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  • 28651.
    Yarashynskaya, Aksana
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The Development of ICT Industry in Belarus: Impact of Educational and State-Support Policies2018In: Technology Entrepreneurship: Insights In New Technology-Based Firms, Research Spin-Offs And Corporate Environments / [ed] André Presse & Orestis Terzidis, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 201-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Chapter is focused on the analysis of the educational and state-support policies as the main drivers of the successful development of ICT sector in Belarus. It contributes to the existing literature on ICT ventures development in Central and Eastern European countries in general and on ICT industry in Belarus in particular. The research is mainly targeted to the academic audience (students and faculty), although the practitioners (VC and businesses looking for the offshore outsourcing destinations) could gain some useful insights from this research, as well.

  • 28652.
    YARGOVAN, SERTAN
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Transformation of administration into e-government: From municipality to e-municipality in İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality in Turkey2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, citizens are government-related jobs, more quickly and are being carried out in a systematic way of e-government, began to implement a rebuke to all the countries of the world. According to the level of development of countries, this transition moving forward fast or slow.

    To create the infrastructure of e-government, huge investments need to be made financially. For this reason, e-government applications in each country with the same speed and the same advanced infrastructure take place.

    E-government, E-municipality in itself e-finance and so on divided into subtypes. In this species, e-municipalities have an important place. Municipalities with the basic element of urban life, is extremely important to provide services in the form of e-government. Transparency is fundamental to increasing confidence in the local government and citizen-municipal applications, and the city moving forward on more regular jobs.

    Turkey is a country that has the category of developing countries. The transition to e-government applications is still in the country, are carried out for E-municipal applications. Country, city divided into units called local government services is realized. Municipalities and cities with population over a certain number of other provinces administered in the form of the Municipality. Municipalities depend on the central government.

    Istanbul is the most populous province in Turkey.  For this reason, many municipalities in the country to the other applications that are running in this city are a pioneer. E-municipality application is one of the applications of this type. Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, e-municipal applications continues to transition. It has continued to work on infrastructure and related units. A portion of the system works. E- Municipalities applications Istanbul's city hall, the municipal authorities, as well as their approach citizens wary of e-municipality system. However, many began to carry out transactions in the virtual environment.

  • 28653.
    Yazdani, Farzaneh
    et al.
    Oxford Brookes University.
    Stringer, Amy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Occupational Therapists’ Reflections On Transferring Their Learning From A Therapeutic Relationships Workshop Into Practice2019In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 82, no 8, SI, p. 126-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research aim: The aim was to explore the experience of practising occupational therapists in transferring their learning from the Mindful Therapeutic Relationship (MTR) workshop into their own clinical practice. The workshop was developed based on the Intentional Relationship Model (Taylor 2008) and focuses on therapists being aware and mindful of the therapeutic relationship processes that occur during and after intervention.

    Research design: Thirteen occupational therapists participated in the workshop and subsequently completed between one and four reflection notes. These notes were subjected to a qualitative thematic analysis.

    Research method: Participants of the workshop were asked to write a weekly reflection for a period of four–six weeks to submit to the researcher. Thematic analysis strategies (Guest et al 2012) were used.

    Results: The findings were organised into three themes: therapeutic relationship reasoning, barriers to implementing the current learning and facilitators of transferring theory into practice.

    Conclusions: The therapists value learning and practising strategies that can support therapeutic relationships. Reflection skills seem essential for establishing and developing therapeutic relationships; such skills may need to be facilitated by the work environment.

  • 28654.
    Yañez, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Portilla, Iñigo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Claw, Christopher
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Marketing Investment Effectiveness of Small Clothing Firms in Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is proven difficult to provide evidence for the financial benefit of marketing operations within firms and marketing is the last organizational function to achieve an adopted quantitative method to track and measure its effectiveness. As a result, demands for marketing to provide accountability for its inputs toward firm performance have increased over the past decade and there are an increasing amount of methods looking to measure its contributions.

     

    Problem: Small businesses need to invest financial resources in marketing in order to increase their market share and sales. However, marketing’s value to the firm as an organizational function often goes undervalued. Additionally, small businesses commonly lack the marketing experience and knowledge required in order to make more profitable marketing investment decisions.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to research how much marketing investment influences the profit/sales effectiveness of small business within the clothing sector in Sweden.

     

    Method: The study was conducted using a quantitative research method, through the analysis of 23 small businesses in clothes retailing industry located in Sweden. The data was collected through the firms’ annual reports and telephone surveys with firm managers. This information was processed using a relevant marketing effectiveness model in combination with regression and correlation analyses. Empirical findings were analyzed using theories relevant to pursuing the purpose.

     

    Conclusion: Based on the findings the study concludes that there is evidence for a positive relationship between a firm's marketing investments and sales, as well as between the effectiveness of its marketing activities and it’s incremental revenue. This provides evidence for marketing investments contributing to the economic effectiveness of the firm and that the firms marketing effectiveness contributes to overall financial growth

  • 28655.
    Yedeg, Esubalewe Lakie
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Wadbro, Eddie
    Umeå University.
    Hansbo, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Simulation and Optimization.
    Larson, Mats G.
    Umeå University.
    Berggren, Martin
    Umeå University.
    A Nitsche-type method for Helmholtz equation with an embedded acoustically permeable interface2016In: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, ISSN 0045-7825, E-ISSN 1879-2138, Vol. 304, p. 479-500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a new finite element method for Helmholtz equation in the situation where an acoustically permeable interface is embedded in the computational domain. A variant of Nitsche’s method, different from the standard one, weakly enforces the impedance conditions for transmission through the interface. As opposed to a standard finite-element discretization of the problem, our method seamlessly handles a complex-valued impedance function Z that is allowed to vanish. In the case of a vanishing impedance, the proposed method reduces to the classic Nitsche method to weakly enforce continuity over the interface. We show stability of the method, in terms of a discrete Gårding inequality, for a quite general class of surface impedance functions, provided that possible surface waves are sufficiently resolved by the mesh. Moreover, we prove an a priori error estimate under the assumption that the absolute value of the impedance is bounded away from zero almost everywhere. Numerical experiments illustrate the performance of the method for a number of test cases in 2D and 3D with different interface conditions.

