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  • 251.
    Hjort af Ornäs, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lithman, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Ungdomsbrottslighet - en bedömning utifrån könstillhörighet?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This study examines differences in social workers’ assessments of youths in relation to gender and whether they have the need for continued contact with the social services after the sentence is completed. The theoretical framework of this study is based on social constructionism and gender theory.

     

    Method. This study was carried out using a quantitative method. Two surveys consisting of two vignettes each was constructed and sent by email to social workers in central Sweden. The surveys differed in only one aspect - half of the respondents received a survey consisting two vignettes in which the youths had girl names, and the other half received a survey consisting vignettes with boy names. Hence, the surveys were constructed to be differentiated by gender.

     

    Results. The analysis of the responses generated revealed no significant differences regarding social workers’ assessments in relation to gender - not for concern, intervention or protective- and risk factors.

     

    Conclusion. The study’s result has not detected any differences between the two genders included in the survey. However, it is not tenable to exclude gender differences in social work with youth as the results of this study are not fully generalizable, due to the choice of method. The answers might have differed if it was real cases.

  • 252.
    Hodzic, Ismeta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Fondelius, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Är du redo att arbeta som socionom?: En kvantitativ studie om nuvarande och tidigare socionomstudenters upplevda kunskaper och förberedelser inför arbetslivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The social work program in Sweden is a generalist education that will prepare students for social working tasks. Our experience is that a lot of social work students are questioning whether their knowledge and preparations from the social work program are enough to prepare them for employment as social workers. The aim of this study is to examine current social work students and newly graduated social workers experience of knowledge and preparedness to work. Different topic areas, form of teaching, and form of examinations are surveyed. Choosing quantitative methods and survey as our instrument, was based on the fact that we wanted to reach more people and get a larger overview of the situation. The study was conducted at School of Health and Welfare in Jönköping, the population was strategically selected based on its relevance of the study topic. 

    The study was conducted with students attending their 6th semester and with social work students who graduated in 2018. Descriptive statistics were computed. The results reveal that knowledge and preparedness are connected, knowledge in one area is linked to preparedness to work with that area. Generally, the respondents are neutral or slightly positive about their preparedness to work. Periods on internship / working placement (VFU) was considered as the form of education that generated the strongest effect on preparedness out of the entire social work program. 

  • 253.
    Holm, Rebecca
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Arvedal, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    I svallvågorna av förändrad rättspraxis och Försäkringskassans tolkning och tillämpning av den: LSS-handläggarnas syn på dess konsekvenser i deras yrkesutövning och för brukare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the following study is to investigate the experiences that social workers have of working in a context that is changing with precedents and the Swedish social insurance agency's, Försäkringskassan’s, interpretation and application of them. The purpose is further to explore the consequences this has for LSS-administrators in their work and for their clients. In order to achieve this aim semi structured interviews has been used as a data collection method. The theoretical approach consists of Michael Lipsky's theory of grassroots bureaucrats and discretion as well as Andrew Jameton's concept of moral distress. The data has been processed in accordance of thematic analysis.

    Difficulties has emerged for LSS-administrators in their work, such as conflict between their professional values and the institutional context and meeting most anxious clients in crisis. The LSS-administrators are critical of Försäkringskassan’s restrictive and detailed interpretation and application of precedents. Some groups of clients have as a consequence of changed jurisprudence and Försäkringskassan’s interpretation and application of it more or less been excluded from the right to personal assistance.

     

    We discuss the LSS-administrators professional competence, their discretion and ethical stress as well as the consequences detailed interpretation has for the clients.

  • 254.
    Horvath Antonsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    The vulnerable boy-child: A qualitative study of the sitution for the rural boys in Kenya2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This minor field study describes the situation for the boy-child in rural Kenya and thepossible effects that can be seen after years of focus directed mostly on the girl-child,both in school and through non-governmental organizations (NGO). This study is doneby going in to the field of rural Kenya and meeting people who can give their opinion onwhat is going on for the boy-child in Kenya. This is a qualitative study based on semistructuredinterviews with six social workers. The method of using open ended questionswill give a hint of what is going on in the day-to-day life in the social worker´s context.During the analysis of the interviews it became evident that there is a need to payattention to the boy-child. There is also a slight difference in focus depending onwhether the informant is a woman or a man. Furthermore all social workers have spokenabout the risks that the boy-child and young teenaged boys are facing. The social workersin this study express their perception that the boy-child is vulnerable. Three major areascould be recognized: vulnerable by the neglect of professionals, vulnerable by the Africanculture and vulnerable by exposure to hazards. At the end of this study there will be adiscussion around the findings and analysis of the interviews. The discussion will alsobring up the aspects of manhood, masculinity and the importance of language as a way toconstruct perceptions as well as how the general construction of gender can be a part ofwhat makes the boy-child vulnerable.

  • 255. Hydén, Lars-Christer
    et al.
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Who's Talking: Drawing Conclusions from Focus Groups - Some Methodological Considerations2012In: Focus Group Research: Volume III / [ed] Graham R. Walden, London: Sage Publications, 2012, p. 65-82Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Ibrahim, Gabriella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Nyander, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Enhetschefers arbetssituation under förändringsarbete: En kvalitativ studie om hur enhetschefer inom kommunal äldreomsorg ser på implementeringen av det salutogena arbetssättet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with the study is to see how middle managers in communal elderly care looks at the implementation of the salutogenic way of working in their operations. And how it affects the middle managers working situation. We studied which scope of actions middle managers has in the salutogenic way of working. We had previous knowledge that the salutogenic working way is an ongoing work of development in several communes, and therefore we chose to study in a profound way how this work of development affects the middle managers working situation. To reach a deeper knowledge about how the salutogenic way of working affects the middle managers working situation we conducted a qualitative study with been seven semi-structured interviews with middle managers in different geographical communes. The result is overall performed in four different themes: job assignments, demands, control and social support. The first theme focuses on the middle managers versatile job assignments and the theme demands define several of stresses on the middle managers profession in form of high workload and time pressure. The theme control describes different strategies to cope with the requirements that is contained in the middle managers job assignments the theme support describes what social support the middle managers have access to, among other things it is stated that middle managers support each other and there are opportunities to ask questions to each other and other competent persons from the communes. The majority of middle managers expressed that they felt that they could cope with their work situation despite the requirements with the salutogenic work of change.

     

    Keywords: middle manager, elderly care, demand, control, scope of actions, social support, salutogenic work of change.

