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  • 27401.
    Åkerman, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Sayfawi, Refel
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Etablering av MALDI-TOF MS och webbaserad referensdatabas för identifiering av dermatofyter och mögelsvamp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to establish Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry(MALDI-TOF MS) and the online database Mass Spectrometry identification platform(MSI) as a method for identification of dermatophytes and molds. The fungi were incubated 3 or 6 days aerobic in 30°C on Sabouraud dextrose agar. Two different extraction methods were used before analysis with MALDI-TOF MS. Spectra analyzed with Flexcontrol version 3.4 resulted in score values. The same spectra was later sent for analysis with MSI and the result obtained was seen as probability in percent. Of the original 23 samples a total of 22(95,6%) samples were identified after 3 or 6 days of incubation and by extraction method 1 or 2.  The MSI database was more comprehensive than the internal database, but did not use the current fungi names. The necessity of species identification can be questioned, since dermatophytes and molds within the same genera is treated the same way. Species identification for immunosuppressed patients could however be significant. The study was successful and the methods will be applied within a near future in the Clinical Microbiology laboratory in Halmstad.

  • 27402. Åkerman, Christina
    Utformning av matsal och trädgårdsrum på ett äldreboende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27403.
    Åkerman, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Assessment and tools for follow-up of patients' recovery after Intensive Care2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to describe and explore the use and content of ICU-diaries and to develop and psychometrically test a questionnaire to detect physical and psychosocial problems for ICU patients in their recovery process.

     Methods: This thesis is based on four studies. Study I had an explorative descriptive design with a quantitative and qualitative approach. Data were collected by telephone interviews with staff at Swedish ICUs (n = 65) which kept ICU-diaries. One question “what was the purpose of keeping ICU-diaries” was analysed with latent content analysis, and the other data were analysed with descriptive and comparative statistics. Study II had an explorative descriptive cohort design with a concurrent mixed method approach. The sample in study II was a part of the sample in study IV in which 421 former ICU patients responded to a new developed questionnaire 3-set 4P two months after discharge from ICU. Patients from this sample who have had an ICU-diary (n = 115) responded to a questionnaire six months after discharge from ICU. Fifteen patients were interviewed about the content and usefulness of the ICU-diary. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, descriptively by content and interviews with manifest content analysis and then combined at the interpretive level to seek convergence, as enable by the mixed method approach. Study III had a methodological design. In this study, the questionnaire 3-set 4P was developed and psychometrically tested in a pilot setting. In study IV, the questionnaire was further developed and tested based on psychometric evaluation of the 3-set 4P. In study III the questionnaire was responded by 39 patients and in study IV by 421 patients. Data in study III and IV were analysed with descriptive statistics and psychometrical tests.

     Results: The main purpose for keeping ICU-diaries was to provide a tool in the recovery by helping the patient remember and give time back. Keeping ICU-diaries was common although there was a difference in practice and patient recruitment among different hospitals (study I). An ICU-diary with content and photos in a chronological order describing the whole picture of critical illness and ICU stay could be a tool for the patient to construct a coherent individual story. The ICU-diary could be one piece to give a deeper understanding and meaning in the personal story and to give a realistic expectation of the recovery process. Absence of guidelines for keeping ICU-diaries could affect the possibility for the ICU-diary to be a helpful tool during the recovery process (study II). In study III, the 3-set 4P was developed to be used for identifying and evaluating former ICU patients’ physical, psychosocial problems and outcome during follow-up. The psychometrical tests showed acceptable validity and internal consistency reliability. The stability reliability was acceptable in two of three sets. The psychometrical tests of the further modified version of 3-set 4P in study IV showed good construct validity and internal consistency but it needs some modification before it can be used in clinical practice (study IV).

     Conclusion: Recovery can be a difficult process where different tools can be useful. Today there is no evidence about tools to use during follow-up. To promote high quality of the follow-up there is a need for evidence-based guidelines. The ICU-diary is one tool but this thesis shows that guidelines for keeping ICU-diaries have to be developed to meet the patients’ wishes in order for the ICU-diary to become a useful tool during the process to recovery. The 3-set 4P can after some modification be used at the follow-up clinic to identify the individual patient’s problems and create an individual program for recovery.