  • 28656.
    Yegezu, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Capital Structure Decisions Influence on Firm Performance: A Quantitative study on Large Manufacturers Operating in Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background & Problem: Financing is an integral part of any business and during recent years, financing decisions has been a widely debated topic. Theories takes different stances on how firms should finance their businesses based on the implication debt and equity have, while research shows inconsistent evidence. This have resulted in a field of uncertainty and gaps for researchers to exploit.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between capital structure and performance

     

    Method: A purely quantitative panel-data regression study investigating 314 of the largest public and private Sweden operating manufacturers during the years 2013-2017. With ROA as a performance measurement and dependent variable, Total Debt/Total Assets as measurement for capital structure. Size, Growth and Asset Structure as control variables.

     

    Conclusion: The results show that leverage have a significant negative relationship with ROA, during the years 2013-2017 and is consistent with the assumptions of the pecking-order theory.

  • 28657.
    Yekaninejad, Mir Saeed
    et al.
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.
    Tadakamadala, Jyothi
    Griffith University.
    Kumar, Santhosh
    Griffith University.
    Mosavi, Seyed Hamzeh
    Iran University of Medical Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Bottomley, Andrew
    European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer.
    Aaronson, Neil K.
    The Netherlands Cancer Institute.
    Oral-health-related quality of life in patients with cancer: Cultural adaptation and the psychometric testing of the Persian version of EORTC QOQ-OH172015In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 1215-1224Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28658.
    Yeldham, Casey
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    EU-stadgans tillämplighet på skattetillägg och skattebrott: En fråga om rättssäkerhet?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this thesis is to clarify the EU Charter’s applicability on the Swedish double parallel system regarding tax crime and tax surcharge, from a Swedish viewpoint, with consideration for the individual’s requirement for legal certainty. The thesis is based on current law as of the 1st of December 2011, however due account is taken to the new law proposal for the Swedish Tax Assessment/Payment Act, which is expected to be in force on the 1st of January 2012. Also, the thesis clarifies the EU Charter’s supremacy over national law. Furthermore, it is shown that the Swedish Supreme Court’s (HD) requirement for “clear support” in the European Convention to bypass national Swedish law cannot be upheld in respect to the EU Charter, as this would conflict with the requirement for a set legal hierarchy to fulfill the individual’s adequate legal certainty. The Swedish Supreme Court has found that the EU Charter can not be applied to the Swedish double punishment system, regardless of concrete facts in the case being related to EU-law. However, the condition of equal treatment with regards to legal certainty does not result in an absolute requirement for the EU Charter’s applicability on the Swedish system, as there is no evidence that the Swedish Supreme Court will change its assessment of the matter at hand. Nevertheless, it is argued that there is ample reason to believe that the Court of Justice would make a different assessment of the issue, considering the Court’s previous statements with respect to the member states responsibility to regard EU Law even within the field of direct taxation. Therefore, the thesis concludes that although there can be no absolute requirement to apply the EU Charter to the Swedish system, with regards to legal certainty, the EU Charter should nonetheless be applicable.

  • 28659.
    Yemane, Berhane
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Utveckling av sökmotor med ranksystem2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a collaboration with the company Sverige-Norge. Their business concept is to connect Swedish manpower to Norwegian employers. The emphasis of this work is to enhance the existing system they use to find Swedish employees to Norwegian employers. The old system was based on manually selecting candidates for possible job-openings. This was done by handpicking the candidates from the database. However this was not efficient but time-consuming and thereby expensive.

    The solution to prevent inefficiency was to create a search-engine. A search-engine would allow employers to find their suitable candidates, without the intervenience of the administration. In order to give an accurate search result, a grading system was requested for each candidate. A grading system would give the employer the benefit to see how well each candidate is suitable for the job-offering. The result was a fully functional search engine with a grading system based on experiences of the candidates.

     

    The paper has the following structure order:

     

    • Introduction
    • Theoretical background
    • Implementation
    • Result
    • Discussion and Conclusion
    • Appendix
    • References

    This is a thesis paper held in Technical University of Jönköping, Sweden. The major of which the paper is written in is Communication and Information Technology.

     

    Key words

    ASP

    ASP.NET

    C#

    Database engineering

    System development

  • 28660.
    Yeo, M.
    et al.
    Department of Food and Resource Economics, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Healthy Residential Environments for the Elderly2014In: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze the environmental elements of residential facilities for elderly people by using Antonovsky’s salutogenic concept. The relationship between the environment and health is clearly identified. This information facilitates the presentation and development of residential facilities with healthy living conditions for elderly people in South Korea. The concept includes providing a residential environment that is safe from a variety of dangers by applying a barrier-free concept to address the physical changes of elderly people. It also provides an environment equipped with a continuous protection system that considers both the physical and sociopsychological aspects of this particular treatment environment. ©2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 28661.
    Yi, Gaizhen
    et al.
    School of Computer and Engineering,Xi'an Technological University.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Yan, Hairong
    School of Computer and Engineering,Xi'an Technological University.
    Research on real-time communication in sensor networks2008In: Proceedings of IEEE ICCA 2007, Guangzhou, China, May 30- June 1, 2008, p. 2544-2547Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28662.
    Yildiz, Cagri
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Investment Performance of the World Automotive Industry2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the investment performance of the world automotive industry using a sample of 21 original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) based in three major continents, North America, Europe and Asia between the years 1999 and 2004. The empirical findings suggest that there exists persistent overinvestment not only in the global level but also in the major automotive production regions analyzed. Proving that none of the 3 regions gain returns on investment at least as large as their costs of capital, shareholder wealth is not maximized in the world automotive industry. Europe, among these regions, proves to gain the highest return on investment of its cost of capital. The empirical results also show that the return on investment financed by debt is high around the world and close to 100% of its cost of capital.

  • 28663.
    Yin, Juelin
    et al.
    Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China.
    Rothlin, Stephan
    Association for International Business Ethics, Hong Kong, China.
    Li, Xiaosong
    University of International Business and Economics, China.
    Caccamo, Marta
    University of International Business and Economics, China.
    Stakeholder Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of Multinational Companies in China2013In: Journal of International Business Ethics, ISSN 1940-1485, Vol. 6, no 1/2, p. 56-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the advent of globalization, the track record of multinational companies (MNCs) has been vague in relation to their corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developing countries. What is even lacking is a better understanding of what exactly is required of today's MNCs to simultaneously generate profits for shareholders and satisfy the legitimate demands from the multiple stakeholders in the countries where they operate. Adopting the stakeholder theory framework and using a two-stage interview method, this study explores the CSR understanding and practices of MNCs considered as active in CSR. The findings reveal some interesting CSR practices by 11 MNCs in China. We discuss implications of the stakeholder approaches to CSR of MNCs generally and peculiarities in developing countries more specifically.

