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  • 27451.
    Westberg, Björn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Levin, Claes
    Lex Uggla hindrar den fria rörligheten2005In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, Vol. 10, no 07Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27452.
    Westberg, Linnea
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Samtala och diskutera fram engagemang för hållbar utveckling: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare i årskurs 4-6 i de naturorienterande ämnena undervisar om hållbar utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What young people worry most about today is the climate. That the right education has to be offered for the students to be able to engage and gain knowledge about sustainable development is not just something that is discussed in today's debates but written in the school's governing documents as well as in the global goals for sustainable development. With this in mind, the school's teaching on sustainable development is very important and made this study relevant to me to implement. The purpose of the study is to investigate what teachers in grades 4-6 in the science subjects consider to be essential about sustainable development and which teaching tradition the teachers' teaching can be linked to. The research questions that will answer this purpose are what teachers consider to be most important in teaching about sustainable development, what they perceive as obstacles and how they work from the teaching traditions. To achieve the aim of the study, a qualitative method is used with semi-structured interviews with six teachers. The result reveals that the teachers in grades 4-6 in the science subjects consider it most important to create commitment and a sense of individual responsibility through conversation and discussion. The result also reveals that it is the pluralistic teaching tradition that is mainly taught from.

  • 27453.
    Westberg, Robin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Bolag i skatteparadis: Affärsmässigt motiverad verksamhet eller skatteflykt i form av konstlade upplägg2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EU law is superior to Swedish domestic law, and it is on Sweden's responsibility to implement the COJ judgments so that it becomes compatible with EU law. The advantage of the Union being superior is the internal market given the member states.

    However, problems arise when the Swedish legislature goes further in its interpretation of EU law. Restrictions can be imposed but it must be considered to be strongly motivated so the restriction outweighs the need to maintain the freedoms granted by EU law. In Cadbury Schweppes, the court states that restrictions on freedom of establishment may be done to counter artificial arrangements whose sole purpose is to evade the national tax. Its further stated that an artificial arrangement does not exist in those cases there is a real business, even through the establishment in the low-taxing country is economically justified. 

    The Swedish CFC rules states that the general rule is that if an establishment in a country within the EEA, which have lower corporate tax than 55% of the Swedish tax, the shareholder of this company is taxed on its current share in Sweden. The outcome of Cadbury Schweppes has not been made into a general rule, it became the exception. In addition to that in Sweden it is presumed that the company is an artificial arrangement that expressly are prohibited by the EUD, as well been implemented to supplement the rule, where the Swedish legislature changes the meaning of the term granted by the appeal. The Swedish legislature has amended the original economically motivated establishment, to be commercially motivated. The term is undefined, but applicable elsewhere in the Incometaxlaw and from this one can find that, for an establishment to be considered as commercially motivated the decisions to establish should be taken to promote normal profit-making enterprises based upon commercially motivated decisions.

  • 27454.
    Westberg, Susanne
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Dynamisk ljusplanering för att stödja orienteringsförmågan för människor i vårdhem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27455.
    Westbrock, Marie-Sophie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Matthiesen, Laura Sophie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Relationship Quality in Exporter-Foreign Intermediary Relationships: A Qualitative Study on Swedish Manufacturers and German Intermediaries in the Prefabricated Wooden House Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27456.
    Westbroek, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Hardling, Niklas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Studie av interntransporter vid SKF Göteborg2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    SKF Gothenburg is planning on a restructuring of their production area and sees this as an excellent opportunity to update and make their internal logistics more efficient. This thesis suggests how a more efficient internal logistics can be achieved with higher fill ratios and minimal environmental impact. Also resource savings linked to the internal material handling will be reviewed.

    To carry out properly informed and substantial improvements a field study in form of surveys, interviews and forms have been completed. The result is a current status analysis where potential areas of improvement have been clarified. The driving schedules have carefully been reviewed and modifications have been made to meet the demands and requirements set by the company.

    The study has resulted in updated driving schedules that take account of the restructured production area whilst meeting the productions daily requirements. A more efficient transport logistics with better use of resources have been achieved through increased fill ratios and reduced truck transportation outside, this with a minimal impact on the environment. The driving schedules, which the project resulted in, have high flexibility. Due to the constant changes that take place in the production area the driving schedules should rather be considered as a basis to further develop, than a finished result.

    The low amount of data available at the project's start-up required an own field study that resulted in own primary data. The reliability of the generated data had benefited if more time was available, a larger time frame for data collection had led to a broader and deeper understanding of the internal logistics. Despite the projects short time frame, the result is considered to be reliable.

    The conclusion is that with a good knowledge of how a company's internal transport flows look, minor changes can lead to big differences in terms of reduced environmental impact, more efficient internal transports and resource savings.

  • 27457.
    Wester, Alina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Européerna som världens herrar: En läroboksanalys kring etnicitet i historia för år 4–62017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today the Swedish school is a meeting place for cultural diversity. A lot of today’s students have another cultural background than a Swedish one. The textbooks currently in use in today’s history education do not reflect the multicultural society that Sweden has today. The aim of this study is to study textbooks in history for grade 4–6, written after year 2011, to see if they conform to the multicultural classroom. The study was carried out through out a pedagogical text analysis and the theoretical approach is the hermeneutic perspective. Three textbooks for grade 4–6 were studied through the text analysis. The study shows that the textbooks were eurocentric and the representation of ethnical groups that did not belong in Europe was very small. The textbooks only presented non-european ethnicities when these groups came in contact with Europe.

