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  • 251.
    Agndal, Henrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Internationalisation as a process of strategy and change: A study of 16 Swedish industrial SMEs2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis reports a study of the internationalisation processes of 16 industrial SMEs located in the county of Jönköping (Sweden). More specifically, it identifies changes in international strategies, identifies reasons why changes are undertaken and discusses how these changes can be understood when placed in the context of the internationalisation process.

    The findings show that industrial SME managers tend to stress the importance of foreign sales but are often much more reluctant to buy products abroad. This means that while changes in foreign sales market strategy occur frequently in many firms, the process of foreign sourcing market expansion unfolds more slowly, involving fewer markets. The findings also indicate preferences for a low degree of complexity in foreign sales and purchasing. Therefore, industrial SMEs typically become involved in more complex ventures like foreign subsidiaries only when this is perceived as necessary, for example when there is risk of losing a foreign market.

    Mostly, changes in industrial SMEs’ international strategies are undertaken as responses to external opportunities, such as unsolicited orders. Changes much less frequently find their origin in internal initiatives. This pattern appears to pervade throughout the internationalisation process, even if a more critical attitude towards potential changes arises with increasing experience.

  • 252.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Pereseina, Veronika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Cui, Lianguang
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Market innovation in the transport and heavy vehicle market2015In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual NOFOMA-Conference, Molde, 3-5 June, 2015., 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to generate a greater understanding of the interrelatedness of new business models in the truck market and developments in the road transport sector.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Based on a three year research project in cooperation with a European heavy vehicle manufacturer, we present short case descriptions showing some of the main developments in the European trucking and transport markets. 

    Findings

    New business models emerge both in the heavy vehicle and transportation markets, in complex ways involving multiple actors.  The impetus for the models can come from several direction but the final impact must be negotiated and cannot be planned by a single actor.

    Research limitations/implications

    The research looks at a selection of cases and business models to demonstrate changes and the relations between the markets, and does not claim to be exhaustive in terms of the different business models in the European market. 

    Practical implications

    There is a distinct trend to greater specialization and the need for innovation to survive given the strong pressures in the commoditized transport market. Our findings show conflicting trends in terms of social implications, with improved ecological impact but the risk of worse conditions for driver. 

    Original/value

    The paper considers the development of new business models and implications on the market from the point of view of the firms actually using the business models.  This shows how different business models can co-exist and involve different types of rationalities.

  • 253.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Pereseina, Veronika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    From product through service and solution to performance: Value propositions, interaction patterns and capabilities2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper explores differences in inter- and intra-organizational interaction patterns depending on the nature of customer value propositions. It also discusses capabilities related to these value propositions.

    Design/Methodology/Approach – We perform a case study of the evolving value propositions of a Swedish truck manufacturer. Interviews are conducted with key representatives of the manufacturer, dealers, customers, and customers’ customers. We draw on literature in the business marketing and purchasing area.

    Findings – The manufacturer makes four types of value propositions (cf. Anderson et al., 2006) associated with different interaction patterns. (1) A first type involves a basic product, i.e. a vehicle along with basic services, such as a warranty. The sales process represents a short dealer-customer negotiation to determine truck customization and price and is a general solution to a general problem. Interaction remains simple throughout the truck’s operating cycle; feedback to the product development and manufacturing function comes mainly from the manufacturer’s service organization. (2) A second type of value proposition involves optional add-on services that support the use of the product, such as repairs and maintenance, tire replacement, financing, and insurance. Although each service component is standardized, the package of services is selected by the buyer based on its needs. Interaction in regard to purchase and use is therefore more complex and ongoing. (3) In a third type, the customer buys truck(s) and services as an integrated solution to its specific sourcing problem. This requires a deeper understanding of how the customer uses trucks. Such an analysis relies on interaction between the manufacturer’s sales representatives and various functions at the customer. As the truck is used, interaction between manufacturer and customer is continuous. E.g., driving patterns can be analyzed and driving training be tailored to the needs of the customer; service needs are monitored, etc. (4) A fourth type involves not only a solution to a sourcing problem, but a co-created solution to support the customer’s value-creation. The customer buys solution performance that supports its revenue generation, not just its efforts to reduce costs. A deep understanding of the customer’s business is required with a focus on how the customer uses trucks to support its customers’ value creation. As payment is based on uptime (or other form of utilization), knowledge of truck usage is also needed by the manufacturer to determine price per km and to set service level agreement. Interaction is continuous and complex, with the manufacturer’s service organization taking over part of fleet management from the customer. These value propositions exist simultaneously and place very different demands on capabilities, which increase in number and particularity with more complex value propositions.

