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  • 251.
    Boerwinkel, Dionne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does culture matter in online retail?: A quantitative study based on the online shopping behaviour of generation Y in relation to the cultural influences of Germans and Swedes2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Due to technological developments (e.g. internet) and globalization, business management and the sales environment faced several changes in the last decades. Together with the convenience of the e-commerce and the free trade policy in the EU, businesses are evoked to enter foreign (online) markets (within the EU). While entering foreign markets the psychic distance between cultures is a factor which should be considered. One of the factors which causes psychic distance is the cultural values of a nation. Within this research the cultural values are described by the cultural dimension theory of Hofstede.

     

    Germany and Sweden have a leading usage and adaptation with online shopping. Within the e-commerce, the most valuable target group is the higher educated consumers of Generation Y. Since the cultural values in Germany and Sweden differ from one another, it suggests differences in there online-shopping cultures as well. To create the best online shopping experiences, cultural values should be considered within (concentrated) marketing approaches.

     

    Objective: This research is conducted to examine the online shopping behaviour of generation Y in relation to the cultural values of Germans and Swedes. The results of this research display a theoretical understanding of the online shopping behaviour forthcoming by the cultural influences. This study can benefit online retailers to develop or optimize strategic marketing plans and/or strategic entry plans in the e-commerce for both the German market and the Swedish market.

     

    Method: To answer the objective of this study, hypotheses are designed by the theoretical background. Followed by a survey-driven quantitative data research. The target group of the research were higher educated Germans and Swedes within Generation Y. Since the literature leaves several gaps, the conclusions are descriptive of nature.     

     

    Conclusion: The relationships drawn by literature between the online shopping behaviour and the cultural values of Germans and Swedes show consistencies with this research. Germans and Swedes show a similar technological acceptance, which is related to the high level of individualism. Further, differences between Germans and Swedes are assumed within the uncertainty avoidance (brand loyalty versus information search) and masculinity (goal-oriented shopping versus hedonistic shopping).                   

    Although the differences found between the two cultures are minor, a concentrated marketing strategy can be suggested to create the best suitable online consumer experience.   

  • 252.
    Bogdanova, Alla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Enfors, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Naumovska, Simona
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Work Environment Stressors - The link between employees’ well-being and job performance?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Employees are the human capital which contributes to the success and de-velopment of a company to a great extent. Thus, these days, companies do not see them only as factors of production from the classical perspective, but have started to value them as stakeholders and partners with whom long-term goals are achieved together.

    Problem Discussion & Purpose: Researchers realized the need of companies to deal with employees, and for that reason, there has been great time and effort spent on studies con-cerning the relation between job satisfaction and job performance. However, the authors of the thesis came to conclusion that the link between job satisfaction and job performance was still a vague one. Therefore, the thesis is focused on the concept of well-being. The study concentrates on blue-collar workers, and the purpose is to explore and understand the relation between job-related well-being and employees’ job performance in the context of stress caused by following environmental factors: working tools, workload, heat, noise, and safety.

    Theoretical Framework: The theories used for this study are concerning job perform-ance, well-being, and stress. An emphasis is given on the work environmental stressors, which are working tools, workload, safety, heat, and noise.

    Methodology: To make this study, the researchers applied qualitative approach and used 8 semi-structured interviews to collect the data. The authors have conducted personal “face-to-face” interviews. All of them were tape-recorded to provide the maximum accuracy of received data. Information was gathered within one company.

    Conclusion: After conducting research, acquiring empirical findings, and making analysis of data, the thesis authors suggest that there is a link between job performance and job-related well-being via the work environment stressors. The authors of the thesis assume that probably the relationship between well-being and performance can look as a “circle-” or “spiral”-like model, where well-being and performance influence each other mutually, however, in different ways at different stages of the model. The influence of well-being on job performance via researched work environment stressors can be either direct or indirect.

    The study is of a great importance because it gives good insight of seeing well-being as a link to performance which previously was not done by any other research. Being aware of the influence of the environmental factors, managers can better realize how these factors contribute to the performance and well-being of their employees, and find ways how to improve working environment in order to increase workers’ job performance and job-related well-being.

  • 253.
    Bohman, Sarah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Carlzon, Fredrika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jakobsson, Leo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Reaching Social Sustainability through Employment of People with Disabilities: A case study of Max Burgers2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is gaining increased attention both in media and academia. However, the social aspect of the concept is underdeveloped. One can describe social sustainability as a quality of societies where norms are based on social justice, human dignity and participation. Today the quality of our society can be improved, as people with disabilities (PWDs) are underutilized. For reaching a socially sustainable society, this minority needs to be better included in the labour market. Even though a good amount of literature has covered the employment of PWDs, empirical evidence is missing from organisations currently involved with employing PWDs.

    This thesis offers a new perspective concerning employment of PWDs and aids the work towards understanding and reaching social sustainability in a way that benefits organisations and society. The thesis consists of an in-depth case study of Max Burgers who is at the forefront when it comes to working with sustainability, concerning both the environmental and social responsibilities. Max Burgers has been working systematically with employing PWDs into their restaurants for over ten years and are seen as a role model in the field. We have conducted qualitative interviews with numerous of restaurant managers and disabled employees as well as attended a two-day educational conference.

    The study resulted in a model describing initiatives on how to reach social sustainability by employing PWDs. Important contributions are that employment of PWDs is a collaborative process involving four key actors: organisation, partner institution, managers and PWDs. Furthermore, we found that corporate culture plays an important role when accommodating PWDs at the work place. The study has provided proof that employment of PWDs leads to prominent benefits for both organisations and society, i.e. enhanced customer service, leadership development, and healthier labour market. 

  • 254.
    Bonde, Wictor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Lübken, Verena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Settergren, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Attitudes towards Establishing Trust, Commitment & Satisfaction in International B-2-B Relationships: A Comparative Study of Swedish Sellers and German Buyers in the Textile Industry2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Globalization has opened up new possibilities for firms of all sizes to operate internationally. In that context, especially small- and medium sized companies often have limited resources and market power, which makes efficient relationship building with new intermediaries a key component when entering foreign markets. Therefore, approaching foreign companies and potentially engaging in new business relationships should be a strategic managerial issue.

