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  • 151.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Grounding Business Interaction Models: Socio-Instrumental Pragmatism as a Theoretical Foundation2008Ingår i: Handbook of ontologies for business interaction, Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference , 2008, s. 69-86Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 152.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik. Informatik.
    Lind, Mikael
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik. Informatik.
    Method integration as a learning process1998Ingår i: Training and education of methodology practitioners and researchers, 1998, s. 461-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In many situations there is a need to integrate different methods. In such a method integration process learning aspects should be adressed explicitly. The paper presents procedure and experiences from a R&D project concerning integration of two change methods. Communication problems obstructed the integrative method redesign initially. These communication problems were resolved through the use of an explicit method theory for classification and reconstruction of the method candidates. During application of the integrated method further reconstruction of tacit method knowledge was performed. The method integration process also included meta learning: Formulation of the method integration as a learning process and modification of the applied method theory. Use of an explicit method theory/notion is important for learning methods. It should thus be included in methods training.

  • 153.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Lind, Mikael
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Method Integration: the need for a learning perspective1998Ingår i: IEE Proceedings - Software, ISSN 1462-5970, E-ISSN 1463-9831, Vol. 145, nr 4, s. 113-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In many situations there is a need to integrate different methods. In such a method integration process learning aspects should be addressed explicitly. The paper presents procedure and experiences from a R&D project concerning integration of two development methods. Communication problems obstructed the integrative method redesign initially. These communication problems were resolved through the use of an explicit method theory for classification and reconstruction of the method candidates. During application of the integrated method further reconstruction of tacit method knowledge was performed. The method integration process also included meta learning: Formulation of the method integration as a learning process and modification of the applied method theory.

  • 154.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Lind, MikaelSeigerroth, UlfHögskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    The Language Action Perspective on Communication Modelling: proceedings of the third international workshop1998Konferensmeddelanden, proceedings (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 155.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Lind, MikaelSeigerroth, UlfHögskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.Ågerfalk, Pär
    The Language Action Perspective on Communication Modelling1999Konferensmeddelanden, proceedings (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 156.
    Granehäll, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Karlström, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    The IT-consultant’s view of managing application investments’: A study on roles and responsibilities2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan IT-bubblan sprack 2002 har marknaden nu börjat återhämta sig. Allt fler mindre organisationer investerar i IT igen. Detta gör att IT-konsulterna blir mer eftertraktade på marknaden. I takt med att IT-konsulternas ökade arbete och ökningen av de mindre företagens investeringar, ökar vikten av IT-konsulternas råd angående kommunikation, ansvarsfördelning och samordning som förmedlas till de små och medelstora företagen under investerings processen.

    Samtidigt presenterar dagens litteratur en mix av olika rekommendationer för hur organisationer bör hantera olika roller och dess ansvarsfördelning. Dessa teoretiska rekommendationer är både tydligt –och otydligt uttryckta av diverse författare. På grund av denna teoretiska kunskap, de små –och medelstora företagens (SME) ökade entreprenad av IT och vikten av en klar ansvarsfördelning vid IT-investeringar, har syftet med denna studie varit att undersöka vilka råd dagens IT-konsulter ger till SME i relation till de teoretiska riktlinjerna. Studien har sedan genomförts ur ett konsultperspektiv.

    Genom detta syfte har metoden för att samla in data varit personliga semistandardiserade intervjuer med 12 olika IT-konsulter i Jönköpings län riktade mot SME. För att vi skulle kunna utvinna en djup förståelse för dessa konsulters syn på roller och ansvarsfördelning har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod. Dessutom har vi haft en utforskande och jämförande ansats genom vår granskning av studie området och vår jämförelse av roller och ansvarsfördelning som först mellan alla IT-konsulter och sedan mellan IT-konsulternas kategoriserade synsätt och de identifierare teoretiska synsätten.

    En faktor som påverkar studiens tillvägagångssätt är den teoretiska studie som gjorts kring ämnet roller och ansvar vid IT-investeringar av Granehäll et al. (2005). Dessa författare presenterar tre olika teoretiska synsätt av roller och ansvarsfördelning vid applikationsinvesteringar. Vi fann dessa synsätt vara i behov av att kompletteras för att bli fullständiga och anpassade för små –och medelstora företag. Detta utgav grunden för den teoretiska del i denna studie och påverkat strukturen och presentationen av de teoretiska data som här presenteras.

    Efter en presentation av ytterligare teori om roller och ansvar och en utökning av de tidigare fastställda teoretiska synsätten, kunde vi i denna studie identifiera tre nya teoretiska synsätt fokuserade på roller och ansvar vid applikationsinvesteringar

    Den empirisk data som vi fått fram under studien av de olika medverkade IT-konsulterna presenteras var för sig. Detta har gjorts för att ökad förståelse och underlättad läsning.

    Under studien av roller och ansvar i applikationsinvesteringar och IT-konsulternas synsätt på roller och ansvar i SME applikationsinvesteringar har vi kommit fram till att teorins rekommendationer riktar sig mot företag i allmänhet, då oftast mot större företag, vilket gör att teorins rekommendationer till viss del skiljer sig från IT-konsulternas syn på roller och ansvarsfördelning. Vi såg även att IT-konsulterna presenterar olika råd angående roller och ansvar. Vi har därför haft möjlighet att kategorisera dessa olika råd till tre synsätt med olika fokus.

  • 157.
    Granehäll, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Karlström, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Uyanik, Viktoria
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Vem är ansvarig?: Ansvarsroller och ansvarsfördelning vid IT-investeringar2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Verksamheter idag bör identifiera ansvarsroller som innehar klart definierade ansvarsområden igenom hela utvecklingsprocessen, för att kunna hantera den ständigt föränderliga miljön IT-utvecklingen framkallar.

