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  • 251.
    Björkman, Annie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Sjöberg, Sofia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Implementering av IAS 40: En studie av effekterna av IAS-standarden på onoterade fastighetskoncerner2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Problem: Dagens höga frekvens av gränsöverskridande handel kräver homogena regelverk inom många olika områden, även inom redovisning. I arbetet med att försöka harmonisera medlemsländernas redovisningsprinciper beslutade Europarådet att alla börsnoterade företag inom Europeiska Unionen från den 1 januari 2005 skall följa IASB: s regelverk, IAS/IFRS, vid upprättandet av koncernredovisningen. Motiven bakom beslutet var att för-söka erhålla en ökad transparens av information och att öka jämförbarheten mellan företag inom unionen, vilket i sig skulle underlätta för investerare och verka för en välfungerande kapitalmarknad. En av skillnaderna med att tillämpa IAS/IFRS istället för de svenska reglerna som blir väldigt tydlig för fastighetsbolagen är att förvaltningsfastigheter ska värderas antingen till verkligt värde enligt IAS 40 alternativt anskaffningsvärde minus komponentav-skrivningar. I det svenska regelverket ska redovisning ske till anskaffningsvärde minus ackumulerade avskrivningar enligt RR 24. Detta kan få stora effekter i företagens koncernredovisningar och påverka hur olika intressenter värderar koncernen.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att belysa de effekter en implementering av IAS/IFRS-reglerna för med sig vid värdering av förvaltningsfastigheter i mindre svenska onoterade fastighetskoncerner. Hänsyn ska även tas till de effekter en förändrad redovisning har för revisorer, banker och investerare.

    Avgränsning: Noterade företag kommer inte att behandlas, då det skulle strida mot studiens syfte. Vidare kommer ej internationella företag redogöras för. Företag som inte är fastighetsbolag kommer heller ej att behandlas.

    Metod:Metoden som används är kvalitativ och studien kommer i första hand baseras på primärdata där sådan är möjlig. Studiens ansats är induktiv, då slutsatser kommer att dras från empirin.

    Teoretisk referensram: Studiens referensram är baserad på värderingsteorier samt svenska och internationella redovisningsregler, som behandlar förvaltningsfastigheter och materiella anläggningstillgångar.

    Slutsats: EU:s grundtanke med ett harmoniserat regelverket är god, men leder till oönskade effekter. Studien kommer fram till att ett byte från det svenska regelverket till det internationella skulle innebära en ökad arbetsmängd för företagen och därmed öka kostnaderna. Det blir inte alltid enklare att jämföra företag som värderar enligt verkligt värde, då värderingarna är subjektiva och inte alltid speglar det sanna värdet. IAS 40 erbjuder även andra möjligheter att redovisa, som till exempel anskaffningsvärde. Företagen kommer därför genom att den föregående metoden finns kvar troligtvis ej redovisa till verkligt värde. Därmed faller argumentet att detta regelverk skulle öka jämförbarheten.

     

  • 252.
    Björn, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Stenström, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Family Council: A commucation forum in the family business2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 253.
    Björn, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Stenström, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Altoray, Erich
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Small and Medium Sized Food Producers - how are they affected by the trading blocs and the distributors’ own brands?: A case study of three SME in the food industry2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish food industry has changed dramatically during the last decades and to become and remain as a player has become a demanding task for several of the small and medium sized enterprises (SME). The trading blocs have increased the development of their own brand (DOB) and this has given the SME new competition but also the possibility to produce these products for the trading blocs. In addition to this the trading blocs have be-come more and more centralized and to strengthen their position in nego-tiations and other aspects which are important for the trading blocs.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding of how the trad-ing blocs, with their development of their own brand, affect the Swedish small and medium sized producers in the food industry. It is also to look into what kinds of strategies that are used by the SME in order to tackle the competition from the distributors own brands.

    Method: To fulfill our purpose a qualitative approach has been used for this thesis. Seven different interviews have been done, either by phone or face to face, with the three largest trading blocs and with four the SME in Sweden, three producing and one distributing company.

    Conclusion: The focus on low prices and the trading blocs’ stronger, central position on the market have made the competition more intense. To be or remain as a player on the market it is important for the SME to be a supplier to the trading blocs. However, since there are many players striving to become a supplier it is a tough situation and the price becomes an important factor. The trading blocs want low prices and keep pushing the suppliers to keep them low, or even lower them. This price focus is a major issue for the SME, and the DOB have become an important mean for the trading blocs to keep prices low. Due to scenarios like this it is very important for the SME to have strategies in place and the most common and most efficient is the bypass and flanking attack strategies. These two strategies are intense and keep the SME alert when it comes to product development and new innovations.

  • 254.
    Bladh, Oskar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Henrekson, Hedvig
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Modée, Ida
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Impact of Virtual Agents on Customer Loyalty in Major Swedish Banks2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background

    Since the emergence of digital banking, the financial sector has experienced a significant transformation in both how business is conducted and how services are provided to customers. Previous literature has examined how new technologies and the digitalization of banks' customer service affect customer loyalty. Although, since virtual agents acting as service providers in the banking sector is a relatively new phenomenon, there is limited research concerning the implications it will have on the bank-customer relationship. Hence, the novelty and relevance of the topic makes it interesting for further research. 

     

    Purpose

    Through the identified underlying factors affecting customer loyalty, the purpose of this study is to examine how customer loyalty will be affected by the implementation of virtual agents as service providers in major Swedish banks.

     

    Method

    This is a qualitative study, and the empirical data were collected from semi-structured in-depth interviews with bankers at four major Swedish banks, as well as with ten highly-educated customers who are frequent users of bank services.

     

    Findings

    The findings showed that virtual agents must affect customer service to a large extent to have a profound impact on customer loyalty. Virtual agents will be able to replace human bankers regarding simpler inquiries satisfyingly. On the other hand, the demand for personal interactions regarding more complex matters is found to be important. 