    Purpose

    The main objective is to analyze how Swedish SMEs in the textile industry should approach German buyers in accordance to their preferences, taking cultural differences into account, as well as maintaining and developing the relationship. The focus will primarily be on the on the stages where the initial contact has been made, thus aiming at advancing in the development process. For this to be achieved, Swedish sellers must know what values to communicate to their counterpart.

    Method

    A qualitative approach has been used in order answer the purpose of the thesis. We have gathered our data from ten in-depth interviews; five with Swedish sellers and five with German buyers. The essential part of the data collection was done over telephone.

    Conclusion

    The most critical components that are found to be vital in developing a successful buyer-seller relationship include trust, satisfaction and commitment with all their related aspects. It was found that the product offer plays a critical role in the Early Stage of the relationship development process. Communication is essential for the building of trust and satisfaction and supplements the actions of commitment shown by the parties. Having an understanding on what values the counterpart appreciates and when these are especially important in the respective stages of the relationship building enables the firm to adapt its relationship marketing to the buyers preferences in a cost efficient and successful way.

  • 255.
    Bong, Carine Kuo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Ngang, Joseph Bayiah
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The use of Information and Communication Technology in disaster management: The case of Cameroon2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The frequency of natural disasters and its negative consequences in terms of the number of people killed, property destroyed and negative environmental impacts caused in the affected communities constitute one of the basic foundations and motivations for the development and use of ICT and other means of preventing as well as responding to disasters in the world today. This is simply because disaster management constitutes an important part of any developmental framework. Unfortunately a majority of these natural disasters occur in developing countries where information flow is greatly hampered because the national actors in disasters lack the skills to use ICT to prepare for and to response to disasters in their communities. Current study aims at studying the use of ICT in disaster management in Cameroon-a less developing country south of the Sahara

    To achieve the aim of this study, a quantitative research approach was chosen. A total sample of 150 organisations was selected from a population of 285 organisations within Cameroon, that are directly or indirectly involved with disaster management or developmental issues of any nature. In total 150 questionnaires were administered to these selected national actors by mail, internet, telephone and self-administration and 85 of the organisations respondended to the questionnaire.

    After collecting and analysing the data, the authors came to the conclusions that; disasters occur in Cameroon on frequent bases causing lots of damages thus the need for ICT use in humanitarian logistics to move information and material. Results showed that national actors use the radio and local TV (CRTV) for disaster preparedness and the mobile phone for disaster response, while the internet and computer techonology, foreign TV, Fixed phone and fax had a very low usage rate or sometimes not used at all. The reason for low usage or no usage was due to problems encountered by national actors in an attempt of trying to use them. Against this background, the authors suggested a number of recommendations that could improve the degree of ICT usage. One of them was that the Cameroon government should partner with private sector firms to make ICT infrastructure available by investing more and improving on the telecommunication sector in the country. This will solve the problem of poor ICT infrastructure, poor radio and TV signals, limited internet connectivity accessibility and availability in Cameroon.

  • 256.
    Borg, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Fredriksson, Lis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How the exposure to idealized advertisement affect young women's self-esteem and body satisfaction: testing for the influence of lifestyle2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Eating disorders and low self-esteem among young women is a growing concern in today’s society. Due to this growing concern, this subject has been given a lot of attention both in media and through academic research during recent years. One area that has been highly criticized and examined is the idealized ideals often presented in media and advertisement today. These ideals can, according to literature, harm young women due to social comparison with these idealized images. According to previous research, this social comparison can have a negative effect on both self-esteem and body satisfaction. Research also show that continued exposure to such ideals can lead to internalization of thin and beauty ideals, which in turn is proven to be a strong predictor for these images negative affect on self-esteem and body satisfaction. Because of these findings and the critique of these ideals in media, this is an important subject to study both because of the ethical concerns with continuing to reinforce these ideals in advertisement, and from a society’s perspective in order to learn who might need extra protection in order to not be harmed by these ideals. Therefore, this study will firstly examine if we can see a negative effect on high school student’s self-esteem and body satisfaction, after being exposed to idealized images (in our case thin-models). Our study will also examine, in a second part, if we can see, depending on the lifestyle of the students, if some girls are more vulnerable than others to the exposure of idealized images. The second part of the study will contribute with information of which young women that need extra protection and attention to not develop low self-esteem due to the pressure of living up to the ideals.

    The method of our study is mostly of a deductive nature since this is an extensively researched topic, where pre-established methods and theories can be found. However, as the second part of the study has not been previous research this part will use a combination of deductive and inductive strategy. To collect the primary data an experimental design is used, with pre-established measurements for self-esteem and body satisfaction. Moreover, statements regarding the participant’s lifestyle are constructed with the help of AIOs lifestyle questionnaire as an inspiration. The experiment processes consists of two steps. First, the participants are exposed to two images, either thin-model images, normal sized woman images, or control images (which is images without any persons in it). After the exposure, the participants are asked to answer the questionnaire consisting of the self-esteem measurement, the body satisfaction measurement, and the lifestyle statements. The first part of our study did not show any sign of the thin-model image having any effect on the participant’s self-esteem or body satisfaction. However, we found a significant difference between the girls of 15-17 years old and those who were 18-20 years old self-esteem and body satisfaction means. Where the girls 15-17 scored significantly lower in both. Our conclusion of these findings is that there still is a high internalization of unhealthy thin and beauty ideals especially among the younger girls. Therefore, idealized media still is harmful for these girls since they are reinforcing and contributing to these ideals in society. For the second part of the study, we found a significant difference between the Party lifestyle group and the Sport lifestyle group’s self-esteem, where the Party Lifestyle group had a significantly lower self-esteem than the Sport lifestyle group. Further, we could also see a connection throw-out all of our results between self-esteem and body satisfaction, where those who scored low in self-esteem most often also scored low in body satisfaction and the other way around. This finding showed us that those with a party lifestyle are more vulnerable to idealized media exposure in that way that they are more likely to internalize unhealthy beauty and thin ideals.