  • 27404.
    Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ersson, Anders
    Skåne University Hospital, Department of Intensive Care Medicine in Malmö, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Samuelson, Karin
    Division of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Preferred content and usefulness of a photodiary as described by ICU-patients-A mixed method analysis2013In: Australian Critical Care, ISSN 1036-7314, E-ISSN 1878-1721, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 29-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many ICU-patients have memory-gaps which may affect their recovery. A tool in the recovery can be an ICU-diary to explain and clarify thoughts and events from the ICU-period. There are different standards for the content in the ICU-diary. The aim of this study was to identify the preferred content and usefulness of an ICU-diary as described by ICU-patients.

    Method: a descriptive, exploratory cohort design with a mixed method approach. The patients answered a questionnaire (n=115) and participated in an interview (n=15) six months after the ICU-stay. Data analysis was carried out in three stages; the questionnaire was analysed by descriptive statistics and categorized by content (four open-ended questions) and the interviews were analysed by manifest content analysis.

    Results: The patients explained that detailed information about daily activities and medical facts had to be included to understand and give a sense of coherence of what had happened. The content in the ICU-diary had to be chronological in order to follow the process in which photos were an important part. The patients re-read the ICU-diary during the recovery which helped them to fill in the memory gaps and used it as a tool for communication.

    Conclusion; To construct a coherent story, it was essential that the ICU-diary was complete and were amplified by photos, all appearing in a chronological order. The results of this study could form a basis for further developments of standards and guidelines for ICU-diaries

  • 27405. Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Ersson, Anders
    Granberg-Axell, Anetth
    Development of the 3-SET 4P questionnaire for evaluating former ICU patients´physical and psychosocial problems over time: a pilot study2009In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 80-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current studies reveal a lack of consensus for the evaluation of physical and psychosocial problems after ICU stay and their changes over time.

    Objectives: The aim was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of a questionnaire for assessing physical and psychosocial problems over time for patients following ICU recovery.

    Patients: Thirty-nine patients completed the questionnaire, 17 were retested.

    Methods and results: The questionnaire was constructed in three sets: physical problems, psychosocial problems and follow-up care. Face and content validity were tested by nurses, researchers and patients. The questionnaire showed good construct validity in all three sets and had strong factor loadings (explained variance >70%, factor loadings >0.5) for all three sets. There was good concurrent validity compared with the SF 12 (rs > 0.5). Internal consistency was shown to be reliable (Cronbach's α 0.70–0.85). Stability reliability on retesting was good for the physical and psychosocial sets (rs > 0.5).

    Conclusion: The 3-set 4P questionnaire was a first step in developing an instrument for assessment of former ICU patients’ problems over time. The sample size was small and thus, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

  • 27406.
    Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Samuelson, Karin
    Baigi, Amir
    Ersson, Anders
    Psychometric evaluation of 3-set 4P questionnaire2013In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 40-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a further development of a specific questionnaire, the 3-set 4P, to be used for measuring former ICU patients’ physical and psychosocial problems after ICU and the need for follow-up. The aim was to psychometrically test and evaluate the 3-set 4P questionnaire in a larger population. The questionnaire consists of three sets: “physical”, “psychosocial” and “follow-up”. The questionnaires were sent by mail to all patients with >24 hour length of stay at four ICUs in Sweden. Construct validity was measured with exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation resulting in “physical set” three factors, “psychosocial set” five factors and “follow-up set” four factors with strong factor loadings and a total explained variance of 62 - 77.5%. Thirteen questions in the SF-36 were used for concurrent validity showing Spearman’s rs 0.3-0.6 in eight and <0.2 in five questions. Test-retest was used for stability reliability. In set follow-up the correlation was strong to moderate and in physical and psychosocial sets the correlations were moderate to fair. This could be due to that the physical and psychosocial status changed rapidly during the test period. All three sets had good homogeneity. In conclusion, the 3-set 4P showed overall acceptable results, but it has to be further modified in different cultures before being an instrument which may be fully operational in clinical practice.

