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  • 201.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Norrgren, F
    Mode 2 and Triple-Helix: Bringing Conceptions into Action2003In: Paper presented at the 3rd Annual European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM), Milan, Italy, April 3-5, 2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Shani, Abraham B
    Alternative Approaches to Create Actionable Knowledge2001In: Paper presented at the 17th EGOS Colloquium Lyon, July 2001, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Shani, Abraham B
    In search of an alternative framework for the creation of actionable knowledge: table-tennis research at Ericsson2001In: Research in Organizational Change and Development Vol. 13, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press , 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Shani, Abraham BStyhre, Alexander
    Collaborative research in organizations: foundations for learning, change, and theoretical development2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Shani, R
    Action Research, Collaborative Research and Actionable Knowledge Creation: The Challenge of Coaching Complex web of Relationships in the FENIX Ph.D. Program2004Report (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Shani, R
    Styhre, A
    Enabling change, learning and theory development through collaborative research2003In: Paper presented at the 3rd Annual European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM), Milan, Italy, April 3-5, 2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Stymne, B
    Creating Actionable Knowledge through Collaborative Research Approaches: The Scientific Challenge2004In: Paper presented at the The Academy of Management (AOM) 2004 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, USA, August 6-11, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Westling, G
    New Principles for Managing Knowledge and Communication within an R&D Department1997Report (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Adler, P.
    et al.
    UCLA, United States.
    Florida, R.
    The University of Toronto's Rotman School, Canada.
    King, K.
    The University of Toronto's Rotman School, Canada.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    The city and high-tech startups: The spatial organization of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship2019In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 87, no April, p. 121-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on Schumpeterian entrepreneurship identifies new high-growth startup companies as key factors in technological innovation and economic growth. While economists have tended to focus on high-growth, high-tech startup firms as the unit of analysis, economic geographers and urbanists have examined the geographic dimensions of entrepreneurship, particularly the rise of entrepreneurial clusters and eco systems. We focus here on a particular type of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship associated with high-tech startup companies, or what we refer to as “tech-startup entrepreneurship.” We contend that the organization of such Schumpeterian entrepreneurship occurs at two spatial scales. At the macro-geographic level, it is highly clustered and concentrated in a relatively small number of global cities or metro areas. At the micro-geographic level, it is highly concentrated in distinct districts or micro-clusters within these leading cities and metro areas. To examine the geographic dimensions of tech-startup entrepreneurship across these spatial scales, we use previously unused data on venture capital-financed startups at the metropolitan and district levels. Our findings support the hypothesis that tech-startup entrepreneurship is organized across two distinct but related spatial scales, which act on entrepreneurial activity through different mechanisms. These findings suggest that local diversity and local specialization can simultaneously potentiate innovation, and that a multi-scalar approach to the geography of entrepreneurship is prudent.

  • 210.
    Adolfsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ruderfors, Beatrice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Mina grannar ser exakt ut som jag själv: En studie om boendesegregations påverkan på utanförskap och gemenskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Boendesegregation skapar antaganden om olika bostadsområden, antaganden som påverkar människors känsla av utanförskap och gemenskap. Två resursstarka och två resurssvaga områden i två olika städer jämförs för att undersöka respondenternas upplevelser kring utanförskap och gemenskap i respektive område. Studien bygger på två nationalekonomiska teorier, Mismatch hypotesen och Polariserings hypotesen, som förklarar uppkomsten av boendesegregation. Dessutom en kompletterande teori som diskuterar grannskapets effekter på känslan av utanförskap och gemenskap. 16 semi-strukturerade intervjuer ligger till grund för det empiriska materialet, varav 8 från resursstarka områden och 8 från resurssvaga områden. Studiens resultat visar på en starkare gemenskap mellan grannar i de resurssvaga områdena än i det resursstarka. Resultatet visar också att resurssvaga områden tillskrivs ett utanförskap, som individer boende i dessa områden inte själva upplever. 6 av 8 respondenter dementerar vid intervjuer påståenden om ett utanförskap. Avslutningsvis uppvisar studien på starkare gemenskap i samtliga områden, snarare än ett utanförskap.

  • 211.
    Adolfsson, Klas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Isaksson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Petersson, Linus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Studenter och hemförsäkringar: En studie av köpbeteende vid högskolan i Jönköping2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem

    The Student union and Länsförsäkringar in Jönköping has an agreement that provides students at Jönköping university with subsidized insurances. The fact that none of the mentioned parties knows what the insurance market at Jönköping university actually looks like makes this an interesting field to study. This thesis will aim to provide the parties with a map of this insurance market and increased knowledge about how students think and behave regarding insurences.

    Purpose

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to increase the knowlegde about students’ buying behavior regarding insurences. We will also investigate if there are uninsured students at Jönköping university and quantify that amount. Furthermore, we will examine if there are any differences between insured and uninsured students that could be possible explanations for the students behavior.

    Method

    We have used quantative phone interviews to map the insurence market and two qualitative focus group interviews to fulfill the rest of our purpose.

    Theoretical framework

    The most of the theory in this thesis is fetched from the area of consumer behavior, but is complemented by theory about financial services.

    Conclusion

    6,7 percent of the students were uninsured and we found a number of different variables that provide differences in how insured and uninsured students behave. These variables are: influences, percived social pressure, percived knowledge, trust for the insurance providers, view on risks and service intangibility.

    We found that a lack of a percieved need is an important cause that some student is uninsured. We also identified a number of different situations where students are easier to affect. These situations are: school start, moving away from home, quit school, house building and starting a family.

  • 212.
    Adolfsson, Linn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Hoof, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Internprissättning: Upprättandet av en dokumentation enligt Skatteverkets riktlinjer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Internprissättning handlar om de priser som tas ut på varor, tjänster och krediter när de förflyttas runt mellan företag i intressegemenskap. Internprissättning är ett aktuellt ämne i och med att globaliseringen i världen ökar och varor och tjänster förflyttas runt mellanländer på ett helt annat sätt än för några år sedan.

    Skatteverket kräver att internprissättningen inom koncerner ska upprättas enligt armlängdsprincipen. Denna princip bygger på att prissättningen sker på ett marknadsmässigt sätt, precis som om företagen skulle befunnit sig på armslängds avstånd ifrån varandra.

    Syftet med den här studien är att förstå internprissättningen från ett praktiskt perspektiv och för att göra detta så upprättar vi en dokumentation av ett företags internprissättning, i enlighet med Skatteverkets riktlinjer.

    Vår ambition är att vi ska upprätta en korrekt dokumentation som Företaget kan använda sig av och under arbetet öka vår förståelse för ämnet samt väva samman teori och praktik på ett effektivt och resultatgivande sätt. Vi har därför haft tät kontakt med Företaget för att inhämta all information och sätta oss in i organisationens arbetssätt.

