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  • 22201.
    Åkesson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Storck, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vi har gjort en egen variant: En kvalitativ studie om hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur familjehemssekreterare förhåller sig till sitt handlingsutrymme vid utredning av blivande familjehem. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med olika familjehemssekreterare har genomförts och analyserats. Analysen av resultatet visade att familjehemssekreterarna upplever sitt handlingsutrymme som stort men att olika faktorer upplevdes begränsande. Exempelvis uppfattades tid och resurser som en begräsning. Familjehemssekreterarna kunde se vissa utmaningar i utredningsarbetet till exempel att det inte finns fler lämpliga utredningsmetoder. Det visas också i studiens resultat att familjehemssekreterarna är ambivalenta i sitt förhållningssätt till ökad eller minskad styrning. De kan både se nyttan i ett stort handlingsutrymme men även vissa risker i att bedömningarna kan bli för färgade av deras värderingar och erfarenheter.

  • 22202. Åkesson, K
    et al.
    Tompa, Andrea
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Rydén, A
    Faresjö, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Low expression of CD39+/CD45RA+ on regulatory T cells (Treg) cells in type 1 diabetic children in contrast to high expression of CD101+/CD129+ on Treg cells in children with coeliac disease2014In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 180, p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and coeliac disease are both characterized by an autoimmune feature. As T1D and coeliac disease share the same risk genes, patients risk subsequently developing the other disease. This study aimed to investigate the expression of T helper (Th), T cytotoxic (Tc) and regulatory T cells (Treg) in T1D and/or coeliac disease children in comparison to healthy children. Subgroups of T cells (Th:CD4+ or Tc:CD8+); naive (CD27+CD28+CD45RA+CCR7+), central memory (CD27+CD28+CD45RA-CCR7+), effector memory (early differentiated; CD27+CD28+CD45RA-CCR7- and late differentiated; CD27-CD28-CD45RA-CCR7-), terminally differentiated effector cells (TEMRA; CD27-CD28-CD45RA+CCR7-) and Treg (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+CD127-) cells, and their expression of CD39, CD45RA, CD101 and CD129, were studied by flow cytometry in T1D and/or coeliac disease children or without any of these diseases (reference group). Children diagnosed with both T1D and coeliac disease showed a higher percentage of TEMRA CD4+ cells (P<0·05), but lower percentages of both early and late effector memory CD8+ cells (P<0·05) compared to references. Children with exclusively T1D had lower median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) (P<0·05) and also a lower percentage of CD39+ and CD45RA+ within the Treg population (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+CD127-) (P<0·05). Children with exclusively coeliac disease had a higher MFI of CD101 (P<0·01), as well as a higher percentage of CD129+ (P<0·05), in the CD4+CD25hi lymphocyte population, compared to references. In conclusion, children with combined T1D and coeliac disease have a higher percentage of differentiated CD4+ cells compared to CD8+ cells. T1D children show signs of low CD39+/CD45RA+ Treg cells that may indicate loss of suppressive function. Conversely, children with coeliac disease show signs of CD101+/CD129+ Treg cells that may indicate suppressor activity.

  • 22203.
    Åkesson, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Ryhov City Hospital, Jönköping.
    Hanberger, Lena
    Linköping University Hospital.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    Linköping University Hospital.
    The influence of age, gender, insulin dose, BMI, and blood pressure on metabolic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes2015In: Pediatric Diabetes, ISSN 1399-543X, E-ISSN 1399-5448, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 581-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    To explore the relationship between certain clinical variables and metabolic HbA1c at diagnosis correlated to HbA1c at follow-up (p < 0.001). There was a clear gender difference regarding HbA1c. Girls had higher values both at diagnosis and at follow-up (p < 0.001). Girls also had lower BMI and pH at diagnosis than boys (p < 0.001). In contrast, girls with the highest body mass index (BMI) at follow-up had higher mean HbA1c at follow-up in 2010 (p < 0.001). Having a mother and/or a father with high BMI implied higher HbA1c at diagnosis (p < 0.003).

    Conclusions

    HbA1c at diagnosis seems to predict metabolic control years later. There is a gender difference at diagnosis as female patients have higher HbA1c than males at diagnosis as well as at follow up. As metabolic control is very much correlated to complications there is a need to early identify patients at risk of poor metabolic control. Even though we do not know whether a high HbA1c level is mainly due to severity of the disease or to behavioral patterns, new ways to treat and support these children, especially girls, are needed.

  • 22204.
    Åkesson, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    Löves, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    ROM och balans efter aktivitet hos aktiva personer med ankelinstabilitet vid användning av sporttejp och ankelortos2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22205.
    Åkesson, Stina
    Jönköping University.
    Närmiljön som både plats och objekt för lärandet: En kvantitativ studie kring lärares angivelser om utomhuspedagogik i matematik-undervisningen i årskurs 4-62016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22206.
    Åman, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindfors, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lukt- och smakförändringar: vid cancerbehandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22207.
    Åman, Pia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Att läsa och berätta - gör förskolan rolig och lärorik2010Report (Other academic)
  • 22208.
    Åman, Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Kroksmark, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School Based Research and Professional Development.
    Research-based teaching - Teacher as researcher - Teachers' understanding of the concept of research-based teaching2018In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 199-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how primary school teachers understand the concept of research-based teaching. The data is collected through qualitative research interviews and analyzed via life-world phenomenology. The study's overall conclusion is that teachers are complacent about research-based knowledge or exclude it from their teaching. The result shows five different dimensions; external, internal, relational, conscious critical and unconscious. The two categories of internal and relational dimension can characterize the meaning of teacher as researcher. These two categories show teachers understanding and being an example that a practice paradigm of research-based teaching is under development. 

