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  • 28801.
    Wretstrand, A
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lövgren, A
    Petzäll, J
    Drivers' Creating Safe Special Transport Services: Issues of Safe Procedures and Safety Culture2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28802. Wretstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    Petzäll, Jan
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Injuries in special transport services: Situations and risk levels involving wheelchair users2010In: Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN 1350-4533, E-ISSN 1873-4030, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 248-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that wheelchair-seated passengers using special transportation services (STS) have been injured without being involved in a vehicle crash. In order to estimate incident rate andsocietal costs for these vehicle-related injuries, the focus needs to be adjusted towards a traveler/incidentoriented perspective. The aim of the project was to utilize such a perspective, related to travelers using STS in Sweden. In order to address the chosen perspective, a mixed method approach was used, involving quantitative as well as qualitative research techniques applied on four different sets of data: one hospital-based record,two sets of STS incident report databases, and interviews with wheelchair-seated STS passengers. The results showed that the injury incidence rate in STS is considerable, i.e. 10 per 100,000 trips. However, this high incidence rate is not due to road traffic collisions, but to non-collision injury incidents involving many elderly and frail passengers, who easily sustain traumas ranging from minor to moderate. The costs were estimated to be 23 million USD per annum or 14 USD per trip. Results suggest that future injury prevention measures should focus on safety in boarding and alighting procedures, as well as thecontinuing development of WTORS.

     

  • 28803. Wretstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Petzäll, Jan
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Reducing non-collison injuries in special transportation services enhanced safety culture2010In: Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN 1350-4533, E-ISSN 1873-4030, Vol. 32, p. 254-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has pointed out that non-collision injuries occur among wheelchair users in Special Transportation Services (STS – a demand-responsive transport mode). The organization of such modesis also quite complex, involving both stakeholders and key personnel at different levels. Our objectivewas therefore to qualitatively explore the state of safety, as perceived and discussed within a workplace context. Focus groups were held with drivers of both taxi companies and bus companies. The results indicated that passengers run the risk of being injured without being involved in a vehicle collision. The pertinent organizational and corporate culture did not prioritize safety. The drivers identifiedsome relatively clear-cut safety threats, primarily before and after a ride, at vehicle standstill. The driver’s work place seemed to be surrounded with a reactive instead of proactive structure. We conclude that not only vehicle and wheelchair technical safety must be considered in STS, butalso system safety. Instead of viewing drivers’ error as a cause, it should be seen as a symptom of systems failure. Human error is connected to aspects of tools, tasks, and operating environment. Enhanced understanding and influence of these connections within STS and accessible public transport systemswill promote safety for wheelchair users.

  • 28804. Wretstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Svensson, Helena
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Older people and local public transit: Mobility effects of accessibility improvements in Sweden2009In: Journal of Transport and Land Use, ISSN 1938-7849, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 49-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several transportation factors concerning older and disabled people are under transition in Sweden at present. By the year 2010, the public transit system must be fully accessible for all passengers. The present survey studied older people, in order to assess the perceived travel opportunities. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of older citizens (75+) in three Swedish mid-sized municipalities. The general conclusions were that even though older people show appreciation of the existing travel opportunities, there was evidence for restricted mobility for some sub-groups of these older people, due to various perceived barriers. These groups have few optional modes, and despite various accessibility measures, special transportation services – the mandatory demand-responsive transport service – continues to provide crucial mobility. Hence, there is more to be done regarding accessibility and usability in public transit for older people. Further studies have to clarify reasons for bus travel cessation. Even larger efforts have to be put into accessibility improvements, in particular intermediate transit solutions in order to meet the regulations and policies.

  • 28805.
    Wribe, Lars
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kinnefors, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Inflationary effects of changes in the price of oil: The case of Sweden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by a period of time in which we face historically high oil prices, this thesis analyzes to what extent oil prices actually influence inflation. By constructing a simple chart, one can see that oil price and inflation seem to have a similar pattern. However, to draw any conclusions from that is impossible. We show with econometric methods the relationship between oil prices and inflation in the case of Sweden.

    Sweden, as a net importer of oil, spent approximately 43.3 billion SEK on crude oil during 2004. That is 414.200 barrels of crude oil each day. Taking this into account, what would happen if the oil price suddenly increased by 10%? Considering the fact that 43.3 billion SEK is a rather large amount of money, it seems obvious that such an oil price increase should have some impact on the Swedish economy and inflation. This would occur partly through higher prices of gasoline for example, but it would occur also due to the indirect effect that companies face through higher production costs and will most likely pass on some part of that cost to the consumers.

    We have gathered data for oil prices and inflation for Sweden since 1981 to 2004. Together with other variables that also affect the inflation, such as money supply and interest rates, we did econometric regressions to find evidence for the relationship. We reach the conclusion that if the oil prices increase by 10%, inflation is assumed to increase with about 0.15-0.20%.

  • 28806.
    Wright, Rebecca J.
    et al.
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, King's College London, London, UK.
    Lowton, Karen
    Department of Sociology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, King's College London, London, UK.
    Grudzen, Corita R
    Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY, USA.
    Grocott, Patricia
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, King's College London, London, UK.
    Emergency department staff priorities for improving palliative care provision for older people: A qualitative study2018In: Palliative Medicine: A Multiprofessional Journal, ISSN 0269-2163, E-ISSN 1477-030X, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 417-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Emergency department-based palliative care services are increasing, but research to develop these services rarely includes input from emergency clinicians, jeopardizing the effectiveness of subsequent palliative care interventions.

    AIM: To collaboratively identify with emergency clinicians' improvement priorities for emergency department-based palliative care for older people.

    DESIGN: This was one component of an experience-based co-design project, conducted using semi-structured interviews and feedback sessions.

    SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: In-depth interviews with 15 emergency clinicians (nurses and doctors) at a large teaching hospital emergency department in the United Kingdom exploring experiences of palliative care delivery for older people. A thematic analysis identified core challenges that were presented to 64 clinicians over five feedback sessions, validating interview findings, and identifying shared priorities for improving palliative care delivery.

    RESULTS: Eight challenges emerged: patient age; access to information; communication with patients, family members, and clinicians; understanding of palliative care; role uncertainty; complex systems and processes; time constraints; and limited training and education. Through feedback sessions, clinicians selected four challenges as improvement priorities: time constraints; communication and information; systems and processes; and understanding of palliative care. As resulting improvement plans evolved, "training and education" replaced "time constraints" as a priority.

    CONCLUSION: Clinician priorities for improving emergency department-based palliative care were identified through collaborative, iterative processes. Though generally aware of older palliative patients' needs, clinicians struggled to provide high-quality care due to a range of complex factors. Further research should identify whether priorities are shared across other emergency departments, and develop, implement, and evaluate strategies developed by clinicians.

  • 28807.
    Wu, E.
    et al.
    Heart and Vascular Theme, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Experiences of Undergoing Enhanced External Counterpulsation in Patients With Refractory Angina Pectoris: A Qualitative Study2019In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 147-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive treatment recommended for patients with refractory angina pectoris (RAP), which generally includes 35 one-hour sessions over 7 weeks. No study has described how patients experience the time before, during, and between sessions, as well as the time after EECP treatment.

    OBJECTIVE:

    The aim of this study was to describe how patients with RAP experience EECP treatment.

    METHODS:

    Semistructured interviews took place with 15 strategically selected patients (11 men, 58-91 years old) who had finished 7 weeks of EECP at the 2 existing EECP clinics in Sweden. Data were analyzed using inductive qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS:

    The results were divided into 4 content areas, each comprising 3 categories: (1) experiences before EECP was initiated comprised uncharted territory, being given a new opportunity, and gain insight; (2) experiences during EECP sessions comprised physical discomfort, need of distraction, and sense of security; (3) experiences between EECP sessions comprised physical changes, socializing, and coordinating everyday life; and (4) experiences after 1 course of EECP treatment comprised improved physical well-being, improved mental well-being, and maintaining angina in check.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Enhanced external counterpulsation was perceived as an unknown treatment option among these patients with RAP. Nurses should emphasize education before and during treatment based on individualized care needs to improve knowledge and treatment experience, as well as prevent discomfort. There is a great need to increase the awareness of EECP among healthcare professionals because it can improve the life situation for patients with RAP.

  • 28808.
    Wu, E.
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Dept. of Cardiology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation treatment - a qualitative study of patients with refractory angina pectoris2018In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 17, p. 12-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28809.
    Wu, E.
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Enhanced external counterpulsation as an intervention for patients with refractory angina pectoris - a review of performed research2017In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 16, no Suppl. 1, p. S38-S38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite optimal pharmacological treatments and invasive procedures, patients with refractory angina pectoris (RAP) remain symptomatic. Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive therapy based on 35 one-hour sessions. External pneumatic cuffs wrapped around the patient’s lower extremities inflate during cardiac diastole to create retrograde diastolic counterpulsation which leads to an improved coronary perfusion. EECP has for the past decade been used in European countries and has recently been updated in the European Guidelines as a clinical treatment option for patients with RAP.

    Purpose: The purpose was to describe the design and outcome variables of studies using EECP as a treatment for RAP.

    Methods: Search methods: Databases (i.e., PubMed,Wiley Online Library, Science Direct) were used to identify abstracts, reviews and journal articles related to this subgroup and EECP. Selection criterias: The chosen key words were EECP and refractory angina pectoris. Between time period 2000 to October 2016. Data collection and analysis: The literature search resulted in a total of 155 hits. Detected duplicates, irrelevant studies and others (i.e., editorials, letters) were removed (n=75). Research area and study design were reviewed in all remaining articles (n=80). In 56 of these, where design and content allowed, further analyses regarding follow-uptime and outcomes variables were performed.

    Results: An uneven distribution regarding research area was found among the analysed papers with dominance (48%) of studies within medicine and biology. Only 12% of the studies were performed within nursing. Prospective and longitudinal designs dominated (47%). Out of eight retrospective studies five were registry studies. Only two studies used a RCT design. No study used a qualitative approach. Out of 24 prospective studies 18 (75%) had a follow-up of 12 months or longer. 52% used biomedical outcomes (i.e., hemodynamic, biomarker, arterial stiffness, peripheral vascular reactivity) and 41% used clinical/patient reported outcomes (i.e., quality of life, functional classes, physical capacity, psychological aspects). Cost effectiveness was calculated in 7% of the studies.

    Conclusions/implications: EECP is recommended in guidelines as a possible treatment for patients with RAP. There is, however, a great need for increased nursing research both with qualitative and quantitative approaches. RCTs are sparse, as well as cost-effectiveness-studies.

  • 28810.
    Wu, Eline
    et al.
    Hjärtkliniken, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Enhanced external counterpulsation in patients with refractory angina pectoris: A pilot study with six months follow-up regarding physical capacity and health-related quality of life2013In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 437-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Refractory angina pectoris (AP) is a persistent, painful condition characterized by angina caused by coronary insufficiency in the presence of coronary artery disease. It has been emphasized that there are possible underlying neuropathophysiological mechanisms for refractory AP but chronic ischemia is still considered to be the main problem. These patients suffer from severe AP and cannot be controlled by a combination of pharmacological therapies, angioplasty or coronary bypass surgery. AP has a negative impact on quality of life and daily life. Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a therapeutic option for these patients.

    Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate EECP after six months regarding physical capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with refractory AP.

    Methods: This was a study with single case research experimental design involving 34 patients treated with EECP. Six minute walk test (6MWT), functional class with Canadian Cardiological Society (CCS) classification and self-reported HRQoL questionnaires as Short Form 36 (SF-36) were collected at baseline and after treatment. CCS class and SF-36 were repeated at six months follow-up.

