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  • 28601.
    Verheijden Klompstra, Leonie
    et al.
    Department of Social and Welfare studies, Linköping University.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Department of Social and Welfare studies, Linköping University.
    Moons, Philip
    Centre for Health Services and Nursing Research, Kathlieke Universiteit, Belgium.
    Norekvål, Tone
    Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital.
    Smith, Karen
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dundee.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Thompson, David
    Cardiovascular Research Centre, Australien Catholic University Melbourne.
    De Geest, Sabina
    Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel.
    Lenzen, Mattie
    Department of Cardiology, Rotterdam.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Division of Nursing Science, Department of Medicine, Linköping University.
    Anaemia and iron deficiency in cardiac patients: what do nurses and allied professionals know?2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no Suppl. 1, p. S90-S95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cardiac nurses and allied professionals often take care of patients who also have anaemia or iron deficiency. To deliver optimal care, professionals should be knowledgeable about the prevalence, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and therapeutic management of these conditions. We therefore set out a survey to get a first impression on the current knowledge of nurses and allied professionals on anaemia and iron deficiency.

    Method: A questionnaire was designed for this study by the Undertaking Nursing Interventions Throughout Europe (UNITE) Study Group. Data were collected from 125 cardiovascular nurses and allied professionals visiting the 11th Annual Spring Meeting of the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professionals of the European Society of Cardiology.

    Results: Most respondents had general knowledge on the definition of anaemia and iron deficiency and 54% of the respondents rated anaemia and iron deficiency as important when evaluating a cardiac patient. Specific knowledge regarding anaemia and more prominently of iron deficiency was not optimal.

    Conclusion: Although cardiac nurses and allied professionals have basic knowledge of anaemia and iron deficiency, they would benefit from additional knowledge and skills to optimally deliver patient care.

  • 28602.
    Versén, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Burning, Ramona
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Arbetet med de individuella utvecklingsplanerna: Några lärares uppfattningar i grundskolans tidiga skolår2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att få insikt i hur verksamma lärare i grundskolans tidiga skolår uppfattar arbetet med IUP

    Våra frågeställningar är:

    - Hur uppfattar lärare i grundskolans tidiga skolår arbetet med IUP?

    - Vad uppfattar lärare i grundskolans tidiga skolår att en bra IUP är?

    För att besvara dessa frågor genomförde vi åtta kvalitativa intervjuer med verksamma lärare i grundskolans tidiga skolår. Vi fann detta ämne intressant då man som lärare är ålagd att skriva individuellautvecklingsplaner för varje elev. Då detta är en ny företeelse ville vi se vad lärare har för uppfattning om detta. I vårt resultat presenterar vi de olika uppfattningarna vi ringat in. Vi har kommit fram till att åsikterna om de individuella utvecklingsplanerna är många och att flera lärare fortfarande är osäkra på hur de ska skrivas och utformas.

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  • 28603.
    Vestin, Alexander
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Automation och Standardisering2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28604.
    Vestin, Alexander
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Smart manufacturing for the wooden single-family house industry2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To meet the demand of future building requirements, and to improve productivity and competitiveness, there is a need to modernize and revise the current practices in the wooden single-family house industry. In several other sectors, intensive work is being done to adapt to the anticipated fourth industrial revolution. The manufacturing industry has already begun its transformation with concepts such as smart manufacturing and Industry 4.0. So far, smart manufacturing has not been discussed to any significant extent for the wooden single-family house industry, even though it might be a way for this industry to improve productivity and competitiveness.

    The research presented in this thesis aims at increased knowledge about what smart manufacturing means for the wooden single-family house industry. This requires investigating what smart wooden house manufacturingis, what challenges that might be associated with it, and how smart wooden house manufacturing can be realized. At the core of this thesis is the conceptualization of smart wooden house manufacturing—when realized, it is expected to contribute to improve the competitiveness of the wooden single family house industry.

    The findings presented here are based on three Research Studies. Two studies were case studies within the wooden single-family house industry. The third study was a traditional literature review.

    The findings revealed two definitions and 26 components of smart wooden house manufacturing. At large, smart wooden house manufacturing emphasizes digital transformation with a focus on digital information flow, how to add information, information compilation, and information distribution between systems/programs and departments. Some of the challenges associated with smart wooden house manufacturing are, e.g. culture, competence and manual transfer of information between systems.

    The findings indicate similarities of smart wooden house manufacturing within certain components of industrialized house building and Industry 4.0, these components could enable the realization of smart wooden house manufacturing.

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  • 28605.
    Vestin, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Sequeira Frank, Movin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Expected and Achieved Outcomes of Reshoring: A Swedish Perspective2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Over the last couple of decades, globalization has impacted market competition. This results in that companies heavily offshore to low-wage countries to enhance its competitiveness through lower costs. Offshoring constitutes relocation of manufacturing activities to other existing manufacturing sites in foreign countries. In recent years, low-wage countries have grown and developed. Studies show that low cost environments are increasing in cost, eliminating the benefits of offshoring. This phenomenon has sparked a new trend, ‘reshoring’- to bring back manufacturing to the home country, which has been acknowledged by both researchers and practitioners. The trend has become more distinct due to the increasing numbers of cases where companies that previously offshored manufacturing activities are returning them to the home country. The research done on reshoring focuses mainly on a “why” perspective, with drivers that cause reshoring and barriers that prevent them. However, research concerning the outcomes of what a company expected from reshoring and what they achieved afterwards is limited, especially in the high cost environment of Sweden. The purpose of this study is to explore the expected and achieved outcomes of the reshoring process through a multiple case study including four companies from Sweden that have reshored manufacturing back to Sweden.

    Method: The method used in this thesis was a systematic literature review to gain knowledge of the phenomenon. With the help of the systematic literature review an interview guide was created to assist in the data collection. This thesis used a multiple case study, the data was collected through semi-structured interviews and documents. The findings were analyzed within each case, cross-case, and in comparison to literature.

    Findings: To analyze the outcomes on the same premises, the researcher had to create a framework. All the outcomes from the literature were categorized based on firms’ operational and competitive capabilities namely cost, quality, delivery, flexibility, service, innovation, environment, culture, risk mitigation, reputation and trust, and government legislations. It was found that all the case companies had a successful reshoring process and all their expected outcomes were achieved. However, in comparison to the expected outcomes found in the literature, the companies expected less from reshoring. The companies were unaware of the full extent of reshoring, since their expectations were limited. The most expected outcome of reshoring, found in all the cases and in theory were: to decrease total cost, increase delivery speed, increase reputation and trust, and use the comfort of the home culture. A thorough analysis of achieved outcomes, in case and in literature, showed that all the case companies have achieved lower total cost, increased delivery speeds and higher reputation and trust. On comparing all the achieved outcomes in case and in literature it is evident that researchers have studied the process of reshoring from a why and theoretical perspective, aside from the effects after the reshoring, which this thesis has accomplished. A comparison between expected and achieved outcomes of all the case companies collectively, showed that they have achieved lower costs, higher quality, better service and higher reputation and trust, beyond what they expected.