    Skatteverket tar upp fem olika metoder som kan användas när internpriser ska fastställas enligt armlängdsprincipen, men det är endast en utav dessa vi använder oss av i studien. Vi utgår sedan från denna metod för att visa att Företaget tar ut marknadsmässiga internpriser.

    Empirin består av dokumentet i färdigställd form. Resultatet blev en dokumentation som beskriver Företagets verksamhet, de transaktioner som sker mellan Företaget och dess dotterbolag samt hur Företaget använder sig av armlängdsprincipen vid internprissättning.

    Under studiens gång har vi insett att det är skillnad på teori och praktik, Skatteverkets riktlinjer för hur dokumentationen ska se ut är väldigt konkreta, men det har ändå varit svårt att applicera en färdig modell på hur verkligheten ser ut i Företaget. Vi tror att den här dokumentationen är ett viktigt verktyg för Skatteverket i sin kontrollprocess, men den är också av stor vikt för företagen eftersom de då tvingas arbeta med och se över sina internpriser. Vilket i sin tur leder till positiva effekter för samhället på längre sikt.

  • 213.
    Adolfsson, Marcus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Informationsgivningens tvetydighet och konsekvenser: Vid offentliga uppköpserbjudanden på aktiemarknaden2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Offentliga uppköpserbjudande utgör en viktig del av den moderna svenska samhällsekonomin. Ett företagsförvärv på aktiemarknaden genererar stora ekonomiska möjligheter och konsekvenser för de flesta intressenter såsom arbetstagare och aktieägare.

    Det är särskilt intressant med tanke på att aktiemarknaden präglas i mångt och mycket av självreglering. Det är således aktörerna på marknaden som etablerar lämpliga regler för vad som skall anses utgöra god sed. Denna sortens reglering är ett avsteg från Sveriges sedvanliga normbildning som vanligtvis utgörs av strukturerad lagstiftning. Det är sedermera intressant till vilken grad det är gynnsamt med en kombination av dels självreglering, dels lagstiftning. Det har anförts att aktiemarknaden är en komplicerad marknad som kräver denna sortens flexibilitet som självreglering medför. Denna framställning har inte ambitionen att strikt väga, å ena sidan lagstiftning som är en oundgänglig del av den moderna ekonomiska infrastrukturen, å andra sidan självreglering som är väl förankrat på aktiemarknaden. Däremot krävs det enligt min mening högre ställda krav på självregleringen för att uppnå en balans bland de olika intressegrupper som finns representerade på aktiemarknaden och därmed upprätthålla förtroendet för marknaden.

    Informationsgivning är en central del av aktiemarknaden. Med tanke på självregleringen, krävs att rättvis och korrekt information finns tillgänglig till samtliga aktörer under ett och samma tillfälle. Allt i enlighet för att bevara förtroendet. Däremot är due diligence-processen ett vedertaget avsteg från likabehandlingsprincipen som ett led i ett offentligt uppköpserbjudande. Det är brukligt att budgivaren företar en due diligence där denne har möjlighet att bilda sig en uppfattning huruvida målbolaget infriar de ställda förväntningarna och förhoppningarna med företagsförvärvet. Processen fungerar som ett verktyg för att allokera risker som är förknippade med detta stora åtagande samt avgör ofta om ett förvärv är för handen eller ej.

    Innan takeover-direktivet fanns inga särskilda regler för offentliga uppköpserbjudanden. För Sveriges vidkommande implementerades direktivet med dels självreglering, dels lagstiftning. 2 kapitlet 1 § lag om offentliga uppköpserbjudanden stipulerar numera att aktiebolag skall ”följa de regler som börsen har fastställt för sådana erbjudanden”. Det innebär bland annat att alla noterade aktiebolag har underkastat sig att följa NBK:s takeover-regler. Däremot är reglerna idag utformade aningen egendomliga när det angår due diligence-processen som ett led i ett offentligt uppköpserbjudande. Det föreligger enligt min mening oskäliga risker för budgivaren som är förknippade med ett offentligt uppköpserbjudande.

    Problematik uppstår då budgivaren väljer att inte lämna något bud på målbolaget efter en genomförd due diligence. Eftersom då bortfaller målbolagets skyldighet att informera marknaden om förhållandet som rimligen förväntas påverka värderingen av målbolagets aktie. Däremot kvarstår budgivarens skyldighet att varken avyttra eller förvärva aktier i målbolaget med anledning av att denne fått selektiv information som inte övriga marknaden tagit del av. Eftersom budgivaren numera innehar selektiv information, som skall offentliggöras om denne inte vill vara belastad med handelsförbud. Det innebär således att om budgivaren förvärvat aktier innan genomförd due diligence att denne inte kan avyttra aktierna. Det blir särskilt betungande i det fall att budgivaren genom en due diligence insett att dessa är övervärderade eller till och med värdelösa. Danmark och Storbritannien har däremot valt en annan implementering av direktivet. Enligt min åsikt borde Sverige blicka västerut och lära av det land som varit förfadern och utvecklaren av takeover-reglerna sedan 1960-talet, avseende offentliga uppköpserbjudanden. I min slutsats föreslår jag därmed en förändring till nuvarande takeover-regler.

  • 214.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF-CY to identify children's everyday life situations: A step towards participation-focused code sets2013In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 195-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the long-term goal to create a screening tool with code sets for children’s everyday life situations (ELS), the purpose of the present study was to identify ELS for children and youth aged 0-17 years. The views of professionals and parents in Sweden, South Africa, and US were integrated based on linkages to ICF-CY. The chapters Self-care and Major life areas seemed most obvious include ELS. At 2nd ICF-CY level, eleven categories emerged as ELS with Hygiene (d510-d530) and Recreation and leisure (d920) as the most obvious. Two sets of ELS were identified for infants/preschoolers and school aged children/adolescents. Professionals and parents agreed on ELS for the older age-group. Findings suggested that ELS differ in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. The study have implications for the future tool intending to support children with disabilities in describing what matters most for them in intervention planning.

  • 215.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF-CY to identify everyday life situations of children and youth with disabilities2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Four studies were included in this doctoral dissertation aiming to investigatehow habilitation professionals perceive the ICF-CY in clinical work and to identify everyday life situations specific for children and youth aged 0-17 years. The ICF-CY was the conceptual framework and since the research was conducted on as well as with the ICF-CY, the use of the classification runs like a thread through all the work. The design was primarily qualitative and included descriptive and comparative content analyses. Study I was longitudinal, aiming to explore how an implementation of the ICF-CY in Swedish habilitation services was perceived. Studies II-IV were interrelated, aiming to explore children’s most common everyday life situations. Content in measures of participation, professionals’ perspectives, and external data on parents’ perspectives were linked to the ICF-CY and compared. Mixed methods design bridged the Studies III-IV.

