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  • 201.
    Gartzell, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Holman, Nemesis
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Svenska och spanska socialarbetares beskrivning av arbetsrelaterad stress inom hälso- och sjukvård: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares syn på bidragande faktorer till arbetsrelaterad stress2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this investigation is to highlight Swedish and Spanish social workers’ views on the factors that contribute to occupational stress in healthcare. The aims of the study is also to examine differences and similarities between Swedish and Spanish social workers in experienced stress at the work place. In order to achieve the purpose of the study we have chosen to carry out eight semistructured interviews. The findings of the study demonstrate that the two key themes in the results organization and personal qualities are the main contributing factors in work related stress. Organizational factors related to case load, the multi-professional team, leadership and lacking economic resources comprise sub themes that reoccur in the accounts of the interviewed social workers. Work life experience and the level of strain of patient cases are factors that influence the personal qualities of the social workers and affect work related stress. The study has a qualitative approach using a thematic analysis to understand and interpret the accounts of the interviewed social workers. The results have been analyzed with support of past research, systems theory and Demand-Control Model of Job Stress.

  • 202.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Barndomens återkomst i behandling och forskning2011In: CTQ - Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, A Retrospective Self-Report: Manual, Svensk version / [ed] David P Bernstein & Laura Fink, Stockholm: Pearson Assessment and Information AB , 2011, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Diagnosinstrument för beroende och missbruk - Granskning av ADDIS validitet och interna konsistens gällande alkoholproblem2009In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 265-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish National Board on Health and Welfare recommends that structured assessment instruments should be used in medical as well as in social treatment of substance misusers. These should be validated in a Swedish context. Instruments for diagnoses of dependence/abuse (DSM-IV) and dependence/harmful use (ICD-10) have been used in Sweden for many years, although not yet validated in Swedish. ADDIS, the Swedish version of the American SUDDS, is used in four Nordic countries and the most often used diagnostic instrument in Sweden. This article investigates the psychometric properties of ADDIS alcohol module, including discriminant and construct validity and internal consistency. The two main constructs in DSM - dependence and abuse - as well as the seven criteria for dependence and the four criteria for abuse are studied. Further, the value of each of the 44 specific items in ADDIS for capturing these criteria is studied.

    Two samples are explored: 1) a clinical sample (n = 349; incl. 129 women) and 2) a sample of 400 men convicted for driving while intoxicated. Mean age was the same (41 ys.). Using discriminant analyses on lifetime prevalence, the items correctly classify 94% of the cases in the two samples. Using one-factor principal component analysis to explore homogeneity of the combined samples, all 28 items on dependence and 15 of 18 items on abuse have loadings above 0,40 (R2 dependence = 0,46; abuse = 0,40). Separate analyses of the two samples, as well as on women, show similar results. Cronbach's alpha is excellent for dependence and satisfactory for abuse in all analyses. Analyses of specific criteria show satisfactory results on dependence and acceptable on abuse. Minor revisions are proposed to make ADDIS more user-friendly and to improve some specific items.

    In conclusion: ADDIS has acceptable to excellent discriminant and construct validity as well as internal consistency and captures the specific criteria of DSM-IV. It has the preconditions for sensitive assessment of alcohol use disorders in men and women.

  • 204.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Diagnosinstrument för substansberoende - MINI, SCID-I, eller ADDIS?2015In: Best Practice, ISSN 1329-1874, Vol. 6, no 23, p. 28-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eftervården eftersatt! En genomgång av studier om fortsatt vård efter LVM2004In: Alkohol & Narkotika, ISSN 0345-0732, Vol. 98, no 4, p. 17-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur fungerar eftervården efter LVM? I vilken omfattning finns den och vad har den för innehåll? Behövs den? Det är några frågor som berörs i denna artikel av Arne Gerdner, lektor i socialt arbete, Mitthögskolan, Östersund, som tidigare har presenterat många studier om LVM-vården och dess utfall. Ibland diskuteras under begreppet "eftervård" även andra viktiga stödåtgärder som handlar om boende, sysselsättning och försörjning etc. Andra har påvisat stora brister i dessa avseenden (se t.ex. Yohannes m.fl. 2002). Denna artikel koncentreras dock på frågan om eftervård i en snävare mening, dvs insatser som handlar om stöd, vård och behandling med fokus på att hantera missbruket.