     

  • 257.
    Isaksson, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Ståhl, Caroline
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Bertilsson, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Children's uncontrollable behaviour: A qualitative study of how social workers in Heidedal, South Africa works with the issue2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The preconditions for social work changes rapidly in South Africa and the country  is characterized by pervasive inequality with extremes of wealth and poverty.  Access to employment is difficult in rural areas and this leads to large-scale unemployment and poverty in the country. One area with these problems  is the community Heidedal in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

    Uncontrollable behaviour with children is also a big and increasing issue in the community.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate what the term uncontrollable behaviour implicates and how social workers within Heidedal work towards children’s uncontrollable behaviour in the community. This through our chosen theoretical framework, the theory of individual- and community empowerment. The study was carried out through an microethnographic approach, based on semi-structured interviews with social workers coming from four different organisations in Heidedal, together with observations in the area.

    The focus of the analysis was on separating the material into themes that answer the research aim by using influences from a qualitative content analysis. Uncontrollable behaviour was therefore investigated through specific themes connected to the theory. The findings presented five overlooking themes: Uncontrollable behaviour, Influencing factors on uncontrollable behaviour, Main methods, Main approaches and Work environment.

    The main findings within this study reveals that uncontrollable behaviour can devolve upon several different things and therefore the social workers in Heidedal are dealing with the issue with many different methods and approaches which will be revealed and discussed in this thesis. From the findings the term “uncontrollable” will furthermore be discussed and questioned.

    In conclusion the result showed upon the importance of a combination of the two types of empowerment addressed in this thesis; personal empowerment and community empowerment as an alternative way to deal with the issue with uncontrollable behaviour regarding children. This to reach a long term solution, in relation to environmental and socio-economical vulnerable areas that these children operate in. 

  • 258.
    Israelsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Compulsory Commitment to Care of Substance Misusers: A Worldwide Comparative Analysis of the Legislation2010In: The Open Addiction Journal, ISSN 1874-9410, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 117-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the worldwide use of compulsory commitment to care (CCC) at the end of the 20th century and evaluates the implementation of WHO recommendations since the 1960s. Based on three WHO reports, the legislation of 90 countries and territories are analyzed, and types as well as predictors of such legislation are analyzed in multivariate models from country characteristics. Laws on CCC for alcohol and drug misusers are common all over the world; more than 80 percent of the countries and territories studied have such laws. The majority use civil commitment – acute or rehabilitative – in accordance with welfare logic, while a large minority still uses commitment under criminal law, based on a moral logic. Civil CCC is positively related to strong economies or having been part of the Soviet legal system. CCC under criminal law is negatively related to the same factors.

  • 259.
    Israelsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Compulsory commitment to care of substance misusers: international trends during 25 years2012In: European Addiction Research, ISSN 1022-6877, E-ISSN 1421-9891, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 302-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The study explores international trends in law on compulsory commitment to care of substance misusers (CCC), and two subtypes – civil CCC and CCC within criminal justice legislation – as well as maximum length and amount of applications of such care. Method: The time period covers more than 25 years, and a total of 104 countries and territories. The study is based on available data in three times of observation (1986, 1999 and 2009). Applications of CCC in number of cases are studied on European level for the years 2002–2006. Trends are analyzed using nonparametric tests and general linear models for repeated measures. Findings are discussed from contextual analysis. Result: There is a trend towards decrease in the number of countries worldwide having civil CCC legislation after the millennium, while CCC under criminal law has increased since the mid-1980s, resulting in some total net decrease. The shift results in longer mean duration of CCC and an increase in the number of cases sentenced. Conclusion: There is a risk that the shift from civil CCC to penal CCC implies more focus on young out-acting males in compulsory treatment and that the societal responsibility for more vulnerable persons might be neglected.

  • 260.
    Israelsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mittuniversitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Nordlöf, Kerstin
    Örebro Universitet.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    European laws on compulsory commitment to care of persons suffering from substance use disorders or misuse problems – a comparative review from a human and civil rights perspective2015In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 10, p. 1-12, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Laws on compulsory commitment to care (CCC) in mental health, social and criminal legislation for adult persons with alcohol and/or drug dependence or misuse problems are constructed to address different scenarios related to substance use disorders. This study examines how such CCC laws in European states vary in terms of legal rights, formal orders of decision and criteria for involuntary admission, and assesses whether three legal frameworks (criminal, mental and social law) equally well ensure human and civil rights.

    Methods

    Thirty-nine laws, from 38 countries, were analysed. Respondents replied in web-based questionnaires concerning a) legal rights afforded the persons with substance use problems during commitment proceedings, b) sources of formal application, c) instances for decision on admission, and d) whether or not 36 different criteria could function as grounds for decisions on CCC according to the law in question. Analysis of a-c were conducted in bivariate cross-tabulations. The 36 criteria for admission were sorted in criteria groups based on principal component analysis (PCA). To investigate whether legal rights, decision-making authorities or legal criteria may discriminate between types of law on CCC, discriminant analyses (DA) were conducted.

    Results

    There are few differences between the three types of law on CCC concerning legal rights afforded the individual. However, proper safeguards of the rights against unlawful detention seem still to be lacking in some CCC laws, regardless type of law. Courts are the decision-making body in 80 % of the laws, but this varies clearly between law types. Criteria for CCC also differ between types of law, i.e. concerning who should be treated: dependent offenders, persons with substance use problems with acting out or aggressive behaviors, or other vulnerable persons with alcohol or drug problems.

    Conclusion

    The study raises questions concerning whether various European CCC laws in relation to substance use disorder or misuse problems comply with international ratified conventions concerning human and civil rights. This, however, applies to all three types of law, i.e. social, mental health and criminal legislation. The main differences between law types concern legal criteria, reflecting different national priorities on implicit ambitions of CCC – for correction, for prevention, or for support to those in greatest need of care.

  • 261.
    Jacobsson, Brittmarie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Ho Thi, Thanh
    National Technical College of Medicine No II.
    Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about dental diseases and dental care habits in adolescents in Jönköping, Sweden and in Da Nang, Vietnam2008In: Knowledge, attitude and behaviour in oral health care among 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and DaNang, Vietnam, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article was to present data about oral hygiene and knowledge about dental diseases and dental care habits in 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and 10-11 year-olds in Da Nang, Vietnam in 2003. Methods A random sample of 206 individuals 10 and 15 year olds, from the City of Jönköping and 369 individuals from the City of Da Nang, were asked about their attitudes towards and knowledge of teeth and dental care habits. Results In Jönköping 9% answered that gingivitis is the same as inflammation of the gum. In Da Nang study 40% knew about early sign of gingivitis (easily gum bleeding).  67% in Jönköping answered that bacteria and sugar cause the acid that gives caries. In Da Nang 47% could answer correctly the cause of dental caries. The percentage of children who brush their teeth twice a day was the same, around 80 %, in both studies. In Jönköping 100% of the children used fluoride toothpaste. In Da Nang 73 % always used Fluoride toothpaste and 14 % did not know if the toothpaste they used contained Fluoride or not.