    Results in Study I indicated that knowledge on the ICF-CY enhanced professionals’ awareness of families’ views of child functioning and pointed to the need for ICF-CY based assessment and intervention methods focusing on child participation in life situations. A first important issue in this respect was to identify everyday life situations. Two sets of ten everyday life situations related to the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation, chapters d3-d9, were compiled and adopted for younger and older children respectively, establishing a difference in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. Furthermore, key constructs in the ICFCY model were discussed, additional ICF-CY linking rules were presented and suggestions for revisions of the ICF linking rules and the ICF-CY were listed. As the sample of everyday life situations reflects the perspectives of adults, further research has to add the perspective of children and youth. The identified everyday life situations will be the basis for the development of code sets included in a screening tool intended for self- or proxy- report of participation from early childhood through adolescence.

  • 216.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identifying children´s everyday life situations using an ICF-CY perspective2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with disabilities and their parents need opportunities to express opinions and take part of professional knowledge during habilitation processes. However, there is no structured model to identify child participation in everyday life situations (EDLS). Code sets based on WHO International Classification of Functioning, disability and health, Child and Youth version, ICF-CY, would support  such dialogues. Interventions for children with disabilities have in the last decades shifted from focusing on the child to the child in specific EDLS. Integration of professionals’ and parents´ views of EDLS for children provides a common knowledge on conditions important for everyday functioning. Shared views might be a ‘door opener’ for collaboration during intervention planning for children with disabilities. A focus on EDLS make the partners focus on participation, share understanding of children’s individual preferences, and motivate them for interventions.

    The study identified parents’ and professionals’ picture of EDLS to be considered in intervention planning. With the long-term goal to create code sets for children’s EDLS, the purpose was to determine a set of EDLS for children and youth aged 0-17 years. A triangulation of data collected with various sampling strategies and participants was conducted, integrating the views of professionals and parents in Sweden, South Africa, and the US. Data were compared after linkage to ICF-CY codes in the component Activities and Participation. Analyses pointed out Self-care and Major life areas as the two most important chapters and  depicted eleven categories as EDLS with Hygiene and Recreation and leisure as the most frequent. Two final sets of ICF-CY categories were identified as EDLS for infants/preschoolers and school aged children/adolescents. The sets differed slightly between younger children (0-6 yrs) and older (7-17 yrs), reflecting how EDLS might differ in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. Professionals and parents agreed on everyday life situations for older children but not for younger. The results of the study have implications for the future development of a screening tool containing code sets from early childhood through adolescence concerning children’s desires and opportunities to participate in EDLS. To obtain a picture as complete as possible, children and youth representing the two age groups should be involved in the future process of developing a screening tool.

  • 217.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Vad barn med funktionsnedsättningar behöver berätta för habiliterare2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Habiliterare identifierar oftast barns svårigheter med yrkesspecifika metoder, vilket ger en risk att barnen utsätts för överlappande tester och för åtgärder som de inte förstår meningen med. För att barnen ska kunna  uppleva träning meningsfull måste de ges möjlighet att uttrycka sina behov av ökad delaktighet i vardagssituationer. Habiliteringspersonal vet då vad som inledningsvis är viktigt och motiverande för barnen själva för att planera åtgärder, men det har saknats tvärvetenskapliga instrument för detta.

    Eftersom ICF-CY bedömts användbart som gemensamt ramverk för habiliteringsteam, främst för kartläggning och habiliteringsplanering, är det långsiktiga målet för projektet ett ICF-CY baserat instrument med kortare frågeformulär fokuserade på delaktighet i vardagen. Inom ramen för ett avhandlingsarbete har barns viktigaste vardagssituationer identifierats genom litteraturstudier, frågeformulär med personal och integrering av föräldradata från externa studier. I ett pilotprojekt med Delphiprocess har föräldrar och personal identifierat innehåll i tre formulär för förskolebarn: sömn, måltider och lek.

    Resultatet har visat, att instrumentet behöver innehålla två uppsättningar frågeformulär baserade på 10 delvis olika vardagssituationer för vardera förskolebarn (0-6 år) och skolbarn/tonåringar (7-17 år). Fokus låg på milstolpar i barns utveckling för yngre och på sociala aktiviteter för äldre barn. Föräldrar framhöll hushållsgöromål och socialt liv i högre grad än de professionella.  När det gällde innehåll i formulär fokuserade föräldrar i högre utsträckning på barns kroppsfunktioner och personal mera på omgivningsfaktorer.

    Fortsatt arbete planeras. Barn måste själva få uttrycka vilka vardagssituationer som är viktigast, bestämma rubriker som speglar deras uppfattning om det som förekommer i vardagen och diskutera innehåll i formulären.

  • 218.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Lim, Chih Ing
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States.
    ICF-CY based code sets focusing on participation for pre-schoolers2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with disabilities and their parents need opportunities to express opinions and take part of professional knowledge during habilitation processes. However, there is no structured model to identify and assess child participation in everyday life situations (EDLS). ICF-CY based code sets focusing on participation would support  dialogues about what matters most for individual children, causes of failures,  and needs of interventions. This study constituted a trial identifying content in code sets for Sleeping, Mealtimes, and Play.

    EDLS specific for children and youth was initially identified by integration of data from measures of participation, professional opinions, and parents’ perspectives. Linkage to the ICF-CY, using existing and additional linking rules, provided comparable data, resulting in two sets of ten EDLS. These were related to the Activities and Participation component, chapters 3-9, and adapted for younger and older children.

    ICF-CY categories relevant for children aged 0-6 years to be included in code sets for three of the EDLS were identified by a sequential Delphi process in 3 rounds. Participants were 5 interdisciplinary habilitation teams, altogether 35 professionals, and 7 parents of 13 typical developed preschool children from 6 families. There were no significant correlation between professionals and parents. Their partly different ICF-CY categories suggested high professional focus on Environmental factors compared with  high parental focus on Body functions. Integration of data revealed 12 categories appropriate for Sleeping, 21 for Mealtimes, and 30 for Play. This highlights the importance to integrate opinions and adapt content in code sets to individual EDLS.

  • 219.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Lim, Chih-Ing
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA..
    Code sets for everyday life situations of children aged 0-6: Sleeping, Mealtimes and Play - a study based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth2013In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 127-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fi]

    Introduction: The complexity of the Child and Youth version of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, the ICF-CY, is a challenge for occupational therapists and other professionals in clinical work. Code sets including only essential categories help to make it more user-friendly. Thus far, code sets have been developed to reflect functioning for children in different developmental periods. However, there are no code sets that support screening of participation in everyday life situations and can be used across diagnoses. This exploratory study is the first attempt to develop code sets for preschoolers’ (age 0-6 years) everyday life situations.

    Method: Using sequential Delphi processes with expert panels consisting of 35 professionals in five interdisciplinary early intervention teams and six parents of children, the study identified content in three code sets: Sleeping, Mealtimes and Play.