  • 206.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Framgångsfaktorer i vården vid tungt missbruk: Inviterad föreläsning vid konferensen "På jakt efter den kraft som utvecklar", FSS studiedagar i Åre 27-29 september, Föreningen Sveriges Socialchefer (FSS)2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 207.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Från "tvångologins" horisont: Forskning om tvångsvård vid tungt missbruk2008In: Från teori och randomisering till klinik: Festskrift till Mats Berglund / [ed] Jan Arlebrink, Lund: Lunds Universitet, Medicinska fakulteten , 2008, p. 233-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    LVM-vårdens genomförande, utfall och efekt - En kontrollerad registerstudie i Jämtland2004In: Bilagedel till LVM-utredningens betänkande "Tvång och förändring": SOU 2004:3, Stockholm: Socialdepartementet & Fritzes Förlag , 2004, p. 415-476Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Missbrukarvårdens mål - framgångsfaktorer och hinder.2005In: Personer med tungt missbruk - Stimulans till bättre vård och behandling: SOU 2005:82, Stockholm: Socialdepartementet , 2005, p. 91-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Perspektiv på tvångsvård för alkohol- och drogproblem:  2007In: Inviterad föreläsning vid konferensen "Tvangsinleggelser i Rusbehandling - erfaringer, dilemmaer og muligheter.: i arrangemang av Borgestadklinikken, Helse Sør og RESA (Regional for samordning og analyse av rusebehandling) Sandefjord 11 april 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 211.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Svenska muslimska församlingar - organisation, frivilligt socialt arbete och omvärldsrelationer2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 212.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Tvångsvårdens utfall och effekt2005In: Tvångsvård vid missbruk: LVM i teori och praktik / [ed] Jan Arlebrink, Marianne Larsson Kronberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 217-254Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Utfall av LVM-vård - Översikt och syntes av hittillsvarande studier2004In: Bilagedel till LVM-utredningens betänkande "Tvång och förändring": SOU 2004:3, Stockholm: Socialdepartementet & Fritzes Förlag , 2004, p. 303-414Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Vård av personer med samtidigt missbruk och annan psykisk störning - samordning eller integration av insatser: Inviterad föreläsning vid konferensen Framgångsrik missbruks- och beroendevård, Institutet För Kompetensutveckling 26-27 april, 20072007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Allgulander, Christer
    Dept of psychiatry, Karolinska Institute.
    Psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire - Short Form (CTQ-SF)2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 160-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Childhood maltreatment is delicate to assess both in clinical work and in research. There is a need for assessment tools that can be easily administered in an ethical and non-intrusive way that meets requirements of conceptual validity for various types of maltreatment and is sensitive to levels of severity. This study explores the psychometric properties of the Swedish translation of one such tool—the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire—Short Form (CTQ-SF; Bernstein and Fink, 1998). The CTQ-SF was administered to seven samples (total n=659)—five clinical samples and two non-clinical student samples. The factor structure supports the construct validity of the global maltreatment scale, four of the five maltreatment subscales (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse and emotional neglect) and the minimization/denial (MD) scale, but not the physical neglect (PN) subscale. All items are highly correlated with their respective subscale. The discriminant validity is satisfactory. Highly significant correlation with social desirability gives further support for the MD-scale and to the recommendation of how to apply it. Internal consistency of PN is acceptable and for all other scales satisfactory. Swedish norm groups tend to score lower than similar American norm groups on abuse scales but higher on the neglect scales. Percentiles for seven gender-specific norm groups are presented. The weaknesses of the PN-scale are discussed and new constructs are proposed. The Swedish version of the CTQ-SF has the same construct validity and internal consistency as the original, including less homogeneity of the PN scale.

  • 216.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö, Lunds Universitet.
    Berglund, Mats
    Lunds universitet, Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö.
    Mortality of treated alcoholics after eight years in relation to  short-term outcome1997In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, ISSN 0735-0414, E-ISSN 1464-3502, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 573-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns the relation between mortality and the short-term outcome of inpatient treatment for alcoholism. A total of 121 patients (87 men, 34 women) were included, of whom 89 were voluntary and 32 compulsorily committed. They had a mean age of 41±7 (SD) years and attended a 5-week programme at Runnagården, Örebro, Sweden. Most patients were socially unstable and severely alcohol-dependent. Ten months (mean) after discharge, 96% of the patients and their referring social workers were contacted with mail questionnaires. Of these patients, 13% had been totally abstinent and a further 42% improved but had had relapses. After a mean of 8.5±0.27 years, 27 patients (24%) had died. All abstainers survived, but non-abstainers had nine-fold higher mortality than expected. Non-abstinent improved women tended to survive longer than non-improved women, but among non-abstinent improved men no such tendency was found. In conclusion, a reduction in the frequency and quantity of abusive drinking was not enough to reduce the higher risk of death. Only abstinence seemed to be preventive.

  • 217.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Berglund, Mats
    Lunds universitet.
    Tvångsvård vid missbruk – effekt och kvalitet2011In: SOU 2011:6; Missbruket, Kunskapen, Vården - Missbruksutredningens Forskningsbilaga: Delbetänkande av Missbruksutredningen, Stockholm: Socialdepartementet , 2011, p. 653-770Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Social Arbete.
    Blid, Mats
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Prediction of homlessness and housing provisions in Swedish municipalities2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö, Lunds universitet.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Statistiska institutionen, Örebro Universitet.
    Berglund, Mats
    Lunds universitet, Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Socialmedicinsk avdelning, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Prediction of outcome in coerced and voluntarily treated alcoholics.1996In: Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 0907-2055, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 106-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study concerns multivariate prediction of the short-term outcome of alcoholism in a coercive treatment setting in Sweden. One hundred and twenty-one patients (87 men, 34 women) with a mean age of 41 (range 26–63) years attended a 5-week program. They were for the most part severely alcohol-dependent and socially unstable. Compulsorily committed patients (n-32) were less socially stable but did not differ from the voluntary patients (n=89) in the type of drugs abused. Nine months (mean) after treatment, a follow-up was performed by mailing questionnaires to the patients and to the referring social workers. The improvement data in the questionnaires were checked with other data. Data on alcohol abuse were available for 116 (96%) of the patients; 55% improved. Of these, 13% had remained entirely abstinent. Using multivariate logistic regression, participation in a self-help group and first-time admission were found to be significant factors for overall improvement, while having a family and more than primary education were significant for abstinence. Compulsory commitment to treatment was not related to the short-term drinking outcome. Undergoing voluntary treatment and having previous treatment experience were significant factors for participation in self-help groups.

