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  • 27451.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Nohre, Ragnar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    A Simple Router-Supported Congestion Control Scheme for Multiresolution Multicasting2004In: The Second Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop, SNCNW 2004, Karlstad University, Sweden, 23-24 November, 2004, 2004, p. 143-147Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For multimedia communication with multiple end users, the multicast distribution technique offers a bandwidth efficient solution compared to unicast. One of the most promising multicast approaches to date is the multiresolution multicast framework, which deals with the heterogeneity problems in IP-networks. It does not however deal with the congestion control issue, that higher priority packets can be dropped before lower priority ones. To deal with this problem router-support in the network is needed. Most of the proposed multi-rate routersupported schemes have complexity problems, in terms of memory and processing time requirements. In this paper, we propose a simple router-supported scheme, based on priority dropping that is further enhanced by combining it with receiver-driven layered multicast. This combination filters lower priority packets, and lets the receiver adjust the layer subscription rate. The routers do not need to maintain extra state information and no signaling is necessary between routers. Simulation results indicate a much better received picture quality compared with receiverdriven layered multicast during rate convergence.

  • 27452.
    Öberg, Therese
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Borgström, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    "Vi är inte en tummelplats för dårar": Hur journalister och ansvariga utgivare resonerar kring och förhåller sig till användargenererat material i lokaltidningar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the eighteenth century user contribution has been a crucial part of newspaper production. Without the participation from the public there hasn’t been a newspaper at all. The professionalization of the publicist role became the starting point who changed how people valued user contribution. Societal change and the technical development has then led to the society we have today – a place where media organizations find themselves in a greater need for user participation to survive. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine how three local news papers reason about and react to user generated content and also to find out what possibilities the users have to participate.

    Thru semi structured interviews with the legally responsible publisher for each news paper and two journalists from each editorial staff our result shows that the news papers have a positive attitude towards user generated content in general. The informants say that the technological development have been both an improvement and inhibitory in the relationship to the readers. They believe in an increased cooperation in the future but at the same time emphasize the fact that user generated content can’t be allowed to take too much place and become a rival to the journalistic material. The informants also say that the knowledge they posses thru their journalistic education is the main core in their work as well as in the idea and function of the news paper. That is the way it should remain. We use terms and theories about the public sphere, participation, media convergence and the journalistic profession in our discussion.

  • 27453.
    Öberg, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).
    Samhällskunskap från styrdokument till undervisning: Tjugo lärare ramar in vad som påverkar deras praktik2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this doctoral thesis in social studies didactics is to examine what teachers in social studies themselves perceive as the most important influencing factors for transforming the social studies subject, based on the intentions of the curriculum (the formulation arena), into social studies classroom teaching and assessment (the realisation arena), and how these perceptions have changed over time. It is thus what happens between the formulation arena and the realisation arena - the transformation arena, that is the focus of this thesis. The study is based on a hermeneutic-phenomenological lifeworld approach where phenomenological description and hermeneutic interpretation are essential. The empirical data consist of lifeworld interviews with 20 teachers in social studies in lower and upper secondary school; ten with long professional experience and ten fairly recently graduated.

    Based on inspiration from the frame factor theoretical perspective, the result is thematically organised according to four dimensions of influencing factors: the personal dimension, the didactic dimension, the governing dimension and the societal dimension. Each of these dimensions is divided into a number of variations. The dimensions are defined along a continuum of the personally close to the societally distanced. In addition to these dimensions, the student-related aspect, which accounts for the students as an influencing factor, was introduced. The teachers in the study do not talk about the students as an influencing factor without linking them to one of the four dimensions.

    The conclusion drawn from the study is that the 20 teachers all have very different stories about what they perceive as the most important influencing factors. Some focus on personal background or personal interests. Others focus on didactic ideas, on the curriculum or on organisational and economic frames. The study also shows that the teachers all have one or two dominant dimensions discernible in their stories, which also affect how they talk about the other dimensions. The teachers' stories also show that they feel that the teaching and what affects it change significantly over time. At the collective level, the two respondent groups differ on a number of aspects; however, the interview material reveals similarities among the individual teachers, whether they have worked for 40 years or are newly graduated, when it comes to other aspects.

    Perhaps the most important contribution of the study is that it exemplifies theoretical perspectives by, for instance, highlighting that what affects the teaching of a subject is so complex that the framework factor theoretical scaffolding must be adapted to the specific study and its issues and research materials.

  • 27454.
    Öbrink, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kian, Leila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Flows and Bottlenecks: Study of the physical flow of goods to and from the Region of Jönköping County and the possible bottlenecks2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A considerable amount of research has concentrated on the modes of transportation. Research has tended to focus on the growth and trends of the different modes of transportation on the national scale. Very little research has been undertaken into each region, and even less on those factors that prevent or act as barriers for transportation of goods in each region. Furthermore, very little research has been undertaken that examines the bottlenecks of the transportation flows in Jönköping.

    By interviewing the main actors in the region, this thesis identifies the main product flow in the Jönköping County. The study also examines the perceived bottlenecks to transportation of goods that logistics companies face. In conducting the study, the main impediments to transportation flows were identified, analysed and ranked. The findings indicate that there are many common bottlenecks between firms in Jönköping. The study also, to an extent, supports findings that have been made in studies carried out previously by other researchers.

  • 27455.
    Ödlund, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Optimization Driven Development of Stringer to Leisure Boat2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing demand for products of light weight and high performance to be produced and developed in shorter periods of times has put high pressure on the product development process. Much research is done in order to find ways on how to speed up this process at the same time as delivering products of higher quality to the customer. Much of the literature focuses on how important it is to “tear down the walls” between departments at a company by integrating as much different knowledge as early in the process as possible. Thereby, much of the costly problems found late in the process can be avoided leading to shorter development times and cost savings.

    Commonly companies use simulation software to verify their final designs before the products pass forward to prototyping and test production. In some cases products need to be redesigned and big changes of the product geometry might be necessary which often is very costly in such a late stage of the process.

    Eker Design in Fredrikstad, Norway, wants to investigate the potential of using simulation driven design in an early stage of the product development process. In order to make this investigation this exam work has been carried out on a real design case by the development of a new “stringer” totally from scratch. A stringer is what gives rise to the stiffness of the boat and is a structure mounted in-between the hull and the deck. The stringer was developed to the Hydrolift SX22 leisure boat by using simulations and topology optimization software as the driving force for the design. The research questions to be answered were:

    • Is it possible to develop a stringer through a design process based on topology optimization and simulation software with equal performance as the existing stringer?
    • How does the optimized result perform in comparison to the existing stringer?
    • Can any weight reduction be achieved with a new stringer design?

