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  • 251.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wigren, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    Friedrich, Chris
    Visser, Kobus
    Triple Helix Networks in a Multicultural Context: Triggers and Barriers for Fostering Growth and Sustainability2008In: Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1084-9467, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 77-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with Triple Helix (university, industry and government co-operation) from an institutional theory perspective. The empirical context is the Western Cape Region in South Africa and the focus is entrepreneurship development. The purpose is twofold: first, the existing Triple Helix model is adapted to the South African context; and second, facilities and impediments for working according to Triple Helix in South Africa are identified. The empirical material consists of a survey and three longitudinal case studies illustrating the degree of co-operation between the three parties. The article contributes to knowledge about how the Triple Helix model works on a regional level in a developing country. The study draws the following conclusions: when co-operation is to be identified between the three actors, only two of the three are involved; one missing link in the Triple Helix model is the focus on the entrepreneur; co-operation between the three parties are incidental rather than planned and there is lack of structure. In turn, some of these conclusions may be an effect of institutional changes on a national level. For a normative legacy, the article proposes a set of suggestions for incorporating all relevant parties on a practical level.

  • 252.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    Visser, Kobus
    Ethnic entrepreneurship in a multicultural context: regional development and the unintended lock-in effects2009In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 449-472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on South Africa, the home country for several ethnic groups. In this article ethnic entrepreneurship refers to people who share a common national background with some shared culture and who perceive themselves, and are perceived by others as separate (Waldinger et al., 1990; Yinger, 1998). The purpose is to illustrate how ethnicity driven laws and directives formed by a government that has "bought into" the Western discourse of entrepreneurship and a traditional view on ethnic entrepreneurship create lock-in effects on the individual as well as on the societal levels. Contrasting these views with ethnic groups as social organizations and the three perspectives of culture as integration, as differentiation, and as fragmentation we fulfill our purpose. The South African context is introduced to the reader and the paper ends with a discussion where lock-in effects of ethnic entrepreneurship are brought up: institutional factors, loss of knowledge; a subcultural exchange, a transfer of the Western discourse of entrepreneurship and the lack of a Barthian change agent representing the fragmentation perspective.

  • 253.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Visser, Kobus
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    Solomon, Goosain
    Friedrich, Chris
    A Misson Impossible?: A Tri-Partite Co-Operation in an International Context: An Institutional perspective2005In: The 5th International Entrepreneurship Forum, Cape Town, South Africa, 7th - 9th September 2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wigren, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Visser, Kobus
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    Solomon, Goosain
    Friedrich, Chris
    A Misson Impossible?: A Tri-Partite Co-Operation in an International Context: An Institutional perspective2006In: Proceedings of the Ethiopia Triple Helix Conference, May 29 - 31, 2006, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 255.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wigren, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Visser, Kobus
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    Solomon, Goosain
    Friedrich, Chris
    Triple Helix Networks in a Multi-Cultural Context: Triggers and Barriers for Fostering Growth and Sustainability2005In: Presented at the Scandinavian Academy of Management Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, August 2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Formation and Change of a Network in the Swedish Insurance Industry: The Case of a Small Firm's Strategic Network2001In: 17th Annual IMP Conference in Oslo, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Handelsbanken and Internet Banking2007In: Organizational Identity in Practice, London: Routledge , 2007, p. 63-78Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 258.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Identity and Strategic Change During an Acquisition Process: Micro processes around Handelsbanken’s Acquisition of Stadshypotek2003In: EGOS 19th Colloquium in Copenhagen, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Identity Dynamics in a Christian Newspaper: The Case of Dagen2007In: 18th Nordic Conference for Media and Communication Research, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 260.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Identity Dynamics in Christian Newspapers2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Internationalisation as a Learning Process in Entrepreneurial SMEs1999In: Entrepreneurial Knowledge and Learning: Conceptual advances and directions for future research / [ed] Carlo Salvato, Per Davidsson & Anders Persson, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 1999Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Managing the Dynamics of Strategic Change and a Strong Identity: The Case of the Swedish Bank Handelsbanken2003In: Strategic Management Society 23rd Annual International Conference in Baltimore, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Organisational Self-understanding and the Strategy Process: Strategy Dynamics in Scania and Handelsbanken2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the role of organisational self-understanding in strategy processes. The concept of organisational self-understanding denotes members’ understanding of their organisation’s identity. The study illustrates that strategy processes in companies are processes of self-understanding. During strategy making, strategic actors engage in the interpretation of their organisation’s identity. This self-understanding provides guidance for strategic action while it at the same time implies understanding strategic action from the past.