  • 28664.
    Yirmidokuz, Pınar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    The Uniqueness of the Atelirista2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Documentation plays an important role in the organization of Swedish preschool provision. The collection and interpretation of documentation is typically expected to be conducted by preschool teachers. In the Reggio Emilia-inspired preschools, however, documentation which is termed as pedagogical documentation, is produced both by preschool teachers and atelieristas. Working with an atelierista for a project while creating the pedagogical documentation is an important component to build knowledge, which will provide an artistic and aesthetic perspective to the preschool teacher and the children. The aim of this study is to explore the unique contribution of the atelierista to pedagogical documentation practices in the Reggio Emilia-inspired Swedish preschools. In particular, this study focused on how and why collaborative work between the atelierista and the preschool teacher influences the pedagogical documentation. The data is gathered trought on semi-structured interviews with atelieristas and preschool teachers in two Reggio Emilia-inspired preschools in Sweden. The major question addressed is: What are the differences and similarities between the atelierista and the preschool teacher while producing the pedagogical documentation in the Reggio Emilia-inspired Swedish preschools? The findings showed that during the interviews the themes of the similarities are reported by the participants as, 1) ‘being equally responsible’ and 2) ‘working collaboratively’ for the purpose of making the learning process visible and the themes of the diffferences are reported as, 1) ‘utilizing the background differences’. Moreover, the findings reveal the importance of the atelierista’s role during the pedagogical documentation process through equally responsible collaborative work with the preschool teacher in a mutually trusting learning environment.

  • 28665.
    Ylvén, Regina
    et al.
    Department of Social Sciences, Mälardalen University, Västerås.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Literature review of positive functioning in families with children with a disability2006In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 253-270Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28666.
    Ylvén, Regina
    et al.
    School of Welfare and Health, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Collaborative problem solving in the context of early childhood intervention – the link between problems and goals2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 221-239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Child and Youth Habilitation Services (C-YHS) for children with disabilities and their families' build on regular planning meetings involving families and professionals, and appointments and interventions implemented between meetings. This study explores the content of issues discussed at planning meetings, and the relation between content and activities implemented in everyday interventions. Longitudinal data from five families and their C-YHS-teams were used. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. The results illustrate a process with a high degree of correspondence between families' concerns, experienced problems, the formal decisions and the activities they generated. Concerns were focused on the future, and related actions focused on supporting adults in the environment, mostly the parents, thus indirectly relating to the child. Problems were focused on the current situation, and to a larger extent concerned actions directly related to the child. Although a family-centred service, interventions focused on the proximal environment, may be underreported.

  • 28667. Ylvén, Regina
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identifying and Building on Family Strength: A Thematic Analysis2009In: Infants and young children, ISSN 0896-3746, E-ISSN 1550-5081, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 253-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In family-centered intervention, one important issue is to support families' different ways to manage stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether professionals encourage positive coping strategies in families of children with disabilities. Data (videotaped planning meetings and interviews) from 5 families enrolled in intervention programs were used. The data were analyzed deductively by applying theoretical concepts of 4 types of positive coping. Goal-directed problem-focused coping was the most frequently used type of coping, together with spiritual beliefs and practices. Professional encouragement of families' own strategy to solve problems occurring in everyday life must focus not only on explicit problem solving but also on the use of supplemental coping types.

  • 28668.
    Ylvén, Regina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Welfare and Health.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Persson, Carina
    Karolinska Inst, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Problem solving in relation to resources in everyday life in families of children with disabilities: a pilot study2012In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 102-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem solving is recognized as a skill, helping families of children with disabilities to manage problems in everyday life. Family problem-solving skills may therefore be seen as an important outcome of a child and youth habilitation service. The aim of this pilot feasibility study was to examine the design of a future web-based questionnaire study focusing on problem-solving patterns in relation to resources in families of children with disabilities. The descriptive statistical analyses built on data from 13 families and findings showed an overall satisfactory score distribution for three of the included instruments, whereas two instruments showed floor effects in one third of the items. Findings indicated design problems with data collection related to adapting questionnaires to a web-based survey format and to problems with the stop function that was added. Implementing the main study using web-based surveys needs critical considerations according to the choice of the web tool and the recruitment process.

  • 28669.
    Yngfors, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sandkvist, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Från skärm till perception: En studie om påverkan. Relationen mellan nyhetsvåld och oro bland studenter på Jönköping University.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker relationen mellan konsumtion av nyheter och oro för våldsbrott i Jönköping. Vi utgår från kultivationsteorin som undersöker de långsiktiga effekterna av tv-tittande och som påstår att ju mer tid människor tittar på tv ju mer tenderar dessa att tro på den realitet som porträtteras i tv. Som metod använder vi oss av en enkät som vi distribuerat till studenter på två förstaårsprogram inom varje fackhögskola. Totalt fick cirka 400 studenter tillgång till enkäten. Svarsfrekvensen var låg, endast 127 personer svarade, flest var kvinnor.

    Vårt resultat visar inget samband mellan nyhetskonsumtion och oro/rädsla för våldsbrott. Den data vi inhämtade var inte signifikant så vi kan inte dra några generella slutsatser. Det vi såg bland de som svarade på undersökningen var att kvinnor är mer oroliga för våldsbrott än män. 

  • 28670.
    Yngvesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Adolfsson, Erik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    The impact of scale when using models of daylight analysis2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the issue of scale regarding models when analyzing daylight, which scale is the most representative of a real space. There have been previous studies done regarding scale model and daylight, however, they do not look at how the scale itself can affect the experience of daylight. The use of the architects’ already built scale model can be seen as valuable for light designers when evaluations and visualizing daylight in a real space. However, the use of the architect's scale model depends on its scale, hence why this study is being conducted. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects the scale has on daylight visualization with scale models.

    This study began with conducting a small literature study regarding daylight, scale models, visual perception and practical consideration when using scale models. The method was designed thereafter. By choosing a real room to base the scale models on, three scales were chosen, 1:50, 1:20 and 1:10. Thereafter the questionnaire was designed by using the analyzing method PERCIFAL as a base.