  • 255.
    Blombäck, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Axelsson, Björn
    The role of corporate brand image in the selection of new subcontractors2007In: Journal of business and industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 418-430Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Blombäck, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Identifying the Role of Heritage Communication: A Stakeholder-Function Framework2016In: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 256-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses the case of family business to distinguish the range of potential aims and outcomes of corporate heritage communication. In family businesses, the challenges of heritage communication are particularly salient as the past of the firm is simultaneously that of the controlling family. Based on a study of 55 websites of Swedish and German family-owned firms, we classify aims and outcomes of heritage communication with reference to different stakeholders. Our findings elucidate the need to consider various stakeholders when planning heritage communications, and the value of such communication for different corporate functions, such as marketing, management and governance. To aid decision-making we offer a framework to map aims and stakeholders of heritage communication related to a company’s functions.   

  • 257.
    Blomqvist Eriksson, Erica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Järkemyr, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Do you give in to your inner shopaholic?: A study of influencers impact on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Influencer marketing has become a significant marketing tool for companies since the profession as an influencer is emerging. Especially on Instagram as it is one of the biggest social media platforms for influencers. This results in a change for followers also being consumers since more products are being marketed through Instagram. Further, the easy access of mobile devices makes it effortless to purchase products endorsed by influencers. Previous research exists about Influencer marketing, m-shopping and impulse buying behavior. However, an opportunity was found to study the relation of these. Thus, this paper focus on investigating factors on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior affected by influencers, in the context of Instagram.

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate influencers impact on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior, analyzing through the social media platform of Instagram.

    A study with mixed method research design was conducted to carry out the purpose of this thesis. The qualitative data was collected through semi-structured interviews with the aim to discover in what way Instagram influencers affect consumers mobile impulse buying behavior. The themes and codes acquired from the findings of the qualitative study were tested with a questionnaire through a quantitative study, this to identify which factors impact the consumer’s mobile impulse buying behavior the from Instagram influencers.

    The empirical evidence suggests that the Relation to influencers content, Perception of influencer, Conscious spontaneous purchase and Cause of purchase are factors that have an impact on consumers mobile impulse buying behavior by influencers on Instagram. The empirical evidence further implies an influential process between the different factors. Tough, it was not tested how they were related as the study did not aim to compare the interrelation between the factors. 

  • 258.
    Blunck, Erskin
    et al.
    Nürtingen-Geislingen University, Germany.
    Gillpatrick, Tom
    Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA.
    Weigert, Verena
    Nürtingen-Geislingen University, Germany.
    Pantelic, Darko
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    A comparison between future German and U.S. decision makers attitudes toward sustainability2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Bocquillon, Grégoire
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ekallam, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Risk Assessment and Mitigation Strategies: Suppliers and Retailers in the Swedish Organic Food Market2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Consumer interest and demand for healthy and ecologically produced local food has led to a high market demand that local production cannot meet. Product attributes of perishability and short life cycles ensure that even local supply chains are challenging to manage. This increases potential for risks occurrence in an Organic Food Supply Chain (OFSC) especially with unreliable supply of products. Small and established food retailers import organic food products from across the world. Custom delays, high transport charges, commodity costs and regulatory requirements are associated with food imports. This renders OFSCs complex and vulnerable to disruptions or breakdowns that require appropriate strategies to identify and mitigate risks.

    Purpose: To gain an overall insight of risks mitigation in OFSCs. The purpose of this thesis is to assess risks affecting suppliers and retailers of organic food and propose risk mitigation strategies to prevent or minimise supply chain breakdowns.

    Method: This qualitative study utilizes a case study strategy involving seven case firms and seven research respondents. Data is collected through semi-structured interviews and documentary secondary data. The analysis of the empirical findings is conducted by cross analysing empirical findings of respective case firms and then emerging patterns are formulated into a general framework.

    Conclusions: Low conversion rates of farms for organic production, high costs of investments and regulatory requirements have contributed to prevailing production risks that partly cause low organic output. Other risks identified that could disrupt the food chain under study include sourcing, warehousing, demand, price, financial and institutional risks. Mitigation strategies proposed include production procedures, CAP, supply chain flexibility, supply chain visibility, certification, diversification of retail channels, brand image building, horizontal & vertical cooperation and buyer-supplier relations.

  • 260.
    Bodeklint, Kim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Unosson, William
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lindhe, Angelica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Crisis Management & Brand Reputation: An exploratory study on crisis management and its effects on brand reputation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 261.
    Bodestedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Andersson, William
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hjortsjö, Carl
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Short sale restrictions: The Swedish perspective2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Background:

     

    Problem:

     

    Purpose:

     

    Method:

     

    Conclusion:

    Based on our findings we do not advocate short sale regulations to

    be introduced on the Swedish financial market. Neither does our

    analysis indicate that the market performance is significantly affected

    by shorting, nor does restrictions work as intended which we have

    seen in other countries during the fall of 2008.

    The analysis have been drawn from four cornerstones; previous

    research, actions of other countries’, a statistical analysis and

    interview findings. We have examined and compiled different

    strategies for restricting short sales around the world as well as

    conducted a cross-correlation analysis to investigate if share price is

    related to stock loan. Furthermore we have interviewed a

    professional investor and a middle manager at the Swedish Financial

    Supervisory Board to obtain experts’ views on the subject.

    With background of other countries’ actions, the purpose of this

    report is to investigate why, if at all, short sale regulations should be

    introduced on the Swedish financial market.

    Is there a correlation between the number of shorted shares and the

    change in overall and individual stock price? What actions have been

    taken by countries in Europe, Asia and the United States regarding

    short selling during the fall of 2008 and what is SFSB’s attitude

    towards the subject? Are there any benefits for the Swedish financial

    market from shorting regulations?

    In times of financial crisis short selling is often quickly blamed for

    price volatility and media broadcasts pleads for prohibitions and

    restrictions. Extensive research, however, cannot find any empirical

    evidence that shorting is affecting markets negatively; often it is the

    other way around. Sweden has been relatively liberal when it comes

    to shorting restrictions and even though share lending has increased

    since the start of the year, no actions have been taken by the

    Swedish Financial Supervisory Board.

     

     

  • 262.
    Boers, Börje
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Dropping family heritage while staying a family business2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to explore the consequences for family businesses and the owning families, when the owners decide to give up the family connection in the name of the business. In family firms, the owner family is often very openly and visibly connected to the firm. This close interconnectedness of family and business is often seen as source for both strength and weaknesses of family businesses (Brunninge, 2017; Tagiuri & Davis, 1996).