    Results: A limited number of relevant categories were identified for three code sets: Sleeping (12), Mealtimes (21) and Play (30). Findings suggested a professional focus on Environmental factors compared with a parental focus on Body functions.

    Conclusion: It is important to consider the opinions of all involved when developing code sets to provide a common framework for screening of children’s everyday functioning.

  • 220.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ibragimova, Nina
    Pless, Mia
    Exploring changes over time in habilitation professionals' perceptions and applications of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, version for children and youth (ICF-CY)2010In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 42, no 7, p. 670-678Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:This study explored how professionals in interdisciplinary teams perceived the implementation of the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, version for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) in Swedish habilitation services.

    Design:Descriptive longitudinal mixed-methods design.

    Methods:Following participation in a 2-day in-service training on the ICF-CY, 113 professionals from 14 interdisciplinary teams described their perceptions of the implementation of the ICF-CY at 3 consecutive time-points: during in-service training, after 1 year, and after 2.5 years.

    Results:Implementation of the ICF-CY in daily work focused on assessment and habilitation planning and required adaptations of routines and materials. The ICF-CY was perceived as useful in supporting analyses and in communication about children’s needs. Professionals also perceived it as contributing to new perspectives on problems and a sharpened focus on participation.

    Conclusion:Professionals indicated that the ICF-CY enhanced their awareness of families’ views of child participation, which corresponded to organizational goals for habilitation services. An implementation finding was a lack of tools fitting the comprehensive ICF-CY perspective. The study points to the need for ICF-CY-based assessment and intervention methods focusing on child participation.

  • 221.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Professionals' views of children's everyday life situations and the relation to participation2012In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 34, no 7, p. 581-592Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to determine professionals’ views of everyday life situations (ELS) of importance for children and to explore how ELS correlate with the construct ‘Participation’. This study was part of a larger work to develop a structured tool with code sets to identify child participation and support children with disabilities to describe what matters most for them in intervention planning.

    Method: The study had a concurrent mixed methods design. Information from one open-ended question and questionnaires were linked to the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation. Two concurrent data sets were compared.

    Results: Proposed ELS were distributed across ICF-CY categories from low to high level of complexity and context specificity. The correlation with participation became stronger for the later chapters of the component (d7-d9). Differences between respondents due to working field, country, and children’s ages were explored. Acts and tasks seemed most important for the youngest children whereas ELS shifted towards societal involvement for adolescents.

    Conclusion: Eleven categories related to ICF-CY chapters d3-d9 emerged as ELS. Two age groups (infants/preschoolers and adolescents) are required to develop code sets for the new tool. The results need triangulation with other concurrent studies to provide corroborating evidence and add a family perspective.

  • 222.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Klang, Nina
    School of Education, Culture and Communication, Mälardalen university.
    Maxwell, Gregor
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ståhl, Ylva
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Participation as the Focus of Intervention:  Cultural Diversity and Universal Characteristics2011In: / [ed] Michael Guralnick, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation as a construct can be applied on all ecological levels from participation for individual children in their everyday life to participation for all as a societal goal. It is defined in the ICF-CY as involvement in a life situation. Participation is occurring at the nodal point between children and their environments. Contexts vary with socio-economical standards, culture and geographical characteristics and thus also the expressions of participation. This presentation will discuss cultural diversity in children’s participation in relation to the universal characteristics of participation defined as “being there” and participation defined as “degree of engagement while being there”. The utility of the ICF-CY as a tool to analyze universal characteristics and cultural diversity in conditions for, and actual experiences of, participation are examined in findings from five studies: 1) Maxwell et al. have analyzed national, regional and local educational policy documents in Scotland and Sweden regarding children in need of special support  in relation to conditions for participation and participation; 2) Ståhl et al. have linked and compared ICF-CY codes to information regarding children’s health in Child Health Care and School Health Care and analyzed whether biomedical or participation information is the focus of the information; 3) Adolfsson et al. have collected and compared data from respondents in Sweden, the USA, and Portugal concerning what professionals consider to be important everyday situations for child participation; 4) Klang et al. has studied domains of participation and environment related to child and caregiver interaction in a Russian context to identify factors related to participation; and 5) Ullenhag et al. have studied participation in  leisure activities and  leisure activity preferences  of Swedish children and compared with data from the Netherlands and Canada using the same questionnaire.

  • 223.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identifying Child Functioning from an ICF-CY Perspective: Everyday Life Situations Explored in Measures of Participation2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 13-14, p. 1230-1244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study was part of a larger work to develop an authentic measure consisting of code sets for self- or proxy-report of child participation. The aim was to identify common everyday life situations of children and youth based on measures of participation.

    Method. The study was descriptive in nature and involved several stages: systematic search of literature to find articles presenting measures for children and youth with disabilities, identifying measures in selected articles, linking items in included measures to the ICF-CY, analysing content in measures presented as performance and participation and identifying aggregations of ICF-CY codes across these measures.

    Results. A large number of measures for children and youth with disabilities were identified but only 12 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A slight distinction in content and age appropriateness appeared. Measures presented as performance covered all the ICF-CY Activities and Participation chapters, whereas measures presented as participation covered five of nine chapters. Three common everyday life situations emerged from the measures: Moving around, Engagement in play and Recreation and leisure.

    Conclusion. Only a small number of life situations for children and youth emerged from items in selected measures, thus, other sources are needed to identify more everyday life situations.

  • 224.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Bickenbach, Jerome
    Disability Policy Unit, Swiss Paraplegic Research. Faculty of Humanities and social Sciences, University of Lucerne.
    Användning av ICFoch ICF-CY.: Workshop2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simeonsson, Rune J
    School of Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
    Sauer Lee, Andrea
    Ellingsen, Kirsten
    Alfred I duPont hospital for children, Wilmington, DE, USA.
    CHAPTER 27: Major life areas: Play and Education (d810-d880, ICF-CY)2012In: Measures for Children with Developmental Disabilities: An ICF-CY approach / [ed] Annette Majnemer, London: Mac Keith Press , 2012, 1, p. 404-415Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Simmeborn Fleischer, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF to identify requirements for students with Asperger syndrome in higher education2015In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 190-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education requires more than academic skills and everyday student-life can be stressful. Students with Asperger Syndrome (AS) may need support to manage their education due to difficulties in social functioning.

    Objective: As preparation for the development of a structured tool to guide student and coordinator dialogues at Swedish universities, this study aimed to identify ICF categories that reflect requirements in everyday student-life for students with AS.

    Methods: Using descriptive qualitative approach; information in documents reflecting the perspectives of university students; international classifications; user/health organisations and education authorities were linked to ICF codes.

    Results: In total, 114 ICF categories were identified, most of which related to learning, tasks and demands, communication and interactions.