  • 27458.
    Wester, Alina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Carlsson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Varför berättar ingen min historia?: Historieundervisning i ett mångkulturellt klassrum2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället blir alltmer mångkulturellt och globaliserat i takt med den ökade invandringen och rörligheten mellan länder. Klassrummen speglar det mångkulturella samhället med elever från flera olika länder. Det centrala innehållet i historieämnet för år 4–6 återspeglar dock inte det mångkulturella samhället. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om lärare tar hänsyn till det mångkulturella klassrummet i valet av innehåll i historieundervisningen. Studien ska även un-dersöka hur eleverna upplever urvalet av innehåll samt hur eleverna med utländsk bakgrund påverkas av innehållet. Metoden som använts är en kvalitativ litteraturstudie, där främst svensk forskning inom området analyserats. Resultatet av studien visar att majoriteten av lärarna un-dervisar ur ett eurocentriskt perspektiv och följer en västerländsk kanon. Lärarna uttrycker många svårigheter med att anpassa innehållet efter elevernas bakgrunder, exempelvis kunskaps-brist, tidsbrist och språksvårigheter. Eleverna med utländsk bakgrund visar en vilja att lära sig om ”sin” historia och vissa visar ett ointresse i att lära sig om Sveriges historia. Om eleverna med utländsk bakgrund inte får lära sig om ”sin” historia påverkas de negativt. Det kan uppstå en känsla av ”vi och dom” vilket leder till utanförskap. Elevernas identitetsbildande kan för-svåras om de inte lär sig om sitt ursprung. Vår slutsats är att det är viktigt att lärare är medvetna om att den svenska historieskrivningen har en västländsk kanon, de bör därför anpassa innehållet efter elevernas bakgrunder eller förhålla sig kritiskt till det västerländska perspektivet.

  • 27459.
    Wester, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Henricsson, Christopher
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Utveckling av användargränssnitt för mobil resesökningsapplikation2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report aims to answer how to design a user interface for a mobile application minimizing the amount of key presses, specifically text input. In this context, mobile application means a program designed to run on a mobile phone with a numerical keyboard. The application we’re designing is a travel search function for local bus traffic. For out test purposes we used the bus stops in Jönköping County.

    We developed a design concept based on a menu system consisting of alphabetic groups for inputting names of towns and bus stops. From this we developed a prototype in Java Micro Edition which could later be evaluated after a small user test.

    The prototype was tested on three people using a method developed at the software company Apple. The results revealed one significant flaw, which, fortunately, is easy to correct. The remaining problems were not considered to be any insurmountable hurdles for users to overcome. Response from the test subjects was positive in that they not only experienced fewer key presses, but also a simpler usage of the application.

  • 27460. Westerberg, Cecilia
    Från Kristendomskunskap till Religionskunskap: En studie av religionsämnets förändring i den svenska grundskolan från 1962 fram till idag speglat i läroplanerna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker hur religionsundervisningen i kursplanerna har förändrats från Lgr 62 fram till den nya läroplanen Lgr 11. Den belyser innehållet i alla läroplaner och ger en djupdykning i kristendomsämnet i religionsundervisningen. Skribenten svarar på frågeställningen om vilka likheter och skillnader på vad man undervisade om i klassrummet inom kristendomsämnet. Resultatet visar att undervisningen har gått från en ren kristendomsundervisning med inslag av Bibelkunskap, Bibliska berättelser samt sånger ur Psaltaren till att mer undervisa om traditioner samt etik och moral inom religionskunskap. Eleven ska idag kunna använda sig av kunskapen för att kunna resonera, diskutera och ha förståelse för vad kristendomsämnet innebär och sätta det i ett större sammanhang.

  • 27461.
    Westerberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Aronsson, Robert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Representation = legala mutor?: Gränsen mellan representation enligt 16 kap. 2 § IL och mutor eller andra otillbörliga belöningar enligt 9 kap. 10 § IL2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies use different forms of representation to promote business negotiations. The regulations for the right to deduction for the cost of representation are stated in Chapter 16 section 2 of the Swedish Income Tax Act (IL). According to the law there must be an im-mediate connection between the expenditure and the business practice and the claimed de-duction must be reasonable. The Swedish tax authority publishes general recommendations regarding representation which are used as guidelines for the tax payer to follow. The gen-eral provision about tax deduction can be found in Chapter 16 section 1 of the Swedish In-come Tax Act (IL), stating that expenses to acquire or retain income shall be deductible. Expenses that have an immediate connection with incomes count as tax deductible ex-penses in the business practice. The provision about deductible representation is in this manner more restrictive than the general principle in Chapter 16 section 1 of the Swedish Income Tax Act (IL). Taxation law is complicated and it may demand interpretation of the regulations. When gaps are present in regulations, certain interpretation methods and pro-cedures can be applied in order to increase the foreseeability for the tax payer. The Swedish tax authority’s general recommendation contributes to an increased foreseeability and con-formity since their instructions play a significant role regarding deduction for representa-tion.

