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  • 151.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Tiedemann, Fredrik
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hedén, Eric
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Competitive advantage based purchasing matrix: A portfolio-approach to differentiated purchasing strategy2015Inngår i: Preparing for new competitive challenges / [ed] W. Dullaert, N. Hofstra, D.J. Kamann, S. de Leeuw, International Purchasing and Supply Education and Research Association (IPSERA) , 2015, Vol. 24Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe a conceptual alignment between the certainty-customization framework (Bäckstrand, 2012) and Kraljic’s purchasing matrix (Kraljic, 1983). This will enable companies that manufactures both standard and customer unique products to develop differentiated purchasing strategies for the constituent items based on the products competitive priorities and order winners. Through this distinction, different categories in the Kraljic-matrix needs to be handled differently based on the items position in regard to the customer-order-decoupling-point and its level of customization. 

  • 152.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Samordning av grad av samverkan och grad av kundorderstyrning2009Inngår i: Bättre produktivitet, ISSN 1402-1145, nr 1, s. 12-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 153.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Samordning av grad av samverkan och grad av kundorderstyrning2008Inngår i: PLANs Forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens: logistikutveckling - teori möter praktik : artiklar från konferensen på Chalmers tekniska högskola 27-28 augusti 2008, Stockholm: PLAN - Logistikföreningen , 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Olika aspekter på samverkan har rönt stor uppmärksamhet under de senaste årtiondena men har endast i begränsad omfattning integrerats med centrala produktions- och logistikstrategiska beslutskategorier. Ett område som till stor del varit frånvarande i forskningen om kund/leverantörssamverkan är kopplingen till olika grader av kundorderstyrning. Sedan länge har graden av kundorderstyrning ansetts som ytterst central i utformningen av strategier för produktions- och logistiksystem men har trots detta sällan inkluderats i olika modeller för val av grad av samverkan mellan företag. Denna brist på samordning av två så viktiga kunskapsdomäner innebär att avgörande pusselbitar troligen saknas i kunskapen om hur konkurrenskraftig industriell verksamhet bedrivs i samverkan. Dessa två perspektiv har stor påverkan på utformning av både produkter och logistiksystem. Om man dessutom beaktar den snabba förändringstakten på dagens marknader och den dynamik som då skapas så finns det mycket starka motiv för att säkerställa att rätt grad av samverkan med andra parter i försörjningsnätverket etableras för att kunna hantera de osäkerheter som finns om marknadens behov.

  • 154.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Wikner, Joakim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Time-phasing and decoupling points as analytical tools for purchasing2013Inngår i: 2013 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, IEEE, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Customization and customer-driven manufacturing are both explicitly based on end-customer relations and customer requirements. The impact of these aspects on internal operations is relatively well known and can be investigated using time phasing and decoupling points. These tools are however rarely used for analyzing purchased material. Based on the time phased product structure, items are categorized according to three criteria: driver, uniqueness, and make/buy. Purchased items can thus be identified using the last criteria and then driver and uniqueness are used as a point of departure for categorizing purchased material. The approach hence provides a platform for development of supplier relations based on the customer requirements which is the core theme of the method for customer-driven purchasing.

  • 155.
    Caran, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Rosenlöf, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Förbättring av leveransprecision i tillverkningsavdelningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: On-time delivery is a concept that refers to the ability to deliver at agreed time. Several studies has shown that on-time delivery to customers is one of the most important competitive tools used by manufacturing enterprises. Internal on-time delivery is the ability to deliver between and within a company’s different sections at the right moment but is however a concept that is seldom being mentioned in research studies. The internal on-time delivery affects the external and is therefore an interesting subject to study. The purpose of this study is to increase the knowledge of how internal on-time delivery in make-to-order environments can be improved. Two research questions have been answered in order to fulfill the purpose:

    1.      Which causes may affect the internal on-time delivery in make-to-order environments?

    2.      How can the internal on-time delivery increase in make-to-order environments?

    Methodology: A study with a qualitative approach has been used to fulfill the purpose and to answer the research questions. Common theories has been used in order to achieve a necessary knowledge about the subject. Theories about different tools for improvement has been used to answer the second question. Empirical data has been collected through a single case study in a manufacturing cell. The case study consisted of observations, interviews and a time study. The empirical data that has been collected describes the surveyed manufacturing cell, its product and its process.

    Results: The first question has been answered with the use of collected empirical data and common theories. The found causes that affect the internal on-time delivery in make-to-order environments are: Enterprise resource planning systems does not portray real conditions, Priority control of manufacturing sequences is not being followed, Temporary bottlenecks occurs depending on mixed order entries, Cell layout can limit the control of the flow.

    These causes has together with theories about different tools for improvement been used to answer the second question. Eight different types of improvements has been mentioned in the case. A few of these methods are: Enterprise resource planning should portray real conditions, The priority control of the manufacturing sequence should be followed, Resources capacity may need to be increased.

    Discussion: It would be interesting if further research studies was made to gain more knowledge about causes that may affect the on-time delivery in make-to-order environments. It may be possible for manufacturing enterprises to use this studies structure to improve their own internal on-time delivery in make-to-order environments.

  • 156.
    Carlson, Mattias
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Gynnerstedt, Sofia
    Högskolan i Jönköping. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Beläggning - Ett planeringssystem2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Inriktningen på detta examensarbete är kapacitetsbeläggning och uppdragsgivaren är System Andersson som utvecklar, tillverkar och installerar verkstadssystem. Detta arbete är ett led i skapandet av förslag på verkstadssystem som är under utveckling och bakgrunden är att kraven från marknaden har ökat.

    Syftet med arbetet har varit att ge förslag på hur beläggningsdelen i ett alternativt system kan se ut. Som utgångspunkt har ett antal frågeställningar använts. Exempelvis vad som händer om kapaciteten eller planeringen inte håller samt hur kunskapen om planerarens vardag kan användas.

    För att genomföra arbetet har författarna använt sig av litteraturstudie som grundar sig på tidigare kurslitteratur på programmet, intervjuer av personal på System Andersson samt egna idéer.

    System Anderssons kunder är främst små och medelstora svenska tillverkande företag. Det vanligaste är att de arbetar efter principen funktionell verkstad och tillverkning mot order. Inom detta segment, som System Andersson vill fortsätta verka inom, är det viktigt att verkstadssystemet kan ändra operationsföljden och optimera kapacitetsutnyttjandet hos maskinparken och personalen. För att produkten ska bli konkurrenskraftigt måste den även vara anpassad efter de personer som använder sig av det.