    Moreover, recent research has identified the past as a source for value (Balmer, 2011; Urde, Greyser & Balmer, 2007). Even family firms can draw on their history, developing their heritage (Blombäck & Brunninge, 2013). Connecting family heritage to the heritage of the firm involves opportunities from a branding perspective, but it also includes risk as the family and its members are exposed to more attention from external audiences (Brunninge, 2017).

    Therefore, an interesting question arises, concerning what happens when a business gives up branding itself as a family business. How is identity affected, when the family brand is replaced by a brand not alluding to family ownership? To what extent does this imply that the ties with the firm’s and the family’s heritage are cut?

    Design/Methodology/Approach: This study follows a case study approach. The focal company is a third generation family business, started in 1951. The company acquired another firm in 2011. In 2016, the owners decided to give up the traditional family brand and only use the brand of the acquired firm for their operations. The case study draws on interviews with representatives of both companies as well as archival study of both.

    Findings: The data collection for the study is still in progress. We expect the findings to show to what extent elements of family heritage and corporate heritage survive the decision to give up the family name in a family business and how members of the owning family

    Practical implications: Family businesses stand for the majority of companies in the industrialized world. Connecting family heritage and corporate heritage implies opportunities as well as risks. The paper sheds light on issues that family business owners need to be aware of when deciding about connecting or disconnecting the heritage of the family and that of the firm.

    Originality/value: Family business research with connections to marketing, branding or more specifically corporate heritage topics is still scarce. Our paper contributes to family business research by showing how connections of corporate and family heritage can be managed and what dropping the family connection in the name implies for the opportunities to leverage corporate and/or family heritage.

  • 263.
    Boers, Börje
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Giving up the family name while staying a family business: The family business as acquirer2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Boers, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Going private: A socioemotional wealth perspective on why family controlled companies decide to leave the stock-exchange2017In: The Journal of Family Business Strategy, ISSN 1877-8585, E-ISSN 1877-8593, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose is to understand the process of ‘going private’ decisions in family firms by applying a socioemotional wealth (SEW) perspective, specified in the following research questions: how do socioemotional wealth considerations influence owning families’ decisions to delist their publicly-listed companies? How do socioemotional wealth considerations change after the delisting of a firm? Based on case studies of two family firms, we elaborate upon the balancing of socioemotional and financial wealth considerations by the family owners, the assessment of which changes over time. Ultimately, we propose that the experiences from being listed can lead to the reevaluation of financial, as well as socioemotional, wealth considerations. By delisting, the companies reclaim independence and control, and the identity as a private family-owned firm becomes once again pronounced. We develop the SEW-perspective by viewing the decision to delist as a mixed gamble, in that owning families have to weigh personal and financial losses against SEW gains, thereby indicating how SEW-considerations change over time. We find that owning families are willing to sacrifice current SEW, accepting current financial losses for prospective increased SEW. Additionally, in this study we extend the argument that decisions to leave the stock market are tradeoffs between competing factors.

  • 265.
    Boers, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Going private: Why family controlled, publicly-listed companies decide to leave the stock-exchange2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 266.
    Boerwinkel, Dionne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does culture matter in online retail?: A quantitative study based on the online shopping behaviour of generation Y in relation to the cultural influences of Germans and Swedes2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Due to technological developments (e.g. internet) and globalization, business management and the sales environment faced several changes in the last decades. Together with the convenience of the e-commerce and the free trade policy in the EU, businesses are evoked to enter foreign (online) markets (within the EU). While entering foreign markets the psychic distance between cultures is a factor which should be considered. One of the factors which causes psychic distance is the cultural values of a nation. Within this research the cultural values are described by the cultural dimension theory of Hofstede.

     

    Germany and Sweden have a leading usage and adaptation with online shopping. Within the e-commerce, the most valuable target group is the higher educated consumers of Generation Y. Since the cultural values in Germany and Sweden differ from one another, it suggests differences in there online-shopping cultures as well. To create the best online shopping experiences, cultural values should be considered within (concentrated) marketing approaches.

     

    Objective: This research is conducted to examine the online shopping behaviour of generation Y in relation to the cultural values of Germans and Swedes. The results of this research display a theoretical understanding of the online shopping behaviour forthcoming by the cultural influences. This study can benefit online retailers to develop or optimize strategic marketing plans and/or strategic entry plans in the e-commerce for both the German market and the Swedish market.

     

    Method: To answer the objective of this study, hypotheses are designed by the theoretical background. Followed by a survey-driven quantitative data research. The target group of the research were higher educated Germans and Swedes within Generation Y. Since the literature leaves several gaps, the conclusions are descriptive of nature.     

     

    Conclusion: The relationships drawn by literature between the online shopping behaviour and the cultural values of Germans and Swedes show consistencies with this research. Germans and Swedes show a similar technological acceptance, which is related to the high level of individualism. Further, differences between Germans and Swedes are assumed within the uncertainty avoidance (brand loyalty versus information search) and masculinity (goal-oriented shopping versus hedonistic shopping).                   

    Although the differences found between the two cultures are minor, a concentrated marketing strategy can be suggested to create the best suitable online consumer experience.   

  • 267.
    Bogdanova, Alla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Enfors, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Naumovska, Simona
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Work Environment Stressors - The link between employees’ well-being and job performance?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Employees are the human capital which contributes to the success and de-velopment of a company to a great extent. Thus, these days, companies do not see them only as factors of production from the classical perspective, but have started to value them as stakeholders and partners with whom long-term goals are achieved together.

    Problem Discussion & Purpose: Researchers realized the need of companies to deal with employees, and for that reason, there has been great time and effort spent on studies con-cerning the relation between job satisfaction and job performance. However, the authors of the thesis came to conclusion that the link between job satisfaction and job performance was still a vague one. Therefore, the thesis is focused on the concept of well-being. The study concentrates on blue-collar workers, and the purpose is to explore and understand the relation between job-related well-being and employees’ job performance in the context of stress caused by following environmental factors: working tools, workload, heat, noise, and safety.

    Theoretical Framework: The theories used for this study are concerning job perform-ance, well-being, and stress. An emphasis is given on the work environmental stressors, which are working tools, workload, safety, heat, and noise.