    Implications: Reshoring back to Sweden would bring back more manufacturing jobs and encourage further local sourcing within the country. Strategical collaboration within the supply chain in the home country would make companies more responsive to customer demand. Geographically, the literature lacks case studies from Sweden, therefore, this thesis will contribute to theory by presenting successful reshoring case studies from Sweden

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  • 28606.
    Vestin, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Löfving, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Träcentrum Nässjö Kompetensutveckling AB, Nässjö, Sweden.
    On the way to a smart factory for single-family wooden house builders in Sweden2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    To remain competitive, single-family wooden house builders might create smart wooden house factories. Smart factories and smart production are recent concepts used to denote ideas that support competitiveness in for example the automotive industry. In the housing sector, a concept introduced to increase competitiveness is industrialized house-building. The aim of the study presented here was to investigate whether industrialized house-building characteristics could be a step toward a smart factory for wooden house builders. In this paper, ideas of the smart wooden house factory are synthesized, and challenges for the single-family wooden house builder are identified. The study is founded on empirical data from one single-case study. A challenge identified was the maturity level of the culture and organization to commit to and utilize modern technology and modern working methods. The concept of the smart wooden house factory is still in its infancy and needs further research.

  • 28607.
    Vestin, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Löfving, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Revealing the content of Industry 4.0: A review of literatureManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 28608.
    Vestin, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Löfving, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Smart single-family wooden house factory – A practitioner’s perspectiveManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 28609. Vestin, Johanna
    et al.
    Saume, Klara
    Hur en sjuksköterska kan stödja patienter med diabetes typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28610.
    Vestling, Veronika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Forsberg, Viktoria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

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  • 28611.
    Vettersand, Elina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tran, Thao
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Fairtrade - A Competitive Imperative?: An Investigation to Understand the Role of Fair Trade in Company Strategy in the Chocolate Industry2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The rise in ethical consumerism has become evident through an increase in sales of fair trade products in recent years. Consumers are prepared to pay a premium for fair trade chocolate, and with a steady future growth in the fair trade movement, this is an attractive market for new entrants. Of particular focus are the Swedish and German markets for fair trade chocolate as they show promising growth rates and interest in this field.

    Problem:       The chocolate industry is very competitive, and the observation that consumers reward companies that act socially responsible presents an opportunity for ethical companies to compete. This is attractive for entrepreneurial firms, but there exist numerous motivations why firms choose to engage in fair trade.

    Purpose:        The purpose of this thesis is to understand the role of fair trade in corporate strategy (either in partial or entire assortment), its relation to entrepreneurial opportunity-seeking behaviour, and examining how the strategic resource of Fairtrade certification is used to gain competitive advantage.

    Method:         A qualitative interview study was applied, and ten chocolate companies active in the Swedish and German markets were included in the sample. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews (four telephone interviews and six email responses), and complemented with secondary data from company websites and press releases. The interviewees were mainly representatives of the marketing department and CEOs. Empirical findings were analysed using relevant models and theories, and organized under the two categories of ‘firm use of fair trade’ and ‘visibility of fair trade.’

    Conclusion:   The findings in this thesis show that there are multiple reasons why chocolate companies engage in fair trade including reputation, spreading awareness, proactive opportunity-seeking behaviour, strategic differentiation, as a means of communicating to producers and consumers, and for quality insurance of raw ingredients. Fair trade engagement is visible through its role as a social resource. This image is created by ethical and social commitment and wholeness in values, non-exploitative respectful business network relationships, consistency in firm behaviour, and through wealth creation in terms of benefiting the firm, society, and the environment. The Fairtrade label is not imperative to achieving a state of competitive advantage, but can inevitably lead to that result through the firm wholeness created by mission- and vision-driven values.

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  • 28612.
    Vi, Dung
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Middleware for Dynamically Self-Configuring Automotive Systems2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is a portion of the DySCAS project and work is performed at Enea AB. DySCAS (Dynamically Self-Configuring Automotive Systems) is a research project funded by the European

    This thesis concentrates on future vehicle electronic systems. During a life cycle of the car vehicle manufacturers desire to upgrade or add new functions into the vehicle electronic systems, this is not possible with the static-runtime environment that employed into today’s car.

    To tackle this difficult problem many technologies were gathered and a dynamically self-configuring automotive system was introduced by combining technologies like self-managing, service-based and middleware.

    The obtained results fulfilled most of DySCAS requirements. However, the system has a few limitations and these are caused by the immature of distributed reconfigurable embedded systems in the market.

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  • 28613.
    Viberg, Björn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Westerling, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Filmens pedagogiska möjligheter i svenskundervisningen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this thesis is to explore the pedagogical possibilities of using film in the Swedish subject in high school, mainly so by interviewing teachers working with a subject primarily concerning film analysis (Filmkunskap). We have worked with different issues as the most important is: Why is it important to use a wider text concept to a greater extent in the Swedish subject? The study was conducted with eight qualitative interviews with teachers in the Swedish subject and in the Filmkunskap subject at four different schools. A qualitative survey complements these interviews. The main results of this work is that the use of films differ in a number of points comparing the two examined subjects and it also seems as schools today generally have all the technical possibilities for using film in teaching.

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  • 28614.
    Viberg, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Eslami, Mohammad H.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    The effect of machine learning on knowledge-intensive R&D in the technology industry2020In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 87-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of such current state-of-the-art technology as machine learning (ML) on organizational knowledge integration is indisputable. This paper synergizes investigations of knowledge integration and ML in technologically advanced and innovative companies, in order to elucidate the value of these approaches to organizational performance. The analyses are based on the premise that, to fully benefit from the latest technological advances, entity interpretation is essential to fully define what has been learned. Findings yielded by a single case study involving one technological firm indicate that tacit and explicit knowledge integration can occur simultaneously using ML, when a data analysis method is applied to transcribe spoken words. Although the main contribution of this study stems from the greater understanding of the applicability of machine learning in organizational contexts, general recommendations for use of this analytical method to facilitate integration of tacit and explicit knowledge are also provided.

  • 28615.
    Viberg, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden .
    Eslami, Mohammad H.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Malm, Anna
    Combitech, Linköping, Sweden.
    The potentials of machine learning in knowledge integration2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28616.
    Viberg, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Åberg, Kristin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The future of equity risk premiums: A study of equity risk premium in the Swedish market2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Marknadens riskpremie kan förklaras som den förväntade avkastning en investerare kräver för att acceptera en viss risk. Hur riskpremien skall bestämmas har stått i fokus för omfattande debatter de senaste åren men fortfarande har ingen ultimat lösning infunnit sig. Det finns två huvudsakliga tillvägagångssätt för att uppskatta riskpremien. Det ena att använda historisk data över aktieutvecklingen och därefter förvänta sig att en framtida utveckling kommer att vara likvärdig. Den andra är att göra uppskattningar av den framtida utvecklingen, så som framtida utdelningar, framtida vinster, BNP och inflation och därifrån göra en uppskattning utav riskpremien. Att använda sig av historiska värden har tidigare varit en accepterad metod både i den akademiska och finansiella värden men då den på senare tid har mötts av omfattande kritik, har modeller baserade på uppskattningar av framtiden vuxit sig starkare.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att ge en djupgående beskrivning av hur svenska finansiella företag uppskattar och hanterar riskpremium för den svenska aktiemarknaden. Därigenom fanns en avsikt att studera vilken metod som främst användes, hur viktigt riskpremium i form av ett investeringsinstrument var, och morgondagens betydelse av riskpremium.