     

  • 27407. Åkerman, Eva
    et al.
    Granberg-Axéll, Anetth
    Ersson, Anders
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Bergbom, Ingegerd
    Use and practice of patient diaries in Swedish intensive care units: a national survey2010In: Nursing in Critical Care, ISSN 1362-1017, E-ISSN 1478-5153, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 26-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To describe and compare the extent and application of patients' diaries in Sweden.

    Background: Since 1991, patient diaries have been used in intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up in Sweden. There is paucity of relevant data evaluating the effect of this tool and also on what premises patients are enrolled. Likewise, data are sparse on the diaries' design, content structure and the use of photographs.

    Design: Descriptive explorative design by a semi-structured telephone interview.

    Methods: The interview results were analysed with descriptive statistics and differences between the ICU levels were explored by χ2 analysis. Qualitative manifest content analysis was performed to explore the purpose of diary writing.

    Results: Of all ICUs (n = 85), 99% responded and 75% used diaries. The source of inspiration was collegial rather than from scientific data. The main reason for keeping a diary was to help the patient to recapitulate the ICU stay. Discrepancies between the different levels of ICUs were detected in patient selection, dedicated staff for follow-up and the use of photographs. Comparison between the χ2 analysis and the content analysis outcome displayed incongruence between the set unit-goals and the activities for achievement but did not explain the procedural differences detected.

    Conclusion: The uses of diaries in post ICU follow up were found to be common in Sweden. A majority used defined goals and content structure. However, there were differences in practice and patient recruitment among the levels of ICUs. These discrepancies seemed not to be based on evidence-based data nor on ongoing research or evaluation but merely on professional judgement. As ICU follow-up is resource intense and time consuming, it is paramount that solid criteria for patient selection and guidelines for the structure and use of diaries in post-ICU follow-up are defined.

  • 27408. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    A search for multiplicity fluctuations in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions1990In: Physics Letters, no 252, p. p 303-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27409. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    A search for weakly interacting neutral particles in missing energy events in 450 GeV/c pN collisions1991In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 52, p. p 219-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27410. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    A study of electron-muon pair production in 450 GeV/c pBe collisions1996In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 72, p. p 429-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27411. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    An emulsion study of 16O and 32S interactions at 200 GeV per nucleon selected by transverse energy1990In: Nuclear Physics, no 342, p. 279-301Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27412. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Charged-particle multiplicity distributions in oxygen-nucleus collisions at 60 and 200 GeV per nucleon1990In: Nuclear Physics, no 333, p. 48-65Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27413. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Diffraction dissociation of nuclei in 450 GeV/c proton-nucleus collisions1991In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 49, p. p 355-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27414. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Inclusive negative particle p^ spectra in p-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon1990In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 46, p. 361-367Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27415. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Inclusive photon production in pA and AA collisions at 200 GeV/u1990In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 46, p. 369-375Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27416. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Kaon production in 200 GeV/nucleon nucleus-nucleus collisions1992In: Physics Letters, no 296, p. p 273-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27417. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Low-mass lepton-pair production in p-Be collisions at 450 GeV/c1995In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 68, p. p 43-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27418. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Measurement of the transverse energy flow in nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon1991In: Nuclear Physics, no 353, p. p 1-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27419. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Proton distributions in the target fragmentation region in proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energies1992In: Zeitschrift für Physik, no 53, p. p 183-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27420. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    The transverse energy distribution of 32S -nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon1988In: Physics Letters, no 214, p. 295-302Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 27421. Åkesson,
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Transverse energy measurements in proton-nucleus interactions at high energy1993In: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 239-249Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27422.
    Åkesson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Storck, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vi har gjort en egen variant: En kvalitativ studie om hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme vid utredning av blivande familjehem. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med olika familjehemssekreterare har genomförts och analyserats. Analysen av resultatet visade att familjehemssekreterarna upplever sitt handlingsutrymme som stort men att olika faktorer upplevdes begränsande. Exempelvis uppfattades tid och resurser som en begräsning. Familjehemssekreterarna kunde se vissa utmaningar i utredningsarbetet till exempel att det inte finns fler lämpliga utredningsmetoder. Det visas också i studiens resultat att familjehemssekreterarna är ambivalenta i sitt förhållningssätt till ökad eller minskad styrning. De kan både se nyttan i ett stort handlingsutrymme men även vissa risker i att bedömningarna kan bli för färgade av deras värderingar och erfarenheter.

