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  • 29601.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Framtidsverkstad – en resurs i verksamhetsutveckling2012In: Slutrapport – Framtidsverkstad som resurs för volontärarbete vid Kvinnojouren Jönköping / [ed] Björn Jonsson, Jönköping: School of Health Sciences , 2012, p. 37-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29602.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Interaktion för integration av äldreboende och omsorg: Brukarmedverkan2007In: Att göra SOCIALT ARBETE- mellan manual och improvisation: FORSAs symposium i Lund 20-21 mars 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29603.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Interaktion för integreration av äldreomsorg och boende2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29604.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Socialpedagogik och socialt förändringsarbete inom äldreomsorgen2000Report (Other academic)
  • 29605.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Äldres välfärd boende och omsorg i det lokala sammanhanget: Strategier för lokalt förändringsarbete och kompetensutveckling2000Report (Other academic)
  • 29606.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Framtidsverkstäder i äldreomsorgen2012In: Framtidens äldreomsorg, 2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29607.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People.
    Future Workshop for Empowerment in Eldercare: Examples from Sweden2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29608.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Future Workshop for Empowerment in Eldercare: Examples from Sweden2009In: Perspectives on Empowerment, Social Cohesion and Democracy / [ed] Cecilia Henning & Karin Renblad, Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University , 2009, p. 161-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29609.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Participation for Improving Everyday Life Conditions2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29610.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Svensson, Lars A
    Högskolan Väst.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Delaktighet och gemenskap skapar engagemang - framtidsverkstad i Trollhättan2013In: Gemenskaper: Socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Lisbeth Eriksson, Gunilla Nilsson & Lars A. Svensson, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29611.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People.
    Österström, Stefan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    To Age in Place: Experiences from Two Local Settings in Southern Sweden2002In: Aspects on aging, old age care and local contexts, Jönköping: Hälsohögskolan , 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29612.
    Åhs, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Offentlighetens rum: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Jönköpings-Postens insändarsida 20082009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29613.
    Åhström, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Traffic Safety in Economic Development: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transportation system is a growing concern as economic development progresses. It has become one of the major causes of air pollution as well as deaths world-wide. Hence, the transportation system is not a sustainable path in the world today. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a fast developing economy with poor traffic safety. Hence, the purpose of the thesis is to examine the relationship between economic development and traffic safety in the UAE. This is achieved with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis, which indicates a positive relationship between economic development and road traffic fatalities initially. However, it will come to change into a negative relationship as the economy develops further. In addition, Institutional Theory states that institutions and organizations contribute to a successful economic development. In order to identify the development of traffic safety in the UAE, the characteristics concerning the issue in the country must be defined. Hence, a comprehensive analysis of the traffic safety in the UAE is carried out with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis and Institutional Theory. A regression analysis confirms that there is a relationship between traffic fatalities and economic development. Until today, traffic fatalities have increased with national GDP in the UAE. Yet there is no reason to believe that this relationship has changed for the better. However, according to Institutional Theory, an improvement may be achieved through active work. It is important for the public authorities in the UAE to set explicit goals, so that institutions and organizations are able to integrate and coordinate their struggle for a safer traffic.

  • 29614.
    Åkerblad, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Mustafa, Avin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    När livet tar ny riktning: föräldrars upplevelse när barn fått cancer2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29615.
    Åkerblom, Annika
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anderberg, Elsie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Alvegård, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Lunds universitet.
    Awareness of language use in conceptualization: a study of children's understanding of movement and gravity2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 255-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to examine the role of children’s awareness of the function of language use in expressing understanding. Preschool and elementary school children were asked two questions presenting a problem that could be described in classical mechanics and basic astronomy. They were then encouraged to reflect on their own language use when expressing their conceptions of the physical phenomena they had discussed. The article concerns learning from a phenomenographic perspective, with emphasis on the interplay between language use and meaning-making when developing understanding. Understanding is seen as an activity, while awareness of language use in understanding is regarded as an important aspect. 40 children in preschool and elementary school (six and ten years old respectively) participated in an empirical, qualitative investigation. A particular dialogue format was used, that has been developed within the intentional-expressive approach. Dialogue excerpts where the children expressed awareness of their own language and understanding were selected from the empirical material, and contextual analysis was used to delimit qualities of awareness expressed in these excerpts. The qualities of awareness were grouped in four descriptive categories: 1) awareness of the relation between language form and language meaning; 2) awareness of the nature of understanding; 3) awareness of the expressive function of language for new meaning; and 4) awareness of the function of language use in understanding. A widened definition of language awareness is proposed and discussed, in which awareness of the close relationship between language use and meaning-making is taken into consideration.

