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  • 19801.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Lee, Cindy Ching Siang
    Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Centre for Nursing Studies, Singapore.
    A systematic review of clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing students2015In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 347-359Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Consolidated clinical practicum prepares pre-registration nursing students to function as beginning practitioners. The clinical competencies of final-year nursing students provide a key indication of professional standards of practice and patient safety. Thus, clinical assessment of nursing students is a crucial issue for educators and administrators.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the clinical competency assessment for undergraduate nursing students.

    DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and EBSCO were systematically searched from January 2000 to December 2013.

    METHODS: The systematic review was in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Published quantitative and qualitative studies that examined clinical assessment practices and tools used in clinical nursing education were retrieved. Quality assessment, data extraction, and analysis were completed on all included studies.

    RESULTS: This review screened 2073 titles, abstracts and full-text records, resulting in 33 included studies. Two reviewers assessed the quality of the included studies. Fourteen quantitative and qualitative studies were identified for this evaluation. The evidence was ordered into emergent themes; the overarching themes were current practices in clinical assessment, issues of learning and assessment, development of assessment tools, and reliability and validity of assessment tools.

    CONCLUSION: There is a need to develop a holistic clinical assessment tool with reasonable level of validity and reliability. Clinical assessment is a robust activity and requires collaboration between clinical partners and academia to enhance the clinical experiences of students, the professional development of preceptors, and the clinical credibility of academics.

  • 19802.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Clinical nurse leaders’ and academics’ perspectives on clinical assessment of final-year nursing students: a qualitative study2017In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 287-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted. Four overriding themes were revealed: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool, preceptors' competency in clinical assessment, challenges encountered by the students in clinical assessment, and the need for close academic and clinical collaboration to support preceptors and students. Closer academic-clinical partnership is recommended to review the clinical education curriculum. Clinical and educational institutions need to work closely to design a learning program to enhance preceptors' competence in clinical pedagogy and assessment. Furthermore, a stress management program could build students' resiliency in coping with unfamiliar clinical environments. Ongoing support needs to be provided for both preceptors and students to enrich the preceptorship and learning experiences.

  • 19803.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. National University of Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    National University of Singapore.
    Development and psychometric testing of Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) for undergraduate nursing students2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, p. 1-9, article id 248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complexprocess due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. A holistic approach in assessment of competency is advocated.Difficulties in the development of valid and reliable assessment measures in nursing competency have resulted in thedevelopment of assessment instruments with an increase in face and content validity, but few studies have testedthese instruments psychometrically. It is essential to develop a holistic assessment tool to meet the needs of the clinicaleducation. The study aims to develop a Holistic Clinical Assessment Tool (HCAT) and test its psychometric properties.

    Methods:The HCAT was developed based on the systematic literature review and the findings of qualitative studies.An expert panel was invited to evaluate the content validity of the tool. A total of 130 final-year nursing undergraduatestudents were recruited to evaluate the psychometric properties (i.e. factor structure, internal consistency and test-retestreliability) of the tool.

    Results:The HCAT has good content validity with content validity index of .979. The exploratory factor analysis revealsa four-factor structure of the tool. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the HCAT are satisfactory withCronbach alpha ranging from .789 to .965 and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient ranging from .881 to .979 for the foursubscales and total scale.

    Conclusions:HCAT has the potential to be used as a valid measure to evaluate clinical competence in nursingstudents, and provide specific and ongoing feedback to enhance the holistic clinical learning experience. In addition,HCAT functions as a tool for self-reflection, peer-assessment and guides preceptors in clinical teaching and assessment.

  • 19804.
    Wu, Xi Vivien
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.
    Pua, Lay Hoon
    Department of Education and Practice, Nursing Service, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.
    Heng, Doreen Gek Noi
    Nursing Education, National University Hospital, Singapore.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Undergraduate nursing students' perspectives on clinical assessment at transition to practice2015In: Contemporary Nurse: health care across the lifespan, ISSN 1037-6178, E-ISSN 1839-3535, Vol. 51, no 2-3, p. 272-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Assessment of clinical competence requires explicitly defined standards meeting the national standards of the nursing profession. This is a complex process because of the diverse nature of nursing practice.

    OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of final-year undergraduate nursing students regarding clinical assessment at transition to practice.

    METHODS: An exploratory qualitative approach was adopted. Twenty-four students participated in three focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted.

    FINDINGS: Five themes emerged: the need for a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool, the need for a flexible style of reflection and specific feedback, the dynamic clinical learning environment, students' efforts in learning and assessment, and the unclear support system for preceptors.

    CONCLUSIONS: Workload, time, resource availability, adequate preparation of preceptors, and the provision of valid and reliable clinical assessment tools were deemed to influence the quality of students' clinical learning and assessment. Nursing leadership in hospitals and educational institutions has a joint responsibility in shaping the clinical learning environment and providing clinical assessments for the students.