    Results: Patients enhanced walk distance on average by 29 m after EECP (p<0.01). CCS class also improved (p<0.001) and persisted at six months follow-up (p<0.001). HRQoL improved significantly and the effects were maintained at follow-up after the treatment.

    Conclusion: Patients with refractory AP receive beneficial effects from EECP both in physical capacity and HRQoL. As other treatment options for this patient group are scarce, EECP should be offered to improve physical health and HRQoL in these patients.

  • 28811.
    Wu, I-Chen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lindbom, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Employees' Perceived Benefits of SNSs in the Workplace2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28812.
    Wu, Jiawei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Chen, Fenghu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Knowing more about people ordering food online: based on Eleme platform2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28813.
    Wu, Jingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wang, Yuyu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Retail In-store Design and Sensory Cues2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female consumers are powerful purchasers; sensory marketing is regarded as an effective marketing strategy to reach female consumer group. The sensory cues in the cosmetic retail environment can be considered as: layout and lighting effect, the ambient scents diffused, the music playing, and the opportunity to test the cosmetic products. 

    The purpose of this study aims to investigate what sensory cues in a cosmetic shop have a better capacity to trigger female consumer’s positive emotion, as well as to identify the impact level of these sensory stimuli on female’s purchase intention in the cosmetic retail environment. 

    With the support of the proposed hypotheses and conceptual model from the theoretical framework, a quantitative research was conducted. A total of 188 responses was collected from online questionnaire. The target sampling population of the questionnaire was determined by using a judgmental convenience sampling. 

    The research demonstrated that both olfactory cues and tactile cues enable to trigger female’s consumer positive emotion in a cosmetic store. Furthermore, visual stimuli have the most positive influence on female consumer’s purchase intention in a cosmetic retail store. 

  • 28814.
    Wu, Tzu-Yi
    et al.
    Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd., Qazvin, Iran.
    Psychometric validation of the Persian nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale - Short Form: Does gender and hours spent online gaming affect the interpretations of item descriptions?2017In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 256-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: The nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale -Short Form (IGDS-SF9) is brief and effective to evaluate Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) severity. Although its scores show promising psychometric properties, less is known about whether different groups of gamers interpret the items similarly. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian IGDS-SF9 and examine the scores in relation to gender and hours spent online gaming among 2,363 Iranian adolescents.

    Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were used to examine the construct validity of the IGDS-SF9. The effects of gender and time spent online gaming per week were investigated by multigroup CFA and Rasch differential item functioning (DIF).

    Results: The unidimensionality of the IGDS-SF9 was supported in both CFA and Rasch. However, Item 4 (fail to control or cease gaming activities) displayed DIF (DIF contrast = 0.55) slightly over the recommended cutoff in Rasch but was invariant in multigroup CFA across gender. Items 4 (DIF contrast = -0.67) and 9 (jeopardize or lose an important thing because of gaming activity; DIF contrast = 0.61) displayed DIF in Rasch and were non-invariant in multigroup CFA across time spent online gaming.

    Conclusions: Given the Persian IGDS-SF9 was unidimensional, it is concluded that the instrument can be used to assess IGD severity. However, users of the instrument are cautioned concerning the comparisons of the sum scores of the IGDS-SF9 across gender and across adolescents spending different amounts of time online gaming.

  • 28815.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Holistic clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complex process due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. Difficulties in the development of valid and reliable assessment measures in nursing competency continue to pose a challenge in nursing education. A holistic approach in the assessment of competency comprises knowledge, skills and professional attitudes, wherein the notion of competency incorporates professional judgement and management skills in the clinical situation. Therefore, the thesis aims to develop a holistic clinical assessment tool with a reasonable level of validity and reliability to meet the needs of clinical education.

    The conceptual framework underlying this research is formed by establishing a theoretical connection between the practice of learning, and of pedagogy and assessment. This research consists of five studies. In Study I, a systematic review was conducted to explore the current assessment practices and tools for nursing undergraduates. In Studies II, III and IV, a qualitative approach with focus group discussions was adopted to explore the views of final-year undergraduate nursing students, preceptors, clinical nurse leaders and academics on the clinical assessment. Based on the multiple perspectives, it therefore addresses concerns in clinical assessment. In Study V, a holistic clinical assessment tool was developed, for which a psychometric testing was conducted.

    The systematic review indicated that limited studies adequately evaluate the psychometric properties of the assessment instrument. The qualitative studies have raised an awareness of professional and educational issues in relation to clinical assessment. Workload, time, availability of resources, adequate preparation of preceptors, and availability of valid and reliable clinical assessment tools were deemed to influence the quality of students’ clinical learning and assessment. In addition, the presence of support systems and formal educational programs for preceptors influenced their preparation and self-confidence. Nursing leaderships in hospitals and educational institutions have a joint responsibility in shaping the holistic clinical learning environment and making holistic clinical assessment for students. The involvement of all stakeholders in the development of a valid and reliable assessment tool for clinical competency is also essential to the process. The Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) was developed by the author based on the systematic review, qualitative findings and the core competencies of registered nurse from the professional nursing boards. The HCAT consists of 4 domains and 36 assessment items. Furthermore, testing of the psychometric properties indicated that the HCAT has satisfactory content validity, construct validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

    In conclusion, the HCAT is meritorious in that it carries the potential to be used as a valid measure to evaluate clinical competency in nursing students, and provide specific and ongoing feedback to enhance the students’ holistic clinical learning experience. The HCAT not only functions as a tool for self-reflection for the students, but also guides the preceptors in clinical teaching and assessment. In addition, the HCAT can be used for peer-assessment and feedback. It is imperative that the clinical and academic institutions establish various levels of ongoing support for both students and preceptors in the process of clinical assessment.

