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  • 28501.
    Valtersson, Emmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Lönnberg, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Suicidprevention: En innehållsanalys av kommunala handlingsplaner2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 28502.
    van de Pol, Madeleine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Wolle, Anna-Lena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Brand extension in the FMCG sector : A study of consumers’ attitudes towards a brand extension in the context of Ben & Jerry’s proposed launch of a dairy-free ice cream in the Nordic market2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, an increasing consumer demand for food intolerance and vegan alternatives became more popular worldwide. Companies in the Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) sector need to react to such rising demands efficiently enough to stay compatible. For example, one of the most famous ice cream manufacturers, namely Ben & Jerry’s, has taken its opportunity with creating a new product-line of a dairy-free and vegan ice cream, known as brand extension. Due to the fact that there is a lack of research regarding the investigation of brand extension developments in the field of ice cream, and in specific in the Nordic market, this research focuses on Ben & Jerry’s product launch of the new ice cream in the Nordic market.

    In specific, the purpose of this study is to gain deeper insights into the relation between consumers’ attitudes and the marketing mix variables regarding a brand extension development. Hereby, the impact of involvement and motivation on the attitude of the current target group as well as the potential target group is taken into consideration. Thus, this research aims to answer the following research question: “How do consumers’ attitudes related to the marketing mix variables, influence a brand extension development?”

    In order to accomplish our research purpose and answer the research question, we conducted 14 semi- structured interviews with the current target group and 14 semi-structured interviews with the potential target group of Ben & Jerry’s as well as a followed up focus group session. The topic guides were developed according to the already existing literature on the research phenomenon. In general, our research addresses the combination of the two academic concepts, consumers’ attitudes and brand extension, and aims to attain a deeper understanding of a holistic consumer’s perspective.

    The findings of this study not only display a different extent of influence of involvement and motivation on consumers’ attitudes for both target groups, but also for the impact of the marketing mix variables on a brand extension development. Additionally to the already investigated marketing mix variables, a new variable was found, in specific ‘value proposition’, which influences the development of the brand extension.

  • 28503.
    van de Wiel, Wimjan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kristopher Bock, Felix
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Real Estate Financing and Interest Rate Hedging: A quantitative real estate investment case study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The expansive monetary policy of the European Central Bank has been leading to all-time-low interest rates and to a strong move into real estate investment. Low interest rates can work in favor of the investor (due to low interest rate expenditures), but increasing interest rates can jeopardize real estate investments. Since changes in interest rates are unpredictable, an investor needs to deal with this volatility. The capital market offers several financial instruments (so-called “derivatives”) to overcome the above-mentioned obstacle. There is no “one-size-fits-all” strategy. The investor needs to decide which financing structure to combine with which form of derivative.

    Purpose: The investigation not only explains and shows how real estate financing and hedging strategies on a given project in Germany can work but also explains why it is crucial to link these segments. To achieve this purpose, the return on equity and return cash flows at risk are numerically estimated. The evaluative purpose will be served by using the above-mentioned ratios and cash flows to derive recommendations of action. In doing so, this study will illustrate the importance of hedging, particularly for real estate investors and investors in general.

    Method: Interest rates on a monthly basis for the period of June 1990 until March 2017 from Thomson Reuters Eikon and real life data from a German real estate investor and a German financial institution were collected. Thereafter, these numbers were used as a basis to perform interest rate and cash flow simulations (Monte Carlo). The simulations were used to determine superior financing and hedging strategies for the investor.

    Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the benefits from leveraged financing and the necessity of interest rate risk management (hedging) to obtain stabilized future cash flows and reduce volatility caused by fluctuating interest rates. Fixed rate loans offer protection against rising interest rates, but lack flexibility. Floating loans offer more flexibility but are riskier due to the unhedged interest rate exposure.  

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    Real Estate Financing and Interest Rate Hedging
  • 28504.
    Van den Berg, Femke Marij
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School Based Research and Professional Development. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Promoting culturally relevant pedagogy amongst pre-service teachers: A systematic literature review on how pre-service teachers in teacher education programs can develop culturally relevant pedagogy that enables them to establish a classroom environment that suits the needs of all learners.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This century is characterized by an increasing pace of globalization and migration that results in an increased diversity of classroom populations in Western countries. However, the teacher workforce still consists mostly of white females that come from different cultural backgrounds than their students, and who seem to lack the skills to respond to diversity in the classroom effectively. This raises the question of how the cultural mismatch can be overcome. The aim of this research is to explore how pre-service teachers can develop culturally relevant pedagogy, so they can establish a classroom environment that suits the needs of all learners. A systematic literature review is conducted, and 10 articles were analysed. The results show pre-service teachers can develop culturally responsive pedagogy through courses that offer knowledge or a combination of knowledge and field-based experiences. Factors that contribute to increased culturally relevant pedagogy are: previous experience with diversity, connecting theory and practice, modelling, learning through a community of learners, and critical reflection. However, research indicates that becoming a culturally relevant teacher is a time consuming process. Hence, it is recommended that teacher education programs include more courses in the curriculum to enable pre-service teachers develop this skill over time through taking part in a community of learners. In addition, as much of the current research originates from the United States, it is suggested future research focuses on other Western countries.

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    Promoting culturally relevant pedagogy amongst pre-service teachers
  • 28505.
    van den Berg, Gerard J.
    et al.
    University of Mannheim and IFAU-Uppsala.
    Lundborg, Petter
    Lund University and Centre for Economic Demography Lund.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University and Centre for Economic Demography Lund.
    Critical periods during childhood and adolescence2014In: Journal of the European Economic Association, ISSN 1542-4766, E-ISSN 1542-4774, Vol. 12, no 6, p. 1521-1557Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We identify the ages that constitute sensitive (or critical) periods in children's development towards their adult health status, skills, and human capital. For this, we use data on families migrating into Sweden from countries that are poorer, with less healthy conditions. Late-life health is proxied by adult height and other adult outcomes. The relation between siblings’ ages at migration and their adult outcomes allows us to estimate the causal effect of conditions at specific childhood ages. We effectively exploit that, for siblings, the migration occurs simultaneously in calendar time but at different developmental stages (ages). We find evidence that the period just before the puberty growth spurt constitutes a critical period for adult height and we find related critical periods for adult cognition, mental health, and education.

  • 28506.
    van der Gronden, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Finns det grund för att lämna ideella föreningar utanför momsträsket?: Är undantaget i 4:8 mervärdesskattelagen konformt med mervärdesskattedirektivet?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sports associations play a very important role in the Swedish civil society, and since the 

    1st of July 1987 they have been exempted from the duty to pay VAT. By introducing an 

    sufficiently closely related. When the conflict of law exists, the directive will be accorded 

    priority, which leads to the Swedish Sports Federation must examine and consider

    exemption for sports associations the income tax field and VAT field correlate and the 

    legislative change resulted in more favorable pre-close solutions for all of Sweden's non- 

    profit organizations.  