    In the end of the work the existing stringer and the new stringer design was compared and evaluated. The results showed that the new stringer with a weight reduction of 30% performed very well in comparison to the existing one. This proves that the topology optimization and simulation driven design process beneficially can be used in marine architecture. It has also proven to be an efficient method to lower the material usage and increase the strength of the stringer. 

  • 27456.
    Ödman, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ge barnen tid!: En studie av ett förbättringsarbete för ökad tillgänglighet till barnpsykiatriska utredningar genom samordnat processflöde.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Reducerad väntetid till barnpsykiatrisk vård är ett prioriterat område då försenad vård har negativ inverkan på barns liv och hälsa.

    Syftet med förbättringsarbetet: Ökad tillgänglighet till barnpsykiatrisk utredning samt sammanhållen utredningstid med stöd av förbättringsmetoder.

    Syftet med studien: Beskriva användarnas, utredningsteamets, upplevelser av införandet av samordnat tvärprofessionellt processflöde för barnpsykiatrisk utredning.

    Förbättringsarbetet genomfördes med stöd av förbättringsmetoder. Förbättringsidén utgörs av ett tvärprofessionellt samordnat processflöde, där barnpsykiatrisk utredning skall vara planerad, genomförd och återlämnad inom fem veckor.

    Studiens metod: Kvalitativ och utgörs av fokusgruppsinterjuver.

    Resultat: Samordnat processflöde medförde att 93 % av patienterna utreddes inom regionala riktlinjers rekommenderade 120 dagar. Väntetiden reducerades från 9 till 4 månader efter utgången vårdgaranti. Utredningslängd minskade från bakgrundsmätnings 236 dagar till 48 dagar. Studien visar att samordnat utredningsschema kräver tvärprofessionell samordning, delaktiga medarbetare, lärande organisation, styrande, stödjande och delegerat ledarskap samt att omkringliggande system är effektiva. Systemet är sårbart och arbetsmiljön belastas.

     

    Slutsats: Samordnat tvärprofessionellt processflöde ökade tillgänglighet till barnpsykiatriska utredningar samt sammanhållen utredningstid. Tvärprofessionell samordning, implementering av förbättringskunskap, lärande organisation, involverade och delaktiga medarbetare, effektiv organisation samt ett styrande, stödjande och delegerat ledarskap är avgörande faktorer för processens görlighet. Processflödet var sårbart för yttre faktorer. Upplevelsen var att arbetsmiljön belastas.

  • 27457.
    Ögren, Jessica
    et al.
    Division of Medical Diagnostics, Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, County Hospital Ryhov, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Van Nguyen, Song
    Department of Medical Laboratory, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Matussek, Andreas
    Division of Medical Diagnostics, Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, County Hospital Ryhov, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Prevalence of Dientamoeba fragilis, Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, and Cryptosporidium spp inDa Nang, Vietnam, detected by a multiplex real-time PCR2016In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 124, no 6, p. 529-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We surveyed the prevalence of Dientamoeba fragilis, Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar, and Cryptosporidium spp in individuals with and without gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms residing in and around Da Nang city, Vietnam. Fecal samples were collected from children (n = 100) and adults (n = 80) with GI symptoms and from healthy individuals (n = 88) reporting no GI symptoms. Parasite detection was performed by multiplex real-time PCR. Overall, except for G. duodenalis, we found a low prevalence (<5%) of D. fragilis and E. dispar and no detection of E. histolytica and C. spp in all participants with GI symptoms. Specifically for D. fragilis this contrasts with findings in European populations of children with GI symptoms showing prevalence up to 73%. Moreover, our results indicate that the prevalence of G. duodenalis is higher in patients with GI symptoms compared to asymptomatic individuals and this difference is most obvious in young patients.

  • 27458.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Developing an Ontology for Wood-related Industry: An Experience Report2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies are widely used as a technique for representation and reuse of knowledge. This paper summarizes experiences and results of a project within ontology development, with wood-related industry as application sector. One major aspect of the project was the selection of a suitable methodology for ontology development. In a literature study existing methodologies were analyzed with respect to their suitability for small-scale application contexts. As no existing methodology was fully adequate, an improved methodology was proposed. The main intention was to reduce development time and effort to meet the demands of small-scale application contexts. The improved methodology was applied and evaluated in the project, i.e. in the development of an ontology for wood-related industry. The main conclusion is that the methodology was adequate for the project, but some aspects could be elaborated and further investigated, such as reuse of already existing ontologies.

  • 27459.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Ontology Development and Evolution: Selected Approaches for Small-Scale Application Contexts2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a literature study concerning three areas, Ontology Development Methodologies, Ontology Evolution, and Ontologies in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. The objectives were to find out and summarize what has been done so far in the different areas, as well as to find out what has not yet been done, and thereby discover new possible research areas. Ontologies are widely used as a technique for representation and reuse of knowledge. We believe that ontologies can be used in small and medium-sized enterprises and help companies by supporting knowledge sharing, reuse of knowledge, inter-operability, and much more. The main conclusion is that a lot of work has been put into Ontology Development, many methodologies are very mature and have been used in practice. Still, not all of them cover the aspects we are interested in, e.g. reuse of already existing ontologies and covering the whole life cycle. In Ontology Evolution, the main focus is on keeping an ontology and its dependents consistent, and it does not concern when to make changes, or what to actually change. Ontology use in small and medium-sized enterprises is not so common, but some experiences exist.

  • 27460.
    Öhgren, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Do SME Need Ontologies?: Results from a Survey among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2008In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - ICEIS 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years, an increasing number of successful cases of using ontologies in industrial application scenarios have been reported, the majority of these cases stem from large enterprises. The intention of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of potentials and limits of ontology-based solutions in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). The focus is on identifying application areas for ontologies, which motivate the development of specialised ontology construction methods. The paper is based on results from a survey performed among 113 SME in Sweden, most of them from manufacturing industries. The results of the survey indicate a need from SME in three application areas: (1) management of product configuration and variability, (2) information search and retrieval, and (3) management of project documents.