  • 28816.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Heng, D. G. N.
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Pua, L. H.
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, W.
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    The perspectives of preceptors regarding clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2016In: International Nursing Review, ISSN 0020-8132, E-ISSN 1466-7657, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 473-481Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To explore the perspectives of preceptors about clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students in transition to practice.

    BACKGROUND: The assessment of clinical competence is a complex process due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. As such, nurse preceptors play a crucial role in clinical assessment for nursing students. Although preceptors may enjoy the process of clinical teaching and assessment, they face challenges that need to be addressed to facilitate students' clinical learning and assessment.

    METHODS: An exploratory qualitative approach was adopted. A purposive sample of 17 preceptors from two tertiary hospitals in Singapore was recruited to participate in three focus group discussions from March to July 2014.

    FINDINGS: Five themes emerged from the data analysis: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool; meaningful reflection and feedback; varied methods in clinical assessment; high level of commitment and struggles with dual roles and the need to enhance the support system for preceptors.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is no doubt that a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool can serve as a guide for preceptors to enhance their clarity in assessment and feedback. It is essential for all stakeholders to be involved in the development of the clinical assessment tool. Workload, time, support system and formal educational programmes for preceptors influenced their preparation and self-confidence.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING AND/OR HEALTH POLICY: The themes that emerged from the focus group discussions could assist in the development of a more reliable and valid clinical assessment tool to evaluate the clinical competence of nursing students in transition to practice. Clinical and educational institutions could collaborate closely to develop an educational programme and a preceptorship handbook, focusing on pedagogical contents for clinical education and assessment.

  • 28817.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Lee, Cindy Ching Siang
    Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    A systematic review of clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2015In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 347-359Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Consolidated clinical practicum prepares pre-registration nursing students to function as beginning practitioners. The clinical competencies of final-year nursing students provide a key indication of professional standards of practice and patient safety. Thus, clinical assessment of nursing students is a crucial issue for educators and administrators.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the clinical competency assessment for undergraduate nursing students.

    DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and EBSCO were systematically searched from January 2000 to December 2013.

    METHODS: The systematic review was in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Published quantitative and qualitative studies that examined clinical assessment practices and tools used in clinical nursing education were retrieved. Quality assessment, data extraction, and analysis were completed on all included studies.

    RESULTS: This review screened 2073 titles, abstracts and full-text records, resulting in 33 included studies. Two reviewers assessed the quality of the included studies. Fourteen quantitative and qualitative studies were identified for this evaluation. The evidence was ordered into emergent themes; the overarching themes were current practices in clinical assessment, issues of learning and assessment, development of assessment tools, and reliability and validity of assessment tools.

    CONCLUSION: There is a need to develop a holistic clinical assessment tool with reasonable level of validity and reliability. Clinical assessment is a robust activity and requires collaboration between clinical partners and academia to enhance the clinical experiences of students, the professional development of preceptors, and the clinical credibility of academics.

  • 28818.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Clinical nurse leaders’ and academics’ perspectives on clinical assessment of final-year nursing students: a qualitative study2017In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 287-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted. Four overriding themes were revealed: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool, preceptors' competency in clinical assessment, challenges encountered by the students in clinical assessment, and the need for close academic and clinical collaboration to support preceptors and students. Closer academic-clinical partnership is recommended to review the clinical education curriculum. Clinical and educational institutions need to work closely to design a learning program to enhance preceptors' competence in clinical pedagogy and assessment. Furthermore, a stress management program could build students' resiliency in coping with unfamiliar clinical environments. Ongoing support needs to be provided for both preceptors and students to enrich the preceptorship and learning experiences.

  • 28819.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. National University of Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    National University of Singapore.
    Development and psychometric testing of Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) for undergraduate nursing students2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, p. 1-9, article id 248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complexprocess due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. A holistic approach in assessment of competency is advocated.Difficulties in the development of valid and reliable assessment measures in nursing competency have resulted in thedevelopment of assessment instruments with an increase in face and content validity, but few studies have testedthese instruments psychometrically. It is essential to develop a holistic assessment tool to meet the needs of the clinicaleducation. The study aims to develop a Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) and test its psychometric properties.

    Methods:The HCAT was developed based on the systematic literature review and the findings of qualitative studies.An expert panel was invited to evaluate the content validity of the tool. A total of 130 final-year nursing undergraduatestudents were recruited to evaluate the psychometric properties (i.e. factor structure, internal consistency and test-retestreliability) of the tool.

    Results:The HCAT has good content validity with content validity index of .979. The exploratory factor analysis revealsa four-factor structure of the tool. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the HCAT are satisfactory withCronbach alpha ranging from .789 to .965 and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient ranging from .881 to .979 for the foursubscales and total scale.

    Conclusions:HCAT has the potential to be used as a valid measure to evaluate clinical competence in nursingstudents, and provide specific and ongoing feedback to enhance the holistic clinical learning experience. In addition,HCAT functions as a tool for self-reflection, peer-assessment and guides preceptors in clinical teaching and assessment.

  • 28820.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Undergraduate nursing students' perspectives on clinical assessment at transition to practice2015In: Contemporary Nurse: health care across the lifespan, ISSN 1037-6178, E-ISSN 1839-3535, Vol. 51, no 2-3, p. 272-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Assessment of clinical competence requires explicitly defined standards meeting the national standards of the nursing profession. This is a complex process because of the diverse nature of nursing practice.

    OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of final-year undergraduate nursing students regarding clinical assessment at transition to practice.

    METHODS: An exploratory qualitative approach was adopted. Twenty-four students participated in three focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted.

    FINDINGS: Five themes emerged: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool, the need for a flexible style of reflection and specific feedback, the dynamic clinical learning environment, students' efforts in learning and assessment, and the unclear support system for preceptors.