    Conclusion: Students with AS need varying accommodations to be successful in higher education. In the future, ICF based code sets, including demands on student roles, can be used as checklists to describe functioning and needs for support.

  • 227.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sjöman, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    ICF-CY as a Framework for Understanding Child Engagement in Preschool2018In: Frontiers in Education, E-ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 3, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement in preschool predicts children's development, learning, and wellbeing in later school years. The time children engage in activities and social interactions is conditional for preschool inclusion. Engagement is part of the construct participation, which is determined by attendance and involvement. Two suggested underlying dimensions of engagement had been identified as essential when assessing children's participation in preschool activities. As engagement is a key question in inclusion of all children, and preschool becomes a common context for them, it is increasingly important to understand the concept of engagement in those settings. In Sweden most children attend preschool but children in need of special support tend not to receive enough support for their everyday functioning. This study aimed to conceptualize child engagement in preschool with ICF-CY as a framework to clarify core and developmental engagement dimensions included in Child Engagement Questionnaire (CEQ). The content of CEQ was identified through linking processes based on ICF linking rules with some exceptions. Specific challenges and solutions were acknowledged. To identify engagement dimensions in the ICF-CY, CEQ items related to ICF-CY chapters were integrated in the two-dimensional model of engagement. Findings showed that engagement measured for preschool ages was mostly related to Learning and Applying knowledge belonging to Activities and Participation but the linkage detected missing areas. Broader perspectives of children's everyday functioning require extended assessment with consideration to mutual influences between activities, participation, body functions, and contextual factors. Related to core and developmental engagement, findings highlight the importance for preschool staff to pay attention to how children do things, not only what they do. Activities related to core engagement include basic skills; those related to developmental engagement set higher demands on the child. Linking challenges related to preschool context were not consistent with those reported for child health. Using the ICF-CY as a framework with a common language may lead to open discussions among persons around the child, clarify the different perspectives and knowledges of the persons, and facilitate decisions on how to implement support to a child in everyday life situations in preschool and at home.

  • 228.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Westerberg, Christina
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Möller, Kerstin
    Örebro Universitet.
    Everyday Life Situations of School-Aged Children with Severe Disabilities: What are the Goals for the Future? An Exploratory Study2014In: Journal of Intellectual Disability - Diagnosis and Treatment, E-ISSN 2292-2598, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 21-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated present and future everyday life situations (ELS) in home, school, work, and leisure environments for a group of school-aged children with severe disabilities, including complex disorders and a combination of disabilities. The purpose was to explore universal ELS; clarify how the children can be supported in their development of autonomy; and to gather information on potential overall goals for interventions. To make data comparable, all reported ELS were linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) and listed along with information on the setting. Both today, and in the future, recreational activities and participation in school or work were of highest importance, but few reported ELS involved directly interacting with other children. More ELS were predicted to occur outside the home and with a higher degree of autonomy. Therefore, interventions would be focused on the overall goal that children with severe disabilities take initiatives to become independent and to form relationships with others.

  • 229.
    Adolfsson, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Export of Pharmaceutical Products: An analysis of which factors that affects Sweden’s export of pharmaceutical products2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The pharmaceutical industry is one of Sweden’s most important export industries with 6% of total exports. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse which factors affect Sweden’s ex-port of pharmaceutical products. Further, the different pharmaceutical products group Sweden exports will be identified. The modern trade theory, the monopolistic competition model, the product life cycle theory and the gravity equation are used to explain and to un-derstand the problem at hand.

    To analyse the problem, data of Swedish export of pharmaceutical products from 1997 to 2003 was used to the 176 destination countries Sweden exported to during the time period. The following factors were used as independent variables; distance, Gross Domestic Prod-uct (GDP) /capita, Area, Population, dummy variable for EU-membership, dummy vari-able for English or Scandinavian speaking countries, dummy variable for bordering to Sweden, dummy variable for same religion as Sweden and a dummy variable for countries that are not land-locked.

    The findings coincide with previous studies in the manner that distance and GDP/capita have a major impact on the sales abroad of pharmaceutical products. Also, countries with a larger population are importing more than countries with a smaller population. However, the strong affinities between the exporter and the importing countries found in previous studies were not found in the export of pharmaceutical products. Further, Sweden exports most of the product group that includes medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses.

  • 230.
    Adolfsson, Per
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Christensson, Jon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Equity funds - and the Relationship between Return and Administration Fees2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of investmentfunds have dramatically increased in the last years and so have the interest in funds. 94% of the Swedish population between 18-74 years are investing in some kind of mutual fund. In 2005 the total fund capital was approximately 1.4 billion SEK. That makes this an important topic to investigate further.

    Therefore this thesis purpose is to analyse if there is any relationship between administrationfees, returns, the risk-adjusted performances. Furthermore, does the performance of the Swedish mutual funds differ dependent on whether they are managed by banks or if they are listed as Premiepensionsmyndigheten (PPM) funds, or run by other mutual fund companies?

    To analyse the problem a panel least square regression was used. The population consisted of 63 Swedish mutual equity funds over 20 quarters. Dummy variables were used to separate the banks- and PPM funds from the total population.

    The findings are mixed compared to previous research. There seem to be no relationship between the return, the risk-adjusted return and the administration fee. This indicates that the fund companies do not set their administration fee based on the expected return.

    However, a negative relationship was found between the market-adjusted return and administration fee.

    In general, the banks, on average, outperformed, the mutual fund companies that were not bank and/or PPM funds, in return, risk-adjusted return and market-adjusted return. Further, the funds with some additional fee had the on average second lowest efficiency in terms of return on the market.

  • 231.
    Adolfsson Sjökvist, Simon
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Mellanmannens skadeståndsansvar i samband med strandade företagsförvärv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A company acquisition is a complicated and long process. The road to the final purchase agreement is lined with several contacts between the parties. By that, the parties may incur costs in order to acquire the company. Typically, negotiations are conducted with involvement of intermediaries, acting on behalf of the selling or the buying party. If the acquisition is aborted and the final purchase agreement fails to materialize, it is conceivable that the denied party wants compensation for its expenses in association with the negotiations. Then they can claim damages under culpa in contrahendo, negligence of contract conclusion. The intermediaries who negotiate for a principal may be subject to the above tort claims if certain subjective and objective condition exists.

  • 232.
    Adolfsén, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ragnarsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Samer i svenska dagstidningar: En innehållsanalys av nyhetsrapporteringen om Europas enda urfolk2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the Sami peoples representation in Swedish newspapers. Previous research show that news media holds a growing power in affecting how different groups are perceived and being treated in today’s society. It shows how indigenous people and minorities are limited in the news media and portrayed in a homogeneous and biased way. This study examines to which extent the Sami population is being seen in the Swedish news media, what kind of Sami related news that are being reported and, how the Sami people are being presented. The method used to answer the thesis questions is a content analysis with complementary qualitative and quantitative elements. Articles published in three Swedish newspapers during the period of one year have in this study been examined. The result indicates that Sami culture is given a lot of space in the reported news, while other important events and questions concerning the Sami people are less visible. The result is analyzed on the basis of postcolonial theory, and connection could thus be distinguished between Sweden's historical relationship with the Sami population and the media's presentation of the group.

