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  • 28801.
    Waern, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
      Äldre äldres aktiviteter och dess meningsfullhet. En tidsgeografisk beskrivning.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28802.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Arbetsterapins bidrag till ekologisk hållbarhet2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tema: Hälsofrämjande perspektiv

    Stadier i livet: Annat

    Projekttyp: Forskningsarbete

    Bakgrund: De pågående klimatförändringarna som är relaterade till människors aktiviteter i vardagen, innebär en mycket allvarlig hälsorisk. Arbetsterapins och aktivitetsvetenskapens expertområde är vardagliga aktiviteter, aktivitetsmönster och aktivitetsförändringar. Den kunskap som detta aktivitetsfokus har genererat kan också bidra till den viktiga frågan om ekologisk hållbarhet ur ett aktivitetsperspektiv.

    Syfte: Att utforska och beskriva vad arbetsterapeuter skrivit om att bidra till ekologisk hållbarhet och förhindra ytterligare klimatförändring.

    Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt. Publikationer åren 2008-2013 användes som data. Sökningar skedde på fyra olika sätt: i databaser, referenslistor, citeringar samt manuellt i tretton tidsskrifter.

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Fjorton publikationer inkluderades i litteraturöversikten: nio artiklar, en bok och fyra bokkapitel. I resultatet identifierades fyra olika sätt att bidra till ekologisk hållbarhet – genom att anpassa aktiviteter, samarbeta med andra på olika nivåer, utforska människors aktiviteter samt genom att varna för konsekvenser av klimatförändringarna ur ett aktivitetsperspektiv.

    Slutsats: De identifierade sätten att bidra till ekologisk hållbarhet kan användas som en utgångspunkt för vidare studier och interventioner.

  • 28803.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Balans i livet ur empiriskt och arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28804.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Conceptualizing life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Although it is an important concept in occupational therapy, there is a need for further knowledge about life balance. This thesis explores the concept oflife balance - how people think about it and how it is used in occupational therapy.

    Aim: The overall aim of the present thesis was to conceptualize life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective in order to contribute to knowledge regarding the use of the concept in occupational therapy. The specific aims were to:

    • explore the perceptions of life balance among working people who had not recently been on long-term sick leave
    • explore what is considered important for life balance and whether or not this differs between people
    • use perceptions of life balance data from men and women in a healthy population to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance
    • clarify the content in the concept of occupational balance as used within published articles related to occupational therapy

    Methods: In Study I, 19 participants were interviewed about their perceptions of lifebalance. In Study II, 32 participants sorted statements about life balance according to their importance. In Study III, data from Study I were reanalysed in relation to Matuska and Christiansen’s Model of Lifestyle Balance. In Study IV a concept analysis of occupational balance in occupational therapy was conducted, encompassing 43 articles.

    Results: Life balance was shown to be a subjective, dynamic, health-related and multidimensional concept. Similarities and differences between what the participants consider to be important for their life balance were revealed. Occupational balance was, in the concept analysis, shown to be a subjectively defined perception of having the right amount and variation of occupations.

    Conclusions: The results of the thesis indicate that life balance and occupational balance are two separate concepts. While life balance includes occupational balance, it goes beyond it and also includes other aspects. Future research is requried to investigate the generality of the findings. 

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    fulltext
  • 28805.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    How to contribute occupationally to ecological sustainability: A literature review2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 161-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Climate change is of great concern today, and is an important health issue. The changes are related to human occupations and, therefore, an occupational perspective can make important contributions to ecological sustainability. The aim of this scoping literature review was to explore and describe what has recently been written about how occupational therapy/therapists/science can contribute to ecological sustainability and the prevention of more severe climate change.

    Methods: Publications were used as data. Searches were conducted in databases, journals, reference lists, and citations. Fourteen items, with content related to the contribution of occupational therapy/therapists/science to climate change and ecological sustainability; written in English; having an occupational therapist among the authors; and published between 2008 and 2013; were included.

    Results: The results revealed four different ways that occupational therapists/scientists can contribute: by adapting to prevent climate change and to existing changes; by cooperating with others; by exploring people's occupational choices and the relationship between occupation and ecology; and by warning of the consequences of the changes.

    Conclusion: These ways of contributing can be used as a point of departure for further research on this important topic.

  • 28806.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Occupational balance – of importance for occupational therapists2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28807.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    The model of human occupation's usefulness in relation to sustainable development2014In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 77, no 3, p. 165-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is general agreement that global climate changes are one of the greatest threats to humanity. Therefore, occupational therapists should use their knowledge about occupations to contribute to the ecological aspect of sustainable development. Similarly, when working with clients, therapists' occupational perspective can expand to include an ecological dimension. A conceptual framework would be valuable and, while empirical research is required, it would appear that the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is useful in this context.

  • 28808.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    What have occupational therapists written about global climate change? 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28809.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björk, M.
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Håkansson, C.
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance and its association with life satisfaction in men and women with rheumatoid arthritis2020In: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    Despite improved treatments and reduced disability, people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience difficulties in daily life, which may negatively affect their balance of everyday life activities (occupational balance). The aim of this study was to describe occupational balance and its association with self-rated life satisfaction in men and women with RA.