  • 220.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Runnagården, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Yrkesmedicinska enheten, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Socialmedicinsk avdelning, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Minnesotamodellen på Runnagården - bakgrundsfaktorer och resultat1989In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 86, no 32-33, p. 2671-2674Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 221.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbetet, Östersund.
    Neighborhood reactions toward facilities for residential care: A Swedish survey study2003In: Journal of Community Practice, ISSN 1070-5422, E-ISSN 1543-3706, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 59-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although a substantial body of research on community hostility towards the establishment of human services facilities now exists, researchers as well as community practitioners have identified a need for a more naturalistic and systematic approach to the issue. As a step in that direction, this paper focuses on a nationally representative sample of facilities for residential care in Sweden, with the objective of identifying patterns of hostile NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard) reactions and institutional as well as community predictive factors. Approximately 16 percent of these facilities studied experienced NIMBY reactions. In contradiction to many previous studies, which try to explain the neighborhood reactions in terms of attitudes towards special client groups, the findings of this study indicate that the characteristics of the facility itself and of the community in which it is placed seem to be the most significant factors. The study suggests that there is also significant community support for the facilities and that interaction with the community can provide the facilities with positive resources.

  • 222.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hultman, L
    Neighbor reactions against institutions for residence and care: A survey study on Swedish experiences : Presentation (by Arne Gerdner) at the 45th Annual ICAA conference in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, 8-13 December2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 223.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för Socialt Arbete.
    Fridell, Mats
    Lunds universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Effects of psychologists' assessment of patients within compulsory care - A matched-control trial.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 224.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö, Lunds universitet.
    Furuholm, Per-Eric
    Runnagården, Örebro.
    Berglund, Mats
    Lunds universitet, Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö.
    Abscondance and length of treatment in locked wards for compulsorily committed alcoholics in relation to treatment program and legal changes1997In: Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 0907-2055, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 310-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Describes a study of alcoholics compulsorily committed to a locked ward in a coercive treatment setting in Sweden. Finds that the introduction of an Alcoholics Anonymous - oriented programme in a coercive treatment setting reduced the time spent on a locked ward without increasing the number of times patients absconded. Increase in length of coercion increased both the time spent at the locked ward and the number of times absconded.

  • 225.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Holmberg, Anders
    Örebro Universitet.
    Factors affecting motivation to treatment in severely dependent alcoholics.2000In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol, ISSN 0096-882X, E-ISSN 1934-2683, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 548-560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    This article explores environmental, developmental and personality-related factors as predictors of motivation to treatment for alcoholism, using such concepts as: social situation on admission, treatment career, age, education and adventurous patterns of behavior.

    METHOD:

    The original population consists of 603 severely dependent alcoholic patients (76% men, 42% compulsorily committed) with a mean age of 40 years. In structural equation model estimation, 85% of the original cases were used (N = 511), made up of compulsorily as well as voluntarily admitted patients. A reduced model was tried on voluntary patients alone.

    RESULTS:

    In the main model, patterns of behavior and age were not related to the motivation to treatment, while treatment career had some negative impact. Social problems were related to less motivation to treatment. In turn, a worse social situation was related to more treatment experience. The reduced model on voluntary patients alone confirmed the main findings, although more previous treatment tended to be related to more motivation.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Motivation was mostly related to a better social situation (i.e., having "more to lose"). A collapse in the social situation was more of an obstacle than a promoter of motivation. There was no support for statements that "maturing out" would result in more motivation, and findings were inconclusive concerning the impact on motivation of having had many previous treatment experiences. The pattern of behavior was not directly related to the level of motivation. Based on these findings, the relevance of social work for motivation to treatment is discussed.

  • 226.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hultman, Lill
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Grannreaktioner mot Hem för vård och boende: Några resultat från en enkätstudie2001In: Socialt perspektiv, ISSN 1102-2973, Vol. 80, no 3/4, p. 37-57Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Kestenberg, Jenny
    Clinic of Psychiatry, NU Hospital Group, Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
    Mattias, Edvinsson
    Clinic of Psychiatry, NU Hospital Group, Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
    Validity of the Swedish SCID and ADDIS diagnostic interviews for substance use disorders: Sensitivity and specificity compared with a LEAD golden standard2015In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 48-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The study explores agreement on diagnoses and diagnostic criteria for substance use disorders between two structured assessment interviews, the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID) and the Alkohol/Drog Diagnos InStrument (ADDIS). Both interviews are compared with a golden standard (GS), based on a LEAD model (Longitudinal, Expert, All Data). Method: Patients were interviewed concerning substance use problems by trained interviewers using SCID and ADDIS separately and blind to each other's results. SCID and ADDIS interviews were compared with each other, and both were compared with a GS. Results: Satisfactory agreement exists between SCID and ADDIS on criteria as well as final diagnostic suggestions, although ADDIS tended to propose dependence diagnoses somewhat more often than SCID. Agreement between SCID and GS is moderate. Sensitivity of SCID is satisfactory, as is specificity for lifetime diagnoses, while specificity for current diagnoses is perfect. ADDIS demonstrates substantial to perfect agreement with GS on dependence diagnoses and moderate agreement on abuse diagnoses (both lifetime and current), as well as showing excellent to perfect overall sensitivity and specificity. Both instruments are in almost perfect agreement with the GS on severity ratings. Conclusion: Both ADDIS and SCID can be used to ensure good standards in the diagnostic assessment of substance use disorders (both alcohol and drugs), with and without psychiatric comorbidity. Significant outcomes. Both SCID and ADDIS are in good agreement with the GS based on a LEAD model concerning substance use disorders.