    Methodology: To make this study, the researchers applied qualitative approach and used 8 semi-structured interviews to collect the data. The authors have conducted personal “face-to-face” interviews. All of them were tape-recorded to provide the maximum accuracy of received data. Information was gathered within one company.

    Conclusion: After conducting research, acquiring empirical findings, and making analysis of data, the thesis authors suggest that there is a link between job performance and job-related well-being via the work environment stressors. The authors of the thesis assume that probably the relationship between well-being and performance can look as a “circle-” or “spiral”-like model, where well-being and performance influence each other mutually, however, in different ways at different stages of the model. The influence of well-being on job performance via researched work environment stressors can be either direct or indirect.

    The study is of a great importance because it gives good insight of seeing well-being as a link to performance which previously was not done by any other research. Being aware of the influence of the environmental factors, managers can better realize how these factors contribute to the performance and well-being of their employees, and find ways how to improve working environment in order to increase workers’ job performance and job-related well-being.

  • 268.
    Bohman, Sarah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Carlzon, Fredrika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jakobsson, Leo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Reaching Social Sustainability through Employment of People with Disabilities: A case study of Max Burgers2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is gaining increased attention both in media and academia. However, the social aspect of the concept is underdeveloped. One can describe social sustainability as a quality of societies where norms are based on social justice, human dignity and participation. Today the quality of our society can be improved, as people with disabilities (PWDs) are underutilized. For reaching a socially sustainable society, this minority needs to be better included in the labour market. Even though a good amount of literature has covered the employment of PWDs, empirical evidence is missing from organisations currently involved with employing PWDs.

    This thesis offers a new perspective concerning employment of PWDs and aids the work towards understanding and reaching social sustainability in a way that benefits organisations and society. The thesis consists of an in-depth case study of Max Burgers who is at the forefront when it comes to working with sustainability, concerning both the environmental and social responsibilities. Max Burgers has been working systematically with employing PWDs into their restaurants for over ten years and are seen as a role model in the field. We have conducted qualitative interviews with numerous of restaurant managers and disabled employees as well as attended a two-day educational conference.

    The study resulted in a model describing initiatives on how to reach social sustainability by employing PWDs. Important contributions are that employment of PWDs is a collaborative process involving four key actors: organisation, partner institution, managers and PWDs. Furthermore, we found that corporate culture plays an important role when accommodating PWDs at the work place. The study has provided proof that employment of PWDs leads to prominent benefits for both organisations and society, i.e. enhanced customer service, leadership development, and healthier labour market. 

  • 269.
    Bonde, Wictor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lübken, Verena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Settergren, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Attitudes towards Establishing Trust, Commitment & Satisfaction in International B-2-B Relationships: A Comparative Study of Swedish Sellers and German Buyers in the Textile Industry2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Globalization has opened up new possibilities for firms of all sizes to operate internationally. In that context, especially small- and medium sized companies often have limited resources and market power, which makes efficient relationship building with new intermediaries a key component when entering foreign markets. Therefore, approaching foreign companies and potentially engaging in new business relationships should be a strategic managerial issue.

    Purpose

    The main objective is to analyze how Swedish SMEs in the textile industry should approach German buyers in accordance to their preferences, taking cultural differences into account, as well as maintaining and developing the relationship. The focus will primarily be on the on the stages where the initial contact has been made, thus aiming at advancing in the development process. For this to be achieved, Swedish sellers must know what values to communicate to their counterpart.

    Method

    A qualitative approach has been used in order answer the purpose of the thesis. We have gathered our data from ten in-depth interviews; five with Swedish sellers and five with German buyers. The essential part of the data collection was done over telephone.

    Conclusion

    The most critical components that are found to be vital in developing a successful buyer-seller relationship include trust, satisfaction and commitment with all their related aspects. It was found that the product offer plays a critical role in the Early Stage of the relationship development process. Communication is essential for the building of trust and satisfaction and supplements the actions of commitment shown by the parties. Having an understanding on what values the counterpart appreciates and when these are especially important in the respective stages of the relationship building enables the firm to adapt its relationship marketing to the buyers preferences in a cost efficient and successful way.

  • 270.
    Bong, Carine Kuo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Ngang, Joseph Bayiah
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The use of Information and Communication Technology in disaster management: The case of Cameroon2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The frequency of natural disasters and its negative consequences in terms of the number of people killed, property destroyed and negative environmental impacts caused in the affected communities constitute one of the basic foundations and motivations for the development and use of ICT and other means of preventing as well as responding to disasters in the world today. This is simply because disaster management constitutes an important part of any developmental framework. Unfortunately a majority of these natural disasters occur in developing countries where information flow is greatly hampered because the national actors in disasters lack the skills to use ICT to prepare for and to response to disasters in their communities. Current study aims at studying the use of ICT in disaster management in Cameroon-a less developing country south of the Sahara

    To achieve the aim of this study, a quantitative research approach was chosen. A total sample of 150 organisations was selected from a population of 285 organisations within Cameroon, that are directly or indirectly involved with disaster management or developmental issues of any nature. In total 150 questionnaires were administered to these selected national actors by mail, internet, telephone and self-administration and 85 of the organisations respondended to the questionnaire.

    After collecting and analysing the data, the authors came to the conclusions that; disasters occur in Cameroon on frequent bases causing lots of damages thus the need for ICT use in humanitarian logistics to move information and material. Results showed that national actors use the radio and local TV (CRTV) for disaster preparedness and the mobile phone for disaster response, while the internet and computer techonology, foreign TV, Fixed phone and fax had a very low usage rate or sometimes not used at all. The reason for low usage or no usage was due to problems encountered by national actors in an attempt of trying to use them. Against this background, the authors suggested a number of recommendations that could improve the degree of ICT usage. One of them was that the Cameroon government should partner with private sector firms to make ICT infrastructure available by investing more and improving on the telecommunication sector in the country. This will solve the problem of poor ICT infrastructure, poor radio and TV signals, limited internet connectivity accessibility and availability in Cameroon.