    Organisational self-understanding is concerned with the maintenance of institutional integrity. In order to achieve this, those aspects of selfunderstanding that have become particularly institutionalised need to develop in a continuous manner. Previous literature on strategy and organisational identity has put too much emphasis on the stability/change dichotomy. The present study shows that it is possible to maintain continuity even in times of change. Such continuity can be established by avoiding strategic action that is perceived as disruptive with regard to self-understanding and by providing interpretations of the past that make developments over time appear as free from ruptures. Self-understanding is hence an inherently historical phenomenon.

    Empirically, this study is based on in-depth case studies of strategy processes in two large Swedish companies, namely the truck manufacturer Scania and the bank Handelsbanken. In each of the companies, three strategic themes in which organisational self-understanding has become particularly salient are studied.

  • 264.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Organisationers självförståelse i strategiprocessen2008In: Att förstå strategi: Process och kontext, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, p. 101-126Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 265.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Scania's bonneted trucks2007In: Organizational Identity in Practice, London: Routledge , 2007, p. 19-34Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 266.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    SMEs in Strategic Networks: The Example of Swedish Entrepreneurs Re-organising Insurance Distribution2000In: RENT XIV Conference in Prague, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Strategic Networks - Deliberate and Emergent?2002In: Networks and Business Renewal / [ed] Henrik Agndal and Björn Axelsson, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 268.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    The Dynamics of Strategic Change and a Strong Identity: The Case of Handelsbanken2003In: 7th International Conference on Corporate Reputation, Identity and Competitiveness in Manchester, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Translating Strategic Change in Companies with Strong Identities: The Dynamics of Identity and Strategic Change at Scania and Handelsbanken2004In: EGOS 20th Colloquium in Ljubljana, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Using history in organizations: How managers make purposeful reference to history in strategy processes2009In: Journal of Organizational Change Management, ISSN 0953-4814, E-ISSN 1758-7816, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 8-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to explore how organizational actors make reference to history and how they use historical reference purposefully in order to affect strategy-making. The paer draws on in-depth case studies on two Swedish MNCs. Data have been collected through 79 interviews as well as participant observation and archival studies. The paper shows that organizational actors purposefully construct and use history in order to establish continuity in strategy processes. the use of historical references legitimizes or delegitimizes specific strategic options.

  • 271.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Using history in the strategy process.: How managers establish continuity by purposeful reference to history.2006In: Strategic Management Society 26th Annual International Conference in Vienna., 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ericson, Mona
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Helin, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Growth Histories: How high-growth family firms relate to company history2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Garvi, Miriam
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    The Dynamics of Power and Identity in Strategy Processes: The Case of Two Venture Capital Firms2002In: EGOS 18th Colloquium in Barcelona, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 274.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Gustafsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Entrepreneurial Processes in the Old- and in the New Economy: A Cultural Perspective2001In: EGOS 17th Colloquium in Lyon, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Helin, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Kjellander, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Corporate Museums as Creators of Organizational Memory2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 276.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Helin, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Kjellander, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Corporate Museums, Memoralization and Organizational Memory2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Continuity in Chage: Strategy dynamics in two Swedish multinationals2007In: Strategic Management Society 27th Annual International Conference in San Diego, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 278.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Continuity in Change: Path Dependence and Transformation in Two Swedish Multinationals2009In: The Hidden Dynamics of Path Dependence: Institutions and Organizations / [ed] Georg Screyögg & Jörg Sydow, Houndmills: Palgrave , 2009, 1, p. 94-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Continuity in change: Path dependence and transformation in two Swedish multinationals2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Divergent Business Recipes - Internationalization Strategies in the Swedish Banking Sector2001In: EIBA 27th Annual Meeting in Paris, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Board Composition and Strategic Change: Some Findings from Family Firms and Venture Capital Backed Firms2001In: Corporate Governance in SMEs / [ed] Morten Huse, Hans Landström, Halmstad: Scandinavian Institute for Research in Entrepreneurship (SIRE) , 2001, p. 45-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Corporate Governance and Strategic Change in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: The Influence of Ownership, Board and Managerial Characteristics2000In: RENT XIV Conference in Prague, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 283.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ownership Structure, Board Composition and Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Family Firms and Venture-Capital Backed Firms2004In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 10, no 1/2, p. 85-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate how ownership structure, especially family and/or venture-capital involvement, as well as entrepreneurial activities, defined as strategic change and renewal, help explain the involvement of independent members on boards of directors. The CEOs of 2,455 small and medium-sized, private enterprises from practically all industries were contacted in a telephone survey, resulting in an exceptionally high response rate. The findings reveal that family firms are more reluctant to involve independent directors on their boards than non-family firms that presence of venture capitalists increases the frequency of independent board members and that ownership has an impact on board roles. The results do not support the hypothesised relationship that independent directors enhance entrepreneurial activities. One implication of our study is that the often-argued-for strategic contribution of outsiders to the boards in family firms may be overemphasised. Another implication is that family firms that choose to acquire additional capital should be aware that this could result in a change in the board composition and the loss of control of the business. However, new and external owners’ inclusion on the board seems to be negotiable since there are also venture capitalists that do not insist on board representation.