    I den här studien behandlas teoretiskt hur olika författare ser på ansvarsroller och ansvarsfördelning vid IT-investeringar. Därför har syftet med den här uppsatsen varit att identifiera, beskriva och jämföra olika teoretiska aspekter för ansvarsfördelning vid ITinvesteringar. Studien har fokuserat på applikationsinvesteringar men även infrastrukturinvesteringar berörs då författare specifikt tar upp detta i sin syn på ITinvesteringar.

    Studien är gjord med en kvalitativ metod och en explorativ, komparativ och konceptuellt analytisk ansats.

    För att ge läsaren en inledande bild av studieområdet har förhållandet mellan IS-arkitekturer, arkitekturfilosofier och ansvarsförhållanden beskrivits. Vi visar också hur ansvarsroller och ansvarsområden har förändrats över åren.

    I litteraturstudien har ansvarsroller och deras ansvarsområden enligt olika författares åsikter föreställts. Därefter följer en analys där identifierade roller från litteraturstudien har utmynnat i tre huvudroller; företagsledningen, IT-avdelningen och operativ ledning. Utifrån detta har sedan fyra synsätt utformats, där dessa huvudroller och deras ansvarsområden presenteras. Synsätten har skapats utifrån skillnader i författarnas åsikter angående ansvarsroller och ansvarsområden vid IT-investeringar.

    I vår slutsats har de största skillnaderna i synsätten identifierats. Dessa skillnader fokuserar på vem som är ansvarig för vad och vilka samarbeten som förekommer. Vi har även i denna litteraturstudie noterat att få av de medverkande författarna hanterar skillnader ansvarsroller och ansvarsområden vid olika typer av IT-investeringar.

    Detta har bland annat resulterat i att vi identifierat behovet av vidare studier av olika typer av IT-investeringar där synen på ansvar jämförs. En empirisk studie kan vara ett intressant komplement till denna studie, där denna studiens identifierade synsätt kan värderas och diskuteras.

  • 158.
    Guo, Cheng
    et al.
    Medical Management Centre, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Söderqvist, Fredrik
    Center for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, County Hospital, Västerås, Sweden.
    Tomson, Göran
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Promotion by Education: Adolescent Mental Health Policy Translation in a Local Context of China2019Ingår i: Administration and Policy in Mental Health, ISSN 0894-587X, E-ISSN 1573-3289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe how Chinese national adolescent mental health policy is translated into local plans and practice by means of the theoretical perspective of the policy triangle. Document analysis of national, provincial and local policy documents and semi-structured interviews with local policy actors were performed. National policies were implemented by a top-down process. The ministries were strong policy-makers on the national level, while the policy actors at the local level were mainly found in the educational sector. The content of the policy actions was moral education, knowledge dissemination and learning, rather than counselling and treatment.

  • 159.
    Guo, Cheng
    et al.
    Medical Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet.
    Tomson, Göran
    Medical Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet.
    Guo, Jizhi
    Weifang Medical University.
    Li, Xiangyu
    Weifang Medical University.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Söderqvist, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Psychometric evaluation of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) in Chinese adolescents - a methodological study2015Ingår i: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-9, artikel-id 198Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In epidemiological surveillance of mental health there is good reason to also include scales that measure the presence of well-being rather than merely symptoms of ill health. The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a self-reported scale to measure emotional, psychological and social well-being and conduct categorical diagnosis of positive mental health. This particular instrument includes the three core components of the World Health Organization’s definition of mental health and had previously not been psychometrically evaluated on adolescents in China.

    Methods

    In total 5,399 students (51.1 % female) from schools in the urban areas of Weifang in China were included in the study (mean age = 15.13, SD = 1.56). Participants completed a comprehensive questionnaire with several scales, among them the MHC-SF. Statistical analyses to evaluate reliability, structural validity, measurement invariance, presence of floor and ceiling effects and to some extent external validity of the MHC-SF were carried out.

    Results

    The Cronbach’s α coefficients for sub-scales as well as the total scale were all above 0.80 indicating good reliability. Confirmative factor analysis confirmed the three-dimensional structure of the Chinese version of MHC-SF and supported the configural and metric invariance across gender and age. Noteworthy ceiling effects were observed for single items and sub-scales although not for the total scale. More importantly, observed floor effects were negligible. The stronger correlation found between MHC-SF and Minneapolis-Manchester Quality of Life Instrument (as measure of positive mental health) than between MHC-SF and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (as measure of mental illness and distress) yielded support for external validity.

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, the main findings of this study are in line with studies from other countries that evaluated the psychometric properties of the MHC-SF and show that this instrument, that includes the three core components of the WHO definition of mental health, is useful in assessing positive adolescent mental health also in China.

  • 160.
    Guo, Cheng
    et al.
    Medical Management Centre, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tomson, Göran
    Medical Management Centre, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Söderqvist, Fredrik
    Center for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Västerås Hospital, Västerås, Sweden.
    Prevalence and correlates of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents2018Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 263Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the prevalence of positive mental health and its correlates are still scarce compared to the studies on mental disorders, although there is growing interest of assessing positive mental health in adolescents. So far, no other study examining the prevalence and determinants of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents has been found. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a questionnaire including Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) and items regarding multiple aspects of adolescent life. The sample involved a total of 5399 students from grade 8 and 10 in Weifang, China. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the associations between potential indicators regarding socio-economic situations, life style, social support and school life and positive mental health and calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals.

