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  • 27551.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-supplier integration to prepare for production ramp-up2019In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 506-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Although prior research provides evidence that production ramp-up is often disrupted by supplier-related problems, it fails to discuss how the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and various types of suppliers integrate their functions and operations to secure preparations for production ramp-up. The purpose of this paper is to investigate OEM–supplier integration in a new product development (NPD) project to prepare for production ramp-up.

    Design/methodology/approach: The results presented in this paper are based on a real-time, longitudinal study of a single collaborative NPD project in the mechanical engineering industry. The NPD project involves seven suppliers and it is carried out in a large Swedish company (the OEM) and fits the theory-elaborating approach of this research.

    Findings: This study argues that the aspect of timing in OEM–supplier integration, the OEM’s research and development (R&D) attitude toward collaboration and the OEM’s (R&D) operating procedure are challenges affecting the preparation for production ramp-up. The following three mechanisms to facilitate OEM–supplier integration in order to prepare for production ramp-up are also discussed: the mediator’s role, the OEM’s face-to-face meeting at the project level and suppliers’ formal face-to-face meetings with the OEM and internally.

    Originality/value: This paper elaborates on and extends prior research on production ramp-up by conducting an empirical analysis that incorporates supplier integration in NPD. It bridges the gap between the literature on production ramp-up and on supplier integration in NPD and clearly indicates that supplier integration is an important prerequisite for successful production ramp-up. 

  • 27552.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna.
    Integration of Suppliers’ Workflows in the OEMs’ New Product Development Process2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 479-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores integration of the suppliers’ workflows in the OEM’s new product development (NPD) process, to support the production ramp-up. Based on multiple-case study approach, incorporating both the OEM and the supplier perspective, this research explains critical aspects for the integration of suppliers’ workflows in the OEM’s NPD process, and when these aspects need to be addressed. The results show that face-to-face meeting on a project level, standardized work model, readiness of the component specifications, role of Supplier Quality Assurance (SQA) engineer, quality assurance document provided to the suppliers, etc. are critical aspects.

  • 27553.
    Wognum, Nel
    et al.
    Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands .
    Bil, Cees
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Peruzzini, Margherita
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy .
    Stjepandić, Josip
    PROSTEP AG, Germany.
    Verhagen, Wim
    Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands .
    Transdisciplinary Engineering Research Challenges2018In: Transdisciplinary Engineering Methods for Social Innovation of Industry 4.0: Proceedings of the 25th ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering / [ed] Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari, Cees Bil, Josip Stjepandić, Nel Wognum, IOS Press, 2018, p. 753-762Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transdisciplinary research (TDR) has been the subject of discourse in the past few decades, but has not been studied much in the context of engineering problems. Many engineering problems can be characterized as ill-defined, like open innovation, adoption of new technology, business development, and the adoption of the Industry 4.0 concept. Transdisciplinary engineering research (TDER) is also performed in large projects by multi-disciplinary teams, as in TDR projects, including stakeholders and people from practice. Such projects may last long, often years. In such large projects, the involved disciplines should include both engineering disciplines as well as disciplines from social sciences. In this paper we address the challenges that exist in adopting a TDER approach. Universities need to prepare students to work in TDER projects. We discuss the current situation in transdisciplinary engineering education (TDEE) and identify challenges that need to be addressed for including TDEE in curricula. The paper ends with a summary and ideas for further research.

  • 27554.
    Wognum, Nel
    et al.
    ATO Group, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Technical University of Delft, Netherlands.
    Bil, Cees
    School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Peruzzini, Margherita
    Department Engineering Enzo Ferrari, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
    Stjepandić, Josip
    PROSTEP AG, Darmstadt, Germany.
    Verhagen, Wim J.C.
    ATO Group, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Technical University of Delft, Netherlands.
    Transdisciplinary systems engineering: Implications, challenges and research agenda2019In: International Journal of Agile Systems and Management, ISSN 1741-9174, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 58-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transdisciplinary processes have been the subject of research since several decades already. Transdisciplinary processes are aimed at solving ill-defined and socially relevant problems. Many researchers have studied transdisciplinary processes and have tried to understand the essentials of transdisciplinarity. Many engineering problems can be characterised as ill-defined and socially relevant, too. Although transdisciplinary engineering cannot widely be found in the literature yet, a transdisciplinary approach is deemed relevant for many engineering problems. With this paper we aim to present an overview of the literature on research into transdisciplinary processes and investigate the relevance of a transdisciplinary approach in engineering domains. After a brief description of past research on transdisciplinarity, implications for engineering research, engineering practice, and engineering education are identified. In all three areas, the current situation is described, while challenges are identified that still exist. The paper ends with a research agenda for transdisciplinary engineering. 

  • 27555.
    Wohlfahrt, J. C.
    et al.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Evensen, B. J.
    Private Practice, Tønsberg, Norway.
    Zeza, B.
    Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences, Section of Periodontology, Sapienza, University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Jansson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Pilloni, A.
    Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences, Section of Periodontology, Sapienza, University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Roos-Jansåker, A. M.
    Department of Periodontology, Public Dental Health Service, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Di Tanna, G. L.
    Center for Primary Care and Public Health, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.
    Aass, A. M.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Klepp, M.
    Private Practice, Stavanger, Norway.
    Koldsland, O. C.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    A novel non-surgical method for mild peri-implantitis- a multicenter consecutive case series2017In: International Journal of Implant Dentistry, ISSN 2198-4034, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect on peri-implant mucosal inflammation from the use of a novel instrument made of chitosan in the non-surgical treatment of mild peri-implantitis across several clinical centers.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS:

    In this 6-month multicenter prospective consecutive case series performed in six different periodontal specialist clinics, 63 implants in 63 patients were finally included. The subjects had mild peri-implantitis defined as radiographic bone loss of 1-2 mm, pocket probing depth (PPD) ≥4 mm and a positive bleeding on probing (mBoP) score. The patients were clinically examined at baseline and after 2, 4, 12 and 24 weeks, and radiographs were taken at baseline and at 3 and 6 months. Treatment of the implants with the chitosan brush seated in an oscillating dental drill piece was performed at baseline and at 3 months. Reductions in the clinical parameters (PPD and mBoP) were compared between baseline and the later examination time points.

    RESULTS:

    Significant reductions in both PPD and mBoP were observed at all time points compared with the baseline clinical measurements (p < 0.001). The mean PPD and mBoP at baseline were 5.15 mm (4.97; 5.32) and 1.86 (1.78; 1.93), respectively, whereas the mean PPD and mBoP at 6 months were 4.0 mm (3.91; 4.19) and 0.64 (0.54; 0.75), respectively. Stable reductions in PPD and mBoP were evident up to 6 months after the initial treatment and 3 months after the second treatment. All 63 implants were reported to have stable radiographic levels of osseous support.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    This case series demonstrated that an oscillating chitosan brush is safe to use and seems to have merits in the non-surgical treatment of dental implants with mild peri-implantitis. To measure the effectiveness of the method, a multicenter randomized clinical trial needs to be undertaken.