  • 262.
    Jakobsson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Kortenius, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Företeelsen Barnahus: En intervjustudie om ett svenskt exempel på en organisation för barnets bästa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis in social work aims to study the interaction between the different professionals and organisations in the swedish version of Childrens Advocacy Centers, Barnahus, and if it ever can clash between the different professions. If so, we authors would like to see if there could be any consequenses for the child.

    The empirical data were collected through five qualitative interviews with different professionals at the chosen Children Advocacy Center. Three of our informants were social workers, one worked as a police officer and the fifth informant worked as a prosecutor. We transcribed the material we recieved to analyze it based on a thematic analysis. We created four different themes based on the result we got: Focus on the childs best, interaction on Childrens Advocacy Center, Difficulties on Childrens Advocacy Center and Strain of the child. The result was later on interpreted and analyzed and discussed from a chosen theoretical point of view; institutional theory. This study shows that the professionals experience interaction as well functioning, but sometimes they collide at work when they have different tasks. Some of these crashes can cause problems for the child, one of these strains is that the child is blamed.

  • 263.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    An Explorative Integration of Factors Causing Men's Violence against Women2017In: Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry, ISSN 2373-6445, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 2-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the great progress in individual disciplines studying men’s physical violence against women, the various disciplines have developed much different approaches that by themselves are insufficient for understanding the processes that lead to men’s violence against women. Moreover, they also tend to neglect the equally important issue of understanding why some men are not violent toward women. The aim of this work is to integrate former research on socially modifiable factors and therefore does not include theories relating genetics and neurochemistry that may also play an important role. It shows how the psychological approach within criminology can be integrated with the feminist masculinity perspective. The work illustrates that it is both theoretically and methodologically possible, through an integration of previous research, to make hypotheses about under which conditions men are likely to be violent against women, as well as make hypotheses about under what conditions men are unlikely to be violent against women. This study also emphasizes methodologically important non-dichotomous forms where both enabling and reactive conditions are mixed at various levels. Despite the methodological problems, an integrated perspective on men’s violence against women is the most promising way forward today.

  • 264.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Avhandlingspresentation; Våldets onda cirklar2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 1, p. 108-108Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Emotioners betydelse för psykisk hälsa och ohälsa2017In: Mind: för psykisk hälsa, ISSN 2002-4282, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 30-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen visar entydigt att personer som utsatts för våld, kränkningar, övergrepp och förnedringar i barndomen är mer skambenägna än andra. Känsligheten är störst för händelser i vuxenlivet som påminner personen om att denne varit oälskad som barn.

  • 266.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Unacknowledged shame in therapy as the primary obstacle to succesful rehabilitation for violent men: considering the therapist perspective2011In: 2011 Joint Nordic Conference on Wellfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times., Reykjavik Island, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skam- och stigmatiseringsprocessers betydelse vid behandling av våldsverkande män. Peter Jansson, Högskolan Dalarna, Akad. för Hälsa och Samh.; Socialt arbete, 791 88 FALUN. I vålds- och missbruksbehandl. av unga män tas i varierande grad hänsyn till skam- och stigmatiseringprocessers betydelse för behandlingens resultat, trots att skammens betydelse för stigmatisering har stöd i forskning. Inställningen till klienten hos behandlande personal och behandlingsmetodernas tillämpning, kan innebära att klientens självbild som stigmatiserad förstärks, är oförändrad eller konstruktivt rekonstrueras. Med utgångspunkt i behandlade personals erfarenh. av tillämpningen av behandlingsmetoder och klienters erfarenh. av behandl. kan slutsatser dras om hur klientens stigma konstrueras. Syftet är att utveckla och testa hypoteser om skam- och stigmatiseringsprocessers betydelse vid behandling av våldsverkande män. - Har behandlingsmetoder av våldsverkande män skam- eller stolthetsskapande innehåll. Förstärks en stigmatiserad identitet eller rekonstrueras den konstruktivt? - Vilka exempel finns på stolthets- och skamskapande situationer hos klienterna? Data samlas in under två faser, fas 1 omfattar en pilotstudie, där ett urval av behandl. personal samt ett urval klienter intervjuas i avsikt att konkretisera de frågeställningar som studien omfattar. Den första hypotesgenererande fasen kompletteras i fas 2 med delt. observ. och intervjuer samt dokumentanalys. Datainsamlingsmetoderna är intervjuer med personal och klienter, dokumentanalys samt deltagande observ. av klientsamtal. Analysmetoderna är kvalitativa med tonvikt på diskurs- och innehållsanalys. De förväntade resultaten är att behandlingmetoder innefattande en förståelse av att klientens stigma påverkas av stolthets- respektive skamskapande behandling också leder till en konstruktiv rekonstruktion av klientens status som stigmatiserad. Behandlingsmetoder där personalen inte har denna kunskap motverkar en rekonstruktion av en stigmatiserad identitet.

  • 267.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Våldets onda cirklar: En explorativ undersökning av mäns barndomsupplevelser, maskuliniteter, känslor, våld samt terapeutiska interventioner mot våld2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation’s objective is to explore the possibilities of an integrated research perspective on male violence and exemplify how such research can be conducted. The specific objective is to increase awareness of how men’s childhood experiences, socialization, masculinity and emotions are related to their violence against other men, against themselves and against women (Paper III and IV) and how therapeutic interventions against violence can be analyzed and developed in correspondence with this knowledge (Paper I and II).

    The research was conducted through qualitative studies. The data collection methods comprised a theoretical review (Paper I), group-interviews (Papers II and III) and interviews (Paper IV). Altogether, 25 men participated in the studies.

    Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the group-interviews (Paper II and III) and biographical analysis wasused to when analyzing the mens life-histories (Paper IV). The findings showed that an integrative perspective can reduce the risk of ecological fallacies and develop the understanding of the complex interaction between the factors behind men’s violence. These findings may also contribute to the development of violence therapies. The theoretical review article (Study I) exemplifies how the theoretical and methodological driven research on social bonds can be adjusted to treatment against male violence. The applied study on a CBT-therapy (Study II) exemplifies how operationalized indicators of pride and shame can be used to determine the quality of the social bonds between therapist and client. The comparison between two groups of men in two opposite masculinity positions (Study III) shows that both groups are carrying ambivalent attitudes towards violence and violence against women. Nevertheless the group’s masculinity constructions and attitudes towards violence correspond with their access to economic, social, political and cultural resources. The biographical focused qualitative study of men in violence treatment (Study IV) shows that the men who have been subjected to severe violence in their childhood are more shame-prone and tend to bypass shame with aggressions and violence. The other men generally describe their violent reaction as controlled.