    RESULTS: More than half (57.4%) of the participants were diagnosed as flourishing. The correlated factors of positive mental health in regression models included gender, perceived family economy, the occurrence of sibling(s), satisfaction of self-appearance, physical activity, sleep quality, stress, social trust, desire to learn, support from teachers and parents as well as whether being bullied at school (OR ranging from 1.23 to 2.75). The Hosmer-Lemeshow p-value for the final regression model (0.45) indicated adequate model fit.

    CONCLUSION: This study gives the first overview on prevalence and correlates of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents. The prevalence of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents is higher than reported in most of the previous studies also using MHC-SF. Our findings suggest that adolescents with advantageous socio-economic situations, life style, social support and school life are experiencing better positive mental health than others.

  • 161.
    Guo, Cheng
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Tomson, Göran
    Söderqvist, Fredrik
    Region Västmanland.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Adolescent mental health policies in Sweden and China: a comparative study2017Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, 27, issue supplement 3, 1, Oxford University Press, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Both Sweden and China face challenges of decreasing mental health among adolescents, although the two countries are very different in political system, income level, number of population and national culture traits. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comparative study of implementation of adolescent mental health policies in Sweden and China.

    Aim

    To describe and compare how adolescent mental health policies in Sweden and China are implemented. Our more specific research question was to find out how Sweden and China differ from each other regarding context, policy implementation process, content and actors in adolescent mental health.

    Methods

    Qualitative semi-structured interviews on policy actors from Västerås, Sweden and Weifang, China and policy document analysis were conducted.

    Results

    In both countries, the national level coordinates strategies and interventions on the regional and local levels. In Sweden, this is done by means of funding for intersectoral work and by establishing cooperation between several policy-actors on different levels. The Swedish policymakers on the national level gives the regional and local level actors a certain amount of freedom to organise their activities provided that actors cooperate. In China, the national coordination aims for interventions for improvement of adolescent mental health in one sector, the educational organisation, and the actions of policy actors are guided in detail to a higher degree. The content of the Swedish adolescent mental health policy documents focus on counselling adolescents, while the Chinese documents focus on knowledge dissemination.

    Conclusions

    The policy implementation of the two countries differs in number of actors involved, and the freedom given to regional and policy actors to perform interventions. In both countries, schools play a crucial part in policy implementation.

    Key messages:

    • The adolescent mental health policies in Sweden and China are compared in policy context, implementation process, content and actors based on the policy triangle framework.

    • The policy systems in these two countries share similarities in several aspects and also show differences in other parts.

  • 162.
    Gustafsson, Bennet
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Orrgren, Alexander
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Cloud Computing: The Adoption of Cloud Computing for Small and Medium Enterprises2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective with this research was to investigate and understand the adoption of cloud computing and to find the process of adopting cloud services. The method used to collect data was interviews. To find both the users and the providers perspective two cases were investigated, one user case and one provider case. The results were divided into two parts, the first a number of categories that were found when comparing the user case to the provider case, the second a process that describes the adoption of cloud computing. The categories in the first part of the results are; decision process, definition of cloud computing, integration and security, adoption and future development. When analyzing the results we came to the conclusion that both users and providers are striving for simplicity, security and to move the responsibility away from the user. The adoption of cloud computing is not as complex as many organizations have thought and by moving the applications and hardware out of the organization the user can focus on its core strategies.

     

  • 163.
    Gustafsson, Bennet
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Yadav, Bhavna
    Closing IT projects: A swedish public sector perspective2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to investigate IT projects within the Swedish public sector. Furthermore we have looked at the project closure in IT projects. The problem that occurs in this topic is that the projects can run overtime or over budget. In this research we used interviews to conduct the data collection. We have collected data from two public sector organizations – Jönköpings kommun and Domstolsverket, both of these orginzations have a dedicated IT department. Through the methods, theoretical framework and analysis we found many different activities and theories on how to handle project closure in IT. The main subjects that keep coming up when addressing the problems of project closure are communication and planning. The responsibilities of the project manager are investigated and the focus is on closing an IT project. A descriptive diagram has been created to show what is important during and before project closure

  • 164.
    Gyimah, Nana Afua Boamah
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Tita, Bertrand Asongwe
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Electronic Voting; A Possible Solution for Sub-Saharan Africa?: A focus on the Ghanaian Electoral System2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major reasons for political instability in Sub-Saharan Africa originates from the way elections are conducted. Most African countries have quite a handful of electoral malpractices which lead to political instability, civil wars and low economic growth.  Electronic voting might be a solution to the election problems and thus bring in a stable political atmosphere which attracts investors.

    This thesis looks at the prospects and challenges of implementing e-voting in Ghana and Sub-Saharan Africa as a solution to the current manual paper-based system and proposes a framework and requirements which can be used as guidelines for its adoption and implementation.

    The thesis has been conducted by studying literature on electronic voting and Diffusion of Innovations Theory. Furthermore, a case study has been conducted on the Ghanaian electoral process, by conducting interviews with the Danquah Institute of Ghana and through questionnaires to some Ghanaian citizens in both the rural and urban areas of Ghana.

    The main results from the thesis show that the adoption and subsequent implementation of e-voting in SSA countries, can only be possible if the governments show strong committment and support by securing funds through donor organizations, and providing the necessary IT infrastructure and other resources needed to support the project. Voter education too is an absolute necessity. The adoption of e-voting is mainly based on how the innovation will be diffused and the perceived benefits that will be derived from the investment. Hence, particular attention should be paid to the various communication channels, especially the media, through which messages are passed across to the citizens.