  • 27423.
    Åkesson, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Magdalena, Johansson
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Marko, Vidovic
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sömnsituationen hos patienter med hjärtsvikt: - En kvantitativ litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27424. Åkesson, K
    et al.
    Tompa, Andrea
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Rydén, A
    Faresjö, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Low expression of CD39+/CD45RA+ on regulatory T cells (Treg) cells in type 1 diabetic children in contrast to high expression of CD101+/CD129+ on Treg cells in children with coeliac disease2014In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 180, p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and coeliac disease are both characterized by an autoimmune feature. As T1D and coeliac disease share the same risk genes, patients risk subsequently developing the other disease. This study aimed to investigate the expression of T helper (Th), T cytotoxic (Tc) and regulatory T cells (Treg) in T1D and/or coeliac disease children in comparison to healthy children. Subgroups of T cells (Th:CD4+ or Tc:CD8+); naive (CD27+CD28+CD45RA+CCR7+), central memory (CD27+CD28+CD45RA-CCR7+), effector memory (early differentiated; CD27+CD28+CD45RA-CCR7- and late differentiated; CD27-CD28-CD45RA-CCR7-), terminally differentiated effector cells (TEMRA; CD27-CD28-CD45RA+CCR7-) and Treg (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+CD127-) cells, and their expression of CD39, CD45RA, CD101 and CD129, were studied by flow cytometry in T1D and/or coeliac disease children or without any of these diseases (reference group). Children diagnosed with both T1D and coeliac disease showed a higher percentage of TEMRA CD4+ cells (P<0·05), but lower percentages of both early and late effector memory CD8+ cells (P<0·05) compared to references. Children with exclusively T1D had lower median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) (P<0·05) and also a lower percentage of CD39+ and CD45RA+ within the Treg population (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+CD127-) (P<0·05). Children with exclusively coeliac disease had a higher MFI of CD101 (P<0·01), as well as a higher percentage of CD129+ (P<0·05), in the CD4+CD25hi lymphocyte population, compared to references. In conclusion, children with combined T1D and coeliac disease have a higher percentage of differentiated CD4+ cells compared to CD8+ cells. T1D children show signs of low CD39+/CD45RA+ Treg cells that may indicate loss of suppressive function. Conversely, children with coeliac disease show signs of CD101+/CD129+ Treg cells that may indicate suppressor activity.

  • 27425.
    Åkesson, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Ryhov City Hospital, Jönköping.
    Hanberger, Lena
    Linköping University Hospital.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    Linköping University Hospital.
    The influence of age, gender, insulin dose, BMI, and blood pressure on metabolic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes2015In: Pediatric Diabetes, ISSN 1399-543X, E-ISSN 1399-5448, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 581-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    To explore the relationship between certain clinical variables and metabolic HbA1c at diagnosis correlated to HbA1c at follow-up (p < 0.001). There was a clear gender difference regarding HbA1c. Girls had higher values both at diagnosis and at follow-up (p < 0.001). Girls also had lower BMI and pH at diagnosis than boys (p < 0.001). In contrast, girls with the highest body mass index (BMI) at follow-up had higher mean HbA1c at follow-up in 2010 (p < 0.001). Having a mother and/or a father with high BMI implied higher HbA1c at diagnosis (p < 0.003).

    Conclusions

    HbA1c at diagnosis seems to predict metabolic control years later. There is a gender difference at diagnosis as female patients have higher HbA1c than males at diagnosis as well as at follow up. As metabolic control is very much correlated to complications there is a need to early identify patients at risk of poor metabolic control. Even though we do not know whether a high HbA1c level is mainly due to severity of the disease or to behavioral patterns, new ways to treat and support these children, especially girls, are needed.