  • 19805.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and CERBE.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and Ratio institute.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Liquidity risk and yield spreads of green bonds2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

  • 19806.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The impact of liquidity risk on the yield spread of green bonds2018In: Finance Research Letters, ISSN 1544-6123, E-ISSN 1544-6131, Vol. 27, p. 53-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-02-24 00:00
  • 19807. Wulf, Inge
    et al.
    Inwinkl, Petra
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Ökologische Aspekte in der CSR-Berichterstattung deutscher und schwedischer Unternehmen: [Ecological aspects in the CSR reporting of German and Swedish companies]2018In: Zeitschrift für Umweltpolitik und Umweltrecht, ISSN 0931-0983, no 4, p. 468-506Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19808.
    Wunderlich, R. K.
    et al.
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Fecht, Hans-Jörg
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Egry, Ivan
    DLR, Germany.
    Etay, J.
    Battezzati, L.
    University of Turin, Italy.
    Ricci, E.
    IENI, Italy.
    Matsushita, Taishi
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Seetharaman, Seshadri
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Thermophysical properties of a Fe-Cr-Mo Alloy in the solid and liquid phase2012In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, E-ISSN 1869-344X, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 43-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of a thermophysical characterization of a Fe-Cr-Mo alloy in the solid and liquid phases are reported. Methods applied include calorimetry, dilatometry; the laser flash technique for thermal diffusivity measurement and ultrasound pulse echo for the measurement of the room temperature sound velocities and elastic constants. Density in the liquid phase and surface tension were measured by optical dilatometry and by the oscillating drop method on electromagnetic levitated specimen. In addition, surface tension and viscosity were measured by the oscillating drop method on board parabolic flights under reduced gravity conditions. The methods applied and results obtained are presented. This work represents a collaborative effort, including round robin measurements in different laboratories for a characterization of the basic thermophysical properties needed for process simulation.

  • 19809.
    Wunderlich, Rainer
    et al.
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Matsushita, Taishi
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Brooks, Rob
    NPL, UK.
    Seetharaman, Seshadri
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Fecht, Hans-Jörg
    Ulm University, Germany.
    Thermophysical and Structural Properties of a Gamma TiAl Alloy in the Temperature Range of 50 – 900oC2008In: Meeting: 2008 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19810.
    Wächter, Thomas
    et al.
    TU Dresden.
    Tan, He
    (Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems.
    Wobst, André
    TU Dresden.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    (Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems.
    Schroeder, Michael
    TU Dresden.
    A Corpus-driven Approach for Design, Evolution and Alignment of Ontologies2006In: Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2006, WSC 06, 2006, p. 1595-1602Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bio-ontologies are hierarchical vocabularies, which are used to annotate other data sources such as sequence and structure databases. With the wide use of ontologies their integration, design, and evolution becomes an important problem. We show how textmining on relevant text corpora can be used to identify matching ontology terms of two separate ontologies and to propose new ontology terms for a given term. We evaluate these approaches on the GeneOntology

  • 19811.
    Wäfler, Toni
    et al.
    University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland.
    Von der Weth, Rüdiger
    University of Applied Sciences Dresden.
    Karltun, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Starker, Ulrike
    University av Bamberg.
    Gärtner, Kathrin
    University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland.
    Gasser, Roland
    University of Toronto.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Human Control Capabilities2011In: Behavioral Operations in Planning and Scheduling / [ed] Jan C. Fransoo, Toni Wäfler, John Wilson, Springer, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter has been triggered by the experience that the implementation of new information technology (IT) supporting planning, scheduling, and control – although being more sophisticated than earlier systems – does not necessarily result in better control. Also, the experience was made that the implementation of the same IT leads to different results in similar organisations. Against this background, we introduce a process model of control (Sect. 10.2). The model proposes a set of interrelated factors determining control. At its core it assumes that control results as a fit of control requirements and control behaviour. The former is determined by operational uncertainties the latter by control opportunities, control skills and control motivation. Since the implementation of a new IT can have an impact on all these factors it can lead to a misfit of control behaviour and control requirements and hence to low control – even if the new IT itself is more powerful than the old IT. Furthermore, we also discuss motivational influences these changes may have on human behaviour (Sect. 10.3). Finally we derive some practical dos and don’ts when implementing new IT (Sect. 10.4).