    En del av resultatet består av två versioner av beläggningsmodulen,

    Det som är nytt i detta förslag mot tidigare såld version är: fler funktioner, dagsplanering, kapacitetstak och grafiskt planeringsverktyg. Författarna har kommit med idéer i programmet om hur detta skall vara lösbart.

    Programmet ska ur planerarens synvinkel hjälpa till med det dagliga arbete och de problemen som skall lösas innan de uppkommer eller vara smidigare att hantera. Ur System Anderssons synvinkel skall detta kunna användas i marknadsförings- och säljarsyfte när de samtalar med kunder.

    Light och Advanced. Den förstnämnda är inriktad mot de små företagen och innehåller därför endast de viktigaste funktionerna för beläggningsplanering, i övrigt är den så avskalad som möjligt. Den sistnämnda versionen, Advanced, är anpassad för de något större företagen och kan därför utföra ett större antal uppgifter. Det ska vara lämpat för en heltidsanställd planerare med allt som det innebär. Som komplement till dessa två versioner har författarna utformat en stämpelklocka och en körplan för att skapa en bättre helhetsbild av beläggningsplaneringen. Stämpelklockan används för att samla in information om tillgänglig personalkapacitet och körplanen för att kommunicera med produktionen och uppdatera den tillgängliga maskinkapaciteten. Författarnas fokus har varit att rita upp de övergripande skisserna och inte programmeringen som ligger bakom.

  • 157.
    Carlsson, Gustav
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hermansson, Elin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Sammanställning av riktlinjer för logistiken på Isaberg Rapid AB2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Isaberg Rapid AB is a company that manufactures for instance staplers and glue guns. Headquarters and main factory is located in Hestra but there are also subsidiary companies in Denmark, Netherlands, France, Spain, China and England. There are also two filial factories in France and China.

    Today has the company no logistic guidelines committed and that leads to problems since the salesmen promise different things to the customers. This contributes too many different logistic solutions for Isaberg Rapid AB. The company has also noted problems with returns of goods.

    The purpose with this task is to standardize and compile logistic guidelines, usable to all Isaberg Rapid AB's small to midsize customers. The aim is to increase the flow of information and reach a more standardized way to work than previously within the company and between the company and their customers. The task also includes development of a functioning system of returns usable to all customers.

    Choice of methods has changed from literature studies to focus on interviews and document collections at the company. A large part of the implementation is comprised of interviews. This because the task were directed to Isaberg Rapid AB and it were therefore difficult to find any appropriate theory. Some visits, both in Hestra and Saint Amé, have been made. In development of the logistic guidelines have two other logistic guidelines from the company's customers been studied.

    In the result part is the compiling of the logistic guidelines presented. The logistic guidelines are based on the collected documents from the company but also include parts from interviews and the studied logistic guidelines. This document should work as a tool for customers and concerned people at Isaberg Rapid AB. It contains important information before, during and after ordering. There are two versions of this document, one for the customer and one to use internally with extra comments.

    In the end of the report there are some discussions about the difficulties that have been discovered. Finally, the questions given in the problem description will be answered in the conclusions.

  • 158.
    Castell, Julia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Abdulqader, Sarah
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Inköp alternativt egen regi av tjänster inom sektorn för vård och omsorg: För att uppnå kostnadseffektivitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte - Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur kvalitet inom sektorn för vård och omsorg påverkas av tjänsteköp jämfört med tjänst i egen regi för att uppnå hög kostnadseffektivitet. För att besvara syftet kommer nedanstående frågeställningar att besvaras:

    -          Vilka fördelar och risker gällande kvalitet kan identifieras vid tjänsteköp respektive tjänst i egen regi inom sektorn för vård och omsorg?

    -          Ger inköpt tjänst eller tjänst i egen regi högst kostnadseffektivitet inom sektorn för vård och omsorg?

    Metod - För att besvara frågeställningarna och uppfylla studiens syfte skapades ett teoretiskt ramverk genom litteraturgenomgång och en fallstudie genomfördes på Nässjö Socialförvaltning där datainsamling skedde genom intervjuer, enkäter och dokumentstudier. Insamlad empiri analyserades tillsammans med teoretiskt ramverk vilket genererade studiens resultat.

    Resultat - Studiens resultat visade att inköpt tjänst genererade fler fördelar gällande kvalitet jämfört med tjänst i egen regi och därmed utgjorde ett mindre riskfullt alternativ. Inköpt tjänst skapade även högre kvalitet till en lägre kostnad och var därför det mest kostnadseffektiva valet då kostnaden per kvalitetseffekt blev lägre.

    Rekommendation - Vård- och omsorgsverksamhet rekommenderas att se över möjligheten att köpa in tjänster istället för att utföra i egen regi, i synnerhet tekniska tjänster som inte tillhör kärnverksamheten.

    Begränsningar - Studien begränsades av att samtliga kostnader för tjänsten som undersöktes inte kunde identifieras, vilket ledde till att kostnadseffektiviteten endast beräknades utifrån direkta personal- och servicekostnader. Studien är en enfallsstudie vilket kan begränsa generaliserbarheten till andra vård- och omsorgsverksamheter.

    Nyckelord - Inköpt tjänst, tjänst i egen regi, kvalitet, kostnad, kostnadseffektivitet, sektorn för vård och omsorg.

  • 159. Cederfeldt, A.
    et al.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Supplier satisfaction: Is there a difference between preferre and non-preferred suppliers?2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 160.
    Cederholm, Anton
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Ahlinder, Jesper
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar för konkurrenskraftig produktion i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 161. Chen, C.
    et al.
    Suurmond, R.
    Van Raaij, E.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Purchasing Process Models: Tools for teaching Purchasing and Supply Management2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Christensson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Gustavsson, Rebecka
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hantering av stokastiska variationer: Val av säkerhetskapacitetsbuffert baserat på kundorderpunktens position2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Studien syftar till att kartlägga hur kundorderpunktens position förhåller sig till företags val av säkerhetskapacitetsbuffertar för att hantera stokastiska variationer i kapacitetsbehov. Därmed är studiens frågeställningar:

    1. Vilka är de huvudsakliga säkerhetskapacitetsbuffertarna som används för att hantera stokastiska variationer i kapacitetsbehov?

    2. Hur förhåller sig kundorderpunktens position till val av säkerhetskapacitetsbuffertar för att hantera stokastiska variationer i kapacitetsbehov?

    Metod – För att besvara studiens frågeställningar har en fallstudie genomförts och inkluderar en litteraturstudie, intervjuer och dokumentstudier. Intervjuer genomfördes med sju respondenter från sex företag och empirin som framkom från intervjuerna och dokumentstudier analyserades tillsammans med teori från litteraturstudien för att få fram studiens resultat.