  • 29616.
    Åkerblom, Annika
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anderberg, Elsie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Literacy Research.
    Alvegård, Christer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Literacy Research.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Lunds universitet.
    The awareness of language use in understanding2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29617.
    Åkerblom, Annika
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anderberg, Elsie
    Lunds universitet.
    Alvegård, Christer
    Lunds universitet.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Lunds universitet.
    The interplay between expressions and meanings in meaning-making: How children (6, 10 and 14 years old) use language to express understanding of complex phenomena2008In: Paper presented at European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI) SIG 9 Workshop 2008, Kristianstad, Sweden, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29618.
    Åkerblom, Annika
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anderberg, Elsie
    Lunds universitet.
    Alvegård, Christer
    Lunds universitet.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Lunds universitet.
    The meaning-making process in learning: a comparison between 10 and 14 years old pupils2008In: Paper presented at Nordic Education research Association (NERA) 36th Congress, March 6 - 8, 2008, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29619. Åkergren, Amanda
    Parametrize reinforcements for hoods in CATIA V52019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29620. Åkerlund, E
    et al.
    Odams, E
    Larsson, I
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Nipple necrosis after reduction mammaplasty: a case report1995In: International Journal of Rehabilitation and Health, ISSN 1068-9591, E-ISSN 1573-1537, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 285-289Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29621.
    Åkerlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bäckvall, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Drivkrafter och hinder för samverkan: En studie inom bil- och komponenttestverksamheten i Norrbotten2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This report has as purpose to identify driving forces and obstacles for collaboration within and in between industry- society- university in the car- and component test industry in the County of Norrbotten. The aim of the study is reached by describing the different initiatives for collaboration that exist today. Theoretical framework as trippel-helix, network, embeddedness, and challenges in regional collaboration are used to analyse secondary data and the qualitative interviews are made with key actors in the differ-ent collaboration areas.

    The different actors have different main goals with their businesses, but have created common initiatives to collaborate in different levels with the goal to develop the test industry and the region. The main driving forces have been identified as the local inhabi-tants’ and the entrepreneurs’ desire to live in a thinly settled region, which puts demand on developing the industry into a yearly basis. To be able to realize that, collaboration with higher education and society is of critical importance. The obstacles lay in the geo-graphical distances, low levels of trust among the actors, the different organization cultures and communication difficulties.

    In this report it is stated that prerequisites for reaching a higher level of triple helix within the car- and component test industry in the County of Norrbotten do exist, but the particular character of the industry makes the extent of social embeddedness and the establishment of shared security and owner contracts critical factors for the success.

    Thanks to

    The authors wish to thank their tutors Caroline Wigren and Jens Hultman for their guidance. Credit is also given to Visanu for the scholarship, which financed the collec-tion of the empirical primary data. Finally, the most important group for creating the report validity is our informants within the car- and component test-industry, for shar-ing your inspiring stories with us. Our families and friends who supported us in the creation of the report, thanks. Finally we thank each other.

  • 29622.
    Åkerlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Mattsson, Sofie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    What Value Can Trade Fairs Bring to Companies?: A Study of Elmia Subcontractors2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background Trade fairs have existed for a very long time but it is still one of the most popular marketing activities performed by companies. One big problem that has faced exhibiting companies for a long time is that it is hard to evaluate what value the trade fairs can bring to the exhibiting company. In rough economical times it is easy for the top management in a company to cut in the trade fair budget since commonly they do not have any numbers providing the benefits of exhibiting. Jönköping is a region where many subcontracting companies are located and it is also seen as a central place in Sweden by many companies since it is ‘close’ to everything. The subcontracting companies do not have any own products but instead make them in close collaboration with their customers. Therefore the meeting with customers is of great importance and the fair is an important medium for meeting with the industry.

    Purpose The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what value the trade fairs bring to the exhibiting subcontracting companies in the Jönköping region.

    Method The method that has been used in this thesis is qualitative with deep interviews with eight companies exhibiting at Elmia Subcontractors. This was done in order to gather data from many companies with different views and perspectives of what value is and what value that trade fairs can bring to their companies. The study is of descriptive character since this is corresponding to the qualitative method used.