    Methods:

    A survey, including demographic and health-related questions, was sent to 1,277 people who met the following criteria: with RA >4 years, aged 18–80 years, included in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register (SRQ), and had at least one registered visit to the participating rheumatology units in the year before inclusion. The 682 who answered all items in the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) were included in the study. Their answers were analysed with descriptive statistics, and logistic regression analyses were conducted on men and women separately.

    Results:

    Significantly higher occupational balance was identified in those participants who were >65 years, had no children at home, had a lower disease activity score, were not continuously stressed and reported low pain intensity. The results of the logistic regression analyses of both genders showed that higher occupational balance was significantly associated with a higher probability for rating themselves as being satisfied with life as a whole.

    Conclusion:

    Occupational balance was identified as related to satisfaction with life as a whole, which is valuable information for health professionals. Enhanced occupational balance may be achieved in people with RA by working towards reducing their stress and pain.

  • 28810.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Occupational balance as used in occupational therapy: A concept analysis2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 322-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Occupational balance is a frequently used concept in occupational therapy, but it is complex and differences in content exist. Further knowledge would be valuable for scholars, practitioners, and measurement development. Concept analysis is a way to clarify concepts. The present concept analysis used Walker and Avant's procedure for analysing the concept of occupational balance, with 43 articles included in the analysis. The results showed that occupational balance can be defined as the individual's perception of having the right amount of occupations and the right variation between occupations. Three perspectives of occupational balance were identified: in relation to occupational areas, in relation to occupations with different characteristics, and in relation to time use. The knowledge gained may guide the use of the concept, and some suggestions are made for its use and for further research.

  • 28811.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    On the nature of the concept 'life balance' among a working population2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28812.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Perceived life balance among working people without recent long term sick leave2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28813.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Synen på balans i livet hos personer i yrkesverksam ålder2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stressrelaterad ohälsa ett stort problem som leder till enskilt lidande och stora kostnader. Stress kan ses som obalans mellan en individs krav och resurser. Tankar kring balans mellan olika delar av tillvaron har lång historia och aktualitet inom arbetsterapi. I FSA’s etiska kod är det ett filosofiskt grundantagande att ”Människans hälsa kräver en balans mellan aktivitet och vila”. ’Balans’ har tidigare undersökts ur olika perspektiv och  i olika populationer. Ingen studie har dock identifierats när det gäller en mer generell population. Studiens syfte är undersöka vad personer i yrkesverksam ålder, utan sjukskrivning >1månad i sträck inom två år, anser att ’balans i den dagliga tillvaron’ är och vilka faktorer som ses som mer eller mindre viktiga för att uppleva balans. För att söka svar på frågan vad ’balans i den dagliga tillvaron’ är genomförs kvalitativa intervjuer som analyseras enligt Grounded Theory (GT).  Deltagarna rekryteras via teoretiskt urval och datainsamling planeras pågå tills mättnad erhålls. De faktorer som framkommer i GT-analysen formuleras som påstående vilka undersöks genom Q-metodik. Deltagarna tar ställning till dessa påståenden genom viktning och svaren förs in i form av en normalfördelningskurva och analyseras statistiskt. Vissa intervjudeltagare ingår också i denna del av studien tillsammans med nyrekrytering via tillgänglighetsurval. Studien är pågående och förhoppningen är att ökad kunskap, om ’balans i den dagliga tillvaron’ kan bidra till att förbättra prevention för dem som upplever obalans i sin tillvaro och kanske riskerar sjukskrivning. Den ökade kunskapen kan också leda till mer anpassade åtgärder och rehabilitering av dem som drabbats av t.ex. stressrelaterad ohälsa.

     

  • 28814.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Inst för psykologi, Göteborgs universitet.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Perceptions of life balance among a working population in Sweden2011In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 410-418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A life in balance is commonly related to health and well-being. However, our knowledge regarding the perceptions of life balance among the general population is limited. Our aim was to explore the perception of life balance among working people without recent long-term sick leave. Individual interviews were conducted with 7 men and 12 women and analyzed according to grounded theory, aiming at achieving a description. The results showed that life balance includes four interrelated dimensions: activity balance, balance in body and mind, balance in relation to others, and time balance. Life balance was regarded by the participants as health related, promoted by a sense of security, and affected by context and individual strategies. Life balance was also seen as being individually defined and dynamic. The results indicate that the perceptions of life balance might be quite general because they show similarities with previous research on different populations.

  • 28815.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Johansson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Descriptions of health by EU citizens begging abroad2017In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 1389586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poor citizens from European Union (EU) member countries begging to support themselves are now common in affluent EU countries. Their lack of basic amenities, such as access to a shelter and sanitation is not in line with human rights and also implies a risk for health issues. Despite this, we know little about how these vulnerable EU citizens, themselves, perceive their health situation. The aim of this study was to explore vulnerable EU citizens’ descriptions of their health. Eight females and 12 males from Romania, 19–64 years of age, participated in individual interviews that included health issues. Qualitative content analysis was used, identifying the main category “Begging abroad and health - for better and for worse” together with two categories and five subcategories. It is concluded that EU citizens begging abroad risk poorer health as a consequence of their attempts to improve their situation, both their own health and that of their relatives. Therefore, they need access to affordable health care as this may decrease the need for unwanted travelling abroad to beg.