  • 19812. Wägsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Hugander, Anders
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Expression of interleukin-17 in human colorectal cancer2006In: Anticancer Research, ISSN 0250-7005, E-ISSN 1791-7530, Vol. 26, no 6B, p. 4213-4216Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19813.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    A Full-Scale Light Laboratory in a Public Space2011In: Convention Proceedings from PLDC 3rd Global lighting Design Convention, 19–22 October, 2011 in Madrid, Spain, Gütersloh, Germany: VIA-Verlag , 2011, p. 69-72Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19814.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    ching spatial complexity through a combined method strategy: appearance of multiple lighting design scenarios in a single space2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19815.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Light shapes spaces: experience of distribution of light and visual spatial boundaries2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Light enables us to experience space. The distribution of light is vital for spatial experience but has not been the main focus of previous research on lighting. The lighting designer’s professional knowledge is to a great extent experience-based and tacit. With design practice as the point of departure, this thesis aims to explore spatiality and enclosure in relation to the distribution of light – with the intention of increasing subjects’ understanding of what can be regarded as a space, and to show how spaces can be shaped by the distribution of light. By focusing on users’ experiences and interpretations, relationships between the distribution of light and perceived spatial dimensions and experienced spatial atmosphere have been investigated. The main contribution of this thesis is to widen the base of knowledge that lighting designers, architects and customers can use as a common reference. This thesis is based on three studies: the Scale Model Study, the Auditorium Study and the Church Park Study. The thesis includes concept- and method development. The mixed methodologies comprise a range from introspective phenomenological observations to deep interviews and questionnaires. The experimental setups have also shifted from scale models to real-life interior and exterior settings. Consequently, a quantitative approach has complemented the mainly qualitative approach. Through artistically based research, patterns and relationships are dealt with in complex real spaces. The findings of these studies lead to a discussion of when, why and how patterns of brightness and darkness influence spatial perceptions of dimensions. The findings also show that brightness not only contributes to our experiencing a space as more spacious than it really is, but in certain situations brightness can actually have the reverse effect. Furthermore, darkness can contribute to a spacious impression, which has hardly been discussed in previous research. What subjects regard as a space may shift between the clearly defined physical space and the perceived space, which include light zones. Light zones can create a sense of inclusion or exclusion for subjects, which affects their sense of community and their feeling of safety. Light topography, e.g. the height of luminaire positions, as well as light direction influence the way we experience the private and the public. Enclosure can, if related to visible spatial boundaries, facilitate reassurance and safety.

  • 19816.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Lighting Design Research in Public Space: A Holistic Approach to a Complex Reality2011In: Proceedings from the 27 Session of the CIE. International conference in Sun City, South Africa 10–15 July 2011, Volume 1, part 2, International Commission on Illumination , 2011, p. 767-776Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19817.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Ljusdesign och rumsgestaltning2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från förlagets webbplats:

    Hur påverkar belysningen hur vi ser och upplever rum? Att uppfatta rum visuellt är inte alls samma sak som att utgå från det fysiskt mätbara rummet. Är det ljus eller mörker som gör att en yta uppfattas ligga längre bort? Kan ljuset påverka den sociala dynamiken i ett rum? Hur kan man öka trygghetskänslan på en plats? Kan ett rum uppfattas som mer eller mindre rumsligt? Den här boken ger svar och stimulerar till nya frågor.

    I boken varvas teori om perception, ljus och rum med praktiska tips om analysmetoder och skissteknik. Den ger grundkunskap i arkitektonisk ljusdesign men presenterar inga färdiga lösningar. Den uppgiften – att skapa ljusmiljöerna – är din!

  • 19818.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Observations of spatial atmosphere in relation to light distribution2006In: Proceedings from the 5th conference on design and emotion, Gothenburg: Department of product and production development, division design, Chalmers university of Technology , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this design research is to increase the understanding of lighting quality by supplementing existing illumination knowledge with visual evaluation of light distribution in three-dimensional rooms. This paper is based on a pilot study including observations of twelve different lighting situations in two comparable scale-model rooms. The discussion that follows focuses the relation between light distribution and experienced spatial atmosphere. The primary purpose with the pilot study was to investigate methods to observe, as well as to develop hypotheses, about spatial atmosphere experience in relation to light distribution. Additionally, descriptive concepts are formulated. Furthermore, the consequences for spatial atmosphere experience are discussed in terms of light-pattern, rhythm and the experience of being enclosed or excluded by the light-room. A main result is how light distribution seems to affect if a room is experienced as understandable or confusing, calm or active. Light patterns on walls and in the ceiling seem to be more important than on the floor, yet a light patched floor may have large impact on the whole room atmosphere. Moreover the findings indicate a relationship between hard or soft light contrasts and warm or cold colour experiences.

  • 19819.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Rhythm in illumination created by static light patterns2013In: Proceedings of CIE centenary conference "Towards a New Century of Light": Paris, France, 15-16 April 2013, Vienna: The International Commission on Illumination, 2013, p. 1101-1106Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19820.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Spatial enclosedness & lighting quality: light distribution studies in scale model room2006Report (Other academic)
  • 19821.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Göteborgs universitet, Högskolan för design och konsthantverk.
    Spatial Interpretations in Relation to Designer Intentions: A Combined Strategies Study in an Auditorium with Variable Lighting2010In: Colour and light in Architecture: International Conference, 11-12 November 2010 : proceedings / [ed] Pietro Zennaro, Venice: IUAV , 2010, p. 258-263Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a lighting designer perspective, it is of great interest to know if users will experience the final lighting design as it was in-tended to be experienced. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to interview the lighting designer in charge about his design intentions and compare this to the user’s visual observations. The investigation took place in a real-life university auditorium, where it was possible to monitor the lighting, made up of five different scenarios. 21 informants participated in the study. Combined strategies were used in a questionnaire with semantic scales and a verbal description. In addition to these, the inquiry was followed by in-depth interviews. How the various lighting scenarios affected experienced spatiality, size and shape as well as spatial atmos-phere were compared to the design intentions. Discrepancies between the observers’ spatial interpretations and the interpretation of spatial concepts are also discussed in relation to the lighting design.