  • 228.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Nordlander, Torsten
    Karlstad Universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Pedersen, Therese
    Örebro Universitet.
    Personality factors and drug of choice in female addicts with psychiatric comorbidity2001In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Female addicts (N= 108) with a mean age of 37.2 were tested using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 1996-97. In a representative sub-sample (N = 49) assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview. DSMIIIr (SCID), 82% manifested an axis-1-syndrome (lifetime), and 53% a personality disorder. Of the 108 addicts, 42 preferred alcohol, 14 heroin, 33 amphetamines, and 19 benzodiazepines. Maturity was low, but there were no differences in maturity between drug preference groups. Results indicated that those less mature were more "novelty-seeking" and "harm-avoidant", while those maturer tended to be more persistent. Less mature persons answered less consistently. They agreed more with different items and their answers were more rare when compared to the general population. Heroin addicts were less sentimental and helpful and more aware of their own resources. Benzodiazepine and amphetamine addicts were more self-transcendent and self-forgetful. Among the relatively more mature, benzodiazepine addicts scored higher than heroin and alcohol addicts on "true" and rare answers. In conclusion, maturity and the drug of choice among female addicts were related to different TCI scales.

  • 229.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Svensson, Krister
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Predictors of gambling problems among male adolescents.2003In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 182-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study concerns prediction of gambling problems in 178 male adolescents (aged 16 and 18 years) who completed a questionnaire, which included the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), a version of the Temperament and Character Inventory and a number of questions concerning social background, emotional and life-style factors. About 27% of the boys gamble at least weekly. As many as 16% qualify as probable pathological gamblers according to the SOGS. Another 7% are at risk. None of the social background factors are related to severity of gambling problems. The only significant family factor is parental substance misuse. The optimal multivariate model predicts about 30% of the variance in gambling problems. The strongest factor is frequency of alcohol drinking. Several factors indicate a personality with problems in relations to others. Another factor indicates a dreamy personality. Unexpectedly, impulsiveness is not related to gambling. In conclusion, problem gambling among male adolescents is related to life-style and personality, especially in relation to others, but not to usual social background factors. Gamblers are asocial rather than impulsive. The nature of this finding should be further explored, since an asocial personality may point at genetics as well as to early social influences, as may the finding on the relation between gambling and parental drinking.

  • 230.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Avdelningen för Klinisk Alkoholforskning, Malmö, Lunds Universitet.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Socialmedicinsk avdelning, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Alkoholism som sjukdom1993In: Nordisk Alkoholtidskrift, ISSN 0789-6069, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 133-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 231.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö, Lunds universitet.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Socialmedicinsk avdelning, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Explaining inconsistancy between patient and collateral: Validity in outcome studies of coercive alcoholism treatment1996In: Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 0907-2055, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 12-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to assess the consistency of replies to questionnaires mailed to patients and two kinds of collaterals, i.e., social workers and significant others, at a public treatment center with socially unstable and compulsory committed patients. It compares the quantity and kind of discrepancies between replies by patients and collaterals on outcome data concerning social situation and drinking habits. It aims to measure the amount of systematic bias among factors that may explain inconsistencies between reports, especially the factors compulsory commitment, worse outcome, frequency of contact and type of collateral. The responders generally agreed. Variables in which there was less agreement were explored in logistic regressions using ten explanatory variables. Significant relations did not exceed those expected by chance. Discrepancies were not systematic in size and kind. On a six-rank ordinal scale of alcohol use or abuse, however, patients tended to underestimate the extent of their abuse. Inconsistencies here concerned the degree but not the presence of abuse. No difference in consistency due to type of collateral was found. In conclusion, the consistency of the questionnaires was high and independent of the social situation of the patient, of compulsory commitment and of other background or treatment factors, as well as of treatment outcome and type of collateral.

