that addressed common misconceptions about the benefit caused significantly higher submission and acceptance rates. The letters had a substantial economic effect on the applicants. We estimate that the applicants, induced by the treatment, increased their monthly income by around 10 percent.

  • 326.
    Engström, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Forsell, Eskil
    Spotify.
    Hagen, Johannes
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stefansson, Arnaldur
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bostadstillägg för pensionärer: ett randomiserat informationsexperiment2018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 29-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Många äldre med låga inkomster ansöker inte om bostadstillägg för pensionärer trots att de kan ha rätt till det. En viktig fråga är därför hur man kan få fler berättigade att ansöka. Vi har tillsammans med Pensionsmyndigheten genomfört ett randomiserat informationsexperiment riktat till populationen av potentiellt berättigade pensionärer. Ungefär var tionde pensionär som fick ett brev (behandlingsgruppen) ansökte om bostadstillägg inom fyra månader jämfört med drygt en av hundra som inte fick ett brev (kontrollgruppen). Andelen avslag i behandlingsgruppen var dock något högre.

  • 327.
    Engström, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hagen, Johannes
    Uppsala universitet.
    Income underreporting among the self-employed: a permanent income approach2017In: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 92, p. 92-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption based method to estimate underreporting among self-employed, introduced by Pissarides andWeber (1989), is one of the workhorses in the empirical literature on tax evasion/avoidance. We show that failure to account for transitory income fluctuations in current income may overestimate the degree of underreporting by around 40 percent. Previous studies typically use instrumental variable methods to address the issue. In contrast, our access to registry based longitudinal income measures allows a direct approach based on more permanent income measures. This also allows us to evaluate the performance of a list of instruments widely used in the previous literature. Our analysis shows that capital income is the most suitable instrument in our application, while education and housing related measures do not seem to satisfy the exclusion restrictions.

  • 328.
    Eriksson, Eva Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Tafesse, Israel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The role of improved connectivity on the welfare of Ethiopian farm households.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the effects of owning a mobile phone on the welfare of farm households in Ethiopia. Using data from the Ethiopian Socioeconomic Survey, a panel of 1087 households are studied over the period 2011 - 2016. Household consumption expenditures are used to proxy household welfare. By employing a quantile regression approach, the impact of owning a mobile phone is examined on different types of farm households. The results indicate that mobile phones provide important benefits and enhance the welfare of farm households in Ethiopia. Owning a mobile phone is positively associated with per capita consumption and combined with access to electricity, there is an even larger positive contribution. These results highlight the need for the Ethiopian government to implement policies that make electricity more accessible and affordable and encourage the use of mobile phones. 

  • 329.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Revenue and creativity: Disentangling demand creating attributes in movies2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper’s aim is to outline a general model of the indicators of box office revenue for the top performing movies in history. The experience industry is different from most other in that the consumer good consist to a large extent of an emotion arousal. It thus lacks many of the features of normal consumption goods and the consumption experience is entirely based on previous experiences of similar kind.

    Demand for experiences has two important influencers: income and leisure time. An increase in any of the two will increase demand for movie tickets. Production of experiences is based on a combination of an available set of attributes that are combined into goods in a monopolistic competition setting. It is assumed that quality is a function of educated labour.

    These attributes were measured using hedonic price theory. This allows pricing of every unique attribute of movies individually, based on what the willingness to pay was in previous movies. Fifteen possible variables were tested in two models and the most important were shown to be actor, length, sequel, visual effects, age of actor, MPAA-rating and category (animations and dramas). All variables carried expected signs except the actor variables.

    It is concluded that production companies are not entirely meeting the quality demands of the audience. Consumers are trying to reduce risk in consumption by referring to previous consumption experiences, and consumers have, according to the results, particularly strong positive experiences of movies with the kind of features that are significant in the test.