  • 257.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Implications of Power in Supply Chains2006In: Nofoma Conference Oslo, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Power Issues when Integrating Supply Chains2006In: IMP conference Milan, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Bornhausen, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Aloji, Hiua
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Organizational and Social Factors of Entrepreneurial Creativity: A Female Perspective2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that several factors of the work environment have the ability to  positively  influence  the  creativity  of  employees.  However,  these  research  findings  are generalized  and  do  not  consider  the  needs  of  female  employees.  Concentrating  on  the organizational and social factors of a creative work environment, the purpose of this study is  to  investigate  if  the  factors  proposed  by  research  apply  to  female  employees  and  to identify additional elements that are of special importance to women. Based  on  existing  literature  the  authors  created  a  working  model  including  five organizational and four social factors, namely autonomy, resources, structure and systems, pressure, organizational and supervisory encouragement as the organizational factors and diversity, conflicts, communication and work group encouragement as social factors.  In order to meet the purpose of this study a qualitative research method was applied to test the  effect  of  our  working  model  on  female  creativity.  The  authors  conducted  ten  semi-structured interviews with female employees in start-ups in Berlin, Germany. The results revealed that the presented organizational and social factors do have the ability to  enhance  the  creativity  of  women.  Furthermore,  four  new  elements  appeared  that  are essential for the female creativity: atmosphere, team spirit, communication and soft formal structures. These findings provide a good starting point not only for executives in creating a creative work environment for female employees but also for future research in this field.

  • 260.
    Borovcova, Lenka
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kaloyanchev, Yordan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The impact of CSR activities on employees’ well-being at work: Case study of Electrolux2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 261.
    Bou Assaf, Nicole
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Carvalho Cunha, Cassia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kubista, Christian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Special Events on Facebook: The relationship of online subculture, eWOM, eTrust, and purchase intention2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this bachelor thesis is to investigate the relationship of online subcultures, electronic trust, electronic word-of-mouth, and purchase intention towards a special event within selected Facebook Pages.

    Background: Given the increasing impact of social media platforms in communications not only between consumers, but also consumers and companies, this study takes a deeper look at the influence that companies can exercise on consumer’s purchase intention for a special event through these platforms. The background is based on previous researches and existent theories related to products, which are tested for a special event.

    Method: In order to fulfill the purpose of this study  a cross-sectional design is applied. A deductive approach is followed, and a quantitative method is used through the application of questionnaires in order to collect the empirical data necessary to answer  the given research questions. The questionnaires were distributed to the selected sample, which is anyone who “likes” the following Facebook Pages: Sweden Rock Festival, Göteborg Horse Show, Hultsfred, and Swedish Speedway Grand Prix.

    Conclusion: Based on the background a modest to strong relationship was expected  between the measured variables. This however has been disconfirmed by the results, thus showing a weaker relationship than has been previously tested with regards to a product. The main finding is that when it comes to special events, the organizer is seen as a more reliable source, thus it is more influential than fellow members of the Facebook Page.

  • 262.
    Boychev, Aleksandar
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Plachkova, Tonya
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Perceptions and attitudes among Swedes towards Bulgarian wine2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consumption of wine is high internationally. There is a tendency of increasing consumption of qulity wine over table wine. The experience of drinking wine is not like drinking any other alcohol beverage, it is more sensual experince because of the sophistication of the taste and flavors that wine possesses. Sweden is not an exeption from the worldwide trend of increasing wine consumption. Moreover, Swedes are developing even more esthetic way of drinking wine, namely combining it with food.

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of the Swedish consumers towards wine and in particular towards Bulgarian wine if there are any existent. It further investigates the determinants of the attitudes and perceptions towards wine.

    Three interviews with representatives of HoReCa (Hotels, Restaurants and Catering) and Systembolaget are conducted. They and the literature review serve as a base for the formulation of hypotheses which have to be supported or rejected with the help of a questionnaire developed for that purpose. The questionnaire is translated in Swedish as it is designed for the Swedish consumers. The current research is descriptive, so only descriptive statistics are used for the analyses of the data collected.

    The results of the study are really intriguing. Some factors that are mainly con-sidered of great significance turned out as not so important when it comes to the Swedish wine consumers. The interviews gave a really interesting insight about the specific situation on the Swedish alcohol market and the consumption of wine among Swedes. The questionnaires reached their purpose and helped to support or reject the formulated hypotheses and to draw some essential conclusions about the perceptions and attitudes towards Bulgarian wine.

    Finally, this paper ends with the main conclusions reached by conducting the research, some market implications about wine producing companies that would like to enter the Swedish alcohol market and in particular Bulgarian wine cellars. Then the shortcomings of the study and the future research are dis-cussed.

  • 263.
    Bozoki, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Richter, Markus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Economic Growth: A quantitative study about the moderating effects of institutional dimensions on the relationship of necessity- and opportunity motivated entrepreneurship and economic growth2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we statistically measure if normative and cultural-cognitive institutions moderate the relationship of entrepreneurship and economic growth when the entrepreneurial activity is rooted in different motivations. The types of entrepreneurship which we are measuring, in relation to economic growth, are opportunity- and necessity entrepreneurship. By reviewing the literature we found a general agreement regarding the effect of opportunity entrepreneurship on economic growth while the opinions on necessity entrepreneurship are disparate. Taking institutional theory as the basis for moderation fills in several gaps of the existing literature such as using different types of institutions at the same time or fulfilling the demand for cross-country time series study in both entrepreneurship and institutional research. Regulative institutions are taken into consideration when choosing the countries for analysing. Trust, as a proxy for social capital, is used to measure the moderating effect of normative institutions whilst Power Distance Index and individualism are the measures of cultural-cognitive institutions. Relying on secondary data we used an Ordinary Least Square regression and a repeated measures model for analysis.

     

    In line with previous research we found that opportunity entrepreneurship does not have a significant positive correlation with economic growth, when the effect is measured through the productivity enhancement of labour and technology. Necessity entrepreneurship displayed a significantly negative effect. Furthermore, our results did not show any effect when moderating the different motivations for entrepreneurship with trust, power distance or individualism. At the end of our thesis we elaborate on the possible reasons for our findings and suggest some directions for further research.