  • 22209. Åsa, Fasth
    et al.
    Lundholm, Thomas
    Stahre, Johan
    Dencker, Kerstin
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Bruch, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Designing proactive assembly systems: Criteria and interaction between automation, information, and competence2009In: Proceedings of the 42nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Grenoble, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing customisation of products results in decreasing production batch sizes, especially in the final assembly. Industry must therefore increase their capability to handle smaller batches as well as radically decrease set up time between different product groups and new products. This paper suggests the need for further development, primarily addressing time parameters in dynamically changing assembly systems. We propose customer demands and decrease non value-adding tasks. In proactive assembly systems, the full and complementary potential of human operators and technical systems is utilised. Criteria for proactivity in assembly systems are reviewed from automation, information, and competence perspectives.

  • 22210.
    Åsforsen, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Oldengård, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Nilsson, Caroline
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Leader – Employee Exchange: A review of trust and relationships at IVT2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22211.
    Åskregn, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    BIM i medelstora byggentreprenadföretag: BIM in medium sized building construction companies2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report has a focus on Building Information Models (BIM), an IT-technical tool- and workmethod that have emerged increasingly in the construction industry in recent years. How this IT tool is used in medium-sized building construction companies is presented in this report.The purpose of the report is to promote positive development towards more efficient and resource-efficient work processes in the construction industry by providing knowledge on how the use of BIM exists among these companies, why it is the way it is, if BIM is needed and what can change the current status in any direction.The work-method has consisted of literature studies and interview surveys.The work began with studies of reports and texts related to BIM and interviews with representatives of leading construction industry companies and a couple of industry organizations with focus on BIM. This was followed by continued literary studies focused on change and change management, survey and interview techniques. This work led to various basic theories and explanatory models as the basis for and the design of the interview questions asked at the main interviews.The main interviews was conducted with eleven medium-sized building construction companies and gave a result that showed that companies generally looked at BIM as something positive with advantages such as easier communication and as a means to reduce errors in production. The result also brought some light to the fact that there existed challenges like software compatibility and dependency between the parties involved in the project, which means that for the technology to be able to provide wanted benefits all parties involved have to use the workmethod.The reasons for the low usage among medium sized construction contractors was several, the most common was the lack of demands of the clients. The reasons were also the absence of need, costly investments, competing objectives, compatibility issues with software and lack of knowledge of BIM.In order to promote a greater usage of BIM it is proposed that the technical obstacles are eliminated through standardization and development of the processing method and software, it is also proposed that the competing objectives are eliminated by spreading and increasing knowledge of BIM in the industry, both amongst entrepreneurs, -to promote good staff training so that the staff will want to work with the technology, and amongst construction clients, -so that they start asking for BIM and thereby provide the technology with a competitive edge.

  • 22212. Åstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Mannergren, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Lärarkandidaters klassificering och bedömning av texter avsedda för mellanstadiets elevers upplevelseläsning1973Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22213. Åstrand, Anders
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    Mannergren, Bodil
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Mellanstadieelevers upplevelser vid läsning av fiktionslitteratur1973Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22214.
    Åström, Frida Marie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Khetani, Mary
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure: Swedish Cultural Adaptation2018In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 329-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To culturally adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) for use by caregivers of Swedish children with and without disabilities, aged 2–5 years.

    Methods: Thirteen cognitive interviews and two focus groups with caregivers of children with and without disabilities were conducted to evaluate the cultural relevance of YC-PEM content for use in Sweden. Per participant feedback, a revised version of the Swedish YC-PEM was created and pilot tested with caregivers of children with disabilities (n = 11) and children with typical development (n = 22).

    Results: User feedback informed content revisions to 7% of items. Internal consistency estimates of the Swedish YC-PEM pilot version were acceptable and ranged from .70 to .92 for all but two of the YC-PEM scales. Mean percentage agreement between raters ranged from 47% to 93% across YC-PEM scales for inter-rater, and 44% to 86% for test-retest. One of twelve YC-PEM scales revealed significant group differences between young children with and without disabilities.

    Conclusions: This study contributes preliminary evidence for the use of some scales within a culturally adapted YC-PEM in Sweden. Further validation with larger samples will allow for parametric testing to evaluate its psychometric properties.

  • 22215.
    Åström, Jessica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Vitesklausuler: En begränsning av ersättningsansvaret2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Penalty clauses is a term that can be put in an agreement and is an amount that shall be paid by a part of the agreement if they cause any damage to the other part by breaking the agreement. Penalty clauses have since around 100 years ago had a quite clear meaning in Sweden according to a lot of authors. These authors have the opinion that penalty clauses is an exclusive judgment of the compensation the victim has right to, that means that if the parties have put a lower amount in the clause the victim won’t get full coverage for the damages caused by the other party. That the penalty clause is an exclusive judgment of the victims right to compensation means that the victim doesn’t have the right to request other compensation above the compensation in the clause if nothing else is stated in the clause.

    A penalty clause may be viewed as a complement to compensation you get according to The Tort Liability Act (1972:206) where it is often difficult to obtain full compensation for damages when it is required that a number of conditions are to be met for damages deleted. It is often difficult to obtain warrants for losses that are not directly connected with the damage itself but still caused by the injury.

    In this paper I have focused on NJA 2010 s. 629 and the implications this case has had on the assessment of liquidated damages clauses. In NJA 2010 s. 629 the Supreme Court takes up that there is no general rule to use in the assessment of liquidated damages clauses. The Supreme Court in NJA 2010 s. 629 statues that a penalty clause should be assessed individually based on the circumstances of the case, it means that a penalty clause can not always be seen as a limitation of the right of the victim. To make an assessment on an individual case, all the facts are reviewed and a more reliable assessment of the particular cases deemed to be made. 

  • 22216.
    Åström, Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Saliba, Diala
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Vad omfattas av undantaget för försäkringstjänster i 3 kapitlet 10 § mervärdesskattelagen?: 2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

  • 22217.
    Åsén Pettersson, Emily
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Ylving, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    När hjärtat brister: Förskolepedagoger syn på sin trygghet och verksamhetens förutsättningar för att upptäcka sexuella övergrepp på barn, samt deras förhållningsätt gällande orosanmälan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har tre fokusgruppintervjuer hållits med totalt 10 yrkesverksamma pedagoger i förskolan, i en svensk medelstor kommun. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur förskolepedagogerna resonerar kring ämnet sexuella övergrepp mot barn, samt undersöka pedagogernas resonemang kring orosanmälan till socialtjänsten. Utifrån fokusgruppintervjuerna framkom fyra huvudteman: organisation, att upptäcka, kollegialt stöd samt anmäla eller inte anmäla, vilka delades in i 10 underteman.