  • 330.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Garment Export Boom: An analysis of Swedish exports of ready-made clothing2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is investigating the increasing Swedish garment export during the period 1997-2003. Despite a long-lasting national production decrease and stronger global competition Swedish designed clothing are exported at higher rates than ever. The hypothesis that this increase is due to increased trade and changed production stage specialization is investigated.

    The theory used to investigate this is basic trade theory including Hecksher-Olin and New Trade theory with a focus on comparative advantage and specialization. This is completed with production theory that is particularly relevant for the garment industry: product and price competition, fashion cycles and vertical specialization.

    Trade, production and labor data is analyzed according to this and the main results are based on the unit price development: exports had a much higher growth in unit prices than imports. This is indicating that Sweden has a revealed comparative advantage in capital intensive production stages, a fact further supported by high education levels and high production value per worker. The industry has chosen to focus on product competition rather than price competition and has managed to shorten its product cycles in order to better exploit the fashion

    cycles. In some garment groups the image is more complex and one of the main theories of a design heavy garment such as jeans being the core of the success is revised. The export success is to a large extent due to an increasing specialization in the industry’s strong areas.

  • 331.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Cluster creation and innovation within an emerging Taiwanese high-tech sector2006In: International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, ISSN 1470-6075, E-ISSN 1741-5284, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 208-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates in what way and to what extent Taiwan has been able to develop a commercial aerospace industry and the formation of an internationally competitive supplier system, i.e. high-tech cluster. The development of such an industry has been much more difficult than expected. Since the late 1990s there have been signs that a supplier system is under development, but there are great challenges ahead, amid a fierce international competition.

  • 332.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Clusters and Economic Growth in Asia2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 333.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Innovation Policies in South Korea and Taiwan2005Report (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    State Policy for Technological Innovation in East Asia: A comparative study of South Korea and Taiwan2005In: Asian Geographer, ISSN 1022-5706, Vol. 24, no 1 & 2, p. 61-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    South Korea and Taiwan are two of the most prominent examples of newly industrializing economies which have been remarkably successful during the last three decades. This paper gives an overview of South Koreas’s and Taiwan’s development and innovation policies, and compare between these two economies’ main strengths and weaknesses regarding innovation and technology. Conclusions drawn show that there are similiarities as well as differences in the innovation systems in the two economies. The role of the state has been fundamental in South Korea’s and Taiwan’s economic and industrial development. In South Korea there has been very strong ties between the chaebols and the state. The chaebols have been the greatest strenght of Korea’s innovation system, while the there is a lack of interplay between universities and the private sector. The role of the state in Taiwan has concentraded more on creating supporting institutions that have focused on building human resources, acquiring technology from abroad, creating science and technology capacities. In Taiwan it seems that there are more developed mechanisms to transfer research results from public research establishments to the industry, especially SMEs. The industrial policy in Taiwan has supported a rather close cooperation between industry and the state and increased connection between universities and the state. The weakest links seem to be between universities and the industry.

  • 335.
    Eriksson, Sören
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Balkow, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Dahlkild, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Varför producera utomlands?: 11 fallstudier från Jönköpings län om outsourcing och offshoring2008Book (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Eslami, Mohammad H.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lakemond, Nicolette
    Linköpings universitet, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    Knowledge integration with customers in collaborative product development projects2016In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 889-900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper addresses the need for managerial and organizational approaches to knowledge integration with customer in collaborative product development projects. The purpose is to identify the roles of customers in terms of the customer's knowledge contribution and timing of customer collaboration in the product development process.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study is based on a multi-case study approach, comprising four product development projects from two large international suppliers. The cases were selected following the theoretical replication logic. Data consist of interviews, workshops, and secondary information. For each of the cases, a within case analysis was performed followed by a cross-case analysis.