  • 232.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet, Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Socialmedicinsk avdelning, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Berglund, Mats
    Lunds universitet, Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö.
    Social workers and significant others as collaterals of non-responding alcoholics in follow-up studies using mail questionnaires and telephone inteviews1998In: Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 0907-2055, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 34-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this study is non-response to mail questionnaires and supplementary telephone interviews in evaluation of outcome of treatment for alcohol dependence. The study is based on two clinical populations (n= 121 and 603) from Runnagården, Sweden, a coercive care setting with both voluntary and compulsorily committed patients. The populations differed regarding size, treatment and background factors. Replies were obtained from two- and one-third of the patients in the two populations respectively. Replies from social workers were obtained in 67% and 57% of the cases respectively, and from significant others in 59% of a smaller sub-sample of the second population. With respect to the combination of patient and collaterals, we received at least one questionnaire reply concerning 96% and 79% of the two populations respectively. In this study we analysed non-response and evaluated two methods to remedy this, i.e., prediction of the outcome in non-responders from additional telephone follow-up and questionnaires to collaterals. About two-thirds of patients who replied had improved, compared with about one-third of non-responders. Significant others replied more often if patients had improved, while social workers replied more often if patients had not improved. Patients who did not reply to mail questionnaires, but answered the same questions in a telephone interview, differed in drinking outcome from non-responders, but not from mail respondents. The method of using questionnaires addressed to social workers as an additional source of data can be used in countries with a general system of social welfare services and is better than the use of significant others as collaterals. In conclusion, replies obtained by additional telephone interviews were not representative for patients who did not return mail questionnaires. Non-response groups were highly selected in each of the three questionnaires (addressed to patients, significant others and social workers). Since the selectivity had opposite tendencies, the combination of questionnaires to patients and to social workers seems to be the most representative.

  • 233.
    Gerdner, Arne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Wickström, Lynn
    Reliability of ADDIS for diagnoses of substance use disorders according to ICD-10, DSM-IV and DSM-5: test-retest and inter-item consistency2015In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-8, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    This study investigates test-retest and inter-item consistency of Alcohol Drog Diagnos InStrument (ADDIS), a structured interview to diagnose substance use disorders according to ICD-10, DSM-IV and DSM-5. ADDIS, the Swedish version of SUDDS, is the only instrument in Swedish that produces diagnostic proposals specific to all drug categories, and for all three diagnostic systems. Screening of stressful life events, anxiety, and depression is also included.

    Methods

    Thirty patients at addiction treatment facilities were interviewed for diagnostic assessment and re-interviewed after one week.

    Results

    ADDIS has excellent internal consistency. There is also very high test-retest correlation on number of fulfilled criteria for all diagnostic systems. Agreement of diagnostic proposals is substantial, mean absolute agreement is excellent, and mean systematic correlation is almost perfect.

    Conclusion

    ADDIS is a reliable tool for specific diagnostic assessment of SUDs.

  • 234. Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    A Home of Their Own: Women's Boundary Work in LAT-relationships2005In: Journal of Aging Studies, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 73-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    LAT-relationships (from Living Apart Together), in which partners retain their own homes although they have a long-term intimate relationship, represent an increasingly acceptable choice among elderly in Sweden. LAT-relationships, unlike marriage or cohabitation, create special conditions that enable an intimate relationship to be combined with autonomy. However, this does not mean that the way in which the balance between autonomy and intimacy is achieved is given. This study examines the home as a resource for women's boundary making, i.e. the process in which boundaries are established around their homes in order to influence their interaction with partners, friends and kin. The study is based on questionnaires to elderly Swedish men and women living in LAT-relationships (n = 116) and on qualitative interviews. There is a broad variety of ways of establishing boundaries in time and space, ranging from having direct control over who has access to one's home to more subtle time-zoning strategies, but all the women studied seem to prioritize the possibility of keeping their various social relations separate from one another.

  • 235. Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Intimacy and autonomy, gender and ageing: Living Apart Together2004In: Intimacy in later life / [ed] Kate Davidson & Graham Fennell, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2004, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 236. Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Intimacy and Autonomy, Gender and Aging: Living Apart Together2002In: Ageing International, ISSN 0163-5158, E-ISSN 1936-606X, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 11-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 237.
    Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå Universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Borell, Klas
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbetet, Östersund.
    Caring while living apart2007In: Journal of gerontological social work, ISSN 0163-4372, E-ISSN 1540-4048, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 3-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, researchers have paid increasing attention to die issue of care in die new types of family and partner relationships. The aim of this study is to examine expectations and attitudes concerning care among elderly people in LAT (Living Apart Togetiier)- relationships in Sweden, that is, people who have a long-term intimate relationship, but who do not share a common home. Questionnaires were completed by 116 elderly people in LAT-relationships. Partners are ranked as the main providers of care, especially by men, but mere is considerable variation in die answers. This seems to be principally related to the degree of flexibility in this type of relationship. Some individuals see a LAT-relationship as a marriage-like relationship, while others see it primarily as a type of relationship that guarantees them the possibility of maintaining their own independent way of life.

  • 238.
    Glennfalk, Lovisa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Carlström, Veronica
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Borta bra men hemma bäst: Därför stannar socialsekreterare på sina arbetsplatser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study ten qualitative interviews were conducted with social workers within three different units in the same Swedish municipality. The aim was to find the factors that encourage these employees to stay at the same workplace. Based on the interviews four themes were found; good relations to colleagues, the charitable leader, freedom with responsibility and a positive attitude. Good relationships to colleagues implies practical and emotional support as well as a positive climate and the charitable leader is comprised of a manager who is both competent and caring. Freedom with responsibility is based on the fact that the work is varying, free and compatible with one’s personal life and finally the positive attitude regards to how they view benefits in their work situation and disadvantages of other work situations. The result has been analyzed using previous research and Herzberg theory.