    The result of the study showed the subject's answers regarding; light level, shadows, light distribution and specular reflections. As well as a question regarding which scale model the found most representative of the real room and why. The compiled data showed which scale model was the most representative of the real room. The results show a difference between the different scale models and a correlation to the real room is seen. In conclusion, the scale model can be used to estimate and visualize the daylight within a space. However, the scale must be regarded and looked at so the chosen scale can represent the real space, which allows for an easy view of the model.

  • 28671.
    Yonan, Mervat
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Inkludering av nyanlända elever i fritidshem2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Mervat Hikmat Yonan

    Inkludering av nyanlända elever i fritidshem

    Inclusion of newly arrived pupils in leisure-centers

    Antal sidor: 33

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur fritidslärare arbetar med att inkludera nyanlända elever i fritidshem. Undersökningen har utförts utifrån följande frågor:

    - Vilka risker för exkludering förekommer i fritidshemsarbetet med nyanlända elever?

    - Hur beskriver fritidslärarna sitt arbete med att inkludera nyanlända elever i fritidshemmets verksamhet?

    - Vilka faktorer tar man med i planering och målsättning?

    Studien bygger på en kvalitativ forskningsmetod via en fokusgruppsdiskussion där fyra utbildade fritidslärare har varit deltagande. Analysen har gjorts utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv då inkludering sker i ett socialt sammanhang. Resultaten visar att eleverna inkluderas via metoder med fokus på socialt samspel och språk. Via spel och lekar som uppmuntrar till språkanvändning och interaktion med lärare och andra elever inkluderas den nyanlända eleven i gemenskapen. Därtill visar resultaten även på brister avseende lärarnas kompetens och kunskap kring nyanlända elever, samverkan med vårdnadshavare och användningen av resurser.

  • 28672.
    Yonan, Rita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva normalt i en annorlunda situation. Närståendes upplevelse av palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Between 70 000 and 75 000 are estimated to need palliative care of more than 90, 000 deceased persons annually. Palliative care is based on relieving the suffering and other physical, psychological and spiritual problems arising from life-threatening illness. The related persons constitute a major and important part of palliative care. At the end of life's care, the goal is to contribute to well-being and dignity and to support the relatives.

    Aim: The aim was to describe relatives’ experiences when a family member is treated in palliative care.

     

    Method: A literature review was conducted by 14 scientific qualitative articles that were analyzed and compiled.

    Main results: The result of this literature review shows that more relatives have increased the need for support and assistance in the palliative phase. Five main themes are presented based on the experiences of their close relatives, feeling involved, feeling support, feeling helplessness and powerlessness, feeling confidence and secure and to feel hope.

    Conclusions: The related people express the increased need for support and information in the palliative process. As well as being a healthcare professional, it is important to be attentive to the needs and feelings of the close relatives because they feel that it is set aside. The palliative care is experienced as a changing life situation that is demanding and difficult to come from as close relatives. In order to create a better experience of the care, the nurse has an important role by responding and offer support, the nurse contributes to positive experiences as it is a complex situation for the relatives.

  • 28673.
    Yonan, Shilan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Shikro, Sarah
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Utvärdering av frysta färdigsnittade kontroller för immunofärgning: I jämförelse med nytagna snittade kontroller2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    På laboratoriet för Klinisk Patologi i Länssjukhuset Ryhov i Jönköping, snittas paraffinbäddade vävnader som kontroller i en liten mängd med jämna mellanrum för att täcka behovet vid analys av immunohistokemiska färgningar. Vid vissa perioder är behovet av kontroller stort. Detta gör att arbetet kräver mer tid för att hinna snitta alla kontroller som behövs. För att möjliggöra ett smidigt flöde och tidsbesparing skulle ett nytt sätt testas genom att förvara vävnadssnitten för kontrollerna i frysen. Därför syftet med denna studie var att kontrollera om antigenens kvalitet och stabilitet skulle påverkas efter infrysning av kontrollvävnadssnitten i -18 °C under olika tidsperioder (36, 22, 9 och 2 veckor). Detta gjordes genom att utvärdera frysta vävnadssnitt för immunohistokemisk färgning i jämförelse med nytagna vävnadssnitt. Vävnadssnitt som används blev frysta vid fyra olika tidsperioder. Totalt 47 frysta vävnadssnitt färgades med 16 olika antikroppar. Samtliga 47 vävnadssnitten som inkuberades med respektive antikropp för immunohistokemisk färgning godkändes.

    Resultat från denna studie konstaterade att frysta vävnadssnitt kunde bevara stabilitet hos antigen under lång tid. Färgintensitet presenterades som svag hos cirka 40 % av vävnadssnitten som förvarades frysta under ungefär 22 veckor. Denna studie kom även fram till att det fanns ett samband mellan den tiden som vävnadssnitten förvarades i frysen och antigen stabilitet i vävnadssnitten som behövdes för en fullständig immunofärgning.

  • 28674.
    Youcefi, Fares
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lundgren, Kristina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Social Incubators or Social Work?: Exploring Social Incubators in Mexico2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Alongside the evolution of incubators, research on the subject has also progressed and today constitutes an extensive field of research. However, we argue that academia has too narrowly focused on business incubators, and thus neglected other types of incubators. As such, the purpose of this study was to provide a holistic understanding of what social incubators are, their process and their impact. Through the use semi-structured interviews, observations and textual data from a single case study – Mexico University – with three sub-units of analysis, the findings we reached were threefold.

    First, social incubators are physical spaces for social interaction and development in which socially vulnerable individuals, through the use of cross-sectoral partnerships and community adapted development services, are empowered to become agents of their own social transformation. Second, in the social incubation process, incubatees are first selected after which the social incubators probe to understand their needs. Subsequently, incubatees are given general services and are enrolled in social development programs that are tailored in accordance to those needs. After graduating, incubatees are anew offered different services, once again, based on probing and tailoring after-services according to their needs. Third, having completed this process, our initial understanding of social incubator impact is that their practices have a psychological and professional impact on incubatees, which then impact the communities in which they live. 

  • 28675.
    Youeel Eshoo, Marta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The relationship between tolerance and economic performance: A global perspective2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The literature within the subject of economic growth and economic performance has developed over the years where the research during the last 20 years has work put more emphasis on values and tolerance as one of the factor to consider when discussing growth theories. The theories suggest that an open and tolerant society attracts talent, creativity and technology and therefore contributes to economic growth even if the are some contradicting results. This paper uses cross-country data and OLS regressions to retrieve a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between tolerance and economic performance. The results show that there is a strong relationship between tolerance towards homosexuals and economic performance. The relationship is however stronger and more significant for developed countries compared to developing countries.  