  • 27556.
    Wokke, Jord
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rodenrijs, Nick
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Will social media make or break the acceptance in new technology?: A quantitative study of consumer acceptance in Cryptocurrency2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Parallels have been drawn between the rise of the internet in 1990s and the present rise of bitcoin (cryptocurrency) and underlying blockchain technology. This resulted in a widespread of media coverage due to extreme price fluctuations and increased supply and demand. Garcia et al. (2014) argues that this is driven by several social aspects including word-of-mouth communication on social media, indicating that this aspect of social media effects individual attitude formation and intention towards cryptocurrency. However, this combination of social media of antecedent of consumer acceptance is limited explored, especially in the context of technology acceptance.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to create further understanding in the Technology Acceptance Model with the additional construct: social influence, first suggested by Malhotra et al. (1999). Hereby, the additional construct of social media influence was added to advance the indirect effects of social media influence on attitude formation and behavioural intention towards cryptocurrency, through the processes of social influence (internalization; identification; compliance) by Kelman.

     

    Method: This study carries out a quantitative study where survey-research was used that included a total sample of 250 cases. This sample consists of individuals between 18-37 years old, where social media usage is part of the life. As a result of the data collection, analysis was conducted using multiple regression techniques.

     

    Conclusion: Analysis of the findings established theoretical validation of the appliance of the Technology Acceptance Model on digital innovation, like cryptocurrency. By adding the construct of social media, further understanding is created in the behaviour of millennials towards cryptocurrency. The evidence suggests that there are clear indirect effects of social media on attitude formation and intention towards engaging in cryptocurrency through the processes of social influence. This study should be seen as preliminary, where future research could be built upon. More specifically, in terms of consumer acceptance of cryptocurrency and the extent of influence by social media.

  • 27557.
    Wolde, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brundin, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Effects of the mandatory IFRS adoption: A study of the replies made to the Public Consultation by the EU Commission in 20142015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27558.
    Wolf, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hur påverkar de professionellas syn på självskadebeteende bemötandet och arbetet med flickor som skär sig?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the phenomena of young girls who exhibit self injurious behaviour, who without suicidal intentions, cut, scratch, or burn themselves. According to Socialstyrelsen (2004, 2) there is an increase of the phenomena. This subject arouses many strong feelings and thoughts. The purpose of this investigation is to use qualitative interviews with persons who come into contact with these girls, to determine how the professionals view this behaviour and how their view affects how they treat and discuss treatment options for these girls.

    Result: The professionals don’t view self injurious behaviour as a problem itself, but as a symptom of underlying problems, both within the girls and in their environment. This gives as a result that they work with both the girl´s internal problems and work to change their environment. They help the girls to analyse their thoughts and their emotions, and to come up with copingstrategies. They also work the social network in order to improve the interactions. They use many different techniques to find a suitable treatment for everyone. Their understanding of the importance of being treated politely, make them strive to meet every girl with respect and validate the girls.

  • 27559.
    Wolf, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Kapactitetsstudie: På SKF Motion Technology2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    A capacity study has been made on a production line for a leading bearing and seal manufacturing company – In a view of manufacturing technology, logistics and economic. 

    Simon Wolf is the author of this thesis and his mentor is named Jonas Bjarnehäll. 

    On the two types of actuators, line balancing should be made in order to decide the maximum capacity with a different amount of staff used. An investment analysis will be needed to investigate if an investment can be presumed to be appealing from a financial perspective. Finally, the location of the stations should be made which will be adapted to the investment and line balancing

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop the most effective layout possible regarding both operator- and production effectiveness.

    The thesis is made using the methods following: 

    • The six steps for line balancing

    • Systematic Local Planning

    • Carrying cost calculation

    In conclusion, 46 functional classifications and a placement arrangement that fits to those and other criterias has been produced. Following an investment analysis between two different layouts one can find the most successful and effective one. All these constitute the result of the thesis. 

  • 27560.
    Wolff, Per-Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Fernsehsender als Marken: Strategisches TV-Markenmanagement und seine Auswirkungen auf die Programmplanung2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27561.
    Wolff, Per-Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    TV MarkenManagement: Strategische und operative Markenführung - mit Sender-Fallstudien2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Markenmanagement ist heute der zentrale Faktor für den Erfolg privater und öffentlich-rechtlicher Fernsehsender auf dem Zuschauermarkt. Angesichts des stetig gestiegenen Wettbewerbsdrucks kann sich ein Fernsehsender nur noch auf dem Markt behaupten, wenn er durch Eigenwerbung ein attraktives und einzigartiges Markenversprechen abgibt, das er auch kontinuierlich und konsequent im Programm einlöst. Der Autor bietet vor diesem Hintergrund nicht nur eine umfassende Darstellung der Grundlagen der strategischen Markenführung, sondern auch seiner Konsequenzen für eine markenorientierte Planung des TV-Programms eines Senders. Unmittelbaren Praxisbezug erhält die Arbeit durch zahlreiche anschauliche Beispiele sowie zwei ausführliche Fallstudien der Sender ZDF und ProSieben.

  • 27562.
    Wolff, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Branded Audiences2006In: Consuming Audiences, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 27563.
    Wolfram, Ted
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Bridging two CAN-bus segments using radio communication with the IEEE 802.15.4 protocol2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will investigate the possibilities to wireless communicate within time critical applications with the radio protocol IEEE 802.15.4.

    IEEE 802.15.4 is a very quick protocol so the delays and jitter can be ignored in a small network.

    The thesis handles the question: Is it possible to split a CAN-bus and send the data via radio to the other side of the CAN-bus?

    The big problems with this are:

    • Will it be treated like a transparent link and not disturb the original functionality?

    • How does a system which is split up by radio treat new nodes on the bus?

    • What will be the maximum speed and the maximum utilization factor for the split up bus?

    • What new suitable protocols can be implemented on a higher level to get the split bus to work?

    This is modeled and discussed, real measurement from a radio link is used in the model to see if it’s possible.

    The radio communication will satisfy the demands from the company regarding their application. With an efficient error handling and a smart transmission protocol the application can be a very smart way of sending CAN-data via radio.

