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  • 28601.
    Wilcox, Jeremy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    This Moment at lululemon: A firm-level assessment of entreprenurship2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    lululemon athletica is a yoga inspired athletic clothing company. Since lululemon’s retail inception in 2000, the company has been quite successful; it has grown to sixty- four store and showrooms locations and has doubled revenue every year for the last four years. A lululemon core value is entrepreneurship. This thesis explores this entrepreneurial value focusing primarily on an individual retail location manager perspective. The entrepreneurial concepts utilized to explore entrepreneurship are: entrepreneurial ori- entation (EO), entrepreneurial management, company growth, entrepreneurship preservation, and corporate entrepreneurship.

    Three empirical instruments assessing entrepreneurial concepts are employed in this thesis: Entrepreneurial Orientation, Stevenson’s Entrepreneurship, and a presented recombination of Stevenson’s Entrepreneurship concept. The EO instrument considers the dimensions pioneered by Miller (1983) and Dess and Lumpkin (1996) and includes: innovation, risk-taking, proactiveness, competitive aggressiveness, and autonomy. Stevenson’s Entrepreneurship is assessed by the Operationalization of Stevenson’s Entrepreneurship scale developed by Brown et al. (2001) which determines management style proclivity between an entrepreneurial or administrative style.

    The third empirical study recombines the Brown et al. (2001) instrument in an attempt to explore a possible ambidextrous management function of Stevenson’s Entrepreneurship concept.

    Results from the empirical studies depict lululemon as an entrepreneurial organisation. The EO study results show that lululemon emphasizes innovative and proactive behaviours. The Operationalization of Stevenson’s Entrepreneurship scale determined that lululemon slightly favours an entrepreneurial management style. The presented ambidexterity instrument reveals individual location managers to be capable of ambidextrous management.

    Two possible contributions to entrepreneurship study are proposed in this thesis. Analysis of the entrepreneurial orientation concept within lululemon realized a need for a communication and coordination EO dimension to be added to the existing dimensions. Also, the recombination of the Brown et al. (2001) instrument provides an alternate measurement scale assessing management ambidexterity.

  • 28602. Wilder, J
    et al.
    Axelsson, C
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Parent-child interaction: A comparison of parents' perceptions in three groups2004In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 26, no 21-22, p. 1313-1322Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28603. Wilder, J
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Behaviour style and interaction between seven children with multiple disabilities and their caregivers2003In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 559-567Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28604. Wilder, J
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Presymbolic children in Sweden: interaction, family accommodation and social networks2006In: Proceedings from the 12th Isaac research conference, Düsseldorf, August, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28605.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Carlsson, Maggan
    Föreningen JAG.
    Jag är med! Om personlig assistans och barns delaktighet i familjeaktiviteter2013Book (Other academic)
  • 28606.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Mälardalens Högskola.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Stability and change in sustainability of daily routines and social networks in families of children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities2015In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 133-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) demand intense family accommodations from birth and onwards. This study used an exploratory and qualitative study design to investigate stability and change in sustainability of daily routines and social networks of Swedish families of children with PIMD.

    Materials and methods

    Eight families participated over two years in eco-cultural family interviews and social networks interviews collected at home visits. Data were analyzed descriptively and by manifest contents analysis.

    Results

    Results showed variations in sustainability of daily routines over time across families. The sustainability was linked to fathers' involvement, couples' connectedness and emotional support. Stability and change of social networks were characterized by low overlap between the child and family networks, the children's communicative dependency and low density of able communication partners.

    Conclusions

    The results indicate that patterns of stability and change were linked both to family resources and child characteristics.