    Personal living costs are not deductible according to Chapter 9 section 2 of the Swedish Income Tax Act (IL). The provision about representation in Chapter 16 section 2 of the Swedish Income Tax Act (IL) is not applicable on personal living costs since a strict de-mand for an immediate connection between the expenditure and business practices is re-quired. What is considered as an immediate connection between the expenditure and busi-ness practices is a matter of judgement on the basis of the circumstances in each individual case. The circumstances that need to be considered are differences between companies, type of movement, the form of representation and at how many occasions representation has occurred.

    Representation can adopt the form of bribes or other improper rewards as it lies in the na-ture of representation to function as an economic lubricant. According to Chapter 9 sec-tion 10 of the Swedish Income Tax Act (IL), expenses for bribes or other improper re-wards are not deductible. The meaning of improper is not further defined in the taxation regulations. Case law emanating from the criminal regulations in Chapter 17 section 7 and Chapter 20 section 2 of the Swedish Penal Code (BrB) may instead be used to clarify this conception. A judgement of all the circumstances in each individual case must be made to determine what is considered as improper.

  • 27462.
    Westerberg, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bäck, Linda
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Struktur och styrning med balanced scorecard som styrverktyg: En studie inom Västra Götalandsregionen2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    There are different organizational structures and control and it has been proved difficult to find a combination between these that leads to goal congruence and improved efficiency. An organization can be structured according to hierarchical levels and the decision making can be either centralized or decentralized. Organizational control can be classified according to the amount of rules and balanced scorecard can be used to weld together the structure with the control.

    Purpose

    The purpose is to create an understanding of how two types of structures and control in an organization appears and also to investigate how these differ from one another concerning the balanced scorecard as a control system. We will also investigate how the variables goal congruence and efficiency are affected by the implementation of the balanced scorecard.

    Method

    To answer the purpose of this thesis we have mainly used the qualitative method since we have studied two organizations thoroughly through interviews on different levels of the organization. The study also has some quantitative elements since we wanted to get a more truthful picture of the organizations. Therefore we have used questionnaires to include the employees of the lower level in the hierarchy.

    Conclusion

    The result of the study shows that one of the organisations, which we assumed to be bureaucratic, fulfilled the assumption for the most part and the other organisation was professional which we also had assumed prior to the study. The control in the two organisations was different, in the bureaucratic the control was also bureaucratic while in the professional the control was divided into bureaucratic and clan control. The result also show that the use of the balanced scorecard on the lower level has not spread in the way the management of the organisations had expected. The goals presented in the scorecard have not lead to any goal congruence since the employees do not find the scorecard important. Another result of the study is that efficiency is difficult to measure.

  • 27463.
    Westerdahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Jonsson, Therese
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Hemlöshet bland äldre: -Ett komplext fenomen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to develop a thorough understanding of the representation of homeless older people and an insight into contributing factors as to why they remain homeless. To meet the purpose of the study, qualitative interviews have been conducted with organizations that come into contact with older people in homeless situations. Themes have been identified based on the experiences that describe the current situation of the elderly in homeless situations including the contributing factors and the amount of time spent in homelessness. The themes detail how the elderly are excluded from various relief efforts and how the backbreaking life can be, and also suggestions for homelessness preventive measures. These themes were interpreted on an individual basis and a structural approach and standards, normalization, and categorization. The study's conclusion highlights the importance of further study in this area, specifically in relation to the biological age significance in relation to the social support system categorizations. Another important factor is to study the differences between long and short-term homelessness in older people.

  • 27464.
    Westergren, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Nasser, Mehdi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Patient satisfaction and mobility with their assistive device and service2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To gather knowledge related to patient satisfaction and mobility with lower limb prosthetic and orthotic devices and to investigate satisfaction with services received. Another purpose of this study is to analyze potential differences between orthotic and prosthetic patients in relation to patient satisfaction and mobility.

    Design: Cross-sectional study

    Subjects: 21 participants with a mean age of 58 (SD 16) with an average duration of use of devices of 10 (SD 10) years. 12 out of the 21 participants were orthotic users and 9 were prosthetic users.

    Methods: Patients were asked to complete two questionnaires, one regarding satisfaction with assistive device and service (QUEST 2.0) and one regarding mobility.

    Results: Patients mean score regarding satisfaction with assistive device and service were 4.0 (SD 0.8) and 4.2 (SD 1.0) respectively. 91% reported that they had the ability to walk at least 100 meters with their assistive device. The areas where participants experienced most difficulties were walking on uneven ground (70%), walking up and down a hill (57%) and walking on stairs (57%).

    Conclusion: Overall this study demonstrates that participants were quite satisfied with their assistive device and the service received by the P&O clinic. No statistically significant differences regarding satisfaction with assistive device and service, or mobility, were found between prosthetic and orthotic participants.

  • 27465.
    Westerlind, Björn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Department of Geriatrics, County Hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Östgren, Carl Johan
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Mölstad, Sigvard
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Midlöv, Patrik
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Hägg, Staffan
    Futurum, Jönköping, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Use of non-benzodiazepine hypnotics is associated with falls in nursing home residents: a longitudinal cohort study2019In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 1087-1095Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Falls and related injuries are common among older people, and several drug classes are considered to increase fall risk.