    Resultat – Studien har identifierat tio tillvägagångssätt för att hantera stokastiska variationer, varav två som inte tidigare nämnts av studiens teoretiska ramverk. De tio tillvägagångssätten har därefter kategoriserats in i sex säkerhetskapacitetsbuffertar baserat på likheter.

    Efter identifiering av kundorderpunktens position har möjliga kopplingar mellan kundorderpunktens position och val av säkerhetskapacitetsbuffert analyserats för att undersöka eventuella samband. Tre tendenser till kopplingar har identifierats men vidare studier krävs för att säkerställa kopplingarna.

    Implikationer – Området kring hantering av variationer i kapacitetsbehov med en uppdelning i en kapacitetsbuffert och en säkerhetskapacitetsbuffert är relativt outforskat. Att undersöka eventuella kopplingar mellan val av säkerhetskapacitetsbuffertar och kundorderpunktens position kan fylla ett kunskapsgap och kan teoretiskt bidra till vidare studier inom området säkerhetskapacitetsbuffertar. Genom att lära av andras erfarenheter ges en ökad förståelse vilket kan hjälpa företag att fatta mer välgrundade beslut vilket kan leda till förbättrad prestation, vilket är studiens praktiska bidrag.

    Begränsningar – Studiens begränsning ligger i att endast sju respondenter från sex företag ingick i studien, där endast en intervju gjordes med respektive respondent. Antalet använda tillvägagångssätt och deras kopplingar till kundorderpunktens position hade kunnat stärkas ifall ett större antal respondenter från olika typer av företag deltagit i studien. Därigenom hade kopplingarnas generaliserbarhet kunnat stärkas. Dessutom hade troligtvis fler tillvägagångssätt identifierats ifall en större bredd studerats.

    I studien har den totala kapaciteten hanteras som två separata delar för hantering av förväntade och oväntade behov. Infallsvinkeln är relativt ny och är inte etablerad vilket kan försvåra och begränsa förutsättningen för verksamheter att applicera resultatet.

  • 163.
    Christina, Keller
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Wass, Sofie
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Material och tillverkning – Gjutning.
    Zetterlind, Madelene
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Jarfors, Anders
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Material och tillverkning.
    Vomacka, Peter
    Hackås Precision Foundry.
    Structured knowledge transfer through online education: Mutual benefits for academia and industry2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientists are required to disseminate the results of research to the society and companies participating in research projects. The dissemination procedure normally consists of seminars, scientific and layman journal contributions, and conferences that generally are not flexible and timely enought to capture industrial needs. In an effort to accelerate knowledge transfer and technology implementation to sustain and improve competitiveness, Jönköping University has developed a one-year online master programme in cast metals and processes in collaboration with the industry. The collaboration includes development of the curriculum, case studies, lectures and study visits. To explore the development process, we performed interviews and a survey with participating students/professionals, teachers and industrial partners. Our results show that a profound two-way knowledge transfer took place, and that course content and teaching were highly relevant to the industry. Furthermore, industry and academia engaged in new joint research collaborations. Consequently, we hypothesize that the procedure for structured knowledge transfer can be implemented in materials education at advanced level to foster engagement between university, industry and society.

  • 164.
    Chung, Victor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Granquist, Daniel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Kartläggning och förbättring av processer hos Aero Materiel.2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Aero Materiel är ett grossistföretag beläget i Jönköping med inriktning på låselement och har 20 anställda. Syftet med examensarbetet var att beskriva och förbättra processerna på Aero Materiel.

    En benchmarking genomfördes på barnkliniken på länssjukhuset i Jönköping som 2009 fick utmärkelse Svensk Kvalitet. För mer underlag till analysen har även en litteraturstudie gjorts där flera olika teorier om processorientering har studerats.

    Problemen vi identifierade var att företaget hade för många processer och de var inte strukturerade att dra nytta av processorienteringsfördelar. Aero Materiel har tio huvudprocesser definierade där endast ett fåtal är kundorienterade. Processerna är även uppdelade efter respektive avdelning och inte en enda går igenom två eller fler avdelningar.

    Vår slutsats är att företaget bör ha två huvudprocesser för att göra det mer hanterbart. Dessa är ”leverans av standardkomponenter” och ”leverans av anpassade komponenter”. De nya huvudprocesserna går rakt igenom organisationen och följer flödet mer naturligt. Vi rekommenderar att företaget utser processägare för respektive huvudprocess. Om Aero Materiel genomför våra rekommendationer tror vi att företaget blir mer processorienterat, vilket i sin tur gör företaget bättre förberett för fortsatt tillväxt och ökad förmåga att höja kvaliteten och minska kostnader.

  • 165.
    Claesson, Victoria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Svensson, Simon
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Effektivisering av aktiviteter vid godsmottagningen på ett byggprojekt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 166.
    Clausen, Thea
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hansson, Josefin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Konkurrensfaktorers påverkan på en verksamhets försörjningsstrategi: - med avseende på dess leverantörsnätverks geografiska placering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how the

    supply strategy of a manufacturing business can be affected by some competitive

    factors and the suppliers’ geographical location. In order to fulfill the purpose of this

    study the following three questions were formulated:

    1. How do the competitive factors: cost, quality, flexibility, delivery time and

    reliability get affected by the suppliers’ geographical placements?

    2. How do the competitive factors cost, quality, flexibility, delivery time and

    reliability affect the design of an organization’s supply strategy?

    Method – To fulfill the purpose, a literature study were conducted combined with a

    case study. The literature study was focused on how different competitive factors can

    be affected by a company supplier’s geographical location. The impact of how this

    can affect a business supply strategy was also investigated. The empirical study was

    based on document studies along with interviews conducted at the case company. The

    theoretical framework has been analysed against the empirical study.

    Findings – The competitive factors can be affected in different ways, depending on

    where the supplier is located, both in relation to the company but also depending on

    which geographic continent they are based on. Finally, company’s supply strategy is

    affected in a large extent by how they choose to prioritize their competitive factors.

    Implications – Theories and methods that are suggested to achieve an effective

    supply strategy are implementable on companies who use a multiple number of

    suppliers. To implement the result of this study, it is required that the company has a

    clear picture of which competitive factors that has the highest priority. It is required a

    profound knowledge of supply and supply strategies and further studies since the

    conditions can be different for every company.