    CONCLUSIONS: Workload, time, resource availability, adequate preparation of preceptors, and the provision of valid and reliable clinical assessment tools were deemed to influence the quality of students' clinical learning and assessment. Nursing leadership in hospitals and educational institutions has a joint responsibility in shaping the clinical learning environment and providing clinical assessments for the students.

  • 28821.
    Wu, Xueying
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Zhao, Jingfang
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Relationship Management of key Customers - in B2B2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28822.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and CERBE.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and Ratio institute.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Liquidity risk and yield spreads of green bonds2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

  • 28823.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The impact of liquidity risk on the yield spread of green bonds2018In: Finance Research Letters, ISSN 1544-6123, E-ISSN 1544-6131, Vol. 27, p. 53-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-02-24 00:00
  • 28824.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Wang, Ji
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Cash vs. Stock Deals: Bidders' Performance in Tech and Non-tech M&A: Evidence from Mergers and Acquisitions in Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper researches the effects of choice of payment (cash and stock) and M&A type (technological and non-technological) on bidders’ performance. We investigate 500 events in Swedish market between 2005 and 2015. Moreover, we also control the size of firms and the value of takeovers. In this paper, we conduct an event study in order to generate abnormal returns for the bidders at and around the M&A announcement. This research generates statistically significant and positive abnormal returns for the bidders especially when deals are financed by shares. Moreover, we also find that the technological M&A brings about lower abnormal returns than non-technological M&A. When we control for payment choice in technological M&A, the result shows that technological M&A paid for in shares generates higher abnormal returns than technological M&A paid for in cash. 

  • 28825. Wulf, Inge
    et al.
    Inwinkl, Petra
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Ökologische Aspekte in der CSR-Berichterstattung deutscher und schwedischer Unternehmen: [Ecological aspects in the CSR reporting of German and Swedish companies]2018In: Zeitschrift für Umweltpolitik und Umweltrecht, ISSN 0931-0983, no 4, p. 468-506Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28826.
    Wulff, Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Uthas, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Kommer förskoleklassen bli den nya ettan?: En kvalitativ studie om att lärare befinner sig i ett gränsland mellan förskola och skola2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att vinna kunskap om hur lärare inom förskola och förskoleklass uppfattar övergången mellan förskola och förskoleklass. Fokuset har varit på möjligheter och hinder lärarna upplever vid övergången mellan förskola och förskoleklass, lärarnas uppfattningar kring leken för barn och elever samt vilka eventuella konsekvenser lärarna anser det kan bli när förskoleklassen blir obligatorisk.

    Vi valde att använda oss av tre fokusgrupper för att samla in vår empiri och det var endast förskollärare som deltog i vår studie. Fokusgrupperna består av Flora där tre lärare deltog, Azalea där fyra lärare deltog och Timotej där två lärare deltog. Empirin analyserades genom en tematisk analysmetod där begreppen social (dis-) kontinuitet, progression samt gränsland har fungerat som analysbegrepp.

    Resultatet visar att lärarna upplever att de befinner sig i ett gränsland mellan förskola och skola. En av anledningarna till detta är att lärarna i förskoleklassen arbetar i en verksamhet där både förskolans och skolans traditioner ska mötas. Detta resulterar i att lärarna i förskoleklassen inte har möjlighet att endast fokusera på sin egen verksamhet fullt ut. Lärarna diskuterar även kring de eventuella konsekvenser det kan medföra att förskoleklassen blir obligatorisk då det framkommer i vårt resultat att lärarna är oroliga för att det endast i framtiden kommer arbeta grundskollärare i förskoleklassen. De ser också förändringar i barns och elevers lek. En förändring är att barn och elever har svårt att hålla ihop leken längre stunder.

  • 28827. Wullkotte, Sandra
    et al.
    Neubauer, Andreas Helmuth
    Sustainability Efforts of Logistics Companies with their own Truck Fleet: A Cross-country Comparison between Germany and Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28828.
    Wunderlich, R. K.
    et al.
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Fecht, Hans-Jörg
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Egry, Ivan
    DLR, Germany.
    Etay, J.
    Battezzati, L.
    University of Turin, Italy.
    Ricci, E.
    IENI, Italy.
    Matsushita, Taishi
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Seetharaman, Seshadri
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Thermophysical properties of a Fe-Cr-Mo Alloy in the solid and liquid phase2012In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, E-ISSN 1869-344X, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 43-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of a thermophysical characterization of a Fe-Cr-Mo alloy in the solid and liquid phases are reported. Methods applied include calorimetry, dilatometry; the laser flash technique for thermal diffusivity measurement and ultrasound pulse echo for the measurement of the room temperature sound velocities and elastic constants. Density in the liquid phase and surface tension were measured by optical dilatometry and by the oscillating drop method on electromagnetic levitated specimen. In addition, surface tension and viscosity were measured by the oscillating drop method on board parabolic flights under reduced gravity conditions. The methods applied and results obtained are presented. This work represents a collaborative effort, including round robin measurements in different laboratories for a characterization of the basic thermophysical properties needed for process simulation.

  • 28829.
    Wunderlich, Rainer
    et al.
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Matsushita, Taishi
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Brooks, Rob
    NPL, UK.
    Seetharaman, Seshadri
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Fecht, Hans-Jörg
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Thermophysical and Structural Properties of a Gamma TiAl Alloy in the Temperature Range of 50 – 900oC2008In: Meeting: 2008 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28830.
    Wyrén, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Den svenska uttagsbeskattningen: Hur förhåller den sig till EU-rättens etableringsfrihet?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within EU an internal market is maintained where free movement of goods, people, ser-vices and capital are ensured. These freedoms mean that all discrimination on grounds of nationality in domestic laws should be abolished, which is a result of EU’s superiority which cannot be overridden by domestic law.

    If a law seems limiting of any of these freedoms, the rules must be justified or changed. The limitation can be justified by either the exceptions enacted in the Treaty or by the prin-ciple of rule of reason.