    De mest framträdande resultaten visar att förskolepedagogerna saknar rutiner för att upptäcka barn som utsätts för sexuella övergrepp. Det visade sig också att stödet från organisationen och rektorn är av stor betydelse för att en orosanmälan skall göras samt för att öka pedagogernas kunskap gällande sexuella övergrepp mot barn. För att hantera känslomässigt jobbiga situationer som kan uppstå i samband med misstanke om sexuella övergrepp, visade resultatet att kollegorna finner en viktig roll för varandra, där en kollegial dialog används flitigt. Resultatet visade också att en fungerande samverkan med socialtjänsten kan bidra till att en orosanmälan görs och att samverkan är viktig för pedagogernas trygghet.

    Resultaten analyseras med hjälp av tidigare forskning och institutionell teori där begreppet handlingsutrymme är i fokus.

  • 22218.
    Öberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Björmsjö, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Koll på SOX: En fallstudie av implementeringen av SAP GRC Version 10  inom delar av ABB-koncernen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master Thesis in Business Administration within the Civilekonomprogram at Jönköping International Business School

    Title                                   Keeping track of SOX – A case study of the implementation of SAP GRC Version 10 in parts of the ABB Group

    Authors                              Lars Björmsjö, Jacob Öberg

    Tutor                                                        Gunnar Rimmel

    Subject terms            GRC, internal control, SAP, Sarbanes-Oxley Act

    Abstract

    Background (and problem): In the reflections of the accountings scandals that occurred in the beginning of this millennium, legislations have tightened to prevent this kind of event to reoccur. Legislations like SOX provide clear directives on how companies should strengthen their internal controls. Compliance with SOX is a costly affair when, they place heavy demands on internal controls and systems to manage the increased controls. Problem discussion to this thesis is based on the requirements to comply with SOX and how an international company can use a tool like SAP GRC to meet the stricter requirements 

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to conduct a case study on how the process behind the implementation of SAP GRC version 10 looks in a multi-national company such as ABB and the role played by SOX in the implementation process.

    Delimitations: The authors have chosen to delimitate thesis merely to look at the implementation of SAP GRC, and do not look at other players at the market, nor their GRC solutions. Furthermore, the authors have chosen to only look at the implementation of SAP GRC at ABB in the United Kingdom.

    Method: The study has only a qualitative approach. The study is a case study which means that personal contact in the form of telephone interviews has been the only method to gather data for empirical choose of the authors.

    Results and Conclusions: The authors' conclusion of the study acknowledges that SOX has a very important role in the implementation of SAP GRC, and is the main reason for the implementation. Furthermore, it has emerged that the implementation is a very comprehensive work, which is very costly in both monetary and time measures. However the authors have concluded that implementing SAP GRC is the most efficient and cost effective way to comply with SOX from an ABB perspective.

    Discussion: According to the authors opinion there are a few areas for improvement in the use of GRC at ABB, in order to get the most out of the tool and to streamline the management of risks. Due to the lack of current research within the field, the authors would find it very interesting if a scientifically based definition of GRC would be investigated.

     

  • 22219.
    Öberg, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Att bygga vidare - Ett exempel på didaktisk forskning i klassrummet2014In: 14 röster kring samhällsstudier och didaktik / [ed] Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Samhällsstudier & didaktik , 2014, p. 187-228Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22220.
    Öberg, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Samhällskunskapens dimensioner: Tio lärare ramar in sitt ämne2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research in social studies didactics is to examine what teachers in social studies perceive as the most important influencing factors for the transformation from social studies as school subject to social studies as classroom teaching, based on didactic questions as; What?, How? and Why?, and how this is perceived has changed over a period of about twenty years or more.

    The study is based on the hermeneutic-phenomenological life-world approach, where phenomenological description and hermeneutic interpretation are central. The empirical data consist of interviews with ten teachers in social studies with extensive professional experience in lower secondary school, upper secondary school or adult education.

    The result is thematically based on inspiration from frame factor theory in four dimensions of influencing factors, which are; The personal dimension, The didactic dimension, The governing dimension and The societal dimension. Each of these dimensions is divided into a number of variations. The dimensions are designed on the principle of the personally close to the societal distanced. In addition to these dimensions, an aspect of these is added. It is The pupil aspect, whose content pupils as influencing factor. The teachers in the study never talk about pupils and their influence on the teaching without connection to any of the four dimensions.

    Conclusions drawn in the study is that the ten teachers all have very different stories about what they perceive as the most important influencing factors. Some places the greatest emphasis on their personal background or personal interests. Others focus more on didactic ideas, on policy documents or on the economical and organizational framework. The study also shows that all the teachers have one or two dominant dimensions as most visible, that also affects the way they talk about the other dimensions. The teachers’ stories also show that they perceive that the teaching and what impact this change appreciably over time.

    The study’s most important contribution is perhaps that it exemplifies theoretical perspectives, for an example highlighting that the frame factor theoretical scaffolding must be adapted to the specific study and its issues and research materials.