    Limitations – This study has been conducted with help from a case company, whose

    production is located in Malaysia and head office in Kista, Sweden. Because of the

    long geographical distance, the communications has been limited which hampered the

    conducting of the study.

  • 167.
    Comstock, Mica
    et al.
    LiU, IKP.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Enabling Mass Customization in the Mobile Telephone Industry: Agility, Flexibility and the Changing Role of Assembly at Ericsson2001Inngår i: Proceedings of the 34th CIRP International Seminar On Manufacturing Systems, 2001Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports results of an investigation conducted to explore the status of Mass Customization in the mobile telephone industry and its implications for assembly operations. The study focused on the manufacture of two representative mobile telephone models at Sweden's Ericsson. The findings include the level of variety and customization in each model, where in the value chain this differentiation was implemented, and how it was conceptually, methodologically and technologically enabled. The analysis, aided by several frameworks from the literature, points to a changing role for assembly in this industry, and suggests research direction to meet future customized manufacturing challenges.

  • 168.
    Comstock, Mica
    et al.
    LiU, IKP.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Enabling Mass Customization in the Mobile Telephone Industry: Agility, Flexibility and the Changing Role of Assembly at Ericsson2003Inngår i: CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 32, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports results of an investigation conducted to explore the status of Mass Customization in the mobile telephone industry and its implications for assembly operations. The study focused on the manufacture of two representative mobile telephone models at Sweden's Ericsson. The findings include the level of variety and customization in each model, where in the value chain this differentiation was implemented, and how it was conceptually, methodologically and technologically enabled. The analysis, aided by several frameworks from the literature, points to a changing role for assembly in this industry, and suggests research direction to meet future customized manufacturing challenges.

  • 169.
    Cosic, Matea
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Rochowiak, Viktor
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Designing an assembly line for modular house manufacturing: Increased efficiency of the manufacturing process2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Having an efficient production is vital for companies that are facing highly demanding customers along with tough competition. In addition, the production layout has a significant impact on the production efficiency hence it the choice of production layout is an important question to consider. A common production layout is the assembly line whereas companies with products that are not adequate for assembly line production; are seeing advantages of working with assembly lines. An example is the modular house manufacturing industry. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to investigate how an assembly line for modular house manufacturing and the related material supply may be designed in order to increase the overall efficiency of the manufacturing process. A single case study has been conducted at Zenergy AB, Skillingaryd. Empirical data has been collected through various sources; interviews, observations and document studies. In addition, a literature review has been conducted. The theoretical framework and empirical data has been established by the means of pattern matching and further on data analysis was done thus the results of the study were acquired. To conclude, it is shown in the results that implementation of an assembly line for modular house manufacturing can be beneficial despite the fact that its products are not adequate for assembly line production. Further on, there are three main critical factors to consider during the assembly line design process for modular house manufacturing. The critical factors are; line balancing, dry time and bulky materials. The critical factors will in turn have a significant impact on the choice of the assembly line production layout and the related material supply.

  • 170.
    Cosic, Matea
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Uka, Albulena
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Läkemedelshanteringsprocessen: Inom äldreomsorgen hos Socialförvaltningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to conduct a survey of the Process of Drug Management in elderly care from when a drug is prescribed to when it is discarded. The purpose also includes to investigate how the various activities are linked to each other and to identify errors for the patient safety. In order to fulfil the purpose, two issues have been formulated: 1. What activities are currently in the Process of Drug Management in elderly care? 2. What deviations can occur in the Process of Drug Management and can be errors for the patient safety? Method In order to fulfil the purpose, a case study was made on the Social Service of the elderly care. Empirical data has been collected through interviews, observations and questionnaires. Further on the empirical data has been analysed and compared with the theoretical framework in order to achieve the purpose of the study. Findings The five main activities which have been identified in the Process of Drug Management are Prescription, Requisition and Check, Storage, Readying and Administration and finally Follow-up. In order to identify errors for the patient safety in the different activities, a value stream map has been designed where the risk has been placed and later on discussed. Errors for the patient safety exist among other factors such as due to lack in communication and information, human factors such as stress, lack of sleep, cultural shocks and lack of motivation for work. The study also shows that there is lack of responsibility among the various operators in the process. Implications The process of drug management in elderly care is a problem area because of its complexity where deviations often occur which results in errors for the patient safety. The guidelines within elderly care are about the same throughout Sweden, which leads to the fact that development in order to prevent errors of the patient safety can take place within other organizations. Deviations are unfortunately making an impact in the first activity, “Prescription”, which contributes to additional deviations in the following activities. In order to improve the patient safety, developing the quality within the organization and within the Process of Drug Management should be a priority. Limitations The aim of the study was to gain a deeper insight into the process of Drug Management and identify errors for the patient safety. Wishful thinking is to investigate several more units in order to get a clearer picture of the problem area from different angles.

  • 171.
    Cronqvist, Simon
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Ebbers, Johan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Ramverk för inköp2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Inköpsavdelningen är en viktig del i företag som ansvarar för att artiklar finns tillgängliga när de behövs. Inköps uppgift är att köpa rätt kvantitet av rätt kvalitet i rätt tidpunkt från rätt leverantör till rätt pris. Detta arbete kan underlättas om tydliga riktlinjer för hur inköpsarbete bör bedrivas finns.

    Swisslog-Accalon AB i Boxholm vill omarbeta sina inköps- och materialplaneringsrutiner, då många av de inköp som görs baseras på inköparens erfarenhet och kunskap om artiklarna samt att många inköp görs mot specifika kranprojekt. Detta har lett till att artiklar i många fall köps utan hänsyn tagen till de mest ekonomiska aspekterna då vanligtvis inga partiformningsmetoder används.

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att skapa ett ramverk för inköp av standardartiklar till företagets kranproduktion, för att inköpsarbetet på företaget ska underlättas och minskas. För att uppfylla syftet med examensarbetet har fyra frågor arbetats fram:

    1. Hur ska standardartiklarna i kranproduktionen klassificeras?
    2. Vad ska ingå i de olika emballagekategorierna?
    3. Vilka är de ekonomiska behovstäckningstiderna för standardartiklarna i kranproduktionen?
    4. Hur ska ramverket användas?

    Relevant empiri har samlats in med metoder som intervjuer och observationer samt att tillgång till nödvändiga dokument och arkivmaterial har erhållits. Empirin som samlats in har analyserats med litteratur inom det aktuella området.

    Resultatet av examensarbetet är ett framarbetat ramverk som beskriver hur inköpsarbetet av företagets standardartiklar till kranproduktion rekommenderas att bedrivas. Dessutom kommer ramverket att underlätta och minska inköpsarbetet, då företaget rekommenderas att styra vissa av artiklarna med enkla och tidseffektiva metoder.