    In June 2008 the European Commission launched a process concerning Swedish 

    infringement against EU-law, and with it the Swedish civil society, where all Swedish 

    sports associations are included, is threatened. The European Commission wants to, 

    among other things, force sports associations into the VAT system for the purpose of 

    the VAT Directive to be achieved. The provisions of the Directive do not take into 

    account that sports associations in Sweden are non-profit organization therefore no 

    correlation is found between the provisions of the VAT Directive and the Swedish 

    Mervärdesskattelag. The fact that the principle of neutrality, which is central to the VAT 

    system, is not subsequent is said to be the reason why the process of infringement exist.  

    Although the infringement of the principle of neutrality can only be accepted partly 

    since the exemption in the Swedish Mervärdesskattelag only partly contrary to the 

    principle of neutrality. Which is depending on the fact that some of the supplies that the 

    which of the supplies that sports associations provides that shall be considered 

    approved on the basis of the requirement of close relation of the. 

    sports associations provides is closely connected with the sporting activities which is 

    consistent with the regulations in the Directive. Concurrently some supplies are not 

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    fulltext
  • 28507.
    van der Gronden, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Vouchrar: Har Europeiska kommissionen lyckats föreslå regler som är tillräckligt ändamålsenliga för att harmonisera gällande rätt?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Europeiska kommissionen har lämnat ett lagstiftningsförslag som syftar till att ändra mervärdesskattedirektivet avseende den mervärdesskatterättsliga behandlingen av vouchrar. Det nu gällande mervärdesskattedirektivet saknar sådana regler varför medlemsstaterna har utvecklat sina egna lösningar. I avsaknad av samordnade regler har differentierad lagstiftning uppstått vilket inte främjar den inre marknaden, vilket innebär att ändamålet med mervärdesskattedirektivet motverkas. Förslaget ämnar införa regler avseende vouchrar och den mervärdesskatterättsliga behandlingen av desamma. Lagstiftningsförslaget innebär att en åtskillnad mellan enfunktionsvouchrar och flerfunktionsvouchrar införs där enfunktionsvouchrar är föremål för mervärdesskatt vid utställande, medan flerfunktionsvouchrar blir föremål för mervärdesskatt först vid inlösen.

     

    Den svenska interna rätten är i linje med förslaget då flerfunktionsvouchrar beskattas vid inlösen och enfunktionsvouchrar mervärdesbeskattas när desamma utställs. Den danska interna rätten, däremot, tillåter att flerfunktionsvouchrar mervärdesbeskattas redan vid utställande. Till följd av att området är oreglerat erfar medlemsstater, som mervärdesbeskattar flerfunktionsvouchrarna vid inlösen, skatteförluster då de inte kan tillämpa en process för att driva in mervärdesskatten som belöper på gränsöverskridande B2C transaktioner. Lagstifningsförslaget ämnar lösa problematiken rörande de förlorade skatteintäkterna genom att fastställa tydliga och förutsägbara regler som minimerar medlemsstaternas tolkningsmöjligheter.        

     

    De föreslagna reglerna, i sig, är ändamålsenliga för att harmonisera gällande rätt, dock är det inte säkert att effekterna av förslaget blir lika ändamålsenliga. Skillnad mellan lagreglers tekniska utförande och dess faktiska effekt torde därför vara svår att åtgärda endast genom en ändring av mervärdesskattedirektivet.

  • 28508.
    van der Heijden, Jillian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Zhang, Luyang
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The effect of gender diversity on firm performance: Evidence of Norway2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    The effect of gender diversity on firm performance
  • 28509.
    van der Kooij, Leo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Telegdi, Kata
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Emotions and New Product Development: The Influence of Emotions on the Decision Making of Corporate Entrepreneurs in NPD2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our decision making is strongly influenced by emotions and most of our complex decisions would be even impossible without them. Emotions do also play an im-portant role in new product and service development (NPD) as the entrepreneurs engage in an emotional relationship with their project. These emotions of both posi-tive and negative in nature will then guide their decision making through the im-plementation of new products and services.

    This study purposes to discover how emotions affect the decision making in the different stages of front-end, development, and commercialisation during new product and service development together with unveiling the most salient emotions. Through the research, we aim to improve corporate entrepreneurs’ understanding on how their emotional reactions reflect upon their decisions in the NPD stages. We further aim to increase their consciousness by applying the appraisal theory explaining why they feel these emotions and see whether there are any emotional patterns influencing decision making in the stages.

    In order to gain a rich understanding of the context, a qualitative case study has been used as a research strategy. The influence of emotions in the decision making process in NPD is the particular phenomenon which has been investigated. In addition, semi-structured interviews and vignettes have been used to collect qual-itative data. Throughout the research 16 semi-structured interviews have been con-ducted, from which 9 were related to service based companies while 7 were done in product related ones. As an interview tool we have used 4 vignettes providing hypothetical scenarios for collecting qualitative data. Findings were analysed through the interpretivist philosophical approach of the re searchers, using voice records, and personal observations.

    Our findings show that positive emotions overrule negative ones in every stage of NPD. Throughout the process, self-confidence and hope were interpreted to be the main drivers that overcome even the most influential negative emotions such as nervousness, fear, and frustration. The professional background of the corporate entrepreneur, their experience and personality together with organisational empowerment, support their self-confident and optimistic decision making. Negative emotions as nervousness, fear, and frustration lead only to a delay in their decisions and had not enough power to change the direction regarding their decision making leading to a possible termination of the project.

  • 28510.
    van der Meer, Marloes
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kjellson, Ida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The impact of narcissistic and humble  leadership styles: Examining employee satisfaction and the role of the family business2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    The impact of narcissistic and humble leadership styles: Examining employee satisfaction and the role of the family business
  • 28511.
    Van der Wal, M. H. L.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hjelmfors, L.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Stromberg, A.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Jaarsma, T.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Factors related to discussing prognosis by nurses at heart failure clinics in Sweden and the Netherlands2015In: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 36, p. 38-38Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28512.
    van der Wal, Martje H. L.
    et al.
    Department of Cardiology, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Hjelmfors, Lisa
    Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Friedrichsen, Maria
    Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    UCI Program in Nursing Science, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    UCI Program in Nursing Science, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States.
    Variables Related to Communication About Prognosis Between Nurses and Patients at Heart Failure Clinics in Sweden and the Netherlands.2018In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 33, no 2, p. E1-E6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In contrast to recommendations in recent guidelines, prognosis is not optimally discussed with patients with heart failure (HF). Reasons for not doing so can be related to both patient and provider characteristics.

    PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore which patient- and nurse-related variables influence discussing prognosis with patients at an HF clinic.

    METHOD: Data from a previous survey on attitudes and clinical practice of HF nurses on discussing prognosis that was conducted in Sweden and the Netherlands were combined with data from a registration on topics that nurses discussed with their patients during a prespecified week at the HF clinic. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess which variables are related to discussing prognosis.

    RESULTS: A total of 275 HF nurses (mean age, 49 years) and data of 1633 patients with HF (mean age, 71 years) were included in the study. Prognosis was discussed with 42% of all patients during the visit at the HF clinic. Patients with whom prognosis was discussed were more often in New York Heart Association classes III to IV (odds ratio [OR], 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.44-2.26). Nurses discussing prognosis reported more knowledge on the topic (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.36-2.16) and discussed more topics with the patient (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.21-1.32). Dutch HF nurses were more likely to discuss prognosis compared with their Swedish colleagues (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.43-2.33).

    CONCLUSIONS: Discussing prognosis with patients with HF by nurses at the HF clinic is related to the characteristics of patients and HF nurses. Future interventions to improve communications about prognosis therefore should have a broad approach.

  • 28513. van der Wurff, Richard
    et al.
    Bakker, Piet
    Picard, Robert G
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Economic Growth and Advertising Expenditures in Different Media in Different Countries2008In: Journal of Media Economics, ISSN 0899-7764, E-ISSN 1532-7736, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 28-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Newspaper advertising expenditures depend more strongly on economic development than advertising spent in other media. Gross domestic product (GDP), therefore, predicts ad spending better in countries where newspapers are an important advertising medium. GDP also predicts ad spending better in countries where a larger proportion of GDP is spent on advertising. Intermedia competition, on the other hand, has little impact. In conclusion, the authors propose to distinguish three advertising cultures where ad spending follows economic development in different ways.

  • 28514.
    van Dijk, Lieselotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Interventions reducing anxiety in hospitalized children: A systematic literature review from 2010 to 20172017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A medical procedure is a threatening and stressful experience for many children. The consequent increased feelings of anxiety in hospitalized children can negatively affect their healing process, their psychological health, and their behavioural, cognitive, emotional and academic development. To limit these negative results, knowledge about interventions that could contribute to a decrease in anxiety in hospitalized children is needed. The aim of this review was to examine interventions aiming at reducing anxiety in hospitalized children that undergo a medical procedure. A systematic literature was conducted in three databases that has resulted in 10 articles that met the inclusion criteria. The 10 selected articles included a total of 11 interventions for this review. The results showed that the intervention technique Distraction was effective in reducing anxiety for most hospitalized children. The intervention technique Information provision showed both significance and non-significance and the intervention techniques Medication and Modelling showed a non-significant change in anxiety. Besides, an active distraction form and a longer duration of the intervention might contribute to the effectiveness in reducing the hospitalized child’s anxiety level. Future research needs to focus on the anxiety level of both children and their parents, in addition to the upcoming intervention use of multimedia applications. Furthermore, the characteristics of the hospitalized child and the collaboration with the child and parents should be taken into account before applying interventions aiming at reducing anxiety in hospitalized children.

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    Master thesis by Lieselotte van Dijk
  • 28515.
    van Dormalen, Laura
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kleesattel, Sophia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Consumer Journey to Adapt a Zero-Waste Lifestyle: A Transtheoretical Approach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 28516.
    Van Duijnhoven, J.
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Aarts, M.P.J.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Rosemann, A.L.P.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Kort, H.S.M.
    University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, The Netherlands and Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Systematic review on the interaction between office light conditions and occupational health: Elucidating gaps and methodological issues2019In: Indoor + Built Environment, ISSN 1420-326X, E-ISSN 1423-0070, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 152-174Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) recommends researchers to investigate a wide variety of behavioural and health outcomes. However, researchers often investigate only a part of occupational health (OH) in relation to light. A literature study (2002–2017) regarding the relationship between office lighting conditions and OH was performed to identify gaps and methodological issues.

    Method: The OH outcomes investigated in this paper were grouped according to the International Classification of Diseases and analysed per category: physical and physiological health, mental health, eye health, sleep parameters and visual comfort.

    Results: Findings from the literature study (20 eligible papers) showed that all OH aspects were mostly but not exclusively measured subjectively. Furthermore, most studies investigated only a fraction of office lighting parameters and OH aspects.

    Conclusions: It seems that Correlated Colour Temperature (CCT) and illuminance mainly correlate with OH. However, this may also be explained by gaps and methodological issues in studies described in eligible papers. Based on the literature study, an overview was composed elucidating gaps and methodological issues of office lighting and OH studies. It can be used to design and target the purpose of light and health research.

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    fulltext
  • 28517.
    van Duijnhoven, Juliette
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Aarts, Marielle
    Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Böhmner, Mylene
    Erasmus Medical Center, the Netherlands.
    Rosemann, Alexander
    Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Recommendations for measuring non-image-forming effects of light: A practical method to apply on cognitive impaired and unaffected participants2017In: Technology and Health Care, ISSN 0928-7329, E-ISSN 1878-7401, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 171-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The non-image-forming effects of luminous radiation on people with intellectual disabilities or dementia received attention from researchers. Such studies, however, have generally been conducted using disparate methodologies which precludes generalization and reproducibility.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the practical applicability of measurement devices for studies investigating non-image-forming effects of luminous radiation, specifically for people with intellectual disabilities or dementia.

    METHODS: In three experiments, ten cognitive impaired people and thirty-nine unaffected subjects participated by wearing one or more portable devices. Six devices were assessed in total. Measurement data was accompanied with user experiences obtained from questionnaires, interviews and observations in order to assess the devices on practical and comfort issues.

    RESULTS: On average, the devices worn by the cognitive impaired subjects were not experienced as annoying or irritating. No significant differences are found between genders and for one of the portable devices significantly less annoyance was reported by the cognitive impaired participants compared to the unaffected group of participants.

    INNOVATIVE SOLUTION: The three phases of the research process in towards measuring personal luminous exposures are: selection of the most suitable portable device, application of the assessment method, and the application of the device in the (pilot) study.

    CONCLUSIONS: However, the findings of this study suggest that inaccuracies potentially caused by practical and comfort issues associated with the portable devices need to be considered.