  • 27461.
    Öhgren, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Information Overload in Industrial Enterprises - Results of an Empirical Investigation2008In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation, Reading: Academic Publishing Limited , 2008, p. 343-350Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work presented is part of the research field information logistics, which investigates and develops concepts and technologies for improving information flow in organisations. The intention of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of information management problems in enterprises, and also improvement potentials of current information systems. The paper presents results of a study focusing on information overload in industrial enterprises, an area that previously has attracted little academic attention. Two areas are investigated: is information overload perceived as a problem in enterprises, and which application areas of enterprise information management should be prioritised for improvement activities? The survey was sent to 436 enterprises in the South of Sweden, most of them small and medium-sized enterprises, and received 164 valid responses. The sample used for the paper includes industrial enterprises from manufacturing, construction, and electronics industries, which accounts for approximately 80% of the responses.When analysing the data from the study, the paper follows the opinion of various scholars in the field that the complexity of an application case is an essential parameter to take into account when deciding on improvement potential. The more complex the application scenario is, the more likely is the usefulness of IT solutions for improving information flow. Research on complexity of projects proposes to define complexity as “consisting of many varied interrelated parts”, to distinguish between organisational and technological complexity, and to operationalise this in terms of “differentiation and interdependence”.One result of the study is a clear indication that information overload is perceived as a problem in industrial enterprises, which surfaces in problems such as finding the right information needed for a work task, and in the time needed to structure and store information. Furthermore, the results indicate two application areas that offer improvement potential: information management with focus on search and retrieval, and management of product information.

  • 27462.
    Öhgren, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Towards a Methodology for Ontology Development in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises2005In: IADIS Conference on Applied Computing, Algarve, Portugal, February 2005., 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27463.
    Öhlund, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nestor, William
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    ”Jaha, då föll polletten ner hos mig i alla fall, det är lite stereotyper här också”: En kvalitativ receptionsstudie av Elons reklamfilmer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to highlight the recipients' interpretations of the advertising message in the field of TV advertising, and its inclusion of regional stereotypes. Through the application of a reception study, where both a semiotic analysis and respondent interviews are presented, contributes the study to continued discussion within recipient studies. The material for the semiotic analysis is two commercials from Elon's commercial series published in 2012, named Elon Norrland and Elon Småland. These are used as material for the interviews in order to be able to produce the empirical material from the respondents. Different theories were used to steer the essay in the right direction, including semiotics with the relevant concepts of denotation, connotation and myth. The concept of stereotype is also of great importance to the thesis. Polysemy is also included as a theory and together with Hall's three codes; dominant, negotiating and oppositional, the answers from the interviews are divided thematically into several categories. The semiotic analysis resulted in a discovery of interconnecting chains that together contribute to a notion of and the creation of the regional stereotypes Norrland and Småland. In the second part of the reception study, the respondent interviews, the result showed that most respondents saw the advertisements as humorous and many also recognized the regional stereotypes, this can be interpreted as the dominant view. Furthermore, it appeared that everyone does not choose to fully accept the messages that were displayed, but rather negotiate with the message and what the advertisement wants to convey. And lastly some respondents emerged to oppose to these stereotypes and rejected them. We can state that there is a polysemic picture of the audience's interpretation.

  • 27464.
    Öhman, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Diskursordning och hegemoni: Representationer av en skola2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses discourse analysis from a multivalent perspective to research newspaper articles, a scientific article, an institutional newsletter, blogs and a reportage written on the subject of a specific comprehensive school in Sweden which has become known for its successful development in pupils’ achievements. According to this article the picture given of the school in the media is very positive, until the time when one article in a newspaper, followed by a blog, changed the order of discourse in a hegemonic way. This article describes the discursive change in relation to the social and historical context within the education policy, one largely dominated by a neoliberal ideology, which focuses more on measuring and ranking than on school improvement in terms of inclusion and learning.

  • 27465.
    Öhman, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Musik - ett verktyg för 100-språkligt utforskande i förskolan: - en intervjustudie av pedagoger i Reggio Emiliainspirerad verksamhet.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27466.
    Öhman, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Pedagogiskt ledarskap i förskola: - en intervjustudie av fem förskolechefer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att tillföra ny kunskap om pedagogiskt ledarskap i förskola. Den behandlar hur förskolechefer uttrycker sig om kontextens betydelse för ett pedagogiskt ledarskap, hur interaktion kan leda till ett förändrat kunnande och olika verktygs betydelse för att nå ett sådant kunnande.

    Studien har genomförts med individuella kvalitativa intervjuer. Studiens resultat visar att möten, relationer, tillåtande atmosfär, olikheters värde, vikten av att vara påläst, organisationens betydelse och att leda som förebild är grundläggande faktorer för pedagogiskt ledarskap i de olika kontexterna. Studiens resultat indikerar att interaktion kan leda till förändrat kunnande. Studien påvisar också att artefakter såsom: samtal, olika nätverksformer, kompetensutveckling, lekdagar, majoritetsbeslut, pedagogisk dokumentation, loggböcker, Årsplan, Läroplan för förskolan, vetenskaplig litteratur och forskning, internet, Skolverkets hemsida och IT teknik är viktiga för att ett pedagogiskt ledarskap som är förenligt med förskolans styrdokument och lagar ska kunna utövas.

    Det skulle vara relevant att utifrån den här studiens resultat fortsätta forska omkring vilka uppfattningar förskollärare har om förskolechefers betydelse för det pedagogiska ledarskapet och det skulle även kunna vara av intresse att vidare undersöka på vilket sätt distribuerat ledarskap påverkar den pedagogiska verksamheten.

  • 27467.
    Öhman Sandberg, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hållbar programutveckling: en studie av betydelsen av expansivt lärande och delvis delade objekt2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to develop meanings of sustainable programme development. Policies are often introduced to solve societal problems identified by a government agency or some other organization. In order to realize the intentions behind the policy it is common that one or several policy driven projects are funded with large sums of money. By funding policy driven projects, the funding organizations expect that the projects can support a sustainable change of practice that can solve or at least decrease the societal problem. Research shows that policy driven projects and programmes often fail to realize the intentions behind poli-cies. Hence, it is uncertain to what extent policy driven projects contribute to a sustainable change of practice.