  • 19822.
    Wänström Lindh, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Understanding the Space: How Distribution of Light Influences Spatiality2013In: Crafting the Future - 10th European Academy of Design Conference, European Academy of Design, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to existing research by showing the influence of the distribution of light on the perception of a space. It addresses the importance of conceptual awareness and the impact of informants' possible pre-understandings. It combines and develops research methods that can accommodate the complexity of real spaces through patterns and relationships. Additionally, it includes concept development of spatial understanding. This primarily qualitative approach of dealing with complex spaces provides a new and unique contribution to the field of lighting research. This lighting design research consists of experimental studies within three different complex spatial contexts, from scale models to interior and exterior spaces. The importance of visual spatial boundaries and brightness patterns are discussed in relation to enclosure, perceived dimensions and atmosphere. It is more cost effective to make a space more spacious by changing the distribution of light than by changing the physical space through alterations. Light may generally have an enlarging effect, though sometimes it can have the opposite effect. This paper addresses how the placement of luminaires, the direction of light and the focus and spread of the light impact the perceived spatial dimensions and experience of atmosphere. A light zone can include as well as exclude participants. A focused light may call for attention, causing an audience to lower its speaking volume. Distribution of light is also useful for dividing a large office landscape into spatial units. The light topography—the upper boundary created by the heights of luminaires in a space—and light direction are factors of empowerment. A clearly defined, tangible space seems to also contribute to an experience of safety. Illuminated vertical surfaces can contribute to a clear overview and a clearly defined space that is experienced as having a sheltering and embracing effect.

  • 19823. Wärdig, Rikard Erik
    et al.
    Bachrach-Lindström, Margareta
    Foldemo, Anniqa
    Lindström, Torbjörn
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Prerequisites for a healthy lifestyle-experiences of persons with psychosis.2013In: Issues in mental health nursing, ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 602-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore prerequisites for a healthy lifestyle as described by individuals diagnosed with psychosis. Forty participants who had performed a lifestyle intervention focusing on physical activities and lifestyle education were interviewed. Conventional content analysis was used. The results are described in two categories: (1) Individual Prerequisites and (2) Being a Part of Society. The individuals said that they got stuck in a state of planning without taking action. It was pointless to make a bigger effort because the psychotic disorder could, at any time, worsen the prerequisites. They also said that they wanted to live like everybody else and therefore tried to adopt a normal lifestyle. Future interventions or professional support by mental health nurses and other health care givers should target the transition from planning to action to achieve a healthy lifestyle, and should help the individual to taking part in society.

  • 19824.
    Wärdig, Rikard Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings University, Department of Nursing Sciences, Department of Health and Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Foldemo, Anniqa
    Linköpings University, Department of Nursing Sciences, Department of Health and Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Lindström, Torbjörn
    Linköpings University, Department of Internal Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden .
    Bachrach-Lindström, Margareta
    Linköpings University, Department of Nursing Sciences, Department of Health and Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    An Intervention with Physical Activity and Lifestyle Counseling Improves Health-Related Quality of Life and Shows Small Improvements in Metabolic Risks in Persons with Psychosis2016In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 43-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research studied the effects of a lifestyle intervention on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and metabolic risk factors in persons with psychosis, using a longitudinal intervention design with a matched reference sample. In participants in the intervention group, scores on the EQ-VAS, which measured HRQoL, improved from 57.6 to 63.3 (SD = 17.8) (p = 0.05), and HDL cholesterol concentration increased from 1.03 to 1.11 (0.19) mmol/l. (p = 0.02). There was no significant change in body weight among participants. The results of this study indicate that a lifestyle intervention based on group meetings improves HRQoL in patients with psychosis and provides small improvements in metabolic risk factors. 

  • 19825.
    Wärneståhl, Pontus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD. Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Building an Experience Framework for a Digital Peer Support Service for Children Surviving from Cancer2013In: IDC '13: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children, New York: ACM , 2013, Vol. IDC'13, p. 269-272Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Childhood cancer survivors adjust to the physical, mental, and social difficulties associated with their illness and treatment. This process can be facilitated by social support from peers. For children, this is often problematic due to geographical, clinical, and age-related limitations. This paper reports on a stakeholder assessment study that confirms the relevance of a digital peer support service for childhood cancer survivors. The analysis establishes where in the existing health care process the digital peer support service should be introduced, what actors play a key role in facilitating service onboarding and use, and characterizes desirable user experience qualities. The analysis also yields a collection of design challenges to be addressed in the development of the digital peer support service.