  • 165.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Mediating Sensegivers-Allies in Exploiting ICT infrastructure2005Ingår i: Proceedings of IRIS28, 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 166.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Moving Theory and Best Known Practice to the Microsystem - Microsystem Theory Igniting Practice, Lessons Learned - Students, Practitioners and Researchers2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 167.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Nollan på slutet: en studie om överraskningar vid införande av affärssystem2004Ingår i: Proceedings of SANTE 2004, 2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 168.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    TechnoOrganizing - make the microsystem work with efficient information provision in healthcare2010Ingår i: Microsystem Festival Scientific proceedings, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 169.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Tre perspektiv på förväntningar och förändringar i samband med införande av informationssystem2003Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 170.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Tre perspek,tiv på förväntningar och förändringar i samband med införande av informationssystem2003Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 171.
    Gäre, Klas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Verksamhetsförändringar i samband med IS-införande1999Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 172.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Askenäs, Linda
    An analysing model2004Ingår i: The Roles of IT, Linköping: Linköping University , 2004Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 173.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Brundin, Ethel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management).
    Does ICT make a community smart?: The establishment of ICT and its implications for growth2004Ingår i: Presented at the IRIS27 Conference (arranged by Scandinavian Information Systems Community, August 2004), 2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 174.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Brundin, Ethel
    Näringslivsbolag = Tillväxt?2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 175.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Empowering healthcare professionals by IS education: enhancing reflective empowerment2010Ingår i: The European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) / [ed] Roy Johnson, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents findings from a research study of an information systems master program in Sweden, targeting healthcare professionals. The aim of the study was to explore if and how mechanisms of empowerment and reflective practice can be evoked in healthcare professionals by participating in a master program in information systems. A mixed research methodology was applied, including participant observation, document analysis and a learning style inventory. The findings of the study showed signs of the students achieving a higher degree of empowerment in their professional roles, as well as beginning to actively use reflective practice as a means of professional development. The findings are summarised in a tentative framework of reflective empowerment. The findings call for further research on how IT-centred master programs targeting healthcare professional could enhance professional development.

  • 176.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Melin, Ulf
    IMIE Linköpings universitet.
    Formative Infrastructure for IT – adoption – Understanding the dynamics of IT-use in SME’s2010Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 177.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Melin, Ulf
    Formative Infrastructure For IT-Adaptation2010Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 178.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Melin, Ulf
    Department of Management and Engineering Information Systems, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    SME’s Need Formative Infrastructure for Business Transformation2011Ingår i: Journal of Enterprise Information Management, ISSN 1741-0398, E-ISSN 1758-7409, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 520-533Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – ICT has considerable importance for increasing productivity and growth. Using ICT requires resources to create value. As resources are more limited in smaller enterprises, and the contexts and conditions for using ICT in SMEs are not well known, the purpose is to investigate conditions in the context of sensemaking for ICT adoption and use among SMEs.

    Design/methodology/approach – This study uses a qualitative and explorative methodological point of departure and approach. More than 60 interviews are performed within a geographical region. Empirical data were analyzed for similarities and patterns into themes and topics.

    Findings – The article was able to highlight the conditions for using ICT in SMEs by applying a qualitative research approach. The important findings from this research as a formative ICT infrastructure can be viewed as constituted by needs identified among SMEs, in sensemaking, sensegiving, and service infrastructures. In SMEs there are less infrastructure and fewer overhead and support services than in larger enterprises. The adoption processes in SMEs differ from the ones in larger enterprises in that they rely more on external relations in a public infrastructure for sensemaking in ICT adoption and use.

    Research limitations/implications – Formative ICT infrastructure in SMEs is not a well-known concept. The need for formative infrastructure in ICT adoption and use in SMEs relies on external partners and other actors in the sensemaking and sensegiving processes. Further research is needed for understanding actors and roles better, as well as arenas for sensemaking ICT in SMEs.

    Practical implications – Designing the infrastructure for ICT use and development, particularly in SMEs, but also in other enterprises and organizations, requires better understanding of the conditions. The emphasis on infrastructure for ICT adoption processes will help SMEs to receive more relevant investments.

    Originality/value – The study integrates micro- and macro-perspectives and combines theories from different fields to extend the knowledge of formative infrastructure for SME's adoption and use of ICT in terms of firm size and dependency on public infrastructure.

  • 179.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet.
    Sociomaterial actors in the assimilation gap: a case study of web service, management and IT-assimilation2012Ingår i: Information Systems and E-Business Management, ISSN 1617-9846, E-ISSN 1617-9854, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 481-506Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the conditions for the assimilation of information systems (IS) and information technology (IT) in organizations and the influence of various actors in the organization and eBusiness context. To do so it draws on the literature on assimilation gap, sociomateriality and infrastructure together with a study of implementation and use of information and communication technology in and among organizations in a Swedish region. There were substantial investments in web infrastructure made on a regional level and the focus of this study is how the investments were transformed and assimilated in practices, relations and communication. Based on the empirical data from the case study, the paper extends the assimilation process into interplay among actors in organizations contexts. It describes organizations’ strategies for coping with their needs for information and the actors in these processes. Two categories of actors are identified, sensemaking and sensegiving actors, as most important in assimilation of IS/IT in organizations. A sociomaterial perspective gives guidance and a better understanding of the assimilation process in terms of knowledge and interpretative frames, and how assimilation involves identity construction and negotiations among sensemaking and sensegiving actors. The contribution of this paper is a better understanding of the context of assimilation and adaptation of IT in organizations’ business processes, and steps to be taken to improve readiness.