    Originality/value – We empirically identify four distinct value propositions that rely on different inter- and intra-organizational interaction patterns and require different capabilities.

  • 254.
    Agu, Onyekachi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Hertzberg, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    A Theoretical Investigation into the Pricing of Credit Default Swaps: The Role of Reflexivity and the Impact of Asymmetry2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mathematical and quantitative sophistication provide financial institutions with scientific methods to price (over the counter) derivative products by the use of historical data and inputs. These inputs attempt to reflect the underlying reality within a company or economy quantitatively. This paper attempts to show how human perceptions based on input metrics that are used to help determine reality do not always offer reliable reflections of the underlying true picture. As a result of these misconceptions within derivative modelling we argue that risk managers must be able to overcome aspects of hidden risk in order to reduce large asymmetric losses within financial institutions.

  • 255.
    Aguero, Katherine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The Shining Path: An Analysis of a Terrorist Organization's Power2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 256.
    Aguilar, Huri Eunice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Huri Eunice Aguilar

    Fyra PR-konsulters syn på hur man förändrar ett personligt varumärke. - En kvalitativ undersökning om processen av att förändra ett personligt varumärke.

    Antal sidor: 38

    Uppsatsen behandlar processen av att förändra ett befintligt personligt varumärke. Syftet är att beskriva och skapa förståelse för processen av att förändra ett personligt varumärke. Frågeställningarna är hur ompositioneras eller revitaliseras ett befintligt personligt varumärke? Finns det gemensamma komponenter som leder till framgång när man förändrar det personliga varumärke? Vilka risker finns vid en ompositionering eller revitalisering utav ett befintligt  personligt varumärke? Kan de varumärkesstrategierna som finns om hur man förändrar ett företags eller produktvarumärke anpassas till personliga varumärken?

    Metoden är kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra PR-konsulter som har erfarenhet av att förändra varumärken eller personliga varumärken.

    Processen av att förändra ett personligt varumärke är att identifiera det personliga varumärkets identitet. Det andra steget är att fastställa hur det personliga varumärket ska uppfattas, och vilka egenskaper i ens identitet som därmed måste belysas. De sista steget är att ta reda på hur det personliga varumärket uppfattas, och minska gapet mellan hur man vill att det personliga varumärket ska uppfattas, och den faktiska uppfattningen.

    Gemensamma komponenter som leder till framgång när man förändrar ett personligt varumärke är att förändringen anses vara genuin, naturlig, och att förändringen endast belyser andra redan existerande egenskaper i ett personligt varumärkes identitet.

    De risker som finns i att förändra ett personligt varumärke är att tappa sin målgrupp eller trovärdighet samt att man eliminerar de element som differentierar det personliga varumärket. Uppsatsens slutsats är att vissa av de varumärkesstrategier som finns, kan appliceras på personliga varumärken. Skillnaden är att varumärkesstrategierna för produkt och företags varumärkena är mer omfattande. Varumärkesstrategierna som inte tycks vara applicerbara, är de som tar upp en förändring av själva produkten vid en förändring av varumärket. Uppsatsen kommer fram till att ett personligt varumärke kan revitaliseras dock inte ompositioneras. En ompositionering involverar en förändring på själva produkten, medan en revitalisering är ett mer korrekt begrepp att använda , då begreppet syftar till att ändra ett varumärkes associationer.