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  • 28518.
    van Duijnhoven, Juliëtte
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science. Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Rosemann, Alexander
    Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands.
    Meinung versus Messung: Wie Nutzer das Verhältnis von natürlichem und elektrischem Licht und die Effekte der Lichtsituation im Großraumbüro bewerten2017In: Licht : Planung - Design - Technik - Handel, ISSN 0171-5496, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 76-79Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Die in diesem Beitrag vorgestellte Studie fragt danach, wie Nutzer das Verhältnis von natürlichemj und künstlichem Licht an ihrem Arbeitsplatz im Grossraumbüro einschätzen. Sie vergleicht diese subjektive Validierung durch die Nutzer mit objektiven Messergebnissen. Zudem erhebt ein Fragebogen Daten zu Zufriedenheit und allgemeinem Befinden. In der anschliessenden statistischen Analyse werden Korrelationen zwischen den verschiedenen Parametern gesucht.

  • 28519.
    van Helvert, Judith
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurship from a Family Business Perspective2017In: The SAGE Handbook of Small Business and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Robert Blackburn, Dirk De Clercq & Jarna Heinonen, Sage Publications, 2017, p. 7-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28520.
    Van Helvert-Beugels, Judith
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The emerging role of advisory boards in strategizing in family firms: A sensemaking perspective2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the emerging role of advisory boards in strategizing in privately held family firms. The thesis focuses on the period in which family firms start considering to work with an advisory board through the board’s first several years of existence. A micro-level strategy perspective is combined with insights from sensemaking theory to understand how the practitioners involved make sense of this new arena involved in strategizing. Empirically, the study is based on four real-time case studies that primarily use observations along with interviews and secondary documents. The within- and cross case interpretations are integrated into a conceptual model that explains how the roles of advisory boards in strategizing emerge over time.

    The most important finding of this study is that advisory boards emerge into unique configurations through the sensemaking activities of the practitioners involved. Moreover, this study shows that practitioners make sense of both the content that should be addressed and the role and tasks of the advisory board. This sensemaking is achieved in different ways and in different forms (individual versus mediated versus collective sensemaking), which explains the substantial differences between the advisory boards in different situations. It is suggested that the lack of an institutional frame or institutional norms provides considerable freedom in interpreting the role of the advisory boards, through which such boards largely become a contextualized practice. Two underlying causal mechanisms have been identified that drive the sensemaking processes of the practitioners involved in advisory board meetings: the learning orientation of the practitioners involved and the (a)symmetry between the advisory board members on the one hand and the family firm decision makers on the other hand.

    This dissertation contributes to our current understanding of advisory boards using a micro-level strategy lens instead of a governance lens to understand the emerging role of the advisory board in strategizing in the family firm context. This approach has helped to characterize the advising and sensemaking processes at play and how advisory boards emerge into unique configurations over time. Second, this dissertation contributes to the strategy as practice literature by devoting attention to a new arena involved in strategizing that emerges over time and the elements that play a role in this process. Instead of studying how an existing arena is performed, this study focuses on the emergence of a new strategy arena along with the practices used, the praxis performed and the practitioners involved. Thus I show how such a new arena is contextualized and becomes situated over time, attending to the processual dimensions, the content dimensions, the outcomes of the process and the outcomes generated by strategizing.

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  • 28521.
    Van Hoof, J.
    et al.
    Hogeschool Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Care, Research Centre for Innovation in Health Care, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Westerlaken, A. C.
    Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO, Delft, Netherlands.
    Aarts, M. P. J.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Wouters, E. J. M.
    Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Institute of Allied Health Professions, Research Group Health Innovations and Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Schoutens, A. M. C.
    Light and Health Research Foundation (SOLG), Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Sinoo, M. M.
    Hogeschool Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Care, Research Centre for Innovation in Health Care, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Light therapy: Methodological issues from an engineering perspective2012In: Technology and Health Care, ISSN 0928-7329, E-ISSN 1878-7401, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light therapy is increasingly administered and studied as a non-pharmacologic treatment for a variety of health-related problems, including treatment of people with dementia. Light therapy comes in a variety of ways, ranging from being exposed to daylight, to being exposed to light emitted by light boxes and ambient bright light. Light therapy is an area in medicine where medical sciences meet the realms of physics, engineering and technology. Therefore, it is paramount that attention is paid in the methodology of studies to the technical aspects in their full breadth. This paper provides an extensive introduction for non-technical researchers on how to describe and adjust their methodology when involved in lighting therapy research. A specific focus in this manuscript is on ambient bright light, as it is an emerging field within the domain of light therapy. The paper deals with how to (i) describe the lighting equipment, (ii) describe the light measurements, (iii) describe the building and interaction with daylight. Moreover, attention is paid to the uncertainty in standards and guidelines regarding light and lighting for older adults.

  • 28522.
    Van Hoof, Joost
    et al.
    Institute of Allied Health, Netherlands.
    Aarts, Mariëlle P. J.
    Department of the Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Services, Building Lighting, Netherlands.
    Westerlaken, Adriana C.
    TNO, Netherlands.
    Schrader, Björn
    Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Horw/Luzern, Switzerland.
    Wouters, Eveline J. M
    Faculty of allied health professions, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Netherlands.
    Weffers, Harold T. G.
    Intelligent Lighting Institute, Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Light therapy in smart healthcare facilities for older adults: An overview2015In: Recent advances in ambient intelligence and context-aware computing / [ed] Kevin Curran, Hersey, PA: IGI Global, 2015, p. 300-307Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Light therapy is applied as treatment for a variety of problems related to health and ageing, including dementia. Light therapy is administered via light boxes, light showers, and ambient bright light using ceiling-mounted luminaires. Long-term care facilities are currently installing dynamic lighting systems with the aim to improve the well-being of residents with dementia and to decrease behavioural symptoms. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the application of ceiling-mounted dynamic lighting systems as a part of intelligent home automation systems found in healthcare facilities. Examples of such systems are provided and their implementation in practice is discussed. The available, though limited, knowledge has not yet been converted into widespread implementable lighting solutions, and the solutions available are often technologically unsophisticated and poorly evaluated from the perspective of end-users. New validated approaches to the design and application of ambient bright light are needed.

  • 28523.
    van Huynh, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Gonzalez, Aaron
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Yousef, Waseem
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sustainable packaging: A study of consumers' loyalty and behavior2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The ecological consumer has been a significant and central character in the development of green marketing. In an effort to enhance brand equity and increase consumers’ loyalty, companies are relying on environmental claims. From advances in processes, to product design and packaging materials that diminish waste, companies are more and more emphasizing on sustainability. The findings of previous research aiming to link purchasing and environmental concerns to socio-demographic factors have been generally inconclusive and inconsistent (Peattie, 2001). Therefore, the purpose of this study aims to identify if sustainable packaging can be used as a marketing tool to increase brand equity. In addition, the authors intended to identify who is consuming sustainable products and particularly sustainable packaging.