  • 27426.
    Åkesson, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Löves, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    ROM och balans efter aktivitet hos aktiva personer med ankelinstabilitet vid användning av sporttejp och ankelortos2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27427.
    Åkesson, Stina
    Jönköping University.
    Närmiljön som både plats och objekt för lärandet: En kvantitativ studie kring lärares angivelser om utomhuspedagogik i matematik-undervisningen i årskurs 4-62016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27428.
    Åman, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindfors, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lukt- och smakförändringar: vid cancerbehandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27429.
    Åman, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Att läsa och berätta - gör förskolan rolig och lärorik2010Report (Other academic)
  • 27430.
    Åman, Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Kroksmark, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Forskning i skolan – forskande lärare - lärares uppfattningar av begreppet vetenskaplig grund [Research-based teaching - Teacher as researcher - Teachers' understanding of the concept of research-based teaching]2018In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 199-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how primary school teachers understand the concept of research-based teaching. The data is collected through qualitative research interviews and analyzed via life-world phenomenology. The study's overall conclusion is that teachers are complacent about research-based knowledge or exclude it from their teaching. The result shows five different dimensions; external, internal, relational, conscious critical and unconscious. The two categories of internal and relational dimension can characterize the meaning of teacher as researcher. These two categories show teachers understanding and being an example that a practice paradigm of research-based teaching is under development. 

  • 27431.
    Ånfors, Fanny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Haglund, Kajsa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Elevers förståelse för platsvärde i matematik: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27432. Åsa, Fasth
    et al.
    Lundholm, Thomas
    Stahre, Johan
    Dencker, Kerstin
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Bruch, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Designing proactive assembly systems: Criteria and interaction between automation, information, and competence2009In: Proceedings of the 42nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Grenoble, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing customisation of products results in decreasing production batch sizes, especially in the final assembly. Industry must therefore increase their capability to handle smaller batches as well as radically decrease set up time between different product groups and new products. This paper suggests the need for further development, primarily addressing time parameters in dynamically changing assembly systems. We propose customer demands and decrease non value-adding tasks. In proactive assembly systems, the full and complementary potential of human operators and technical systems is utilised. Criteria for proactivity in assembly systems are reviewed from automation, information, and competence perspectives.

  • 27433.
    Åsa, Hirsh
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Holmberg, Per
    Gothenburg University.
    Samuelsson, Johan
    Skolforskningsinstitutet.
    Wallin, Johan
    Skolforskningsinstitutet.
    Feedback i skrivundervisningen: Systematisk översikt 2018:012018Report (Refereed)
  • 27434.
    Åsforsen, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Oldengård, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nilsson, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leader – Employee Exchange: A review of trust and relationships at IVT2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27435.
    Åskregn, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    BIM i medelstora byggentreprenadföretag: BIM in medium sized building construction companies2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report has a focus on Building Information Models (BIM), an IT-technical tool- and workmethod that have emerged increasingly in the construction industry in recent years. How this IT tool is used in medium-sized building construction companies is presented in this report.The purpose of the report is to promote positive development towards more efficient and resource-efficient work processes in the construction industry by providing knowledge on how the use of BIM exists among these companies, why it is the way it is, if BIM is needed and what can change the current status in any direction.The work-method has consisted of literature studies and interview surveys.The work began with studies of reports and texts related to BIM and interviews with representatives of leading construction industry companies and a couple of industry organizations with focus on BIM. This was followed by continued literary studies focused on change and change management, survey and interview techniques. This work led to various basic theories and explanatory models as the basis for and the design of the interview questions asked at the main interviews.The main interviews was conducted with eleven medium-sized building construction companies and gave a result that showed that companies generally looked at BIM as something positive with advantages such as easier communication and as a means to reduce errors in production. The result also brought some light to the fact that there existed challenges like software compatibility and dependency between the parties involved in the project, which means that for the technology to be able to provide wanted benefits all parties involved have to use the workmethod.The reasons for the low usage among medium sized construction contractors was several, the most common was the lack of demands of the clients. The reasons were also the absence of need, costly investments, competing objectives, compatibility issues with software and lack of knowledge of BIM.In order to promote a greater usage of BIM it is proposed that the technical obstacles are eliminated through standardization and development of the processing method and software, it is also proposed that the competing objectives are eliminated by spreading and increasing knowledge of BIM in the industry, both amongst entrepreneurs, -to promote good staff training so that the staff will want to work with the technology, and amongst construction clients, -so that they start asking for BIM and thereby provide the technology with a competitive edge.