  • 27468.
    Öhman Sandberg, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hållbart utvecklingsarbete på lärarutbildningen2010In: Hållbart utvecklingsarbete på lärarutbildningen, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses the ongoing developmental work in three projects aimed at enhancing ICT in teacher education. Instead of studying effects after completed developmental work I will in the framework of Yrjö Engeström´s expansive cycle in a three- step procedure clarify if the project organizations have provided or can provide situated preconditions for learning in an ongoing developmental project. I´m interested in preconditions that can enhance the possibility for the results of the developmental projects to lead to sustainable change, long term effects.  First I will with the help of the expansive cycle, clarify contradictions within or between activity systems. I will then investigate if the universities that host the projects have provided preconditions for expansive learning that promote sustainable change in the organizations. Second I will clarify four critical preconditions for sustainable change and discuss them in a socio cultural perspective. Thereafter I will put the four preconditions that I have clarified, in a framework of an expansive cycle. I will finally use the model to clarify preconditions that has made it possible for an expansive learning to take place in the tree developmental projects that I am following in my research.

  • 27469.
    Öhman Sandberg, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The relation between policy, program, project and practice2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27470.
    öhman sandberg, Ann
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    halvarsson, agneta
    University of Linköping.
    Learning in large scale development projects: A comparison between two methods to bridge the gap between theory and practice2010In: Learning in large scale development projects: A comparison between two methods to bridge the gap between theory and practice, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Action researchers strive to create an interface between theory and practice. Different methods to organize learning events seeking to create such interface have been developed in Scandinavia. These methods have been used for over forty years and they have influenced different Scandinavian action research perspectives. One method to bridge the gap between theory and practice in large scale development projects is the dialogue conference. Lately in Sweden a new method to integrate theory and practice in large scale projects has emerged, the Analysis Seminar. In the conference paper we will compare a late generation of dialogue conferences (Gustavsen, 2006) with analysis seminars (Halvarsson and Öhman-Sandberg, 2009). Whereas the dialogue conference is quite well documented in the research literature, less is written about the analysis seminar. We will therefore in the paper present two Swedish cases to portrait the use of analysis seminars as a departure for the comparison. As interactive researchers we have used analysis seminars in the presented research projects over a four year period. Democratic dialogue and joint learning are a common ground for the dialogue conference and the analysis seminar. The implications of the differences and the similarities of the two methods will be highlighted and discussed in the paper.

     

     

     

  • 27471.
    Öhrman- Hojan, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Landén Johansson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Guerra Rojas, Andres
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av våld på akutmottagningen: -En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against healthcare workers is a current issue and a growing problem all over the world. Patients with acute and severe illness goes to the emergency department, ED, to seek treatment. Nurses working in the ED are in a vulnerable position where violence has a high prevalence and is often present at the ED. There are a variety of factors that contributes to the emergence of violence. Thus the aim of this literature review was to explore the nurse's perception of violence in the ED. A literature review of analysis of ten scientific articles carried out with qualitative method. The articles are published between 2008-2017 and have been processed to gain an insight into how nurses experience violence at ED. Furthermore the search for articles in this literature review was conducted in a methodical way and extracted from the two databases Cinahl and Medline. The data analysis resulted in four main themes: "Fear and worriness", "Powerlessness and frustration", "A part of the job" and "A deterioration in relations" presented in the result. This literature review shows that nurses experience a variety of things and feelings when they are exposed to violence and these experiences leads to an impact on both the personal attitude towards the work, but also has an effect on the social relationships and the quality of the patient related work.

  • 27472.
    Öhrn, Mona
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Hemsjukvård för barn ‒ föräldrars upplevelser med fokus på delaktighet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Home care services for children

    ‒ parents experiences focusing on participation in care

     

    Background

    Previous studies about hospital- and community-based home care for children shows that it is safe, cost efficient and preferable by parents. Studies have been done about parent´s participation in care at hospitals but not in the home care setting. In Sweden not all children have access to home care services. The quality improvement intervention, to increase access to home care services took place at a children´s clinic at a county hospital in southern Sweden.

     

    Aim

    The purpose of the improvement effort was to enhance home care for children by the means of identifying children at the hospital who were suitable for offering the service.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how parents experiences home care service for children in terms of participation in the child´s care and decision-making regarding it.

     

    Methods

    Eight interviews were carried out with ten parents of children that had received home care during the period from March 2013 to February 2014. The interviews focused on experiences primarily regarding parents participation in the child´s care and decision-making, and were semi-structured. The content was transcribed verbatim and analyzed by using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach.

     

    Results

    During November 2013 to April 2014 seventeen children were identified as suitable for home care and eleven of them actually received home care service. This was an increase from the previous 6 month, when four children received the service.

    The three themes and nine subthemes that emerged, describing parent´s experiences, showed that they felt they had good communication with doctors and staff, they experienced involvement in care and decision-making, and that the best of the whole family was prioritized.

     

    Conclusions

    Parents felt that home care was invaluable in terms of being able to live a normal life, for the family as a hole. The result supports a person-centered care approach and emphasizes the equal dialogue as a tool. Further studies are needed to enlighten children´s own experiences about home care, participation in their own treatment and decision-making regarding care form.

  • 27473.
    Öierstedt-Christiansen, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Rundlöf, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sitt still och var tyst!: Fördelar och nackdelar med diagnostisering av ADHD enligt nio lärare2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    __________________________________________________________________________

    Eva Öierstedt-Christiansen & Louise Rundlöf

    Sitt still och var tyst!

    Fördelar och nackdelar med diagnostisering av ADHD enligt nio lärare

    Sit still and be quiet!

    Advantages and disadvantages of the diagnosis of ADHD according to nine teachers

     

    Antal sidor: 27 __________________________________________________________________________

    Vårt syfte med studien är att undersöka vad nio lärare inom förskola/förskoleklass och grundskolans tidigare år anser om att barn/elever diagnostiseras med ADHD.

    Vår undersökning kommer att utgå från följande frågeställningar:

    • Vilka fördelar respektive nackdelar ser lärarna med att barn/elever diagnostiseras med ADHD?
    • Vilka är det enligt lärarna som gynnas av en ställd diagnos, barnet/eleven, lärarna eller föräldrarna?
    • På vilket sätt skiljer sig åsikterna mellan lärare i förskolan, förskoleklassen och grundskolans tidigare år gällande diagnostisering?