    The Swedish rules of exit-taxation have during the last years been developed after EU law practice. In November last year the Court of Justice of the European Union announced a preliminary ruling which changed the conditions for justifications of restrictions on the freedom of establishment. On January first this year, the domestic rules of granting of de-ferment of the payment of the exit-tax were renewed. The question now is whether the Swedish exit-taxation is compatible with the freedom of establishment.

    In my opinion the Swedish exit-taxation can have a restricting effect for the use of the freedom of establishment. This is because there is an inconsistency on how companies are taxed, depending on whether they move or keep their habitual residence in Sweden. The restriction may however be justified by the principle rule of reason by the purpose of en-suring the balanced allocation of powers of taxation between the Member States, in accor-dance with the principle of fiscal territoriality. Generally I cannot consider otherwise than that the legislation also is proportionate to that purpose, but there are situations when the taxpayer is required to provide a bank guarantee to secure the payment of the tax, which I think is a more stringent requirement on the taxpayer than can be justified.

  • 28831.
    Wziatek, Ilona
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ericsson, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Utmaningar i en utskrivningsprocess från slutenvården till boende - för att skapa en trygg och effektiv process2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28832.
    Wächter, Thomas
    et al.
    TU Dresden.
    Tan, He
    (Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems.
    Wobst, André
    TU Dresden.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    (Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems.
    Schroeder, Michael
    TU Dresden.
    A Corpus-driven Approach for Design, Evolution and Alignment of Ontologies2006In: Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2006, WSC 06, 2006, p. 1595-1602Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bio-ontologies are hierarchical vocabularies, which are used to annotate other data sources such as sequence and structure databases. With the wide use of ontologies their integration, design, and evolution becomes an important problem. We show how textmining on relevant text corpora can be used to identify matching ontology terms of two separate ontologies and to propose new ontology terms for a given term. We evaluate these approaches on the GeneOntology

  • 28833.
    Wäfler, Toni
    et al.
    University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland.
    Von der Weth, Rüdiger
    University of Applied Sciences Dresden.
    Karltun, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Starker, Ulrike
    University av Bamberg.
    Gärtner, Kathrin
    University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland.
    Gasser, Roland
    University of Toronto.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Human Control Capabilities2011In: Behavioral Operations in Planning and Scheduling / [ed] Jan C. Fransoo, Toni Wäfler, John Wilson, Springer, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter has been triggered by the experience that the implementation of new information technology (IT) supporting planning, scheduling, and control – although being more sophisticated than earlier systems – does not necessarily result in better control. Also, the experience was made that the implementation of the same IT leads to different results in similar organisations. Against this background, we introduce a process model of control (Sect. 10.2). The model proposes a set of interrelated factors determining control. At its core it assumes that control results as a fit of control requirements and control behaviour. The former is determined by operational uncertainties the latter by control opportunities, control skills and control motivation. Since the implementation of a new IT can have an impact on all these factors it can lead to a misfit of control behaviour and control requirements and hence to low control – even if the new IT itself is more powerful than the old IT. Furthermore, we also discuss motivational influences these changes may have on human behaviour (Sect. 10.3). Finally we derive some practical dos and don’ts when implementing new IT (Sect. 10.4).

  • 28834. Wägsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Hugander, Anders
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Expression of interleukin-17 in human colorectal cancer2006In: Anticancer Research, ISSN 0250-7005, E-ISSN 1791-7530, Vol. 26, no 6B, p. 4213-4216Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28835.
    Wändal, Alinde
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Goitom, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Livet med urinkateter - en komplex livssituation: En litteraturöversikt på kvalitativa studier.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The urinary catheter design has not changed since the 1930's. This is thus that complications related to the urinary catheter can be serious and are common. To prevent these complications the catheter users need to use self-care. For self-care to be sufficient the catheter users need good knowledge about urinary catheters. It is the nurse's task to pass on this information.Aim: To describe the experience of living with an indwelling urinary catheter.Method: A literature study with qualitative studies. 11 articles went through the quality review process to the result. Fribergs 5-steps model was used to analyze the data.Result: To live with a urinary catheter can mean a huge relief and enable more freedom. Thus it can also mean the opposite, that the urinary catheter can revent people because it involves a lot of anxiety, time consuming care and affects the body image. Peoples relationships to others in their surroundings has a huge influence on the experience of living with a urinary catheter.Conclusion: Many people with urinary catheter experience a constant anxiety over possible problems. Here is a gap between what is known and offered from the health services and the catheter users experience and requests. The health services are not aware of the real experience of the catheter users. This needs more research to investigate the ability of improvement in the health system. 

  • 28836.
    Wängdahl, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Hodén, Emmy
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Corporate Social Responsibility – Business strategies or social initiatives?: A qualitative study on CSR within the Indian context2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Together with the globalized corporate world come a number of social and environmental issues, many times caused by the corporations themselves. However, it happens that corporations do not take their responsibilities in limiting their sometimes, harmful practices. Companies with a willingness to create positive change can do this, by working with corporate social responsibility (CSR). The question is however, whether companies actually are taking their responsibilities by implementing CSR work, or if they are using the concept as a business strategy for additional profit. To answer this question, one could look at the driving factors behind a company’s CSR programs as well as investigating the level of integration of the CSR programs in the company’s daily business. Companies working with CSR exist globally, however, there is one country that researchers have found to be a special case, namely, India. Therefore, this bachelor thesis examines different driving motives behind CSR in India through a literature review, as well as answers how well integrated Indian companies CSR activities are within their core businesses, by conducting a case study on an Indian company. The results of this study show that moral, strategic and legal motives can be factors in the decision to engage in CSR by Indian companies. Also, the level of integration partly depends on the previously mentioned motives. 