    Aims: This study aimed to investigate the association between the use of certain drug classes and falls in older nursing home residents in Sweden, and relate these to different age groups.

    Methods: Information on falls that occurred in the previous year and regular use of possible fall risk drugs including non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (zopiclone and zolpidem) was collected from 331 nursing home residents during 2008–2011. Over the following 6 months, the occurrence of serious falls, requiring a physician visit or hospital care, was registered. Association between serious falls and drug use was compared between an older (≥ 85 years) and a younger group.

    Results: An increased fall risk (Downton Fall Risk Index ≥ 3) was found in 93% of the study subjects (aged 65–101 years). Baseline data indicated an association between falls that occurred in the previous year and regular use of non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (p = 0.005), but not with the other studied drug classes. During the following 6 months, an association between use of non-benzodiazepine hypnotics and serious falls in the older group (p = 0.017, odds ratio 4.311) was found. No association was found between the other studied drug classes and serious falls.

    Discussion: These results indicate an association between falls and the use of non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, compounds that previously have been considered generally well-tolerated in older people.

    Conclusions: Caution is advocated when using non-benzodiazepine hypnotics regularly in older people living in nursing homes. 

  • 27466.
    Westerlund, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Det blir mer på riktigt": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur lärare använder elevers religiösa erfarenheter i religionskunskapsundervisningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is made within the area of Religious Education didactics with its focus on compul-sory school for children in years 4 – 6. There is much research missing made within a Swedish context in those classes mentioned, which motivates the study. There have been made a few similar studies in other countries, why it is also interesting to see results from a Swedish school context for school years 4 – 6. The purpose of this study is to look into if and in that case how, Religious Education teachers in school years 4 – 6 in a Swedish municipality use their pupils as learning resources in the Religious Education subject. The questions at issue are mainly about how teachers work to include pupils’ religious experiences in the teaching. The study consists of a result based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with six different teachers in three different schools in Gislaveds kommun. A hermeneutic approach has been used to interpret the results which means that my preunderstanding and experience has played a part in the interpretation of the results.

    Every teacher in the study uses pupils’ religious experiences in their teaching. However, it varies how they reason about the phenomena and how they use it. It is different how the teach-ers think when it comes to ask the pupils about their permission to be asked questions during the class. All the teachers agree that the teaching is enriched by inviting the pupils to share their experiences. “It gets more real”, as one of the teachers said. To sum up, it is important to know the pupils.

  • 27467.
    Westerlund, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Davidsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Ja, åh det visade ju sig att vi tyckte ganska olika liksom": En kvalitativ studie om begreppet inkludering inom förskolans praktik2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning (Nilholm & Göransson, 2014; Palla, 2009) visar att förskolans läroplan (Skolverket, 2016) bygger på ett inkluderande förhållningssätt, ändå nämns aldrig begreppet inkludering i läroplanen. Med detta som bakgrund är syftet med studien att undersöka hur förskollärare i reflektion tillsammans med andra förskollärare uppfattar begreppet inkludering, samt hur de uppfattar att inkludering tar sig uttryck i verksamheten. Då vi anser att det finns olika perspektiv på vad inkludering kan vara, har studien inspirerats av det postmoderna perspektivet. Det postmoderna perspektivet möjliggör för olika tolkningar av begreppet inkludering samt utmanar synen på kunskap som något fast och oföränderligt. Fokusgrupper användes som metod för att samla in empiri till studien. Empirin analyserades sedan med hjälp av en tematisk analys.

    Studiens resultat visar att begreppet inkludering sällan lyfts i förskolan, däremot beskriver flera av deltagarna att inkludering innefattas av andra begrepp som läroplanen innehåller. Vidare visar studiens resultat inga stora skillnader mellan deltagarnas uppfattningar om inkludering. Dock belyser alla deltagare vikten av att diskutera och problematisera begrepp, då begreppen ändå ofta definieras olika. Det har även framkommit att inkludering ständigt pågår genom olika processer och kan ta sig till uttryck genom både det talade språket, kroppsspråk och handling. Dessa olika processer och uttryckssätt påvisar begreppets komplexitet.

  • 27468.
    Westerlund, Daniela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leila, Hilz
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Schmidt, Paula
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Enhancing an airline’s internal marketing to improve service quality and customer loyalty: A qualitative study expanding the Internal Marketing Model based on the case of Germania.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Due to the deregulation of the European airline industry within the 1980’s, competition between airlines has intensified greatly. The emergence of low-cost carriers has given rise to the competition on price. However, meeting customer demands and delivering high-quality service, beyond the mere price factor, is still crucial for an airline’s survival. Previous literature has focused on the interactive marketing aspect between employees and passengers when it comes to service quality and customer satisfaction. Today, there is a gap between what management does to satisfy its employees. This research will evaluate what should be done by management in order to meet customer expectations and perform an excellent service.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine how Germania’s management inhibited its employees in delivering superior service quality and how distributed communication within the Service Marketing Triangle negatively affects the Internal Marketing Model. The study’s empirical findings contribute to existing internal marketing literature and result in an extension of the Internal Marketing Model according to Ahmed and Rafiq (2002).