  • 271.
    Bonollo, Nicolas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Poopuu, Preedik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The impact of digital platforms on roles and responsibilities in value creation among stakeholders of an ecosystem2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital transformation is an area of research that has received a lot of attention in recent years. When talking about it in the context of entrepreneurship, digitalization is changing business interactions as well as completing different tasks. Since the businesses are not working in isolation, but can be rather seen as part of complex ecosystems interacting with different stakeholders, there is an unexplored research area regarding digitalization of ecosystems. The purpose of this research is to extend the literature on value creation and delivery within complex multi-stakeholder ecosystems using digital platforms and the change in the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders. The empirical research is based on qualitative approach utilizing case-study to investigate how the roles and responsibilities of an ecosystem have changed via semi-structured interviews. The findings indicate that digitalization changes the ecosystem by optimizing the existing interactions between different stakeholders as well as enabling stakeholders to take new roles on the digital platforms. Roles were impacted in terms of power and leadership over the ecosystem, but to a larger extent there was a shift in how stakeholders carried out their responsibilities. Additionally, digital technologies change the responsibilities by automation as well as taking over certain roles in the form of machine learning algorithms.

  • 272.
    Borg, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Fredriksson, Lis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How the exposure to idealized advertisement affect young women's self-esteem and body satisfaction: testing for the influence of lifestyle2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Eating disorders and low self-esteem among young women is a growing concern in today’s society. Due to this growing concern, this subject has been given a lot of attention both in media and through academic research during recent years. One area that has been highly criticized and examined is the idealized ideals often presented in media and advertisement today. These ideals can, according to literature, harm young women due to social comparison with these idealized images. According to previous research, this social comparison can have a negative effect on both self-esteem and body satisfaction. Research also show that continued exposure to such ideals can lead to internalization of thin and beauty ideals, which in turn is proven to be a strong predictor for these images negative affect on self-esteem and body satisfaction. Because of these findings and the critique of these ideals in media, this is an important subject to study both because of the ethical concerns with continuing to reinforce these ideals in advertisement, and from a society’s perspective in order to learn who might need extra protection in order to not be harmed by these ideals. Therefore, this study will firstly examine if we can see a negative effect on high school student’s self-esteem and body satisfaction, after being exposed to idealized images (in our case thin-models). Our study will also examine, in a second part, if we can see, depending on the lifestyle of the students, if some girls are more vulnerable than others to the exposure of idealized images. The second part of the study will contribute with information of which young women that need extra protection and attention to not develop low self-esteem due to the pressure of living up to the ideals.

    The method of our study is mostly of a deductive nature since this is an extensively researched topic, where pre-established methods and theories can be found. However, as the second part of the study has not been previous research this part will use a combination of deductive and inductive strategy. To collect the primary data an experimental design is used, with pre-established measurements for self-esteem and body satisfaction. Moreover, statements regarding the participant’s lifestyle are constructed with the help of AIOs lifestyle questionnaire as an inspiration. The experiment processes consists of two steps. First, the participants are exposed to two images, either thin-model images, normal sized woman images, or control images (which is images without any persons in it). After the exposure, the participants are asked to answer the questionnaire consisting of the self-esteem measurement, the body satisfaction measurement, and the lifestyle statements. The first part of our study did not show any sign of the thin-model image having any effect on the participant’s self-esteem or body satisfaction. However, we found a significant difference between the girls of 15-17 years old and those who were 18-20 years old self-esteem and body satisfaction means. Where the girls 15-17 scored significantly lower in both. Our conclusion of these findings is that there still is a high internalization of unhealthy thin and beauty ideals especially among the younger girls. Therefore, idealized media still is harmful for these girls since they are reinforcing and contributing to these ideals in society. For the second part of the study, we found a significant difference between the Party lifestyle group and the Sport lifestyle group’s self-esteem, where the Party Lifestyle group had a significantly lower self-esteem than the Sport lifestyle group. Further, we could also see a connection throw-out all of our results between self-esteem and body satisfaction, where those who scored low in self-esteem most often also scored low in body satisfaction and the other way around. This finding showed us that those with a party lifestyle are more vulnerable to idealized media exposure in that way that they are more likely to internalize unhealthy beauty and thin ideals.

  • 273.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Implications of Power in Supply Chains2006In: Nofoma Conference Oslo, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 274.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Power Issues when Integrating Supply Chains2006In: IMP conference Milan, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Bornhausen, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Aloji, Hiua
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Organizational and Social Factors of Entrepreneurial Creativity: A Female Perspective2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that several factors of the work environment have the ability to  positively  influence  the  creativity  of  employees.  However,  these  research  findings  are generalized  and  do  not  consider  the  needs  of  female  employees.  Concentrating  on  the organizational and social factors of a creative work environment, the purpose of this study is  to  investigate  if  the  factors  proposed  by  research  apply  to  female  employees  and  to identify additional elements that are of special importance to women. Based  on  existing  literature  the  authors  created  a  working  model  including  five organizational and four social factors, namely autonomy, resources, structure and systems, pressure, organizational and supervisory encouragement as the organizational factors and diversity, conflicts, communication and work group encouragement as social factors.  In order to meet the purpose of this study a qualitative research method was applied to test the  effect  of  our  working  model  on  female  creativity.  The  authors  conducted  ten  semi-structured interviews with female employees in start-ups in Berlin, Germany. The results revealed that the presented organizational and social factors do have the ability to  enhance  the  creativity  of  women.  Furthermore,  four  new  elements  appeared  that  are essential for the female creativity: atmosphere, team spirit, communication and soft formal structures. These findings provide a good starting point not only for executives in creating a creative work environment for female employees but also for future research in this field.

  • 276.
    Borovcova, Lenka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kaloyanchev, Yordan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The impact of CSR activities on employees’ well-being at work: Case study of Electrolux2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 277.
    Botic, Heidi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Choudhury, Kuntola
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Fast Fashion: To explore Generation Y's attitude toward fast fashion; a Swedish consumer perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:           Fast fashion is a rather new business strategy and is defined to be affordable and fashionable apparel that is directly copied from catwalks. The concept was initially introduced by Amancio Ortega’s well-known store, called Zara which mostly targets Generation Y consumers. Due to globalization and progress in technology it makes it possible for retailers to use cheap resources and cheap manufacturing from third-world countries which makes this strategy profitable. In these third world countries the working conditions and wages are poor, and the workers are exposed to toxic chemicals used in the fabrics. These toxic chemicals also affect the environment negatively by polluting the oceans and the earth. It also contributes to the overconsumption due to the rapid change in trends and their short life cycle.