  • 28837.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    A Full-Scale Light Laboratory in a Public Space2011In: Convention Proceedings from PLDC 3rd Global lighting Design Convention, 19–22 October, 2011 in Madrid, Spain, Gütersloh, Germany: VIA-Verlag , 2011, p. 69-72Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28838.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    ching spatial complexity through a combined method strategy: appearance of multiple lighting design scenarios in a single space2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28839.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Light shapes spaces: experience of distribution of light and visual spatial boundaries2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Light enables us to experience space. The distribution of light is vital for spatial experience but has not been the main focus of previous research on lighting. The lighting designer’s professional knowledge is to a great extent experience-based and tacit. With design practice as the point of departure, this thesis aims to explore spatiality and enclosure in relation to the distribution of light – with the intention of increasing subjects’ understanding of what can be regarded as a space, and to show how spaces can be shaped by the distribution of light. By focusing on users’ experiences and interpretations, relationships between the distribution of light and perceived spatial dimensions and experienced spatial atmosphere have been investigated. The main contribution of this thesis is to widen the base of knowledge that lighting designers, architects and customers can use as a common reference. This thesis is based on three studies: the Scale Model Study, the Auditorium Study and the Church Park Study. The thesis includes concept- and method development. The mixed methodologies comprise a range from introspective phenomenological observations to deep interviews and questionnaires. The experimental setups have also shifted from scale models to real-life interior and exterior settings. Consequently, a quantitative approach has complemented the mainly qualitative approach. Through artistically based research, patterns and relationships are dealt with in complex real spaces. The findings of these studies lead to a discussion of when, why and how patterns of brightness and darkness influence spatial perceptions of dimensions. The findings also show that brightness not only contributes to our experiencing a space as more spacious than it really is, but in certain situations brightness can actually have the reverse effect. Furthermore, darkness can contribute to a spacious impression, which has hardly been discussed in previous research. What subjects regard as a space may shift between the clearly defined physical space and the perceived space, which include light zones. Light zones can create a sense of inclusion or exclusion for subjects, which affects their sense of community and their feeling of safety. Light topography, e.g. the height of luminaire positions, as well as light direction influence the way we experience the private and the public. Enclosure can, if related to visible spatial boundaries, facilitate reassurance and safety.

  • 28840.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Lighting Design Research in Public Space: A Holistic Approach to a Complex Reality2011In: Proceedings from the 27 Session of the CIE. International conference in Sun City, South Africa 10–15 July 2011, Volume 1, part 2, International Commission on Illumination , 2011, p. 767-776Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28841.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Ljusdesign och rumsgestaltning2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från förlagets webbplats:

    Hur påverkar belysningen hur vi ser och upplever rum? Att uppfatta rum visuellt är inte alls samma sak som att utgå från det fysiskt mätbara rummet. Är det ljus eller mörker som gör att en yta uppfattas ligga längre bort? Kan ljuset påverka den sociala dynamiken i ett rum? Hur kan man öka trygghetskänslan på en plats? Kan ett rum uppfattas som mer eller mindre rumsligt? Den här boken ger svar och stimulerar till nya frågor.

    I boken varvas teori om perception, ljus och rum med praktiska tips om analysmetoder och skissteknik. Den ger grundkunskap i arkitektonisk ljusdesign men presenterar inga färdiga lösningar. Den uppgiften – att skapa ljusmiljöerna – är din!

  • 28842.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Observations of spatial atmosphere in relation to light distribution2006In: Proceedings from the 5th conference on design and emotion, Gothenburg: Department of product and production development, division design, Chalmers university of Technology , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this design research is to increase the understanding of lighting quality by supplementing existing illumination knowledge with visual evaluation of light distribution in three-dimensional rooms. This paper is based on a pilot study including observations of twelve different lighting situations in two comparable scale-model rooms. The discussion that follows focuses the relation between light distribution and experienced spatial atmosphere. The primary purpose with the pilot study was to investigate methods to observe, as well as to develop hypotheses, about spatial atmosphere experience in relation to light distribution. Additionally, descriptive concepts are formulated. Furthermore, the consequences for spatial atmosphere experience are discussed in terms of light-pattern, rhythm and the experience of being enclosed or excluded by the light-room. A main result is how light distribution seems to affect if a room is experienced as understandable or confusing, calm or active. Light patterns on walls and in the ceiling seem to be more important than on the floor, yet a light patched floor may have large impact on the whole room atmosphere. Moreover the findings indicate a relationship between hard or soft light contrasts and warm or cold colour experiences.

  • 28843.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Rhythm in illumination created by static light patterns2013In: Proceedings of CIE centenary conference "Towards a New Century of Light": Paris, France, 15-16 April 2013, Vienna: The International Commission on Illumination, 2013, p. 1101-1106Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28844.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Spatial enclosedness & lighting quality: light distribution studies in scale model room2006Report (Other academic)
  • 28845.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Spatial Interpretations in Relation to Designer Intentions: A Combined Strategies Study in an Auditorium with Variable Lighting2010In: Colour and light in Architecture: International Conference, 11-12 November 2010 : proceedings / [ed] Pietro Zennaro, Venice: IUAV , 2010, p. 258-263Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a lighting designer perspective, it is of great interest to know if users will experience the final lighting design as it was in-tended to be experienced. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to interview the lighting designer in charge about his design intentions and compare this to the user’s visual observations. The investigation took place in a real-life university auditorium, where it was possible to monitor the lighting, made up of five different scenarios. 21 informants participated in the study. Combined strategies were used in a questionnaire with semantic scales and a verbal description. In addition to these, the inquiry was followed by in-depth interviews. How the various lighting scenarios affected experienced spatiality, size and shape as well as spatial atmos-phere were compared to the design intentions. Discrepancies between the observers’ spatial interpretations and the interpretation of spatial concepts are also discussed in relation to the lighting design.