  • 172.
    Dadpouri, Mohammad
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Nunna, Kiran
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    A Literature Review on Risk Analysis of Production Location Decisions2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a master thesis with a focus on risk analysis of production location decisions. The project is a part of “PROLOC-manufacturing footprint during the product’s life cycle”. The main aim of this thesis is to point out how current applicable risk analysis techniques evaluate the risks involved in production location decisions and then underline the most important risks involved in production location decisions and elicit strengths and weaknesses of these methods.A systematic review of literature with a focus on journal papers of risk analysis and production fields is conducted by using the content analysis and coding technique. The current risk analysis techniques identified are failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), life cycle cost (LCC) analysis, and system based techniques like multiobjective analysis, decision tree analysis, and analytic hierarchy process (AHP). In addition two identified frameworks of foreign direct investment (FDI) and international production are the research fields that have contributed extensively in identifying various risks of production location decisions.Having reviewed the literature, it is realized that majority of companies take a short sighted vision in choosing production location and consider just cost based issues like cheaper raw material and low labour cost in some countries and simply ignore uncertainties that can be sources of political, economic, social, competitive, and seismic risks. Low cost countries are usually situated in politically instable areas that can cause long production halts or expropriation. Political risk is mainly identified in FDI literature and is usually triggered by a political turmoil, coup d’état, or revolution. On the other hand cheap labour does not necessarily mean decrease in costs and might bring about quality issues and damage company prestige among customers which results in time and monetary loss. Currency exchange and inflation in costs often causes the initial forecast and cost analysis go wrong. Supply risks are because of disruption of ties with raw material or part suppliers in home country and might result in risk of misuse by new suppliers or partners. Also the seismic risk is introduced as a separate category of risks of production location decisions which can be considered a matter of more investigation and requires further research.The study also presents a review of strengths and weaknesses of existing risk analysis techniques of production location decisions. The lack of consistency, vagueness of information, unfamiliarity with design to cost concept are among the major weaknesses of risk analysis techniques of production location decisions. The study concludes with the fact that just considering the cost oriented factors like cheap labour and raw material by production companies exposed them to various risk and might make the whole investment in vain. Suggestions for further study on techniques and risks of production location decisions are also proposed.

  • 173.
    Dahl, Erik
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Improvement of material supply systems: A case study in a Swedish pharmaceutical company executed on a research and development plant2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Material supply systems have for a long time been regarded as an important function with strong potential to increase the performance of companies in different industries. Consequently, substantial research has been conducted in the field. However, in the pharmaceutical industry within research and development plants, material supply systems have historically not been a prioritized function. Therefore, there is a research gap regarding material supply systems in that peculiar context. This study aims to fill that gap by investigating how a material supply system could be designed and which factors are critical to achieve a cost-efficient service level within a research and development plant in the pharmaceutical industry. To do so, a single case study has been conducted at a Swedish pharmaceutical company’s research and development plant. An abductive approach has been applied to both test if the general design principles developed in other industries and business functions can be applied to this context. Further, context specific factors affecting the material supply system design needed to be identified and investigated to adapt the general design principles to the specific context by generalizing data. The empirical data was collected by utilizing focus groups, interviews, observations and documents. The findings yielded that there is a substantial potential for improvement of material supply systems within the context of this study. The existing decentralized inventory structure at the case company was a particularly vital aspect that hindered the system from operating cost-efficiently in relation to the service level and a centralization is crucial to improve. Further, calibration and a general decrease of safety stocks, order points and order quantities is essential to uphold a consistent service level at a justifiable cost at the case company. The general design principles and formulas retrieved from the theoretical framework was partly applicable in the context of this study but needed some adjustments. Especially the low volume articles with high variety in consumption rate was not suitable to be managed by the existing methods and needed another approach. Further, the context establishes high requirements on system dynamics, it comes with boundaries due to laws regulating the industry, and companies in the context generally need to be better at aligning their design factors to the purpose. The result of this study adds valuable content to the research field and fills the gap for material supply systems in the context of research and development plants in the pharmaceutical industry. Further studies are needed in this field to investigate how articles with low and varying demands can be managed within material supply systems cost-efficiently and with high service levels.

  • 174.
    Dahlin, Hampus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Pihl, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Factors that Impact Inventory Levels in a Supermarket System Supplying a Manufacturing Line2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this thesis is to identify factors that have an impact on supermarket inventory levels that supply a manufacturing line and investigate how the impact of these factors can be controlled. In order to fulfill the purpose it was broken down into two research questions.

     

    1. What factors have an impact on supermarket inventory levels supplying a manufacturing line?
    2. 2.      How can the impact of these factors be controlled?

    Method - To answer the research questions a literature study and a case study were conducted. The empirical findings from the case study and the literature study were used to find the answer to the first research question. The identified factors in the first research question were then analysed with the theoretical framework in order to answer the second research question. Different techniques have been used in order to collect necessary data including documentation studies, interviews, observations and basic training in the case company’s procurement system (GILM).

     

    Findings - Total safety lead time, firm time and shortage impact were discovered during the case study. These factors were not to found during the literature study because they were specific parameters that are predetermined in the case company’s procurement system. Internal material handling and supermarket order quantity were factors also found during the case study. The identified factors are divided after which tool or method that can be used to gain control over the factor. Four different tools have been identified as solutions to gain control over the internal material handling. The factors that only have one identified tool as a solution are either case specific or not attentive in the theoretical framework as the other tools.

     

    Implications - The identified factors from the literature study are considered as common factors that can be applied for companies that have a supermarket inventory. If manufacturing companies are facing problems with their supermarket inventory levels they can increase control by investigating the tools and methods presented in this thesis. Contributions - The factors that were identified during the case study have contributed with new discoveries in the field of study, since there is limited research done in this subject regarding supermarket systems.

     

    Research limitations - More case studies could have been performed at similar companies, in order to investigate how generalizable the answers to both research questions are.

  • 175.
    Danielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Transportkvalitetshöjande åtgärder: en fallstudie vid GP-Last2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been done on a haulage contractor company named GP-Last (AB Gustav Perssons Åkeri) and the purpose with the paper was to analyse their traffic from Malmö to Stockholm and leave suggestions on efforts that GP-Last can use to increase their level of transportation quality. This has been done with two main questions, which problem do they have today and which efforts they need to do to solve their problems? Through a case study with interviews as method to collect data it showed that GP-Last had four main problems.