  • 19826. Wågsater, Dick
    et al.
    Mumtaz, Melad
    Lofgren, Sture
    Hugander, Anders
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Resistin in Human Colorectal Cancer: Increased Expression Independently of Resistin Promoter -420C>G genotype.2008In: Cancer Investigation, ISSN 0735-7907, E-ISSN 1532-4192, Vol. 26, no 10, p. 1008-1014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -420C> G of the resistin gene was screened in 248 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and 256 controls. No significant difference in genotype distribution was found. However, we found an upregulation in 92% of the samples in the levels of resistin protein in cancer tissue (n = 83). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed heterogenous staining of resistin predominantly in the cancer tissue. Further, resistin induced secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9 from monocytes. The results of this study suggest that resistin may play a partial role in CRC but that the -420C> G resistin polymorphism is not a potential genetic susceptibility factor.

  • 19827. Wågsäter, D
    et al.
    Sirsjö, A
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Down-regulation of ID2 by all-trans retinoic acid in monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1)2003In: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1756-9966, E-ISSN 1756-9966, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 471-475Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19828. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Dienus, Olaf
    Löfgren, Sture
    Hugander, Anders
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Quantification of the chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 in human colorectal adenocarcinomas2008In: Molecular Medicine Reports, ISSN 1791-2997, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 211-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemokines are believed to play a crucial role in local immunoresponse by regulating leukocyte movement in various tissues, including the intestinal mucosa. It has been suggested that they are key players in cancer biology, and several studies have identified leukocyte infiltration as a hallmark of most cancers. The chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 attract CCR4-bearing cells, which are especially polarised to Th2-type cells and regulatory T cells (Treg). Recent studies have revealed the participation of the CCL17 and CCL22 proteins in diseases such as atopic dermatitis and lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of CCL17 and CCL22 protein expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to ascertain whether an association exists between promoter -431C>T CCL17 and -961G>A CCL22 gene polymorphisms in CRC versus non-CRC subjects. Using the ELISA assay, we noted a significantly higher expression of CCL22 in tumour tissue with a 2.3-fold up-regulation (tumour vs. paired normal tissue, n=78) but no significant difference in CCL17 protein expression. Immunohistochemistry revealed protein expression of CCL22 and CCL17 in the epithelial compartment of cancer tissue, in epithelial cells at the resection border that reflects normal tissue, and in some stromal cells such as lymphocytes, macrophages, and fibroblasts. Using a TaqMan system we screened for -431C>T CCL17 and -961G>A CCL22 gene variants in 245 CRC patients and 256 controls, but could not find any significant difference in genotype distribution or in allelic frequencies between the two groups. The genotype and allelic distributions of CRC patients were not related to tissue levels of CCL17 and CCL22 protein, and none of the variables were associated with plasma levels or clinical characteristics. To ascertain whether the tissue expression of CCL17 and CCL22 exerts an influence oil the pathogenesis of CRC, a forthcoming study oil the 5-year survival rate of CRC patients will be conducted.

  • 19829. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Expression of chemokine receptor CXCR6 in human colorectal adenocarcinomas.2004In: Anticancer Research, ISSN 0250-7005, E-ISSN 1791-7530, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 3711-3714Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19830. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Hugander, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Sirsjö, Allan
    Ghaderi, Mehran
    Analysis of MICA gene transcripts in human rectal cancers2003In: Anticancer Research, ISSN 0250-7005, E-ISSN 1791-7530, Vol. 23, no 3B, p. 2525-2529Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19831. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Sirsjö, Allan
    Induction of ATP-binding cassette A1 by all-trans retinoic acid: possible role of liver X receptor-alpha.2003In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, ISSN 1107-3756, E-ISSN 1791-244X, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 419-423Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19832. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Hugander, Anders
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Expression of CXCL16 in human rectal cancer.2004In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, ISSN 1107-3756, E-ISSN 1791-244X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 65-69Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19833. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Jatta, Ken
    Ocaya, Pauline
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Sirsjo, Allan
    Expression of IL-1beta, IL-1 receptor type I and IL-1 receptor antagonist in human aortic smooth muscle cells: effects of all-trans-retinoic acid.2006In: Journal of Vascular Research, ISSN 1018-1172, E-ISSN 1423-0135, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 377-382Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19834. Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Hugander, Anders
    Dienus, Olaf
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter and protein expression of the chemokine eotaxin-1 in colorectal cancer patients2007In: World Journal of Surgical Oncology, ISSN 1477-7819, E-ISSN 1477-7819, Vol. 5, p. 84-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19835.
    Wågsäter, Dick
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Löfgren, Sture
    Ryhov County Hospital.
    Zar, Niklas
    Ryhov County Hospital.
    Hugander, Anders
    Ryhov County Hospital.
    Dimberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Pigment epithelium-derived factor expression in colorectal cancer patients2010In: Cancer Investigation, ISSN 0735-7907, E-ISSN 1532-4192, Vol. 28, no 8, p. 872-877Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19836.
    Wåhlin, Monica
    et al.
    Department of Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, County Council of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Stjernman, Henrik
    Department of Medicine, County Hospital Ryhov, County Council of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Munck, Berit
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Disease-related worries in persons with Crohn disease: An interview study2019In: Gastroenterology Nursing, ISSN 1042-895X, E-ISSN 1538-9766, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 435-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Crohn disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, affects everyday life, impairs quality of life, and creates worries. This study explored disease-related worries in persons with Crohn disease to gain deeper insight into how this worry is experienced and handled. Eight women and 4 men with Crohn disease who reported their disease-related worries as high or very high in a questionnaire were interviewed. The interviews were evaluated by qualitative content analysis, generating 3 categories: worries about the disease itself; feelings related to the worries; and management of the worries. The unpredictable course of the disease, impaired function due to fatigue, and lack of bowel control were the most prominent causes of worry. The worries created feelings of stress, guilt, and frustration. The participants expressed a need to talk about their worries, to make them visible and recognized, and to be understood. The participants found individual ways to handle the worries. Actively gaining control by changing focus, performing relaxation exercises, and seeking information were important self-care strategies. In addition, a strong and partially unmet need for expressing and venting concerns to one's caregiver was identified.