    Result The value that the companies receive from the trade fair participation can be summed up in the word quality in the sense of the qualitative meeting, the message, the experience, the image of being economically stable and trust-worthy, to strengthen contacts, to strengthen the brand, internal and financial value, the value in seeing new possibilities, to present new brands and to meet new target groups. In order to ease an evaluation of the fair, the exhibitors should set more short term goals that are easier to measure and that are easier to connect only to the fair.

  • 29623.
    Åkerlund, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Östlund, Jacob
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Utredning av processen för belysningsdesign i kulturmiljöer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetets syfte är att kartlägga belysningsprocessen vid kulturhistoriska belysningsprojekt.; vilka intressenter som är delaktiga, vilka lagar och regler som styr belysningen i dessa miljöer samt ta reda på om det finns någon sammanhållande kraft som säkerställer att objektets värden bibehålls och att staden som stadsrum gestaltas enhetligt. Följande frågeställningar besvaras i rapporten:

     Vem/vilka bär ansvar i processen vid utformningen av historisk anpassad belysning och hur ser samverkan mellan olika aktörer ut under processen.

     Hur ser det ut i dagens samhälle när det gäller att uppmärksamma ett kulturminne med belysning?

     Vilka riktlinjer/lagar finns det för att säkerställa kvaliteten av arbetet?

    Under studien har intervjuer genomförts med personer som varit delaktiga under gestaltandet av belysningen för domkyrkorna i Uppsala och Lund. Vi har talat med beställaren, ljusdesigners, RAÄ - Riksantikvarieämbetet, SFV - Statens Fastighetsverk, Länsstyrelsen på respektive ort samt stadsarkitekter i båda dessa städer.

    På vardera platsen genomfördes en observation av dessa anläggningar i vilken vi har ställt den information som vi samlat in under intervjuerna mot det färdiga resultatet.

    Resultatet visar att det idag inte finns någon sammanhållande kraft/person som säkerställer kvalitet och enhetlighet när det gäller belysningsplanering i staden. De lagar som finns idag berör inte belysningen i sig utan dessa innehåller snarare restriktioner för hur installationen får påverka de skyddade objekten. Gestaltningsarbetet regleras också via bygglov och kravställande intressenter vilket på det sättet begränsar att belysningen inte blir dominerande. Denna bedömning görs från objekt till objekt.

    Baserat på det resultat som vi fått kan vi dra slutsatser att det skulle behövas en person som har det övergripande ansvaret för denna typ av belysningsfrågor. Detta för att säkerställa att resultaten sammanfaller med önskvärd helhet för staden. Dessutom ser vi att en viktig yrkesgrupp, stadsarkitekterna, bör involveras mer i dessa frågor för att alla delar i staden ska finnas med i resonemanget för ett enhetligt stadsrum.

    Samarbetet är i dessa projekt viktigt att trycka på. Dessutom ska man tidigt ställa sig frågan om varför man vill genomföra en belysning och därför utforma en målbild för varje projekt. Ett belysningsprogram eller andra riktlinjer kan behöva utformas för att förenkla processen och förtydliga komplexiteten med att belysa äldre, historiskt viktiga miljöer.

  • 29624.
    Åkerman, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Sayfawi, Refel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Etablering av MALDI-TOF MS och webbaserad referensdatabas för identifiering av dermatofyter och mögelsvamp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to establish Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry(MALDI-TOF MS) and the online database Mass Spectrometry identification platform(MSI) as a method for identification of dermatophytes and molds. The fungi were incubated 3 or 6 days aerobic in 30°C on Sabouraud dextrose agar. Two different extraction methods were used before analysis with MALDI-TOF MS. Spectra analyzed with Flexcontrol version 3.4 resulted in score values. The same spectra was later sent for analysis with MSI and the result obtained was seen as probability in percent. Of the original 23 samples a total of 22(95,6%) samples were identified after 3 or 6 days of incubation and by extraction method 1 or 2.  The MSI database was more comprehensive than the internal database, but did not use the current fungi names. The necessity of species identification can be questioned, since dermatophytes and molds within the same genera is treated the same way. Species identification for immunosuppressed patients could however be significant. The study was successful and the methods will be applied within a near future in the Clinical Microbiology laboratory in Halmstad.