    Vi har genomfört intervjuer med nio lärare som är verksamma inom olika åldrar. Resultatet av vår studie visar att lärarna överlag är kritiska till en diagnos, däremot menar de att om barnet/eleven visar starka symptom är en diagnos nödvändig för att barnet/eleven ska få rätt hjälp och stöd. Frågan om när en diagnos bör ställas skiljer sig mellan lärarna i förskolan/ förskoleklassen och grundskollärarna. Lärarna i förskolan/förskoleklassen menar att en diagnos inte bör ställas förrän i skolan medan lärarna i grundskolans tidigare år hävdar att en diagnos bör ställas så tidigt som möjligt. Resultatet pekar på att det finns både fördelar och nackdelar med en diagnos utifrån ett barnperspektiv, föräldraperspektiv och pedagogiskt perspektiv.

  • 27474.
    Öijerstedt, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Den fallna madonnan: En undersökning av ungdomars tankar, åsikter och syn på våldtäkt i Nässjö stad 20072009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats är att studera hur skolelever i Nässjö stad uppfattar innebörden av våldtäkt samt hur detta förhåller sig till tidigare forskning.

    Undersökningen som genomfördes bland niondeklassarna på två högstadieskolor i Nässjö stad 2007 var både kvantitativ i form av en enkätundersökning och kvalitativ i form av kompletterande intervjuer. Den tidigare forskning som användes under huvuddelen av studien var Stina Jeffners avhandling Liksom våldtäkt, typ – om ungdomars förståelse av våldtäkt som publicerades 1998. Jeffner hade i sin avhandling kommit fram till en rad olika förhandlingsutrymmen som var förmildrande omständigheter kring ungdomarnas syn på vad som är en våldtäkt.

    Huvudresultatet visade att i förhållande till tidigare forskning finns det delar av denna studie som stämmer överens med tidigare forskning gällande ungdomarnas attityder till ämnet våldtäkt. de som deltog i denna studie stödde vissa av dessa förhandlingsutrymmen.

    Det fanns även delar av denna studie som inte stämde överens med tidigare forskning. En förklaring till att det skiljer sig mellan Jeffners undersökning och min kan vara tiden. När denna undersökning genomfördes, 2007, var det nästintill tio år sedan Jeffner genomförde sin, 1998. Även om det kan tyckas att tiderna inte har förändrats i någon större utsträckning så kan denna undersökning tyda på att de har gjort det. Elever som var födda på 1980-talet ingick i Jeffners undersökning medan min undersökning innehöll elever som var födda på 1990-talet. En annan förklaring till att undersökningarna skiljer sig kan vara att min undersökning är gjord i mindre omfattning än Jeffners. Det jag har suttit och skrivit är en C-uppsats med 174 elever, som svarande på enkäterna, och åtta intervjuade elever och det hon skrev var en avhandling med 331 ungdomar, som svarande på enkäterna, och 16 intervjuade ungdomar. Jeffners undersökning är nästintill dubbelt så stor, både när det gäller de som deltog i enkätundersökningen och de som deltog i intervjuundersökningen, vilket kan ha inverkan på resultatet.

  • 27475.
    Öijerstedt, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Sverige - Thailand; Tur & Retur: En kvalitativ undersökning av en svensk skola i Thailand.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att studera en svensk skola utomlands och dess mellanstadielevers och lärares upplevelser av den thailändska religionen. Uppsatsens frågeställningar:

    · Hur upplever eleverna att de påverkas av att gå i en svensk skola utomlands?

    · Hur beskriver lärarna att de arbetar med undervisningen i religion på en svensk skola utomlands?

    · Hur upplever eleverna den thailändska religionen i skolan? Finns det några likheter eller skillnader, enligt lärare och elever, med svenska skolan hemma, när det gäller religionsundervisningen?

    Resultatet av undersökningen visade att eleverna uppskattade den lärarledda tiden som de tyckte var möjlig i större utsträckning på skolan utomlands. Undersökningen visade även att lärarna upplevde att det fanns många likheter med religionsundervisningen i Sverige såsom kursplaner och ämnets innehåll medan de ansåg däremot att det som skiljde dem åt var möjligheten till mycket mer studiebesök och möjlighet till lärarledd tid på skolan i Thailand. Eleverna upplevde buddhismen på olika vis och med olika djup kunskap beroende på hur länge de varit på plats i Thailand.

  • 27476.
    Öjeklint, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Schengen och illegal immigration: En komparativ fallstudie mellan Spanien och Tyskland2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is immigration policy in the European Union with focus on the Schengen cooperation and illegal immigration. Immigration policies and other policy areas such as asylum and refugee policies have become hot topics on the EU agenda in recent years. Partly because of cooperations like Schengen, but also because a need of a common immigration and asylum policy has emerged.

    The purpose of the thesis is to give a better understanding of the relations that might be found between illegal immigration to the EU and the Schengen cooperation. Schengen plays an important role in dealing with international migration in the EU and will probably continue to do so in the future.

    The thesis is a comparative case study with Spain and Germany as the two specific cases. Their national immigration policies are examined and put in relation to the Schengen cooperation. The research questions are: What was the basic problem that was supposed to be avoided when incorporating Schengen into the framework of the European Union? How does Spain and Germany deal with the illegal immigration they have been exposed to and what are the similarities and differences between the two countries? How do the Spanish and German actions relate to the Schengen cooperation?

    The result of the study is, when it comes to illegal immigration to the EU there are no functioning systems to handle it. Even though there are cooperations like Schengen, that tries to standardize the management of immigration, illegal immigration included, it seems like the individual countries still prefer to deal with it in their own ways.

  • 27477.
    Ölvander, J.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Wever, R.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Warell, A.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Rönnbäck, A. Ö.
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Isaksson, O.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Larsson, T.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Steinert, M.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Ekman, K.
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Hansen, P. K.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Juuti, T.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Malmqvist, J.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Ritzén, S.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sæmundsson, R. J.
    University of Iceland, Iceland.
    Hansen, C. T.
    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Preface2018In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018, Linköping: Design Research Society, 2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27478.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Accessibility to knowledge and new firm formation in Sweden2013In: Studies in Regional Science, ISSN 0287-6256, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 89-104Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how accessibility to knowledge is related to the new firm formation in Sweden. Utilizing municipal level data, the paper examines how and to what extent geographic proximity to establish-ments that are specialized in formal knowledge creation plays a role for the overall entrepreneurial milieu in a city region. While measuring accessibility to knowledge at intra-municipal, intra-regional and extra-regional levels, the paper maps out the clustering patterns of new firms and ranks the municipalities by their perfor-mance in creating an entrepreneurial milieu. The clustering patterns of new firms highlight critical factors in new firm formation and entrepreneurial performance of regions.

