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  • 28751. von Krogh, G.
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Norwegian School of Management.
    "Knowledge in organizations, knowledge transfer and cooperative strategies" A word from the guest editors1994In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 331-335Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28752. von Krogh, G
    et al.
    Roos, Johan
    Norwegian School of Management.
    Slocum, K
    An essay on corporate epistemology1994In: Strategic Management Journal, ISSN 0143-2095, E-ISSN 1097-0266, Vol. 15, p. 53-71Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this essay is to contribute to a new perspective of strategic management by developing a new theory of organizational knowledge. The article focuses on how managers can understand and guide knowledge development processes in organizations. Our epistemology broadens strategic management to also include the advancement activities of the organization. In addition to discussing development of organizational knowledge, the essay also emphasises fundamental consequences for research methodology.

  • 28753.
    von Lüttichau, Max
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Villmann, Chris
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Governance in Small Family Firms: Laying the Groundwork in a Swedish Study2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The governance field is well studied. However, small family firms do not receive their fair amount of coverage, despite their importance. In this work the field of governance in small family firms is qualitatively explored, using a sample of eight Swedish firms with a total of ten interview partners. Using a Constructivist Grounded Theory, informed by previous literature, we find nine key themes characterizing governance in small family firms: (1) Ownership & Board, (2) Holding Company, (3) Advisor & External Help, (4) Responsibility, (5) Formality, (6) Informality, (7) Conflict, (8) Succession and (9) Discussion & Conversation. Our findings suggest that all small family businesses employ some form of governance, however, this is not always recognized as such in previous literature, showing that corporate governance is too narrowly defined. We also investigate why governance structures are (not) implemented and how this is done. In connection to this, we visualize the factors influencing whether or not a small family firm implements formal governance structures. Additionally, we discuss what actually makes a family firm small. We contribute by investigating governance concepts in another context, namely the one of small family businesses, and seeing to what extent they hold up. The work allows us to conclude that some findings confirm existing theory, while others question it or cannot be found therein at all. 

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    von Lüttichau & Villmann
  • 28754.
    von Plessen, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Lunge- og infektionsmedicinsk Afdeling, Hillerød hospital.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Der kan skabes patientsikkerhed i kliniske mikrosystemer2012In: Ugeskrift for læger, ISSN 0041-5782, E-ISSN 1603-6824, Vol. 174, no 45, p. 2780-2784Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients, health-care professionals and the public expect safe health care. The system, however, is not safe and patients are being harmed. Workplace and organizational conditions and human factors contribute to these harms and a system approach is needed to avoid them. In clinical microsystems (CMS), the frontline units of health care, staff and patients can make care safer by learning about their system, its processes, members and purposes. Approaches from patient safety should be integrated in the daily work of every member of the CMS to reduce risk, implement safe practices and learn from errors. We summarize methods for use in CMS and offer ideas for fostering a proactive culture of patient safety.

  • 28755.
    von Plessen, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Syddansk universitet.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Säkrare vård - från teori till praktik i det kliniska mikrosystemet2017In: Kvalitetsarbete för bättre och säkrare vård / [ed] Anne-Marie Boström, Gun Nordström, Bodil Wilde Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, p. 57-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28756.
    von Plessen, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Säkrare vård - från teori till praktik i det kliniska mikrosystemet2012In: Kvalitetsarbete för bättre och säkrare vård / [ed] Gun Nordström, Bodil Wilde Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, p. 49-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28757.
    von Post, Helen
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Vad är viktigt för personer i palliativ vård? En litteraturstudie utifrån patientens eget perspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt:

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård innebär en helhetssyn på den döende och dennes situation. Övergången från kurativ till palliativ vård görs utifrån en medicinsk bedömning. Den forskning som gjorts hitintills rörande palliativ vård är till största delen medicinskt inriktad. Studier som belyser patienters preferenser, prioriteringar och önskningar inom palliativ vård är få. Den arbetsterapeutiska forskningen som finns belyser främst arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder utifrån vår professions erfarenheter.

    Syfte: Att beskriva vad patienter i palliativ vård i livets slut uppger som viktigt. 

    Metod: Litteraturstudie enligt scoping-review-metoden. Följande inklusionskriterier användes: artiklar publicerade 2004-2015-08, skrivna på engelska, deltagare över 18 år med uttalad livshotande sjukdom utan möjlighet till bot, fokuserar på patientens upplevelse.

    Resultat: Nitton artiklar inkluderades innefattande intervjuer med 3- 90 palliativa patienter i åldern 18-89 år. Resultatet visade på att fortsatt delaktighet var viktigt för personer i livets slutskede. Fem teman som visade på detta var: bibehålla tidigare aktivitetsmönster, få känna sig behövd, vara delaktig i sin sociala miljö, efterlämna ett arv, leva så länge man lever.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar att fortsatt delaktighet i aktivitet är viktigt för patienter i livets slutskede. Det var av största vikt för de palliativa patienterna att kunna bibehålla tidigare aktivitetsmönster.

     

    Nyckelord: Aktivitet, Arbetsterapi, Delaktighet, Personcentrering

  • 28758.
    von Post, Helen
    et al.
    Advanced Palliative Home Care, Region Skåne, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    What is important to patients in palliative care? A scoping review of the patient’s perspective2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 1-8Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The research conducted in palliative care is often medically oriented. There are few studies clarifying the patient's preferences, priorities and desires in palliative care. The occupational therapy research conducted mostly concerns occupational therapy interventions based on the profession's experiences. Further knowledge is needed regarding what patients in palliative care want to prioritize.

    Aim:

    The aim was to describe what patients in palliative care describe as important at the end of life.

    Methods:

    A scoping review was conducted using the inclusion criteria: articles published in 2004-August 2015; written in English; participants>18 years with life-threatening illness without possible cure; focusing on the patient?s experience.

    Results:

    Seventeen articles were included in the review and they were based on interviews. The theme 'Continuing occupational participation is important for people at the end of life' was identified. This included five sub-themes: maintaining previous occupational patterns; feeling needed; being involved in the social environment; leaving a legacy; and living as long as you live.

    Conclusions:

    The results show that continued occupational participation is important for people in palliative care. Occupational therapists can contribute to this by taking a highly person-centered approach and gaining information about what matters most for their clients.

  • 28759.
    von Sivers, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Reflektion med hjälp av gröna korset ökar medvetande om patientsäkerhetsarbete: Studie av förbättringsarbete på akutvårdsavdelningen, medarbetares upplevelse av att tillämpa gröna korset.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28760.
    von Walden, Ferdinand
    et al.
    Division of Neuropediatrics, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet and Astrid Lindgren’s Pediatric Hospital.
    Gidlund, Eva-Karin
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Liu, Chang
    Division of Neuropediatrics, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet and Astrid Lindgren’s Pediatric Hospital.
    Ramstrand, Nerrolyn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Norrbom, Jessica
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    von Wachenfelt, Nils
    Department of Orthopaedics Eksjö, Region Jönköping County and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Kjellgren, Henrik
    Department of Orthopaedics Eksjö, Region Jönköping County and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Sundberg, Carl Johan
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Pontén, Eva
    Division of Neuropediatrics, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet and Astrid Lindgren’s Pediatric Hospital.
    Alkner, Björn
    Department of Orthopaedics Eksjö, Region Jönköping County and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Effect of acute transcranial magnetic stimulation on intracellular signalling in human skeletal muscle2020In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 52, no 2, article id jrm00022Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of an acute bout of transcranial electrical stimulation to induce anabolic signalling.

    DESIGN: Experimental intervention on healthy subjects.