  • 29625. Åkerman, Christina
    Utformning av matsal och trädgårdsrum på ett äldreboende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29626.
    Åkerman, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Assessment and tools for follow-up of patients' recovery after Intensive Care2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to describe and explore the use and content of ICU-diaries and to develop and psychometrically test a questionnaire to detect physical and psychosocial problems for ICU patients in their recovery process.

     Methods: This thesis is based on four studies. Study I had an explorative descriptive design with a quantitative and qualitative approach. Data were collected by telephone interviews with staff at Swedish ICUs (n = 65) which kept ICU-diaries. One question “what was the purpose of keeping ICU-diaries” was analysed with latent content analysis, and the other data were analysed with descriptive and comparative statistics. Study II had an explorative descriptive cohort design with a concurrent mixed method approach. The sample in study II was a part of the sample in study IV in which 421 former ICU patients responded to a new developed questionnaire 3-set 4P two months after discharge from ICU. Patients from this sample who have had an ICU-diary (n = 115) responded to a questionnaire six months after discharge from ICU. Fifteen patients were interviewed about the content and usefulness of the ICU-diary. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, descriptively by content and interviews with manifest content analysis and then combined at the interpretive level to seek convergence, as enable by the mixed method approach. Study III had a methodological design. In this study, the questionnaire 3-set 4P was developed and psychometrically tested in a pilot setting. In study IV, the questionnaire was further developed and tested based on psychometric evaluation of the 3-set 4P. In study III the questionnaire was responded by 39 patients and in study IV by 421 patients. Data in study III and IV were analysed with descriptive statistics and psychometrical tests.

     Results: The main purpose for keeping ICU-diaries was to provide a tool in the recovery by helping the patient remember and give time back. Keeping ICU-diaries was common although there was a difference in practice and patient recruitment among different hospitals (study I). An ICU-diary with content and photos in a chronological order describing the whole picture of critical illness and ICU stay could be a tool for the patient to construct a coherent individual story. The ICU-diary could be one piece to give a deeper understanding and meaning in the personal story and to give a realistic expectation of the recovery process. Absence of guidelines for keeping ICU-diaries could affect the possibility for the ICU-diary to be a helpful tool during the recovery process (study II). In study III, the 3-set 4P was developed to be used for identifying and evaluating former ICU patients’ physical, psychosocial problems and outcome during follow-up. The psychometrical tests showed acceptable validity and internal consistency reliability. The stability reliability was acceptable in two of three sets. The psychometrical tests of the further modified version of 3-set 4P in study IV showed good construct validity and internal consistency but it needs some modification before it can be used in clinical practice (study IV).

     Conclusion: Recovery can be a difficult process where different tools can be useful. Today there is no evidence about tools to use during follow-up. To promote high quality of the follow-up there is a need for evidence-based guidelines. The ICU-diary is one tool but this thesis shows that guidelines for keeping ICU-diaries have to be developed to meet the patients’ wishes in order for the ICU-diary to become a useful tool during the process to recovery. The 3-set 4P can after some modification be used at the follow-up clinic to identify the individual patient’s problems and create an individual program for recovery.

  • 29627.
    Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ersson, Anders
    Skåne University Hospital, Department of Intensive Care Medicine in Malmö, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Samuelson, Karin
    Division of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Preferred content and usefulness of a photodiary as described by ICU-patients-A mixed method analysis2013In: Australian Critical Care, ISSN 1036-7314, E-ISSN 1878-1721, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 29-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many ICU-patients have memory-gaps which may affect their recovery. A tool in the recovery can be an ICU-diary to explain and clarify thoughts and events from the ICU-period. There are different standards for the content in the ICU-diary. The aim of this study was to identify the preferred content and usefulness of an ICU-diary as described by ICU-patients.

    Method: a descriptive, exploratory cohort design with a mixed method approach. The patients answered a questionnaire (n=115) and participated in an interview (n=15) six months after the ICU-stay. Data analysis was carried out in three stages; the questionnaire was analysed by descriptive statistics and categorized by content (four open-ended questions) and the interviews were analysed by manifest content analysis.

    Results: The patients explained that detailed information about daily activities and medical facts had to be included to understand and give a sense of coherence of what had happened. The content in the ICU-diary had to be chronological in order to follow the process in which photos were an important part. The patients re-read the ICU-diary during the recovery which helped them to fill in the memory gaps and used it as a tool for communication.