  • 180.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Milrad, Marcelo
    Flensburg, Per
    Adopting Mobile Computing and Wireless Technologies in Knowledge Organizations2005Ingår i: Cutter IT Journal, ISSN 1522-7383, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 27-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 181.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Moberg, Anna
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Kvalitetsförbättringar, innovationer och ledarskap inom vård och socialt arbete.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Dynamisk utvärdering för effektiv användning av ICT-baserade sjukvårdssystem2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 182.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Vascos, Fidel
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Finding the links between the activities of physicians and social insurance officers in the management of cases of long-term sick listed individualsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 183.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    En beskrivande fallstudie av tvärprofessionellt arbete i samverkan mellan myndigheter2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 184.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Lessons learned: New Ways to Do Business Using Metropolitan Area Network for Lower Transaction Costs2010Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 185.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Åbom, Carita
    Need for ICT infrastructure in SMEs2006Ingår i: Proceedings of WESPA 2006, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 186.
    Gäre, Klas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Åbom, Carita
    Melin, Ulf
    Formative infrastructure for ICT-adoption in SMEs: A case study of conditions for progress2008Ingår i: Proceedings of ECIS 2008, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 187.
    Günes, Pinar
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Overcoming the Barrier: Virtual Learning: The Impact of learning in Second Life in Higher Education2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional education have for long been remaining without major changes made to the actual system. Up until very recently, there has been reluctance towards making fundamental and dramatic changes to the system, but as societies change and develop by mirroring on past experiences, new minds and new ways of thinking emerge suggesting changes and new developments. Consequently, new educational approaches such as e-learning and virtual learning have emerged.

    Lately, technology has been transforming and developing than ever before and the demand for modifying accordingly to new technology has become a prerequisite for all industries and institutions. Already with e-learning, a derived concept is worthy of notice. Authenticity, meaning validity and accuracy, has been imposed as one major issue when it comes to e-learning, and also v-learning.

    The main goal of this thesis is to present answers and suggestions to the following research questions:

    Ø  What value does a virtual education method create for the students?

    Ø  What implications are there for an education through Second Life and what is the significance of such an environment?

    Ø  What are the main auxiliary instruments or tools that enhance authenticity and the achievement of high presence in a virtual environment?

    This research adopted an inductive approach using a qualitative research. The characterizations of knowledge used were descriptive knowledge, normative knowledge, explanatory research and evaluating research for the respective research questions. As a result of collaborating with Kalmar University, Sweden’s first Second Life course “Oral Production” was observed and to intensify the results, an interview was held with the course’s lecturer. The results were thereon analyzed and scrutinized based on the Empirical Findings, Theoretical Framework – consisting of mainly pedagogical theories and of articles concerning virtual learning environments.

    The conclusion of this research entails the answers for the research questions. An education via a virtual environment is a development of e-learning, which is an enhancement of a traditional physical education. All students are persuaded to be active and participate in learning, which also promotes interconnectedness between students and teacher. Students can do role-playing and do presentations without feeling embarrassed about their “real” identities being represented. Main auxiliary instruments include virtual presentation boards, audio to communicate with each other and the avatar to direct the speech. Additionally, to enhance high presence in a virtual environment, involving all students with creative exercises seems to be another means in achieving high presence in a virtual environment.

     

  • 188.
    Günes, Pinar
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Franzén, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    V-business in the 3D Internet: The Future Outlook for Business Activities in Virtual Worlds2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology is rapidly changing and companies are amending to the inevitable changes. Recently, the traditional Internet has started to evolve into a 3D Internet, thereby challenging companies into becoming more active in virtual worlds in order to keep up with the latest technology. In this thesis, the virtual world environment is highlighted from a v-business perspective to emphasize on potential opportunities and problems businesses face when entering virtual worlds. Moreover, the future outlook for v-business in virtual worlds is discussed, based on interviews with companies that are active in virtual worlds jointly with observed phenomenon identified in the literature study. Since Second Life is one of the largest and most recognized virtual worlds up to present, having a resemblance with the real world, this virtual world has been selected to pose as an example in this thesis. Taking this into consideration, the aim of this research is to answer the following research questions:

    * What kind of value has v-business added to companies operating in virtual worlds and what kind of impact has it had?

    * What kind of complexities and restrictions have companies experienced with v-business in virtual worlds, and why have these occurred?

    * What does the future look like for v-business in virtual worlds considering opportunities and problems related to such a business approach?

    Consequently, the purpose of this thesis is to examine the future outlook for v-business in virtual worlds, by investigating what opportunities and problems companies face in such a virtual setting, along with their predictions about its future development. Based on these findings an outline of the prospects of v-business will be developed.

    Given that the area of this particular study is not yet broad in terms of research, the research has been conducted through an inductive approach using a qualitative method. Seven companies have been interviewed for this research and a majority of the company respondents have been interviewed through real-time communication using Skype.

    The outcome of this research implies that there is great potential for v-business in virtual worlds, hence adding additional value to companies’ positioning on a yet unique environment. A number of possibilities have been identified where communication was identified as a major opportunity. In contrast, there are also current problems where technical restraints and comprehension problems were especially emphasized. However, in spite of some problems, companies report that they are in general very positive about the future outlook for v-business in virtual worlds, which is one of the reasons as to why we conclude that there is definitely a future awaiting for doing business in virtual worlds.

  • 189.
    Hagberg, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Energy customers in dialogue: Exploring boundaries in energy use and environmental concern2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 190.
    Halberg, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Teaching Devices in Education: Focusing on Technical Devices in Spanish Teaching2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to investigate how teaching devices, with focus on ICT use are regarded in education. I make comparison with teaching without technical devices, but emphasize the teaching with such devices. I address questions concerning what technical devices are used and in which way these devices may enhance the education process. In addition, in which way the devices influence power and communication.