            Not enough information about their freights. The transport planning unit in Malmö doesn’t have the exact delivery address when GP-Last begins to bring in the gods.

            There are no clear routes. The transport planning unit in Malmö doesn’t know how the staffs in Bromma want the trucks to be loaded.

            Inadequate communication between the two sites in Malmö and Bromma. The staffs in Malmö don’t get informed about their mistakes when they load the trucks wrong which results in that the same mistakes are being repeated.

            Lack of attention about how many mistakes that are made. GP-Last have no information about how many mistakes that is being made and how long time it takes to fix the mistakes.    

    The efforts that GP-Last has to make to solve these problem is first to inform Schenker, the company that receives the booking of the freights, about the importance of information about the freights that the unit of transport planning needs. A route list was made in consultation with staff in Bromma that’s going to help the transport planning unit in Malmö. By adopting deviation report when a truck isn’t correctly loaded leads to better communication between the to sites and GP-Last gets good information about how many mistakes that are being made and how long time it takes to fix them.

  • 176.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    A Tentative Framework for Analyzing Integration in Collaborative Manufacturing Network Settings: A case study2005Inngår i: Journal of engineering and technology management, ISSN 0923-4748, E-ISSN 1879-1719, Vol. 22, nr 1-2, s. 141-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important for small and medium-sized corporations to collaborate in networks in order to develop capacity, capability, and competence to perform product development and become suppliers of complete systems. The purpose of this study is to identify barriers and to develop an analytical framework of inter-organizational collaboration in network settings. In this paper we present a tentative four-dimensional framework in terms of surface of integration, scope of integration, time horizon of integration, and intensity of integration. This framework can be used to analyze how network settings are developed, in terms of structural design of the network, the design of the workflow in collaborative settings, and the aspects of handling the psychological and social boundaries between people.

  • 177.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Winroth, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Corporate Manufacturing Network: From Hierarchy to Self-Organizing System2006Inngår i: The International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, ISSN 1477-5360, E-ISSN 1741-8097, Vol. 2, nr 1/2, s. 106-131Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to handle increased competition small and medium sized companies are collaborating in networks, strategic alliance, or partnership etc. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how direction and accountability is handled in network settings. The authors have performed an extensive case study of one collocated network consisting of four independent companies. This networking has enabled the companies to accept larger customer orders than no single company could handle on their own. It has also made them capable of reaching a high level of adaptation to customer demands regarding development, manufacturing, delivery, and support of the complete product. The high level of inter-company integration has created conditions for the network to develop self-organizing characteristics in terms of autopoietic and sympoietic systems. While the first focuses on the relations between companies within the network, the second focuses on relations between the network and the environment. This self-organizing approach is based on strategic conversation between companies at all organizational levels and participation of managers as well as engineers in the design of inter-and intra-organizational structures and processes. In self-organizing systems direction comes from closeness to customers and strategic dialogue between management and engineers and accountability is a consequence of high level of situational visibility and information exchange on all hierarchical levels among companies in this network.

  • 178.
    Danilovic, Mike
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, EMM (Entrepreneurskap, Marknadsföring, Management). Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Winroth, Mats
    JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Ferrándiz, Javier
    (3) Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona.
    Josa, Oriol
    (3) Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona.
    Platform thinking in the automotive industry: managing dualism between standardization of components for large scale production and variation for market and customer2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th Annual POM Conference, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Automotive industry faces two major problems. One is to develop standard platforms to reach high volumes and low cost. The other is to use platforms for enabling variation of models that suit customer needs, local market demands, and restrictions. Platform thinking embraces several industrial levels, systems integrators, global and local suppliers, and markets. How can the dualism between standardization of components and model variation be managed and which trade-offs need to be made?

    In this paper we have identified and analyzed different approaches to platform concept from technical as well as organizational, production, and product development perspectives. Platform technology improves flexibility in production and product development. However, when radical changes are made, new design of platform is not easily made, i.e. propagation of requirements and changes in models vs. platforms. When this happens, several production systems have to be entirely rebuilt causing major capital investments, redesign at suppliers etc. Hence, platform technology reduces product development flexibility.

  • 179. De Freita, M.R.
    et al.
    Pimenta, M.L.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Demand management in the automotive industry: The role of cross-functional integration2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 24th International Annual EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 180.
    de Freitas, Marlos Rocha
    et al.
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil..
    Pimenta, Márcio Lopes
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil..
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Previsão de Demanda na Indústria Automobilística. [Demand Forecast in the Automobile Industry]: Papel da Integração Interfuncional. [The Role of Cross-Functional Integration]2017Inngår i: Revista ADM.MADE, E-ISSN 2237-5139, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [pt]

    A literatura sobre supply chain management indica que a integração interfuncional (II) pode ser uma prática necessária para unir as áreas de demanda e de suprimentos, e tal iniciativa pode aliviar conflitos e melhorar a eficiência de toda a cadeia de suprimentos. Entretanto, a literatura apresenta pouca ênfase nos aspectos operacionais e técnicos da II como uma prática gerencial, e como eles podem influenciar os processos de demanda. Desse modo, este artigo objetiva analisar como a II contribui para a realização do processo de previsão da demanda. Para alcançar essa proposta, realizou-se estudo de caso em uma subsidiária brasileira de um fabricante multinacional de veículos. Ao todo, 16 entrevistas em profundidade foram realizadas com gestores da montadora de veículos e com seus fornecedores e revendedores. Como resultados, identificou-se que planejamento conjunto, disposição para trabalho em equipe e espírito de grupo foram as ferramentas mais eficientes para gerar impactos positivos na organização. Também identificou-se que fatores como reuniões interfuncionais e troca de funções podem apresentar bons resultados para melhorar o nível de integração e para aprimorar a acurácia da previsão de demanda. Por fim, este trabalho sugere que a II seja usada para melhorar a responsividade ao mercado, e também para obter maior precisão no cálculo da previsão de demanda.

  • 181.
    De Goey, Heleen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Exploring design-driven innovation: A study on value creation by SMEs in the Swedish wood products industry2017Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Design-driven innovation, focused on the innovation of product meanings, provides a new perspective to better understand the contribution of design to innovation. Additionally, it enables new opportunities for value creation. At small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the Swedish wood products industry there is a need for such new value creation in order to remain competitive. However, design-driven innovation is not yet common in this context. Furthermore, there is little research on the innovation of product meanings focused on value creation. Therefore, the aim of this research is to explore value creation through design-driven innovation, in the context of SMEs in the Swedish wood products industry. This research addresses what value might be expected from design-driven innovation, as well as what enables and hinders this value creation. 