  • 28607.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education and Communication, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Cooperación entre professionales y familias de niños con pluridiscapacidad2012In: Pluridiscapacidad y contextos de intervención / [ed] Emili Soro-Camats, Carme Basil, Carme Rosell, Barcelona: Institut de Ciències de l'Educació (ICE) , 2012, p. 149-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28608.
    Wilen, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Fastighetsmäklaren - en opartisk mellanman2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The estate agent has to follow the rules for estate agents in Fastighetsmäklarlag (1995:400) when he performs his work. The 12 § direct that the estate agent has to follow good customs in all his work, and he has to fulfil both the vendor and the purchasers interests. The legislation states that the estate agent, in all situations, has to take good customs into account. This means that the estate agent does not have to take both parties interests into consideration in questions concerning the price and is allowed to act only in the favour of the vendor.

    Fastighetsmäklarlagen is a legislation which promotes the consumers interests, which should mean that consumers can get a clear image of the legislation by reading the words of the Act. The wording of the 12 § gives the reader the impression that the estate agent always is obliged to look into both parties interests, and in addition to that, follow good customs. The estate agent´s main obligations are directed in the legislation, but all the obligations can be restricted or increased depending on what follows from good customs.

    The estate agent is in general compensated by commission only when a property is sold. It is therefore in the estate agent’s own interest to sell the property for as much as possible. In situations concerning the price it is acceptable by good custom that the estate agent, only has to look into the vendor’s best interest, and therefore the estate agent also gets his own interests fulfilled. The professional acting by the estate agent can be doubted as he has the opportunity to receive a bigger compensation by influencing the price, since the estate agent can withhold or leave incorrect information to the purchaser, which can conduct the price to decrease. For example the estate agent can in the bidding situation present feign bids or act like there is more prospective buyers for the property than there really is. Thus the prospective buyers, which really are interested in buying the property, become more demanded to raise their bids.

    Since there is no requirements that demand the estate agent to present information for the purchaser about how the bidding has proceeded it is difficult to prove that the estate agent has acted against good customs. The risk to be discovered is almost non-existent and instead it is the estate agent’s own conscience and professionalism that decides how he choose to act. To present feign bids and incorrect information is obviously not appropriate by good customs and it is therefore important that those estate agents which act against good customs are punished.

    The estate agents are expected to put both parties interests first, at the same time as their compensation depend on the purchase price, this put high demands on the estate agent’s acting. By the wordings of the regulation in fastighetsmäklarlagen, it is not possible to make the conclusion that the estate agent does not have to take the purchaser’s interest into con-sideration in situations concerning the price. It has to be more obvious that the estate agent’s duty to take both parties interests into consideration is depending on good customs, since fastighetsmäklarlagen is a legislation that promotes consumers. Consumers shall not be confused by unclear references and expressions.

    The estate agent should continue to fulfil both parties interest; otherwise it would be necessary for the purchaser to engage his own agent, who can fulfil his interests. Since it is the vendor alone that compensates the estate agent, it is justified that the estate agent only takes the vendor’s interests into consideration, in questions concerning the price.

  • 28609.
    Wilhelm, Hendrik
    et al.
    University of Cologne, Germany.
    Steigenberger, Norbert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Juntunen, J.
    Expanding Performance Feedback Theory to Temporary Organizations2017In: 33rd EGOS Colloquium: The Good Organization: Aspirations, Interventions, Struggles, Copenhagen, July 6–8, 2017., 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Temporary organizations—such as projects—are increasingly relevant, yet organization theory on temporary organizations remains incomplete. In particular, we have little understanding of when and how temporary organizations change. Performance feedback theory, the behavioral theory of the firm’s cornerstone to explain change in organizations, provides a promising platform to address this problem. We bring together ideas on goal-based aspiration levels, time pressure, and vicarious learning to expand performance feedback theory to temporary organizations. Specifically, we theorize and test how time pressure and vicarious learning affect aspiration-level induced change in temporary organizations. We test our theory using a unique longitudinal dataset on 575 fundraising projects (7,752 observations) published on Kickstarter. Our results largely confirm our theorizing, demonstrating that performance below the aspiration level (i.e. negative performance feedback) has a non-linear effect on the change of narratives, which is attenuated by time pressure. Furthermore, performance below the aspiration level benefits vicarious learning of complex and general narratives from best-performing peers, a result that parallels temporary organizations and non-temporary organizations. We discuss implications for performance feedback theory and vicarious learning in temporary organizations.