  • 27564.
    Wolf-Watz, Sanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Child Prostitution in Thailand: A Supply Side Analysis from an Economic Perspective2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the economic factors behind the supply of children engaged in child prostitution in Thailand. Children are recruited to the sex industry either by parents, adults in their immediacy or choose it themselves. There are several factors that contribute to pushing children towards prostitution. Many of these factors such as credit constraints and mortality are related to poverty, the most quoted of economic factors behind the supply of child prostitution. Associated to poverty is the high discount rate which means that people prioritize present over future consumption. In combination with a lack of alternatives, this makes people engage in risky activities such as prostitution. This also seems to be the case in Thailand.

     

    To analyze the different alternatives faced by children in Thailand, a calculation of present value of life time wages of the alternative activities a child faces was computed. The computation of present value of life time wages of alternative activities of children in the face of different discount rates is in line with economic theory and shows that education confers the highest reward unless the discount rate is extremely high. If education is unavailable, as it is for unregistered children in Thailand, or discount rates are very high, as it can be for very poor families, prostitution will be the occupation with the highest returns.

    

  • 27565.
    Wollny, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ahrenstedt, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Huang, Jiahao
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    A study on factors influencing the acceptance of mobile payment applications in Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile payments is a topic that is gaining increased attention in both research and in the media. Trends have been identified that show an increase in the use of both smartphones and mobile applications. At the same time there has been a decrease in cash use, with a move towards alternative cashless means of payment in Sweden. Existing research has focused on this type of trend research and also looking at mobile payments in a general sense. There is a gap in the research where the acceptance of mobile payment applications are receiving very little to no attention. The purpose of this thesis is then to identify the determinants of the acceptance of mobile payment applications. Using existing Technology Acceptance Model research on mobile payments, 13 hypotheses were proposed that all related to various factors of acceptance of mobile payment applications. A questionnaire was constructed to test these hypotheses and distributed using convenience sampling. The hypotheses and questionnaire was used to construct a conceptual model in AMOS, where we subsequently used multiple regression analysis to analyze the gathered data. This resulted in 6 hypotheses being accepted and 7 hypotheses being rejected. The factors that was shown to have a significant effect on the acceptance of mobile payment applications, ranging from largest effect to the least are: attitude towards using mobile payment applications, perceived usefulness of mobile payment applications, the subjective norm of the individual, perceived ease of use of the mobile payment application, perceived credibility of the mobile payment application and perceived compatibility of the mobile payment application.

  • 27566.
    Wollsén, Madelen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Kronlund, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Preschool Education research.
    Det handlar också om en lyhördhet. Att lära sig se: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares förhållningssätt och ambition att se varje barn, varje dag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att bidra med kunskaper om förskollärares förhållningssätt och ambition att se varje barn varje dag i förskolans verksamhet. Vi vill också undersöka förskollärares uppfattning om ansvaret i sin profession gentemot läroplanen samt vilka möjligheter förskollärare uppfattar finns för att gestalta sitt förhållningssätt och ambition i förskolan.

     

    Studien har gjorts med kvalitativa metoder för datainsamling med åtta legitimerade förskollärare fördelade i två fokusgrupper. Stimulusmaterialet i de båda fokusgrupperna bidrog med samlade beskrivningar av förskollärares uppfattning, förhållningssätt och ambition för att se varje barn. Studien har utgångspunkt i fenomenologin som står för människans uppfattning av fenomen. När människan uppfattar fenomen strävar de efter att skapa mening och betydelse för det fenomen som visar sig omedelbart för medvetandet. I innehållsanalys av empirin framkom tre övergripande kategorier: tilliten till varandra, organisation och struktur för att se barn samt möjligheter att se enskilda barn i barngruppen. Studiens resultat har visat att förskollärares förhållningssätt och ambition att se varje barn, varje dag grundar sig i att förskollärare betraktar sin profession som en livsstil med ett genuint intresse för barn som medför stor glädje att arbeta med barn. En deltagare uttrycker: ”Om ni kan se detta så har vi ju ett fantastiskt arbete. Det är så roligt. Vi kan ju ha roligt varje dag om vi verkligen kan se och koppla ihop det vi är där för!” Sammanfattningsvis har resultat visat att deltagarna i fokusgruppen följer läroplanens intentioner med sitt professionella och personliga förhållningssätt i förskolans uppdrag med ambition att varje barn ska möta vuxna som visar intresse och engagemang för varje barn.

  • 27567.
    Wong, Alex
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Carlbäck, John
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    A Study on Factors Influencing Acceptance of Using Mobile Electronic Identification Applications in Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile technology has become increasingly common in today’s society, enabling a whole new set of advantageous services that has a profound impact on our daily lives. This has led to that the mobile electronic identification application (mobile eID app) software has emerged, creating the possibility for users to authenticate important tasks and validating one’s identity through a mobile device. Existing literature on mobile electronic identification (mobile eID) has touched upon several aspects of this phenomenon, however, no specific research related to the user acceptance has been conducted. Thus, this paper seeks to identify the influencing factors that lead to the acceptance of using a mobile eID app. To analyze the adoption behavior of mobile eID app users, a conceptual, and later refined model consisting of 7 factors and the relationship between these were proposed. This model was based on the well-researched Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and extended to better fit the subject of this research. 13 hypotheses based on already existing research within the field of mobile service application acceptance were proposed and Sweden, having heavily implemented this phenomenon into the society, served as this study’s empirical site. The required primary dataset for hypotheses testing was collected through conducting a questionnaire distributed using a convenience sampling method. The gathered data was analyzed through the statistical software programs SPSS and SPSS AMOS to see if correlations between factors existed. The result showed that 10 hypotheses were accepted, and 3 hypotheses were rejected. This concludes that the factors influencing the acceptance of using mobile eID apps to validate one's identity online in Sweden are the following ranging from the largest effect to the least effect: perceived usefulness of a mobile eID app, subjective norm, perceived ease of use of a mobile eID app, perceived convenience of a mobile eID app, attitude towards using a mobile eID app, and perceived security of a mobile eID app. The findings of this study advance the theory within technology acceptance and contributes to the foundation for future research within the field of mobile electronic identification as well as for user acceptance within related subjects.

  • 27568. Wong, Hartanto
    et al.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Naim, Mohammed
    Analysis of form postponement based on optimal positioning of the differentiation point and stocking decisions2009In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 1201-1224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyse the use of form postponement based on the positioning of the differentiation point and stocking policy. Six classes of manufacturing configurations are identified based on the choice of whether or not form postponement is employed and the decision regarding the stocking policy for the final product configurations as well as for the generic component. Analytical evaluation methods based on queuing models are used to assess operational measures for each class of configuration and solution algorithms are developed todetermine the optimal positioning of the differentiation point and the optimalstocking levels. This allows us to compare the relative merits of all manufacturingconfigurations based on their respective best performances. The results of anumerical experiment show how different operational parameters may influencethe choice of optimal configuration, the preference of early or late postponement,and the relative cost savings obtained from employing form postponement.