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    Fulltext
  • 28816.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Carita, Håkansson
    Lunds universitet.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    What is considered important for life balance? Similarities and differences among working adults in Sweden2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28817.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Q metodologi i arbetsterapi - ett nytt sätt att identifiera subjektiva synsätt2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28818.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hedin, Katarina
    Futurum, Region Jönköping County and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gunnarsson, A. Birgitta
    Department of Research and Development, Kronoberg County Council, Växjö, Sweden.
    Factors associated with higher occupational balance in people with anxiety and/or depression who require occupational therapy treatment2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders are associated with problems with everyday occupations, including difficulties achieving occupational balance. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe occupational balance in people suffering from anxiety and/or depression and the factors that are associated with better self-rated occupational balance.

    Material: One hundred and eighteen participants were recruited from outpatient mental health care and primary health care. The participants were 18-65 years, had a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression, and had problems in everyday occupations. They answered questionnaires on occupational balance, psychological symptoms, quality of life and everyday occupations.

    Results: A generally low rating of occupational balance was found; however, the scores differed depending on the participants' degree of anxiety and depression, their quality of life, their occupational performance and satisfaction with their occupational performance. Logistic regression analyses revealed that high quality of life, high satisfaction with occupational performance and low level of depression were associated to occupational balance.

    Conclusion: The results indicate that enhanced satisfaction with life and with performance of everyday occupations are relevant factors for achieving occupational balance in clients diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression.

    Significance: The results will be valuable for professionals working to support their clients in enhancing their occupational balance.

  • 28819.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds Universitet.
    Exploring occupational balance in adults in Sweden2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 415-420Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between occupational balance (measured by the occupational balance questionnaire [OBQ]) and self-rated health and life satisfaction. A secondary aim was to explore differences in occupational balance among adults in Sweden. Methods: The 153 participants (63% women), recruited using convenience sampling, answered a questionnaire comprising demographic questions, the OBQ, one item about self-rated health, and one about life satisfaction. The OBQ was analysed for correlation with subjective health and life satisfaction. The OBQ and its individual items were also analysed for correlations with age and for differences between men and women and participants living with children younger than 18 years versus not. Results: The OBQ was significantly positively correlated to self-rated health and life satisfaction, supporting the relationship between occupational balance and health. No significant correlation between age and the total OBQ was identified but some differences in occupational balance, related to whether the participant was living with or without children at home, were revealed. Conclusions: The results should be interpreted with caution due to the nature of the sample and data but they can serve as a point of departure for further studies and hypotheses regarding occupational balance in different populations.

  • 28820.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund , Sweden.
    Introducing the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ)2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 227-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The concept of occupational balance is frequently used in occupational therapy but the fact that it has been defined and measured differently is a limitation. This article introduces the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), which focuses on satisfaction with the amount and variation of occupations. It consists of 13 items measured on six-step ordinal scales. It has shown good content validity in a sample of 21 occupational therapists but other psychometric properties have not been investigated. The aim was to investigate the OBQ regarding internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and floor/ceiling effects. Methods: The OBQ was administered twice to a sample selected through convenience sampling. Internal consistency was investigated by Cronbach's alpha and test–retest reliability analysed with Spearman's Rho correlation for the total score and weighted kappa on each item. Potential floor/ceiling effects were explored by checking for the percentage of participants who scored lowest and highest. Results: The results demonstrated that the OBQ has good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.936) and sufficient test–retest reliability (Spearman's Rho for the total score was 0.926) and, thus, seems stable over time. No floor or ceiling effect was detected. Conclusions: The OBQ therefore showed promising reliability, although further instrument development studies to examine its construct validity are required.

  • 28821.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance from the interpersonal perspective: A scoping review2019In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 537-545Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Occupational balance is an important concept in occupational science but it has mostly been studied from an individual rather than an interpersonal perspective, i.e. the extent to which one individual’s occupational balance affects and is affected by others. The aim of this review was to describe the extent to which occupational balance has been recently considered from an interpersonal perspective.

    Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. Articles published between 2014 and 2017 that met the following inclusion criteria were included: full articles reporting primary research; published in English; using “occupational balance”, “balance in everyday life”, or “life balance” in the abstract, key words, or title; having an occupational focus on balance; and providing relevant information in relation to the interpersonal perspective.

    Results: Nine articles were included. The interpersonal perspective was mostly seen in relation to partners or families, showing the positive impact of support and the negative impact of meeting other’s needs in mothers. One article addressed aspects related to organizations and attitudes at the workplace in parents with young children.

    Conclusion: The findings reveal the importance of considering the occupational balance of both the individual and those around him or her while also showing some of the complexity of occupational balance. The limited number of articles identified indicates that there is still a lack of research using an interpersonal perspective, suggesting that further examination of the interpersonal influence on occupational balance may be a fruitful avenue to pursue. 

  • 28822.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds universitet.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Landstinget i Östergötland, Linköping.
    Gunnarsson, A. Birgitta
    Landstinget Kronoberg, Växjö, Göteborgs universitet.
    Självskattad aktivitetsbalans hos vuxna med gemensam diagnos och vuxna från en generell population2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tema: Hälsofrämjande perspektiv

    Stadier i livet: Vuxna

    Projekttyp: Forskningsarbete

    Bakgrund: Aktivitetsbalans är ett viktigt hälsorelaterat begrepp inom arbetsterapi. Det finns behov av studier där aktivitetsbalans mäts på samma sätt i olika populationer för att generera fördjupad kunskap om hur aktivitetsbalansen ser ut vid olika diagnoser och hur den skiljer sig från personer i generell befolkning. I studien används Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), baserad på definitionen att aktivitetsbalans är en persons upplevelse av att ha rätt mängd aktivitet och rätt variation mellan olika aktiviteter i sin vardag.