     

    The thesis contributes to entrepreneurship research with filling the gaps of cross-country, time series study and providing empirical evidence for the existing theories. It enables to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship of entrepreneurship and economic growth. Regarding institutional research, our thesis places some emphasis on the positive effects of institutional dimensions with relations to entrepreneurial context. It would be very interesting to see more research into the negative aspects of institutions to not only understand what fosters productivity of e.g. innovation and labour, but also burdens it. 

  • 264. Bradley, S
    et al.
    Shepherd, Dean A
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurial Management and the Resource Slack-Performance Relationship2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Bradley, Steven W.
    et al.
    Hankamer School of Business, Baylor University.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Shepherd, Dean A.
    Kelley School of Business, Indiana University.
    Swinging a double-edged sword: The effect of slack on entrepreneurial management and growth2011In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 537-554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resource slack represents a double-edged sword, simultaneously fueling and hindering growth. Drawing on Penrose's growth theory and Stevenson's entrepreneurial management theory, we have developed and tested a conceptual model that provides a more nuanced account of the resource slack–growth relationship. Using a large dataset spanning six years, we have found that slack has a positive direct effect on growth but a negative effect on entrepreneurial management, and that entrepreneurial management has a positive effect on growth. Our empirical and conceptual findings are important to the development of firm growth theory and explicate causal mechanisms transforming slack into firm-level outcomes.

  • 266.
    Brandin, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Bylin, Amanda
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Using Enterprise Social Networks for Internal Communication: A Case Study about Organisational Actors' Experience2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internal communication is a subject increasing in importance. This subject has, as many other things, been influenced by the Internet-based and connected world that we live in today. As a result, Enterprise Social Networks has appeared as a tool for organisations to use. While the usage of this tool is growing, the existing research on the subject is yet very limited. So is the research on employees‘ needs when it comes to internal communication. In this study, we aim to fill these gaps, by exploring the use of these enterprise social networks from an organisational actor‘s perspective. In order to fulfil this purpose, a qualitative case study within multiple embedded units of analysis was used. The empirical material was gathered through in-depth semi- structured interviews as well as observations. Furthermore, we took on real-life experience by using the ESN tool ourselves. Several themes were then identified using a thematic analysis. By using this method, we conclude that organisational actors use ESNs for private, public and remote communication. We also provide the reader with five characteristics of ESNs that are perceived as important by organisational actors, namely; easy to learn, easy to use, accessible, informal and avoids disturbance. Several perceived outcomes resulting from ESN usage is then identified. We conclude the study by explaining that if organisations identify a need for an ESN, use it in the right way, and have the appropriate culture, the implementation of an ESN can be very beneficial. This, as organisational actors experience it as a good tool for internal communication.

  • 267.
    Brandt, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nordell, Carl-Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Wetterlund, Erik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Företagsvärdering: En fallstudie av Betsson AB2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The online gambling market has during recent years experienced high growthmostly due to the popularity of online poker. Today other games such as casinoare growing in popularity and more customers are turning to the onlinegambling market instead of the regular gambling market. As with all growthmarkets more and more companies establishes on the online gambling marketeven though high external risk factors such as regulations and nationalbans. Companies such as Betsson connected to the online gambling marketsuch are experiencing high growth which has made them interesting objectsfor investing.This bachelor thesis intends to study competitive advantages, investigate possibilitiesto keep and increase market share, and use this information combinedwith a financial analysis. The purpose of the thesis is to describe andanalyze the future of Betsson AB from the perspective of an investor. This isachieved with a case study of Betsson.Qualitative and quantitative research with semi-structured interviews hasbeen chosen to collect information vital for the thesis. All six individuals fromthe interview sample work close to Betsson or the online gambling market ona daily bases. These individuals are the assistant of the CEO at Betsson, stockanalysts and a professional poker player. This sample was chosen to view theproblem from several different angles.The conclusion from this thesis describes Betsson as a company with a strongposition on the online gambling market both in terms of competitive advantageand market share. Several internal and external factors are in favour forcontinuing growth. The legal aspects are however still a major risk factor andits affects should be considered before an investment in Betsson is made.Key word: discounted cash flow model, SWOT, PESTEL, Porter, five forces, externalanalysis, internal analysis, multiples, company valuation, market share,online gambling and online gambling companies, Betsson, case study.

  • 268. Brannon, D
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The effect of family relationships in entrepreneurial teams2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 269. Brannon, D
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The ties that bind: Performance implications of cohabitation and blood relationships among new venture team members2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 270. Braunerhjelm, P.
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tillväxtens förändringsagenter: entreprenörer, innovationer och ekonomisk politik 2006Book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Brodersson, Marcus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Enerbäck, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rautiainen, Mathias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Angel Investor Perspective on Equity Crowdfunding2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the rapidly growing phenomenon of equity crowdfunding from the perspective of professional investors. The aim was to contribute to the relatively thin aca-demic field of equity crowdfunding, shedding light on why it is yet to be recognized as an important instrument for raising capital and provide suggestions for improvement. The data was collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews with Angel Investors that through their experience could identify benefits and constraints with equity crowd-funding not obvious to the crowd. Benefits of using equity crowdfunding platforms were outweighed by the identified constraints such as corporate governance issues, uncertainties concerning laws and regulations, high risk, and lack of intellectual capital. This eventually led to suggestions for improvements that included channelling the crowd investments through a mutual fund, and allowing the crowd to co-invest with Angel Investors to get around the constraints. Conclusively, the Angel Investors were positive towards the underlying ideology of equity crowdfunding of helping more entrepreneurial ventures reaching their full potential by tapping a previously unutilized source of capital, the crowd. However, there is scepticism to how the phenomenon is currently working in practice.

  • 272.
    Brokvist, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Kappler, Meike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does parcel packaging of online purchases matter?: An investigation of consumer perception of parcel packaging in online apparel shopping2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this thesis, the authors argue that a part of the online shopping experience is the parcel packaging. The packaging is the first sensory input the customer receive after ordering online and may influence customer thoughts and feelings. This perception of the packaging is developed through for example, colours, graphics, and material. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of parcel packaging in online apparel shopping. Furthermore, packaging elements were investigated to discover the impact on the shopping experience. 