  • 257.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Hill, Anders
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Malmgren, Lise-lott
    Malmö Högskola.
    Nilhollm, Claes
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Wingård, Britta
    Specialpedagogik inom lärarutbildningen: En kartläggning utifrån kursplanerna inom de svenska lärarutbildningarna2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 258.
    Ahl, Gustav
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Gränsöverskridande förlustutjämning: Är Sveriges nya förhållningssätt förenligt med EG-rätten?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Magisteruppsatsen belyser de svenska reglerna avseende gränsöverskridande för-lustutjämningstransaktioner från ett gemenskapsrättsligt perspektiv. Fokus ligger på utjämningsmöjligheter då förlusten i ett utländskt dotterbolag är slutlig. Det är osäkert vilka grunder som rättfärdigar avdrag. I uppsatsen analyseras därför fyra Regeringsrättsmål i ljuset av den Europeiska gemenskapens domstols domar i Marks & Spencer-fallet och i Oy AA-fallet. Finansdepartementet lämnade förslag på ändrade regler för avdragsrätt vid förlustutjämningstransaktioner mellan kon-cernbolag den 22 september 2009. Förslaget jämförs med det tidigare lagförslaget om likvidationsavdrag, Regeringsrättsmålen och gemenskapsrätten. Syftet med uppsatsen är att utreda om Sveriges nya förhållningssätt är förenligt med gemen-skapsrätten.I det svenska regelverket regleras koncernbidrag i inkomstskattelagen kapitel 35 och fusioner i inkomstskattelagen kapitel 37. För att ett bolag ska beviljas av-dragsrätt för ett koncernbidrag ska bidraget vara skattepliktigt hos mottagaren och mottagaren ska vara skattskyldig i Sverige. För att en fusion ska vara kvalificerad ska det fusionerade bolaget direkt innan fusionen vara skattskyldig i Sverige. Des-sa förutsättningar är inte uppfyllda när det mottagande eller fusionerade bolaget har sin hemvist i en annan medlemsstat i gemenskapen.I fallet Marks & Spencer bedömer Europeiska gemenskapens domstol att kon-cernavdrag kan beviljas mellan moderbolag och dotterbolag i särskilda fall. För-lusten i dotterbolaget ska vara slutlig, vilket innebär att den omöjligen ska kunna utnyttjas av vare sig dotterbolaget självt eller någon utomstående person. Domen i Oy AA-målet innebär att regler som förhindrar avdrag för koncernbidrag kan vara proportionerliga om de vägrar avdrag för koncernbidrag till ett moderbolag och förlusten kan utnyttjas i framtiden. Lidl Belgium-fallet behandlar situationen när en förlust uppstår i en filial som är en del av huvudbolaget.Bestämmelser som inskränker den fria etableringsrätten kan rättfärdigas utifrån tvingande hänsyn till allmänintresset. Motiv för att tillämpa bestämmelser som in-skränker den fria etableringsrätten kan vara territorialitetsprincipen, bevarandet av skattesystemets inre sammanhang, neutralitetsprincipen, undvikande av risken för dubbelt beaktande av förluster och risk för skatteflykt. En kombination av flera motiv kan leda till att inskränkande bestämmelser kan rättfärdigas. Bestämmelser-na ska även vara legitima och proportionerliga för att de syften som eftersträvas uppnås.I fyra av de totalt tio rättsfallen som Regeringsrätten meddelade dom i avseende gränsöverskridande koncernbidrag har Skatterättsnämnden ansett förlusten vara slutlig, vilket berättigar till avdrag för koncernbidrag. Skatteverket, Skatterätts-nämnden och Regeringsrätten lägger olika innebörd i begreppet slutlig förlust. Oklarheterna utreds därför i ljuset av gemenskapsrätten. Regeringsrätten bedömer att en likvidation av det förlustbetingade dotterbolaget innebär att förlusten är slut-lig. Skatterättsnämnden anser att en förlust kan vara slutlig även då det förlustbe-tingade dotterbolaget upphör att bedriva verksamhet genom att det fusioneras med ett annat koncernbolag och om det finns regler i mottagarstaten som begränsar att en förlust rullas framåt. Skatteverket menar att en förlust är definitiv när dotterbo-laget självt eller en utomstående person annan än dotterbolaget inte kan utnyttja förlusten.Inom Europeiska Unionen har ett arbete med en gemensam skattebas påbörjats. En sådan skattebas skulle troligtvis undanröja en del av de problemen som gräns-överskridande förlustutjämningstransaktioner innebär. I avvaktan på att arbetet med den gemensamma skattebasen blir färdigställd kan gränsöverskridande för-lustutjämningstransaktioner underlättas genom att medlemsstaterna enas om defi-nitionen av olika skatterättsliga begrepp.För att det svenska förhållningssättet ska vara förenligt med gemenskapsrätten måste, enligt min mening, ett förtydligande ske på tre punkter. Jag anser, för det första, att det ska vara möjligt att ge koncernbidrag mellan systerbolag om deras gemensamma mo-derbolag har sin hemvist i Sverige. För det andra menar jag att det ska vara möjligt att ge koncernbidrag till ett indirekt helägt dotterbolag med slutliga förluster om det totala ägandet är mer än 90 procent. Jag anser också att slutlig förlust, det vill säga att alla möjligheter att utnyttja förlusten i dotterbolagets hemstat har uttömts, ska innefatta för-luster på grund av likvidation, konkurs och fusion då all verksamhet i dotterbolagets hemstat upphör.