  • 19837. Wårdh, I
    et al.
    Paulsson, G
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Nursing staff's understanding of oral health care for patients with cancer diagnoses: a intervention study2009In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 799-806Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19838.
    Wójcik, N. A.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden and Gdańsk University of Technology, Gdańsk, Poland.
    Jonson, B.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Möncke, D.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden and Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, Athens, Greece.
    Palles, D.
    Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, Athens, Greece.
    Kamitsos, E. I.
    Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, Athens, Greece.
    Ghassemali, Ehsan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.
    Eriksson, Mirva
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Influence of synthesis conditions on glass formation, structure and thermal properties in the Na2O-CaO-P2O5 system doped with Si3N4 and Mg2018In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN 0022-3093, E-ISSN 1873-4812, Vol. 494, p. 66-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxynitride phosphate glasses and glass-ceramics were prepared using new synthesis routes for phosphate glasses. Materials were melted from pre-prepared glass samples in the system Na-Ca-P-O with addition of Mg and/or Si3N4 powders under different preparation conditions. The melting process was conducted at 1000–1500 °C either under air or nitrogen atmosphere to obtain materials with different nitrogen content. Their topography and structure were characterized by Confocal Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and Raman and infrared spectroscopy techniques, while their chemical compositions were examined by Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). All materials prepared under nitrogen atmosphere were found to contain a relative low quantity of nitrogen and high amount of Nb leached from the crucible. The reaction with the Nb crucible was not previously observed for silicon-based oxynitride glasses. The synthesized materials form two groups: glasses and glass-ceramics. The first ones, were prepared under air and nitrogen atmospheres at temperatures up to 1400 °C, and were found to be amorphous and homogeneous. Raman and infrared spectroscopy measurements confirm the presence of amorphous phosphates in the synthesized materials. The samples of the second group were prepared at temperatures above 1400 °C and were found to be translucent and partially crystallized. They contain nanocrystallites of calcium and sodium phosphates including hydroxyapatite (HAp). The thermal properties of samples were studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The obtained glass transition temperatures range from about 360 °C to 640 °C and exhibit high values for glass-ceramic materials. Stability is improved in the studied glass-ceramics because of the increased degree of network polymerization of the remaining glassy matrix. The approximate fragility index decreases two times for oxynitride materials compared to the primary glass. The synthesized new materials may be competitive to well-known bioactive phosphate glasses thanks to their improved stability by Mg, Si, N and Nb doping.

  • 19839.
    Xheneti, Mirela
    et al.
    University of Sussex, UK.
    Smallbone, David
    Kingston University Business School, UK.
    Welter, Friederike
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    EU enlargement effects on cross-border informal entrepreneurial activities2013In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 314-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Borderlands, as spaces of various forms of entrepreneurial activities, offer rich examples of informal entrepreneurial activities that depend on the border location to be developed and sustained. Although the socioeconomic contributions of informal activities have been widely acknowledged, little research has been conducted on the ways that enlargement of the European Union (EU), by affecting the openness/closedness of borders, affected the nature and extent of cross-border informal entrepreneurial activities (IEAs). Recognizing the heterogeneity of border regions, in terms of formal and social institutional structures, linguistics and ethnicity, the paper offers a nuanced and extended understanding of the difference the geography of borders, broadly defined, makes to the diversity and persistence/disappearance of cross-border IEAs since EU enlargement. Using qualitative data from interviews collected with households involved in cross-border IEAs in several EU border regions, the paper indicates that cross-border IEAs have a time dimension, reflected in the pre- and post-enlargement changes to the intensity of these activities, as well as a regional dimension, reflected in various dichotomies such as impoverished/affluent, socioculturally proximate/distant and hard/soft borders, reflected in the forms, enablers and constraints of such activities. The paper illustrates how the spatial, economic, institutional and sociocultural characteristics of a context overlap, dominate or recede at different points in time to facilitate/inhibit different forms of entrepreneurial behaviour and to encourage the involvement of, or empower, different groups of people. Thus, context, in all its dimensions, remains an important factor for spatial and temporal explanations of cross-border IEAs as particular forms of entrepreneurial activity.