  • 22221. Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    A Complete Energy Dissipation Model for Wireless Sensor Networks2007In: Proceedings of the international conference on sensor technologies and applications, SENSORCOMM, Valencia, Spain, October 14-20, 2007, IEEE , 2007, p. 531-540Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22222.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Link Quality-Aided Flooding: A Simple Protocol for Efficient Flooding in Wireless Sensor Networks2006In: Proceedings of Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop 2006, October 26-27, 2006, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet , 2006, p. 93-96Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless sensor networks provide distributed sensing and processing to a wide range of applications that operate in different environments. The sensor nodes are small in size, inexpensive, resource constrained and usually densely deployed in the target area. To be able to perform their intended duties, one of which is relaying information to other nodes in the network, a routing protocol is needed. In this paper we present an efficient flooding protocol called link quality-aided flooding (LQAF) with a new dynamic delay function. The dynamic delay function uses the link quality to decide the rebroadcasting delay. This lowers the contention of the wireless medium and also reduces some unnecessary transmissions. The results show that the number of rebroadcasting nodes are lower using this protocol when compared to the other methods used. However, in low density networks the reachability of LQAF is lower than the other methods. But as the network density increases so does the reachability and in high density networks the reachability is close to one. It is also shown that this protocol has the lowest energy consumption compared with the other protocols. These results make it a good candidate for dense wireless networks with resource constrained nodes.

  • 22223.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Poster Abstract: A Complete Energy Model for Wireless Sensor Networks2006In: European conference on Wireless Sensor Networks 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22224.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Prioritising bad links for fast and efficient flooding in wireless sensor networks2007In: Proceedings of the international conference on sensor technologies and applications, SENSORCOMM 2007, Valencia, Spain, October 14-20, 2007, IEEE , 2007, p. 118-126Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22225.
    Öberg, Lasse
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Nohre, Ragnar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    A Simple Router-Supported Congestion Control Scheme for Multiresolution Multicasting2004In: The Second Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop, SNCNW 2004, Karlstad University, Sweden, 23-24 November, 2004, 2004, p. 143-147Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For multimedia communication with multiple end users, the multicast distribution technique offers a bandwidth efficient solution compared to unicast. One of the most promising multicast approaches to date is the multiresolution multicast framework, which deals with the heterogeneity problems in IP-networks. It does not however deal with the congestion control issue, that higher priority packets can be dropped before lower priority ones. To deal with this problem router-support in the network is needed. Most of the proposed multi-rate routersupported schemes have complexity problems, in terms of memory and processing time requirements. In this paper, we propose a simple router-supported scheme, based on priority dropping that is further enhanced by combining it with receiver-driven layered multicast. This combination filters lower priority packets, and lets the receiver adjust the layer subscription rate. The routers do not need to maintain extra state information and no signaling is necessary between routers. Simulation results indicate a much better received picture quality compared with receiverdriven layered multicast during rate convergence.

  • 22226.
    Öberg, Therese
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Borgström, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    "Vi är inte en tummelplats för dårar": Hur journalister och ansvariga utgivare resonerar kring och förhåller sig till användargenererat material i lokaltidningar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the eighteenth century user contribution has been a crucial part of newspaper production. Without the participation from the public there hasn’t been a newspaper at all. The professionalization of the publicist role became the starting point who changed how people valued user contribution. Societal change and the technical development has then led to the society we have today – a place where media organizations find themselves in a greater need for user participation to survive. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine how three local news papers reason about and react to user generated content and also to find out what possibilities the users have to participate.

    Thru semi structured interviews with the legally responsible publisher for each news paper and two journalists from each editorial staff our result shows that the news papers have a positive attitude towards user generated content in general. The informants say that the technological development have been both an improvement and inhibitory in the relationship to the readers. They believe in an increased cooperation in the future but at the same time emphasize the fact that user generated content can’t be allowed to take too much place and become a rival to the journalistic material. The informants also say that the knowledge they posses thru their journalistic education is the main core in their work as well as in the idea and function of the news paper. That is the way it should remain. We use terms and theories about the public sphere, participation, media convergence and the journalistic profession in our discussion.

  • 22227.
    Öbrink, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kian, Leila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Flows and Bottlenecks: Study of the physical flow of goods to and from the Region of Jönköping County and the possible bottlenecks2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A considerable amount of research has concentrated on the modes of transportation. Research has tended to focus on the growth and trends of the different modes of transportation on the national scale. Very little research has been undertaken into each region, and even less on those factors that prevent or act as barriers for transportation of goods in each region. Furthermore, very little research has been undertaken that examines the bottlenecks of the transportation flows in Jönköping.

    By interviewing the main actors in the region, this thesis identifies the main product flow in the Jönköping County. The study also examines the perceived bottlenecks to transportation of goods that logistics companies face. In conducting the study, the main impediments to transportation flows were identified, analysed and ranked. The findings indicate that there are many common bottlenecks between firms in Jönköping. The study also, to an extent, supports findings that have been made in studies carried out previously by other researchers.

  • 22228.
    Ödlund, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Optimization Driven Development of Stringer to Leisure Boat2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing demand for products of light weight and high performance to be produced and developed in shorter periods of times has put high pressure on the product development process. Much research is done in order to find ways on how to speed up this process at the same time as delivering products of higher quality to the customer. Much of the literature focuses on how important it is to “tear down the walls” between departments at a company by integrating as much different knowledge as early in the process as possible. Thereby, much of the costly problems found late in the process can be avoided leading to shorter development times and cost savings.

    Commonly companies use simulation software to verify their final designs before the products pass forward to prototyping and test production. In some cases products need to be redesigned and big changes of the product geometry might be necessary which often is very costly in such a late stage of the process.

    Eker Design in Fredrikstad, Norway, wants to investigate the potential of using simulation driven design in an early stage of the product development process. In order to make this investigation this exam work has been carried out on a real design case by the development of a new “stringer” totally from scratch. A stringer is what gives rise to the stiffness of the boat and is a structure mounted in-between the hull and the deck. The stringer was developed to the Hydrolift SX22 leisure boat by using simulations and topology optimization software as the driving force for the design. The research questions to be answered were:

    • Is it possible to develop a stringer through a design process based on topology optimization and simulation software with equal performance as the existing stringer?
    • How does the optimized result perform in comparison to the existing stringer?
    • Can any weight reduction be achieved with a new stringer design?