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva aktivitetsbalans hos personer i yrkesverksam ålder med gemensamma diagnoser (reumatoid artrit och ångest/depression) och hos personer från en generell population. Eventuella skillnader mellan män och kvinnor undersöks också. Ett ytterligare syfte är att kontrollera OBQs psykometriska egenskaper i grupperna med gemensam diagnos.

    Metod: Studien är pågående och data samlas in via frågeformulär. Deltagare är 50 personer med ångest eller depression (resultat från fler planeras till presentationen), 383 personer med reumatoid artrit och 217 personer från en generell population. Samtliga deltagare var i åldern 20-65 år. Aktivitetsbalans mättes OBQ vilket består av 13 påståenden som skattas på ordinalskala. Svaren summeras till en totalskala (0-65) och analyseras också avseende varje påstående. OBQ har visat god innehållsvaliditet. Det har också haft god intern konsistens och test-retestreliabilitet bland deltagare från generell population. Icke-parametrisk statistik används vid analys.

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Det preliminära resultatet visade att deltagarna med ångest/depression skattar lägre aktivitetsbalans (median 24) än de med reumatoid artrit (median 43) och deltagarna från en generell population (median 42). Samma resultat sågs i de enskilda påståendena. OBQ visade också god intern konsistens i samtliga grupper (Cronbachs alpha 0,874-0,947).

    Slutsats: Studien bidrar med kunskap om aktivitetsbalans i olika grupper.

  • 28823.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Björk, Mathilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Gunnarsson, Birgitta
    Occupational balance in different populations and an evaluation of the psychometric properties of a newly developed instrument 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28824.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    A proposed definition of occupational balance2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28825.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds universitet.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Likheter och skillnader i synen på vad som är viktigt för att uppleva livsbalans2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tema: Vardagsaktiviteter

    Stadier i livet: Vuxna

    Projekttyp: Forskningsarbete

    Bakgrund: Forskning har visat livsbalans som ett subjektivt, mångdimensionellt och hälsorelaterat begrepp. Ingen studie har dock undersökt vad människor ser som mer eller mindre viktigt för att uppleva balans i sitt liv eller om detta skiljer sig åt mellan människor.

    Syfte: Syftet är att utforska vad som anses viktigt för livsbalans och om detta skiljer sig åt mellan människor.

    Metod: Q metodologi användes och deltagarna var sexton män och sexton kvinnor. Samtliga var yrkesverksamma och i åldern 21-67 år. Varje deltagare sorterade 42 påståenden om livsbalans på en mall i enlighet med sin uppfattning om hur viktigt påståendet var för deras balans i livet. Deltagarnas mallar analyserades statistiskt, med faktoranalys och varimaxrotation, för att generera olika synsätt/faktorer.

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Både likheter och skillnader mellan deltagarna identifierades. Fyra olika synsätt framkom, dvs. liknande mönster av uppfattningar mellan några deltagare. I samtliga sågs dock goda relationer till de närmaste som mycket viktigt. Andra likheter identifierades också mellan vissa av synsätten och deltagarna i tre av dem ansåg det, till exempel viktigt att känna sig frisk och kry. Därutöver hade varje synsätt sitt unika perspektiv på vad som ansågs viktigt för livsbalans och de namngavs efter respektive perspektiv: ”aktivitetsbalans”, ”självförverkligande”, ”medvetenhet om egna behov” och ”ömsesidiga relationer”.

    Slutsats: Resultatet stöder att livsbalans är subjektivt, mångdimensionellt och hälsorelaterat även om det inte kan generaliseras. Det visar också på betydelsen av klientcentrering då det kan finnas skillnader mellan vad klienter ser som mer eller mindre betydelsefullt för sin livsbalans.

  • 28826.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Jacobsson, Christian
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    What is considered important for life balance? Similarities and differences among some working adults2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 377-384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life balance seems subjective, health related, and multidimensional. However, the concept is complex. Exploring what people themselves consider more or less important for their life balance and whether this differs between people would develop new knowledge. Q methodology was chosen for the present study, in which 32 working men and women without recent long-term sick leave participated. They sorted 42 statements regarding life balance according to their importance for each participant's life balance. The analysis resulted in four different viewpoints concerning life balance. All four viewpoints considered good relationships with those closest to them, as well as knowing that these people were doing well, as important. Each viewpoint also showed a unique orientation towards what was considered important for life balance: occupational balance (viewpoint 1), self-actualization (viewpoint 2), self-awareness (viewpoint 3), and reciprocal relationships (viewpoint 4). The results. showed support for life balance as being a subjective, multidimensional, and health-related phenomenon. The results demonstrated the importance of relationships for life balance and heterogeneity in what people considered important for their own life balance.