  • 27436. Åstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Mannergren, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Lärarkandidaters klassificering och bedömning av texter avsedda för mellanstadiets elevers upplevelseläsning1973Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27437. Åstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    Mannergren, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Mellanstadieelevers upplevelser vid läsning av fiktionslitteratur1973Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27438.
    Åström, Frida Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Khetani, Mary
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure: Swedish Cultural Adaptation2018In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 329-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To culturally adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) for use by caregivers of Swedish children with and without disabilities, aged 2–5 years.

    Methods: Thirteen cognitive interviews and two focus groups with caregivers of children with and without disabilities were conducted to evaluate the cultural relevance of YC-PEM content for use in Sweden. Per participant feedback, a revised version of the Swedish YC-PEM was created and pilot tested with caregivers of children with disabilities (n = 11) and children with typical development (n = 22).

    Results: User feedback informed content revisions to 7% of items. Internal consistency estimates of the Swedish YC-PEM pilot version were acceptable and ranged from .70 to .92 for all but two of the YC-PEM scales. Mean percentage agreement between raters ranged from 47% to 93% across YC-PEM scales for inter-rater, and 44% to 86% for test-retest. One of twelve YC-PEM scales revealed significant group differences between young children with and without disabilities.

    Conclusions: This study contributes preliminary evidence for the use of some scales within a culturally adapted YC-PEM in Sweden. Further validation with larger samples will allow for parametric testing to evaluate its psychometric properties.

  • 27439.
    Åström, Jessica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Vitesklausuler: En begränsning av ersättningsansvaret2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Penalty clauses is a term that can be put in an agreement and is an amount that shall be paid by a part of the agreement if they cause any damage to the other part by breaking the agreement. Penalty clauses have since around 100 years ago had a quite clear meaning in Sweden according to a lot of authors. These authors have the opinion that penalty clauses is an exclusive judgment of the compensation the victim has right to, that means that if the parties have put a lower amount in the clause the victim won’t get full coverage for the damages caused by the other party. That the penalty clause is an exclusive judgment of the victims right to compensation means that the victim doesn’t have the right to request other compensation above the compensation in the clause if nothing else is stated in the clause.

    A penalty clause may be viewed as a complement to compensation you get according to The Tort Liability Act (1972:206) where it is often difficult to obtain full compensation for damages when it is required that a number of conditions are to be met for damages deleted. It is often difficult to obtain warrants for losses that are not directly connected with the damage itself but still caused by the injury.

    In this paper I have focused on NJA 2010 s. 629 and the implications this case has had on the assessment of liquidated damages clauses. In NJA 2010 s. 629 the Supreme Court takes up that there is no general rule to use in the assessment of liquidated damages clauses. The Supreme Court in NJA 2010 s. 629 statues that a penalty clause should be assessed individually based on the circumstances of the case, it means that a penalty clause can not always be seen as a limitation of the right of the victim. To make an assessment on an individual case, all the facts are reviewed and a more reliable assessment of the particular cases deemed to be made. 

  • 27440.
    Åström, Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Saliba, Diala
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Vad omfattas av undantaget för försäkringstjänster i 3 kapitlet 10 § mervärdesskattelagen?: 2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

  • 27441.
    Åsén Pettersson, Emily
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Ylving, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    När hjärtat brister: Förskolepedagoger syn på sin trygghet och verksamhetens förutsättningar för att upptäcka sexuella övergrepp på barn, samt deras förhållningsätt gällande orosanmälan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har tre fokusgruppintervjuer hållits med totalt 10 yrkesverksamma pedagoger i förskolan, i en svensk medelstor kommun. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förskolepedagogerna resonerar kring ämnet sexuella övergrepp mot barn, samt undersöka pedagogernas resonemang kring orosanmälan till socialtjänsten. Utifrån fokusgruppintervjuerna framkom fyra huvudteman: organisation, att upptäcka, kollegialt stöd samt anmäla eller inte anmäla, vilka delades in i 10 underteman.