    In the end of the work the existing stringer and the new stringer design was compared and evaluated. The results showed that the new stringer with a weight reduction of 30% performed very well in comparison to the existing one. This proves that the topology optimization and simulation driven design process beneficially can be used in marine architecture. It has also proven to be an efficient method to lower the material usage and increase the strength of the stringer. 

  • 22229.
    Ödman, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Ge barnen tid!: En studie av ett förbättringsarbete för ökad tillgänglighet till barnpsykiatriska utredningar genom samordnat processflöde.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Reducerad väntetid till barnpsykiatrisk vård är ett prioriterat område då försenad vård har negativ inverkan på barns liv och hälsa.

    Syftet med förbättringsarbetet: Ökad tillgänglighet till barnpsykiatrisk utredning samt sammanhållen utredningstid med stöd av förbättringsmetoder.

    Syftet med studien: Beskriva användarnas, utredningsteamets, upplevelser av införandet av samordnat tvärprofessionellt processflöde för barnpsykiatrisk utredning.

    Förbättringsarbetet genomfördes med stöd av förbättringsmetoder. Förbättringsidén utgörs av ett tvärprofessionellt samordnat processflöde, där barnpsykiatrisk utredning skall vara planerad, genomförd och återlämnad inom fem veckor.

    Studiens metod: Kvalitativ och utgörs av fokusgruppsinterjuver.

    Resultat: Samordnat processflöde medförde att 93 % av patienterna utreddes inom regionala riktlinjers rekommenderade 120 dagar. Väntetiden reducerades från 9 till 4 månader efter utgången vårdgaranti. Utredningslängd minskade från bakgrundsmätnings 236 dagar till 48 dagar. Studien visar att samordnat utredningsschema kräver tvärprofessionell samordning, delaktiga medarbetare, lärande organisation, styrande, stödjande och delegerat ledarskap samt att omkringliggande system är effektiva. Systemet är sårbart och arbetsmiljön belastas.

     

    Slutsats: Samordnat tvärprofessionellt processflöde ökade tillgänglighet till barnpsykiatriska utredningar samt sammanhållen utredningstid. Tvärprofessionell samordning, implementering av förbättringskunskap, lärande organisation, involverade och delaktiga medarbetare, effektiv organisation samt ett styrande, stödjande och delegerat ledarskap är avgörande faktorer för processens görlighet. Processflödet var sårbart för yttre faktorer. Upplevelsen var att arbetsmiljön belastas.

  • 22230.
    Ögren, Jessica
    et al.
    Division of Medical Diagnostics, Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, County Hospital Ryhov, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Van Nguyen, Song
    Department of Medical Laboratory, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Matussek, Andreas
    Division of Medical Diagnostics, Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, County Hospital Ryhov, Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Prevalence of Dientamoeba fragilis, Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, and Cryptosporidium spp inDa Nang, Vietnam, detected by a multiplex real-time PCR2016In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 124, no 6, p. 529-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We surveyed the prevalence of Dientamoeba fragilis, Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar, and Cryptosporidium spp in individuals with and without gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms residing in and around Da Nang city, Vietnam. Fecal samples were collected from children (n = 100) and adults (n = 80) with GI symptoms and from healthy individuals (n = 88) reporting no GI symptoms. Parasite detection was performed by multiplex real-time PCR. Overall, except for G. duodenalis, we found a low prevalence (<5%) of D. fragilis and E. dispar and no detection of E. histolytica and C. spp in all participants with GI symptoms. Specifically for D. fragilis this contrasts with findings in European populations of children with GI symptoms showing prevalence up to 73%. Moreover, our results indicate that the prevalence of G. duodenalis is higher in patients with GI symptoms compared to asymptomatic individuals and this difference is most obvious in young patients.

  • 22231.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Developing an Ontology for Wood-related Industry: An Experience Report2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies are widely used as a technique for representation and reuse of knowledge. This paper summarizes experiences and results of a project within ontology development, with wood-related industry as application sector. One major aspect of the project was the selection of a suitable methodology for ontology development. In a literature study existing methodologies were analyzed with respect to their suitability for small-scale application contexts. As no existing methodology was fully adequate, an improved methodology was proposed. The main intention was to reduce development time and effort to meet the demands of small-scale application contexts. The improved methodology was applied and evaluated in the project, i.e. in the development of an ontology for wood-related industry. The main conclusion is that the methodology was adequate for the project, but some aspects could be elaborated and further investigated, such as reuse of already existing ontologies.

  • 22232.
    Öhgren, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Ontology Development and Evolution: Selected Approaches for Small-Scale Application Contexts2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a literature study concerning three areas, Ontology Development Methodologies, Ontology Evolution, and Ontologies in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. The objectives were to find out and summarize what has been done so far in the different areas, as well as to find out what has not yet been done, and thereby discover new possible research areas. Ontologies are widely used as a technique for representation and reuse of knowledge. We believe that ontologies can be used in small and medium-sized enterprises and help companies by supporting knowledge sharing, reuse of knowledge, inter-operability, and much more. The main conclusion is that a lot of work has been put into Ontology Development, many methodologies are very mature and have been used in practice. Still, not all of them cover the aspects we are interested in, e.g. reuse of already existing ontologies and covering the whole life cycle. In Ontology Evolution, the main focus is on keeping an ontology and its dependents consistent, and it does not concern when to make changes, or what to actually change. Ontology use in small and medium-sized enterprises is not so common, but some experiences exist.

  • 22233.
    Öhgren, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Do SME Need Ontologies?: Results from a Survey among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2008In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - ICEIS 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years, an increasing number of successful cases of using ontologies in industrial application scenarios have been reported, the majority of these cases stem from large enterprises. The intention of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of potentials and limits of ontology-based solutions in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). The focus is on identifying application areas for ontologies, which motivate the development of specialised ontology construction methods. The paper is based on results from a survey performed among 113 SME in Sweden, most of them from manufacturing industries. The results of the survey indicate a need from SME in three application areas: (1) management of product configuration and variability, (2) information search and retrieval, and (3) management of project documents.