    The findings point to the general conclusion that the further development of the understanding of men’s violence, and the development of effective therapies against violence are depending on our ability to integrate research from different scientific perspectives.

  • 268.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Ambivalent attitudes towards equality and violence against women among men in a pro-feminist network2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    There is a great need for more knowledge on how a pro-feminist masculinity that challenges the normative hegemonic masculinity can be developed. To achieve this, it is important to gain more knowledge on how pro-feminist men relate to gender quality, violence in general and violence against women in particular, and when and why their reasoning points to ambivalence.The study was based on secondary analyzes of qualitative interviews done with five men active in a pro-feminist network in Sweden. The research questions applied spanned over several areas: socioeconomic status, masculinity construction and the men’s proximity to violence. Data analysis method used was content analysis, and as a means of increasing the reliability, member-check was used. The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board.On a general level, the results show that the men’s masculine construction towards gender equality corresponded with their privileged position as regards to their socioeconomic status, as regards to educational level and job career. The men were positive to gender equality and opposed both men’s control of woman and violence against women. More in-depth analysis thus shows that the interviewed men acknowledged using some forms of less overt control over women and thus in some sense showed ambivalent attitude to gender equality. The men also, somewhat paradoxically, accepted some conventional forms of men’s violence.

    A conclusion from the study is that the conditions that the results highlights may pose problems for the development of gender equality and the ending of violence against women. This is because to make violence against women end all men, and particularly pro-feminist men, need to renounce all forms of violence and be aware of how gender equality can be weakened or strengthened by all different forms of gender interaction.

  • 269.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Högskolan Dalarna, Socialt arbete.
    Violent men: Problems, Interventions and Change2011In: Safe Community Conference 2011, Falun, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project is twofold, on the one hand to study how Swedish men with different masculinity positions reflect and relate to violence in general in the other hand to study interventions to rehabilitate men with violence problems and these interventions potential to rehabilitate and change mens behaviour.

  • 270.
    Jarhag, Sven
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Contradictions in Social Work - Codes of ethic and empowerment2010In: Social Professions for a Social Europe: Common challenges and discourses / [ed] Oldrich Chytil, Gunter J. Friesenhahn, Friedrich W. Seibel & Jochen Windheuser, Ostrava: ALBERT, , 2010, p. 265-279Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Jarhag, Sven
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Nilsson, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Werning, Mats
    Disabled Persons and the Labor Market in Sweden2009In: Social Work in Public Health, ISSN 1937-1918, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 255-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Persons with disabilities have well-documented problems entering the labor market all over the world. Research reveals that legislation to assist such individuals has relatively less significance than the attitudes of individual employers. In Jönköping, Sweden, a smaller town of about 120,000 inhabitants, about 100 openings for jobs are created annually for people with learning disabilities and reduced employment capacity. Despite difficulties, local labor market agencies succeed to a relatively great extent, to find real and lasting jobs. An intervention often used for these individuals in Sweden is called Special Introduction and Follow-up Support (SIUS). The purpose of this paper is to provide balance to the somewhat biased but dominant view of persons with disabilities and unemployability. This is contradicted by Swedish data showing that it is possible to find jobs for people with disabilities with the support by trained of SIUS advisers.

  • 272.
    Jarl, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sundberg, Sanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Den "brännande" påsen från Systembolaget: En studie om socialsekreterarens yrkesroll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study strives to gain an understanding of how the social service workers themselves perceive their professional role and how they apprehend how the public perceive social service workers and how the media renders social service workers. To achieve this understanding, the study has used a "mixed method", that is both quantitative and qualitative methods combined. In the study an online survey is used that has been distributed to the social service workers in the municipalities of Jönköping County. The online survey contained closed and open questions. The result shows that the social service workers believe that the media renders them in a negative way. It appears that the social service workers perceive the public to designate "social service workers" and "social work" with negative words such as e.g. "power abusers", "uptight" and "controlling". It is clear from the results that the social service workers view of alcohol and alcohol habits is influenced by their professional role and the knowledge that they have gained about alcohol from this profession. The conclusion is that the social service workers are influenced by what they think the public knows about them and that they are indirectly influenced by the media's render of them. The public influence the social service workers to believe that the public portray them disparaging. The social service worker's alcohol habits and the view on alcohol are influenced by the professional role they have. They choose to not drink to intoxication partly because of the knowledge they receive in the professional role and partly because they feel a responsibility to represent the municipality in a public setting.

  • 273.
    Jarl, Yrsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Sundhall, Alexandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science.
    Med sidoeffekten i fokus: En studie om de paramedicinska insatserna vid ett sprutbytesprogam2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the ongoing discussion regarding the possible introduction of needle exchange programs in Jönköping county, this study aims to compare similarities and differences in practice at four different needle exchange programs in Sweden and to relate these experiences to their objectives and resources. Despite the fact that the law of needle exchange entered into force 2006, needle exchange programs are still a controversial subject of discussion in Sweden. In this contested form of infection care there is an important part though which makes the subject more legitimate. That is the positive social side effects which come as a result of the programs. These effects are mentioned in the study as paramedic care. The method underlying the study is qualitative, semi structured interviews. The material has been analyzed for the relevance of its content and also through organization theory. The starting point is theses, scientific articles and literature on the subject of needle exchange. At the needle exchange programs in Sweden the perceptions regarding the need for and the implementation of paramedical care differs as well as the views of researchers, politicians and professionally active that we interviewed on the subject. A common denominator, however, is the perception of paramedical care at large as something significant for people in active addiction, whether it is the country council or the social services that engaged in it. The conclusion of the study is thus that this form of activities requires a holistic perspective of the care that should be conducted. Cooperation outside the county and municipal boundaries seems favorable. The county councils have more influence than the municipalities but the municipalities on the other hand have greater resources in terms of paramedical care efforts. In the county councils where any needle exchange activities are up for discussion this study could give examples on favorable and less favorable paramedical activities at programs that are currently active.

  • 274.
    Jawhar Hanna, Nanita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Zymeri, Dielleza
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Socialstyrelsen som resurs i arbete med könsstympning av flickor och kvinnor: En webbaserad innehållsanalys av socialstyrelsens publicerade dokument kring könsstympning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background The focus of the study is to draw attention to the National Board of Health and Welfare directory information concerning female genital mutilation (FMG). The tradition involving the total or partial removal of the female external genitalia, including intentional damage which alter or cause defects on the female genitalia without medical reasons or reasons (WHO, 2008). As a result of migration and population movements, the tradition came to be recognized internationally and in Sweden. In Sweden, the tradition has a clear relevance to social work because FGM is discussed and defined as violence against women/children, oppression, honour, violation of human and children's rights (Talle, 2008). Authorities in Sweden is facing a challenge to inform, alert, integrate and work preventively with this audience.