  • 233.
    Adrovic, Ninella
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Sex and the City: En kvalitativ studie om serien och karaktärerna2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur de kvinnliga huvudkaraktärerna i den amerikanska dramaserien Sex and the City framställs. En analys har gjorts på sex avsnitt av serien. Analysmaterialet studerades utifrån ett feministiskt samt stereotypiskt perspektiv. En av utgångspunkterna har varit antagandet om att karaktärerna är olika.

    Undersökningen syftar också till att analysera serien och se om den är en traditionell eller en modern såpopera.

    Studien grundar sig på en innehållsanalys. Resultatet kommer att delvis vara generellt för hela serien, eftersom karaktärerna följer med alla säsonger men utvecklas under seriens gång.

    Resultatet av undersökningen stärker antagandet av att karaktärerna är olika. Kvinnorna representerar stereotyper av olika slag. Resultatet visar även att kvinnorna också har mycket gemensamt. Serien kan varken placeras i den traditionella såpoperan eller i den postmoderna såpoperan. Sex and the city är en serie som har element från båda subgenrerna.

  • 234.
    Afandiyeva, Jamila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Place brand building in Baku: Place branding2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose   

    The aim of this study is to explore if there is a gap between brand identity and brand image in the city of Baku.

    Background

    Having a strong city brand based on the positive perceptions from both internal and external stakeholders’ point of view is very important in today’s world of globalization when cities have to constantly compete for the share of tourists, investors etc. Therefore, in terms of the thesis we aspire to investigate if Baku has been successful to build a strong brand identity and whether the brand image mirrors it from the Swedish people’s perception.

    Method

    The study constructed upon a mixed research method, which based simultaneously on inductive and deductive approach. Interviews representing the qualitative reasoning approach are utilized in order to reach the data related the city brand image and city brand identity.

    Conclusion

    The city has a firm and rationally established brand identity. The current research revealed the gap between brand image and brand identity in Baku. Thus, that the city’s brand image is not fully reflecting the real brand identity, in particular due to the internal facts.

  • 235.
    Aflas, Melissa
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Johansson Matuszewski, Amanda
    Jönköping University.
    Basel II’s impact on operational risk disclosure2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 236.
    Afrem, Rani
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Does the European Commission require more independence than investors?: A study of replies made to the Green Paper2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In 2008 a global financial crisis erupted. Even though auditors were not to blame for the financial crisis the public questioned how auditors could issue a clean bill of health despite the serious weaknesses. This made the Commission release the 2010 Green Paper on audit policy: Lessons from the Crisis. The Green Paper is a consultation paper which received around 700 replies from various stakeholders. In 2011, the Commission presented their proposal on reform of the audit market, in which many of the key elements had been discussed in the Green Paper. The 2011 proposal seeks to enhance auditor independence and introduce a more dynamic audit market. The proposed reforms are very strict and if the proposal is passed in its current form it would imply a major change of the audit market. This thesis has studied the replies made by investors to the Green Paper; investors are the primary stakeholders and those who should be most concerned with auditor independence. It is therefore important and interesting to study their viewpoints to the Green Paper.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to understand and explain investors’ standpoints on the proposals mentioned in the Green Paper to enhance auditor independence, and to examine whether the European Commission, as indicted by the 2011 proposal, require more independence than investors as indicted by the replies made to the Green Paper.

    Method

    This study has taken a qualitative approach where the data has been analyzed in-depth. The Green Paper consists of 38 questions; four of these have been studied as they strongly relate to auditor independence. Furthermore this thesis has studied the replies made by investors; investors are the primary stakeholders and those who should be most concerned with auditor independence. It is therefore important and interesting to study their viewpoints to the Green Paper.

    Conclusion

    The majority of the respondents’ are negative to the ideas presented in the Green Paper but that does not imply that the Commission requires more independence than investors. Both the Commission and investors argue that status quo is not an option and that auditor independence must be strengthened. What separates their views is how to strengthen auditor independence. The Commission seeks to impose strict regulations while investors prefer good corporate governance as an alternative approach to strengthen auditor independence.

  • 237.
    Ageev, Ivan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Organisation of Structured Export Financing by Commercial Banks in Russian Federation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tries to define the concept of Export Finance and establish if the Export Financing is cost-effective way to raise capital and how is it organized in the Russian Federation. In order to do so, several methods have been used: the related literature has been studied, numerical analysis of economic-efficience of export financing has been prepared based on the real example and three interviews with experts in Export Finance have been conducted. The findings suggests that Export Financing is an attractive way of financing in a current economic environment and there is no credible alternative to it on the Russian market. Moreover, the analysis show that despite of the number of advantages, that Export Financing have, there are still some gaps in Export Financing, but in general, Export Finance area is developing and becoming more and more popular among russian importers and exporters

  • 238.
    Agerberg Backlund, Filip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Pettersson, Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Swedish Equity Mutual Fund Performance: A comparison between mutual funds provided by banks and their non-bank counterpart2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fund market has increased in popularity over the past two decades. Today the majority of the highest asset funds on the Swedish market are managed and owned by banks. On the other hand, media is frequently publishing ranking lists and newsfeeds presenting the poor mutual fund performance of funds managed by banks. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyse the performance of Swedish equity mutual funds in order to see whether funds managed by non-bank fund companies outperform their bank counterpart. The study uses monthly NAV rates to calculate different performance measurements and finds that the funds managed by other fund companies achieves higher risk-adjusted performance compared to funds managed by banks.

  • 239.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öppna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 341-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Crime victims in Indicatorland – Open comparisons in the social services’ work with victim support

    Since the 90s there have been extensive changes in the public sector, such as rationalization and increasing demands for documentation and review. The changes have also affected the social services’ victim support work that has increasingly been subject to various forms of regulation, such as requirements for monitoring, evaluation and quality assurance. This article aims to examine one of the monitoring systems applied in the victim support work: the instrument of open comparisons. This article is based on an exploratory study of the local organization of crime prevention in two municipalities and analyses how the processes of open comparisons are organized at local, regional and central levels. The empirical data consists of documents such as legal sources and handbooks from e.g. the National Board of Health and Welfare and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions, as well as documents obtained locally in the two municipalities. Furthermore, interviews were conducted with professionals working on different organizational levels. 

    Analytically the study has been inspired by programme theory, which made it possible to concentrate on clarifying the operational idea in which open comparisons are based and capturing the consequences in the two cases. 