    Method: The method used is of qualitative characteristic, in order to get a deeper understanding of consumer perceptions and feelings towards the parcel packaging. Hence, focus group interviews, with a total of 26 participants, were held to answer the research questions. 

    Conclusion: The results from this research concludes that packaging has a minor influence on the shopping experience. Furthermore, differences between more expensive and cheaper brands were identified. However, the quality perception of the ordered products is not impacted by the parcel packaging.

  • 273.
    Broman, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Cabander, Robin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karlsson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    How graduating students perceive the staffing and recruitment industry: A study on corporate reputation2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to measure and compare the corporate reputation of four staffing and recruitment companies, from the perspective of graduating students.

    Background: Corporate reputation is a concept that has interested researchers for the last four decades, and still the concept incorporates a number of varied definitions, contexts and measurement methods (Gotsi & Wilson, 2001). Along with definition ambiguity comes also measurement concerns such as whether to aggregate or disaggregate several perspectives into one general index of a company’s reputation. Most researchers agree that corporate reputation is a suitable concept when describing the perceptions that stakeholders have of a company, and that it can only be ascribed to one company. This study takes the perspective to investigate one external stakeholder group of staffing and recruitment companies - graduating students. The group is of interest because it can possibly become an internal stakeholder group - employees.

    Method: For this study a quantitative method has been applied and an investigation has been made through a survey. Methodology about measuring corporate reputation is discussed, and lay ground for the empirical data collection. An altered version of the Harris-Fombrun Reputation Quotient (RQ) is used, in order to achieve better fit of the instrument and to attain higher reliability and validity.

    Conclusion: The purpose of this study has been fulfilled by measuring corporate reputation from the perspective of graduating students. empirical data from 125 students has been collected, and four corporate reputations of staffing and recruitment companies have been measured. The findings are not valid for generalisability but enough to give a good estimation of the population of interest. In addition, a disaggregated analysis of the RQ components has confirmed the findings. Using the methodology of the theoretically based Harris- Fombrun Reputation Quotient further validates the findings. Graduating students perceive Academic Work in the most positive way, in respect to the other companies.

  • 274.
    Broman, Christopher
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Karlsson, Emilia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The elements of dependence: A case study on inter-organizational dependence2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate which elements constitute inter-organizational dependence and how inter-organizational dependence influences the relationship between GGP Sweden AB and Stoeryd AB.

    Background: The notion of arm's length relationships relying on market competition has been replaced with a new ideal consisting of closer, mutually beneficial relationships with extensive collaboration, cooperative actions, and long-term orientation. The benefits of more collaborative supply chains have also been questioned. Collaborative relationships can bring numerous positive outcomes but also conveys reliance on resources or competences of others. Intensified, collaborative relationship is connected to higher dependence, generating vulnerability when depending on others for survival. Several perspectives in social science lay grounds for the research on inter-organizational dependencies. Dependence is regarded to be an important concept for understanding buyer-supplier relationships.

    Method: This case study investigates the relationship and inter-organizational dependence of GGP Sweden AB and their supplier, Stoeryd AB. Various perspectives within business research have laid grounds for a framework by which to investigate dependence. Empirical material of the two case companies has been collected with aim to provide further insights and reflections about inter-firm dependence and the elements affecting it.

    Conclusion: A revised framework is presented in the shape of a model including the elements of dependence. The study recognizes the significance of regarding several elements for assessing dependence and that these must be seen in relation to other elements. Further, the behavioral factors of the relationship and intangible characteristics of the offering have been determined to significantly affect dependence. Finally, even if inter-organizational dependence is created within a relationship, elements must be seen in relation to alternative relationships. The connection between higher level of dependence and increased collaboration as apparent also in the case relationship. Trust, commitment and mutual interest are factors apparent in the relationship that may help to control the vulnerability striving from dependence.

  • 275.
    Broomé, Mathias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ko, Silvia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Rosander, Evelina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Role of Formal Internal Communication In Organizational Identification: A case study of two Swedish offices 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the formal internal communication in business organizations, in particular the role of communication channels, providing managers with insights about employee OI.

     

    Problem

    The match between individuals and their organizations, organizational identification (OI), increases employees’ job motivation and satisfaction. This topic therefore deserves to be studied since strong employee OI carries important value in improving and influencing not only individual employee performance, but also the overall performance of businesses. Internal communication from management to employees leads to common thoughts about the organization that further provides members with the feeling of being part of and identifying with the organization. Since current research lacks evidence on which particular formal internal communication channels managers use to impact OI in employees, a clear gap in the literature is identified.

     

    Method

    A combination of primary- and secondary research has been used in order to fulfill the purpose of this study. A Triangulation approach has been applied consisting of semi-structured interviews with managers at two case companies and questionnaires filled in by the employees in those offices. This has provided valuable empirical insights for the analysis and conclusion.

     

    Conclusion

    The authors of this thesis have found that the greater the level of formality a channel has, the greater OI the employees perceive. Also, the size of a company matters. The larger a company is, the more frequent use of formal internal communication channels is necessary. The findings in this thesis further show that managers have an evident opportunity to affect OI in their employees. By choosing the most suitable communication channel in accordance to the specific situation, managers can affect employee OI in a positive way. It is also proven that receiving information and instructions directly from the managers can enhance OI in employees. 

  • 276.
    Brumana, Mara
    et al.
    University of Bergamo.
    Minola, Tommaso
    University of Bergamo.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Investigating resource exchanges in internal corporate venturing: Decision framing, risk and consequences for venture autonomy2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Feng, L.
    Cyron, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The function of emotion in strategic management: A literature review and future research agenda2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 278.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Isaacs, Eslyn
    University of the Western Cape.
    Visser, Kobus
    University of the Western Cape.
    Wigren, Caroline
    Lunds universitet.
    The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in South Africa2013In: Social entrepreneurship and microfinance / [ed] Jonathan H. Westover, Champaign: Common Ground Publishing, 2013, p. 149-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 279.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Kjellander, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Strategy Formation In The Family Business: The Role Of Storytelling2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes an interest in the past, as depicted by family business owners, and how it is reflected in the governance of the firm. The purpose of this paper is to explore how family business owners express and perceive their family business story and the implications for the strategy formation of the firm. Through the storytelling from 20 cases, we conclude that they embrace their past through different degrees of adoption and their promotion or prevention focus. We construct four typologies: strategy formation through reinforcement, renewal, remembrance and rhetoric. The implications of storytelling and these typologies are discussed.