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse how the National Board of Health and Welfare by its web platform conveys knowledge of FGM. Based on the websites available texts examined and analysed guidance and knowledge subsidies to various professions, such as social and health care. Further studies show knowledge and support guides professionals to understand and act on issues related to FGM as a work of social, group and at a individual level. Based on the analysis of how the National Board of Health and Welfare promotes the social work of FGM.

    Method The study is based on a qualitative research based on a systematic literature review and inductive approach. The literature review was based on analysis and review by the National Board of Health and Welfare knowledge support. Through a web-based content analysis examined 53 published documents that directly or indirectly affects FGM.

    Results In the results section identified the receiver to think of the published material illustrated in the form of a diagram. The universal information represents half of the sample. The two prominent groups identified as Health and the touch target. In smaller scale material is directed to social and community -/health communicators. Results demonstrate that the health-care system in his work on FGM, has been more widely access to practical and theoretical guidance in comparison to the other receiver groups represented.

    Conclusions The study shows that the National Board of Health and Welfare conveys a work against the tradition of individual, group and societal level. Information about FGM are broadly in line with previous research on the origin, presence, design and impact. The study shows that the National Board of Health and Welfare is a source of knowledge and information on the subject. However, there are differences in the practical guide to creating a basis for action. In the concrete work at the individual level, disparities, depending on whether the issue arises in healthcare or social services.

  • 275.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Anhörigomsorgen från ett givarperspektiv2018In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 3, p. 26-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 276.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Informal care and support for carers in Sweden: patterns of service receipt among informal caregivers and care recipients2004In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes and analyses the kinds of support received by different categories of informal carers, and the kinds of help that care recipients receive in addition to that provided by various categories of carers. Data were collected in a Swedish county in 2000, by means of telephone interviews. The net sample consisted of 2,697 individuals 18-84 years old, and the response rate was 61%. The results showed that relatively few carers in any care category received any kind of support aimed directly at them as carers. The most widespread form of support received by providers of personal care was relief services. Those most likely to be receiving care from the public care system were people also receiving personal care from an informal caregiver. Nevertheless, the majority of those receiving personal care from an informal carer did not receive any help from the public care system or from voluntary organizations or for-profit agencies. These results indicate that social policy and social work need to clarify the aims of the services they provide. They also need to take the needs of both caregivers and recipients into account when discussing support systems.

  • 277.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Informal Care and Support for Carers: The Case of Sweden2008Book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Kommuners och frivilliga organisationers stöd till äldres anhöriga och samverkan kring anhörigstöd2002In: Anhöriga och anhörigstöd i Stockholms län: sammanfattning av ett forskningsprojekt / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman, Stockholm: Sköndalsinstitutet , 2002, p. 51-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Stöd till äldres anhöriga: socialpolitik och praktik2003In: Anhörigskapets uttrycksformer / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2003, p. 157-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Institute for Civil Society Research, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hermansen, Jonathan
    Department of Research and Development, University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Fladmoe, Audun
    Institute for Social Research (ISF), Oslo, Norway.
    Beyond voluntary organizations and the welfare state: Patterns of informal helping in the Scandinavian countries2019In: Civic engagement in Scandinavia: Volunteering, informal help and giving in Denmark, Norway and Sweden / [ed] L. S. Henriksen, K. Strømsnes & L. Svedberg, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 95-111Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter studies patterns of informal helping in Scandinavia. Previous research has assumed that due to the extensive welfare state, informal helping has been less important in the Scandinavian countries. However, the results presented in this chapter show that informal helping is widespread in these countries. Furthermore, earlier studies on this topic have taken either a ‘welfare state/care culture’ perspective or a ‘civil society’ perspective as a point of departure. We argue that both perspectives are relevant, but they point to different forms of informal help in terms of who are the recipients of help. Whereas help provided to relatives may be viewed as a ‘family duty’ and linked to a certain care culture, help provided to non-relatives is arguably more comparable to behaviour driven by altruism and therefore linked to civic engagement. The results suggest that the latter perspective is more predominant in Denmark than in Norway and Sweden. In Denmark, informal help provided to non-relatives is associated with volunteering and social trust. The findings call for further theorising on the relationship between informal help, the welfare state and civil society.

  • 281.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    Patterns of Informal Help and Caregiving in Sweden: a Thirteen-Year Perspective2009In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 681-701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses informal help and caregiving in Sweden with a focus on the scope and trends of change over time. The discussion is based on the results of three national surveys and of one survey conducted in the county of Stockholm. The results indicated that informal help and caregiving was common throughout the period under study. In the 1990s, the figures were fairly stable, while from the late 1990s to 2005 there seems to have been a dramatic increase in the prevalence of such support. Two interpretative perspectives are used to discuss this pattern. One locates its point of departure in recent welfare state changes and in the substitution argument, according to which cuts in welfare services put more pressure on people to provide informal help and care. The second perspective relates to the present debate on civil society and to its possible role in contemporary society. According to the civil society perspective, an increase in the prevalence of informal help and caregiving might be interpreted as an expression of growing civic involvement ‘in its own right’, without a straightforward and simple relationship to changes in the welfare state. It is argued in the article that the two frames of interpretation should not be viewed as mutually exclusive, but rather that they represent two partly complementary approaches to the understanding of the complex dynamics of unpaid work in contemporary Swedish society.

  • 282.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Stereotypes about caregiving and lessons from the Swedish panorama of care [Stereotyper kring omsorgsgivare och det svenska omsorgspanoramat]2015In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 185-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the panorama of care provision in Sweden from the informal carers' perspective. We consider informal care, publicly financed services, for-profit agencies and voluntary organizations, using a survey conducted in 2009. Most cared-for persons with minor needs living in a separate household are helped also by others, but only a tenth use public services or other providers. About half of cared-for persons with major needs living in a separate household receive care also from other informal carers as well as public services. Only 1 in 10 of them relied on no one else beyond the carer interviewed. Among intra household carers—a minority of all persons cared for—it was common that the carer was alone in his/her commitment, without any contributions from public services or others. For the large majority of informal carers it is not a solitary undertaking as the commitment is often shared with family members and others and/or public services. The results suggest that ideal types about complementarity and substitution may understate the complex interplay between informal care and the public services (and potential other providers). The findings may suggest a need for more empirical research about ‘Care Cultures’ and expose simplistic representations of welfare societies; informal care plays a major—and increasing—role also in Sweden, a country with extensive public services.