     

    Purpose:                  The purpose is to understand how Swedish Generation Y consumers behave towards fast fashion and their attitudes toward this.

     

    Method:                  This study has used a qualitative approach, so the data was gathered through 12 interviews. All the participants were of Generation Y, age 17-37. The interviews were semi-structured with open-ended questions. A method of purposive sampling was used meaning that the participants were chosen by the judgement of the authors. Furthermore, the thesis is a case study where the case is the fast fashion industry.

     

    Findings:                 The results show that there is an existing link between attitudes and behaviour where several factors affect this. For this particular generation, style and price were two important factors linked to behaviour. Social media and other social surroundings, such as family and friends, also affect their consumption pattern. The findings also show that Generation Y view sustainability as something important, however regarding fast fashion something else is indicated.

  • 278.
    Bou Assaf, Nicole
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Carvalho Cunha, Cassia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kubista, Christian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Special Events on Facebook: The relationship of online subculture, eWOM, eTrust, and purchase intention2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this bachelor thesis is to investigate the relationship of online subcultures, electronic trust, electronic word-of-mouth, and purchase intention towards a special event within selected Facebook Pages.

    Background: Given the increasing impact of social media platforms in communications not only between consumers, but also consumers and companies, this study takes a deeper look at the influence that companies can exercise on consumer’s purchase intention for a special event through these platforms. The background is based on previous researches and existent theories related to products, which are tested for a special event.

    Method: In order to fulfill the purpose of this study  a cross-sectional design is applied. A deductive approach is followed, and a quantitative method is used through the application of questionnaires in order to collect the empirical data necessary to answer  the given research questions. The questionnaires were distributed to the selected sample, which is anyone who “likes” the following Facebook Pages: Sweden Rock Festival, Göteborg Horse Show, Hultsfred, and Swedish Speedway Grand Prix.

    Conclusion: Based on the background a modest to strong relationship was expected  between the measured variables. This however has been disconfirmed by the results, thus showing a weaker relationship than has been previously tested with regards to a product. The main finding is that when it comes to special events, the organizer is seen as a more reliable source, thus it is more influential than fellow members of the Facebook Page.

  • 279.
    Boychev, Aleksandar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Plachkova, Tonya
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Perceptions and attitudes among Swedes towards Bulgarian wine2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consumption of wine is high internationally. There is a tendency of increasing consumption of qulity wine over table wine. The experience of drinking wine is not like drinking any other alcohol beverage, it is more sensual experince because of the sophistication of the taste and flavors that wine possesses. Sweden is not an exeption from the worldwide trend of increasing wine consumption. Moreover, Swedes are developing even more esthetic way of drinking wine, namely combining it with food.

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of the Swedish consumers towards wine and in particular towards Bulgarian wine if there are any existent. It further investigates the determinants of the attitudes and perceptions towards wine.

    Three interviews with representatives of HoReCa (Hotels, Restaurants and Catering) and Systembolaget are conducted. They and the literature review serve as a base for the formulation of hypotheses which have to be supported or rejected with the help of a questionnaire developed for that purpose. The questionnaire is translated in Swedish as it is designed for the Swedish consumers. The current research is descriptive, so only descriptive statistics are used for the analyses of the data collected.

    The results of the study are really intriguing. Some factors that are mainly con-sidered of great significance turned out as not so important when it comes to the Swedish wine consumers. The interviews gave a really interesting insight about the specific situation on the Swedish alcohol market and the consumption of wine among Swedes. The questionnaires reached their purpose and helped to support or reject the formulated hypotheses and to draw some essential conclusions about the perceptions and attitudes towards Bulgarian wine.

    Finally, this paper ends with the main conclusions reached by conducting the research, some market implications about wine producing companies that would like to enter the Swedish alcohol market and in particular Bulgarian wine cellars. Then the shortcomings of the study and the future research are dis-cussed.

  • 280.
    Bozoki, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Richter, Markus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Economic Growth: A quantitative study about the moderating effects of institutional dimensions on the relationship of necessity- and opportunity motivated entrepreneurship and economic growth2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we statistically measure if normative and cultural-cognitive institutions moderate the relationship of entrepreneurship and economic growth when the entrepreneurial activity is rooted in different motivations. The types of entrepreneurship which we are measuring, in relation to economic growth, are opportunity- and necessity entrepreneurship. By reviewing the literature we found a general agreement regarding the effect of opportunity entrepreneurship on economic growth while the opinions on necessity entrepreneurship are disparate. Taking institutional theory as the basis for moderation fills in several gaps of the existing literature such as using different types of institutions at the same time or fulfilling the demand for cross-country time series study in both entrepreneurship and institutional research. Regulative institutions are taken into consideration when choosing the countries for analysing. Trust, as a proxy for social capital, is used to measure the moderating effect of normative institutions whilst Power Distance Index and individualism are the measures of cultural-cognitive institutions. Relying on secondary data we used an Ordinary Least Square regression and a repeated measures model for analysis.

     

    In line with previous research we found that opportunity entrepreneurship does not have a significant positive correlation with economic growth, when the effect is measured through the productivity enhancement of labour and technology. Necessity entrepreneurship displayed a significantly negative effect. Furthermore, our results did not show any effect when moderating the different motivations for entrepreneurship with trust, power distance or individualism. At the end of our thesis we elaborate on the possible reasons for our findings and suggest some directions for further research.

     

    The thesis contributes to entrepreneurship research with filling the gaps of cross-country, time series study and providing empirical evidence for the existing theories. It enables to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship of entrepreneurship and economic growth. Regarding institutional research, our thesis places some emphasis on the positive effects of institutional dimensions with relations to entrepreneurial context. It would be very interesting to see more research into the negative aspects of institutions to not only understand what fosters productivity of e.g. innovation and labour, but also burdens it. 