  • 28676.
    Youkhana, Ninawa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den ambivalenta Anden: En kvalitativ studie av pneumatologin i Österns Assyriska kyrka2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28677.
    Youkhana, Sana
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Code-switching in the foreign language classroom2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is a frequently observed phenomenon that language learners often turn to their native language in the foreign language classroom, i.e. they code-switch, but why is it so? In order to investigate this, this study had two aims; the first aim was about trying to see if the frequency of code-switching differed depending on the questions’ levels of difficulty. This study was conducted on three different upper-secondary schools and involved 24 pupils. The pupils’ age varied from 16 to 19. The hypotheses were that pupils code-switch less when answering basic level questions and more when answering advanced level questions. Small groups were observed and they read a text and answered eight questions. The results showed that the pupils did code-switch more on the advanced level questions and less on the basic level questions. They code-switched 15 times on the basic level-questions and 21 times on the advanced level-questions. However, this is not a big difference since there were only six instances that differed between them. The second aim was about trying to see if one could categorize code-switching. It was based on Sert’s (2005) three categories; Equivalence, Reiteration and Floor-holding and four other categories invented by the researcher of this study; Student-student code-switching, Student-researcher code-switching, Comfort code-switching and Sorry code-switching, thus, seven categories in total. The results showed that the pupils did code-switch differently and that Sert’s categories did exist, but they were not enough that is why the researcher added the four other categories.

  • 28678.
    Yousaf, Imran
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    MAC SCHEDULING IN INDUSTRIAL WIRELESS CELL-BASED MESH SENSOR NETWORKS2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Undergoing developments for the adaptation of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) in automation industry is creating several research questions. The usage of wireless technologies in industrial environments requires real-time reliability and security. Many standards for WSNs and Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks (IWSNs) have been developed. The list includes WirelessHART [4], ISA100.11a [10], Zigbee [16], IEEE 802.15.4, and IEEE 802.15.4a etc.Recently a new network topology “Cell-Based Mesh Networks” [12] has been developed in an effort to make IWSNs feasible for large scale deployments in process automation industries. Cell-Based Mesh Network topology inherits the qualities of star-mesh topology and mesh topology, and also offers many additional features.Reliability of an IWSN significantly depends on the real-time scheduling of the network. During this thesis work a scheduling mechanism has been developed by exploiting the features of a Cell-based Mesh Network. The idea of superframes’ further partitioning into time-cells of 100ms duration is presented, these 100ms time-cells guarantees interlocking data transmission [9] within 100ms. The closed loop control data [9] transmission is guaranteed by assigning dedicated time-slots. The performance evaluation of the presented scheduling mechanism is done by considering two case studies i.e. oil-industry and paper & pulp industry.

  • 28679.
    Yousef, Saemon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nilsson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stillemark, Erik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vuxna personers upplevelser av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ II2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    Background: Diabetes is a disease that is steadily increasing around the world and in Sweden it is seen as a national disease. The underlying cause of the disease is often related to lifestyle, this requires that the affected person necessarily need to make lifestyle changes.

     

    Aim: The aim of this literature review is to describe the adult people's experiences of living with type II diabetes.

    Method: A literature review has been made and 12 articles of qualitative inductive design was reviewed critically, analyzed and compiled.

     

    Result: The persons’ experiences are presented in three categories with associated subcategories. Fear, shame and frustration were some of the many unfavorable feelings that proved to occur at a diabetes diagnosis. Support from the environment gave power and motivation to self-care management, which in turn was a prerequisite for achieving control and thereby health.

    Conclusions: A diagnosis of diabetes create a life adjustment that is both emotionally and practically difficult to handle.

  • 28680.
    Yousef, Walid
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lindberg, Jesper
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Fostering Creativity in New Product Development Teams: Exploring the Impact of Control Systems on Individual Creativity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New product development is crucial for companies to remain strong and competitive in the market. Many companies today have implemented systems for controlling and managing their new product development. These control systems can be structured in a formal way with clear steps and criteria throughout the projects or in a more open-ended way where the projects follow a fuzzy front-end approach. Decision making is an immense factor in the control systems and the execution varies depending on its structure. The purpose with this thesis is to investigate the impact of which the structure of formal control systems as decision making tools, has on the creativity of members in new product development teams. Also, to explore which types of leadership behaviors in managers that best structure the formal control system for it to foster individual creativity. To fulfil this purpose, studies on how individuals perceive their work environment and their ability to be a part of the processes have been done.

     

    This qualitative study was conducted by first building a theoretical framework which provided the research question, "How does the structure of formal control systems affect the creativity in individuals working in NPD teams?”. Data collection was done in a Swedish context using multiple case studies at various sized companies in diverse industries. Primarily through semi-structured interviews which then was followed up by secondary data. The collected data have been analysed by using a cross-case analysis where the identified themes developed an understanding that helped answer the research question. The findings provide value in the field with new insights in the management of innovation and new product development. 

  • 28681.
    Yousif, Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Krasniqi, Rafet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Förutsättningar och hinder för asylsökandes språklärande och integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Problem From 2013 to April 2016, Sweden has received 309,669 asylum seekers. The great waves of asylum seekers who have come underscores the need to provide the optimal conditions to adapt and integrate into society. How fast and to what degree they manage to socialize and integrate into society is related to the basic conditions such as language training and civic orientation. This study examines the opportunities and obstacles for asylum seekers to learn Swedish and increase their chances to integrate.

    Method The study used a mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) approach. Through qualitative interviews with staff and volunteer teachers, has seven such activities as (ABF, NBV, Library, Adult education” Vuxenskola”, BILDA, Folkuniversitet and Red Cross) investigated. Through a questionnaire with structured questionnaires, examined 183 asylum seekers in terms of factors that affect the availability to the teaching and motivation for study and linguistic practices. The questionnaires were distributed in Jönköping, Nässjö, Bodafors, Viebäck, Vetlanda, Sävsjö, Värnamo, Vaggeryd, Tokeryd and Skillingaryd.

    Result

    Qualitative part: Those interviewed said that it is important to offer Swedish tuition for asylum seekers from the first day they come to Sweden. Teachers raise the issue that there are several shortcomings that make difficulties for businesses so that they can provide quality and adequate education.