  • 27569.
    Wong, Hartanto
    et al.
    Cardiff University.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Naim, Mohammed
    Cardiff University.
    Evaluation of postponement in manufacturing systems with non-negligible changeover times2010In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 258-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to examine the cost or benefit implications of employing postponement in the manufacturingenvironments characterised by non-negligible changeover times incurred when switching production from oneproduct to another. Four manufacturing configurations are distinguished based on the choice of manufacturingtechnology and on whether or not postponement is employed. Analytical evaluation methods based on queuingmodels are used to assess operational measures for each configuration and solution algorithms are developedto determine the optimal decisions that may include stocking level, batch size and differentiation point.A numerical experiment is carried out to identify how the system performance is affected by different parameters.

  • 27570. Woodin, Jane
    et al.
    Lundgren, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Castro, Paloma
    Tracking the traces of intercultural dialogue in internationalization policies of three EU universities: towards a framework2011In: European Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 2156-8235, E-ISSN 2156-8243, Vol. 1, no 2-3, p. 119-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The internationalization of higher education has been a major concern in the last decades for a variety of reasons. This concern has been addressed by policymakers in a number of ways, most commonly through increased international partnerships and recruitment of international students. Much of the underlying motivation for internationalization is underpinned by a desire for raising European universities’ financial and/or academic position. This article argues that it is advantageous for all to develop internationalization policies in a creative, equal and reciprocal manner, focusing on the concept of ‘intercultural dialogue’. Through the consideration of policy documents of three higher education institutions in Spain, Sweden and the UK, we identify opportunities for developing an intercultural dialogue approach to internationalization. Finally, a conceptual framework is proposed through which internationalization could be related to intercultural dialogue in universities.

  • 27571.
    Wortley, David
    et al.
    European Chapter of the International Society of Digital Medicine, Alderton, United Kingdom.
    An, Ji-Young
    Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, United States.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea.
    Tackling the challenge of the aging society: Detecting and preventing cognitive and physical decline through games and consumer technologies2017In: Healthcare Informatics Research, ISSN 2093-3681, E-ISSN 2093-369X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 87-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: This study seeks to review some of the approaches employed to address health and well-being issues in the elderly population.

    Methods: This article reviews and analyses a range of projects and approaches designed for the elderly population and aimed at preserving and/or enhancing physical and cognitive capabilities in later life.

    Results: Various intervention measures have been developed across the globe to preserve and/or enhance physical and cognitive capabilities of the elderly population. A selection of these measures is described in this article.

    Conclusions: Approaches which combine games psychology and mechanics with enabling technologies designed to engage, influence and motivate elderly people can encourage healthy active aging lifestyles. Healthy active aging helps to realise a double dividend of reduced healthcare costs and an improved quality of life for the elder citizen. 

  • 27572. Wramsby, Gunnar
    et al.
    Österlund, Urban
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Företagets finansiella miljö: 2007/20082008 (ed. 12)Book (Other academic)
  • 27573. Wramsby, Gunnar
    et al.
    Österlund, Urban
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Investeringskalkylering: metoder och tillämpningar2006 (ed. Ny utg.)Book (Other academic)
  • 27574. Wramsby, Gunnar
    et al.
    Österlund, Urban
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Svenska fastighetsinvesteringar inom EG 1987-1990: investeringsbedömning, kreditbedömning och hyrespåverkande variabler1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 27575.
    Wranne, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Förbättringsarbete om att öka patientens delaktighet: En fallstudie om att införa personcentrerad vård på en kardiologisk vårdenhet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt nationella patientenkäten är patienterna nöjda med vården, däremot skattas inte delaktigheten lika högt.  Ett sätt att öka delaktigheten är personcentrerad vård, som dessutom kan ge en mer effektiv vård med högre kvalitet. 

    Syfte: Studiens syfte var att beskriva och analysera ett förbättringsarbete om att öka patientens delaktighet genom införande av personcentrerad vård på en kardiologisk vårdenhet.

    Metod: Förbättringsarbetet genomfördes enligt Nolans förbättringsmodell. Studien var en fallstudie med induktiv ansats. Kvantitativ datainsamling skedde genom enkäter till patienter och medarbetare före och efter fem månaders förbättringsarbete. Kvalitativ datainsamling skedde genom foksugruppsintervjuer med medarbetare.

    Resultat: Enkäterna visade inga tydliga skillnader efter fem månaders förbättringsarbete. Både patienter och medarbetare skattade patientdelaktigheten högt. Det som skattades lägst av båda grupper var hänsynstagande till arbete, levnadsvanor och tidigare erfarenhet av sjukhusvård.

    Fokusgruppsintervjuerna visade att välinformerade patienter i större utsträckning kunde vara mer delaktiga. Medarbetarna fick en bättre förståelse av patienten, samtidigt fanns oro över att missa viktig information. Viljan fanns till personcentrering, men förutsättningarna saknades.

    Slutsats: Förbättringsmodellen är lämplig för införande av personcentrerad vård för att kunna testa vad som fungerar praktiskt. För att lyckas behövs tid och stöd från ledningen. Medarbetarna behöver träning, coaching och få vara delaktiga i förbättringsarbetet.

  • 27576. Wray, L
    et al.
    Beverly, E
    Gold, C
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Pedersen, N
    McClearn, G E
    Socioeconomic status, health behaviors and comorbidity2004In: 17. Nordiska Kongressen i Gerontologi, Stockholm, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27577.
    Wredenberg, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Evaluationof IT-investments: A case study of the PENG-model2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Three senior consultants, that primary work with organisational development and project management has created a model, named PENG, specially adjusted for evaluation of IT-investments. The purpose of this model is to evaluate both the financial and the “softer” values of IT. According to IT’s major role of supporting the business concept, “soft” val-ues like; improved customer service, fewer complaints, more reliable deliveries and et cetera becomes very important. An interesting feature of the PENG-model is that it promises to, as the name indicates (PENG means coin in Swedish), transform all aspects of IT into monetary terms. This makes it possible to quantifiably measure all the aspects of IT, not just the ones that can be counted for as reduced costs. This attribute makes PENG different compared to other models that we have found. In this thesis we have chosen to study how the use of PENG affects evaluations of IT-investments, by focusing on both restricting and enabling aspects.

    The studies that have been performed are mainly based on qualitative methods. We have used a literature study to see which aspects that are of most importance when evaluating IT. Further on we have studied descriptions, by the originators of PENG, to see how an actual evaluation process is supposed to be done. Based on this we have performed an in-terview at Kalmar county council, who have used and are using the model in several of their IT-projects, in order to see how PENG serves in real life situations.