  • 239.
    Gonçalves, Catarina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Domestic Violence: The Adolescents' Perspectives on the Barriers and the Facilitators of Social Intervention: A Systematic Literature Review2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is often experienced as a crisis period, and it may impact children’s well-being, everyday functioning and development. To promote these minors’ resilience, social intervention is extremely important. The support and responses attributed to these children are not always adequate for their needs and interests. Considering children’s perspectives on social intervention is crucial to improve and to provide complete social work responses. A systematic literature review was conducted, aiming to analyze how children exposed to domestic violence characterize the barriers and facilitators of social intervention. Through two databases, 8 articles were found, related to adolescents’ perspectives on social intervention in situations of domestic violence. The participants were children aged 12-18 years, who were witnesses of violence between parents or who suffered abuses from one/both parent(s). Findings demonstrated the main factors of social intervention that children recognized as being negative and unhelpful (barriers), and as being positive and helpful (facilitators). The identified barriers were lateness, mistrust, lack of child perspective, passivity, lack of value, malice, boredom, and inaccessibility. On the other hand, the established facilitators were protection, trust, child perspective, active listening, value, accessibility, sympathy, sharing, and information. Implications for social workers are provided, centered on specialized trainings and guidance, and on the use of appropriate methods when intervening with children. Also, the necessity to expand the quantity of research related to the child’s perspective on social intervention is highlighted.

  • 240.
    Grabow, Emil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Thorebring, Gustaf
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    "Alla människor är huvudperson i sitt eget liv": - en kvalitativ studie om behandlande personals uppfattningar om och förväntingar på klienter med ett substansmissbruk/beroende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to describe and analyze how drug and alcohol counselors perceive clients with a substance addiction, and their expectations about the clients' ability to recover. The study particularly focuses on how the counselors perceive especially the client as the one who has the uttermost responsibility for his or her treatment and recovery. Qualitative semi- structured interviews were conducted with eight counselors at three different treatment facilities. The result showed that the counselors focused upon a general idea and treatment ideology that assumed all people to be fully responsible for their lives. It is from this general idea or ideology that the counselors also understand the client's responsibility, as absolute and non-negotiable. The counselors perceive their own responsibility in terms of them foremost facilitating the clients’ responsibility, for example by creating a sustainable relationship (e.g. non-judgmental, trustworthy) and to offer recovering tools to the client to use throughout the entire recovery process. 

  • 241. Gran, Olivia
    et al.
    Jardstedt, Ida
    Ogbomo, Amenaghawon
    Social worker's experiences of working with women in sex work and their children: A qualitative study conducted in the organization Saheli Sangh2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In India, the estimated number of people in sex work is high - figures show an appraisal of three million female sex workers. Most women who enter sex work tend to be very young and do so due to severe economic circumstances. The situation is considered especially severe in some parts of India due to a combination of poverty and the low status of females, which contribute to their exploitation in the sex industry. This vulnerability often leads to women being marginalized and stigmatized from society.

     

    The aim with this thesis is to investigate how social workers, at an organization in Pune, India, work with women in sex work and their children. What motivates the social workers to pursue work with this group? How do they feel about their work and their clients? Further questions we wanted to answer were how the organization worked to secure good and sufficient living conditions for the children. Our initial goal for this study was to examine how the staff members at Saheli Sangh work to prevent the children from entering sex work. While doing so, we gained knowledge about the social worker’s own thoughts, values and experiences of doing social work with this group. Hence, this newfound knowledge became our main focus throughout our study.

     

    The results showed that education and safe housing were the primary interventions offered to prevent children from entering sex work. It also showed that the staff in the organization forms a special bond with the children and women with whom they work. To provide the needed interventions, the organization needs more resources and more support to combat negative perceptions and stigma from the society of women who do sex work and the social workers who help them address their needs.

  • 242.
    Granlund, Mats
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Integrating training in family-centered practices in context: Implications for implementing change activities2000In: Infants and young children, ISSN 0896-3746, E-ISSN 1550-5081, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 46-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    In the last decade there has been a trend towards family-centered intervention for children with disabilities in Sweden. However, most professionals are trained in child-focused intervention. The shift in the focus of intervention has made it necessary to train professionals in services for children with disabilities in a family context. This article discusses inservice training of professionals in habilitation services in family centered practices. The training has been implemented on an interdiciplinary team basis in the context of ordinary services. Inservice training is described as one of several options for improvement activities within an organization. Implications for educational needs assessment, preparatory work before training, implementation and evaluation of training, when the moderators of change are integrated into ordinary services is discussed.

  • 243.
    Gren, Nathalie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Bartula, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    ”Vi har ju en jätteviktig roll”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hemtjänstpersonals erfarenheter av att möta äldre personer med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with educated home care employees within the home care workforce. The aim of this study is to investigate home care employees’ experiences of elderly people with mental illness within the frame of their work. Through a thematic analysis two main themes where identified. The first theme, The individual as a project, presents how the home care employees perceive the meeting with elderly’s mental illness as complex, and experience that a good reception and regular contact are two important factors for being able to handle mental illness in the best way. This is further presented in two subthemes – Reception and Continuity. The second theme, The individual within the organization, presents the challenges that the home care employees encounter with working with elderly people with mental illness. These challenges consist of timeframes that the employees perceive as hard to work within but also a lack of competence, both within themselves and in the society when it comes to elderly’s mental illness. Furthermore, this is also presented in two subthemes – The timeframe and Lack of competence. Finally, the result is connected to previous research where similarities between the previous research and the result is revealed regarding the meeting with mental illness as complex and comprised of challenges, including lack of time, knowledge and competence. The complexity and challenges are further problematised from Lipsky’s theory of street level bureaucracy and emphasises the balance in home care employees’ work between the individual needs and the structure of the work.