    SUBJECTS: Ten healthy subjects, 5 women and 5 men (mean age (standard deviation (SD) 32 years (SD 4)).

    METHODS: The quadriceps muscle was stimulated at a frequency of 10 Hz for 10 s, followed by 20 s of rest, repeated 40 times over 20 min. Electromyography and force data were collected for all transcranial electrical stimulation sequences. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle before and 1 and 3 h after stimulation.

    RESULTS: One bout of transcranial electrical stimulation decreased phosphorylation of AKT at Thr308 (1 h: -29%, 3 h: -38%; p < 0.05) and mTOR phosphorylation at Ser2448 (1 h: -10%; ns, 3 h: -21%; p < 0.05), both in the anabolic pathway. Phosphorylation of AMPK, ACC and ULK1 were not affected. c-MYC gene expression was unchanged following transcranial electrical stimulation, but rDNA transcription decreased (1 h: -28%, 3 h: -19%; p < 0.05). PGC1α-ex1b mRNA increased (1 h: 2.3-fold, 3 h: 2.6-fold; p < 0.05), which also correlated with vastus lateralis electromyography activity, while other PGC-1α variants were unchanged.

    CONCLUSION: Acute transcranial electrical stimulation of skeletal muscle in weight-bearing healthy individuals did not induce anabolic signalling, and some signs of impaired muscle anabolism were detected, suggesting limited potential in preventing muscle wasting.

  • 28761.
    Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Hellberg, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Melander, Joanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics.
    Why Do Consumers Avoid Certain Brands?: A Study of Brand Avoidance Within the Swedish Cosmetics Industry2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background - As of today, the positive forms of consumer-brand relationships have been intensively researched, whereas its counterpart has attained far less attention. Whilst current literature is focused on increasing positive brand equity, the knowledge of negative brand equity is sparse. When the brand-consumer relationship is negatively affected and the brand equity is unfavourable, rejection of a specific brand, namely brand avoidance might occur. This may affect companies negatively if not managed properly. Therefore, brand avoidance is a phenomenon demanding further research.

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate, and gain a deeper understanding of the underlying reasons of why consumers engage in brand avoidance within the Swedish cosmetics industry for women. 

    Method – In this cross-sectional study with an underlying qualitative and abductive research approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted utilising a convenience sampling approach that also incorporated characteristics of snowball sampling. The participants, 18 Swedish female cosmetics consumers, were interviewed face-to-face or over Skype.

    Findings - This study has validated the main drivers of brand avoidance: Experience-, Identity-, Moral-, Deficit-Value- and Advertising. Furthermore, it confirmed that the reasons for engaging in brand avoidance could be intertwined and are highly individual, making it nearly impossible to generalise. Moreover, four new factors behind brand avoidance were found: Product Attributes, Employee-Brand Relationship, Ethical Concerns and Negative WoM. Lastly, the motive Food Favoritism was found to apply not only to food products, but also to cosmetic products. Finally, the findings resulted in a modified framework of factors behind brand avoidance.

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  • 28762.
    Vong, Amy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Stax, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Uncovering the Motivations for Creating Brand-Related UGC on Instagram: A Study within the Apparel Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The emergence of the Web 2.0 has enabled users to create and distribute content on social media platforms. As consumers depend increasingly on each other when gathering and evaluating information, they are becoming influential on brand activities by producing UGC and eWoM. As this represents a cost-efficient marketing practice for brands, they are seeking ways to leverage the creation of positive brand-related UGC.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to explore motivations for brand-related UGC creation on Instagram in the apparel industry.

    Method

    The study is explorative with a grounded theory inspired research strategy, and an abductive approach. A total of 20 participants were included in semi-structured interviews using IM. The participants, who all had posted brand-related pictures on Instagram, were selected purposely through Instagram itself, and were German or Swedish. Inspired by a grounded theory strategy, data collection and analysis proceeded simultaneously with the aid of a deductively developed preliminary model and a qualitative content analysis method. New insights were found inductively through the interviews, leading to the development and revision of the preliminary model.

    Findings and Conclusion

    The findings demonstrate that motivations for UGC creation are rooted in three dimensions, namely personal, social, and brand-related dimensions, all comprising of several categories of motivations with their respective sub-categories. Remarkably, the brand itself appears to be a greater motivation for UGC creation than previously expected. The results further indicate a strong interconnectivity between the three dimensions.

    Contributions

    This research provides a conceptual framework of motivations for UGC creation. It contributes with knowledge for marketing practitioners, as the model can be used to generate more effective marketing strategies on social media, suggesting them to incorporate the three dimensions of personal, social and brand-related motivations to trigger high levels of consumer engagement in relation with the brand.

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  • 28763.
    Voorbij, Priscilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Handbaek, Filip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Better Together: Co-leadership Dynamics in Start-ups2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although leadership is a topic which has been extensively researched, there is limited literature concerning co-leadership, especially in connection to start-ups. Moreover, as those who are co-leaders in start-ups often also are co-founders and co-owners, it is vital that their co-leadership dynamic is functional as a way of staying in business. Co-leadership is described as a leadership form which has become more commonly used, which further adds urgency of exploring the topic of co-leadership dynamics, and how to make it functional. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore how a functional co-leadership dynamic can be created between leaders who are simultaneously founders and owners of a start-up. Method: This is a qualitative study, for which is used semi-structured interviews to collect data from 11 co-leaders in 10 companies. The transcribed interviews have been used together with secondary data to point out specific elements that have shown to be important for a functional co-leadership dynamic. Both the themes of co-leadership dynamics and the context of entrepreneurship, foundership and ownership were used to find and highlight these elements. The elements have been discussed in the Analysis and are thereafter presented in a model. Conclusion: Six elements have been pointed out as important for a functional co-leadership dynamic: Collaborative Attitude, Shared Values & Vision, Open & Continuous Communication, Synergy, Learning & Personal Growth, and Trust. These elements are interrelated, and Collaborative Attitude, Shared Values & Vision, Synergy and Trust are also connected to the contextual factors.

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  • 28764.
    Vorgianitis, Georgios
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    DETECTION OF EMERGING DISRUPTIVE FIELDS USING ABSTRACTS OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the significant advancementstaking place in the last three decades in the field ofInformation Technology (IT), we are witnesses of an era unprecedented to the standards that mankind was used to, for centuries. Having access to a huge amount of dataalmost instantly,entails certainadvantages. One of which is the ability to observe in which segments of their expertise do scientists focus their research. That kind of knowledge, if properly appraised could hold the key to explaining what the new directions of the applied sciences will be and thus could help to constructing a “map” of the future developments from the Research and Development labs of the industries worldwide.Though the above statement may be considered too “futuristic”, already there have been documented attempts in the literature that have been fruitful into using vast amount of scientific data in an attempt to outline future scientific trends and thus scientific discoveries.The purpose of this research is to try to use a pioneeringmethodof modeling text corpora that already hasbeen used previously to the task of mapping the history of scientific discovery, that of Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA)and try to evaluate itsusability into detecting emerging research trends by the mere use of only the “Abstracts” from a collectionof scientific articles.To do that an experimental set is being utilized and the process is repeated over three experimental runs.The results, although not the ones that would validate the hypothesis, are showing that with certain improvements in the processing the hypothesis could be confirmed.