  • 28846.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Understanding the Space: How Distribution of Light Influences Spatiality2013In: Crafting the Future - 10th European Academy of Design Conference, European Academy of Design, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to existing research by showing the influence of the distribution of light on the perception of a space. It addresses the importance of conceptual awareness and the impact of informants' possible pre-understandings. It combines and develops research methods that can accommodate the complexity of real spaces through patterns and relationships. Additionally, it includes concept development of spatial understanding. This primarily qualitative approach of dealing with complex spaces provides a new and unique contribution to the field of lighting research. This lighting design research consists of experimental studies within three different complex spatial contexts, from scale models to interior and exterior spaces. The importance of visual spatial boundaries and brightness patterns are discussed in relation to enclosure, perceived dimensions and atmosphere. It is more cost effective to make a space more spacious by changing the distribution of light than by changing the physical space through alterations. Light may generally have an enlarging effect, though sometimes it can have the opposite effect. This paper addresses how the placement of luminaires, the direction of light and the focus and spread of the light impact the perceived spatial dimensions and experience of atmosphere. A light zone can include as well as exclude participants. A focused light may call for attention, causing an audience to lower its speaking volume. Distribution of light is also useful for dividing a large office landscape into spatial units. The light topography—the upper boundary created by the heights of luminaires in a space—and light direction are factors of empowerment. A clearly defined, tangible space seems to also contribute to an experience of safety. Illuminated vertical surfaces can contribute to a clear overview and a clearly defined space that is experienced as having a sheltering and embracing effect.

  • 28847. Wärdig, Rikard Erik
    et al.
    Bachrach-Lindström, Margareta
    Foldemo, Anniqa
    Lindström, Torbjörn
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Prerequisites for a healthy lifestyle-experiences of persons with psychosis.2013In: Issues in mental health nursing, ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 602-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore prerequisites for a healthy lifestyle as described by individuals diagnosed with psychosis. Forty participants who had performed a lifestyle intervention focusing on physical activities and lifestyle education were interviewed. Conventional content analysis was used. The results are described in two categories: (1) Individual Prerequisites and (2) Being a Part of Society. The individuals said that they got stuck in a state of planning without taking action. It was pointless to make a bigger effort because the psychotic disorder could, at any time, worsen the prerequisites. They also said that they wanted to live like everybody else and therefore tried to adopt a normal lifestyle. Future interventions or professional support by mental health nurses and other health care givers should target the transition from planning to action to achieve a healthy lifestyle, and should help the individual to taking part in society.

  • 28848.
    Wärdig, Rikard Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings University, Department of Nursing Sciences, Department of Health and Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Foldemo, Anniqa
    Linköpings University, Department of Nursing Sciences, Department of Health and Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindström, Torbjörn
    Linköpings University, Department of Internal Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden .
    Bachrach-Lindström, Margareta
    Linköpings University, Department of Nursing Sciences, Department of Health and Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    An Intervention with Physical Activity and Lifestyle Counseling Improves Health-Related Quality of Life and Shows Small Improvements in Metabolic Risks in Persons with Psychosis2016In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 43-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research studied the effects of a lifestyle intervention on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and metabolic risk factors in persons with psychosis, using a longitudinal intervention design with a matched reference sample. In participants in the intervention group, scores on the EQ-VAS, which measured HRQoL, improved from 57.6 to 63.3 (SD = 17.8) (p = 0.05), and HDL cholesterol concentration increased from 1.03 to 1.11 (0.19) mmol/l. (p = 0.02). There was no significant change in body weight among participants. The results of this study indicate that a lifestyle intervention based on group meetings improves HRQoL in patients with psychosis and provides small improvements in metabolic risk factors. 

  • 28849.
    Wäring, Emily
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Nieminen, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vem påverkar vad jag ska kompetensutveckla?: En kvalitativ studie om chefers upplevelser kring den egna kompetensutvecklingen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Competence development is an important part of today's changing society. The purpose of the study was to investigate managers' experiences of who and what directs and drive their competence development. The study was conducted through a qualitative method in which managers from a municipal organization and a private organization have been interviewed and a comparative perspective between the organizations has been considered. A hermeneutical approach has been used and themes were identified based on the experiences of the managers. The results showed that their own impact was the greatest factor of influence on the managers' competence development. However, they also experienced the needs of staff, HR and the business' needs as significant impact factors. Other distinctive themes that were noted by the managers as impact factors were: their own manager, the organization and the authorities. Research on what is perceived to direct and drive managers' competence development is scarce and the study contributes to deeper understanding and a foundation for further research.

  • 28850.
    Wärme, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Thörn, Stéphanie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Svensson, Märta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Ideella föreningar och redovisning: Är elitidrott ideell ur en ekonomisk synvinkel?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Non profit organisations are an important part of the Swedish society. Sport associations at elite level are a form of non profit organisation where a lot of money circulates and it is therefore important to administer the economy and accounting in a good way. In this thesis we will explain what a non profit organisation is, how it is founded and what rules and guiding principles that are relevant. After that we will more specifically focus on sport associations at elite level.

    The purpose of this thesis is to study the economic situation and accounting of sports associations at elite level to investigate their relation to the form of association non profit organisations. We will also illustrate what non profit organi-sations are affected by when designing their accounting. We want to reach this by doing a study of three sports associations at elite level in Jönköping: IF Hallby HK, HV71 and Jönköping Södra IF.

    We have performed interviews with responsible for the economy and chairmen in each association to get an insight into the associations. To get an outsiders point of view interviews with a certified accountant and a tax informant at the Swedish tax autority, Skatteverket.

    In this thesis we have come to the conclusion that all three sport associations at elite level of course are non profit by definition but there are also other fac-tors that control that they can be consided as less non profit from a more general economic perspective. When it comes to accounting in sport associations at elite level, it is affected to a great extent to how commercial organisations form their accounting. This can be partly explained since the associations do not question the commercial way of accounting.

    In the future we believe that non profit organisations would obtain benefits if they where regulated by law in different levels based on the size of the association, for example turnover and number of employees. This in order to corre-spond to the need that exists, that today often is complemented by a joint-stock company.

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