  • 259.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A Foucauldian framework for discourse analysis2007In: Handbook of qualitative research methods in entrepreneurship, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2007, p. 216-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A narrative analysis of gender in entrepreneurship stories2004In: Paper presented at the The Greiff Symposium, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Comparing entrepreneurship policy in different welfare state regimes: lessons from a gender perspective2012In: The joint ACERE-DIANA International Entrepreneurship Conference, 21 jan - 3 feb 2012: Program handbook / [ed] Per Davidsson, Alicia Castilla Holley, John Watson, 2012, p. 11-11Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 262.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Det nödvändiga jämställdhetsarbetet2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Do policies for women's entrepreneurship support or challenge gender inequalities?2011In: Presented at Scandinavian Academy of Management, Stockholm, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Entrepreneurship and Gender2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Företagandets särskilda nytta2004In: Det oavsedda entreprenörskapet, Lund: Academia Adacta , 2004, p. 108-122Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 266.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Gender, organizations and entrepreneurship2012In: Handbook on Organisational Entrepreneurship / [ed] Daniel Hjorth, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 134-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Gender stereotypes2007In: International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies: 2, E-L, London: Sage , 2007, p. 544-547Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 268.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    How an entrepreneurship teaching case constructs gender and how students learn other things than intended2007In: Nordic Education Research Association, Turku, Finland, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Inledning: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 17-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Interorganizational learning: A case study of a systems supplier network2004In: Paper presented at the Nordic Education Research Association, Reykjavik, Iceland., 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Introduction: Nordic perspectives on human resource management2018In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2018, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries consistently rank in top positions of the best places to live and work in the world. They have resilient economies, a well-educated workforce, high labour market participation, job security, and encompassing welfare systems and are facilitated by an institutional context characterised by trust and transparency. Nordic HR practices are embedded in a tradition of workplace democracy, flat organisations, low power distance, open and informal communication, codetermination, and close cooperation between management and labour unions. But the Nordic countries are also embedded in the global economy. This book offers insights into how Nordic HRM responds to global challenges, such as demographic changes, migration, or skills shortages that necessitate inclusionary HR strategies focussed on workforce development.