  • 280.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management).
    Küng, Lucy
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Emotions and Strategic Change in the Media Organization - Help or hindrance?: Insights from teh BBC's 'Producer Choice' and 'Making it happen'2006In: the 7th World Media Economics Conference: Beijing, China, May 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Family capital as an inherent capacity for trans-generatinal potential2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Meanings Of Ownership And Emotional Coping With Loss Of Ownership2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 283.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Patzelt, Holger
    Sheperd, Dean
    Managers' Emotional Displays and Employees' Willingness to Act Entrepreneurially2008In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 221-243Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Brundin, Ethel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Patzelt, Holger
    Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany .
    Sheperd, Dean A.
    Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, United States .
    Managers' Emotional Displays and Employees' Willingness to Act Entrepreneurially2016In: Decision Making in Entrepreneurship: Selected Joint Papers of Dean A. Shepherd / [ed] Dean A. Shepherd, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 119-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we draw on the literature of emotions and entrepreneurial motivation to analyze how and why emotional displays of managers influence the willingness of employees to act entrepreneurially. Using an experimental design and 2912 assessments nested within 91 employees from 31 small entrepreneurially oriented firms, we find that managers' displays of confidence and satisfaction about entrepreneurial projects enhance employees' willingness to act entrepreneurially, whereas displays of frustration, worry, and bewilderment diminish employees' willingness. Moreover, we find that displays of satisfaction, frustration, worry, and bewilderment moderate the effect of managers' displayed confidence on employees' willingness to act entrepreneurially. Our findings have implications for the emotions and entrepreneurial motivation literature. 

  • 285.
    Brunk, Katja
    et al.
    ESMT Berlin, Germany.
    Hartmann, Benjamin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Locals as Immigrants in German Unification and Acculturation: How Nostalgia Enchants the Former East2013In: Advances in Consumer Research 2013, Chicago, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 286.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Börsen bra. Hemma bäst: MSAB köps ut från börsen. Att familjebolag avnoteras har sina förklaringar.2017In: Affärsvärlden, ISSN 0345-3766, no 47, p. 4p. 28-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The main owners of the Swedish famly firm Melker Schörling AB (MSAB) have made an offer to the minority owners to repurchase their shares. The intention is to delist MSAB from the stock exchange. It is not uncommon that owning families choose to delist their firms from the stock exchange. One reaseon to do so is that being listed may have negative implications for the socioemotional wealth (SEW) of the owners. Family owners need to consider both financial wealth and socioemotional wealth in their corporate governance decisions. 

  • 287.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Connecting and disconnecting historical epochs through heritage brands.: The case of the Latvian confectionary brand Laima.2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper addresses how heritage brands can survive and develop in highly changing political and economic contexts. Examining the case of the Latvian Confectionary Brand Laima, I discuss how the brand relates back to two periods of Latvian independence and two periods of Russian/Soviet/German occupation from 1870-2016.

  • 288.
    Brunninge, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Family heritage in corporate heritage branding: opportunities and risks2017In: Foundations of Corporate Heritage, Oxford: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter explores the opportunities and risks associated with addressing family heritage in the context of corporate heritage branding. Family businesses are particularly interesting for the communication of corporate heritage , as the heritage of the company and that of the owner family are usually closely connected. Firms communicating their corporate heritage often aim at assuring stakeholders that central traits of the company will endure even in the future. Such trait constancy can become embodied, reinforced, and extended by the inclusion fo family heritage. However family heritage can become a liability when stakeholders discover negative traits in the family's past.

  • 289.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Fridriksson, Helgi-Valur
    Malmö University.
    ”We have always been responsible”: A social memory approach to responsibility in supply chains2017In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 372-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Drawing on the social memory literature, we discuss what implications referencing to the past can have for how firms manage their supply chains and communicate about them.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: In a conceptual manner, we connect the field of responsible supply chain management to the growing literature on corporate heritage and social memory in organizations.

    Findings: We develop seven propositions related to the communication of the past and its connection to responsible supply chain management.

    Research limitations/implications: A social memory perspective can inform supply chain management research, by helping to better understand how and with what consequences the past can be used in communication about supply chains. Our paper is conceptual in nature and empirical investigations would be needed to support and/or modify our literature-based findings.

    Practical implications: Managers should be aware that both opportunities and risks are associated withcommunicating the past in connection to responsible supply chain management. Deployed in the right way, such communication can be valuable both in marketing and in internal management processes.

    Originality/value: This article introduces the social memory perspective to the supply chain management field and shows what implications it can have for research on responsibility in supply chains. 

  • 290.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Hartmann, Benjamin J.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Inventing a past: Corporate heritage as dialectical relationships of past and present.2018In: Marketing Theory, ISSN 1470-5931, E-ISSN 1741-301XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this commentary, we focus on invented corporate heritage, where organizations present falsified accounts of a corporate past. The extant corporate heritage literature has highlighted how the time frames of the past, present and future (omni temporality) are merged in those organizations where there is trait constancy. Focusing on invented corporate heritage, we argue that this represents an extreme case of these dialectics, where present and future precede “the past”, or more appropriately “invented past”. Although lacking in authenticity, an invented corporate heritage may still be attractive to consumers since it can construct an aura of authenticity by delivering an enchanting experience to consumers, irrespective of its substantive genuineness. However, such inventions carry considerable risk since they represent a fabrication of the past.