    The review of previous research concerning this topic led us to express two hypotheses. First, women are more involved by the purchasing process than men. Second, sustainable consumption is seen as a time consuming activity, economically disadvantageous and stressful (Valor, 2008).

    Through both a quantitative and a qualitative study we analyzed consumers’ behavior and attitude towards sustainable packaging and green consumption in general.

    The findings of the study allowed us to conclude that the gap between consumers’ attitude and purchasing decision concerning ecological products in general is important. The main reasons are a lack of communication, promotion and availability regarding these products as well as the high-proposed price. Furthermore, the study confirmed that women are much more involved than men in the consumption decision making process in both “classic and green” purchasing.

     

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  • 28524.
    Van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Reflections on fusion systems requirements analysis for maintenance planning2008In: Proceedings of the 2nd Skövde Workshop on Information Fusion planning, Skövde, Sweden, 2008, p. 5-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-defense related industry and public organizations are becoming more and more interested to utilize the power of information fusion applications. The journey from “we have a lot of data from different sources and we would like it to be fused” to well-defined requirements for information fusion applications may however be long and the steps to be taken far from clear. This research in progress paper reflects on the initial steps of a systems requirements analysis in a case study at a maintenance service organization. What questions need to be answered according to existing requirements analysis methods? Where and how can answers be obtained? What problems can arise and how can one handle these? The experiences gathered and discussed can be a basis of the improvement of requirements analysis methods and give a richer understanding of the application of such methods.

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  • 28525.
    van Leuven, Sander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Eriksson, Oscar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    HPWP's Role on Product Innovation in Family Firms: A Study of Swedish Family Firms2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is of central concern for all businesses. The concern for innovation is particularly sensitive for family firms as they often face the challenge of being less entrepreneurial and innovative than nonfamily firms du e to their, sometimes contradictory goals, between economic efficiency and family interest. Researchers has begun to acknowledge t professional human resource (HR) he importance of practices regarding innovation. However, academia becomes short in understanding how these pr actices affects a firm's product innovation, especially in a family business context. Therefore, this thesis aims to enlarge how high performance work practices (HPWP), consisting of five practices, influences product innovation in family firms. To achieve this, our study included a multiplecomparative case study of three Swedish family firms, plus two expert interviews to reach further support to our findings. Moreover, for these cases, we conducted semi structured interviews, observation and secondary da ta using an abductive approach. Based on previous theoretical standpoints, we derived our own model which served as an analytic tool to our empirical data. From our analysis, we conducted a new, slightly modified, model to support and illustrate our empiri cal findings. To make a thorough and accurate analysis, we separated each practice of HPWP and found every practice´s unique influence on product innovation in family firms. Additionally, we contribute to the HPWP literature by revealing an interplay betwe en these five practices where they appear to strengthen and support each other. From a practitioner's point of view, our study is helpful to achieve a higher personorganizational fit for family firms and it can provide practical insights of how HPWP affec ts the product innovation process.

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  • 28526.
    van Mansvelt, Julius
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Johansson, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    En jämförelse mellan HTTP Long Polling och Websocket ur ett batteriperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile applications are having a bigger role in our society than ever before. Many of these applications is relying heavily on internet usage, and due to the fact that smartphones have a limited battery capacity it is crucial that these network consuming applications are energy efficient. The traditional usage for communicating with a server is by using the HTTP protocol and a request/response model, but this can be rather limited because the server cannot send out data without the client's request. There are several ways to solve this problem, one widely used method is HTTP-Long Polling. Another protocol that has grown in popularity during the last years is the Websocket protocol, which works in a slightly different manner. The Websocket protocol supports two-way communication, commonly referred to as duplex, by default. This means that both the server and the client can send data to each other simultaneously and without the other parts request. Websocket has been proven more effective in many areas in various benchmarks, but whether it is more energy efficient on mobile platforms remains unclear and will thus be the topic of this thesis. To compare these protocols a mobile application has been developed for iOS and Android. These applications examine the energy efficiency of the two protocols by receiving short messages in a frequent interval from a server application written in Node.js. To measure energy impact of these protocols XCode Energy Report were used for iOS and Android’s built in battery monitor for Android. The result shows that the Websocket protocol was the more energy efficient alternative, especially for iOS. The implementation for Android shown that the choice of protocol did not have too much of an impact the energy consumption.

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  • 28527.
    van Rijn, Micha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Jansen, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Performance Measurements for Social Enterprises: With focus on Small and Medium sized Social Enterprises2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the field of Social Enterprises has strongly grown over two decades, the importance of Social Enterprises for the society has also grown and still developing, more and more to a third economic segment between the private and public economy.

    Within this study we explain how “Small and Medium sized Social Enterprises” (SMSEs) can face the increasing pressure to measure and demonstrate their impact to society and their stakeholders. We especially address the limitations in skill and resource endowment, which SMSEs most commonly face.

    We execute this research based on a practical and outcome-oriented method and therefore apply an overall pragmatic research philosophy. The research is further designed around a narrative strategy, with an exploratory mono method cross-sectional study. For the collection of empirical data, six semi-structured interviews were conducted with (Social) Entrepreneurs and their stakeholders.

    This study finds a language barrier between SMSEs and their commercial stakeholders, caused by low willingness from the Social Entrepreneurs’ side to adapt to a commercial business language. The findings of this study further imply that SMSEs are capable of using surveys to measure their performance quantitatively, in terms of in- and output. More importantly, our results suggest that these measurements, completed with additional “soft” measurements to “qualified narratives”, are sufficient to prove the SMSEs’ performance to their stakeholders.

    Finally, this study takes up an existing contingency model and enriches it with the revealed discoveries, to a more comprehensive measurement approach for SMSEs. It thereby contributes to the field of Social Enterprises and lays valuable foundations for further research.

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  • 28528.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    A Behavioural Approach to Leadership: The case of Michael Eisner and Disney2006In: Leadership in the Media Industry: Changing Contexts, Emerging Challenges, Jönköping: Media Management and Transformation Centre, Jönköping International Business School , 2006, p. 169-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes the use of the style approach to analyse media leaders. Since the information about them is often incomplete and biased, an approach based on behaviour seems helpful. After reviewing the concepts of the style approach, it is suggested that the procedural justice theory can complement it and help to link the two dimensions of the style approach: people- and task-orientation. Hence it is possible to implement the concern for people through fairness in the decision-making process, which in turn will lead to commitment and increased productivity. A framework for the analysis based on the described theory is presented, and then exemplified through the case of Michael Eisner and Disney.