    Conclusion; To construct a coherent story, it was essential that the ICU-diary was complete and were amplified by photos, all appearing in a chronological order. The results of this study could form a basis for further developments of standards and guidelines for ICU-diaries

  • 29628. Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Ersson, Anders
    Granberg-Axell, Anetth
    Development of the 3-SET 4P questionnaire for evaluating former ICU patients´physical and psychosocial problems over time: a pilot study2009In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 80-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current studies reveal a lack of consensus for the evaluation of physical and psychosocial problems after ICU stay and their changes over time.

    Objectives: The aim was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of a questionnaire for assessing physical and psychosocial problems over time for patients following ICU recovery.

    Patients: Thirty-nine patients completed the questionnaire, 17 were retested.

    Methods and results: The questionnaire was constructed in three sets: physical problems, psychosocial problems and follow-up care. Face and content validity were tested by nurses, researchers and patients. The questionnaire showed good construct validity in all three sets and had strong factor loadings (explained variance >70%, factor loadings >0.5) for all three sets. There was good concurrent validity compared with the SF 12 (rs > 0.5). Internal consistency was shown to be reliable (Cronbach's α 0.70–0.85). Stability reliability on retesting was good for the physical and psychosocial sets (rs > 0.5).

    Conclusion: The 3-set 4P questionnaire was a first step in developing an instrument for assessment of former ICU patients’ problems over time. The sample size was small and thus, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

  • 29629.
    Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Samuelson, Karin
    Baigi, Amir
    Ersson, Anders
    Psychometric evaluation of 3-set 4P questionnaire2013In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 40-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a further development of a specific questionnaire, the 3-set 4P, to be used for measuring former ICU patients’ physical and psychosocial problems after ICU and the need for follow-up. The aim was to psychometrically test and evaluate the 3-set 4P questionnaire in a larger population. The questionnaire consists of three sets: “physical”, “psychosocial” and “follow-up”. The questionnaires were sent by mail to all patients with >24 hour length of stay at four ICUs in Sweden. Construct validity was measured with exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation resulting in “physical set” three factors, “psychosocial set” five factors and “follow-up set” four factors with strong factor loadings and a total explained variance of 62 - 77.5%. Thirteen questions in the SF-36 were used for concurrent validity showing Spearman’s rs 0.3-0.6 in eight and <0.2 in five questions. Test-retest was used for stability reliability. In set follow-up the correlation was strong to moderate and in physical and psychosocial sets the correlations were moderate to fair. This could be due to that the physical and psychosocial status changed rapidly during the test period. All three sets had good homogeneity. In conclusion, the 3-set 4P showed overall acceptable results, but it has to be further modified in different cultures before being an instrument which may be fully operational in clinical practice.

     

  • 29630. Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Granberg-Axéll, Anetth
    Ersson, Anders
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Bergbom, Ingegerd
    Use and practice of patient diaries in Swedish intensive care units: a national survey2010In: Nursing in Critical Care, ISSN 1362-1017, E-ISSN 1478-5153, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 26-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To describe and compare the extent and application of patients' diaries in Sweden.

    Background: Since 1991, patient diaries have been used in intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up in Sweden. There is paucity of relevant data evaluating the effect of this tool and also on what premises patients are enrolled. Likewise, data are sparse on the diaries' design, content structure and the use of photographs.

    Design: Descriptive explorative design by a semi-structured telephone interview.

    Methods: The interview results were analysed with descriptive statistics and differences between the ICU levels were explored by χ2 analysis. Qualitative manifest content analysis was performed to explore the purpose of diary writing.

    Results: Of all ICUs (n = 85), 99% responded and 75% used diaries. The source of inspiration was collegial rather than from scientific data. The main reason for keeping a diary was to help the patient to recapitulate the ICU stay. Discrepancies between the different levels of ICUs were detected in patient selection, dedicated staff for follow-up and the use of photographs. Comparison between the χ2 analysis and the content analysis outcome displayed incongruence between the set unit-goals and the activities for achievement but did not explain the procedural differences detected.

    Conclusion: The uses of diaries in post ICU follow up were found to be common in Sweden. A majority used defined goals and content structure. However, there were differences in practice and patient recruitment among the levels of ICUs. These discrepancies seemed not to be based on evidence-based data nor on ongoing research or evaluation but merely on professional judgement. As ICU follow-up is resource intense and time consuming, it is paramount that solid criteria for patient selection and guidelines for the structure and use of diaries in post-ICU follow-up are defined.