  • 27479.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Experience in Shopping Centers: An Accessibility Analysis of Swedish Shopping Centers2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how market size impacts the level of economic success, diversity, entertainment, arts, and experience of shopping centers in Sweden. More specifically the paper uses regression analyses to test the relation between different forms of shopping center performance and market size. The results show that the municipality market size plays an important role in all analyzed cases. The results also showed that local labor market size does not have a significant impact on the dependent variables.

     

  • 27480.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Location and Co-location in Retail: A Probabilistic Approach Using Geo-coded Data for Swedish Metropolitan Retail Markets2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper offers a unique empirical approach to detect co-location patterns in the retail sector. We analyse the co-location of retail service establishments in Sweden by using geo-coded data. We pinpoint each establishment in Sweden down to a 250 by 250 metre square. Our analysis captures a general pattern for the co-location of different types of retailing activities, also taking into account several spatial attributes of location. We study the three major retail markets in Sweden (Stockholm, Malmö, and Gothenburg). We position the paper within a framework in which the presence of an economic activity in space is explained by the spatial attributes of the place as well as the nature of the economic activity. Our empirical design follows a probabilistic approach, whereby the probability of finding a particular type of retailing activity in a square is explained by the presence of similar and different kinds of retailing activities in the respective square, as well as by the characteristics of their location. We select three major and distinct types of retailing stores: clothing, household appliances, and specialized stores. Our findings are well in line with the propositions of bid rent theory and central place theory for retail markets. We further document negative location tendencies between shops that sell frequently purchased products and shops that sell durables. Moreover, our results highlight the importance of demand in the close surroundings, which is particularly strong for small-scale establishments.

  • 27481.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    RETAIL CITY: Does accessibility to shops explain place attractiveness?2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the role of retail as an amenity and how it contributes to place attractiveness. In this investigation the impact of accessibility to shops on average house prices is investigated using a fixed effect estimation. The analysis use data for Swedish municipalities through the years 2002-2008. The empirical design is constructed using the across-cities spatial equilibrium framework of Roback (1982), and house prices are assumed to reflect the attractiveness of municipalities. In order to capture the precise impact from retail access, mean wages, population density, unemployment, leisure service concentration, and municipal tax levels are controlled for. Results indicate a strong relationship between retail access and place attractiveness, where a retail-premium on house prices is found to be present for Swedish municipalities.

  • 27482.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops2017In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 72-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Retail city: the relationship between place attractiveness and accessibility to shops. Spatial Economic Analysis. This paper explores the role of retailers as an urban amenity. Using data for Swedish rural and city municipalities for 2002–08, ‘accessibility-to-shops’ measures are constructed for the shops in the municipalities and the hosting regions separately to examine the relationship between consumption possibilities and place attractiveness in a spatial continuum. Place attractiveness is proxied by a Q ratio for Swedish housing investment based on Tobin’s Q. Access to stores within municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant for the place attractiveness of city municipalities, whereas no such relationship is evident for rural municipalities.

  • 27483.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Retail Location2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis in hand presents four individual chapters, all of which explore the spatial aspects of the retail sector. The theoretical framework used in all four papers is vastly rooted in the urban and regional economics literature. Using novel data from Sweden for the application of various econometric methods, the thesis investigates (i) the distance sensitivity of demand and market reach for various types of retail activities, (ii) the spatial composition of retail markets and co-location patterns between the various branches of the sector, (iii) the spatial determinants of independent retailers’ productivity, and (iv) the relationship between the retail sector and place attractiveness.

    The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) establishes a methodological framework for estimating distance decay and market accessibility for various types of retail activities given a lack of consumer data. The paper addresses the heterogeneous nature of the sector and provides a solid categorization for various types of retail activities. The second paper (coauthored with Johan P. Larsson) employs a unique empirical approach to characterize the location and co-location of retailers in the metropolitan markets. The analysis captures the co-location tendencies between various types of retailers at a highly disaggregated  geographical level, where the importance of access to demand in the pertinent urban landscape is also accentuated.

    In the third paper, I investigate the spatial determinants of retail productivity. The focus of the paper is on the influence of market size and regional hierarchy on the productivity of independent retailers. The results show a higher productivity premium from the immediate market potential for stores located in central markets compared to stores located in non-central markets. On the other hand, regional market potential is found to play an equally important role for the productivity of stores located both in central and non-central markets. In the fourth paper, I address the role of retail as an urban amenity. In the empirical analysis, to capture the relevance of consumption possibilities for place attractiveness, “access to stores” measures are constructed for both the municipal and regional levels. Although consumption possibilities in the region are found to be positively associated with the place attractiveness of both rural and city municipalities, store access in municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant only for the place attractiveness of city municipalities.

  • 27484.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy2018In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 711-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non-central markets.

  • 27485.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    RETURNS TO LOCATION IN RETAIL: Investigating the relevance of market size and regional hierarchy2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates returns to location in the retail sector and further analyzes the systematic variations across central and peripheral retail markets, as well as across different types of retailing activities. The empirical design utilizes individual level data, where the earnings of individuals working in the retail sector are used as a proxy for retail performance, which allows for a comparison across different types of retailing activities, although the sector as a whole is highly heterogeneous. In order to capture the urban-periphery interaction in retail markets, an accessible market potential measure is used, which allows for capturing the impact from potential demand in close proximity, in the region and from outside of the region separately. In the analysis, the impacts of spatial, store, and individual characteristics are analyzed for four types of retailing activities: food retailing, clothing, household retailing and specialized stores. The results are in line with previous theoretical arguments that rely on traditional location theories. There is a distinct variation between urban and peripheral retail markets, as well as between different types of retailing activities. Market size in close proximity is found to play an important role for stores selling goods for frequent purchase, whereas the relevant market extends beyond municipal borders for retailers selling goods for less frequent purchase. The competition effect is evident for non-central markets, driven from close proximity to large central markets.