     

    Method: A qualitative method consisting of semi-structured interviews with four former airline employees and two focus groups of 13 students was applied. This setup gives insight into both the consumer and employee perspective. Additionally, to handle the great amount of data, a thematic analysis was applied.

     

    Conclusion: This study shows how Germania inhibited its employees from performing their work and deliver the service quality that was expected by customers. These inhibitions were mainly found in the tools that the company provided. The shortcomings can be found within the Service Marketing Triangle and an extension of the Internal Marketing Model is concluded from these. The findings and existing theory prove, that employee motivation, job satisfaction and employee empowerment are crucial aspects when it comes to meeting customer expectations and hence, delivering excellent service. The degree of the employees’ empathy, competence, and professionalism determine, whether the customer is satisfied and whether they are loyal to the airline.

  • 27469. Westerlund, Felicia
    Vad jorden gömmer vi ej glömmer: En studie om symbolanvändningen på gravstenar i Tibro kommun 1916-20162016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka symbolanvändningen, texten på och utformningen av gravstenar i Tibro kommun under perioden 1916–2016.

    Jag har valt att utgå från Steve Bruce beskrivning av sekulariseringsteorin för att se hur de passar in på utvecklingen av symbolanvändning och textanvändning på de gravstenar i Tibro kommun under 1916–2016, som mitt material till största del består av.

    Jag har i den är uppsatsen gjort en huvudsakligen kvantitativ undersökning med en kvalitativ del. Jag har samlat in materialet, bestående av 2 781 gravstenar, under tre dagars tid på Tibro kommuns fyra kyrkogårdar: Ransbergs gamla kyrkogård och Ransbergs nya kyrkogård som ligger utanför Tibro centralort, och Kyrkefalla kyrkogård och Tibro nya kyrkogård som ligger i Tibro centralort. Dokumentationen har skett genom fotografering och jag har fotograferat alla gravstenar på de fyra kyrkogårdarna där den tidigast avlidna som finns skriven på stenen är död från och med år 1916 till och med de första fyra månaderna år 2016.  Jag har även gjort en kvalitativ del, en intervju och ett telefonsamtal med begravningsentreprenörer i  Tibro kommun.

    Resultatet visar att bruket av religiösa symboler såsom korset minskar medan sekulariserade och individualiserade symboler ökar. 

  • 27470.
    Westerlund, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Rynvall-Hult, Olle
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av livskvalitet vid en bröstcancerdiagnos: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27471.
    Westerlund, Theres
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Serikoff, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Preschool Education Research.
    Att matematisera med yngre barn: En studie på hur förskollärare synliggör matematikens begreppsvärld för 1-3-åringar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27472.
    Westermark, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Gender and feminist geography: A time-geographic teaching approach to encourage situated learning in everyday life2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many feminisms and there are many geographies. This is a presentation of a time-geographic teaching model which was used to present a diversity of feminisms and geographies in an upper level university course. The purpose was to provide a structured historical overview of how research on women and gender in general, and particularly with respect to geographic inquiry, has raised questions and focused on aspects of the physical environment and identity, and how the two are related to each other in time and space. Gender identities and gender roles are expressions of geographical context, biographic past and aspirations for the future. With this framework as a reference, students were asked to reflect on their everyday lives, identities and gender expressions in daily settings. With a time-geographic approach situated learning was encouraged both to understand self with respect to personal experiences and everyday contexts, and to see that gender inquiry necessarily is grounded in processes in time and space. Students’ reading responses are analyzed and illustrate how gender research approaches may be applied to reflect on personal biographies, geographic context, and identity.

  • 27473.
    Westermark, Åsa
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen vid Handelshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Informal livelihoods: Womens´biographies and reflections about everyday life: A time-geographic analysis in urban Colombia2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the everyday life conditions of low-income women who work mainly in the informal sector in Bogota, Colombia. The work has its point of departure in an analysis of the complex daily lives of two women over an extended time period and from the perspective of the individual. The detailed level of description and analysis will, as a hypothesis, help us to better understand how to improve development programs, allowing institutional and individual levels to meet exactly at the point that is desirable for those who are the target groups in the execution of their daily lives.

    The main aim of the study is to describe the conditions of livelihood of the two women from the perspective of the individual and to contribute to the making of institutions’ definitions of women’s needs, design and follow-up on development projects coincide better with women’s interests.

    A time-geographic methodology, based on structured time diaries describing patterns of time-use for daily activities, is explored and adapted to the local context of the study. The methodology is also complemented by reflective diaries describing the women’s perceptions of present and past experiences, hopes and plans for the future, the intentions and motives behind daily activities. Together, the diaries reveal how decisions in daily life come about in a particular physical environment with specific social and cultural characteristics.

    A time-geographic theoretical approach is applied to analyse the women’s life stories and biographies of livelihood projects. Theoretical contributions about the main areas of interest when studying women’s life courses and conditions in development studies are also referred to, for instance, women’s interests and needs, gender analysis, empowerment, livelihoods and local contexts.

    The findings of this study and the results of its methodology have demonstrated that to improve women’s opportunities for livelihood, it is necessary to understand women’s conditions in relation to women’s total life contexts. The research methodology applied here opened the way for an empowerment process with higher self- esteem and confidence as a result. This indicates that sector planning, project design, follow up and evaluations in development institutions may gain from using information about women’s multiple activities and perceptions from an individual and a gender perspective. 