    Metod: Författarna använde sig av en kvalitativ metod, där det empiriska materialet samlades in med hjälp av personliga intervjuer. Intervjufrågor av öppen karaktär skickades ut till respondenterna i förväg, och intervjuerna ägde därefter rum i Stockholm och Göteborg. I den teoretiska referensramen användes både så kallad primär och sekundär litteratur för att kunna redogöra en övergripande bild av problemområdet. Den primära litteraturen, som framförallt ligger till grund för kapitel tre, sågs extra viktig att inkludera då den möjliggjorde en minskad subjektivitet som annars hade riskerat att belasta uppsatsen.

    Resultat: Resultaten visade en varierad syn mellan respondenterna där vissa ansåg att riskpremien hade ringa betydelse och andra att det var en mycket viktig variabel. Överlag fanns det dock ett ökat intresse de senaste åren. Även val av metod varierade och vare sig historisk data eller framtida uppskattningar kunde sägas ha ett övertag bland användarna. Avslutningsvis såg författarna ett ökat intresse för de ingående variablerna i modeller som baseras på framtida förväntade värden och kunde därav visa att den framtida debatten sannolikt kommer att behandla vilka variabler som bör inkluderas i denna typ av modeller och hur de bör uppskattas.

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  • 28617.
    Viberg, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Blomberg, Jonny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Implementering av polymert material: Utredning av möjligheterna i implementering av polymert material i LED-armatur för utomhusmiljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Replacing metals with polymers is getting more and more popular. The main reason for this is that in a lot of cases the same requirement can still be achieved while at the same time using the benefits that polymer brings with them. In some cases the polymers can actually be the favorable choice of material. Fagerhults Belysning AB is one of the companies that traditionally have been using metals but their interest in polymers has grown. The purpose has therefore been to investigate the possibilities of implementing a polymer based material in a LED-armature which will be stationed outdoors and how this realizable potential CADconstruction in a polymer material can be measured against current requirements. The difficulty with this and the main reason why this haven’t been done yet is the general bad thermal conductivity that polymers have. The heat that is being created by the LED-lights has to be taken care of otherwise they will become too warm and will not be able to operate under the same conditions anymore. The side effects will be reduced lifetime and effect. However, if this is taken care of in a proper way and the LED-lights can operate under given temperatures the benefits of polymers can be applied. Two different requirement specifications were created to choose the right materials. The first requirement specifications takes care of the part of the armature where heat is being conducted and needs to be taken care of while the other requirement specifications takes care of the composition and exterior of the armature. Different types of polymers where then selected for the two requirement specification using material database and consultation from plastic suppliers. Another aspect that was part in taking care of the conductive heat two concepts was created. Both of these concepts where then put in a heat simulation program with the polymer that was considered having the highest thermal conductivity. The material that was used for the exterior design was a normal engineering polymer with a low thermal conductivity. However, after the heat simulations the result showed that a polymer with a high thermal conductivity was needed to be used even for the exterior design. Otherwise the heat would have exceeded the limit that was set for the LED-lights. Furthermore, the thermal conductive polymer was considered to be good enough to be used even for the exterior design. Thereby a couple of concepts where created for the exterior design and how it should be composed by using brainstorming, morphology and Pugh’s matrix and a final concept could then be presented. The purpose was thereby fulfilled since the possibilities of implementing a polymer based material had been done together with a realizable CAD-concept. The final result became that the heat that was being generated by the LED-lights can be managed of already existing polymers and at the same time using the benefits with polymers by integrating functions and lower the weight. The usage of a thermal conductive polymer in both the whole armature will lead to high cost for the material. High water- and dust requirements were put on the armature which led to implications in integrating more functions.

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    Implementering av polymert material i LED-armatur
  • 28618. Vicente-Hernandez, P
    et al.
    Decultieux, F
    Schmidt, P
    Svensson, Ingvar L
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and Manufacturing - Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Levaillant, C
    Mushy state behavior: rheological characterization and influence on air gap formation1995In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, E-ISSN 1347-5460, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 805-812Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28619.
    Vicic, Marko
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hermansson, Filip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How Does Service Management Affect Customer Satisfaction?: A Study Within the Swedish Consumer Electronics Retail Industry2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research about service management strategies effect on customer satisfaction is scarce. Service management and its implications on firms’ performance is a timely topic as many industries experience increased competition. This study attempts to contribute to this field by examining relationships between service management strategies and customer satisfaction within the Swedish high-end consumer electronics retail industry. The study also attempts to explore which service management strategies that store managers use as well as how they adopt themThis is done by combining data from interviews with a number of store managers and sellers, with data about customer satisfaction and customer’s perceptions of the service quality. 

    The authors of this thesis found that store managers use a range of strategies to varying extent, for example empower employees and develop service oriented internal processes, and that these strategies are used actively and consciously to pursue a specific outcome. In addition, the study shows that there is a positive relationship between empowering sellers and customer satisfaction, this relationship is stronger when the sellers are properly informed about their authority. The thesis also suggests that well-functioning internal processes, such as inventory management, affect service quality and therefore also customer satisfaction positively. On the opposite, dysfunctional internal processes can be harmful for the service quality. At last, the authors found indications that a structured and ambitious effort to train sellers in technical skills increase customer satisfaction.

  • 28620.
    Vicini, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Axman, Linnea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A Comparative Study of Unemployment in the Eurozone and non-Eurozone EU during the Financial Crisis2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the unemployment rate in 15 Eurozone countries and 12 non-Eurozone EU countries during the timespan between 2000 and 2015. By using pooled Ordinary Least Squared regressions for panel data, we have investigated the effects of being in the Eurozone during the financial crisis of the early 21st century. The foundation of this paper is based on Mundell's theory of Optimum Currency Areas, as well as the Phillips curve. The results indicate that being a part of the Eurozone has not been beneficial during the crisis, in terms of the unemployment rates.

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  • 28621.
    Victorin, Anna
    Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Förskollärarnas och föräldrarnas uppfattningar om utvecklingssamtal i förskolan.2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Som blivande pedagog och författare av examensarbetet har jag gjort en kvalitativt inriktad forskning för att besvara mitt syfte. Fenomenografi är ett centralt begrepp i examensarbetet. Inledningsvis har jag i bakgrunden skildrat en historisk tillbakablick med viktiga årtal för förskolan. Vidare har jag definierat och skildrat olika uppfattningar som skildras i forskning och litteratur från 2000-talet om utvecklingssamtalet i förskolan.  