  • 28529.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Contenidos de calidad: Una apuesta lógica2006In: Cuadernos de Información, ISSN 0716-162X, Vol. 19, p. 62-67Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28530.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    'Digitizing the News' by Pablo J. Boczkowski2006In: Journal of Creative Communications, ISSN 0973-2586, Vol. 1, no 2Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28531.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Entrepreneurial Strategy-Making Mode and Performance: A study of the Newspaper Industry2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Almost everywhere, the newspaper industry today is facing major transformations due mainly to increased competition, changes in consumer behaviour, and technological advancements. These factors are having an impact on the organisational structure and performance of newspaper firms. Managers likewise are face-to-face with new environmental conditions in terms of uncertainty and munificence. In the presence of these challenges, the literature on corporate entrepreneurship justifies a firm’s entrepreneurial behaviour in order to be able to detect and seize new opportunities. Although there seems to be sufficient proof of a positive relationship between being entrepreneurial and performance, there is no clear evidence in the literature regarding the extent these organisational and environmental factors may enhance or curb the effects that an entrepreneurial strategy-making mode might have on performance.

    This study examines the complexities of the relationship between an entrepreneurial strategy-making mode and the firm’s performance as it investigates the moderating effects of the organisational structure and environmental factors on the newspaper publishing industry. A mixed method research design is employed thus complementing the findings of quantitative analyses by means of exploring three newspaper case studies assessing the various dimensions of the entrepreneurial strategy-making mode.

    The results show that entrepreneurial newspapers attain better performance than non-entrepreneurial ones, particularly the ones that have developed proactiveness and an entrepreneurial culture as essential elements of their strategy-making mode. From a configurational perspective, performance is enhanced when entrepreneurial newspapers present a higher level of organisational integration and are prone to outsourcing various activities while facing low environmental munificence. Nevertheless, newspaper firms competing in munificent and less uncertain environments may perform well albeit lack of entrepreneurial behaviour. These findings and the novel research design employed contribute to strategic management, corporate entrepreneurship and media management fields of research.

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  • 28532.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Entry to the Recording Industry: Are the 'top dogs' becoming 'fat cats'?2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28533.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Financial and Strategic Position of Nordic Media Companies2006Book (Other academic)
  • 28534.
    van Weezel, Aldo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    "Media Monoliths: How Great Media Brands Thrive and Survive" by Mark Tungate2005In: Journal of Media Business Studies, ISSN 1652-2354, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 71-72Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28535.
    van Zandvoort, Elyse
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Exercising power through CSR communication on Facebook: Insights from the oil industry2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporations are increasingly using social media as a tool for communicating Corporate Social Responsibility. Marketing researchers have conducted ample research on the topic, however, a communication perspective is missing. In order to fill this gap and gain a nuanced understanding of how corporations are communicating CSR and potentially enacting power relations, this thesis focuses on linguistic elements in CSR- related Facebook posts. A content analysis was performed on the Facebook pages of three oil corporations, covering a total of 120 posts. Results demonstrate that all three companies aim for engagement with the audience, using various semantic and sensory interactivity elements, and maintaining an informal writing style. Despite the latter seemingly contradicting the assumption that corporations are enacting power, there are elements that support this claim. The corporations implement a constraint of content in their posts through the use of abstract writing, and include a constraint on positions through the narrative styles of accounting and advertisement, which offer limited encouragement for participation. Regarding rhetoric, the ethos included in the posts carried significant interconnection with the CSR topics discussed, through which the companies seemed to enforce constraints of content. Shell and Total emphasize certain environmental issues, while not focusing on other impacts. BP does not not target environmental issues and mainly highlights positive social impact. Although the enactment of power is not present in each of the linguistic structures of the posts, there are elements that indicate the presence of power relations, which could offer groundwork for further research.

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  • 28536.
    Vanaja Murugesapillai, Anoop
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Industrial design.
    HANDLE CONCEPT FOR STRING TRIMMER2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    String trimmers or weed cutter or strimmer is one of the inevitable tool for a professional gardener. They are helping gardeners for maintaining the lawn and farmland. These machines have been used by human for a quite long time. Professionals normally uses the bike handle type string trimmer and the amateurs who has small gardens normally uses loop handle one. The bike handle models are more powerful and gives more comfort for long time working. While performing the trimming process users are using the handles to steer and control the machine. Handle is the main touch point of the machine and it needs to provide enough comfort and assist the functions.Cramer, a German garden tools brand owned by The Globe Group, is focusing on researching and developing Garden power tools for amateurs as well as professional users. For them it is important to satisfy the customer and improve the user experience of their products.This project is focused only on the handle of the string trimmer to improve the overall user experience. This project mainly deals with the ergonomic aspects of the handle for a larger percentile of population. It is very important to make a handle were the professional users are going to use longer period of time. Along with the comfort this project put stress on increase the user experience by giving modern, friendly and premium expression visually as well as physically. Even though the project is to develop a handle concept, it needs to go along with the overall brand language.

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  • 28537.
    Vanciu, Gabriela Alina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    APT on the Swedish oil market2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the existence of APT on the Swedish oil market. By using the OLS regression model and Quantile regression model we analyze if there is positive asymmetric price transmission between crude oil prices and retail gasoil prices (oktan 95 prices).  The data regarding the crude oil process is collected from Rotterdam spot price, while the data regarding the retail gasoil prices is collected from the official website of the companies that operates on Swedish oil market (Statoil, OKQ8 and Preem). The data were collected over the period 2008-2015.In addition, Koenker and Bassett's test for equality of slope across quantiles and Newey and Powell's - Symmetric quantiles test of conditional symmetry around the median, were used to analyze the data. Both tests confirm the presence of positive APT on Swedish oil market meaning that retail gasoil prices react quicker to crude oil price increases than to decreases.

  • 28538.
    Vanciu, Gabriela Alina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Miresashvili, Nino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Biogas cars in Sweden: An emerging market2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The energy sector is a vital part of country´s economy. Continuous increase in energy consumption, the limited resources in the sector, price volatility and the necessity of environment protection determined people to look for alternative sources of energy. An important fraction of the energy is consumed in the transport sector, thus it is not surprising that important investments and researches have been focused on finding substitute fuels in order to diminish the dependency of fossil fuels and reduce the quantity of CO

    2. The aim of this thesis is to analyze how the consumer behavior regarding the biogas cars per capita, being determined by income per capita, the share of educated population, the existence of plant production at local level, the density of gas stations and the population, differs across Sweden’s municipalities.