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  • 28765. Vrabelova, Z
    et al.
    Kolouskova, S
    Böhmova, K
    Karlsson Faresjö, Maria
    Hälsouniversitetet i Linköping.
    Sumnik, Z
    Pechova, M
    Kverka, M
    Chudoba, D
    Zacharovova, K
    Stadlerova, G
    Pithova, P
    Hladikova, M
    Stechova, K
    Protein microarray analysis as a tool for monitoring cellular autoreactivity in type 1 diabetes patients and their relatives2007In: Pediatric Diabetes, ISSN 1399-543X, E-ISSN 1399-5448, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 252-260Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28766.
    Vrablova, Adriana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kalinic, Stjepan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Technology acceptance of IKEA mobile application2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past few years, rapid development of mobile technologies has been changing the way people approach purchasing. Using Technology Acceptance Model (Davis, 1986), the authors believe that IKEA’s furniture mobile application creates a certain value to its users. The study aims at examining the importance of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and compatibility dimensions of IKEA’s app and their impact on consumers’ behavioral intentions to see whether or not they lead to actual purchase.

     

    The thesis findings reveal that IKEA mobile application is not widely used. The results should have been applicable for similar companies as IKEA especially those which promote in-store app usage. However, it is not possible since the thesis contradicts the assumption of broad usage of such mobile application.

     

    The analysis of the surveys releaved gender having a role in IKEA mobile app perception as well as occupation. The analysis is also contributing by a realization that mobile technologies lead to faster decision-making, more information availability, and therefore, can create better marketing communication strategies.

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  • 28767.
    Vrana, Amela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Andersson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Article 43 EC - A Freedom with Limitations?: What Constitutes a "Wholly Artificial Arrangement"?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The freedom of establishment in Articles 43 and 48 EC is a fundamental freedom within the EU meaning that companies are free to set up secondary establishments in any other Member State. The freedom of establishment is an important means to achieve the com-pletion of the internal market and therefore it is important that this freedom is protected. Member States are obliged to legislate in accordance with the objectives of the fundamental freedoms, still Member States are restricting Articles 43 and 48 EC by applying discrimina-tory national legislation regarding direct taxation. In the Cadbury Schweppes judgment from September 2006 the ECJ found the British CFC legislation to be contrary to Community law. The purpose of CFC legislation is to prevent tax avoidance by conferring additional tax upon companies having subsidiaries in low tax states. According to the judgment in Cadbury Schweppes, if the CFC rules are too general in its application they are violating the freedom of establishment. Hence, the CFC legislation must be aimed specifically at “wholly artificial arrangements” aimed at circumventing national tax normally payable. Therefore it is of importance, in the context of applying CFC rules, to clarify the difference between use and abuse of freedom of establishment. It is also important to note that the CFC rules ap-ply even when a subsidiary is established outside the EU.

    The concept of abuse of Community law has been developed through case law and prohib-its companies to improperly use the provisions of Community law in order to circumvent national legislation. Even if an establishment in another State is made to avoid tax in the State of origin, it is not necessarily abuse of the freedom of establishment since companies are allowed to choose to establish subsidiaries in the Member States with least restrictive rules. The ECJ stated that establishing subsidiaries with the sole purpose to benefit from the lower tax regime do not constitute an abuse of the freedom of establishment as long as the subsidiaries pursue genuine economic activity. The criteria for what is regarded as eco-nomic activity has been discussed in both value added tax and direct tax cases. The re-quirements so far is that the subsidiary established has to be physically present in the host State on a durable basis and have staff and equipment to a certain degree. The ECJ has as-sessed the criteria similarly in value added tax and direct tax cases and stated that the activ-ity has to be considered per se and without regard to its purpose or result. The activity also has to be based on objective factors and be ascertainable by third parties.

    The Cadbury Schweppes case is the first case in the area of CFC legislation and the Court has provided little guidance regarding what constitutes a “wholly artificial arrangement”. As a consequence of this judgement some Member States have already changed their CFC legis-lation to comply with Community law. Nevertheless, there are cases pending before the ECJ that are further questioning the application of CFC rules and how to define a “wholly artificial arrangement”. The judgement of these cases may result in more changes in the na-tional legislation of the Member States. The future development of the difference between use and abuse of freedom of establishment is important for the protection of the principle of legal certainty. A clarification of what constitutes a “wholly artificial arrangement” will improve the foreseeability for companies and their cross-border transactions will be more efficient.

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  • 28768.
    Vrang, Sophie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Implementering av evidensbaserad omvårdnad hos fallriskpatienter genom standardiserade omvårdnadsplaner - en fallstudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Presently, falls account for a major national healthcare problem, which apart from the patient’s own suffering, brings costs of about 5 billion SEK annually for municipalities and regions. Research shows that an early risk assessment together with adherence to evidence based actions for fall prevention is necessary to counter this problem. Making standardized nursing care plans (SVP) for patients is in line with the nursing process. Some studies have focused on nurses’ experience and motivation to use SVP, but little research has focused on how the implementation process promote nurses learning process in relation to performance.

     

    Purpose: The aim of the improvement work was to practice evidence based nursing to prevent fall injuries and the purpose of the research was to evaluate the implementation process from a nurse’s learning- and development perspective.

     

    Method: A project group managed the intervention through 8 activities using established quality improvement methods and tools such as the PDSA-wheel and Nolans’ three questions. During a period of 6 months, the journals of 10 random patients records were reviewed two times each month to identify and map risk, implementation and adherence to the SVP. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. To illuminate learning in relation to the implementation process, nine nurses were interviewed,, using directed content analysis as the method. 

     

    Findings: During the period of study, both the portion of early fall risk assessments and created SVP increased. However, adherence cannot yet be seen as an improvement trend. Training, the change manager and a reminder-system were seen as most important during implementation. A simple manual and feedback of results were seen as the least important implementation factors. Time, workload, attitude and a lack of a common vision among the nursing staff were seen as the largest challenges. From a patient perspective, the benefits identified were improved patient safety, “right from the start”, early preventive actions on risk patients, collective awareness and equal care for all patients.

     

    Conclusion: An implementation taking consideration to quality improvement and activities has generated an increase in risk assessments and an increased proportion of fall risk patients with an established SVP containing evidence based nursing actions. However, this study could not verify that the identified actions were carried through. During the period and with the sample of the study, no clear relation between implementation of SVP and a reduction in fall injuries could be proven. The method of interviewing nurses about their learning and development process, prerequisites and experienced effects has provided good insights and knowledge for use in future improvement and implementation work.

     

    Keywords: evidence based nursing, fall prevention, quality improvement, implementation, learning

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  • 28769.
    Vreeburg, Frank
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hesshaus, Daniela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leadership in Born Globals: The Global Leader and their Influence on Individuals2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Globalisation has led to the perception of a “flat” world, meaning that it is fairly easy to cross geographical boundaries and do business in different countries. With globalisation, a new phenomenon arose, termed Born Globals. Born Globals seek international operations from or near their inception. These companies become more and more economically important, and their appearance has increased significantly over the last decades due to economic and technological developments. In this context, global leadership has gained importance, especially competencies such as the global mindset, cultural intelligence, and deutero learning.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse global leadership, specifically cultural intelligence, the global mindset, deutero learning and the development of global leaders, and how it influences the entrepreneurial attitude of individual employees in Born Global Companies. To do so, we have analysed Prezi, a Born Global company, specifically from the employee’s perspective, complementing self-perception leadership research.  

    Method

    We have suggested four propositions, namely that the leader in Born Global Companies has high cultural intelligence, a global mindset, that these characteristics influence the entrepreneurial attitude of the individual, and that human resource management is highly involved in the development of global leaders. These have been tested in a case study strategy with both qualitative and qualitative methods.

    Conclusion

    We confirmed the propositions concerning the cultural intelligence and the global mindset, however we had to reject the propositions concerning the entrepreneurial attitude of the individual, since we could not establish a relationship between the individual entrepreneurial attitude and global leadership characteristics. Our research suggests that a relationship with the global culture in the company is more likely. Finally, the last proposition had to be rejected, because human resource management was not highly involved in developing the global leadership characteristics, but the diversity and culture within the company served as an “informal” intercultural training.