    To address the aim, three studies have been conducted which are described in four appended papers. The studies consist of one systematic literature review and two case studies. The findings demonstrate that design-driven innovation contributes to value creation by focusing on product meanings, which intentionally addresses both tangible and intangible needs and therefore increases the perceived value of products. This research identified five facets of design-driven innovation which provide a structure to discuss what enables and hinders value creation. These are: (1) understanding new product meanings, (2) knowledge generation, (3) actors and collaborations, (4) capabilities, and (5) process. The facets can be seen as the origin of both enablers and barriers to value creation through design-driven innovation, depending on how they are addressed. Moreover, this research suggests that whether or not value is created is further influenced by the SMEs, their networks and the context in which they operate.

  • 182.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Design-driven innovation: exploring enablers and barriers2019Inngår i: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 721-743Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore the enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation, defined as the innovation of product meanings, in the product-development process. Previous research provides some insights into what enables and hinders design-driven innovation; however a detailed understanding of these factors is missing. Design/methodology/approach – A long-term case study was conducted at a furniture company between 2009 and 2016. Interviews were conducted with respondents within the company, as well as with partners such as retailers and designers. Findings – This paper presents an overview of the identified enablers and barriers. The results demonstrate that enablers and barriers occur in all phases of the product-development process. Second, the connections between enablers and barriers are presented. These are found both within and across different phases, and extend beyond the company’s influence. Research limitations/implications – This study demonstrates how the innovation of product meanings is influenced throughout all phases of the product-development process. Therefore, there is a need to go beyond the mere identification of enablers and barriers. More is gained from generating a thorough understanding of the causes and connections of these factors, including the changes over time. Practical implications – This study demonstrates the need for companies to be able to map what enables and hinders design-driven innovation in their product-development process, where a distinction needs to be made between internal and external factors, to enhance value creation. Originality/value – This study presents a rare long-term case study on design-driven innovation. This study provides new knowledge on the enablers and barriers a company faces while adapting its productdevelopment process to accommodate design-driven innovation.

  • 183.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation: a case study at a Swedish wood furniture wholesaler2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 23rd International Annual EurOMA Conference, Trondheim, Norway, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 184.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Produktutveckling. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Industridesign.
    Design-driven innovation: A literature review2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th DMI: Academic Design Management Conference, Boston, USA, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 185.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Produktutveckling. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Industridesign.
    Design-driven innovation: Making meaning for whom?2017Inngår i: Design journal, ISSN 1460-6925, E-ISSN 1756-3062, Vol. 20, nr Suppl. 1, s. S479-S491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Design-driven innovation focuses on the innovation of product meanings. This innovation is enabled by integrating knowledge on needs, product language and technological development. So far, it has mostly been studied in contexts where the buyer is the assumed end user. There has been little research about design-driven innovation in other contexts, such as business-to-business and public contexts. Here, companies need to create value for multiple stakeholders. In this study, these are defined as users, buyers and influencers. The aim of this study is to explore how companies consider the different stakeholders in the innovation of product meanings. Two companies participated in a case study. The results demonstrate that both companies mainly focus on addressing needs. However, while one case company prioritizes the perspective from the user, the other focuses more on the buyer. The results illustrate the increased complexity that companies need to manage in design-driven innovation in these contexts.

  • 186.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Produktutveckling.
    Design-driven innovation: Making meaning for whom2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 12th EAD Conference: Design for Next, European Academy of Design, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Design-driven innovation focuses on the innovation of product meanings. This innovation is enabled by integrating knowledge on needs, product language and technological development. So far, it has mostly been studied in contexts where the buyer is the assumed end user. There has been little research about design-driven innovation in other contexts, such as business-to-business and public contexts. Here, companies need to create value for multiple stakeholders. In this study, these are defined as users, buyers and influencers. The aim of this study is to explore how companies consider the different stakeholders in the innovation of product meanings. Two companies participated in a case study. The results demonstrate that both companies mainly focus on addressing needs. However, while one case company prioritizes the perspective from the user, the other focuses more on the buyer. The results illustrate the increased complexity that companies need to manage in design-driven innovation in these contexts.

  • 187.
    De Oliveira, Eider Arantes
    et al.
    Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Pimenta, Márcio Lopes
    Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Characterizing Cross-Functional Teams in Service Companies: A Case Study from Telecom Industri2015Inngår i: Managing Intellectual Capital and Innovation for Sustainable and Inclusive Society: Proceedings of the MakeLearn and TIIM Joint International Conference / [ed] Valerij Dermol, ToKnowPress , 2015, s. 2139-2148Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of cross-functional integration is based on the synchronization between different functions to meet organizational goals. One of the main elements identified in the literature within this theme is the cross-functional team (CFT), which is a group composed by members with different functional knowledge and experiences, from different parts of the organization, and under a leadership to accomplish a specific task. The objective of this paper is to characterize the internal dynamics of CFTs in different processes, such as: strategy development, product development, portfolio management, sales channels management, and business evaluation. Through a literature review, four basic dimensions were identified: Team’s Constitution; Task Drivers; Behaviors and Attitudes; Environmental Factors. A case study in a Brazilian service company was conducted in order to analyze these four dimensions in several teams. In-depth interviews, observation and documentary research were used for data collection. The results point out the necessity to invest time and attention in the constitution of the CFT, in order to select the appropriate functions it should be composed of, based on performance expectations. When the constitution of the team is characterized by a massive presence of senior members, positive impacts can be generated, such as: collaboration and team cohesion. This helps to reach team’s internal goals without frequent help from top management. This paper also presents implications related to the four studied dimensions, indicating ways to mitigate risks of failures and to avoid conflict within teams, and by that obtaining a superior performance.

  • 188.
    De Oliveira, Eider Arantes
    et al.
    Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Pimenta, Márcio Lopes
    Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Industriell produktion.
    Eriksson, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Integration through cross-functional teams in a service company2016Inngår i: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 405-430Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to characterize the internal dynamics of cross-functional teams (CFTs) in different organizational processes in a service company.

    Design/methodology/approach: A case study from a Brazilian service company was conducted. CFTs in five different organizational processes (strategy development, product development, portfolio management, sales channels management and business analysis) were analyzed through in-depth interviews, documents and non-participant observation.

    Findings: A framework with four pillars was constructed: constitution of the CFT, task drivers, behavior and attitudes of the team and personal motivators. It was possible to analyze the process of how a group acts and reacts under changing circumstances based on the pillars included in the framework.