    De mest framträdande resultaten visar att förskolepedagogerna saknar rutiner för att upptäcka barn som utsätts för sexuella övergrepp. Det visade sig också att stödet från organisationen och rektorn är av stor betydelse för att en orosanmälan skall göras samt för att öka pedagogernas kunskap gällande sexuella övergrepp mot barn. För att hantera känslomässigt jobbiga situationer som kan uppstå i samband med misstanke om sexuella övergrepp, visade resultatet att kollegorna finner en viktig roll för varandra, där en kollegial dialog används flitigt. Resultatet visade också att en fungerande samverkan med socialtjänsten kan bidra till att en orosanmälan görs och att samverkan är viktig för pedagogernas trygghet.

    Resultaten analyseras med hjälp av tidigare forskning och institutionell teori där begreppet handlingsutrymme är i fokus.

  • 27442.
    Çevik, Müge
    et al.
    Sabancı Üniversitesi, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Kasap, Nihat
    Sabancı Üniversitesi, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Sosyal Medya Analitiği [Social Media Analytics]: Twitter için Büyük Veri Yaklaşımı [Big Data Approach for Twitter]2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [tr]

    Bu çalışma, büyük veri analizini sosyal medya araştırmalarında kullanımı için yöntem önerisinde bulunmaktadır. Büyük veri araştırmalarında, tümden gelim ya da tüme varım yerine alternatif olarak “abduction” yaklaşımı kullanılabilir (Kitchin, 2014). Bu yaklaşımda veri, en iyi açıklamanın çıkarılması açısından araştırmanın başlangıcından sonuçlanmasına kadar geçen her aşamada dikkat edilmesi gereken önemli bir unsurdur. Sosyal medya araştırmalarında veri hacmi büyüklüğü ve verinin oluşum hızının yüksekliği sebebiyle, büyük veri analizi benimsenen yöntemler arasında öne çıkmaktadır (Jacob, 2009). Bu bağlamda, sosyal medya araştırmalarında analitik ve yapısal bir yöntemin takip edilmesi, araştırmaların ve çıktılarının bilimsel niteliğinin korunması açısından önem taşımaktadır. Çalışmamızın amacı, sosyal medya analitiğine örnek oluşturmak ve özellikle Twitter analizi için büyük veri analizine dayanan bir araştırma yöntemi önerisinde bulunmaktır.

  • 27443. Öberg, Erik
    Upplysta män eller svamlare i mörkret?: En kvalitativ studie av reseberättelser om Kina och Java på 1750-talet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27444.
    Öberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Björmsjö, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Koll på SOX: En fallstudie av implementeringen av SAP GRC Version 10  inom delar av ABB-koncernen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master Thesis in Business Administration within the Civilekonomprogram at Jönköping International Business School

    Title                                   Keeping track of SOX – A case study of the implementation of SAP GRC Version 10 in parts of the ABB Group

    Authors                              Lars Björmsjö, Jacob Öberg

    Tutor                                                        Gunnar Rimmel

    Subject terms            GRC, internal control, SAP, Sarbanes-Oxley Act

    Abstract

    Background (and problem): In the reflections of the accountings scandals that occurred in the beginning of this millennium, legislations have tightened to prevent this kind of event to reoccur. Legislations like SOX provide clear directives on how companies should strengthen their internal controls. Compliance with SOX is a costly affair when, they place heavy demands on internal controls and systems to manage the increased controls. Problem discussion to this thesis is based on the requirements to comply with SOX and how an international company can use a tool like SAP GRC to meet the stricter requirements 

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to conduct a case study on how the process behind the implementation of SAP GRC version 10 looks in a multi-national company such as ABB and the role played by SOX in the implementation process.

    Delimitations: The authors have chosen to delimitate thesis merely to look at the implementation of SAP GRC, and do not look at other players at the market, nor their GRC solutions. Furthermore, the authors have chosen to only look at the implementation of SAP GRC at ABB in the United Kingdom.

    Method: The study has only a qualitative approach. The study is a case study which means that personal contact in the form of telephone interviews has been the only method to gather data for empirical choose of the authors.

    Results and Conclusions: The authors' conclusion of the study acknowledges that SOX has a very important role in the implementation of SAP GRC, and is the main reason for the implementation. Furthermore, it has emerged that the implementation is a very comprehensive work, which is very costly in both monetary and time measures. However the authors have concluded that implementing SAP GRC is the most efficient and cost effective way to comply with SOX from an ABB perspective.