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  • 28539.
    Vaniushkina, Alisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Abdi, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Engelsk grammatik - lek och verklighet: En litteraturstudie med fokus på grammatik i undervisning och inlärning för årskurs 4–62019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history the human ability of learning language has spawned numerous theories on which methods are most efficient in both teaching and learning language. Ever since English has earned its title of lingua franca, educators from around the world have been tasked with teaching students in a manner that is the most beneficial for learning the language. In retrospect, knowledge of two or more languages is seldom a free choice, but a necessity for adapting to a globalized society. As different methods and theories have gone in and out of fashion, the most controversial topic remains – what is the purpose of teaching grammar?

    The purpose of this study is to analyse and compile research that deals with the way grammar is implemented, if at all, into teaching English as second language. Questions that the result should answer are the following:

    • Based on what the research claims about what is most conducive to learning English, how do teachers choose to construct their teaching?

    • Where lies the focus in teaching, on form or function?

    How grammar is taught, if at all, is a heavily debated subject among researchers and educators alike. Among the range of different opinions, both that are based in actual research and personal views on the topic, most parties seem to come to a consensus: grammar is important but without communication there can be no authentic learning.

    Method of this study is based on international research that has been reviewed and analyzed according to the criteria for inclusion. The findings of this study report the different approaches to teaching English with implementation of grammar in a way that promotes efficient learning. There are also examples of simultaneously teaching English by using different approaches to grammar and which results that provides

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  • 28540.
    Vanluchene, Indy
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Jonsson, Sara
    Jönköping University.
    Change Readiness for Sustainability-Oriented Change: A mixed-method study about how ready Swedish organizations are for change towards sustainability2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many change processes in organizations fail and efficient change management is therefore crucial for success. For successful change to be possible, an organization needs to be readied for that change. The growing demand on sustainable business practices leads organizations to embrace sustainable development and therefore go through change. Change readiness can be viewed on two levels; organizational and individual and there are different factors impacting each of these levels. Examples of such factors are Vision & Goals, Organizational structure and A sense of urgency.

    Purpose: The purpose of this research was to explore how ready Swedish organizations were for sustainability-oriented change, taking both organizational and individual change readiness into account.

    Method: 8 Swedish organizations were studied with the help of 15 factors that impact change readiness. By using mixed methods, qualitative data from interviews and quantitative data from surveys was collected, and the factors were evaluated.

    Findings: The organizations had an average of 67 % change readiness overall, with the factor A sense of urgency scoring the highest results indicating that Swedish organizations understand the importance of sustainability. The data suggested that the organizations were more change ready on the individual compared to the organizational change readiness level. The findings also showed that the factors Vision & Goals and Organizational structure had no positive impact on the organizations´ change readiness.

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  • 28541.
    Vannestål, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Brobäck, Caroline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Att leva med multipel skleros - En utmanande vardag: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a major impact on the person's daily life. MS affects family life and activities as the ability to work as well. The purpose was to describe people's experience of living with MS. A qualitative literature review was performed and the analysis of the material resulted in two categories and four subcategories. Fear of the future that describes the uncertainty and the fear that the disease causes, and the category The disease controls my life describing how the disease takes over and change their lives and their life situation. These findings indicate that it is a challenge to live with MS and that healthcare professionals who meet these people need an understanding of the physical and mental health problems persons with MS are living with.

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  • 28542.
    Vara, Alicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bogdanzaliev, Dimiter
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The role of positive emotions in project failure and their impact on Corporate Entrepreneurs’ decision-making and motivation.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The  purpose  of  this  thesis  is  to  identify  the  role  of positive  emotions  in  project  failure  and  how  these emotions  affect  corporate  entrepreneurs´  decision-making and motivation.

    Theoretical perspective

    Entrepreneurial Failure, Emotions, Appraisal Theory, Attribution  Theory,  Psychological  Ownership,  Psychological Capital.

    Empirical foundation

    Seventeen respondents from 14 entrepreneurial companies  were  interviewed to identify  the role of positive emotions in  project failure and  their impact  on corporate entrepreneurs’  decision-making  and motivation in subsequent projects. Interviews were conducted by phone (1), audio conference (2), video conference (3) and face-to-face interviews (4).

    Conclusion

    We  offer  a  model,  which  shows  the  three  positive emotions that were found to be experienced in project failure, namely relief, confidence and challenge and their  impact  on  corporate  entrepreneurs’  decision-making and motivation in subsequent projects.

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  • 28543.
    Varaksina, Polina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Challenges in cross-cultural communication of Swedish companies internationalizing in Russia: Implications for international business2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28544.
    Vardanian, Zaruhi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Magnetresonanstomografisk undersökning vid frågeställning om fraktur på os scaphoideum2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28545.
    Vargas Balladares, Leslie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Henningsson, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Laglottsskyddet: Ett nödvändigt skydd eller ett föråldrat system?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the legal situation surrounding the legal statutory portion. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the statutory portions function in our society, does the rule fit into today’s society? To carry out this study, the authors analyzed the legal situation accordingly to the legal dogmatic method. Emphasis has been placed especially on laws but also non-government bills and doctrine.The statutory portion was introduced in the Swedish system, as early as in the 17th century. Its primary purpose then was to ensure a heritage to the descendants’ heirs. At this time most people died at a young age and their children were often young and incapable of supporting themselves. Today, it is more unusual to leave minor children, and it its more common to die of old age with already adult chil-dren. The statutory portion, which has as a purpose to ensure that parts of the de-scendants inheritance shall rightly fall to its heirs, is found today in 7 chapter 1§ ÄB .In recent years, a large number of non-government bills and government bills has been presented with proposals for the abolition of the statutory portion. Different writers express their view on the statutory portion as outdated and that the system does not fit into our society. Those who find the statutory portion outdated also express the meaning that statutory portion stands in conflict against both property law and the descendants last will.The authors consider the need for an investigation on the matter to determine whether the legal portion is outdated and no longer fulfills its purpose, or if it still is adapted to our modern society. 

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    Laglottsskyddet
  • 28546.
    Vargas Balladares, Leslie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Vidovic, Nikolina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The Size of Shadow Economy in the EU: A study of Undeclared Work, Bribery and Tax Evasion in 20132017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose is to investigate the size of the shadow economy within the EU, by studying undeclared work, bribery and tax evasion in 28 Member States in 2013, and answer the question how to better combat shadow economy.

    Research design: The study is a quantitative research as it uses data from existing surveys and a report. The collected data is analyzed by multiplying the number of respondents with the percentage of the issue in each Member State. Calculating all three issues for 28 Member States presents the size of the shadow economy in the EU in 2013.