    The methods indicate a deductive-abductive approach, observations, interviews, and questionnaires. The theoretical framework focuses, Linguistics, Pedagogy, cognition, and Informatics. The results-part is built up on two cases – one concerning teaching with technical devices, the other concerning teaching without those devices. The results imply that the schools of Sweden use computers and Internet in a very ‘common’ way. However, there are intentions to use cell phones with software to assist the teaching. By this approach, that would be possible to add an additional time to the lectures since the pupils and teachers can work outside the classroom. One problem with technical devices is named ‘noise’, which are things in between the ‘useful’ (technical) devices and issues around that can decrease the learning process. In addition; if the goal is to have a symmetrical relationship between teacher and pupil, it may be difficult without taking carefully account on the (technical) device in use, and perhaps regard them as cognitive tools. From what I found, the tools are not regarded as cognitive.

  • 191.
    Hammar, Karl
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Orders From the Cloud: Business Integration as a Service2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the development of a SOA-based architecture for integrating large EDI-using manufacturing companies purchasing processes with smaller non-EDI capable manufacturing companies, using online services.

    The underlying need for this project lies with the fact that these small manufacturing companies risk to miss out on business, due to their inability to communicate via the industry standard EDI format. At the same time, getting EDI-capable involves significant investments in software licenses, connectivity services and consulting or training that these small companies may not be ready to make. The mentor company of this thesis project, System Andersson, produces resource planning software for this type of companies and would like to be able to provide them with an easy to use way of “jacking in” EDI support into their businesses, without having to make such significant investments. Ideally this feature would be developed as a standalone subscription based service that could be provided to users in such a way that their existing System Andersson software could connect to it and no further hard- or software would be needed on site. This EDI-enabling should be as easy as to be entirely transparent for the end-user companies. The task handed to the author was thus to develop an architecture for how such a subscription based service could be developed. Furthermore, in order to promote re-use and simplify development, the architecture was to be based on SOA concepts.

    As a result of the project, such an architecture has been developed. The architecture details two services for translating and storing for later delivery a number of EDI message types of the EDIFACT variety. The architecture also specifies communications protocols (SOAP over HTTPS and AS2 over HTTPS) and APIs (web services) for how to communicate with these services. These specifications can be used to implement a system that performs the necessary integration, so that the smaller companies may indeed communicate via EDI.

    The fitness of the developed architecture has been tested by implementing a prototype version of such a system based on it. It has also been validated by way of comparing to how well it adheres to SOA design principles. All in all, this design appears to be quite sound and presents a working solution to the studied problem.

  • 192.
    Hannäs, Matilda
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    The formulation and interpretation of global IS/IT-strategies: A study of Swedish-Argentinean Coalitions2005Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The notion of IT strategies has changed during recent years, because our perspectives towards IT in the organizations have changed. We expect IT to be fulfilling business goals and lever-age business opportunities and we have strengthened the role of IT in the supply chain. Our individual view on IT, whether it is strategic or supportive, whether the infrastructure should be standard-ized or individualized etc., most likely affects how IT strategies are interpreted and conducted in the organization. This is critical in companies who have their subsidiaries on foreign land. It is not obvi-ous that managers in different countries interpret the IT strategy the same way, just because it happens to be the same company. In most large global coalitions, a common central strategy for IT is the standard. I have chosen to examine Argentinean subsidiaries to Swedish companies as an example. Eight research questions were formulated, with the purpose of finding what is included in a generic IS/IT strategy, if the perspectives of managers are in line with the theory, whether views are consistent throughout the concern, and determine the challenges of global IS/IT management.

    Purpose: This paper aims at finding the generic parts in a IS/IT strategy formulation and explain how business management and IT specialists of global coalitions interpret the concept IS/IT strat-egy. A sub-purpose is to define the priorities in global IS/IT management. The analysis of the paper culminates in a model - “the interpretation of IS/IT strategies”, with the ambition to give guidelines for managers and strategy formulators in a global environment.

    Method: The study is of qualitative, exploratory and explanatory type, it has a descriptive part and a theory enhancing rational. By a thorough literature study and a pre- study I wished to explore and shed light on the perplexities in IS/IT management, nationally and globally. The broad research spectrum was a conscious choice to cover the complex area of IS/IT strategy and the various people affected. By conducting interviews; through questions and observations I also aimed at describing and explaining how IS/IT strategies are interpreted in practice. As a result of my hermeneutic research approach I am drawing conclusions from the similarities and dissimilarities I found in the different perceptions and relate it to the result of previous studies. The idea is thus to combine these insights in order to enhance theory in the area.

    Analysis and result: what could be determined from the analysis is:

    • IS/IT strategy composed of strategic planning, alignment between business- and IT, competitive advantage, knowledge management, responsibilities, system architecture, interaction and security.

    • No “generic” strategy exists. A good strategy for a global coalition is forward-looking and flexible and frequently evaluated. The strategy gives competitive advantage if leveraged; the results are related to IS paradigm view.

    • IT people proves short sighted while business/strategy management have long term perspective, which contradicts Earl, (1999). The difference could be due to culture in this case. The organiza-tional structure does not determine IT architecture, which contradicts King Sethi (1999).

    • Managers and IT people are generally not in agreement. Interpretations of strategy are not consistent in global firms. Managers and not IT people need to take responsibility for the formulation and realization of the strategy. This is in accordance with Axelsson, (1995).