  • 28610.
    Wilhelm, Hendrik
    et al.
    University of Cologne, Germany.
    Steigenberger, Norbert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Juntunen, J.
    Expanding Performance Feedback Theory to Temporary Organizations2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Temporary organizations—such as projects—are increasingly relevant, yet organization theory on temporary organizations remains incomplete. In particular, we have little understanding of when and how temporary organizations change. Performance feedback theory, the behavioral theory of the firm’s cornerstone to explain change in organizations, provides a promising platform to address this problem. We bring together ideas on goal-based aspiration levels, time pressure, and vicarious learning to expand performance feedback theory to temporary organizations. Specifically, we theorize and test how time pressure and vicarious learning affect aspiration-level induced change in temporary organizations. We test our theory using a unique longitudinal dataset on 575 fundraising projects (7,752 observations) published on Kickstarter. Our results largely confirm our theorizing, demonstrating that performance below the aspiration level (i.e. negative performance feedback) has a non-linear effect on the change of narratives, which is attenuated by time pressure. Furthermore, performance below the aspiration level benefits vicarious learning of complex and general narratives from best-performing peers, a result that parallels temporary organizations and non-temporary organizations. We discuss implications for performance feedback theory and vicarious learning in temporary organizations.

  • 28611. Wilhelmson, Katarina
    et al.
    Allebeck, Peter
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Steen, Bertil
    Mortality in three different cohorts of 70-year-olds: The impact of social factors and health2002In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28612.
    Wilhelmsson, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Dahlberg, Mattias
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    ENERGIEFFEKTIVISERING AV KULTURMINNESMÄRKTA BYGGNADER2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28613. Wilhelmsson, K
    et al.
    Allbeck, P
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Steen, B
    Förändringar i överlevnad hos tre kohorter av 70-åringar, vilken roll spelar hälsotillståndet och olika sociala faktorer1998In: 14. Nordiske Kongress i Gerontologi, Trondheim, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28614.
    Wilinder, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Fire Resistance in Cross-laminated Timber: Brandmotstånd hos korslaminerat massiv trä2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with the fire resistance of cross-laminated timber (CLT). Themain purpose is to verify a new model on CLT and its ability to sustain itsbearing capacity when exposed to fire. To establish this, a series of bendingtestshas been conducted in combination with fire exposure of the CLT. Twodifferent series, with different dimensions, of beams were tested (series 1 andseries 2). Four basic set-ups: CLT in tension or compression, either equippedwith fire protective covering or not. Results from the tests has been gatheredand evaluated to verify the theoretical model of the fire resistance. Evaluationwas made through analysis of the residual cross-sections of the beamsregarding charring depth and rate and moment of inertia (I).Results of the tests verify to a large extent the Design model. Externalproblems and variations in the beams themselves caused some deviations.Analysis confirmed the CLT as being more similar to other laminated productssuch as Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) then homogenous solid beams. BothCLT and LVL experience delamination when exposed to fire resulting in anincreased charring rate. The difference in rate when using Gypsum plaster as aprotective barrier against the fire exposure is also equal to LVL.The results of the report will be used in the new version of the EuropeanStandard, Euro Code 5 and in the third edition of Fire Safe Timber Buildings.Charring rates proved to be less than expected but the CLTs ability to withstandfire while keeping its bearing capacity