    Discussion: According to the authors opinion there are a few areas for improvement in the use of GRC at ABB, in order to get the most out of the tool and to streamline the management of risks. Due to the lack of current research within the field, the authors would find it very interesting if a scientifically based definition of GRC would be investigated.

     

  • 27445.
    Öberg, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Att bygga vidare - Ett exempel på didaktisk forskning i klassrummet2014In: 14 röster kring samhällsstudier och didaktik / [ed] Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Samhällsstudier & didaktik , 2014, p. 187-228Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27446.
    Öberg, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Samhällskunskapens dimensioner: Tio lärare ramar in sitt ämne2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research in social studies didactics is to examine what teachers in social studies perceive as the most important influencing factors for the transformation from social studies as school subject to social studies as classroom teaching, based on didactic questions as; What?, How? and Why?, and how this is perceived has changed over a period of about twenty years or more.

    The study is based on the hermeneutic-phenomenological life-world approach, where phenomenological description and hermeneutic interpretation are central. The empirical data consist of interviews with ten teachers in social studies with extensive professional experience in lower secondary school, upper secondary school or adult education.

    The result is thematically based on inspiration from frame factor theory in four dimensions of influencing factors, which are; The personal dimension, The didactic dimension, The governing dimension and The societal dimension. Each of these dimensions is divided into a number of variations. The dimensions are designed on the principle of the personally close to the societal distanced. In addition to these dimensions, an aspect of these is added. It is The pupil aspect, whose content pupils as influencing factor. The teachers in the study never talk about pupils and their influence on the teaching without connection to any of the four dimensions.

    Conclusions drawn in the study is that the ten teachers all have very different stories about what they perceive as the most important influencing factors. Some places the greatest emphasis on their personal background or personal interests. Others focus more on didactic ideas, on policy documents or on the economical and organizational framework. The study also shows that all the teachers have one or two dominant dimensions as most visible, that also affects the way they talk about the other dimensions. The teachers’ stories also show that they perceive that the teaching and what impact this change appreciably over time.

    The study’s most important contribution is perhaps that it exemplifies theoretical perspectives, for an example highlighting that the frame factor theoretical scaffolding must be adapted to the specific study and its issues and research materials.

  • 27447. Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    A Complete Energy Dissipation Model for Wireless Sensor Networks2007In: Proceedings of the international conference on sensor technologies and applications, SENSORCOMM, Valencia, Spain, October 14-20, 2007, IEEE , 2007, p. 531-540Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27448.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Link Quality-Aided Flooding: A Simple Protocol for Efficient Flooding in Wireless Sensor Networks2006In: Proceedings of Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop 2006, October 26-27, 2006, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet , 2006, p. 93-96Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless sensor networks provide distributed sensing and processing to a wide range of applications that operate in different environments. The sensor nodes are small in size, inexpensive, resource constrained and usually densely deployed in the target area. To be able to perform their intended duties, one of which is relaying information to other nodes in the network, a routing protocol is needed. In this paper we present an efficient flooding protocol called link quality-aided flooding (LQAF) with a new dynamic delay function. The dynamic delay function uses the link quality to decide the rebroadcasting delay. This lowers the contention of the wireless medium and also reduces some unnecessary transmissions. The results show that the number of rebroadcasting nodes are lower using this protocol when compared to the other methods used. However, in low density networks the reachability of LQAF is lower than the other methods. But as the network density increases so does the reachability and in high density networks the reachability is close to one. It is also shown that this protocol has the lowest energy consumption compared with the other protocols. These results make it a good candidate for dense wireless networks with resource constrained nodes.

  • 27449.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Poster Abstract: A Complete Energy Model for Wireless Sensor Networks2006In: European conference on Wireless Sensor Networks 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27450.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Prioritising bad links for fast and efficient flooding in wireless sensor networks2007In: Proceedings of the international conference on sensor technologies and applications, SENSORCOMM 2007, Valencia, Spain, October 14-20, 2007, IEEE , 2007, p. 118-126Conference paper (Refereed)
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