  • 281. Bradley, S
    et al.
    Shepherd, Dean A
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurial Management and the Resource Slack-Performance Relationship2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Bradley, Steven W.
    et al.
    Hankamer School of Business, Baylor University.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Shepherd, Dean A.
    Kelley School of Business, Indiana University.
    Swinging a double-edged sword: The effect of slack on entrepreneurial management and growth2011In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 537-554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resource slack represents a double-edged sword, simultaneously fueling and hindering growth. Drawing on Penrose's growth theory and Stevenson's entrepreneurial management theory, we have developed and tested a conceptual model that provides a more nuanced account of the resource slack–growth relationship. Using a large dataset spanning six years, we have found that slack has a positive direct effect on growth but a negative effect on entrepreneurial management, and that entrepreneurial management has a positive effect on growth. Our empirical and conceptual findings are important to the development of firm growth theory and explicate causal mechanisms transforming slack into firm-level outcomes.

  • 283.
    Brandin, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bylin, Amanda
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Using Enterprise Social Networks for Internal Communication: A Case Study about Organisational Actors' Experience2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internal communication is a subject increasing in importance. This subject has, as many other things, been influenced by the Internet-based and connected world that we live in today. As a result, Enterprise Social Networks has appeared as a tool for organisations to use. While the usage of this tool is growing, the existing research on the subject is yet very limited. So is the research on employees‘ needs when it comes to internal communication. In this study, we aim to fill these gaps, by exploring the use of these enterprise social networks from an organisational actor‘s perspective. In order to fulfil this purpose, a qualitative case study within multiple embedded units of analysis was used. The empirical material was gathered through in-depth semi- structured interviews as well as observations. Furthermore, we took on real-life experience by using the ESN tool ourselves. Several themes were then identified using a thematic analysis. By using this method, we conclude that organisational actors use ESNs for private, public and remote communication. We also provide the reader with five characteristics of ESNs that are perceived as important by organisational actors, namely; easy to learn, easy to use, accessible, informal and avoids disturbance. Several perceived outcomes resulting from ESN usage is then identified. We conclude the study by explaining that if organisations identify a need for an ESN, use it in the right way, and have the appropriate culture, the implementation of an ESN can be very beneficial. This, as organisational actors experience it as a good tool for internal communication.

  • 284.
    Brandt, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nordell, Carl-Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wetterlund, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Företagsvärdering: En fallstudie av Betsson AB2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The online gambling market has during recent years experienced high growthmostly due to the popularity of online poker. Today other games such as casinoare growing in popularity and more customers are turning to the onlinegambling market instead of the regular gambling market. As with all growthmarkets more and more companies establishes on the online gambling marketeven though high external risk factors such as regulations and nationalbans. Companies such as Betsson connected to the online gambling marketsuch are experiencing high growth which has made them interesting objectsfor investing.This bachelor thesis intends to study competitive advantages, investigate possibilitiesto keep and increase market share, and use this information combinedwith a financial analysis. The purpose of the thesis is to describe andanalyze the future of Betsson AB from the perspective of an investor. This isachieved with a case study of Betsson.Qualitative and quantitative research with semi-structured interviews hasbeen chosen to collect information vital for the thesis. All six individuals fromthe interview sample work close to Betsson or the online gambling market ona daily bases. These individuals are the assistant of the CEO at Betsson, stockanalysts and a professional poker player. This sample was chosen to view theproblem from several different angles.The conclusion from this thesis describes Betsson as a company with a strongposition on the online gambling market both in terms of competitive advantageand market share. Several internal and external factors are in favour forcontinuing growth. The legal aspects are however still a major risk factor andits affects should be considered before an investment in Betsson is made.Key word: discounted cash flow model, SWOT, PESTEL, Porter, five forces, externalanalysis, internal analysis, multiples, company valuation, market share,online gambling and online gambling companies, Betsson, case study.

  • 285. Brannon, D
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The effect of family relationships in entrepreneurial teams2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 286. Brannon, D
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The ties that bind: Performance implications of cohabitation and blood relationships among new venture team members2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 287. Braunerhjelm, P.
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tillväxtens förändringsagenter: entreprenörer, innovationer och ekonomisk politik 2006Book (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Brodersson, Marcus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Enerbäck, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rautiainen, Mathias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Angel Investor Perspective on Equity Crowdfunding2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the rapidly growing phenomenon of equity crowdfunding from the perspective of professional investors. The aim was to contribute to the relatively thin aca-demic field of equity crowdfunding, shedding light on why it is yet to be recognized as an important instrument for raising capital and provide suggestions for improvement. The data was collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews with Angel Investors that through their experience could identify benefits and constraints with equity crowd-funding not obvious to the crowd. Benefits of using equity crowdfunding platforms were outweighed by the identified constraints such as corporate governance issues, uncertainties concerning laws and regulations, high risk, and lack of intellectual capital. This eventually led to suggestions for improvements that included channelling the crowd investments through a mutual fund, and allowing the crowd to co-invest with Angel Investors to get around the constraints. Conclusively, the Angel Investors were positive towards the underlying ideology of equity crowdfunding of helping more entrepreneurial ventures reaching their full potential by tapping a previously unutilized source of capital, the crowd. However, there is scepticism to how the phenomenon is currently working in practice.

  • 289.
    Brokvist, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kappler, Meike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does parcel packaging of online purchases matter?: An investigation of consumer perception of parcel packaging in online apparel shopping2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this thesis, the authors argue that a part of the online shopping experience is the parcel packaging. The packaging is the first sensory input the customer receive after ordering online and may influence customer thoughts and feelings. This perception of the packaging is developed through for example, colours, graphics, and material. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of parcel packaging in online apparel shopping. Furthermore, packaging elements were investigated to discover the impact on the shopping experience. 

    Method: The method used is of qualitative characteristic, in order to get a deeper understanding of consumer perceptions and feelings towards the parcel packaging. Hence, focus group interviews, with a total of 26 participants, were held to answer the research questions. 

    Conclusion: The results from this research concludes that packaging has a minor influence on the shopping experience. Furthermore, differences between more expensive and cheaper brands were identified. However, the quality perception of the ordered products is not impacted by the parcel packaging.

  • 290.
    Broman, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Cabander, Robin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karlsson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How graduating students perceive the staffing and recruitment industry: A study on corporate reputation2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to measure and compare the corporate reputation of four staffing and recruitment companies, from the perspective of graduating students.