  • 244.
    Grönberg, Angelica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Johansson, Kevin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Ska du med och raida?: En kartläggning av sambanden mellan digitala spel, psykisk hälsa och sociala relationer till familj, vänner och omgivning bland ungdomar och unga vuxna.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem

    There’s a risk that by focusing on problems rather than opportunities the negative effects of digital gaming has been over exposed in previous research. And according to reports and studies this research can’t be considered to rest on proper scientific basis. This can improperly characterize and influence the professionals' treatment of adolescents with risky behavior around digital games. This study aims to identify possible connections between digital gaming, the individual's mental health and their relationships to family, friends and surroundings. The hope is to be able to contribute with valuable knowledge to the professionals that possibly will them in their treatment of young people with such risky behavior.

    Method

    Through a quantitative survey with a total of 108 respondents with gaming interest, necessary data has been collected about digital games, mental health factors and relationships with family, friends and surroundings.

    Result

    Correlations was found between the extent of gaming and the factors of social gaming, escape and demands/status. In addition to their reciprocal relationship these factors have also shown significant parallels to the respondents' mental health and relationships with parents, friends and surroundings.

    Conclusion

    If there is a risk behaviour it is important for professionals to be interested in the individuals’ gaming pattern to understand the basis of the problem, as other factors like social surroundings and environment of negative character might have an influence on this pattern.

  • 245.
    Gustafsson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Nordblom, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering vid opioidberoende (LARO) i svensk media: Ett hot mot svensk ideologi eller en chans till skälig levnadsnivå?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur läkemedelsassisterad rehabilitering vid opioidberoende (LARO) skildras i svensk media. Materialet till studien består av 82 stycken artiklar.  57 artiklar från perioden innan verksamheten byggdes ut år 2004 och 25 artiklar från de senaste tre åren. LARO-verksamheten har sedan den startade setts som kontroversiell och dessa tidsperioder valdes ut för att undersöka hur skildringarna har förändrats över tid. Från en tidsperiod där LARO-diskussionen är extra aktuell, till hur den ser ut idag. Hur LARO-verksamheten skildras i media blir intressant, då synen på missbruk och personer med missbruksproblematik påverkar vilka typer av insatser och behandlingar som används. Det blir även viktigt för socialarbetare inom missbruksvården att veta hur debatten förs i svensk media. Detta eftersom debatten kan påverka politiska beslut samt klientens och närståendes förväntningar på missbruksvården. En tematisk analys har gjorts och tre teman framträder från första perioden vilka är: Stort behov, En behandling med många fördelar samt Svensk ideologi förhindrar hjälp. Utöver detta framkommer två teman ur materialet från andra perioden vilka är: Svensk narkotikapolitik i förändring samt Förändringarnas baksida. De teorierna som använts för att förstå resultatet är systemteori och stigmateori. Viktiga slutsatser som dras är att de tidigare artiklarna fokuserar mestadels på behov som personer med opioidberoende har samt positiva effekter av behandlingen. Klienterna beskrivs här i en beroendesituation och medias skildring kan här bidra till stigmatisering. Materialet från den senare perioden fokuserar mer på ideologi och en förändrad narkotikapolitik. I dessa artiklar kommer klienter och närstående oftare till tals och läsare får ett inifrånperspektiv som kan gynna behandlingens klientel. Utöver detta talas det här om läckage och läckagets konsekvenser, vilket kan leda till att behandlingen samt dess klienters karaktär ifrågasätts. Likaså kan detta skapa oro att behandlingsmetoden återigen kommer att bli mer restriktiv.

  • 246.
    Gustafsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Johnsen, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    En normkritisk analys av "Socialt arbete - en grundbok"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study present a norm-critical analysis of a Swedish social work academic textbook. The aim is to make visible how norms can be created and maintained through written text, but also to analyze whether the current book is inclusive in its language. The study also aim to analyze how the authors write about and portray, for example, gender, sexuality, ethnicity and functionality. The analysis uses a number of discourse analytical tools and focus on norms and normalization processes. The study makes use of a social constructivist perspective and queer theory. An initial quantification of the use of sex-based and gender-neutral pronouns is supplemented by an analysis of these occasions, where the discursive tools are used.

    In conclusion, the study's results can show how norms about sex, sexuality, ethnicity and functionality can be created and reproduced through text. Because there is only room for two sexes and heterosexuality, the view on gender is maintained as a binary category and heterosexuality as the "normal". The result also shows how clients are categorized and presented as "the other", which contributes to how social workers look at different groups, individuals and social problems.