    We have found out that the PENG-model certainly has good intentions in capturing the complexity inherent in IT, by valuing “soft” and “hard” aspects and for illustrating an in-vestment from different perspectives. The model involves a working procedure consisting of ten steps that serves as a guideline for the evaluator. However, the model lacks a clear framework describing how the actual work in each step shall be performed.

    The model generates in a clear and easily understandable result that can be understood through out the organisation, this mostly due to the use of money as the unit of measure-ment. The quality of the result is however largely dependent on the judgements of the persons involved. Depending on how you value the benefits and costs of IT, you will end up with diverse results. From this, we can see that the model has problems in terms of trustworthiness. We believe that PENG, despite its credibility issues, can be useful when discussing IT in order to illustrate the implications of an investment. We can also see the worth of the model when comparing different kinds of IT-investments; to see where the money can be of best use. The study further shows that PENG can be used in any type of organisation, even though it may be better suited for the public sector, where “soft” bene-fits are an essential part of the business concept.

  • 27578.
    Wredenberg, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Övergång till 24-timmarsmyndighet: vad krävs för att en kommun skall lyckas?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of e-Government is to improve the level of service given to the citi-zens. The society shall have the opportunity to make use of the governments’ whole range of services via the Internet. The development towards this goal has begun. In this paper we have chosen to investigate which factors that is of decisive matter, in order to make a municipality succeed in its development of becoming an e-Government.

    About 60 municipalities are today members of a cooperation named Sambruk. The pur-pose of this economic association is to create an opportunity for common development of e-services. Sambruk makes it possible for the municipalities to share development costs of new applications and to exchange knowledge and experiences with each other. Jönköping is a precursor in this project, which has made the municipality a leader within this area. We have therefore decided to conduct our study in Jönköping. The method that has been used is qualitative and contains of an observation and a deep-interview.

    Several factors has emerged that can be seen as significant in the transition of municipali-ties to become e-Governments. A higher authority that takes care of common problems regarding the development of e-services for municipalities needs to be created. It is also of great importance that all the municipalities and authorities reach a similar range of e-services. This due to that, less developed municipalities otherwise slows down those who are far ahead in their development. The legislation of personal integrity is another problem; it reduces which types of e-services that can be created. The legislation of official purchase is also a setback, due to that it reduces the number of actors taken into consideration when it comes to the acquisition of new e-services. This leads to unnecessary high costs. It is also common that the municipalities have insufficient competence when it comes to official purchase, which makes them dependent on consultants. This decreases their possibility of making demands on ordered e-services. The municipalities’ communication with their citizens is also important in the creation of new e-services, which shall be developed in order to fit their demands. Another common factor is that the municipalities see to short-term profits in the creation of new e-services, which complicates the development of a good IT-infrastructure.

    Statskontoret has developed a step-model that is supposed to guide the municipalities in their development of becoming e-Governments. It has during the thesis work come to light that the municipalities no longer consider it desirable to reach the highest step in this model, due to that it only shows how technically advanced an e-service is, not the benefit it creates. An e-service shall instead have the degree of complexity that maximizes the advantages for its coming users.

  • 27579.
    Wreland, Nelly
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Borgström, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Förskollärares arbete med flerspråkighet i förskolan.: ”De lär sig mitt språk… då kan jag ju försöka lära mig deras också”2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få kunskap om hur förskollärare arbetar med flerspråkighet i den svenska förskolan. Denna studie är fokuserad på två förskolor och deras arbete med flerspråkighet. De förskollärare som deltagit i studien beskriver hur de arbetar för att stödja de flerspråkiga barnen i sin språkutveckling. Studien utgår från ett sociokulturellt perspektiv för att få uppfattning om hur förskollärare ser att barn lär sig och använder sina olika språk i samspel med andra, med hjälp av olika artefakter. En kvalitativ metod har använts för insamling av data. Enskilda intervjuer har gjorts med fyra förskollärare som är verksamma på två olika förskolor där majoriteten av barnen är flerspråkiga. För att analysera studiens empiri har en tematisk analysmetod använts, där gemensamma teman upptäckts i respondenternas intervjuer. Resultatet visar att kommunikation kan underlättas då förskollärarna använder ord och fraser på de olika modersmålen och andra språkliga verktyg såsom bilder, teckenkommunikation och kroppsspråk. Artefakterna används som förstärkning till det verbala språket, både i planerade och spontana samtal med barnen men även i den fysiska miljön som ska uppmuntra till samtal. Samtidigt menar samtliga förskollärare att användning av barns olika språk och andra artefakter bidrar till barnens förståelse, skapar trygghet vilket i sin tur skapar förutsättning för flerspråkigt lärande.  

  • 27580.
    Wretstrand, A
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lövgren, A
    Petzäll, J
    Drivers' Creating Safe Special Transport Services: Issues of Safe Procedures and Safety Culture2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27581. Wretstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    Petzäll, Jan
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Injuries in special transport services: Situations and risk levels involving wheelchair users2010In: Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN 1350-4533, E-ISSN 1873-4030, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 248-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that wheelchair-seated passengers using special transportation services (STS) have been injured without being involved in a vehicle crash. In order to estimate incident rate andsocietal costs for these vehicle-related injuries, the focus needs to be adjusted towards a traveler/incidentoriented perspective. The aim of the project was to utilize such a perspective, related to travelers using STS in Sweden. In order to address the chosen perspective, a mixed method approach was used, involving quantitative as well as qualitative research techniques applied on four different sets of data: one hospital-based record,two sets of STS incident report databases, and interviews with wheelchair-seated STS passengers. The results showed that the injury incidence rate in STS is considerable, i.e. 10 per 100,000 trips. However, this high incidence rate is not due to road traffic collisions, but to non-collision injury incidents involving many elderly and frail passengers, who easily sustain traumas ranging from minor to moderate. The costs were estimated to be 23 million USD per annum or 14 USD per trip. Results suggest that future injury prevention measures should focus on safety in boarding and alighting procedures, as well as thecontinuing development of WTORS.

     

  • 27582. Wretstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Petzäll, Jan
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Reducing non-collison injuries in special transportation services enhanced safety culture2010In: Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN 1350-4533, E-ISSN 1873-4030, Vol. 32, p. 254-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has pointed out that non-collision injuries occur among wheelchair users in Special Transportation Services (STS – a demand-responsive transport mode). The organization of such modesis also quite complex, involving both stakeholders and key personnel at different levels. Our objectivewas therefore to qualitatively explore the state of safety, as perceived and discussed within a workplace context. Focus groups were held with drivers of both taxi companies and bus companies. The results indicated that passengers run the risk of being injured without being involved in a vehicle collision. The pertinent organizational and corporate culture did not prioritize safety. The drivers identifiedsome relatively clear-cut safety threats, primarily before and after a ride, at vehicle standstill. The driver’s work place seemed to be surrounded with a reactive instead of proactive structure. We conclude that not only vehicle and wheelchair technical safety must be considered in STS, butalso system safety. Instead of viewing drivers’ error as a cause, it should be seen as a symptom of systems failure. Human error is connected to aspects of tools, tasks, and operating environment. Enhanced understanding and influence of these connections within STS and accessible public transport systemswill promote safety for wheelchair users.