    I denna studie har tio kvalitativa intervjuer gjorts med fem föräldrar och fem förskollärare. Syftet har varit att undersöka vilka uppfattningar som finns hos förskollärare och föräldrar om förskolan.  Huvudfrågeställningen i examensarbetet är: Vilken målsättning och vilka förväntningar har förskollärare och föräldrar om utvecklingssamtal? Jag har formulerat tio frågor som har sin grund i definitionen av utvecklingssamtal. Vid intervjuerna har jag haft en portabel bandspelare till min hjälp. Därefter har en kvalitativ bearbetning av textmaterialet skett. 

    Sammanfattningsvis finner jag fem kategorier av föräldrarnas uppfattningar. För föräldrarna är det viktigt att förskollärarna synliggör barnet i barngruppen och ger inblick i sitt barns vardag. Det är viktigt med en dialog mellan parterna och att de är ett team för barnet. Samtalets kärna är trivsel, relationer och utveckling.

    Sammanfattningsvis finner jag fyra kategorier av förskollärarens uppfattningar. För dem är det viktigt att vara professionell i samtalet, både i förhållningssättet och i bemötandet. Det är viktigt att det finns en dialog och att ge redskap för delaktighet. Förskollärarna beskriver utvecklingssamtalet som en värdefull möjlighet. 

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  • 28622.
    Videnova, Mila
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Videnova, Jana
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The Spread of the Global Financial Crisis to Sweden: Investigating the co-movement between two international stock indices2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    The Spread of the Global Financial Crisis to Sweden
  • 28623.
    Vidgren, Katriina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Derksen, Anastasia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Blooming Flowers or Just Firm Roots?: Traditions in the Innovation Process of Family Businesses – Combining the Agency and Stewardship Perspective2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The economical situation is constantly changing and competition is forcing companies to become more innovative than ever. Family businesses are thought to be less innovative and stagnant compared to other organizations. Yet, they manage to survive and thrive in this competitive world. Some family businesses have been able to use their unique traditions to obtain competitive advantage. The purpose of this study is to gain insight how family businesses are leveraging on their traditions and how different governing styles affect the process of innovation. Thus, the research question we are trying to answer is How are family businesses with different governance styles exploiting their traditions in their product innovations? This qualitative study is conducted by using case study strategy consisting of a total eight case companies. The data is collected from semi-structured interviews and secondary data. The analysis of the collected data is conducted in five steps, and patterns are formed based on the analysis. Our results showed that companies behaving according to the agency theory perceived tradition as something static. Thus, did not fully take advantage of it. Family businesses behaving according to the stewardship Theory perceived tradition as dynamic and were able to reinterpret it to use it in their product innovation process.

  • 28624.
    Vidovic, Anita
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Den nya etableringsreformen: Avseende flyktingmottagande och integration år 20102011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reception of refugees and integrations have for a long period of time been considered to work poorly. The establishment of newly arrived didn’t go as fast as needed, and too few made contact with the working life.  It was clear that a change was necessary. The Swedish reception of refugees carried through with a big transformation of structure since parts of the integration considering labour-market establishment got moved from the local authorities to the Government. Throughout the new establishment reform the Government wishes to efficiently and quickly be able to establish newly arrived refugees into the working- and social life. The purpose is to achieve self-support. The reform contains new or changed areas of responsibilities for the municipality, the Employment Office, the county administrative board, the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and Swedish Migration Board. At the same time a new operator called “etableringslots” was introduced with the purpose of supporting and hastening the establishment of the newly arrived. Even though the reform was recently accomplished it is clear from certain sides that the new system fails on some certain parts.

    The new establishment reform is to this day a much discussed subject. Disagreements of opinions exist depending on which authority respectively individual that gets asked. A study got carried through, starting with the former system, to find out if the new establishment reform was good enough, if it was necessary and how it all works. Not only to get the theoretical part of the new system but to also get the practical part, interviews were made with the employment agency and the local authority. Closed examinations of some reports and investigations also occurred to get an answer of how it works when it is put into practice. All parties are required to fulfill their duties and their responsibilities so that the reforms result turns out well. The reform has had its difficulties but it should be kept in mind that it is fairly new and it will take some time for the system to get integrated. At the same time there is a great risk that the domino effect occurs in the legal reform if one of the trails fall and in that case we would be back at square one.

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  • 28625.
    Vidovic, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Bäckström, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Överskuldsättningsproblem på marknaden för sms-lån: Är lagändringarna i proposition 2013/14:34 en god väg till att minska överskuldsättningen eller behövs ytterligare rättsliga åtgärder?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I konsumentkreditlagen (2010:1846) (KKrL) finns det bestämmelser om hur kreditprövningar ska genomföras, ändå är det just vid dessa moment som det brister. Det är inte lagstiftningen beträffande kreditprövningarna som brustit, utan snarare tillämpningen av reglerna. Bristfälligheten har uppkommit, eftersom att sanktionsmöjligheterna inte varit tillräckligt avskräckande. Därför behöver sanktionsmöjligheterna stärkas. Genom att näringsidkarna har underlåtit att följa bestämmelserna, har de sparat in arbetskraft, tid samt ökat sin omsättning. Dock resulterar det i att konsumenterna löper större risk att överskuldsättas. För många kan sms-lån vara en sista utväg, vilket kan innebära att näringsidkarna vänder sig till personer som redan har en ostadig ekonomi. En målgrupp med en försämrad ekonomi och en bristfällig kreditprövning kan leda till överskuldsättning.

    En väg till att minska överskuldsättningen kan vara lagändringarna i proposition 2013/14:34, som har till syfte att verka avskräckande för näringsidkaren. Konsumentverket (KOV) kommer genom ändringarna få möjligheten att tillsammans med en varning kunna meddela en sanktionsavgift.

    Även fast överskuldsättningen i många fall beror på bristande kreditprövningar, kan även andra lagbestämmelser i KKrL ha en inverkan på problemet. En av dessa bestämmelser kan vara god kreditgivningssed, eftersom den genomsyrar mycket av näringsidkarens arbete till exempel hur näringsidkaren ska genomföra kreditprövningar. Därav utreds det om en ändring av god kreditgivningssed kan vara ytterligare en väg till att minska överskuldsättningen.

    Införandet av sanktionsavgifter kan minska överskuldsättningen men sanktionsbeloppen kan utformas på ett annat sätt. Det behövs även ytterligare rättsliga åtgärder till avgifterna för att kunna täppa till andra problem på området.