  • 284.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Corporate Governance and Strategic Change in Small Firms: Untangling and Combining the Effects of Ownership, Board Structure and Top Management Teams2005In: Workshop Governance and Entrepreneurship: Merging Economic and Managerial Perspectives at the Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Corporate governance and strategic change in SMEs: The effect of ownership, board composition and top management teams2007In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 295-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates how governance mechanisms affect the ability off small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to introduce strategic change. Previous research typically assumes that governance mechanisms operate independently of each other. Building on agency theory and insights from the literature on small firm governance, we hypothesize that governance variables related to ownership, the board of directors and the top management team all affect strategic change and that it is important to examine the interaction effects of these governance mechanisms. Using a longitudinal sample of over 800 SMEs, our general logic and hypotheses are supported by the analyses. We find that closely held firms exhibit less strategic change than do SMEs relying on more widespread ownership structures. However, to some extent, closely held firms can overcome these weaknesses and achieve strategic change by utilizing outside directors on the board and/or extending the size of the top management teams. Implications for theory and management practice are discussed.

  • 286.
    Bruns, Volker
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Holland, Dan
    Jon M. Huntsman School of Business, Utah State University, United States .
    Shepherd, Dean A.
    Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, United States.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Department of Entrepreneurship and Emerging Enterprises, Whitman School of Management, Syracuse University, United States.
    The role of human capital in loan officers' decision policies2016In: Decision making in entrepreneurship: selected joint papers of Dean A. Shepherd / [ed] Dean A Shepherd, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 315-336Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a human-capital perspective and the similarity-attraction paradigm, we examine the role of general and specific human capital in the decision policies of 114 Swedish loan officers in their assessments of small-business loan requests. We found that human capital characteristics had marginal impact on decision policy contingencies and that specific human capital had no significant influence on the probability of loan approval. However, we did find that the similarity between the loan officers’ human capital and the pplicants’ human capital was a significant indicator of loan approval. The findings offer interesting insight into the heterogeneity of loan decision processes and outcomes and future research opportunities are suggested.

  • 287.
    Bruns, Volker
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Holland, Dan
    Shepherd, Dean
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    The role of human capital in loan officers' decision policies2008In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 485-506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a human-capital perspective and the similarity-attraction paradigm, we examine the role of general and specific human capital in the decision policies of 114 Swedish loan officers in their assessments of small-business loan requests. We found that human capital characteristics had marginal impact on decision policy contingencies and that specific human capital had no significant influence on the probability of loan approval. However, we did find that the similarity between the loan officers’ human capital and the pplicants’ human capital was a significant indicator of loan approval. The findings offer interesting insight into the heterogeneity of loan decision processes and outcomes and future research opportunities are suggested.