    Findings

    The study shows that the customer's knowledge contribution is aligned with the specific requirements of each phase of the product development. Three specific customer roles are identified and connected to the customer's knowledge contribution and the timing of customer collaboration. The technical capability of the customer and the locus of initiative of the product development project are affecting the prerequisites for knowledge integration with customers.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study is performed from the perspective of supplier firms. We have not been able to capture the perspective of the customer in detail. As it is expected that both customers and suppliers benefit from a systematic knowledge exchange, future studies could examine knowledge contributions in both directions.

    Practical implications

    The findings can be used to devise effective approaches for collaborative product development with customers related to the customer's knowledge contribution and the timing of customer collaboration and provide guidance to firms seeking to benefit from knowledge residing at customers.

    Originality/value

    This is one of the first studies to focus on the integration of customers' knowledge in product development processes. This paper contributes to the customer supplier collaboration literature by presenting further insight into customers' knowledge contributions, the timing of customer collaboration in product development processes and the prerequisites for knowledge integration with customers.

  • 337.
    Exner, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The European Union and the Euro: A Gravity Approach on Bilateral Trade2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the year of 1999 a new monetary experiment commenced – the birth of the euro. Over the years more countries have joined the new currency and it was expected to be a continuously growing community. The purpose of this paper is to measure the effect of European membership, the currency of euro and the financial crisis on trade between the countries located in Europe. For the task of this paper the gravity model is used to study the bilateral trade flows in the European Union from 1995-2011. It additionally investigates, besides the correlation between GDP and distance, the effect of shared border, shared language and coastal access. The results showed that the euro did indeed have a positive impact on trade in the introduction year to later significantly have a negative impact on trade. Moreover, a membership in the European Union results showed to promote intra-European Union trade at the cost of extra-European Union trade and have its largest impact in the beginning and end of the study years. The conclusion is that other factors than increased trade were the main reasons to join the European Union, such as enhancing the role of Europe in the world market and to turn into a unified market. Finally, the effect of the financial crisis was found to have a negative impact on trade, concluded that it exposed the failures and lack of coordination between and within countries. It was also shown that the physical distance, and not specifically distances in i.e. social culture and languages, boosted the trade between countries.

  • 338.
    Faari, Tove
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Isvén, Beatrice
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Generation Debt: An examination of the socioeconomic factors that relate to over-indebtedness among young adults in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Fahlström, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Berglund, Oliwer
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Performance of Hedge Fund Strategies in Emerging Markets2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 340.
    Falk, Mikael
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lidemar, Adam
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Importance of Board Diversity: Measured by Tobin’s Q2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the relationship between firm performance, measured by Tobin’s Q, and board diversity. Board diversity is measured by age differentials, gender diversity, board size, number of board members with higher education, and number of nationali-ties included in the board. The data were collected from firms on the OMX Stockholm 30, for the years 2006-2010. Because data were collected from 5 years, a panel type re-gression is used. Furthermore the regression of this paper corrects for time specific ef-fects. This paper contributes to the field of research by investigating the Swedish market in a quantitative manner and using these specific five explanatory variables as a measure of board diversity. The result of this paper shows a clear overall relationship between board diversity and firm performance. More specifically, the education and nationality variables are not significant. The size variable is significant and negatively correlated to firm performance, while the gender and age variables show a significant and positive re-lationship to firm performance.

  • 341.
    Farakesh, Faryar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Related and Unrelated Variety in Retailing: A Study on the Scale and Diversity of Local Retail Markets in Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate how variety in a local retail market is related to the performance of such retail market in terms of its scale and specialization. The empirical study employs data from Swedish municipalities for the years 2002-2012 to perform fixed effects regressions in order to look into the changes in scale and specialization of the local retail market over time with an observed variety. Variety in the retail market is calculated both in terms of related and unrelated variety that tackles how related the different retailers are with respect to each other in the same local market. The results indicate that there is a positive and significant relation between the scale as well as the specialization of the retail sector and the variety in the local market. Related variety appears to have more influence on the specialization of the retail sector compared to unrelated variety.