  • 28615.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK.
    An Older Person and New Media in Public Discourses: Impossible Encounters?2015In: Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Design for Aging: First International Conference, ITAP 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015. Proceedings, Part I / [ed] Jia Zhou & Gavriel Salvendy, Cham: Springer, 2015, p. 405-413Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28616.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    An Older Person and New Media in Public Discourses: Impossible Encounters? 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28617.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Discourse of ageing in the Polish media: a critical discourse analysis of opinion weekly newsmagazines2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28618.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Elder care deconstructed- in search of models of elder care in Europe2007In: Development of Work and Welfare Reform in European Societies.: 2nd joint Doctoral Workshop (ESPAnet/RECWOWE), University of Hamburg, October 5-6, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28619.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Is there a place for an ageing subject? Stories of ageing at the University of the Third Age in Poland2012In: Sociology, ISSN 0038-0385, E-ISSN 1469-8684, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 290-305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The University of the Third Age (U3A) is an organization widely recognized for its achievements in the field of adult education. However, little research to date has addressed the position of the U3A in the context of the societal discourse on ageing. The aim of this study was to examine stories of ageing told by the U3A in Poland and to place these stories within the contemporary discourse of ageing. The study sought to reflect on the role of the U3A in providing an environment that encourages the growth of an ageing subject. The results of this study indicate that rather than resisting ageist discourses, the U3A simply rejects the idea of old age. The U3A characterizes its members as exceptional people who have nothing in common with old people outside of the U3A. Therefore, the U3A plays only a minor role in changing the social circumstances of old people in Poland

  • 28620.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jaco Hoffman and Katrien Pype (eds.) (2016). Ageing in Sub-Saharan Africa. Spaces and Practices of Care. Bristol: Policy Press, 248 pp. ISBN 978 1 4473 2525 3 (hardback)2018In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 91-94Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28621.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Krytyczna Analiza Dyskursu w praktyce: ageism w polskich mediach2010In: Jakosciowe inspiracje w badaniach edukacyjnych  / [ed] H. Kedzierska, Olsztyn: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warminsko- Mazurskiego , 2010, p. 57-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28622.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Nierówności społeczne w perspektywie dyskursu- refelksja metodologiczna2014In: Jakosciowe inspiracje w badaniach edukacyjnych- refelksje na marginesie projektow badawczych / [ed] H. Kedzierska and H. Mizerek, Olsztyn: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warminsko- Mazurskiego. , 2014, p. 59-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28623.
    Wilinska, Monika
    School of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, UK.
    Shame on me ... emotions in the fieldwork on old age in Japan2014In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 602-618Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28624.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Spaces of (non)ageing: A discoursive study of inequalities we live by2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines processes and practices that make certain social categories real in people’s lives. One of these categories is old age and old people. In contemporary societies that are inundated by images of youth, old age is under attack. Old age does not fit into the contemporary framework of idealised lifestyle and images of perfect people. Thus, the main question addressed in this dissertation concerns spaces of ageing, which are societal arenas in which people are expected and/or allowed to become old.

    This study investigates discourses of old age within the context of welfare. It describes actions, statements and attitudes related to old age within the context of the welfare state. This study is based on multiple data that include 121 opinion weekly news magazines articles, social policy observations, and two case studies of a non-governmental and a user-organisation. The method of analysis comprises two approaches to discourse: discourse analysis and analysis of discourses. The study adopts a perspective that highlights the contextual, emotional and unstable character of welfare states that undergo constant processes of change. It notes the process of people production based on instilling in them norms and principles that should govern their lives.

    The findings of the study illustrate the lack of spaces of ageing in the welfare state context. People are expected not to grow old, and old age remains a misunderstood phenomenon. Therefore, spaces of (non)ageing are invoked to elaborate on these processes. Spaces of (non)ageing  occur in various societal domains and show what is required to avoid becoming old. Spaces of (non)ageing frame the idea of old age as something terrifying and, in many cases, immoral.

    The findings of this study are discussed in relation to the processes and practices of inequality (re)production. The complexity and multiperspectivity of understanding such phenomena are taken into consideration. The study invites a perspective of ‘us’ from which to examine social inequalities, and ‘we’ who think and feel at the same time.  

    This dissertation is written from a perspective of knowledge, which is always plural, changing and fluid. Therefore, the results are discussed in terms of the production of some knowledges about the researched phenomenon but not as an exhaustive study. The final sections of the dissertation are devoted to a cross-study discussion of new ways of interpreting and describing the research material presented in four sub-studies. This discussion does not aim at obtaining better or more correct results; instead, it aims at presenting a different aspect of these results. It acknowledges different spatial and temporal locations and the ways in which these locations affect the production of knowledge.