  • 288. Brush, C.
    et al.
    De Bruin, A.
    Welter, Friederike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    A Gender-Aware Framework for Women's Entrepreneurship2009In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 8-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Cau, Tommie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Rehnström, Anna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Vilsson, Carl-Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Internationalization of Corporate Boards - and the rationals behind it2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: During the past ten years an increasing trend of international representation in Swedish boards, referred to as board internationalization, has occured. Figures show that in 1994 foreign board members held 3,4% (Sundin & Sundqvist, 1995) of the seats in Swedish companies boards, today that figure is 14,2% (Fristedt & Sundqvist, 2005). This trend seems to continue as the nominations of this year is streaming in. Although this trend occurs Swedish business press is questioning why not more foreign directors are being appointed members to board (Almgren, 2006). Fahim (2005) also questions this and argues that companies need to realise that there is a profitability perspective on the subject of diversity. In many of the large Swedish companies the absence of foreign directors is noticed, but there is a few in the forefront which have appointed foreign directors. The reasons for internationalizing a board can be different and it interesting to investigate how forefront companies discuss internationalization in general and which reasons in particular that drives board internationalization.

    Purpose: The thesis' purpose is to investigate the main rational for board internationalization.

    Frame of reference: In the frame of reference, four possible influences on the internationalization of the board is presented, in order to be discussed and compared to the empirical findings; corporate governance, ownership structure, stakeholder pressure, and competitive advantage.

    Method: In order to fulfill the purpose, a qualitative research method is chosen, based on in-depth interviews. The sample consists of ten interviews with chairmen of Swedish boards within companies that are represented by at least one foreign board member.

    Conclusion: We have concluded that the main rational of board internationalization is the search for competitive advantage, which is believed to be created by a board with diverse competences and networks. Regarding ownership structure, foreign private owners are the only ones that are influencing the internationalization. Both the corporate governance development and the stakeholder pressure are identified in the empirical findings, but not believed to be an influence of internationalization.

  • 290.
    Ceder, Carl
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Hedell, Jesper
    Franke, Andreas
    Information Management and the Middle Manager: An Analysis of Three Swedish Companies2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One form of knowledge that has been proven to be important for companies’ perfor-mance during the recent financial crisis is the understanding of the financial data and information.The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how three Swedish companies – Sto Scandi-navia AB, Swedbank and Axfood SSC – communicate internal financial information to their middle managers. As well as how the companies use knowledge management to leverage their financial communication internally.The study presents an integrated framework of information management and knowledge management based on the works of the leading and often quoted re-searchers in those fields.This study uses 12 semi structured interviews to gather qualitative data about how nine middle managers and three top managers view the communication of financial in-formation at their companies. The interviews were complimented with closed question surveys handed to the nine middle managers.Our analysis concludes that the three companies differ significantly in their approach to communicating financial information. Swedbank uses a wide range of financial in-formation in their daily operations. Further, they have an organized and structured ap-proach to communicating and managing their financial information.Sto and Axfood (SSC) do not use financial information to the same extent in their oper-ations. Additionally they communicate the information in an informal and unstruc-tured way. Although using a less structured approach, the managers at Axfood were more satisfied with how the company uses financial information then the other com-panies. This could be due to the lesser importance given to financial information at SSC compared to Swedbank.We found Sto to be at the verging point from turning from a small company to large company and thus needs to review their current strategy, which has previously been based on the ability of the managers to receive information through informal paths.

  • 291. Chandler, Gaylen
    et al.
    McKelvie, Alexander
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Asset specificity and behavioral uncertainty as moderators of the sales growth: employment growth relationship in emerging ventures2009In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 373-387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 292. Chandler, G.N.
    et al.
    Dahlqvist, Jonas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Davidsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Opportunity recognition processes: A taxonomy and outcome implications2002In: Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2002: Proceedings of the twenty-second annual Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Babson Park, Mass.: Babson College , 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 293. Chandler, G.N.
    et al.
    Honig, B.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Antecedents, moderators and performance consequences of membership changes in new venture teams2005In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 705-725Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 294.
    Cho, Suna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Tseng, Pei-Fan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Leadership in the 2008 financial crisis: Understanding dimensions of Transformational & Transactional leadership during financial crisis in financial institutions2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: -The 2008 Financial crisis has caused global impact on business market and led to question leader's competence. Prior study has found that leadership contributes certain effects to organizations' performace under a crisis situation, however there is lit-tle study which has been made regarding to identifying crisis leadership and its compe-tence and management during crisis.