  • 283. Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    et al.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    De äldsta som aktörer i civilsamhället : omfattning, förändringar och profiler2015In: Med kärlek till det oordnade / [ed] Johan von Essen, Magnus Karlsson, Lena Blomquist, Emilia Forsell och Lars Trädgårdh, Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal högskola , 2015, 1, p. 157-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Mot en ny fjärde ålder?2018In: Mellan hälsa och ohälsa: ett livsloppsperspektiv / [ed] E. Jeppsson Grassman & S. Olin Lauritzen, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 127-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Jernberg, Marlene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Johansson, Stefan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    SAMSJUKLIGHET: En kvalitativ studie om avgörande faktorer kring återhämtningsprocessen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dual diagnosis "samsjuklighet" is a term for "mental illness and co-occuring addiction". The scientific evidence has shown that people with dual diagnosis needs "simultaneous treatment of the mental illness and the addiction". Integrated simultaneous treatment aims to strengthen social skills and social functioning, alongside pharmacological therapy for the mental illness and the addiction. Treatment needs to be long and continuously and the staff should apply Case-management methods. The general question of our study is: "which are the contributory factors to recuperate for people with dual diagnosis?" The study is based on seven qualitative interviews. We have opted to describe dual diagnosis from two perspectives "the civil society" perspective and the "public" perspective. The civil society perspective is represented by three non-profit organizations directed towards people with psychiatric disorders and addiction abuse. The public perspective is represented by two employees from the integrated Dual Diagnosis team (BoP) in Jönköping and by two employees at the local social services in Jönköping. The result of our study is presented around four main themes: the treatment relation, collaboration, housing and marginality. Aaron Antonovsky´s theory of KASAM is used to analyze the empirical results of the study. It is essential to address all parts of in life in the recuperation process. It is important to have a functioning home. Effective treatment has to be based on free commitment from the individual and true engagement from the staff. The treatment should aim to motivate the client to reduce substance use step by step, and strengthen self-esteem. It is important to be as flexible as possible in the treatment. The collaborating network around a person with dual diagnosis can create order and structure, which strengthen the recuperation process. People with dual diagnosis are a marginalized group living in the fringes of society. An important factor to recuperate is to create a sense of belonging and meaning.

  • 286.
    Johansson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Karlsson, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Anhöriga- till hjälp eller hinder?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares erfarenheter av anhörigas medverkan under utredningsprocessen i missbruksvården2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 287.
    Johansson, Timmy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Klasson, Josefine
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Mardo, Marlene
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Typiskt pojkar: om psykisk hälsa, maskulinitet och normbrytande beteende bland unga pojkar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental health problems amongst boys is a growing issue in modern society, however boys are underrepresented in research regarding mental health. On the other hand, boys are overrepresented regarding norm-breaking behavior. This in turn makes it interesting to analyze the correlation between mental health problems and bullying, sexual risk behavior, criminality and substance use (hereafter referred to as norm-breaking behavior). This study’s main aim was to answer the following study questions (a) frequency of mental health problems among boys in the ninth grade, (b) correlation between the variables criminality, bullying, sexual risk behavior, substance use and mental health problems, (c) how the norm-breaking behaviors relate to mental health problems and (d) if there might be other factors that influence mental health. The study makes use of preexisting survey data from the LoRDIA (Longitudal Research on Development in Adolescence) project with a population of 649 boys with a mean age of 14 years.  The LoRDIA project is funded by Vetenskapsrådet, VINNOVA, Formas, Stiftelsen Säfstaholm, Stiftelsen Sunnerdahls Handikappfond och Futurum region Jönköping. The survey employs validated and LoRDIA’s own scales which are then measured with a correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis.  The outcome of the frequency analysis displays that 60 percent of the respondent boys are completely content with life. In the sense that they are happy, have goals and meaning with life and a general satisfaction regarding their health. The result further indicates that criminality has the strongest negative significant relationship with mental health issues, but there are also separate correlations between bullying, substance use and mental health issues. Further results illustrate a negative correlation between wellbeing in residential area and mental health problems. Thus, there is a correlation between norm-breaking behavior and mental health issues amongst boys.

  • 288.
    Jonsson, Björn
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.
    Graffitins spänningsfält. En studie av graffitikultur och interventioner på en lokal arena2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the thesis is to explore and analyse graffiti in a translocal context, by asking questions about the actors' view on activity, meaning and interaction. The study has been located to a physical place, Jönköping, where actors with different interest perform graffiti-related activity. The study is based on qualitative data where participant observation and interviews form the two main methods. The study also utilizes other materials, such as newspaper articles and municipal documents. Central for the theoretical orientation is that empirical data has been collected that is first-hand information on how the actors themselves find meaning in graffiti. This implies a constructivist perspective on knowledge where meaning shifts depending on whose perspective is analysed. Theoretically, the study also is linked to Becker and his arguments that research in deviance must take notice of the interaction between actors who are perceived to deviate and those actors who respond to the deviant group.

    The actors consist of two main groups; graffiti writers and interveners. Graffiti writers mainly consist of young men who describe themselves as belonging to a global graffiti culture. The word “interveners” has bee selected as a generic name for actors who are involved in graffiti issues due to professional duties. Similar to the graffiti writers' interveners find the meaning in graffiti by actively select information from an “outside”, which corresponds with their professional commitment. The analysis links different approaches to perspectives of combating crime, confirming art and caring for the young men's socialisation. From those different understandings, three parallel patterns of interaction are observed. Interaction developed around graffiti as a crime has elements of a battle situation. From the graffiti writers' perspective, this fight is important when designing the local scene as an integral part of a global graffiti context. At the same time there are disadvantages managing an enemy. On a personal level, individual graffiti writers have to make an estimate how graffiti writing will affect life in the long term. Interaction developed around graffiti as an art form unites graffiti writers and interveners in an ideological consensus where graffiti can be seen as an art form that adds creative qualities to urban space. One significant difference is that the graffiti writers find the local arena as an important place. This local orientation is not necessary when actors from a cultural sector put attention on graffiti. Youth workers way of caring for graffiti writers follows a tradition of social work. This approach focuses the graffiti writers themselves and how to redirect them to accepted forms of artistic expression. The youth workers have good potential to make contact, but it seems difficult to establish long-term relations because graffiti writers themselves do not find it necessary to formalize graffiti as a scheduled activity.

    A conclusion made is that there is something locked up about graffiti issues because actors see graffiti from their "own" perspective, and at the same time they remain critical of alternative approaches. Somewhat contradictory to an interaction structured around distinctive perceptions, the study shows that actors express uncertainty about what they are doing. Such critical self-reflections seem to be perceived as personal objections and are not shared with others. This, together with the fact that interest in graffiti comes and goes in waves, adds ambivalence to the conflictual field of graffiti. The thesis ends with a hypothetical discussion of how the conflict level could change if graffiti would be met with a differentiated policy.