  • 27474.
    Westermark, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Borell, Klas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Human service siting conflicts as social movements2018In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 94, p. 107-109Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is deeply ironic that the social movement perspective has so far scarcely been utilised to analyse local protests against establishments of human service enterprises, as the perspective was originally formulated in just such a context. The social movement approach could inject new vitality into a field of research that has become increasingly marginalised and enable human geographers and other social scientists to reconnect to the key issues of socio-spatial exclusion that were raised 30–40 years ago, but now with theoretically informed perspectives. At the same time, social movement research has much to gain from returning to the study of protest movements opposing the establishment of human service enterprises: they are local and thus typical of most social movements, and their success or failure, which lacks the ambiguity so often noted in social movement research, can be studied from a lifecycle perspective.

  • 27475.
    Westermark, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Borell, Klas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Upptäcktens väg: Det projektbaserade uppsatsarbetet2014In: 14 röster kring samhällsstudier och didaktik / [ed] Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Samhällsstudier & Didaktik , 2014, p. 153-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27476.
    Westermark, Åsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Jansund, Bodil
    Erfarenheter av undervisning och lärande om globalisering, produktionskedjor, vardagsliv och hållbarhet med tidsgeografi som didaktiskt perspektiv och verktyg2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att leva i en globaliserad värld med hållbar utveckling som övergripande samhällsmål ställer krav på medborgares förmågor att greppa mångdimensionella samband. Det kan t. ex. vara att förstå hur handlingar i vardagslivet och levnadsvillkor i närmiljön är länkade till andra platser, andra människor och verksamheter samt andra samhällsstrukturer. Utbildningen av samhällsmedborgare måste inkludera resonemang och uppgifter som tränar oss i denna förmåga. Tidsgeografin har en inneboende grundstruktur som möjliggör sådana resonemang och kontextuellt lärande. Med utgångspunkt i erfarenheter av undervisning i tidsgeografi för geografistudenter och blivande geografilärare analyserar vi frågeställningar som beaktar denna utmaning och drar slutsatser om lärande för hållbar utveckling. Vi utgår från frågeställningar som studenterna arbetat med i examinationsuppgifter och resonerar om hur de tillämpat det tidsgeografiska perspektivet och analyserat faktorer bakom geografiskt utfall av multinationella företags produktionskedjor, hållbarhetsutmaningar och förändrings/påverkansfaktorer i vardagslivet och omvärlden.

  • 27477.
    Westerén, Markus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Löfgren, Oskar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Erfarenheter från flerbostadshus som passivhus: En handflata och sex värmeljus2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All new households were to be constructed with "near zero energy house standards" (NZE-house) by the year of 2020. The ambition to construct energy-efficient buildings had to increase rapidly in the spring of 2013.The purpose of this report was to increase the interest for building contractors to construct apartment buildings with passive house standards. By locating and evaluating experiences from an existing passive house a case study including interviews, field visits and document analysis was made. Research of literature regarding other passive houses in Sweden also helped to answer the following questions:

    - What positive and negative experiences have the study of the passive house meant to the involved stakeholders and residents?

    - What improvements can be made based on identified experiences?

    - How can an apartment building be designed as a passive house based on possible improvements?

    By collecting good and bad experiences, as well as improvements and potential design proposals, a diagram was created designed as a tool for developers when constructing apartment buildings with passive house standards. The diagram was organized in the categories; material, immaterial and image. Positive experiences from the case study were for instance that estimated time table, budget and planned energy level were achieved mainly due to a designed prefabricated sandwich element of concrete and the organizational form called partnering. Negative experiences were for example problems with high temperatures in staircase areas due to glassed facades and the lack of ventilation hatches, problems with condense and frost on windows, insufficient knowledge in using technical equipment and relatively high investment costs. Improvements and potential design proposals recommended by the authors were for example vertical lamellas for sunscreen and screening of the night sky, energy watchers in each apartment for higher energy awareness and a minor use of passive house independent qualities, in order to avoid the risk of building contractors not wanting to build passive houses due to high costs.

     

    The experiences in the result diagram emphasized what building contractors should focus on in order to succeed with constructing apartment buildings, with similar requirements as the building in the case study, as a passive house.

  • 27478.
    Westgren, Jakob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sandsjö, Markus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    IPO Underpricing – Can it be predicted?: A quantitative research study of Swedish IPOs 1997-20112012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a company sells shares of their business to the public for the first time, it is called an Initial Public Offering, IPO. The IPO is usually conducted by the issuing firm to raise capital for their future growth. Before the IPO the information about the issuing company is often limited and the investment in an IPO is associated with risks. The investors who choose to invest in an IPO are therefore usually compensated with a discount on the shares and often experience a first day positive return. This first day positive return is the definition of underpricing. If the majority of the IPOs are underpriced it should be of interest for an investor to take part of this opportunity and use it as an investment strategy. This thesis investigates if there is a way to predict which IPOs that will generate a positive first day return based on the information in the IPO prospect.