    Purpose: - The purpose in this thesis is to bridge the gap between crisis management and leadership by finding answers of five research questions. Which are ; How this 2008 financial crisis has affected the international financial institutions, what leadership dimensions are performed by leaders during the financial crisis, which leadership style do leaders tend to rely on in international financial companies during the 2008 financial crisis, why do leaders tend to rely on the dimensions of transformational leadership or transactional leadership and what are the implications in this study that could lead to fu-ture research.

    Method: - The study employs qualitative methods to fulfill better and deeper understanding about 'how' and 'why' on leadership dimension during the 2008 financial crisis. Data were collected by personal interviews to support and act as a foundation of the analysis to answer the research questions. The choice of interviewees is middle managers of large international companies in the financial sector in Sweden and South Korea.

    Conclusions: - The finding of this study indicates that 2008 financial crisis has af-fected on large international financial corporations in Sweden and South Korea. More-over, three dimensions of transformational leadership are strongly performed by the middle managers during the 2008 financial crisis. The three strongly performed dimen-sions are (1) Inspirational Motivation, (2) Charisma/ Idealized Influence and (3) Indivi-dualized consideration.

  • 295. Cruz, Cristina
    et al.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    A Lifecycle Approach to Entrepreneurial Orientation in Family Businesses2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 296. Cruz, Cristina
    et al.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Environmental factors and entrepreneurial orientation in family firms: a generational perspective2007In: 3rd EIASM Workshop on Family Firm Management, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 297.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Fusioner, förvärv och konkurser som dynamikskapande krafter2009In: Management of Technology, ISSN 1102-5581, no 1, p. 7-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Dahlin, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Halinen, Aino
    Turku School of Economics.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala universitet.
    Diving into “merger waves”: An analysis of inter-firm linkages in acquisitions2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Dahlin, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Halinen, Aino
    Turku School of Economics.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala universitet.
    The Role of Events in the Change of Business Networks: A Challenge for Strategy?2008In: 5th Nordic Workshop on Relationship Dynamics, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes its starting point in the so called business network approach, which is based on the notion that companies build exchange relationships with other companies; relationships that, in turn, are the building blocks of business networks. Through business relationships the companies become connected, both directly and indirectly, to other parts of the business network, for example, to customers’ customers and suppliers’ suppliers. The connectedness of relationships means that changes taking place in one part of the network may spread far into its other parts.

    The change of business networks has generally been discussed from the perspective of a focal company or a focal business relationship and of relationships directly connected to it. Usually indirect business relationships (e.g. with customers’ customers) are ignored. Thus, we still know very little of how change spreads further in business networks. Business network change is, however, a strategic concern for companies, who compete in networked environments and are increasingly dependent on external linkages as a source of resources.

    In this paper the purpose is to propose an event-based approach to the study of business network change. Events form the principal point of access to social action in time and can thus be used as windows for network dynamics. So far network change has been examined from the perspective of network structure, taking a defined network as a starting point, and studying the trajectory, change pattern or development process of the structure. We adopt an alternative approach here, taking the change itself as a starting point and selecting discernible change episodes, i.e. events, as the focus of our discussion. This offers a dynamic view on networks, and releases the investigator from strict ex ante limitation of the network in focus. Events are seen as manifestations of change forces causing various changes in business networks, ultimately leading to other important events.

    Events such as mergers, acquisitions and bankruptcies are often connected to each other, creating event sequences that may restructure significantly the business network in which companies realize and enact their strategy. In the best case, events provide opportunities for firms to restructure the network and to improve their positions within it. However, our results pinpoint the complexity and dynamics of network environments and the challenge strategic management faces in such environments. In the context of merger and acquisition waves and various simultaneously occurring events, it may be extremely difficult to choose one’s own actions, and to see the long-term ramifications of one’s own and others’ actions.

     

  • 300.
    Dahlin, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Halinen, Aino
    Turku School of Economics.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala universitet.
    Under the Surface of Merger Waves: The Role of Inter-firm Linkages2009Conference paper (Refereed)
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