    The implications to managers are: The organizational structure chosen should not be steering the politics for architecture, moreover that IT specialists with a technical view can not be responsible for strategy work or global standards. Managers are encouraged to develop knowledge management, to include intellectual assets in the IS/IT strategy and work with culture enhancement programs.

  • 193.
    Hansson, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan.
    Sanne, Therése
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan.
    Thörnryd, Louise
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Konflikthantering i samband med införandet av ett affärssystem2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Kraven från omvärlden att organisationer skall högprestera är ett faktum och de trappas upp varje dag vilket innebär att behovet av förändringar i verksamheten ständigt finns på ledningens agenda. Förändringar innebär enligt Ahrenfelt och Berner (1992) alltid en konflikt och många människor har inte förmågan att se möjligheterna istället för hoten. Mastec AB är en industrigrupp, bestående av sju dotterbolag, inom metall och plast med huvudkontor beläget i Huskvarna. Koncernen har valt att implementera Microsoft Business Solution Navision på alla dot-terbolag för att på så sätt skapa ett enhetligt affärssystem. I och med implementeringen har dock konflikter uppstått.

    Syftet är, med utgångspunkt i konfliktteori, att undersöka vilka konflikter som kan uppstå i samband med införandet av ett affärssystem med anknytning till parallell affärsutveckling samt ge exempel på hur dessa konflikter kan hanteras.

    Undersökningen påbörjades med en genomgång av lämplig litteratur inom konfliktteori. Den empiriska studien utfördes sedan på Mastec AB och inleddes med en kvalitativ intervju och följdes av en enkät på tre dotterbolag bestående av både kvalitativa och kvantitativa frågor. Utfallen från den empiriska studien analyserades sedan i förhållande till lämplig teori.

    Informationsbrist kan vara en orsak till att konflikter uppstår. Det mesta talar för att detta kan hanteras genom möten och ytterligare information. Det finns situationer där konflikter väljs att hanteras genom överkörning, exempelvis då tidspress föreligger. Studien visar också att det skett en parallell verksamhetsutveckling, dock inte medvetet. Även missförstånd kan leda till konflikter. Hantering av dessa kan exempelvis bestå av förändrat samarbete. Konflikter kan även uppstå när förväntningarna på verksamheten och systemet är diffusa.

  • 194.
    Hasan, Nazmul
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Pasupuleti, Anil Kumar
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    The factors that Influence Participation and usage Decisions of Destination Management System (DMS) by regional SMTEs2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The tourist industry plays an immense role in the socio-economic development of different regions. Destination Management Systems (DMS) are significant in developing e-tourism. DMS integrate data from Small and Medium-Sized Tourism Enterprises (SMTEs) in order for tourists to find information about e.g. accommodation, restaurants and attractions of a certain location. Although being represented in a DMS has proven to be advantageous, not all SMTEs are participating in such systems. This thesis aims to explore the possible factors that influence, motivate and inhabited regional SMTEs to participate in DMS and to create a framework from these factors. Data was collected by semi-structured interviews performed with respondents from SMTEs in Jönköping County, Sweden and Liverpool City, United Kingdom. The transcriptions from the interviews were analyzed by content analysis in order to create categories of factors. The motivating factors were categorized in technological, organizational and external factors. Technological factors were user friendliness, system quality, effectiveness, information quality, system performance, system updates and information up-dates. The organizational factors were management support, available resources and the size of the organization. The external factors competitive pressure, cost effectiveness, distribution channel, user satisfaction and to provide quality services to customers. The inhibiting factors were categorized into administration factors and communication factors, where the predominant factor was lack of know-how. The communication factors were lack of available information and lack of communication between organizations. To increase SMTEs’ participations in DMS, Destination Management Organizations need to enhance communication, develop marketing strategies and clearly explain the benefits of participation the SMTEs.

  • 195.
    Hauch, Manuel David
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Nourbakhsh, Nojan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    The Influence of Customer Feedback on Software Startups: The Identification of crucial Pivot Triggering Factors through the Application of the ESSSDM Funnel.2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Most Software Startups fail to establish a working business model. One of the main reasons is that they fail to validate their hypothesis and neglect to learn from their customers. Therefore, Software Startups are supposed to continuously adjust their direction to achieve product-market fit.

    The purpose of this study is to explore the role of customer feedback in the context of Software Startups during the decision to pivot. Thus, the central research question of this thesis is: What role does customer feedback play when a Software Startup decides to pivot?

    By living up to the values of a pragmatic research philosophy this qualitative study used nine semi-structured interviews with experts from the relevant field. Afterwards, these insights have been placed into the four stages of the Early Stage Software Startup Development Model (ESSSDM) funnel.

    This study showed that customer feedback plays a crucial role when a Software Startup decides to pivot. However, the interviewees revealed that it is essential how customer feedback is perceived and used for the product development. Furthermore, customer feedback was not perceived as the only crucial triggering factor, but an element of a broader set.