  • 272.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    La teoría de la motivación como el poder disfrazado2010In: Foucault y el aprendizaje permanente. Gobernando el sujeto / [ed] A. Fejes & K. Nicoll, Xàtiva: Ediciones del CREC , 2010, p. 231-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Learning in an inter-organizational project: A case study2005In: Paper presented at the Scandinavian Academy of Management, Aarhus, Denmark , 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 274.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Lessons on gender: unintended side-effects of using teaching cases in adult education2007In: Nordic Conference on Adult Education, Linköping, Sweden, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Lessons on gender: unintended side-effects of using teaching cases in adult education.2007In: Adult learning and the challenges of social and cultural diversity: diverse lives, cultures, learnings and literacies: proceedings of the 5th ESREA European Research Conference, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivation and adult education: a problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2005In: Paper presented at the Nordic Conference on Adult Education, Turku, Finland, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivation in adult education: A problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2006In: Paper (2nd edition) presented at workshop on Fouculdian perspectives on adult education. Nyköping, Sweden, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivation in adult education: A problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2006In: Paper (3rd edition) presented at the Nordic Education Research Association, Örebro, Sweden, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivation in adult education: A problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?2006In: International Journal of Lifelong Education, ISSN 0260-1370, E-ISSN 1464-519X, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 385-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adults' motivation to participate in continued education is of immediate interest, as lifelong learning is now considered as the solution to the pressing problems of increased levels of unemployment, not least among unskilled workers. Many theories concerning motivation and adult education maintain that individuals are innately motivated to learn, and conclude that motivation problems result from various dispositional, situational and structural impediments. If such barriers are removed, adults will be naturally motivated to educate themselves. This article argues against these theories and maintains that motivation should not be regarded as something residing within the individual. It is rather a construct of those who see it lacking in others. A critical reading of the literature shows how motivation theory stigmatizes people held ‘unmotivated’ in that the theories ascribe motivation problems to the individual, while assuming the basis upon which the problem is formulated for granted, and making those who formulate the problem invisible. Instead of a problem solver, motivation becomes a euphemism for direction and control. This article suggests that motivation should be seen as a relational concept, rather than as residing within the individual. Adults' motivation, or lack of this, is best understood in relation to those who formulate the problem. Instead of asking what motivates adults to study, research should focus on who states that this is a problem, and why, and the reasons for this conclusion. This approach makes the operations of power visible, and demonstrates how the discourse of lifelong learning, as a necessary political response to economic and technological determinism, constructs adults as inadequate.

  • 280.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivation och vuxnas lärande: en kunskapsöversikt och problematisering2004Book (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivation theory as power in disguise2008In: Foucault and Lifelong Learning: governing the subject, London: Routledge , 2008, p. 151-162Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 282.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Motivationsteori som verktyg för styrning och kontroll2007In: Studies in Educational Policy and Educational Philosophy Discourse, ISSN 1652-2729, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Narrating the entrepreneur in an entrepreneurship teaching case2006In: Paper presented at the 1:st Conference on Rhetoric and Narrative in Management Research, ESADE, Barcelona, Spain, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Oavsiktliga lektioner i kön: Hur ett praktikfall i entreprenörskap konstruerar kön och hur studenter lär sig annat än vad som var avsett2007In: Didaktisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1101-7686, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 185-206Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande artikel är en narrativ analys av ett praktikfall som används ientreprenörskapsundervisning. Analysen utgår från ett post-strukturalistisktfeministiskt perspektiv, där kön ses som socialt konstruerat. Analysen finner attpraktikfallet reproducerar en könsordning där kvinnor, och kvinnligt, systematisktnedvärderas. Praktikfallet avser att lära studenterna hur det kan gå till att starta ettföretag, men det lär samtidigt kvinnor att de inte hör hemma i affärslivet. Män lärsig att entreprenörskap är till för dem, samtidigt som de lär sig att kvinnor är tillför att gifta sig med och föda deras barn. De lär sig också att behandla kvinnorrespektlöst. För att förändra detta föreslås praktikfall med huvudpersoner som ärkvinnor, ett könsneutralt språk, samt berättelser som medvetet utmanartraditionella könsordningar. För att ytterligare berika lärandet från praktikfallföreslås vidare att studenter och lärare själva gör narrativa analyser av praktikfall.

  • 285.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Politik för kvinnors företagande i Sverige och USA2011In: Kvinnors företagande – mål eller medel? / [ed] E. Blomberg, G. Hedlund & M. Wottle, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2011, p. 292-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Sex business in the toy store: A narrative analysis of a teaching case2007In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 673-693Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a narrative analysis of an entrepreneurship case performed from a post-structuralist feminist perspective. Acknowledging the social construction of reality, gender is conceptualized as performed rather than as an essential quality attached to male and female bodies. The analysis finds that the case reproduces discriminatory gender relations. While using such cases in entrepreneurship training may teach pragmatic lessons, they also teach women that there is no place for them in business. Suggestions for improvement include cases with female protagonists, gender-inclusive language, stories that challenge received entrepreneurship ideas, and the introduction of narrative analysis to enrich students' learning opportunities.