  • 27583. Wretstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Svensson, Helena
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Older people and local public transit: Mobility effects of accessibility improvements in Sweden2009In: Journal of Transport and Land Use, ISSN 1938-7849, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 49-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several transportation factors concerning older and disabled people are under transition in Sweden at present. By the year 2010, the public transit system must be fully accessible for all passengers. The present survey studied older people, in order to assess the perceived travel opportunities. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of older citizens (75+) in three Swedish mid-sized municipalities. The general conclusions were that even though older people show appreciation of the existing travel opportunities, there was evidence for restricted mobility for some sub-groups of these older people, due to various perceived barriers. These groups have few optional modes, and despite various accessibility measures, special transportation services – the mandatory demand-responsive transport service – continues to provide crucial mobility. Hence, there is more to be done regarding accessibility and usability in public transit for older people. Further studies have to clarify reasons for bus travel cessation. Even larger efforts have to be put into accessibility improvements, in particular intermediate transit solutions in order to meet the regulations and policies.

  • 27584.
    Wribe, Lars
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kinnefors, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Inflationary effects of changes in the price of oil: The case of Sweden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by a period of time in which we face historically high oil prices, this thesis analyzes to what extent oil prices actually influence inflation. By constructing a simple chart, one can see that oil price and inflation seem to have a similar pattern. However, to draw any conclusions from that is impossible. We show with econometric methods the relationship between oil prices and inflation in the case of Sweden.

    Sweden, as a net importer of oil, spent approximately 43.3 billion SEK on crude oil during 2004. That is 414.200 barrels of crude oil each day. Taking this into account, what would happen if the oil price suddenly increased by 10%? Considering the fact that 43.3 billion SEK is a rather large amount of money, it seems obvious that such an oil price increase should have some impact on the Swedish economy and inflation. This would occur partly through higher prices of gasoline for example, but it would occur also due to the indirect effect that companies face through higher production costs and will most likely pass on some part of that cost to the consumers.

    We have gathered data for oil prices and inflation for Sweden since 1981 to 2004. Together with other variables that also affect the inflation, such as money supply and interest rates, we did econometric regressions to find evidence for the relationship. We reach the conclusion that if the oil prices increase by 10%, inflation is assumed to increase with about 0.15-0.20%.

  • 27585.
    Wright, Rebecca J.
    et al.
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, King's College London, London, UK.
    Lowton, Karen
    Department of Sociology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
    Robert, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, King's College London, London, UK.
    Grudzen, Corita R
    Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY, USA.
    Grocott, Patricia
    Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, King's College London, London, UK.
    Emergency department staff priorities for improving palliative care provision for older people: A qualitative study2018In: Palliative Medicine: A Multiprofessional Journal, ISSN 0269-2163, E-ISSN 1477-030X, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 417-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Emergency department-based palliative care services are increasing, but research to develop these services rarely includes input from emergency clinicians, jeopardizing the effectiveness of subsequent palliative care interventions.

    AIM: To collaboratively identify with emergency clinicians' improvement priorities for emergency department-based palliative care for older people.

    DESIGN: This was one component of an experience-based co-design project, conducted using semi-structured interviews and feedback sessions.

    SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: In-depth interviews with 15 emergency clinicians (nurses and doctors) at a large teaching hospital emergency department in the United Kingdom exploring experiences of palliative care delivery for older people. A thematic analysis identified core challenges that were presented to 64 clinicians over five feedback sessions, validating interview findings, and identifying shared priorities for improving palliative care delivery.

    RESULTS: Eight challenges emerged: patient age; access to information; communication with patients, family members, and clinicians; understanding of palliative care; role uncertainty; complex systems and processes; time constraints; and limited training and education. Through feedback sessions, clinicians selected four challenges as improvement priorities: time constraints; communication and information; systems and processes; and understanding of palliative care. As resulting improvement plans evolved, "training and education" replaced "time constraints" as a priority.

    CONCLUSION: Clinician priorities for improving emergency department-based palliative care were identified through collaborative, iterative processes. Though generally aware of older palliative patients' needs, clinicians struggled to provide high-quality care due to a range of complex factors. Further research should identify whether priorities are shared across other emergency departments, and develop, implement, and evaluate strategies developed by clinicians.

  • 27586.
    Wu, E.
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Dept. of Cardiology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Undergoing enhanced external counterpulsation treatment - a qualitative study of patients with refractory angina pectoris2018In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 17, p. 12-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27587.
    Wu, E.
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Enhanced external counterpulsation as an intervention for patients with refractory angina pectoris - a review of performed research2017In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 16, no Suppl. 1, p. S38-S38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite optimal pharmacological treatments and invasive procedures, patients with refractory angina pectoris (RAP) remain symptomatic. Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive therapy based on 35 one-hour sessions. External pneumatic cuffs wrapped around the patient’s lower extremities inflate during cardiac diastole to create retrograde diastolic counterpulsation which leads to an improved coronary perfusion. EECP has for the past decade been used in European countries and has recently been updated in the European Guidelines as a clinical treatment option for patients with RAP.

    Purpose: The purpose was to describe the design and outcome variables of studies using EECP as a treatment for RAP.

    Methods: Search methods: Databases (i.e., PubMed,Wiley Online Library, Science Direct) were used to identify abstracts, reviews and journal articles related to this subgroup and EECP. Selection criterias: The chosen key words were EECP and refractory angina pectoris. Between time period 2000 to October 2016. Data collection and analysis: The literature search resulted in a total of 155 hits. Detected duplicates, irrelevant studies and others (i.e., editorials, letters) were removed (n=75). Research area and study design were reviewed in all remaining articles (n=80). In 56 of these, where design and content allowed, further analyses regarding follow-uptime and outcomes variables were performed.

    Results: An uneven distribution regarding research area was found among the analysed papers with dominance (48%) of studies within medicine and biology. Only 12% of the studies were performed within nursing. Prospective and longitudinal designs dominated (47%). Out of eight retrospective studies five were registry studies. Only two studies used a RCT design. No study used a qualitative approach. Out of 24 prospective studies 18 (75%) had a follow-up of 12 months or longer. 52% used biomedical outcomes (i.e., hemodynamic, biomarker, arterial stiffness, peripheral vascular reactivity) and 41% used clinical/patient reported outcomes (i.e., quality of life, functional classes, physical capacity, psychological aspects). Cost effectiveness was calculated in 7% of the studies.