    The study shows that open comparisons have been implemented without support from existing research. However, strong normative support for open comparisons exists within governmental agencies and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions. They are included as one of many elements of New Public Management and result in changes in the victim support work. In contrast to present visions, the performance is not affected to any significant extent. In contrast, a comprehensive administration is created, where employees of municipalities are supposed to collect data, register information and analyse the results generated by the open comparisons.

  • 240.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Fighting men`s violence against woman in the age of evidence and NPM2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men's violence against women is a widespread global problem and a serious threat to women's health. This symposium will report from a study in Sweden that studies mechanisms that influence the design of interventions contesting domestic violence in two cities.

    The symposiums three presentations will answer the following questions:

    1. Given the fact that the organizations face many different views and ideologies; how does this affect the ways the problem of domestic violence is represented?

    2. In what way affects ideas from performance measurement and new public management the interventions?

    3. In what way are the social services organizing towards an evidence-based practice in this field?

    Presentation 1 Interpersonal violence-From policy to local practice

    Presentation 2 Open Comparisons in social work

    Presentation 3 Negotiating in risk assessment practices

  • 241. Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: en analys av programidén och implementeringen av Öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet2015In: Presentation på Brottsoffermyndighetens viktimologiska forskarkonferens, 10 november 2015, Stockholm, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén om mål- och resultatstyrningen har fått stort genomslag i offentlig förvaltning. Det brottsofferstödjande arbetet som riktas mot våldsutsatta personer har liksom andra ansvarsområden inom socialtjänstens verksamhetsfält mött ökade krav på att säkra och redovisa kvalitet. Öppna jämförelser är ett instrument som används inom offentlig verksamhet för att mäta, offentliggöra och jämföra kvaliteten av det arbete som bedrivs. År 2012 lanserades för första gången öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet. I studien analyseras Öppna jämförelsers programidé och dess implementering inom brottsofferområdet. Empirin utgörs av för studiens syfte, relevanta styrdokument samt intervjuer med aktörer på central nivå (Socialstyrelsen och SKL), regional nivå (Länsstyrelsen) samt lokal nivå (två fallkommuner i södra Sverige) Fokus riktas mot hur de har arbetat med Öppna jämförelser och vilka erfarenheter de har gjort. 12 I presentationen av studien visar författarna hur Öppna jämförelser avseende stöd till brottsoffer inte fått det genomslag som regeringen förutsatt. Den politiska styrningen är tydlig samtidigt som de olika ”intressenter” som Öppna jämförelser är tänkt att vara till för i praktiken givits en marginaliserad position

  • 242.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    ICT-supported peer interaction among learners in bachelor’s and master’s thesis courses2016In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 94, p. 276-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer interaction and collaborative learning through the use of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is used to an increasing extent in higher education. Universities attempt to motivate learners (students) to support their peers to enhance the quality of learning outcomes. This study monitors how an ICTSS (ICT-based Support System) facilitates peer interaction in the Bachelor’s and Master’s thesis process. The aim of the study was to investigate learners’ perception of usefulness of an ICTSS for peer interaction and the influencing factors on the quality of the peer interaction. The ICTSS was developed at the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV), at Stockholm University. The system facilitates peer interaction in three ways: peer reviews, active participation, and final opposition. The study employed a mixed-method approach, which included an online survey followed by in-depth interviews. The target groups were learners at the Bachelor’s and Master’s level in computer science and information systems. The findings showed that learners perceived the peer interaction useful to enhance the quality of the thesis outcomes. However, there are influencing factors affecting the quality of peer interaction, in different phases of the thesis process. Examples of these factors are the quality of thesis manuscripts, supervisors’ control and grading of the process, clear instructions and guidelines, learners’ understanding of the peer interaction and why it takes place, previous training and learners’ motivation to perform peer reviews. Following these factors, the study developed a set of strategic suggestions from both pedagogical and technical aspects to enhance the peer interaction in the thesis process. Considering these suggestions makes the use of the ICTSS more effective to enhance the quality of thesis learning outcomes.

  • 243.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh M.
    et al.
    Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Choosing open source software: Strategies behind and reasons for municipalities’ use of Open Office2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore the strategies and reasons for Swedish municipalities to migrate from proprietary office applications, such as Microsoft Office, to the use of the open source software OpenOffice. We performed a comparative case study of three Swedish municipalities in the region of Västra Götaland currently implementing or planning to implement OpenOffice; Alingsås, Falköping and Kungälv. The methods of data collection used in the study were semi-structured interviews with IT managers, such as IT strategists and Chief Information Officers (CIOs), in each municipality, and document analysis.

    The findings of the study indicated that one of the municipalities had an IT strategy including strategies for use of open source software. The second municipality planned implementation of OpenOffice but were “between IT strategies”, as the current IT strategy hadn’t been updated for some years. The third municipality had abolished IT strategies, as the difficulties of anchoring strategies on all levels of the organisations were too large. Instead, operative guidelines concerning i.e. the use of open source software were used in IT management. The main driver of implementing OpenOffice was to lower IT costs. The IT managers were well aware of the fact that open source software is not entirely free of cost, but estimated the total cost of ownership of OpenOffice to be less than for Microsoft Office. Perceived barriers of implementation and use of OpenOffice were lack of standardisation with current administrative and enterprise systems used in the municipalities as well as a general lack of knowledge and familiarity with open source software among staff. There were also a genuine concern over the possibility of the community of OpenOffice developers leaving the program and its users to embark on new open source software project. The traditional relationship between systems suppliers and customers was perceived to disappear and be replaced with a much more uncertain business relationship. Further research in a larger number of Swedish municipalities is needed in order to increase the understanding of the circumstances of migration to open source software in municipalities.

  • 244.
    Agic, Elif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Normkollision mellan skatteavtal och intern rätt: - särskilt om interna motverkansåtgärder2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the ruling of RÅ 1996 ref. 84, it appears that in addition to the rules of interpretation arising under the Vienna Convention, it should also be given importance to the OECD Model Convention and its Commentary in the interpretation of tax treaties. The 2003 revision of the Commentary on Article 1 of the OECD Model Convention highlights the relationship between domestic anti-avoidance rules and tax treaties. The Commentary states that the domestic anti-avoidance rules should be given preference if there is clear evidence of a tax treaty abuse. In the ruling of 2010 ref. 112 HFD pronounced that national law may take precedence over a tax treaty if the legislature gave clear expression to the objective of the new law that it shall apply irrespective of the tax treaty.

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze whether domestic anti-avoidance rules is a legitimate reason to deny or limit the tax benefits of a tax treaty, and to analyze how HFD ruled in the area of ​​rule competition, between tax treaties and domestic law.

    The conclusions presented in this thesis is that a transaction that violates domestic anti-avoidance rules not always violate tax treaties, which means that there may be situations where they conflict with each other. If it is a legitimate reason to give preference to domestic anti-avoidance rules depends on what position you have to the measures. One aspect is that a state would violate its obligations under international law if it would give preference to anti-avoidance rules before older tax treaties. The other aspect is that it is to be considered a legitimate reason since this would prevent tax payers attempt to evade tax which is not prevented by the tax treaty.