  • 291.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melander, Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Family firm longevity and resource management: Financial and social-emotional wealth rationalities2015In: New ways of studying emotions in organizations / [ed] Charmine E. J. Härtel , Wilfred J. Zerbe , Neal M. Ashkanasy, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 173-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we explore the impact of socioemotional and financial wealth on the resource management of family firms. We use MoDo, a Swedish pulp and paper firm, covering three generations of owner-managers from 1873 to 1991, to grasp the shifting emphases on socioemotional and financial wealth in the management of the company. Identifying four strategic issues of decisive importance for the development of MoDo, we analyze the organizational values that guided the management of these issues. We propose that financial and socioemotional wealth stand for two different rationalities that infuse organizational values. The MoDo case illustrates how these rationalities go hand in hand for extended periods of time, safeguarding both financial success and socioemotional endowments. However, in a situation where the rationalities are no longer in line with the development of the industry context, the conflict arising between the two rationalities may have fatal consequences for the firm in question.

  • 292.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melander, Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Family-Firm Identity Across Generations: The Swedish Pulp and Paper Firms MoDo (1872-1990) and Korsnäs (1855-2011)2013In: History by Generations: Generational Dynamics in Modern History / [ed] Hartmut Berghoff, Uffa Jensen, Christina Lubinski, Bernd Weisbrod, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter builds on a longitudinal study of two family-owned Swedish pulp and paper firms: MoDo and Korsnäs. Drawing on the concept of "family firm identity" we investigate how the character of the two firms as family businesses has been sustained over generations and through changes in the firms' startegies and business contexts. We conclude that the concept of family firm identity needs to be applied in a differentiated manner in order to capture the reality of family busineeses. Based on our cases we identify three dimensions along which family firm identity differs: 1) explicit vs. implicit family firm identity, 2) owbership vs. management oriented family firm identity and 3) general vs. specific family firm identity.

  • 293.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melander, Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    The dynamics of path dependence on the individual, organizational and the field levels: MoDo, the Kempe family and the Swedish pulp and paper industry 1873–19902016In: Management & Organizational History, ISSN 1744-9359, E-ISSN 1744-9367, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 189-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Path dependence is a promising and increasingly popular perspectivefor analysing long-term historical developments in firms, industriesor referring to other units of analysis. A central assumption is thatpaths can narrow down as a result of self-reinforcing processesthat eventually result in a lock-in that is difficult, if at all possible, toreverse. Typically, path dependence is investigated relating to onepath on a specific unit of analysis, e.g. an organization. The presentarticle explores how different paths on different levels of analysis caninfluence each other. Empirically, we use the long-term developmentof the Swedish pulp and paper company MoDo as the focal level ofanalysis. The organizational level paths are then related to paths onthe field level of the Swedish pulp and paper industry and to pathsrepresented by individual owner-managers’ ways of thinking. Weconceptualize the dynamic interplay between paths by elaboratingon processes of path-spreading, path-breaking, path-convergenceand path-divergence.

  • 294.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Continuity in Change: Path Dependence and Transformation in Two Swedish Multinationals2009In: The Hidden Dynamics of Path Dependence: Institutions and Organizations / [ed] Georg Screyögg & Jörg Sydow, Houndmills: Palgrave , 2009, 1, p. 94-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Swedish School of Textiles, Borås.
    Wramsby, Gunnar
    Swedish School of Textiles, Borås.
    Avoiding to get stuck in a successful business model.: Business Model Adaptation at a high technology textile company2013In: RENT XXVII. Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business: Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Competitiveness, European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM) , 2013, p. 36-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM

     

    The development of successful business models has become recognized as an important element of entrepreneurial processes (George & Bock, 2011). Business models are depicted as loci of innovation shaping the mechanisms that derive value from business opportunities (Amit & Zott, 2001; Chesbrough & Rosenbloom, 2002). Yet, a major challenge even for entrepreneurial firms with successful business models is to avoid getting stuck in their business model in situations where environmental changes call for business model alignment or where an established business model might be an obstacle to pursuing new opportunities. While firms need to adapt and change their business models, we know that organizations tend to get stuck in their early strategies and structures (Hannan & Freeman, 1977) and that firms may get locked into previously successful paths (Sydow; Schreyögg & Koch, 2009). Hence, Johnson et al. (1996) propose that new business models are most likely to emerge with new organizations. The present paper aims at exploring how innovative firms can avoid getting stuck in their business models. As a theoretical lens we are going to use the literature on path dependence that allows analyzing why firms get locked-in on specific patterns, but also how such lock-ins can be avoided. 

     

    CONTRIBUTION

     

    Being a buzzword during the time of the dot.com bubble (Magretta 2002), the ‘business model’ concept has become widely used among practitioners and in normatively oriented publications (Casadesus-Masanell & Ricart 2011; Johnson et al. 2008; Magretta 2002). So far, research on business models suffers from a lack of consensus as to what business models actually refer to (Morris et al. 2005), leading to a fragmented body of knowledge (George & Bock 2011) that is sometimes characterized by conceptual obscurity (Hedman & Kalling 2003).

     

    There have been attempts to bring more clarity and coherence to the use of the business model concept, most notably George & Bock’s (2011) recent article where they both review the existing business model literature and make an attempt to investigate how practitioners actually use the concept. Their literature review identifies six major themes, focusing on product and service design, the deployment of resources, narrative accounts of business models, innovation frameworks, transaction structures, and the enactment of opportunities. The findings relating to practitioners’ business model conceptions are no less diverse, yet they identify an emphasis on the pursuit of opportunities. George & Bock (2011), warn that if the business model concept comprises too many aspects, it may be difficult to distinguish business models from other management concepts such as strategy. Their solution is to propose a business model definition related to the enactment of opportunities. On the other hand, a primarily opportunity-based definition leads to the question, if such phenomena are not yet sufficiently addressed in classical conceptions of entrepreneurship (e.g. Stevenson 1995). Morris, Schindehutte & Allen (2005), thus choose to emphasize the logic of profit generation in their conception of business models. While the enactment of a business opportunity is important for any business model, it is only the inclusion of the profit generation logic that clearly distinguishes the business model from other concepts.    