  • 28827.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jonsson, Hans
    Aktivitetsbalans - ett viktigt begrepp i arbetsterapi2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28828.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Lunds Universitet.
    Jonsson, Hans
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Occupational balance: A scoping review of current research and identified knowledge gaps2015In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 160-169Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports a comprehensive review of the research conducted regarding occupational balance. A scoping study method was used to explore and describe current research about occupational balance and to identify research gaps. Twenty-two articles published between 2009 and 2014 met the inclusion criteria. The articles reported studies conducted in eight countries on four continents, but the majority were conducted in Europe and North America. The articles contributed to knowledge about the concept itself, its importance, levels of occupational balance, and the relationship between occupational balance and health and well-being. They also described what is important for occupational balance or how to enhance/create/recreate it and differences between people. Several research gaps were identified which include the need for studies about perceptions of occupational balance among people beyond western societies. Furthermore, systematic research is warranted with regards to levels of occupational balance, and how to enhance it.

  • 28829.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Matuska, Kathleen
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    The five dimensions in the Life Balance Model are empirically supported by Swedish participants2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The Life Balance Model by Matuska and Christiansen (2008) proposes that satisfaction of five needs (dimensions) is necessary for people to perceive life balance: basic instrumental needs; rewarding relationships; engagement and challenges; meaningfulness and positive identity; satisfactorily organization of time and energy.

    Aim: To validate the model dimensions by relating them to the perceptions of life balance from women recovering from stress related disorders and working men and women without recent long term sick leave.

    Methods: Secondary qualitative analyses of the two data sets (n 19 each) were conducted. Matrix analyses were used for comparing data with dimensions.

    Results: The results showed support for the five dimensions in the model as they were included in the perceptions of life balance from the two populations: women with stress related disorders and; working men and women.

    Conclusion: The dimensions in Life balance model were supported empirically by two different Swedish populations.

  • 28830.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Matuska, Kathleen
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Validating the model of lifestyle balance on a working Swedish population2012In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 106-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An analysis of data from a previously conducted grounded theory study exploring perceptions of life balance among 19 working adults without recent long term sick leave was carried out. The aim of this secondary analysis was to use these perceptions of life balance to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance proposed by Matuska and Christiansen. For the validation, a matrix was used. The results showed that Matuska and Christiansen's five need-based dimensions were represented by the participants’ perceptions of life balance, but also an additional aspect not included in the model. The participants stressed healthy habits in relation to sleep, exercise and eating, and good relationships as important for life balance. Furthermore, it was described as important to perceive sufficient challenge and meaningfulness in their occupations and to organize time and energy. Finally, the participants stressed financial security as important for life balance. These findings provide additional evidence of the validity of the Model of Lifestyle Balance, a model that appears to be useful in occupational science.

  • 28831.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Johansson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Occupation and health abroad as described by EU citizens begging in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28832.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Johansson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad.

    Aim: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden.

    Material: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish. These were analysed using conventional content analysis. Participants were 20 EU citizens aged 19?64 years with experience of begging in Sweden.

    Results: The identified main category, "A hard time abroad to improve one's life", contained four categories - "Endurance is required to make a living"; "Exposed to others' attitudes and kindness"; "Handling being away"; and "A better life is the driving force".

    Conclusions and significance: EU citizens who beg face occupational injustice, spending many hours in non-preferred activity of begging and with few leisure activities, although no generalizations can be drawn based on this study. The importance of a friendly attitude and environmental support when abroad was also shown. Since occupational justice is within the scope of occupational therapy, occupational therapists have the skills to contribute in collaboration with others.

  • 28833.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Johansson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jansson, Inger
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lygnegård, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Edström, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Morville, Anne-Le
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Making sustainability in occupational therapy visible by relating to the Agenda 2030 goals – A case description of a Swedish university2020In: World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, ISSN 1447-3828Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Occupational therapy has a lot to contribute to sustainable development considering the discipline?s occupational focus and knowledge. This has been recognised by researchers and professional associations, but there is still a scarcity of research explicitly mentioning sustainability. Relevant contributions may be identified by relating education and research to the Agenda 2030 sustainable development goals. The aim of this article was to describe explicit and implicit inclusion of sustainable development and Agenda 2030 goals in occupational therapy education and research at one Swedish university. Current course syllabi and study guides, as well as research over the past five-year period, were examined and related to sustainability. The results showed that although only a few courses and articles were explicitly related to sustainable development, more course and research content became relevant when this content was compared with the sustainable development goals. It can be concluded that sustainability was more extensively addressed than first visible, but further studies including more universities are warranted.

  • 28834.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Occupational balance in health professionals in Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 18-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care employees are often women, a group that has high degrees of sick leave and perhaps problems attaining occupational balance. However, people think differently about their everyday activities and it is therefore important to take their perceptions into account but occupational balance has not yet been measured in health professionals. The aim was to describe occupational balance in three different samples of health professionals in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate whether occupational therapists (OTs) rate their occupational balance differently from other health professionals.

    Material and method: Four hundred and eighty-two health professionals, employees in public dentistry, mental health care and OTs, aged 21–70 years participated. The participants’ occupational balance was measured using the occupational balance questionnaire (OBQ).Results: The ratings of occupational balance were similar to earlier studies and did not differ significantly between the samples. The OTs’ occupational balance was also similar to that of the other health professionals.

    Conclusion: The similarities in occupational balance indicate the same difficulties in attaining it.

    Significance: The result highlights the possibility that working people face similar difficulties in achieving occupational balance. Further research is warranted about how to attain it.