  • 245.
    Agic, Haris
    et al.
    Tema teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Föräldrastödsprogram för utrikesfödda föräldrar: Vad händer när manualbaserade föräldrastödsprogram översätts och implementeras i svensk kontext?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 5, p. 545-552Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare år har ett antal program som t.ex. Community Parent Education Program (COPE) initierats för att främja barns hälsa och psykosociala utveckling. COPE är ett manualbaserat program som ofta används som del i de föräldrautbildningar som ges i invandrartäta områden. COPE utvecklades i Kanada och vid användningen i Sverige översätts materialet. Program erbjuds på språk som t.ex. arabiska och somaliska och när dessa kurser ges översätts materialet ytterligare. I artikeln undersöks vad som händer när ett manualbaserat program översätts och implementeras i svensk kontext. Studien visar att de samtalsledare som leder programmen strävar efter manualtrogenhet, men att översättningar och kulturella anpassningar sker för att de utrikesfödda deltagarna ska förstå programmet. Många föräldrar är dock nöjda med och känner sig stärkta i sitt föräldraskap efter att ha genomgått COPE programmen.

  • 246.
    Agndal, Henrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Internationalisation as a process of strategy and change: A study of 16 Swedish industrial SMEs2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis reports a study of the internationalisation processes of 16 industrial SMEs located in the county of Jönköping (Sweden). More specifically, it identifies changes in international strategies, identifies reasons why changes are undertaken and discusses how these changes can be understood when placed in the context of the internationalisation process.

    The findings show that industrial SME managers tend to stress the importance of foreign sales but are often much more reluctant to buy products abroad. This means that while changes in foreign sales market strategy occur frequently in many firms, the process of foreign sourcing market expansion unfolds more slowly, involving fewer markets. The findings also indicate preferences for a low degree of complexity in foreign sales and purchasing. Therefore, industrial SMEs typically become involved in more complex ventures like foreign subsidiaries only when this is perceived as necessary, for example when there is risk of losing a foreign market.

    Mostly, changes in industrial SMEs’ international strategies are undertaken as responses to external opportunities, such as unsolicited orders. Changes much less frequently find their origin in internal initiatives. This pattern appears to pervade throughout the internationalisation process, even if a more critical attitude towards potential changes arises with increasing experience.

  • 247.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Pereseina, Veronika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    From product through service and solution to performance: Value propositions, interaction patterns and capabilities2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper explores differences in inter- and intra-organizational interaction patterns depending on the nature of customer value propositions. It also discusses capabilities related to these value propositions.

    Design/Methodology/Approach – We perform a case study of the evolving value propositions of a Swedish truck manufacturer. Interviews are conducted with key representatives of the manufacturer, dealers, customers, and customers’ customers. We draw on literature in the business marketing and purchasing area.

    Findings – The manufacturer makes four types of value propositions (cf. Anderson et al., 2006) associated with different interaction patterns. (1) A first type involves a basic product, i.e. a vehicle along with basic services, such as a warranty. The sales process represents a short dealer-customer negotiation to determine truck customization and price and is a general solution to a general problem. Interaction remains simple throughout the truck’s operating cycle; feedback to the product development and manufacturing function comes mainly from the manufacturer’s service organization. (2) A second type of value proposition involves optional add-on services that support the use of the product, such as repairs and maintenance, tire replacement, financing, and insurance. Although each service component is standardized, the package of services is selected by the buyer based on its needs. Interaction in regard to purchase and use is therefore more complex and ongoing. (3) In a third type, the customer buys truck(s) and services as an integrated solution to its specific sourcing problem. This requires a deeper understanding of how the customer uses trucks. Such an analysis relies on interaction between the manufacturer’s sales representatives and various functions at the customer. As the truck is used, interaction between manufacturer and customer is continuous. E.g., driving patterns can be analyzed and driving training be tailored to the needs of the customer; service needs are monitored, etc. (4) A fourth type involves not only a solution to a sourcing problem, but a co-created solution to support the customer’s value-creation. The customer buys solution performance that supports its revenue generation, not just its efforts to reduce costs. A deep understanding of the customer’s business is required with a focus on how the customer uses trucks to support its customers’ value creation. As payment is based on uptime (or other form of utilization), knowledge of truck usage is also needed by the manufacturer to determine price per km and to set service level agreement. Interaction is continuous and complex, with the manufacturer’s service organization taking over part of fleet management from the customer. These value propositions exist simultaneously and place very different demands on capabilities, which increase in number and particularity with more complex value propositions.

    Originality/value – We empirically identify four distinct value propositions that rely on different inter- and intra-organizational interaction patterns and require different capabilities.

  • 248.
    Agndal, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Pereseina, Veronika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Cui, Lianguang
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Market innovation in the transport and heavy vehicle market2015In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual NOFOMA-Conference, Molde, 3-5 June, 2015., 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to generate a greater understanding of the interrelatedness of new business models in the truck market and developments in the road transport sector.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Based on a three year research project in cooperation with a European heavy vehicle manufacturer, we present short case descriptions showing some of the main developments in the European trucking and transport markets. 

    Findings

    New business models emerge both in the heavy vehicle and transportation markets, in complex ways involving multiple actors.  The impetus for the models can come from several direction but the final impact must be negotiated and cannot be planned by a single actor.

    Research limitations/implications

    The research looks at a selection of cases and business models to demonstrate changes and the relations between the markets, and does not claim to be exhaustive in terms of the different business models in the European market. 

    Practical implications

    There is a distinct trend to greater specialization and the need for innovation to survive given the strong pressures in the commoditized transport market. Our findings show conflicting trends in terms of social implications, with improved ecological impact but the risk of worse conditions for driver. 

    Original/value

    The paper considers the development of new business models and implications on the market from the point of view of the firms actually using the business models.  This shows how different business models can co-exist and involve different types of rationalities.

  • 249.
    Agu, Onyekachi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Hertzberg, Alexander
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    A Theoretical Investigation into the Pricing of Credit Default Swaps: The Role of Reflexivity and the Impact of Asymmetry2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mathematical and quantitative sophistication provide financial institutions with scientific methods to price (over the counter) derivative products by the use of historical data and inputs. These inputs attempt to reflect the underlying reality within a company or economy quantitatively. This paper attempts to show how human perceptions based on input metrics that are used to help determine reality do not always offer reliable reflections of the underlying true picture. As a result of these misconceptions within derivative modelling we argue that risk managers must be able to overcome aspects of hidden risk in order to reduce large asymmetric losses within financial institutions.

  • 250.
    Aguero, Katherine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The Shining Path: An Analysis of a Terrorist Organization's Power2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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