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  • 28626.
    Vidovic, Nikolina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Brännmark, Carolina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Bröstarvingars arvsrätt i relation till svensk IP-rätt om ordre public: Ur ett nationellt och internationellt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fact that Sweden is increasingly becoming more internationalized and developing a more multicultural society, stimulated an interest in writing about direct heirs inheritance rights from a national and international perspective, in which the outcome was intended to be set in relation to the Swedish Private International Law on public policy. Nowadays all children take equal shares according to chapter 2 paragraph 1 “Ärvdabalk”. If the deceased’s child passes away before him- or herself, the deceased’s grandchildren are entitled to inheritance through the Swedish istadarätt. The Swedish legal portion is enacted in chapter 7 paragraph 1 “Ärvdabalk” and entitles direct heirs half of his or her inheritance share. There has been discussion about whether the legal portion should be preserved or abolished in the law of Swedish inheritance. All the Nordic countries have a form of legal portion, as well as most of the European countries, apart from England and Wales, where there is a complete testamentary freedom. Even Muslim countries have no correspondence to the protection of legal portion. This may raise the question whether a country, which is lacking a protective rule that can be compared with the Swedish legal portion, may constitute a basis for public policy. According to the Swedish law there is an opportunity, through public policy, for Sweden to override a foreign law on the grounds that it is clearly incompatible with the foundations of the Swedish legal system. The Islamic inheritance law differs considerably from the Swedish inheritance law, in comparison to the right of inheritance in for example any Western European country. It is debatable whether any basis in the Islamic inheritance law of direct heirs may conflict with the fundamentals of the Swedish legal system and therefore actualize public policy. The Swedish right of inheritance for direct heirs is to a large extent of dispositive nature, which is why public policy can only become relevant in an international succession dispute, where a foreign law is applicable. The courts tend to strictly interpret public policy, probably because of the fear that the country's law, which gets overridden, could oppose. Future application of public policy may be further limited when the EU Succession Regulation enters into force. It is still up to the Swedish court to determine what in each case is deemed to be manifestly incompatible with public policy in Sweden, and what impact this may have on the succession of direct heirs.

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  • 28627.
    Vieira, Fátima L.
    et al.
    Human Technology Group, Department of Electromechanical Engineering and Centre for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technology, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Vieira, Paulo A.
    Department of Computer Science and Cloud Computing Competence Centre, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Coelho, Denis A.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Human Technology Group, Department of Electromechanical Engineering and Centre for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technology, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    A data-driven approach to development of a taxonomy framework for triple bottom line metrics2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 2717Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a data-driven approach to develop a taxonomy in a data structure on list for triple bottom line (TBL) metrics. The approach is built from the authors reflection on the subject and review of the literature about TBL. The envisaged taxonomy framework grid to be developed through this approach will enable existing metrics to be classified, grouped, and standardized, as well as detect the need for further metrics development in uncovered domains and applications. The approach reported aims at developing a taxonomy structure that can be seen as a bi-dimensional table focusing on feature interrogations and characterizing answers, which will be the basis on which the taxonomy can then be developed. The interrogations column is designed as the stack of the TBL metrics features: What type of metric is it (qualitative, quantitative, or hybrid)? What is the level of complexity of the problems where it is used? What standards does it follow? How is the measurement made, and what are the techniques that it uses? In what kinds of problems, subjects, and domains is the metric used? How is the metric validated? What is the method used in its calculation? The column of characterizing answers results from a categorization of the range of types of answers to the feature interrogations. The approach reported in this paper is based on a screening tool that searches and analyzes information both within abstracts and full-text journal papers. The vision for this future taxonomy is that it will enable locating for any specific context, discern what TBL metrics are used in that context or similar contexts, or whether there is a lack of developed metrics. This meta knowledge will enable a conscious decision to be made between creating a new metric or using one of those that already exists. In this latter case, it would also make it possible to choose, among several metrics, the one that is most appropriate to the context at hand. In addition, this future framework will ease new future literature revisions, when these are viewed as updates of this envisaged taxonomy. This would allow creating a dynamic taxonomy for TBL metrics. This paper presents a computational approach to develop such taxonomy, and reports on the initial steps taken in that direction, by creating a taxonomy framework grid with a computational approach. 

  • 28628. Viet, Hung Trinh
    et al.
    Wågsäter, Dick
    Hugander, Anders
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene polymorphism in human colorectal cancer.2005In: Oncology Reports, ISSN 1021-335X, E-ISSN 1791-2431, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 915-918Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28629.
    Vietsch, Rik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    de Mol, Jessica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    New Product Development in the Mobile Device Industry: Agility as the 10th Success Factor2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28630.
    Vigren, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Environmental, Social and Governance Aspects Impact on Financial Performance: An event study on ESG improvement2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade, corporate transparency has become a fundamental value and strong signifier in today’s business environment. Today, companies must reveal more Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) information about their operations than ever. This study investigates if asset managers can benefit from ESG information by incorporating it into the investment process. An event study is conducted on companies that improved their ESG performance and the financial results is evaluated post of the improvement. Three different time-perspectives are used, 1-year, 3-years and 5 years to see if the relationship is sensitive to changes in time. In sum, only the mid-term test give a statistical significant result, with indication of a negative impact from ESG improvements on financial performance. There is weak evidence that the financial performance may improve in the ultra-long run, but additional research needs to be done to confirm such hypothesis. I suggest that regardless of how the relationship between ESG and financial performance is, more integrated ESG models will be important for asset managers in the future. 

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  • 28631.
    VIJAYA KUMAR, BALU MAHESH
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    GANGADHARAN, NITHIN
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Energy efficiency technology transfer to developing nation: A study of challenges and strategies in the adoption of energy efficiency technologies to the industries in India (Waste heat to electricity generation)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractProblem: Energy plays a vital role in the growth of economy and sustainable development ofa nation. Various technologies are discovered in the developed countries to improve energyefficiency. Considering, new EETs and trying to introduce into the developing nation wherethey are losing energy in terms of poor and inefficient system. The EETs from the developednations are trying to implement into the Indian industry, where they have a large requirementof energy. The EETs mentioned here are related to waste heat to electricity generation whereindustries release a large amount of waste heat. Due to the nature of new and advancedtechnology, there are lot of challenges need to face while transfer. This paper address differenttype of challenges like Market structure, Financial challenges, Management challenges andTechnical supply and strategies to overcome this challenge.

  • 28632.
    Vijayakumar, Vivek
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Tom, Arun
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Produktionsutveckling.
    Lead a concept proof to use RFID technology in tracing of bulky goods in logistics: Bring Logistics, Torsvik2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28633.
    Vikman, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Niklasson, Victoria
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Användarvänlighet inom webb: Kritiska framgångsfaktorer för ett lokalt nystartat företag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this work is to create a user-friendly website that is tailored to its target audience. We will also develop success factors critical to the design of a user-friendly website for a local start-up company. Background – In today’s society it is important for companies to have a corporate website, or at least have a presence on the web, in order to fully establish itself as a competitor on the market and, above all, to communicate with their customers. Having a user-friendly website is a step towards retaining and capturing customers. However, usability may be difficult to define and interaction design is a relatively new topic. Method – In order to fulfil the purpose of the study, and answer its questions, we have chosen to perform an interview with the company Nicklasson Fiskeri AB, as well as to perform paper prototype testing on the website we design. A literature review was also conducted, concentrating on user experience, ease of use, usability principles, etc. We followed the design process "A simple life cycle model for interaction design" in the development of our own design for Victoria Fisk's website. Findings – Based on the collected empirical data and literature, we present three success factors that can affect the design of a user-friendly website for a local start-up company. These are efficiency, trust and clarity. Implications – The results we achieved indicates that there are clear guidelines to follow when creating user-friendly websites. These should be followed whether the site belongs to a large or small company, established or new. The factors we have developed may advantageously be used by newly established local companies.