    Findings: Research has found that shadow economy is present within the EU. The study shows that the size of shadow economy in 2013 is 17,6 %. Amongst the three issues, tax evasion was more extensive than the other two issues. Besides regulation, there are other considerable factors that contribute to the gap in the shadow economy. The findings show that EU has taken measures to combat these issues. However, the study finds other measures to be needed to combat shadow economy.

    Contribution: This study contributes to the research of shadow economy within the EU by focusing on three issues: undeclared work, bribery and tax evasion. The study is supposed to raise awareness to not neglect the issues but rather combat them in a cross-border effort as shadow economy is not only affecting each Member States at national level but also at EU-level.

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  • 28547.
    Vargas, Gabriel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade: EA-11 and Mexico2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate and analyze the effect of exchange rate volatility between the euro and the Mexican peso on the exports from the first eleven euro area countries (EA-11) to Mexico. The ten product groups recognized by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) are dealt with separately in identifying the influence of exchange rate volatility on the exports. Aggregated data for exchange rates and trade between 1999 and 2008 are analyzed using regressions. In addition to the exchange rate volatility, the variables included in the analysis are: the industrial production index (IPI) of the EA-11 countries, the IPI for Mexico, the nominal exchange rate between the two currencies, the consumer price index (CPI) in Mexico and the harmonized indices of consumer prices (HICPs) for the EA-11.

    The reaction of trade to exchange rate volatility is a fundamental issue in macroeconomics. It has taken more importance in the recent decades as the scope of international transactions has expanded and the economic activity of one country affects other countries. There have been several studies about the relation between the exchange rate volatility and its influence on trade that have arrived to different results. The conclusion of this thesis is that the exchange rate volatility has a positive and highly significant effect in the exports of only one of the ten evaluated product groups.

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    Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade: EA-11 and Mexico
  • 28548.
    Vargas, Gabriel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Silva, Sergio
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Keliche, Ugwu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Maina, Charles
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Corporate Identity: Communication as a key component2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: In the world of today’s business, there is a trend for investors not only to base their decisions whether to invest in a company on the basis of its financial results. These days more features are taken into consideration. Corporate identity is a crucial aspect to bear in mind for investors, as it demonstrates what the company is, how it works and where it is going. Corporate Communication is a process that allows companies to share their information with the stakeholders. Not every company is aware of the significance of communicating its corporate identity to investors. These represent a basis for the company, since their support is needed to achieve the organization’s objectives. Furthermore, communication of corporate identity to investors represents an opportunity for a company to achieve its goals. The importance and relation of corporate identity and communication to investors is becoming a relevant issue not only for them but also for stakeholders.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate corporate identity and its communication, as a key component, to investors.

    Method: The authors have conducted a case study of the Chemical and Mining Company of Chile Inc. (SQM). A qualitative method approach has been used to achieve the purpose. Self-administered questionnaires have been used to gather empirical data.

    Conclusion: The case study has led to conclusions on how important it is for SQM to communicate its corporate identity to investors. SQM’s corporate identity is seen as an instrument to differentiate, compete and communicate with investors. SQM’s visual identity is an instrument to communicate the evolution of the company. The company is using behavior, symbolism and communication as the main channels to transmit its corporate identity to investors. SQM’s investor relations show a clear awareness of the need for communication with its investors and financial stakeholders. This is supported by the development of their website and the information collected through the questionnaire. Finally, the authors conclude that corporate identity and its communication, as a key component, is essential for SQM. Its investor relations department and website show that it is very important for the company to communicate to investors its identity.

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  • 28549.
    Vargvik, Pontus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Adaptive Cabin Luggage: Master thesis project for a size adaptive cabin luggage with an exterior pocket2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction The report holds the process and result of a final thesis for a Master in industrial design at Jönköping University. The whole project is valued 30 credits and will proceed during spring of 2018.

    Background The task for this project is to develop a concept for a hard case cabin luggage featuring an expandability or compression system. This means that the luggage is supposed to change in size and by that be versatile and fit several travel lengths. The luggage is also going to feature an exterior pocket. The exterior pocket and expandability/compression system should feature solutions that are compact and versatile to benefit the user rather than stealing package volume and adding weight.

    Objective The objective for the expandability/compression system is to come up with a solution that is compact and versatile while still preserving rigidity to the luggage.

    The objective for the smart pocket is to create a pocket that is integrated with the design of the luggage, possibly not extruding from the main shape.

    Methods used Gantt schedule, Product breakdown structure, Function analysis, Matrix evaluation, Observations, Interviews, Image board, Personas, Ideation sketching, CAD modelling and physical models.

    Result The resulting concept is presented using descriptive text, 3D renderings, and a physical 1:1 design model.

  • 28550.
    Varli, Romil
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    The decision-making for the 50/50 companies: A study of the problems and solutions of the 50/50 situation in the light of Swedish Company Law2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of private limited companies are formed today. The distribution of shares in a corporation can be done in different ways. The most common one is that the most suitable shareholders, for the future development of the company, have a majority in the company in order to govern and control the company and its affairs. In a company with a solid majority decisions are fairly easy to make and there are seldom disputes, in terms of such decision-making.

     

    But in today's legal arena companies are formed where shares are divided evenly between the partners. This is done to spread the control of the company between several shareholders. But what happens when a company of two people, or groups of equally strong shareholders, can not agree within the general meeting for a decision on who will be appointed as the Chairman, or in the case of important issues concerning the company's affairs.

     

    One such company whose shares are scattered among the shareholders is generally called a 50/50 company. The company is not regulated in the Swedish Companies Act which makes it difficult to determine how certain decisions will be resolved when there are disagreements. What is regulated in the legislation for limited companies is very generally applied, which is why agreements and contracts are often used as a complement and an instrument to combat locked situations in smaller companies, especially in the 50/50 company. Contracts are made to complement the law and statutes. There are many types of contracts which can be conducted between the shareholders however; this essay will deal only with the shareholders and consortium agreements/contracts.

     

    When a small company, such as the 50/50 company, with few shareholders does not sign agreements or contracts between them in order to fully regulate the situations and problems that may arise, the results can be devastating. When shareholders can not agree on decisions in the general meeting it may pertain to two specific decisions. One is the decision which must be taken when appointing the Board to prevent that there is a draw of lots, which is certainly not the optimal way of decision-making for a company. The second decision is the one pertaining to other important issues which must be decided  in the general meeting, and where the Chairman’s casting vote will decide the outcome if the shareholders can not agree. It is there important to examine which possibilities exist for 50/50 companies to remedy a locked situation and maintain an optimal decision-making process.

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