    Research limitations/implications: The study is focused on creating analytical generalizability. Several insights in the 12 propositions presented in this study may be investigated in future research to validate the identified relationships among the pillars included in the framework. Moreover, the proposed framework allows the teams to be analyzed through a multidimensional view: structure, processes and impacts.

    Practical implications: If the semantic boundaries of the communication are not well delineated, the differences in understanding can generate manifest conflicts. Moreover, the workload in a CFT seems to be larger and more complex than working in a functional activity; however, members perceive that it reduces the risk of unemployment and increases motivation.

    Originality/value: The present study contributes to the extant literature with the proposal of a set of new exploratory propositions that can support future quantitative research about the use of CFTs in the service industry context.

  • 189.
    Del Javan Ghodrati, Arash
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Hassanzadeh Touri, Saeed
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Future of Manufacturing: Manufacturing becoming service providers: A study on challenging toward Servitization2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 190. Dencker, Kerstin
    et al.
    Stahre, Johan
    Bruch, Jessica
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Gröndahl, Peter
    Johansson, Christer
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Lundholm, Thomas
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Proactive Assembly Systems: Realizing the Potential of Human Collaboration with Automation2007Inngår i: IFAC-CEA, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing competitiveness highly depends on companies' ability to rapidly reconfigure their assembly systems. This paper introduces the concept of assembly system proactivity based on interrelated levels of human involvement in a planed way will contribute to increased system ability to proactively address predicted and unpredicted events. Correct involvement of human operators will utilize the full combined potential of human and technical capabilities, also providing cost-efficient assembly system solutions. The ProAct (project presented) will develop proactive assembly system models, evaluating proactive, feature-based solutions. Focus is on realizing the potential of semi-automated system with relevant human involvement, i.e. operators with high skills adding e.g. flexible capability and functionality.

  • 191.
    Denzler, Patrick
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Tsakos, Georgios
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Investigating the innovation process as influencing factor on creativity: A case study in the manufacturing industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to fill a research gap in the understanding of the involved mechanisms between the innovation process and creativity in a manufacturing company. In particular focus are the two innovation process interfaces between the technology development, product development and production departments and their influence on creativity and information flow. A conceptual framework is proposed, based on the combination of previous research in individual creativity and innovation process, to assess the influence via the innovation process interfaces on product knowledge and creative climate as creativity prerequisites. This study uses an explorative two single case study design with integrated triangulation and an abductive approach to fulfilling the research aim. These case studies took place in two Swedish manufacturing companies with a complete in-house innovation process using semi-structured interviews, two questionnaires and focus groups. The findings imply that the innovation process affects the basic prerequisites of individual creativity knowledge and creative climate due to its structural, strategic and physical implementation. Furthermore, the interfaces between the innovation sub-processes technology development, product development and production mediate the exchange of information between the involved departments. The results of this study adding valuable insights in this research field and propose further research including systems theory to achieve further in-depth understanding.

  • 192.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    A transaction cost approach to risk and uncertainty: subcontractors perspective2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the second world conference on POM and 15th Annual POM Conference, 2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Many organisations cooperate with customers and integrate in various ways to create further operational synergy and to reduce uncertainty in demand. Supply chain integration offers the opportunity to capture synergies and there are many advantages for organisations that integrate into networks of customers (and suppliers). Sharing of information between organisations makes it possible for a supplier to obtain early signals about changing market conditions and thereby reduce its reliance on uncertain forecasts on the demand side to get a higher utilization of production facilities and lower safety stocks. However, there are also opposite drivers of uncertainties seen from a subcontractor’s perspective, e.g. smaller customer structure that increases dependency. The optimal strategy is to balance these drivers. The aim of this paper is to observe risk and uncertainties inside the transactional environment from a subcontractor’s perspective. The paper gives a theoretical framework and observations from industry

  • 193.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Decision support systems for risk management of accounts receivable2004Inngår i: Adaptive Engineering for Sustainable Value Creation: ICE- conference, Seville, Spain, Nottingham: Centre for Concurrent Enterprising, University of Nottingham , 2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 194.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Kompendium i Industriell kostnadsredovisning1991Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 195.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Leverantörers kredithantering: en problemanalys1993Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 196.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion.
    Riskbedömning: leverantörers kredithantering1993Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 197.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Suppliers' management of risk factors in an order fulfillment context2007Inngår i: PLANs Forsknings- och  tillämpningskonferens 2007: kundfokuserade varor och tjänster : artiklar från konferensen på Tekniska högskolan i Jönköping 5-6 september 2007, Stockholm: PLAN - Logistikföreningen , 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concentrates on risk management in order fulfilment processes in dyadic relationships. “Risk” in this context means the possibility of a negative outcome of any real capital investments from the point of an order acceptance. A number of risk factors that might be of importance for a negative outcome as well as the basic concepts of managing risks in dyadic relationships are identified from a risk management and transaction cost theory perspective. Furthermore, perceived risk factors a number and their active and passive management are discussed. The results show that the risk strategy towards new customers is to avoid some of the risk factors while the same factors are minimized through various mitigation efforts while dealing with established customers.

  • 198.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Suppliers' risk control strategies in an order fulfillment context2006Inngår i: Technology and Global Integration: Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Management of Technology, Aston Business School, Birmingham, 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When risk management is mentioned in the general rhetoric of supply chain management, a high level of sharing of risks and benefits between partners in a supply chain is often per definition, or implicitly, related to a high level of integration between the same partners. The purpose of this paper is to explore what risk management strategies and methods on order related risks that are used by suppliers in different interorganizational relationships. The various factors in focus in this study are factors related to risks from obsolescence in physical flows and acquisitions of equipments when a supplier accepts an order. In a network of logistic and managing directors, risk management issues in interorganizational settings were discussed on several seminars. The observed risk management methods and strategies among the organisations in the study suggest that they tend to view obsolescence risks more as pure risks in the least integrated relationships, and more as speculative risks in the most integrated relationships. However, they tend to limit the speculative risk management to modifications of system outcomes, not modifications of exposure. Nor do they balance the risk/utility level towards the customers. It is thus a relatively static approach to risk management with no changes of risk targets.

  • 199.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Trade Credits as Part of Distribution: decision problems in generic market situations2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the second world conference on POM and 15th Annual POM Conference, 2004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 200.
    Dernroth, Jörgen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Industriell organisation och produktion. JTH. Forskningsområde Industriell produktion.
    Gustafsson, Christina
    Johansson, Valur
    Kvalitetssystem inom vårdsektorn: första certifierade kvalitetssystemet i Sverige enligt ISO-90011999Inngår i: Kvalitetsmässan 1999, 1999Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
1234567 151 - 200 of 850
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