  • 289.
    Jonsson, Lovisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Evermyr, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    ”Livet måste gå på räls”: Skolkuratorers förståelse av ungas psykiska ohälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: “Life must run smoothly” – school counsellors understanding of adolescents mental illness

     

    Authors: Malin Evermyr och Lovisa Jonsson

     

    Mentor: Emme-Li Vingare

     

    Keywords: Mental illness, adolescents, counsellors in school, holism, psychosocial work, stress

     

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe and analyze school Counsellor’s understanding of mental illness among adolescents and the Counsellor's explanation of its development.

     

    Methods: This study is qualitative and the empirical material was collected through loose structured focus group interviews. Three focus groups were used where each contained three school counsellors.

     

    Results: After the focus groups were held, four themes regarding causations to mental health among adolescent emerged. The four themes are as follows; various expressions and possible causes of mental illness, a changed society, parent’s responsibility and lastly, school Counsellor's in the school as an organization. Each theme describes possible causes of mental illness through different levels and systems around the adolescent. In the last theme, it is also provided a description of how schools operate with mental illness and what it is like to work as a counsellor in the school environment. 

     

    Analysis: A system theoretical perspective, the cognitive stress theory and previous presented research in the field of adolescent’s mental illness was used when analyzing the result.

     

    Conclusion. From the participants understanding of adolescent’s mental illness, following conclusion can be drawn; counsellors picture mental illness as caused by several intertwined factors. These factors concern both individual and systemic factors which have their starting point in society, families, new technology and the requirements of high-performance in school.

  • 290.
    Josefsson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lind, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Självskadebeteende bland ungdomar - orsaker och skillnader mellan könen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored two central questions at issue. The first assessed whether or not there are any differences between genders when it comes to adolescents who self-harm. The other examines the most common causes as to why adolescents self-harm. The study was conducted in two smaller communities through eight semi-structured interviews directed at counselors at junior high schools and high schools. The result of the study is presented through a thematic analysis where four themes regarding self-harm were discovered; gender differences, methods, causes and social influence being a risk factor for a continuing self-harm behaviour. The themes found that there are differences between the genders, especially when it comes to how individuals talk about feelings and how they express their bad feelings. It also showed the causes that are most common when it comes to developing self-harm behaviours as well as how individuals can be socially influenced by friends and through the internet. The results were analysed through previous research and also through two theories. Considering the questions at issue the gender theory and social constructivism were chosen.

  • 291.
    Jungmalm, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hadarsson, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lämpligt och olämpligt föräldraskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 292.
    Jurva, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Behandlings- och resultatuppföljning (BRU): att använda beteendeobservationer för att bedöma risk- och skyddsfaktorer samt förändring under vårdtiden på SiS ungdomshem Stigby2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Identifying the problem is crucial in the treatment of adolescents with rule-breaking behavior, but many of the instruments used has not been evaluated. In the case of behavioral observations over an extended treatmentperiod, there seem to be especially short on quality assured instruments. The overall aim of this paper is to investigate the behavioral observations that have been developed in a longitudinal study (Treatment and monitoring performance, BRU) at SiS’ institution Stigby, and if these are suitable for measuring the clients relevant risk and protective factors and how they change during the treatmentperiod. The survey includes 40 boys in Stigby aged 16-20 years. The result consists of two sub-studies, where part one examines the instrument's psychometric properties. The first analysis of behavioral observations show that 21 of 24 areas are suitable for measuring change over time. Part two of the results examines changes over time during treatment at Stigby. In all these areas it is noted that the assessments of problem severity has decreased. This study shows that behavioral observations should form the basis of the outcome measures that is a part of the longitudinal study two and five years after treatment.

  • 293.
    Kalin, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Etableringen av familjecentraler i Jönköpings kommun 1998-2008.: Hur, varför och till vilket pris?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis focuses on the establishment process of family centers in Jönköping municipality, Sweden. The purpose of this case-study is to examine on which terms the establishment of family centers can be understood aiming for the creation of in-depth knowledge about establishment processes in social work. Data has been collected via semi-structured interviews and via open records. The data has been analyzed via ad-hoc analyses inspired by cases study analyses. Theoretical framework used in the study is Kingdon’s agenda setting theory and neo-institutional organization theory. The study presents that family centre policy is highly interpretable and therefore has been a case of policy translation, which has resulted in a decimated part for the social services in the family centers, highly defined by other professions. The establishment of family centers is a result of a critique aimed against and from the child health care services, accompanied with an increased worry for parenthood and demands for more economically efficient function within the public sector. The process is interrupted by studies that indicate insufficient knowledge about the efficiency of the family centers. However this doesn’t result in closure of family centers because the function has reached a high degree of institutionalization, where it is legitimized by presumptions and beliefs rather than results and problem addressing.

  • 294.
    Kalin, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Fritidsvanor hos socialt utsatta barn2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organized leisure time activities, OLTA, is proven to be related to positive life outcomes in life. Meanwhile unstructured leisure time activities are related to negative life outcomes. This study examines the relationship between participation in leisure time activities and child abuse and neglect, conduct problems and externalizing behavior. Data from 1305 children, 676 girls and 629 boys, mean age 14,88, was used from the longitudinal multidisciplinary research program LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence). Data was collected via self-report questionnaires in classroom settings. The data was analyzed via Chi-2, Pearson’s R, and logistic regression. Relative risk ratio, RR, was calculated. The main results show that all five types of abuse and neglect, conduct problems and externalizing behavior, and abuse/neglect combined with externalizing behavior is significant related to low participation in OTLA, and high participation in unstructured leisure time activities. Conduct problems is a single predictor of low participation in OTLA, whereas an employed or studying dad is a single predictor of high participation in OTLA. Sexual abuse, externalizing behavior and conduct problems has the highest RR for high participation in unstructured leisure time activities, whereas conduct problems, emotional neglect and sexual abuse has the highest RR for low participation in OTLA.

  • 295.
    Karlsson, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Petersson, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Att vara ”kompletteringsförälder”: Hur upplever familjehemmen sitt uppdrag?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be a “complementary parent”.

    How does the family home look upon this mission?

    Many children are taken into custody and are forced to grow up outside their own home. The most common way to place children in Sweden is in a foster care home. Our essay illustrates the work of the foster care homes and the thoughts and feelings that the foster parents have before their commission. The question is what kind of support and help the foster care homes get in their assignment to take care of these children. These assignments show a tendency to become more difficult.