  • 342.
    Farrell, Kyle
    et al.
    Urban and Regional Studies, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    China’s rapid urban ascent: an examination into the components of urban growth2018In: Asian Geographer, ISSN 1022-5706, E-ISSN 2158-1762, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 85-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Having gone from 11.8% of its population inhabiting urban areas in 1950 to 49.2% by 2010, China represents the most dramatic urban transformation the world has seen. With the contemporary urban narrative presenting new challenges, particularly in terms of its unprecedented pace and scale, this paper conducts an inquiry into the nature and causes of China’s rapid urban ascent. Making use of a new analytical framework, this paper maps out the changing stages of China’s urban transition and examines the components of urban growth underpinning it. It arrives at several notable findings. Rural to urban migration has been the dominant component of urban growth, followed by urban natural population increase and reclassification. Although China’s urban growth rates were high, it is the reduction in rural growth rates that underpinned China’s particularly rapid urbanization rates. China is currently in the latter part of the accelerated stage of its urban transition, and is expected to enter the terminal stage by 2030. In light of China’s ongoing urban transition, this paper concludes with reflections on China’s New-Type Urbanization Plan 2014–2020. 

  • 343.
    Feng, Qin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The relationship between oil price and US Dollar/Norwegian Krone nominal exchange rate.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper empirically investigates the cointegrated relationship between oil price and nominal exchange rate of US Dollar/ Norwegian Krone (USD/NOK) which is covering a time period from 2001 to 2011. The Augmented Dickey-Fuller test, Engle-Granger test and Error Correction Mechanism are employed for this research.

    This paper concludes that there is a cointegrated relationship between oil price and nominal exchange rate of USD/NOK in the long term.

  • 344.
    Figueres, Fernando
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Popova, Elena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Environmental Kuznets Curve for Carbon Intensity: a Global Survey2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Environmental Kuznets Curve is an inverted U-shaped relationship which demonstrates how environmental degradation increases as countries begin to develop and lowers as they become wealthier. The classical EKC measures the effects of GDP per capita (a country’s wealth) on pollu-tion.

    This paper is a study of the connection of a number of factors- GDP per capita, fossil fuels, al-ternative and nuclear energy, rural population and life expectancy at birth to the Environmental Kuznets Curve. Two econometric approaches are applied in order to test whether the variables have a more pronounced linear or quadratic form. Four income groups of countries are investigated in order to check if the state of development plays a crucial role in environmental deterioration.

    The results of the study point out that EKC does not apply for the chosen variables. From the regression for GDP, however, it can be concluded that EKC forms in 1990s.

  • 345.
    Finger, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nichtparametrische 2-Stichproben Dispersionstests2010In: Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Studium, ISSN 0340-1650, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 254-256Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Beim Vergleich zweier Stichproben werden häufig Unterschiede hinsichtlich von Lagemaβen wie auch hinsichtlich von Streuungsmaβen getestet. Letztere Analyse findet zum Beispiel im Bereich der Qualitätskontrolle Anwendung, in welcher die Verlässlichkeit der Produktion (ausgedrückt durch die Streuung) über die Zeit konstant bleiben soll. Während einige nichtparametrische Methoden wie der Rangkorrelationskoeffizient oder der Mann-Whitney-U Test mittlerweile zum Standardrepertoire der Lehre gehören, werden andere nichtparametrische Methoden nur selten behandelt (Sprent und Smeeton, 2007). McGrath und Yeh (2005) weisen darauf hin, dass insbesondere für die hier vorgestellten Dispersionstests viele einführende Statistiklehrbücher nicht auf die Schwächen des sehr häufig dargestellten F-Testes verweisen und auch keine Alternativen zu diesem Test präsentieren. Der vorliegende Beitrag versucht den Kenntnisstand über alternative nicht-parametrische Dispersionstests zu verbessern.