  • 19840.
    Xu, Youzhi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Department of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University.
    A VLSI design for universal Reed-Solomon erasure decoder2002In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Signal Processing, ICSP’02, Beijing, China, Aug, 27-30, 2002, IEEE , 2002, p. 398-401Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an encoding and decoding algorithm of universal Reed-Solomon codes for erasure decoding. It is shown that the algorithms can be implemented with simple, regular and modular circuits, naturally suitable for VLSI design. A typical example shows that the signal processing speed is in the order of Gbits/second and the processing delay is less than one millisecond, by the use of the decoders on a single chip. Here "universal" means that the same code and the same circuit design can be used for different code parameters, such as code length and code rate. Therefore, it can be utilized for different applications to recover lost message.

  • 19841.
    Xu, Youzhi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University.
    Variable shortened-and-punctured Reed-Solomon codes for packet loss protection2002In: IEEE transactions on broadcasting, ISSN 0018-9316, E-ISSN 1557-9611, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 237-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Techniques using Reed-Solomon (RS) codes to recover lost packets in digital video/audio broadcasting and packet switched network communications are reviewed. Usually, different RS codes and their corresponding encoders/decoders are designed and utilized to meet different requirements for different systems and applications. We incorporate these techniques into a variable RS code and present encoding and decoding algorithms suitable for the variable RS code. A mother RS code can be used to produce a variety of RS codes and the same encoder/decoder can be used for all the derivative codes, with adding/detecting zeros, removing some parity symbols and adding erasures. A VLSI implementation for erasure decoding of the variable RS code is described and the achievable performance is quantitatively analyzed. A typical example shows that the signal processing speed is up to 2.5 Gbits/second and the processing delay is less than one millisecond, when integrating the decoder on a single chip. Therefore, the proposed algorithm and the encoder/decoder can universally be utilized for different applications with various requirements, such as transmission data rate, packet length, packet loss protection capacity, as well as layered protection and adaptive redundancy protection in DVB/DAB, Internet and mobile Internet communications.

  • 19842.
    Xu, Yuchun
    et al.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Erkoyuncu, John
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Bankole, O.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Goh, Y.
    Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK.
    Cheung, W. M.
    School of Computing, Engineering and Information Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK.
    Baguley, P.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Wang, Q.
    School of Engineering and Computing Sciences, Durham University, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK.
    Arundachawat, P.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Shehab, E.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Newnes, L.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK.
    Roy, R.
    Manufacturing Department, School of Applied Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK.
    Cost Engineering for Manufacturing: Current and Future Research2012In: International journal of computer integrated manufacturing (Print), ISSN 0951-192X, E-ISSN 1362-3052, Vol. 25, no 4/5, p. 300-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to identify the scientific challenges and point out future research directions on Cost Engineering. The research areas covered in this paper include: Design Cost; Manufacturing Cost; Operating Cost; Life Cycle Cost; Risk & Uncertainty management; Affordability Engineering. Collected information at the academic forum on Cost Engineering held at Cranfield University in 2008 and further literature review findings are presented. The forum set the scope of the Cost Engineering research, a brainstorming was held on the forum and literatures were further reviewed to understand the current and future practices in cost engineering. The main benefits of the paper include coverage of the current research on cost engineering from different perspectives and the future research areas on Cost Engineering.

  • 19843.
    Xu, Z
    et al.
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Qi, X
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Xu, W
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
    Waist-to-height ratio is the best indicator for undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes2013In: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491, Vol. 30, no 6, p. e201-e207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    Early detection of diabetes is important for the prevention of diabetic complications. The best adiposity index for indicating Type 2 diabetes mellitus remains unclear. We aimed to identify the optimal adiposity measure among BMI, waist circumference, waist–hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio to indicate undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Chinese adults.

    Methods

    A total of 7567 participants aged 20–79 years were included in this study. Impaired fasting glucose was defined as a fasting plasma glucose level of 6.1–6.9 mmol/l in participants without diabetes. Undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes was identified as fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/l when neither a history of diabetes nor use of hypoglycaemic drugs was present. Body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were measured following standard procedures. Data were analysed using logistic regression and areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves.

    Results

    Of the 7567 participants, 536 were defined as having impaired fasting glucose and 690 were patients with Type 2 diabetes, including 290 (3.8%) persons with undiagnosed diabetes. In multivariate logistic regression, the odds ratios of waist-to-height ratio (≥ 0.5) were stronger than BMI (≥ 24 kg/m2), waist circumference (≥ 85 cm in men and ≥ 80 cm in women) and waist–hip ratio (≥ 0.85) for undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose. Among the four indices, waist-to-height ratio ≥ 0.5 showed the largest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for diagnosing undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes (0.725, 95% CI 0.693–0.756) and impaired fasting glucose (0.662, 95% CI 0.638–0.687).

    Conclusions

    By comparison with BMI, waist circumference and waist–hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio ≥ 0.5 may be the best indicator for undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose.