  • 22234.
    Öhgren, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Information Overload in Industrial Enterprises - Results of an Empirical Investigation2008In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation, Reading: Academic Publishing Limited , 2008, p. 343-350Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work presented is part of the research field information logistics, which investigates and develops concepts and technologies for improving information flow in organisations. The intention of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of information management problems in enterprises, and also improvement potentials of current information systems. The paper presents results of a study focusing on information overload in industrial enterprises, an area that previously has attracted little academic attention. Two areas are investigated: is information overload perceived as a problem in enterprises, and which application areas of enterprise information management should be prioritised for improvement activities? The survey was sent to 436 enterprises in the South of Sweden, most of them small and medium-sized enterprises, and received 164 valid responses. The sample used for the paper includes industrial enterprises from manufacturing, construction, and electronics industries, which accounts for approximately 80% of the responses.When analysing the data from the study, the paper follows the opinion of various scholars in the field that the complexity of an application case is an essential parameter to take into account when deciding on improvement potential. The more complex the application scenario is, the more likely is the usefulness of IT solutions for improving information flow. Research on complexity of projects proposes to define complexity as “consisting of many varied interrelated parts”, to distinguish between organisational and technological complexity, and to operationalise this in terms of “differentiation and interdependence”.One result of the study is a clear indication that information overload is perceived as a problem in industrial enterprises, which surfaces in problems such as finding the right information needed for a work task, and in the time needed to structure and store information. Furthermore, the results indicate two application areas that offer improvement potential: information management with focus on search and retrieval, and management of product information.

  • 22235.
    Öhgren, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Information Engineering.
    Towards a Methodology for Ontology Development in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises2005In: IADIS Conference on Applied Computing, Algarve, Portugal, February 2005., 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22236.
    Öhman, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Diskursordning och hegemoni: Representationer av en skola2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses discourse analysis from a multivalent perspective to research newspaper articles, a scientific article, an institutional newsletter, blogs and a reportage written on the subject of a specific comprehensive school in Sweden which has become known for its successful development in pupils’ achievements. According to this article the picture given of the school in the media is very positive, until the time when one article in a newspaper, followed by a blog, changed the order of discourse in a hegemonic way. This article describes the discursive change in relation to the social and historical context within the education policy, one largely dominated by a neoliberal ideology, which focuses more on measuring and ranking than on school improvement in terms of inclusion and learning.

  • 22237.
    Öhman, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Musik - ett verktyg för 100-språkligt utforskande i förskolan: - en intervjustudie av pedagoger i Reggio Emiliainspirerad verksamhet.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22238.
    Öhman, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Pedagogiskt ledarskap i förskola: - en intervjustudie av fem förskolechefer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att tillföra ny kunskap om pedagogiskt ledarskap i förskola. Den behandlar hur förskolechefer uttrycker sig om kontextens betydelse för ett pedagogiskt ledarskap, hur interaktion kan leda till ett förändrat kunnande och olika verktygs betydelse för att nå ett sådant kunnande.

    Studien har genomförts med individuella kvalitativa intervjuer. Studiens resultat visar att möten, relationer, tillåtande atmosfär, olikheters värde, vikten av att vara påläst, organisationens betydelse och att leda som förebild är grundläggande faktorer för pedagogiskt ledarskap i de olika kontexterna. Studiens resultat indikerar att interaktion kan leda till förändrat kunnande. Studien påvisar också att artefakter såsom: samtal, olika nätverksformer, kompetensutveckling, lekdagar, majoritetsbeslut, pedagogisk dokumentation, loggböcker, Årsplan, Läroplan för förskolan, vetenskaplig litteratur och forskning, internet, Skolverkets hemsida och IT teknik är viktiga för att ett pedagogiskt ledarskap som är förenligt med förskolans styrdokument och lagar ska kunna utövas.

    Det skulle vara relevant att utifrån den här studiens resultat fortsätta forska omkring vilka uppfattningar förskollärare har om förskolechefers betydelse för det pedagogiska ledarskapet och det skulle även kunna vara av intresse att vidare undersöka på vilket sätt distribuerat ledarskap påverkar den pedagogiska verksamheten.

  • 22239.
    Öhman Sandberg, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hållbar programutveckling: en studie av betydelsen av expansivt lärande och delvis delade objekt2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to develop meanings of sustainable programme development. Policies are often introduced to solve societal problems identified by a government agency or some other organization. In order to realize the intentions behind the policy it is common that one or several policy driven projects are funded with large sums of money. By funding policy driven projects, the funding organizations expect that the projects can support a sustainable change of practice that can solve or at least decrease the societal problem. Research shows that policy driven projects and programmes often fail to realize the intentions behind poli-cies. Hence, it is uncertain to what extent policy driven projects contribute to a sustainable change of practice.

  • 22240.
    Öhman Sandberg, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hållbart utvecklingsarbete på lärarutbildningen2010In: Hållbart utvecklingsarbete på lärarutbildningen, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses the ongoing developmental work in three projects aimed at enhancing ICT in teacher education. Instead of studying effects after completed developmental work I will in the framework of Yrjö Engeström´s expansive cycle in a three- step procedure clarify if the project organizations have provided or can provide situated preconditions for learning in an ongoing developmental project. I´m interested in preconditions that can enhance the possibility for the results of the developmental projects to lead to sustainable change, long term effects.  First I will with the help of the expansive cycle, clarify contradictions within or between activity systems. I will then investigate if the universities that host the projects have provided preconditions for expansive learning that promote sustainable change in the organizations. Second I will clarify four critical preconditions for sustainable change and discuss them in a socio cultural perspective. Thereafter I will put the four preconditions that I have clarified, in a framework of an expansive cycle. I will finally use the model to clarify preconditions that has made it possible for an expansive learning to take place in the tree developmental projects that I am following in my research.