  • 346.
    Flack, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Produktivitet och konkurrenskraft i den svenska skogsindustrin2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the competitiveness of the Swedish Forest industry between 1963 and 2002, and tries to show the impact that productivity have had on competitiveness. To better understand the topic, both competitiveness and productivity are described from a principal point of view. The primary contributions of the thesis is that it de-scribes the difficulties involved in an analysis of competitiveness on the industry-level in a condensed way and that it introduces a method that has not been used previously to describe the relationship between productivity and competitiveness on the industry-level in Sweden.

    The main result is that there is a relatively strong positive causal relationship between productivity and competitiveness in the Wood- and wood products industry but not in the Pulp and paper industry. To identify important driving factors of competitiveness in the latter and their respective impact requires further studies.

  • 347. Florida, Richard
    et al.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    There Goes the Neighborhood: How and Why Bohemians, Artists and Gays Affect Regional Housing ValuesManuscript (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often conjectured that artistic, bohemian, and gay populations increase housing values in the neighborhoods and communities in which they reside. But these groups are small, and the evidence of their effect on housing prices is anecdotal and limited. We argue that artists, bohemians and gays affect housing values through two kinds of mechanisms: an aesthetic-amenity premium; and a tolerance or open culturepremium. To examine this, we introduce a combined measure of bohemian and gay populations – the Bohemian-Gay Index. We conduct statistical analyses to test the performance of this measure against other variables expected to affect housing values– income, wages, technology, and human capital. The findings indicate that the Bohemian-Gay Index has a substantial direct relation with housing values across all permutations of the model and across all region sizes. It remains positive andsignificant alongside variables for regional income, wages, technology, and human capital. The Bohemian-Gay Index also has a substantial direct correlation with other key variables, particularly income, indicating an additional indirect effect on housing values.

  • 348.
    Florida, Richard
    et al.
    Rotman School of Management, Martin Prosperity Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Adler, Patrick
    Department of Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    The city as innovation machine2017In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 86-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper puts cities and urban regions at the very centre of the processes of innovation and entrepreneurship. It combines the insights of Jane Jacobs and recent urban research on the role of the city with the literature on innovation and entrepreneurship going back to Joseph Schumpeter. Innovation and entrepreneurship and their geography privileges the firm, industry clusters and/or the individual and poses the city as a container for them. By marrying Jacobs’ insights on cities to those of Schumpeter on innovation, it is argued that innovation and entrepreneurship do not simply take in place in cities but in fact require them.

  • 349.
    Florida, Richard
    et al.
    University of Toronto & New York University.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Innovation, Skill, and Economic Segregation2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our research examines the role of innovation and skill on the level economic segregation across U.S. metro areas. On the one hand, economic and urban theory suggest that more innovative and skilled metros are likely to have higher levels of economic segregation. But on the other hand, theory also suggests that more segregated metros are likely to become less innovative over time. We examine the connection between innovation and economic segregation this via OLS regressions informed by a Principal Component Analysis to distill key variables related to innovation, knowledge and skills, while controlling for other key variables notably population size. Our findings are mixed. While we find evidence of an association between the level of innovation and skill and the level of economic segregation in 2010, we find little evidence of an association between the level of innovation and skill across metros and the growth of economic segregation between 2000 and 2010.

  • 350.
    Florida, Richard
    et al.
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Rise of the startup city: The changing geography of the venture capital financed innovation2016In: California Management Review, ISSN 0008-1256, E-ISSN 2162-8564, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 14-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevailing geographic model for high-technology industrial organization has been the “nerdistan,” a sprawling, car-oriented suburb organized around office parks. This seems to contradict a basic insight of urban theory, which associates dense urban centers with higher levels of innovation, entrepreneurship, and creativity. This article examines the geography of recent venture capital finance startups across U.S. metros and within a subset of them by neighborhood. It concludes that the model is changing. The suburban model might have been a historical aberration, and innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship are realigning in the same urban centers that traditionally fostered them.

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