  • 28625.
    Wilinska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Welfare spaces of (non)ageing: a discourse perspective2013In: Studia Humanistyczne AGH, ISSN 1732-2189, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 25-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to articulate an approach for discursive research on welfare cultures of ageing that responds to the challenges facing contemporary research on old age and ageism. It is based on the assumption that to understand conditions under which people are ageing in different countries, various societal levels and actors need to be examined and their roles in setting the old age agenda need to be accounted for. Additionally this paper reflects upon the welfare spaces of ageing in Poland, spaces where people in Poland grow old and/or are allowed to do so. As a result, this paper indicates the lack of spaces of ageing in the welfare context in Poland. People are expected not to grow old; old age remains a misunderstood phenomenon. Contrary to the excessive knowledge against old age, there is considerable lack of knowledge/br old age. Therefore, spaces of non-ageing are invoked in order to elaborate on these processes. Spaces of non-ageing identify various societal domains and show what needs to be done in order not to grow old. Spaces of non-ageing repudiate the idea of old age as something terrifying and, on many occasions, immoral.

  • 28626.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    School of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK .
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    In Search of the Everyday Life of Older People in Japan: Reflections Based on Scholarly Literature2013In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 435-451Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28627.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Börjesson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Informal caregivers and the social quality of their lives: a macro level analysis of Germany, Sweden and United Kingdom2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28628.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Börjesson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Refugees - homelessness at the global level: A challenge for social work?2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28629.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    “We are on air now”: the emotionality of video-recording in the institutional setting2017In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 343-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with the practice of video recording in social research. We draw on our research of institutional talk to explore the emotionality of video recording in the context of the studied situations. Drawing on insights from Collins’ theory of interaction rituals, we demonstrate a variety of situational moments in which different participants negotiate the presence of a video camera. Our analysis reveals the emotional aspects of negotiating and appropriating the presence of such technologies by all parties involved in the research process. We contribute to and extend the growing body of literature that discusses the meaning of technology for social research by emphasizing the emotionality of using video cameras in social and research practices.

  • 28630.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Alliances in making: Emotions and Micropolitics in multiparty return-to-work meetings2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28631.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Stirling University, Scotland, UK.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    The right feeling – emotions in the work rehabilitation process2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper engages with the role of emotions in the work rehabilitation process within the context of status meetings in Sweden. The interactional analysis applied in this paper allows us to trace the process of constructing and negotiating emotions that emerge as the key to a successful meeting. Thanks to the use of video-recordings, we illustrate this process as involving talk and bodily actions. Our paper critically discusses the salient transition of the core concept of work rehabilitation- workability into a form of emotion-ability, which affects both professionals and clients and the way in which they may and wish to interact. We reveal the ways in which the idea of participation translated to everyday institutional practice becomes a drive to assure that meetings' participants ‘feel good' rather than fully engaging with the agenda at hand.

  • 28632.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Work (Emotion) ability – emotion work in the work rehabilitation process,2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28633.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Rollander, Bo
    Workability – a concept in making2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28634.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Stay healthy, be active and work!: Motive analysis of policy proposals on old age2011In: Language, Discourse & Society, ISSN 2239-4192, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 54-78Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28635.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    de Hontheim, Astrid
    Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Ageism in a cross-cultural perspective: Reflections from the research field2018In: Contemporary perspectives on ageism / [ed] Liat Ayalon & Clemens Tesch-Römer, Cham: Springer Publishing Company, 2018, p. 425-440Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we discuss the opportunities and challenges of researching ageism from a cross-cultural perspective. We discuss the complexity of exploring diverse ageist practices as performed in different parts of the world. We also reflect upon the socio-cultural backgrounds through which researchers filter the experiences of fieldwork and research on various enactments of ageism. The key tenet of our argument is that these two dimensions interact during the fieldwork to create unique frameworks that researchers apply in their studies.