    Conclusions/implications: EECP is recommended in guidelines as a possible treatment for patients with RAP. There is, however, a great need for increased nursing research both with qualitative and quantitative approaches. RCTs are sparse, as well as cost-effectiveness-studies.

  • 27588.
    Wu, Eline
    et al.
    Hjärtkliniken, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Enhanced external counterpulsation in patients with refractory angina pectoris: A pilot study with six months follow-up regarding physical capacity and health-related quality of life2013In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 437-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Refractory angina pectoris (AP) is a persistent, painful condition characterized by angina caused by coronary insufficiency in the presence of coronary artery disease. It has been emphasized that there are possible underlying neuropathophysiological mechanisms for refractory AP but chronic ischemia is still considered to be the main problem. These patients suffer from severe AP and cannot be controlled by a combination of pharmacological therapies, angioplasty or coronary bypass surgery. AP has a negative impact on quality of life and daily life. Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a therapeutic option for these patients.

    Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate EECP after six months regarding physical capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with refractory AP.

    Methods: This was a study with single case research experimental design involving 34 patients treated with EECP. Six minute walk test (6MWT), functional class with Canadian Cardiological Society (CCS) classification and self-reported HRQoL questionnaires as Short Form 36 (SF-36) were collected at baseline and after treatment. CCS class and SF-36 were repeated at six months follow-up.

    Results: Patients enhanced walk distance on average by 29 m after EECP (p<0.01). CCS class also improved (p<0.001) and persisted at six months follow-up (p<0.001). HRQoL improved significantly and the effects were maintained at follow-up after the treatment.

    Conclusion: Patients with refractory AP receive beneficial effects from EECP both in physical capacity and HRQoL. As other treatment options for this patient group are scarce, EECP should be offered to improve physical health and HRQoL in these patients.

  • 27589.
    Wu, I-Chen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lindbom, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Employees' Perceived Benefits of SNSs in the Workplace2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27590.
    Wu, Jiawei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Chen, Fenghu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Knowing more about people ordering food online: based on Eleme platform2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27591.
    Wu, Jingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wang, Yuyu
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Retail In-store Design and Sensory Cues2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female consumers are powerful purchasers; sensory marketing is regarded as an effective marketing strategy to reach female consumer group. The sensory cues in the cosmetic retail environment can be considered as: layout and lighting effect, the ambient scents diffused, the music playing, and the opportunity to test the cosmetic products. 

    The purpose of this study aims to investigate what sensory cues in a cosmetic shop have a better capacity to trigger female consumer’s positive emotion, as well as to identify the impact level of these sensory stimuli on female’s purchase intention in the cosmetic retail environment. 

    With the support of the proposed hypotheses and conceptual model from the theoretical framework, a quantitative research was conducted. A total of 188 responses was collected from online questionnaire. The target sampling population of the questionnaire was determined by using a judgmental convenience sampling. 

    The research demonstrated that both olfactory cues and tactile cues enable to trigger female’s consumer positive emotion in a cosmetic store. Furthermore, visual stimuli have the most positive influence on female consumer’s purchase intention in a cosmetic retail store. 

  • 27592.
    Wu, Tzu-Yi
    et al.
    Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd., Qazvin, Iran.
    Psychometric validation of the Persian nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale - Short Form: Does gender and hours spent online gaming affect the interpretations of item descriptions?2017In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 256-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: The nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale -Short Form (IGDS-SF9) is brief and effective to evaluate Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) severity. Although its scores show promising psychometric properties, less is known about whether different groups of gamers interpret the items similarly. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian IGDS-SF9 and examine the scores in relation to gender and hours spent online gaming among 2,363 Iranian adolescents.

    Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were used to examine the construct validity of the IGDS-SF9. The effects of gender and time spent online gaming per week were investigated by multigroup CFA and Rasch differential item functioning (DIF).

    Results: The unidimensionality of the IGDS-SF9 was supported in both CFA and Rasch. However, Item 4 (fail to control or cease gaming activities) displayed DIF (DIF contrast = 0.55) slightly over the recommended cutoff in Rasch but was invariant in multigroup CFA across gender. Items 4 (DIF contrast = -0.67) and 9 (jeopardize or lose an important thing because of gaming activity; DIF contrast = 0.61) displayed DIF in Rasch and were non-invariant in multigroup CFA across time spent online gaming.

    Conclusions: Given the Persian IGDS-SF9 was unidimensional, it is concluded that the instrument can be used to assess IGD severity. However, users of the instrument are cautioned concerning the comparisons of the sum scores of the IGDS-SF9 across gender and across adolescents spending different amounts of time online gaming.

  • 27593.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Holistic clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complex process due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. Difficulties in the development of valid and reliable assessment measures in nursing competency continue to pose a challenge in nursing education. A holistic approach in the assessment of competency comprises knowledge, skills and professional attitudes, wherein the notion of competency incorporates professional judgement and management skills in the clinical situation. Therefore, the thesis aims to develop a holistic clinical assessment tool with a reasonable level of validity and reliability to meet the needs of clinical education.

    The conceptual framework underlying this research is formed by establishing a theoretical connection between the practice of learning, and of pedagogy and assessment. This research consists of five studies. In Study I, a systematic review was conducted to explore the current assessment practices and tools for nursing undergraduates. In Studies II, III and IV, a qualitative approach with focus group discussions was adopted to explore the views of final-year undergraduate nursing students, preceptors, clinical nurse leaders and academics on the clinical assessment. Based on the multiple perspectives, it therefore addresses concerns in clinical assessment. In Study V, a holistic clinical assessment tool was developed, for which a psychometric testing was conducted.

    The systematic review indicated that limited studies adequately evaluate the psychometric properties of the assessment instrument. The qualitative studies have raised an awareness of professional and educational issues in relation to clinical assessment. Workload, time, availability of resources, adequate preparation of preceptors, and availability of valid and reliable clinical assessment tools were deemed to influence the quality of students’ clinical learning and assessment. In addition, the presence of support systems and formal educational programs for preceptors influenced their preparation and self-confidence. Nursing leaderships in hospitals and educational institutions have a joint responsibility in shaping the holistic clinical learning environment and making holistic clinical assessment for students. The involvement of all stakeholders in the development of a valid and reliable assessment tool for clinical competency is also essential to the process. The Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) was developed by the author based on the systematic review, qualitative findings and the core competencies of registered nurse from the professional nursing boards. The HCAT consists of 4 domains and 36 assessment items. Furthermore, testing of the psychometric properties indicated that the HCAT has satisfactory content validity, construct validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

    In conclusion, the HCAT is meritorious in that it carries the potential to be used as a valid measure to evaluate clinical competency in nursing students, and provide specific and ongoing feedback to enhance the students’ holistic clinical learning experience. The HCAT not only functions as a tool for self-reflection for the students, but also guides the preceptors in clinical teaching and assessment. In addition, the HCAT can be used for peer-assessment and feedback. It is imperative that the clinical and academic institutions establish various levels of ongoing support for both students and preceptors in the process of clinical assessment.