  • 29631. Åkerström, Fanny
    et al.
    Langdell, Tova
    Solcellers bidragande faktorer i en byggproduktion2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether solar cells could have supplied to the energy needs of a construction project during its building phase and see which advantages and disadvantages this would have brought the company.

    Method: A case study has been carried out on a selected project with help from a selected company. The data collection methods that have been used for the empirical work have been literature research, document analysis, calculations from a solar cell simulation program and interviews.

    Findings: The results of the study answer the questions of the study and show how much solar cells could have contributed to the project, relative to the project’s electricity use. The findings also show how the placement of solar cells on the barracks and tool containers could have been carried out in order to retrieve as much energy from the sun as possible.

    Implications: The conclusion of this study is that the solar cells require a considerable amount of space, and therefore the case study project could not have used solar cells only to cover the project’s energy needs. Solar cells require maintenance and are a great cost to the companies involved, but can also promote the company’s reputation and contribute to a more sustainable society.

    Limitations: The study has been limited to one construction project of a tennis arena located in the Stockholm region, which was built by a construction company between August 2016 and February 2018. The study only takes the electricity usage during the production phase into account and the aim were to see if electricity from solar cells in the construction area could have contributed to the electricity needs during this period. The focus of the report is not costs, use of batteries, or regulations concerning the project, but these aspects are briefly covered.

    Keywords: Solar cells, solar electricity, building production, renewable energy, energy production.

  • 29632. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    A search for multiplicity fluctuations in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions1990In: Physics Letters, no 252, p. p 303-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29633. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    A search for weakly interacting neutral particles in missing energy events in 450 GeV/c pN collisions1991In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 52, p. p 219-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29634. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    A study of electron-muon pair production in 450 GeV/c pBe collisions1996In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 72, p. p 429-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29635. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    An emulsion study of 16O and 32S interactions at 200 GeV per nucleon selected by transverse energy1990In: Nuclear Physics, no 342, p. 279-301Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29636. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Charged-particle multiplicity distributions in oxygen-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV per nucleon1990In: Nuclear Physics, no 333, p. 48-65Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29637. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Diffraction dissociation of nuclei in 450 GeV/c proton-nucleus collisions1991In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 49, p. p 355-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29638. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Inclusive negative particle p^ spectra in p-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon1990In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 46, p. 361-367Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29639. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Inclusive photon production in pA and AA collisions at 200 GeV/u1990In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 46, p. 369-375Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29640. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Kaon production in 200 GeV/nucleon nucleus-nucleus collisions1992In: Physics Letters, no 296, p. p 273-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29641. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Low-mass lepton-pair production in p-Be collisions at 450 GeV/c1995In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 68, p. p 43-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29642. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Measurement of the transverse energy flow in nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon1991In: Nuclear Physics, no 353, p. p 1-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29643. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Proton distributions in the target fragmentation region in proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energies1992In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 53, p. p 183-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29644. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    The transverse energy distribution of 32S -nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon1988In: Physics Letters, no 214, p. 295-302Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 29645. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Transverse energy measurements in proton-nucleus interactions at high energy1993In: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 239-249Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29646.
    Åkesson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Storck, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vi har gjort en egen variant: En kvalitativ studie om hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme vid utredning av blivande familjehem. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med olika familjehemssekreterare har genomförts och analyserats. Analysen av resultatet visade att familjehemssekreterarna upplever sitt handlingsutrymme som stort men att olika faktorer upplevdes begränsande. Exempelvis uppfattades tid och resurser som en begräsning. Familjehemssekreterarna kunde se vissa utmaningar i utredningsarbetet till exempel att det inte finns fler lämpliga utredningsmetoder. Det visas också i studiens resultat att familjehemssekreterarna är ambivalenta i sitt förhållningssätt till ökad eller minskad styrning. De kan både se nyttan i ett stort handlingsutrymme men även vissa risker i att bedömningarna kan bli för färgade av deras värderingar och erfarenheter.