     

    It is undisputed that in a changing environment. Business models have to be changed or even replaced in order to sustain the success of the firm in the long run (Brunninge & Achtenhagen 2011, Doz & Kosonen 2009; Johnson, Christensen & Kagerman 1996). Still, we have rather little knowledge relating to the question how such dynamic adaptation of business models is created in practice. Johnson et al. (1996) distinguish between reactive and opportunity driven business model changes. In general, they see severe obstacles to change in established organizations. Hence, they have relatively little to say about how business model change can be accomplished in established firms. Their description of inertia comes close to the phenomenon of organizational path dependence (Sydow, et al. 2009). The literature on path dependence goes back to the work of (Arthur 1989; David 1985) departing from the assumption that increasing returns, i.e. a positive feedback process that eventually results in a lock-in where changes of the selected solution become hard, if not impossible, to bring about (Sydow, Schreyögg & Koch 2009). It is thus essentially initial success that leads to inertia, making an effective business model a potential trap preventing future change. A key element of path dependent processes is a narrowing down of options that result from the increasing returns generated by a specific solution.

     

    Method

     

    As indicated initially, our emphasis in this paper lies on the change of business models. Despite some contributions on this issue (Brunninge & Achtenhagen 2011, Doz & Kosonen 2009; Johnson, Christensen & Kagerman 1996), surprisingly little has yet been done to understand what makes business models changeable and how business model change can be accomplished. In order help filling this gap we have conducted a longitudinal single case study of an entrepreneurial firm. Case studies are particularly suited for research on change processes, as they capture longitudinal developments in context (Pettigrew 1990, 1997). As they allow for empirically-based exploration, they are particularly suited for relatively novel research topics (Eisenhardt 1989) such as business models.

     

    Our case company Oxeon, was founded in 2003 by a team of three entrepreneurs and is based in Borås/Sweden. It has so far been focusing on developing, producing and marketing a specific type of carbon-fiber based composite textiles. Two members of the entrepreneurial team were students to one of the authors of this paper, who has been able to follow the development of Oxeon since the time before the company’s formal start-up. Over time, the entrepreneurs have documented the development of their firm and in particular its business model. We have had access to this written documentation. In addition we conducted semi-structured interviews with all three entrepreneurs. Based on the data, we constructed a case study covering the development of the firm over a period of 10 years.

     

    Results & Implications

     

    Our paper provides in-depth insight into the development process of an entrepreneurial firm’s business model. The Oxeon case reveals that any change in a business model enables and constrains the pursuit of future business opportunities. Choices entrepreneurs are making along the way result in the business model taking shape. While choices, such as Oxeon’s opting for carbon fibre created opportunities, but at the same time it also implied that potential opportunities associated with other materials were foregone. What is interesting about Oxeon’s choice however, is that the choice of carbon fibre left relatively many application opportunities open as opposed to the alternative options the company had. Likewise, choices to engage in raw material manufacturing, machine production as well as the combination of producing carbon fibre as well as licensing the process to customers avoided the typical narrowing down of options that tends to be typical of path dependent processes. In relatively short time, Oxeon pursued various business opportunities in manufacturing, machine development and raw material manufacturing. Likewise different revenue generating mechanisms, i.e. sales and licensing were applied simultaneously. The entrepreneurs themselves emphasize that that they consciously strive for leaving many options for the future development of their business model open. They just consciously seek to avoid the risk of lock-in to a path dependent development.

     

    While the path-dependence literature has recently been pointing at the fact that paths can actually be unlocked Ericson & Lundin (2013), the option of avoiding lock ins in the first place seems far more attractive to entrepreneurs that want to retain the strategic flexibility of being able to adapt and change their business model. Even though the Oxeon case does not mean that firms can retain an unlimited range of options for business model change, the conscious choice to pursue paths that allow for many future options creates a lot of possibilities for pursuing new business opportunities and for aligning the business model with environmental changes.

     

    Entrepreneurs who are aware of this, can adapt their business model in a way that always keeps a wide range of business opportunities open. So far the business model literature included few in-depth longitudinal studies exploring the dynamic adaptation of business model and the role of individual entrepreneurs in such processes. With our paper we show how the development of a business model evolves over time and how entrepreneurs can maintain a high flexibility in their business model by keeping options for a wide spectrum of future choices open.

  • 296.
    Brunninge, Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Swedish School of Textiles, Borås.
    Wramsby, Gunnar
    Swedish School of Textiles, Borås.
    Avoiding to get stuck in a successful business model: Dynamic business model adaptation from a path dependence perspective2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 297.
    Bruns, Volker
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Who receives bank loans? A study of lending officers' assessments of loans to growing small and medium-sized enterprises2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores factors that influence lending officers' assessments of credit requests from growing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Building on asymmetric information theory, factors identified in previous research are grouped into the theoretical categories of risk-assessment, risk-alignment, and risk-shifting. Hypotheses are developed as to what influences lending officers' credit assessments. In addition, it is hypothesized that risk-taking proclivity interacts with other variables. A conjoint experiment involving 114 lending officers is used to test the hypotheses, which are, by and large, supported by the data.

    Furthermore, the study investigates how individual differences in experience among lending officers affect the credit assessments, e.g., more experienced lending officers use more sophisticated decision policies involving interactions. When the results from the experiments were compared with the lending officers' self-perceived assessments, it was discovered that lending officers have limited insight into their own credit assessments.

    The findings of this study have implications for SMEs, lending officers, and lending organizations. The results can assist SMEs to better tailor loan applications. Banks can use the results to make comparisons with their existing credit guidelines, which could assist them in improving their decision-making.

    The three theoretical categories identified provide a foundation for future research on bank lending to SMEs. The developed model can facilitate empirical research on bank lending under asymmetric information by providing a structure and categorizing previous research into relevant categories.

  • 298.
    Brunsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Effektivitet för vem?2014In: Kunden, ISSN 1401-6885, no 2, p. 54-54Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 299.
    Brunsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Effektivitet ger inte alltid önskad effekt2013In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 9/3-2013Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 300.
    Brunsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Uppsala universitet.
    Is the process organization an oxymoron?2015In: Advances in Business Management. Towards Systemic Approach: Book of Abstracts: 3rd Business Systems Laboratory International Symposium Perugia 2015 / [ed] Gandolfo Dominici, Federica Evangelista, CreateSpace , 2015, p. 80-84Conference paper (Other academic)
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