    Quantitative part: The motivation for language learning is influenced by several factors: among them, the time since arrival the motivation for and participation in language teaching. Despite similarities in education and language skills between the sexes, still significant gender differences in the practical application and integration.

    Conclusion Asylum seekers strive to become a part of Swedish society. There are gender differences in the practical application and integration. The conditions for learning the Swedish language is not good enough, because lack of information or delay of information for offered Swedish teaching, too few offered teaching hours, location outside of society, economic barriers and the lack of childcare, which also affects the ability to learn Swedish and integrate into society.

  • 28682.
    Youssefi, Masoud
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Andersson, Patrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Hemsida för ett musikbolag: Website for a music company2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report is to answer the question:

    How do you create a media player that can stream music for a website?

    We started the work by searching the web and reading books about the subject

    and found several technologies to use to stream media files over the internet.

    We decided upon using the http protocol and created the media player itself in

    Macromedia Flash.

    The website is mostly developed with PHP, JavaScript and CSS templates and

    the websites design was created with Macromedia Dreamweaver and Adobe

    Photoshop. We also created an administrative system for the media player with

    PHP programming.

    The website contains a simple guestbook; the guestbook makes use of a

    database created with MySQL.

    Our work resulted in a webpage with a fully functional media player that

    streams audio files together with a corresponding administrative system for it.

  • 28683.
    Ysberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Pettersson, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Socialt stöd, arbetsrelaterad stress samt fysisk aktivitets påverkan på individens välmående: En kvantitativ fallstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka vilken effekt socialt stöd, arbetsrelaterad stress samt fysisk aktivitet har på individens välmående. Dessutom undersöktes vilken påverkan kön och ålder har på individens välmående. Karasek´s krav-kontroll-stödmodell utgjorde grund vid analys av resultatet (Karasek & Theorell, 1990). Studien utfördes på en organisation och bygger på en enkätundersökning (n=124) där bekvämlighetsurval användes. Mätinstrumentet består av fem delar som utgörs av demografiska faktorer, QPS-Nordic (Dallner, Lindström, Elo, Skogstad et al., 2000), MHC-SF (Keyes, 2009), PSS-14 (Cohen, Karmarck & Mermelstein, 1983) samt fysisk aktivitet. Reliabilitetstestet Cronbach´s alpha utfördes på mätinstrumentet och uppvisade god reliabilitet. Den del av enkäten som berör QPS-Nordic uppvisar (α=0,771), MHC-SF (α=0,85), PSS-14 (α=0,868). Vidare beräknades resultatet med hjälp av stegvis regressionsanalys samt separata One-way ANOVA analyser. Resultatet demonstrerade att socialt stöd positivt predicerar individens välmående (p=0,000) och att arbetsrelaterad stress negativt predicerar individens välmående (p=0,000). Vidare visade resultatet att det inte fanns något samband mellan fysisk aktivitet och välmående. Beträffande demografiska faktorer påvisade resultatet att det inte fanns några signifikanta skillnader.

  • 28684.
    Yström, Annika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Financial reporting in entrepreneurial SMEs: in search of significant areas of financial reporting information2010Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out from the contemporary discussion on the need of separate financial reporting standards for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and focuses on financial reporting information needs in the context of entrepreneurial and growth-oriented SMEs. The main purpose of the study is to sort out areas of financial reporting information that are likely to be of significance tomanagers of entrepreneurial SMEs in their provision of information to users. In order to fulfill this purpose data has been collected in several sequential steps where the results of each step have provided with significant input and structure to the carrying through of the following step/s. The first step consists of a literature study of previous empirical studies about accounting information in entrepreneurial contexts. In the second step, interviews have been conducted with accounting experts engaged in the current discussion on the development of accounting standards for SMEs. The third and fourth step consists ofdocument studies of comment letters to the Swedish standard setter Bokföringsnämnden’s (BFN) two drafts of the accounting standard Financial reporting in small companies (K2) and IASB’s Esposure draft of an IFRS for SMEs.

    According to the study results the continuous high demand for financial capitalis a great challenge to managers of entrepreneurial SMEs in their efforts to make their entities develop and grow. In this context, financial reports make up an important tool mainly for informing external capital providers, among which bankers are considered to hold a prominent position. The high demand for financial capital also makes risk capitalists and other external owners more important as financiers of entrepreneurial SMEs than what is the case in SMEs in general. Other important users of entrepreneurial SMEs’ financial reports are customers, suppliers, employees, potential acquirers and management.

    One of the areas of financial reporting information that have been sorted out in this study as likely to be of significance to managers of entrepreneurial SMEs in their provision of information to users is cash flow. Information on cash flow is likely to be significant in the entrepreneurial context not at least since the development of entrepreneurial activities puts a lot of pressure on managers to secure the continuous inflow of cash. The extent to which capital providers make use of cash flow information provides with further argument for its importance in the entrepreneurial context. Also, entrepreneurial entities tend to rely on intangible assets to a high extent, and these assets are in general not sufficiently reflected in the balance sheets. Cash flow provides in this respect straightforward and reliable complementary information that is important when assessing the prospects of the business.

    Besides information on cash flow, information on intangible assets is according to the results of this study likely to be significant in an entrepreneurial context. The possibility to capitalize expenses for intangible investments is crucial not at least to avoid the legal consequences of bankruptcy law, which may be critical to the very survival of development-intensive entrepreneurial SMEs. The importance of innovation as a central part of the entrepreneurial process also makes financial reporting information on intangibles highly relevant from an informational perspective.

    In addition, financial ratios in general, and financial ratios measuring various aspects of growth - i.e. growth ratios - in specific, have been sorted out as likely to be of specific importance to include in the financial reports of entrepreneurial SMEs. Besides disclosure of additional information on individual intangible assets, additional disclosure of information related to the collective earning capacity of ongoing projects - including the business concept of the reporting entity - has also been identified as significant in the entrepreneurial context.

  • 28685.
    Yu, Melissa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Öhlund, Karolina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Handel med utsläppsrätter: En analys av bristerna i redovisnings- och beskattningsreglerna2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    To reverse the increasing global warming the Kyoto Protocol established three market mechanisms intended to reduce the emissions of green house gases. The only currently active mechanism within the Protocol is the Emission Trading System.