  • 22241.
    Öhman Sandberg, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The relation between policy, program, project and practice2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22242.
    öhman sandberg, Ann
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    halvarsson, agneta
    University of Linköping.
    Learning in large scale development projects: A comparison between two methods to bridge the gap between theory and practice2010In: Learning in large scale development projects: A comparison between two methods to bridge the gap between theory and practice, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Action researchers strive to create an interface between theory and practice. Different methods to organize learning events seeking to create such interface have been developed in Scandinavia. These methods have been used for over forty years and they have influenced different Scandinavian action research perspectives. One method to bridge the gap between theory and practice in large scale development projects is the dialogue conference. Lately in Sweden a new method to integrate theory and practice in large scale projects has emerged, the Analysis Seminar. In the conference paper we will compare a late generation of dialogue conferences (Gustavsen, 2006) with analysis seminars (Halvarsson and Öhman-Sandberg, 2009). Whereas the dialogue conference is quite well documented in the research literature, less is written about the analysis seminar. We will therefore in the paper present two Swedish cases to portrait the use of analysis seminars as a departure for the comparison. As interactive researchers we have used analysis seminars in the presented research projects over a four year period. Democratic dialogue and joint learning are a common ground for the dialogue conference and the analysis seminar. The implications of the differences and the similarities of the two methods will be highlighted and discussed in the paper.

     

     

     

  • 22243.
    Öhrman- Hojan, Lisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Landén Johansson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Guerra Rojas, Andres
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av våld på akutmottagningen: -En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against healthcare workers is a current issue and a growing problem all over the world. Patients with acute and severe illness goes to the emergency department, ED, to seek treatment. Nurses working in the ED are in a vulnerable position where violence has a high prevalence and is often present at the ED. There are a variety of factors that contributes to the emergence of violence. Thus the aim of this literature review was to explore the nurse's perception of violence in the ED. A literature review of analysis of ten scientific articles carried out with qualitative method. The articles are published between 2008-2017 and have been processed to gain an insight into how nurses experience violence at ED. Furthermore the search for articles in this literature review was conducted in a methodical way and extracted from the two databases Cinahl and Medline. The data analysis resulted in four main themes: "Fear and worriness", "Powerlessness and frustration", "A part of the job" and "A deterioration in relations" presented in the result. This literature review shows that nurses experience a variety of things and feelings when they are exposed to violence and these experiences leads to an impact on both the personal attitude towards the work, but also has an effect on the social relationships and the quality of the patient related work.

  • 22244.
    Öhrn, Mona
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Hemsjukvård för barn ‒ föräldrars upplevelser med fokus på delaktighet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Home care services for children

    ‒ parents experiences focusing on participation in care

     

    Background

    Previous studies about hospital- and community-based home care for children shows that it is safe, cost efficient and preferable by parents. Studies have been done about parent´s participation in care at hospitals but not in the home care setting. In Sweden not all children have access to home care services. The quality improvement intervention, to increase access to home care services took place at a children´s clinic at a county hospital in southern Sweden.

     

    Aim

    The purpose of the improvement effort was to enhance home care for children by the means of identifying children at the hospital who were suitable for offering the service.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how parents experiences home care service for children in terms of participation in the child´s care and decision-making regarding it.

     

    Methods

    Eight interviews were carried out with ten parents of children that had received home care during the period from March 2013 to February 2014. The interviews focused on experiences primarily regarding parents participation in the child´s care and decision-making, and were semi-structured. The content was transcribed verbatim and analyzed by using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach.

     

    Results

    During November 2013 to April 2014 seventeen children were identified as suitable for home care and eleven of them actually received home care service. This was an increase from the previous 6 month, when four children received the service.

    The three themes and nine subthemes that emerged, describing parent´s experiences, showed that they felt they had good communication with doctors and staff, they experienced involvement in care and decision-making, and that the best of the whole family was prioritized.

     

    Conclusions

    Parents felt that home care was invaluable in terms of being able to live a normal life, for the family as a hole. The result supports a person-centered care approach and emphasizes the equal dialogue as a tool. Further studies are needed to enlighten children´s own experiences about home care, participation in their own treatment and decision-making regarding care form.

  • 22245.
    Öierstedt-Christiansen, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Rundlöf, Louise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sitt still och var tyst!: Fördelar och nackdelar med diagnostisering av ADHD enligt nio lärare2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    __________________________________________________________________________

    Eva Öierstedt-Christiansen & Louise Rundlöf

    Sitt still och var tyst!

    Fördelar och nackdelar med diagnostisering av ADHD enligt nio lärare

    Sit still and be quiet!

    Advantages and disadvantages of the diagnosis of ADHD according to nine teachers

     

    Antal sidor: 27 __________________________________________________________________________

    Vårt syfte med studien är att undersöka vad nio lärare inom förskola/förskoleklass och grundskolans tidigare år anser om att barn/elever diagnostiseras med ADHD.

    Vår undersökning kommer att utgå från följande frågeställningar:

    • Vilka fördelar respektive nackdelar ser lärarna med att barn/elever diagnostiseras med ADHD?
    • Vilka är det enligt lärarna som gynnas av en ställd diagnos, barnet/eleven, lärarna eller föräldrarna?
    • På vilket sätt skiljer sig åsikterna mellan lärare i förskolan, förskoleklassen och grundskolans tidigare år gällande diagnostisering?

    Vi har genomfört intervjuer med nio lärare som är verksamma inom olika åldrar. Resultatet av vår studie visar att lärarna överlag är kritiska till en diagnos, däremot menar de att om barnet/eleven visar starka symptom är en diagnos nödvändig för att barnet/eleven ska få rätt hjälp och stöd. Frågan om när en diagnos bör ställas skiljer sig mellan lärarna i förskolan/ förskoleklassen och grundskollärarna. Lärarna i förskolan/förskoleklassen menar att en diagnos inte bör ställas förrän i skolan medan lärarna i grundskolans tidigare år hävdar att en diagnos bör ställas så tidigt som möjligt. Resultatet pekar på att det finns både fördelar och nackdelar med en diagnos utifrån ett barnperspektiv, föräldraperspektiv och pedagogiskt perspektiv.