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    Leadership in Born Globals - Hesshaus & Vreeburg
  • 28770.
    Vristel, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Aronsson, Alicia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Platsens betydelse för undervisning.: En fokusgruppstudie om förskollärares uppfattningar kring undervisning på olika platser.2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att utveckla kunskap om vilka föreställningar förskollärare har om platsens betydelse för undervisning. Forskningsfrågorna i studien är: Var väljer förskollärarna att bedriva undervisning? På vilka platser beskriver förskollärarna att den spontana undervisningen sker? Vilka förutsättningar för undervisning menar förskollärarna att platserna ger?

    Datainsamlingen har skett genom tre fokusgruppssamtal, sammanlagt har nio förskollärare deltagit i studien. För att få fram förskollärarnas föreställningar om platsens betydelse för undervisning har vi använt oss av stimulusmaterial. Resultatet i studien visar att planerad undervisning sker på bestämda platser, exempelvis på samlingsmattan. Förskollärarna i studien menar att den spontan undervisningen sker på de platser där nyfikenhet uppstår. Det framgår även i resultatet att olika platser ger barn olika upplevelser, exempelvis skapar platser utomhus fler sinnliga upplevelser. Utifrån studiens resultat är vår slutsats att förskollärarnas inställning till olika platser får inverkan för vilka platser som används vid undervisningen.

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  • 28771.
    Vrotsou, Katerina
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Sci & Technol, Campus Norrkoping, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gunnel
    Stockholm Univ, Fac Social Work, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ellegard, Kajsa
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Themat Studies Technol & Social Change, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Stefansson, Claes-Goran
    Stockholm Univ, Fac Social Work, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Univ Agder, Dept Psychosocial Hlth, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Denhov, Anne
    Stockholm Univ, Fac Social Work, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bulow, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    A time-geographic approach for visualizing the paths of intervention for persons with severe mental illness2017In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 99, no 4, p. 341-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living conditions for persons with severe mental illness (SMI) in Sweden have changed dramatically in recent decades, mainly due to the closure of mental hospitals in the 1990s and the subsequent development of community-based interventions. Thereby, people with SMI have experienced care interventions in various forms, which vary according to how the treatment is institutionally organised over the years. There is, however, a lack of knowledge concerning what “care paths” persons with SMI have undergone in this fragmented institutional landscape. In this article we present a time-geography-inspired visualisation method to address this. A set of 437 persons, first diagnosed with psychosis between 2000-2004, were studied over 10 years with regard to their contact with various care institutions. We constructed time-geographic paths of intervention for these individuals and visualised them at an aggregate level. The initial exploration conducted using the proposed visualisation method showed gender and age differences in some respects, but also that the initial periods after the psychosis diagnoses were similar in terms of in-patient care interventions among men and women. The proposed visualisation method is promising and should be further developed for deeper analysis of long-term individual paths of intervention.

  • 28772.
    Vu, Long
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Phan, Nga
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Truong, Ha
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    E-Customer values in Vietnamese apparel industry: A study from customers' perception2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Key words:         Customer value, value-adding factors, e-commerce, apparel industry, Vietnamese market, customers’ perception. 

    Background:      Along with the development of many applications from Internet, Electronic Commerce (e-commerce) has changed the business scene in the global economy by emerging as a new, efficient channel of doing business. The apparel industry has also been approaching this way of doing business as an attempt to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of operations at various extents. In the Vietnamese market, Ninomaxx being well-known as leading fashion brand for young and proactive people is in the process of launching its very first online shop. However, the lack of information and the vagueness in regard to customers preference and shopping habit in the context of e-commerce leads to many difficulties for fashion companies like Ninomaxx. These lacking can all be traced back to one universal cause that is the insufficiency in understanding customers’ perceived value. Accordingly, it raises the authors’ interests to conduct a research of customers’ perception concerning customer value in Vietnamese apparel industry within the e-commerce context.

    Purpose:             The purpose of this thesis is to identify elements of e-commerce that customers perceive as value-adding factors in the context of Vietnamese apparel industry. Accordingly, thesis will examine how value can be created and enhanced for customers in the case of Ninomaxx and Vietnamese apparel firms in general.

    Method:              In this thesis, authors chose to collect and analyze data mainly through a quantitative approach. Prospective customers of Ninomaxx, whose ages were from 17 to 30, were the surveyed group. A questionnaire was employed to collect response from the group and was distributed in two ways: an online link and offline papers. Various nonparametric statistical techniques and one extensive model were used to analyze results of the survey.

    Conclusion:    From the perception of Vietnamese customers from 17 to 30 years old, there are 5 elements of e-commerce that are identified as very strong value-adding factors, namely, availability of information on the website, accuracy of demonstrating products’ color on website, seller’s ensuring products’ quality, seller’s trustworthiness and safety of using products. There are additionally 11 strong value-adding factors from perception of apparel customers in Vietnam. However, there is evidence of differences in customers’ response regarding their demographic characteristics and Internet usage. Apparel companies should consider accordingly in order to form the optimal strategy for e-commerce retail channel in Vietnam.

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  • 28773.
    Vu, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Konsten att kunna förstå vad du läser: En intervjustudie om hur sex lärare i årskurs F-3 arbetar för att öka läsförståelsen hos flerspråkiga elever2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reading comprehension is an extremely valuable tool that each individual needs when it comes to reading and to understand the meaning of words and to seek and obtain knowledge. Because of the fact that reading comprehension is fundamental for every student to be able to create knowledge and skills in all school-subjects, it is therefore also the key to each student’s success in school. It’s also mentioned in Lgr 11, as an aim for all students by the end of grade 3, that the teaching should result in that all students learn how to read and to understand texts with support from reading strategies. In addition, it appears in a review of national tests in Swedish from the past five years that students with Swedish as a second language continue to obtain a poorer performance in the reading comprehensions sections compared to their peers whose first language is Swedish. Therefore the purpose of this study is to investigate and to describe how six teachers in grades F-3 work in their reading comprehension instructions for multilingual students. To be able to answer the purpose of the study the following research question were formulated:

    • Which specific activities do the teachers chose to work with in their reading comprehension instructions and how to the teachers work with this?
    • Which factors do the teachers believe could have an impact on multilingual students’ development in reading comprehension?

    Overall this is a qualitative interview-study where data has been obtained through semi-structured interviews with six teachers. To be able to interpret, understand and describe the statements from the teachers I have taken inspiration from the hermeneutic interpretation doctrine. The results of this study shows that explicit teaching, conversation and interaction and also the use of figures linked to reading strategies are advantageous for multilingual students. Furthermore, results indicate that work with vocabulary instructions and different reading activities are favorable for multilingual students’ reading comprehension skills. Other factors that have been highlighted in the results are multilingual students’ skills in their native language, their socio-economic background and traditions at home.

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  • 28774.
    Vu, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Mati, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Språkutveckling hos flerspråkiga elever: Faktorer som kan främja språkutvecklingen2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människans främsta redskap för att kunna lära, tänka och kommunicera är språket. Läroplanen för grundskolan (Skolverket, 2011b) betonar därför att alla elever genom skolundervisningen ska ges förutsättningar till att utveckla kunskaper i och om det svenska språket. Utgångspunkten för denna studie är inspirerad av Skolinspektionens granskning (2010) och rapporter från Skolverket (2006; 2011c) som tyder på att flerspråkiga elever forsätter att uppnå sämre skolresultat jämfört med elever som har svenska som sitt modersmål. Orsaken till skillnaderna i skolresultaten anses vara individernas kunskaper i det svenska språket. Syftet med studien är därför att belysa faktorer i svenskundervisningen som kan gynna språkutvecklingen för flerspråkiga elever. Frågeställningarna som studien har utgått ifrån är följande:

     

    • Hur påverkar modersmålet en elevs språkutveckling i ett andraspråk?
    • På vilka sätt kan läraren påverka språkutvecklingen hos flerspråkiga elever?