  • 27594.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Heng, D. G. N.
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Pua, L. H.
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, W.
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    The perspectives of preceptors regarding clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2016In: International Nursing Review, ISSN 0020-8132, E-ISSN 1466-7657, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 473-481Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To explore the perspectives of preceptors about clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students in transition to practice.

    BACKGROUND: The assessment of clinical competence is a complex process due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. As such, nurse preceptors play a crucial role in clinical assessment for nursing students. Although preceptors may enjoy the process of clinical teaching and assessment, they face challenges that need to be addressed to facilitate students' clinical learning and assessment.

    METHODS: An exploratory qualitative approach was adopted. A purposive sample of 17 preceptors from two tertiary hospitals in Singapore was recruited to participate in three focus group discussions from March to July 2014.

    FINDINGS: Five themes emerged from the data analysis: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool; meaningful reflection and feedback; varied methods in clinical assessment; high level of commitment and struggles with dual roles and the need to enhance the support system for preceptors.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is no doubt that a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool can serve as a guide for preceptors to enhance their clarity in assessment and feedback. It is essential for all stakeholders to be involved in the development of the clinical assessment tool. Workload, time, support system and formal educational programmes for preceptors influenced their preparation and self-confidence.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING AND/OR HEALTH POLICY: The themes that emerged from the focus group discussions could assist in the development of a more reliable and valid clinical assessment tool to evaluate the clinical competence of nursing students in transition to practice. Clinical and educational institutions could collaborate closely to develop an educational programme and a preceptorship handbook, focusing on pedagogical contents for clinical education and assessment.

  • 27595.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Lee, Cindy Ching Siang
    Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    A systematic review of clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2015In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 347-359Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Consolidated clinical practicum prepares pre-registration nursing students to function as beginning practitioners. The clinical competencies of final-year nursing students provide a key indication of professional standards of practice and patient safety. Thus, clinical assessment of nursing students is a crucial issue for educators and administrators.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the clinical competency assessment for undergraduate nursing students.

    DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and EBSCO were systematically searched from January 2000 to December 2013.

    METHODS: The systematic review was in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Published quantitative and qualitative studies that examined clinical assessment practices and tools used in clinical nursing education were retrieved. Quality assessment, data extraction, and analysis were completed on all included studies.

    RESULTS: This review screened 2073 titles, abstracts and full-text records, resulting in 33 included studies. Two reviewers assessed the quality of the included studies. Fourteen quantitative and qualitative studies were identified for this evaluation. The evidence was ordered into emergent themes; the overarching themes were current practices in clinical assessment, issues of learning and assessment, development of assessment tools, and reliability and validity of assessment tools.

    CONCLUSION: There is a need to develop a holistic clinical assessment tool with reasonable level of validity and reliability. Clinical assessment is a robust activity and requires collaboration between clinical partners and academia to enhance the clinical experiences of students, the professional development of preceptors, and the clinical credibility of academics.

  • 27596.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Clinical nurse leaders’ and academics’ perspectives on clinical assessment of final-year nursing students: a qualitative study2017In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 287-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted. Four overriding themes were revealed: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool, preceptors' competency in clinical assessment, challenges encountered by the students in clinical assessment, and the need for close academic and clinical collaboration to support preceptors and students. Closer academic-clinical partnership is recommended to review the clinical education curriculum. Clinical and educational institutions need to work closely to design a learning program to enhance preceptors' competence in clinical pedagogy and assessment. Furthermore, a stress management program could build students' resiliency in coping with unfamiliar clinical environments. Ongoing support needs to be provided for both preceptors and students to enrich the preceptorship and learning experiences.

  • 27597.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. National University of Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    National University of Singapore.
    Development and psychometric testing of Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) for undergraduate nursing students2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, p. 1-9, article id 248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complexprocess due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. A holistic approach in assessment of competency is advocated.Difficulties in the development of valid and reliable assessment measures in nursing competency have resulted in thedevelopment of assessment instruments with an increase in face and content validity, but few studies have testedthese instruments psychometrically. It is essential to develop a holistic assessment tool to meet the needs of the clinicaleducation. The study aims to develop a Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) and test its psychometric properties.

    Methods:The HCAT was developed based on the systematic literature review and the findings of qualitative studies.An expert panel was invited to evaluate the content validity of the tool. A total of 130 final-year nursing undergraduatestudents were recruited to evaluate the psychometric properties (i.e. factor structure, internal consistency and test-retestreliability) of the tool.

    Results:The HCAT has good content validity with content validity index of .979. The exploratory factor analysis revealsa four-factor structure of the tool. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the HCAT are satisfactory withCronbach alpha ranging from .789 to .965 and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient ranging from .881 to .979 for the foursubscales and total scale.

    Conclusions:HCAT has the potential to be used as a valid measure to evaluate clinical competence in nursingstudents, and provide specific and ongoing feedback to enhance the holistic clinical learning experience. In addition,HCAT functions as a tool for self-reflection, peer-assessment and guides preceptors in clinical teaching and assessment.

  • 27598.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Undergraduate nursing students' perspectives on clinical assessment at transition to practice2015In: Contemporary Nurse: health care across the lifespan, ISSN 1037-6178, E-ISSN 1839-3535, Vol. 51, no 2-3, p. 272-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Assessment of clinical competence requires explicitly defined standards meeting the national standards of the nursing profession. This is a complex process because of the diverse nature of nursing practice.

    OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of final-year undergraduate nursing students regarding clinical assessment at transition to practice.

    METHODS: An exploratory qualitative approach was adopted. Twenty-four students participated in three focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted.

    FINDINGS: Five themes emerged: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool, the need for a flexible style of reflection and specific feedback, the dynamic clinical learning environment, students' efforts in learning and assessment, and the unclear support system for preceptors.

    CONCLUSIONS: Workload, time, resource availability, adequate preparation of preceptors, and the provision of valid and reliable clinical assessment tools were deemed to influence the quality of students' clinical learning and assessment. Nursing leadership in hospitals and educational institutions has a joint responsibility in shaping the clinical learning environment and providing clinical assessments for the students.

  • 27599.
    Wu, Xueying
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Zhao, Jingfang
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Relationship Management of key Customers - in B2B2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27600.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and CERBE.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and Ratio institute.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Liquidity risk and yield spreads of green bonds2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

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