  • 27479.
    Westholm, C
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bjällmark, Anna
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, M
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Winter, R
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jacobsen, P
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nygren, M
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brodin, L-Å
    Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Velocity tracking: a new user independent method for bedside detection of myocardial ischemia2007In: European Journal of Echocardiography, ISSN 1525-2167, E-ISSN 1532-2114, Vol. 7, no suppl_1, p. S37-, article id 292Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27480. Westholm, Carl
    et al.
    Bjällmark, Anna
    KTH, Medicinsk teknik.
    Larsson, Matilda
    KTH, Medicinsk teknik.
    Jacobsen, Per
    Brodin, Lars-Åke
    KTH, Medicinsk teknik.
    Winter, Reidar
    Velocity tracking, a new and user independent method for detecting regional function of the left ventricle2009In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 24-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of two-dimensional echocardiography (2D echo) for detection of ischaemia is limited due to high user dependency. Longitudinal motion is sensitive for ischaemia and usable for quantitative measurement of longitudinal myocardial function but time consuming. Velocity tracking (VeT) is a new method that gives an easy three-dimensional understanding of both systolic and diastolic regional motion, using colour coded bull's eye presentation of longitudinal velocity, derived from colour coded tissue Doppler. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of VeT in detecting ischaemia in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients bedside. Twenty patients with NSTEMI and 10 controls were included. Echocardiography was performed within 24 h of symptoms and prior to coronary angiography. Bull's eye plots presenting the peak systolic velocity (PSV) and the sum of PSV and the E-wave-velocity (PSV+E) were created using our developed software. VeT was compared to expert wall motion scoring (WMS) and bedside echo. We used the clinical conclusion based on ECG, angiography and clinical picture as 'gold standard'. Sensitivity for ischaemia with VeT (PSV+E) was 85% and specificity 60%. The corresponding sensitivities for expert WMS were 75% (specificity 40%). For regional analysis VeT and WMS showed comparable results with correct regional outcome in 11/20 of patients both superior to bedside echo. Velocity tracking is a promising technique that provides an easily understandable three-dimensional bull's eye plot for assessment of regional left ventricular longitudinal velocity with great potential for detection of regional dysfunction and myocardial ischaemia.

  • 27481.
    Westin, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hansson, Lotta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hur personer med HIV upplever stigmatisering från vårdpersonal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27482.
    Westin Brahn, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Fälth, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Möller, Helen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Frändberg, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Design för Flow: En analys av designkriterier för användbarhet2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human Computer Interaction (HCI) is about developing products with good usability. Usability means that systems should be easy to use and learn. Jakob Nielsen is a well renowned scientist when it comes to guidelines and how these should be reached. He has developed ten guidelines for designers to accomplish good usability.

    In recent years scientists have started to look at, not only the technical aspects, but also the emotions that the user can have during the interaction with a website. Several scientists have developed theories regarding the concept of Flow. This is about the emotions that occur when someone is using a computer. Such emotions can be a lost sense of time, control and peacefulness which results in the user remaining on the webpage during a long period of time. The time a customer remains on a webpage is crucial to a company that is selling products or services and therefore designing with Flow in mind can be an advantage towards companies that has not done this.

    Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi is a scientist in psychology and was the one that first came up with the theory about Flow. He first presented it fifteen years ago and the research he made to come up with the theory was to study people that spent a lot of time and energy on activities that did not give them any financial gain but only great satisfaction. Csikszentmihalyi is today a prominent figure in Flow-theory and we have in this essay used a lot of his theories or other scientist’s theories based on his research.

    Our research questions in this thesis are about evaluating Nielsen’s ten guidelines for good usability. Our purpose is to evaluate and possibly develop these guidelines.

    We evaluated Aftonbladet´s website using the ten guidelines. Thereafter a group of respondents were asked to answer our survey where the questions were based on the Flow theory.

    Our conclusion was that several of Nielsen’s guidelines did not need to be reformulated, but one of them however was further developed to also include Flow. We have also identified a gap in the HCI guidelines and therefore added another guideline ourselves that we feel is needed to ease the ability of Flow.

  • 27483.
    Westin, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ragnmark, Viktor
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    IMPLEMENTATION MODEL TO AN ANDON SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURER2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to develop an implementation model to an Andon system, which makes the implementation efficient and effective on a vehicle manufacturing assembly line. In order to conduct this, the purpose was broken down to three research questions. 

    1. How can the Andon system at an assembly line be designed? 

    2. What are the contemporary models for implementing systems? 

    3. How can an efficient and effective implementation model for an Andon system be designed?

    Method – To find an answer to the first research question four case studies with interviews and observations have been made. A literature study was also conducted in order to understand the subject. The following question was answered from literature studies and collected empirical data. 

    Findings – Through case studies, empirical qualitative data about the Andon implementation were collected. This was later analysed by the authors by dividing the collected data into three parts. The first part is about how an Andon system can be designed using different layouts and how to decide a particular layout considering the different possibilities. The second part is how the implementation model PDCA can be used as a base of the implementation project for the implementation team. Finally, the last part describes the whole model and how to start and finish it.  

    Limitations – The case companies that were chosen are only those who already have done the Andon implementation on their assembly line. In order to see alternative solutions to otherwise similar problems, authors have chosen to study vehicle manufacturers as well as manufacturers outside of the vehicles branch. Only the implementations phase is in focus to investigate. Further more the thesis will however not include any economic aspects or any aspects regarding software.