     

    Metoden för denna litteraturstudie har bestått av en informationssökning följt av en materialanalys. Det analyserade materialet utgörs av sju vetenskapliga artiklar, tre forskningsöversikter, två kapitel ur en antologi och tre forskningsrapporter. Studiens framtagna resultat visar att lärarens kunskap om flerspråkighet är betydelsefull för en gynnande språkutvecklande undervisning. Andra faktorer som har belysts i studien är hur kunskaper i modersmålet är avgörande vid andraspråksinlärning. Samtal och interaktion samt språklig stöttning är andra faktorer som har en betydande roll för en positiv språkutveckling hos flerspråkiga elever.

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  • 28775.
    Vu, Trang
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Åstrand, Christine
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Förbättringsförslag till inrikes vägtransporter hos Draka Kabel Sverige AB2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Logistik handlar om att skapa effektiva materialflöden. Distribution är den del av logistikflödet som har stor betydelse för företags konkurrensförmåga och lönsamhet. Hur företag väljer att distribueras sina tjänster eller produkter har en stor påverkan på deras transportkostnader och leveransservice.

     

    Hos Draka Kabel Sverige AB finns i nuläget ingen uttalad leveransstrategi gällande uppbokning av inrikestransporter, utan detta sker efter kundönskemål. Detta leder till många små leveranser som resulterar i högre transportkostnader och ostrukturerade arbetsrutiner. I dagsläget samarbetar Draka Kabel Sverige AB med en speditör, Höglands Logistik AB, och all inrikes vägtransport sker med speditören. Kontraktet med speditören löper ut sommaren 2012 och Draka Kabel Sverige AB finner nu ett intresse att fokusera på om det finns möjligheter att sänka kostnaderna vid kommande speditörupphandling genom förbättringar i leveransprocessen. Syftet med detta examensarbete är att minimera inrikestransportkostnaderna med bibehållna servicenivåer genom att ta fram ett underlag som ska kunna användas till den kommande fraktupphandlingen.

     

    För att uppnå syftet har en detaljerad undersökning och en kartläggning av företagets inrikes leveranser genomförts och som använts för att illustrera det nuvarande upplägget. Detta har skett med hjälp av intervjuer, observationer och dokumentinsamling.  I nulägesbeskrivningen framkommer att företagets produkter kan delas in i två separata flöden - trummor och pallgods. Det som skiljer dem åt är lagerplaceringen och hur de emballeras och hanteras vid transportuppbokning. Genom att kartlägga kundorderprocessen identifierades två olika möjligheter till att skapa effektivare leveranser. Den första möjligheten handlar om att införa fasta leveransdagar för kunden med hjälp av en geografisk regionindelning som bygger på utlevererade volymer till kund. Detta skulle medföra en ökad möjlighet till konsolidering av det egna godset, innan transport bokas hos speditör. De positiva effekterna som kan urskiljas är att företaget får en mer strukturerad orderprocess, en förbättrad planering för transportuppbokningen och en ökad leveransprecision till kunden. Den andra möjligheten handlar om att identifiera alternativa speditörer som kan erbjuda Draka Kabel Sverige AB sina transporttjänster. Genom att studera godsets utseende kunde ett separatflöde som handlar om gods upp till 35 kg identifieras. Genom att sedan studera de olika speditörernas marknadssegment kunde en alternativ speditör urskiljas, Posten Logistik AB, som är nischade inom paketgods. Om Draka Kabel Sverige AB skulle använda sig av Posten Logistik AB som en ny speditör skulle detta innebära minskade kostnader vid emballering, en möjlighet till att kunna spåra sitt gods under transport samt en försäkran om bibehållen leveransprecision och leveranstid.

     

    Avslutningsvis anser vi att företaget ska arbeta med fasta leveransdagar till kund grundade på geografiska regioner och använda sig av dessa för att förhandla transporterna region för region. Vi anser även att kabelemballeringen bör ses över och alternativa lösningar användas. 

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  • 28776.
    Vuckic, Asmir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Cosic, Renato
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Design Of A General Customer Segmentation Process2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To examine how the process of customer segmentation can be designed, and which variables to consider to offer an appropriate customer service. To achieve this purpose the following questions will be answered:

    1. Which variables should be included in customer segmentation?

    2. How can a customer segmentation process be designed?

    Method – A general process was designed. The process has been developed through qualitative research based on literature review and interviews conducted in a case study. During the literature review the authors sought for theories on the subject in order to answer the research questions. This was later compared to the empirical evidence collected from the case study.

    Findings – The designed process contains seven dimensions with related variables. During the study the variables were evaluated concerning their impact on the situation. Only variables that had a high influence on the situation were implemented in the process. The study showed that that there are various approaches towards performing customer segmentation. When designing a customer segmentation process, it is of high importance to know which variables suit the organizations line of business and how they affect the outcome.

    Research limitations – The thesis is restricted into designing a customer segmentation process, the process will therefore not be applied on the case company during the case study. The process can still be generalized and usable for companies with similar distribution setup. Further research could strive to include other variables.

    Implications – The designed process assists in the decision-making situation regarding customer segmentation. By balancing the variables it enables a basis for customer service offering. These variables take the requested generalization in consideration.

    Originality/value – The customer segmentation process presented in this thesis is, as far as the authors know, the first in its kind with its layout. The variables could be used in other segmentation processes as well which show a high grade of generalization. What is unique with the designed process in this thesis is that it contains a mixture of two well proven customer segmentation theories namely, Kotler’s (2009) Bottom-Up-Approach and Weinstein’s (2004) B2B Market Segmentation.

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    Bachelor Thesis Work. Cosic & Vuckic.
  • 28777.
    Vujic, Mihailo
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/East, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Annika
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/East, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Romanus, Bertil
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/East, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Jan
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/East, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Martinsson, Tommy
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/East, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hereditary multiple and isolated sporadic exostoses in the same kindred: identification of the causative gene (EXT2) and detection of a new mutation, nt112delAT, that distinguishes the two phenotypes.2004In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, ISSN 1107-3756, E-ISSN 1791-244X, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 47-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is a well known autosomal dominant hereditary orthopedic disorder. Isolated exostoses, on the other hand, occur as sporadic events or as secondary post-traumatic sequel. The occurrence of solitary exostoses in individuals from pedigrees affected with HME may distort conclusions about carrier status and/or diagnosis. Both conditions are potentially malignant and both are associated with genetic alterations in either EXT1 or EXT2 genes. In this study, we present a seven-generation family from western Sweden consisting of 170 blood relatives, 38 of whom had multiple cartilaginous exostoses, while 8 had isolated exostoses. Linkage analysis aimed to discern one of the known EXT genes demonstrated linkage of the HME phenotype to the EXT2 gene. Subsequent mutation analysis revealed a novel mutation, nt112delAT, in this gene. All carriers of the detected mutation had multiple exostoses, indicating full penetrance. None of the pedigree members with isolated exostoses were carriers of the detected mutation. Two of the mutation carriers developed chondrosarcoma yielding a 5.2% risk of malignant development for this mutation. The detection of this mutation has enabled us to provide appropriate genetic counseling concerning this complex situation.