  • 28634.
    Vikström, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Interface design of a financial application with usability principles2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ma’at Solutions is an Austrian software company located in Linz. The company is specialized in financial business applications such as portfolio management systems.The company wishes to extend its existing product Ma’at Invest with an Internet version that will work as a substitute or complement to the main program. The project is named Ma’at Online. Ma’at Solutions would like to use the advantages in the present program developed in the Java development environment -Eclipse. An example of features that the company would like to transfer to the online version is that the user can enlarge or minimize windows on request. Through the newly released Adobe (former Macromedia) Flex this is possible even on the Internet. From this a general goal was established:

    - Create the Ma’at Online interface with an optimal usability approach in Adobe Flex.

    The workflow in the existing application was analyzed with UML-modeling notation. In this way it was easier to understand the purpose of the program and which functions were required. Furthermore the target user was defined to acquire the needs of the users. These requirements were then developed even more and were used in the remodeling of the workflow to better suit an Internet version. In addition to that, an alternative design was developed, that met the requirements stated in the prior stage. At last an evaluation was performed and a test study of the finished prototype was conducted to make sure that the program meets the requirements.

    During the development process, time was spent on trying to use the advantages of animations and interaction manipulations to create a better and easier workflow that prevents the user from frustration and errors. Instead it is supposed to provide help to the user when needed. The components in the Adobe Flex were investigated and tested to see how they could be created in the scripting language Action Script and if they could fit into the application.

    The result of the project was that the application is user-friendly and has an aesthetic interface based on an edge-cutting technology.

    The conclusion of the development process in Adobe Flex is that the technology still has complications, however in a few years, the eatures used in standalone programs will be used on the Internet.

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  • 28635.
    Viktoria, Bengtsson
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Malena, Arvidsson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Att arbeta med aktiviteter i vardagen på slutet ungdomshem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva personalens erfarenheter av att arbeta med aktiviteter i vardagen som förbereder ungdomar inför utskrivning från slutet ungdomshem.Metod: En kvalitativ ansats användes med semistrukturerade intervjufrågor. Ett bekvämlighetsurval användes där tio deltagare (fyra kvinnor och sex män) anställda på ett ungdomshem i södra Sverige deltog. Deltagarnas åldrar var mellan tjugofem till sextio år med olika professioner. Datainsamlingen analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.Resultat: Tre kategorier framkom: Aktivitetsrelaterade strategier, Personalrelaterade strategier och Miljörelaterade strategier. Deltagarna beskrev det betydelsefullt att möjliggöra för konstruktiva aktiviteter i vardagen med ungdomen på ungdomshemmet. Personalen måste ha en holistisk syn på ungdomen för att identifiera meningsfulla konstruktiva aktiviteter, då ungdomen inte är där av fri vilja.Slutsats: Utifrån deltagarna har personalens yrkeskompetens och personliga egenskaper stor betydelse i aktiviteter med ungdomar som befinner sig på slutet ungdomshem. Genom att personalen tillsammans med ungdomen identifierade meningsfulla konstruktiva aktiviteter som ungdomen kan vara delaktig i kan risken för återfall i destruktiva aktiviteter minskas.

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  • 28636. Vilaseca, J
    et al.
    Dedeu, T
    de Graaf, P
    Hobbs, R
    Muth, C
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    López-Alcázar, M
    Scherer, M
    Chronic heart failure: the role of primary care: position paper of the European Forum for Primary Care2008In: Quality in Primary Care, ISSN 1479-1072, E-ISSN 1479-1064, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 351-362Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28637.
    Vilhelmsson, André
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics. 9502071419.
    Detektion av landningsbanor med maskininlärning: Optimering av maskininlärningsparametrar för videoigenkänning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThe purpose of the thesis is to use design science research to produce information to improve a support vector machine (SVM) model and to gain knowledge about optimization of hyperparameters through experiments. The objective will be answered through evaluation of performance gained by adjusting the hyperparameters. The report will also evaluate the further use of the techniques with IR cameras in combination with histogram of oriented gradients (HOG) as translated input for the SVM-model trained to detect and do a classification of runways.MethodThe method was performed through three technical experiments performed at Saab Avionics Systems. The experiments contain adjusting and optimizing settings in Saabs framework for detecting runways with the machine learning method support vector machine. The experiments with manual grid search will test and evaluate the performance of the support vector ratio, accuracy and more. Three different optimization methods will be evaluated which consists of grid search, random grid search and Bayesian optimization and all three will optimize the parameters C and gamma.FindingsThe findings indicate that all the evaluated parameters could bring positive performance impact on the SVM. Some important results were the HOG settings 6 orientation histograms, 64*64 pixels per cell, 2*2 cells per pixel, which performed best. An even dividable resolution of the image was also important for the HOG calculations. Other results indicate that the Radial Basis Function - kernel was the better choice over the linear kernel, as well as a higher amount of training data was better for a higher performance.The best performing optimization algorithm was the Bayesian optimization which found and improved three of eight testcases. The technique combining SVM with HOG-vectors for detecting runways are shown being implementable with high performance. A hardware implementation with an FPGA would be the recommended implementation which would improve classification time as well as the HOG computation time. Around 35-145 fps per detection window would be achievable with this technique with an accuracy above 99.4%.ComplicationsFew implications were found during the work apart from one. Which were the case of the detection window of one of the IR cameras (LWIR) which was a bit skewed compared to the SWIR sensor. The result contains some uncertainties of the performance compared between SWIR and LWIR sensors.LimitationsThe limitation of the report is that the training data were similar and only consisting of one runway. The accuracy performance can be a bit misleading when evaluating an imbalanced class.KeywordsSVM, HOG, runway, hyperparameters, optimization, RBF kernel, grid search, Bayesian optimization, random grid search, object detection, classification, margin for detecting window, over fitting, C, gamma, range, IR camera, training data, data augmentation, class balance in data, implementation.

  • 28638.
    Vilhelmsson, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Are Swedish Mutual Fund Managers Riding Their Losers Too Long?: An Investigation of the Disposition Effect for Professional Investors2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fundamental assumptions in financial theory that markets are efficient and investors are fully rational are increasingly being questioned. Psychological aspects are becoming more and more important in explaining and understanding markets and investor behaviour. There is a need for investigating the behaviour of investors, not only the behaviour of prices, to accomplish healthier financial markets in the future. Not only do irrational investor biases lead to inferior returns, but on a larger scale it might have detrimental effects on markets. This study aims at exploring the disposition effect, which is the general tendency to sell winning investments too soon and holding on to losing investments too long. The focus is on Swedish mutual fund managers. It is extra important to study professional investors since they are believed to majorly set prices in the market. To do this trading data has been collected for six mutual funds. Then the proportion realized winners have been compared to the proportion realized losers, to see if there is a bias at either direction. Contrary to what was expected, the sample displayed a strong tendency to sell losers relatively more often than winners. During the time studied the market experienced a strong bull market which seems to have had an impact on the disposition effect.