    Further Research – During the study of research question one, six different layout features were highlighted. From the authors’ knowledge, these six layout features are the most essential features to consider designing an Andon system. However, it is important to state that this study do not mention all of the affecting features to design an Andon system. Further research on other features in an Andon System is therefore recommended. Secondly, as the authors are relying on the interviewed person’s feedback of the differences in the output of an Andon system, the authors recommend self- observations in order to raise the validation of the result.

  • 27484.
    Westin, Felicia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Alnefjord, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    En vinjettstudie som undersöker hur etnicitet påverkar socialsekreterares bedömningar i barnärenden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At the current time Sweden is, like many other countries, characterized by a variation of different cultural and ethnical groups. Previous research has concluded that there are some difficulties among social workers who work with child protection cases to identify whether something is child abuse or whether it is the upbringing influenced by the culture within the ethnical group. How child protection cases with families of a foreign ethnicity is treated in relation to child protection cases with families of a Swedish ethnicity is therefor of interest – as well as this study’s primary inquiry. To find answers to this, two different vignettes were created where the only significant difference were the families’ names. In the first vignette the name of the family was of Swedish ethnicity, and in the second the name of the family was of foreign ethnicity. The vignettes were sent in the form of web surveys to social workers who work with child protection cases. The surveys were answered by 17 respectively 22 social workers. The result was then presented in the form of descriptive statistics and a thematic analysis. It showed more similarities than differences in the social workers assessments. The few differences that could be identified were found mainly in the way the social workers categorized their concern for the child.

  • 27485. Westin, Lars
    et al.
    Johansson, Börje
    Umeå University.
    Grassini, Maurizio
    Estimation of capital matrices for multisectoral models: an application to Italy and Tuscany1982Report (Other academic)
  • 27486. Westin, Lars
    et al.
    Kobayashi, KiyoshiWestlund, HansJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 32008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 27487.
    Westlin, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    A Delphi study of occurring information in housing adaptation certificates2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 357-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since 1993, the Housing Adaptation Act has provided disabled people the opportunity to receive grants for adapting their homes. A housing adaptation certificate certifying the necessity of adaptations must accompany any application and if information in housing adaptation certificates is not sufficient, the applicant is risking not having necessary housing adaptations.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and describe what information is missing, unnecessary or vague, in the housing adaptation certificates; to determine how often this occur, and how problematic this can be for the decision process.

    Material and methods: 105 housing adaptation grant managers took part in a three-round Delphi survey.

    Results: At least 65% consensus was reached regarding the following six statements: missing information about disability duration, possession of relevant assistive devices, consequences of the disability in housing, prognosis of consequences, who the informant is, or contains preferences for specific solutions. Missing, unnecessary or vague information pose serious or less serious problems and 38–72% of the participants reported that this often or always occur.

    Conclusion: Housing adaptation certificates need to be improved.

    Significance: The results of this study are used to design a checklist for use by housing adaptation certificate writers.

  • 27488.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    A Brief History of Time, Space, and Growth: Waldo Tobler’s First Law of Geography Revisited2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 917-924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current knowledge economy, the most important production factor, human knowledge, is much more mobile than the dominating production factors of previous periods. This means that theories of spatial development, formulated during the manufacturing-industrial era, might not be wholly applicable today. One of the basic assumptions of spatial theory is formulated in Waldo Tobler's first law of geography: "everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things." This article discusses the validity of this law in today's knowledge economy. While several factors have made distance less important, a crucial factor for innovation and growth-tacit knowledge-is still highly dependent on face-to-face contacts. This suggests that Waldo Tobler's first law of geography plays an important role also in the knowledge economy.

  • 27489.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    A European Growth Policy for Twenty-seven Countries?: Prospects and Problems for a Diversified Union2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27490.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    A multidimensional perspective on entrepreneurship2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Karlsson C, Johansson B and Stough R., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2012, p. 192-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27491.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    A New Urban-Rural Relationship Needs a New Social Capital2010In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas. Vol. 5 / [ed] Hans Westlund & Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Jönköping: Research Unit for Rural Entrepreneurship and Growth (RUREG), Jönköping International Business School , 2010, p. 77-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27492.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Analyzing social capital of the civil society and economic variables – a spatial problem2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27493.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Collaboration in Innovation Systems and the Role of Social Capital2011In: Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Innovation Performance / [ed] Adam, F. and Westlund, H., Ljubljana: Institute for Developmental and Strategic Analysis (IRSA) , 2011, p. 108-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27494.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Comments on President Jack Osman's Presentation2007In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 13-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27495.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development: A Spatial Perspective2005In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 137-139Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27496.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurship in the Region2007In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 390-392Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27497.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. KTH, Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Handbook of social capital: The troika of sociology, political science and economics2011In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 240-241Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27498.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Handbook of Social Capital: The Troika of Sociology, Political Science and Economics2009In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27499.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Högskolans regionala samverkan: drivkrafter, problem och det sociala kapitalets betydelse2005In: Lärande hela livet: en antologi om lärandets betydelse för utveckling i arbetsliv och samhälle, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 241-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27500.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth .
    Intangible Capital: Its Contribution to Economic Growth, Well-being and Rationality2010In: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239Article, book review (Other academic)
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