  • 196.
    Hedman, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Albinsson, Lars
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Business Models for Public Private Partnership: The 3PBM framework2008Ingår i: Collaboration and the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies, Amsterdam: IOS Press , 2008, s. 484-491Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 197.
    Henfridsson, Ola
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Mathiassen, Lars
    Georgia State University.
    Svahn, Fredrik
    Viktoria Institute.
    Reconfiguring Modularity: Closing Capability Gaps inDigital Innovation2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely acknowledged that modularity, as an approach to both product design and organization design, provides product developing firms with dynamic capabilities that allow them to more effectively respond to changes in the environment. However, the innovation literature is silent on how such dynamic capabilities might require reconfiguration as firms in traditional industries embed digital technology into their products. Drawing on theories of modularity, capability, and software engineering, we therefore conducted a multi-level study of car navigation technology. On the industry level, we investigated how automakers' traditional hierarchical control over the innovation process was challenged as they faced multiple digital options for navigation systems design. On the firm level, we investigated how one large automaker exploited these options by reconfiguring modularity and distributing control over the innovation process. The paper makes two inter-related contributions. First, we extend the innovation literature by identifying and characterizing a capability gap that product developing firms in traditional industries face if they merely accommodate digital technology within the confines of current approaches to modularity. Second, we present a new understanding of modularity that draws on the innovation literature as well as the software engineering literature. Rather than relying mainly on components as interrelated physical parts of a hierarchical system, we argue that digital innovation requires product developers to fully exploit physical as well as logical design perspectives, and to differentiate between components as parts, as patterns, and as platforms. We posit that the capability to combine such approaches to modularity is essential for effectively embedding digital technology into traditional physical products.

  • 198.
    Henfridsson, Ola
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Yoo, Youngjin
    Temple University.
    Svahn, Fredrik
    Viktoria Institute.
    Path Creation in Digital Innovation: A Multi-Layered Dialectics Perspective2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend the path creation literature by developing a dialectic perspective of its multi-layered nature. In particular, our perspective focuses on the process by which designers shift their attention across different layers of digital innovation in the pursuit of a particular innovation path. To better understand path creation in digital innovation, we draw on a six-year in-depth field study of designers at CarCorp and its owner, GlobalCarCorp. Because of the reciprocal nature of path creation and path dependency, the design agency of CarCorp's path creators is embroiled in tensions and contradictions. The reciprocity of dominant, emergent, and residual design structures serves as an underlying generative force for breaking away from the current innovation path of the studied automaker.

  • 199.
    Hidalgo Valdez, Cristina Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    IS/IT Risk Assessment in the Implementation of a Business Continuity Plan: An integrated approach based on Enterprise Risk Management and Governance of Enterprise IT2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Business continuity is an area of research that ensure continuity of enterprise operations. Business continuity requires knowledge and input from business and IT leaders to assess and manage risks associated with critical business processes to develop a plan that can allow the organization to resume operations. Organizations that have a holistic enterprise risk management approach can better manage business and technology risks. The increasing dependency on technological resources asserts the need to assess business and technology risks to develop business continuity. Nevertheless, governance and enterprise leaders find difficult to determine the scope and impact of risks associated with enterprise operations. In organizational contexts, business continuity planning is perceived as an element of contingency instead of an opportunity for improvement. In addition, there is a lack of academic literature related to the organizational implementation of a business continuity plan. For this reason, there is a need to merge enterprise risk management and governance of enterprise IT views to provide an integrated perspective of business and technological risk in the im-plementation of a business continuity plan.The objective of the study relies on assessing how the implementation of a business continuity plan is conducted, together with its challenges and benefits, to provide insights on the elements that facilitates a business continuity plan implementation. The study focuses on the preparation phase of a business continuity plan, where enterprise risks are identified, evalu-ated and mitigated. The study results are based on a case study performed at a multination retail and manufacturing enterprise in Spain. The results indicates that awareness from the higher governance body and senior management on the dependency that enterprises have developed on IS/IT key resources is a factor that influence how risk management and technology risk is perceived in organizations. This influence how the higher governance body views the need to implement enterprise risk management, governance of enterprise IT and business continuity initiatives. Likewise, the elements facilitating a business continuity imple-mentation are associated with the sponsorship and leadership from organizational actors, the involvement of an external organizational agent that can bring expertise and methodology related to business continuity planning, identification of enterprise critical areas and processes and the creation of business and IT risk scenarios to depict threats to the organization operations and processes. This internal reflection brings challenges and benefits to the or-ganization and both are addressed in the study.The study concludes with the presentation of two high level frameworks that can aid enter-prise leaders to visualize and understand the influence that enterprise risk management and governance of enterprise IT has on the implementation of a business continuity plan and the underlying elements that facilitate a business continuity plan implementation in organizations.

  • 200. Hjalmarsson, Anders
    et al.
    Lind, Mikael
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik. Informatik.
    Structural Views on System Development Practices: Towards a conceptualisation based on action, interaction and methods2001Ingår i: Action in Language, Organisations and Information Systems, 2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An obvious quest for system development researchers is to understand, describe and give advices concerning the domain of system development. One part of this domain is the System Development Practice (SDP). SDP means the way that system development projects are planned, structured and carried out in order to produce a product that creates value for its client. Our experiences are that SDP often involves three major dimensions; action pattern, method, and role interaction. In these three structural views we find concepts and aspects that are of importance such as, system life cycle, model, method, results, resources, milestones, project roles, project group constellations, clients etc. These dimensions with their concepts and aspects make the SDP a complex phenomenon to its character. In this paper we will therefore give a character to each of these three dimensions and how these dimensions can constitute the SDP as a whole, i.e. a conceptualisation of the SDP. To accomplish this goal we have based this paper on three major sources for inspiration and generation of knowledge within the problem domain that we have identified. Firstly, we all have experiences from several projects and work where we during recent years in different ways have taken part in projects where development of SDP has been in focus. Secondly, empirical experiences from several projects where development of the SDP has been in focus, and thirdly, theories related to the SDP domain. The approach bears on the foundation of language action theories for information systems, information system development and practices for understanding the domain of SDP. By identifying essential acts performed in SDP’s we are able to regard the relations between the three dimensions in order to form a holistic view, which means that we can understand and have constructive discussions about SDP’s.

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