  • 27486.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Does ethnic enclaves foster immigrant entrepreneurship? The Swedish experience2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27487.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Location of leisure: the New Economic Geography of leisure services2017In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding more about the geographic location of leisure services is an important quest for research. For a long time now in developed economies, almost all employment growth is occurring within the service sector. In this sector, leisure services are fast growers. This means that the location of these services is important for economic growth and for employment opportunities of local market areas. Regional policy-makers time and again highlight these sectors as future engines of growth. This paper investigates the role of local demand in determining the availability and the scale of various types of leisure services. The analysis is motivated by observed regularities that indicate large and persistent interregional differences in the location and growth of leisure services. Based on a New Economic Geography framework, we investigate the role of local and regional demand for the size of leisure services in geographically separate markets in Sweden. We use data for 290 Swedish municipalities for the period 2002–2013 and run year-municipality fixed-effects regressions. Our main findings suggest a strong dependency on local demand, and less on the demand originating from other regions.

  • 27488.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Which retail services are co-located?2014In: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 281-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Which retail services are co-located in space? Is it possible to categorize retail stores of different kinds with respect to their location pattern? Acknowledging the spatial dependency between different and similar kinds of retailing activities, the aim of this paper is to find if and to what extent co-location is present in a retail market and what kind of retailing activities are co-located.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors analyse the co-location of different types of retail stores in Sweden by using geo-coded data. The data they use allows them to pinpoint each establishment in Sweden down to a 250 by 250m square in space. First, they identify a measure of co-location for each retail service by utilizing pairwise correlations between the different retail service establishments with respect to the squares in which they are present. Later, by using the finest level of industrial categorization for all physical retailing activities (and limiting their geographical unit to the Stockholm metropolitan market), they perform factor analysis to nest these retailing activities under relevant categories based on their co-location pattern.

    Findings – In this analysis the authors obtain four major factors for the squares with retail stores, in which several kinds of retail activities are nested. These factors reveal a certain degree of location commonality for the markets in question.

    Originality/value – The authors' empirical design is based on a highly disaggregated spatial information and the methodology is novel in a sense that it has not been used to address a similar question. Rather than sampling, the authors use the total population, where they take all physical retailing activities into account to be able to draw a general picture for the co-location phenomena in the entire retail market.

  • 27489.
    Örn, Marcus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Zaar, Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Dahl, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kassaflödesvärdering: En studie i hur antagandena påverkar företagsvärdet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Antalet svenskar som sparar i aktier har på 20 år mer än fördubblats. Värderingsmetoderna har genom tiderna förändrats. Kassaflödesvärdering dominerar för tillfället tillvägagångssätten att värdera företag/aktier. Det debatteras huruvida kassaflödesvärdering är en pålitlig metod eller ej. Det finns flera kassaflödesmodeller att välja bland. Modellerna bygger på många komplexa antaganden som kan påverka resultatet av värderingen.

    Syfte

    Syftet med undersökningen är att: undersöka och analysera hur kassaflödesmodeller används vid aktievärdering samt hur vridbarheten påverkar användbarheten. Vidare ska vi presentera vilka viktiga antaganden som behövs göras för kassaflödesmodeller och uppvisa hur de inverkar på kassaflödesvärderingen.

    Metod

    Utifrån syftet valdes att använda en kvalitativ metod med personliga och telefonintervjuer som verktyg. Valet av metodansats och verktyg baserades på att djupgående information behövdes för att uppnå syftet

    Slutsats

    Det finns ett flertal kassaflödesmodeller att välja bland; Dividend-Discount modellen, Fritt KassaFlöde till Aktieägare modellen, och Fritt KassaFlöde till Företaget modellen. Undersökningen visade att det är Fritt KassaFlöde till Företaget modellen som nästan uteslutande används mest. Det finns tre olika varianter av dessa kassaflödesmodeller; en med en konstant fas av tillväxt, en med två faser av tillväxt och en med tre olika faser av tillväxt. Det är varianten som behandlar tre olika faser av tillväxt som uteslutande används mest. Anledningen till detta är at den är närmast tillväxtförfarandet i verkligheten. Kassa-flödesmodellerna bygger på komplexa antaganden som i hög grad påverkar värdet, de är alltså vridbara. De antaganden som påverkar värdet mest är: tillväxten, diskonteringsfaktorn och räntan. En ökning i tillväxtantagandet ökar värdet. Ökar diskonteringsfaktorn kommer värdet att minska. Räntan påverkar inte värdet i så stor utsträckning men förändringar i räntan påverkar andra antagandena. Kassaflödesmodellernas vridbarhet har bevisats begränsa användbarheten. Kassaflödesvärdering bör användas som ett komplement till andra värderingsmetoder.

  • 27490.
    Örn, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Bengtsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Att kommunicera vardagsmatematik: En kvalitativ studie över hur förskollärare hanterar matematisk kommunikation med de yngsta barnen och om vilka faktorer som kan påverka denna kommunikation.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27491.
    Örnbielke, Marisa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    ”Det är aldrig någon som sitter och läser en poesibok sådär”: En kvalitativ studie om poesins ställning i skolan samt dess möjligheter att utveckla elevers fantasi och kreativitet.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27492.
    Örnbielke, Marisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Tuominen, Alexandra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Poesi i grundskolans tidigare år: En studie om lärares och elevers attityder till poesi och om hur poesi kan bidra till elevers språkmedvetenhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturstudie kommer att behandla olika attityder till poesi samt hur poesiundervisning kan utveckla elevers språkmedvetenhet. I grundskolans undervisning tycks det vara så att poesi inte tillåts ta lika mycket plats som andra texttyper, något som troligen kommer sig av att lärare och elevers attityder till genren. Vi har därför valt att studera lärare och elevers attityder till poesi i skolan och om dessa attityder eventuellt medverkar till hur undervisningen i svenska utformas samt om poesi tilltalar elever och om den kan sägas bidra till deras läs- och skrivutveckling. Källurvalet i denna litteraturstudie består av tidskriftsartiklar och en rapport. Materialet är funnet med hjälp av internetbaserade söktjänster och har sedan analyserats, kategoriserats och bearbetats. I resultatet besvaras följande frågeställningar: Vilka attityder till poesi framträder hos lärare och elever i grundskolans tidigare år? Vad kan poesi i svenskundervisning för åren F-3 bidra med att utveckla för förmågor? Resultatet visar att språkmedvetenhet, elevers kreativitet och uttryck samt den egna identiteten kan utvecklas centrala utvecklingsmöjligheter hos elever som får ta del av poesi i undervisningen i svenska. Vår egna analys av resultatet är att lärares olika attityder kring poesin samt deras osäkerhet inför genren gör att de ofta avstår från att undervisa i ämnet vilket medför en fortsatt okunskap om vad poesi innebär för individen. Anläggs ett genusperspektiv på poesiläsning under grundskolans tidigare år visar det sig att även om pojkar anses ha en negativ inställning till poesi, ställer de sig positiva till arbetet när undervisningen är genomtänkt. Vidare visar resultatet att elever har en positiv inställning till att läsa och skriva poesi när de får uttrycka sig fritt och använda sig av sina egna erfarenheter, tankar och känslor.