    We confront our experiences of researching ageism in Japan, Poland, Sweden, and West Papua to explore the notion that the socio-cultural context matters to the following aspects of ageism: diversity of ageist practices, societal images of later life, and the researchers’ socio-cultural understandings of ageism. We explore the position of researchers who, on the one hand, apply the privileged perspective of a stranger to their fieldwork, and on the other hand, are deeply embedded in their own socio-cultural background, which affects their way of approaching later life and ageism. We conclude with a notion of establishing a “sense of touch” within the field and a discussion recognizing the potential changes that such an approach can bring to the ways we study ageism worldwide.

  • 28636.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Living Conditions and Care of Older People.
    Old age identity in social welfare practice2011In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 346-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this study was to examine the process of old age identity construction within a setting of social welfare work with old people. We sought to identify social welfare practices that construct and enforce certain old age identities. The empirical material analysed in this article is part of a study of a non-governmental organization in Poland. The method of analysis was inspired by nexus analysis, which analyses social actions through a historical and ethnographic perspective. The analysis focused on practices that produced, sustained and promoted particular old age identity. The results of this study show a complex process in which welfare professionals create the identities of preferred clients. The study shows that social welfare practice is often oriented toward imagined client identities that have little to do with real people.

  • 28637.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Jolanta, Perek-Bialas
    Economic Crisis and Ageing- Gendered Evidence from Poland2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28638.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jolanta, Perek-Bialas
    Social and Economic Exclusion in Later Life in Poland: A Gender Perspective. 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28639.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Zdanowicz-Kucharczyk, Kamila
    Social Pedagogy for Adult People with Physical Disabilities – from a Polish Perspective.2012In: Social Pedagogy for the entire lifespan: Volume II / [ed] J. Kornbeck & N.R. Jensen, Bremen: Europäischer Hochschulverlag GmbH & Co. KG. , 2012, p. 43-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28640.
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Because Women Will Always be Women and Men are Just Getting Older: Intersecting Discourses of Ageing and Gender2010In: Current Sociology, ISSN 0011-3921, E-ISSN 1461-7064, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 879-896Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to examine a meeting between discourses of gender and age at the macro-level, applying an intersectional research approach. The discussion of intersecting discourses is based on empirical material from Poland. It refers to the condition of social policy towards age and gender, in Poland, as well as the media discourse. The results of the study indicate that the intersection between discourses of age and gender involves discriminatory practices that result in an establishment of one-dimensional and pejorative subject positions. Two main subject positions of grandma and pensioner exemplify the main mechanism of a dynamic relationship between both discourses where the order implied by one discourse is strengthened at the expense of the other. The phenomenon of gendered age and aged gender reflects the key rule for understanding subject positions which pertain to categories of older women and older men.

  • 28641.
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Introductory Remarks2018In: Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations, ISSN 2344-5440, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 7-9Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In one of the most widely used definitions of qualitative research, Denzin and Lincoln (2005, p. 3) describe this practice as consisting of “a set of interpretive, material practices that make the world visible”. However, as much as qualitative research “locates the observer in the world”, it also locates the observed in research. This intrinsic complexity of qualitative research becomes even more prominent in research inquiring into such highly social and cultural phenomena as age and ageing.

  • 28642.
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, School of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom.
    Proud to be a woman: Womanhood, old age, and emotions2016In: Journal of Women & Aging, ISSN 0895-2841, E-ISSN 1540-7322, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 334-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes its starting point in the discussions regarding intersecting discourses of gender and age and the lived experience of older women. The main objective is to discuss the experience of womanhood among older women and to demonstrate their active role in creating spaces for themselves and their friends and affecting each other. The study is based on narrative interviews with female members of the University of the Third Age (U3A). The main findings describe older women who actively engage with discourses of gender to embark on positive constructions of womanhood. They create their own spaces for women’s activism that are filled with positive emotions mobilized to support each other. This article discusses such findings and their relevance to the study of old age and gender. As a result, it serves as an invitation to think and feel differently about older women and their experience of womanhood.