  • 28835.
    Wagman, Petra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nordin, Maria
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Center of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westerholm, Peter J. M.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Domestic work division and satisfaction in cohabiting adults: Associations with life satisfaction and self-rated health2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 24-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The amount and perception of domestic work may affect satisfaction with everyday life, but further knowledge is needed about the relationship between domestic work division and health and well-being.

    Aim: To describe the division of, and satisfaction with, domestic work and responsibility for home/family in adults living with a partner. A further aim was to investigate the associations between these aspects and self-rated life satisfaction and health.

    Method: Data from the Work, Lipids and Fibrinogen survey collected 2009 were used, comprising 4924 participants living with a partner. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.

    Results: The majority shared domestic work and responsibility for home/family equally with their partner. However, more women conducted the majority of the domestic work and were less satisfied with its division. When both division and satisfaction with division was included in the analysis, solely satisfaction with the division and the responsibility were associated with higher odds for good life satisfaction. Regarding health, higher odds for good self-rated health were seen in those who were satisfied with their division of responsibility.

    Conclusion and significance: The results highlight the importance of taking into account not solely the actual division of domestic work but also the satisfaction with it.

  • 28836.
    Wahl, Karina
    Jönköping University, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Förbättringsförslag identifierade efter tvärprofessionell teamträning av urakut kejsarsnitt.: En empirisk, kvalitativ studie2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Förlossningssituationen är ett prioriterat område när det gäller patientsäkerhet, där fel kan få stora konsekvenser. Jönköpings län har svaga resultat när det gäller dödfödda barn och barn med låga APGAR poäng (en bedömning av barnets vitalitet). Vid urakuta kejsarsnitt finns det minst två patienter och oftast en partner. Medarbetare från tre kliniker med olika fokus ska samarbeta i en miljö där flera inte har sin ordinarie arbetsplats. Tvärprofessionell teamträning kan vara en möjlighet för att öka patientsäkerheten.

     

    Syftet med förbättringsarbetet var att förbättra medarbetarnas förmåga att hantera urakut kejsarsnitt, samt att testa användbarheten av simulerad tvärprofessionell teamträning.

     

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva vårdpersonalens samtal om förbättringar efter tvärprofessionell teamträning. Vilka dimensioner av förbättringsmöjligheter, teman, kategorier och underkategorier framträder?

     

    Metod: Tvärprofessionell teamträning enligt CRM (Crew/Crisis Resource Management) genomfördes vid ett tillfälle med 17 deltagare på ett centrum för klinisk träning och medicinsk simulering, Metodikum.

     

    En empirisk studie med kvalitativ ansats genomfördes där datainsamlingsmetoden var fokusgruppsintervjuer med medarbetare som deltagit vid tvärprofessionell teamträning runt urakut kejsarsnitt. En inledande fokusgruppsintervju och tre uppföljande fokusgrupper tillsammans med två enskilda intervjuer ingick i studien. Materialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

     

    Resultat: Vid sammanställning av resultatet av förbättringsarbetet skattar deltagarna sin trygghet högre efter tvärprofessionell teamträning vilket indikerar att förmågan att hantera urakut kejsarsnitt förbättras.

     

    Resultatet av studien visar att deltagarna samtalar om flera dimensioner av förbättringar. Centrala förbättringsområden är information till mamman, partnern och mellan personalen och förbättrad kommunikation. Ett övergripande team framträder – Att öka patientsäkerheten, och tre kategorier formuleras – Att förmedla ett budskap, - Att samarbeta, – Teamträning en möjlighet. Deltagarna identifierar förbättringsområden som de inte uppmärksammat om de inte träffats och tränat tillsammans.

     

    Diskussion/Slutsats Tvärprofessionell teamträning är användbart till att öka medarbetarnas trygghet och för att uppmärksamma förbättringsområden. Om identifierade förbättringsförslag ska genomföras i verksamheten behöver någon ansvara för genomförandet.

     

     

     

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  • 28837.
    Wahlbeck, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sandberg, Carl
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bernéus , Hannes
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Investors´ Rationality: Behavioral Finance2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine if professional investors areindicating tendencies of irrational behavior when exposed to certainpsychological dilemmas related to the financial world.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28838. Wahlberg, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wredling, Regina
    Bases for assessments made by telephone advice nurses2005In: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, ISSN 1357-633X, E-ISSN 1758-1109, Vol. 11, no 8, p. 403-407Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28839. Wahlberg, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wredling, Regina
    Factors and circumstances related to complaints in emergency medical dispatching in Sweden: an exploratory study.2003In: European journal of emergency medicine, ISSN 0969-9546, E-ISSN 1473-5695, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 272-278Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28840. Wahlberg, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Wredling, Regina
    Telephone nurses' experience of problems with telephone advice in Sweden.2003In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 37-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28841.
    Wahlbin, Clas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wennerberg, Per-Åke
    -.
    Studentkårens valborgsfirande 1998-20052008In: Låt inte studierna stå i vägen: Jönköpings studentkår 60 år, Jönköping: Jönköpings studentkår , 2008, p. 58-61Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28842.
    Wahlbin, Clas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Lunds universitet, Malmö högskola.
    Att utbilda för förändring och nytänkande: En studie av sex nationella högskoleutbildningar2008Report (Other academic)
  • 28843.
    Wahlbin, Clas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Samverkan i det akademiska vardagslivet: En undersökning av svenska forskare och lärares deltagande i och inställning till samverkan med det omgivande samhället2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Högskolelärare och forskare har en positiv inställning till samverkan med företag och myndigheter - men meritvärdet av samverkan bör tydliggöras ytterligare.