  • 22246.
    Öijerstedt, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Den fallna madonnan: En undersökning av ungdomars tankar, åsikter och syn på våldtäkt i Nässjö stad 20072009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats är att studera hur skolelever i Nässjö stad uppfattar innebörden av våldtäkt samt hur detta förhåller sig till tidigare forskning.

    Undersökningen som genomfördes bland niondeklassarna på två högstadieskolor i Nässjö stad 2007 var både kvantitativ i form av en enkätundersökning och kvalitativ i form av kompletterande intervjuer. Den tidigare forskning som användes under huvuddelen av studien var Stina Jeffners avhandling Liksom våldtäkt, typ – om ungdomars förståelse av våldtäkt som publicerades 1998. Jeffner hade i sin avhandling kommit fram till en rad olika förhandlingsutrymmen som var förmildrande omständigheter kring ungdomarnas syn på vad som är en våldtäkt.

    Huvudresultatet visade att i förhållande till tidigare forskning finns det delar av denna studie som stämmer överens med tidigare forskning gällande ungdomarnas attityder till ämnet våldtäkt. de som deltog i denna studie stödde vissa av dessa förhandlingsutrymmen.

    Det fanns även delar av denna studie som inte stämde överens med tidigare forskning. En förklaring till att det skiljer sig mellan Jeffners undersökning och min kan vara tiden. När denna undersökning genomfördes, 2007, var det nästintill tio år sedan Jeffner genomförde sin, 1998. Även om det kan tyckas att tiderna inte har förändrats i någon större utsträckning så kan denna undersökning tyda på att de har gjort det. Elever som var födda på 1980-talet ingick i Jeffners undersökning medan min undersökning innehöll elever som var födda på 1990-talet. En annan förklaring till att undersökningarna skiljer sig kan vara att min undersökning är gjord i mindre omfattning än Jeffners. Det jag har suttit och skrivit är en C-uppsats med 174 elever, som svarande på enkäterna, och åtta intervjuade elever och det hon skrev var en avhandling med 331 ungdomar, som svarande på enkäterna, och 16 intervjuade ungdomar. Jeffners undersökning är nästintill dubbelt så stor, både när det gäller de som deltog i enkätundersökningen och de som deltog i intervjuundersökningen, vilket kan ha inverkan på resultatet.

  • 22247.
    Öijerstedt, Angelica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Sverige - Thailand; Tur & Retur: En kvalitativ undersökning av en svensk skola i Thailand.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att studera en svensk skola utomlands och dess mellanstadielevers och lärares upplevelser av den thailändska religionen. Uppsatsens frågeställningar:

    · Hur upplever eleverna att de påverkas av att gå i en svensk skola utomlands?

    · Hur beskriver lärarna att de arbetar med undervisningen i religion på en svensk skola utomlands?

    · Hur upplever eleverna den thailändska religionen i skolan? Finns det några likheter eller skillnader, enligt lärare och elever, med svenska skolan hemma, när det gäller religionsundervisningen?

    Resultatet av undersökningen visade att eleverna uppskattade den lärarledda tiden som de tyckte var möjlig i större utsträckning på skolan utomlands. Undersökningen visade även att lärarna upplevde att det fanns många likheter med religionsundervisningen i Sverige såsom kursplaner och ämnets innehåll medan de ansåg däremot att det som skiljde dem åt var möjligheten till mycket mer studiebesök och möjlighet till lärarledd tid på skolan i Thailand. Eleverna upplevde buddhismen på olika vis och med olika djup kunskap beroende på hur länge de varit på plats i Thailand.

  • 22248.
    Öjeklint, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Schengen och illegal immigration: En komparativ fallstudie mellan Spanien och Tyskland2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is immigration policy in the European Union with focus on the Schengen cooperation and illegal immigration. Immigration policies and other policy areas such as asylum and refugee policies have become hot topics on the EU agenda in recent years. Partly because of cooperations like Schengen, but also because a need of a common immigration and asylum policy has emerged.

    The purpose of the thesis is to give a better understanding of the relations that might be found between illegal immigration to the EU and the Schengen cooperation. Schengen plays an important role in dealing with international migration in the EU and will probably continue to do so in the future.

    The thesis is a comparative case study with Spain and Germany as the two specific cases. Their national immigration policies are examined and put in relation to the Schengen cooperation. The research questions are: What was the basic problem that was supposed to be avoided when incorporating Schengen into the framework of the European Union? How does Spain and Germany deal with the illegal immigration they have been exposed to and what are the similarities and differences between the two countries? How do the Spanish and German actions relate to the Schengen cooperation?

    The result of the study is, when it comes to illegal immigration to the EU there are no functioning systems to handle it. Even though there are cooperations like Schengen, that tries to standardize the management of immigration, illegal immigration included, it seems like the individual countries still prefer to deal with it in their own ways.

  • 22249.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Accessibility to knowledge and new firm formation in Sweden2013In: Studies in Regional Science, ISSN 0287-6256, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 89-104Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how accessibility to knowledge is related to the new firm formation in Sweden. Utilizing municipal level data, the paper examines how and to what extent geographic proximity to establish-ments that are specialized in formal knowledge creation plays a role for the overall entrepreneurial milieu in a city region. While measuring accessibility to knowledge at intra-municipal, intra-regional and extra-regional levels, the paper maps out the clustering patterns of new firms and ranks the municipalities by their perfor-mance in creating an entrepreneurial milieu. The clustering patterns of new firms highlight critical factors in new firm formation and entrepreneurial performance of regions.

  • 22250.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Experience in Shopping Centers: An Accessibility Analysis of Swedish Shopping Centers2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how market size impacts the level of economic success, diversity, entertainment, arts, and experience of shopping centers in Sweden. More specifically the paper uses regression analyses to test the relation between different forms of shopping center performance and market size. The results show that the municipality market size plays an important role in all analyzed cases. The results also showed that local labor market size does not have a significant impact on the dependent variables.

     

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