    Background: Corporate reputation is a concept that has interested researchers for the last four decades, and still the concept incorporates a number of varied definitions, contexts and measurement methods (Gotsi & Wilson, 2001). Along with definition ambiguity comes also measurement concerns such as whether to aggregate or disaggregate several perspectives into one general index of a company’s reputation. Most researchers agree that corporate reputation is a suitable concept when describing the perceptions that stakeholders have of a company, and that it can only be ascribed to one company. This study takes the perspective to investigate one external stakeholder group of staffing and recruitment companies - graduating students. The group is of interest because it can possibly become an internal stakeholder group - employees.

    Method: For this study a quantitative method has been applied and an investigation has been made through a survey. Methodology about measuring corporate reputation is discussed, and lay ground for the empirical data collection. An altered version of the Harris-Fombrun Reputation Quotient (RQ) is used, in order to achieve better fit of the instrument and to attain higher reliability and validity.

    Conclusion: The purpose of this study has been fulfilled by measuring corporate reputation from the perspective of graduating students. empirical data from 125 students has been collected, and four corporate reputations of staffing and recruitment companies have been measured. The findings are not valid for generalisability but enough to give a good estimation of the population of interest. In addition, a disaggregated analysis of the RQ components has confirmed the findings. Using the methodology of the theoretically based Harris- Fombrun Reputation Quotient further validates the findings. Graduating students perceive Academic Work in the most positive way, in respect to the other companies.

  • 291.
    Broman, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karlsson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The elements of dependence: A case study on inter-organizational dependence2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate which elements constitute inter-organizational dependence and how inter-organizational dependence influences the relationship between GGP Sweden AB and Stoeryd AB.

    Background: The notion of arm's length relationships relying on market competition has been replaced with a new ideal consisting of closer, mutually beneficial relationships with extensive collaboration, cooperative actions, and long-term orientation. The benefits of more collaborative supply chains have also been questioned. Collaborative relationships can bring numerous positive outcomes but also conveys reliance on resources or competences of others. Intensified, collaborative relationship is connected to higher dependence, generating vulnerability when depending on others for survival. Several perspectives in social science lay grounds for the research on inter-organizational dependencies. Dependence is regarded to be an important concept for understanding buyer-supplier relationships.

    Method: This case study investigates the relationship and inter-organizational dependence of GGP Sweden AB and their supplier, Stoeryd AB. Various perspectives within business research have laid grounds for a framework by which to investigate dependence. Empirical material of the two case companies has been collected with aim to provide further insights and reflections about inter-firm dependence and the elements affecting it.

    Conclusion: A revised framework is presented in the shape of a model including the elements of dependence. The study recognizes the significance of regarding several elements for assessing dependence and that these must be seen in relation to other elements. Further, the behavioral factors of the relationship and intangible characteristics of the offering have been determined to significantly affect dependence. Finally, even if inter-organizational dependence is created within a relationship, elements must be seen in relation to alternative relationships. The connection between higher level of dependence and increased collaboration as apparent also in the case relationship. Trust, commitment and mutual interest are factors apparent in the relationship that may help to control the vulnerability striving from dependence.

  • 292.
    Broomé, Mathias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ko, Silvia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rosander, Evelina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Role of Formal Internal Communication In Organizational Identification: A case study of two Swedish offices 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the formal internal communication in business organizations, in particular the role of communication channels, providing managers with insights about employee OI.

     

    Problem

    The match between individuals and their organizations, organizational identification (OI), increases employees’ job motivation and satisfaction. This topic therefore deserves to be studied since strong employee OI carries important value in improving and influencing not only individual employee performance, but also the overall performance of businesses. Internal communication from management to employees leads to common thoughts about the organization that further provides members with the feeling of being part of and identifying with the organization. Since current research lacks evidence on which particular formal internal communication channels managers use to impact OI in employees, a clear gap in the literature is identified.

     

    Method

    A combination of primary- and secondary research has been used in order to fulfill the purpose of this study. A Triangulation approach has been applied consisting of semi-structured interviews with managers at two case companies and questionnaires filled in by the employees in those offices. This has provided valuable empirical insights for the analysis and conclusion.

     

    Conclusion

    The authors of this thesis have found that the greater the level of formality a channel has, the greater OI the employees perceive. Also, the size of a company matters. The larger a company is, the more frequent use of formal internal communication channels is necessary. The findings in this thesis further show that managers have an evident opportunity to affect OI in their employees. By choosing the most suitable communication channel in accordance to the specific situation, managers can affect employee OI in a positive way. It is also proven that receiving information and instructions directly from the managers can enhance OI in employees. 

  • 293.
    Brumana, Mara
    et al.
    University of Bergamo.
    Minola, Tommaso
    University of Bergamo.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Investigating resource exchanges in internal corporate venturing: Decision framing, risk and consequences for venture autonomy2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 294.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Feng, L.
    Cyron, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The function of emotion in strategic management: A literature review and future research agenda2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 295.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    University of the Western Cape.
    Visser, Kobus
    University of the Western Cape.
    Wigren, Caroline
    Lunds universitet.
    The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in South Africa2013In: Social entrepreneurship and microfinance / [ed] Jonathan H. Westover, Champaign: Common Ground Publishing, 2013, p. 149-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Kjellander, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Strategy Formation In The Family Business: The Role Of Storytelling2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes an interest in the past, as depicted by family business owners, and how it is reflected in the governance of the firm. The purpose of this paper is to explore how family business owners express and perceive their family business story and the implications for the strategy formation of the firm. Through the storytelling from 20 cases, we conclude that they embrace their past through different degrees of adoption and their promotion or prevention focus. We construct four typologies: strategy formation through reinforcement, renewal, remembrance and rhetoric. The implications of storytelling and these typologies are discussed.

  • 297.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Küng, Lucy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Emotions and Strategic Change in the Media Organization - Help or hindrance?: Insights from teh BBC's 'Producer Choice' and 'Making it happen'2006In: the 7th World Media Economics Conference: Beijing, China, May 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Family capital as an inherent capacity for trans-generatinal potential2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Meanings Of Ownership And Emotional Coping With Loss Of Ownership2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Patzelt, Holger
    Sheperd, Dean
    Managers' Emotional Displays and Employees' Willingness to Act Entrepreneurially2008In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 221-243Article in journal (Refereed)
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