    Det visar en ny undersökning från Nutek. Bland de 10 000 forskare och lärare vid svenska universitet och högskolor som svarade på en enkät i undersökningen var en majoritet positiva till att lägga mer tid på kontakter med företag och myndigheter.

    Deltagande i samverkan skiljer sig åt mellan olika lärosäten och det finns en samverkansreserv, det vill säga deltagandet i samverkan skulle kunna vara högre än det är. Dock anses stödet till samverkan vara svagt, det anses ge små ekonomiska möjligheter och det finns inte tillräckligt med tid.

    Undersökningen är unik i sitt slag eftersom lärarna själva svarat på frågorna och inte som tidigare ledningarna för lärosätena.

    I programmet Samverkan Högskola - SMF (små och medelstora företag) har Nutek sedan 2004 gett stöd för utvecklingen av metoder för samverkan mellan företag och den akademiska världen. Som ett led i det arbetet har Nutek låtit två forskare från Internationella Handelshögskolan i Jönköping, Clas Wahlbin och Caroline Wigren, genomföra en undersökning av samverkan mellan akademi och det omgivande samhället i Sverige.

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  • 28844.
    Wahlgren, Joakim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University.
    Googles varumärkespolicy: En föränddring av varumärkets värde?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During September 2010, Google decided to change their trade mark policy to allow keywords which is equal to an already own trademark to be offered to all who intend to link the word to their ad. They offered a service for this called Adwords. The update followed since The Court Of Justice (CoJ) stated that Google does not commit trade mark infringement by doing this. The question to answer is whether the proprietors of trademarks can do something to stop them from being used by competitors as keywords in Adwords. CoJ has stated that the advertisers are infringing the exclusive right of a trademark if the used keyword is identical to the trademark, the commercial focuses on products that is identical to the products which are registered on the trademark and if the commercial makes it difficult or impossible to an average internet user to decide whether the products originate from the proprietor, a company which has a financial connection to the proprietor or a third party. If an advertiser limits the ad to contain commercial which focuses on their specific business and products it is most likely not possible for the proprietor to claim trade mark infringement. The opportunities to stop the advertising is found in the Swedish Marketing Act . This section of law prohibit so-called abuse of reputes and misleading marketing. In the case Blocket vs Metro it is tested whether Metro had conducted Abuse of Blockets repute by using the trademarked term "blocket". The Swedish Market Court (MD) stated without justification that some abuse of repute did not exist. The trade mark has, because of the policy change, reduced its value since the opportunities to protect a trade mark are still around but now the process is less efficient and more expensive. This however can be changed as soon as the possibility of “misleading advertising” is tested by the MD.

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  • 28845.
    Wahlgren, Lovisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Nilsson, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Effektivisering av orderhantering vid tillverkning av kundanpassade produkter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore potential problems in the process of order management in a customized product manufacturing and how the process can be streamlined. To achieve this purpose the following questions will be answered:

    1. Which potential problems can be identified in the process of order management in a customized product manufacturing?

    2. How can the process of order management in a customized product manufacturing be more efficient?

    The method used to answer the two questions and fulfill the purpose of the study was a literature study within the problem area. In addition a case study in which interviews, observations, data and document studies has been conducted. Collected empirical data have been analyzed in relation to the theoretical framework which the literature studies created. The analysis generated the result of the study.

    The results of the thesis shows that there are several potential problems in the process of order management in a customized product manufacturing. Identified during the case study is that the factors which affects the process of order management can be an insufficient ERP-system. Other factors that can affect may be an inadequate comprehensive view over the company and lack of standardized work which contributes to occurrence of variations. Simplifications of structures and work processes such as standardized work and the possibility of modulation of the components also have a great impact on the effectiveness of the process of order management in customized product manufacturing. The results also indicate that it is important to also evaluate information flows and not focus solely on material flows.

    During the process of this thesis it was established that there is great potential to streamline the process of order management. Inefficient information flows affect the business at least as much as ineffective material flows why it is interesting to examine the administrative processes. Improvement tools used to streamline material flows can be used for improving efficiency in the process of order management.

    The starting point for this thesis was an individual case, therefore there is need for more extensive studies on the subject, which would increase the ability to generate a more generalizable result. Suggestions for future studies may also be how a change of ERP-systems and simplification of structures through modularization can be done in practice.

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  • 28846.
    Wahlgren, Victoria C
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Den långa vägen till en jämställd gymnasieskola: Genuspedagogers förståelse av gymnasieskolans jämställdhetsarbete2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with the study is to form knowledge about the content of gender pedagogy with starting point in the experiences of gender pedagogues. The objective is to generate new knowledge about how the equality work in the upper secondary school can function and that students in the upper secondary school can to be treated in a more equal way, independently of sexes. The background to the study is the attention of the problem that students are not treated equally. Studies show that the students sexes influences how teachers relate to them and it also influences what grades the students receive. The study examines how gender pedagogues experience a gender pedagogical approach to change norms and structures in the upper secondary school. The empirical materials are interviews with six gender pedagogues who are active in the upper secondary school. The interviews are interpreted through a hermeneutical method in order to reach an understanding of how gender pedagogues' experiences and uses gender pedagogy in their work in the upper secondary school. The method is in-terviews done through digital technology: @ography, which are interviews via e-mail. The result shows that gender pedagogues experiences that it is possible to pursue a gender pedagogical approach in the upper secondary school, but that it will take time when the resistance against the approach from teachers, school managements and municipalities are immense. The most effective way to change the approach on the upper secondary school is if teachers are supervised in teams in order to change attitudes and subconscious standards.