  • 28778.
    Vujisic, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Avila, Catalina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Svenska filmer: En spegelbild av det svenska samhället?: En kvalitativ studie om framställning av minoritetsgrupper.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the portrayal of minority groups shown in swedish films. The chosen objects are En underbar jävla jul (2015) and Sällskapsresan 2 (1985). The purpose of the study is to analyze how minority groups are represented in a forum whose main desire is to entertain rather than inform and to examine what occurs when different structures of authorities collide. The study’s main ambition is to illuminate and exposure this phenomenon. The study will apply discursive psychology as its method and theory along with intersectionality. The reason behind is solely to help us get a better understanding and deepen our knowledge. The combination of the aforementioned theories will provide a unique outlook for the analysis. All material collected from the films were at first hand transcribed and later analyzed. The analyses was divided into four different themes; gender roles and sexuality, class, politics and ethnicity. The four themes will contribute the answers of the study’s main questions. The results concluded that minority groups were often given stereotypic features as well as being given little to no exposure in films. However the results also showed that swedish movies are evolving and is being more open to discuss and display what once was considered prohibited subjects.

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  • 28779.
    Vukalić, Alen
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Challenges of being employed and having a bipolar disorder: A scoping review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Work is an important part of working individuals’ life and is an occupation to some people. A number of issues may need to be considered to support people with bipolar disorder in their workplace.

    Objectives: Purpose of this study was to explore experiences people with bipolar disorder have at work and challenges they face.

    Methods: A scoping review was undertaken across multiple databases to capture a broad range of literature.

    Results: Results revealed the role work has in identity and recovery of people with BD.  Importance of balance and flexible working hours, potential effect of BD symptoms on work output and the lack of work continuity were identified. Various helpful strategies were reported by many individuals with BD. Potential disclosure is a challenge individuals with BD may face at work.

    Conclusion

    Potential disclosure and the consequences, particularly for work, were identified as important to BD individuals. Individual Placement and Support model may present a useful intervention model methods are consistent with strategies reported by BD individuals. This area is important to occupational therapists considering that one of their competencies is enabling participation in occupation. Limitations and potential bias are acknowledged.

    Keywords: bipolar disorder, work, occupational therapy.

  • 28780.
    Vulic, Manuela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Law.
    Ekonomisk verksamhet: En analys av det mervärdesskatterättsliga begreppet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna uppsats är att analysera begreppet ekonomisk verksamhet i mervärdesskattehänseende och att utreda vid vilken grad av aktivitet en sådan verksamhet uppkommer samt vilka objektiva omständigheter som kännetecknar begreppet .

    Ekonomisk verksamhet är ett av de mest grundläggande begreppen inom mervärdesskatteområdet och mervärdesskattedirektivet. Begreppet är av väsentlig betydelse vid bedömningen av huruvida någon utgör en beskattningsbar person och ska vara underkastad mervärdesbeskattning. Definitionen återfinns i artikel 9 i mervärdesskattedirektivet. Med ekonomisk verksamhet  avses sådan verksamhet som bedrivs av en producent, en handlare eller en tjänsteleverantör. Här inbegrips både gruvdrift och jordbruksverksamhet samt verksamheter inom fria och därmed likställda yrken. Vidare definieras ekonomisk verksamhet som utnyttjande av materiella eller immateriella tillgångar i avsikt att fortlöpande vinna intäkter. 

    Begreppet infördes inom svensk rätt först år 2013 som en följd av Europeiska kommissionens fördragsbrottsförfarande mot Sverige som inleddes den 27 juni 2008. I samband med detta fick den svenska lagstiftningen samma lydelse som mervärdesskattedirektivet.

    Av praxis från Europeiska Unionens domstol framgår det att begreppet ekonomisk verksamhet ska ges en vid tolkning. Avsikten att bedriva en ekonomisk verksamhet ska styrkas med objektiva omständigheter. Det är upp till de nationella myndigheterna och domstolarna att i varje enskilt fall bedöma alla relevanta och objektiva fakta, såsom anskaffade tillgångar, ingångna avtal, antalet kunder och intäkternas belopp. Bedömningen ska göras oberoende av verksamhetens syfte och resultat. Vid bedömningen ska de svenska domstolarna utgå från mervärdesskattedirektivet och den rättspraxis från Europeiska Unionen som finns. Då förutsättningarna i de enskilda fallen sällan är de samma är den rättspraxis och direktiv från Europeiska Unionen som finns inte tillräckligt för att utgöra en grund som säkerställer att begreppet ekonomisk verksamhet tolkas enhetligt i medlemsstaterna.

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  • 28781.
    Vuniq, Valentina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Kadic, Maida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Bengtsson, Medeleine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Customer Satisfaction Online Banking2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Bachelor Thesis
  • 28782.
    Vuorinen, Kim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Quality Management in Offshore Construction Project2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies have a need to internationalize and locate all over the world to gain advantages against competition. However, when companies internationalize, they face difficulties. One of the major difficulties is how they can reach the same high quality around the world in their business facilities. Over one third of all construction projects reporting major defects. The purpose of this thesis is to research how companies implement Quality Management in offshore construction projects, what are the common challenges related to the subject and how to overcome these challenges.

    The theoretical framework for the study is gathered from academic literature. The thesis uses a qualitative research approach. The primary data is gathered through interviews and observations that are conducted on an offshore construction site.

    The case study in this thesis researches how a multinational company handles Quality Management in an offshore construction project.  The company’s Quality Management guidelines and practices have been established in Europe, whereas the location and context of this study is in Southeast-Asia. The difference in business context and cultures causes additional challenges in implementing Quality Management in the project. After analyzing the data, the company’s Quality Management practices are compared to suggested practices in the academic literature. These suggestions can be valid for other multinational companies that are expanding to different continents.

    The results show that when companies do offshoring decisions, relationship quality with contractors and partnership credibility should be central attributes, even if it means doing business with higher priced companies. Many companies do not focus enough on the quality aspect in the contractor tendering phase. Instead they tend to base decisions solely on cost and speed even though bad quality work results in increased costs and delays in construction projects.

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  • 28783.
    Vuorinen, Miika
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Julkunen, Valtteri
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Spulber, Gabriela
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Niskanen, Eini
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Paajanen, Teemu
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Soininen, Hilkka
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Kivipelto, Miia
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Solomon, Alina
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Changes in vascular factors 28 years from midlife and late-life cortical thickness2013In: Neurobiology of Aging, ISSN 0197-4580, E-ISSN 1558-1497, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 100-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed midlife blood pressure (BP), body mass index, total cholesterol, and their changes over time in relation to cortical thickness on magnetic resonance imaging 28 years later in 63 elderly at risk of dementia. Participants in the population-based Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Dementia study were first examined at midlife. A first follow-up was conducted after 21 years, and a second follow-up after an additional 7 years. Magnetic resonance images from the second follow-up were analyzed using algorithms developed at McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Midlife hypertension was related to thinner cortex in several brain areas, including insular, frontal, and temporal cortices. In elderly with thinner insular cortex, there was a continuous decline in systolic BP and an increase in pulse pressure after midlife, while in elderly with thicker insular cortex the decline in systolic BP started at older ages, paralleled by a decline in pulse pressure. No associations were found between body mass index, cholesterol, or apolipoprotein E ε4 allele and cortical thickness in this group of elderly at risk individuals.