    Since the EU is a member of the Kyoto Protocol, in order to achieve the goals agreed in the Protocol, the European Council approved a Directive (2003/87/EG) setting the framework for an EU-wide system of green house gas emission allowance trading. The Directive was implemented into Swedish legislation through lag (2004:1199) om handel med utsläppsrätter. One emission allowance grants the possessor a right to emit one tonne of car-bon dioxide into the atmosphere. The purpose of the system is to reduce the emissions of green house gas in a cost effective manner and thereby decrease global warming. The European Emission Trading System is divided into different commitment periods where the initial period runs from 2005 to 2007. This commitment period is also regarded as a learning-by-doing period for Member States. Subsequent periods will be of five years be-ginning in 2008, concurrently with the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol.

    As many as 95 % of the emission rights will be distributed as government grants to certain companies with high emission levels. Remaining emission rights will be immediately avail-able for trading on the open market. Through emission reducing procedures, companies can reduce their need of emission rights, enabling them the opportunity to trade with the remaining units. This aims to create an incentive for companies to reduce their need of emission rights, thus decreasing the number of tradable units.

    However, neither Swedish law nor the Directive contains any guidance regarding how the existing legal regulations should be applied to Emission Trading Units. This lack of guidance may result in a number of national and international uncertainties regarding the legal aspects of emissions trading.

    In our application of the model tax convention to international transactions with emission rights, we will show that it is irrelevant which article is chosen to include emission units. Therefore the final consequences of such transactions will be determined within the national law of the taxing state.

    Since community law legislation has been enacted by the EU legislative council, the ac-counting and value added tax rules that apply to emission rights trading have been partially harmonized.

    Due to the partial harmonization, many of the current issues regarding emission rights have been clarified on a national level in Sweden. Nevertheless, since the trading system is in-tended to extend also to non EU-members, the present level of harmonization still remains insufficient. In addition, the future activation of the remaining mechanisms, Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation, can also be expected to give rise to a number of new uncertainties. Hence, the legal consequences of Emission Rights Trading re-main in need of further investigation.

    In this master’s thesis we will address several questions regarding how the articles in the OECD Model Tax Convention should be applied to the international trade with Emission Rights. We will also analyze the value added tax rules that are applicable to such trade and how possession of Emission Trading Units will affect business accounting procedures.

  • 28686.
    Yuan, Shasha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Miao, Lu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    NTT DoCoMo's Success in Creating Mobile Contactless Payments Ecosystem2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28687.
    Yuan, Wenjing
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Improvement of Work Process in a Global Verification Team: A case study at VSM2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing demands from customers, companies face the challenges of shortening the new product development (NPD) period, reducing development cost and increasing development efficiency. High quality and efficiency of NPD can increase the chance for companies to be competitive on the market. Forming up cross-functional teams becomes a popular way of maximizing the knowledge then increase the development quality and efficiency. However, it is challenging to integrate the resources from different functions and even more challenging when the resources are from different countries. To overcome the integration challenges can increase the efficiency of NPD projects therefore finally win global market shares. This study’s purpose is to identify and analyze integration challenges experienced by a verification team involved in global NPD and to suggest how those challenges can be managed by answering two research questions: 1) What are the integration challenges with the current work process encountered by the global verification team? 2) How can the integration challenges be met in the improved work process? The case study is used as the research method in order to get deep insight of the challenges that a global verification team faces. VSM Group AB, an international leading sewing company is selected as the case company.  The case team, a global verification team locates both in Sweden and China, plays the role of verification work within NPD process. The case team verifies the design and new products in the process.  Through interviews, observation and literature reviews, the challenges in this global verification team are identified. It is found that the case team needs to overcome language barriers, culture difference, task planning and formalization and standardization on work performance during integration. Based on the investigations, a set of solutions are proposed in the end to meet the challenges. These solutions are an improved work process, work performance system, training program and uniformed documentation. These proposals are inspired by the integration mechanisms such as formalization and standardization, special reports etc and then fit them into the case team context. By simulation and evaluation the solutions within the global verification team, the feedback on the proposals helped for improvement. This case study at VSM is an empirical example of implementation of integration mechanisms into a real life context.

  • 28688.
    Yucelgazi, Fikri
    et al.
    Eastern Mediterranean University.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Risk Assessment for Large-Scale Transport Infrastructure Projects2019In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering / [ed] M. Drusa, I. Yilmaz & M. Marschalko, Institute of Physics (IOP), 2019, Vol. 471, p. 1-10, article id 022005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The identification of risks in the planning phase of a project and the arrangement of impact values has become a fundamental basis of today's various construction projects. Despite robust and well-planned projects, unexpected problems will likely emerge in any stage of the project if possible risks are not identified and assessed beforehand. Therefore, this process has become a requisite in increasing the success as well as minimizing the problems of a project. Large-scale transport infrastructure projects (LSTIPs), technologically equipped projects, meet the essential needs of the recent era but also bring about numerous risks such as financial, technical, managerial, political, economic, natural or legal. Hence, being exposed to such risks in the planning and construction stage of LSTIPs, could lead to negative consequences in the fate of the project. This study aims to develop a conceptual framework which provides a pathway for the planning phase and to offer risk lists and their priority orders that reinforce the construction phase. These aims were achieved by identifying the risk factors that could arise in European and Middle Eastern LSTIPs and detecting significances of the risks according to these types of projects. Data collection was performed through a substantial review of literature and a questionnaire conducted to contracting firms and civil engineering consultancies operating in Europe and the Middle East. According to the findings, the comparison between the leading risks encountered in European and in Middle Eastern LSTIPs revealed that two of the regions were confronted with both similar and different risks. Europe and the Middle East's foremost common risk factor is the financial strength of the client listed under the financial category. When regions are considered individually, Europe gives prior importance to the resource availability risk factor in the economic category whereas increased material cost located under the same category is the primary risk factor for the Middle East. As a result, the data obtained from this research study could be deployed as a standardized risk list in the planning stage of forthcoming LSTIPs as well as a guideline for the assessment phase of priority orders. Furthermore, this study suggests a further and detailed investigation on mitigating risks that occur in LSTIPs.