  • 27493.
    Öst, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Söderström, Fanny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    När det privata blir offentligt: En kvalitativ studie om hur privatliv framställs i två kända bloggar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I bloggar hittar vi mängder av personlig information som berör både blogginnehavaren och dennes anhöriga, medvetet eller omedvetet. Den här studien avser att öka förståelsen för hur privatliv och personligt relaterad information framställs i två kända personers bloggar. Studien baseras på två bloggar skrivna av offentliga, kända personer - Alex Schulman och Pernilla Wahlgren. Han är en känd medieentreprenör och skribent, hon är en folkkär artist och sångerska från en teaterfamilj. Dessa bloggare är redan kända av allmänheten, något som gör att gränsen för vad som är privat och offentlig information blir väldigt suddig.

     

    Genom en kvalitativ textanalys i två steg, en beskrivande samt en tolkande textanalys, kommer resultatet visa vilka ämnen som tas upp i bloggarna. I den beskrivande analysen studeras texten, och teman som är unika för bloggarna genereras ur texterna. Därefter tolkas och studeras dessa teman i den tolkande textanalysen för att få en förståelse för den information som bloggarna lämnar ut.

     

    Med utgångspunkt i Privacy theory diskuteras vilken typ av personlig information som blogginnehavarna delar med sig utav. Utifrån resultatet av analysen visar studien att de ämnen som presenteras i bloggarna är följande: privat i offentligheten, vardagsreflektioner, självgranskning, känslouttryck, familjeliv och arbete och familj.

  • 27494.
    Östberg, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Syk, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Budget and Employment Effects of a Change in the Payroll tax: For the manufacturing sector2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is examining the effects of a decrease in the payroll tax and the responding effect on the state budget. The emphasis is on the change in the number of employments for the manufacturing sector as a result of a decrease in the payroll tax. In order to analyze the effect a decrease in payroll tax has on employment, the elasticity of labor demand has been calculated. The result of this regression is significant, and therefore it can be concluded that a change in the payroll tax will have an effect on employment in the manufacturing sector. Since elasticity of labor demand is inelastic, the change in payroll tax will have a small impact on employment. The results of various surveys conducted in other countries are consistent with the findings of this thesis.

  • 27495.
    Östberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Hartmann, Benjamin Julien
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Marketing and Logistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    The Return of the Living Dead: An Exploration of Brands in Liminal Market Space2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27496. Östberg, Olov
    et al.
    Holmgren, Dag
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Gunnarsson, Ewa
    Bord för arbete vid bildskärmsterminaler: en översikt1976Report (Other academic)
  • 27497. Östberg, Olov
    et al.
    Holmgren, Dag
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Whittington, C
    Mackay, C
    Granskning av fingeravtryck: Ett synergonomiskt problem1976Report (Other academic)
  • 27498.
    Östebo, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    Mina ord hettar munnen som wasabi: En lyrisk ansats till ett urval av samtida svensk hiphop2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to broaden the conception of hip-hop by putting the genre within a lyric frame of interpretation. The thesis describes the development and growth of hip-hop from a global and a Swedish perspective, and the commercialization of the genre. The thesis focuses on the construction of identity, and therefore the main theories will be based through postmodernism. Five Swedish contemporary hip-hop texts have been interpreted from various aspects such as thematic and rhythmic elements, imagery, level of style, and idiolect. In the discussion section, the postmodern tendencies are brought together with the results from the analysis where aspects such as the dissolution of fixed categories, the limitations of language and construction of identity are highlighted. The thesis shows that contemporary Swedish hip-hop can be categorized as partly postmodern and that a deepened understanding can be reached by placing hip-hop within a poetic tradition. 

  • 27499.
    Östebo, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ek, Magdalena
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Att sätta handtag på seriens språk: Hur en semiotisk serieanalys av två grafiska romaner kan utveckla elevers lässtrategier2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis has been to research comics as an adequate holder of knowledge, and therefore a possible didactic tool to develop students’ reading strate- gies in Swedish language classrooms. The thesis engages in the definition and societal status of comics and the possibilities and obstacles connected to reading the genre in schools. Focus has been on comics that fall into the category graphic novels, which are more extensive works of comics that tell an important story. Stand-alone-story and au- teur are also important concepts since they encompass comics that are not mass-pro- duced and where the creator is responsible for the entire creative process. To reach a better understanding of comics the thesis contains an analysis instrument based on se- miotics. The instrument is then used to analyse two graphic novels: Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi (2006) and Maus by Art Spiegelman (2009). Our analysis shows that through an in-depth deconstruction of comics, a greater understanding and critical ability can be reached. Finally we discuss the possibilities of using comics in all sub- jects, particularly in language classes.

  • 27500.
    Öster, Alexandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Alm, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The European Company: From a Swedish private company perspective2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development within the European Union is that we are heading towards a common internal market. The law has during the year become more harmo-nized within the Union in many areas.

    The company law within the European Union has become harmonized through several company law directives and the freedom of establishment, which is included in the EC Treaty.

    The aim of an internal market is about to be achieved, but there are still differences between the systems of law within the Member States. To avoid these differences within the area of company law a common European company type became reality in 2004, the European public limited-liability company.

    Companies within the European Union have the possibility to create a Euro-pean public limited-liability company (SE Company). The SE Company is mainly governed by the SE Regulation.

    The SE company has advantages like the possibility to move the registered office from one Member State to another without losing its legal personality. It can also make the company structure easier and relief administrative costs for a company with activity in the European Union.

    The company was supposed to be governed by one single set of rules, the SE Regulation, no matter where in the Union the company has its registered of-fice. This has not become reality since the SE Regulation on several occasions refers back to the national company law.

    The SE Company has not been a success, only a few SE companies have been created. The advantages do not seem to be that important reasons, the companies do not seem to think that it is worth the cost and the trouble to change type of company.

547548549550551552 27451 - 27500 of 27585
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