  • 287.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The construction of the adult learner in motivation theory2007In: Adult education - liberty, fraternity equality?: Nordic views on lifelong learning, Turku: Finnish Educational Research Association , 2007, p. 139-160Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 288.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The desperate search for a difference in gender research2007In: Presented at “Doing and undoing gender in entrepreneurship research”, HEC/Advanzia, Paris, France, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The equality work that needs to be done2018In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2018, p. 105-118Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender inequality continues to exist in many organisations, which leads to dysfunctional workplaces and an underexploitation of existing competence. The chapter discusses the most common failures in enforcing gender equality and explains terms such as glass ceiling and vertical-, horizontal-, and internal gender segregation. The chapter examines and deconstructs the most common arguments that are present in the debate on gender equality and ends with an argument for justice, but with a new twist: people who feel that they have been treated unjustly also take up an adversarial stance towards the organisation, irrespective of their gender. Justice is thus a matter of proper resource utilisation.

  • 290.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The making of the female entrepreneur2003In: Edamba journal: 1st thesis competition, Vol. 1, p. 69-74Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 291.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The problematic relationship between social capital theory and gender research2008In: Women, entrepreneurship and social capital: A dialogue and construction, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press , 2008, p. 167-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The scientific reproduction of gender inequality: A discourse analysis of research texts on women's entrepreneurship2004Book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The scientific reproduction of gender inequality in entrepreneurship texts2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 294.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Why research on women entrepreneurs needs new directions2008In: Small business and entrepreneurship / [ed] Robert A. Blackburn and Candida G. Brush, Thoasand Oaks: Sage , 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 295.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Why research on women entrepreneurs needs new directions2006In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 595-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research articles on women's entrepreneurship reveal, in spite of intentions to the contrary and in spite of inconclusive research results, a tendency to recreate the idea of women as being secondary to men and of women's businesses being of less significance or, at best, as being a complement. Based on a discourse analysis, this article discusses what research practices cause these results. It suggests new research directions that do not reproduce women's subordination but capture more and richer aspects of women's entrepreneurship.

  • 296.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Women and entrepreneurship: Contemporary classics2006In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 661-664Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 297.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Women and humanities: Allies or enemies?2006In: Management Education and Humanites, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2006, p. 45-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Women’s enterprise – a boost or a detriment to the Scandinavian welfare system?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Berglund, K.
    Pettersson, K.
    Sköld, B.
    Tillmar, M.
    Entrepreneurship in rural areas: The role of women?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Can governments support both women and entrepreneurship?  2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism in Sweden as well as in the other Scandinavian countries was largely formulated as state feminism. The women’s movement has cooperated with feminists in the state, resulting in societies that count as the most gender equal in the world. The Scandinavian countries are consistently ranked in the top position on international gender equality indices. The state has provided a large publicly financed welfare sector that both employs many women, and makes it possible to combine work and family through family friendly policies. The last decade has seen a political change influenced by neoliberal thought, in which politicians hand over welfare state responsibilities to the market, and instead encourage entrepreneurship, not least among women. The Swedish government has since 20 years back programs and policies to promote women’s entrepreneurship. The Swedish state has during the same period shrunk the public sector and privatized many operations in services and care, which traditionally employ many women. Instead, women are encouraged to start businesses in former public sectors. Empirical studies suggest however, that all of the increase of women’s entrepreneurship in these sectors is within low-paid, micro service businesses, typically child minding.

    Traditional state feminism has also changed character. Instead of public regulations, market solutions are advocated. In this paper we ask how to theorize this change from a feminist theory perspective; we ask what the implications for feminist action are, and we ask what consequences for women’s position in society are. We use research literature and policy texts as our empirical material and conduct a critical literature analysis. We conclude that the entrepreneurship discourse challenges, and possibly weakens state feminism and feminist action as we have known it in the Scandinavian countries, but may also offer new forms of feminist resistance, on market terms. 

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