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  • 28847.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Är vi beredda att leva i ett ålderslöst samhälle?2014In: Tidningen Ä, ISSN 2001-1164, no 2, p. 38-38Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28848.
    Wahlin, Åke
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Aging research center, NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; School of medicine, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Palmer, Katie
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Stockholm Brain Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hamadani, Jena D.
    International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Kabir, Zarina Nahar
    Division of Nursing, NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts among elderly persons in rural Bangladesh2015In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 1999-2008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Depression, if broadly defined, is the commonest late-life mental disorder. We examined the distribution of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts, across age, sex, literacy, and marital status, among elderly individuals residing in rural Bangladesh and participating in a population-based study on health and aging.

    Methods: Prevalence figures of depressive symptoms were assessed with SRQ20 (n = 625), and possible social network and economic associations were examined. Morbidity accounts of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts were examined for a subsample that also underwent complete medical examination (n = 471).

    Results: We selected for analyses the items that corresponded to DSM-IV criteria and constructed a dichotomous variable. The prevalence was 45%, and most pronounced among the oldest women (70%). The overall prevalence of suicidal thoughts was 23%. Being a woman, illiterate or single were all risk factors for depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. These associations remained unaccounted for by the social network and economic variables. Co-residing with a child and having a high quality of contact were protectiveof both depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. The main findings were replicated in the subsample, where it was found that morbidities were also associated with the outcomes, independently of the four main predictors.

    Conclusions: Prevalence figures for depressive symptoms among elderly in rural Bangladesh are high.  Demographic, social network, and morbidity factors are independently associated with both depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. This is the first study to report prevalence figures for depressive symptoms in this population.

  • 28849.
    Wahlin, Åsa
    et al.
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Papias, Apostolos
    The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Norderyd, Ola
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Secular trends over 40 years of periodontal health and disease in individuals aged 20-80 years in Jonkoping, Sweden: Repeated cross-sectional studies2018In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 45, no 9, p. 1016-1024Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To assess trends over 40 years regarding prevalence and severity of periodontitis in a Swedish adult population.

    Materials and methods: Cross-sectional examinations using the same clinical protocol have been repeated every 10years (1973-2013) in a Swedish city with focus on periodontal disease in adults. Periodontal recordings included all teeth, excluding 3rd molars. Periodontal disease experience was classified (no/minor, moderate and severe).

    Results: The no/minor group increased from 43% in 1983 to 60% in 2013. There was a non-significant trend for a decrease of the severe group. Over the 40-year period, the number of teeth increased significantly and at the examination 2013, the severe group accounted for this increase. More than 60% of the study population in 2013 had no periodontal pockets (PD) 6mm. The number of PD 4mm and 6mm were unaltered between 2003 and 2013 in all age groups, except for the 20-year old individuals. This group showed a statistically significant increase of 4mm PD.

    Conclusions: The periodontal health has improved in the population over the 40 years. The number of teeth increased significantly in the population, and in 2013, this increase occurred entirely in the severe group. Finally, there was a trend toward diminished prevalence of severe periodontitis.

  • 28850.
    Wahlqvist, Stina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Larsson, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brand New City: A Place marketing study on Jönköping2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, branding is all about differentiate the product from its competi-tors. When the brand is a place another level of complexity is added. A place has several different stakeholders that all have to communicate the same mes-sage in order to create a strong brand. Place marketing is a rather new theoreti-cal field and not many researchers have explored this phenomenon, therefore, there does not exist any common practice within this line of study. Compared to a product the stakeholders of a city often have quite different objectives, and therefore there is a risk that they communicate messages that contradict each other. Which features of a city is needed to create a strong brand?

    The purpose of this thesis was to expore how the stakeholders within the city of Jönköping can cooperate in order to build a strong city brand.

    The authors have chosen to focus on a qualitative method and personal inter-views as the primary source of information. The respondents that participated in this study were influential persons in leading positions within the main stakeholder groups in Jönköping, that is the public sector, the private sector and the university. Further the Managing Director of FMJ was interview. In order to determine, which of these stakeholders that were of interest the authours have used the snowball approach. To complement these findings secondary data, including three attitude surveys, have been analysed.

    The authors have concluded that Jönköping does possess a few quite strong brand associations, however, the problem that the city has is the lack of an suf-ficient product to sell. A couple of years ago Jönköping established FMJ to take care of the external marketing and since than it has been many improve-ments, nevertheless the authors believe that another form of cooperation is needed. The city would have to develop a new organization with the base within the municipality, but it should include all the important stakeholders. The main tasks of this cooperation would be to integrate these stakeholders and build a strong product, which should emphasis the most important fea-tures of the Jönköping.

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