  • 29647.
    Åkesson Clarélius, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Svanström, Anneli
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Upplevelsen av delaktighetsinskränkning hos skolbarn med mild intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children with mild intellectual disability has more often bigger difficulties to understand and read the environment which limits their interaction with others and their ability to feel participation. The majority of the children gets their diagnosis in their school age and it is important to give them early contributions so they will not be left outside. The pediatric nurse’s work refers to help them find meaningfulness, comprehensibility and manageability which is the basic compontents  in Antonovsky’s SOC (Sence of coherence).

    The aim was to identify the experience of reduced participation in schoolchildren with mild intellectual disability.

    Quantitative interview study with a questionnaire. 60 children aged 7-17 with mild intellectual disability participated. Collected data were processed with descriptive statistics.

    Highest score of reduced participations was found in social situations, most when in contact with people the children did not have any relations with before. They also bring up that they experience reduced participations when it comes to read and understand information.

  • 29648.
    Åkesson, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Magdalena, Johansson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Marko, Vidovic
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sömnsituationen hos patienter med hjärtsvikt: - En kvantitativ litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29649. Åkesson, K
    et al.
    Tompa, Andrea
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Rydén, A
    Faresjö, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Low expression of CD39+/CD45RA+ on regulatory T cells (Treg) cells in type 1 diabetic children in contrast to high expression of CD101+/CD129+ on Treg cells in children with coeliac disease2014In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 180, p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and coeliac disease are both characterized by an autoimmune feature. As T1D and coeliac disease share the same risk genes, patients risk subsequently developing the other disease. This study aimed to investigate the expression of T helper (Th), T cytotoxic (Tc) and regulatory T cells (Treg) in T1D and/or coeliac disease children in comparison to healthy children. Subgroups of T cells (Th:CD4+ or Tc:CD8+); naive (CD27+CD28+CD45RA+CCR7+), central memory (CD27+CD28+CD45RA-CCR7+), effector memory (early differentiated; CD27+CD28+CD45RA-CCR7- and late differentiated; CD27-CD28-CD45RA-CCR7-), terminally differentiated effector cells (TEMRA; CD27-CD28-CD45RA+CCR7-) and Treg (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+CD127-) cells, and their expression of CD39, CD45RA, CD101 and CD129, were studied by flow cytometry in T1D and/or coeliac disease children or without any of these diseases (reference group). Children diagnosed with both T1D and coeliac disease showed a higher percentage of TEMRA CD4+ cells (P<0·05), but lower percentages of both early and late effector memory CD8+ cells (P<0·05) compared to references. Children with exclusively T1D had lower median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) (P<0·05) and also a lower percentage of CD39+ and CD45RA+ within the Treg population (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+CD127-) (P<0·05). Children with exclusively coeliac disease had a higher MFI of CD101 (P<0·01), as well as a higher percentage of CD129+ (P<0·05), in the CD4+CD25hi lymphocyte population, compared to references. In conclusion, children with combined T1D and coeliac disease have a higher percentage of differentiated CD4+ cells compared to CD8+ cells. T1D children show signs of low CD39+/CD45RA+ Treg cells that may indicate loss of suppressive function. Conversely, children with coeliac disease show signs of CD101+/CD129+ Treg cells that may indicate suppressor activity.

  • 29650.
    Åkesson, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Ryhov City Hospital, Jönköping.
    Hanberger, Lena
    Linköping University Hospital.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    Linköping University Hospital.
    The influence of age, gender, insulin dose, BMI, and blood pressure on metabolic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes2015In: Pediatric Diabetes, ISSN 1399-543X, E-ISSN 1399-5448, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 581-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    To explore the relationship between certain clinical variables and metabolic HbA1c at diagnosis correlated to HbA1c at follow-up (p < 0.001). There was a clear gender difference regarding HbA1c. Girls had higher values both at diagnosis and at follow-up (p < 0.001). Girls also had lower BMI and pH at diagnosis than boys (p < 0.001). In contrast, girls with the highest body mass index (BMI) at follow-up had higher mean HbA1c at follow-up in 2010 (p < 0.001). Having a mother and/or a father with high BMI implied higher HbA1c at diagnosis (p < 0.003).

    Conclusions

    HbA1c at diagnosis seems to predict metabolic control years later. There is a gender difference at diagnosis as female patients have higher HbA1c than males at diagnosis as well as at follow up. As metabolic control is very much correlated to complications there is a need to early identify patients at risk of poor metabolic control. Even though we do not know whether a high HbA1c level is mainly due to severity of the disease or to behavioral patterns, new ways to treat and support these children, especially girls, are needed.

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