  • 28689.
    Yuheng, Li
    et al.
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Zhang, Zhenghe
    College of Economics and Management in China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Yansui, Liu
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Rural household income in transitional China: Spatio-temporal disparity and its interpretation2015In: China: An International Journal, ISSN 0219-7472, E-ISSN 0219-8614, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to investigate the evidence of spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income at the provincial level in China during the 1978-2007 period. A research framework is developed to study the transitional processes of decentralisation, marketisation, urbanisation and globalisation. By computing the Moran's I index and using the spatial regression model, the findings indicate a highly clustered, spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income across the eastern, central and western regions in China during the post-reform era. Rural household income tends to be higher in the eastern provinces in comparison to inland provinces. This disparity is attributed to the impacts from the institutional, economic, social and external transitions that become increasingly significant in the recent decades in China.

  • 28690. Yulman, Tanju
    Integrering i fritidshem2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Integrering av invandrade barn har blivit allt viktigare i takt med att antalet ökat kraftigt på senare år och att en bristfällig integrering riskerar att få negativa sociala konsekvenser. Det är något som måste bli mycket bättre i våra skolor/fritidshem. Syftet med min studie är att studera hur fritidslärarna arbetar med att integrera nyanlända elever i fritidshemmets verksamhet. 

     

    Den metod som används i studien är en kvalitativ metod, i form av intervjuer. Intervjuerna har gjorts med fyra fritidslärare som är verksamma på fyra olika skolor. Studien visar att det finns en bred kunskap och mycket forskning kring ämnet och att man arbetar på olika sätt med att integrera nyanlända elever i fritidshem. Fritidslärarna beskriver att de har strategier om hur de ska arbeta med att integrera de nyanlända eleverna i fritidshemmet men att det ändå brister en del och att de har problem med det.

  • 28691. Yumi Hayashi, S
    et al.
    Mazza do Nascimento, M
    B. L. B,
    Riella, M
    Larsson, M
    Bjällmark, Anna
    Seeberger, A
    Nowak, J
    Lindholm, B
    Brodin, L-Å
    The prevalence of intraventricular dyssynchrony, detected by tissue synchronization imaging, in hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and chronic kidney disease stages 3 and 4.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28692. Yumi Hayashi, S
    et al.
    Mazza do Nascimento, M
    Lind, B
    Riella, M
    Larsson, M
    Bjällmark, Anna
    Seeberger, A
    Nowak, J
    Lindholm, B
    Brodin, L-Å
    Improvement of left ventricular synchronicity, assessed by tissue synchronization imaging, after a single hemodialysis session in chronic hemodialysis patients.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28693. Yumi Hayashi, S
    et al.
    Mazza do Nascimento, M
    Lind, B
    Riella, M
    Larsson, M
    Bjällmark, Anna
    Seeberger, A
    Nowak, J
    Lindholm, B
    Brodin, L-Å
    The prevalence of right ventricular dysfunction and the acute effect of HD on right ventricular function in CKD2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28694.
    Yun, Can
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    GDP elasticity in China's export to the U.S. and other countries2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28695.
    Yun, Can
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The Impact of Preferential Trade Agreements on Import Flows2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28696.
    Yurdakul, Hakan
    et al.
    Bahcesehir University, Turkey.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Management Practices in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Exploring Perspectives ofSaudi Managers and Middle East Expats2014In: Proceedings of International Conference on Innovative Trends in Multidisciplinary Academic Research (ITMAR 2014) / [ed] Dr. Ahmed Saddam, Kuala Lumpur: Global Illuminators Publishing , 2014, Vol. 1, p. 66-83Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores management practices in KSA on dimensions of management styles and perceptions onmanagement with cultural background factors through in-depth interviews. Two group of mangers have beendescribed with common and different management perspectives: (1) Middle East originated expats and (2)Saudi managers. Findings indicate that majority of Middle East originated expats share Arab culture to a degreedue to intensive social, economic and historical relations between KSA and regional expat providing countriessuch as Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt. On the other hand, there are differences found among regional and localmanagers’ practices. Uncovered emerging management practices in KSA are to be explored in this paperproviding practical implications for international and multinational companies to understand and improvebusiness(es) with or in KSA.

  • 28697.
    Yurtkulu Akgun, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Supply chain related decisions in product development projects: Insights from the industry2015In: Proceedings of the 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference, Neuchatel, June 26th-July 1st, 2015, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purposeof this study is to investigate supply chain related decisions that are considered in product development projects, product development related decisionsconsideredin product development projectsthathave an impact onsupply chain performance, andsupply chain related decisions that are missing in product development projects.Identified decisions consist of strategic level decisions and tactical level decisions. The findings indicate that the supply chain functions havesignificantdesire to get their decisionsinvolvedin product development projects. On the other hand, product development functions feel less pressureregardinghow product development decisions affectsupply chain performance.

  • 28698.
    Yurtkulu, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Extended service use and new product possibilities in Swedish trucking2014In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 80-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how extended services from vehicle manufacturers can enhance value and reduce risk for transportation companies. The research shows that some transportation companies found extended services useful in order to enhance value and to decrease risks, while some of the companies mentioned advantages of not using extended services. Increased customer service and increased up time are some of the value factors. Decreased number of delays and decreased likelihood of breakdowns are some of the risk factors mentioned by the case companies. This study contributes the knowledge by examining the transporters' experiences of using extended services. The study also identifies feedback loop to develop further physical products based on case study and user service package experiences - one key component in the further development is to use simultaneously financial and overall service packages.

  • 28699.
    Yurtkulu, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Value and risk of extended services within Swedish road freight sector2013In: Proceedings of the 20th International Annual EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine, how extended services from vehicle manufacturers can enhance value and reduce risk for transportation companies. The research shows that some transportation companies found extended services useful in order to enhance value and to decrease risks, while some of the companies mentioned advantages of not using extended services. Increased customer service, increased up-time are some of the value factors. Decreased number of delays, decreased likelihood of breakdowns are some of the risk factors mentioned by the case companies. This study contributes the knowledge by examining the transporters’ experiences of using extended services.

  • 28700.
    Yurtkulu, Emine Zehra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Foundation of the integration of supply chain decisions in new product development2014In: Proceedings of the 21th International Annual EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify and classify supply chain decisions, which havecritical roles in new product development. Supply chain management completes themissing part of the new product development puzzle and provides a holistic view onvarious operational aspects such as on-time product launch, capacity utilization,inventory management, and accurate order processing. Findings of this study arepresented in a conceptual framework. Identified supply chain decisions are classified ina generic new product development model based on the main logistics drivers such assupply, manufacturing planning and control and transportation, to increase theunderstanding about role of different logistics drivers in different phases of new productdevelopment.

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