    We describe earlier research which show shortcomings concerning support, guidance, further education for the foster care homes, the lack of treatment plans and that follow-up visits did not have the continuity prescribed by law.

    We have used a qualitative method of research. To get a glimpse of the every day life of foster care homes and how the foster parents have experienced the support and help that the community offers them, we have chosen to interview four foster parents. In order to take part of the work that is made for the foster care homes, we have interviewed two social welfare workers and one consultant who work with foster care homes.

    Our results show that most foster care homes are content and think that they get the support that they need. We can see though, that the foster care homes that have a long experience, tend to be more pleased with the support that they are offered and that they say that compared to how it was when they started.

    Key words: foster care homes, foster parents, foster children, guidance, support and help

  • 296.
    Karlsson, Ellenore
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sundberg, Marie
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Samhällets syn på fattigdom: En jämförelse av begreppen "nödtorftig vård" och "skälig levnadsnivå"2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor's thesis in social work has been to examine whether society's perception of poverty and poor people has changed over the more than 160 years have passed since the first national Poor regulation was enacted in Sweden. With a social constructionist approach and inspired by the critical discourse analysis we have conducted two studies to find answers to what differences and similarities between the concepts of scanty care (1847) and standards of living (2002). A study based on previous research was conducted to examine how society's perception of poverty has changed and designed in a historical perspective. We also conducted a textual analysis of relevant legal texts and legislative history to show how these texts reflect the society's official view of poverty based interventions targeted to poor people.

    The two sub-studies show that the concepts at different times in history has been crucial for the community support poor people were entitled to. Our overall conclusion is that despite today's advanced social policy there are many obvious similarities between the concepts of scanty care and standards of living. For example, there are similarities in the conjecture-driven individuals for warranted to support and which counterclaims society put on the individuals who are in need of society's ultimate financial safety net.

  • 297.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Arvidson, Kerstin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Vardagskommunikation och sexuella riskbeteenden: En kvantitativ studie från forskningsprojektet LoRDIA2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality is a natural part of life which every individual explores and must learn how relate to. The sexual exploration may also cause a risk both to physical but also to the mental health. The risks may, for example, be unfavourable searching for confirmation, proximity or status, but may also be to share intimate images or exchange sexual favours for economical compensations. Sexuality can become a tool to dominate, oppress and/or offend other people. The socialization process, that is, the social interaction that takes place between the child and their family is described as the base for how the child develops his/her own characteristic and how they integrate with their surroundings. This study examines at how communication between parents and child looks and is experienced, whether there is any connection with how the child exposes themselves and/or others to sexual risk behaviours and if there is any difference between the sexes. The study is a quantitative analysis in which the sample consists of young people who are in 9th grade (N=1357). The data is collected by the ongoing longitudinal program LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence). This study indicates that there is a statistically significant relationship between youths who communicate with their parents and shows less sexual risk behaviours. The results also demonstrate that girls show a higher frequency of sexual risk behaviour. There is also a significant difference between how girls and boys experience the communication to custodians and that girls have a higher tendency to be affected by the custodians' rules and control than what boys do.

  • 298.
    Karlsson, Sylvia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Björk, Emma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos barn på glesbygden: En kvantitativ enkätstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose. The study investigates how individual and structural factors affect children's mental illness in rural municipalities, and how schooling acts as a protective factor against mental illness. The report is based on reports from Barnombudsmannen (2018) and Bris (2018), which says that increased mental illness increases for children and schools have an unequal education where the children in rural municipalities have poorer school results than the national average. The theoretical reference frame of the study is Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory.

    Method. One quantitative method is the basis for the study, which is based on surveys where respondents are children in rural municipalities. The data is collected by LoRDIA research projects and a stratification of the material is made to reach the appropriate population. Selected factors are hyperactivity, behavioural problems, relationships to peers, emotional symptoms, experiences of trauma and prosocial behaviour, school conditions, well-being in the residential area, the child's experience of family finances.

    Results. The study shows significant relationship between all of the above-mentioned factors and mental health. The mental illness of children can be understood as 43% of the studies examined factors. The results of the study can be seen to help increase understanding of the relationship between mental illness and risk and protection-factors for children living in rural municipalities.

    Conclusion. The results show that mental illness in the child is not only found as the child's individual characteristics but is linked to living conditions and the environment's ability to provide a safe home environment, good school and prosocial conditions. The significance of school and social authorities offering individualized efforts to prevent the increasing mental illness of children in rural municipalities is apparent from the results of the study.

    Keywords. Children, mental illness, rural, school, individual and structural factors, segregation

  • 299.
    Kayima, Viviene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Johansson, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Språket är nyckeln till integration": En studie av integrationsarbete med ensamkommande pojkar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore the approach of the personal in residential care homes, legal guardians and Refugee secretaries consider as effective in their efforts to care for and guide unaccompanied boys in the Swedish society. With the help of qualitative method and semi-structured interviews, we have taken note of eleven informants’ perspective on what approach they believe to be essential in the work of integration process with unaccompanied boys. We used Empowerment and the Swedish Integration Board´s proposal on indicators of integration as a theoretical base. The results show among other things, that our informants believe the keys to integration in Sweden for the unaccompanied youth are the Swedish language, education and a stable social network. The view of the approach varied but all informants were founded in empowerment and cooperation between social workers and the boys who were facing the integration process. 

  • 300.
    Kindberg, Charlott
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Lithman, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Jag prioriterar hårt och jag jobbar smart: En studie av stödet till enhetschefer inom funktionshinderområdet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The position as unit manager includes a number of demands from users, relatives and political decision makers as well as the demands of the assignment itself. The work situations that managers deal with may require resources and support in order to make the work manageable. The change in legislation of disability care during recent year has changed the conditions for unit manager (The national board of health and welfare, 2018). The aim of this study is to highlight the support the unit managers need and the strategies that they may use in order to function in a changeable and stressful work situation. The data collection of the study was conducted through open-ended interviews with eight respondents. The interviews were then transcribed and analyzed by a qualitative content analysis. The result shows that the interviewed unit managers experience a high level of administrative support from the IT and HR departments. Deficiencies in the unit managers' work environment arise when no substitute managers are engaged. Our interviews indicate that the burden of the unit manager’s assignment is too large in proportion to the time and resource that are allocated for the work. There is also a lack of understanding from politicians and management to design efforts that is needed to meet the needs of the end users and the unit manager. Physical closeness and personal relationships to senior colleagues are an important aspect of unit managers’ support system, but this can also be a burden. Current study contributes to an understanding of shortcomings in the unit manager's work environment, which is a starting point for creating sustainable work conditions and activities with good quality. 

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