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  • 28639.
    Vilhelmsson, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Dag Hammarskjöld: Generalsekreterare, karaktär, religiös tänkare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28640.
    Vilhelmsson, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Reformationen i läroböcker: En studie om hur reformationen framställs i högstadieläroböcker2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28641.
    Vilhelmsson, Lisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Vi äro med i en helig strid!" - Jönköpings läns Nykterhetsförbund under åren 1896-1955.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28642.
    Viljama, Jesse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sepponen, Eetu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How innovation culture affects the performance of Internal Corporate Venturing (ICV)?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Sepponen & Viljama
  • 28643.
    Villagomez Garcia, Ivan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pecikoza, Senada
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pac Yurrita, Jorge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurial Coping: Entrepreneurial Reactions and Coping Methods Towards Failur2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An entrepreneur is an innovator, someone who transforms innovations and ideas intoeconomically viable entities; independent on whether in the process she creates oroperates a firm (Baumol 1993). When these firms are created however, sometimes theydo not achieve a viable sustainability; they often face problems and are forced to gobankrupt. When Bankruptcy occurs the entrepreneur is logically affected not onlyeconomically but also mentally and emotionally. Different situations have differenteffects on the entrepreneur´s emotions.

    Lazarus´ Cognitive Appraisal Theory states that when faced with a problem or situationpeople "appraise" or perceive it in different ways. The Primary Appraisal happens whenthe entrepreneur first comes into the realization of the problem; she can view itdifferently, either as an event that deserves indifference, an opportunity, or as a harmfulthreat. The Secondary Appraisal happens when the entrepreneur analyses what resourceshe has available and what strategy he will proceed to use in order to tackle the situation.Furthermore, during the course of the situation the entrepreneur may come into therealization of new information that might change his way of perceiving things, this iscalled an Appraisal. The Cognitive Appraisal Theory is closely linked to the CopingTheory which talks about how entrepreneurs "cope" or deal emotionally with theiradversities. Coping can be divided into two types, Problem focused and Emotion focusedCoping. Problem focused coping intents on coming up with viable and practical solutionsto improve the situation, whereas Emotion focused intends on externalizing the blame andreacting with a worsened emotional state that does not help the situation in the long run.

    This report is an exploratory research and bases its empirical data on the case studyapproach of five different cases of entrepreneurs leaving in Sweden who had theexperience of engaging in an enterprise that ended up in bankruptcy. During the course ofthis investigation a qualitative method was used and the empirical findings wheregathered by engaging in interviews that were later analyzed and correlated with thetheoretical framework.

    In the Analysis we take apart the information gathered in the interviews and try tocorrelate the events to the theories while at the same time striving to find similarities ordifferences between the subjects. We also try to find patterns that may help us understandmore about the subject and finally allows us to address the problem and achieve thepurpose of this report which is to understand how an entrepreneur copes when faced witha business failure.

    In our conclusion we came to the realization that people tend to follow specific patterns ofemotional reaction that concretely support the pre established theories. This report servesas a base or foundation of a tool for entrepreneurs. We find that if entrepreneurs hadprevious knowledge of ways to deal with failure they might be more prompt to avoid itentirely and consequently this can be an invaluable tool for them..3

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  • 28644. Villagomez Garcia, Ivan
    et al.
    Van der Meulen, Steffan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The evaluation of business models by venture capitalists2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify the role a business model plays for Venture Capitalists (VCs) when analysing a new venture proposal for funding. The primary data for this research was collected through six qualitative interviews conducted during a two month period. Furthermore, the gathered data was evaluated in accordance with the information found in current literature which describes de term "business model" as well as specific criteria for it. The findings from this research demonstrate that the perception of the role of a business model is strongly similar among the VCs whom were interviewed. They all argued that a business model plays a secondary role in the evaluation process and see it as part of the business plan. At the same time, this research could could pinpoint the fact that no specific instrument including explicit evaluation criteria is currently being implemented by the VCs in question in order to evaluate a business model.

    Notwithstanding this study cannot be generalized since the pool of applicants included only six Investment Manages working in Venture Capital Funds in Sweden and Mexico. At the same, even though the geographical differences exist, the evaluation process resulted quite similar amongst them. Evidence from this study has demostrated that the current ambiguity of the meaning of the term "business model" is the most frequent perceived challenge to the evaluation of these. Therefore, our interest to shed more light into the topic was encouraged.

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  • 28645.
    Villalobos, Laura
    et al.
    Climate Change and Sustainable Development Sector, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC, USA.
    Coria, Jessica
    Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nordén, Anna
    Centre for Environment and Sustainability (GMV), Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Has forest certification reduced forest degradation in Sweden?2018In: Land Economics, ISSN 0023-7639, E-ISSN 1543-8325, Vol. 94, no 2, p. 220-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper estimates the effects of certification of nonindustrial private forest owners on forest degradation in Sweden-one of the countries with the largest total area of certified forests. We rely on official forest inventory data, information on certification status, and impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three key environmental outcomes. We find that certification has not halted forest degradation in that it has not improved any of the environmental outcomes. Moreover, for forest certification to have an effect, the standards should be tightened and the monitoring and enforcement of forest certification schemes strengthened.

  • 28646.
    Villanueva, Jaume
    et al.
    Universitat Ramon Lull.
    Markowska, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Universitat Ramon Lull.
    Storytelling in the development of entrepreneurial identities2013In: 5th Conference on Rhetoric and Narratives, ESADE, Barcelona, 25-27 March, 2013., 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion that the development of an entrepreneurial identity in individuals has important consequences for their subsequent entrepreneurial intentions and behaviors has gained increased attention in the entrepreneurship literature (Fauchart & Gruber, 2011). Most of this emerging literature has hitherto focused on the relationship between an individual’s entrepreneurial identity, i.e. between people’s self-concepts based on some form of entrepreneurial role identity (Cardon et al., 2009), or an entrepreneurial social identity (Fauchart & Gruber, 2011), and a broad set of entrepreneurial processes and outcomes. The main idea is thus that if a person’s self- concept is aligned with what could be construed as an entrepreneurial identity, a set of predictions could be made regarding this person’s entrepreneurial motivations, intentions and behaviors, all of which has important consequences for the study of entrepreneurship.

    But how does an entrepreneurial role or social identity develop in an individual? The literature has so far been rather silent not only on the antecedents of entrepreneurial identities, but also on the processes by which such identities develop over time. Theories of narrative identity and the psychology of life stories (McAdams, 2001), which posit that a person’s identity is an internalized narrative of the self that evolves over time, provide relevant insights for understanding where entrepreneurial self-concepts may come from and how they may develop. People construe stories to imbue their life experiences with meaning, and to integrate what could be disparate life episodes and events into a coherent life trajectory that can be understood by themselves and by others.