  • 19844.
    Xue, Shang
    et al.
    Department of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Department of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University.
    Hybrid Golomb codes for a group of quantised GG sources2003In: IEE Proceedings - Vision Image and Signal Processing, ISSN 1350-245X, E-ISSN 1359-7108, Vol. 150, no 4, p. 256-260Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19845.
    Yaghoobi, Siamak
    et al.
    Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
    Hamidfar, Monadi
    Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
    Lawson, Douglas M.
    University of Calgary, Canada.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Myles, Paul Stewart
    Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
    Validity and reliability of the Iranian version of the quality of recovery-40 questionnaire2015In: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, ISSN 2228-7523, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 1-8, article id e20350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Recovery after anesthesia and surgery is a complex process and depends on many factors such as patient, anesthesia and surgery conditions as well pre-existing comorbidities.

    OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to translate the 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40) into Persian and evaluate its psychometric properties in Iranian patients.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled patients candidate for elective general surgery undergoing general anesthesia from July 2013 to December 2013 at Shahid Rajaee Hospital, Qazvin, Iran. Translation was performed based on Beaton's and Bullinger's recommendations. Estimates of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, predictive validity and clinical validity were performed.

    RESULTS: All estimates of internal consistency were high (Cronbach's alpha = 0.89 for global estimates, subscales between 0.89 and 0.93). All test-retest scores and subscales were between 0.71 and 0.88.The correlation with a recovery visual analogue scale was 0.51, and all subscales correlated significantly with comparable subscales of the SF-36. An exploratory factor analysis found five-components and explained 52% of the variance. A confirmatory factor analysis based on the five-components, yielded good fit statistics (CFI = 0.93).

    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the Persian version of the QoR-40 was both conceptually and linguistically equivalent to the original English QoR-40. This study revealed that the Persian version of the QoR-40 is a valid and reliable instrument to assess the recovery quality in Iranian patients after surgery.

  • 19846.
    Yam, Chun-Wai
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Griffiths, Mark D
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
    Yau, Wai-Yan
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Lo, Cheuk-Long Matthew
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Ng, Jennifer M T
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Leung, Hildie
    Department of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Psychometric Testing of Three Chinese Online-Related Addictive Behavior Instruments among Hong Kong University Students2019In: Psychiatric quarterly, ISSN 0033-2720, E-ISSN 1573-6709, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 117-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given that there is a lack of instruments assessing internet-related addictions among Chinese population, this study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scales- Short Form (IGDS-SF9), Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), and Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) among Hong Kong university students. Participants aged between 17 and 30 years participated in the present study (n = 307; 32.4% males; mean [SD] age = 21.64 [8.11]). All the participants completed the IGDS-SF9, BSMAS, SABAS, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were used to examine the factorial structures and the unidimensionality for IGDS-SF9, BSMAS, and SABAS. CFAs demonstrated that the three scales were all unidimensional with satisfactory fit indices: comparative fit index = 0.969 to 0.992. In addition, the IGDS-SF9 and BSMAS were slightly modified based on the modification index in CFA. The Chinese IGDS-SF9, BSMAS, and SABAS are valid instruments to assess the addiction levels of internet-related activities for Hong Kong university students.

  • 19847.
    Yan, Hairong
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Gidlund, Mikael
    Experimental e-Health Applications in Wireless Sensor Networks2009In: Proceedings - 2009 WRI International Conference on Communications and Mobile Computing, CMC 2009, Jan.6-8, Kunming, China, IEEE , 2009, p. 563-567Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19848.
    Yan, Hairong
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems.
    Xu, Youzhi
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Robust Embedded Systems. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Gidlund, Mikael
    Nohre, Ragnar
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    An experimental study on home-wireless passive positioning2008In: Proceedings of  the 2nd International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (Sensorcomm), August 25-31, 2008, Cap Esterel, France, IEEE , 2008, p. 223-228Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19849.
    Yanagi, Yosuke
    et al.
    Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan.
    Kapilashrami, Era
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Matsushita, Taishi
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mårten, Görnerup
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Seetharaman, Seshadri
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Investigation of the interfacial tension between steel and commercial slag for the optimization of casting in the Swedish steel industry2005In: ICS PROCEEDINGS The 3rd International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmakin, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19850.
    Yarashynskaya, Aksana
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The Development of ICT Industry in Belarus: Impact of Educational and State-Support Policies2018In: Technology Entrepreneurship: Insights In New Technology-Based Firms, Research Spin-Offs And Corporate Environments / [ed] André Presse & Orestis Terzidis, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 201-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Chapter is focused on the analysis of the educational and state-support policies as the main drivers of the successful development of ICT sector in Belarus. It contributes to the existing literature on ICT ventures development in Central and Eastern European countries in general and on ICT industry in Belarus in particular. The research is mainly targeted to the academic audience (students and faculty), although the practitioners (VC and businesses looking for the offshore outsourcing destinations) could gain some useful insights from this research, as well.

394395396397398399400 19801 - 19850 of 20187
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