  • 28784.
    Värme, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Wirström, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Temperaturpåverkan på lymfocyters stabilitet i helblod taget i TransFix/EDTA-rör2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Flow cytometric analysis of lymphocyte subset is performed on whole blood, collected in EDTA vacutainer, requires analysis to be performed within 48 h, to prevent cellular degradation and to achieve reliable results. The short preservation of whole blood in EDTA vacutainer makes them not suitable as a laboratory quality control, because they are expensive. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if frozen and thawed blood samples, collected in TransFix/EDTA, can be analysed with flow cytometry without affecting the lymphocyte profile. The purpose of this study was also to evaluate which concentration of TransFix/EDTA vacutainer tube is most suitable for analysis. Blood samples were collected in two vacutainer tubes, concentration 1:5 and 1:10, from twelve blood donors and then stored in -80°C. The samples were then thawed ten times during a six-week period and analysed with flow cytometry. The result was compared to the result from the first analysis on room temperature samples that was performed within 6 h of veinpuncture collection. Some differences were observed in the concentration of CD45+ lymphocytes, but the percentage of lymphocyte subpopulations maintained stable in blood samples that was stored in -80°C when analysed with flow cytometry. The study showed that TransFix/EDTA vaccutainer tube with the low concentration 1:10 of cell preservative solutions shows better results on samples stored in -80°C.

  • 28785.
    Västfält, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Erll, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    A Dynamic Resource Allocation Framework for IT Consultancies2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master thesis provides a framework for analysis of the resource planning and allocation processes within an IT consultant firm. The aim is, to identify information, which can be reflected in an information system.

    The framework has been developed using multi-grounded theory method, considering theories from the areas of information systems design, project business performance, enterprise planning, and project planning. Based on a main process view and hypothesized information requirements, the dynamic processes of sales, project resource planning, miscellaneous activity planning, project portfolio planning, resource allocation and general management are discussed, along with their underlying concepts.

    A case study has been conducted, to test the validity of the framework and to evaluate its applicability. The findings are compared and contrasted to our frame of reference during analysis. From a reflection on the analysis, changes are proposed to the firm under study, as well as our framework.

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  • 28786. Vågsholm, Ivar
    et al.
    Viske, Diana
    Hansen, Fredrik
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Road map of the Swedish salmonella Control program 20072010In: Proceedings of the International symposium Salmonella and Salmonellosis, 28-30 June, 2010, Saint Malo, France, 2010, p. 421-424Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28787.
    Væver Kronborg, Katja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Stockholm Terror Attack 2017: How Domestic and International Online News Media Framed the Act and Empowered Involved Actors2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this comparative study has been to identify similarities and differences in Swedish and British media’s framing and empowerment of actors in relation to the 2017 Stockholm terror attack. Theories on the risk society, framing, power and CDA have been used to create a framework that gives a deeper understanding of media’s role in framing actors and events, and how this can potentially affect the public. Moreover, to determine how media use their power to dis- tribute power among the actors and objects that are part of such an attack.

    A critical discourse analysis has been carried out on excerpts from a total of 15 articles, seven and six from Sweden and Britain respectively. In this analysis, both framing and power issues were identified, which was used to conduct a discussion on the findings in relation to the the- oretical framework used.

    It was found that while Sweden and Britain are part of the same culture and therefore largely covered the terror attack the same way, there was a significant difference in the portrayal of the perpetrator. Swedish media had a tendency to use othering and describe the perpetrator as one of “them” as opposed to the “we”. British media, on the other hand, made use of other- ing as well, but would also offer descriptions that could make the “we” relate to him. This difference can potentially be due to the fact that Swedes have been more emotional about the attack, as it happened in their own country.

    The distribution of power between actors were done similarly in both countries. Two power- plays were identified: the police vs. the perpetrator, and the act (the truck) vs. the public. In order to avoid giving the perpetrator credit for the act, when the act was portrayed, the truck would be described as the powerful actor. Thus, even though it is common sense that the truck did not drive into people on itself, the perpetrator’s actions has not been acknowledged in the media. Instead, when describing the perpetrator, it has been done in relation to the police, who were described as the powerful actors – they caught the perpetrator, i.e. he did not have the power to avoid them or escape.

    Thus, while Swedish and British media largely have covered the act the same way and with the same means, the Swedish media have used emotional means to further othering.

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  • 28788.
    Væver Kronborg, Katja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Transparency on Corporate Websites and Social Media During Crises: A Rhetorical and Semiotic Analysis on the Rhetorical Constructions of Transparency Online2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper is examining how corporations can create a rhetorical construction of transparency on digital platforms in order to make their communication appear transparent during a crisis. Crisis communication theory and theories of rhetoric and transparency have been used in order to analyse the crises situations and the linguistic means used in crisis related messages. By using the methods of semiotics and digital rhetoric, an analytical framework was developed to be able to analyse the level of both the rhetorical construction of transparency as well as the actual transparency by identifying what information has been disclosed and what has been withheld.

    The two companies used for the analysis were Toyota and Samsung, who both experienced a crisis in 2016. It was found that the two companies used different strategies in their crisis communication, in which Toyota came across as the best prepared corporation in times of crises due to a clearer reaction, which was not changed. Both corporations managed to construct a level of transparency through their use of language, however, some information was found to have been withheld, causing the actual transparency to be of a lower degree than the constructed transparency. Thus, by using language in certain ways, corporations are able to convince their stakeholders that they are transparent while being able to withhold different information that could prove valuable to some groups of stakeholders. 

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  • 28789.
    Wachauf-Tautermann, Sebastian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Weichert, Stefanie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Impact of External Situational Factors on the Agility of Humanitarian Supply Chains: A Case Study of Haiti Earthquake 20102015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Developing, emerging and developed countries are vulnerable to disasters and might require external assistance to cope with their aftermaths. It is forecasted that disasters will increase five-fold over the next 50 years. In an environment, which is characterized by many uncertainties, humanitarian supply chains are created to provide disaster relief in a highly complex and dynamic setting. This environment is unique for every disaster, where infrastructure, government, physical, socio-economic and security situational factors can either facilitate or restrict humanitarian operations. Agile supply chain principles enable humanitarian organizations to quickly respond to disasters.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore and analyze the impact of external situational factors on the agility of humanitarian supply chains and humanitarian organizations’ actions taken to address those external situational factors during the immediate response phase of an emergency event.

    Methodology

    For the purpose of this study a combination of an inductive and deductive research approach was applied. The study was of exploratory and qualitative nature with a single case study in its focus. Empirical data was collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with nine respondents involved in the disaster relief operations of Haiti Earthquake 2010. Empirical findings were analyzed by using the template analysis.

    Conclusion

    External situational factors have a strong impact on capabilities enabling humanitarian supply chains to be agile during the immediate response phase. Humanitarian organizations are able to reduce the negative impact of external situational factors while in other cases the negative impact of external situational factors is further intensified by actions taken by humanitarian organizations. Furthermore, humanitarian organizations are able to utilize and enhance some of the positive impacts of external situational factors. However, the initially positive impact of some external situational factors may be reduced by inappropriate actions taken by humanitarian organizations. Therefore, understanding the context of the disaster’s broader environment is a prerequisite to an effective emergency response. 

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  • 28790.
    Wackenstedt, Therese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Beloppsspärren i 40 kap. IL: - en kritisk analys2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28791.
    Wadbring, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagerström, Ann
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Särskilt yttrande2013In: SOU 2013:66 Översyn av det statliga stödet till dagspressen: Slutbetänkande av Presstödskommittén, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2013, p. 451-454Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28792.
    Wadekar, Pooja
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Division of Machine Design, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gopinath, Varun
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Division of Machine Design, Linköping, Sweden.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Division of Machine Design, Linköping, Sweden.
    Safe Layout Design and Evaluation of a Human-Robot Collaborative Application Cell through Risk Assessment - A Computer Aided Approach2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 602-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk assessment is a sequential process which requires understanding the hazards and analyzing risks associated, to determine required safety measures, like safeguarding to mitigate the risks to an acceptable level. In this article a thorough task-based risk assessment process is conducted in the early stage of layout design and building of a collaborative cell for sealing application performed in aircraft industries using a medium sized industrial robot system integrated with safety control functions. This article will also discuss how simulation could contribute in eliminating the threats as required by the safety standards before investing in equipment for collaborative cell layout.