    Hence, the development of an entrepreneurial identity could be conceptualized as a specific type of evolving self-narrative with a specific kind of meaning. This self-narrative should not only include the basic elements that would make it “entrepreneurial” in meaning, but it should also include the main elements that would make it a “story.” In this paper, we draw on narrative theories to make a number of propositions regarding what constitutes an entrepreneurial identity in terms of narrative structure, drawing on McAdams’ (2001) conceptualization of a life story as a narrative complete with setting, scenes, characters, plot and themes. We also draw on theories of entrepreneurship and develop propositions regarding what constitutes an identity with entrepreneurial meaning. Furthermore, we explain a number of mechanisms by which these elements may change over time, explaining why some individuals may develop entrepreneurial identities over the span of their life courses.

    According to McAdams’ life story model of identity (2001), a person’s identity can be conceptualized as an internalized and evolving self-story that provides meaning to one’s experience. In other words, an individual’s identity can be thought of as a psychosocial construction (a construction that is coauthored by the person and its cultural context) that takes the structural form of a story. But what constitutes a story? And, more specifically, what constitutes a life story in terms of narrative structure? Drawing on McAdams’ (2001) model, we conceptualize a life story as a canonical type of narrative structure that includes the following components: (1) a set of identifiable themes that weave together (2) a plot line that is projected on (3) a character (or focal actor) that is embedded in (4) a social and cultural setting

    Stories differ in their constitutive elements (i.e. themes, plot, characters and setting), so what is that makes a story an “entrepreneurial story? In terms of themes identified in the literature, a common thematic thread that weaves entrepreneurial stories is the creation and engagement with a new economic (and social) activity (Davidsson, 2004). This theme usually implies the arrangement of activities and motivations around identifying new means-ends frameworks and organizing and managing resources required for their execution (Chandler & Hanks, 1994). An entrepreneurial story can have many alternative plot lines. The plot line allows the storyteller to convey the significance of some events and not others, to elaborate on some events while omitting others, to draw connections between events that may not seem related, or to omit making connections between events that appear related. In short, the plot allows the storyteller to imbue meaning into a sequence of events and allows the audience to understand the significance of these specific events or, in other words, to make sense of the story. A narrative structure in the form of a story will thus contain “poetic tropes,” which are mechanisms aimed at linking the events of a story and to imbue them with meaning. Examples of these mechanisms are: attributions of causal connections, attributions of agency, attributions of responsibility, attributions of motives or attributions of emotion (Gabriel, 2004). A common plot line in an entrepreneurial story consists of the identification of a problem and the creation of a solution, resulting in a satisfactory outcome for both the entrepreneur and society (Bhave, 1994). This plot line represents a canonical type of cause-effect relationship expressed in the problem-solution dichotomy. The character of a life story consists obviously of the focal person in question and, in the case of an entrepreneurial story, the focal actor is the entrepreneur. Finally, an entrepreneurial story is embedded in a social and cultural setting that helps imbue it with meaning. An entrepreneurial story often invokes an individual’s human and social capital – the acquired knowledge and experience as well as social group membership (Stryker, 1980; Tajfel & Turner, 1985), as well as cultural norms that are proper and acceptable given a set of socially constructed system of norms, values, beliefs and definitions (Suchman, 1995).

    In short, in this paper we develop a series of propositions linking the key constitutive components of a life story to entrepreneurship constructs, thus offering a theoretical explanation of how an entrepreneurial identity, conceptualized as a specific type of story, comes into being. Furthermore, we theorize about how these elements may change over time and its impact on the emergence and development of an entrepreneurial identity over the life course.

  • 28647.
    Vilsson, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Geldard, Matthew
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Internationalizing to the UK: a resource based perspective2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A significant problem in the construction industry is the losses sustained as a result of the theft of tools and equipment from construction sites. The case study company, referred to as PSS, have successfully developed and commercialized a technological solution to prevent such theft within Sweden. The next step in the commercialization of PSS is to seek growth and leverage their investment and innovation.

    Our purpose is to undertake a UK market analysis, in order to investigate if PSS's business model has opportunities in the UK, and recommend how PSS might approach internationalization, using a resource based perspective.

    PSS’s existing business model has been developed to fit the Swedish market conditions, and has been demonstrated to perform. We find market conditions in the UK are similar, albeit in greater proportions. The nature of the problem, the industry structures, and the competitive environment is similar to the domestic conditions, and the competitive position of PSS is replicable, with a high level of strategic fit.

    We recommend PSS pursue its desire to internationalize to the UK based on similarity of the fit with the local market (which has been demonstrated to result in acceptable performance). We would recommend entry through a sales subsidiary to facilitate the establishment of customer relationships. In addition a possible license agreement with a partner may help to facilitate speedy access to UK distribution industry networks.

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  • 28648.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Information Technology and Information Systems (CenITIS). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    E-health two-sided markets: Implementation and business models2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-health two-side Markets: Implementation and Business Models presents empirical models and suggestions that focus on how to remove barriers to deliver online services across borders and how actual barriers affect business models in a two-sided market with regard to eHealth. Technological innovation and business developments in online trade result in fast-evolving markets with the continuous emergence of new products and services, thus requiring a specific approach. This book discusses how to develop innovative and cost-effective implementation strategies for complex organizations, the importance of barriers and facilitators for two-sided markets when implementing e-health services and/or IT based innovations, which pre-requisites have to be achieved in complex organizations that act in two-sided markets when implementing e-services, the ecosystem for implementation of services and innovations in complex organizations, and its effects for business models. This book is a valuable source for researchers in medical informatics, and is also ideal for stakeholders, consultants, advisors, and product designers involved in eHealth services. Presents guidelines that can be used as examples of pros and cons in two-side markets. Provides knowledge that enables readers to identify the changes that need to be considered in budget proposals for eHealth implementation. Includes examples of business models applied in two-side markets, diminishing external effects and failures.

  • 28649.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Sociala innovationer i välfärden: Förutsättningar för ett E-hälsokonto2014Report (Refereed)
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  • 28650.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Information Technology and Information Systems (CenITIS). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    The future of two-sided e-health markets2016In: E-health two-sided markets: Implementation and business models / [ed] Vivian Vimarlund, Elsevier, 2016, p. 189-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The two-sided e-health market is rapidly becoming fundamental for health and social care. Worldwide many different steps have been taken to increase the engagement of consumers with e-health, mainly focusing in the development of novel digital services that increase well-being or tackle some social challenges, such as the lack of qualified personnel, or dwindling resources. At the same time, some effort is also spent on establishing a market in which both sides-e-health consumers and providers-can interact and benefit from with each other (Connell and Young, 2007). In this sideline, there has been a great ambition to introduce "service innovation," "design thinking," and other tenors of the service-dominant logic (Vargo and Lusch, 2008) to open up for new collaborations between private and public actors. Intermediary platforms, provided by regional or national authorities (Aanestad and Jensen, 2011) or private actors such as insurance companies (Scott et al., 2006), become a key coordination infrastructure that allows information to flow within and between the two sides of the market, regulating nontransaction activities and making decisions that determine which group receives support and in which manner, and which kind of price structure will exist to stimulate the two sides to become an active actor of the market.

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