  • 247.
    Gustafsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Bartels, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Drivkrafter för ideellt arbete inom den sociala sektorn: En kvalitativ studie om motivation hos volontärer på tjej- och transjourer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuell studie syftar till att undersöka motivationsgrunder för ideellt arbete inom den sociala sektorn. Som ett exempel på ideella organisationer inom den sociala sektorn har tjej- och transjourer valts ut. Åtta kvalitativa, semi-strukturerade individuella intervjuer har genomförts med fyra aktiva volontärer och fyra tidigare aktiva volontärer. Intervjupersonerna kommer från tre olika jourer. En tematisk analys har gjorts på materialet och fem teman framträder – feministiskt grundade värderingar, relationen till de andra volontärerna, individuella förutsättningar, feedback direkt från stödsökande och genom gruppen samt feedback och stöd från organisationen. Dessa teman kan förstås som både främjande och hämmande för motivationen och presenteras i en tidslinje då motivationsgrunderna varierar över tid. De teoretiska utgångspunkter som används för att förstå resultatet är sex motivationsgrunder enligt Volunteer Functions Inventory (VFI) samt en teoretisk ram utvecklad av Marta, Guglielmetti och Pozzi kring specifika mönster för ungas motivation. Viktiga slutsatser som dras är att intervjupersonerna drivs av mer än en motivationsgrund, att sammansättningen av motivationsgrunder förändras över tid men att de genomgående starkaste drivkrafterna är feministiskt grundade värderingar och relationen till de andra volontärerna.

  • 248.
    Haage, Caroline
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Tovhult, Tovhult
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    HBTQ i ett heteronormativt perspektiv: EN studie med fokus på HBTQ-personer i gruppbehandling inom missbruksvården2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     Title: LGBTQ in a heteronormative perspective - A study focusing on LGBT people in group therapy in addiction treatment.

     

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer (LGBTQ) situation in society has improved considerably in recent years, for instance a change in legislation that gives these individuals the same rights as the rest of the population. Research shows however a different picture which indicates that individuals who belongs to LGBTQ still is a vulnerable group, with extended mental health problems, is a victim of violations and indicate a higher risk of developing a alcohol and drug addiction. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze hbtqs situation in addiction treatment with a focus on group therapy. In this thesis we have been inspired by the Delphimethod to collect our material. We also used a qualitative interview as a preliminary study prior to the mailing of questionnaires consisting of open questions. In total there are eight respondents in our study. The result suggests that no specific adjustments have been made in group therapy to address LGBTQ clients' needs, but shows that deviations occur where general adaptations have appeared in the form of a normcritical approach and where the language tends to be the central implement to demonstrate an open attitude towards LGBT. The thesis findings suggest that heteronormativity is still strongly anchored in addictiontreatment and especially in group therapy.

  • 249.
    Hammarström, Ylva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Nilsson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Ungdomars erfarenhet av tvångsvård: En kvalitativ studie av ungdomars upplevelse av tvångsvård på Statens institutionsstyrelses hem under 20162019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of our essay was to highlight the personal accounts of young people receiving care provided by the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. In order to give an in-depth, descriptive impression, we used a qualitative method of research and analysed our material on the basis of a thematic analysis of accounts in the book Kärlek + Lycka + Svek= Tårar(Love + Happiness + Deceit = Tears), published in 2017 by the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care where young people in their texts share their experience of a life on correction facilities. This thematic analysis culminated in three main themes: “Not playing a part in your own life”, “A controlled life” and “I’m not good enough”. The result has been analysed on the basis of previous research and Goffman’s theories on total institutions, as well as perspective of power.

    In the study, we established a link between Goffman’s theories and the young people’s accounts. The findings demonstrate that Goffman’s theories on total institutions are relatively widespread in compulsory care, in particular within state-run institutions.

  • 250.
    Hannu, Kajsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Rehn Lomberg, Mari
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Normkritik och intersektionalitet på socionomprogrammet: Lärares erfarenheter och upplevelser av undervisning om normkritik och intersektionalitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One might say that it is of significant importance for social work practices that students, during education to become social workers, acquire knowledge of the aspects of power that occur during the meeting with clients. Anti-oppressive education as norm criticism and intersectionality addresses these aspects of power, thus points out the importance of good conditions for such education. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the teaching is conducted in practice and examine teachers’ experiences on how to teach about norm criticism and/or intersectionality in social work education. A qualitative study has been conducted with teachers who have experience in teaching about norm criticism and/or intersectionality. Nine semi-structured interviews have been conducted with teachers from different institutions. The study material has been analyzed on the basis of norm critical pedagogy and anti-oppressive education. The study highlights the importance that students develop critical thinking, which is imperative in order to question known “truths” and to continuously apply the process of critical thinking. For a deeper understanding, the students must understand the of power, norms and structures as well as how they affect and are influenced by them. This is achieved by the students turning the critical look toward themselves. There are organizational barriers to the teaching about norm criticism and/or intersectionality due to the lack of resources. For example, the student groups are too large and there is time constraint in designing the teaching in a constructive way. The conclusions are that teachers believe that knowledge about norm criticism and/or intersectionality is of outmost importance to achieve social change on a structural level. In order for students to gain such knowledge, the resources required must be made available to teachers. Therefore, to ensure that new models of teaching about norm criticism is practically implemented in social work education, the shortage of resources exposed in this study need to be considered when developing new teaching methods and during further research.

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