  • 28643.
    Wilińska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Emotion ability - practices of affective citizenship in the work rehabilitation process2018In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the concept of emotion ability to illuminate the process whereby institutional meetings become an arena for testing, evoking, and regulating emotions that are deemed necessary to meet institutional goals. It focuses on the relationships and practices that are collaboratively constructed by welfare workers and clients when they interact within the context of institutional meetings. Based on an interactional analysis of a multi-party meeting, this article demonstrates the ways in which clients' ability to read, interpret, and follow specific feeling rules becomes the focal point of attention. Using video recordings, we illustrate that this process is highly collaborative, and it involves both language and body. The ability to act in accordance with the expected and required 'right feelings' emergent in the institutional encounter is, thus, a result of highly interactive processes. We discuss the concept of emotion ability as a concrete micro-level mechanism through, which practices of affective citizenship are realized in the context of institutional interactions.

  • 28644.
    Wilińska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Bülow, Per
    Region Jönköpings län.
    Ernsth-Bravell, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Severe mental illness from a life course perspective – the meaning of times and spaces. Narratives by older people living in homes for the Elderly2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28645.
    Wilińska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    "Classic ageism" or "brutal economy"?- Old age and older people in the Polish media2010In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 335-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores media discourse of ageing, taking the example of Poland and relating it to a broader discussion of ageing policy. The discourse in news magazines appears both to reflect and create attitudes towards older people, which in turn has implications for ageing policy. To reveal the nature of these attitudes, we use a method of attitudinal positioning. The study analyzes articles that appeared in the four largest Polish weekly opinion news magazines, in the 2004–2007 period. Various domains in the discourse of ageing are identified, yet only the family and market domains seem to be described in exclusively positive terms: the authors discuss the implications of this for ageing policy.

  • 28646.
    Wilińska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Grzenda, Wioletta
    Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Perek-Białas, Jolanta
    Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.
    Grandmothers and non-grandmothers in the Polish labor market: The role of family issues2019In: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 40, no 12, p. 1677-1704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on the debates regarding work?family reconciliation in later life, we examine the extent to which the labor market position of grandmothers and nongrandmothers can be explained by their varied family situations. The data for this study comes from the Generations and Gender Survey for Poland and includes 5,999 women aged 45+ years. We use multinominal logistic regression models to explore the link between different family situations and labor market withdrawal into unemployment, sick/disability leave, and retirement. Our results indicate that neither caring for older parents nor living with children has significant effects on women?s labor activity. However, living with a disabled person reduces the chances for women?s employment significantly. In addition, women who have grandchildren have lower chances for being employed as compared with those without grandchildren. We discuss these findings in relation to work?family balance policies and research.

  • 28647.
    Wilkie, F. L.
    et al.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Goodkin, K.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., Department of Neurology, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Ardila, A.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Concha, M.
    Department of Neurology, University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Lee, D.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Suarez, P.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Van Zuilen, M. H.
    Department of Medicine, University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Molina, R.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    O'Mellan, S.
    Dept. of Psychiat. and Behav. Sci., University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    HUMANS: An English and Spanish neuropsychological test battery for assessing HIV-1-infected individuals - Initial report2004In: Applied neuropsychology, ISSN 0908-4282, E-ISSN 1532-4826, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 121-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A neuropsychological battery for testing HIV-1-infected individuals in Spanish was developed. We refer to this battery as the HIV/University of Miami Annotated Neuropsychological test battery in Spanish (HUMANS). The HUMANS battery includes recommendations of the National Institute of Mental Health Neuropsychology Workgroup on HIV-1 infection and measures processes in the following 7 cognitive domains: attention, verbal and visual memory, information processing speed, abstraction and executive functioning, language, visuospatial and visuo-constructive, and motor Administration requires approximately 3 to 4 hr The English version of the battery is sensitive to HIV-1 serostatus and Centers for Disease Control clinical disease stage. We report on the test selection, translation, and adaptation of this parallel English battery into Spanish using methods to eliminate linguistically and culturally biased items in some tests. The importance of standardized neuropsychological instruments equivalent in different languages to test HIV-1-positive individuals for impairment is emphasized. Validation and reliability studies are in progress.