  • 28793.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Ethical values in personal assistance: narratives of people with disabilities2009In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 759-774Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of persons with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes, the focus being on their daily life in relation to the ethical principles represented in the Swedish Disability Act: autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were performed with 26 persons and thereafter subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The experiences of personal assistance were very much in accordance with the said principles, the most important factor being that one is met with understanding. The participants described situations in which their integrity was violated in that they were not treated as competent adults. This indicates the importance of future efforts in nursing to support personal assistants with ethical knowledge and supervision so that they can empower people with disabilities and thereby enable them to maintain their self-esteem and dignity.

  • 28794.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    The struggle for dignity by people with severe functional disabilities2009In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 453-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what strategies people with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes use in their daily life to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were carried out and subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The main finding was expressed in terms of six subthemes: trying to keep a private sphere; striving to communicate; searching for possibilities; taking the initiative; striving to gain insight; and using one's temperament. These generated the overall theme: maintaining dignity in close relationships. This study contributes an understanding of the strategies used by people who are dependent on personal assistance. Future efforts in nursing must focus on supporting personal assistants with ethical knowledge and guidance in order that people with severe functional disabilities are empowered to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation in their daily lives.

  • 28795.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Växjö universitet.
    Silén, Marit
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Tang, Ping Fen
    Kunming Medical College.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    A cross-cultural comparison of nurses' ethical concerns2008In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 15, no 6, p. 745-760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The aim of this study was to compare Swedish and Chinese nurses' experiences of ethical dilemmas and workplace distress in order to deepen understanding of the challenges neuroscience nurses encounter in different cultures. Qualitative interviews from two previously performed empirical studies in Sweden and China were the basis of this comparative study. Four common content areas were identified in both studies: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The themes formulated within each content area were compared and synthesized into novel constellations by means of aggregated concept analysis. Despite wide differences in the two health care systems, the nurse participants had similar experiences with regard to work stress and a demanding work situation. They were struggling with similar ethical dilemmas, which concerned seriously ill patients and the possibilities of providing good care. This indicates the importance of providing nurses with the tools to influence their own work situation and thereby reducing their work-related stress.

     

  • 28796.
    wadman, christoffer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Videfors, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Jämförande studie av lackpenselns form i förhållande till målarens ergonomi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A comparative study on existing shafts of the paint brush has been carried out within this thesis project. The comparative analysis was performed regarding ergonomics and how the design of the shaft in terms of shape affects the user. By looking at several shafts with different designs, product design can be linked to the user and increase the possibilities for a good working environment through a better tool. A central part of the work is the case study conducted to investigate the target audience using brushes for everyday use, namely the painters. The painters’ grip and movement pattern could be mapped through observation. Movement patterns were analysed in relation to the different shapes on the brushes to study possible relationships between shape and ergonomics. The observation was followed by an evaluation where the painters evaluated the shapes of different brush shafts. The evaluation was carried out by the painters, who were to estimate the different brush shafts as better, equal or worse than the study's reference object. In this way, the subjective experience of the painters could be captured. In order to verify the observed results and to supplement the study with objective measurements, an experiment was also conducted in a movement laboratory. Through the experimental study, differences in the movements of the painter and the amount of muscle activity in the use of the various forms could be recorded. The conclusion reached by the study is that the movement pattern of the painters, in terms of ergonomics, is not affected by the shape of the brush shaft. This is proven by the results from both the observation and the measurements that were made during the motion analysis. Some variation could be seen in the motion analysis, but these deviations were so small that no direct conclusions could be drawn. Neither could the study prove any major differences in the amount of muscle activity between the different forms of the brushes. It may be possible to assume that the muscle of the thumb was activated somewhat more when using one of the brushes. However, this result is uncertain and must be investigated and analysed more thoroughly before any conclusion can be drawn. Regarding the painters’ grips, the observation in the study gave clear answers. Roughly 90% of the time, the painters choose to use the thumb grip when handling the paintbrushes. Despite this lack of difference in both measurement data and observation, the painters themselves felt that the different shapes provided different conditions for better or worse ergonomics. This shows that there is a difference and that the painters themselves can more easily describe this difference than technology or an observer can. One of the brush shafts included in the study was estimated by all painters in the focus group as better than the reference object. Two other brush shafts in the study were estimated, by four out of five painters, to also be better than the reference object. The conclusion is therefore that three of the types of bush shaft studied excels and are appreciated more based on ergonomic aspects of the study´s focus group. However, before the results can be generalized, a more extensive study needs to be carried out on a larger focus group.

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  • 28797.
    Wadskog, Ingrid
    Jönköping University.
    Functional studies of the Sro yeast homologues of the Drosophila lethal (2) giant larvae tumor suppressor genes2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 28798.
    Wadskog, Ingrid
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Chemical Engineering.
    Forsmark, Annabelle
    Rossi, Guendalina
    Konopka, Catherine
    Oyen, Mattias
    Goksör, Mattias
    Ronne, Hans
    Brennwald, Patrick
    Adler, Lennart
    The yeast tumor suppressor homologue Sro7p is required for targeting of the sodium pumping ATPase to the cell surface2006In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 17, no 12, p. 4988-5003Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28799.
    Wadskog, Ingrid
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Chemical Engineering.
    Maldener, Corinna
    Proksch, Astrid
    Madeo, Frank
    Adler, Lennart
    Yeast lacking the SRO7/SOP1-encoded tumor suppressor homologue show increased susceptibility to apoptosis-like cell death on exposure to NaCl stress.2004In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 1436-1444Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28800.
    Waerland, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Zetterholm, Björn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos flerspråkiga elever2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senare åren har skolvärlden förändrats angående språksituationen i Sverige. Migrationen ökar hela tiden och Sverige blir mer ett mångkulturellt land. För lärare blir uppdraget mer komplext när det gäller att identifiera ifall en flerspråkig elev har läs- och skrivsvårigheter än en enspråkig elev. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att undersöka forskning som behandlar undervisning och utveckling för flerspråkiga elever som har läs- och skrivsvårigheter i åldrarna 6-15 år. Frågeställningarna som resultatet ska svara på är följande:

    1. Hur identifieras läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos flerspråkiga?
    2. Vilka faktorer ska tas hänsyn till vid bedömning av flerspråkiga elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter?

    Litteraturstudien utgår ifrån är nationell och internationell forskning som undersökts efter våra kriterier för inklusion. Genom sex olika vetenskapliga artiklar sammanställs ett resultat. Ett genomgående resultat de flesta vetenskapliga artiklarna visade är att genom utvärdering av flerspråkiga elevers fonologiska medvetenhet med hjälp av fonologiska tester på majoritetsspråket och andraspråket underlättas identifieringen av läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Ett annat resultat visar hur viktigt det är att läraren tar hänsyn till elevens perspektiv, det vill säga elevens sociala och språkliga bakgrund och hur mycket eleven har blivit exponerad för majoritetsspråket. Det visar även att en lärare inte ska arbeta själv med detta uppdrag utan ta hjälp av alla sina kollegor som specialpedagoger, modersmålslärare och även vanliga lärare då alla resultat visar att det är komplext att identifiera och bedöma ifall en flerspråkig elev har läs- och skrivsvårigheter. 

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