  • 28648.
    Wilkie, F. L.
    et al.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Goodkin, T.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Khamis, L.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    van Zuilen, M. H.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Lee, D.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Concha, M.
    Department of Neurology, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Symes, S.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Suarez, P.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Eisdorfer, C.
    Dept. of Psychiat./Behav. Sciences, Univ. of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Cognitive functioning in younger and older HIV-1 - Infected adults2003In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, ISSN 1525-4135, E-ISSN 1944-7884, Vol. 33, p. S93-S105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In young adults, a major neurologic complication of HIV-1 infection is cognitive motor impairment. Epidemiologic findings suggest that increasing age is a significant risk factor for HIV-1-associated dementia as the AIDS-defining illness. Findings from the few studies that have directly measured cognition in younger and older HIV-1-infected adults, however, have been mixed, in pan, because of small sample sizes and other methodologic differences between studies. The authors present preliminary findings on cognitive functioning in symptomatic HIV-1-infected younger (aged 20-39 years) and older (aged 50 years or older) adults. Independent of age, HIV-1 infection was accompanied by learning and memory retrieval deficits, which were significantly associated with high plasma viral loads in the young adults. Relative to the younger and older HIV-1-negative (HIV-1-) groups, only the younger HIV-1-positive (HIV-1(+))group had significantly longer reaction times (RTs). Within the older HIV-1(+) group, however, longer simple and choice RTs were significantly correlated with higher viral loads and lower CD4 cell counts. Although HIV-1 infection affects cognition independent of age, longitudinal studies involving large numbers of older individuals are needed to determine whether there are age differences in the prevalence, nature, and severity of HIV-1-associated cognitive dysfunction.

  • 28649.
    Wilkman, Mats
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Determinants of Swedish Pharmaceutical Exports2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis factors that explain Swedish pharmaceutical export as been analyzed. The period investigated is from 1995 to 2010. The investigation is concluded through the use of a gravity model. It investigates not only the GDP and distance variable but also the effects of GDP/capita, exchange rates and the effect of being a part of the internal market of EU. The effects of having access to the ocean and if the country has English as its official language is investigated as well as the effect of sharing the same religion. The results show that only a smaller subset of countries make up for most of the pharmaceutical export. The results also shows that the pharmaceutical export can be explained by the same variables as most other goods.     

  • 28650.
    Williams, Dylan M.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Ida K.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hägg, Sara
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Circulating insulin-like growth factors and Alzheimer disease: A mendelian randomization study2018In: Neurology, ISSN 0028-3878, E-ISSN 1526-632X, Vol. 90, no 4, p. e291-e297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To examine whether genetically predicted variation in circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) or its binding protein, IGFBP3, are associated with risk of Alzheimer disease (AD), using a mendelian randomization study design.

    METHODS: We first examined disease risk by genotypes of 9 insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using published summary genome-wide association statistics from the International Genomics of Alzheimer's Project (IGAP; n = 17,008 cases; 37,154 controls). We then assessed whether any SNP-disease results replicated in an independent sample derived from the Swedish Twin Registry (n = 984 cases; 10,304 controls).

    RESULTS: Meta-analyses of SNP-AD results did not suggest that variation in IGF1, IGFBP3, or the molar ratio of these affect AD risk. Only one SNP appeared to affect AD risk in IGAP data. This variant is located in the gene FOXO3, implicated in human longevity. In a meta-analysis of both IGAP and secondary data, the odds ratio of AD per FOXO3 risk allele was 1.04 (95% confidence interval 1.01-1.08; p = 0.008).

    CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that circulating IGF1 and IGFBP3 are not important determinants of AD risk. FOXO3 function may influence AD development via pathways that are independent of IGF signaling (i.e., pleiotropic actions).

570571572573574575576 28601 - 28650 of 29436
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